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E~WKkojADI1 QN. < ** , ~,. WINNSBORO, S. C., MAY b, I881. STABLISHEIM865.
Why art thou rotloss, foolldh hq~rg,
In vain I strive t-, quiet thoe;
LidatliMM r4)Vsm*/ 4-somq a
Thou os'j Ujbroa1~ C8 z~ '~
Foifta 10 boulriuat o
Drc ai oq until the b4k or cud
Doesin MA a. gy blestnsp
That thon oanst f ai to grasp
The cup r' rotud ti oo sfafl
Diink in.ile stootbus. wij lo 'ti noar
Wrestle no moro with fato ;
Golden is overy flooting hour
When lov ohage'l4to,' -1
Tho sad and painfal "might i'avo boon"
'Tie Woll thou Shduld'at forgot;
Fail not li6's ' bittor Ltei
And va' roj
Wait thou 4and rht'bestihoe heart
That clasps thoo to its own;
Too soon thy bitter cry will be,
Alone I ,Aln 111 .
''Over the Wires."
First,~I mut tpil You who I am, atid
how I canto to be in the Baysylllo Bank
m the "Wee 'ita' ho&i" oqe 'dr'ary De
cember night, some tee years ago.
My name wastthen Olive. Hudson, and I
was 17 yeais old that same 'December
night, and s.o small that Mrs. Kuight'p
Dolly, who was -not 12 ydars old, was
half a head taller -than myself.
We were rl6h folks 6nce, but father died
and left us very poor. Mother struggled
along in a weary -iand-to-hand fight with
poverty till I was 10, and then died. Siho
had rented 'two rooms of are. Knight,
widow, also, wih two stalwArt sons, an
aged father, and two daughters. After
niolher died I was adopted by the Knights,
and, aithough 1 was earning a support as
music teacher in the Baysville Academy,
I was like one of the family when I was
in my good landlady's homo.
They were all in good positions, but by
no nu ans an aristocratic family. john,
the eldest son, Was- In New York in a.
whole'sale sugarho'.se;'. Toni was the night
watchman of die Baysville Bank building,
atnd grandpa-we all call him grandpa
was telegraph'operator of the town, 'while
Mary was a - milliner, and Dolly stayed at
the cilice, sending and receiving messages.
Baysville Bank building was a large
granite structure, containing the post-oilice f
and bank on the first floor, the telegraph
oilice and a number of private law oflices
on the second floor, and other private t
ollices on the third floor. In the basement
were post-oflice rooms for sorting the I
mail, and also the large bank vault. .
I knew the building well, for I was fond 8
of telegraphipg, and spent half my leisure C
time pbreh tip beside grandpa while he
slept peaceiully or read the newspapers.
And that was the beginning -,of my
amusement at Dryden,. the next statfoi. l
The operator at Dryden was a wit, and
flashed nonsense to our office when busi- r
ness was dull. It fell fOat when grandpa t
was in the efilce, but if I were there I f
sent back jest for jest,.. and sometimes an
hour slipped by like a minute as we talked t
over the wires of every topic under the p
sun. He called himself "Lion," and I, J
for nonsense. signed myself "Elephant" I
laughing as I did so at the reflection of my
tiny figure in the offico mirror.
Beyond Dryden, and only five miles x
from Baysville, was C- , a large com- t
mercial town, the nearest railway station,
and where an office was always open for t
the accommodation of travelers. J
As I have said, Tom Knight was the J
night watchman of Baysville Bank build- t
ing, and a lonely timo he had of it. The I
last miail came by stage at-4 o'clock in the
afternoon, and the pest-oilice was vacated<
at six. The batik closed at thice, and by
six o'clock every oflice was deserted for
At seven Tomn was on duty, and grand
pa, who was restless at night, was in the
habit of takiig down some coffee and ln.
cheon, as tihe building was only a stone's -
throw from the house.
On the~ December night I have already
mneutionied;, it had stormed heavily all day,
and I had taken, a',new olass at the Aca. .1
demy, coming homne later. ii the cdap than
ustual, and excited ovor. My, 'mcrease .Ini
Everybody else hind gone to bed, and I
was lingering over the kitchen fio wifh [i
Mr1is. .Knight, dreading the 'plunge Into my
(cold room, where iliad allowed the fire'-to
TIhe clock struck twelve, and Mrs.]
Kmiight, lifting her face from over the fire,
"Do call grandpa, Olive; lie's asleep oin
the sofa in tihe sitting-room. l'll havea
TIomn's basket ready by the time grandpa
lhas his hat and coat one I hate to call him,
ior lie was coinplaining of rheumatism all
day, and the grouiid is very wet, although
the stoirm is over."
"Let him sleep," I said; "I'll run over3
withl the basket, It is but a step."
"But it Is so dark; are you not afraid? 1"
"INot a bit; I'll slip on my waterproofI
andl rubbers, and draw the hood of' my
cloak over my head."
"Well, if you will, though I am afraid
TIom will scold at my letting you go.".
"PIll put down the basket and run, anda
lie wvill never know who left it."a
"(Jo Into thie roar basement door;. he
leaves that open for grandpa."
I grasped the hanle of the basket, and
hurried across the space bet ween the buil-1
lng and the hous'e, and stole softly In' at
the hasoment door, in pursuance of my
plan to drop the basket, and run.
.in my ,rubber shoes -my steps were
noiseless, and~ I had scarcely passed'the
threshold when I stood rooted to the floori
in terrible amazement.
S'omebody was talking.
I crept forward and listened. 'Thero
was a man intho vault, andI A light shone
tnder tho door..
W hile I listenedtI onin Qde saidl:
"Th'eure Is a conioundhed di-aft here; did
you' shut the (loor-, Smith?'
"Yes, btit the wind mIght have 'iei
it open ,"
I haid just time to dart, under the stairA' .
care - nt crouich down, when the door ,of
thie va'nlt opened and a man came out.
lIe crossed the ently, 'driw two heavy
noisy bolts,' fastened the 'dboor gy' 'Nhich-1
h~ad entered1dlid retirned' witllout closing i
the vault ddbr. .
I nanld inoo, hi by the im .ih an. 50
ot orla he safo loc ,Jy.t
of t6*n -a froM W uikII
r6 wis the oudino ot a ian botid
m4 ed upop the floor, but I could only
bofl t re 'that it wAsTom for'i could
I fO'I was '.nleoly caged, foi it would
e i osqiblo for ne to draw those heavy
)oit lthomt attracting.-lioti'o. Andtlidh
an as being robbed, that was evident.
k19 ,4d 11 preventrit.'. I - qomildpot get
>Ut; could not reach Tom.' Suddenly I
, lbered rthe telegrapht ofliqq. on .tiq
lec d floor. If I could summon help
fro -C-, it was only five miles, and
wrd was a long job for' the 'burgl'ars
before they could )pen the safe.
; could creep around the staircase ?. If
ne of those busy .ven turned his head'I
was lost. I softly crept out on all fours,
ilowly, watchfully, and gained the stairs.
Up I darted, )Ilgsoing my Indian rubber
ho;s,' till I gained the door of (id te)e
,raph ollice. ;1., ds 'dArk theto and I
hired not strike a mat'ch.
I ljstoncl, and ...then leaving the door
>pen, groped my way to the well-known
esk and gave .the signal -for C0 . I
6uld 'ar my heart throb as' I waitbd
oqrAthe answer. It came I btill working
.n the dark, I sent this message:
'Burglars in the Baysville Bank vault!
Watchman gagged and bound! Can you
iend help ?"
Again the agony of suspense in listening,
ut at last the sound reached me:
"Will send -help 'immediately?"
I crept to the head of the staircase,
ifraid the clear 'ring. of the instrument
iad been heard m the vault, but no one
:mno -up' stairs. The windows of the
elegraph office faced the street, so I re
urned, bolted myself in safely and sat
town to watch.
- The town - clocK gave one - resonant
itroke, breaking the Acep silence, and no
iignas of life were' viible - in the long
itretch of road leading to C-. I was
miunb with cold, wishing heartily that I
iad not left Tom's basket under the stair
ae, thinking regretfully of my own cozy
med, when'I' lieatd afar off the sound of
No sister Anne, in Bluebeard's tower,
vas ever more watchful than I was then.
?Vould the burglarg take the alarm?
The . building made a corner of two
treets, and I saw eight mounted men
lash up the road, separate, and while four
Lisiounted in front, four went to the rear.
The burglars were unprepared for this
lank movement, for while the police in
rout were thundering at the main enwance,
he robbers rushed to the rear basement
loor right into the arms of the police sta
I could hear the hubbub, pistol shots
[red, the scufile ot feet, cries, oaths and
eneral confusion;. and I slipped clown
tairs and out of the now deserted main
ntrance and ran home.
Everybody was in bed," and I Went 'to
ay room and had a good crying spell, and
ouinurted My iif il umon.jpdy Lu doubio
lankets. where I soon fell asleep.
All this was on Frid ay night, and I had
o teaching to do until Monday, so I slept
ate, but coming down, I found all the
amily prepared to make a heroine of me.
"I never knew until mother told me
his morning," said Tom, "that it wasn't
;randpa who sent the telegraph to C--.
ly Jove, Olive, you're spunky, if you are
"I gave up when four of them pounced
>n me from one of the upper rooms. They
aust have got ini during the day and hid
I tried to make the Knights promise not
o tell my adventure, ' but could not.
lefore might all Baysville knew how Olive
Iudson caught the burglars. 1 was in
he oflice with grandpa, when over the
rires came this message:
"What does Qhve 'Hudson look like?
verybody in Drydon is talking about her
I flashed back. .
"Whiat (do you suppose such a woman
vibuld look hikei -' She is nearly six feet
all, broad .shouldered, 'and loud-voiced,
"Was it really yourself, Elephant?"
"Dear Lion, it wan!".
"Do you' know, I Waut' to see you.. . I
km going to 'New York" to~day,' but I'll
>e back ytext sprmng." -
if he came to Iaysyleo he (lid iiot see
no. I ran away in a fit of shyness.
In March a'wdndefful thing happened,
tiy mother'sbmtherhv hofad bcen seven
eon yearse-noarly all "my lifetime-in
uba,' came out tb New York, found me
>ut, and took me iito a life of ease and
uxury, making me pet In his splendid
ouse. le was a bachelor, over fifty
'ears of age, handsome and well in formed,
nmd witli large weamlth.
He introduced me to old friends of his,
*nd my circlc of acquaintance widencd
very day. I was entirely nappy, for we
oved each other well.
One day. Uncle George brought home to
linner a afranger, who he Introduced as:
-'The soni of my old1 friend, Olive, Mr.
I made myself agreeable. as In duty'
pound, to Mr. itobei ts, a man of tliirty or
hereabouts, with a face that was down
Ight ugly, but pleasant from thme expres
Ion of frank good humor and intelligence
ipon it. We talked of everything, and t
urprised at' the congeniality of taste we
eon discovered. In an animated dis
ussion of heroines, Mr. IRoberts, turning
o Uncle George, said:
"You were kindly inquiring this morn.
ng about my fortune since tathier. glied
nut I did inot tell you one little episode.
lefore I was fortunate eneugh' to obtain
uy present lucrative situation, I was for a
lime telegraph operator In a small:. place
alled Dryden, and then I heard of a real
erone, of whoim the-world will probably
.I kne w whamt was coming, but.kept 'iihy
ace perfectly composed to listen.' When
he story was fInIshed, givig .Uncle
Ieorge a sly pinohi to keep him .guIet, 1
"What kind'of a looki'ng person 'Was the
vohderful heroinO ?". . .
". never saw her, 'for itlthouigh Bays.
'Mel was the next village to Dryden', I
over went there. But she wnas described to
goe as tall, strong and niasculleA. .
TIn short, my dear Lion,?". I . id
:tay)]y, " she was a perfeet Flophidut."
[3okstare ps ,rooted' m~Io am ' rtain
6 r car e upgn. eJo StoJrt' face.'b epr
r sic 'at hour, Ills eyes. dilated~lij
bought t? 'J.they 'would..pop out of his
lear ngly ficb nd his mnouth opened l6
utetel amazement." inally ho rememnbered
hd inanngr%'qud gasped:, y .
"ardon 'ne, I-was It really you?"
"UncdloMeorge," Vsai -"wili you b(
kiid enough to introduce ile properly't
Wr.' Roberts? - 1 believe, Io thinks youi
niecd mu0" qUFt anM &
'Vith a r cle G, eorg ' ar4oted
gravly 1UrdFl2cdW'' 'k
Uf51r. Leo Roberts, Miss Olive Hudson;
Missilludson, Mr. Roberts."
, '6After that, we could not certainly .x
straligers, and Mr. Roberjs camte often tc
dinoe with Uncle G'col-g.
And one day there was a wedding,
where the bride was very 'small, buried if
lace and orange blossoms, and the bride
groohn was ugly and good natured; but il
was a true love matc4, a fit endihg for thi(
ilirtatin cominenced at Dryden r.nd Bays'
ville, "Over the fVires."
Unf lunate Lovers.
The last gleam pf day was silvering thc
N aters of the Guadalquiver, httho moutli
of which stands the ancient city of Valencia.
Abovd -other buildings rose the tower oJ
Miquilet, with its bell sending Its soleni
tones far and near, calling the iullabitaatE
to prayer. Far as the eye could reach ex
tended the fertile valley Iluerta do Valon
dia, studded vith thriving villagbs, vine
yards and- cottages, bound py the sea in tlic
distance'andsurrountled by the lofty moun
tains of Catalonia. The stars were gem
ming the.. fiejds of azure and the crescent
moon ascending the vault of heaven ; it
was indeed a night of beauty-a sceno tc
attune the mind to happiness and paace.
The service had ceased, and the congre
gation was slowly departing from the
Uathqdral of Saint Cellius. Among the
last of the worshippers was a young female,
closely shrouded iIn a inautilla, yet of vo
thin a texture was it that her face and fig.
ure were almost poceptible. In her hand
she carried a fan of the most exquisite
workmanship, but seemingly more foi
ornament than use ; behind her hoblb*)led an
old duenna, who with difliculty kept pabe
with the tripplug. fect of Donna Isabella,
ror such was the - nafmne of the maiden.
Close by her side walked a young and
toble looking cavalier, whose deep dark
,yes were riveted upon her, while ever and
anon glances of recognition were exchanged
between them, till at length the suspicion
of the old lady was aroosed, who shoulder
id aside the youth, and seizing the arm of
1.er young charge. quitted her not till they
reached a noble mansion in the neighbor
liood of the cyor verdant Glorietta.
But. the young cavalier was not to be
thWartsed in his design, which was to con
voy to his lady love a billet of appointmdnt,
nor was Donna Isabella deficient ot inven
tionin favoring the wishes of her lover, for
just as she was on the eve of asecnding the
stairs leading to kor mansion, she dropped
her fan as if by accident. The opportunity
Was immediately seized by the young cava
lier; who, lifting it unseen to the duenna,
slipped within its folds a hillt. and kneet
mng, presentge*t-to the blushing girl.
" kou'are too forward," muttered-the
ancient lady. " It is well her brother is
not at hand, else he would chastise thy in
" He durst not," replied the cavalier,
"my blood is as noble as that which flows
within the veins, of any of the race of
"I Hoity, toity, we shall see that," said
the old crone, and, raising her voice, she
called for assistance.
" Leave me, leave me, for the sake of
the virgin mother 1" imploringly spoke
" You will meet me, then, as specilled
within the billet " said the youth.
. "I will, I -will, God willing, and an
opportuity offers. Now leave me."
The youth hastily snatched her hand and
pressed-it to his lips. The next moment
he was lost among the mazes of the GIlor
The noise of the duenna had alarmed
the inmates of the mansion, who hiastened
to her assistance, but the can demeanoi
of Isabella converted their alarm inte
laughter, especlally when she informed
them that the old dame's cries arose solcly
frontihiea polite attention of a passing cava
11cr in-tendering her her fan, which she had
That nmght when the bell of Miquilet
told the midnight hour, Isabella stood i
the balcony, which overhung the garden.
A slight miovement was soon heard amnong
the orange foliage and a tall figure, shroud.
ed in a flowing mantle advanced and~ stood
beneath the balcony..
" Are you icadly ?" asked thme mask.
"'I aim?'' answered thme maiden, ini a
breath scarce awdible from terror.
' Becure then this ladder to the rails and
decscend~.". And throwing a ladder of
silken cords, it was caught by Isabella,
who, having fastened it as desired the niext
moment was in tihe arms of her lover.
"Now, then, for the chapel of the Lady
Mother-ore morning you will be forever
"That morning you will never see,"
cried Don llenriqucez, brother of Isabella,
idvancing from an umbirageois shrubbery
close. by, " Traitor! villaini would you1
seek to dishonor-the noble blood of Velas
gjuacz? Draw, coward, andl defend thyself?"
With the speed of lighting wvere the
ripiers of thme opp~onents crossed, and with
the sp)eed of lighiting was thiat of Hlenriquez
burled in the heart of the mask-who, fall.
lng, exclaimed ; "~ Henriquez, you have
killed your prince!"
The alarnm speedily brought the (domes
tics to the sene of slaughter-tme nmask
was renioved froin the faco of the (departed,
and too surely were the gallant features of
the noble Pedro, Prinice of Castile and
Arragon, revealed to the horror-strlcken
gaze of Hlenriques.
'Withm diliculty,(dkd the domestics untwine
Like arms of isabella from the body of her
Lover. Sense had forsaken her, and when
she awoke to consciousness it was only to
murmur the nanmne of eedroptith hp9r dying
*Mournful yet granid was the funeral of
the Ill fated Prince, and in pity to his5 love
was the sweet corpse of Isabella consigned
to the royal tomlh to remain in (leatih with
her lover, whilo' wearys of his life
iIIenrqiudk to Veimioe, and embarking,
IFlung at away in battle with the Tur-k.
In tihe Cathedral of St,. Cellisis may yet
be seen the tompb of the uafortunmato lovers,
[tostands in the e'ast ''ntve, containing thn
brief and simple lnscription
THToht3 0?, AVFIIoTION."
-Key Weh oltais-makers pimy ev.ery
month a'contrib ution of 21,060 toward
the in terni1 -revenue fn.
A Look at Ve.4uvius.
VesuvlU has diplayed her flrowork;
and .ip af btrlliat reception-ono' s
gran :a bestil 4hat I sat up half 0h
nig4t -to watch'the Shower of sparks whic
.every f0w m14teas' blazed upward to
,9onsiderable fi'lit.- Lucky I have a root
which overlooks the city and bay of Naplea
and.conmanuds a'Alo view of Mount Vesu
v1u _ The . volcano. at night looks not iu
iike:a huge glit-1Oube with alflash light
NoW brilliant, nw oubdued; or, perhaps
like'a large beacon .e built on the top u
a mountain, burnin 'brightly, with frequea
small eruptions. ftvwers of sparks con
forto at -intervals of'.a few minutes. An
occasionally sireaill of lava, vhich ru
partly down the side of the imountatin
Those streans from tne city look uk
masses of fire. Itis only at night tha
anything can be seen. During the d
nothing but smoke Is visible coming out o
.th crater. Soinetimes the smoke ascend
directly upward, at others it floats away i:
clouds and again assumes fantastic shapes
Vesuvis is tho great lion here, its prestig
being only challenged by the ruins of Pon
pel. The people are proud of their ide
and 'gloiy in its ernptions. As the guid
said: " Ah I look now at that, where yo1
have such thing in America ?" And, whei
I told him we didn't ivant anything. like it
he was iery much of'ended at 'my lack o
appreciation.- The ascent to the crater i
iow comparatively easily made by a rail
road built on the same plan as the one uj
Mount Washington, lowever, it neithe
starts from the base of the mountain uoi
goes entirely to the top. That sort of thin
wo.d never do. To start from the tottol
of the mountain would be to ruin the busi
ness 'of the hack-drivers, who for a consid
oration.consent to take you to the observa
tory, a point about a quarter of the wa;
up, where the railroad coinmences. Froi
the terminus to the crater is a good fifteei
minutes' walk-not easy, by any means
The view fron the summit is fine and cx
tended. The view down the crater is no
what one expects. If you expect you ar(
going to have a look down into Hades, au<
.see the Styx and Ohasron, you are mistaken
The sulphurous fumes and smoke roll uj
in clodus, and one whiff will satisfy yot
and keep you busy coulthing for som<
minutes. The formation of the lava an<
the dirqctions whidh the streams from the
different eruptions have taken are very in
teresting. to, note, the lava from each of ti
great eruptions bewg of a different color
The ground underyour feet is uncomfort
ably hot. I pokd'..my cane down into C
crevice, aqd il immediately took fire. Fo
the fun of the think, we ioiled or roaste<
eggs hard by letting them down luto tli(
crater. Vesuvius was too lively to be vera
attractive at so close range. Frequen
showers of stones, Some of which caum
down unpleasantly close to us, hastened
our departure, and we returned to town t<
look more at our leisure at this wonderfu
curiosity. The voleano inspired me witl
a good deal of awe, and were I livinr. a
uany thousands are, d! us 'uasu, ond withhe
reach of its terrible powers, I should no
feel at all easy.
Englooering Work in Franco,
The railroad now being constructeL
from Maroejols to Saint Flour, in the de
partment of Lozire, im the south of France
presents one of the most remarkable tri
umiphs of civil engineering that the worli
has witnessed. This is the viaduct o
Garabit. Reaching the valley of thii
name, the road terminates abruptly on th<
edge of a precipice. On tle opposit
side, a distance of 1,556 feet-considerabl,
over a quarter of a mile-rise the basaltil
promontories of the Contal Mountains
The valley is a sort of colossal chasm, a
the bottom of which flows the river Fruy.
ere. Plans for a viaduct across this val
Icy were presented by the young enginecer
M. Eilffe1, and he was 'told, as Americti
would say, to "go ahead." The structurn
now nearly complleted, is of Iron. Thi
central arch spans 541 feet (165 meters),
with an average rise of 65 meters or abou
218 feet. Th'le rails will be about 40i
feet from the surface of the river. Plac<
the Cathedral of Notre Dame on thils
stream and the Column of the Place Ven
dome upon its towers, nd there will stil
be considerable space above the platforn
on which the road is laid. The span11 oj
this arch is much greater than any in Eu.
rope. Our great bridge at Albany hau
four arches, each of 185 feet span; the Lr
Salle bridge in Illinois shas arches of 100
feet span; those of'the Augusta bridge ovei
the Kemiobec are 100 feet, while those ol
the famous blew lRiver bridge In WVesi
Virginia are only '273 feet. TIhe heigh1
also of the Glarabit Viaduct is exceptional,
in Eur po at least, where from 00 to (X
meters Is considered the limit of safety for
iron supports; though the great-viaduct of
Frlbourg, un switzerland, passes this limit,
being 78.75 meters. M. Eiffei has noi
overstepped the traditiorgal projutd ice, loi
the imotaile part of his suipports is only
81.16 meters, the rest being masonry of th<
most Azid 'character; but lie maintainet
before the Europeaa Society of Civil En'
gincers that he could guarantee safety,
with tihe combinations he uses to iron sup
ports 100 meters high. The uarabit Via
duct Is exceedingly light for Its size, ti<
cenitral portion rep~resenitimt obly 10,50(
kilogrammes'to the 'running mneter, oi
little over 113 tons, while the weight of thi
metal for the entire viaduct will not, exceet
F'ioparang i'ourautas for Mn icot,
Peanuts to be p~reparedi for the mnarke
are lhaeg in a large cylinder, fromi wvhiel
they enter the brushes,overy nt receiveii
fifteen feet of a brushing before It become,
free. Thleni they are dropped on an end
loss belt, passing along at the rate of fou.
miles an liour. On each 11ide of the bel
stand girls, and as the auto fail oii the bell
the girls with a quick nmodo of the handi~
pick gut all the poor look ng nuts, aliowipi
only the best to f ass ti.e cruci~le, . Thosq
thai do pass drop inte bags anJi the floom
below. Whea the bag is Ailed it is sewei
up andh branided as "'cocks,"with the figura
of a rooster prominent on its sidecs. Ti
peas caught up by the girls are thrown ti
one side, again picked over, and the bos
singled out andi branded as ''ships." .
*'These aire as flne's. nuL as the first fo
eating, but lii shape and color (10 n'ot com
pare with the "'cocks." Thie third gradl
38 branded as "eagles." They are picket
ou~t of the cullings of thd "cocks"' ani
"slups." The cullings that are left fron
the "cagles" are baigged, scat to the toj
story and what little me. t is in themi
shaken out hv a patent. selle.
stow to nflhave at a Party.
I remember that when I was qnite young
going to h party waA n&htly ail buch - a
trial to me as a pleasure. Ueomg iffai-ont,
I dreaded entering the room a1d 1tbounter
ing the eyes of the people already assembled
there; and once' fairly in, 1 wad over
shadowed all the evening by thd dreadful
necessity of, by-and-by, rotirong. lesides,
I felt a sense of responsibility which was
very oppressive, and was so afraid of- not
doing or saying whiat was expected of -mo
f that I moved and acted awkwardly, and no
doubt looked partectly miserablo. Perhaps
some of you may have had expeiliences
sinular to ne. Now let me toll you that
I have lived to laugh at my foolish shyness,
and to be very sorry for boys and girls who
tsuffer froin the saine thing. , When you are
invited to a company, the first thing-in
order is to reply to the invitation. This is
VOlitc, whether you accept or decline, and
it is impcrative if you declitie.. Send
your answer as soon as possible, in scine
such simple phrase as this: " Harold,"
or "Florence, thanks Mrs. - for her
kind invitation for Thursday evening, and
acceptst with pleasure," or ''declines it
with real regret," as the case may be.
Arrived at your friend's house, you vill be
directed to the proper place for the removal
of your wraps, and the arrangemnent of
your toil.et, and then you have only to pro
ceed to the parlor, where your hostess will
relieve you from embarrassment by meeting
ryou aonce. She is, of cjurse, the first
r person whom you are to greet.' Having
spoken to her, you are at liberty to find
other friends. Do not think that people
are looking at you, or noticing your dress
or your looks. They are doing notting of
the kind. Engage heartily In whatever
amuseenot is provided for the occasion,
but do not put yoursolf needlessly forward..
If spoken to, reply modestly but intolli
gently, even though for the moment there
may b it liaush in the room. If you really
wish to enjoy yourself, seek out somebody
who seeins to be more a stranger than
yourself, and try to do something for his
or her pleasure. Forget that you are not
acquainted witn everybody, and remember
that, it is your duty to help your hostess in
making her party a success. Should your
greatest ncemy be presont, you must, of
course, be perfectly civil and agreeable in
your manner to hiln, for in your friend's
house you are both under a flag of truce.
W hen you say good-night to yot enter,
taimrs, be sure to thank them for the
pleasure you have had. Do not stay too
late, but. avoid being the first to go; or, if
you must leave varly, do it as quietly as
possible, lest, your wi-thdrawal sliould be
the signal for others to leave, thus breaking
up the party too soon.
A Parina-uentary Boy.
The boy came home chuck-full of par
liamentary tactics. At the dinner table
ilu moved to reconsider the votd y wuhmc
boiled ham was placed oii the bill of 'fare,
and demanded the ayes and noes on the
question of a now pair of rubber boots and
a spring velocipede. lie hadn't been home
two days before lie obseried to his mother:
'I move the previous question on that
hunk of maple sugar in the pantry.'
'You can't have it.'
'But I must. My motion cuts off all de
i bate, and I shall announce the question as
[ carried in bthe aflirmative.'
i His father suggested the idea of an
hour's exercise with the ax, but the boy
called for a general expression of opinion
and succeeded in passing a vote to recom
mit the question to the Committee on Rules
for amendiment. Things went on in this
way fur a week, and the old man finally
hod enough of it and felt called upon.to
administer, a caution.
'Don't you know that an anmenthnent
takes precedence of the qjuestion itself?"
replied the boy. .'I a'nend as follows:'
'Resolved. That, this family recognlizes
Cushing's Manual as standard authority on
quiestionis of dlebate. Are ready for the
'No, sh' I' replied the old man.
I 'D~o you wish for a call of the Hlouse?'
'1 wish you.to understand that your talk
d (ispicases me!'
of'Well,while I must respect for the rights
ofthe minority I still feel that it would be
a safer plan to talo your motion. It can
come upj again under the hiead of 'U~nfinish
lIn about, ten minutes the 01(d man was
ready for hinm in the wood-shed, and~ lie
'here is a quorum present andl we will
p~roceed to business.'
'I move we take a recess,' irelihed the
boy as his back begani to ache.
'Can't (io it,' said the father as lie hung
up lis liat. 'I am now going into the coim
mnittee of the whlole onl the whlingiu busi
ness, and if I can't tan your jacket, in ten
minutes I shall ask leave to sit again.
Stand~ out here I'
'IPlease call mother to the chairl' plead
edl the youth, but it was no go. The old
man had a two-thirds vote on him, and the
quiestioii was so well settled that, the boy
w.as able to buy two bars of soap at, a gre
ceiy that afternooii without a single allu
sion to Cushing.
Moh'den' of Walking.
An Iingenious contemporary gives tho
following summary of the different modes
of walking adopted by those who go to.
and fro upionl the earth:
Observing perron~s move, slowly, their
heads move alternately from side to side
while they occasionally stop and turn
Carefulii persons lift their fcet highi and
place themi dowvn slowly; pick up some
little obgruction and place it down quickly,
by the side of the road..
Calculating personms genernlly walk with
their hiandls in their pockets ,and their
hieadis slightly inclined.
.odest personsi generally step softly for
Vcear of being observed..
Timid person~s often. stop off the ai~e.
walk on meeting another, and always go
around a stone fnstead of gtehping ever It,.
Wide.-awake persons 'toecout," andl
have a long swving to their arms, while
their hands move about misoellancously.
Careless personsa are forever. stubbing
I 'Lmy persons sergtpQ about loosely with
I thchr heels, and are, tht, on o sigle of the
sidewalkand then'on the other.
'VNery stong in~ndemd person placo thiir
toes dircty inifront of them, and hav, .a
kind if athn'Ynovemeit.
flow WVall Paper Is Mado. '
A quarter of a century' ago plain white
walls andl ceilings were (1c rigcu. In
Anerich, except In the homes of the
wealthy, Whero the hand of the fresco
painter took something of the coldness
from tho' walls., In looking back it seems
strange that the ancestors of the present
generation- *re so devoted to 'the coW And
chiesilCs white color, and this can only be
explained by regarding it as due to Purl.
tanic plainuess. . When wall paper began
to beused the celling was still left white,
but a change has come, and now both wall
and ceiling are niiido to harmonize with
the surroundings. , The better to uder
stand the subject of wall paper, a repoiter
recently visited inl estalishment where
the article is manufactured, and saw the
entire procesm. The paper is receivedt
from the manufactory in. suitable lengths
indi a proper width, and of a pure white
c-lor. To to this the pa Per is put through
a machine constructed for this purpose.
'Tho color is applied first With a large brush,
and then the paper is carried on to a series
of silif brushes, which move diagonally to
aid fro acrms the surface, to give a smooth
ness and equality to the ground and leave
It devoid of shade or unevenness of color.
After being properly (tried' the paper is
ready to reaclve further decoration. One
end of the long roll, which has received a
'"ground," is placed in a pahrof nippers
attached to a large printing machitie, and
the work of addrument goes' on. The
priinting machine has a large cylinder,
around which the paper is cairled to the
printing cylinders. These are made of
wood, .with raised-patterns of brass, whose
interstices are filled with flock or felt, The
cylinders, however, do not contain an entire
pattern, for eadh color in the paper requires
a separate impression; hence it follows
that each cylinder bears only a portion of
a pattern, The printing maclilnes of the
day are capable of printing a many as
twelve distinct colors, and carry thirteen
rollers, the extra one being used to apply
the varnish. It seems unazing to the
spectator to stand by and see a roll of ddrk..
brown paper go in at one end bf the'ma
chine and come out at the other end
elegantly adorned with coloicd fIgures.
having thus received the pattern, If gilt
is desired in the figures, the roll is placed
in another machine and bronzed or gildetd.
Th'e bronzo is contained in a large box and
the paper. pliasses over a cylinder, over
which is a large brush filled with bronze
powder. This is passed rapidly over the
surface, and the portions of the pattern
intended to receive it retain the gilt.
Then the roll of paper is drawn over an
other cylinder, surrounded with stiff brush
es, which clear away all superfluous pow
der. There are two varieties of bronze
paper--the single print bronze, which
contains only one color and gilt, and the
colored bronze, which has a number 'of
The latest-inprovement is the enpossed
or pressed paper. Formerly all patterns
were perfectly flat, bu by a now process,
portions of this pattern are raised or em
bossed. This is done by a machine con
structed for the purpose, anid consists in
forcing the paper down on a duplicate of
the original pattern. thus elevating the
desired portions. Yelvet paper (so-called,
but known technically as "flock" peaper),'
which is so often 'used iii paneling, has
long bothered the brains oh the usual house
holder, yet its manufacture is exceedingly
simple. The paper first goes through the
"grounding" machine, and then receives a
sizing, after which it is placed in a long
box about two feet wide, two feet deep
and twenty-four feet long, with a canvas
bottom. Underneath this bottom are a
aumber of wooden arms which, by the aid
Af cranks, beat a tattoo on it. 'The paper
thus placed, a quantity of flock is thrown
on-it, the arms beat the canvas, and in a
short time it emerges seemigly a roll of
moft velvet. A Iho4w York man has recently
patented an improvement oni all previous
dforts, known as '"mica," or "'Oriental
satin" paper. By a secret process mIca is
ipplid to the surface, giving the paper a
ghittermng appearance. The rolls are then
run through a maclino which embosses
the paper, giving it a "ribbed" appearance,
l'he rolls of fanciful wail paper are retatiled
it prices ranging from two dollars to five
:iollars each, and when propcrly jald upon
walls andh ceilngs give an ap~artmuenit a rich
ippearance, fully equal to the handiwork(
>f an expert fresco painter and at one-flfth
Unfortunately for good taste many per
10ons are "all at sea" as uiegards the proper
irraiigement of tihe room..- They dlecorate
hleir walls wIth beautiful paper and then
iide the beauty behid~ rows of pictures.
[n ppring the wvalls of an apartment sonmc
feinite arrangement should be dhecided
11)0n blefore the pdper is placed. Aiiother
utrage onl good taste hs in selectinig wall
paper to match in color tile furnitiure of a
room. This is said to be all wrong, as wvall
paper should oppose in color tihe furmiture
4i a room. Contrast in this respect gives
"Wood pap~er" is the name of a ne0w
Ldea. In this the paper is given a thin
veneer of the wood (desiredl, aind cani be
rolledl upl like ordinary paper. This papier,
properly applied, giyve the walls of a room
All the appearance of belig worked In hard
wood. Biy means of machinery the mainu
facmure of wall paper is thaterially hlastenedl.
An ordlinary maehine will print from 2,b00
to 8,000 rolls .per (day' of eight..celored
paper, wvhile fifty rolls is a govd (lay's
work by hand. Tihe latter process, how
sver, Is used on the very finest paper. The
paper after having gone through the varn
nus processes describedl, Ia run on long
spindles aind cut unto rolls of eIghit yardls
unach, packed in,bundles of twenmty-flvo rolls
and is then regdy for shipment.
--hBnos Ayros has 5M,000,000 sheep,.
'-Lrklrt J. Meade, the sculptog, has
--The salary ct the emperor of Etissia
-The Ee~'lo R dlway Ieoember earn
igs increased $804,000.-.
-Ex-Vice Presideflt. Wifeeler wli
go to Europe thIs spring.
-Lord JBeacoo'sfieids '?YEudymioWn"
paid him ab'out'fffty centrsa word,
.-.The lynltedl Staggs makes Abe bat
and putrest glydering n shg rparlje, ,
,-Thobliabitapts of theoglobe pro
ross more tilag;1,OQ diiferept religionos
-Tli 4verago constimpt a'of sugAn
Lu Itrance ir\ 1875 was. 12. Vier'heady
-In' Parls'alone 178,000t 'lesljri'
theit: livelihood in somed ietPgi
-The estimate for the ne ray
bridge,Scotiatid, is close of to $Z600,
r-Michael ells ofilkota is 100 years
old-0 years abovoepAr, 'and 8 above
--The total numberof lanzuites and
dialects spoken iII the world amounts
- Queen Victoria roolve' last year
$205,000 clear cash from h'er dnehy or
-The Black Hills niinee i'ae report
06 to have prodchted in 1880 nearly $5,
-A dealer In Vermont las an order
from the West for 1,0,060 Pounds of
-The son of Manzoni, the great
Italln novelist, has been put in a luna.
-Milan Is the second city of Italy in
population, and the first In wealth anti
-The famous copper mine of Fahlun
in Sweden, has been worked for a
-Four .hundred miles of railroad
have been c-mstructod In Missourl dur
ing the past year.
-Canada received nearly 85,00, im
migrants last your, as against 01,000
for the year previous.
-The Atlanta cotton fair, in Oato
ber, will draw, it Is estimated, 50,000
strangers to that town.
-King Iumbert, of Italy, Is about
to visit Paris under the traveling title
of Comte do Pavia.
-The Chinese of Danver have a
large school, in which the E-iglish
branches are taught.
-Over 153 new butter and cheese
ractdrios will be erected in Iowa this
year, making 400 in all.
-John Clay, the brother of IHenry
Clay, is living in Kentucky, and Is still
a strong and active main.
-Groun d was broken on tie Yellow
stone Division of the Northern Paiolfi
Railroad on Septembur 10th.
-A 50,000 acre tract of lntid on the
Northern Pacifle has been bought for
a culony from Belfast, Ireland.
-Mime. Lettellier, the eldest slster
of the late Aloxfnder D:mmas, is still
living at Grenoble, at the ago of 80
-King Ilumbort is 37, and has been
on his throne three yegrs. His assas
s1nation has b0on attel)pted only once.
-The railroads killed 30 persons
during February and injured 182--the
blackest statemenrt for any month on
-BIshop Littlejohn, of Long Island,
has just received the 4egree of doctor
of laws from Cambridge University,
-The Empress Eigeimn la a very
wealthy womatn. -bile has estates 'In
llungaryj Spain, France, t3witz 3rland,
Italy and England.
-The Crown Princess VLctorlaj of
Germany, is in ill health, said to bW
caused by her grief over her bareayc
ments of last year.
-Hoe & Ce., are said to have paid
$2,000,000 to the widow ot William
Bullock, inventor of the printing
presses, for his patents.
-The highest rate ot indebted.ness
par capita, Is that o' Maryland, $103 -
01. and the next Maine, with $100.22.
The lowest Is Oregon, $4.25.
-Trhe annual production of tobacco
in Limo counties of, Rook, D41no, Jefler
son, and Greein 1i' isoonsing anouut.i
to nearly $2,000,000 in value.
-Chief Justhee Waite Is of' medium
height, straight, Strong and firm. His
mnose, mouth and chlin are large, while
his hair and beard are iron gray.
-Josiah Doloaoh, the nun who is
saidl to have saved General Grant from
capture by the enemy near Memphis
in 1862, has Just died In that city.
-At a sale of autographs in Paris, a
letter of Catherine do Medicis brought
$82. otle of bhe Marquiso Maintioon,
$78. and a letter of M try Stuart $82,
-The Governors-of New York and
Peninsylvainla each receive $10,000 per
annum' the Governor of Louisiand $8,
0 0 ana the others from $6,000 to $1,..
-Tedifference in the value of sil
ver by the gold standard, as compared
with our standard silver doll ir, Is about
$3,000,000 a year on our total product
--Thme number of immigrants to the
United States In 1880 was 475,257, a
larger number by alauost 30,000 Luan
ever camne to the country ia a single
-A celery garden of forty-s!x acres,
believed to be 1,he largest In the world,
is cultivatod in the suburbs of I/>ndon,
and produces annually about half a
-The total number of periodicals
pumblished in the U~alted States at the
beginning of the presenit year was 10,..
131, with an aggregate circulation, per
issue, of 20,677,538.
-Governor John Endicott' auto
grap~h sold at auctIon ina Boston recent
ly for $24, Ralph WValdo Emerson's for
$1 05, John Brown's for $5 75, and
.hdward Everett's for 55 cents.
-Tme public debt of the United
States is $08 per head; of Spain $15M;
of Franc.-, $146; of England, $147; oz
llAland,. $114; of Canada, $27; of
Mexico, $39; of Swltzerland, $2.
-The shearIng corrals at Delano,
Kern County, Oaf., present a scene of
curious actlyity, no less than 120 ex..
port shearek's being en gaged In clip
pimng the fleece froni 200,000 she pt
-The passage of the Coercion bIll
fladi IreJ and garrisonedn by an army of
29,86flicors and men, 4108 horses ant
and 72 guns. This enormouts military
fdrdo is (lIstributed #11 over th e coun. -
-t rbabythe longest piastorate in
QW iiampshiiro was that of the haLte1
l, Lal as Ainswortn, of Jatiroy
se ideyasa slhmnbs. Ale
4 a~oh 'Ic~s 18 ,adi.the age of'
*Gegniany now ran ks-thizl in popu
lation of the groes-countr19s'or the
world. - he reoentreenIsusashows a
Pp ept 46 9417*e aussia and
ed e .atA Afsut and
Odhi4h he ur