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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., MAY 10, 1881. ESTABLISHED 1865.
COMING AND GOING.
Hoarding and heaping-hoarding and heap
And now there are ligf'ts and garlands gay,
For a babe is born in the house to-day,
And hie blue eyes are sleeping;
And close by the eredle the father stands,
And thinls of his acres of well-sown lands.
And of when the two little-dimpled hands
Will be strong enough for reaping.
Budding and blooming-buddng and bloom
And the winds are playing like tiutoes on the
And the stones are beaten like drums in the
And the birds in clouds are coming:
And song and fragra. co float In the breezo;
And all the blossoms of all the trees
Are edged with fringes of golden boos
Buoking and humming-sucking and hum
Walling and weeping-walling and weepiug!
And now the lights li the houses are low,
And now the roses have ceased to glow,
And the women watch ara keeping;
And close by the coffin the father stands
And; bitterly moaning, wrings his hands,
And barren of pleasure are all his lands,
For the babe wakes not from slooping.
Blighting and blowing-blighting and blow
And the stonos in the rivulet silent lie,
And the winds in the fading woodlands cry,
And the birds in olou Is are going,
And the dandelion hides his gold.
And their blue little tintts the violets fold,
And the air is gray with snowing,
do life keeps coming and going.
The Two Wills.
It has been a busy day with me. I had
been working hard, getting up evidence in
a railway accident case, and was putting
up my papers with a sigh of relief. Anoth
er forty minutes and I should be at home;
but just as I was Lying up the last bundic
of papere, the office boy put his head in
at the door and dispelled the tempting vis
"A woman to see you, if you please, sir.
She won't give her name. Bays she's a
"Stranger I" I repeated. "What is she
like? Is she a common person?"
"Not exactly, sir," said the lad,
"A lady?" I asked.
Arthur paused, as if considering, and
then, with a look of intelligence, as much
as to say lie had hit the nail on the head
this time, he answered:
"Well, sir, she's a sort of betwixt and
"Vot a bad definition, Arthur. Ask the
'betwixt and between' up stairs."
A tall, middle-aged woman entered and
, _.ook the seat I placed for her.
My visitor produced from her pocket a
large envelope, from which she drew a
piece of paper. This she handed to me,
explaining in a hard, monotonous voice,
thiutsho had been sent to me by her master
Mr. Robert Bramleigh, of Coleman street,
who was dangerously ill-in fact, was not
expected to live many hours. The paper,
she said, had been written by his direction
and signed by him for his will that after.
noon. Fearing lest it should not be in a
proper fornt, he had desired her to take it
to the nearest lawyer and have one pre
pared according to the law.
I unfolded the paper and read as follows;
"In the name of Gtd, Amon, I leave my
buody to the ground and my a ul to Almigi.t
#.tod who, gave it. Now, this is the will of me
Robert, 3ramahigh, of 339 Coloman street. I
g.ve and leave all my hotuses, lands, money
and ev rything that I have, to Hauah UOur
ion, my housekeeper,aa, a reward for her long
and l aithful services. Signed i y mo~on Tues.
day, Liccembor 32th 1808
'"Witne-se-James Lnrnas,Marbaret eiins."
I examined the writing carefully. The
signature, "Rcbert LBramleigh," wi as weak
and sliaky. Th~e will Itself was written in
a masculnno looking hand of singular de
cision and boldness. T1he characters were
large an~t well formed.
The document showvn to me wvas how
ever, sufficlent to give ilannah Churton all
Mr. Bramleigh's property.
.Nw. I am always particular about wills:
I think they are too serious to be settled in
a hurry. I never will allow achicnt to ex
ecute one until I am convinced that its pur
pmort Is perfectly understood.
"You are Mrs. Churton, I presume?" I
"I am," she replied,looking me unflinch
imgly in the face.
Somehow 1 felt suspicious that things
were not so fair as they should be. I queos
tionied her rather closely, but the only ad
mission I obtalued from he r was 'that she
haJ written the will, but that it was itt her
master's dictation. 1 offered to propare a
more formal document, but before doing
so, I declared that it was necessary that I
should see Mr. Bramleigh. 1 named the
omission of the appointment of an execu
tor. Th'lis seemed rather to nonplus her.
Sne asked whether she could not be namedi
as an-executrix. Theb more aversion site
shtowedi to my seeIng her master, the more
convincedl 1 felt, that something was wrong;
and~ seeing I was not to be miovedl from my
purpose, she at last gave In, proposing
however, that I should accompany her
back, as she greatly feared it wvould be too
late If left till morning.
A cab soon took us to 889 Coleman
street. It was a large, gloomiy, old-fash
ioned house, with a spacious entrance hall.
I was taken into the dinling-roomn andl ask.
ed to wait while 1Mr. Bramleigh wais being
ptrepared for my visit, T1he lurniture was
old and very massive, Some very ha~nd
some oil paintings graced the walls. I
amt very fond of pictures, so, raising the
lamp, I walked around thte room, slowly
iiispecting them. On the right of the fire
pllace I came upon a picture with its face
turned to the wall, I turued the picture;
it, was the portrait of a young aind very
beauitiful gi i a dark riding habit. Hear
lng footsteps outside the door, I ;restored
the picture to the position in which I found
it, and( as I did so, I saw written at the
'4o:tomt of the framie, "Magdalen Biram
ine footsteps I heahrd were those of the
housemaid, who had eqpie to announce
that Mr. Jiramleigh was ready to see mue
I followed her up stairs, and was ushered
into a large, comfortable looking bed oom.
A cheerful fire burned in the grate. Fac
ing it was a large four post bedstead,
hung with white curtainh, and at the bead
of the bed Mrs. *hurton was sitting, with
a simall table in front of her, du which
was placed an inkstand and some paper.
She pulled back the curtain, and I saw an
old man propped up by pillows.
Turning to Mrs. Churton, I told her that
she need not wait.
"Yes, go-go, Hannah I" cried the sick
man, and I fancied that I could detect an
eagerness in his voice, as if lie desired her
absence iather than her presence.
As Mrs. Churton left the room I caught I
sight of the reflection of her face in the
glass over the chinney piece, and I do not
think she would have scowled quite as
niuch had she known that I was looking.
I began by asking Mr. Bramleigh what
were his wishes in regard to his will. In 1
low tones lie to'd me that he desired to
leave everything to Hannah Churton, his 1
housekeeper, as a reward for her long and I
I spoke gravely to the ok1 man, although
without much hopts of success, but at last. J
I got him1 to confess that he had no inten- N
tion of making his housekeeper his sole <
heiress until she had herself broached the I
subject to him. I proposed to Mr. Bram- i
leigh that lie should leave his property to i
sone one on whom lie could rely. in trust
for his daughter. My argument prevailed.
Lie assented, and I prepared a will accord
ingly. The old man requested that his
medical man, Dr. Ramsey, should be non
mated as my co trustee, and that an annu
ity of fifty pounds should be paid to Han
nah Churton for life. I
Ringing the bell, I requested Mrs. Chur
ton to suunnion James Burns an I Margaret
Sims, the two servants who had witnessed U
the first will. As soon as they were in the
room I gave Mr. Bramleigh a pen, and 0
placing the docunient before him, I said
distinctly, so all might hear:
- "This which I have read to you is your I
final will, and you request James Butns
and Margaret Siis to witness your execu
tiI of it?"
"It is-I do," he solemnly said, as with
feeble fingers he wrote his name.
The Iwo awe-stricKen domestics then n
added theirs, and I think their hands shook <
more than the testator's. Hannah Chur- a
ton was a silent spectator of the whole of
this, but I could not see her face, as she I
stood in the background, out of the light of a
Before allowing any one to leave the i
rooi I placed the will in a large envelope. <
Fastening it with wax, I impressed it with o
Mr. Bramleigh's monogram and crest with it
a seal that was on the tray of the inkstand. U
The old man watched me closely, and when a
I finished he said. "Keep it -" till it is
On our way down stairs Dr. Ramsey told 3
me that his patient was rapidly sinking, t
and that lie doubted whether he would live v
another twenty-four hours.
Taking him into the dinmng-rbom aind
shutting the door, I told him of my suspi- I
cions of the housekeeper and that I felt r
afraid of leaving Mr. Bramileigh alone with r
her all night. le agreed with me, and
promised to send his assistant to watel' with k
me till moining when, if Mr. Brainleigh v
was living, he would, on his own responsi- a
biuity, place a trustworthy nurse in his c
charge. The housekeeper opened the door I
to let us out.
"It's all right, Mrs. Churton," I mali- v
ciously said, as the doctor wished her good v
night. "I am quite satisfied now. The h
will will be in my keepIng. By-the-by,"
I added, looking her sharply in the face, s
had you not better let your master's friends
know of the danger he is in?" f
She mumbled somet hing in reply but I t
could not catch what it was. I stayed. D
talking upon different subjects. to while a
away the time until the arrival of Dr. v
Ramsey's servant. She seemed very much v
astonished and rather displeased when Dr. 'I
Ramsuy returned with the assistat. (
In one's experience or mankind we 11f1d
it Is impulossible to he too clever. Mrs. [
Hannah Cburton was very clever, but she t
commnittedi great mistakes. The first was E
in consulting a lawyer. The will drawn
by her-for so it really had been-might I
have been upset on the ground of unctue I
influence. I say "might havo been" for I
there is nthing so hard to prove as undue (
iluence. Thle other great point against I
her was the ousting of a child in favor of a i
Mr. lBramleigh (lied the next morning at
ten o'%lock. Soon after I had left lhe be- i
came unconscious, in - which state lie re- I!
mnained ti-1 shortly before his death, wvhen
there. was a rally. Openiing his eyes with r
an eager look, as if lie missed something,
be threw one arm outside oi the coverlet, I
andl cried, "Magdalen, Maglial nI"
Th'le funeral took place on Satiurdlay, but 5
an engagemeni. preventedi mc from fol ow- <
ing. Mrs. Chur.oni had wvrittenu me, re
questing that I would attendl with the will,
which still remained mi my possession,wihh
the one dIrawn by her.
I arrivedi at the houae a little after one
o'clock, atnd was at onpe taken muto the
dining-room, where 1 found D~r. Rlamsey,
Mr. Rfobeson (a brother practitionier), ndi
a handsome young fellow, who was intro.
duncetd to mec as L entenant Maitland, the
late Mr. Bramleigh's son-ia-law.
Thle door opened, and a young lady en
tered, it died not require any introdluctioni
to tell me that she was the or iginal of the
portrait, still with its face turnedh to the
waill. Hecr face was very beauth ul, nlot
withstanding its extreme paleness and tear
Mrs. Ctiurton had closely followed Mag
dalce Maitland Into the room.
Dr. Itamisey pehitely pulled forward
chair for the hious keeper. 'raking it from
himu with a cold "thank you," she hplaced
it at the enid of the table, directly lacing
I was about to unseal the envelope con
taining the will, when Lieutenant Maitland
"One monment, if you please,'' lhe said,
plaching his hand on my armi. "Before this
will is read, I wish to say a few words.
Mrs. Churton tells me Mr. Bramnlelgh has
left her everything unconditionally. I
simply wish to express my firm belief thatt
Mr. hiramlcigh could only have been in
dluced to make such a will by unfair and
foul means. Although I have been the
cause of au estrangement between father
and daughter, 1 cannot think that he could
so) forget his love for her as to strip her of
oveything. It is my intention, for her sake
to contest this will; and it is with thIs in
view that I have requested my old friend
Mr. Itobeson to be present to-day as, my
I read the will very 'slowly and distinct
ly, It was very short. Says one annuity
of fifty pounds tqHannah Chutton for life,
everything was left to Dr. Itamsey and
mylself in trust for Magdalen Maitlandi, to
je settled on her as we in our discretion
dhould see fit.
Astonishment is a mild word to express
;he feelngs of those present, nor will I at
.eimpt to do so. My tale lies with Hannah
Jhurton. Starting lo her feet, site pushed
he chair fron her, and atretelii out her
irm, gave utterance to a torrent of invec
Magdalen Maitland covered her cars with
ier hands, to shut out the hard words. Her
musband led her to the door, but Hannah
,hurton intercepted them. Tearing her t
:ap from her head, she throw It on the
,round before the trightened girl.
"Trample on it," she cried, in a frenzied
roice. "Your father's victim has no right
o wear it I"
I must admit that site looked grandly
ragic as site declaimed these fiery words.
felt half sorry for the poor, defeated crea
Nine years have passed since then, and
Irs. Maitland declares that there are "sil.
or threads among the gold." The cares
if a young family have somewhat marred
ter good looks, but they will live again in
ay little goddaughter, Magdalen, who
'romises to rival her mother in beauty.
,sic at It cudquartern.
A tall woman, wearing a sun-bonnet, g
ane into the office of the Galveston Chief a
f Police recently, and, sitting down hard ii
nt the end of bench, wiped 'her nose, bat- t
ad her eyes a time or so at the Chief of a
Vice, asked in a voice that reminded one t
f sharpening a saw : I]
"Be you the galoot what locks folks
"I regret to say that I an occasionally 11
bhged to resort to such extreme measures v
i h refractory persons.'
"I know all that; but be you the ga
"Yes, madam." t
"Why didn't you say so when I asked
"You are a liar, and if you don't treat a
io like a lady I'll fold you up and sit o
own on you," and she batted her eyes e
:Ime more like a terrier. h
"What do you want ?" asked the official, v
>oking as if lie needed reinforcements right
way, and plenty of them, d
"1 want that dirty little whelp that h1
1arried my darter. I want to talk to him c
n business, but he evades me. If I could a
nly get a chance to caress him once morel"
nd she breathed hard and gritted her a,
,eth until the official felt in his pocket for '
police whistle. n
"What did lie do ?"
"He told my darter that he would give n
20 acres of land, with a gold mine on it, f
: anybody who would ampertate my jaw a
ith a bootjack. Hle said my mouth was a
ke the gate at the Fair Grounds." b
"Ile meant, I suppose, it was never shut.
don't see how he came to make any such
idiculous comparison as that. Did you
amonstrate N ith him ?"
"You bet I did. I drawed him across
itchen table by the hait with one hiand.
rhile I basted him with a long-bandled
killet, and you should have heard him
aIling me 'mother darling' and ' pet;' but
'rovidence was aginame. Ilis ha'r gave
ray and he lit out before I could reason
rith him any more. Just as like as not y
ie will never meet again," and she sighed y
"Be calm, madame, do not excite your
lf too much."
"I am calm. I like to talk about these
unily secrets. It calls up sacred recollec
ions. It makes me think of my darter's
rat husband. It was real fuu to remon- a
trate with him. His ha'r didn't give. lIe
ras game. le sassed back, but, Lord I a
hut a time they had holding the inquest.
'hat was at Arkansas, before I moved to
ialveston. There was some of his re
tmin in one corner of the yard and a few
tore remains hanging on the fence, and ia
liere wvas right peart, of hlmu wrapped .
round the axe handle. The jury knew |
1e, so they brought in a verdict of Justi- i
able suicide or homicidle, or somiething -
ke that. Anid now to think of this pesky, !
ttle worthless, spindie-shanited, goggle..- ti
yc~d whelp getting clear off, excep~tin~g a
ew pounds of ha'r. I want you to find
hn1 for me. X ou can know him by the
rands I made on him with the hot, skillet, a
Vanted to ampertate my jaw, the little ~
rassy whelp I S3aid my mouth was like a 0
ate, dhid lie I"
Tihe otlicial said lie would hunt for hinm F
nd let her know. As site wvent, out she
'atted her eyes significantly at the oficial ~
ndl remarked :
"You had better find that prodigal C
on, or thmar'll be music at these head
Take Unre of the Matenca,
In not hiing about the household does the
njuniction tolhave "a place for everything" t
equtire more strict enforcement, than the
are of matches. What, are known as
'iparlor imatchies " light, the imost readily,
,nd are so n,uch miore damngerouis thanm the
ommon matches as they are more coni- 1
'enieint. TPhe general stock should be kept
n a tin box, which is not ',o be openedl or
akeni from, except by the master or mis. d
ress of the house. For each room where (
natches are used, there shou-id be a nmetal 1
na'.tchi-safe of some kind, and the matches t
re to be kept hn that, and~ nowhere else. I
t shouild be regarded as a serious offence 3
or a niatch to be, anywhere or for ever so
hort a thnie, found " lyinig aroundi~ loose." I
mn the kitchen and the bed-rooim, or wher- C
ver else matches are in frequent, use it is I
etter to have the matchi-safo lixed and a
uiways in the samte pla5ce, so that it ctan be ~
ouind, if needs be, in the (lark. In taking ~
natehes fronm the la1'ger box to replemish
he safes, let that always be (done by one t
ierson, ad it will pay for that person to'
ook over the mhdatches at the time, throw- C
ing away all broken ontes, and where, as Is
>fteni the case, two or more are stuck to- d
gether by the explosive mixture, these A
ihould be carefully, broken apart,, and uin- I
ess two goodl matches are the result, rather
.han to put into the safe one with too little a
mid the other with a ragged excess of the
nixture, throw both away. Also throw t
nto the fire those matches that have two i
)r three times an imuch of the mixture on I
.he ends as they should have. Those, inmm
Ightmng often explode anid scatter burning(
particles in a dangerous 'nlanner. Ii, in I
Lighting a ma'ch, day or nigh'( it breaks or f
the explosive end egmeis off lIbput light
ing, (10 nothing else until that % 'foiund,
tud put into time fire, or wheret \ do no i
liarm, in fact, treat matches, match3
-as if it were-as It realhly is, Bre arm,
apable of dangerous mischief person I
and property. Teach thoebhldre o care
fully observe the same caution,
She was looking out of the window
vhen he entered the yard, and she said to
terself that he might ring the bell until he
vas tired, for he didn't want to buy -any
oap, and had nthing for tramps. IlIe
aung and rang, and after the seventh or
ighth peal she went to the door to bless
'This is the greatest piece of impudence
ever saw,' she exclaimed, as she pulled
lie door open.
Ile smiled. le lifted his hat and smiled
gain. le had poor clothes and a.hungry
ook, but there was something captivating
n his umile.
'Well ' she queried as she held the
'My errand is a very pleasant one, and
'ot I feel somewhat embarrassed in nak.
ug it known.
'If you ,have any bills to dollect, you
aust call when my husband is in," she ob
"Bills, oh, no. Mladam, you have per
Laps noticed in the papers that a book en
itled, 'Prominent Women of Michigan is
eoon to be pubbshed?"
"I-i-y--s, I think so."
"Well, it is to be illustrated with on
,ravings of 100 striking fares. Mty in
tructions are not to look for beauty so
iuch %s for narKed expression of deep
bought. I was instructed to call here and
sk you if you would permit the publishers
o publish your wood cut In the forthcom
'Who could have sent you?'
'1 dare not tell. Yours is to be pub
shed on the first page, and only nine more
rill be taken from the city "
"And what's the charge?"
"Nothing. If you want the book you
rill have to pay $2 but are not asked to
''I can't see why they should have so
"Beg pardon, ma'ani, but yours is a very
4riking face. it portrays an expre.,sion
t strength of character 1 never saw
gaalled. Many ladies have offered me as
igh as $10 to put them in the book, but
re cannot go outside of our selections."
"I can't give you a decided answer to
ay," she said, .fter thinking it over. 'Per
aps my husband will object. You may
all again to-morrow, and you will please
ucept this for your trouble.'"
'Liberality as well as strength of char
.ter,' he chuckled as lie pocketed the bill.
fery well; I will call at this hout to-mor
That was two weeks ago, but the wo
kan is not expecting him. She has learned
-om her husband that this is a cold world,
ad that Gulhiver's Travels will be sent to
i subscribers for the prominent women
Trot 'em Forwai d.
"What I want to see, said a Denver
ian, as he alighted from the train at
Lanhattu Deacl, ."Wila I want Wa see
; sonic of your boasted civilization. I
n't much on the swell mywelf, but I
ant to see some top-shelf society.
hat's what I want. Now just parade
our Astors and your Vanderbilts and
our Jay Goulds and your Knickerbockers
[id the other ancients right before my
resence. Don't be any way skeered of
ke. These clothes only cost 115 and i'm
D way stuck up. I want to see some
me. Cut mei a thick slice of high life.
come a long piece to see the fashionables,
nd if they're in condition just pull off the
lankets and trot 'em forward."
"is there anything I can do for you?"
iked the inanager courteously, noticing
ic crowd gathering,
"itight you caa, stranger. I conic
Lor'n a bushel of miles to see this climate,
ad I want the attractions spread so I can
icamine the layout. I can throw sonmc
toniey myi3self, but whait l want to see in
yle. Tell 'em not to hide on my account.
ust walk some of the dignitaries up andl
own before me a couple of times. 1 want
see their poeints. Fetch mns out a couple
fwelt matched high stoppers and give
in their heads."
'ull the p~eople you see around you, sir,
re first-class people. They move in our
ighest circles ahd belono: to the aristo
tacy,' explained the imanagcr.
'Are you giving it to me straight,
art ner? All these fellows way-np)?
Vhio's the philosopher with his breeches
ucked in his socks ?'
'That Is a Yale young gentleman, come
n a vacation.'
'I don't want that kind. Show mec a
agh daddly, oneo of 'emi that gets theIr
lame in the paper for going to whooping
teddings, and is called the elighit. Pick
.ie out sonme Astors. TIhat's the trout I'm
'1 don't think anly of Mr. Astor's family
re luere to-day. That stout gentleman
'itlh side whiskers belongs to one of the
rst families in New York. lie is a very
opular young man and leads In the Ger
'Ain't big enough. Haven't you got a
ouple of head of Vanderbilts or a Jay
lould or so any wheres ? You see, stranger,
've read about these fellows andl I'd lixe
) greet 'em with cordialhty. What I want
tie wobble ns with the satin lined. Trhat
ale iman andl the boss leg slinger in the
)utch fandango ain't new. We see them
onme when they string for tourists. -'m
n to them, but whtat I want is the bal
)ons, tihe soarers. Triow your pickaxe
ndi see if the wash dlon't pan better dirt.
trikes mec your reck don't assay p~retty
tell this eveming. Where's time mob I"
"'fTiese are the best people I know of
>-day," said the mamnger in despair.
'Mr. VanderbIlt is not here, nor is Mr.
"Ain't yom got any Kmickerbockers on
raught? Don't you keel) the best i'n
lock ? You'd make out to starve in
)enver if you wasin't Int fered withi,
artner. When a mian throws hmself for
hioteler in those part's he keeps the hign
aned population right out In front and
haredI upj behind. You do~n't seeml to have
auch expersenco inm running a beef-a-la
sode ranche. Just begun, haven't you ?
f I was in your plauce I'd have them
loulds and Knickerbockers and Vaunder
ihits and Asters ranged right along the
ront edge of the back stoop, spitting at a
lhip for dirinks andl time first one that broke
ravel would pay his bar bill or go home
sar e-headed ; now, you hear me. What
rou want, stranger, is enterprise. All
rou've got is a shed and some water, and
f your liquor ain't any better'n your judg.
nent I'm going back dry."
" You will find everything first-nlass
here, I think," argued the manager. -"We
" Just so, chief, but You don't hit.
You ah1n too low. You've got room here
to hold the biggest bug that ever straddled
a blind, but there isn't a card out higher'n
an eight spot, I reckon you play pool
without the fifteen.'"
" Would you like to try something ?"
asken the man, anxious to dispe! the grin
'You might ftch me one, and these gen
tleien a little tan bark, if it is good. I
don't want any stock which the share
hojders are responsible for the debts, but
if you've got some liquid symphony in Q
major I'll wrap up a cartridge with you,
'Join me In the bar-room,' said the
'Good stake off for a junction. Gentle
men, ine and the engineer are going for
the doxology. Will you jine us ?'
They 'jined,' and the stranger ordered
refreshments and left, despite the entreat
ies of the gent.leniaa from Denver, that lie
would 'introduce him to the ladies, such as
they were, and lie would forego the top
lifters until Ie (the manager) had run
along the vein to the prospect of paying
The toper who stole and drank a bottle
of whisky (as lie thought), and found it to
be wine of ipecac, was one of the many
thieves who swallow more than they can
keep down. The experience of some cop
per-colored robbers out West was about as
miserable as his. An Idaho mining camp,
intending to celebrate the glorious Fourth,
ordered a heap of fireworks to be sent to
them.-A whole wagon-load was forwarded,
and while on its way was captured one
night by a band of Indians. They did not
exactly Know what sort of property they
had got hold of, and proceeded to investi
The chief thought the cannon crackers
were cigars, and the little ones cigarettes,
which articles lie bad sect' in use at various
camps he had visited, and he distributed a
lot around, and they all lighted up for a
smoke, and in a moment a more surprised
and puzzled set of Indians never got to.
The chief had a cannon cracker, and
after the explosion it was three minutes
before lie could get breath enough to yell,
and then the wild shriek he gave could be
heard a mile away. That ended the smok
Another brave fell off the top of the
wagon with a big box of giant torpedoes
and the crash that greeted him as lie
alighted seared him so that he got up and
ran off at break-neck speed.
A squaw contrived to get a pin-wheel
afire, and as she dropped it on the ground
the natural tendency of the thing to whirl
around made it go over the ground like a
wheel of fire, sending out. a shower of
sparks, and causing the affrighted lady to
aumud away from it, with her eyes as "big
as saucers" witlh terror.
The pin-wheel got under the wagon and
ignited it, and the Indians at first tried to
extinguish the flames; but pretty soon a
Roman eandle went off, and before the
man who was hit by the first ball on the
nose could clap his hand on the injured
member another ball was thrown there and
then a third.
Then the rockets began to go off, and
take the braves in the legs and ribs, and
the different colored fibres threw first a red
and then a blue light upon the scene.
More pin-wheels got loose, and when a
bravejumped to avoid a pin-wheel be got into
the air just in time to be hit by a rocket,
and almost every red man was more or less
burned; and in ubout five minutes a crowd
of the worst scared and most frantic Indi
ans I ?ver saw was scurrying off in the
dlarkness across the prairie, bellowing with
pain and fear. And the next load of fire
works sent through that region won't be
meddled with by thioae Indians.
Lutting Metal wvith hot, Air.
Some time Ginee, it was aninoiinced flint
Jacob Rleese, of Pittsburg, had succeeded
in cuitting iron and steel by siniply revolv
ing at a high rate of speed, a thin disc of
steel, We are now in a position to give
some aditionial details of his "fusing
disc." Thle (ise is forty two inches in
diamneter, scant thiree.sixteenthis of an inch
thick, aiid smooth on its p~eriphiery. Itis
maide of either wrought iron or soft steel,
is nicely balanced and Is run at a velocity
of 250,000 feet a ninute at its periphery.
Mr. Reese holds that it is the impilact of the
particles of air hurled with great velocity
against objects hela neai- the peCriphiery of
the disc that delt the fusion of stoel. A
groove is instantly imeited in a roundi bar of
steel held before the fusing (use, aiid thle
steel dirops5 down in a fused metallic state.
When the motion of the disc is stop~ped, it
may be noted that the disc (lees not, touch
the bar of steel, there being a space on each
sidle and im front of It. TIhis Is proven by
the fact that, while the (1180 is only three
sixteenths of an Inch in thickness the
groove in the steel Is five-sixteenths of an
inch on each side anid one-eighth of an Inch
in front of It. When the disc is '.n proper
order, so that it has no lateral mnowm~ent,
the ends o'f the bar melted through are
smooth. It Is stated by Mr. Reese that the
operation of the fusing disc differs froiin
the "co1(1 saw" so wiely used for rails
etc., in one imp~ortanit particular. The
(dust fIromn the cold saw Is thrown away
froita tihe latter as an oxide, while tihe fus
ing (ise melts the metal.
11ow they (Ar ,W Tre es ou ,,no Prairie.
D~uring~ the winter time cut 1outonwood
role~. Iimming thern up and then si~g,-ig
them Into pieces about one foot long. In
the spring, as soon as the frost will permit
plowIng, draw a deep furrow where the
row of treces is wanted, lay In the pieces,
using none less than t wo inches in dkime
ter, as far apart as desired, turned a furrow
on the pieces, then a third furrow as in
plowing land, barrow a little-that, is all.
TIhie trees will come up from the pieces
and grow steadily and mulch faster titan
cuttinigs or yening trees set out. They
should when planted this way udver be
cultivated, as they grow so swiftly and tall
the first year or two that the wind will
break seome of them off unless they have
weeds as a protection. The piece of pole
forms a root and possesses suflicient sap to
make the trees grow, oven on high gravel
soil, 1 have seen trees planted in this way
live and thrive, though eaten off by the
hoppars the firat. sasoan close to the aroand.
Water Works of Ancient Rome.
Of all the cities of the Greek and Mh
man world, Rome was most abundantl
provided with water, the importance (
which element, in its domestics and str.
tary aspects, is now again after centuric
of nGglect, beginning to be recognize(i r
paramount amooir tht, physical conlitiot
of urban life. We have, however, not y(
quite learned to allow to water, as affect
Ing the life, comfort and decencies of life
the poeition which was accorded to do .
at itone; but even to us it is luconceivabl
how many great, cities of medieval ant eve
modern ages could have existed and the
have been considered as elegant and retlh
ed abodes, with no artiicial, or at most in
adequate, arrangements for the introduc
tion and distribution of water amiong th
people.- Even Paris, in some sort tht
arblitreclcgantiarua of modern Europe
until recently derived its supply of drin
ing water fron tie beine, the grand rec
plent of the sewerage of Pat is, and froi
polluted by infiltration, and so late as 183
Parent Duchatelet published a work I
which the water of the Seine was prove
to be altogether inoffensive to the taste an,
wholesome, because the foul matter cou
tributed to its current by the superficial an<
subterranean drainage of the city was no
suhlicient in quinitity to affect. sensibly th
taste, the limpidity, or the salubrity of its
The ancient Romans discriminated care
fully between the waters of differen
springs. What tests they enployed we Il
general know as little as we know liei:
rules for jqdging of the quality of stonc
and other materials employudt in architect
ure. After the geat natural division of
water itito fresh and salt, the most obviou
distinction was between cold and hol
springs. 'Tlhe latter of thece was every
where sought, and in all the wide domain
of inperial itome, there is to be found
scarcely a single spring aboye the ordinary
temperature which is not eurrounded by
the ruins of old costruction4 obviously
de(tiglied for bathing. They also consid
ered specific gravity of drinking-water it
matter of much importance. A letter of
Synesius to Iloyatia describes and recoim.
mends an inatrumuent or testing thie
weight of water. Thie was simply a
graduated brazen tube, closed and weighted
aL one end. This, of course, by the height
at whici the tube stood in the fluid would
answer for comparintg the gravity of dif.
ferent, waters. Cheniistry had not yet
taught naturai plhiiosop'hers that. water,
even ill its simplest formi, is not aii elemen
tal, but compound substance; they knew,
however, that not only spring water, but
even the pturest rainwater, contaim in
suspension or in solution a variety of for
Much of the water introduced into Itont
by aqueducts was employed for feetting
fountains-the younger 'liny speaks of u
ct d' beau-as well as for domestic usts;
out the principal object of these construe
tions was to supply 'water for batlintag, for
which an enormous quantity was reqitred.
'ua" ** "'hourms subserved the pur
poses of luxury as well as the nooau,-ij.i
of life. Cast iron being scarcely known
to the Romans, the ditribution of tt.c
water from the reservoirs was Olrected by
pipes of baked clay, and, where those were
not apphiearle, of lead; aid it is singular
that, though skillfui in eiasting bronze,
the Honan founders wefe not yet able to
cast lead pipe. The conduits of this ma111
torial ore iiatde from cast sheets, or rather
plates, of leaud, wrapped around a muan
drei at~d riveted or clamped at the oppo
site edges. The plates being thicker tlUa
modern rolled lead, the pipes were heavier,
and accordingly the consumpij)tion of that
metal was very great. Fron one single
point of distrioution of an aqueduct thie
Borgheso lamily took, in the sixteenth
century, not, less than 40,000 p)Ounlds of
lead p).pe. T'he citadel of' Alatri was sny
plied with water carried across a dleep ria
vine by an imnvertewl siphon of eart nern
pipes, imibedded in concrete, to a height
c1 iiore than *300t leet above the bottom oi
the ravine, and, of couirse, under a pries
sure ot fully ten atuimospheires.
A4 i'ora~y i4tory.
"On this (lay seventten years ago," re
marked a New Yorker the oilier day, "1
shiippedi 1,000 barrels of rpoik to WVashing
ton). I was an army contractor then, and
wherever I heard cf a bamrrei of pork I wvent
for it, and bought it at somec price. 1 re
ilmmber this particular shipment because a
ser.ouis imstako was iadie.
"Well, I countedi the barrels at the dlepot
myself, and there were only 990 wihen)
there shotiuld have been an even thousand.
Meni were readly to roll the barrels iit~o the
freight cars, and to make my lnumbter good
I took ten) barrels~of lard from a smock ready
to ship1 to Baltimore. They mixed ini all
right, and of couirse, I expected to pay for
'em. A whole daiy went, by before I saw
the ownecr. These were stirring times,
you m)ust remember, ie had found hiiin
sell short, and he cribbed ten barrels, and
hustled the shipment. away."
"And who did the beef man erhi
"Wecll, his beef was for thesoldlers, and
he made(1 himse5(lf goodh by buying threc
barrels of vinegar, two of crackers, andl
stealing five barrels of app~les from a lot In
'"And did it go any further?"
"Yes. Thel most curious thing of a1:
was that tho man I took the lard from suet
the mian who stole the ap)ples, and go:
judiginent against hIm for the worth of thn
lardl, 'and nonie of the rest of us were out
street Esiqueotte in Me0xico,
Tile ladies walk or ridoe in the streets &1
the City of Mexico as freely as hero, bti
e very body goes to the Alemeda daily te
ride if they are able to, or sit on the benchei
as at the Bois do iBouhogne, ini Paris, ami
see the others if they cannot ride them
selves. It Is etiquette for gentlemen to ad
mire and exclaiin openly, "What a beati
ftl woman;" or, "Oh, you lovely eca
ture," to any pretty woman he sees pass
andi the women move on apparently uacon
solous, but store up these "flowers," a
they call them, to recount in the evening t
their friends, anid really deemi them ver;
precious acquisitions. T1hie Mezican ladle
of the better class did not impress on
party immensely by thleir beauty, but thn
indians, men and womien were generall;
a handsome race, intinitely more so thal
our Northern aboririme.
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
Cultivate the habit of giving, but
never give up.
Give neither counsel nor salt until
you are asked.
We are never as happy nor as unhap.
py as we fancy.
No one wishes to be pitied on ac.
count of his errors.
Grief counts the seconds; happiness
. forgets the hours.
D Don 't become security for him who
waits for the sheriff.
If a word be worth one shbkel, si
lence is worth two.
Men speak of what they know,wom
en of what pleases them.
He who is never guilty of folly Is
not so wise as he imagines.
Prosperity unmaske the vices; ad
versity reveals the virtues.
Youth Is a blunder, manhood a
struggle, and old age a regret.
Justice is like glass whieh cannot be
bent, but Is easily broken,
Don't leave to memory what should
. be written; It makes lawsuits.
There never was yet a great man
t unless through divine inspiration.
An idiscreet man is like an uti
sealed letter--every one can read it.
Too much sensibility creates unhap
piness, too Mu1ch inlsensibility ereates
There can be no better help againit
our own sins than to help our neigh
Where there is mush pretension,
much has borrowed. Nature never been
Immoderate pleasures shorten the
existence more than any remedies pro.
We must laugh before we are happy
lest we should (ie witthout having
lie who catinot command his
thougnts must not hope to command
ie who marries will ace much trou
ble; but he who does not marry will
see no joys.
'I'he mission ot religion Is not to de
stroy the natural afiections, but to re
Things are s'ubborn and will be what
they are, whatever we think them or
wish them to be.
Borrowed thoughts, like borrowed
uoney, only reveal the poverty that
compelled the loan.
Truth Is the most powerful thing in
the world, even flelon only pleases us
by its resemblance to it.
People do not need to know more
about virtue, but rather to praetiee
what they already know.
Women are indebted to us for most
of their faults; we are indebted to them
for most of our merits.
Look on slanderers as direct enemies
to civil soeiety: as jesu ihu
honer, lonetsy, or su anits without
We live to learn, but death comes to
thousands ere they hi.tve lnstered the
alphabet of common sense.
it is said that it i9 about as bird to
hide your love as ItIs to hide a sneeze
neither of them can be repre ised.
Hundreds of young men w ito hour
after hour thinking over what they
might do If they only had the tine.
The slightest sorrow for sin is sutll
elent, if it produce amendment; th
greatest Is insuielenit, If it do not.
Have you discovered what a variety
of little things nffoect the heart, aid
how surely collectively they gain it?
The bread of life is love; tue salt of
life is work; the sweetness of life Is
poetry, and the water of life Is faith.
The begInning of faith is action ; and
lie Only believes who struggles; not
lie who merely thinks a question over.
Take a true view of life; be proud
Lhait you have work in the worl's
bus~y 1)ath, and1( do it well and honora
Th'e greatier the dfftuiulty, tihe more
glory In surmountinig it; skilful pilots
gaini their reputation Irom storms and
lie that deceives his neighbor with
lies, Is unjust to him, and cheats him
out of the truths to which he has a na
Noble princi ples and generous qrial
ithes of mind and heart can no. be
claimed as the birthright of' any one
nlation or race.
Tihere is not a more repulsive spec
tacle than ani old man who will not
forsake the world, which has already
Hie whoe makes a great fuss about do
ing good will do very iit;Ioe; he who
wisihes to be notioed when doing god
will not do it long.
I look upon Indolence as a Sort of
suicide, for the man Ia ediolently de
stroyed, though the appetite 01 the
brute may survive.
To rejoice in another's prosperity is
to give content to your own lot; to
mitigate anlothler's grief is to alleviateI
or dispel your own.
Neutrality in things good or evil Is
both edious and prejudicial; but in
matters of an indiff'erent nature, is safe
Noise are so seldom found alono,and
are so soon tired of their own compa
ny as those eoxcombs who are on the
best terms w ith themselves.
You must not splutter or be fussy
over your work. T.he fussy follow cans
waste time in his haste as well as thle
dawdler in lis slow trifing.
Enjoy the hiessings ol this day and
the evils bear ptmntly and sweetly.
For this day is ours, we are dead to
yesterday, and we are not born to mor
A weak mind sinki under prosperi
ty, as well as under advereity. A.
strong mind has twohighest tides when
the moon is at the full, and when
there is no moon1.
Honorable age is not that which
Sstanldethl in length of time, nor that
which is measured by number of years.
But wisdom 1s th0 gray hair unto men
an unspotted life is old age.
r ruth is the bond of union and the
p basis -of humanl happiness. Without
Lithis virtue there is no reiance on lan
guage, no confidence in friendship, no
security in promises and oaths,