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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. . WINNSJ3ORO, S. C., JUNE 7, 1881. ESTAI~LJSHED 1865.
ONE AND THEN ANIaER.
One stop and thon another,
And the longest walk is ended;
One stitch and thou anothev,
And the longest rent is mended
One brick upon another,
And the higheist wall is made
One Ilake upon another,
And the deepost snow is laid.
So the little choral workers,
By their slow and constant motion,
Have built thoso pretty islands
In the distant dark blue occan
And the noblest undertakings
Alan's wisdom bath.conceived,
By oft-roponted effect
Ilam boen patiently achieved,
The-n do not look disheartened
On tho.work you have to do.
And say that euch a mighty ta-ik,
You never can got through ;
But just onrdeavor, tav by day,
Another point to gain.
And soon the mountain which you fc-ared
Will prove to be a plain.
'uome was ii t buil 'ed in a day,"
'I ho ancient proverb teaches,
And nature, by her trees a.d flowers,
The same sweet sormon proachos,
Think not of far-off duties,
but of duties which are near.
And having once begun to work,
liesolvo to persevere.
The Twin Brothers.
Every one said that Ulara do Joinville
wr.3 foolishly fond of her husband. A na
ture- as free from suspicioni as hers proved
an uncorrupted and incorruptible heart.
It was her cistoll in the long winter
eveniigs, when her husband, deeply en
gaged in is business aitairs, was absent,
to prepare for his return a delicious little
supper, and then, quietly awailing hib re
turn, dreatti over his last words of love;
for Clara was a foolish little blonde, and
certainly loved well, if not wisely.
One evening she was surprised by a visit
from a maiden aunt, who was noted for
gossip,anld heretofol e had been very sparing
of her visits to this house of wedded bliss.
Alas I what iimtold miseries have resulted
from the venomi of the human tongue.
Clara's aunt, on this occiassion looked por
tentously dismal, and after a few common
place remarks she launched at once into
the subject.-matter of her discourse.
"My dear," said she, "I suppose you are
totally unaware of wvhat is going on in the
theatrical world. You have not heard of
the extraordinary beauty of Mile. ,
the leading star at the varieties ?"
"Aunt, you know husband's time is so
occupied. I dearly love the theatre, but. I
can't enjoy myself when lie is laboring for
"But did you never think It strange, my
child,j' said Aunt Liza. '"that De Joinville,
who is so immonsely rich, slould'be forced
to labor to hard? Why, another girl would
be crazy with suspicion."
"Oh, Aunt Liza I said the sensitive girl,
as her eyes tilled with tears. "I could not
suspect the husbad I have married and
"Well, my child, there are men and
women, and you are one of the mast, trust
ing little dears I ever met. I truat, you
will never have cause to repent of your
Utara sat by the window gazing at the
star embossed heavens with a vague feeling
of uneasiness which she found it impossible
to reason away. There had been cases
where loving and faithful wives were de
ceived by those whom they cherished as the
incarnuion of goodness. She had read many
a novel with tearful eyes, whereim those
who seieed het, and noblest proved base
and vile. She knew in her short exper
ience of life that men were hued away b~y
miluences they strove ini vain to resist..
All these thoughts camne Lo her, and wvithm
them a firm resolve to question her husband
that, very evening.
The hours passed away, seeming centu
ries to the poor girl who wvas thus awak
enied fromi her dream of bliss by time venomi
of a wonman's tongue. At last, as the clocli
struck eleven, Clara heard the welcont
aiep on the footpath, andh was sooni in hli
husband's arms. For an instant doubt, ant
suspense was at an endl, Gazing iinto thal
inoble face, readhing truth and~ love ini thmosi
proud black eyes, it seemeiut impossible tiha
such a one couild harbor deceit or creata
Mr. tie Joinville consumied his suppe
with great relish, lie wats -satisfied witl
the loving gazle of his wife, aind spoke bil
little ; but astonishment was im store .fb
"Ilerbert," said Cl ira, suddenly nervous
ly twining her hands, "'what is this bus
ness that detains you evenings ? Oh, d
tell me I Let Lhiere be no more secrets bi
tweeni us or I shall die."
Mr. de Joinville pushed lis n-ate from
him and regarded her attentively.
''My darling," he askedl, simply, "'wi
has been luere ?"
"No one-that is Aunt, Liza," replic
"Ah I said D~e Joinville.
"But, llerbert youi have -not answver'
me.; you treat me with contempt."
"Oh, no, my dear 14 said - Mi. D~e Jloi
ville, quietly, "not you. .Come, love yt
are overcomhe biy nervousness anti grouin
less suspicions. I proise you 1 will 1
more at home' hereafter, and give to ni
little rosebud of a wife that love which hi
angelic disposition so justly dieserves."
There wvas something In his quiet, se
possessed-man ner that set Clara's tortumr
mmind completely at ease. Bhe kissed I
husband fervently and said,
"Forgive nme for dioutitng you. Ilerbe
It was my love caused my fear."
"There is noting to be forgiven, 1
sweet wif~e. Ghod bless and keeps you
Ulara's eyes filled with tears, and tihe
conceuiationi was complete.
A few (lays after thus Clara was at
favorite windiow, gazing out with r
pleasure at time handsonme eguiipagesl wh
(lashed past. it was a splunidii wir
dtay,andl the merry tingle of time s1.o1i)2"
mmigledl with the -.out
rang out blithlu the frosty auIDghte
time nmight of A~ Liza's visitj a' ine~
been sup~remienappy, he Clara h
been spenidi" OeenigareguhujuJa ha
company, iadl once evnak nher
tihe very se poken1 og byl n her to
Tttle.a noticed the oYe her auntu.
and h ed herattento,~?~YM
nd e~ to hr hus Were rab0
~In d t ba is1 uspebon for ver
[t was. au easy task, for frankness was one
)f the chief virtues In her lovely character.
Absorbed in her pleasant reverie, she
hlil not noticed the approach of a maid who
ianded her a letter. A vague presentiment
)f evil came over her as she opened it. It
was from EHliza. and ran as follows:
"My Doear Niece: I regrot exceedingly the
positl. n..I am placed in, bu & fool bound; under
tlo oircumatances, t.) exposo your husband's
iluplicity. I saw him unobsoaved.tils forenoon
ronvorsing in the lobby of the Varieties with
M Jo---. I overheard enough to convince
we that he 1i going to attend the performance
to-night. lie is cruelly deceiving you, and
L strongly adviso you to unmask his villainy
and separato from him. Affootionately yours,
Clara crushed the letter in her hands, and
sat there looking at the fast falling snow.
It was growing (irker and lie woui soon
bie here. And' then? Would she show hii
the letter and demand an explanation i
No. It would be met by equivocal replhes.
Ile was a master in the art of deception,
but that night would end it forever.
As she thought this she felt a dull pain
at her heart-and the evening grew deelper.
"Why, little wife, are you sitting alone
in the gloaming "
It was Ilerbert's cheery; voice lie had en
"Ilerbert,"-the tone was forced and
hollow-"are you going out to nuzlit?"
"Why, yes, my dear, 1 might have told
you this morning. I have an iinportant
engagenient. It will not be long now, pet
What did lie mean ? Ile could not
the weird beauty of that pale face as/
bade him farewell.
It was a gala night at the variet' \1
benefit of Mile.-, the fain .iose
beauty aird talent it was w hi ., had
drawn a crowded audience: boxes,
orchestra and gallery presente an iia
ted scene. A,
There ws one there howe vhose
heirt, was aching with pain. Vt .'"lie.
was beautiful ; and there I% no
nustaking tihe fervent admiration A 4h
which she was regarded by a 1, but ivo
especially by the solitary occupant of &04%
of the boxes ; and this person Clara r
cognized as lice husband. The entert .in
ient progressed, and mid the cheers and
applause, the floral tributes and the in
cense of glances which were offered up at
the shrine or the favorite 'ictress, tihis,
timid, half-veiled woman had eyes
only for the man she loveds. llow clau.zed
lie looked I The contamination of that
woman's presence seemed to infect him
with fever; there was an unnatural brilhan
cy in his splendid eyes, notwithstanding
which his face looked worn and haggard.
le was never so at home.
The curtain fell at last, and tumultuous
al)plause brought Mli.- --before it.
She was gi eeted with flowers and cheers,
which were treated by the patupered beauty
with proud Indifference, t ill at last & bou
quet more elegant thtn the rest fell at her
feet. She gave a glance at one of the
boxes, kissed her hand to the occupant, and
withdrew. Clara felt the building swiu
round before her, but by. a strong effort
she controlled herself, and reached the en
trance in safety.
Shutting herself In her carriage, she
waited patiently, muech to the astonishment
of her coachman, an unusual stolid indivi
dual, quite averse to adventures. Half an
hour afterward lie received the welcome
order to drive home.
Clara had secn her husband, emerge from
the stage entrance with Mile.-. A
deadly pallor overspread her countenance,
and site fainted.
On arriving at home Clara proceeded to
the drawing-rooi, As she opened the
door a cry of astonishment, broke from her
lips. Mr. De Joinviile was seated il an
easy chair, reading.
Hie looked up good -hiumoredly and said:
'"'lurn about is fair play ; w here has my
pet wife been?"
Clara sat down wearily.
"llerbert, you can deceive ime no longer,
1 wvas at the theatre to-iiight. 1 stiw you
and know all."
-"1 was niot at the theat re to-night. Clara,
I do not like Autt Liza-shie has been here
"lierbert, am I mad ? I sawv you, andl
Mr. De Joinville advanced and look lit
wife's hand In his.
''My pet 'wife," he said quietly, "tI
person~ you saw to-night, at the theatre i'
my tvyin brother. Years ago he wais conli
p~elledh to leave the country on accoutnt, oi
lisa participatioti in a forgery. lie hadl at
in seterate eneiiy to whom lhe was dleepl
tindebtedt, and who held~ the knowledge o
r his crime. Notwithstandiing a long careci
of profligacy, I loved this erring brotiher-o
mine. I acectuutited money by additiona
labor without impairing that fortune which
o in the event of my detmise, of right a belonig
to you. I have finally paid his debts1., am
simnmnonedl him back to lisa native land, ai
his enemy is now no moire. lie has jum
proved but little, i amii sorry to say, hb
his destiny Is in his own bands, and lie ca
miake or mar it as lie chooses. And now
d miy (lear, tire you satishiedY"
"Oh, Iherbert, dlariing I can you forgiv
me, wretch that .1 have beenh"
:d "Oii one condition, Clara," said Mr. I'
Joinville, smiling- 'that you wdi 1 novi
-listen to Aunt hiza again."
ty _ _ _ _ _
T1hie mountahi chmblers seem to ha ye b:
If come dissatialledI wvith the liaits of tJ
ed Alps. Th'ley tire scattering over the glo
ter in scarch of inew peaks to conquer. T
recenit exploits of Mr. Whymper andl I
rt. comnpanins among thme giants of thme And
have just beeni followed by a still more ia
nly ardous perfortmanice in Guateomaha, wh
al- sonic fearlees explorera clambered to I
top) of the actiyo volcano, El Fuiego, bok(
re- penettintfg the curtain of deadly vap
aubou't its sunimit, untfer protection of
lici ftavorilg wind. Trhe volcano andi its nei
ire her, El Agua, have a curious history. TI
Ich City of Guatemnala wasi first, placed nea~r
ter Agiua, and In 141 was' destroyed by
lb,,AWaw orate bI
nli was asc'ruleii' ..1 No elhar
soi .rebumj~t fter
proved to be t errt10 anrh
Olther ?lo e a forml~able as 'ghc
tnts with nlain- .t sho Ofeniy as te
Wth1 erumptjo hae anli te
tlicy mnoved thes f laa nteiie them
going stil furt r tn l sec n tdeir
ent Captal 0 0er not0founded 0, and,
plain,''Cty of buteidia t 'e, pres.I
hPo ia le
Ohamuber of Larrors.
The satanic cunning whl occasionally
3haracterizes the method b) ly %eh revenge.
ul hiusbandQ may wreak thel. vengeance
p11011 unfaithful wives has Sol mI had a
nore thriling illustration than th nafford
Dd by the terrible tragedy recently 6 cted
in the city of Saltillo, in the northec of
Francisco Besozzi resided in magnific2
[juarters just on the outskirts of Saltill
ind was reputed to be quite wealtly.
lie frequently laughed at the Idea of his
over marrying, and ignored the fact that
lie ever coi.ld become susceptible to wo
ians' charms. Onl the occasion of a select
feIt given by a friendl he met and was
introduced to Senorita di Cellant, a lady
Af marvelous beauty, in whom there was a
rare loveliness of form and feature, bIer (led
with.ap expression of innocence and resig
nation suflicient to kindle a flame in the
coldest and hardest heart. Besozzi, to his
surprise, f61l madly in love with the pretty
enorita, and in a short time made her his
bride. lie did not allow - his passion to
blind his eye to his wife's weaknesses,
which lie seems to have discvered uncon
The io . ea honeymoon had scarcely
waned they quarreled, and the
mu u nipatibility continued until it
becr' A for a gossiping community.
Ir she appeared, her abundant and
.liant attractions drew crowds of
rz.rers, aiong whom she was known to
Aribute her favors with more liberality
aan propriety. Under the guise of allevi
ating the sufferings of the poor and aiding
charity in its different phases, she woul
make protracted visits from her home.
Though Besoz.i suspected that all was not
right, his mind was quickly disabused of
all suspicion by the flattering caresses of
the woman and her apparent great love and
devotion for him.
One morning the husband was handedi a
note written in a neat hand and reading as
"dEiont -- Prompted through motives of puro
friendship, I take this means of saying to you
that your ivifo'a charity is a oloak, yourseal, in
iho capacity of husband, a conventionaI con
,llionieco. and the wuman you call wife a con
-riition of base deception and unfaithful
ozzi, upon reading this note, deter
m Id to discover for hinself the truth or
falsity of the statement, and with this end
in view engaged the services of a skilled
Senorita was not long In discovering the
true condition of affairs, and her paramour
was informned that she would accept no less
a concession from him than a promise to
murder the detective.
Don Pietro Valperga, Senorita's lover,
promptly consented, and one night in
company with a number of rufflans, way
laid the oilcer and hacked his body to
Shortly after this occurrence workmen
were busily miployed in the construction
of a room in Besozzi's Imansonwhich was,
according to ruinor, to be use(t as a stLo
room for the safe keeping of expensive im
ported fruits and delicacies.
On one occasion of Senorita's departure
on her pseudo mission of charity, Besozzi
adroitly followed, and though her routt
was a circuitous one, she finally brought
up at a rendezvous, and shorily after wa
joined by Valperga. Besozzi's rage a
vitnessing this wais anost, beyond descrip
1 swear," said lie, "hy the oternal God
that I will not only kill hitin, but I will inl
lict the torttires of hell upon her."
Burning with the thought only of re
veiigC, lie set about his work of vengeance
No act or word of his ever betrayed hi
mitentions or his knowledge of his wife'
One evening, upon her return from mcet
ing with Valperga, she found a note oi
her dressing table from.her husband statini
that, lie would lbe absent for a few days
Upon lis return he appearedi partiecularl:
affectionate to her. She, on the contrary'
seemed greatly worried over sonie matter
Alnost danily she would leave her horn
and returni in a depressed mnoodl, her fac
wearimg a look of dlespair that, was actuall;
-pitiable. During her absence oiie (lay
large box arrivedi at the house, and unde
Bjesozzii's dilrectionis was placedi in the roor
Sonic days'hater lBesozzi entered his wi fe
apartmients andl requestedl her to folio
hiin. lie led the way to tihe mnysteriol
Iroom, anid wvhen they had1( entered lie Iocke
the door and1( put, the key in his p)ockel
Thlen, turning to his wife, lie said:
'-Madame, this being the secoid an
versary of our marriage, 1 have brouigl
you a preseint, which I wish you to it
T1hien renioving the cover fronm oif ti
Ibox lhe continued:
"1)o you recognize that face ?''
A p)iercing screom followed these wor<
and the woman fell to thme floor ini a awoo
a With a coldness that wvas surprising, U
- sozzi begani to resuscitate his wife, al
t- uponi her recovering lie hiissedl into 1
',"Ah, ha I You knowv who it is. Na
you have an opp)ortuniity to pract
e charity. You can be Valperga's chm
T ihie unfortunalte woman shook like
Saspen leaf andi begged piteously for f
'"Womnan," saidl lie, "I have (discovel
everything. Your acts of charity w
simply excuses to meet this mani Valper
and revel. in wanton pleasure in his cc
pany. 11ls mnionus through your instigat
- miuirderedh the detective I iaced~ on
ic track. My gold which you obtainedh i
ae mc uinder the pretenice of alleviatin hi
se sufferings of the poor, weont to 18
is gainbling dhebts and( drunken dlebaut yo
es AYes g I kIlled hin. When heto hui
z some nights ago, I followed iirouight
re apaitmencits. Bly a decoy le~tf assist,
le him to a lonely street, and witiig hn
ly aunce of a conifederate, after min'
~rs I had hun brought hecre." a woman'
a A thrilling moan burst frointo unmcon.
h. lips, and( bhme again relapsdiist hleeozz,
le -scouisness. Witb a look olage kick, re
El gave thme prostrate form
an marking: i. Yo-ir death
Ia. "You have not hear it woid eh 1)a
jaI not to be y ft, thlofferings you na
o anfd golo''iMgor t,
go whatever is made for this Ifa11tim e et
ok, which can be obtaled only
Mtien at.the branch andi subordi
swe'ee SInger Mfantifacturing RI.
to endure;,. boro,
After the I&aOCTUltING CO.
sa e~3, V nion Square, If oh
811an811 ' . StOW YOrk,.
last trace of your lover ias beeni oblitera
With eyes almost starting from their
sockets the woman obeyed, but it could
have been noticed that there was a gleam
of ferocity in those eyes, which, had Be
sozzi noticed would no doubt have awed
im. lie quictly continued to carve his
victim while Senorita performed the part
allotted to her. Watching tier opportunity,
while his back was turned to her she dealt
Iiin a terrible blow on the base of the sku"
'ithi the iron ladle, and before he coi
>over sie struck him again and agai
11 leni wholly iiconscious she plungel
the ewith whichl he was mutilating
Valpix deep into hiq h'art. Taking the
key of A ((r froni his pocket, she let
(I ni then carefully locked the
Valu n inysterlouis disappearance
of his fet omment, and as some of
o fof his relations with
aenorita, thi le rst requested from her
an 4hed ' o know of his where
abouts. Faili -'miese methods, they
caused her arrest. ".zi's disappearance
also caused conue , ' she was accused
of foul work toward ,h hand. She
was finally informed one -ning that the
bodies of both her husbanau d Valperga
were found, though they had been,and
woman.like, in her surprise a,
betrayed herself. She confessed
story, and as witnesses had seen t
rious box brought into the house, 16 he
fact that the mysterious room had bedt
recently constructed, together with o
extenuating circumstances, Senorita wil
after a lengthy trial, declared Innocent
By law, the vait fortune of her husbam
falls to her.
Our mortitern Frontior.
Not one in a thousand, perhaps. of ti
fifty millions of people liviig in the Unite<
States knows how their conitry is bounde<
on the line between the United States aul
the British territory. It will be interest
ing, therefore, to know how the norther
boundary has been traced and marked
The -work is now comiipleted, cxcept as t
the Territory of :Alaska, ceded by Russi
to us under the treaty of 18t07. Ever sine
the treaty of Ohent we have been establish
ing our northern boundary with Britail
until a year or two ago, when the wor
was finally completed by a joint comini
sion, .gonsisting of Maj. Donald R. Can
eron, Royal Artillery; Capt. S. Andersoi
Royal E ngineers, and Capt. A. C. WarC
Royal Engineers, for Great Britain, an
Archibald Campbell and Capt. W. J. Twii
ing, United States Army, for our Govert
iment. 'ihe coiuiissioni experienced cot
siderable difliculty in discharging the!
duties from the errors committed )y formi(
commissioners. In April, 1870, whil
engaged in locating a military reservatic
for a post near i'eibinia, our engineel
discovered that the commonly receive
boundary line between the British posse
sions and the United States at that pla
Wias %,w I V LtM zthlr '1, t6 .r i"
parallel, and if run on West from such 1
initial point, wouhl throw the fort of tl
Iludson Bay Company at Penibina in
the United States. llere was indeed
dillculty, and the otficers at once coinm
cated the facts to the Government.. T
President, Gen. Grant, sent the informati'
L to the British Government. and Ore
lBritain asked the consent of the Uniti
States to occupy the fort of the 1t081
Bay Comupany until the inatt.r could
determined. Of course such a reasonal>
request was at once granted. 'Thie Prei
- dent then sent a message to Congr
recominepding the estabhshinent of a joi
R coninissioni to fix the true boundary-li
g between the two countries, and Congr<
assented, apiropriatmng $100,000 iV joi
- resolution to carry on the work. The I
.i propriation Was not avairable until IF
when '. work was egun, as above st
by a j~int, commission of the two OG i
,1The northern boundary is mai :ke(
.stone cairns, irio pillars, wooder' 1)i1
e earth mounds and timbeair piosts. A s
e cairn is 71 feet by 8 feet, higl'bA 8 ini
y square at, tne bottom and 4 in /ches at
a tp, timber posts 8 feet high /andl 8 Ia
m square. Th'iere are 328 of these mi
ni between the Latke of the ' Yoods and
Rlocky Mountainms. That p~ortionm of
'a boundiary that lies east, andl west of
.v Rted River Valley, is mn, cked by cast.
is pillars at eveni aude inte vats. The lBri
d. placedi one every two m iles and the U11
.States one between ca ,h British l'ost. A
pIllars or markers w re made at D).
i- Mich. TLhey arne hollow Iron catt
it three eighths of at inchwl ini thicknes
e- form of a triunca ed pyramid~, 8 fe trol
8 inches squammre i~ the bottom and tmi
IC at the tot) as be are stale,. Th'
the top a soliti lyramnidal cap /u ig
bottom an 0ct*gonail flange Ii ny4 inch
tIa ness. Up; .. thme opptosite face~ l iave
ni. letiters 2 theles hugh, the .and( at tI
e "CUonvent(n of London~," anfi i to tlhicl
id11. rrlio inscriptionis bogy are Cast
er 6 mclies .bove the baise an niSeri ptiom
Thte int ..Iors of the hollow. October 2(
w with w-~ll seaslonedu cedar g' about, 4 fem
ce fit aniaccurdly spiked thrn.1 read~ uptwairt
ici cast inlI tthlars for thi( pts~5 are fillec
av ,.go weight of eachl posts, sawedt
an pl11 MiIs 85 pounds. ~ Ugh spike hole
orYaIption faces to the m lpillar when con
,, me earth is weoll set"tlie plhlars are at
rc .hcemm.-For thme woom round, wvith the in
aed logs arc selected 'or)th and1 south, an
the ground( painte(14 and stamped abou
ing anid shrinking. cin posts5, Well season
'well, b~ut the im i -and~ thme portionm ab~ov
fuech, anti nothh'/ ", 4 to uprevent swell
L' long. Where tII ese posts dho yer'.
i ments of stone A cuit thebi downm f'o
bieing in somne Im ron ill Iaster
under water, &i e n rosses lakes, monu.
feet, above tli< iave ben built, the basem
Imark. In tin places being elgeteen feel
felling the 111"( tue top~s projecting eight
away the u/lakes asurface ait high wvatei
tig thtrou 'C( ress thline i arked by3
very great imnber a tmd wide andm clearingi
the bouinderbrush. 'Tho work of cuti.
cumeghthe timbered swamps was
ich),lf butgl It has been well (lone andI
dari~il~my disttictly -tmarkedl by thei
.otters the whole distance front
a 1.o Alaska.
teliece of tliber from the frigate P'hi
mam',hla is now on board the Wyoming to
V shipped to the UnIted States. T'ie.
3 Aladelpha, while blockadlng rpolliliar.
Ar O0 tobmer 31st, 1 808, grounded on a reef
hot laid (town in the chart, anid was cap.
oured by the Trlpoltans8 and afterwardls
sunk. The pieceof thiiber now conilng to
this country lha beeni In the wvalt sm1c
The Care of Clutftaig.
Concerning the fashion of clotlung and
the various fabrics of which it Is made, in
formation is full and frequent. Very little,
however. is said ahott the care of clothing,
and the ways in which it may be preserved
for the longest tinic aud i the best possi
ble condition. To those who change their
garments with every change of style this is
a matter of slight importance, but to those
ho pirchase a silk dress or a broadcloth
'"ly once in a series of years it is a
of interest and value. Silks, cash
3, cloths of stan.lard style and (liaility,
are very little affected by the various cur
rents of fashion. They htold their own
through a 1 the years, and are always good,
always "stylash," always suitable. When
new fabrics are for the hour of their popu
arity high-priced, these standard goods sell
at the standard price,and know little of rise
or fall in standard value.
Neglect and carelessness deteriorate
clothing a great deal faster than stieady
wear does. The housekeeper who, insteml
of changing her -nice dress when she -ases
from the street or the church to her kitchen,
keeps it on and takes it with her through
the various processes of dish.washing,
sweeping and cooking will soon rob it of
all its nicety, while she who wears her flue
clothes only in places whoe fine clothes
are suitable may keep them in good condi
tion for an indefinite time. To dress ac
cording to one's work is good taste, good
sense and economy. The careful person
will take pains to preserve a new
.,i'tlico no less than a new silk. We knew
I 4oung lady once who put on a nice new
which she had taken great pains to
die , and wore it through the morning
frongiYsilk tIe cows. To keel) her arims
declut. soiled or tannetd by the sun, she
In two turn ipl) the sleeves of the dress.
I the rest 01', Ile nice newcallco looked like
I unclean. \ xIresses, dowdy, slatternly,
I Who had six' liew another young lady
- taiemn was lit to \resses, and not onie of'
I had been Imatie-a thoulgh none of theI
spotted, draggled, Cea. They were
We knew another y- d;muillssedabised.
i fortnnate possessor of t. Iy(h who was the
L- dress which she wore OI 0 black alpaca
season through, and alwa3 ccasion the
I lessly dressed. She had no . cared fault
t would especially soil her clotT o do thiit,
drop of anything that couldt i stray
fell upon her dress it was at one a sp
All dust was brumshed otf, ia pon v1.. v )
in ammonia water brightened fa( /
i and snowy collars and culffs sug, '
i- ty habits of cleanliness.
- bac cnre of clothiung to 0
habitual. 'The hardest y
r the habit., and this ca ON ,
r be formed. Most c easy n
U mu1(d pics, and play is f,
n and give little i too early
's clean. This il o Jove to
d they should ilk! e dirt gen,
I- provided they o00mg tbell
:e lBut it is "poor.jnough at ti,
h .1111W a w m D 0 > d in their
ml clothcu on, oR i ressed fr ti
it dress inapprw11 . IIl the lasthe
o vastly easurtor '" 4,'e dirt with
a poor one I rit a young perts
I- conditito v a soiV while at work.
V to. put, e a good coat I
Oim slponge A thorol i# to restore to its pri
it Hut t-1 e wors 'd coat. It is Vastly ef
I lect, t ai of overalls tha i
'o chin )al tofa ii.
mi ove alla ne ghly a pair of patitats
3 . le a ing pr of it is that those who I
c re Main e The coat and to put o0.
- A cloth lect, also, th . sponging
f8 )esses, ald let (lust and S]
nt f of crasivt
ni form a s-brush, a wisp lroom, a b(
a a tolita, at sponge,a hiand-bruish, at e!
tit, from c so a vial of alcohol, sih
.P- black ))part of the furnishings of ev
7 l2, a After all dilst has been remno
t1e,0lA othmitg spots may be taken out
ern- e oh with thme hand-brush dlipper
1n0Aturel- of eqjual palrts of aimmnonia, al
I by andl water. Tlhis will brighitenm
lars, las cleanse. Bentzine is useful in
on /vinag grease aspots.
the ~ Faca~ about tino sea.
thI'The sea covers three-fourths of thie si
ilface of tihe globe. Its saitniess Is att ribut
tto rivers and springs which arc constani
Swashing into it chloride of sodiumii and1 otl
e solublle stilts. Th'le color of the sea wat
ie whetn free fromn all mixtures Is a pure dle<
in blue. T1heo color is (tlue to the ft
ah that the blue- rays of the spectramn ai
d less hiable to be absor-bed b~y masses
ar tranispatfent substances t han the others, th1
L, predomninating mn the reflected petncil. 0
s, Jects at, a dlepth of 1,000) f athonM miust lbe
te a preCssurie of a tonl on a squaire inch; motr
i, over, lit a depth of fifty fathiomis, the sun:
a light is almost, etntirely cut off. It was 10r
t. thought that animnal life was Impossible a
e great dlepthls, and1( the fIrst absolute proc
-that animal life could be Hustainedo at, sue
,n de~pths w.as from fishing iup a cable th
, would not, work, lyitng be.,weeni Sardlini
, and H ma. 1t waus corroded, broken, an<
t coveted with armeIn anials, cemiented t<
.It. In 18689, 1809, 1870, her miajesty'
1 ships Porcupine an11( Liglhtning muade man
a hiauls of the dIredlge in the Atlantic, th<
s dleepest, being twenty-seven miles oft the
H lay of Hiiscay, where annmal life,'ncluding
- bony fishes, wais fouind in abundance. It
I regard to the enortm->us pressutre atgrea
.. deplths Sir Wyvillo 'l'honmas estimates thi
pressure upon a muan at a depth of I 2,00(
to be equal to a weight of twenty locomo
t ives, each with a good train loadedl witI
pig Itoni. iEnt a body suipportedl withit
and without, through till its tissues, by
comaparati vely i ncomtprehiensible fluid a
waler is, woauld niot lbe necessarily iticom
tmodied. We somnetimne iih'd, when we gel
upl In lthe morning, tby a rise or an inch it
thme barmnoter, half- a ton has been) pilha
upon its durinlg the night, butt we experi.
ence no inconivenienco.
An Indl~it ia rytug-ujr,und.
Sever-al new otscoveries of Indiani relicf
have beenm Iately mtade on the farm of I a
viol Sharadt, neaur Kumtztowtn, Pennsylva
ails. There Is ain Indoian burying groundto
there whlh is hielieved to contaIn the botnes
of many semis of time forest. A few years
ago a inmber of graves were opened~ and
utensils which had becen placed thierein
were obtamied.' A coffee kettle andl gun
foundio at that, t~Ime are now In the plosses,
sion of ID/. Wannuer, while t~ho collection of
Ilai curiosItIes ownedh by Euigenie Shmara-.
(hitn, of Kuitztownm, was greaitly enricheod
fr nn thme samm locality. Th'e fact, of theIr
beIng tan Indhian burying ground In the
vicinIty creates great Interest among the
residents of Kitzatown, ando thu scene Is
frequently visited by persons In quest of
One of the most Inportait and valuabl
cattle foods is the waste of the millei
This consists of the refuse husk or skin (
the grain that Is left when wheat is groun
and bolted into flour. This waste produt
has becomic a staple feeding stuff, and tl
quantity annually produced in this comtr
is enormous. Considering that threc
fourths of the produict of wheat is mad
into flour at hoine, and the remainder oni
is exported whole, and that the waste i
equal to twenty per cent., we have tl
equtvalent of 61),000,000 bushels of wheat
or 3,000,0000 pounds of these waste
available for cattle food, It is very wel
worth while, therefore, to investigate th
actual feeding value of these wastes
because they vary inl kind and in quality
in fact there is much local ignorance and
misapprehension in regard to these sub
stances, for they are not even recogize(
by name In many places. We have bran
coarse and iline, coarse and line middlings,
shorts, shai ps, mill stulii:-stulfs and mi
f.-ed. Somie of these are synonymous, am
with some of them there isan important dif
ference in quality according to the variatiou
in the process of manufacture. For In th
old process of milling much less flour i
taken out of the grain, and much more o
the flour is left In the waste than in tih(
new process. The modern iinprovementa
in milling, suchi as the middlings purifiers
Iid double and treble grindings, tako out
all the flour that is possible by the ingen.
uity of t.he miller and the inechanie, but
they leave the most valuable part for catth
foods. Bran, the shelly, outer husk, ih
generally kuown everywhere by that name,
Coarse middings, sharps and shorts art
used to designate the mixed prdluct, which
consists of Iie flner portions of the brat
and the coatsest part of the meal. Mid
(liigs is a coarse, meal-like Ir xluct, dark,
and yet, free from bran, excepting tha
portion of it which hits beeni finely brokei
up III the old system iof close grinding.
Wie middlings is more like coarse hlour;
and is citen used as such by the pooresi
purcaserlils, to w homn tihe low price is an
inducemieit to use this Coarse food. Mill
stuffs is inl Eastern term applied to tih
whole of the miller's wastes bundled amd
mixed together, and including bran and
middlings of all grades. The " line feed'
of Boston is equivaleit to the course mid
dlings and sharps of other loicalit ies. ' Ship
stull's" is.identiith ili i mill-stfils, an is a
I ,calismn' previlent in tile Soutlh and WYest,
To rathe roses ,inperfection, in is needn
feed theml well and place them in tia
' sunlight, and not where they will hi
lust bid by trees or shrubs. After they
)rnunag ooited prune them closely, and alst
in life my coommence to leaf in the early
inulke Xlhhe beds inl which they nec plan -
rally, llive niade very rich with well de
Melves Wh euilpost, dug IQ the dept~h of at
. tiad SPrinlgi In makin a rose bed, it is
pies, ted 1,s1 %e oil' 1 1 soil for t%;.. or1
eork C()'flho 10iosed
,e ti) fes (, 1AR AND SILK 11Aj
Rn to tO' iin*d l i cavity
It is good ordure wyell jotted. I'len add six
or a or a foot of very rich Soil with a uini
tine of sand. Afer tihe plants are set, 1
sic:' Ihbeni with long litter froin the stable.
8 !o will keep tIle loots imioist and Cool (i
3 i. e heated term, anilld imake a heal tiiY gp
leg- of bralelhes anld flowers.
the After the d1umie Ilowering lia pl se
1ii1 monthly roses should be severely pm
i di the new growth cut biek two oi
inc4es; also the old )ranuiches sioulI
ttle cut away. IIe hianIdsolmest flowers til
ak. spring Fron fresh growth from the rk
a11d ndil to make these start vigorously
Cry kni fe must he fI cely used. F1or a
ved Weeks, ycur pets may meen shirn of
ofglory, blut soon they will rene w their be
nand give you)1 plenty iof floIwers, wh'il
co- you lpermiit thme Seed-buds Li) lor-n, it
as ,stop the losisoinimng in a great dtl,
re-icherao e as ouch ro~se faides, ciut, it ioll
better yet, eut it while in its bloomi.
F.romi the braniches whieb are piim
new plants can be raiisedl. As ai ruk.
- cuttings should be taken oil just bello
bud or joint ; anud they shoumkt bec sele,
r-fronui youing growuth rather Lhan fromi
erout brea kiiig it is to) old to grow ensi1
ersuifinapsi off at, once it is ini the i
'1 conditIon to strike roolt qulickly. Le
onie or two blads above the bottolm one,;
re trim off t wo orjmore o~f thme lower leae
as they will wilt easily and thius injmu rc
Clear sand kept very moist is time I
r ol nwicht strike cttings, adt
nni be p acedl ini a poit only13 an inch as1)
andii p~ut up intlor time shade a few da
Wamt, an evenm 'tempi~eraiture, and nit
t ure, atre essenitial for root growth It, i
take from three to four weeks to deveh
ithe ro~ot4,ai iheni I le phuis eli n' lai
inrich soil with a liitt:0 sand to lighten
andi soon01 they will beo guod, stocky Iplan
I was oane dauy ealled upon to v.su,
sick little one in a fannly residing ia
anmy o'flce, Ii huabe I fo~mund ini appmPar
goodi healthI, but, crying andh struiggli:
I in its miother's arms as thotugh sulleri,
t f romi excruciathing paians.
fThme mlothier inlforimedi mel that the chi
Seemed0( deosirouis of nuirsinig contiualhy;ai
-that to quiet it, she had given It the brei
as of ten as Lthe crying commenced. Whi
that idt not soothe the little one, a d ,so
Mother Somebody' 5cordial had been a
-My good wvomnan," I inin~ilrcd, ''Whl<
dlidi you last, give your babe a dIrinik
"I don't remember,'' replied the lad.
- ''hI lom let him drink water. Does I
"Nf~ed it ? Whly shoul lie ot need(
as nmuch as you ? TIhis child is suieri,
from thirst-nothing more."
I called for cokti water, gave the infam
a few tablespoonsuls, and it was roeheve
oIf all Its trouble, stopp1edlcrying, and Sian
peaicefuilly to sleep in Its mother's arms.
Let this be a reminader to mothers an.
nursem'. infants who arso at .the bres
may often suffer as much from wfant o
water as adults who eat more solId food1
Often when a child erhlea it Is only thirs
which cautses it.
Do not then, (lose it wIth the poisonou,
'soothing Syrups" or nursIng cordials, oi
press it to the breast, which It will eagerij
grasp, oxpecting to satIsfy le burning
thIrst; but, fllied to the brim with its nati.
ral food, It cries on harder thani ever.
Use a little discretion.' The poor litle
one eanumot toll Its wants; if It 'could, It
would often crv. 'Water I waterI
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
f jected love.
Make yourselves honef and the fies
t will eat you.
Alas ! all music Jars when tle soul Is
Sout of tule.
Far happier are they who always
know what they will do.
The best thing in the worli Is to be
able to live above the world.
Everybody knows good counsel ex
cept him that hath need of It.
Life is a comedy to him who thinks,
and a tragedy to him who feels.
lie who can take advice Is sometimes
superior to hitn who can give it.
Divine vengeance comes with feet or
lead, bit- strikes with a hand of iron,
All things are admired, either be,
cause they are new or because they are
A min, when he rises In the morn
Ing, little knows what he may do be
lHunan life Is everywhere a state in
which much is to be endured and littlo -
to be enjoyed.
A little less money and a little more
good character would Improve hosts of
Otir best intentions, evon when they
have been nuoit prudently formed, fall
often in their Issue.
It is not only arrogant iu t it is pro
tiIgate for a man to disregard the
orld's opinion of himself.
Ile who can conteuliate his past and
not receive many warnings from it
muist hav had a remarkably stupid
Absence diminisies weak passions
aid augmelts great ones; as tle wiid
ext-ilguishes tapers, but increases a
con ii Igration.
It id teipor-is its own scaturge. Few
things are bitterer than to feel bitter.
A mainls venom Poisons himself more
than ills victimi.
The i'ebbles Ill our path weary us,
and make us foot sore much more tho
the rocks, which require only a bold
eQlo0t to suirlount.
'T'lhe best way to apolorize is to (10
such a kindnesss to tie offimded one
that lie will forget that you ever at
teuipted to injure him.
Had habits are the thistles of t
heart, and every indulgeice Cf them
ia sced from whleh will come for i
crop of rank weed.s.
It Is better to be the builder of, u4
own naute than to be inmdelted. de
scent for the proudes t gifts kr
tihe books of heraldry.
We are hang11%ying 1p1 piu every
day about thle chamber w, ev of our
hearts that we will have 0 look at
wheni we sic in the sha(do
It Is all very well to read a history
of the It iformn tion, but It would be
ches 1i1 oryt o our own reforgmation.
xture An ill argminIenIj iltroduced with do
illeh erence will )rocure uore credit thade
This ilo profounlid(!8t selon, rith a rough,
11.1 0i 110 Iyniu
Li-in g nolint and isymn truh
iuVth 11 is, after all, the perst, vho Atak a
tle least that loses tile ros. sa tlie
1, all alrections this Is 1W oy true, e
ined wio risks n1o1hiin l18 OVarything.
1uore Soerates ahl Chat [horo are two ey l.
I be lces whi-- eversy n rei Ought to learn
Wa3 --irst, the sulelie of t1)eo, and ee.
o0s oi tle mrre difil.3-oo , i siieuee.
few tried belfore it I saictuary inusd be
heir thi'own into the lis no becse iI
lily of no value but beause e ise t lre
e, it 01lous.' isop -
will it Is -very dilliinit toielane.t
rete. seems mas ii ,) Je ee lerned;t i
or, the wary to grea therz wor, nd ocan
ned tie. en'' use lhey are too
all Life is so copi ated ta [i
Wv ai devleOs of skill to 1 bae defatte
ohlei t meveryc u r b ye a r- olown changes,
ed.( iuiownii abe a le descent of tilstle
Ii- rt e,r in not c n a discourse ors
iyt .ifle rmarkis a- Doluigs of Gr"eat
mve serve how m tey sad nto ob
ndl littlie the~y (lid. lysi rdh
-C. A (lir or knowlede is tie natur'
nan being whose mins ano ter bu..
est ed wIll be willinig to giv e autch.
icy .mas to got knowledtge.o v llta i
loIti hard toleroat and act a part
is- .0ii1 nlatuire will alwa bet a the 1o0
'l ing to return, *11m ll co oeutndalir
'Pe outrtay herself one time lore utand
it1 Wise men mnle Jo
it, with ther crsaahe Innocent irth
s et or oecmote ete to for
iltOxicatori for [lie case of tolresor min
s to cur menilanchohy with madnes
a Wema onpare the s01 ot 8 i l e
off Its niative hule and colord ato to
:ake it white; aind afr adclr ant mito
ig hi ver' and1 anon eravrd t itsov mut
'1'h vo erto ha pi05glI found by
enemnts to the moral and iniilleelfish
becaiuse lie realizes th it it Is hrug
~ ilhiihesg and al)p [to a thr ~ ogh
vexed, harseini a ams
- balance. a 'ied an trown OUt of
A laugh ralsedi at- ti$ exeseo
well-mecaniugrs i 0hgl X~ne of
*ious, and in a Mhyifotrgot.
en. The rhienuli case rarelyi forgo
a on's w.ords' aindeasis aost uer
Ic charitable and hutitfula ractine, un
when long forgotten by praetspeaker,
t hils remarks rankle in he peakiner,
g the vIct'm. enido
'I'r1t whlen IL i ~n -nsl the p osses
tuon of the whole nature only can Itab
gane, 'Ihe king must go with his
counselor~s at hlis side and hlsamya
his11 back, or he makes no armyuat
[lhe Intellect muist be aturroundet i by
iebrIchness of the affectionls and back
, d by the power of the will, or it at
L ains no p.:rfeot truth.
A healthy body is good ; but' a soul
ii ni rl h health--lt Isathgsy
Carly e, beyond all others t8olngpays
f or, thle blessedest thing this ecs re-I
ceives of heaven. Without arSifioal
miedlcament 01 Phtlosophy, or
lacing of orecds-al ways toe T
tiona hlo-theitalthy soul dIscerns W~
Is good and retaIns It.; disoerie wat
is bad and spontaneousl ags