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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., JUNE 9, 1881. ESTABLISHED 1865.
AROL OF THE NEABON.
The pulsel se earth
With snow. Glad mirth
Is haply wed
To full oontent
And overy hour
Home joy Is bl nt
With winter's power.
The streams which slept
In winter's arms
Have slyly crept
To other charms I
Through olouds and tears,
To laugh and sing,
Now swift appears
The face Of spring I
All earth, each soul,
The sky, the air,
Joys in the whole
For duties thrill
The world with tunes
When summers fill
'Ihe laps of Junes I
The seasons pause 1
The frost fires gleam
Through dreary gauze
O'er iold and stream I
Bweet autumn's store,
'Neath tender skies,
Floods o'or and o'er *
W,th tacies I
The Double Lesson
"Have you told me the whole truth,
now Lillian, about the gentleman I saw
you talking with upon the bridge?-the
whole truth, remember."
"Yes, indeed, indeed, Reginald," she
exclaimed, looking at him piteously, with
her forget-me-not eyes sWimniming in tears,
and her little childish hands claspedi in
"I wish I could believe you. but I don't I"
groaned Reginald Trevor, starting up and
beginning to pace the floor angrily, while
his fragile little wife sobbed aloud in her
excitement and terror. "If you did not
meet that mian by appointment, what made
you pretend to have a headuche, to get rid
of coming down to tea; and what made
you when we were all seated at the table.
go stealing out of the back way instead of
the front, and wala straight there and no
where else ? And what did you look so
frightened for when you saw me ? Tell
me that, will you ?"
"I-1 thought the air would do me good,
and I didn't want to disturb you. Indeed,
indeed, it is true, Regle, dear."
"Ana what made your polite acquaint
ance turn and go off as though lie had been
shot out of a gun, the moment he saw me
coming I No, no, Lily, it won't do. Your
very terror now contradicts your btory.
Will yoi tell me the truth, or shall I wring
it out of that man V
Lily rose to her feet trembling, her
tender face waxen white, but strangely
"If you will let me I will go back to my
aunt, Reginald. That is the best place for
Reginald Trevor's stern, handsome face
grew a shade paler, and his hand clenched
and unclenched nervously. If he could
only believe her 1-lis little snowdrop,
that lie haa sheltered in his bosom, and
whose purity and truth he would have
"Will you tell me that man's name,
Lily ?" he asked, more gently.
"rio. Reginald," was the firm rep~ly.
"You have doubted me. I will iiot p~ut It
in your power to qucation another concern
I will fiid hun, nevertheless. I shiould
know his sneaking, 'handsome face among
a thousand," criedl Reginald, p~assioniately,
as Lily, pale, but stately as a queen, swej t
past himi to the door.
Shie was back again very shortly dressed
Sfor going out, andi looning like a snowy
water lily, in ner soft white furB, with her
dove eyes and colorless face. She p~ausedi
by the side0 of the door.
"Have you any objectin to my gohm,g
to my aunt's ?" she asked.
Reginald strode across the r'ooii with
his back to the door.. Ie did not an
swer. She crossed the apartments and
just touched his arm with her gloved
"Have you ainy objection to my going
44to my aunt's ?" she asked.
"Will you tell me that man's name ?
34 Afaint, tremor crept around Lily's lip,
butshe looked huim steadlily In the face, and
S"The sooner you go to your aunt's,
lihen, andl the longer you stay, the better
I shall be pleasedl," lie said, with cold
n With A~ deep, inward sigh, the wife
tu'rned swiftly away, nor paused till she
knocked at the door of a handsome resi
dence a few streets off.*
A sprIghtly little lady, whose resembla,,ce
to Lily Trevor marked her at once for that
aunt who had almost simce her babyhood
suipp~hed a mother's place to the orphan,
rose eagerly from under the glaiw of the
cadiller at sight of her.
Dear Auntie, don't'question me, please.
I've quarreledl with Reglild, that, is all,"
Lily said, hysterically.
andAunt Myra, it can't be helped now,
an (ldare say I was just as much to
blame as lie was. Let it settle Itself, won't
Aunt Myra looked as though she dlouibtedl
- ~the chances of such an event ; but she said
no moret. She knew something ef Lily's
The matter, indeed, did not Seemn in
c(lined to settle itself in a hurry. Lily
waited in vain for some sign from her
husband. She sent for her -trunk in the
course of the next day, and it came with
out a word.
A week passed and then Lily grew paler
day by day, and Reginald moro. desolate.
.4either gave one sign to tie other. As
Reginald was returning froiii his club ont
evening, lie found himself between twc
men, who wore talking n low but sufll.
ciently distinct tones. It was some mo
ments before he took enough note of thein
conversation to discover that they were
talking of hini.
"Disgraceful ?" said one. "I should
think so ; and I haven't a single doubt,
myself, that Trevor is the one to blame.
He was always a haughty, jealous, tyran
nical fellow. Lily Raisay was a great
(eal too good for him."
"I don't know about that. Trevor has
good qualities-a trifle too proild, perhapP,
and inedned to be jealous, we used to
think; but a goxd fellow."
"1 wouldn't swear by the goodness of
any fellow that could quarrel this way with
a girl like Lily Ramsay within six months
after he married her. When a nian takes
a woman to love, cherish and protect, too
don't do it, to my notion, by making
house so hot that she is very glad-to way
out of it."
Reginald Trevor quickened his pace and
passed the two gentlemen unrecognized.
le had heard enough to irritate him ex
cessively. There might not be one particle
of justification for these inen speaking as
they tid of him ; but as he paced angrily
homeward, the words kept recurring to
him. "Haughty, jealous, tyrannical I"
Wats that Lily's opinion of him, he non
lie walked round by Mrs. Ransay's
house, keeping upon the opposite side of
the way, and regarding the mansion
stealthily as lie passed, though it was too
dark for any one to see him. At the cor.
n' r lie even hesitated as a slender shadow
crossed the blind, which might be Lily's.
Then murmuring, "No; I told her the
longer she stayed the better I should be
pleased, and so I shall, till she conies to
her senses," lie hurried gloomily home.
But his fate was not in his own hands.
That night his house was entered by bur
glars; and though lie succeeded in routing
them, he was so severely injured by a blow
on the head from some heavy instrument
In the hands of one, that for many days
his life was considered exceedingly doubt.
The news came upon Lily without warn
ing. She was bending over some work,
but not sewing, for tears. She put down
her. work almost with a smile.
"Aunty," she said, "that means me.
God is better to Regie and me than we
deserve. He won't die, trust me for
"Was I haughty, jealous and tyranni
cal ?" was Reginald's first question of Lily,
as he feebly drew her little hands to his
Those very words haunted his delirium.
LiAly smiled through her tears.
"Not more than I was foolish and wi
ful." she said gently. "The mp'n you sut
me talking with was the husband of my
sister, who lives in Jersey, as you know.
I spoke to him reluctantly, and I did not
want you to meet him. I had no idea ot
seeing him when I went out:; and if you
had not lost your temp~er sa soon I shioul
have told you all there was to tell, though)
I didn't like to talk about it. Shall we
begin again, Regic ?"
'"My darling, yes."
A D'calt r in nmes,
"Come in," said the Rev. Mr. Biobstock,
as a rap at the door caused hen to drop s
blot on a half- fimsh ed sermon. The (1001
opened andi a man entered. Th'le corners
of his mouth wer-c turned down as though
to myec emphasis to his face. Hlis clothes
suggeated that he worketd at a livery stabkr
in at subordinate capacity, and his hat wva
as ill-shapedi as though it hiatd been tramp
ed upou b~y a COW.
"Well," said the R1ev. Mr. Blobstock,
"'what can 1 (10 for you ?"
The man direw a sigh from the bottoit
of his being, and replied . '"I want a Bibb ,
recently I was a prosperous saloon -keeper
bitt, sir, I p~refer- poverty and sobjriety tc
afiluence anid whisky. I gave miy salnor,
to the windowvs and orphans, andi, sir, a
heavy wIdow planted hierselt behinid the
bar aind began to deal out the scorpoor
just as naturally as Iliad ever done. I ex
pected her to clese out the business anti
dividie the cash, but when I spoke to hoi
anout it, shte eaught me by time looseness ol
my raiment and threw me out. I never
know before what was meant by a wvidowm
might. Now, sir, I want the book of cont
solat ion. You neednm't mind the revised
statutes, but give me 01(1 Peter and o'6(
Pul. Give ma a ible."
Tlhme good minister was much mfovedl b3
thme poor man's strong aipeal, and taktng
down a Bible, he presented to the pleader.
[Late in the evening the minister was stand1
lng ini a secontd hand book store, when
mnan enteretd andi said to the prop~rietor:
'i have a nice lot of Bibbi s for you thi:
time, CIap'n" anti lieemptied a stick ful
of books on the tloo~r. "Five dollars fot
thme lot,; cost mue$45.
'"My friend," samd tihe minister, "arin
you not the man who came to my hiousi
this morning and begged me for a Bible ?
"Ohil no, sir. I have beenm in b~ed al
tday with rhieuimatism.'
'How did you collect, these books ?"
"FamIly relics sir."
"Didn't you get, this book from me ?"
taking tip a book.
"Oh ! no sir. That hook wvas given ti
my little son by a Stiday-schiool teacher.'
Just then a policeman, accompanied ha
three ministers, entered the store. "Har-i
he Is," said ohe, asyd the policeman led the
book dealer away, Hie had called on every
minister in the city, and from each had se
onradi a Rihin.
Dlreak tg the Pot.
In the early days of Indiana, one of the
State Senators was. a good-natured giant
named George Boone. When be stood up
his height attracted attention, for he mea
sured nearly seven fett. If he made a ges.
ture, his hands were 'noted as the largest
ever seen in that' State. But it was his
feet that amazed his colleagues.
When about 18, young Boone thought
he would call on a neighbor who lived a
few miles off. Sally, the neighbor's daugh
ter, was large and pretty, and the youthful
giant thought she would make a suitable
It was late in the fall, though too early
to put on shoes, so that lie started barefoot
ed. hlis best butternut-colored suit had
been made some six months before, and
wa much too small for him. The panta
loons reached just below his knees, while
the coat stretched as tight over his body as
an eel skin dried on a hoop-pole.
After wading creeks and mnuddy bottoms
the would be sparker arrived at the neigh
bor's log hut just as the family a e e sitting
down to supper of mush and milk. Being
invited to draw up, lie sat down alongside
of Sally. The old lady offered him a large
howl, which lie stretched forth W hand to
take. Not making suilcient allowance for
the size of his hands. he struck the hig
milk pitcher. Out went the milk over the
table, and out went Sally from the roomI
r:>aring with laughter.
The old lady kindly remarked, "It will
rub out when it dries." but the 3 outh knew
that he was already rubbed out, so far as
Sally was concerned. lie saw .nothing
more of het. The clock struck ten.
' Mr. Boone." asked the ld lady, "won't
you wash your feet and go to bed?"
"Here's an iron pot; it is the only thing
I have that'il do."
The pot proved too small for his feet to
enter, except by sliding them in sideways.
When in, they swelled so itch that he
could not get them out. The pain was in
tense. As the clock struck eleven, the old
"Mr. Boone, are you not done washing
"Whit (lid this pot cost?'- lie roared; "I
must break it."
"Bring me the axe.
Breaking the pot in pieces, he handed
the old lady a dollar, opened the door and
started for home. Several years after, :e
met Sally at a husking. As soon as she
saw him she burst out laughing,
A Nlit. It a EIflauitot 14on0o.
Opposite the residenco of my friends,
the Gibsons, stood a sniall frame dwelling,
which was the terror of Beanville for it
was said to be haunted.
A mur'er had been cominutted ten years
before, and since then the poorest laborer
In the country would not take the place
for a present..
Beggars had tried to live there and fail
ed to secure suflicient rest to live upon.
Tramps had been known to climb in at
the windows, but they climbed out agai
before daylight. Not a dog would stay
there. It was a genuine haunted house.
And so, being down at my friends for a
visit, I resolved to investigate the matter
and declared that I would sleep there, at
least one night-moi e, if necessary.
'Well, Frank, you'll be sorry if you do,
I assure you,' said Mr. Gibson.
'The house is haunted,' said the friend
of the family, wno was smoking his cigar
on the porch.
'Sure, and 1 saw the ghost myself, sir,'
said little Biddy, nursing the baby on the
'Then I am going to sleep there to-night,'
I declat ed. 'I have always wanted to see
I stuck to my determination. I went
to the little, empty house that nighit, and I
carried thither a miattress,-a blatiket or so,
and a revolver.
It was a warm night in summer, and the
little pbitce was (dry eniough,. I refused
'Ghosts never appear to large parties,' I
said. 'If I need help I will lire my revel
vei out of the window. You'll hear that.'
And so, half scolding, half laughing, they
let ime have my way.
At eleven o'clock I retired to my couch
with a book and a kerosene lamp, and by
idlnighit I had read tnyself to sleep.
What awakened me 1 (10 not know, but
I stidenly sat up in b~ed with a sensee of
great discomfort upon me. rThe lamp was
burning, my book lay where I had drop.
ped1 it, but Iihad a feeling that there was
something in the room. 'A trick is about
to be played upon me, ' I thought, and. I
~.tarted to my feet. Of course I had not
undressed, and holding my revolver in my
hand, looked about me. I saw nothing,
bitt I hteardl a quteer sound. It was as though
p~eoplle were snapping their fingers tall
about ime. 1. couldi associate the soundl
with nothmng else, it wvas not a crackling
or a ticking, It was ai positive sniapping
sound. Yet some insect might havo made
it. Th'iit l.houhl' 'compose me.
At last t lie sot 'sudd~enily as it
begun, and anothe Place-a pat
terting as of bare fee - g abotit. They
went in and~ out of the . tor, up stairs atnd
do'wn?. I could have sworn that such feel
were puittei ing nal about me had I been
bliind; but the moon shone brighttly, and I
wvent fromi room to room with my lamp and
iteturniug to miy room I lay dlownt again,
and inow a low beating began. it wvas a.,
though a stick had beeni struck upon the
floor at intervals of two minutes. And
suddt~enly a curious thing happened. All
the bedelothes were thrown entirely off ol
me and thrown Into the corner of tihe
Now for the first time I begatn to feel
nervous. I sprang to my feet, and rushcd
into.theo entmy, thinking that somec one 'tt
be < oncealedt wit~houtt the dloor, with some0
conatrivanice for twitching away the
blankets; but the house was empty.
I wentt dIown stairs. I pee~ped into the
closets. I explored the cellar, and( 1 re.
turnedl to my room. Th'lat was no longer
lie was a rough-looking fellow, dissipa
tedl in ap~pearancee, and dressed in ragged
clothes. By his side lay a thick stick.
[is eyes were open, and turned full uipor
I looked at him a moment, ad therz
burst, iinto a laugh.
'So you're the ghost,' I said. 'Conme
you shall have thme bed for the ret of the
ight, and a breakrfast, in the imorninig If you
will tell me how you pulled thtso blanketi
For an answre still staredof at ' 1
drew nearer. ills eyes were glassy, his
features stiff, his limbs rigid; and horror
of horrors, his head was cover'ed with
blood from a great gaping wound in the
'Great heavens I who has done this ?' j
cried, and I bent over him and put my
hand upon his heart to see if it. still beat.
Horror of horrors I 1 touched not hing
but the bed itself. There was no one
Five minutes fron that tine . wis at
the door of my friends's house.
I explained to them that I had a bad
dream, and thought best- to give up my in
vestigation; but in the morning I asked
tiwo (iuestions :
What was the murder committed in that
house ? Who was killed ?'
'The house was empty,' said uiy friend,
and its owner gave twotramps permission
to sleep there. One killed the other in the
night. The ghost is always a barefooted
inan in tagged clothes, and the ghost-seers
always see the stick lie was killed with.
I have the reputation for good conmiort
sense to keep up, so I kept my own coun
Lapland and Its WayN,
In Lapland, the sun never goes down
during the mouths of May, June and July;
'mt, in winter, for two months lie never
rises at all. His place, however, is some.
what supplied by the wonderful Northern
Lights which flash and flicker in the cold
gray skies, They look like fires of a thou
sand shapes and colors. Now like crowns,
and now like domes; now like fishing nete,
and now like banners-those welcome
guests make a Lapland idght beautiful.
As long as the unwearied sun goes around
and around the sky ia summer, the Lap
landers live In the tents made of poles and
skins; but when Jack Frost apl)roaches
with a scowl on his brow, the house of
thick sods becomes a very snug home. The
Laplander creeps in on all fours, along a
sort of tunnel. A hole in the roof lets in a
little daylight, or rather mo -night, and
lets out. what smoke there is from the sooty
lamp. The lamp is made of stone, and
tilled with seal-oil; and it, answ(ri many
ends. It cooks food, dries wet clothes,
keeps the house warm, and affords lIght.
Trees arc plentiful of certain sorts; and
the soil of the focest is carpeted by rem
deer nioss, a sort of Hioien, which grows
on stones, trees and earth. This nmoss will
flourish where hardly any other sort of
grasswill; and it affords gluten, or starch,
which is very wholesome and flourishing.
The reindeer will root under tihe snow for
the moss, as a pig roots in the field. And
if the animal browses on the moss which
sticks to the trees, without diggingbeneath
the snow, the Laplander takes it for granted
that the ground there produces none.
The reindeer when lie casts his coat is
brownish-yellow. In the dog (lays, lie be
comes white. lis ha r is close aigd thick.
The horns are large at d beautiful, but full
toward the end of November, and are
turned into spoons or glue. This wonder
ful creaiture has been known to go at the
rate of nineteen iles an hour,when yoked
to a light sledge. After theii most severe
journeys, these deer require no more ruoss
than can be 'held by a man in both his
Were it not for this admirable animal,
who could live in Lapland? It is man's all
in all there. "It feeds and clothes its mas
ter," says Goldsmith. "With its skin the
Laplander covers his tents and makes his
bed; or itsi mil k lie makes cheese, and uses
the whey for his drink. Every partof this
valuable anmal is converted to sonie use cr
other. The sinews make bow-strings,
springs for catching birds, and threads for
sewing; the horns make glue; the tongue,
a great delicacy, is sold, and the money
comes back in luxuries. Yoked to a sledge,
the reiicer carries his master, who gulies
it easily oy means of'a cord fastened arouniid
the horns; and it is encouzragedI to proceed
by the driver's voice. TIhe sledge is coy
cd with a bear's skin, and at the back are
two heatherui girthis, ito which the trav
eler thrusts his arm so as to kcep hinu~ell
iteadly. lie has also a pol'- to suipport the
sledIge, in case it is in danigerof being ove
The Laplander hunts the ermitlo and the
squirrel, the hare, the otter, and the sable.
Besides, lie has fnsh ini abundance in lisa
watei-s-sahinen, pike, teach, perah antI
smelts. The birds which always live with
him are hieathicocks, woodc'cks and hawks.
OJth r o'rds only stop awhile, such as swans
''Nobody dies of ecJd hi Larplandc, '' says
a F~renchi writer, "except sonic person,
perhaps, who is bewildered ini the woods,
or who, being fatigued with hunger- or
long J.>unrneys, has niot str-engith enough left,
to return to his own home."
'Thie people have somiceiurious customs.
When they lave eaten a bear, aindt wipedl
their mnouths and fingers, they solemnly
biury all the bones; for they think the beair
will rise again. T'hey bury with the bones
somic spoonis and a knife, foir t~he bear will
want to eat, his bread andt imilik in aniothier
life. If a hungry dog carries off' a bone,
lie is killed, andi one of lisa own bones is
puit in the grave.
The master of the house always (does the
cooking. Women aic iiot allowed to make
messes for the men. T1hie lhaplanders make
little toys for sale, also boxes mind baskets,
south-boxes, spoons of horn, shoes, gaiters
and1( gloves. TIhe women marke p~ewter
wire, and( adorni with it thle reindleer la
ness. Htopes are made of tret -roots, andl
bouighis of dr and birch,glued together with
ilue mace from fih-skins. 'his glue is so
strong tl.at pieces of woodi J< inedi by it
A Whalo Attac~kq a iunrk.
In February last, the bark A nna, was
attacked b~y a whaile in mtid-ocean. Tlhe
captain says: '"the fish borwe (down on us8.
andh struck the ship on the port sidle and 0n
the stern and knocked the fore-porit Into
matches and1( kindlilng wood ; soundl~ed
pumpsl), but 1no leak ; whale wentI off, Ileav
lng a track of blood behind." Capl.
almall states that lie was .surprised at
the whale daishling right it >a large vessel in
id~-OCean. lIe says that, when lie first
saw the -big fish she was rolling and spout
lng water l5 feet high, lie had niot theno
ainy idea that she would charge his vessel
but soom discoveredh that the while neant
business. As the whale camei on lie lulfed
a little to prevent It from s'~riking the sIde
of the vessel and ripping .a plank off. It
dashed by and just, gave one s ap wi h'ils
tall that fairly knocked the cut-water of
the boat off from the 11-Inch ma-rk to the
keel, ie thinks it was stunned and hurl.
Once a year on the first day of May, the
English populace of Calcutta are permitted
to roam through the King's gardens. Tihe
curiousslght-seers are rewarded by the many
strange sights which meet the eye on every
hand. The menagerie would put to shame
any ir odern Zoological (arden. The lions,
tigers and leopards have their cages so ar
ranged as to face both the garden and river.
The king is about sixty years old, a tough
old Mormon, and bids fair to see tile close
of the nineteenth century. Among the
many wild i umors on Hlindoo subjects and
uprisings which gain credence at times
aniong the foreign and Christian residents
of Calcutta was that Nana Sahib, the terri
ble and bloodthirsty leader of the revolt of
1857, was concealed at the King of Oudh's
palace -and had been there for many y'ars.
It will be remembered that this chieftain
disappeared in the jungle after tie suppres
sion of the native rebellion and was never
seen again, at least by Enghsh eyes. Tra
dition and runor, however, have resurrec
ted this wonderfully Ingenious scoundrel,
somletiiles placing him1inll one place, then
19 another, connecting his name with
apochryphal and unheard of atrocities and
adventures, but none of these suppesed
tragedies and plots of the mysterious
warrior could stand the test of proof.
Nana Sahib is undoubtedlv as dead as J ulius
Ciesar, or if lie is not his power of evil
doing is gone; if living he must be at least
seventy-five years old. But, dead or alive,
it will be a long time before hie will be for
gott en. The "oldest. residenters" *of
English nativity cannot hear his name
Early next morning we weighed anchor
and succeeded in getting up to our berth
without the aid of the tug. Our station
was on the inside of three vessels lying
about, a hundred feet from the river bank.
As far as the eye conhc reach aheliad and
astern the right hind side of the river was
one cOUtinit,uus line Of vessels, lyui not
less than three and sometimes five or six
abreast. All nations were representet,
tromi a Chinese junk to an American man
of-war (the U. S. S. Swatara, we bhilievc,).
The Peninsular and Oriental Line (English)
and the INational Line (Freneh) c.rry the
bulk of the vahuable ldian cargoes, and
as a general rule American ships receive a
higher freight than thome of other nation.
'ho freight tarif usually ranges from L2
10s. to ?4 sterling a ton. The export of
ice from America to India has assumed
large proportions, the Tudor Company, a
lstson lirm, going so far as to establish a
large and magnificent ice house in Calcutta.
In the same building and of course far re.
ibved from the storige cellars, the apart
Lents for the clerks, gymnasium, dining
rooms and olices are seen and at filrst give
the impression that the company had
started a hotel in connection with the ice
house. It is a large stone building about
200 feet long, 150 feet wide and nearly 10
feet high. It takes a large force of clerks
to manage It, and as they are all "Yanks,"
Americans in Calcutta must of course fra
ternize with thenm.
Although the census of Calcutta, like
other Eastern cities, has never been accii
iately taken, it must contain about 350,000
people, and probably out of this there are
about 25,000 foreigners, mostly English
soldiers and oficials. The barracks where
the Anglo-Indian cavalry and infantry are
quartered at Dam Dum, about twenty
miles from Calcutta. This enormous in
closure or park is about four miles long
and two miles wide, and one quarter is set
apart for a zoological garden. The drill
grounds are is level as a parlor floor, and
here in their leisure hours the officeis and
soldiers amuse themselves with cricket,
foot-ball, polo and other sports. During
the lIne season Din Dm is full of visitors,
especially on Sundays when time Calcutta
residents go i) o the morning trains and
take it walk or drive about the grounds.
The Indlianl Museum in Cadeutta is an Inter
esting institution to visit, ailso the Seven
T'anks. TIhere are fIve or six English news
papers nd a( iho1st, or native journals.
The most intelligent (If the native popu..
lation in India are the Parsees, the wor
shipers of the sun; they are the best friends
the English have, and they have never en -
tered inlto any (If the conspiracies against,
English donminationl. There aire nlot, many
of them in Calcutta, but In tiombaiy they
form a large portion of the populatiom.
As a class they are very wealthy and have
none of Ilhe p~rejudices aigainst foreignei s
that, the ilindoos and Mahommuedans have.
They are mostly engiiged in merchantile
purisuiits, bainkinig, broking and the shipping
interests. TIheir mode(1 of dlisposinig 01
their (dead( Is p~eculir; outsidle of the cit~y
they have a large pllot of ground, with a
high wall airound~ to avoid the vulgar curi
osity. In thIs enclosure there are numer
0115 circular hollow bumIdings with grat igs
aicross tile tolps, and when the body of a
(defuncet P'arsee is receivedl it, Is takeii by
the priests (who aloiie are permlittedl to go
in or about tile building) and pllaced upon01
the gratinig, not to dleomplose howevei foi
it, is quickly pilckedl to pieces and1( devoured
by the vultures who flock in the vicinitmy
and '"lay"' for their rather irregular ineals.
I lie belles of course finally drop through
the grating Into the interior (of t lhe buikhi ng
The iMenshngm or (1inas lubing.
When ghlass~pbes ale not, too wlxie they
may be easily benit over a common gas jet.
A burner, made by attiachiing a lava tilp
(such as aire now coniunonly used in illum
ini ng burners) to the staind or base of the
ordiniary iii.s i burner, wIll be found
conveniciut. The tube is held horizontally
in the fllane, in s uch a manner as to be eni
tirely si r 'unded lby the lame, and so al!
po~ssib~le 'jraughts are avoided and the flamie
do0es inot Ilicker. Tfhe tube is soon covered
with carbon; then It bieonies glowing, and
hends(1, ini consefuenlce of the weIght of its
free endI, in an even and unifoi m manner,
withlout making any wrinkles iinsidle the
bend or angle. Wide tu1)es are first iflu.
ith~ sand11, and1( then stuspende~d over a
broadl flame ourmner. A broad tub's with
Ilattened end, wich exactliy fIts the hhmun
sen bunmer, may easily lbe procuredl. Thiis
glass t'ilbes may lie uent in the flame of a
sinlel Apit-lamp, but if they aro at all
thick a lirzehus 11amp1 becomies requIsIte
in this cas~e the tube mullst be held across
thme flame, for thon it wotukd become heated
ini two phmmces and remin col in the cen
ter (i c., between), It is, therefore, biest
hold it, tanigenlt tod the flame. If it doe.;
nlot bend freely, It 1s well to assIst, the
opleratlin with the haind, by sligh'ly pris5.
lng the free end ha the desired direct Ion.
T1hmis operation requIres a certain amount
of skill and (dexterity In order to prevent
the formation of wrInkles on the interior
si~rf ace of the bend,
lie waudorod east, he wandorod weet,
But over in a fruitles3 quest
To find a place wheroi to rost.
'On, some dJay I shall find," lie oriod,
"'lho peacn long sought for, loasg dolied,
1Bo patient, hoart-the world i8 wide.
"Oh, somowhero. som tine, I ahall know
The rest ithat now eludos me so
If I but know t'io way to go!
"And whore to Iind it-whoro ?" And thou
Titls man, most lonely among min,
Would take ise pilgrim staff again.
And follow where the phantom led,
O'er hill, o'er dale, among the di ad,
"Tho loiost path must end," hie said.
The I ath was long, the world %as wido,
Diut soutrolk for rest was satisield
lie found it on the day lie died,
Not long ago, in at fashionable saloon o0
Kearney street, San Francisco, two dis
tngushed-looking inilitlamnen were re
counting their numierous campaigns il
Sacramento and San Briio, when at imaii
with one sleeve of his coat empty lounget
ill) to the bar. As he did No ie totiehet
the elbow of one of the bullion-bound
warriors, an1d at once iipologized to the
fierce military glare fastened on Iimk.
"Beg pardon," said he, "but I'm alwaym
kind of' ecreless when iny of the boys iu
biln- ire 'round. I used to be one ly.
,ne warriors in blue and gold did no
deign to respond, but tle stranger was no
on the alert for. aiy obvious slights.
"I lost this arllk," lie continued, "a
Vicksburg. And this cough," lie added,
[IS lie shook ol1 It SpaSin1. "I got ill the semI
"IR1tater 1a poor recompense, wasnki't it ?
asked one of the inilitinkel. "Couldn'1
you get anythitig better ?"
"Yes, "said the wreck of humanity, with
ia touch of genituine pride. "I got this, too;'
and ie tLi rtiw back the lapel of Ii.. r,i 11
coat to lil)iL nibit small miedal.
As Ie unclasiped it and handed it over
for inspection, hit said: "I got it for being
Lie bist soldier in the 'Thirteenth Army
Corps at Milliken's Bend, before- the cap.
ture of Vicksburg. We had been slashing
around Vicksburg a whole month, and foi
a eliange had goie ip the White tiver an
taken Arkansas Vost, with 500 rebs. Whei
we irot to Vicksburg again we were at pret
ty tough looking crowd. We were sta
tioned in swaipy tiiner ground tht.t every
shower used to imake a slough of, and the
fellows were lmud all over. '[le clay be
fore Grant took command at Milliken'E
lend we had orders to fix up for the occa
Sion, and it wias given out that tie bes
dressed mian in each regimelnt wotuld get i
Medal. We all went to work scrubbin
and polishing, but it was no use. A fel
low couldn't rub the mud out of his clotlej
and if lie washed it out, the minute they
got half dry ucy looked as bad as ever.
Most of tie fellows gave it ip for a bat
job, but I made ulp) my inind I was going
to get tile iledakl. I had a pretty goot
uniforiand afterl had sa.w d .t up oil tk.
elbows and tacked the skirt of tile coa.t u
it lotked good elolglh, only for the Muid
It wats about its good ats any other uniforn
in the Corps, but of course, that wouldn't
aillount to nothm1g; I wanted it to be bet.er
What do you think I cun11i?"
'lkoughtIt iew one, I suppose,'' stit
the bar Keeper.
Tie veteran smiled. "I went d-wn amd
stood up to iiy chin ilk the Yazoo for Ill
hour bufore parade. I'd burnished i) il
tie buttons and blackened ily shoes witl
ia piece of burned leather an.1 park fat, and
when I walked up with ily wet suit I jusi
paralyzed the crowd. I Io:)ked as if I'
coiliec out ofhe bandbox when I situck oi
ly shoes ntid cap, and threw iiy muskel
over my lhoulder."
'Anti you got lhe mekdatl ?"' said one o:
the miiiiatn, hamlding back the trophly.
"Yes, I got, it, and more too. I got th<
rheumailltisml and1( pnum~lonlia. It wats I
Januaiiry, you know, anld it set, ill tco blow
liromk the wvest, andic before the palrakde wa.
over, I was' motst froze to dieathl. To bhusl,
lie, thke Coloiiel was so tickled withi ml)
appeakranice thatc I was detakiled for ordierl3
dutiy ait headtlarters anld haid to mallrcl]
r~roui for four hiouirs, until1 thle iciclet
were hankiging ot, of myi elbows andlt coakt
tails, anti o you kinow wVhalt Oranit sid
akfter7 the parakde ?"'
"lie remuarkedi, wvkh conisiderable feel
ing, 'It's a long tunie between dIrinks.'
Thle bakrkeeper shoved thlree glasses over
the mlahogakny, and1( the militilamen bott1
put theirhaics ini their plockets to hpay.
"'b.eS, gentileen," satid the veteranih, at
lie wiped ins grizzly moukstakche on hib
coat, sleeve and~ edged towakrd the door,
"'I got the miedalk, and( dIon't, you forgetit.
"'I shouldn't, wonider,'' sakid the bar
keeper, as the veteran fitted throughi thi
do'orwaky, "'If thalt fellow isni't ikn ( ighitees
carat fraud and lost his armii i a satwmill,'
"Youk do himi ani inijusticei, Iiassuret you,
said a thouigih tul but dlilaidlated peron5l
tbenitkng over the lunhchi counlter. "'I re
cognize hlim as ain indi vidual who hadil
ilmbshot oil ilk Viiginkia (Otty whkile rob
binlg it wood pile.
lankiy people have noticeid the often dih
guistinig odor proceciling from thle size. an<S
pste Of paperhlanginig peCrvadinig an apakrl
tient for lomle tiins lafter the pakper hka
been1 newly hung. Ml. Vakll, Iln the Revu
d' Ilygienie, reports ani inte'restinug Case whiic
has5 inldu(cd himi to imalke somei iqiiesi il
this matter. A lady who from thlle to Lulm
camtie to townl to suphervise the decoiatlo,
of her hocuse was three tinies successivel
seized with violen', sikncess andc 'head
ache after sleepimg in a newly-papeio
roo10'n. M. Vainii wats strulck wihh thI
puitrefactivye odor which peo iaded the at
miosphere~i, andl, aftei e'xaikining hnto 11h
matter, camne to the conclusion that it-pro
eeeded from tile wa'll. It wasR found tha1
a hiorriblhe putrefacct Va odor proc- el'd (Ironl
thet size-pot, with wllich the paper-hanugers
in the next, roomi was contlinuinhg to hianj
the wyall-papers, andic thakt hIs size was inI 1
state oif putrefacetive chiainge. On ak ingi
further inquiries, Various other calses hIav
comek uinder hsis notice in wt hichl illness hat
)palably beent prFodu~ced by the use
by paper hkangers, of size and paste ulnder.
goling or speedlily eniterinig Oin septha chkange
and itls extremI~ely' desiracble that the
shotild lie borne in mInd, and, If necesary
aI little oil of cloves, salcyllc ac(id, or coi
other antiscptic agent shlould be addedI Li
the mater'.ai wich theoy use for this pur
pose, or, at aniy rate, care shkould be0 takem
to avoidl these dIsagreeable consequence
of carelessness, which is only too common
Window Flower Boxes.
Window flower boxes have long been in
use in England, France, and Geimany, and
they add not a little to the adornment of
the small cottage, and the elegant villa, or
the city home, in a brick block. They can
be made of a soap box, painted green, and
attached to the house with strong iron
brackets, or they can be constructed of
elegant tiles, and arranged on ornamental
supports so that they can be brought within
the means of every lover of flowers, who
is willing to take a small amount of trouble
to procure them, and to care for them.
The earth should be of dLch, but light
soil, so that it will not become too compact
in the boxes. For the city window boxes
it would :e best to purchase it by the
basketful of the florists. In the country it
can be obtained from the woods or the gar -
den close at hand; but it must be friable
and well-mixed with decomposed stable
offal. Have the boxes made a foot In
depth, and not over sixteen inches in width.
The length should project a little ways
past the window coping. A carpenter's aid
may be required to fasten them securely to
tie hous! . Have this done before the
earth is put in. At tile bottom of the box
put a layer of charcoal broken up into
small bits. 'This will keep the earth sweet,
also give a good drainage.
Then till in the earth and press it down
firmly, because it will paCd a little when
watered, and it is easier to flhil it full
eno igh at the lirst start before it is plan
The boxes should be painted a (lark
green or brown, and two coats will be
needed to keep them in good order.
Place the boxes li a south-west position
so that they can have the.advantage of the
most sunlight ; but a south-westerly win
(low will (1o better than a northern aspect.
It is very desirable to have strong wires
inserted at each side of the boxes and car
ried lip to the tops of the windows upon
which to t rai n vine. aid creepers of various
kinds. Nasturtijuns are very popular plants
for winaow boxes, because they grow so
r.tpidly and produce such an abundant
supply of floweas. Convolv)lus and sweet
pelts can also be sowin alt the sides of the
boxes and trained upon the v nes.
To plant window boxes with taste is
very essential to their beauty and coutin
In the centre of the box the tallest grow
ig plants shoold be placed. A spec iosa
fJchsia, surrounded with the variegated,
uniely art-leaved colens, mingled with brown
and yellow calceolarias, and edged with
mign mette, with nasturtiums trained at
the sides, will be very handsome froi
May t> November.
Another corner could be planted w
s arlet a d white geraniums in th i e
double petu.ahs, pi.k, white, a'id c so
and white striped, surrounding the , and
musk plant with lobalia oi the ou ide.
ilehotropes, roses, and carnati ne, with
an edging of bull and brown nasturtiums
to train over the box in front, and canary
creepers and cypress vine as climbers on
the Bide wires, would make a handsome
eaiiuns and fever-fe.vs, mngled with
annuals, such as stocks, asters, balsam,
mignonettes, and sweet alysstim, would fl
another box, a, at a1mli, eXpeise.
Bow tle seed In April, and when they
have thrown out their second leaves thin
them out, leaving at good space betwem
each one. If left too closely planted they
will not bloom hiandsomely, but will be
wire drawn and weedy.
Creeping plants can be trained with
twine by mailing at few saiill nails into the
box and also into the house, and twist
Ing tihe twine about them.
Regular waterings should be given every
night, and if the night hus been very hot,
inl tihe moraing also.
Ind6leed throughout the suumer the soil
ma~st iaot, becomei (luSt dry, or baiked; but
di aiot give water when the sunailghit falls
diretly upion them ; walit until they atre e
WVhen the leaves aire dusty spoinge thienm
oli or spirinkle by dlipping a mnall hand
baooam iamo water anid shainag at over them.
Winadow boxes cana be so arraunge~l and
cared for that they wall make the smnallest
house beautiful. Thle fading tloe)Wrs and
leaves muost be carcfully cut, olf,andl every
. liang should be neat, and1 nice about them.
It, is said that flies will never enter a win
dow thus tilled with flowers, and mosqui
toes are ailso kept at a dis tance.
Tihe alligaitor sniapper,thec lairgest of fresh
water turtle , line its hieadquarters in the
shallow, tep~id bayous of L~oasianaa, al
though it ranges up the Mississippi toa tihe
Missouri. It bears a strong resemablene
to a commanon snaappinag turtle greatly mag
nmIled ini Rize andi uaglinessi, andi in thise lat..
ter (tuality maight wvell contest the palm
with time Southa Amnerican imatanmata. It is
,usually represenat ed with a thick head andt
neck, wvhere ais they really 1(ook ais it a iog
hiad talleni oan and flattened theni. As f,.r
- as protectiona is conicernaed this is oif small
consequece, for nonae of time coresidents
- of its hanunts wvould think of attackinag it,
their chief cancern being to avoid falling
into hise clutches. Lurking in the shaudowv
oif some rock air log, or- partly buried ini
the mud, with i.eck( retractedl as far as pos
sible, its rough-brown skmi and iioss cov
eredl back give It so much the appearaice
of am old stump that it is untioticed by thme
fish spor~iig in the vicinity, until, p~erhamp-,
one ventures toa near. Thena, wi thi a sidelong
spring, at the sameu timae darting out ito
nieck, the turtL'e seizes lis prey, which he
dievours at leisuare, holding tihe fish down
and undler him as a dlog would a bone. It
is so voracious na to caluse sad hiavoc amonag
t~he fish, while its wariness renmulers it difi
cult to capturo. A genitlemnan'who had ini
tro~iacedi a pair into a small flsh pond
foiud thmem so dlestructive that he wished
to got rid (if them. Theay pireyeid upon the
fishi, and~ also camne to be fed whenever the
fIsh were, one was speared while feeding;
buit the larger kept out of the way until he
-was tempted to seize a hook bated with a
large minnow. Finding himself caught hes
braced himnself aigainst the rock, an ', with
a sudden jerk, broke the hook. After this
escape lhe was imoro careful than ever, and
'suicceed inm ke'epling out of dlanger. Tis
turtle occasionally attains a length of 61 feet
andl a weight of 150 pounds, but the most
conuinon size is from 10 to 60 pounds. It
is brought -into the markets to somne extent,
as an article of food. The eggs, like those
of all other turtles, are deposited in the
-aand an~d hatched by the heat of, the sun.
a -Queen Msguer-A 'is aorso ot the
most, akiul ae wiar watnen in rtaly.