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T'll-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C.. JUNE 28, 1881. EB
IN A HAYFIELD.
13efore the mower's swooping soytho
The dowy grasses bond and fall ;
A group of children, gay and blitho,
Amid the hay keep carnival ;
While ri,-ing high, In azuro sky.
The morning sun shies lovingly,
'ho flowers and pranses slowly fade.
- And o'er their wreaths the childron sigh
A maiden sees in every blado
Emblems of hope but born to dio;
Yet in the sky, atill rising high,
The golden sun shints lovingly.
Ti e mower works with haggard eyes,
For bitter grief is in his breast:
A larli thes up with startlod orioi
'I ho scytho h'ai swept away her nest ,
Yet r -% high in doop blue sky,
T -till shince on lovingly.
FioL 1, reh the mournos go
(Thr. ..s sinking in the west);
Ti.o mowor.Death has laid one low,
With lading flowere to be at rost ;
Yet in the rky, mid smilo and sigh,
Th sun ,-hines ever lovingly.
She Made a Mistake.
Miss Jessamine had just emerged yawn
iug, from her bed-room, although the sun
was five hours high and its merry zig-zags
of gold were penciling the casements, after
a pattern which no artist under heaven
could hope to Imutate.
And Kitty, the colored maid who had ac.
compl1aIied her mistress fi-om Mobile, anti
reLarded this northern climate as a very
polar region, was attendmig her with choco
late, Vienna bread, and a brolleti chicken's
Georgia Jessainine was on a visit to her
father's cousin, Mrs. Dartley. Major Joseph
Jessaimine, her father, had been a well-to
do planter in Alabama before the war, but
was poor now, and Mrs. Dartley's invita
tion to Georgia had been hailed with dc
"l only wish she had asked me, too,"
said the major.
So Georgia Jessaimnine was supplied with
an etegant wardrobe and sent north to seek
Mrs. Dartley was a rich widow, who lived
In a handsome house, scattered her money
to and fro with liberal hand, and dwelt in
a perpetual whirl of balls, parties, soirees,
sand receptions. And into this sort of life
Miss Jessamine plunged, as you may have
seen a bee dive joyously into the deep bill
of a honeysuckle.
"If I can only make a good match in
New York, I never need ao back to that
tumble-down house in Mobile," said Miss
Jessamine to herself.
And, thus pondering. she devoted the
onie energies of her nature to the attain
nent of the aforesaid "good match."
Claude Dartley, her cousin, came under
that head. Claude was handsome, witty,
and wealthy. But Georgia was a little
afraid of Claude. She never could quite
understand whether he was laughing at
her or not. But, in Epite of all that, she
smiled sweetly on Claude, as first and fore
most among the "eligibles' on her list,
and had built sundry castles in the air,
whereof he formed the foundation.
Last night. at Mrs, Penfleld's mutsicale,
he had been especially devoted, and Miss
Jessamne's spirits were high, as she drank
the foaming chocolate and nibbled at the
Vienna twists. In a minute, however, a
blue ribboned maid came to the door.
"Miss Jessamine," said she with a little
apologetic courtesy, "would you please
come down to the parlor? There's a young
lady there, asking for you."
"A young lady?" repeated Georgia, star
ing at the opposite clock, which recorued
an hour too early for fashionable cails.
"WVhere is her card, Fanny?"
"dhie didn't send up any card, miss,"
"Didl she ask for ime by name ?"
"W ecll, miss, she asked for my mistress
first, and then, when I said she was gone
to Signor Arditi's to ait for her portrait,
but you were mi, she saidi mliht she see
youl a miniute."
Georgia Jessamiine glanced down at the
foids of her roseoloredi ciahmere mornio~g
wrapper, and theni at tile opp)osite mirror,
to see if the braids of her rich black hiair
were in good order..
"t suppose I inust go down," said shec,
-slowly; "but if it shoulud be one of those
tiresome subscription collectors, or patent
Katy made a grimace at Fanny as the
(1001- closed behind thle rustling trails of
Miss Jfessammne's rose-colored dress.
"Dec young miissee, she (done t'ink nobod y
hiaim't no biusiness to hib but herself," saidt
she. "She's dat sellish deC good Lord
ought to ha' created a little glass ober her
to keel) off do rest 01) de world."
.Meainwhiale, Mitiss , essamme, sweeping
dIown stairs Into the dlrawinig-rooma, found
herself face to face with a pale. lovely, girl,
In rather shabby mourning, who carried a
miorrocco traveling-bag, and held two or
three volumes In her other band.
"D1)i( you ask far me?" she demanded,
The yomung hlady bowed.
"1 have undertaken the agency of a new
pubheation," saidl she, hurriedly, andl not
wvithout embarrassment-' "'Land's Life of
Martha Washmgton'-and should be happy
to put, down your name as a subscriber-,
The price Is
"Pray dlon't trouble yourself to go on,"
said Gecorgia, coldily. "I never subscribe
to any such ting. And I think it the
height of insolence for you to come hero,
pushing yourself into the presence of your
superiors on such a pretext as this I low
doe I know that you ar-e not, one of those
sneak-thieves, who maoke your way into)
people's houses itn ordler to carry olf their
valuable parlor- ornamnents?"
Th'le young lady had coloredl scarlet at
first andI then grew deadly pale.
"is ls Je(ssamme-" she saidh.
"Th'lat will do," tartly interp)ased the
haughty Georgia. "'I don't care about oni
tering into any dliscuission with you. At
all evente, it is hIghly unfeminIne to go
about peddling things, like any common
peanut woman I And I beg you will not
rep~eat it in thi/s house."
She pointed impem ioushy t o the open door,
andu poor Amy Hlorton, who, among all the
slights and snuibs incident to reduced
mecans, had never yet received a verbal cas
tigat~Ion equal to this, hurried from her
presence with cheeks aflame and eyelids
wet wlth unshed tears.
"There l'' said Miss Jessamine to herself,
as she went uip stairs again; "I think I've
paid her oil for bringIng me away trom
my half-fluished breakfast. As for you,
Fanny"-to the damsel in the blue ribbons
-"11 you over admit such a person as that
again, I shall certainly request Mrs. Dart- 0
Icy to discharge you."
Fanny tossed her head, and would have a
made a port rejoinder, had she dared. for V
there was not a servant In the Dartley p
household that liked Miss Jessanne. e
But it so chanced that Claude Dart'ey tj
himself, looking over the morning papers, o
in the library, had heard the whole inter- ti
view, through the parlor-door that Georgia 11
had neglected to close.
Involuntarily he rose and came forward, I
resolved to (1o what in him lay for the J
healing of the cruel wound inflicted by a
Georgia Jessamine's unwomanly words. i
"Pardon me," said he, "but. may I look b
at the publication you have for sale? I am p
very deeply grieved that my cou-in should e
have treuted you so rudely, and-" a
But as she glanced wistfully up In his
face, lie started back, with au exclamation d
of surprise. t1
"Amy Horton I Can it be possible." b
"I did not expect to see you here, Mr. g
Dartley," said the girl, hurriedly. 01 i
asked for the lady of the house. I did not n
know who lived here."
''But, Amy, I don't undersland this. p
You-General March's niece and adopted t1
daughter-selling books for a livelihoodi" J
"It does seem strange, don't it ?" said a
Amy with a falint smile.. "But you don't a
know all. Uncle March is dead, and all d
his property has gone to- his second wife. ti
I was only a dependant, and I could not %i
endure that sort of life, so I am striving to Ll
maintain myself. I came to Ncw York, ti
because I thought I could do better here tl
than in a smaller city, but-but I am almost it
Clauae Dartley took her hand and gazed I
reproachfully into hr facel a
"Amy," said lie, "Why did you not let IE
me know when you were in trouble? Had A
you foraotten our old friendship?" b
"I thought I had no-right," ble faltered. M
"No iyht; Amy? Would you have let
yourself (rift away from me forever ?" o
And Amy Horton hung, down her bright v
golden head and faintly unmrmured: hI
"I don't know . %A
Mr. Dartley was in the inner office of the fl
law chambers of Messrs. Failkland, Burgh 1)
& Co., that afternoon, when Miss Jessamine I*
rustled in, with a strong smell of "Jockey a
Club," and a little tinkle of affected laugh- I
Mr. Burgh, the only representative of f<
the aristocratic young firm, rose and bowed tU
"Pray excuse our cigar smoke, Mis 91
Jessamine, " said he. a
"Ol, that's nothing," said Georgia, tak- fA
ing the leather covered chair that lie offered ii
her. "I'm so glad that I found you lin, al
I want to put your name down for some ti
tickets for aunt Bella's charity charades. r(
Very private and select. Five dollars a m
ticket. And I shall expect you to take at h
least half a dozen."
"Consider my linited means, Misq Jes- n
aminel pleaded the young lawyer, with a
comical screwing up of his eye-brows. ti
"Oh, you must I" inisisted Georgia, re- ti
lentlessly. "I've undertaken to sell fifty, it
and I never go. back from my werd Who's r(
that in the inner office? Mr. Falkland? o
Whoever it is must give me a round sub- a
Shte had just started up to go into the s(
other room, when her purpose was antici- el
pated by t he appearance of her cousin
Claude on the tLresluld.
"Oh, It's Claudel" cried she radiantly.
"Well, I can searcely lIvy a tribute upon e,
him, alter all lie has given tbward our o1
costumes and scenery " :ll
"Stop a minute, Georgia!" said the young cl
man, quietly. "You are holling tickets ai
now. Will you alluw me to ask wherein f<
consists the difference between you and the rc
young lady whom you so grossly insulted ,
in niy mol her's dIrawving-rooml this morning? ti
Will you let me repeat your~j very wordls, tI
'that it is highly unfeminine to go abouts
pedling things, like any ctniomon-peanut al
Georgiia colored high. h
"'Chaude, " stanniered she, "'I-I am c:
very sorry. I did not know you were c;
within heaing; and it was only a book (I
agent, after all " 'I.E
"'1There y'ou are misataken," said Mr.
Dartley, with stinging co)ldness. "It was y,
Mliss Amy I lortont, the 30cing ladly who is si
shortly to bieconme my wife." p
And Georgia Jessamiine knew that she a
had conumnit ted a fatal nustake. She weat
back to the tumbhle-tiowni house in Mobile, h,
aiid the~re s) e remanins yet, too p~rouid to) i
work for a living; and although Amiy has ir
writ ten heri a kindl mivi tatin to vist. her, h
Alias Jessainie lasa not tile face to accpt it- i,1
nlow a Mhno is Worked. cl
"'I wish you would tell mec al about the (
way mcen get gold andi silver out of a nine,
my diear,'' said a lady in lIrooklyn the h
othier evening to her husband, as lie pleeledl
of his coat and sat, down in three chairs for *
the evening. "'I always thought, they lirst
bored in to the ground with a pay streak until "
they found the shaft,, andl thea they drif- 0
tced for the assessmient, and when they found ~
that they just p~ut a blast in the indications
andI salted the dump. Now it,sems that you I
dion't do it that wvay. You follow up the ~
mnicacious slate uiitil you strike the bias. iP
fold. TIhen you see if you can find a color "
that inatchtes the copper-stainedl trilobites,
that you prospect, ando you "
"No, 1 must, stop) you there'. You are
getting a little off the vein. You provably I
have the right Idea, but you are using terams c
that tire not correct. Atter they get tihe k
-alh rock on the (1ump11 andl pinch out the
night slift, they salt the contact and blat
out the vertical chmilbhahn. Then they di-ift I
for the blossomi rock, baled tiay and pov- V
city till they trike the varicose ven. After ~
that it is a short job to put on the bias-tol ~
and sample the stockholders. Where bitu- s
mtinus duplex bisects the brecaded poirphiy.. C
ry and~ scallops the gogue with cross-eyedl t
shirriingsand1( hi -carbonate 01 bilious colic C
interlaiced with moilre antique wvads of free
coppier and free-ihling erysipelais. Thlus I1
Is not, always the case, however, for indi
rectly or inversely, perhaps more, or scite- I
thing less, as the case may be, amid stilt we
might or aight nt, accordling to whether we Y
did or not, but also besides, if net always,
as already described, perhapuis, yet I
wouni't he positive about anything which
might, be dloubtful."
T1hen Ito laughed a cold, hard laugh, and
went to bed. If thousands would only ex
plain these things to their wives, howuinuch ~
pjleasanter our homes would be.
-Robrt hBueosucceedd to the 1
tih r'tia of stcntlanr1 In the yart 1R8a@ 1
The teaseis winch are used in woolen
iills for the purpose of raisimif the liber
ut of the yarn when the cloth has left tihe
Oi are a natural product, and not an
rtiflcial on1e, as those unac(juainted with
roolen manufacture might be led to sup.
ose, and though wire cards have repeat.
diy been tried for this purpose, these
-asels are still holding their place as the
ally suitable material for oflectually raising
h1e nap without any undue damage to the
A large amount of teasels are grown in
lelgium. They are sown in spring. In
(ugust or September they are transplinted,
nd twelve months after this the first crop
i gathered. The heads must be gathered
efore all the flowers have bloomed, else tile
oints are dried too much and lose their
lasticity. Tile older and drier ones are
lways preferred to the fresh ones.
Tis plant Is found growing wild in Mid
le Europe, but Is then useless for manufac.
irers because in that-state the points are wt
ent. III England the cultivated plant is
rown chiefly in Yorkshire, lussia also
uises a good crop in Poaind and the Uri.
The heads, after having been cut off tie
lant,generally pass at once into the hands of
.1 dealers. Ilie latter, in France, travel in
uly about the districts mentioned above,
ud buy the crops in the field, th price
veragli.g from 25e to 60s per cwt. The
ealer then sorts - the. tense!s, taking out
lose which are crooked, too thick, or
lormeaten; he removes the husks, cuts
te stems to on1(e umiform length, ranges
ien Into first and second qualities, divides
iese again into eight or ten sorts, accord
ig to their length, and packs theim into
irge masks, and sells themi at so much per
,0 0; a cask of the s'nallest size holding
I many as 150,000, while one of the
rgqr sizes only contains 10,000, but all
reigh four cwt. In Russia they are sold
y the cask, In other parts of Europe by
As the teasel is a cultivated production
r the tlust:e plant, it follows that its
alue for manufactutring purposes is en
atnced by careful cultivation. Tile hooks,
'hich are small boat, leaflets of the
o %er, aire generally set vertically iI trans
osed rows, though in the Fr- nch in the
>rm of a spiral round the central cone,
1(d Closer tt the bottom than the top.
'his lealet has a strong rib at its back
'hich is both stiff and elastic; the sides
rn, so to speak, wings, which are att ached
> the x fter centrail core, and thus form
ai elastic spring which enables the liook to
rng back i wurk; each look also leans
rainst its predecessor, so tiat when the
>rcewhich pulls it is too strong, it turns a
tle sideways, and thus lets the resistance
ip off. This is one of the principal quali.
eR of the natural teasel, and has never been
,produced in artificial iitations. In the
,ell grown teasels the hooks are situated
Drizontally, and vertically to th spindle,
hile in the inferior ones they incline as
tich as 40 degrees. -
The French teasols are pretty regular,
ke hook is horizontal, stronger, and longer
at others, and dries better without losing
s elasticity; the Ge man kind is les'
,gular or strong, but on that account is
'ten preferred for fine qtlalities of cloth,
hich require more careful treatnent.
amipiess is injurious to all teasels, which
Ion mould and thus. lose much of their
The Triai of Jeanne u'A re.
After preliminaries that threatened to be
idless, the public part of the trial began I
i Wednesday, February 21, 1431, at eight
the morning, in he great chapel oh the
iateau. The bishop of Bieauvais preaided,
d of the sixty ecclesiastics smm1oni)1iedt
orty-four were present. Three authorized
porters were in their places, and there
erc 8some other clerics, conceailed by a cur
uin, who took notes for the speOcial use of
ie English regenit. There was a crowd of
>ectators, "'a great tumult," in the chapel,
id very little ordier in the p~roceedings,
.t a tinie when lords5 took their dogs anld
iawks Into church with them, and mner
iants made their bargains in thle naUves of
lthiedrals, we iieed not look for scrupulous
)corumif in a court convenedi to try a girl
r the crime of being "vehemenitly sus5
L'ctedi of hiercsy." Th'lat was the charge:
lehementement susp)ete dt'heresie. And
ich ai grand~ tuidt w~as there in the chai
Il thlat (lay that the subsequent sessions
'cie held( in a smaller hall o~f tile castle.
'The prisoner was b~roulght in, freed from
uer chlains, and1( was allowcd to sit. No
rie of tihe imany pens employed iln record.
ig the events of this (lay has given us any
it of her appearance. We have, ind~ieed,
1o enunieration of tile articles of 11cr man11's
~tire, which was made such a hleinlous
iarge again~st her: "The hlair cult rounid
ke thati of young meni, shlirt, breeches,
ouiblet with twenty points reacing to the
nee, hint covering only the top of the
ead, boots and( gaiters, with spurs, sword,
agger, culirasts, 11ance, and( other arms ear
ed by soldiers." This was her eqmpmlIlenlt
>r the field1. She still wore a man's diress,
1(1 doubtless heor persoin showed tile effects
f nuine months' iminnsonmennt, and three
tonths of chains and fetters.
Th'ie presiding bishop toldl 1her to pliacc
ar hlands 111101 the Gospel and( swear to
aswer truly the ques0tions thtt would be
rop~osed1 to 11er. "1 (10 not 1know,'' sid
10, "upon01 whiat you wish to qJuestionl me1.
'erhaps8 you will ask me things which I
Laghi not to toil you."
"'Swear,'' rejoIned tile bishop, ''to tell
10 truith upon whatever may be asked0( 3 ou
mncerning the faith and facts within your
"As ao m1y father a1(n othler," salid she,
and( that (lay after settmig out for France,
will swear willingly ; but the revelations
rhich have come to mec thiroulgh God, to
o one have I relatedl or reveale-d them,
xcept alone to Chalrles my king ; and I
il not reveal thtemi to you though you
It off my hlead, because I have reck ived
lm by a vIsion anud biy secret communilli
ition, with mnjunction not, to reveal them.
etore oight (lays have 1passed( I shall know
' 81am to reveal them to you."
'The bishop ulrgedi her againl and again to1
ike the oath wIthout conditions. 8lhe re
18s(d, andl they were at length obuiged to
lachi theO poInt, and( accept ai hilted oath.
11pon her knees, with both hands liacedl
poni a missal, she swore to answer truly
thlatever mIrghit be asked of her, so far as
lhe could, conecernnp, the comimon faith of
1hristians, bitt no0 more. Being thlen unes.
loned( conicerning her name ando early life,
lie answered thus:
"In my own country I was calk d Jean1
ttoe; sInce I have been In F~rance 1 have
>eenl called Jeanne. As to muy surname I
11nnW nothung, I wmanborn at te miim.
of DIomremy, which makes one with ti
village of Greux. The principal church is
at Greux. My father Is named Jacque
d'Arc; iy mother Ysabelle. I was bap.
tized in the church of Donremy. One of
my godmothers was named Agnes, another
Jeanne, a third Sibylle. One of my god.
fathers was Jean Lingue, another Jeari
Yarrey. I had several other godmothers,
as I have heard my mother say. I wai
bapt ized, I believe, by Messaire Jean Atinet.
I think he Is still living. I think I ain about
nineteen years of age. Froi my mother I
learned my Pater, my Ave Marie, and my
Credo. I !earnedjroi %iny mother all that
"Say yourli Pater," said the presiding
"Ilear me in confession, and I will say
It for you willingly."
Sevural times she was asked to say the
Lord's prayer, 4ut she vilways repelid, "No,
I will not say my Iater for you unless you
hear ine in confession."
"We will willingly give you," said the
blihop, "one or two notab'e menvwho
4peak French; will you say your Pater to
"1 shall not say it," was her feply, "un
less in confession."
As the session was about to close, the
bishop forbade her to leave the prison
which had been assigned to her in the cas
Lie, under pain of being pronounced guilty
A heresy, the crime charged.
"I do not accept such an injunction,"
fhe replied. "if ever I escape, no one
ahall be able to reproach ic with having
iroken my faith, as I have not given ily
wvord to any person whatever." She con -
inied to speam: in language not recorded,
oiiplaining that they had bound her with
,haiiis amd -shackles. -
" You tried several times, " sahl the bishop,
"to escape from the prison where you
vere detained, and it was to keep you muore
.urely that you were ordered to be put in
"It is true," was her reply, "I wished to
et away, and I wish it still. Is that not a
,hing allowed to every prisoner"
31:e was then rcmoved to her chamber,
ind the court broke up. The next morn
og at 8, in the robing-room of the chaleau
-a large apartment. near the great drawing
;oom-,-the church again convened, forty.
;even dignitaries of the 'church being as
embled. Again the captive was itunchained
in( brought in. Again she sal. in the prea
mnco of this. convocation, of trained men,
done, without advqcato, counsel or at
,Qrney. She undersatood the issue between
icrself and them.' Th managers of' the
rial meant to make lFrance believe that
his girl was an emissary of (lie devil, aml
.hus she felt herself compelled to fall back
1poni her claim to be the chosen of God,
mud to insist upon this with painful repeti.
ion. We must bear in mnind that she was
tbsolutely sevemed from all active, eicient
mmian symp .thy. It, was a contest be
,wen one poor ignoraul girl and the man
Lgers of the court, Paid and backed by the
>ower that governed all Engluand and half
rauce, with the stake as the certain con
lequenco to her of an erroneous line of
leiense. In all the trial she was the only
An Amrerican sMell.
The'l most stylish turnout in Florence,
lialy, belongs to Mr. LivlIngstone, of New
York, who drives a "twenty-in-haud."
Vive 'Anierical These twenty horses are
iely natiched in size and color, being all
Yright bay; and they are decked out with
rorgeous harness, loaded with gold plated
:lasps and buckles, of which they seem as
)roud as a young girl of her first ball
The h-ippy- possessor of these liorses,and
LIso of a great mana f)r notodlety, insists
1pon' "holding the ribbons' with his own
iaiids; therefore,as lie is advaincd in years
rnd ir quite feeble, he is fastecned' firmly
mad securely to the high front seat of the
n'iglish ''drag," which lie usually pre~fers,
hough oni grand occasions lie dIrives a'amait
ocach miade after the improved miodel of
lie Londoin Coaching Chaih. Th'esc leather
traps have been added by his faimily quite
ately,and muichi agaiaist tihe old gent leiian '
vill; but hiavinig not long since tunmbled
lit of his pla1ce, to the consternation of hns
Lttendanifts, who picked haim up nioane the
vorse for his full, but very dusty, andl ira a
'tate of towering indIagnationi agalist every
hinig and1( every b~ody, lie has givenl a grudg
nig lasent to their wishes, naturally not dec.
nrhaag to hiteially "bite tia h dst" a secondl
ime. Ihis fondness for notoriety must
ertamaly be gratifled, for .'the band wagoni
if iarnumi's great moral show never ex
:itedu miore attention thanl does the Living
tone turnout. Aai hour ago lie passed any
andowv on his wvay to the Unschmaae, whore
IC shows him'nself on most pleasant after
ioonis. His hiorres p~ranlced and caperedl,
mud the greal golden buckles of their liar
1ess gleamedc~ brightly mi thie sunshlpc.
Two preterunatuiral ly solcmnii fotmein,
:lad in blue liveries, sat with folded arms
11p0n their perch, andl the mainm seats of (lie
1rag were occupiedi simpil~y by asmall,bback
.errier pup,) who amlusedl hiimself by jump.
ng -backward andt forward, vigorously
iairkinig at the crowd. Mr. Livinlgstone
aat aa solitary graandeur, strap1ped securely
nto the coachani's pilace, wrapped in aii
vercoat 1 ied thbroughot, with miagni fleent,
Lueasiamn saables. J lhe fua formed a collar anad
freenl cuffs. A garmienlt which a younag
Xamerican belle lmight, well eiivy him. A
etinue of thirty or forty ragged gammiss ee
orktd him11, commllentinig on (lie poInts of
lie establishment iand waitchinig for stray
>nifessaii, but the owner of all this ag.
ailleence sat. rigidly iiprighat, lis eyes fIxed
pon~i ll frisky leaders, for althioughi lie as
aid to enjoy p~laudits of (lie adiinumg
:rowdl, ie is not given to any unniaecessary
:xpenadituire of copper coins. Th'le people
aal luhim'"I Amaerieaa," or (lie Ami; cana.
Many years ago es cry room had its bell
'o, es. Ttiose in the best? roomi were somei
iiies (lie work of (~he ladiies of thle hiouse,
mid were not, only usefuat, but or namanental.
l'he days of these aippendihages hiavep ;assed
away, andl the bell-rope nao loanger orna
fnents (lie parlor. Aln En~glisha writer hin
dleienbhing an exhibition of artistic emi
broidery says: "'A very decorative apphli.
ueationi of needlhewoi k is to be fond In bel-I!
10ope5, which 1 should be gladl to 8041 more)
frequently lantroduaced, as they offer mucha
mare legitimiate scope for dlecora*tive
nedlework thaanmianay tinmgs to whIch It
lis now applhied. Somec very good spec.
inens are showin. Among them a graceful
Itenaissance design in salmona shades cii
green gold grounid, and a coniventional
desIgn in pale blue on dark blue ground.'
Important baotors in Curing OVeese.
When It is desired to have cheese fit for
use in thirty to sixty days, and have keep
ing quality to last fron four to six months,
renanet anougn should be used to cause
coagulation to begin in night's and worp.
Ing's nilk in fifteen minutes at ninety de
grees, provided it is to be cured at seventy
degrees in air of average moisture. The
amount of mioisture in'curd affects the length
of time requited foi curlugsince whey con
tains four or five per cent of milk sugar,
which Is liable to be changed into lactic acid,
which, as has been staled, hinders curing.
If there is too l ttle water ini the curd the tic
tion of rennet will be retarded and the cur
ing go slowly, notwithstanding there is less
acid formed to hinder its progress. The ac
tion of rennet has been explainerl to be the
action of digestion; to goon well it must have
plenty of moisture. The drier the curd,
all other conditio;ns being the same, the
slower the curing anil the longer the life
time to the cheese. The life of a cheese
mity be prolonged almost iadellnitely sim
ply by reducing Its molsture,with but little
variation in other respects. A cheese which
is a very long time in curing seldon cures
as evenly and as perfectly, and is conse
quently not so easily and perfecty dissolved
and digested, as wti: cured more rapidly.
Lack of water seems to be the principal
reason why skini cheese is generally so im
.perlectly cured and much poorer in quality
than they need be. it would be a safe
rule to leave in water enough to equaal the
weight of easein, no matter whether it was
large or small. When a pound of cheese
Is made from ten pounds of average milk
the per cent. of water and of caseln will
.be very nearly equal.
Anot her important factor in curing cheese
s teiplJaee. A variation to tempera
ture i lie curing room n may be
itade to liirry or retard the progress or
atier the character of the curing. There
is always some particular temperature at
which a cheeae, according to its make,
cures best. A cheese with a tight rubber
like rind must be cured slowly, or more
gas will be pressed in it than can escape
through its ind, and it will puff. A cheese
full of fat must also cure slovly to pre
vent over-heating on account of the heat
developed within it. The inside of a cheese
cures faster than the outside, for the reason
that the outside is drier thani the inside
from the easier of escape moisture,and also
I ecatee the heat developed in the oxidation
going on all through the cheese is given
off, like the moisture, more rapidly from
the exterior than the interior. A. lievso
with but little fat in it oxidizes slowly and
of courbe developes but little warmith. Skim
cheese requires a little watrmer rootu than
one fron whole milk.
Silt enters into tle question of curing,
because it affects the anioulit of water in
curd. It gives firaness and flavor to
cheese, but it absorbs three thnes i1s own
weight in dissolving. A green cheese,then
placed in a curing roin, is affected by the
amount of rennet and moisture it contains,
by temperature,- air, acid, fermentation
and salt, and at the same thne, it may be
added, It has a power of absorbing odors
from its surroundings.
A Novel Fouuing Cradle.
Tis cradle is formed of two triangular
folding end frames provided with foktling
braces and connected by longitudinul rods,
from which the canvas bottom is eupported.
These frames are pivoted at their apex on
the to) of two connected triangular folding
standmards, and are provided with a. crank
for swinging the cradle. A bent rod, from
which a fan is suspenled, is attached to
the bearings of the cradle in such a way
that it moves in a direction Opposite to that
of the cradle when it is swinginr, or the
fan may be operated independently of the
niovements of the cradle. The two trian.
gular frames forming the cradle are pro
vided with pivoted folditig braces and are
suspendted at their apex from shafts
moi~untted tat the apex of triangular folding
stanidatrds which are also p~rovidled with
thie plivoted folding braces. The cradle
ends are connected with each other by rigid
lonigitud Inal rails.' The cradhle frames are
connected by lhe longitudinal bars fromi
which ihe canvas f<.rinit the bottom of
the cradle is suspecnded. Wicker work or
a railinag extends along the a-ides of the
cradlle. The atmft, from wvhich the cradle
is suspend~edl, is pro)vided~ with a cranak for
swinginig thie cradle, anmd with connicctis
for operating the fant. These connections
are niade adjustable, so that the fan may
he mtoved imore or less, and1( provisioni is
mtadhe for awingmtg either cradle or fatn
sepjarately. T1hc cradle may be operate c/
by means of a treadle, or' by a string o r
belt, fromt an adljoiintg roomi.
A lim., a i-amus CmpL16i1.
A short time ago a yolug Itahatn namied
Montinari triedl to cross the Adriatic in a
skiff. A stormi came up, and for necarly
forty-eight hours lie struggled agaitnst the
winds andi~ waves aiid conttinuted to keel) lis
lty craft alltoat, although lie lost an oar
early in his ianvoluntary cruise andh ails
tajined severe huts upoan his head, righlt
foot., chest and bot hands. TIowaird sun
set of the seconid daty, when he had giveni
upi all hope of human axi, lie esp)iedl .afar
off the smoke arising from a steamer's funa
nel. By ashinost superhunmman effort lhe sutc
ceedled in aipproachinig the steamer within
hailhiug distance aind piteously Iaaplored the
captalin to take him on board. . The latter
ad~dressing hun in Frceh, asked hin ''how
much lie would give to be saived,''to which
barbarous qluestioni Montiniari replied."
"'Two hundicerdl (dollars" "Thatl is too
little," rejoined his i nhuan interlocutor,
andt the steamuer proceeded oni hier way.
Elevenm hours hater lhe wast rescued by the
iiiueh ark Jennty.
M~any p~eop~le have to leave their houses
for a time, dutrinig which perlid, especially
in dlamup seasons, tnot only the furniture,
but also the walls atini the paper on lthem
te lible to get (damagd by the imolsture
ini the attmosphiere. Thibs can 1)e avotded
in a simpiJle mannter. Before leavinig the
house the rooms contalamg furnitutre ought
to beo well fastened, to exclude us miuch of
tile iuiter air as possible; a diah' of dry
chioriule of hmne should thaen be placed in
the middle of the apartment, and~ inshIde
aniothecr large empty vessel, lntutee to
receive'the wvater flowing out of the for
mer. Thie well dried chleride of limc hi ta
such an afliity for water that it will at.
tratc' all the moistuiroeconitainied in the
room andl keep the~ air p~erfectly (try, so
that no harm can occur to either furniture,
pap~ers, etc. Care umstyQnly 1be taken to
open dooers and windIoWs V'heni the apart
ments are to be occupied, as, thme dry air is
not. grood for hnnat~hing.
Uruising for Icebergs.
The early appearance of Icebergs in tie
track of Atlantic steamers, and the imint.
nent risk which these wanderers from the
north occasion to navigators and passengers,
again call forth the query whether soie
thing cannot be done to diminish the
hazird of them, If not to destroy them
outright. Commander McKay, of the
steamship P'arthia, suggests that it would
be a zood plan to detail a government
gunboat or two to fqllow one or more of
these icy monsters to study their natural
history after they have ,entered upon their
voyage. A record of such observations,
he says, would be of priceless value to the
navigator, as It wouLd help him to estimate
the probable position of an iceberg, so as
to avoid it after being told of its position
at some previous date. . This would give
value to the now practically useless ships'
reports, signaling, etc. lie suggests, also,
as has been recommended before In this
paper, that gunboats might profitably be
detailed to test the effects of shot, shell,
dynamite, or torpedoes on these ice masses,
and is disposod to think that such treat
ment might very much hasten the dissolu
tion of the bergs. For the benefit of
readers who are not navigators Commander
McKay adds that neither the air nor the
water temperature gives the slightest help
to the navigator in Indicating the neighbor
hood of an iceberg, except perhaps when
there is a fresh breeze blowing directly
over it and in a line with the ship, or when
there is a change of water temperattire
crossing its wake. But in the passages to
and from America it is usual to cross their
track on nearly a rght angle. Consequent
ly this last small factor as a guide to its
whereabouts is lost, In the early part of
last July lie passed within three miles of
an iceberg with temperature-air, 00 deg. ;
water, 61 (leg. In'the latter part of the
saie month, 120 miles north and 100 miles
east of the fornior position, lie passed quite
close to an Iceberg with a steady tempera
ture of air 64 deg., water, 130 (leg.
There used to be in Queen Anne's County,
Maryland, in the days of Judge lopper, of
cherished meiory, an old ollender, whose
Lnme is forgotten, but who, for the purpose
of this story, shall be culled Kildee. This
person was, court after court, brought be
iore J.udge 11opper, charged with fighting
somebody or breaking the peace In some
way. The Judge fined imu.n until lie got
tired and tinally told Kildee that if he was
ever brought before him again he would
send him to jail. Kildee assured the judge
that lie would be Peaceable inl the future.
But when the next turin caine Kfildee was
there charged with assault and battery.
Juelge Hopper, vexed and indignant, re
minded Kildee of his charge only six
months before, and asked him what, pallia
tion he could show for breaking a promise
made in open court. "Yes, Judge," said
Kildee, "I renimber it all, and I expeut
to go to jail. You must kesp your word.
I didn't intend to go buck on you, J udge;
but the way of it was this: This man,
whom I whipped, heard me promise you
that I wouldn't fight any more; and so,
one (lay he net ne, and abused me, and
cussed mae, and called me everything lie
could lay his tongue to. I stood it all,
Judge, for I remiumber what you told me
and what i told you, and I said to him he
wouldin't abuse me in that way if I hadn't
promised J udge lopper not to light any
more. lie then commenced to cuss 'and
abused you, Judge, and I couldn't stand
that. I lit on him and licked him quicker
than lightning. I ani willing to go to jail,
Judge, but if I have to spend half of. amy
time there, no iman shall cuss Judge hlop
per when I'm around, and go off with it.'
Kildee's seitenee was a very short one.
Kusoli your E~ye Open.
Never read, write or sew by gas-light;
it is exceedingly hurtful to the eye.
Always, when possible, uisc a kerosene
lamp, one low enough to enable you to sit
with It iinmiediately undler your nose. Not
only isi this practice recommended by thme
worst, oculists, but, there is also the
dlelicious perfume so grateful to a cultivated
Wh len outdoors aliways protect your
visual organs with colored glasses. lie
sidles being a great ornament to the nose
they preveiit the daylighlt reachiing thme
eye. Nothing is so bad as daiylighit for
Of course you will remove your glasses
when you enter aim artiflcially lighted
room. It is only natural light that hurts.
One of the very worst tihings you can do
for time eyesight Is to tell a man bigger than
yourself that hIs veracity is doubted. One
Instance of this kind hiis often destroyed a
p~ersonm's sight for months.
It is also a (dangerouir practice to use the
keyhole as an avenue of vision. T'he party
on the other side may own a brad awl or
To toughen the eye. it Is recommended
by good authorities t hat onme sit in the steam
ear besideC an opein window. 'I'his, to lie
sure, Is heroic treatnment, lbut if persisted
in time eye will become so tough that
nothing can !)enetrate It, not, even light.
Marrowvfat got, up unusuamlly early the
other morniing, and his wife asked hn If
lie wouldl go out and buy somic eggs for
breakfast, as she had forgotten to ordler
any the night before. Feelin~g omisually
good-inatured, lie answered ini time aflirm-.
"'lut,'' fsaid Mrs. NI., "dlon't go to the
grocer's, they charge twenty-live cenits a
dlozeni for themi there, and they were only
twenty-two cenits at the .butter and egg
Marrowfat, said nothIng, but a quiet
smile playedI to.imd the corners of hIs
imiouthi as lie put on his hat a d went uslt
oh tihe door. Whmen lie returned his lomving
"'Eggs the same price to-.day, my dear ?"
''Well." replied pator' famia, "these
cost, inc thirty-two cents."
"Why, Mr. Mariowfat, what (10 you
imiean ?" asked sihe.
'"Thle grocer's is next door, the butler
and egg store quiarter of a mile away; I
rodle dlown and back; the cheapest things.
my love, tire soimetimnes the dearest,"
chiirpedt tarrowfat as lie buried his head
In. the morniing paper.
M. Leon hianet has succeeded in
bleachIng by means of time electico
light.. TIhie concentrated rays comn
pletely decolorize blood albumin in
t.wnv.foanr honrs, under ordinnary
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
Why Is a nursery a good place for
dancing? Because It Is a regular
We carry our neighbor's crimes in
sight, but throw our own over our
Tf you would never have an evil
deed spoken ol In connection with you
don't do one.
What Is sweeter thanl a sugar hoase?
Why a young ladies" seminery, when
it II full of lasses.
A man is great just In ptoportion to
his superiority to the condition of life
In which he Is placed.
To know how a bad man will act
when-In.power, reverse all the doctrine
preaches when obscure.
When a policeman flaids a man full
he taked him Into the station house and
.his frietid ball him out.
A woman that wears false curls
which have not been paid for, Is a hair
owing sort of an oJ !et.
le will find himself in a gre tt mis
take that either seoks for a friend inl a
place or tries him at A feast.
One should not dispite with a man
who either through stupidity or shatne
less less, (onies plain truths.
Tihe human mil id is like a (Irunukan
peaoan, on horsebtok-prop it on one
stile And It failIs on the other.
You will gaitn a good reputation If
you avoid those actions which Youi can
consure and Ilamoe iIn others.
Life Is not so short but that thewe is
always tIme enough for courtesy.
Self conmand Is taio maiu elegaice.
Blessed be he who gives to the poor,
albeit only a penny; doutlly blessod be
he who a-ids kind w.>rds to his gift.
The moust sure mnethod of subjooti ng
yourself to be dceivea l to consider
yourself more cunning than others.
Wit stands in the same relation to
common sense that palat do.s to wia,t
-it gives the lnuish and preserves it.
if you have talents, ind'istry will
stiengtheni them; If moderate abilities,
industry will supply the dellcienoy.
Men who have the strongest intel
lects have the weakest mlr-)rles; ti,ey
trust more to inventijin than ellma
A man never attalas true greatness
by being perfootly satistliad wi a
the resuit of o:cih (y's work as i,
We suppose wh1en1 a woman has I
the pinl m11on11y sh11 Wats, she has- t
tained the pin a lkel of her Ii pi
Flattery is ofte n a traflic of mutual
meannoss, who:-o although b Ii part
los intend deception, nelti r Is de
If you would be miserable, look
within, If you would be distracted,
look around. If you would be happy,
There Is in mani a higher aim than
love pf happiness; he can dto without
hapVlitass and Instead thereof And
V"Two of a tradi can never agree,'
said the old attago. What nonsense.
How 6ould they m:ike a trade unless
they agreed P
Frien'jahip is the cordial of life, the
sedative of our sorrovs, and the mill
tiplier of our joys; the source equally
of anlimaion and of repose.
Live with your friends as If they
might sonetines become your enemies,
11d11 wilh your enomies as If they
might some timie becomne yotar frlends.
HIunman longings are preversely
obstiato, andl to the man whuose
mouth Is wvatering for a poach It Is no
use to oiler tile lairgest vegeta.ble mar
Thouh .liread ingI anid conversation
may furnish us witih many ideas of
men and( things, yet It Is our own
meditation must for i our Judge
Experience and enthu~lasm are.
muiph like the two buckets of a well;
as the 0on0 rises t~he other sinks,
and they are fotund only for a momenl;
Love does not ahan simply at the
conislousm good of the beloved object;
it isaanot satisfIed without perfect loyal
ty of heart. It alms at its own coin
So much are we the slaves of tile
wvorIld that we sometimes hesItate to
do an aiction whIch is promnpted by the
heairt, fearful that It may be mistaken
b~y others for folly
How ofteni is our dissatisfaction
with tihe world but dlssatisf'aioni wlth
ourselves; and the han Is that woe
tulrned against us, beIng grasped,
prove our own two.
'rho law of the hiarvost Is to reap
more than you sow. Sow an act, and
you reap a habit, sow a habIt and you
reap a character ; sow a character, and
you reap a destiny.
Say nothing respecting yourself,
eIther good, bad or indiferenit
nothing good, for it is vanity ; notinmg
bad, for that is aficotation; nothuig
Iaindront, for that Is sIlly.
Irresolution is a fata habIt,; it is not
viciouls in Itself, but It loads to vice,
creep)Ing upon01 Its victims with a fatal
ity the penialty of wvatch many a fine
heart has paid at the scafi'old.
Polished steel will not shine In the
dark, no more can reason,. however
refined and cultIvated, shline elea
lotusly but as It reflects the lIght of
dilvine truth shed( from heaven.
Humanity Ia the particular chlarac
toristle of groat minds; little, vicious
mids abound with anger and revenge
and are lncaipab~o of fooling the exalted
pleausure of forgiving their enemIes.
If we lIved as we ought to live, and
as wo might lIve, a power would go
out fronmi uts that would make every
day a lyric sermon that should be seen
andi felt by an ever-enlarging audi
if you would be exempt from tin
easiness, do nothing which you know
or suspoot is wrong; and if you wish
to em1joy the purest pleasure, always
do overything within your power
which you know is right.