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TRI-W EEKLY EDITION. WINNSBO1RO, S. C., JUNE 30, 181PSALIIE 8~
AN OLD STORY.
Fliserman John is bravo and strong
None more bravo on the coast than he;
Ile owns a cottage and flehing smack,
As s-ug as ever need be;
And what is truer tban I could wish,
Fislerman John loves me.
Often and often when day is gone,
With smiling lips and eager eyes
lIo comes to woo me. In every way
That a man may try, ho tries
To win mo-but that he can never (to,
.Though he woo me till ho dio,
Fisherman Jack Is a poor man
Ie owns not a cottage nor fis-hing smack;
But a winning voice and smilo is his,
And a brow that is never black,
Why should I break my heart to tell
Blut I love fliherman Jack.
IIe loso not me. but overy mght -
Ilo site at the foot of Kato Mahon,
Never a heart has sho for him,
For she loves Fisherman John
Who cares no more for love of hers
Than the sea he sails upon.
Often we wonder, do Kato and .
That fate shou'd cross ts so cruelly,
We think of the lovers we do not love,
And dream of what life would be
If only Fiisherman John loved her
And Fisherman Jack loved me.
Up in a city garret, on a hot June day,
a weary woman leaned back in her chair
and pressed her flugers against the eyes
tiat refused longer to see the stitches in
shop-work over which she had toiled from
day break till now, 4 o'clock in the after
From the street far below her, a voice
had only that moment soared upward, call
lig "Si rawb rrecs! strawlierrees I Ripe,
red strawberr.es 1"
And, as if by magic, her thoughts turn
ing backward and carried her to Deepdcne,
the home of her youth, and to a certain
lovely June lay In her sixteenth year
when she had stood in the strawberry pas
ture on the Blessing farm, with the red
berries perfuming all the air, and said the
words which severed her fate from that of
Maurice Blessing, and made her life what
itwias on this day, almost hopeless, and a
ceaseless struggle for bread, won at the
How it all rose up before her I The
green pastures sloping upward to the
darker gr .en woods, whose tops seemed to
t inch the deep blue sky, sloping down
ward to the gray-stone wall, with the cold
spring leaping out through the wooden
tronah among its lower stones.
And below the wall, "the thirty-acre
nowing," spread like an immense emerald
velvet carpet, with the two-story cream
colored house lifting its plazzaed front at
the extreme end, just where the shaded
lane began, and led fron the Blessing tari
out into the village road.
Sihe, the poor orphan girl, had been of
fered this comfortable home ; and she had
refused it-for what ? For a dream of
fame, which had left her toiling in this hot
garret, while in the black trunk yonder the
hook which was to have made her fortane,
refused by one puhlisher after another,was
lying, till she could find courage to thrust
It into the fire.
" Scarcely two years ago I ".she sighed,
rocking herself to and fro. "And Maurice
has sold1 the old farm and gone to Colorai
dto; and I am here, lonely, djsappoinited,
oldhbefore my time. Oh, if I could only
live that (lay over again, and lbe as wise as
I am nowv I For niow I know that, 1 love
him-now, whlenm it is fc rever too late I"
Siekening, wvith a sort of calenlure among
those hot city streets, for one glimpse of
her early home, .iester May rose,and wvent
to thie desk where her worldly wealth was
By the closest economy shie had mnan
agedl to lay aside a fcw d'ollairs, for the
gloomy purpose of patying the e*xpensesof
her own sickness and death, when the time
should conme for .her to (lie among strani
From~ this sacred hoard she counted out
a sufficient sum to take her to D~eepdene.
"'I will stay only one day," she thought,
" And I will work all the harder after i
return, to make up the sum again. But,
see D~eepdene, now that it is fairly in my
nihnd, I must I And I wvill take one more
look at the dear old farm befcre it is in the
hands of strangers, and so altered that I
shall not know it."
Trho next day saw her on her way.
Th le flye years of absence had been years
of change to the little village.
A railway whisked her across thme hill
roadi fronm Tlerrington. Once she had made
the journey in a yellow "stage,'" drawn by
four- horses, with .Johni Colney, c ossest
and most disagreeable of earthly stage
drivers, on thme box.
'rhe village, too, was smartened and
freshened up-fhew houses, new faces, a
new Iron fence around the small oval park
that graced the centre of thme towun; new
names abovo thme gilded fronts of tile shops;
a new set of giggling misses on their way
to the new brown-stone academy, whieh
stood where she himd once thought It an
honor to attend the district schlool, In a
plain, one-story structure of faded brick.
No dloubt all these operations were f r
the better; but they made her heart ache
with' asense of loss unspeakable.
And she turned Into the shaded lane that
led only tothe Blessing farm, dreading to
see the old farm desecrated by the stranger's
No; there It stood, as she had always
known t-the very picture of home com
fort the cnte of alu those mnodnst 1nynurkS
that a well-to-do farmer, of all other men,
may most easily command.
But, although the dear old house was
unchanged, its inmates were new and
strange to her. A stout middle-aged man
in a white summer suit, with a broad
brimmed hat and a cigar, sat on the steps
of the piazza, reading a newspaper. A fa_
slonably dressed lady, some years his ju.
ior, swung in a hammock upon the lawn,
lost in a novel.
Several children, in broad-brinuned hats
and brown Holland blouses, were making
the lives of two nurges a burden to them,
further down the lawn. among the elm
trees, where a swing had hung from time
"City" was stamped on every face and
figure that she saw.
Had Maurice sold the place to some re
tired merchant, who would over-ornament
and disfigure it in the modern villa style?
"If one could live their lives over after
they grow older. and are taugat by expc.
rience what Is best for themil" thought
Iester In her sadness, once more.
She wnuld-have gone up to the house
and ask leave to rest and look around if it
had remained in the care of old Farmer
Willian.s and his wife. the tenants of the
But she could not face these prosperous,
happy "city people," who loo ked at her
with their cold curious eyes,and wndered
almost audibly, "what she cuuld want,"
even if they did not absolutely mistake her
ror a "tramp."
"I wish I could have gone through the
strawberry-pasture once moi-e," she thought,
as she turned back towaid the railway
station, tired, hungry and unrefreshed.
At the foot of the lane a gentleman, in
a summer suit of silver-gray, stood leaning
up against the bars, with his straw hat
drawn over his eyes so far that lie failed to
see the stranger's silent approach.
"Will you let iC pass, if .you pleasel"
said Hester, at last, after waiting sonic
He wheeled round, as if she had struck
him, and stured doubtfully in her face.
She uttered a great cry.
"Mauricel Alauricel I heard that you
had -old the farm and gone to Coloradol'"
"iesteri Can this be you?" he answer
"Is your husband with you, Hester?"
"Why, yesl I heard that you were
married very soon after you wont to the
"You heard wrong, Mauricel I have
not bep marod. 1, nuver cvu
"But why did you go, then, Hester?
Why did you leave Decpaene? Why did
you refuse to marry me, if-if there was
no one else in the way?"
She thought of the hot garret, of the
dream of fame that never had been realized
of the unlucky book that was lying in the
black trunk, of the little burial hoard so
hardly carned and saved.
The tears came quickly to her eyes, ob
scuring the honest, handsome face on
which he gazed.
"'Don't cry, Hester," said Maurice Bless
ing, taking her hand. "And tell me why
you (1(diiot imarry me. (lear?"
"Because I was a fool!" sobbed H-ester.
"Is the folly ended?" asked Mauirice,
hiding a simle as lie bent over her. ''Can
not you give me a (dill'erenit answver now,
h~ester? If you cani, we wdml be just the
happiest pair on earth, here on the dear
"fhnt you sold it,and wenit to0 C >lorado,'
saidl Iester, wonderingly. "At least I
"I was a fool,- too, Ihester; for I wvent
to Colorado, anid was quite ready to sell.
But amy brother-in-lIa w, fromi the city,
persuiadied nme to rent it to huim foi- one year
tLiili Ihad time to thmink the miatter over.
When i camne to may senses-althioughm I had
not forgotten you, diarling--I was veiny
glad that, the pioor old1 place was mine still,
and1( 1 camie back, s0ome six weeks ago, to
see it. My sister and( iieir husband and
family go back to the city next week,
stop~pinig at the imountainis on their way. 1
shall be left alone, wvitli good Mrs. Elil
llams for my housekeeper,amid her huband
as headi hired man-- just as I was before.
liester, won't you take pity on me, and
come and share my hionme? I have never
cairedi for any one but you."
I (do not know im what wordls Ilester
answered him. But I see ler (iaiiy in t~he
cream- colored farm-house, time very modlel
of an active, bustling, goodi tempmered far
A RI porteod Wonidermfumi Discovery.
A great dilscovery has beeni made on the
Mojave desert, which scems1 dlestimned to
revolutionize viticulture ini Southern Cali
fornia. It, has beenm found that grape
cuttings imeerted in the trunks of the cacti
on time desertedl ground~ thii lye as vigorously
as in cultivated land. T1his fact~ is of great
iimiportancee to theo people. By the usc of a
chisel a iman .can plant a large vineyardi in
a dlay, and thle vind so planted will climb
the cactus and growv luxuriously without
cultivation or irrigation. Th'le dry, hot
@andls of the dlesert will afford a flne place
for drying raisins. In aidditlon to grapes,
it has been proved that melons, cucumbers,
and tomatoes will grow from cat ts stock,
so that the desefl zmay soon bloom as the
It is not expected that It will be pos
sible for the Italian Antartie expedi
tion to star t before 1883. In the mean
time it Is Intended that Lieut. Hove,
the originator oz the scheme, should
make a preliminary voyage in a Whaler
to the Southern seas
RuOw Tney AM4e0 TsamNsewes an mn
Nnrtit-Stummor Exurskoma up
The lIt ox-President Tioias A. Scott,
of the Pennsylvania t uilroad, did much to
build up this great thoroughfare, and by
'hat means to extend, foster and encourage
the trade of the whole country. To this
work was added that of catering for the
amusement and entertainnent of the peo.
ple-travelers and tourits-and lines are
opened in all directions by which they can
reach prominent and romantic places of
summer resort. Tihe plans hitherto pur
sued will be ag'ain carried out this suminer
by the officers and managers of the Penn
sylvania Railroad, with such additions and
annendments, as will acconinmodate the peo.
ple to a still greater degree. Among the
many lines of summer travel proj.cted by
the Pennsylvania Railroad this summer,
excursions up the romantic Hudson stand
desorvodly preeminent. About the 25th of
Juno, the superb steamer "ltichard Stock -
ton" will be restored to the Ne Nburgh
route. She is now being fitted up in a
complete manner for the sumnmer service,
and will be as popular this summer as she
was in 1879. Captain Bloomsburg will be
at the post of command; there will
be a full and excellent band of music
on board. The restaurant will be
conducted on the basis of popular
prices, and no intoxicating *drinks wiil be
sold on board. These features of the ex,
cursions cannot fail to connond them to
the confidence and approval of tourists
who wish safety, pleasure and profit com
bined in one trip. The Stockton will run
every day, including Sundays, at the low
and popular rates of 1879. She will leave
the Pennsylvania docks at Jersey City at
9 A. M., excepting Thursdays, when her
leaving time will .be thirty minutes later.
The Stockton will stop at Cozzen's Dock,
West Point, in both directions, and passen.
gers will have an hour and a half, at that
point, to view the place and its objects of
interest. She will also remain half an
hour at New burgh, which is full of histori
cal memorials. Jersey City will be reached
at 6.30 P. M. At this point connections
will be made with Brooklyn Annex boats,
and the trains of the Pennsylvania Rail
road.. From Jersey City and Brooklyn,
the price for the round trip will be half a
dollar, and children half that amount.
This will be a delightful summer jaunt,
and the price Is put on such a popular
bas isas to enable all classes to visit and
enjoy the picturesque and varied scenery
of the Hudson river.
le was splendid in his entertainments,
unstinting in his presents to his courtiers
and any one whom he had a momentary
fancy 'o enrich; would pay for poems by
the line in gold pieces, and shower jewels
and precious stuffs upon those who accom
phished the perilous success of pleasing
fim. It is recorded of his Vizier, Yahya
the Barmecide, that he used, whenever he
went out, tW convey with him bags con
taining . nearly a pound weight of silver
colun .pllue Lu dlL iltguut amung poor pco
pie no nugmi meet; anti tth ciipn's lavish
muniilcence was not likely to be inferior to
his Alinister's. Yet Ilaroun left in his
Treasury the enormous sum of 900,000,000
dinars, or ?400,000,000, whence it omp
pears that, fabulous as his expenditure
was, his income was even more astounding.
A comparatively small part of this, how
ever, was honestly conie by. It was this good
Caliph's customl,whenever lie found hiiself
out of pocket, to call his faithful headsman
and order in to "g- to such and such a
person and tell him to send me so ninny
thousand pieces of silver--or else cut off
his head. Where lie removed a Governor,
it was Haroun's practice to lay inunediate
and'violent hands upon everything the de
posed lieutenant posesied-and the labor
ious extortions and peculations of years of
mnfaious government pasesed ini a brief
morng into, not the pockets of thme 01)
pressed tax-payers, but the coffers of the
head extortioner of the Empire, "'tfhe goodl
Ilaroun Alr:,shid." lle asked1 no excuse
for his high-handedl robberies ; lie wantedi
the imoney, and that, was enmouidh. And
this is our old friend of the ' 'Arabian
Nights I The agreeable listener to the
tales of the One--eyed Calenders proves to
be a robber, a murderer, the slaugttherer of
his kindred and( best friends, ia perjured
traitor, a dIruinnard, and1( a debaucithee. In
deced, to assoeiamte with hmimu was to livem
with the Seven Decadly Sins in pecrson.
Ilis onlly virtue was "Lulture"---and~ his
intellectual graces only accentuate his want,
of every noble quality o1 the heart. ie
camne into an Emp~hire such as Alexa'nder
might have eniviedl ; lie goverinedi it, inif am
ously3, and( died in tihe muuist of rebellion
anid disconmteint. lie was given such couni
sel ore anid fritends as few Eastern monarchs
ever possessed; lie tranmpled on them, inas
sacred them, tortured themi, till no0 man
wvoiuh trust hiim, and a slave watched his
dleath -bedl. lie was a mnamn who might
have accomph~lshedl aniythiing ; but, ruinedu
by power, by thme monstrous p~osition in
wich lie was placed, and by the bountdless
Opportunities of gratIfying an unabrid led
sensuality, lie accompllishied not hung. Th'ie
brilliancy o1 his curt has made illn a type
andi a mo:Iel in his writings of' his country
men; but the age was not of his miaking
and the glory was not his, Ile was thme
pivot, upjon which the nmachiniery tutrned
bt lie was not the motive, nor even thme
regulating power. As in the ''Arabian
.Nights," so in actual history, lie was not
the pictuire, but, the frame, lie had the
good fortune to be Caliph at Bagdad when
time golden age of Mohammedan literature
wvas in its first glory, and, lhke Lorenizo deC'
Medhci, lhe de- ves to be remembered for
his share lIn a f.Jat epoch.
iaho Forgave Him.
One day a beautIful woman was dIriving
in thme Strand, London, in a ve*ry low aii
elegant coupe. Th'le street was blocked
for a monieunt, and the noble lady putt her
head out to urge her coalmian to drive
on. Jiist att that instant, a stal wart, coal.
heaver was passing by ont the sidewalk,and,
finding himnelf face to face with her, foumd
no other way to express his adImiirationi
tihain to seize her face between his two
hands ami kiss her, Th~e coal-heaver was
arrested and taken bofore a miagistrate,
where, as may be supposed, the lady de
manmded lisa condign punfshmnent. "Well I
what do 1 care for all tha nunishments in
the world?" cried t~he culprit, ardently.
"I've kissei the handsomest Woman in
the three kingdoms I" Whereupon thme
auger of the fair lady was a ppeased as if
by a spell, and turning to the magistrate
sihe said, coaxingly : "Oh, please let this
poor man go; he I insane, onn e I,"
A Nasty Old Vow.
They were a party of four coupleS com.
ing over on the steamboat Nauecito, to
San Francisco. and the prettiest girl of the
gushers looked up at Mount Tiaatlpais and
"Oh, that horrid, horrid mountain I I
had the most frightful aidventure up there
last summer you ever lieard of. It's a won.
der my hair didn't turn white.''
"What on earth was it ?" chorussed the
"Well, you see, I was up there with a
private pic-nic party, and I wandered off
by myselr, about- a mile, picking flowers.
After awhile I sat down to rest in a lonely
canyon, and before long I heard a queer
rustling sound in sonic bushes right be.
hind ime. I knew' at oaice, somehow, that
it was a grizzly."
"Great Scott !" and you all alone l"
shuddered her escort.
"Not a soul within a pnile of mne. I was
just paralyzed with terrbr. I didn't dare
to stir, but inl a mninute.I heard the beast
coming towardi me through the thicket."
"Oh,if I'd only been there,"said a young
man b: eathing very hard.
"I knew it was no use to try and rin,
and I had heard somniwhere that bears
never touch dead people. 8o I just shut
Iy eyes and held my breath."
"Pretty soon the great brute walked tip
close and began sniffing me all over. Oh,
it was just terrible I"
"Should have thought you would have
"Ohi, I didn't dait to," said the heroine.
"Just then, I suppose, the party rushed
up and rescued you," - said the appalled
"No, they didn't. Z Pretty soon I felt
the great beast pUIling at the flowers in
my hat, so I just got up and shooed the
horrid thing away."
"What, the grizzly.?
"Oh I it wasn't a grizly. 1 twas a nasty
cow. But just supp'ose ic had been a
grizzly 1 "
But. the audience refused to "suppose,"
and the party looked like a Quaker funeral
until the boat struck the wharf.
.zEthelmtur,a monk of Malniesbury in the
eleventh century, as recorded by William,
th clironicleinof his own house, made hinm
self wings after the maniier of Dtedalus,
took flight front the 'tp of a tower, flew,
it is said, for the sp 4e of a furlong, and
then fell and broke hi legs. The reason
that lie gave for his fMilure, was that, be
sides the wings tofly with, lie had omitted
to add a tail to steady his course. He lived
to see and to moralizoIn the comet of 1066;
but lie could have hardly lived long enough
for Wiliam of Malmesbury to have heard
the story out of his own niolith. .tEthcl
minr is not recorded to have done, or tried
to do, anything else out of the coinmon
way. Not so a Sicilian magician of the
eighth century, who, if we may belevethe
local h istoriani, mzelln, flew from innatin.
inuplh to Cantaila. Hle is called by va
rious names-;Diodorus, Heliodorus and
others. Bit he was a wonderful personage
altogether. To begin with he was one of
the very small elites, like Lord George
Gordon, who from Christians have turned
Jews. 'Thien, strange trade for a Jew, he
began the manufactuto of idols, and pop
ular belief assigned to him the well
known elephant carved ii lava, which is
still to be seen at Catania. He turned men
into beasts and did many other magic won
ders, and when he flew it was not out of
scientific speculation, like the' monk of
Mahnesbury, but to escape froni a sen
tence of death. But when he got home lie
found a Bishop who could do greater won
ders still, and lie was burned at last. Are
aiiy of these stories suggested hy the cur
ouis tendeiicy which not a few plel~t have
to dlreamt that they are Ilymtg ? The feel.
inig mi the dlream is mlost agreeablle, anti
some onie mtay have been tenmpted to try to
make it, a reality by (liy. Th'le tiile of
Holiodorus is too much; but there is no
thing incredible ini thie title of Athlelmanr
save his hlying a wvhole furlong. Andi thbis
is the kind of imipiovement which woukti
be sure to get aidded to thie story in the
time between iEthlelii ieer hiimielfI and the
hhstorian who recounts the feat.
Rev. Arthuir Edwards, Edhitor of the
North W estern ('histia Adle'ocato is go.
ing abroai with the intention of seeing
Englanud aind a portioin of France and Scot
land as not, one visitiig American in a
thousand sees those couintrics. lie is a
biycyclist, and will use his bicycle to go
from town to town.
"'I began practiemig," said lhe aboutt six
months ago, anid inow I ride dIown town
every morning and home every night.
When I conunntced~ I was nervous,
couldn't, sleep, and didn't enjoy my food.
Now I sleep nicely, have a good appetite,
and it seems to meiaseif I had a new lease
of life. TIhe Methodist .Ecunmnical Council
mteets ini Lond~oni, September 7. andI it oc
curr'ed to me1 that, instead of waiting until
Llhe adj'ournmnent, and then lookintg about, I
would take imy son Rtobert over with me
and mnike a brief tour on the bicycle, as
little can be seent from a car wmdtow,"
"hlow nuch does a bicycle coast ?"
"WXiii you take thiem with you?''
''No. Th'ley iare to be made att Coventry,
Englandl, and I sent off the order to day."
''When dlo you siu ?"
"'Where do you land1( ?"
"At Glar g.w."
"Di) you start otn your tour fronm there?"
"Yes. We shalh go up to Lochi Lomond,
east to Sterling, north to Dumndee anti St.
Andrew, soulhI to Edenboro, visiting Mel
rose Abbey iand Abbiotsford, and then take
a zigzag course aceross, Eniglandl, visiting
the chief cathiedral towns, iand taking the
bes.'t roiads to Ji/mdon."*~
"Hi ow long a time1 will you spend lie
tween Glasgow and Londlon ?"
"hree or four weeks."
"You will not travel so marny miles a
"No; we will regulate the disetance ac
cording to the places of itterest. We may
go twenty itmies onie day and seventy-live
" llyour travels end at London I"
. N.Iexpect toremain there abiout
four weeks. Then we wIll ride to South
amtpton), cross to Havre, and go through
Normanidy to Piris. Alter stopping t here
two) weeks, we'llI to Dieppe, irecross the
channel to Blrighitoi and return to London,
going thence to Coventry from which
point I shall slhip the bicycle home.
"Will you carry any baggage ?"
"The main portion will be sct from
Glasvow to Lonlon, a small satchel kept a
day or two ahead. We can carry about
fifteen pounds each it a httle bag adapteil
to the hicycle."
''Well, your trip is i novel one."
"Novel in this country, but not in Eng
land where there are hundreds of thousands
of bicyclists; and the commercial travelere
of the northwest are not better organized
than tlicy, and (to not obtain better accom
modations in the towns through which
they pass. "
"W on't you have to take 'pot luck ?"
"No Indeed. There is in every town ii1
England fron one to live little waysid(
1nnP, wih ad proprieters cater to the biy
cHists. They all have on a sign with theni
the intials '1. T. C.,' which meanm
'IBicyclists' Touring Club'-an organiza
tion which numbers from 5000 to 7000
members. I am one of them aind have ii
book with the names of all the mus and of
men who repair bicycles, so that I shall
know where to eat and slee) or to get my
bicycle mended in case of an accident. And
if any one attempts to prosecute me while
on the road, the influence and treasury of
the club will be back of me. Bicycling i
England has'restored the prosperity of the
traditional mus that flourished in the (old
stagecoach days. There Is a t imllar club
In thiscoutry, which was started in May,
1880, and now has 1,500 members.
"Why have you selected the bicycle as
a means of locomotion?"
"I take the trip, not for its novelty, but
for the downright physical and mental
benefit which are sure to follow. 1 under
take it not a1s a matter of sport. 1 ridt
the bicycle not as a pastlirie or toy, but ai
a practical Ilode of conveyance which I
have thoroughly tested to my entire satis
faction. Several of the gravest and m1os
responsible men in Chicago are learniny
because of the beneflts to be derived. At
I said, the exercise made a new man 01
Inc. While there may be a difference ol
opinion about the dignity of riding oii i
bicycle, I would ride it even if considered
disgraceful, because of the positive physi
cal benefit it is t0 mec every (lily of 11y
The volcano Mina Loa, is situated o2
one of I Ie principal islainuds in the 2Sand -
wich group. It has several craters, flC
chief or largest among them being neat
the summit, at an elevation of about thir
teen thousand feet above sea level. Visi
tors t* this remarkable locality agree in
saying that the. many attempted descrip.
tions of it fail generally to convey ill ade
quate Idea of its picturesque and awful
iagUificence. lin its quiescent period it is
a vast burning, boiling, sulphurous pit,
two to three miles in diameter, a lake of
molten lava, whose smoking, bubbling,
heaving surface is a thousand feet below
the most accessible point for the spectator
to stand. No traveler in this quarter of
the world would think that lie had acquit
ted himself in a creditable imannerwho
had not undergone the nrtihuous, toilsome
two day's scramble to this, probably, the
Most sublime aind thriling'of the wonders
of nature. Mauna Loa has of late years
had a frequent succession of eruptions.
T'he present one is the ninth on record
during the past fifty years. They gener
illy continue through a twelvemontlih, and
when the er ruption is it its inost vigorous
stage there is nothing on the face of the
globe to rival it in the prodigious volume
of its fiery splendors; a mighty and gor
geous pyrotechnie display, beside which
the grandest efforts of Vesuvius or 4tna
or Ilecla would fade and be unnoticed. A
colunn of flamne froi this crater Is told of,
ai least, a mile In diameter and sev'en hun
dred feet In height, irowing its pale I1
:ninaition Oin a1 dark niighit, over the whole
islandt and for nilles outl, across the sur*
rouzicing waters. TIhen, of a river of lava
of a white heat, five miiles broad. lowimg
to ward the sea, distant sonic sevent y miilee,
and1( at tiimes falling over pr-ecipjices in cas
ciades of living fire. Othier things are re
lated also1, fr'oii all of which it, would seem
that, Manna Lou preseiits just, no(w iitt-rac
tlins siuflcient to repay the trouble oIf a live
thousand miles ocean voyage, even to uin
ronimntic A mnericans who have the reaiite~i
imians andl license. These islands ai-e eni
tirely of volcanic origin anid formation.
TIhey arose in ai night, a1s it were, out (of
the dlepthis of the sea ; they are liable at
aniy time, say the geologists, to sinkl in a
ighit, like another Lost, Athantis, into
whence they came.
Trout ,a142 coOikreachll.
No soonecr the thought than the rotd 1s
put together. Tlhe finest giut bottom is
attachied, a No. '7 hook thereto spliced,and
a1 cockroach liglhtly impaled. Bly staindIng
on the crown of a willow, somle l5 yards
off, I could see the head (of my quiariry,
though lie could scarcely see me by reaisoni
of the natural exigencies o1 the laws gov.
ornilng refractimon and reflection. Very
quietly I let my bait dlowni ;n the waler,
and1( paidl out the line line to within 3 feet
or 4 feet of the nose of the trout. Now
had1( arrIved the tine for finessmng. With
the ultmlost, circuimispectioh, with a slow,
fluent, gliding motion, the cockroach was
lowered on--onl--on-till within a few
inches of the fish's mo(uth. Then l with
dtrew it, as If to take it entirely from the
water. No inotice took lie. My heai t again
failed mie, well nigh, ait least, for 1 1had(
triedl by thIs tiiie persisiently for 80ome
weeks to capture thIs lordly fIsh, and as
eachi failure was added to its predecessor,
my desire of p~ossessin natturally grew
greater andi greater. hlowever, I very,
very gently moved up~ a few yardls, and
aainii watched the baIt dlown towardh the
stolid fish. ThIs tune the cockroach had
suink dbelper in the water, and1( with a sort
of chuckle I watched it grad'ually app.-oach
his m1uztzle in the same11 plane, and1( not as
before, rather above. As it niearedI him1,
to miy meixp~ressible joy, I saw bIs unmder
lIp shuow as If it had, b~y some mechanical
1impuLlse connected with the bait, auito'niatI
cailly miovedl. Nearer passedl the [bit on2
wardl, the jaw lowered yet., and1(, like a
chlildl taking a sop, like an unfledged bird
takinig a wormi, it passed behInd the plor
tals of that pohished head, With suippress
ed breath and1( palpitalting heart I coulntedl
onle, two, three, four, five--then, with a
side movement, I struck ; .not violcntly,
but swiftly ;..not mightily, but strongly,
Ye gods, lie was hooked, and out yardis i
the stream lie spled I Of course lie was only
landed after the ulsuatl interregnua'n of
splendid struggling, and I becamie the hero
of the hour in the possessIon of this spleu.
A Taste of Maino Birch.
'lhe traveler and caiper-out In Maine,
unless he penetrates its more northern por
ion1s, has less reason to remember it as a
pinc tree state than its a birch tree state.
'lhe white pine forests have melted away
like snow in the spring and gone down
streaii, leaving only patches here and
there in the more remote and inaccessible
parts. The portion of the tate I saw, the
valley of the. Kennebec and the woods
about Moxie lake, had been shorn of its
piins timber more than forty years before,
ai is now covered with a thick growth of
spruce and cedar and various deciduous
trees. But the birch abounds. Indeed,
when the pine goes out the birch comes
iI; the race of men suicceeds the race of
giants. This tree has great stay-at. home
virtues. Let the sombre, aspiring, mys
terious pinc go; the birch has huenble
everyday usmes. In Maine, the paper or
caiwe birh is turneed to more account than)
any dther tree. Uncle Nathan, our guide,
said It was 1nnde especially for thecamper
out ; yes, and for the woodman ani
frontierman generally. It is a magazine,
a furnishiuig st')re set up inI the wilderness,
whose goods are free to every comer. -The
whole equipmiletit of the camp lies folded
in it, anld comes forth at the beck of the
woodman's axe; tet, water proof roof,
boat, camp itensils, buckets, cips, plhtes,
spoons1, napkins, table-cloths, paper for
letters or your journal, torches, candles,
kindling wood and1 fuel. The canoe birch
yields you its vestments with the utlost
liberality. Ask for its coat and it gives
you its waistcoat also. Its bark seeili
wrapped aboit it layer upon layer, and
comes off with gient case. Wo saw many
rude structures and cabins shingled am
sided with it, and hay stacks capped witli
it. Near a maple sugar camp- there was a
large pile of birch bark sap buckets-each
bucket made of at plece of bark about\ a
yard Square, folded II) ats a tiinian folds
Ill) a sheet of tinI to inake a square vessel,
the corners bent, around againat the sides
and held by a wooden piin. When, one
diy, we were overtaken by a shower in
tiaveling through the woods, our guide
quickly stripped large sheefs of the bark
ft Iomi a near tree, auill we each had a perfect
unibrella as if by magic. When the rain
was over and we illoved Onl, t wrapped
mnine about me like it large leather apron,
and it shielded my clothes from the wet
bushes. When we mine to Ia spring, Uncle
Nathan would have a birch bark cit) ready
before ally of us could get a tin one out of
his knapsack, and I Whin.k water never
tastes so sweet as from one of these bark
clips. It is exactly tile thing. it just fits
the mouth, and i, seemisto give new virtues
to the water. It makes 1me( thi'Sty UOW
when I think of it. III our camp at Moxie
we made a large birch bark box to keep
the bitter in ; andl([ the butter in this box,
covered with some leafy boughs,. I think
iiproved InI flavor day by day. Maine
butter needs something to mollify and
sweeten it a little, and I think birch bark
will (1o it. III camp Uncle Nathan ofteni
1rank his tei aid coffee from a bark cu);
the china closet in the bireh tree was al
Ways hafidyf,"iid our vulgar tinware was
generally a good deal nixed, and the
kitchen maid not at all particular about
washing. We ill tried tile oatmeal with
the maple syrup in one of these dishes,and
the stewed mountain cranberries, using a
birch bark spoon, and never found service
better. Uncle Nathan declared he could
boil potatoes in a bai'rk kettle, and 1 did
not doubt him. Instead or sen-ing our
so0(l napkills anhd table spreads 1" the
was hi, we rolled then u) ini. candles and
Vrches, 111141 drew daily 111)011 0111' stores inl
the forest for. iew olies.
'The rouite betwoeii Jhston and1( New
York by waly (of NeIw l ~Veil had just been
op~enled and( 1 was occupying a seat with
Mr. Webster wvhen the' cars stop~ped at the
latter city'. Mr i. Webster wais not qulite3
wecll, and, saying lie thought it wVoutil be
prudett to take some1 briandy, askedl me to
aiccompljany himl ini suec of it. We ac
cord'(ingly enteired a bar-room niear the stat
tion, and the ordler was giveni. Th'le at
tenldanlt, wvithiout, lookinug at h's cust,Imeri,
mnechi'nically tooIk a decanter from a shlfI
belhind him and laIced it, inear someI glasses
on the ('o~iiter. Julst, as Web~ster was
ablouit to help himself, the bar-tender', hap
peninig to look up, startedl, as if he imd1(
sen a spirit, aniid cried " Stop) 1" with
great vehemence, lie thben took the de,
canter from Webster's hand; replaced it oni
thle shelf freim whence it ciamle, aiid disap1
pearedi beneath the couniter. Rtising from
thee depths1, lhe bore to tile surface anl old(
fitshioned black bottle, which lie substitut
ed foi' the decanter. Webster p~ouredi a
smalll gmant ity into a glass, dran11k it off
in great relish, and threw dlowin a half dol
lar mn paymienlt. Th'le barkeepur b~egani to
fumble inl a dirawer of silver, as if selecting
some siinaller pieces for change, whereupon
Webster waved his hand with (dignity, and
with rich iand authiori tative toiies p~ro
niouniced these wvordes: "'My goodt friend,
let 1me( offer youl a piece (of advice. When -
ever yeu give that good brandiy from tunder
the counter, never take thme trouble t~o
maike chanrge." As w~e turned to go out,
the dealer14 lauced one hand uphonl the bar,
threw hlimiself over It, and1( Caughit me by
the arm. '"Tell iie who that man is !' lie
cried1, with geuinie emnotionl. "lie is
Daiiiei Webster,'' I anlswered"'. TIhe~ mail
p~ausedi as if to find( wvords adhequate to con.
theni exclannied1, hn a fervent, half-whisper:
"'By heaven, sir, that man should lbe Free
1(dent1 of tihe United States.' 'Thie adhjura
tionl was strongeir thunu I have written it,
but it, Was inot ultteredi priofanely-t, was
simpilly- lie eiiphlasis of ain overpowerinig
Fincis A bout, Sahara.
Rt'cently D r. Lenz, who had just returin
ed from an~ expedition across Sahar'a deosert
to T1imnbuetoo, gave a lecture biefore tile
Pais Geographlheal Mociety. D r. Lenzs de
c,slively co1ndemuhs ats impracticable the pro
ject of flooding, the Sahaera. The fresh~
water fosade, which are mlet with in many
plarts, sho0w that tile Mahiara is nlot the b ot
tom1 of ai dried upl sea. Trhe temperature
is not neia-ly so hot as might, be expected ;
wildi beasts arc rare, and thle most formiid
able enemies to be met with are 111( Tlour
aeg tnbes, who, according to rep~ort, have
recenltly liassacredl the F~renchi sataran
Expedition. On the whole, the impres-05
sion is conveyed tha~t the Sahara is not
half as black as it has been paintedl, and1(
that it is entitled to an apology from the
entiro civilized worldt
Tiho Nense of Smeil.
An old author speaks of a monk at
Prague, who, when anything was given
him, distingulshet ,by smelling, its qualil
ties, and to *hom it belonged, with as
inuch certainty as the best-nosed dog.
There is also on record an individual who
could distinguish his own watch, from
smelling, from that of other individuals.
and could very readily detect with which
hand any person opened the door of a
room, by the smellleft on it by the brass
handle. It was said of the above monk,
that he could accurately distinguish, by
this means, the virtuous from the vicious,
and particularly the unchaste. He was
much devoted to the study of natural phil
osoply; and among other things lie had
undertakeu to instruct mankind, with pre
cepts, on the sense of smelling, like those
we have on optics and acoustics, by dis
tributing, into certain classes, a great num
ber of smells, to all of which he- had given
names; but an untimely death cut him off
in the midst of these curious researches.
The guides who accompany travelers i
the route from Smyrna or Aleppo to Baby
lon have no signs in the midst of the de
sorts to know the places they are in; yet
they distinguish with certainty- even at
inidnight at what distance they ara fron
Bal~ylon, by only smelling the nand. Per
haps they judge of (he distance by the odor
exhaled by the small plants or roots inter
mixed with the saind. Physicians, in vie
it iug the sick, even before they have seen
thei, frequently forn opinions froni cer
tain prognostios, such as the cadaverous
smell that often betrays itself on entering
the chlinibersof the nfillicted.
It has long beeni supposed that (logs can
foretell the death of a sick person, which
they do by long continuous howling. An
anonymous author says, "In this respecl,
dogs are more sagacious than men, being
attracted by the sniell of death, and often
seeining, before the patient has expired, to
demand their prey by a continued howling.
A lady of iny acquaitance had i favorite
.nionkey, and the mnkey, in return for
tie kindness of his mistress, was so do
votedly attached to her, that lie would
searcely ever be induced to leave her. But
hit! nice siell in discovering the approach
of contaglious distempers wa; remarkable.
The iensles became epidemical In the
country; the lady fell sick of them; and
what, is very remarkable, she was aban
doned by her favorite monkey some days
before there was any indIcation of
her approaching illness. From all the cir
cuistances, there could be but ltile
doubt, but lie had a foreknowledge of this
event by smell. No sooner, however, did
she recover, than the monkey retur ,ed
with the same fondness and famili rity
which he used to manifest towards I be
fore her malady. Bome time after ards,
this lady had a sight fever,'but thout
any appearance of malignity, and, hat Is
curious the monkey continued w her as
a constant companon. The pie ure which
different individuals experiei e from vari
ons odors often depends on an oquired taste;
and we find this .in a greater or lesser de
gree national. The Turk.s, Persians, and
Arabians delight in the efiuvia of opium,
which to European taste is nost disgust.
Ing. The natives of continental Europe,
whether malo or female, have long had a
fondness for tobacco smoke, which, com
paratively speaking, is little relished here
by either sex. Some persons are delight
ed with the smell of rose, while others
cannot endure it. An Instance is recorded
of a person who fainted whenever subjec,
ed to the smell of celery, and another who
took a headace whene ver she sat near a
pine-apple at table. Some savage nations
experience high gratiflcation at the smeli
of assalmtida, which Europeans consider
the most natiscous snell in nature.
Very manny persons (10 no't properly care
for their feet. T1hey use cotton stockings
and thin shoes ini wiinter; somelltiines they
sit, perhaps for hours, with their feet
damp aind even wvet. Ii is not unifrequer~t
for females to go about theIr household
work half a day at a time with feet mnade-.
quaiitely protectedt, while the cold currents
of air cause a temperature forty dlegrees
less near the floor than overhead. Bonme
pecople become so habituated to cold feet
as not to feel the "chill"-the long-con
tinued cold having contracted the blood
vessels and1( destroyed the propelr sensibili
ty of thme iierves. Not a few persons go
to bed in a cold room with the feet still
cold, to have them yet further chilled by a
cold bed. Now, the feet, sustain a close
nervous relation to the rest of the body.
llence it Is thiat the physician applies heat
to the feet, to relieve a congestedi brani.
Th le feet of one whose legs are paralyzed
wihll kick when tickled, thiough the personi
is not conscioius of the tickliing, nor, ex
cep~t by sIght, even of the kIcking. Trhi.s,
indicates, too, one of the reasons why a
rusty nail in the foot, causes that fearf,il
disease, lockjaw. Ghood health canniot be
enmjoyedi unless the blood circulates warin
and1( strong through the extremities. Moth
ers should see to it that their children 's
feet are well clad, and should, from t',me
to time dlurhig the (liy, remove their.
shoes to make sure that they are warm.
They should further traiin themil to right
u(10as and habits in this respiect. With all
persons the rule In winter shoul be
woolen stockinigs and tlhicksoled shoes,and
rubbers in wet, weather. Extra somes,
whether of cork, felt, or event thick past.e
b~oardi may lie uised to great, advantage.
Slippers or shloes that can he easily re
muovedi should lie worn about the home.
If the feet arc permanently cold from the
shirinkaige of the blood vessels, this will
tend to enlarge them againm. In such cases
they shld~ be0 soaked every night for a
tIme inl quite warmi water.
A distingniishied phlysiclan who hiad
spent, mnuch timo at quirntino, said that
a personi whlose head was thoroughly
washed every (lay, rarely took conta;ious
diseaser, but where the hair was allowed
to becoinie (dirty and m nattedl, it was .hiardily
possle~l to ecapeI) inifectioni. Many people
find speedly relief for sick headache by
washibg the hair thoroughly in weak soda
water. I have known severe cases almost
wholly cured in ten minutes by this simple
remedly. A friend finds it th~e greatest
relief in cases of "rare coIls," the cold
symptoms entirely leaving the eyes and
nose after one thorough washing of the
'hair. Tho: head phould be thoroughly
dIried afterwards, and not exposed to a,
draught of air for a little while, . .