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TRI-WEEKLEDITON, INNBORO .CJUY4,81. ESABISN j85
TIlE PATH TO SUCCESS.
e path to success, tho' no smooth thoroughfare,
forbidlen to none, 'tis as free as the air;
It many who boldly set forth on the track,
the journey's half o'er shrink ignobly back.
r the phantom of Failureoft looms on the sight,
)lose terrors unreal the timit] affright,
d obstacles many a wayfarer daunt,
hich those who persist rarely fail to surunotint.
efforts spasmodic success is ne'cr won,
ut only by plodling untiringly on,
hose who lag by the way ever seek it in vain;
hey alone, who keep mnoving, the end can attiin.
or when to a halt lack of energy lends,
he bourne of success front the traveler recedes;
ore remote itbecomes at each neetilesm delay;
nld on Itope's far horizon at length fadtes away.
von Genius, unbacked by a resolute soul,
ust ever fall short of the coveted goal,
here plain Mediocrity often arrives,
v ecause for Its object it ceaselessly strives.
IPlwon be earnest, undaunted ; If you'l win success
long the rude pathway unceasingly press;
et no obslacles stay you, no hardshIp appall,
delhant, of failure, you'll not faill at all.
By all means insist upon Mr. Carrol's
ming, Ralph-it would hardly be a
uceas in my opinion at least vithout
nim. If Mr. Carrol will only comi and
V e pleased -with us all, and especially
Cunningham's son Ralph inter
ipted her just a little indignantly.
" Mother, aren't you as*haned ? For
ost would not come near the house even
o oblige me if he thought you meant to
iagle for him because he happens to bo
oh, handsome, and desirable. Still I
iaHI lie would take a notion to you, only
porfectly despise fishing.
Ralph -wont off in search of his friend
Carlol, to find him in his rooms, stand
'ng before a marble top table, oil which
,ay a parcel lie had. just opened and
Vhich contained a white milk slipper
'nost ox(ttisitely shaped ald daintily
"A woman's slipper on your table,
iCarrol. Where did you get it?"
Cunnini[gham picked it up curiously,
diniringly, and laughed amusedly.
" I picked it up on the deck of the
Oat yesterday; that I have fallen in
ove with the woman who can wear such
.L aristocratic slipper-and that it is
A~ enceforth my business to find its fair
wner, and to lay my fortune, my name,
'"ny heart, at her feet."
Ralph laughed and replied
My inuer and sister send their
Warim regards, inviting you, and hope
ou have not quite forgotten your old
*Uriends on whon you used to call years
ago, when Julio was quite a child.
iThore is to he a week of fun rampant to
celebrato Julietto's twenty-first birthday.
Do connont,and have your valise packed
in time for the five fifty-five train."
"You offer a terrible temptation to a
fellow, Cunningham. It's just here
Ralph. If I stay, I shall lose no time
finding my other slipper and its owner
and wearer, if I go down in a (uiet little
Soo hero, Carrol I By Jove, what a
fool I am I My sister is noted for her
pret Ly foot, and I am dead sure she and
'Jessio came to the city yesterdlay, and~
.ton to one she bought slippern for the
Senter tainment, and a hundred to one she
lost one of 'em ; it's just like her."
"Your lovely little sister Juliette,
w~hom I remember had the p)rettiest of
faces and fairest of forms whten I saw her
agt~lot's- seo='-nLarly six years ago.
Bless you, Cuninighamll, I'll go."
"~'And take the lonely unmated slipper,
-Carrel, by all means."
- 'By all mnoanal, and Cupid bless mne in
Stihe hunt for my Cinderella."
And at five fifty-five the train carried
the two handsome men, toward Cliilawn
And that isJulietto Cunmningrham.
And looking through the intervening
room between where he sat andi inito
wih h~tle was conscious,both by hiearing~
and feeling, thmat a wvomanl was coining.
Mr. Carrel saw a slenider,graeful exqui.
sito girl coinlg rapidly towatrds him all
unaware of his presenice.
A girl with a face ias pure and whiite
a ivory, with mnagnific~ent dusky hair,
and heavy straight brows.
'. Justt then in dismay a laughing little
misch ief of six or~ seveni came rutshiing ill,
ciula and sash flying, white teeth shin*
iug and blue1 eyes flashing.
''0 1 Mr. Carrol, iencse, lelase hide
Sme? Ralph said you wvere here, and
Miss May wanita mue to practice, andI
wnt prciowe we've got compatny.
fMamma and Julie arc comning, I heal
om ;i they'll neind me off to' that horrid
o1l iano-o~hl, please let me stay cause
I like you."
(,Carrol laughed andl put his arm reas
sungly around the child's waist.
"You haven't told me who you are,
butt I canl gulesa ; you aWo Jessie, arent'
you ? lint who is Miss May ?'
He drew the 5lunnyi little head to hi;
" 0h 1 sihe's my gov'mnes,and-ohmain'
sholm sweet? I just love her, Mr'. Cari
''Then I am jealous."
S the looked gravely at him.
" Well, I'll love you too, if you'l
promise you won't tease mo'aind pull mn;
cerla like Ralph does, nor-"
-Amnd Mra, Ctminghan1 sailed in rust
linig her back silkn. sidita, and greete<
him effusively, while Juliotte, chiarming
17 ~ frank, welcomed him ardently, an
thought if only the Fates -would be pro
And Jessie was sent off, pot liste t4
the horrid piano.
" And tell Miss Dazian not to let yox
return until I send for you, Jessie."
So he had the name at last-Mal
Dazian, and that was the boginiling
when Juliette Cunninglian saw his ad
miring glances whenever Miss Dazia
CILme0 where he was5, and his courteoi
attention when it was required of him.
" It is outrageous, Imamnua absolutell
appalling, the way Jessie's governess al
lows the guest of the famuily to flirt witi
her. Why, she surely ought to kno'
better than to lower herself so. If yot
don't tell her, I certainly shall if I mc
any more of it.
And the very Samie lay because shl
met Carrol and Miss Dazian and Jessi(
stanlding oil the balcony enjoying thi(
brilliant mid-winter sunset, Juliette tool
it upon herself to administer a ver3
sharp caustic rebuke.
Jessie will catch cold Miss Daziim
You ought to know better than to hc
standing here. Don't let me have the
necessity of reminding you of your dut
And Carrol set his teeth together tc
see the look of wounded pain that swep
over May's sweet, patient, proud face,aF
Hithout a wor1, sh took Jessio's hand
and led her into the house.
That evening for. the closing of the
various birthday festivities they had n
tableau-the closing event of the even.
ing-Cinderella, inl four scenes. In ti
first, May Dazian was obliged to take
the part of the ragged wretched heroine,
at Carrol's grave, positive request.
It will require two ladies to repre
sent the character," he explained. "One
as Cinderella before the fairy transfor
mation, and one after. And in the last
scene, wvhere the prince fits the slipper,
it would take so long to change the cos
tume that the effect would be destroyed.
Miss Dazian and Miss Cunningham iare
nearest of a size, and the face can ie
averted in Miss Dazian's part."
So to oblige May Dazian allowed her
self to be dressed in an old ragged for.
lorn dress, 'Juliette was most gorgeously
arrayed in the golden tissue and azure
that became her so well, while, by
common acclamation, Forrest Carrol
was chosen the fairy prince.
And so there came little rmiy-r
Yearning pain mll sweet May Dazian 's
heart as she tried to put him out of hem
heart, into which lie had gone and
throned himself, despite herself.
Then came the final scene, when
Juliette extended one dainty, silken
stockinged foot on the crimson cushior
held by a courier, while the princ, o1
bended k(e, triumphantly fitted the
Only it didn't fit, and it was almios
more than Carrol could do to gravely
contain himself while Juliette made des.
perate little plunges to get her foot'ir
the slipper he produced ; and then t<
see the look of chagrin on her face at hem
You bought a child's shoe, Mr. Car
vol. It's not meh too large for Jessie. '
Juliette whisperedl her angry little
comp1lainlt just as the curtain went down,
Carrol laughied and shook his head
he had no0 time to answer for there was
just bgarely time for Julhiette to fly off th<o
stage anid May Dazian to take hei
Amid then the eurtain wvent upl, with
Maty standing suirrounded by the court
iers, one perfect foot extended, exactli
fitted by the slipper, and her sweet faci
full of a sad surprise that found word:
after th e lurt ain went (1own flually.
"Where did you get my slipper ?:
lost it ov'er a week ago, anid T have look
ed everywhere in vaini. Anid now to 11w
it on my foot!"
"1Thie hour I found it T thought 1 los
my heart. to. the woman who ownel(d it
May', but I lost it more hiopelessly th
hour I found you my little girlie. I lov
you. Tell me here, now, may 1I he th
veritable prince who may bieautify an<1
p~ossess your life ? Sweet, your answer.
And after due time it was very dmis
creet ini Mr's. Cunniingham and .Juliett,
to be exceedinlgly gracious to Mirs. For
rest Carrol, whose life huas bleeni like th
realization of the fairy story ini whiic
her happiness was told her.
Thie lmica chJiefly meit with in com
mierce is of thait variety which is proe
against aicids and intense hleat. I:
tougfhne'ss, elasticity, and close apprIonel
to transp~arencey natuiral ly led, at first, t<
isuefrwiindows, anid esp~ecially to it
emlployment in laniternls. It is found i
large (inantities in Northermn Carolinn
wvhere there are( uminptakeni evidence
that some of the beds . were wor'kedl
great many years( ago. Th'le fiuier sheet
of touigh mica aire now ulsed for such pm
poseos as the dials of compasses, the Iei
bering of faneysgins, coverinig phot<
graphs, conastrulctmig inmplh shades, r(
flectors, etc.' Of late mica has been use
in the soles of hoots anid slioes, as a pro
teetioni against .dampness. Tihe invem
tion conassts of a sheet of mica embmed(
ed in the boot or shoe between the oult(
and11( inlner sole, the uipper' leather lppin
over its edges, and(1..covering then uppt
a pace from the toe to the~ instep. Ther
are many other uses to whuich micaj
- pu~t, and it is beoimng more anld mci
i valuable as the arta Iantc~tradeR progres:
Mercy is ,sometimes ani insult 'to jo:
ANlitic Opiuan Smnokers.
A correspondent, traveling in PersiI
writes ats follows of the chief vice of me
of that part. of the world : "After ui:
per of boiled rice plentifully greased,th
111011, of whom some eight or nine wer
present commenced smoking opium,
vice frightfilly pre(alent inl this part c
tle World,Its on1e cani1 see froin the (urs)He
lIke complexion, and dull, leaden, vain
pire-liel stare of the eyes of half th
people 01on eets. Even here in Kelat
inl the roomi -where I amn writing tlis
three men are diligently plying ani opiun
ka/iun. They lie at. full length on thi
floor, their he itads together on the 1sam
pillow, their feet outward, like thi
pokes of IL wheCel. Close to the pillo%
is a small cirilar table of alabaster i
foot wide, and raised five inelisH fron
the grdund. Oi this is a,snmall laminp o
the 1ame material, fed with butter. Thi;
is covered by a glass bell about sevel
inchies high, its edges resting on thre
Smll col)pr coils, 0 11 to allow air t
eliter. III the top is a small hole, houin
with brass. The flame com8 within i
couple of incies.of this aperture.
piece of opium am large ats a good-size<
la is stuck on1 a point of i kind of imett
bodkin, and held over thle flame. It i
repeatedly melted and tempered beford
beiig smoked. The 01)opim ipe1) c018oist.
of 1a1n earthen or imetal pear-shaped bulb
aout tile size of a boy'S peg top. In tll
b)road (nd is inserted a woodme tube, tei
or twelve inchei long. In the side o
the bulb i a efy s1mall hole. A piec
of roasted opim-n1 is placed oil this hole
and pierced with the bodkin, 0 11 to ah
low the pissage of air. The smoke:
holds the opium thusi placed over ti
aperture in the glass bell, and inhalei
the smoke, a companion all the whih
turning aind manipulating the( opiun
with the bodkin. After half a dozei
whiifrs the smoker relinquihlies Hie ap
paratusm, and sinks4 back inl a semilethar
gie state. My head is dizzy, and I fee
quite sick from the heavy, sour-smellini
fumnei which pervade the apartment..
caln not very well ask then to stop or g<
out, as I am1il their guest. It is singulai
that while this vice is so univorsal among
the more easterlv 'ircoians it is aMos
entirely luknowln among the Turconaimi
of the Atterek and Caspian littoral."
Huated by anl Elihunt.
"When I first went out to India," sik
the Major, leaning back ill iH Chair
"1our regimlent was stationed at some oul
of-the-way place lp)- country, where bi
gauie of every sort abounded ; and ]
heard nothing else talked of at 8ess lar
tligelrs and bears, till I felt quite insig
niileant at being the only on1e who hal
never shot aniything worth talking about
"'My great 111bitiOl in tho8e days wa
call 1. tefll oi'1'it i -wan J1
thing to be had. Our fellows 8soo fount
out my fancy, and, as you may thillk
they made fun of it most unimercifully.
"So one night I took miy 'elephan
gull,' stole out without being 8een Ia1
anybody, and made straight for a hollov
hy the iivor side, where the beasts wer
fond of coming to drink.
"I watched for a good while withou
seeing any sign of them, and was begin
ning to get very tired, and rather su1lk;
to boot, when sulddenly I heard a distaii
crashing among the thickets, and then i
sound like the blowing of a enicket
trumpet, which I had heard too often t
iistake for anything but what it was
the cry of the elephant ! Biure-( enouglh
in another minute the huge black mas
stalked out from the shadow of the fores
into the full splendor of. the moonligh
right past the tree in which I wa
"I~ had heard that the best spot to n
at was the forehead, just1 ablove the tr-ulk
and11 8) I did ; but being ill a hurry t<
miake sure of miy gamell, I fired wik1lly
and of course8 mlade a bad shot1. A 1)a1
one0 it wias for me1 ill every sense0, fe
ins~tead1 of the forehiead,my bullet graze<
the trunik itself, the tenidei'est and1( mIos
sensitive sp)ot in an1 elephant's b~ody.
'"Thei momen10t he felt the smiart of tht
wound he Het up1 a scream11 that won
thr'(mgh my1 head( like a steam whlistkI
and( came11 charging right down upon01 111
Bang!1hecam againist the tree like a
expr1ess tr'aini, withi a sho0ck thiat almome
knockedl me1 o)1 my perebOl, anid ini tr1yinl
to saIve mlyself I let, fall miy gunl. Th'le
he put, his shlouler agains~t te treet
try and11 push1 it down, and for' a momer110
I WaIs reaully afraid he woul; bult,.luckil
for' 111, it wa'is a lmngo thick one, wit
gr'eatroaotilthiat had dlug lito the eart
too, tough for Mr. Elep)hlant.
''But' wihaen the beas1t sa1w that h
c'oinI't r'eah 111 lhe did go itt a furl'y
and~ 110 mlistake I He stampe1)d an
screI'amied unitil the whole place ran
aga, and11 tore off tile lower' bough:
thick a18 they were', 1a8 easily a8 I'd briea
a flower steml, trlamlin~ilg themi to) pi(et
undier' his feet ill aL way 11hat showedl m
paretty wuell what I ha~d to expec0t if
011ce fell into his clu1tches.
"~'By this8 timle I had quiite enloughl (>
1perience of elphiant hunltinlg, and1( woul
hlave gladly given lup all1 hope oh 'wuia
nling ivor'y" toa find( mlyself Hafe bac1(k ini Il
quar~lters'. So long as8 1 wasl huniiting th:
elepahiant it was0 all very well, baut wuho
-the elep)hanlt took toa hauntingg me .1 didia
find1( thle 5hport quite 8so aminlg. I ha
r'eadl plenty of 811ch tales whlen I wasi 1
8s11o)o), an~d alhways longed to have nan ai
aventure of thle sort mlyself, hut now ti
I had got on1e it 8someho1w didnl't feel
ncasIexpaected. Ally way, here wVI
I and1( therel' wasl the elephaont, 1and( noI
tht hdlost myl gun1 thie only ting f<
meto doi, a1s far as1 .1 could( see, wasI1 I
sta~ly whlere I was1 till onle or1 the othler
118 got tired of it.
81trea1k of dawn~'i be(gan1 to shoaw itse'lfi
thet sky lie turned~l roundll~ andi walked le
sulrely awaly. For ai mlinulte 01' two
and1( then all wa'is quiet0 algainl, 118 if lie
gone righlt away.
'"Now, thouight T,1 i my time to di
camp1111 tolo, and~ down~ the tr'ee I slippe<
as8 nlimllay as8 'all aeriobat. But I 50c
founid that I'd 1been1 reOckonIing withoi
Imy host., for I had hardly touchn
the grounild whlen ther)1e came a cral
like fifty mad bulla ' ha1rgir
a through a1s many~l glass house5, and 01
from thne huicknt, withI hiia g-nat whi
tusks levelled at ie like bayonets, camtle
iy friend the elephant, who had been
on the watch for ine all the time !
'Whether I should have run, or stood
i my ground, and how I shoul have fared
in either case, (ta nover be known now,
I for just at that mioment my foot slipped,
f and down I cate close to the tree. The
- iext miiomneit there was a smash as if two
- trains had run into each other, anIl I
LMade sure that. I was knocked' iito i
hundred pieces at least, and that it was
1 But I soon heemille aware that I was
istill alive anud sound, while a shrill,
frightened cry overhead told me that it
was the eleplait wl.o had got the worst
of the bargain this tiie. I scraitmibled
to iy feet, gingerly enough, for the
brute's great fore-legs were staniping
fiand pounding like steam-hammers with
Sill arim's leiigthi of mne, and there I saw
a sight which, scared as I wits, imade me.
Saughl till I could'hardly'stand.
' I had fallen just in time to eOelilit'
1 the blow of the elephant's tusks, which
had stuck themselves so deep into the
Stree that lie couldn't pull them out again;
I and there he was, hard and fast, like a
1 ship run agrounid I The animal's look
of disgust and bewilderment at finding
liiiself inl such I fix wits as good as a
play to belold; hut just then I was in
no humior to stop and adinre it, for I
knew that lie might possibly break loose
yet, Ilad that if lie did it would he all
'p with mc !
"My first Imiipilse wis to take to mIy
heels it onice ; but the next Inomeiit I
thought better of it, and decided to set
H tle Mr. Elephant instead. I picked up
iand re-loadedl my gun(which had luckily
escaped his notice,or he'd have trampled
it to hits), and scrambling up into the
tree again,sent a bullet into his forehead
which did its 1bunsiness, an1d left himt
- standing upright in a very statuesque at
'"And now came the question : Should
I keep the secret of my adventuro or iot?
On the one hand, I had undoubtedly at
tainled my ambitioni of shiootinlg nll ole
pliant, but, on the other, the way in
which it had been done would he eer
tain to set the tongues of our mess wag
ging imore unmercifully than ever.
But the decision was not left to Imie.
I was still standing beside my gane, de
bating what to do, when I suddenly
heard a roar of laughter behind me that
i made the whole forest echo again, and
there stood ouir old nuajor, apparently
enjoying the scenie.
"Indeed, my boy," said he, 'you've
[ fairly beaten us all this timo I Instead
b of troubling to catch the bast you've
- made hin eatch himself; and very neatly
i he's done it."
' 'Of course there was no hopd of keep
4 ing my secret after that; so tho major
[ andI trainped back d the station,
1 beginniniig to end. ' -qry from
"The first thing to be done, however,
was to send off a lot of our negroes to
cut the elephant's tusk out of the tree,
Salld bring then back am at trophy. The
colonel had them stuck up in the mess
roon, where they served a an illustra
tion to the story of my adventure, which
t was told with unh)ounded ap)llusie every
- time a stranger happened- to dine with
ius. For more than a year after that our
f. tellows never called me anything but
i 'The Grand Duke of Tusany,' which
1 always struck mie as tho poorest joke I
ever heard in my life.. And that was
- the end of my elephant hunt.
t Coloring Walls
* CeIlings a(nd walls are often finished
inl distemper, but very often turn out
I unsatisfactory, from the want. of know
,ledge ini the mixing andi laying on. Ah
I sorption in the wall should he' checked
,0or stopped, or one( palrt will abhsorb miore
1 color than antother, and aii unieven or
r or spotty appearance result. Various
1 p~repa)ration1s are used for prepar)5ing
t wall~s and to stop absorTItion. One of
these is to mlix ab1out a dozen i(Ilndsl of
a the best whiting with water, adding
t thereto entough pdrehmnt or oilier size
', to bind the color, about two ounces of
.alun, and1( the samec weight of soft soap
Ii dissolved in water; mix well and strain
t through a screen or coarse clo0th. In
g miixinig the dlistempecr, one writer satys,
ai '"Two things are essenltiailly necessary:
(I cleaii and well washed whiitiing, and pure
.1 jellied size." The whiting should he(
y put to soak11 with sntlicient soft water to
hi (cve it well and penietralte its hul1k.
bi When soaked nutliciently, the water
0 shoul lbe poured off, which will remove
dust fronm the whiting. It then may
0 thein be heaten up to a stiff' paste by the
', 12a1n( or~ spatula. Size is next addied and
di mixed1 together. Care should be taken
gnot to bireak the jelly of the size any
1, miore than enni 1)e aided1.
k4 Aniothier cinution is that distempler
5 shlould be ixed with jellied size to lay
e on well-the color then works cool and
I floats nicely ; but whe~n the size is used
hot, it dirags mid gathers and( wvorks driy,
pr'oducinig a roughI wall. A little alum
d added to the distemper hardens it and(
-helps to dry it out solid and even. Theli
y ha.. size is made from pairchmnit clip
Spinigs, which hare put inito anl iron kettle
a tilled with water and1( allowed to Stand~t
't twenty-four hours till the pieces are
d thoroughly soaked, then they are boiled
it for five hours, and( the scuimi removed.
l- The liqulid is thieni straiied tharough a
it clothi. F"or mlixinig cotlors the whlitinlg
(1,and( thed color required, linetly grounmd,
s uare dissolvetd sepairaitely and1 thien maixed
wV to the requiire~d tint. Fo'dr e'xamp)lle,
rlamphldack miixed with whmi tinag, makes
d' gray, amnd the muost delicate to the dark
If est shades may be obtained. Forn Frenich
'graiy thet whuiting req(ulired is taken andu
t soaked iln water, and l'riissiani luei and
it lake finely ground in water are added to
II pro~duc(e the necessary ab~ade or tint.
i- Butt miay lbe made(1( by dissolv'ing in like
f ihannler, sepatrately, wh aitinig and yellow
4, o' bre. A little Yonetian red gives a warim
dl tonet. A good salmon tint is produced
bly adding to the dissolved whiting a lit
the oIf the same r'ed, just suflilienit to
1, tinige. Druabs of various tints cani he
n easily miade by grinding up fiely a little
it burnt uimher. and mixinig it with the (ia
d solved whiting.- T1heo sooner' the dlistem
h peri color diia after being laid oni, the
g better, anid the best plan is to-close win
(l. ows anld doors during laying, and throw
Trips of time Sor.
It was Catharine Lawler who took the
head of the proesmsion inl the MAityor's
Court, Chicago, and began:
"'Ah I'm glad to see your IHonor
looking go well ! Looks now as if the
backbone of winter wasH broken, doesn't
"Yes, rather. How do you feel after
beinig drunk and disorderly last night?"
'Say, won't your Ihonor look over it."
"I have let you oil' alimt six times,
"Just mix, your honor, and this will
make seven. What are seven little
grains of mercy to a womian who) has to
work like a naygur for a living ?"
'Let's see ? you have always had an
exensme for being dramk ?"
"Yes, sir, Ilways."
"The last time your exeuse was that.
you took whisky for chills?"
"Yes, sir, and I haven't, had a sign of
one allice. "
"And what. did you take it for this
'To break uipi a fever, yoir ionor,
and besides that I have live small
"Where are they ?"
"Well, your Homor, they are dead, of
course, hat I'm thinking of them every
hour in "he day, you liknow. If you
should send Iie up I don't know how im
husband would geb along."
"Where is he ?'
"Well, sir, I think lhe's sailing out of
the port of Bullalo this summer."
"Wl,11 I'll have to sen11(d you up this
time. 1 have given you all tie show you
could hope for, but you get drunk every
two weeks as reguilarly 1. clock-work."
"Oh, no, sir-onily once inl twenit-y
years. indeed, sir, but this will be only
''Can't. do it. I shall send you up fon
"For two houlrs, sir."
"For thirty days."
"Oh, sir, make it twenty."
"Then for twenty-nine and a-half."
"Thirty .days, Catharine, and Bijah
will give you a seat on the Moorish divant
to wait for the buggy."
'Very well, your Hoior, and i'll take
the divan up there wid m. to lie oin
when influstrated with the heat. Your
Honor is a gentlemen, and I hope you'll
live to give ie at least a dozeni miore
trils of the sort.
Timaw anel Fron0.tl on l'hants.
Herr Hoffman tlirows light on the way
in which plants are injured in time of
.hird frost. It is well known that plants
and treen situated inl the bottom of a
valley suffer much more from cold and
frost than those inl a higher situation.
This% in o t,o b fom fib" 11a m n . 4,
not only retain its owi (old of radiation,
hut also serves ai a reservoir for the cold
heavy air which pours down into it from
the *neighboring heights. It is thus that
the higher grounds in Switzerland are
warmer than the valleys or gorges, as inl
these the cold collects as in so nmaiy
basins. It is also found in this country
that plants and shirubs, which survive
the severity of winter on ground raised
abliove the level of the Valley, perish wlhen
grown inl tie valley itmelf. The great
advantage of a hilly position is thus
apparent, and lis been amply proved
by Herr Hoffn's observations at Geis
seln. Here he found that the plants so
ituiated took little or n1o liarmiI from the
intense cold ; while quite near, in the
valley, there was extensive injury. Tho
injury, too decreased inl proportion to
elevation above the valley. As to the
immediate etrect oif templerature uponii
plants, the author is of the opinmion that
-it is not a particular degree of cold thait
kills a pdlnt, but tile almotunht of quick
thawing. T1his wits illustrated in onie
catse by the curitous fact thatt onie and thle
same bush--species of 1 ox- -wias killt<1
ini its foliage tin the southl sitle, whlile on
the north the foliage renmained greenm.
T1hie sudden change ofl tenmpeiratur ie
prodituc(edl by qicok thawuing wias conl
sidleredi to lbe some diegreet less for ilants
in a high situation and for t~me shady
sides of the hldf-killedl shrubs. T1hei
higher situations are in this rtespect also
favorable to pliant life ; biecause, while
the frost is not so stevere as in the valley,
the effeet of thawing winids is found to
be tihe sanme for bioth. T1he plants tin the
highetr ground are tIhereforie sub jected to
less strain lby variat itons frtoim a ltiw to a
high temperature, andit the revterse, thanm
their conigeners in thme valleys. Th'lese
fatcts are oif impilortanhce in deitermiininig
qluestionis as to the sites tof etountry
houses andi gardens, itmt the mot re or less
hardy charatter of te plant2 s aiiil shrubl s
most likely, in the part1iculatr situnation,
to survivte the frosts (it winter.
Thet kayak of the (Greenilander is the
frailest speci men of marine archiitlctuire
thait ever carrietd hiumnan freight. It is
eighteen feet long anti as many ines
wide at its middle, and1( tapers, with ani
upward curving line, to a point at either
end. TIhle boat is graceful atS a du~ck and
light as a feather. It lias no0 hiallast antd
no( keel, andit it rides almost on the stur
face of the water. It is, therefore,
ntecessa~rily top-heavy. Long piractiec is
reqiuir'ed toi mnage1 lt, an1( di tight-rope
danuieer ever nieeded miore steadly netrve
and1( skill tf hlance thaniu this 51ame(
savage kayaker. Yet., iln this frail ('raft
he does not hesitate to ritde seats which
would swamph aln ordinary bioat, or to
break thirouigh surf whlichm may sweep
completely over hinm. Thit he is utsedt to
hand battles, and, inl spite oif every for
tune, he keeps imself up)righlt. We
have beien assurned, however, b y plersonls
familiar with Arctic ermlsing, that the
Kayaker dloeH someitimes oimne to grit'f
biy the capsizing oif his canoite. The skirt
oif his scaiskini waterpiroolf shirt. bieing
firmliy lashed to the coaning of the well
oif the kayak, lie bieomies so chilled b~y
the cold water, and exhalustedt by his
struggles to free himself from his canoe,
that death by dlrowning overta~kes the
poor fellow in spite of all bis presaciee of
mliind anti nautical skill. As long as he
Iretains his dlouble-blhaded paddtle under(1
water there is a fair chianee of th
kayaker righting himself, but whlen that
isaot his chianes of getting afely tc
Sc3meey at ndt Hunaps13.
II Nevada recently two rival coaelles
started out onl parallel roads, each four
OI l On the gallop. The New Yorker
being tie only plsmselger inl one eoaelit
took i setat with the driver. lie endured '
the i-st live miles very well, ats the road
'was pr-etty smooth, but hie ihily. care
lessly observed -
":This pace is rather hard on the hiorses
isn' 1t it ?"
"Oh, no ; tley are used to it. I M
ha1venl't beglinl to swing 'em yet !", was i
"If we were going a little slower I
(1old IIjoy the scelery illch I better. "
"Ye4', I s'pose so, but this line is n1t
run oil the scelIery pr1iliciptle."
That einded the coiverstioln un11til thei
horses trned a corner and the stage
r1ode itroia it. onl two wheels. Thenl theI
Yorker remarked :it
"I lippose you omtm eet with 4
"Almost, every daY !" was th brief
"Ist't there danger of sotuhing giv
mng Wily ?"
"Of c hur, ilt we've got to take' our 8
(111111c. (i'laig there." 1
At Ilhe(,end of another mile the passenl-C
ger. Im1 Alled his voice Snilieciently to9
"Whatt if we sholdn't11 reachl Red 1
Hill at exatly two o'clock ? 1 am in nl
"No, I s'poe not, but I've got to do it
or los. I'll ars."'
" How ?
" I've ,go(t anl even ten het, that. I cann
hlit tlt' oiler sta1ge into Red Hill Iy .
1ifteenl m1intites, 1an4d 1i going to will
that mneIl4y if it kills a lorse. !"
"Say, hold on !" exclailled the Other
18 he felt fo r his wallet, " I like to ridet 9
fast, al Pli not at bit, nervOuis, but I do I
ha1te to How horses get. worried. IHere's i
$20 for you id l' 8o11 ' jog ItloIg -
t.he11 rest of tIhe wty and get a1 clan11ce to
Smke11 ItInd talk about the Tudians !"
"'Whon, there ! Come down with you
-genle nlOw--take it. easy an~d don't
fret !" itllod the drivr as he piulled ill r
an1d r-enelied for the11 greelbacks With on1e (I
11:11141 11imd his pipe willh the oth'r, ItId i
thereifter tIhe New Yorker had more t
se1neY an18d tess nimm11ps- t
TO the younlg lady whOse, inltrientet
over-skirt is hield inl inmimlerable folds by
11111nY pins, it, maty seeml at hardship that V
her. yeirly IlNollaC'e Of )in1S is OIlly
Ibouitl 1-10. Sieh, however'', is the ('114
with t'alh individual ill the 1niited
State'i )n all t'pilitable divisiln of the
pins 'yearly sold ill this country. But
the 111tlianS ill te W t aV nt upp1oSt'd
to ise their full allowance, and collar
buittons1 haIve H0 farl dOlie alway With thet t
use0 Of p~ins by' gentlemen1 gene~rally that t
p1118 iinamde ill tle Ullited StateS ae 111madI
by folirteen1 factories. Their aniual i
Ir41ttio for seveIl Years pas h11118 i
been about 7,00),00l),00 pis. This
Mwimb1er has Inot varilied 11111ch for someo
ythe 11118 ut delind remaining buitllg the
silil. A few of Cheme 7,000,000,000 aire
wIaollolwd 1y, chil(dren, a mimber are t
belt 111 inl schools atnd place d ill vacat8
and inviting hairs, ad111 sofm millions
gt intO cracks Of floors, and thet rest for
the most part, are scattered alng the0
hynys 11h11lhighwayS, whee they hIaWve' I
dropped from dresses and been41 letft to I
work their w184y itto the eI
The importation of En'oglisih pins is
small, and t1 exportation of pins from I
tlle 1111 Sttes is '1illd to CuIba,
4th11111 Am fteil Ild pIrtt Of C11111da,
-where, how.ever, bult few pins are senit.
Englnd o suple aflmos21t ilhl who11l wioh
he'1 raw mavtil-t he rassland iron
tiel Ir~t'k w' ichaliAmery&ica pins aret
imiade- il frmitheo .wiietmills offthis
c'oliryle, and(il muchof t machin eto
thill h'ol t. titre iso llieria, hIecivll
pttio n 11 tilent.Iidts ''m
1111t'Vis 1 soewh Aingular to1 trae tef
como bveag o ol'e,'itou.
eivilized coto 41ry ilnekrd. owmk
coverd Amrin iif.NtKlgl ra eer, illeen
knwnr or tsed oIt~ ony' greinai, i
ad Upptler Eh(1 ifpi aThen dicvy of (i]
its nse fat a1beerag ist aecied it tetrhe
Suprior ofe a monastery in Arbi wh o, h
deious iofi lrvln ie 1n1lee eonks'e fromi
madey, thmdink thXelinfus, 'ion of cof21,
upite repor' s 'of, te i shphrd' ta
therNfo'' were meivelafer bro''fwis
ing n1th fr if tha11tplant. Ixaty
jomts and h n abou 111it reaywo hundred
olat, (If h the re11 in 114,11 becagmei
ove pren li tock ol~lf a theFrench' ofamie
East, lies~iti, iand t h rehiind Sn
ish111' all1ve Sou4'ti,11 Ameii and \Vnt
Indies.d vI1 n at,11 tou~es
And thre Ha a Subayoek. o pci
"lYe,"f Mr Messeongter rpier, inranu
allr to theyoun lady's emar, "he1 1 1)11
iuut, nag bthe reived a terrible
Andc afew mumer agot whel i the ih.
wAndte act Whe h aas never receed fromi
"My,"~~ shei exch nolame, t"i sae
dowhig a Tramp.
Mrs. Deacon Grover, wIo was the
-idow of the late Mr. McConnell, of the
>wn Of Horselieads, New York, is a lad
pprotchmig sixty years of age, A kini
earted and ch aritablo but spirited
'01man111. One day recently she was
isiting her son, Augnatus McConnell,
I Horseheads, who keeps a bacheh r
)rt of it farm in the town. By bachelor,
re ineali not a lonesome place, nor an
1-kept one, but one in which the ab
ice of women is a noticeable feature.
hiring her visit Mrs. Grover was sitting
t a table sewing, a something that is
ecessary even in a bachelor establish
lent. She was alone in the house. A
rsoin appeared who answered well the
escriptioni of at tramp. He sitid lie was
ingly, and, the lady's sympathies being
roused, she drew her gold-rimnmed
petitelem from her eyes and, laying
semn on the taible, went down into the
ellar for some bread and meat for him.
V'hen she returned sIe noticed that her
pecttelem were gone from the table.
VithIi the toothsome provender on a plate
till in her hand she said ; "You've got
y gold specs. " The traip denied the
harge. She reiterated it and the stran
er reiterated his denial. She quietly
id the plate on the tabile, went to it
.niieau i di 11 taking a revolver therefrom,
er son keeping a weapon of this kind
A vitlley room in the house, as she knew,
he pointed it. t th tramp and told hinl
lie didn't liy those spes on the table,
lIe would shoot him where lie stood.
he traimp took the specs frain his
ocket, and mildly laid thei on the
ile. "Now,"' she saiid, "'oat what I
ave brought for you and get out." He
te and depairted. When her son Au
ustuis appeared, the spirited old lady
nilin took the revolver from the burta'u
1al said to him : "Augustus, how do
4u ccIk this weapon ?"
Coultli'i1,'lWin it U1p.
Oi a train going up the Hudson river
etIevitly, was i young man in farmer's
re's, who had bis overcoat pocketa full
f pirehases. After inspecting two or.
lbee paircels, he took the wrap off a
wenty-five cent. thermometer and exam
mAd the instruinent with the closest in
mrest. He looked at the face, then it
Ie back, and the longer lie looked the
lore puizzled ie seemet).- A gentlenim
,1ho had been observing him finially re
Been buying a therimoneter, I see.
"Ye ; I bought her for a neighbor of
" Wlat's the temperature in this car
uist nlow ? "
The youig man took a long siquint at
he thermnoioter, turned it over two or
liree timIes antd said
Notling furthei': was said for ten min
Ites, mud tho gentleman was buay with
na4 paper, when the other touched his
mi and said ;
"ay, tre you iistd to thermonieters?'
.\Vel, I'mi a little green, and I'm
Villmi to own up. Seems to mne there's
huet ing wrong about this 'ere."
"I guess not ; it's a elicap instrument
nit it. seeis to be all right.."
" Well, it miay be ; but I hind iade up
iiy nnid thee was somethiiig missing.
ean't find any keyhole, amnd if it ever
ad any hands on the face, thoy're gono
low fior sure.
ft. took about five mimiutes to enlighten
lim, aind when lie realized " how she
vorked," he put it in his pocket with
he reimark :
"1'iin going hiImne and will tell the old
sian thait ntone of us8 know enough to tell
vbsen wt' get chib lains I"
A Llittle Rtailrondt.
Onte oil the miost curious railroads in
het world is the teni-inchi gauge road
minslg fromn North Beller'ica, Maiss.,
o lhedtord. It wsis at firsit hooted at by
lie people, bunt the road wats comipeted,
iiaking a length of about eight and a
ialf miles. There are eleven bridges on
lie roadi(, one o~f whieb is over 100 feet
on5g. The -rails weigh twventy-flyo
>oundits to the yard. The road is wiell.
'puipped. Oine grade is oif 125 feet.
l'hie caria anmd engines will at first sight
rente wondter iand adiatitoni. Th ei r
serfectt proportions give themi a hand
Itmhe appilearance. They are coniustruciited
c'ry neair the gro~und(, giving them gresat
ivantiages o~f safety. The cars have
mi aisle with tinte seat, on each side in the
timsie miannuer as tirdiniary cairs have two
<eats, t'ach per'stin having a seat to him
stelf. Th'le ears are sulpplied with closets,
water taniks, sare heated by siteani, anti
lhave all the modern imiprovemients.
.1'hey weigh but four anti a-half tons, ori
:linsary earis weighiing on stn aiverago
i'ighiteen tonis. The trainis run at the
ratte tof twenty miles an' hour with pesr
fteet safety. Tlm enigine is placed be
hind the tenider, giving it greater adhie
sioni to) the track. TIhiy weigh isighit
tons andit tdraw two'( passe'nger andi two
fre'ight car's. Th'le cost of the raiilroadi
was $4,500 per mile.
T1here are seveiral tievices for enablinig
the rise of tempehitratui'r acinpanilUy ing
ani outbireak of tIre at a par'ticalar laeo
in a biuiinug to riing ana alarm'-bell by
msii'i oif ain (hectiit cuirrent. TIhier' -'is
thme mntrenrial thiermonmeter, in which the
mier'curiy cotlumnii, on t'xpatnding by the
iincr'esised teimper'atur'e, mnakes contact
bietweens two plsatioinsn electrodes fused
into the tube, and compileten the circuit;
rind there is an ariangement in which)
the bimuetallit sprinig, fixed at one end,
is fi'ee to curve under the unequal ox
p~ansioni of the two metals, and close a
sii'cuiit in that way. A still simpler plan
has bmetn recently contirived by M. 0.
D~upre, in which the .contents of the
automatic keys are kept aparlit b~y a picico
o~f suet or tallowv, which .on melting by
thie heat allows them 'to come togither
through the operation of a small woighir
attaeted.to the uppermont contact hat.
The tallow is not of 'course placed i
mediately between the con~taetes for ini
[hat case the fat wo~uld act as an ini
unlator', and prevent the flow of the cur
rent. Th le apparatus inreajusted after
in ahamn by charging it evit~h fresh tal~