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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., JULY 21, 1881. ESTABLISHED 1865.
Soft scarlet clouds eck's all the. sky,
Palo twilight still delaying,
When to her child a mother mild
Cried, "May, where* were you staying?7"
"0 mother, dear, I wandored far
Dy field and copse wood cover,
And searched In vain, each grassy plain,
For one small four-leaf.Ld clover.
I long to dream a lovely dream,
And wake to find it real."
"Alt, simple child," the mother smiled,
"Too well you love tlie ideal.
But look beside yon mossy stone,
My reckless little rover,
For very near I see front here
Your long sought four-leafed clover.
"And think,- May, while you gather It,
Green in the cool gray gloaming,
IHow often grow close by and low
Tito gifts we seek by roaming.
Then, if you learn to find at home
Small joys you once looked over,
You'll bless the day you whiled away
In seeking four-leaf-clover.
A TERRtIBLE DUEL.
One August evening I was taking a
stroll along tho Champs-Elysees, Paris.
It was a little after nine, and around me
was the usual gay crowd of a summer
night. Promonaders by the hundred;
merry people seated at the little tables
in front of the cafes, talking, drinking,
and chatthig. To the right, a cafe-con
cert, its front covered with colored lan
terns. Before me the lofig Avenue des
Champs-El~lsees extended, its hundreds
of lights glimmering liko. glow-worms in
the dark. Suddenly'. I saw a familiar
face by the light of a street lamp. It
was Gustave Raisant.
"Hello, Major!" said I, extending my
hand, "well mOt!"
"Ah, is it you?" said, he languidly.
"I am glad to see you."
His tone struck me. I looked at him
attentively. He seomfl to have aged
much since I -had seen him before.
Already there were gray hairs showing
around his temples.' Linking my arm
with his, I said:
"Come, let's take a stroll."
After we had walked some little dis
tance I gave up attempting to make hii
converse. Ho seemed entirely lestitute
of interest in any topid that I might
bring up, and plunged into melancholy.
"Come, conic, Gustave," said I, "you
have something on your mind, haven't
He hesitated a moment, but finally
"A love affair, I'll be sworn."
He was silent, and I repoated my some
what brusque remark. There are some
wounds that will not bear probing.
Suddenly lie spoke:- -
"Listen," said he, "and I shall tell
ou the cause of my melancholy. Per
haps I am wrong to chafe under it as I
do; perhaps you may give me some
good advice. In any event I shall tell
you my story. Since I last saw you
there has been a tragical event in my
life. Oh, you have heard nothing of it.
Thanks to the people at headquarters,
the papers were silenced, and I won't
bore you-my story isn't long; and,.' lie
added bitterly, "I think it is interesting.
But it in old-the old story of the parents'
Hins being* expiated by the children."
He knocked the ash from his cigar, and
then lie slowly told his story:
"Last June, as you may know, the
reserve forces were ordered out for their
yearly service. We had some of them
at Maubonge, where I had boon stationed
with the Fifty sixth for a month. One
morning I was about to start for Lille,
on regimental business, in company with
a brother officer of mf regiment. We
stepped into a large eating-house to take
a chop before the train left. It was a
very large establishment, with marble
tables around the room, and at 0110 end
was a long bar, where thiosoewith light
purses were allowed to take rofresnmenta.
our table was near the bar, anld at the
time we seated ourselves there was a
Jong line of private soldiers and laborers
drinking there. We talked of various
matters, and finally my companion said:
" 'Have yell tile son of any 'celebrity
among your recruits?'
" 'Yes,' said I, 'young Myrian, son of
the well-known primter, is in my comn
miand. And you?'
"'WVell, I hlave the son of a celebrity,
too, but of a different kind. It is young
George do Ferrisset.'
"'Whlati not the son of Madame de
" 'Thle same.'
"I laughed heartily as I said:
"'Well, well! So Do Ferrisset has a
grown up son, has she? How the time
flies! I was dreadfully in love with the
womian once, but another fellow won her
not undivided favors'.'
" 'And I, too," replied my13 complanion,
'I was a little spoonoy onl her; but then,
yeol know, I always had scruples about
"'Oh1, you were wr~ong,' I replied.
'She was well worth the trouble. And
then poor Do Ferrissot! The typo of an
unsuspecting husband! She had twenlty
lovers to my knowledge,' and 110 never
"I had scarcely finished speaking
when a stripling soldier quitted his
comrades and advanced toward mc. His
face was as white as a sheet. His emo.
tion was so great that lie trembled as lie
walked, with his saber clattering at his
heels. When lie roachod our table he
glared at me for a moment with wild yet
midoeisive eyes, and raised is htapd to
strike me. There was a hurried move
mnent, an outery, and several of the sol
diers arounld leaped upon him, and hold(
,hlis hand, lHe struggled for a momieit,
then was calm.n. Still gag~ing at me, he
- said in a choking voice: 'Sile is my
"In a moment I realized the hideous
Insult I had offored-im~. I tingled with
shame. What cold have possessed mec
tit miorning I do niot )mlow. No officer
or gentlemien would ever speak Ill of a
woman-least of all in puibhc.
"Let hlim gol" I cried to thle soldiers.
I rose, removed my cap, and bowing,
S'Sir, I p~lace myself at your disposi
"At thtis moment the whistle of tile
atpproaching train wsa heard. My friend
grasned1niy arm anid dragged me to ile
station without, where we took the train
"AS soon as I could do so, I hastened
to the general conunanding our division.
I told him all. . As you may imagine, he
reprimanded me severely.
'What!' said Io, 'an officer of your
rank to babble thus in public, like a raw
boy just out of the military school? It
is the fault of the War Department.
They should not promote men so young
as you to positions of importance.'"
"I privately thought .that 'if I had
been a gpneral the affair would have boon
the same. But I. so richly merited his
severe language that I did ,not reply.
" 'Well,' said he, finally, 'what do you
propose to do?'
" 'There is but one course open to me,
general,' I replied. 'I have grievously
offended this young man. I have, there
fore, placed mself at his disposition.
We must fight.
"'A duol I You are mnd I A major
cannot go upon the field with a privato
" 'General, you must allow me to say
that thero are certain insults so grave
that military usage must yield to them.
Grant me ermission to do this.'
" 'But I cannot-I have no right to do
"' 'Then telegraph the Minister of
. 'He will refuse'.
'Well, if' that be the caso, I shall
notify Georgo do Forisset, and we will
fight in Belgium.'
" 'Then you desert?'
" 'Yes, general, I will desert and then
return for my punishment. I have once
dishonored myself in publicly insulting
a woman; I shall not again d so in ro'
fusing satisfaction to her son.'
" 'The goeerAl's porplexity-and angor
began to pass away; lie seemed moved.
Ho strode up and down the room for
some moments, ,and finally, turning to
-" 'Be it so. Do as you will. Bear in
minid though, that I know nothing of
this affair-this conversation has not
''I thanked him, and repaired to my
quarters'. That evening, Do Ferisset's
seconds arrived. They woro civilians,
as was also the two friends whom I
named to arrange matters with them.
The weapon chosen was the sword; the
hour, six o'clock the following morning;
the place, a little village just within the
Belgian frontier. I put my affiirs in
order that night, for I had determined
to offoi but slight defense to my oppo
''At the appointed hour the next day
we were alone. It was a raw, drizzly
morning, and the mud was ankle deep.
Do Ferisset apppearc(l inl unif6rmn. One
of my seconds remarked that he, like the
rest of us, should have come as a civil
ian. He replied that lie had been insult
ed as a man and soldier, and that
reparation was due to him as such. I
made a sign to my second and lie did not.
"We took our places. It was a curious
spectftle-a private soldier in his uni
form facing his superior officer in mufti.
"The swords were crossed. The word
was given. I watched his face with a
feverish curiosity. In his eyes there
was the same glare of the day before the
same indecision. Suddenly a strange smile
appeared upon his lips-the smile of a
broked heart-a smile I shall never for
get though I live a hundred years.
Quick as a flash lie abandoned his guard,
and grasping my sword with his left hand
lie hurled himself upon it. It ran him
through the body. Uttering a hoarse
cry lie fell backward; a bloody foam
tin'ged his pale lips. A conclusive
shudder- ran over his body-another
thou a groan. He was dead."
I listened with horror to his story.
He noticed my looks, but woent doggedly
"Of course I had nt 'killed him--I
had ovoni resolved Riot to defoend myself;
and I quitted the armuy. But still I feel
like a murderer; I fool a though I had
committed a. crime. When I think of
that poor boy-loyal to his mother, bad
though she was-slain in the first flush
of youth, I foollike aii assassin. An~d
think of that wretched mother! How she
must mourn her brave boy's fall!
It was growing late; the peop~le were
pouring out of the cafes-concerts. Now
and then a. passer by would hum over
the latest comic song. Strange contrast!
Thme follies of the song~ mingled with thme
words of the sombre dIranma just unrolled
before me. Gustave walked oii by my
sie with bent head, .crushed by thme
weight of his tragic gtory.
And still the Champs-Elysees swarmed
with people. Around us was the intense
life of a summuer night ini frivolous Paris.
On the avenue wore inumorablo car
riages, and all around gayly dressed
loungers onm the iaton cihairs.
As my eye roamned carelessly* over
thiem, I saw one group). -the center of
which was a wvoman of forty-five, but
still very beautiful. See was dressed
richly and tastefully, and b~orc ini her
hanid a boquet which a smirking dandy
had just presented to her. I could not
repress an exclamation. Gustave fol
lowed my eyes.
"'What!" lie cried "it canniot 1bo she."
"Yes, I answered hmim, "It is Madame
-A race of kmngs re igned in India 2300
-Queen Victoria was born May 24th,
-Duluth talks of a new $75,000 hotel.
-Key West sippeti 000,000 cigars last
-Tho British troops in Ireland number
-The Chinese phmysians receives no fee
until the patient is cuired.
- Lhe cost of Solomon's Temple is esti
nmated at $77,531,098,880.
-The Whittaker court- mamrtial will cost
the government $100,000.
-St. Iaoums lias 202 miles of public
Sewers, costing $5,000,000.
-Mr. Bl'iine is about to build the largest
private residence in W ashingtoni.
-The wheel foundries at Altoona, Pa ,
are mamking 850 wheels per day.
-The Bank of England was founded mn
1794. Thme capital is ?15,538,000.
-The crops m the neighborhood of Que
Snakes Training for Hatile.
In a factory in Orango Valley, Now
Jersey, throo snakes are in training for
battle on the Fourth of July. They are I
imprisoned im separato hat boxes. One
is a black snake four foot long, another
is at copperhead, shorter and of less di
aieter, and the third is an adder of
still inferior size. The owner of the
snakes is Jack Harrison, a workman in
the factory. He is 60 years of ago. He
lives on the flat over the. ridge of the
Orange Mountain toward the Hudson.
Quiet, and extremely chary of speech,
lie is possessed of a sort of magnotisn
which inakes him respected and liked by
8is follows, and which is said to exert a
remarkable influence over dumb animals.
He ing caught and tameZl woodeliucks
biy the scoro, and his power over reptiles
such as crawl in the wilds of his native
heath has won for him the name of
The snakes which Harrison is keeping
in the hat factory are expected to furn
ish holiday sport. The black snake has
boon a prisoner for three months, and it
is presuned that lie was pretty hungry
when lie was captured.. The others
have been two monthis in their respective
hat boxes. and in that time they have re
coived no food. Their abstinence has
served to make them extremely savago
and belligerent. 'The black snake, in
deed, hias- exhibited such a degree of
pugnacious hunger that oin one occasion
since his incarceration it has been deem
ed advisable to stay his stomach with a
small toad. But it is wished to starve
all three to a state of blind ferocity by
the Fourth of July, when they will be
turned altogether into a convenient re
coptaclo, and made to furnish an illustra- F
tion of the survival of the fittest.
That the snakes will fight when they
aro thrown together lias already boon
demonstrated. The hat boxes in which
they are contained have been occasion
Aly moved close together, and the covers
have )eenl cautiously slid aside just far
enough to permit the emergence of the
heads and a few inches of the bodies of
the reptiles. The result has been that
the snakes have distended their jaws
frightfully, that their eyes have flashed
b)attlo-fire, and they have exhibited tho
most insano desiro to be at one another.
It is hoped and believed by the workmen
in the hat factory that on the Fourth of
July the snakes will be filled with uncon
The hat boxes in whice the snakes are
imprisoned are of the ordinary pasteboard
sort. Small holes have been made in
them to admit air, and the covers are
tightly bound on with cord. The con
fined quarters are thought to be calcula
ted to exasperate the snakes, as well as
the withholding of food. No uneasiness
is felt at the presencP of the snakes in the
factory except in the trimming room,
where a numler o4 yviif Indio nr orm.
ployed. As for Jack Harrison, he
tumbles all three about with impunity,
beiing a trifle cautious only with the
The battle will take place in a large
iron tank ordinarily used for soaking
hats, but to be emptied, of course, for
the occasion. Betting is $1 to 75 cents
on the copperhead against the black
snake, and the adder hasono backers.
Everybody has heard of this polu
lar summer resort of the New York
era with its splendid hotels, the Man
hattan, the Brighton, and the
Oriental. It lies directly on the Ocean,
and the piiro sea air, safe bathing, and
excellent. music, make one forget the
heats of summer. The Pennsylvania Rail
road Company, and the Iroi Steamboat
Company of New York,hiave entored into
arrangements by which extra facilities
are offered for reaching Coney Island,this
popular summer resort. Those palace
steamers will connect with trains on the
Pennsylvania Railroad at Jersey City,
and land passengers at the Iron Pier,
Coney Island, direct, also at Bay Ridge,
where connection is made with the New
York and Sea Beach Railroad. Return
trips will be mado at such hours as will
afford satisfaction to all visitors to the
island, and1( enable them to make sure
and close connections with trainis en the
Pennsylvania Railroad homeward bound.
The time on this line between Jersey
City and1( Coney Island will be about
forty minutes. This will be a sate,
speedy, and pleasant route from all
points to Coney Island.
A h~ost. Explablied.
Some years ago it was my good for
tune to lie a frequent visitor at a fine old1
manI~or-houiso ini Dorsetshire, biuilt in the
reign of James I., but much altered dur
ing the last half century. Like an old
country mansion the house was of course
''haunted." Strange sounds, like foot
steps, had boon1 heard coursing about at
the witching hour of night, in the vast
empty garrets and along the great pas
sage or corridor, running from 01nd to
01n( of the building, into which the gar
rets opoed(; an odd and mysterious rat
tling, anid clattering, as of metala or
chains. The country folks aind servants,
and especially the old people-always
the most ready to stick resolutely to a
good ghost story --firmly attributed these
nlocturnlal noises, without thought or
question, to sup~ernlatural agency.
The 01(1 mansion had undorgone miany
alterations, some of them dictated by
roasoni, others by expedionmey. One of
these was the removal of the fine 01(1
staircaso, and the erection instead of one
of small, confined dimonsions, and very
awkwardly situated and contrived. These
stairs sprung from the foot of a wall, ini
wvhiich was placed, high up, a large win
dow, so that any onio going up stairs
wouldl have this wvindow above his head
and hohlind his back. It was exactly op
posite the wall of the first landing p~laco,
whence the stairs branched away to the
0110o brilliant mioonlight night the famn
ily were about to retire to rest, when
they'were startled by a loud screami from
one of the maids, who rushed inte the
dining-room, eyes staring, anid mouth
wide opo~n, exclaiming wildly that she had
just "see'd a awful ghost on the stairs
and was most frightened to death I" All
the part~y with one consent arose from
their chairs, and ran iinto the hall, some
carrying the canles with the. Bn.t
Lothing whatever was to he son. The
,irl, however, positively declared e
iad tienn a taill dark figuro in a long
loack and hood standing on the first
anding.; adding, that sho saw it all the
noro clearly on account of tho white
vainscoted wall just behind, which serv
d to throw the figure into relief. A
enoral search, and a regular hue-and
.ry all around the houao now followed;
mt with no result. Nothing was dis
loverod in any way irregular, either in
lesli and blood or in ghostly appoaran
About two nights after, however, the
rory samo thing occurred again, at near
y the sane time; the specter was again
ieon by the samo maid, and by the foot
nan, who happened to be just ontering
he hall; the mai most positively de
:lared that the figure stood hooded and
loaked, exactly as the maid had d
icribed, on the top of the landing. . The
roung men rushed into the hall with
ights, as before, and with the samo re
ult-they saw nothing. Two of the
1ons, genuine ghost-hunters, who thor
mghly entered into the "fun" of the
hing-determined to sit up aind watch
lirough the night, with the pleasant ne
ompaiiimonts of plenty of warnh firo and
>right light; but I need hardly say the
>rave watchers saw nothing, dicovered
aothing. His cloaked and hooded
.ghostship" did not appear agnin that
iight at any rate.
About a month afterward, however,
ho same thing occurred again. A great
ommotion was heard inl the hall-the
,host had again appeared, and what was
von iore remarkable, had slowly din
Lppeared just as the man-servant caught
ight of it. This was almost too inui
or my friends, especially the junior
>ranches, who Were highly indignant at
teing so completely "sold" by the spec
er. But there was nothing to be done
>r discoverod; so after many threats of
vhat they would do if they cotild only
atch him, the whole party went oir to
Nothing further occurred to disturb
h1 family peace until three days after
vard, when Jack, the youngest son, roso
rom his supper to lot in a favorito bull
errier, Jinks by name-the doughty
ioro of the garrets and corridor-who
vas whining piteously, and scxateling
rigorously at the garden door. Jabk had
iardly entered the hall, when lie rushed
)ack into the dining-room post hasto,
Md holding up his finger in a imysteri
mus manner, intimated in a regular stage
vhisper: "Here's the ghost on the stairs
tgatin, hood, cloak,and-all!" His brother
nstantly jumped up, aind both ran into
lie hall; aind there sure enough, on the
Irat landing of the staircase stood a tall
lark figure robed in a long cloak and
igh hood. . The young men both re
rarded the apparition intently for a few
noments, and then boldly asennding the
11n1irm, innuaheoalu ringmn
auigh , crying oult thlathel yl~ ha cag
he ghost, and shouted for the family to
omo out and see, but to bring no lights,
mud they could judge for themselves.
The terrible mystery was now at an
mnd. Just outside the staircaso- window
tt the rear of the .house, was a small de
ached building used as a laundry; but
s the'fireplace smoked very much, ny
riends had hit a new and very much
allor chimney erected. This was nar
;ow 4t the top, ;md gradynly got wider
it weit downward, and was capped by
a, large and peculisirly hiil)cd cowl. Tle
"ghost" proved to h) merely the shadow
>f this chimney and cowl,. outside, pro
iected by the bright moonlight through
Ahe staircase window, on the clear white
)ainted wainscoted wall of the first land
ng. The sloping sides of the chimney
ave the appearance of a cloaked figure,
imd tihe broad cowl looked exactly like a
ood, while the (lead white of'the flat
wvall behind served' to throw the dark
diadow into very strong anti bold( relief.
I'ho reason now was clean' why the 'ghost'
wvas not seen oftener. It was simply that
bhe shadowv was only projected when the
in001n was just opposite the window; and
ts app~earing gradually to fade b)efore
bhie footman's terrified gaze is easily ex
pilained by the passage of a dark cloud
it the moment over the moon.'s bright
hisk. Further, be it noted, that when
he family entored the hall on the first
dlarm a month previously, many of them
sarried lights, and thuns of course de
atroyed the alppoartmeoi altogether. The
windiow, moreover, was sometimes cov
>red wvith a hbliind.
A loody Tragedy.
A member of a iallroad surveying party,
writang from Adambara, Mexico, t hus (des
nribes an awful trage'dy in their camp:
"Our party was comiposed of M~r. Fdlley,
In charge of our branch, Foster, who had
'the transit ;' Martin, 'the -level ;' Jones
sndl myself, 'topograpliers,' and .Dr. Back
rider, taking lines on the slopes. The doc
tor had been compelled to leave home and
practice, being the victim of certain perse
cutions. His troubles so worked on Is
mind that he became crazy. *lie imagined
that he were in league with his enemies
and were trying to ruin him. For soe
time past we all noticed little things which
made us agree that lie was slightly unbal
anced. Our suspicions were confirmed in
a horrible way. On Friday morning I
awoke at half-past five, and the first
tinmg I saw was the doctor, with one of the
largest pistols pointed at and within a foot
of Martin's head. I heard him say :
'Where as that diary of mime which you
got from the hacienda last evenIng?'
"Martin seemed to gasp the situation
and said, 'All right I will get it for you,'
intending to get hold of the pistol. But lie
was not quick enough. The doctor fired,
and Martin who was on his knees, fell for
wardl, with has head all shattered. The
doctor then turned to our side of the tent,
going at the same time toward the (leer.
Before lie reached it he cocked his pistol,
tGred and fatally woundhed Jones, my bed
nate, lig alongsiae of tme. He then ran
mut andh ten feet from the tent turned and
fired at me. Fortunately the bullet missed
me, making a hele ini the tent just above
my-head. Tho bullet that mortally wound.
Jones also made a hole througb my blue
shirt. .The doctor then fired a fourth shot
through the tent for anyon9, it would hit.
Dne of our men by this time had managed
.0 get his gun, and I calledout, 'shoot himi
'hoot him P'tHe knelt down by the door
>f the tent and shot the- madman threngh
Luck In Lotteries.
Curiously illustrative of the tricks played
from time to time by Dame Fortune to her
votaries are two well-authenticated lottery I
stories, recently narrated by the gifted -
feuilletonist, Hieronymus Lorm. Some
years ago in Berlin, a poor girl dreamed
three times running of a certain num
ber, which appeared to her in lumin. a
ous figures, while an unearthly voice, re
peating over and over again, "This num
ber will win the first prize in the class lot -
tery," resounded in her mind's ear. She
imparted the vision to her guardian, and
he repaired to the Royal lottery office and
enquired what had become of the ticket
bearing the number in question, receiving 1
answer that it bad been disposed of to a
well-known lottery agent in Koenigsberg d
le forthwith wrote to this person enclos
ing the price of the ticket and requesting s
that it should be forwarded to hun by re
turn of post. In reply to this application th
he was informed that that particular ticket a
had been sold. over the c:unter a day or II
two before, to wham the agent could not
say. le, however, enclosed in his letter
another lottery ticket, which lie naively s
recommended as "an excellent and highly- t
promising number." But the youthful ri
dreamer's guardian, failing to recognize t
any special merit in the ticket thus urged al
upon his acceptanc.-, sent it back with pe I
remptory instructions that his money W
should be returned to him without delay. o
His vexation may be imagined when at the
drawing of the State lottery the number
winning the first prize of ?15,000 proved
to be, not that of which his ward had a
thrice successively dreamt, but the one he II
had refused to purchase at the recommend
ation of the Koenigsberg ugent. Still
stranger is the second lottery incident re-d
corded by M. Lorm. It took place in a d
small town of Nether, Austria, and led to
a long, wearisome lawsuit, with what re- 01
sult, however, the chronicler does not in. ir
form us. In the chief square stool a gro- b
cer's shop, the proprietor of which, the
leading trademan of the place, sold lottery a
tickets, as well "as sugar and spice, -also k
all that's nice." To him appeared one 01
morning a young student, who was a con- II
stant customer, in a state of great excite- h
ment about a dream of the previous night, d
in which it had been clearly manifested to d
him that he had won the great prize in the e
local land-lottery with a ticket which had
been chosen for him by the grocer's wife. I
Ile entreated the grocer to intrust him with
a packet of lottery tickete for a few seconds
in order that he might solicit the lady in d
question to select one from among them, W
which ticket he would then purchase and C
pay for on the spot. "You cannot see my d
wife," replied the grocer, "for she is II In P
bed,. but if you like I will take a few of the
tickets up to her room and she shall choose
one for you." To this arrangement the
student agreed, and it was carried out ac- a
cordingly. When the lottery was drawn, n
the ticket purchased by him upon the gro. _
cer's assurance that It had been picked out
But the wily grocer drew the first prize
with the ticket really selected by his bet- a
ter half, which he had kept for himself, b
selling another of his own choice to the
too-confiding student. So, at least the
story goes. t1
The lobster factories are very numerous, i1
and can hardly escape the notice even of 'l
the fashionable visitor to Maine. le is
confronted by one, for instance, at the land- 9
Ing of Harpswell, the principal island of C
Casco Bay, another at the historic old town d
of Casthie, another at Southwest Harbor, a
Mount Desert, besides the one at Green's
Landing. Deer Island has factories at
Oceanville and Burnt Cove, forming part
of a series twenty-three ia number, which
belong to one firiu, andi stretched all the
way dlown to the Bay of Fuandy They
cannot lbe called intrinsically inviting, owing V
to their wholly utilitarian character, E
although they arc apt to have redeeming
features in an occasional touch ot tje p~ic
The factory epens at one end on the
wharf, close to the water. Two men bring E
in the squirming loads oii a stretcher and 'i
dump the mnass into coppers for boiling. 6
At intervals the covers are hoisted by ropes
and pulleys, and dense clouds of steam arise,
through which we catch vistas of men,
women and childhren at work. Two men t
approach the coppers with stretcher and hi
scoop-nets, and they throw rapid scoop. ti
fuls, done to a scarlet, backward over their f
shoulders. Tihe scarlet hue Is aeen in all h
quarters-on the steaming stretcher, in the ii
great heaps on the tables, in scattered in
dividuals on the floor, in a large pile of a
shells and refuse seen through the open v
door, and in an ox-cartloadl of the same re- c
fuse, further oil, which is being taken away f
for use as a fertilizer. c
The boiled lobster is seperated, on long
tables, into his constituont parts. Thle meat n
of the many jointed tail is thrust out with
a punch. A functionary called a "cracker"
frees that of the claws by a couple of deft n
cuts with a cleaver, and the connecting
arms are passed on to be pickedl out with a
fork by the girls. In another department
the meat Is placed In the cans. Thie girl h,
puts In roughly a suitable selection of the
several part... Tme noxt weighis it, and e,
adds or substracts enough to c-omplete the
exact amount desired (one or two pounds). n
Th~e next forces down the contents with a
stampi nvented especially for the purpose.
The neout puts in a tin cover with blows of
a little nammner. Then a tray is rapidly 2
filled, with the cans, and they are carried
to the solderers, who seal them tight cx.
cept for minute openings in the covers, and
put them in another tray, which by means
of a pulley-tackle, Is then plunged in bath
caldrons, in order that the cans may ho
boiled till the air l4 expelled from their con
tents through Ihe minute openings. Then
they are sealed lip and boiled again for
several hours, w!w'.nthem process of cooking
In the packing-rooim the cans are cleanied
with acid, painted a thin 't of green to.
keep them from rusting, pasted -.ith labels
dlisplaylng a highly'ornamental scarlet 1lob
ster rampant against a blue sea, and placed
by thme gross in pine boxes to await the ar
rival of the company's vessel, which cruises
regularly from factory to factory, collecting
thme product. Nine-tenths ot the supply at
present goes to the foreign market. On
"loaf-days." the hanids occupy themelve
with making the neat cans'whichm it is their
ordinary business to fill.
--The census of 1860 gave 18 slates to
The pyrethruim roeui, or "Persian
imuomule," is the powdered leaf of a
irmless flower growing in Caucasian Asia
i great profusion, where for centuries It
is been used to rid the natives of Insects.
rith a finely prepared dust made from
teso flowers, which can be purchased of
most any reliable druggist . at about
iventy cents a pound, the house fly, the
'icked flea and the mosquito may all be
it to flight or to rest. In order to enjoy
dI delicious riddance it is only necessary
heap up with a little cone one teaspoon
ii of the drug pyrothrum, touch It with a
4hted match and watch the thin bio line.
smoke as it rises to the coiling and is
afted through the air, changing the busy
rono of insect life into a weak wall of in- 1
ct woe. Pretty soon down they come
lump onI to the table and over your paper,
>in on their tiny backs and then sheathe
ieir lancets, curl up their hair-like legs
id interest one no more. Up staira the
ttle ones sleep unmolested, though there
e thousands of usquitoes in the room;
LO pests are sick unto death, and cling
Idly to the walls, too feeble to think of
pping the rich warm blood that flows In
Lddy little limbs just below ; the fume of
ie pyrethrun has settled their business,
id while it lingers in the room outsiders
e unwilling to make an entry, though the
indows are raised and the lattices are
ily half closed. Gauzo bars are hot,
uffy things at best, and one must be sadly
iven to attempt to sleep under such a
>ver; then, as we all know, the mosquito
ways finds his way through, no matter
>w carefully one may tuck up its folds
)ont the couch.
Smoke from the Persian camnomile or its
isty powder we have found most ellca
ous, and your readers will bless me when
ice they try It. The purity of the drug
ust be assured. This can readily be
sted. it must have a bright buff color;
ligit, readily burned, and give a pleas
it, tea-like fragrance ; one pinch should
11 a dozen flies, conflned in a bottle, at
ice. When it fails of these properties it
is been adulterated. In common use, Iin
rge or breezy rooms, where, from great
lution, it fails to kill, it nevertheless pro
ices on insect life, through its volatilized
sential oil or resin, uidoubted nausea,
rtigo, respiratory spasis, and paralysis.
acts upon them through the minute spir
l'es, the breathing tubes, that stud the
irfaces of their little bodies, and forn the
licate net-works of veins in their tiny
ings. To human beings it is, so far as I
III ascertain, entirely innoxious, and not
isagrecable. That we-a family of eight
,rsons, infants and adults-have lived for
,veral weeks in an atmosphere of pyre
krum dust ani smoke combined, during
Is present summer, is suflicient proof of
ty statement. 'lo the skeptic I recoi
Lend an interesting experiment : Put the
yrethrumn into a close, warm room, where
les most love to swarm, just after dark.
it the door aid ninakeo inothuir Visti, lit
1i1i ,ff1 3ULVI . I lul 01)/1L Un IAISIII,.uj u '. I..A
id squirminlg vermin on the floor will do
is heart good-that is, if lie is a himnan
ings and not an angel.
Having drafted our plan of battle against
iese little foes, it becomes proper to speak
f the care of the wounded. To cure
tosquito stings, L know notiing better
ian a twenty per cent. solution, in either
i1 or water, of pure carbolic acid. This
i to be rubbed well on the painful spot.
o bath'e one's tingling hands and smarting
mbs with this solution, gives a cooling,
rateful sensation that is hard to describe.
'arbolic soap will do almost as well, or an
Intment compounded of carbol, camphor
When poor 01(d Uncle Slas Patterson
ent to his grave thme other (lay, not a
ourner followed, andt never will a tear
ioiston the earth above him. In by-gone
sys ho aspiredI to be a p~olitical leader, and
mere are plenty of men who' remember
ow lie once. runi a wardl caucus. -Know
ug his ambition to become a power In the
ard, three or four old jokers p~ut lip a plan
make him ChaIrman of thme caucus short.
rto he held, and they visited him in a
"Eiverything will dlepond on how you run
mls caucus Be calm. Be dignified. Don't
It any one ride over you. Oms will move
uis and the other that, but you must re
450 to entertain any motions until you
ive ascertained the pleasure of the moot
Uncle Silo wvas delighted and puffed lip,
nd he could hardly wait for the hour
hich was to witness'his triumph.. 11o was
illed to the chair, as planned, and after a
w remarks to prove lisa gratitude, ho
dIed for order, and said:
"Now, then, what is thme pleasure of thme
A citizen rose in reply and began:
"I move yell, Mr. Chairman, that we
"Order I Order I " called Uncle Bile.
"I amn in order."
"You are not I Take your seat or I'll
ave you put out."
The astonished elector dropped 'back to
mcond fiddle, andI Uncle Bile continued:
"Nowv, then, what is the pleasure of the
"I miove that we proceed to bal--"
It was'another elector, and lbe had only
ot thus far when the Chairman cried out ;
"I call for order I If we, can't have order
re might as well adjourn. I now fak you
r the third time, What is the pleasure of
ie meeting ?'
The electors were dumbfonded for a
me, but one of them recovered a little
ooner than the rest and asked :
"Is this it caucus?"'
"You bet I" ans wered Uncle Sile.
"Are we here to nominate wardl cfllcers?"
"Then, sir, I move that we pro-".
"Order I ordler I" yelled the Chairman.
"That's the third or fourth time that
rick has been tried here, and the next man
rho-makos a motion before I have found
ut thme pleasure of the meeting will be put
intli Now, th'en, is there any pleasure in
his meetingi If so, where is it, and what
Ile soon discovered. About twenty men
ushed for hIm at once, and lie went ouit of
he window like a bag of sand, andl before
io had come to the caucus had trainsacted
ts business and adjourned. The incident
met only cured Uncle Sile's ambition to be
political leader, but it ms doubtful If he
ivar east another voe
In November, '79, William King went
>ut from Deadwood City to visit a brother
.n camp seven or eight miles away. lie
was called a boy then; and now I'll toll
yrou why they changed his nane to "The
Wan from Michigan." The boy, whose
ionic name is William King, was arnied
mith a Henry rifle, a revolver and a light
iatchet, and he set out to pursue his jour
icy on foot. There were Indians above
md below and around Deadwood. They
and killed two men only the day before,
ind were known to be lurking on the paths
knd trails; Young King was strongly ad
rised against leaving the town, but having
to .rd that his brother was very sick, Ie
vas determined to go. He loft Deadwood
Lbout nine o'clock in the morning, there
eing three'or four inches of snow on the
"It's like throwing that gun and revol
rers into the sea, to say nothing of being
icalped," remarked the miners as the boy
iet out, and some of the men said It was a
ahaie for such good weapons to be carried
,o the Indians.
The boy felt safe enough until a mil'i or
wo out of Deadwood, when lie grew more
:autious. His route lay over the hills,
hrough broken ground and along a valley
Jelng mapped by compass and no trail to
rollow. Three miles from Deadwood lie
ieard the neigh of a horse, and he at once
iurried from the open ground to the shelter
f the timber. Speeding along for a half
nile at a dog trot, he became certain that
Indians wcre on his trail. ie had seen no
iigns and had heard nothing but the neigh
)f a horse, but he had a presentiment, as it
iver3, that the red men had taken his broad
rail and were after him. King made for
lighEr ground, and soon obtained the shel
,er of a mass of rocks which could not be
inadily approached except from one direc
Ion. le intended to secrete himself until
:ertai that his trail was not followed, and
10 had not long to wait. In the course of
ieven or eight minutes nine Indians walking
it single file, appeared in view, following
mls footsteps at a fast walk.
King could have retreated had he so de
iired, but the prospect of a fight did not
righten him. The odds were largely
igainat him, but the boy had nerve, a good
)ositioti, and lie deliberately opened the
>attle. The savages did not know how
>lose they were to him until a bullet fron
ils rifle cut the Jugular vein of the first and
mried itself in the shoulder of the next.
rl'e first leaped from his feet and fell back
% corpse, while the second went down, but
icratulened up again and took cover along
vith the others, so badly wounded that he
,ould take no part in the desperate fighting
which followed. The Indians at first
.bought the boy had joined two or three
unters, but after uaking a cirole around
iis position they found him entirely alone
ud they opened fire on him from three
lifferent poits. lie was safe enough in
Lils retreat, and waited to lot them exhaust
their ammunition. As their fire slackened
4o obtrAuod aight of one of them and shot
The idea of a-boy having killed two of
Lheir number and wounded a third, drove
,he remaining six pavages to desperation,
md they left the cover of their trees and
iharged on his position, yelling fiercely as
they advanced on a run. le had not ex
pecter such a maneuver, but was not
iltogether taken by surprise. le wounded
)no of them in the wrist by a shot from his
rifle, and when they were upon hn threw
JLown his gun and peppered away with his
"rhoy were right upon md and we were
all blazing away at once," he afterwards
-xplaincd, but the boy was too much fcr
them. The cowardly reds retreated for a
moment, having wounded King in the side,
in the leg ano in the cheek. In return two
,f them carried away some of his lead, but
wore not tod badly wounded to use their
rifles afterwards. The gang hauled off for
m time, and then one of them crawled as
cear as be could and shouted in brokeni
"White boy come out-me no hurt lum I"
But the white boy was going to stay
right there for a while yet. Ho knew the
treacherous nature of the savaqges aroundi
him, and lie believed he could whip the
whole crowd, wounded~ as he was. Thme.
Indian finding that King could not be on..
Liced from his position, returned and re
p)arted, and1( for an hour all was quiet. The
boy was beginning to hope that they hind
withdrawn for good, when a savage ap
p~eared in view on the loft and wanted to
hold a talk. Hie indulged in 'fiirious gest
ures, danced around, and ado-overy effort
to attract King's attention to him, and then
keep it there.
"White boy very brave-won't hurt
white boy--like to talk with brave white
boy l"lhe called out as ho danced around.
Meanwhile the rest of the band were
sneaking up from the other direction, cal.
culating on shooting King in the back as he
watched the single Indian. He suspectedl
the trick, saw them commig, and drawIng
a fair bead on the talker, dropped him (leadh
as a crow-bar. Those skulking up num
bered four, being all the Indians left alive
and~ unwounded out of the nine first sighted.
They (lid not rush as the boy expected.
On theo cntrary they hurriedly retreated,
andi but little time was lost by them in got
tinig out of the neighborhood. The boy
waited umtil three o'clock in the afternoon,
before leaving his retreat, and then his
clothing stiff with blood, ,he pursued hals
journey, reaching lis brother's camp about
dark in safety. Trho men would not credit
his story, though the three wounds were
plain proof of the bloody contest. 'rhe
next (lay a band of a dtozen wont over to
the flght, and wheii they had taken a suirveiy
they could no longer doubt the boy's story.
TIhey found trails of blodid everywhere
aroundi the position and trails In the snow
where the dead Indlians had been dragged
along, and the defense was voted one the
bravest ever made against the savages. A
boy without signs of a beard, and looked
upon as hardly fit to carry a pistol around,
had wounded or destroyed five out of the
nine redhskins who had anticipatedl securing
his scalp) without firing more than one shot.
It wasn't enough for the miners to pat the
boy oln the back and give im all duo
praise, but to further honor and distinguish
him they called him "The man from Michi
gan." There are other men from Michigan
there, but young King hits the sole honor
of being "the man," and of being looked
upon as thme representatives of the Wolverine
The niusic,.of .h is voice leoit melody
Most men know what theoy hate, fety
what they love. 30 i