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Ttll:EK EDITION. WINNSBORtO, S. C., JULY 26, 1881.ETALSLD185
IN THE OLD CHURCH TOWEI.
In the old churcht tower
Hangs the bell;
And above It on the vane,
In the sunshine and the rain,
Clt In gold St. Peter stands
With the keys in his two liands,
And all Is well.
In the old church tower
Hangs the bell.
You can hear Its great heart heal,
Alt I so loud and mild and sweet,
As the parson says his prayer
Over happy-lovers there,
While all is well I
In the old church tower
Hangs the bell.
Deep and solenut. Hark I again,
Al I what lassion and what pain I
With her hand tiplon her lreit,
Holae poor soul has gone to rest
Where all is well I
In the (old church tower
langs tie blil
A quaint Irlend that seems to know,
All our joys and all our woe;
It is glad whenk we are wed,
It is sai when we are lead,
And all 18 well.
A LOTUS DREAAL
Sitting by the fire in dreamy lauguor
on a dull October evening. Over against
the window pasne on which the sleet is
weaving fantastic figures, stands a girlish
figure stamping her foot and looking out
on the dull, leaden-colored sky. The'
crispy logs burn brightly, and man as I
am11 and thirty, I turn to watch the fair
profile at the window. By and by she
comes toward me, and stands by my
sido, warming her fair hands at the fire.
They are symmetrical hands, white and
sisall; her bosom rises and falls, and a
sigh as gentle as the zephyr wind in
summer goes out and away. Before me
is the picture of a fair lady of twenty
three, and by my side on the table is a
letter to her I have just finished. I
show it to the little maiden and she
reads and sighs again. Then she says:
" You are going down there and you
and Miss Lulie will marry sure enough,
Mr. Walter. And you'll bring her back
hero and keel) this room. And when
you com, I would like to be a fly crawl
ing around the ceiling."
" Why, Pappoose ?"
"To watch your happiness and tickle
your noses, perhaps." And away she
flew, to help her mninia about her
The scene is in tie South laud, no
matter where. I am a writer gathering
up incidents for an article in a leading
magazine, or at least I came here for
that purpose, and have prolonged my
stay indefinitely. I have stopped with
a widow lady, Mrs. Mahonis, and Laura
is her only child, whom I have nick
namediti Pappoose. With Southern pro
cocity, she is a wornan whilo yet a child.
Fair complexion, with dark hair and
passionate, dreamy eyes, she is a picture
an artist would love for a model, and a
picture I love for its own sake.
Too young to understand such love,
her mother said to me to-day.
"I never intend Laura shall mary
until she is twenty-two."
And my heart sank, for I thought it
should not be so.
I have been carrying on a correspond
ence with a friend in my native village,
a widow, and I show all my letters to
Pappoose. She is the Lulie I am soon to
Loved, practical winter, with the
shadows of night about it; November
with her sere leaves, and chill winds
about us. Inside the rooms of a pleasanst
mansion. Lulie is attired in a seal brown
satin, with the glory of roses in her
dress, the glory of lilies in her hair. I
have just arrived, and go about the ball
room with Lulie on miy arm. I am
proud of her and she of me ; and though
there are no weddedl vows between us, I
wonider if miy little Pappoose shl ever
be afly, and crawl around our rooms.
No, I love the child with the dark hair
and the dreamy eyes Jetter than I do
'Out in the conservatory, with the
perfume of exotic plants about us, the
warm air of a hot-house to comfort us, I
"Luio, you have been good to me,
and I thought I loved you, hbut I don't,
my friend. Yours is not the love that
would make my restless life happy. I
love a child-a child-woman, fair, dark
eyed amnd dr'eaimy, better than I do you."
" Oh, Walter, hushi My p)oor heart
will break. Listen." AndI I heard the
blood beat in 11cr heart like the echo of
a tiny cataract.
Sihe lays her, head upon my shoulder,
she throws her fair arms abiout my neck,
and I forget my child love.
"Walter, you do not mean it 1 My
dream has been1 such a happy one !"
And her head nestled closer to my bosom
-and tears hung like dew dropa on tle
What can I do ? A fly crawling about
the room changed into a black-eyed,
(lark-haired little darling, and I put
Lulie away from me gently.
" Lulie, I mean it. Forget the past ;
try to forget me."
Site shtvcrs just a little. The tear
drops dry up like an April shsower'.
There is a tremulous motionm about the
lips, and a softly' spoken "'good-by,"
and she is gone.
February has come. I am again in my
village retreat. Patppoose' is just fifteens.
I am lounging on the gallery watching
the fairy figure making snowballs in thes
yardl. Thsis time siho is very shy of me.
I have been here a week, and~ save a few
hurried words, have not sp~oken to lher;
and yet I camne solely on her account. I
begin to wonider if I have made a fool of
mtyself, and if sonic village boy has
already won her heart. I am niervous,
excitable andl passionate . and sitting
here, watchimng the sweet pirofile, the
studious birow, the long lashtes and the
wealth of raven tresses covering her lihke
a mantle, I got mad, tipi over my chair,
and walk away to the stable to my dear
old Dan, a gallant roadster, and am sooni
sweeping away madly dowvn the rough
Man, and such a fool!i
A pleasant ride changes my thoughts,
and I come back to meet Pappooso on the
gallery, with a tiny nosegay, which she
oilors, and sas:
" Let me pm this on your coat. It
may keep you in a good huior."
" How did you know I was angry, or
in a bad humor ?"
" Look at that chair ;" and she walks
over, picks up my fallen chair, sets it
down straight with a thud, and with an
air of intonso anger, stamping her pretty
foot, she says, "'There now I"
Then, breaking intoja ringing laugh,
she trips away..
After she loaves I am still standing on
the gallery, leaning against a post, whil)
ping myself with my riding whip, when
out in the road in front of the house
whom do I see but Pappooso on Dan,
galloping Wildly down the road I If the
horse is tired there is no danger what
ever; but if ho is not, and gets the least
bit excited, he will kick her. I start to
stop her, but she has passed in a minuto.
I go in to so her mother. She only
" Don't fret yourself. If anybody on
earth can ride him she can."
An hour afterward she is brought in
limp and helpless and bleeding from a
wound in her forehead.
A plain room, with plain paper decora
tions. A cheerful fireside, ai old
fashioned hearth, and a cozy arm-chair
in which I im seated alone. No, not
quite alone; for on a downy couch over
against the window pane, where she first
staiped her pretty feet, lies my little
Pappoose, pale and thin and sad. She is
sleeping now, her loose hair, like a
shadowy covering, hidos tho fringed
eyelids, and one fair arm is thrown over
her head. Outside it is snowing, cold
and bitter. Her mother has left me to
watch her a moment. She has been
very low, Dan having thrown her on a
rock and almost crushed her tender
skull. "Coneussion of the brain," the
doctors said. Five days we have
watched and waited and she is still
The weary hours we watch over our
loved ones, ill or dying, are the most
miserable of our lives. How we tremble
at the sensOless glance of the eye, the
glow or pallor of the cheek, the wild
nutterings of discontented dreams of
But to-day the weariness passed away
as I heard Pappoose turn oi her couch
" Mr. Walter !"
Quick as thought I am by her side,
and her hand is in mine.
"Where is mamma?"
"She is down stairs, little Pappooso."
"Why are you watching me ?"
"Because I love you, Pappoose."
Won't mamma do it?"
"Yes, she has just left you. You
don't care for me staying with you, do
"How long have you boon here ?"
"Only a few muutes."
"You had better go away. I am
I go out in the cold. I can't under
stand it. I believe Pappooso loves me,
but she is so artless and childish in her
manner, that I cannot tell. For some
reason I dare not ask her. I feel hurt,
and yet I know not why. Her mother
asked me to reminn in the room a few
minutes while she was sleeping. Was it
niniden modesty, or does she dislike me?
I walked up the street with the snow
drifting in my face, a north wind twisting
my hair into curls with itcold fierce
ness. Two men in front of me, muflied
up in warm ulsters, are talking rapidly
as they hurry through the cold. One of
them says :
She's a good one. ~ That young 'fellow
Bascom thinks lie has got it all his own
way ; but wait till he goes and she'll
come b~ack to mec quickly. Laura loves
mnc better than anyb'ody else iii the
My name is Walter Baecom, and Pap
poose's name is Laura. My jealous fancy
makes thme application immediately. I
follow them up, anid stop the first ac
quaintance I meet to ask the names of
the two men. One is a gamibler, the
other, who sp~oke of Laura, is the keeper
of a variety theatre ini the town ; his
name is Joyce.
Maddenied with paini and anguish, I
retrace my steps. I find Laura sitting
uip in bied, much better. She is not un
kind, lbut says:
"Mr. Walter, I bog your p)ardoni ; I
am very grateful for your kindness to
"I am feeling mean, andl T say:
"' I would be glad to see you looking
so wvell, but it seems Mr. Joyce would
be bietter pleased."
How the dear, tender face, the piteous
wail come back to me after the lapse of
years. She dIroopis over like a flower cut
down. Her breathing is faint, andl we
can see the pulsations through the
.Poor little Pappoose! She never spoke
again. Sho is dead now and T never
know and never shall know whether my
unkindness killed her or not.
It seems like a dream from which I
l:'mve awakened. The village is but a
memory, the churchyard where Laura
lies a myth ; . and Lulii, who is my wife
now, kisses the sadness from my brow
"It was a dream, Walter-a lotus
Served 11ilm IRighnt,
A woman at Cape Girardeau, Mo., who
had suffered from a husbnd's neglect,
traced him In a barroom where lie was
playing cardls withi several coinpanions.
Setting a covered dish she held In her
hands (town uipon the table, she said "'Pro
sumning, husband, thi it you wore too busy
to conme home to (dinner, 1 have brought
yeu yours,"andl~ departed. With a forced
laugh he Invited his frIends to (line with
him, but on removing the cover fronm the
dish1 found or ly a slip of paper on whIch
was writen:"'l hope) you will enjoy your
meal; it is the same your family have at
No man is wvise or safe but lie that is
A personi, truly noble, cannot b)0 in
A jewel is a jewel still though lying in
.A great mani's foolish sayings pass for
.A jest driven too far brings home
Tricks In Prison.
One of the duties of Keeper J. 8.
Brown, of Auburn, N. Y., State-prison, is
to dress all convicts whose time has expired
and while discharging his duty he has in
tercepted a number of contraband articles.
The .Aven iag A uburnian tells the latest
*lodge attempted in the State boarding
house. "Two 'zebras' who had served
their tune were brought down to Mr.
Brown's ollIce to receive theircitizen's out
fit. They were itiven their clothing, and
one of them was about to draw on his boots
when Mr. Brown noticed that the stiching
at the top of them was not uniform. lie
asked the man for the boot, and taking his
knife and cutting the stitches lie found a
number of lette's secreted in the leg of his
boot, intended for outside parties. The
other man had donned his citizen's garb,
and thinking lie might have some corres
pondence secreted about him, Mr. Brown
made him remove his boots, and upon ex
ploring them he found wadded in the toes
of the boots, between two layers of cotton,
a number of letters also designed for the
outside world. Both men were ordered to
disrobe again and put on the striped uni
form of the State. They were turned over I
to Principal Keeper Boyle, who sent themI
back to their shops. They have forfeited
their commutation for good behavior, and
will ienain in prison until the authorities
feel disposed to release them, which may
not be until after their sentences have ex
pired. All convicts are allowed to write
to their friends once a month. Their let
ters pass through the chaplain's oice, wih re
they are examined before passing out. to
see if their contents are objectionable.
When convicts desire to communicate with
friends that they are in want of articles
forbidden by the authorities, they general
ly employ soime outgoing 'striped' to carry
out their letters for them, which g'enerally
contain directions where to send the con.
truband articles, and by whom it will be
brouahit inside. One of these letters once
fell into the hands of the officials which
contained an order for three itvolvers, ae
companied by the request to go to a cer
tain friend .n Buffalo, -who would furnish
the inone1 to puichase them with, and
after they were bought they were to be de
livered to an ex-convict who was loitering
about Auburn, and he would slip them
under the niorth gate where the hostler,
who went out early in the morning, would
bring them to the writer, a twenty-years
man, who, with some of his companions,
proposed to use the weapons in making
their emeipe from one of the wings in the
night by shooting down the guard."
Everybody has heard of this pu
lar summer resort of the New ork
era with its splendid hotols, tho Man
hattan, the Brighton, and the
Oriental. It lies directly on the Ocean,
and the pure sa air, safe hathing, and
excellent music, make one forget the
h1onto of gmm oar. 1 'ia Po l . %II
road Company, and the Iron Steamboat
Company of New York,have entered into
arrangemionts by which extra facilition
are offered for reaching Coney Islaind,this
popular summer resort. These palace
steamers will connect with trains on the
Pennsylvania luailroad at Jersey City,
and land passengers at the Iron Pier,
Conoy Island, direct, also at Bay Ridge,
where connection is nnde with the Now
York and Son Beach Railroad. Return
trips will be mado at such hours na will
afford satisfaction to all visitors to the
island, and enable thein to make sure
and closo connections with trains on the
Pennsylvania Railroad hionieward hound.
The time on this line betw eon Jersey
City and Coney Island will be about
forty minutes. This will be a safe
speedy, and pleasant rome from all
points to Coney Island.
An Enigliih Heoronry.
Surrounded for mIles by the spreading
heath on three sides, and with a wide ex
panse of water on the other, the clump of
fir trees that is the home of the herons stands
al'one. The best way to visit it is to go by
punt across "the sea,'' and then, plunging
knee-sleep through the heather, make your
way toward the trees, which can be seent
for miles. Landing at what is called
Jack Sands', and where once stood three or
four cottages, and where we can still see
traces of the old gardlens, we walked
through last year's fe.rn and heath until we
came alnost within gunshot of the hieronry.
Then we p~aused andl noticed how the trees
were laden with the big flat nests, soe
looking twloe the size of the rest, being
evideintly built upon the site of old ones.
As we approached nearer thme lien birds
raised their long necks and listened, and as
they (11( so they looked like patches of
gray snow among the blue-green branches.
Then fi-om behind a brown lill on the left
rose a flock of male birds, where they had
been sunning themselves in the "loo of the
'rhe nearer we came the greater seemed
to be time agitation among tYhe deizens of
the heronry; and presently, with a great
clatter of wings and scicamii g of voices,
thme lien birds rose from their nests anid chir
clod -ro'id andl round, watching our
adlvancinig figures keenly. The heronry'Is
surrounded by a turf banik thrown up), but
it, ms otherwise unprotected, and we were
very soon inside It, looking up at the nests
through the branches. The trees are very
thick together, and have also nests of the
crows close beside the herons', and much
Is t~he dlamnage (lone to them by the crows.
They not only ilght, for favoritoe sites, bit
watch their opportunity and destroy the
eggs and nests whenever thidy get a chance
to do so. There was a strong wind, andl
the branches swayed hecayily to and fro,
cracking and groaning like the nmsts of a
ship In a storm ; and as the herons flew to
and fro shrieking, a most weirdl effect was1
produced. And soon we could hear the1
feebler cry of the newly hatched little ones
that told tus that the families were alreadly
out, of the shell. The ground Is deeply
coveredl wIth brown pmnencedles, fir conies,
and softly powdered mould, lnto which we
sank as we walked ; and under the trees
were numberless blue egg-shehls, gray
feathers, and morsels of fish and fishmbones.
We came, too, upon the debris of the old
nests, either torn out by theo birds or blown
out by the temupests of last winter.
From the centre of the heronry, which
slopes up and dlown and has sheltered hol
lows, we watchecd the herons fishing on the
mud that stretches for miles from the mouth
of the river to beyond Poole, and saw also
the curious black shags standmng like Sen
tinels with their 'wings outspread In tihe
sun to diry ; andi on Ihe mud1 inst by thma
dge of the heath and among the spear we
!ould see the busy little water-rails collect
ng the "rag worm," as a sort of centipede
a called by the lerioen in these parts.
['he water-rail has his local title, too, and
u known as the "skitty-cock"-" 'cause
hey skitter along," our man said ; and
hen we watched an energetic mother of a
amily that she kept hidden in the spear,
intil she carries them out one 'by one. The
is.oment she seized a rag-worm she gave a
eculiar little sharp cry, and out popped a
ledgling who was -fed and then promptly
,etired into shelter; and then the perform.
umce was repeated until all were satisfied,
when she too ran Into the spear and was
oeemi no more.
By the time we had 'watched this the
ierons had settled down quietly on their
tests again, and the wind rocked the trees
md bent them backwards and forwards in
regular see-saw, serving admirably as a
-radtle-rocker ; and then we enideavored to
ice If, as reported, the birds hang their
cgs over the edges of the nests, as they
ire popuh irly supposed never to bend thim;
)ut we found it impossible to ascertain if
his were true. At the ihoment we began
,0 clin up the rough red otem of the tree
,he bir >se from the nest and flew about
;creaming, with her neck doubled down
>n her breast and her long legs straight
>ut behind her. One of our number man
iged to scale a tree, with much snapping
)f dead branches; but in the first nest were
nly four eggs and no young, and the
second was too high in construction for
iim to see into; and although he could
icar the little ones "seraking,'' he could
iot, bring us one down to see. After a
rreat deal of bother he managed to find an
asier nest, and then we were shown the
'rightful little creature, who seemed to be
tbout a week old.
He certainly made noise enough for his
ige ; and at present possessed an enor mous
tomach, and very short legs, with large
knee joints, and had the long gray tuft on
,he head well developed; the neck also was
is long in proportion as tnat belonging to
te grown bird-so the legs, when they
grow, must grow all at once. lie had the
soft underbill and big mouth of the fish
3ater, and altogether was most hideous.
When lie was restored to his home we dis
3overed another nest that was small, and
different in every way from the others;
and this turned out to belong to a pair of
horned owls, for the old birds tumbled
away at our approach, winking and blink
ing at the light, leaving us the proud Poe
sessors of live of their white nearly round
eggs, that are about the size of a pigeon's;
wc noticed, too, a squirrel's nest, but we
did not attempt to disturb that. The
bracken was just beginning to uncurl, but
otherwise there were no signs of spring, as
there were no gorse bushes there, and no
thing save the heath Itself in the way of
verdure; but the lichens on the heath are
out-n curious, fleshy specimen, like the
stag-horn fern, a red-pointed one, and
many of the gray, yellow and green sorts
that are in full beauty just now
Theway oft It.
A fariner once .was told that his turnil
field had been robbed, and that the rob
bery had been committed by a poor, inof
fensive man, of the name of Palmer, who,
many people or the vilage said, had taket
away a wagon-load of turnips. Farmci
Brown, much exasperated at the loss ol
his turnips, determined to prosecute pooi
Palmer with all'the severity of the law,
With this intention he went to Molly San
ders, the washer-woman, who had beer
busy in spreading the report, to know the
whole truth; but Molly denied ever bavinx
said anything about a wagon-load o. tur
nips. It was but a ci.rt-load that had beet
taken, and Dame Hodson, the huckster,
had told her so, over and over again. Tht
farmer hearing this, went to Dame ilod
son. who said that Molly Saunders was al
ways naking things worse than they real
ly w re; that Palmer had taken only a
wheelbarrow full of turnips, and that sh<
had her account from Jenkins, the tailor.
Away went the farmer to Jenkins, tI
tailor, who stoutly denied the account al
together. Hie had only told D~ame liodsor
that Pahmer had pulled up several turips,
but how many he couh' not tell, for thal
lie did not see hImself, but was told b3
Tonm Black, the plowman. ffarmer Browr
next questioned Toni Slack,. who in hm
turn dleclaredl he had never said a wtorl
about seeing Palmer pull up several tur
nips; hie only said lie had heard ray that,
Barnes, the barber, was the person whc~
had told him about it,. The farmer, al
most out of patience at this account, hur
ried off to Barnes, the barber, whc
wondered much that the people shioui
lind p'easulre in spreading idle tales which1
had no truth in them. lie assurelt tht
rarmer sall lie had said about, the matter,
while lbe took off the beard of Tlom Black,
was that, for all lie knew, Palmer was ais
likely to pull up a turnip as his neighbor,
A Turkish slave-ship was captured thi
thecr (lay by an English vessel, and the
slaves It containedl, consisting of eevent.)
women andl ten men, were liberated. The
nuen volunteered Into the Egyptian army,
but it was more diflcult to dispose of th<n
women. Under the treaty concluded be
.ween the English Government and th
Khmedive the importation and exportation o
slaves are forbidden ; but the detention am
snale of slaves in thme country are permiittet
ror about six years longer in Egypt am
loeven years In the Soudan. Several ofliceri
ccerdingly caine to the Psasha of thme die
Lrict wvithi offers to buy somne of the femaks
slaves, but the Pashia declared that he
would not part with theni unless they goi
narriedl. le then announced that any
soldier er civilian wishing to marry one o1
he slaves would have to pay six thialers fot
icr dowry,but that the women would be al
owedn to choose'their husnds fromamn
hlose who should p~resent themeolves foi
heo purpose. A great number of men,
hmefly soldiers, assembled on the day ap.
)olnted for the selection. The woeri
were so shy that they "huddled togethes
ike a flock of sheep," and could nost be In
iuced to move. At inst onme of therns, tak
nig courage, advanced slowly to a black
E'py ptian Sergeant, who was anything but
roumng or handsome, and put her hand or
as sloulder as a sign that he was the mar
he wIshed to marry. Hecr example was
nstantly followed by the otlher women,
who rushed forward to choose their hus
uands as if they feared to be too late. 11
was now the men's turn to say whethe
~hey accepted the selection. All wer<
satisfied but, five', and even the five womerm
who were conseqtiently obliged to choost
igaina were ultimately provided with hm.
A Norwegian Village.
Vossovangen is a little farming hamlet
%)n th, west shore of a beautiful lake. ihe
region is one of the best agricultural dis
tricts in Western Norway; the 'Vos"
farmers are held to be fortunate and well
to do, and their butter and cheese always
bring high prices in market.
As we drove Into the village we met the
peasants going home from church, the wo
men in short green or black gowns, with
gay jackets and while handkerchiefs made
into a hying-buttress sort of head-diess
on their heads; the men with knee-breech
es, short vests, and jackets thick trimmed
with silver buttons. l.very man bowed
and every woman courtesied as we passed.
To pass any human being on the highway
without a sign or token of greeting would
be considered in Norway the lie gut of Ill
manners: any child seen to do it would be
sharply reproved. Probably few things
would astonish the rural Norwegian more
than to be told that ani-mg the highly civ
ilize I It is considered a mark of good breed
ing, if you chance to neet a cllow-man
on the highway, to go by him with no more
recognition of his presence than you would
give to a tree or a stone wall..
It is an odd thing that a man should be
keep ng the Vossevangen Hotel to-day
who served in America's civil war, was
for two years in one of the New York
regiments and saw a good (eal of active
service. lie was called back to Norway
by the death of his father, which made it
necessary for him to take charge of the
fanily estate in Vossevangen. le has
married a Vossevangen woman and is like
ly to ond his days there, but he hankers,
for Chicago, and always will. le keeps
a fairly good little hotel, ou the shores of
the lake, with a row of willow-trees In
front; dwarf apple-trees, gooseberry and
currant bushes, and thickets of rhubarb in
his yard. roses, too, besides larkspur and
phlox, but the rhubarb hana the plaec of
honor. The dining-room and the parlor
were like those at 1ide, adorned with ivies
a-.d flowering plants; oleanders in the win
dows, and potted carnations on the table.
In one corner of the dining-rooi was a
large round table covered with old silver
for sale: tankards, chains, belts, buttons,
colis, rings, buckles, brooches, ornaments
of all kinds,- hundreds of dollars' worth
of things. There they lay, dayand nght,
open to all who came; and they had done
this, the landlady said, for years, and not
a single article had ever beea stolen: from
which it is plain.that not only is the .Nor
wegian honest himself, there must be a
contagion in his honesty, which spreads it
to all traveiers in his country.
A Gigantlc Iron Pier P1ound-Not.
The Long Island fish company proposes
to engage in pound fishing on a stale hith
erto undreamed of. Already a large tract of
land has been purchased at, the eastern end
of Long ]eUa, ,- - -
along the coast. At this point, which 'is
eminently favorable for pound pound fish
ings since fish that run along the coast here
always come very close to the shore, the
company propose to erect a gigautic ploIr
supported by iron piles, forming an iron
pier 700 feet long and ten feet wide, with
bents or sections Lwenty feet long. At the
outer end of the pier, in thirty feet of wa
ter, will be a heart-shaped pound, the large
end of the heart in shore. This heart will
be about seventy feet across, and outside
of it is to be a box of Iron piers and netting
about seventy-fIve feet square. The fish
conting from either direction and striking
the pier netting will run out scaward to
the heart, and passing out at the lower end
will find themselves in the other recepta
cle. In the sections of the iron pier stor
age for thousands of tons of fish can be
providled, where they will keep alive in
their native element, for a month or longer,
and need not be uinmedhiately brought, to
market when the price is low. The great
advantage of aii iron pIer lies in its stabil
ity and freedom from attacks by worms.
I'he netting fence runs down to the bottom
of the water so as to stop grrounid swim
ng fish. Tlhe pound las a net bottom,
and when filled with lish is lifted and the
fish diiped out with hand nets..-.
Oil Reghin Duntgers.
*The season of thunder storms always
brings with a feeling ot great, uneasiness in
the oil regions. Scatteredl about, the gre,
p~etroleuim..produtcing hleldI thaeie are prob)
ably 1,000 iron ta:. ks, ini each one of wich
are stored froni 10,000 to 40,000 barrels
of crude oil. Most of them are situatedI
in the inidti, of p)opulous5 towns and cities.
11, is not, in the fact that, the tanks are miade
of iron that, the danger of lbghtning strokes
arises. Evaporation of the oil contatinedI
in them produces a vapor that arises and
hovers above them, and becomes a p~erpet,
nal attractioii to4he electric fuid. The
protection of tanks against lIghtning is a
problem that, scieiitifc ineii have been for
years laborIng to solve. A fortune awaits
the man who shall dievise a plan to pre
vent or leesen the damage that is annually
causetd by ilghtiniig in tLhe oil regi ins.
The United Pipe Line Company which
owns nearly all the iron tanks in the odl
country, is attaching to a number of is
tanks an appliance by which chemical
action may be Instantly brought to hear on
the cloud of smoke which forms between
the surface of the oil and the root of a tank
when It Is set on fire. This, it, Is claImed,
will reiide r the presence of Iladne Impossi
ble, and will lessen the nmber of' oil fires.
No dentonstratin ol' the value of the
extmiguiisher has beeni made, lbut, if
its action is satisfactory, in will be ai
GIod-seind to the oil country.
Last season, dum ing the great oil lure it
T1itusville, Va., when tanik aiter Lank was
beichiing Its volumes of flame, a spectator
suiggestedt that by firing a cannion ball
through the side of a tank near the bottom
before the oil boIled over the top. the oil
imght be drawnt out, aind the spread of the
conflagration topphed. . A piece of ord
nance~f wis ait Once pr >cuired and the exper
imnt triedl. it was successful. S3everal
tanks were drawii off in tiis way and the
destructIon of a great part of Thtusville
was preventeid. Now the iple Linie Coin
pany fhas a large cannon ready f or use at
an Instant's notice, fixed In position at all
tanks where a fire would jeopardize con
tiguous property. --*
The experimenyofplacing lhghtning
rods above the hihka is beIng trIed this
year. One indred antd fity mien have
been putti up rods, seventy feet above
The resumption of specie payment by
the government is again followed by the
mutilation o' coins, and the ingenious and
fraudulent practice, which prevails in all
countries, of punching, filing and "'sweat.
Ing" coins. A numier of silver coins, with
holes thorcin,have attracted the attention of
olilcers of the government, and there is a
lurking suspicion that many of those coins
have been punclied for purposes of gain by
persons engaged in that sort of small,
fraudulent business. On the otlier hand,
many of the circulation so defaced, are of
old date, and have probably been kept as
pocket pieces, and perforated so as to run a
string through, The pubic should adopt
the remedy of refusing to take punched or
defaced COWnS, and this would soon stop
the practice of those engaged in violating
The most dangerous of all practices,
which is confined to a skilful few, is the
ancient one of "sweating" gold coins. This
Was done by dipping coins in a strong so
lution of acid, which will disolve the
copper on the face,anud leave the 1lno gold in
a lioney.coued condition very susceptible
of abrasion. In this state the coins are
placed in a flannel bag, and shaken violent
ly together. TChe small particle of line gold
is detached from the c.in and adheres to
the flannel bag. The rubbing of the coin
together, in a measure, restores the natural
appearance of the piece. The bag ie then
carefully washed out, to be again used, or
burned, and the ashes carefully preservod
and separated from the gold, To an ex
pert the process is appareit by a look at the
coin ; but the only mode the general public
lihs of testing the quesLion is by weighing
the piece. All coins falling below two or
three grains or thiereabouts should be re
fused, and this refusal whould throw the
loss upon the holder, who would have to
deposit tWeni at the mint for recomage. If
care of this kind is taken but ittle danger
need be apprehended from scratchei coin.
The great preventive against "sweating"
plieces is that the man who deals with the
has to operate on a large number of coins.
To carry oin a profitable business he would
have to exchange a large amount of noies
for coi), ani exchange abraded coin for
paper money. Thesi operations would
arouse suspicion, and ultimately lead te
arrest and conviction. bilver change it
the most natural and proper currency to be
used among the people, and no piece shautid
be received which it is manifest on its
tace has been tampered with. Gold coin
is but little used it general circulation, and
it should never be accepted by trads peo.
ple and others, if from its rubbed and in
distinct impression it is evident, it has been
subjected to unlawful practices. If thiE
course Is taken generally by the public, in m
short time there will be but titile punclied
and defaced si.ver and no light weight gol
in circulation. The greatest danger to b
apprehended li either paper or metitilh
currency is not from abrasure, "sweating'
and other unlawful practices, but, from tic
paper currency, there is no protection ex
cept in the education of tie eye, while II
metallic currency there is the eye, touch,
weight, thickness, acid tests and sound of
piece to assist the judgment.
Dogs are valued highly in (ermany. I,
Vienna an enterprising man has establislietI
a bath house exclusively for dogs, which,
after being thoroughly washed in large
tubs, are phiced in cages to dry. Dogs 01
all sizes and breeds and of every socida
position are admitted and charged only
with reference to their size. No one ap.
prec.ates the spirit of the phrase "to worh
like a dog," until lie hais been in (lermany.
The Arickaree Indians call a horse "a be
dog." In .erimiy a log might well b
called a horse. About, half of the drafi
power is furnished by dogs andi women;
and thbey are freqjuently hitched up together.
It is nimt, unicommiion to see a (log (rag teli
or twvelve hunired weight. I have seen
mian and a woman get into a cart drawnm by
two large nmastiffs, and then drive dow,
the street, at, a rate of wich JoImt migh1
hatve been proud. Sixteen dollars will pur.
chase a (log for thia purpose---a trilling sun
conm'iderinig his usefulness. A dog tean
hasi one ad(1vantage over a horse team ; Il
gnards the property as well a drags It. hi
Winter they are otten allowed when reste
ing or waniting to jainI) inito the cart, am
cuddle down ini the straw. Ini Vienna ther<
is an immense hospItal andc veterbaiar)
college where horses, degs anid cats, am
all qutadrupeds arc received. Farriers 01
bioss blacksmiths are reqluiredl to spend sE
months at this IastItution anid to receive
certiticate of gradluation before setting ul
in business for themselvcs. in thIs as ui
all other matters, the (Germans bellove il
I Ntever l)mtmnk.
On t~ue sleeper of an up train from Cat
son City, recently, a traveler noticed a
old, white bearded izentlean trying to ge
in an overcoat. The young and sp~ry t ravel
er rushied-o his assistance, and m i hlIpin
him with the garment, noticed a goo
sized biottlo of whisky protruding from on
of the Inside pockets of thi3 eoat. IBei
of a waggishi turn, lie appropriated the boi
tile, got the coat on the stranger and the
p~iuig out, the flask said:
"'Wll yon take a drink sir I"
The old man did not, recognize the bot
tIe, and drawing himiself up, remnarkel
rather sevueoy :
''No dir, 1 never (drink."
"It w on't hurt, you," insuited the wai
''it' t hu best."
"'Yonlag man," said thio old genlc:mar
in a toine intmede for the whole car, ''1
you insist, on drinking whisky you will b
a ruinedl mani at, forty. It is the curse c
the land. When I was a boy my tmothe
died~and the last thIng that, sainted won,am
did( was to call me to her dying bedsie ani
saidl, "John, swear to tmo that, you wi]
never touch a drop) of liquor-"
lIchre thme old man clapped his hand to hi
side pocket, foutnd It empty, andi recognizei
the bottle in the hands of the othie
"Except, my dear boy, an occasiona
snifter while traveling," and reaching fo
the flask lie prossed It to his lips, amid
howl of laughter which shook the cat.
Obstinate peoplo, who are perfectla
suro that they are right and equally sur<
that every one else is wrong, rommdi( i
of the man who soarched for his drowniec
wvife b~y going upi the stream, because,
as hue said, she was a womann who novel
woiit with the current.
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
If you act with a View to praise only
you doservo none.
Allow people to think as well of each
other as they can.
An uiruly tongue is harder to control
than a vicious horse.
Character would be impossible wero
tlere no temptation.
The strongest natures are the tender
est. and most pitiful.
We must learn to infuse, sublimity into
trilles. That is, power.
PIt no faith in the remorso of a wo
111111 who talks about it.
Evon the weakest man is strong enough
to enforce his conviction.
A friend should bear with a friend's
inlfirmllities but not hi ViCes.
A character which will not defend it
self is rarely worth defending.
Great works arc performed, loot by
strength, but by )perseverance.
Poverty Imiay eXc14s a shidby coat but
it 14 110 t)Xecuse for shabby morals.
A sharp tongue is the only edged tool
that grows keener with constant use.
A person often repents of talking too
much, bitt seldom of saying too little.
Strength with men is insensibility,
greatness is pride, and calmness indiffer
If you would never have an evil de'd
spokeni of inl colilectioll with you, (ol't
In ourselves rather than in material
ature, lie the trite source and life of the
A mn who caiot mind his own busi
ness is not to be trnsted with the king's.
1est, that. is permnanent, is not, toho b --
expeted on Iil- road; but at the end of
MIking ia joke is like throwing a top.
If it. doesn't colie down oil its poiit. it
will not spin.
(3ra,11i1 griiously what, you cannot re
fiso safely, aid concviliato those you
We polish marble, not clay. If ono
would lie a polishied goilt-leImanl 1io must
Live oii what you have; live if you
ctn oil less: do not borrow, for vianity
will cnd in shmIue.
When on man las a prejudice against
allother suspiciol is very busy ilk coinI
ing resemblances. .
The most delicato, the most sensiblo
of ll pleasures c)olsists inl promoting th
pleasures of others.
Air and scandal are much alike ; the
oftener they are breathed the mor
poisonous they become.
Life is a short dity; but it is a working
day. Activity may lead to ivil, but in
A mnu is mnde rich by what he lose's,
just as it tree is fertilized by its own dead
leaves and broken branches.
Some coniceited folk think they fill a
large space in the public eyo 'lel in
reality it is all in their own.
To endeavor to work upon the vulgar
with tine sense is like atteImp1tiig to how
a block of mthle with a razor.
iappiness is like a sunbeam, which
the least sltdow intercepts, while adver
sity is often ats the rain of spring.
)o tat which is right. The respect
Of man111lkidil(L will follow; or, if it do not,
you will be able to do wit-hout it.
It is foolish to grievo over what can't
be hiped and abill more foolish, becauso
needless, to grieve over what can be.
llow independent of money peace of
consc(1ince iS, anid how nimeh hapineiss
ennl he conldenhsed ill the humblest home.
If your wife is small of stature you
have this pdhsophic consola1tion1, viz.,
that of all the evils you have chosen the
He who is false to present duty breaks
a thread in the 1001p and will find the
thaw - when he may have forgotten its
A wise man ought to hope for thme
best, 1)0 prepared for th~e worst, aind
be~iar with eqw im1ity whatever may
If it be true that " a mlid Atuite va
canht is ai mhind distre(ssed,'" there aire a -
greait mantiy pleople ill the world w~ho
tihit we may be3 l)' m ore ectually bam
boo)izled anud decei veid.
Wheni a man5t produc11es a thousand and
one vehiement arguments to prove that
lie is inniocent, your v9rdict ought to be
"' Not guilty; but lhe mustn't (10 it
Of all tue actions of man's life, his
Lmasrriage does least concern other 1poo
p)1e, yet of all the actions of our lives
it is the most meddled with b~y other
T here are three kind(s of pecople in the
world1-the will's the wont's andl eant's.
TIhe first aceomplishI everything; the se
cond op)poso ever'ything, the third fail in
-Poets and~ p)hilosophlers have tried to
I dlefino halppiness5, but whoen yion get
dowun to the founudationi of things it conl
sists of a fino houso and an abundance
;of six per centa.
If you have made a miistake don't think
,it a codsoso to apoloigize. The
f trute genItlemanI~ is always ready to rectify
e a blunder. Only the imule bites with
fone end and kicks with thle other.
r The deadliest foe to man's longevity
is an umiaturial and~ lunreaue(naible excite
m on f Evcry mnis born with acertain
ecasedl, but wvhichi may lbe husbanded
or exp~ended1 rapidly, as he deems best.
r Within cedrtalin limits, lie has his
chioie to live fast or slow, to Jive abste
miotusly or intensely; to draw his little
.amount of life ever a large space, or to
condense it into a narrow onte; but when
his stock is expended lie can have no
As the next thing to having wisdom
2ouirselves is to p)rofit by that of others,
so the next thing to having mer it our
selves is to take care that the meritori
ouis p roflt by us5 ; for he that rewards
the deserving, makes himself one of the