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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., AUGUST 6, 1881. ESTABLISHtD 1865.
hdil, dIelicious, springtime violet I
''hine odor, like a kdy,
'i'urns iioiselessly Iin memory's Wards to let
A thought of sorrow free.
T11w boreath of distant fields upon my brow
tIlows through th)at open door,
'Ilie sotind of wind-borne fields, more sweet and low
And sadder than of yore.
It coies afar from that beloved place,
And thai beloved iour,
Wien life hung ripening in love's golden grace,
Like grapes above a bower.
A spring goes singing through its reedy grass;
The lark sings o'er my head,
D~rowned In the sky-O pass, ye visions, pass I
I would that I were dead I
w%'hy hast thou opened that forbidden door,
From which I ever flee?
0 vaunihed joy 1 0 love, that art no more
.et my vexed spirit le I
o violet ! Ihy odor through my irain
Ilath searcheil, and stung to grief
'1his stinny day, as if a curse did stain
'i'hy velvet leaf.
THE iVEAV t OF RAVELOE.
It was fifteen years sin1ce Silas Marn
er had first come to Raveloo, and at the
end of fifteen years laveloe mien said
the sanie thing about him as at the be
ginning. Hie was Subject to catalepsy
aid to the villagers. thero was something
mlysteriols in these fits, as a fit was a
stroke, and it was not in the nature of a
stroke to let a ian stand on his legs like
a horse in tile shaft and then walk off as t
soon 11 you cal say 'Gee.'
'So had hisa way of life mysterious pe
cnliarities. He invited no coier to stop I
neross his door-sill,and lie never strolled
into the yillage to drink a piit at the
Rainbow, inld lie sought no man or t
wonman, save for the pur)ose of his call- 1
ing, or to supply himliself with the neces
saries of life.
He had a knowledge of. herbs-and
ehtris too, they thought-and perhaps
he was possessed of ani evil spirit, so it
wis partly to this vague fear that Mar
nier was indebted for pIrotecting him
from )o4ecution, and still more, that,
as linen weaver, his handicraft made
him a highly welcome settler to the rich
housewives of the district. There was
only one important addition which the
years brought; it was that Master Mar
ner had laid by a flue sum11 of iloley
His life had reduced itsolf to the mere
functions of weaving and boarding. But
about Christmas of that fifteenth year a
great change came over Marner's life
aInd his history became blended in a sill
gular manner with the life of his neigh
The greatest 111n ill Raveloc was
'oiuire ass. One of his two sols,
Dustan, the second, the neighbors said
it was no matter what became of him-a
spiteful, jeering fellow, whose taste for
drinking, betting and swopping might
turi him1 out to be a sower of something
worse than wild oats. -
But it would be a pity that Godfrey,
the eldest, a fine,woll-bred,good-natured
yotlg mall, should take the same road
as his brother,which lie seemed inclined
to do of late,
Godfrey was in Dustan's power, as lie
had secretly married a coarse beauty,
whose love of drink had made her an uni
tit conpanion for any one, and lie lived
in fear of his father learning the dread
ful secret andl turninlg hiim adrift, so
'tuhtan m'aide constanlt demnandis oni him
for hush51 mon01ey. Dr'iveni to despera'ftionl
by lisa profigate brother, lie had given
htiim permilssionl to sell his favorite horse
if lie would mahko 110 more demnanids upon01
So D)umtan rode tile horse to the races
andu before he had a chlance to soll,killed
thet horse and wonit from the grounds
inl a drunlkent, penniless state.
As lie was plodding home through thme
dar1k he saw a lighit ini Marnor's house.
lHe knlocked, but no0 onec answered, and1(
on1 stopp)jing it lie found it vacant.
Where could hie be, leavin~g his sup
pler cookinlg an~d the door unifastenled. It
wals at dlark, rainy might, an~d per'haps lie
had gone out for fuel and fallen into the
That was ian interestinlg idea to Dust an
If the weaver was dead, who had a right
to his mnoney? Who would know where
his money wal) hiidden? W~hlo woulld
knowv thai anlybody had come to take the
' He saw a place near the~ loomi where
the sand1( hadi finger marks, Hie darted(
to it, lifted the bricks, anid found two
leather bags, lie immediately left the
hiouse ith thle bags. 'Thie rainl anld
dlarkness had got thlicker, bunt le wais
heartily glad of it.
Silas camue soon after, amnd after get
ting warml~ lie thoughlt lie would pult his
bteloved guineas 01n the table before him,
as it would be pleasant to see themn as lhe
ate his uniwonted feast. For joy is the_
best of wine, anid Silas' guinecas were a
goldlen wineO of that sort.
The sight of the emplty hole made his
heart leap), but the belief that his gold
was gono cold inlot colmo at oncC. Nie
hand put hlis gold somiewhtere else and
then forgOttenl it. Hoe turined his bed
over and looked in the brick oven.
Hie felt oneoC more all around the hole,
Hie coldl see every object In his cottage
--and h is gold wasR not thiero. Hoe put
his hainds to his head and gave a wvild,
ringing sereamnj the ely of desolationl.
The ecry hlad relieved him- from thle firat
lie tottered towvard his loom, and got
in1t0 tile seat whiere lie worked, instinct
ively . sooking this as the strongest as
fiuranic of reality.
Enl Ann~ of a thief began to nrenit
tself. He started from the loom to the
loor. He rushed out in the rain and
nado his way to the inn. There Silas
old his story under frequent question
ng as the character of the robbery be
The slight suspicion af his hearers
helted away befoto the simplicity of his
Dustan Cass had never been heard
rom and on Now Year's eve Squire Cass
ave a largo party. That night Godfroy's
vife was walking with slow, uncertain
iteps through the snow-covered lanes of
Raveloe, carrying her child in her arms.
Soon she felt numb with cold and fa
igue, and then nothing but a supreme.
nmiediate longing to lie down and sleep.
L'he complete torpor came at last; then
ingers lost their tension, the arms un
)ent; then the little head fell away from
.he bosom, and the bluo eyes opened
vido on the cold starlight. Suddenly
ts eyes were caught by a bright gleam
ug light on the white ground; in an in
itant the child had slipped on all fours
md held out one little hand to catch the
leam. But the gleam could not be
aught, and the head was held up to see
vhero the cunning gleam came from. It
!ame from a very bright place; and the
ittle one rising on its legs went on to
lie open door of Silas Marner's cottage,
mad right up to the warn hearth where
silas coat lay on the bricks to dry. The
ittle one squatted down on the coat,
>resently the warmth had a lulling offect
md the little golden head sank down on
he old coat asleep. But where was
silas Marner? He was in the cottage,
mit he did not see the child. He had
one to the door to look out, and put
iis right hand on the latch of the door
o close it-but lie did not close it, h'
vas arrested by the invisible hand of
atalepsy,and stood with wide but sight
ess eyes holding upon his door, power
ess to resist the good or evil that might
When Marner's sensibility returned,
ic closed the door, and turning towards
he heialth, where, to his lurid vision, it
coined as if there were gold oi the floor
n front of the hearth.
Gold! his own gold- -brought back as
nysteriously as it had been taken away.
He leaned forward at last and stretch
3d forth his hand, but instead of the
iard coin, his fingers encountered soft,
varm curls. Could this be his little
uister come back to him in a dream? He
iad a dreamy feeling that this child was
iomehow a message come to him from
*ar off life. But there was a cry on the
eart.h and Silas fed and soothed it. He
ound it had on wet shoes, -which sug
Kested to him that she must have come
'rom out doors; so he raised the
hild, and went to the door
loor and the little one cried out mammy.
Bending forward lie could just discern
narks made by the liltle feet; and he
ollowed their track to the furzo bush,
md there lie found a human body, with
hie head sunk low in the furze, and half
overed with the shaken snow. Silas
<new that all the town was at the grand
)arty at the Squire's, so he carried the
ittle one there in search of them. The
loctor, Godfrey, and a few others go to
tho stone pits, and there find that the
woman is p~ast help--dead. They urge
Silas to pard with the child, but lie
p)resses it to him, and says;
"'No, no! I can't part with it. It's
omc to mec-I've a right to keep it."
It was a bright autumn Sunday, six
been years after Silas Marner had found
his newv treasure on the hearth.
The bells of the old Rlaveloc church
were ringing the cheerful p)eal which
told that the morning services were
mnded. He called her Eppie for his sis
tern, andl that morning, as they wlkedl
home togethecr, in low, murmuring tones
Fppie talked to him.
"Father, if I was to be miarried,ought
[ to 1be married with mother's ringT
"Wh~ly, Eppie,havo you heeni thlinking
''Only this last week, father," said
Epplie, ingenuously, 'since Aaron talked
to me about it."
''And what did lhe say?" said Silas.
'"Hi said lhe should like to 1be mar
ried, because lie was going on four and
twenty, and had got a good dheal of gar
alninig work, inow Mr. Mott's givenl
'"And who is it as -he's wanting to
marry?" said Silas: with rather a sad
"'Why, me, to be sure, daddy," said
Eppie, with dimpling laughter, kissing
her father's cheek; as if he'd wanted to
nmarry anybody else."
"Anid you mean to have him, do you?'
''Yes, some timo," said Eppie, "'I
don't knew when."
"Evorybody'w married some time,"
"Ba~t I told him thait wasn't true, for
I said; ''Look at father-ho's never been
"'My child," said Silas, "your father
was a louno man till you was sent him."
''But you w~ill never 1bo a lone man
again, father,' said Eppie, tenderly;
"that was what Aaron said."
"I could never think of taking you
away 'from'i Master Marner, Eppie."
"And,'.' I said," "'it 'uid be of no use if
you did, Aaron, and lie wants us all to
live together,so as you needn't work, and
he'd be as good as a son to you. But I
don't want an. niane. Only Anronn
does want a change, and he made mo
cry a bit-because he said .1 didn't care
for him, for if I cared for him I shouh1
want us to be married, as lie did."
"Oh, my blessed child," said Silas.
"You are o'er young to be married. But
I shall get older and helpless, and I
shoul like to have you marry somebody
else besides ime--somebody young and
strong, am 'ud take care o' you to the
"Then you wou)l( like me to be mar
"I'll not be the main to.may no, Eppie,
but will ask your god-mother. She'd
wish the right thing by you and her on
And the god-mother wished it.
In draining the lands the stone pits,
were drained dry and the skeleton of
Duston Cass was found and all of Silas
Marner's gold, ?265. So Aaron and
Eppie enlarged their garden, and made
pretty their home, as they did not wish
to leave the stone pits, and Eppie's own
words tell the story of their united
"Oh, father, what a happy home ours
is! I think *nobody could be happier
how It Chilalmian Rlems as 11'os14to.
When a Chinaman does most anything
in his own peculiar Oriental style, it is
pretty apt to attract attention; but when
he gets on a bucking bronco with tile
cheerful assurance of a man. who under
stands his business, and has been con
versant with the ways of the bronco for
over two thousand years, the surging
humanity ceases to surge, and stands
with bated breath and watches the ex
hibition with unflagging interest. A
Chinaman does not, grabl the bit of the
bronco and yank it around until the no
ble steed can see thirteen new and pecu
liar kinds of fireworks, or kick him into
the stomach and knock his ribs loose or
swear at him - till the firmament gets
loose and begins to roll together like a
scroll, but lie does his hair up in an
Oriental wad behind and jabs a big hair
pinl into it and smiles, and says some
thing like what a (uinea hen would say
if she got excited and tried to report one
of Bjoernsjerne Bjoernson's poeis back
ward in his native tongue. Then he gets
on the wrong side and slides into the
saddlemaking a remark as though some
thing inside of him had broken loose,
and the grand difficulty begins.
At first the bronco Seems surprised
and temporarily rattled intellectually,
and lie stands idly in the glad sunlight
and allows his mental equilibrium to
wobble back into the place while the
Chinaman makes some observations that
sound like the distant melody of a sing
ing club going home at 2 o'clock A. A.,
and- all talking at one and the same time.
By-and-by the broneo shoots athwart
the sunny sky like a thing of life, and
comeS down with all his legs in a cluster
like a bunch of asparagus, and with a
great deal of force and expression. This
movement throws the Chiinaman's liver
into the northwest corner of the thorax
anl his upper left hand denodessimo
inito the smiddle of the subsequenit week,
bmut lie (does niot complain1. lie opens
his mouth ansd breathes ini all tlhe atmnos
phere that the rest of the universe can5
spare, and11 readjusting his shirt tail so
that it will have the correct iniclinationi
toward the hodzAon,het gently tickles the
bronco oii thme starboard quarter with
the cork sol1e of his corpulent shoe. Th'lis
mirth-provokinmg muov'ement throws the
bronco into the wildest hysterics' and
for twenty insutes tihe spectators dosn't
see anythisng very distisictly. The Aut
umn snli~ t seems11 to be niuxed up
with blomle.1 bronico, and the softened
hazew of October seems fraught with pale
blue shirt tail and disturbed Chinamuan,
mnovinig in) an irregular orbit, and( occal
sionally throwisng off meteoric articles of
wearinig apparel and prehistoric chiunks
of ingneous profanity of the vinitage of
Confucius, marked B. C. 1860.
When the sky clears up a little the
Chuinanan's hair has come downi anid
hangs isn wild profusion about his olive
features. Th'le hem of his shirt flap is
seeni to be very much frayed, like an
American flag that has snmapped in theo
brceeze for thirteen weeks, lie finds also
that lie has telescoped his spinal column
anid jammed two rib~s through the right
superior duplex,and lhe has two or three
vertebrao floating through hsis system
that lhe don't kno1w what to do with.The
casual observer cani see that the China
masn is a robust ruin, while the bronico
is still in a good state of p~reservationi.
But the closing scene is still to comae.
Th'le brosnco summons all his -lateint
energy, and humping his back up into
the exhiliartinig atmosphere, ho shoots
forward with groat earniestness,4 anth
most reckless abandon, and1( whsen he
once more bisects the earth's orbit and1(
jab~s his feet into the tresmbling earths, a
shapeless mass of birocaded silk asnd
coarse black hair, and taper snis, asnd
Celestial shirt tail, and Oolonsg p~rofanii
ty and disorgassized Clin110e remnains and
shattered Orienmtal shirt destsoyer,eomes10
dlowni app~arenitly from the Newv Jerussa
loen, and the Coroner goes out in the
street to get six good men amnd a chem
ist, and they analyze the collection.
IThey report that dceased came to Isis
death by reason of concussion sulpposed
to have been induced by his~ fall from
tihe oter battlements of thle swveet bye'
A promilent citizen of San Franiicisco
was reading Macaulay onIe evening when
it softly thumped, asn if it. had just come
and wanited to let litiui know. lie said
niothing, and it gave a rap that nearly
broke his jaw-bone. Still he knit his
Rtony brows and read on. Thei(- aie ia
kick and a yell that no one but himself
heard, aid it had fatirly begim. He
said : "My prouid and noble spirit shall
not he conquered by so slight a thing.
Walter Scott wrote novels when he had
it aind I will be as brave." But. his
miserable soul eringed and gave up and
it shrieked and writhed with delight.
A long and leepless iight ensued, ulit
the next imorning his manhood returned
and he1 went down town as unual, but
the whole world looked sad and melain
Choly. His temper was out of joint,
and he greeted his friends moodily and
rebulked his clerks on the slightest pre
text. This condition of afftirn lasted for
threo days, and his friends learned to
nros the street when they ,;aw him com
ing, bowing at a safe distance, while the
newmhoys dodged around corners at his
approach. And still he locked his trou
bles in his own bosom. His poor wife
thought he was going erazy.
"Are you sure there is nothing tho
matter with you, John?" she would gen
"Confound you ! No ; what. makes
you think so ?"
If anyone had suggested toothache to
him hie would have knocked them down.
in fact, ho was waiting with malicious
pleasure for the person who would first
dare it. t
"What's the matter wit~ yoir cheek?"
asked an acquaintance.
''Mumps I" ~'
And he shot dowin an alley.
"John," said his wife, timidly, that.
night, ''there surely is nomething the I
matter with you, making up facen over j
that beautiful honev---the first of the i
3eason-and you so fond of it."
"Whlen a woman, without any selse
ii her head, gives honey to a man with I
! ioney was not made for mani to
eat.. Do the bees have-jaws ? Oh,
1lhe deuce take it I i'im a goner now,
aind it gonie to sleep for the first lile
since it came !" and lie rushed groaning
into the street.
Something must be done now, at oniee, I
and with the words "Teeth extractel
without pain" glaring thriugh his dark
ened brain, he ran down the street, halt
ing at the first shingle that bore them. t
Up two tlights of ptairs he burst openi a
door and cried :
"'is the butcher iii?"
"The what, Sir?" demanded an even I
voice, and gazing into that calm, deter
mined face, lie recoginized his maister,
and sank into the chair of torture.
"Give e some other, Mid take my
picture-he quick !"
"You have ai fever, sir. Ahi, I see, an
ulerated tooth ; very badly deenyed
am afraid it will uot, come out entire."
"Ahi, perhaps i had better wait a few
years for it to loosen. I doin't know lint
I can stand it awhile longer, now I thiiki
"'We will have it. out il lialf a miiuite,
sir. Bring tile ether, ,Tames," to a sleek,
demoniiac-looking assistant, who had
posted himself where he cold watch I
the victim's contort.ions. They next
twisted a newspaper into the shape of a I
horn, and tile assistant held one end to
the patient's mouth.
"What's that for? So I can yell
"That is for you to inhale the ether
"1Hn1ve you any objeetions, sir, to tell
ing mec how many people you have killed
with ether ? I do not ask an a represen
tative of the priess."
"'I have adnministe'ed et.heinhun ii dreds
of eases, with no fatal results."
"'But--ahl-suppojn sing one's1 lungs were
'"Have given it. to people with con
sumption. Now brecathie deep and
qjuick ;" and be thirunt a sp)onge at thme
other' end of thme tubie. Th'le patient. in
hledlc~ cautiously, just to see how the
thing felt, and a ntrange senisationi swept
over hin body, while bhis braiin became
uinsually brilliant, and the thought
flashed neroonn himi that p~eirhaps a fter all
lie wvouldl rather Ihavel the tooth ach e thtan
"'My heart in bieatinig very fast ; I am
afraid it in diseased, and t)me ethier will
surely kill me."
''Your hleart beats fast hieeausie you
arc-excited. Breathe fast, and dleep)."
'L 1ne suliject vagumely wonidered what
the man of deintistry started to say in
stead of "e'xcited," lbut breathed fast and
deep, deep) ando quick, dceep anid fast,
quick and deep). Thrills of electricity
shot thrloughi his nerves withu a pleasant,
tinglinig sensation. His sp irits irose.
Hi heart grew e'ahn. Hie was afraid imo
''A very'3 iic( subhjecit," imiiurmured theo
dentist, whose fiuger' wasn ihin wrist.
''Pulso getting regular. IUeathi fasnt and
deep--do not be afraid."
A fraid ? Who wan afraid ? Of what ?
The patienit, piiched one of lhis fingers
and founid it inmb. lHe wvould no~t care'(
if they cut his head off. .Yet, wan it niot
reckless to thlroiw lhin life away in such a
manner ?-for it was surely going. There
was a buzziing in his earn. His spirit
wvas floating away higher and higher.
H~e called from a odizzy height dlown toi
"'Are you sine there is .io danger ?"
''No more than if you were breathing
no much air," caine faintly from below.
Then lho gave himself up to it. If lhe
were dying the dentist wouldl hang for
it, meantime hec would float around aiwhmio
ainulsee what filled the great stretches of
spiace. Suoddenly lie began to whirl
ai'ouind with fearful rapidity. lHe was
traveling in a great circle whose center
seieed to he the dentist. Oni, on, like
one of the toy locusts lhe used to whirl
when a hey, and where he would go if
the string should bireak. Around and
around~ I The whizzing was like thun
der', and ought to be audible miles away.
Suddenily a terriblhe thing happened.
The dentist reached ont a pair of huge
iroii forceps and caught him by the
tooth. It was plain lie did not under
stand the situation, and the victim t riedh
to say :"Let go, for Gtod's sake, oir I
shall be jerked to pieces. Do you not
se 2C0thVomJQ ilYiible power is whmirliing
lie around ?" But the instrument in him
nuth smothered the words and the for
'ops bel onl. The Situation wvas thrill
lg, for I Ith circles wvere growing larger
Id larger, tItd Iiless the tooth gave
vuy he must lie reit ssuider. Up he
veit, then down, struggling with all his
echle strength to wrest loose fromi the
atal grip. He swept upi to greater
ieights, but the ignorant. persecutor
i(ld oni withi a grip like- death. A fear
III struggle eisueld. With a crash like
he report. of i caoitnili the tooth gave
vay aid its owner shot ol'iinto eternity.
Tle street-cars were rattling past upon
he pavement. of Kearny street. lie was
itting in tlt reception-room of a den
ist, having coie up with a friend who
vished to have a tooth extraeted. The
lInoniac assistant stood iear with for
eps in his hand, andIt as two or three
adies came inl the door, politely asked
iem to be seated.
"Now open your mouth," he said.
"To havo your tooth out, of course."
"I have no diseased tooth, you block
tend I 1 came here with a friend."
The fiend laughed idiotically : "Oh,
LP, he, he ! Don't know a thing he's
aying, ladies, he's beeni a - taking
''he horrible truth flashed over his
n1ind that his cowardly, miserable
pirited friend had failed at the last
inment. and told this fool he was the
"Get- away, you scoldrel 1" le cried.
'I tell you, a friend of mine just had
ther administered to hii atd waits in
lIe next room to have his tooth out."
"le, lhe le !" laughed the idiot. "le
lon't know a word he's saying, ladies.
ley often act so. Open your mouth, I
The ladies looked on curiously, and
lie little villain seized him by the chin.
Ie was ordinarily a strong man, but, as
in a nightmare, lie yielded now to
iuel fate, whel -
He was in the sandhills playing with
is old coimrade Tom.
"Let's male the Desert of Smarah,"
Iid Tom. "see theso thirsty old ait.
'amiels ! We must dig a well for them."
How the mill-dam roared and tihe birds
"Coie., boys, dinner is ready," called
is mother, tle sunshine in her 1blue
yes, ats She stood in the door.
* * * * * *4 *t
Ano'ther whiz nd w-hirl ad he heard
he sowing-iachine buzzing.
"Do keep it still, lie said to his wife.
'it is too late to SNew. Conie to the
vinidow ani1d see the lovely sunset. over
he (olden Gate."
"Yes, said she, "it makes me think
,f that other (olden (ale, with the
,lory beyond wc camilot. look itto."
Music soft aid low--a band playing
n the distance. It. miust be Fourth of
litly morning. le raised his head and
"Drink some warm water," said his
vife, who Stood at his bedside. "It
Vill relieve you and make you feel bet
"Oh, bother your warm water," lie
aid, beside lhimself with the dreadful
insea : "mother used to niake us put.
mr thigers down our throats-sIe knew!"
Aid lie t:hrust his great list ini his
nouth and was Speedily relieved.
"What, is it that smells so queer here,
"The othler, probably. We had to
rive you considerable, you fought us
o," said a strange voice, anid to his
tinitzement lie found himself in a den
"'Where in thunder have 1 heen aill of
his time? It was year's ago 1 eaime
"YXou hiave b seen in nmy otlice just teni
''What did I comeiU for'? A tooth ? (Oh,
ami sorry *yout ldin't. get. it."
"I took out. a large molar for yon, sir,
1lso a stump that. c'ame in five pieces,
mui a bicuspid too badly decayed for
Th'lrust ing his tongue iuito several
v'awninig catvit ies lhe missed1 some old
rfoes andi felt, both1 lonely and relieved
without themi. Thleni the mists begana to
Aear away, and( lie said:
''No wonder I fought. You dlidn't
know I was whirling around you, and it's
i wonder you didn't kill mec."
"'Yon were not fully unider thue influn
enece, then, if yeu felt anay pain.'
''And ,you," said the victim, turning
to the grmnning assistant, ''made a terri
ble hhunder. I have a mind to proseento
you for taking oiut that tooth. Didni't.
you know it wasn't mo at all who wanted
it dlone ?''
"I auin't upl to pullinig teeth yet.,'' said
het, "'and( never' techied you. But-he,
lie, lie-how funny you (lid act.''
"'You had better walk out into the
fresh air, sit' ; that will make you all
right. Two dollars, if you please."
As hie left the oile lie wonde(redl it' lie
actually stuck his fist diowa his throat
b efot re that gentlemanly dentist.. Whein
he reached home it seemed as if lae had
been away a week, Hie kissed his .wife,
called for somne honey anid asked hier if
she really said that sweet thing about,
'An African KI ng'si Crown,
Adornments for African potentates
are an item of some little importance in
the Birminghamu jewvelry trade, whlich
emb~races both real and sham jewelry.
A firm of what ai'e known as ''floral
jewelers'' has jutt comp~ leted a crowin
foi' Kinug -Eyo, of Greek town, Africa.
It is a copy of thtat of William the Con
quieror. The cap is of blue velvet., the
linding of er'tminle, andt the circle andl
spikes ar'e of semai-dead( gol, deor'at ed
with th irty-two real stonies, con~isistinig
of amethyst, topaz., crystal and1 emecrald1.
Two scepters have also been supplied- -
one of gold andi the othetr of silver-for
Duke Ephiraimi E yamosa T X., (If D1 uke
Town, Old1 Ctalaa. These enisigns of
royalty are flye feet six inches long, one
being suruteutd by a Maltese cros
aind the other by' a dove. 'Thiey are both
made to uniscrewv at the end for the in
sert ion of a peacoIck's feather, which is
used in some portion of the state cere
monien of Ol1 Valahav.r
Neitiwr (An'rlas nor Humn.1i~
Can it he snppos'ed that when Dean
Swift libeled huanity by degrading it
below the level of the brutes in his
dreadful fletion of the Yahoos he ever
imagined that there existed aught that
approxiainted toward the odious pic
ture? Yet such is the case. There are,
undoubtedly, races4 whose attributes do,
in various degrees, suggest, if they do
not realize, tie misanlthropic fables of
the me1-heaSts of Honyhluhms Land.
The Niamnnins of Africa, who live be
tween the Oulf of Benin and Abyssinda,
Iare said to have tails, a statement conl
firimed boy Dr. Hbsh1, of Constantinopl.
in 1851. The 'hairy people" mentioned
of old by Hlanmo seem to have a real
existence, apart from the gorilla, judging
from Miss Bird's tceount, of the Ainos
f Japan, ia strange, savage, and little
known race, supposed to be the abori
gines of that country, but, now only to
be foutid on the Island of Yezo. They
atre, she says, of a most ferocioIs aspect,
uiwing to the profusion of their thick,
soft black hair and beards, and to the
.ingular fact. that their bodies ire com
m1only covered wit-h a vigorous growth
f black hair or fur, upward (if an inch
inl length, and incrusted with dirt, for
the AMios never wash. Their food is a
"stew of albominable things," and a
"4 thick u0111) mado of pitty-elay, which
is boiled with the hul4i of a white lily."
Ticy believe themselves to ie deseended
from dogs, but other characteristics of
this strange peoplo are not unamiable.
Beyond these instances, and presenting
it far umore striking reseiblanee to the
Yahoo t.ype, there are the Veddas or
WVeodahs or Ceylon, their duplieates in
Borneo or New Guinea, and kindred
varides discovered in tie Philipoine
Islanlds, Terra del Fu1ego, and Souith
America. Only imne of these are 8o
hatefiul as the creatures of Swift's ilven
lion. It needed that. lierce indignation
igaiimst his kind, which lie has recorded
in his epitlph, to depiet them. The
Veddas and siiilar races on the- islands
of the Asiati IarChipielago are described
as the aloriginies of their respective
coinlitries, who have shrunk 11it(o the
jun1gle and forest t4o ellpe from civiliza
tioni, and have lived there for upwards
of 2,000 years. They consriet n1(
alibitatioms, Imt lodge ill eaves or trees
or under overhangiig rocks. They arc
situnted ill size, seldom exceeding four
feet eight inches inl stiatune, 1and11 but
feebly built, except as regards their
s11-11, whieh the constanit ulse of the bow
reniders very imluscuilar, notwitihstandin1g
their siort, ape-like thimulibs. Wihli t his
weaponl they kill animals for food ;
devouring, bssides, snakes, r1ptiles, wild
honey, aits, eggs, and carrion of all
kiids. They laek iboth miemiory and
foresight, cannot count, or discriminate
between Colors, are filthy inl their halits,
and inl everything savo ia rudimentary
language of uneouith guttural sounds,
and som1 dim vei.igen of religion and1
social order, aire the beas1ts of the tiel.
Saddest perhaps of all, they never laugh.
When I dihey (lie tiey believo they become
devils. Yet this benighted and 1 outCsi
race, so low in organization, habits and
chiaracter as scarcely to be dlist.ingished(
from the mlonlkeys oif the jun11gle amnong
wh om thI ey hive, priact iCe b y iinntincl
virtuecs, which are 1no1 so1 connnon01 ir
civiliziiion. Thiey . never lie, steal noi
qularre'l. Some of these unfortunatto
creatulres have been half-tamed by tclu
Cingalese and sent to out.-(oor work
like the Yaho(os of thme Hlouyhinhms.
When the Prline of W \ales visited th<
island ini 1876, certaini 'of the julngh(
Veddas were actually caughit ini snarei
anid traps5 to be0 e'xhibited to1 himi ; an10
one of the uimaher--a female- --positivela
dlied of fright ini bein~g seenIred. Jt wa:
not a hiuane tranisaction)1, the Vedda:
are regarded muerely as aniimals. Finally
it may be remarked, ill connection witll
Swift's curious antic.ipation, that ho
placed Hlouyhnhmsl) LanId ne(ar the( greni
island 'ont inen'lt (If Australia. It appear:
in the map of the first e'ditionl o
"Gulliv'er " as due10 soiuth of Nuv'st'
Land, iin about3:8 degre'es south latituide
and 155 degrees east longitude. Now
Ceylon is bult 55 dlegrees west of ti
locality, though abiove, as New Ghuinea
is juist below, thle cquator. Thet Yahoo:
001u1d not Ilave been bett.er accoIflnio
"I iilavenm'. Any N~iol."
Th~e following pointed aniecoto is tokl
of Dr. Lynian Bececher andi theu nearl;
equally famouois Dr. Strong, of Eais
A plainm country minister called on1
day, just l evenling, 1upon1 Dr. Strong.
Thme (1<'etor was very~ b~usy propinfl
for his evening service, and 110 said t<
his wife, "Yoil uimust entertain him fori
little while." lie soon camii out of hi
study and( invit ed the stranger to accom
pany1.~ hminm to1 meeting.
Oin the way lhe tuirnod and said to hi
(count1ry brother :"I will depenid upol
you1 to1 offer thle openling pIrayer."
At thme close of thme prayer lie whijspei
'd, "yo m11st0 preach."
"I haven't any nlotes."
"D1oun't you1 ever! preach withou
"'I haer' (1one suc(h a thing."
"Well, you muist preach."
Dr. Strong listened with the most al:
sorbled attention, till at the close hx
spoke out so loud as to be hoard all ove
"Who aro you? Ain't you ths
Beeher who has lately conmo to Litel1
" My nlamn is Tayman Bneahor."
NEWS IN BRIEF.
--Key West, Florida, shipped 90,000
cigars in one week recently.
-Tle emigration from Sweden in 1881
is expected to reach 70,000.
-There are 585 Chinese children in the
San Francisco public schools.
-The Comitesse do Chambord ha' just
presented $2,000 to the Pope.
-Princess Louise has $500,000 invest
ed in a new hotel in Quebec.
--Queen Victoria will occupy a villa
on the lako of Como this summer,
-The mikado of Japan has determined
to become a patron of horse racing.
-Tio shah of Persia has sent the
czar of Russia a gilt sword worth $8,000.
-The rumor is revived that Prince Am
adeus, of Italy, intonds to become .a
-Prince Leopold took his seat in the
House of Lords on the 20th, as Duke of
-The Irish consus shows a population
of 5,159,849, a decrease in ten years of
-Govornor Wiltz, of Louisiana, wvho
has long been ill, is slowly recovering
-Princeo Leopold, Duke of Albany, is
reported to ho about to take unto him
sielf. a wife.
-The Cuban sugar crop of 1881, is
estimated at 464,000 tons, against 529,
500 tons in 1880.
-The fish commissioners have spent
$99,000 in stocking the rivers of Penn
sylvania with fish.
-Minnllo Palmor, the actress, is under
$5,000 bonds to her manager not to
marry for five years.
-Hon. Francis Eppes died in Florida
recently, aged 80 years. He was a grand
son of 'hoinas Jefferson.
-The monoy owed in the shape of
foreign loans in default to England
aiounts to $1,050,000,000.
-At Cornell University all the stu
dents have voluntarily signed a pledge
of abstinence from tob)acco.
-Tio only daughter of the King of
South Ahyssinia is to ho married to the
son of the King of Abyssinia.
-Of the total production of steel rails
made miring the year 1880, Pennsylva
ia contrihuited forty per cent.
-rihe Italian Parliament, by a vote of
220 to 10.1, fefused to confer the right to
vote on all who can read aid writo.
-San Francisco's new directory con
fiainus 1.11,000 names, 10,000 more than
the directory of tie previous year.
-Tt is estimated that 500,000 copies of
the revised version of the Now Testa
mient have been sold in Philadelphia.
-During the past year 1,500,000 bar
rels of apples wore shipped from one
county alone in Now York to Europe.
-The British House of Commons re
eently rejected the bill to abolish capi
tal pluis hment by a vote of 175 to 189.
--M. Alexandre Dumas has become a
grandfather. His little decendant is
the son of his daughter, Mmo. Colette
-Tho net earnings of the Sing Sing
(N. Y.) prison for May were $4,054.20;
total earnings, $20,888.32; expenditures,
-A bronze door, to cost $15,000,whiel
is being mado in Italy, is to ornament a
new residence near the Central Park,
-Under the present arrangements
breakfast is served in the White House,
Washington, at 8:30, dinner at 2. and
supper at 7.
--There are 6300 building associations in
P.hiladelphia, and 1,800 elsewhere ini
P ennsylvania, with an aggregate capital
-President Grevy has selected Comn
mandant Lichenstoin, of his military
household, to represent France .at the
-- General F. A. Walker, superintendent
ofthe census, estimates the p~opulationi
ini 1890 at about 65,000,000 and in 1900
at possibly 85,000,000.
*-Sani Francisco hats niow about half a
dozen kindergarton schools, several of
them be'ing free schools, snpported by
- Since the eloso of the winter season
Chicago packers disposed of 1',085,000
hogs. During the same period in 1877
the number was 705,000.
-Thelm agricultural college land grants
to the several States aggregate 9,600,
000 acres, of which 1,770,000 was taken
ini place, and 7,880,000 by scrip..
-New South WVales has 750,000 popu
lation-240, 000 increase in 10,000. New
Zealand has 489,591; Tasmania, 116,000;
Adelaide, 277,000; Hobart, 21,000.
--Mlle. .Alice Grevy, the daughter of
the French President, is said to have
nice eyes and a Velasquez faco,and looks
chuarminigly when dressed in white.
'-The existing cedars of Lebanon are
only 900 years old. The cypress trees
at Montezulma, Mexico, according to a
French botanist, are 6,000 years old.
-Each of the 50,000,000 people of the
United States, discards an average of
five pounds(1 of clothing yearly, which
makes 250,000,000 pounds for the whole.
C -The Duke of St. Albans the Marquis
of Bath, Lordl Carlingford and Lord
a Derby are the noblemen considered to
a have the best claims on Mr. Gladstone
.. for Lord Beaconsfield's garter.
-Rlocent figures by Edward Atkinson
i put 350,000,000 inhabitants to 't,549,802
Ssquare miles of territory in Europe. In
the United States there are 40,000,000
p leople and 8,034,890 square .giiles of
-Theopresent value ofvineyards in Cal
ifornla is reputedl by President Rarasst
t ing, of the State Board of Vinitbultural
Commissioners, to be about 685 000,000
the income of which amounted fast year
- -Out or 101'Derbys, aPrince of Wales
has won onee, in 1l788- a royal duke,
York, In 1816 and 182k;- othei' dukes,
r ten times; lords, twenty-two times; a
foreign count once, 188; a , oreign
t baron twice, 1871 .nd 1q79; ai foreign
- prince in 1875, and an American sover
eign In 1881, Other wihmera have been.