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WINNSBORO, S. C., AUGUST 9, 1881. ESTABLIShED 1865.
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Ol tie dreary, bright, spring day I
Will it never wear away?
Every budding spray and leaf
Seems to mock me in my grief,
Till I fee like her of old,
Whio forbade then to unfold
Mystic Mother, who, like me,
Mourned her one Persepholie.
Olt tie weary, long, dark, night,
When I toss and wait for light,
And no gentle breathing hear,
Which, in cadences so dear,
Tells the little presence near
Ol the weary, long, (lark night I
When I toss, and strain my sight
WatchIng the unwelcome light.
When tie soft sweet summer rain
Heat its delicate refrain,
I cau only hear tie sound
Falling on a little mound;
And the green turf (lasied over
seems only ier form to cover;
Anti the robin, loud and clear,
Pipes to one who does not hear.
Will the sun shine briglit again ?
Shall I sleep away this pain?
And this earth, now sicklied o'er,
Ilud and blossom as before ?
And this anguish grow to be
A uiuli ache that none canl see ?
Will these tearful tossings cease,
Andi shall I some time tind peace?
"ONLY A FALMER."
"I don't like the country, and I never
would have come here but for the chance
of hoominug Mrs. Allen Waters-that's
Her mother looked up amused at the
frankness of her youngest daughter, and,
as for the oldest daughter, Dora, she
sank back in her seat with a pained blush
in lis (lark cheek.
"I am sure, Ada, you need iot com
plain. You have a far easier living at
the Hollyhocks than either mother or
I," she said.
- " Why everything need be so hateful,
I don't see," grumbled Miss Ada, frown
ing under her flaxen curls. " If father
hadn't died now, he might have run
along for years, until Dora and I were
suitably married, and kept up appear
ances so we could have made good
matches. Now everybody knows we
"eAnd everybody knows we are lion
est I" cried Dora, who still trembled at
the mention of her dead father. "We
settled everything as honorably as possi
ble, and came here to live, glad of Un
cle Alfred's offer-at least I was."
"And I am sure I was, my dear,"
said Mrs. Atherton, with a sigh. "I am
tlhatnkf ul to have a roof over my head
in my old age."
"Unle Alfred was absorbed in flori
culture, and made a pet of the place for
years. It is lovely here, I think," said
Dora, leaning to look out into the bright
"I don't care for flowers," returned
Ada moodily. "I can't make myself
happy with hose and watering pots. I
think it would be better than this, with
the Waters' place opposite. But Allen
Waters is away and the gates are shut
against us. In fact,there is nobody here.
"You calculate a great deal on the
society of a man you don't know in the
least, Ada," said -Dora returning to her
" I'm not in the least bit like you,
Dora, with your notions of congeniality
and similar tastes," burst forth Ada.
"I've a taste for comfort and luxiry,
and I could love any mali who could
give them to me. Besides," somewhat
moderating her violence, as her mother
looked annoyed at her extreme state
ment, ' you know we have always heard
what a fine felfow Allen Waters was."
Dora said no more. Her bright,
dark face burned with indignation.
She was ashamed of Ada, grieved, yet
secretly tried to make some excuse for
Day by day Ada contiinued her comn
lhaints of the Hollyhocks. She was
milserab~le herself, and she certainly
made everybody else so. While Dora
wvas as busy as a bee, Ada mnoped her
self almost sick.
The little hactonl which Dora had
driven in as a child wvas left to the mi
13y, and at her mother's suggestion, D~ora
hiredl a mild, fat Dobbin of a neighibor
in~g farmer one clay and invited Ada to
''1There's lovely scenery along the
valley road. It will make a little change
for you, Ada. Besides, I've a bit of
news to liven you up."
Ada turned languidly.
"Allen Waters is .coming home,"
said Dora with a faintly mischievous
After a moment's thought Ada rose,
arrayed herself in her prettiest driving
costunme, and eniteredl the carriage.
" Drive past tihe Waters estate, Dora.
What a fat, lazy horse I There is no fun
ini driving if you can't drive iln style.
'Ther: now see the Waters' place. It's
all I eipeut d it-to be. T1here'd be sonme
coimfort in li',:g if one could be mis
tress there. It's nio better marriage
than I ought to have made if papa hlad
And, withi dIiat.onted lips and an
arrogant toss of the head, Ada was
dirivenm past a wagon in which was a man
in his shirt sleeves.
He glanced at the yognig ladies with
" Did you bow, Dora ? ,mpuldent fel
low I How ho stared I Cquntry folk I"
"' I bowed becauise he bowed to us,
Ada. You wvould not have inc repel
such a macre civility, lie is probably
some1 0one who knlows us, theough we are
st ranigers here."
"I detest suchi People."
".I don't think .1 couldl detest any one
wvho wore such white shirt sleeves, andit
looked so comfortabile under a broad
straw hat this hot day, laughe~d Dora,
But thme very next mnomenit Ada was
thanmki for the existence of "a chi pmeo
p~le," for the phiacton broke dot ni, and,
wvithi a (dismual scream, shte wvas tip~pedl
from her seat anld landed am< ig the
roadside buttercups and clover.
Th'le mil, fat old horse in tantlhy
stopped, Dora looked anxiously bout
her for help. No house was near. IShe
looked appealingly up and dowimV the
quiet road ; then-oh, gladly I-she aw
the hay wagon, the straw hat, and hle
whlite shirt sleeives drawing near.
"You have 'broken down," said the~
owner, hiastihy jumping down,
"Thank vou. vna. Thn narrlaan sunams
coming all to pieces," said Dora, tremb
lng with fright. " Could you do any
thing to help ? I should be, oh, so much
obliged to you ?"
"Yes," said Ada, shaking the dust off
her silk skirts. "We are the Miss,64
Atherton. We will pay you of course.
The man bont to look at the axlett-ee..
His face was turned toward Dora, and
she saw him smile.
"It's not so very bad then ?" she said,
" It might be fixed, I think, so you
could get home safely; but I haven't
much time, in fact I an in a hurry."
" What is your time worth 0) you ?"
asked Ada, with the air she once heard
a millionaire use in speaking to some
workmon lie was about to employ.
"Sometimes more, and sometimes
less," lie replied, with the same quizzi
But he had produced a cord from his
pocket, and, with deft fingers, began
mending the broken trace. Then lie
produced some nails, and with a stone
pounded away vigorously beieath the
"There I By driving carefully you will
bo able to reach home safely," lie said
at last, rising.
There was something in his coiinposed
manner and distict enunciation which
nade Ada staro for an instant ; but she
could see little beneath the broad straw
hat, but a curly black beard, a tanned
cheek, and two piercing eyes.
"What is to pay ?"
He offered a hand to help Dora into
She seated herself and drew out a lit- )
tle embroidered portmonniaie.
"I beg your pardon," she said earn
estly, 'but you must let me pay you.
YOU said you were in a hurry, we have
taken your time, and you have done us
great service. I have nothing but a
half sovereign. Pray take it. I am
sorry it is so little," blushing as she
tendered him a shining coin.
Again the quizzical smile, and the
eyes--they had a world of meaning in
them, those piercing dark eyes under
the hat brim. Dora felt her heart beat
It relieved her greatly that the mai
extended his hand and received the
"Thank you," he said, quietly.
"What may your name be ?" asked
Ada, who had seated herself unassisted,
" and your occupation ? You are quite
The man laughed outright, a low,
" My name does not matter, I am a
farmor. Good-day, ladies."
He stepped back, lifting his hat, smil
ing again at the look of consternation
upon the features of the girls at the
grace anid the face the movement re
A kingly brow shaded by close-clipped
yet beautiful hair, a white forehead
eyes dauntlessly bright, with scorn and
a smile in them.
The Phaeton turned one way, the hay
"Whoever thought that he looked like
that unaer that old hat, in a hay-cart ?"
said Ada, breathlessly. "Who can it
be? How provoking I He was a right
down gentleman, though lie said he .wap
only a farmer."
Poor Ada ! Her mortification had just
That evening, with silk hat doffed
from the handsome head, -faultlessly
arrayed, Mr. Allen Waters presented
himself in the little parlor of the Holly
hocks, and introducing himself, begged
leave to inquire if the yo'ung ladie' had
reaecd home quite safely.
Ada apologized quite eagerly, and
tried to be sweet, but Mr. Waters seem
cd-to have eyes only for Dora's brunette1
He came again and again to the Holly
hocks, and at last one day boldly de
clared himself Dora's lover.
''You have known mne ?It such a little
while you don't know half my faults,"
"I don't care if I don't " he laughed,4
"I love you and have loved you ever
since you offered mec that half sovereign
so) charmingly, blushing and ashamed of
the small sum. Why, you little darling,
do you knowv your appealing dark eyes
kept mec from meeting a man who would
have paid nie $100 that'day ?"
"And you have never got it ?" cried
" No ; but that does not matter. I
have syour half sovereign, and had rather
Such an incorrigible fool was the falt,
he had his ow~n way, and Dora be
caine Mrs. Allen Waters. She loves
her husband because, ulnder all circum
stances, she finds him a gentleman. And
Ada is in the sulks.
The Meat Mines of Sibeia..
It has often been stated that the
inhabitants of Polar Siberia feed their
(logs on mammoth meat, p~reserved in
Nature's ice house, and sliced off at the
convenience of the -dogs. Howv these
trop~ical animals come to be so near the
po0lo is an unsolved problein of the
earth's history. There are various
theories intended to explain the coni
ditions, but none of them are quite coni
vincing. Thle most reasonable 011e is
that countless ages ago there must have
been a Sudden change of tempecrature at
the poles from torrid to frigid. The
animals were cauight out of their latitude,
frozen, and buried in ice. A recent
traveler in Siberia relates that, happen
ing to drive ini a sledge along the base
of one of the nmnstrous ice cliffs that
overhang the estuary of the River Lena,
he caime upon a pack of wolves devour
ing the frozenu flesh of a mammoth, and
at the hanuds of nature the wolves were
helping themselves. So nature brings
recompense for her freaks and takes care
of her own. Tihe meat mines of Siberia
have not been developed, and no one
knows what riches they may contain or
how they may yet be utilized in the
economy of the world. The search may
discover the delicacy of filet de mamn
nuoth warranted fresh fromn Siberia.
A Spring Bonnet and the Missiouns.
He was lately married, and had no
more idea of what any article of a
woman's dress cost than an elephant has
of a humming bird ; so when his young
wife gently hinted one morning that she
inust have a new spring bonnet he looked
pleased, and blaindly told her to get
something nice and have the bill sent
around to the store, and lie gave her a
good-by kiss and said he wanted his little
wife to look as well as the rest, and went
Aff humming a Sunday school air. He
had been to a mis.sionary meeting the
night before, and, pleased with the
ermon, had promised a liberal donation
to the collecting agent when he called,
is he had announced lie would do on
fhat day; so he took $25 and inclosed it
in an envelope, with " From a Friend "
3n the outside, and then tucked $5 into
bis vest pocket to pay for hiis wife's
bonnet. "I don't suppose it will cost
inore than half of that. My hats never
lo, and they last a whole year ; but per
kiaps tile gew-gaws may come to thiat,"
ie soliloquized. About 5 o'clock P. M.
t small boy. appeared witl a box, and
Ihe lately married man took the $5 out
>f his pocket and asked for the bill.
"It's inside with the bunnit," lie said,
'lie master of ceremonies opened the
)ox and looked vaguely in. "I don't
ee any bonnet," he said. The boy
ooked on and grinned. "It's there,"
ie said, " in the corner ; it's a little un."
'he husband took it out tenderly with
iis thumb and finger. It looked like a
rold horseshoe-a hand's-breadth of
;insel with a tri-colored feather. He
icked up the bill ; $25 I Phew I The
ienior partner of the firm was making up
he day's account when a frantic indi
ridual rushed into his private office and
3xclaimned: "Look here, Smith, look
t this I" " I see," said Smith, calmly;
'it's a niew bonnet." "Heavens ! do
hey cost like that? Why-why didn't
ron tell me so before-before-it was
oo late ?" "It would have made no dif
erence; that is one of Madame la
Iode's imported bonnets, you see. I
cnow; it's an old story to me, and if you
lon't let her have it, now that she has
)icked it out, she'll be wretched and so
vill you; it is really cheap at that price
-see ?" He thought lie -did; lie groaied
md walked out. Theni he took the $25
)ut of the envelope and paid the boy,
mud put the $5 in his vest pocket with
lie envelope and laid it away. When
;he agent called for the help for the
nissions the young manm thrust the in
losure into his hand, muttering sonim
ling that sounded like " Charity begins
kt home "-as he had found by experi
Tnunn ig a Voicano.
The rocks which constitute the south
urn island of New Zealand are for the
greatest part of the archaic type, con.
iisting principally of gneiss, granmite,
nica-schist, phyllitc. quartzite, and fel
titic rocks. They are partly covered by
palmozoic strata, which are folded up
nto inniumerable troughs and saddle
>acks throughout the province of Can
;erbury, and which partly belong to tie
,arboniferous period, so that there are
)rosp~ects for a future discovery of coal
leds. By far the greatest interest,how
>ver, is offered by the extenmsive volca
lie phenomena of the island, amnd among
hem the extmict volcanoes uponi the
Banmks peinsula, east of tile towni of
Jhristchurch, are prominent. This
eniinsula, inow onily connected by banids
>)f low and recent dep)osits with the
nainiland, was onice a compillete island,
)mly formed by volcanioes, which rose up
roim thme bmottomi of thme sea. Tihie special
~onstructioni of such aii extinct volcanoe
11as been made visible by a tunneol of
~,620 metres' length upon the railway
>etweeni Christchurch and Littleton,
which has piered through tile walls of
I volcanic coneO and thus has laid bare
La structure of successive streams of
Lava and beds of scorio, ashes, anid
ufrim, which are again intersecd bty
lykes of younger volcanic rocks. This
s perhaps the first volpano through
which a railway has been constructed.
Another peculiamrity of New Zealand is
he extremely freqnent ccutrrenice of
bones5 of those large wingless birds,
which by the aborigines were called
"mona," and which belong to tihe family
of the Dinornithiidai, of wvhom the lar
gest rep~resenitative, Dinornis mnaximuls
has reached the considerable height of
Len and a half feet; the largest deposits
of ti' - bones were found iln the Point
taavern and the marshes of (Grelnmark.
T'hero is now no0 doub~t that these giganl
Lie birds wer'e conitemphoranelouls with
nan, and that an early hmuman race wore
iioa hmunters ini these ishlnds, who lived
tilpon the flesh of these birds at a time
when the glaciers extended still very
r.m~chl below their p)resent boundaries,
for bones, tools, aind other remnantis of
thesae early moca hiunjters are frequently
noV inter-mingled with bones of the now
A Lissy Man's Deofence.
Not a thousand miles from St. Anthony,
nfinn.-a certain physician, from New
Hiampshmire, wenit to work getting up and
)rganiizing a Lazy Mai's Club, and lie
mad good success. The club was duly
onstituited ; its by-laws adopted ; and,
hiief of all, its larder looked after. Thie
shijef law-really the lawv that formed
theo distincetive features of the club-was
this :Any mfemnber who should be0 proved
guilty of having been In a hurry-i. e.,
>f having allowed anything under the
mn to nansn him to haste a movmemt
of body or mind-shoufd Vo fined ai
amount suflicient to piay for a supper fo
The first man accused, and brough
forward for trial, was the President an<
organizer of the club himself -- Dr
Haskett Eastmns. The court was dul,
organized ; the comiplaint read ; and th<
witnesses sunnoned. It was proved
first-that ia boy wits seel to call at East
man's office door and deliver a nessage
and it was known that said niessenge
reported on that occasion, a case of sick
ness, and begged that the doctor wouh
make haste. Next-it was proved b;,
several reliable witniesses that Dr
Eastman was seen, very shortly after th<
delivery of that message, driving throug
the city " like lightning I" which plainl:
signified that lie was in a tremneudoul
hurry. Ae, clearly enough, he ha<
wilfully violated the fundamental law o
the society I
But Eastman called witnesses in hii
own behalf. le called two groom
both of whom swore that the horse whiel
he used on that occasion was a head
strong, hard-bitted, high mettled beast
that would ''streak it off like blazes i
ye'd only let her."
And Dr. Eastman claimed that he ha
not hurried an atom. His horse hat
hurried, but not he. In no way, mianlie:
or shape had lie made any haste.
"But," said the Judge Advocate "'yoi
could have held that horse in-you couh
have prevented the beast from tearint
away in such a hurry I"
"Certainly. I could have done tha
" And why didn't you do it ?"
" Why-didn't - I - do --it ?" Th<
Doctor repeated the words in amazement
"Do it ! Hold in my horse? What ar
you thinking of ? Had I done that, yo
might well have muleted me ; but I
didn't. The fact was-I was too lazy t(
do it I I was just that lazy, torpid, su
pine and utterly lifeless, on that occa
sion, that the headstrong beast migh
have killed me, and I wouldn't have pu
forth effort enough to hold her in I"
We will simply add that the club di
not get a supper at'their President's ex
penso on that occasion.
AmerIcuNs in Japaizn.
Mr. Stevens, who is an expert in mat
ters relating to Japan, was recently ask
"How are the Americans treated ii
"With the utmost courtesy and atten
tion, and the greatest kindness. In ti
Empire of Japan there are about 4,00(
foreigners, and of these 800 are Ameri
cans. In Tokio, the capital, there '20(
Americans, and in Yokohama about 400,
The others are settled in smaller cities,
About 100 Americans are in the emplo)
of the Japanese goverment and privath
Japanese companies. Americans lavt
almost entire control of the educationa:
affairs. By the way, the Japanese pre.
fer America when they go abroad for at
education. There were fully 100 Ameri
can missionaries in Japan; they do goo
w ork and they live pleasantly and wit
comnparative ease. In Yokohaina somn
of the large business houses are Ameri
can. Th'le tea houses, by the way, hav<
of Iato years sustainedl very heavy losses,
America controls the kero sene trade,andil
this rep~resents from 10,000,000 to 15,.
000,000 gallons annually. Th'le United
States is rapidlly regaining its cottor
tradle in Jap~an, At present the Englislh
unidertrade us by selling a very inferio:
article that ini external appearance see~m
equal to thme American aticle."
"Woeuldl you adlvise the Ameicam
youth to migrate to Jampan ?"
"'I should mnot advise any large num
her of Americans to go to Japan for buasi,
ness purposes, as the avenues of trad<(
there are wvell takeni up. Still a muac
wvitha capital eann make mioney in JIapar
in the not distant future. Thme JTapanest
aiai to control their export trade, am
even though trade with Ameica mai
largely increrase, Americans ini Japanm mna
nmot priofit~Iby theic increrase. Travelers,
however, should not fail to vist Japan
it is, however, a lovely country, the
epitome of beauty. Thea climate is very
healthful. T1okio, for its size, 850,00(
peopIle, is one of the healthiest cities it
"'Howv ablout the morals in Japan,
esp~ecially thme females ?"
"From an oriental standploint, Jap)ar
is an extremely 'moral country. Thea
condition of the women is excellent and
steadily improving. Maniy of the womner
are engagedl ini business. T1hae social cvi
is open and licensed, with medlical in.
spectiona, baut I doubt if the licentious.
ness5 is any greater ini Jap)an than in th<
Eu ropeau coun11tries, or evena in America,
Mr. Stevens made a plarting statemeni
that will certainly be refreshing t<
Anierican pride. T1hriouigh out .Japan th<a
amne of Washmingtoni is a household woro
and een thme miost ignorant seem awoar
of the fact that 'Washaingtona was the firs1
of Americans, and1( a great friend to Ian
mnanity in general. No other foreign aa
tiona's hero was apparenatly knaown to th<
-The p~eanuit crop ini Tennessee hia
-Millais'plortrait of Cardinal Newmaar
will cost $5,000.
-Tusaloosa, Alabama, is to have a
-'The Shakers in this country numbe1
-Ex-Soeretary Schurz has writtenm r
four act comedy.
-Henry Ward Beecher has his life in
smae fo. $100,000.
Recently Professor P -., a distii
t guished musician, undertook to escort
young lady, where they had been inv
ted to dine with some1 friends. It wit
Sunday, aud the party,ais the surest an
3 cheapest conveyance, determined t
patronize the stage, a mode of travelin
which the lady viewed wvith but litt
Before they had gone a mile on tlhei
journey, she complained ofi a feoling <
fainiess, which was succeeded by a sici
08s at the stomaaeha.
''Oh, heaveis !" she exclaimed,throv
ing her head languishiig on his shoul
or, "'whet shall I () ?"
"It i very strange," imsed the Pr<
"Strange ! oh it is dreadful !"
"'Perliaps it is the motion of th
''Oh, 110, not that."
"Doubtless you have had an attack <
the kind before ?"
"1Oh1, never," she gasped, "never
oh, ah, why did I come ?" and she a
most fell fainting into the arms of th
' "Perhaps you have pain ?"
l "Not that-oh-oh I"
' 'What, then, is it like ?"
"Itis-ah--excuse me, Profess.or-i
is a smell I oh, such a smell I I sh1all di
-I shall die I"
"A smell !" uttered the thorough per
plexed musician-"'a smell I" "A smell
I smell nothing !" and he tnif'ed the ai
to right and left like a buflhlo.
The passengers laughed and winkeI
but it was soon apparent that withou
relief the lady could not long survive.
"Air, air, air I" she gasped, hysteri
cally, as the alarmed Professor thre,
open the window. "'0h, it is horrible
vile, villainous I" ejaculated the oper
singer. revived by the fresh air.
And thus, wita her handsome hea
thrust out of the window, she filishe
the unpleasant journey. Occasionally
however, her sensitive nostrils were mu
sailed with the disagreeable odor <
which she complained.
That day at dinner she Was invited I
taste some fine cheese. When the plat
was handed to her she turned pale.
"Take it away--take it away I" she ex
claimed; "it is the horrible smell tha
sickened in in the stage I"
"W'tVhy, dot.s a goot schmell," expost1
lated the professor; "dot's Limberger.
brought out this lump in inii1e pocket a
a presmt to our kint friends I"
The lady fainted, and the worthy pro
i fssor las not been kiown to carr
Dutch cheese in his pocket since.
Cards in a P'ray-er B1oo1kH
An incident in the Little Rock Arkar
sa, Episcopal ehurch wmhich horrified a
elegant aud accomplished young laid.
She wore a.sweet spring suit and hang.
and a charming old-fashioned bonnet
from which a confiding womaly fac
looked out. As she glided along, neithe
to the right nor left, her devotion wa
apparent to the most irreligious eye. Af
ter bowing her head in silent prayer I
the hack of thle seat in front of her, sha
settled herself with a little rustle, ana
10o1(e( straight at thae minister. Manl
adumirimng glances were tu~rnied ill her1 di
rectioni, which of oourse, sile did nao
not1ice. The ser-vice pr~oceded, and(i
bmeamiie nlecessatry for the congregatioi
to join in thle responses. The young
lady picked up a neat, mnorocco-covere<
prayer book. Shle held it up somuewha
over the seat back aind openied it, when
horrors ! several playinag cards, jack (I
hearts, queen of diamionds.nece of spade
etc., fell out. Everb)ody inl tile vicinit;
saw them, and~ tile situlationl was so fumnm
th at her neighbo~rs could scarcely restraii
thleir smiles. It was mniexpected, andi
must lbe confessed that tlte younmg lad;
looked very intently alt the preachler (1m1
imng thae remainder of the service; an<
the weaither turned out very sultry all c
a sudden, anmd she was obliged to fa:i
hmerself s(o violently thiat the bangs a]
canme out. It is not knoewn of what sh
wvas tinkinig, but it is supposed thait sha
might have then andl thaere re4solve4
never to give her blig brother any muor
christmas presents for perpetratinug sne]
aI hecathenishl joke on heCr.
A Had Lilar.
Among the inalmates of thle county Ian
sane0 Asyhuan inl New York, is a man wht
is often per'fectly sensile, lad when t
costed at such times caiuses visitors t
wvonder why lie is conlined. Th'li s imi
amate enteredi into conversation recent]
with a caller, whose dress proclainme
him a clergyman. Said the mad~mlanl:
"'It was too baud, was it naot, the kill
ing of Jones at Chlicago ?"
"It wais," said the mfinist('r, who0 fol
lowed the adopt< d. cuistom of aussenatinm
to the statmemts of lhmatics for peac
"'Brown was assiniatedi at Oiancinanati
was he not ?" again aisked the lunaatic.
"e,'' repliedl the clergyman.
"'And wasl nlot Queen Victoria mum
decred in her p~alace ?"
To this query from the mnadlman th
clerical visitor onice moreo anaswered(i
the raffirmative.Th'le lunatic, with "'damna
able0 iteration," nuamed, One after th
other, a dozen living royal parsonlage>
all of wvhiom the clergyman was led to a<1
mit had been pult out of the way. Findin,
his catechism,the mnadmuan turned on th
ecrgymanl and( said fircely :
"Your dross shows you are a ministei
hut you na tie worst liar I ever met."
Whaut They Put, in Flavors.
"There is mighty little genuine fruit
M extract in the syrups and flavors of com
nereo," the chemist of a manufacturing
a house said, pushing aside glass jars,
strainers and retorta, so as to make a
e clear space for some of his books of
formulas. " Natural flavors are both
0 weak and costly. For instance, if you
sugar down pineapples or strawberries
. you get a delightful natural syrup, but
your white sugar alone will cost you
eighty-eight cents a gallon, and the fruit
ii expensive, as you know. The .flavor
is just at its proper strength and will
not go a great ways in flavoring additiona
to the syrup ; and so only a small
portion of the fruit syrups and essences
of commere have any fruit about them.
He unstopped a vial of thin, traispar
ont liquid. It difinised it strong pine
apple odor of irritating pungency.
"'That., Ie said, '"is butyric acid.
Mixed with alcohol, it is the pineapplo
oil of commerce, and it enters into nearly
every flavor manufactured and into most
perfumes. It is extracted from rancid
fat. The tallow oil wilich is the basis
of artificial butter will furnish it.
Another prominent ingredient of arti
ficial flavors is amyle, which yo'n will
know better by the name of fusel oil.
Some one of its compounds go into the
manufacture of tie flavors of piniapple,
strawberry, raspberry, apricot, pear,
orange and applIo. Compounds of
r methyl, an extract of coal tar, are also
much used. Succinie acid, obtainCd
from allbler ; shnaeie avid, extracted
from fat ; and benzoic acid, originally
extracted from a vegetable resin, but
10w made from naplhthaline, a coal oil
V product, are also much used inl various
shapes. Formi acid, another ingredi
ent, was originally obtained from ants,
and hence its name is derived from the
Latin word for ait, formuica. But it is
now manufactured artificially. Chloro
form goes into some flavors, notably
grape essonce, and oxalic acid goes into
the bloom of gooseberry, apricot, lemon
and apple. Tartaric acid is also largely
usied. Most of these substanmes are used
in the form of ethers, and their strength
of odor is due to their exceeding vola
"A r not such compounds injurious ?"
'"Not when used simply for flavoring
purposes," was the answer. "'The
reason why they may be used to imitate
natural flavors with such success is
doubtless due to the fact that the flavors
of the natural fruits are due to their
presence. Butyric acid is naturally
present ill the pileapple, tilarie aicid ill
wine, citric acid in lemons, and oxalic
acid iin gooselberries. While artificial
flavors or essenlces would be poisonous,
taken in large quantities, it does not
follow that their use as flavors is ilnjuari
ous any more tlhan that almonds should
not be eaten because their concentrated
extract is pxisonous. As a matter of
fact sodia water flavors and candy flavors
are alniost invariably artificial, and the
4 bouquet and flavor of manniy a bottle of
wine is due to the various amnylic or fusel
S''Irentembeir,'' he 'onitimiled(, "seelig
50ome( time ago ani aniecdote about a
French winle seller, who said to his sonm:
" 'Always remember, my son, that wine
may13 be made out of anything, even~
grape juice." I. have thought the same
thing (oftenl when I have drank thne sweet
e ider of comnmer'ce. Of course there is
1a sweet eidler that is muande fronm apple1(
Ijuice and it may lbe kept from getting
hard by tihe addition (of hiisulphite of
~lime. But thlere3 are immen~lse quan~tities
of sweet eidler sold that are perfectly
innioceint of apple juice, and there are
pilnty of re'eipts for making it. Peop(lie
that klno1w what goodl apphle cider is are
nlot likely to drink mutch of the manufac
tired wider, and if they dhid it would not
hurt thema, although T could not, like to
d (rin~k cider madle from thlis receip~t
f The chemist shlowedl the reporter at
I t rad~e receipt for cider, which clled~ for
I honey, caitechmu (ani astrinlgenlt resin),
.1 aim, yeast, bitter ahnonld, eloves,
burnt sugar andl~ ai(lcol. The receipt,
1 add1a: "'If too sweet, add sulphuric acidl
3 to suit thne taste.''
' "Mu~lhuric acid," lie said, ''is ntot a
healthful article of diet ; but, as 1 aidl
before, a thing may he pe(rfectly inniocent
iln a dihIted shape and ill at very small
- qjuantity that would be hurtful inl a coin
3 centrated form. Odd, isn't it, that
- dleliente flowers and p)erfumeos shuoul
> colme from the refuise of then abbhattoir
. and1 the coal oil distillery ? But a great
mny pleasant things have humble or
- All ilimocenit young ladly, of Elmira,
New York, had for a friend onpi Ham
- H~arrison. The younig lady and1 some1
i other girls were talking of thneir likes
3 and dislikes. One saidl 1h0 liked the
smell of tocacco) Hsmoke so mulchl; anlother
,said the same, and1( tihe whole crowd
echoed the semntiment. Thlen Sam11's girl
said :'"Yes, thle smell oIf fresh smnoko is
- delightful, but I don't like thne taste of
it when it's stalle."
E, "Tastei of it I" said another, "how~1
Staste (of it ? Yeou don't smoke, I hope."
- "No," was tile ans1wer, "(If course T
.1 dlon't smloke, but you know Samn (doe,
,all tile time, and it gets into his
- mustacho, and-and1-and"--by this
; time the girls hlad recovered and looked
a at each other, anid the speaker began to
blush, and the pressure was only reliev
,ed by 8011e 0one asking if the church fai'
was an assured ancessn
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
The greatest truths are the simplest;
so are the greatest men.
A real spirit should neither court
neglect nor dread to bear it. .
He who would acquire fame must not
show himself afraid of censure.
If you have no enemies, it is a sign
that fortune has forgotten yo'u.
Distance sonietimes endears friend
ship, and absence sweeteneth it.
He is surely in want of another's-pa
tience who has none of his own. - '.
If there was no wisdom in the world,
no one would suspect himself of folly.
Truth never wants an adversary ;. he
goes seldom without a scratched face.
A man in the path of duty is twice as
strong to resist temptations as out of it.
The manner of giving shown the cha:
racter of the giver more than the gift
Speaking much is a sign of vanity: for
he that is lavish in words is a niggard in
A failure establishes .only this, that
dotermination to succeed was not strong
As long as our own conscience does
not upbraid us, we need not fear the
criticisms of others.
H[e that doeK good for good's ake
soks neither praise nor reward, though
sure of both at last.
He who saves not as he gets may kep
his nose all his life to the grindstone
and (lie not worth a groat.
Good and evil are continually striving
within the heart.. It rests with man as
to which gais the victory.
He that lets the sun go (own upon
his wrath, and goes angry to bud, is
like to have the devil for his bed4pllow.
He that studies books alone will know
lhow things ought to he; and he that
studies men will know how things are.
A man who can do good with a well
filled purse only, is but a lagging follower
in the way of benevolence and kind
Men are frequently like toa-thej-eal
strength and goodness are not prolierly
drawn out until they have been in hot
How narrow our souls become when
absorbed in any present good or ill. It
is only the thought of the future that
makes them great.
We are hanging up pictures every day
about the chamber walls of our hearts
that we shall have to look at when we
sit in the shadows.
The surest method of arriving at a
kInowledge of God's eternal purpose
about us is to be found in the right use
of the present moment.
It is a good thiigtto know how to en
joy the blessings sent us that we may
therefore not only have them, but have
their intended results.
The business of constancy chiefly is
bravery. to stand to and stoutly to suffer
those inconveniences which are not other
wise )ossible to be avQided. .
We are sowing seeds of truth or error,
of dishonesty or integrity, every day we
live and everywhere we go, that will
take root in somebody's life.
Charactor is power ; it makes friends,
creates funds, draws patronage and sup
port, and opens a sure and easy way to
honor, wealth and happiness.
When you would indicate the evil do
ing of another, be sure that you are not
Liideavoring to make an argument which
shall fit your own case sometime.
(Genuine politeness should flow as the
heart dictatesi and as nature teaches:
and( nature known no atnbetation, but a
tharmning and unmstutdiedl simplicity.
The poor1 old negro preachcr was more
than half right when lhe said: "'Bredder
i.n, if we could all see into cutr own hearts
15 God does, it wold 1mo0' skeer us to
Flowers never emit so. sweet and
strong a fragrance as before a storm.
B~eautcousn soul I when a stornm approaches
thee be as fragrant as a swoot-amellinig
Prosperity is a more refined and sin
ecre test of charaicter than adversity, as
one hour of summer sunshine produces
greater corruption thtan thme longest ~vin
Wickedness is generally a plant of
slow growth, ando we rarely find that
exireme youth is to)tallly devoid of vir
tutes, though it may be stained with
In making friends consider wvell first;
and whenm you are fixed, be true, not
wavering of reports, nor deserting in
ffliction, for that becomes not thme good
It is in vain for you to expect, it is
Lmmpudent for you to ask, of God forgivo
ness on your own behalf, if you refuse
to (exercise this forgiving temper witht
respet to others.
It was one of the maxims of St. Fran
Cis do Sales--and good men01 and women
in all lands might well adopt it as theoir
maotto-thmat "'A judicious silenee is al
ways better than truth sp)oken without
As a man's life, so are his studios. I
think it is the miont beautiful' and hrne
thing in the world so to mingle gravity
with pleasure that thte one may notisink
into melancholy nor thmo other rise up
The man who talkes his place in this. -
world, whethor to preach ini a tabernacle
sing in a colosseum, or build thme waste
plaoes, having a clear view of his work,
a settled conviction of dufry--who bec
hieven what lie asks others to believe,
and lives what ho teachtes--will find an
opon (10cr to' Success.
A wealthy man displaying one da his
jewels to a philosophei, the latter da :
"Thank you, sir, for being wvilllitg to
sharo such magnificent jewelA with me."
"'Share them with you, sir? What do
ou men T' "Whty, you allow nye to
rook at them ; and what more can you -
do with thtem yourself ?"
He whio wishes to exert a useful nfiu.
once must he careful to insult niothing.
Let himn not be troubled by what seenms
absurd, b~ut let him consecrate his enor
gles to thte creation of wlhat i~gq4 Heo
must not. d muolish, but bufl4 uso
raise templeR wvhere mamikid me~
and partake of the purest pleasure,