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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., AUGUST 27, 1881. ESTABLISHED 1865.
BEST OF ALL.
The worli hath very little it can givo
To make us happy; and its precious things
What men call precious, and for which they live
To a sad heart are worthless offerings.
For what are genis and what Is tawny gold?
And rarest spices from sweet Uyprlan blooms?
And silken fabrics shimmering fold on fold,
The costliest products of the Eastern loonis?
They cannot save the soul a single pain,
Or to the weary heart bring hope again.
What is the fash of wit, the salon's glow?
The wine may shine, and leap and sparkle up,
Froin marble tables white as pmrest snow,
And briin blood-red %he gold-incrusted cup;
The air mnay languish filled witi perfume sweet,
Etruscan vases burn with roses red,
And velvet carpets sinking 'neath tle feet
(live back no echo from the statellest tread:
But iniman hearts crave sometiing more than
Splendor alone can never give us bliss.
Far more, far more we prize a gentle touch
The mute caress of lingers on the hair
A kind word spoken-oh, how very much
'fliee little tokens do to lessen care,
It matters little if the homse be bare
of luxury, and what the world calls good,
If we lave only one true spirit there
lly whoin our better-selves are unlerstood,
Whose deepest heart-throbs are for us alone,
With whom in thoughts and wislies we are onle.
It was a rainy.dismal autumnl day, anid
the big country house where Jennie
lived with her pareits seemed so unu
sually quiet, that a young lady (who
was Jelnie's cousin, and was staying
there on at visit) looked up from her
work-she was at work with JonniC's
auninia in the drawing-room and said :
" What can have become of Jennio?
I have not heard her laugh onice aill this
The mamma said rather sorrowfully
that it was one of Jennie's " bad days,"
Site was a dear good child, but a little
impetuous and unreasonable. Her papit
had promised to take her for a drive
that morning, as he was obliged to go
to a neighboring town on business.
" But of course it 'was impossible to
take the child in the pouring rain," site
added, "only Jennie cannot see the
natter ill this .light, and feels deeply in
" I will go and find her," said the soft
featured lady, who looked contented and
happy, although certain people had
already, sometimes called her " an old
And she hunted tile house through,
visiting all Jolinie's particular haunts,
bilt there was no Jennio.
At latst shxe camie upon her, crouched
upollI a window-seat in one of the corri
dors looking miserable and defianf, her
lips pouting, her eyes swollen and rcd.
At first she would not speak.
But at last the coaxin'z manner and
soothing voice of her good friend melted
Sho detailed her injuries.
" They delight in promising me thiligs
and disappointing Me at the last mon1ent. 4
As for papa, ho is cruel."
"I cannot bear to hear you say that,
Jennie's cousin seemed transformed.
She looked almost angry.
Jennie felt a little ashamed.
"Why not ?" she asked.
Because I once said the same thing,
and was so bitterly punished for it," was
the reply. --
" Tell me," asiked Jennie, subdued.
"I did not- mecan anything wrong." 'I
" That is a' poor excuse for'your hiasty'
wbrds, Jonnie. . However, I won't preach.
My little story-will do that."
Then shx e began :.. -
" When I was' a little girl like you,
Jennie, I had, a very dear father. .H
was a elergyman, and though my love
for him did inot keep me from being
troublesome and disobedient to him, I
thought I loved him very dearly indeed.
" My mother had died when .I was a
b~aby, but I had a mlidd~le-aged governess,
whlo was good .to me, in her prim, dry
"I haid birds, two (logs, a p)ony, and
ia most beautiful cat. Children in the
nieighborhood woero often invited to
sp~end~ tihe day, and we were of ten allowved
to roam abmout the gardeons and grounds
as we plealsed. 'Thon I went to spend
the day with them.
" I had some cousins, big girls, and
when I was but a little older than you, a
grand party wvas given in honor of tiho.
twventy-first birtlihday of the eldest one.
Th'le latter wrote to my father, and
begged that I might be allowed to come,
fand he conisteto. These cousins were
rich and had a big house in the city.
" I was of course very anxious to go
anid made great prep~arations but the day
before the one fixedi for our departure, I
felt violently sick of a cold.
" Next day I got up a triflo gidily and
very3 hoarse, but dletermninled to persuade
them all 1 was quite wel. I talked and
laughied anmd miade a great sl~iow of being
very hungry at dinnler time. But I did
nmot like the grave look on my father's
face. Surely-lhe could not bo thinking
of forbidding my going to tihe p)arty I
Ho would not be so cruel 1
''But my misgiving proved true. He
sid that on1 accoupit of my illness I
coulld not go.
"You tare cruel I" I said, springing~
away from him and~ rushinig awaty.
"And stubborn amid angry, I vyont to
bed(, ref usinig to speaik whein I was 81)0kon1
to. And next maorning I got up late. I
heaird my father calling me from below,
andm wheels on thme drive told mnc the
carriage wais coming to take him to the
station. Then, as I failed to appear, lie
camn uip-stairs, and knocked at my door.
"IT made no reply. Miss Jones, comn
ing into my room at the moment, sail
in a low voice, ' Mary, you ought to bi
irhamed of yourself,' then opened th<
loor and said I was dressing and wouh
niot be long. I heard him take out hii
watch, and say in a disappointed toni
that he could not wait;- then he said
'Good-bye, darling, God bless and keel
you, I shall soon be back,' so fenderl
aid sadly, that for the moment m;
hardness inlted-I longed to throw my
self iii his arms."
" But he was gone. I saw the carriag<
tirive out of the gato and disappea
where the road turns; then a dreadfu
einso of desolation caie over me, tha
[ never had, either before or since."
" The morning seemed as if it woul
never pass. There were to be no les
sons. After dawdling about I went t<
the window which overlooked the road
md the drive to the front door."
"' Whatever can these men be doing?
[ thought, as four or live nen I knev
by sight came inl at the gate, slowly
ach one seeming to talk without liston
ing to the otherq."
" I felt something was wrong. ]
watched the mll till they disappearei
behind the bushes ; they were goink
round to the back door ; then I listene(
"Suddenly I heard a scream-ni
acrt seemed to stop-then some on<
"It was the housemaid looking s(
whito and scared."
"'Don't you go down, Miss Mary,
die said, 'it's only somebody got a fil
>r something,' but she shivered and
wving her liands."
" I made one spring and darted down.
itairs. But nurso caught and drew i(
iside, I doll't know why, blit I felt I ha(
Lost my father."
" There had been ia serious accideni
:o the train by which lie was traveling,
'he car he was in had been overturned
md a fellow passenger who knew bin:
law him taken out from among the ruint
ifeless, and had brought the terril)(
ieos back with him. I lay like 0110 hall
lead too onl Miss Jones's bed, listenint
o the cruel tale, and half hoping it wa
t cruel dream, a nightmare from which I
"Then, the storm of sorrow spent, ]
,vas worn out, and fell asleep.
"When I awoke, the last rays of sun.
let were streaming into the room. Son
>ne had drawn up the blinids and th(
ioise had awakened me. . Dreamily I
istened to a whispering behind the cur.
ain of my h.A. ' Do you think il
vould be prudent to tell her to-night ?
Qiss Jones was saying, ' Certainly I
L'hen followed a long sentonoo delivered
n a voice I recognized as that of tli(
rillage doctor. I caught the words 'joy
loes not kill.' Then by their very mock
,ry I remembered -all. I pushed aside
.he curtain and cried 'Why do yo
omeo helle to.. torment me ? r. Why di
rou not let me sleep?'
"Then I stared in astonishment I Mis
Fones, beaming,' smilini, kissed . me
xildly for her-and said, ' Mary, com
)ose yourself, make up your mind for r
;reat surprise, a great meroy.'
"'He is alive I' I cried, and wouli
iave rushed to find, him,, but thefhli
noe hack." '
"-The good Doctor sat- down ani
alked to me, quiietly and gravely. I:
ras true that' nly father was ndt (lead,
ts had boon supposed ; bdt ho had beer
)roulght hioihe in. a most critical' state,
md his recovery depended entirely umpor
.( 'For many wvoeks we did' not knou
who'ther lie would Jive ior die. But al
ast he begatito got better, and befort
witer set in -lhe was 'being -wheele.
ibout the garden, and I wmas walking by
11is side, an altered child, because tih<
laily anxiety had taught me more thar
had learned during time years I lived it
~he world; I knew how selfish I hal
Joen what a useless life was miine coin
)fred to that preciou~s 011ne Ihad s0 lit
le valued, 'and had so nearly lost,.
"I have told you this story, dear, as
ittie warning. I cam~ot wish you t<
*eaurn the value of your piarenits at 5<
Ireat a cost." +
"'I shlall inot said ,TennlieO wip)ing he:
yes, and noddinig her head. "nolxt timu
[ will indeed tinuk biefore I speCak: Idi
tot really mean what I said, y'ou know.'
An Old1 Acquin~ftanlc.
Charles Chapman, whlo was in his~ dag
lio foremost criminial lawyer ill Con
eticut, Once so alhy defeinded
iiani who was charged with the crimie o
niurdler, that he got him oft wvith man
dlaughter, alihoughm there was .scarcely
m dloubt of his guilt of the graver oflonco
Svery promiiienit citizen wilo was coni
iced of the mani's guilt wasO so annoy
md to think thlat Chapman had saved tie
elliow's neck from the halter that lie i'e
used to speak to the (distinguishled ad
locato for a long time after, A numboe
>f yeary lator Mr. dliapmnan's doocr bol1
~ang,an<Iav visitor was announced. "Goo<
norning, Mr. Chapman," was thme saht
ation. "You have tile adlvanitago ol
no," relied the lawyor; "I (10 no
ecognize you." "My name is--. Donm'
you reniember that you got mie off fol
:en years for killing so and so ?" "Ye:
do reniemuber it anid I got through witi
you then and thoere.I want nothing morn
to do with you," "'You needn't be so up
pishi about 'it," mnutteredl the fellow
'Tihe way you talked to that jury almos
made me believo I didii't do it, aiid nov
you've gone bank on me;". and ho wvalk
3d disconsolately away.
Tho Iron Virgin.
Please do not imagine from my title
that I am about to relate any 4hrilling
talc that -is to do with the o-called
4 "Iron Virgin" of the Middle Ages which
crushed a man in its -iron embrace as
easily as you would crack a iut. No !
my, heroine belonged to what at the
time my story opens was the small town
of Springfield, in Massaichusetts.
When it was, comlparativoly speaking,
in its infancy,there stood on - stret,
little away from M-street, a stove
store, and visited its door by way
of sign, stood the figure of a
girl, made of iron. I do not know what
the connection was between the stoves
within and the interesting female, ex
cepting the material of which they were
both coniposed; but there she stood.
eight feet in her shoes and weighing
perhaps 600 pounds.
She stood there year in and year -out,
one of the notable signposts of the place.
The suns of summer beat down upon
her until heat visibly irradiated in every
direction from .her. Many a winter's
cold had sent a freezing chill through her
and had given her a nightcap and epau
lettes qf snow, and formed icicles on her
nose; and yet she had borne all with the
most supreme indiffirence,-kept her
place and remained faithfully on her
post. If you put yourself in her line
of vision she would stare at you in the
most impertinent manner, though to tell
the truth, she had not a particle of brass
in her composition.
She was in a country town and in
truth she was a rustic object generally.
Every sununer, however, her owner,
"Old Steele" as he was called, had her
scrubbed and polished with stove-polish
and she would come- f6rth resplendent.
She was an ol friend of the small boys.
Not even their annoying trieks h ad power
to move her-not even the indignity of
a putty-ball on her nose. In summer
when the sun had made her burning hot,
they would entice some green hand to
touch her and would shriek with delight
to see him jump. In winter when Old
Steele was not by, they would peg snow
balls at her until srhe broke out into a
rash of big, white spots all over her
body. But she was cast in an iron mould.
She bore all with the most ironical in
One exciting incident, a little while
before my story opens, had varied the
monotony of her existence. One night
somec 'larkey spirits" (called so, I sup
pos, because they rise so early-about
10 o'clock P. M.) smei larkey spirito, I
say, removed her froni her position, and
set her at the door of the Union Bindery
wpere a sign gave notice "Girls Want
ed." That same night. the "jovial band
of ardent spirits" removed two large
coffins that acted as signs inl front of an
undertaker's shop, and placed them by
the door of a "Dl)ye-house" much to the
amusement of passers-by in the morn
"Mr. Steele, the owner of the stove
store, wias a queer, old fellow, and we
boys delighted in playing jokes on him.
I am going to tell you of one that we
played on him, which was connected
with the "'ilronl virgin." Mr. Steele 's
and we boys boarded at a small hotel, a
fewv blocks off from Mr. Steele's
store. One evening, a few days after
the ''vim-gin" had been1 placed in front
of the Bindery, we boys felt like some1
mischief. So we concerted the lanum,
which I shall unfold to you,in my story.
We -first sough t outs the hotel-keeper, a
man named Sharpe, full of funi, and a
prime.favorite with us boys. We unl
folded our planm to him and he promiisedl
to help us as much as lhe could. Mr.
Stelle was in the parlor warming himi
self beforec the fire. We went in and
joined in conveirsationi with him; one0 by
one, howecver, we boys feigned sleepi
ness5 and started off appar-ently for bed.
But before I go on, I mluist explaini a
peculiarity of Steele's..
You have 'seen- a piece of seaweed
hanging by the sidle of a -wharf at low
tide--how dlirty it looks and howu list
lessly it hangs thoere ? And you have
-noticed, too, what a chang~e comes over
it when the tide comes in-how its co'lor
becomes bright and how it is tossed
ablout by the waves? WVell, so it was
with' Mr. Steele. Ordinary gibjects
stirred hinm but little, but wvhen polities
wvere touched upon01-0, he wvas all ex
citenient 1 His face shone and hIs armis
gesticulated wildly, as the discussin
stirredl hinm up. After we b~oys had
gone out, Sharpe tulrnied the conversa
tion to p~olitics, and immediately Steele
became very excited, 50 excitedl that
wheni I slipped inito tihe room ini my
stocking-fact and look the key out of
his outside plocket, lhe (lid not notice it.
- This I was the easier able te (10 since lhe
- wore a style of 'coat very common at
-that time, with very large p)ockets styled
I a la propr-ic/air-e. Heinvariably kep~t
I his key in the right pocket-at least I
mneani two of his keys--his store-key and
the key of his room ini the hotel. Chuck
ling with delight at our success, we
hurr-ied down to the store which, as I
' have already said, stood about four
blocks off (romi the hotel. Having
broughit our prize, the ironi maideon, ouit
from her retirement f rom beside the
stove that glowed dimly in the darkness
of the store, we carried her to the hotel,
SOh I but it was a. hard pull carrlyinig
hier. It was hitter cold, dnd the frost
. hit our thmigers that could not help clasp)
-ing th'n cold iron rmm ve..y stifnes. It
was fearfully heavy too,. for our five
pairs of aris, and we had to stop and
rest sevoral times before we arrived at
our destination. There a new difliculty
presented itself. How were we to get it
into Steelo's room, for-that was what
we contemplated. There was nto back
stairway, and the only one ran inl full
sight of Steele in the parlor. At last
we succeeded in hauling our burden in
at the window by the htel) of Sharpe's
well rope which we borrowed. Then af
ter snugly tucking her up inl bed,we left
her in quiet, and softly made our way
We had oceupied but a short time
and Mr. Steele had not yet emerged, so
to speak, from his fit of excitement. Af
ter replacing the keys inl the same mati
ner by which I had stolen them, we
boys dropped casually il one by one so
as not to exeite suspicion. Wheni all
our niumber were seated arouid the fire,
Sharpe changed the subject by asking
Mr. Steele if he had not had his sign
post stoleni. Mr. Steele, his late ex
eitenient ill vanished carelessly answered
"Ain't yOU afraid of having it stolen
again?" said Sharpe.
"No" answered Mr. Steele, "9I lock it
up every night ill the store."
"W1ell I" said Sharpe, "I'd being will
ing to bet you she's ill your bed now."
Steele immediately set up a roar, we
boys joining in.
I-o ! 1ho !" cried lie; ''that's a good
joke I"- "Why he coiitinued, taking the
keys from his pocket, "'here are the
keys of the store and of my room. What
have you got to say now? Why I'd be
willing to treat these boys here to all
the eider they wanted out of the that
cask you bought recently, if it was so!"
And lie laughed at the idea.
' "All right. !" said Steele, iietly. "I'll
treat 'em at my own expense if it is not
'All right l"said Steele, still laughing,
"the boys are sure of their eider any
Upstairs stumped tile old inii with
the cane which he alwaf's carried, un
locked the door and entered the room.
"There !" lie cried, pointing to the bed,
"nothing there !" He went up and
struck it to add force to his 'words. I
never saw a face change as his did. We
hid-the figure up very cleverly but the
clank of the metal wie struck betrayed
her hiding place.
He fell back a ste) or two with his
mouth nilen. "By Jupe !" lie cried, a
favorite exciamUIoni u0 r .., 1 'rle ia
here." I wish you could have seen him.
It is useless to try and describe it. A
more wonderstruck man was never seen.
Theyv say people enjoy a thing which
they have fairly earned and I can assure
you we boys enjoyed that cider and the
laugh oi Mr. Steele.
ntow a womani Ioes It.
Some crusty old curmudgeon thus
tells how a woman goes to work to mail
a letter. It is a libel on the sex. Some
of the girls will make it red hot for him
if he is discovered. Any day when you
have time you can see how she does it
by drop~ping into the postofice. Shio
arrives there with a letter in her hiand.
It is a sheet of niote in a white enivelople.
She halts in front of the stampl windtow,
opens~ her mouth to ask for a stamp, buit
suddenly darts away to see if Ao hats
masde any errors iln the names or d1ates.
It takes hier five miinutes to make sure
of this, and~ thlen she~ balances the letter
on her finger, anid the awful query arises
in her miind :'"Perhaps it is an over
weight."' She step~s to the windowy and
asks the clerk if he lhas a thiree-cemnt
stampll, fearing lhe hiasni't. She looks
over every compairtimint ini her portmo
naie b efore aho finds the change to pay
for it. T1he funm commences as she gets the
stamlhp. She fiddles arioundio to one' sidle,
romioves her gloves, closely inispets the
stamp~ and1 hesitates whether to ''liek it''
or wiet. her finger. She fially conchidles
it would not lbe nice to show her tongue
and wvets her finger and passes it over
envelope. She is so long picking uip tihe
stampl that the moisture is ab~sorb~ed and1(
thme stamlip slides off the enve'(lope. She
tries it, twice more with like success, and
getting de'sperate she gives the stampi a
"'lick" and it sicks. T1heun conmes the
sealing of tile letter. She wvets hler fini
ger again, bult the enivelope flies op~en,
andm~, alfter thre ie minutes' delay she has
pass5 her tongue along the streak of dried
mucilage. She holds thle letter a lon
time to imake sure that the envelope is
all right, and finally appears at the wini
dlow 'und asks :'"Thlree cents is eniough,
is it?'' "'Yes, ma'am,"' '"This will go
out to day ?'' "'Certainly.'' '"Will it
go to Chicago without the name of the
county on ?'' "'Just the samne." '"What
time will it reach there ?'' '"Tomorrow
muorninug." She sighs, turns the letter
over' andl over., and finially asks :'"Shall
I (drop it into onie of those places there?'
"'Yes, ma'am." She walks up ini front
of the~ six orifices, closely scans cacth
one of them, finially makes a chloice and
drops- no she doesn't. She stops to
see wvhere it. will fall, pressin~g her face
against the windowv unitil she flattens liar
nose out of shape, anid 5ho docsin't dro
it wvhcre she intended to. She, how
over, releases it at, last, looks downu to
make'sure that it didl not go oni the floor,
ando turns away with a sigh of' regret
thiat she didn't takoe m fore look at
Everybody about the depot knew
Chub, the basket-boy, for he was
always limping through the room cry
ing "Apples I Peanuts-Peanut-ten
conts a quart ! Apples-two for a penny !
Right this way, Mister, for your fresh
baked panuilts ind ripe red apples !"
Where Chub came from, or to whom
le belonged, seemed a mystery. He
was always at his post, from early morn
ing till nine at night. Then ihe would
disappear, bt. only to retirn llpunctually
the next. day.
He wasn't at ill coullillilciativo, and
said little to any one ill the way of geni
eral conversation. Yet everybody liked
him ; his plde face and withered limb
were sure to appeal to their sympathies.
I used to like him myself, and it always
pleased lle to see him get a good day's
But it's over a year, now, since Chub
sold apples and peaniuts at. our depot.,
and I miss him yet.. There is a real
lonesome place over in the corner ; hero
lie used to sit. and eat. his hlnch at .noon
time ; it was his favorite seat, and it
never seeis filled now.
I often hear ouir antr( qj and workmen
remark, "It seems kind 'o lonesome not
to see Chu11b around."
I r.elmllemibe, as if it. were but. yester
day, the lady coning ill leading that
little witch withli '.c silk bonnet
crowning her eurVI. . t was the sweetest,
baby I ever saw. As she ram about the
depot laughing and sinigin g, she hap
pened to espy Cluh limping his roinids.
She ran right ill) to him, and puit.tiig
out her tiny han11(d, touchied his ertiteh.
"Oh, 0o poor 'aime hoy,'' shl cooed,
"I'se dl t a t iss for oo.'"
Chib's face fairly glowed with delight
as he bent, his head to receive the kiss
from the roselbud lip.;. lie reached her
a handful of pealluts, which she took
and placed in her little snck-pocket.
"I loves oo, poor 'ame boy," she said,
softly, "'tause 00 wits dood to me."
"Come here, Birdie," called the hlly.
'"No, mammhi1a, no I I's doing with
poolr 'ame boy," she said, resolutely
sticking close to Chub.
But, the lady came and took her away,
and Chuh hobbled into the other room.
The lady was busy with her book and
didn't notice her lchild slip out ; but I
did, and every now and then caught a
stray glimpses of the little figure as she
ran uip and down the platform.
By-and-by I heard a whistle. 'Twas
the fast mail going up, but it didn't
Uf.%L T thoughflit. of the bab y and so did
Birdie,''. she called, but no 'Birdie'
answered. Just then I glanced out,
and there stood tle little one in the silk
bonnet right upony the track.
I fairly stoppe( breathing from terror.
The mother rain shrieking forward,
'Will no one save her? will no one savo
"Yes," shouted a voice. I 4aw1% Chl)ub
limp wildly out aul snatch the little
fo'rm from its perilous position, and
throw it on one side just as the train
The baby Wis saved ; bit upon the
track wa's a crushed and maingled form.
They lifted huim sadtly, and laying him
down onl one of the seats, wen'lt for hlpJ.
It was too late, for he only openedcl
his eyes on1ce and1 whlisperedI, "I[s she
They' brought her to him but lhe did(
not heed. She stroked the still, white
face with her tinly hand and1( cooed in
swee(t baby fasion as she~ looked arolund
upon11 the crowd:
"'Poor 'amec boy. done fast. see ! done1
A bohtt inatM.n~ongs.
W~hat muonth most15 peole die in and
vrhat they die of is interest ing qu~estion)1,an
to) which the last bulletin of till) Nat ional
BIoardof.liealt~h mal~kes an1 answer for 1880
based on mean popu1latIion of 8,100~ 0001
r'epr1esenlting tihe malljorit y of the cities ini
the Unlited St Ites. 'The anuswer 1s givenl
iln tabu)Ilated form, w',ithi dleath rate per'
thousand11(. N inc dliseaises lare givenl as8 thle
chief clauses of dent h. TPhey aire con~sumlp
tion1, aicutel lung disease51s, dip~hltheria,
eniteie felver, malerial fevers,serlet fev'er,
'T.his list follows the order ill wAhiich the
greatest mu~lnb er of deat11hs occur, and it
nuimst please niervous people to learn that
small-pox is the least ense of deathl.
F"or conlsumpljtion thle huighest, dheath late
is 3.32 pe(r thousand in Dec'nmber, and
neuitel humg dliseaises, beginnin1ug withI
to the loest rate is 2. 59 inl Ji.nme.
uiary~ at. 2.3 2 per t housanid; rise regnu.
April, then decline reglarly to Auggum,
with 1.01 deathls per thoiusaund; then aigaini
it rises to D)ecembelr, iln which tile rato
is 3. 20 per thousandl. The highest. dentlh
raite for dhihthe1ria is 1.49f per thlousanmd
in No vembe ir; the lweslt 1). 51 inl ,Jun11.
Malarial feve'r is hlighuest inl SetembelOr
an~d October, with 11-65 and 1.58 as thle
death rate, whlile naaturally it is very low
from Decemnber to April. Searlet fever
runlis unevenly thronuglioult thle year; tihe
highest dea'th rate being 0.65 ill Decem
ber andmi thle lowest 0.33 in July). Whoop1
inlg-co~ughI runs1 very even'1ly throughout
tile yeartl, tile highest rate being 0.27 in
March and July, and thle lowest 0. 11 inl
0,10 per thousand except. in. N~ovembeir
and U~elmber, whmen the rates were 0. 17
and 0.36' per thousaud. Thelm highlest
dleath rate from measles was 0.4(1 in May
and the lowest 0.08 in October. From
this it appears that above all other lung
diseases carr'ied off' .biy far the largest,
numuber of pornonls last ye'ar, amnd that
such diseases far' beyond( any o thersl' are
the bane of Anmrican city life--a fact,
whlich has5 often beenl maintained before,
b~ut not so tig~rouughily shown as by this
blrek tablo amid chart of.- the National
Board of tnaltth.
About forty years ago, I ha1d a lad ii
my oliploy who had the habit, when i
expectedly spoken to, of pricking ip li
ears in so dec'sive t manner as to remim
one of the ears of Puss or of Tray whei
suddeuly called. Maria Louise, th,
second wife of the great Napoleon, wa
in tho habit of amuusing.the ladies of lie
court tit their private soirees by turniiin
her ears almost completely round, an<
im i manner closing them up. She di
this by a peculiar motion of the jaw,ait
she is said to have pridcd herself on th
exploit not i little.
A man I knew well wore til enormou
shock of raven hair, and would allo'
himself to be lifted by the hair from th
grouind by any one who wits stroifl
enough to do it, and to be swung to an
fro like a pendulum, or to be dragge4
along the floor.
The faculty of sleeping iat will was on
of the endowmenti of the first Napoleon
who it is said could sleel) any length o
timle, long or short, and awake at th<
time,almost to a minute,he had resolve
Among the muscular movements no
commttont, I have noticed several instance
of persons who could throw back thi
four fingers of either hand until tley
stood quite perpendicular to the back o
the hiand and wrist. Other instances
Iave Se11 thlough but a fOw, of person
who can project the lower joint of ti
thumb aliost into the hollow of tl
palm. 1in neither of these ctses is tll
use or the ordintiry syminetry of tl
hand att all affected. Of left-handed peo
ple we have ill seen many, and the;
abound among the working classes; bu
of the artibtndist, or both-handed, tha
is, of persons who could do everything
with either hand, its well with onte is til
other, I have known but oie in til
whole course of my life. This was mu
orhanitil boy who hitd no paretial care
it, had been't heft 11hn1o8t. to himself froin
infrancy. Quick, active, and sharpwit
ted, lhe ha1d tught himself MNIny thking
tolerably well, could draw fairly, col
play the fiddl-e and flute, and wrote ad
nmirbly and with unr'valled rapidit,
with either hiand.
There are many persons who fron
causes they cai never expltin, have I
repugauce, almost imiutiing to horro.
itm some11 casso., for certain animals. Ti
French General .fitnot, who wats ats Co
as a eliembititer tmidstau storma of bullets
tid would itce the ctnnont's mouth titn
Ioveid, would take to his heels at thl
sight of a live frog, and would not. re
cover his eujuinity for hours.
I. have known a ma11in 'who could no
touch mutton, however cooked, while It
would eat heartily of any other imt
Homoe there tre in whom the thought o
eating hare or rabbit excites loathing
some who would starve rather than en
shell-lish of any kind; aid there tire no
a few to whom butter and cheese ar<
abominations. Others are equally pre
judiced against certain vegetables, bu
....... .A ...41-,-~ -.- -- - -- ~---.0.
The ecenru ll KaIN garto.
Lamb-like ts is the face of tilt. kanga
roo, tender and soft, as atre his eyes, Ith
is by no nietlls as gentle as he looks
Like the heathen Chinese, his couite
nantilce b elies him,and there ire few mor
exciting tntd withial dangerous sport
than kangaroo shooting. To the liute
seeking for sone new seisttio, a visi
to the wilds of Australia in search ti
Kantgaroos cal be recoImiended. It rt
<quires a fleet horse to run tilt "old moan
dtwin if lhe gets a fair chancite to shim
taiil; tantd stron tg, well-trainted dogs t
tackle hut im hen 1broulghit to itay. Tut
side his soft, dowy lips arc stronig, for
mtidal e teethI, whtich can b i to severely
I [is forepaws, weaik as they seem, eni
lift a dog high int the atir tand crusa lhin
to death; whbile, whten layiing dowin, hi
favorite lighting tittittude, lie can kiel
with Itihis powerytful bind legs in a mitanne
tht raidtly clears a circle rounid him
antd woe betide the mantt or dog that
comets witin reachl of thoa se hunge claiws
whicb canl atke a flesht wound dee]
enlough to mimtit tite one0 or kill tihe otlher
Of. course, we hero sp eaik of the grena
kaitgairoo, the boomier, or' old mnl,of th
someit thlirtty diff'erentt kindis of ktangtaroo
iinhabl itinIg variiosparts of Aulstritait,anil
onte sptcites p~ecliari to New (Guinend
Th'ley vatry ini size fromt the tiiny hatt
kangtaroo of Sou1th Au strtalia, thte mion
agile of tIhe kind, wvhichi is buit liE t~laoh
ger' titan a rabit., to the several giae
spiets, whether bldatk, red, brownu
A oee or I'rE'SA ir.
Hie camie up ai lit tle hit e, steppted i1
wit hout ringing, anid stidinig softly int
'e parilior, droop)ed inito a easy diba
bt the careless gr'ace of a younag mat
')1 iccuistomled to the prograummi
i3y ,Jove," ''le said to the figture sittini
int thme dimu obscturity onl the sofa. ''B
Jove, I thought I wats ntever going to se
you talone again. Your miothter nevo
go~s taway ftrom the house now-a-day
oeos she, Miitie ?'" " Well, ntot aunti
in gly frequently,'' ch eerfully repl ied th
old laidy fromtl thte softi. "'Minnie
awtay so nmuch of the time tnow, that
have to stay in."' Ini the old hickory
the end of the htouse the miopig ov
compllained to the 1moon1 mutch inil
usutal st~yle, fte katydids never stil
muore cleatrly, tand the plainttive cry<
the whip-poor-will illied the night wit
poetry, b~ut he dlidnt't hear any of it, v
the same~t. '"Atid, by Geoinge," he si
to a friend fifteen milnutes ltater, "if
didnt't leave my hat ont the piano11, ar
my enn in the hall, I'm a goat. Thiu
of 'oet? Strike me blind if I knew
1had( anty clothes on at all. W~hat
wantod was fresh air', and1( I wvant<
aubout thirty acres of it, and1( migh
qmick, tin "
"I Forgot Mina."
1 On Dupont street, not very far from
- Market, San Francisco, is the shop of a
i young Gernian theatrical shoemaker,
I who is doing a thriving busines, and
i: who has every reason to be contented
3 with his lot. Among the treasures he
i lad brought from the Fatherland on his
r arrival here, some three years ago, was a
3 pert little bullfinch, whose merry piping
1 -for bullfinches can be taught to
1 whistle ahnost any tune-kept time to
1 the cordwainer's hammer. A more in
3 telligent and companionable bulliinch
never lived, and thin one's aptness was
i the wonder of all Heinrich's customers
, and neighbors. It was his companion,
3 his encourager, his "bird of luck," and
I his only friend. But there is no rose
I without its thorn, and it was Hloinrich's
I one grief that among all its accomplish
ments the bird positively refused to
a learn the one air dearest to all Gernman
, hearts. "The Watch on the Rhine."
f| Day after day, and hour after hour, the
3 shoemaker would patiently whistle and
I hannmr out the tune, but without sue
cess. Either from inability to master
t this strain or from soine peculiar orni
! thological perverseness of its own, the
j finch reinnited provokingly mute. Even
a day's deprivation of its food did not,
bend the stubborn little will of the saucy
[ pet, and Hoinrich was about giving up
in despair when something occurred
that engrossed his whole attention. The
hearts of shoemakers are not quite so
tough as the leather they hammer, and
one fell in love. His sweetheart was a
pretty and shapely young girl, who was
llaayllg nunor parts at the Baldwin,
whoso gorgeous stage shoies he laid
t made, and wlose symmaaiot-rical 11 last he
haad professionally fallen in love witla
from the first.
A ionth or two rolled by, and as poor
people have o tiie for a long court
ships, Heinrich's wedding day caime
aUrounmad, tind the hlandsoie and learty
- yoiuig couple were married amid the
good wishes of everybody, the bride
I groom's wed(lding presont being a pair of
- whito satin shoes, whltose perfection of
workmanshlip rendered his rivals in the
truade ready to wax their own latter ends
a with envy aid despair.
T The bridal trip lasted just a weekland
wa Iuite a journey through fairylsd
to the saanple-minded and obliviously
happy couplo. As the train that brought
them back again to the city catored the
- depot, however, at slIddeln change come
over the grooin's happy face.
- "What is the matter, man ?" said lAin
wife, torrified at his emotion.
' "The curses of heaven will follow me
for a heartless vwrotch.Iforilot all about
. Mina P"
i It was indeedI true. Absorbed by hin
happiness, and in the hurry of depart
t ure, le lad left the bullfincl locked up
t in th dark shop with only onei day's
seed m hin i cngo. Loaving his wife to
- look after the baggage, Heinrich sprang
I from the scarcely stopped train and tore
( t 1i i the strwets like a madman. He
Gat in - illut wao wVA1161n u n ~ w ..
key had been left, snatched it from its
nail and hurried 'to his door. As lie
placed the key inl the lock his trellbling
hanad refused to turi it; and, sick with
dread of what he was about to see, he
leaned for at lmomient against the door
Hark ! Faintly from witlin, came a
weak, quavering chirrup,painfully striv
. ing to form a familiar tune.
t It wais '"The Watch on the Rhaine."
After exhausting all its repertoire to
f ftch its cruel master back to its gloomy
1 prisoi,the little starved thing bethought
itself of one last moans to bring what it
,considered its puaaishmnt to an end,and
,strov'e to whistle the disp~uted air.
IBut thec snecor, so pitifully pcled
- fora, camne too late. It gave one little,
- feathery flualf of joy as the door opened,
and thae next moment tho manster, as lho
aknelt beside thme cage, saw, tharougha the
tears that waet lhin cheek, thae little hecad
droop slowly over tan the song and singer
IAttacks of colic mosctt frequently are
Sthe result of ctarelessnmess, and generally
may lbe traced to a horse lhaving drank
cold water whten heated, or ime
dliatly after bieinag fed, by being gorgedl
wit~h fo~od after lonag fastinag, or be
inag chilled lby currenats of cold air.
)a Ho hiorseos are conistitutionally more
liablhe to it thttan othaers. Th'le first symp
1 ftms are a genecral lidgetimiess accomn
.pantied biy lift inag oif thte feet very quickly,
followedl by violent rolling. These symp
t toims also ind~icato othear disorders, re
..aqiring v< *y diffheent treatment from
t colic. Thaere are two that distinguish
r colic fromt inflammaation of the bowels.
x Ini thae former, thae horse will strike lhis
belly violently with feet between thae
thae paroxams of paina; but in thae latter,
thuhtemy lift lain feet, lao will noct
istrike, amad thae ptain in continous.
"Wheni colic symptoams are accompantied
r by coaastiptiomn, thae first care must be to
" (emptfy'thae howels by ''back rakiang"
E elearly, the stinmla~inig maedicines prop1
er to flatulenat colic would bie inamppropri
" ate and1( mosatt likely piroducie inflamnationa
o (f thae bowels. Flatuletnt cohao is the
itinore frequenat andl sudd(en loran, requir
imng proimpt treatimnt, aand p)erhap~s with
(Iwhat maay be at hand in a country pilace.
~A horse got quickly well after the ad
Smainistrationa of one-quarter pint of gina,
at anid twoi ounmces of grond ginger mixed
witha water to fill a sodau water bottle,
8from which it was p)oured dlowa lain
g throiat. Equal parts of whliskey and
>fmilk, anad from half a pinat to ai pint at a
h time has been useful. A veterintary
11precriptiont for colic, is: Spirits of tur'
(1 p~entinlo, fouar ounmces; linseod oil, tw elve
(inces; lauadanumn, oae anid one-quarter
Iounce, to lie mixed, and given every
a hour unmtil the paina ceases. Bathing~v
k 'the belly with hor water, anid fiaction,
S'are both usoful. If a horse in led about
y quietly, not galloped, as will be done by
ignoranat grooms, it will aid the action of
a ta muedicma, and prevenit a horse fromxi
y'' laurting haim self by rolling as he wimll be
I apt to do, dluring the paroxysma of pai