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TRI-WEEK"MLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., AUGUST 30, 1881.ESALHD185
THE FI9HE1RMAN'S SONG.
0, tile fisherman's life is a dangerous life,
As he rides o'er the wave's hiigh crest,
Froin the sunshine flush to the inidnight husht
On the ocean's unquiet breast I
And brave and undaunted
Ilis heart should be
Who daily dares death
Oil the treacherous sea.
And the fisherman's life Is a lonely life,
Full slowly the hours pass by;
No whisper, no sound breaks the silence around;
No trusty companion Is nigh.
0, loving and tender
Hils bride should la'
Whio dares for her sake
The restless seal
Yet the fisherman's life is a noble life;
For lie calls no Man his lord;
Anil little lie rocks on his foan-swept (locks
Of the gold that the landeien hoard.
For fearless and brave,
Untrammelled and free,
Is the life that is passed1
On the bounding sea.
A BLACKSMITH'S LOVING.
I had resolved, with many persons no
doubt who had shaken oft its yellow
dust.,nevor to visit the dismal little town
of Bloomsbury again. It was so called,
derhaps, because of its utter lack of vog
etation, and- because of its being a Sa
hara of red clay roads and sandy plains,
over which sickly shrubs and vines
strove and knotted together. I had left
it in July, with a dull, hot sun oracling
and seaming the dry marsh, leading to
the town, and felt as if spared the com
mission of a crime by the sudden tele
gram which recalled - in to the city.
I whipped my horse into a mad gallop,
and looked neither to the right nor left,
animated by a vague wonder as to how
any one existed there.
Again it was July, and by a singular
chain of circumstances I found myself
ramibling leisurely oni horseback down
the dusty high street of Bloomsbury.
The same red sun was blistering the
paint on the little now post-ofico, and
the same brawny blacksmith wiped the
sweat from his brow before his forge,
and stopped work to stare at me in a va
I had passed some idlo hours in his
shop before, and after a stolid scrutiny
he recognized me.
"Back again, squire?" ho asked, giv
ing me a familiar nod. "It be a matter
of three years now since I shod your
gray mare Ii the off hind foot.'
He was evidently proud of this piece
"Fully that," I said again wondering
how he had endured all these days and
nights in this God forsaken spot. He
raised his muscular arm, and with a
blackened finger pointed to the tiny ga
bles of a house near by,
"I be married since. I've got a boy
up there, an' he'll be a smithy I reckon,
though his mother is inclined to the
trado of shoe-strings, tapes and the like.
I hate it, I do. Them be all white-skin
nod, creamy fellows, with no grit in
I had never deomed it a possibility
that there could be marrying or giving
in marriage hero. Iln this respect
Bloomsbury resembled heaven in my
sacroligious mind. Perhaps the "old,
old story" of lovo had made it a paradise
to the young blacksmith.
I gave my horse a brief rost and a
atrinik from the good fellows trough, as
inquircd the current news of the town,
inough, the Lord knows, nothing could
he further from my thoughts thall to
caLe what news there wis. I had son
but once, for a moment, a face which
even faintly interested me in that horri
ble place, and try as hard as I- would, I
could never drive away, that vision.
I had str~olled into tile little yellow
churchl one sultry day to escape tile
thunder-storm wichl was rapidly comn
.in~g up from tile west, anid stepped into
the p~orchl julst as the first heoavy drops
pattered on1 the roof, and on thle bleachl
ed grass about the tumbled downl head..
stonles ill thle yard.
It was' ideed a lovely face whichl ap
peared as a pale1 star ini tile organl-loft,.
amiong common-place, tawny-featured
faces, withI black and brown riniglets,
streaming around theom. Silo did not
bhls or return my gaze coyly, as young
S girls are wont to do in counltry places,
but looked over and beyond me in a p)it..
iful, vacant, meaningless way. I don't
know whether 511e woreo p)ink, or blue1, or
lavender, It was a cloudy,fiilmy sort of
dress, adiranibly suited to h1er large gray
eyes and rings of yellow hair. Her bon1
noet was a sweet little tiling, tica up wvithl
whlite ribbon. Her chin was like ala
hanster, heCr check was scarcely less pile.
I lingered in tile chlurch porchl after
thle conlgregationl had trooped out and
thle sexton had14 shuttered up theO gloomy
little edifice. I had stupidly missed 11cr
iln tihe thlrong, or 5110 had1 gone out at
tile choir enltranclo. I had forgotten theO
inicidenlt directly, anid rememnbored it
no0w only as youg Janson, tile brawny
Norweguan, spoke of his wife anmd baby.
"Thoro was a rather pretty young lad y
there three years ago," I said, hiting a
bit of raw straw, and looking ever tile
lpollardl window at tile churchl steeple.
''A pale, whlite girl, in a straw bonnet."
An inldescribable flush mnounted to hlis
swarthy choc0k and stinled his brow. He
dropped the hammer with a sharp clanlg,
anud let his iron cool wvhile 110 looked at
me1 threateningly for an instant. The
tigorishl green faded from hlis eyes anid
left a dull, red glare.
"Siho was conlsidered hlandsotnc thlen,
I know whol( yeou meanl."
"I hop1) sho is pretty still. Thiat was
a face I thloughlt iV man might see over
his tea urn every (lay for a lifetime and~
"'Do you think so, -verily?" said Janl
Sell, sending uip aL showor of sparks. "It
he all1 owing to ho0w' tile face looks at
you. If it be with1 dead, cold eyes, and
icy lips-wily man, death itself at tilmos
coul not match it. It was a sweet face
to hang In a locket."
Withl great simliicity hoe had express
edi my thought.
"Now; your wvife," I said in a banutor
inig way, "I dare say she is a smart girl
givent to teasiung you,anid coming to meet
yo OUwithl your son on11her back, an~d thlen
yout thlroo r'Omph away home agn-n
A sighl of angmishl burst from the
honest follow's bosom, and for tile first
timeO it dawnel~d on1 me thlat ill 50om1 waiy
I was blunderingly torturing im. I
began to talk of other things, and stroll
ed away with my bridle on my arm until
I reached a little gritty stone-yard,where
a gritty fellow with dusty eye-lashes used
to sing at his work of making grave
stones. He was at it still. evolving a
a Ronat-nosed angol in a smock frock
from a block of granito. He was by all
odds the merriest fellow in Bloomsbury,
and the gossip of the county.
Hle had many dhing: *o tell relative to
his trade, and inainy inquiries to make
relative to the rascals it was my business
to hunt down. He declared- himself
very sorry that circumstances jiad mado
a stone-breakor of one whom fato clearly
meant for a detective. He had a pair of
pinkish eyes, deeply set under shaggy
brows, and a face brim full of duplicity
and conceit. He could climb like a cat.
he told me, and could scale a lichened
wall like a lizard.
Presently he said that he had seen me
talk to a man for whom he had a great
contompt-the blacksmith. This was
very droll. I foresaw that the stone
breaker must have at somo time injured
Ho told me at great leiigth a long
scandal in which Janson had mixed him
self up. lie had married a half-idiot
girl and fathered her child, whose father
no one had ever sen or heard of, and
carried around with him a ponderous
threat to kill any man, woman or child
who should speak lightly of his wife.
"All that I say makes him a great ass
--this blacksmith-the more so because
he is a poor mai and keeps his idiot like
a lady, with white ringed fingers and in
stuff gowns instead of linsey; and, bless
you, he has given up all his ways,
dropped all his pipes and drinks at the
public house for the sake of a wonch
who utters nothing but sighs. This
Norwegian of yours is a prime calf, Mr.
.'T'his Norwegian was a lord,a domigod,
a philosopher, a hunisitarian, whose
bulk overshadowed puny men, such as
the grave-stono maker and I, as a great
tree would overtop a sumac.
Now I could understand all the mean
little daggers I had driven into his heart
a while ago-this great, splendid fellow,
who wore his heart in his sleeve for jack
daws to pick at. Bit by bit during the
next two days I gathered the whole sad
history of his marriage. There had been
no courtship at all. The poor girl's
people had cast her off, being puritans
who wore gray gowns and slept in night
caps. She had not a friend in the world,
and was in a sore strait, being in urgent
need of women friends and medicine.
Ugel Jansen went to her with the smoke
and grime of tie forge on his face and
hands,anrl spoke very feelingly and sim
ply to her. She went with him to tho
ministor, and Ugol's sister, with much
horror, but wholesome fear of Jansen,
took charge until all was over. Daily
and hourly Ugol watched by her, asking
nothing in return,and by andby ho gave
the baby whom all hated to see his big
brown fingers to hold, and the little fel
low slept in peace.
All this made Ugel the sport of the
village and furnished the town an ever
lively scandal, but it was talked of in a
smothered way. Jansen had the strength
of an ox and kept it wholly to lavish Oi
one man iiwhen lie could find him. I
conceived the notion to help him in this
My mare understood her business well
enough about this time to cast a shoo.
Jansen was not at the forgo, the shop
was closed, and I was directed to his
house, a retired little spot,with a cluster
of clove pinks in a tiny plot in front.
Tho poor wife's baby was ill-dying
-with a bunch of clove pinks on his pil
low and Jansen's finger fastened in his
cold little fist. Mrs. Jansen sat still and
gazed vacantly at Ugol,whilohli shivered
as with an agine. Perhaps lie had pray
ed to God to take back that child. He
had done nobly by it, though, and now
lie was even sorry.
It was the same pale face of the organ
loft, surrounded by a tangled mass 61
curls of a rare dead gold hue, and the
sight of her gave me a pang. Jansoni
unlocked the little hianid and scattered
the pinks recklessly. Thien he bent over
his wife and said soothingly: ''Come out
into the air, Adelaide-1Jane will take
care of the baby-lhe will be tll right
She got up mechanically and they met
nie at the door. The sight of mec h ad a
strange (oflect. She began to remomnber
days becfore her sorr'ow. She put her
hand to her heart, and with a great cry
fell at ,Jansen's feet. Afterwvard she was
sane andl begged of him to let her go
away at once-forever. She thought he
must loathe her. He h1old her fluttering
little hand to his lips wvhiile a big tear
fell on their wveddinug yinlg.
''You've hiad a great black wrong,hass;
wvhen I have righted that you may go, if
you wish. Until then I am your brother
-neither higher nor better. I am not
fit for such as yeou. Such as I amu you
have me bound, body and soul."
He came away with me. and in the
shop bogan to whet up a hinge knife.
"The poor little wretch 1b0 gone now,"
,Janson referred to thr,.Th.>r .an'sI chl
He smiled in an ugly way at the brond,
keoon blade of the knife, and passed1 his
fingers downm it caressingly.
''Long ago," lhe said,speaking withi a
b~itter taste mi hlis mouth, ''Adelaide had
spells of sleep--she could not awake.
She slept in a little place in the turret
of her father's house, lie was tihe curate
hero. He is a damnied devil, though."
Janson begani at the knife again.
"Some one sealed the wall. I must
find that manu. Then I will restore her
her goodl name--and I will leave this
placo--thei~e is a curse of the earth here.'
"'I will help yeou," I saidl simply.
He~grasped my hand and shuit up the
shop and~ put a lhugo chair across the
door. He was going out indefinitely.
I went toward tho stone-breaker's yard,
His shaft was still,and a thin bit of stem
arose from a damp stone on which the
hot sunm streamed.
A boy near by rigging a line to catch
tad-poles said that Beccord, the mason1
had gene to stop) tihe coping in the thiire
story of Tyler's mill, whore the reeks
had started it. It was a dangerous steep
p~lace, and Beccord was tihe only fellow
who could climb and carry mortar. He
had been a sailor once in French wvater.
I had well-nigh forgotten my affatira in
thlin time, but my unme was afnly
housed at a little resort out of Blooms
At 6 o'clock all the bell ill the place
rang sharply, and housewives put oil
fresh aprons., I met Jansen at the end
of the street leading to the mill.
His looks frightened me. He told me
briefly that he had followed Beccord,
who, looldng down from his narrow par
apet, saw a terrible knife waiting him.
Whetlier with intent or from fright his
foot slipped, and with a feal-ful cry the
mason went down into the brawling race
below. I dropped into the cottago after
supper. I found Jansen and his wife
sitting hand in hand on the porch.
"She be my wife now," lie said proud
ly. She won't leavo me, but I know I
am not fit for her. I am a blacksmith."
She got up and left a kiss on.his fore
hood. "And do you think, my friend
Ugol, that I am so base or ungrateful as
to leave you? Besides, I have nothing
else. You forget that your goodness
has made me love you."
Then lie held her in his arms until the
pinks were wet with dew. Jane was
I have never known a happier pair
than Jansen and Adelaide.
Gardon of the iesporldles.
Recently describing a trip fron the Gulf
of Gabes to the site of the proposed "In
land sea"-a desert area of about 2,000
square miles, which the French talk of
flooding by means of of a c-mal, over a
hundred miles long, through the Chotta ot
Algeria-Lieutenant Commander Gorridge
said "in the neighb3rhood of Benghazi the
-surface of the ground is frequently broken
by precipitous chasms, fifty or sixty feet in
depth; at the bottom there is invariably a
surface of rich soil, and also an abundant
supply of moisture. The change from the
arid and barren surface of the surrounding
desert to these spots of luxuriant vegeta
tion is very striking. The gardens of the
Hesperides are believed to have been in the
vicinity of Berenice, and many are of the
opinion that these fertile spots at the bot
tom of the chasms are what remains of
them. In one of these chasms, about seven
miles from Benghazi, is the entrance to a
cave which leads to an extensive sheet of
water. believed to be indentical with the
river Lethe. I transported a boat across
the desert on the backs of two donkeys
side by side, and launched it on the waters
of this famed river, which we found clear
and cool and fresh as if constantly supplied
by springs. It appears to run through a
series of chambers with very narrow pas.
sages connecting theimin which we observed
a sensible current. The walls of the chain
bers, are in part at least artiticial, and on
them are engraved many inscriptions. No
extended exploration of this curious sub
terranean stream has ever been made; no
one knows where it conies from or where
it goes to, and it would be very interesting
to find out, and instructive to copy the In
kcriptions, some of whio. arc believed &o
be in Punic character,. 1 can very well
understand the extravagant terms in which
the ancients described the Letho. In the
spring there prevails along this coast a hot
air blast-it cannot be called a wind-that
comes from the great desert further south.
The air is laden with Insects anti ine
particles of sand, and is hotter and drier
than any one who has not experienced it
van conceive of. I have observedt a temper
ature of 131 (leg. Fahr. in the shade during
one of these blasts, called by the natives
Personal decorations are so coimimonly
regarded m Fuigland as somnething essen
tially exotic that it, may surprise sonic per
sot's to learn that there are recognized
among us no fewer than fifty three varie
ties of these insignia, not to speak of nine
or ten recognized orders granted by alates.
1'hmese appeair in a brilliantly colored series
of drawings which has been compiled with
brief explanations by Colonel Frederick
Briiie. Trho dark-blue, green, red and
pale-bIlIe of the ordiers of the Garter, the
Bath, the a Thistle and St. P'atrick are of
-course well known. The old St. Mbchael
and Bt. George (reorganized in 1868), the
ordler of Iidian Native Ollicers, the order
of Merit- for Native Boldlers, 183'7, and the
Star of [ndia, 1861, extended In 18611, are
also somewhat conspicuous. Tihe greater
p~art oh the remiaindler wouild be aipt to puz
zie all but the limtiatedl. Many relate t~o
famous campaigns and sonie to particuilar
engagements In Indlia, China, Abyssinla,
the Baltic. the CrImea and the colonmes.
Then there are thme Empress of Indhia Coin
nmenmoration, 1877; the English Maids of
Honor (left shoulder), 1839; the Crown of
lndlia Ladles (left shoulder), 1878; the
"Best Shot In the Army" (right breast),
18661; the Military Victoria Cross andl Na
val Victoria Cross, 1856; the order of coni
spicuous Naval Gallantry, 1854 and 1874;
Ate Discoveries. lf-18-55, Arctic Medal,
1875-76, and many others, which, as here
s, t forth on a folding sheet, have a gay and
lpleasing aspect. Quatre Bras and Water
Ice still figures in the list. This as Colonel
Bine reminds us, was the first decoration
given by an English sovereign to both of
lcers and mnon. It, dates froin March,
1816. It la observable that by far the
greater number have been mastitmited (hiring
the prement reign.
Care of the Eamr.
People who are inclined to dleafniess
should live apart from the loiud nioises
of railroads, factories, iron mills, etc.
They should avoid with great care ex
posure to coid and damp, aind esp)eialhly
should not wear thini shoes in walking
on dlamp ground or saturated brick pamve
monts. Ohildreni ought inever to b~e
struck on the car with the palm of the
hand, eveni in sport; suddeni deaifnesis re
suits sometimes fronm boxing the ears,as
wvell as the rupture of the tymnpanum.
Often the sudden jar or shock with the
concussion of air on the ear drives in
the stapes or Inner hone, destroying its
function andi diminishing the sensibihty
of thme nerves A snow-ball thrown with
force oni thme ear, or an accidential blow
with a ball or bat, may easily cause
deafness. A s cold increases deafiiess,
it should be avoided if possible. Deli
cate piersons should avoid1 draughts on
the ears, sittiing in wet clothes, sudden
chainges from the heated intmosphere of
croivded rooms to cold winds, and other
Large and Small Bullets.
Tihe fact that the assassin used a large
bullet, instead of a common sized one, is
very much inl the President's favor. It is
a fact that common people, not versed
in surgical science do not realize, that
the small ball is more dangerous than
the large one. They call it strango that
haIrm can come of the insignificant bita
of lead carried by our small pocket pis
tols. The fact is as stated, however, and
the reason is simple. In the first place,
imusket-bill wounds are less dreaded by
surgeons than pistol ball wouinds, be
cause the musket balls tire more apt to
go clear through. The worst thing to
happen is for the ball to lodge, for the
presence of the foreign substance causes
inflanimation, foul gatherings and dis
charges and blood poisoning. So, car
rying the comparison along, a large pis
tol ball is more likely to go through
than a smill. Hence it is less dangerous.
Its only increaso of peril comes in the
fact of its size, which gives - it greater
opportunity to cut an artery. If it does
not do thiat its clane.of mischief is less
than if it were smaller. If it does make
that cut,death conies at once from blood
ing. But the large bullet has not gone
clear through Presidnt. Garfield's body,
and to the explanation of its lessened
danger migh not seem to apply, but it
does. The larger the hall the larger
hole it makes on its way in. The facili
tates the discharge of the wound very
munch. There is a greater opportunity
for the affeted spot to get rid of its own
evils and so to heal. This factor is worth
considerable in the opinion of skillful
physicians and is all iii the President's
favor. Thus it happens that the cold
blooded design of making the work
through by the use of i large bullet may
prove the one condition on which recov
ery is possible.
A leading surgeon has in his posses
sion a pistol ball, scarcely larger than a
buckshot, which killed a muan; and yet
he treated a soldier now alive and well,
though a half pound ball made a clean
hole, going in through tle. lungs and
out at. the back. In this case the hole
was so large that the wound took care
of itself and cured. In the other the
hole was so small that the accumulated
matter could not escape.
Phen mencal Hamlrrad luilliin.
A remarkable feat, of railroad build
ing will be the line "rom, 1Poirthcmid to
Dalles, Oregon, Iw'lenm it is finished.
Much of the roadway must be blasted inl
tho flinty face of lofty precipices, or
drilled through no less unyielding rock,
and every foot is a struggle with nature.
About 10 miles below Dalles is a bluff
of basaltic rock, rising abruptly 300 feet
from the Columbia river, loig wlose
side tle road is to pass. Men suspended
by ropes 150 feet over this wall drill and
bhist the solid roek, their work being
attendd by the greatest danger. The
largest blast on the line thus far has
been at a point 10 miles above the
Cascades, i mass of rock 165 feet high,
170 wide and 70 thick at the base, Con
taining more than 10,000 cubic yards,
being removed by the explosion of 10,
000 p~ounids of Julldon p~owder, equtal in
force to 20,00)0 of blchck. Th'lree tuomels
from 300 to 550 feet long are now hbeing
drilled, steamt or comptlressed aiir b einmg
used in the work. A t, two poinits a new
and( phleniomenal dlitiiulty' is encounter
ed, thce ioutin set tlinig, or shiliig iuito
the river at the rate of abouit twelve
ineces ai yeair, acid thce troul e will niot
eanse with thme finishcing of the road. In
other places the mountcain side is covered
with smiall broken stones, which slip
with every movecimnt below, andi walls of
heavy reck hacve to be built high up on
tho cliff' to check t~he descent. Tirestle
work andl bridges will also have to be
erected alonmg thIe line. Thle maximumn
gradle is 20 feelt to the mile, andiu there is
hardly a milec of straight track cit a
str'eh. htwithishmidinig these cdili
culties and the fact thait thie road wais
located oinly a year ago, the Oregon rail
way and( tiavigation company expect to
have the line of 8(6 miles finished this
year. It will cost $3,6100,000, or nearly
$12,00)0 a mile.
W.1hy the Law1 icn Unnrcotain.
Laniguiage 1a acn impcerfoct instrument for
the expreciont of ideas. Net a fewv of its
forms are ambiguous- that is, thecy speak
in two ways. Readters andi~ hearers arc !eft.
ia o1(1 Isaac's p~erplexity. Thie voice ms
that of .Jacob, thce handc is that of Esau.
Many of thie terms of language are
eqjuivocal. Tlhey have two mecanings, to
thast the readher is in dloubt, as to the minud
or initention of thie writer.
Thoscce who draft statutes know how dif
ilcult it is I o frame a la w wihich shall be
free fromt ambiguons expressions or equi
vocal terms. Judge Story once told1 a
perconal ncident, which illustrates this
11e was employed by Congress to dlraft
aun act. So imiportant was It that hce spent
six months in trying to p~erfec~t its phlraso
elegy. ils purp~ose was to make the
statute so cleir that the miost astute lawyer
shouild not be able to east (lie shadow of a
dloubt iuponi Its meantng.
TIhc diraft, provincg sat isfactory to the
lawyers in Congress, became a law. -in
less than a year, a suit, inivolving (lie in
terpr( tationi of this very law, caime before
the court over which Judge Story presIded.
Having heacrd the arguments of the able
attornecys, the judge confessed that lie was
uniable to decide upon the meaning of a
statute which lhe himself had framed.
Hie, of course, knew what lie had meant
to put into the law. Buit the cricielm of
the two lawyers showed him that he had
used such amibiguous expressions, that It
was doubtful If Ite had said what he nieant
to havn ai.
A True Bear Story.
Smiutheboro aind Globesite were track.
ing the prowling bear-there is only one
left in the Adirondacks.
"The bear," said (GIgbesite, "remindp
me of the New York Central railroad."
"Whyfore ?" asked Smuthebore.
f'Because," replied Glohesite, "four
tracks you know."
"All steel ?" asked Smutherbore.
"Yes, siaid Globesite, "all bears
'But they don't steal rails, do they ?
asked his simplo friend.
"No," said Globesite, but they get
over them, and that is the same thing.
'Yes," said Siuthebore, '"and they
squeeze everything they carry, too."
But Globesite said that depended on
the sex and beauty of the passenger,and
the sociability of the conductor. And
then, lie said, there was another simi
larity between the bear and the Central,
lie got very far in a short time.
"Yes," Smiuthiebore said, "and that
is the reasion you can't make it a fright.
"Correct," said Globesite, "the bear,
like the railroad, is always on time,"
"'Buflalo timie, I reckon ?" suggested
"And like the locomotive, every hbear
is its own cowcatcher."
"And so 'l Ilears are very tender.
"And they all run wild, like gravel
"Although," Globesite went on "it
sometimes barely gets there on at
"And like tll railroads, the hear gen
erally gets into a snarl."
"And," sighed the weary hunters, in
chorus, as they sank exhausted upon at
log, "like the connecting train at a
country junction, you never can catch
the one you're after."
An Old Grave.
After twenty-one centuries the re
mains of the 300 young Thebtis, for
merly the Sacred Battalion, who fell at
tbhe terrible battle 'of Cheronen have now
been dug up. During the sumner ex
cavations have been mado around the
gigantic memorial lion which was placed
iii the centre of the field to commneno
rate the deeds of heroism of that dark
day. A yard twenty-five yards in length
and fifteed in breadth was first found
beneath the soil. Within this enclosure,
at depth of four yards, lay the boues of
18 ihebans resting side by side,
ranged in rows of 40, each in the atti
tude in which they had died. Seven
such rows have been found. They are
so placed that the heads of those of the
second rank repose at the feet of the
first. All bear the marks of the blows
which have caused their death. One of
them has both thighs piereud by
thrusts of the selar;another has the jaw
bone broken and splintered ; a third lia
the skull terribly hacked; a fourth
whose head is wonderfully well prmeserv
ed, has the mouth still opened as if he
breatied. This last will be convoyed
to the Museum of Antiquities att Athens.
What is especially noticeable about it
is that the jaws possuss every tooth iii
perfect order. No weapons have been
Tuoe W. K(. L,. Lady.
A well-known iaady of Bloston enteredi a
crowdled herse car recently, and stood ump
without comlnhalnt, though he'uimat lmu ini
one loot troubled her greatly. Her mdigtna
Lion against the seated occupants of the car
was excited, howvever, when a girl with a
crutch was "ubserved leaingti. against the car
dloor, while thle nmale Amuerian~ citizens
were seemingly glued to their seats ar~d
looking around in e'vsmry other directioni but
where the unfortunate girl was standing.
Thle w. k. I. stoodi amaiiz( l, andc waxed
more and1( more indiignant, at the same thime~
do)ubtful if. she were indeed inaiBostoni
"culchiawedl" lioston-whiere the men wVere
proverbial for their gallantry to the fair sex;
and while miedittinmg on the subject she
was aroused by an inidiividual whlo iniforim
edf her that she could have his seat, at, tIme
same time renmarking'that lie wasw "gettong
eff here.'' jhe latter remark wasq made,
probably, to (queli any fears that might be
entem tamned of lls (disturbing himtiselfI on her
account. The lady was rather surprised
at tihe seat bolug ollfered to her insterd of
tile passenger with the crutch, andl omnittedl
to thank the man, but with the readly and
instinctive courtesy which belongs only to
a kind and benevolent heart, proliered the
vacant, upholstered space to her helpless
fellow passenger, who accoptedl it after
many protestaitionis. After riding several
llocke, the young ladiy with the crutch
arose, put that wooden impllerment undler
the aram of an 01(d ladly opposite, andf with
the remark, "we get out here, mother,"
helped the venerabmc (lame out of the~ car,
beslowing, as she paissed, an angelic and
bland smile On the w. k. I. TIhew. k. I.
was aroused from her faInting it by thec
conmductor yelling, "Bfostoua & Maine Rail
Moral. Before wasting sympathy on the
possessor .of a crutch, be sure it, Is used by
the same party.
TOPNooDY made up his mmi that lie was
not going to be bossed any longer by hii
wIfe, so. when he went home at nooni he
cailled out Imperiously: "Mrs. Topnioody,
Mrs. Topnoodyl" Mrs. TV. camec omit of tli
kitchen with a drop of sweat on the end of
her nose, a dishirag tied around her head,
and a rolling pin In her band. "Well sir,'
she saidl, "what i you have ?"' Topnoody
'staggcred, but braced up. "Mts. Topnoo
(dy, I want you to understand, mnadam''
and he taj.ped his breast dramatically
"I am thme engineer of this establishment.'
"Oh, you are, are youf Well, Top~noody,
I want you to understand that I"-aid she
looked dangrous-"amn the boiler that will
blow up anid sling the engineer clear over
into tL'e next county. Do yout hear the
steam oeaping, TIopnoody ?" 'I opnoody
hoard It, and hue meekly Inquired if there
wats any Seststance he could render mn thec
How to Make a Paper Balloon.
For large balloons, strong inanilla pape
Is best; for smialler ones, use- tissue paper
When you build a balloon, decide fir
what height you want it, then make th
side pieces or gores nearly a third longer
a balloon of 18 gores, each six feet lon
and one foot greatest width, makes a bal
loon little over four feet hiyll. For such
balloon, first make a pattern of stilt brow
paper by which to cut the gores. To mak
the pattern, take a strip of paper six fee
long and a little over one foot wide; fol
the paper in the center lengthwise. so tha
it will be only a little over a half foot frou
the edges of. the fold. Along the bottom
at right angles fron the folded edge, Ies
sure three inches and one half, and nmw1
the point; in the samo manner, mark
five inches fromi- two feet up the fold. F.
a point three feet four inches from tie b
ton, measure off six Inches, and mark th
point; from this place the width decreases
At the fourth foot, mark a point live Inche;
and one-half from the fold; about thre<
inches and a third at the fifth foot, or top
where the gore will come to a point, Wit]
chalk or pencil draw a cui ved line connect
ing-these points, then cut the paper alons
this line and unfold It.
You Will haive a pattern the shape of i
cigar, four Inches wide at the bottom, ou
foot greatest width, and six feet long.
After pasting your sheets of manilla o
tissue paper together in strips of the re
quired length. cut, by the pattern jus
niade, 13 gores; lay one of these gorei
flat upon the floor, fuld It in the center,
over this lay another gore, leaving a mar
gin of the under gore protruding from be
neath. With a brush cover the protrudint
edge with paste, then turn it up, and ove
upon the other gore, and with a towel o
rag press it down until the two edges ad
here. Fold the upper gore in the center
as you did the first one, and lay a thirt
gore upon it; paste the protruding edge
and so on until all 13 are pasted. It wil
be found that the botton gore and top got
have each an end unpasted ; lay these tw<
edi<ges together and paste then neatly.
Next, you imubt itake a ho p of rittan o1
som1e light substance to fit the imotith open
ing, which will be about one foot and t
half in diameter. Fasten tle hoop in b3
pasting the edies of the mouth opunlin.
around it. In very large paper ballions i
is well to place a piece of string along tbi
edge of each gore and paste it in., lettimii
%he ends of the st.rings hang down below th<
mouth. Fasten the hoop in with thee
ends before pasting the paper over it. 1
will be found next to inpos.itule to t.-ar thi
hoop from a balloon strengthened in thii
Should yoU discover an opening at th4
top of your balloon, caused by the pointf
not joining exactly, tie it up with a string,
if it be amiall, but if it be a large hole
patste a piece of paper over It. Wheu dry
take a ian and fan the balloon as iull o
air as you can, and. while It is inflate<
make thorough inspection of till 81des, t
see that there are no accidental tears, hole
or rips. The fite-ball Is best made of oh
fashioned lanip wick, wound rather loosol
in the form of a ball, the size dopendinl,
upon the dimnensiois of the balloon. il'h
sponge commonly used soon burns out aml(
the balloon comies down ila a very little while
but the wick-ball here described seldioim fai
to propei the littie air-ship upward and on
ward and out of sight. A short line wir<
should next be run quite through the wick
ball, so that it can be attached to the moutl
of the halloon in an instant by hooking tt(
en'is of this wire over the cross wires at ti
If you use a little care, you will have n<
difficulty in sending up tli, balloon. Plac
your wick-hall in a pan or dish, put th
corked bottle of alcohol bes-(de it, and abou
V0 feet, away inake a suile fire-placo o
brieks or stones, over whicht place ait oht
stoveple. Fill the fire-place with shavings
twasted p)ieces of paper or anything thtal
will light retulihy and nmake a good blaze
in a 10oop of string fastened at the top o
the balloon for that purpose, let one o:
the party put the end of a smnootht stick,
andl with the other end ini hi~ or i er handl
mount some1 elevated positlin and htoh
the balooti over the lire-place. Blefort
touchimg a match to the combustibies he
low, expind the balloon as much as pos
sible by faininmg it full of air ; then lighi
the lire. Be very car ofiui, in till thl
p~rocess that follows, to hold the mtoutl
of the bialkon directly above amit not tot
near the stovepipe, to prevent thme blazi
Iroma setting tire to the pamper, which w mh
easily catch. At this ataige of praced
inigs otne peorson muist tanke the bottle o.
alcohol unicork it, and~ p)our the( content
over the wvick ball in tue bassin, and1( th(
ball imust lie miade to soak lip all it will bok
of the sp)Irit. Th'ie balloon will becoi
nmore and moi~re buoyantt as the air becomel
hieaited inside, and at longnth, when dhis.
tenidedl to its tmtost, it will begint pull
ing to free itself. hlding the hoop a
thme month, walk to one side of the ldre
andl with all speed( have the ball attaho.
securely in place. TIouchi t light to it
and it will blaze lip. At, the wo~rds ''Al
right," let go. At thesamnc Instant thme stici
must, be slid fronm the loop on top), so, a
not to tear the papiler, and away will sal
the balhooai upon its airy voyatvc.
As the Mhenandoah valley fast expres
enteredl the tmile cut Immediately north o
Mlchlameistowvn, Maryland, the enginee
was horror-stricken to see what hie atup
posed( to be thme end of the rail just ahmeat
of his rushitig locomotive sliding rapidl;
away from him. His firat thought was
b~roken rail cauight by the pilot anid he ex
pc ted an instantaneous shock. Wonder
ment usurpo:1 the place of fear when
secondl glanice revealed a five-foot blaci
snake of the species knownt as " runnIng
gliding rapil~ly away from him on top c
the rail. In the excitement of the mnomenm
his band sought the throttle, lie threw i
widle open and the train bounaded forwari
uinder the impulse, bitt the snake main
tailnedl its land although the train was r
ning at fully fifty miles per hour, an
when the end of the cut was reached an<
an op~portutnity was afforded to escape, I
left, the rail, rani out into an open spae
coIledi Itself up, throwv Its head Into an au
titude of defiance and died tight thert
An examination proved that the intens
heat of the rail had burned it to death.
"lit I where dId you get, thetm trousers?
asked an Irishmnan of a man that was pass
lng with a remarkably short pair of trout
er's. "I got them where they grew," wa
the lndignant reply. "Thea by my cot
science,' said Pat, "You've pulled thet
a year to soon I9
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
r Worry is rust upon the blade. It is
not the revolution that destroys the na
I chinery, but the friction.
It may be doubted whether there ever
was greatness of character which had
not been nurtured in the school of great
It takes one loss time to get over one's
3 own misfortune than to be reconciled to
t a noighbor's good fortune.
I The proper way of increasing the-love
L we boar our native country is to reside
i some time in a foreign one.
In ourselves, rather than in material
- nature, lie the true source and life of
'I'ol power to do great things goner-,
arises from the willingness to do
No one can have failed to observe the
power of a true life upon all with whom
it ollies ill contact.
Do not allow idleness to deceivo you,
for whilo .you give it to-day it steals
- from you to-morrow.
Hopo is like the sun, which as we
journey toward it, casts the shadow of
our burden bohind us.
Principles are very important, but
they iieed to ho adorned by the grace to
ronder them attractive.
No grander thing can a man do than
to give a helping hani to a young man
who has boon discouraged.
There are degroes of badness. Riv
arol onc1o said of a criminal that ie
would "iilke a stain oil mud."
What a divine religion might be found
out if charity wero really made the prin
ciple of it, instead of faith.
What aro the aims which are at the
same tiilo duties ? They are the per
foting of ourselves, the happiness of
No hotter advice could be given an
aspirant than the torno little counsel of
Emerson: "if you want succos, Buc
A great stop has iboon gained wuhen
one has a high sttidard for jimuself, and
ieasuires himiself on that ideal Btifndard.
To cover a had life and its fruit the
evil strive to divert attention from them
selves by laying evil at the door of the
When had men coibino the good
mulilst aissociate, else they -will fall, one
by one, an unpitied sacrifico, in a con
Dr. Johnson once, speaking of a quar
relsoine fello'w, said: " lf he had two
ideas in his head they would fall out with
Wo should often have reason to be
ashamed of our most brilliant actions.
r if the world could see the motivo from
I which they spring.
Pride is like the beautiful acacia that
lif ts its head proudly above its neighboi
i ing plants, forgotting that it, too, like
thelm, has its root in the dirt.
When we feel a strong desire to thrust
our advice upon others, it is usually be
Cano we suspect their weakness; but
we ought rather to suspect our own.
Thoro is no botter test of purity and
tiie goodness than reluctance to think
(vil of one's neighbor, and absolute in
capacity to blieve an evil report about
Loarning, like money, may be of so
base a coin as to be utterly void of use;
or, if storling, may require good man
agemient to make it serve the purpose of
senso or happies.
The young fancy that their follies are
mistaken by the old for happiness ; and
the old fancy that thoir gravity is mis
takeni by the young for wisdom.
A man's pirofunidity may keep him
from opening on a first interview, and
his caution on a second ; but it is natu
ral to suispeclt his empitinocss, if lie car
ries on1 his reserve to a third.
To be heroic in great deeds is not so
praisowor'thy aifter all as to be noble ini
things that are small. Th'lo former may
tell of ambition, while tile latter are the
exp~ress5ions of character.
Manly dohicacy is as necessary in tile
famiily life as manly rectitude ; and
wvomuanly tacet as womanly virtue. There
is as muchl wrecked happlineOss fro'n the
abILsenIce of oneo as thle other.
Aim high. You may not touch the 4
mark, but by a highl aim you wvill come
nearer to it than by not tryin'g at all.
Then by making the ell'ort many p)ersons
have come nearer than they at first anti
Of all tihe follies which men are apt
to fall into, to the (disturbancee of others
and lessening of themselves, there is
non11 more intolerable than continued
egotism, and a perpetual inclination to
The early years of childhood are the
sto)rehouse inl which are hloardedl tile im1
p~rossion~s thast last through life ; in thlem
1are gathered the influences that are to be
ineffaceable in the after career. We
nover forget the feelings we then expe
rienced-thc tones, the gestures ; the
faces of thmose we loved, or from whom
we shrank, with the passionate initensity
f of our fresh hearts.
r Bettor be able to (d0 one tilhig well
- thlan a half a dozen imp~erfootly. There
I is true economy of time in it ; for the
r 0110 thing well l earned and thioroughl~y
i mastered will 1)0 kept up for pleasure,
- anud roomf wiull be made for tihe next ac
- quisition, wvhile tile time consumed in
getting only at smattering of many thing
C is utterly lost whien they are given up in
disgust at their practical inoilleiencey.
There arc sonic unhappy people who
are never cheerful-whoe are always un-.
de(ir a clhud. Now, wve may be horn
Sunde(lr a cloud(. We may be born with a
- milanehioly temp~erament, but that is no
reason whly we shlould yield to' it There
is a way of shuflling the burden. In the
Slottery of life there are more prizes
drawn than blanks, and to one mnisfor
tune there are fifty advantages. Des
p ondency is the most unp rofitab~efe
ing a man eaiirhave. One good, hearty
laugh is 150oinbshell exploding inth <
righlt placA wile a ileen and disbot 6itj
is are a gun hat kicks ovet the ie wh
- shoots It of T1hen give ovetQl
s late suppei's d yon.would h'av~
.ful disposition.' The habit of
a finally arbp4 into peevishnes,
- pie become waspish anid unapt