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TRI-W EEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S C., SEPTEMBER 1, 18.
THE WfDS. t
The south wind sings of happy springs,
And summers hastening on their way;
'The south winds smells of cowslip bells,
And blossom spangled meads of May;
But sweeter is her red, red mouth
Than all the kisses of the south.
The west wind breathes of russet heaths,
And yellow pride of woods grown old ]
''ie west wind Mes from autumn skies,
And sun clouds overlaid with gold;
nut the bright locks I love the best
Outshine the glories of the west. t
The north wind sweeps from crystal deeps,
The Aretlo halls of endless night;
The north wind blows o'er drifted snows,
And mountains robed In virgin white;
But purer far her maiden's soul
Than all the snows that shroud the ploe.
The east wind shrills o'er desert hills
And dreary coasts of barren sand; a
The east wind moans of sea blanched bones
And ships that sink in sight of land;
But the cold east may rave and moan,
For her warm heart is all my own.
HIS LEAP YEAU.
'' It's a very pretty parish," said the a
Rev. Mr. Racquet, ' Iand a very pleasant a
people. The elderly ladies are steady, 0
consistent workers; the younger, active a1
and enthusiastic. I don't think, if I al
had possessed the privilege of selecting
for myself, I could have found a more t]
delightful position." d
Mr. Roderie Racquet was six-and- ti
twenlty, with a straight nose, pleasant y
blue eyes, and a general talent for being fit
satisfied with everything and everybody. ci
Ho was located in his first parish, a pic- if
turesque little knot of houses, over
hanging a brisk cataract, which made q
work for mills and factories, and so far
he was one of those exceptions in life, o
a perfectly satisfied man.
'Ali," said his friend, Mr. Alton, who d
was a misanthrope. "The ladies, eli ?" c:
"Yes," said Mr. Racquet, quietly ; s
for of course, much of the prosperity
of a country parish depends upon its g
female membors." i
" Yes " observed Mr. Alton, dryly.
You are an unmarried man, I believe." I
"I am an unmarried man-yes, cer
"And this is-Leap Year." l
"Nonsense !" cried the parson, brisk..
"I hope you may find it, nonsense,"
said Mr. Alton, pursing up his lips ; g
" but I am told that there are a good
mar.V single ladies this year who are si
driven desperate by the prospect of t<
"Nonsense I" again exclaimed Mr. o:
Racque. "My dear Alton, this is a
little too much of a burlesque. You ji
don't seriously believe in this-this ab- v
Mr. Alton only shook his head, as lie I
rose and reached for his hat. it
"II'll get my book, Racquet," said lie
as lie look'd lugubriously around the ti
room, " and go out for a stroll in these til
pine-scented woods. My doctor says vi
that pine sap is very healthy for lungs
that are consumptively inclined." 0i
"Very well,"' said the Rev. Mr. Rac- ir
quet, with a glance at the scattering h1
sheets of the half composed sermon that w
lay on his desk ; " and I will join you h
after a little."
He took up his pen1, dipped it deter- b
minedly in the inkstand, and went reso
lutely to writing ; but, the words of his ~
inconoclastic friend rang persistently in
his cars. I
"If there should be any foundation
for Alton's absurd idea I" lie pondered,
with his pen suspended above the par-d
- . tially written sheet. " But of course
there can't be ; but if such a possibility a
did exist-a married man is really a d
better member of society than a singlet
one. I never did adhere to the doctrine ~
that ceorgymen should be celibates 1" ~
And all. the wvhile Rosa Appleton's
cherry cheeks and yellow hair were
dancing q~ human wvill-o'-wisp before the
horizon of his mind's eye.
"She's young," lie said to himself ;
" and perhaps a trifle inclined to 1)0
giddy, but she's cert ainly very charm-c
ing. And, since the Appleton's ha'~ve h
failed, and the mother has openeid a
boarding house, and Lucilla has gone to
teaching, I do not think I could do bet
ter than marry-"I
" Rose Appleton, sir, if you~ pl?.ase."
It was a timid little voice that broke
iln upon his reflection, and Rosa herself
stood before him, coloring like a pink
carnation, with a basket of late peaches
in her hand.
"'I've called oni business, sir," said
Th'le Royv. Roderic m~oved~ forwvard a
"rray be seated, Miss Appleton'"
said he, not without somie confuisioin on
his own part.
Miss Appleton sat dowvn, p~ulling necr
vously at the fingers of her threadI
"' It's about our Lucilla," said she.
"Indeed ?" said Mr. Racquet.
''We want to get her well settled in
life," said Rosa, app~ealingly.
"But I thought she wass teaching 1"
cried Mr. Racquet.
'' She doesn't like teaching," con
fessed Rose ; "or, rather, to be candid
with you, the trustees don't like her.
She isn't very young, you knowv, and has
some odd, formal little ways and only
one eye ; and the children make fun of
her, and the trustees say she has no dig
"Very unfortunate," said Mr. Rae
quet, bending a pearl paper cutter back
and forth, with the sublime indifl'erence t
ich1 we are all apt to display toward (
he tribulations of others. "If there
vas anything I could do "
"Oh, but there is I" said Rosa.
"Eh ?" ejaculated Rev. Roderick.
"She thinks, and mamma thinks-"
"That she might come here," said
tosa, with her blue eyes fixed on the
'oung clergyzman's face.
Click I click I and the two pieces of
lie paper cutter flew into opposite cor
ers of the room.
" Here I" cried Mr. Racquet-" to the
"Yes," innocently assented Rosa.
'She isn't pretty to look at, to be
Lire, but as you yourself said in your
ddress to the Sunday school last week,
cauty is only a mere nothing; and you
rill find her very intelligent."
"Indeed I" said Mr. Racquet, frig
"She has been highly educated,"
,ent on Rosa, gaining confidence; "but
k. the same time' she would not despise
esconding to monial duties foi the sake
f one she loves and knows as well as
io does you. And so, Mr. Racquet,
tio wants to know if you'll have her."
A cold perspiration broke out around
io Reverend Racquet's mouth. He
rew back in his bhair with an instinc
ve movement of self defense. Leap
ear was upon him in very truth and
Lct. Alton was right, and he should be
)orced into matrimony -before he knew
"I-I'd rather not!" said Mr. Rae
Rosa looked at hini, half amazed, half
"Rather-not ?" she repeated. "I
on't think Lucilla expected that de
ision. Perhaps she'd better come and
-o you herself."
"No, nol She needn't do that,"
asped Mr. Racquet. " My decision is
And hurriedly gathering his paper, he
urriedly caught his pen and feigned
" I see you are busy," said Rosa, soft
r, after an instant of hesitation.
"Yes," said Mr. Racquet, "I am
"Then perhaps I had better bid you
ood morning," said Rosa.
"Good morning, Miss Appleton,"
tid the clergyman, with his eyes glued
" What I" lie cried, after the fashion
r the soliloquising heroes of the stage;
Marry that wrinkled, one-eyed hag,
ist because she wants some one to pro
[de for her, and it is leap year! And,
orst and cruelest of all, to think that
osa herself shonld come to propose
Just th'en Rosa's voice, soft and plain
vo, talking to the old housekeeper in
ie kitchen, chimed upon his ear. In
)luntarily lie listened.
"I know it is very foolish in me to
y, Mrs. Megson," faltered Rosa, " but
kdeed, I can't- help it. You see, wo
eard you were going away, and Lucilla
as so anxious to obtain the situation of
iusekeeper. She's so middle-aged and
eady-going, you know, that it would
a the best place for her."
"Certainly, certainly, Miss Rosa l"
iid good natured Mrs. Megson. " And
hat objection did the master poessibly
ave to it ?"
"-I don't know," said Rosa, " but lhe
as so stern and short with mc. He
idn't seem a bit like himself. And oh
[rs. Megson, please to give me a glass
Fwater, for I feel all in a flutter, I
idn't even have a chance to tell him
iat Lucilla was willing to come without
ages for the first month, for the sake
flearning the ways, and-"
But Roderick Racquet heard no more.
eattering the sermon sheets right and
ift he seized his hat and rushed down
10 back garden to a certain walk, by
'hich Rosa Appleton must return to her
wni home ; and when the light figure
ime, moving softly along like a shadow,
e stepp~ed out and stood directly in
-ont of her. Ahe started like a fright
''Rosa," lhe said, " do not 1)e afraid.
-do not think we quite understand one
nother. Your sister wanted to take
ie position which old Megson is aboub
> vacate of housekeeper.
"Yes, sir," said Rosa, with dowvncasC
" But I should prefer another house
eeper, Rosa," boldly spoke out the
arson. "I should prefer you as my
'ife, darline-mny owvn life-treasure I"
"I never thought of such a thing,"
lid Rosa, beginning to color andl trem
" Think of it now," went on Mr. Rae
uet. "Lucilla and your mother can
ye with us, if you like, but you must
e the little housekeeper, my Rosa."
And after a singularly short period of
eliberation, Rosa Appleton decided to
ocept, the situation.
When Mr. Altoni camne in from his
reditations among the p~ino groves,
toderiok met him with a radiant coun
"Old fellow," said lie, " I'm safe I
lo moie of your leap year intimidation
tcr me. " I'm engaged I"
"She has asked you, ehi?" groaned
"No," said the parson. "I asked
Be just and fear not ; let all the ends
lhon aim'st at be thy country's, thy
le1's and1 truth's.
A Snake Charmer's Feats.
Mr. Howo, of Camden, New Jersey, is
a snake charmer. Behind the counter of
his liquor and billiard room, corner of Arch
and Fifth streets, Camden, stands a pine
box with a glass front, and in this, recently,
a visitor found a six. feet pine-snake, which
at a (iRtance of three or four feet, closely
resembled a rattlesnake. Mr. linwe thrust
an arm into the box and lifting the squirm
ing reptile by the neck tossed him on a
billiard table to the consternation of a man
who was reaching across for a ball.
"That's the only one I have at present,"
said Mr. Howe, as lie stroked the crea
ture's back, "But I expect to get more soon.
This fellow I caught about three months
age, near Chemung Station, New Jersey,
and lie has turned out one of the nicest
pets I have had. He was pretty ugly at
first, but by gentle handling I have made a
decentsuakeout of him. Why, he wouldn't
eat for three weeks after he was caught,
but I got him reconciled to his fate at last
He now cats regularly and is quite lively.
I fed him on sparrows, mice eggs and milk.
I put the birds in alive, and I sometimes
feel sorry for the poor things, they do take
on so. He kills them and then swallows
thcm whole, feathers and all. He swal
lows an egg without breaking the shell.
That sounds like a pretty stiff snake story,
but the throat of a snake is capable of won
derful distension. I feed him three and
four times a week. After a ineal he will
lie for four or five hours without stirring a
- "The rattlesnake," the 'snake laIncer
continued, "rarely feeds more than three
times a week. le is much moi'e vicious
than the pine-suake, and it requires imuch
more skill and patience to subdue him. It
is the same way with the b!acksnake. The
'rattler' has the nature of a bulldog to a
great extent ; the only way in which any.
thing can be done witi liliin at first is by
brute force. I have to wbip a rattler into
subjection. Hew's that I Ob, the whip
ping? Well, sir, I find that a snake has
about as much intelligence as almnost. any
animal, and wIen it -strikes at you it
knows It has done wrong and understands
why the whipping is administered. I
take a snmall switch and whip the snake
over the head. Rattlers are stubborn at
first, but they can be conquered tinnally by
the whip, and then taey give little trouble.
When a rattler gives in and queials then I
know I have conquered him. If I should
take a switch and whip that suke there on
the head it would cry like a hurt child.
That's strange, isn't it? But it Is tiue.
There ie no need of whipping a snake more
than two or three times, lor after that it
fears you, and if you go lit it :n the right
way it will soon learn to love you the same
as a dog or a cat. Before I tasued this one
it jumpet clear out of the box one day in
an endeavor to strike the clcrk. It never
made a single pass at me, and it probably
never will, because I treat it kindly.
Would you like to see it climb a tree?
Well, then, come out here."
The snake-owntr carried the reptile to a
tree in trout ot lie store and hung it over
the first limb. In a few moments it climb
ed to the very top of the tree and swung
to and fro in the summer breeze. There
was a commotion among the birds and
loud and angry protests were made against
the intrusion. Mr. Howe and the reporter
sat down under the tree and talked of
snakes and lizards and all manner of creep
ing thimgs, the former discoursing volubly on
his preference for snakes as pets and play
things. le claims to have owned and
handled all sorts of siall anmals, includ
ing birds, rats, mice, squirrels, opossums,
raccoons, ground-hogs, foxes and other
creatures common to this country. lie pre
fers snakes to anything he has yet owned,
arguing that as much confidence c.n be
placed in them as in a dog. While lie was
giving an interesting experience a iman
stepped under the tree and became an at
tentive listener. He was a nuddled-aged
man, upon whose features ruin had placed
.its mark. He was evidently no stranger to
delirium, his mindi was cloudly and hIs
speech incoherent. As lhe s.. listenling the
snake, tired of the tree, dropped from time
lower limb across his 5 ioulders and instant.
ly coiled itself about his neck.
"Merciful God I ''lhe shouted, springing
to his feet and clutchiing wildly at his
throat, his face the p~icture of terror.
"Take it off ; t ake it off I Oh, horrors I
Take it off, for I~eaven's sake!"
*Got, 'em again I " saidl fowe, as lie re
lieved tihe man of the cold clainmmy colis.
''Jim-jams sure, this tiime. Uo- home and
go to bed."
"But--but--wasn't that a snake-that
dropped on me ?? fairly gasped the man.
"You've got 'em again, I say. llow
would a snake be inl that tree, I'd like to
"Boo I ugh I Yes, I've got, 'emi again ''
and lie started off at an unsteady though
fast pace down the street, convinced that,
delirium tremens was uport hunii with all its
"if that fellow haldn't got rid of the
snake it would hiavechoked himn to death,"
said Howe, as he tucked the reptile uinder
his coat. "It has a powerful back bone,
and its r queezing ability is somecthinmg re
In the Weost Indin.
Strange as it may seem at first sight,
everyb~ody ini the Wost indies eats very
large meals. The climate is so hot that
you take food freely to make up for Na
turo's lossos, and the appetite has to be
stimulated by a groat variety of dishies,
as welhl as b~y the copious use of those
very insidious capsicums, and the still
more dolicious little rod and yollow bird
peppers. A few of these tempting fruits
are placed ini the salt-collar at every
meal, and, with the bright tropical
flowers which invariably garnish the ta
ble0 ini pretty specimen vases, they give
a general air of lonsanftt esthetic refine
inent to the whole arrangements. Break
fast is a really solid and~ substantial re
past, usually put oftf till half-past ten
o'clock, the pangs of pressing hunger
being stilled boefore the early morning
canter by a cup of coffee in the bedroom.
With it someotimes comes a eassava-cake,
one of the best Jamaican institutions,
made by the negro villagers from the
roughly-scraped meal of the arrowvroot
plant. This meal is rolled into a thin
paste and then baked hard and dry into
round cakes about the thiknobs of a
Scotch oatmeal bannock, but much more
delicate ini taste.
At the Wite -1louse.
In the cosy family dining-room the
President's seat is midway the length of
the table on its west side, and Mrs. Gar
field sits opposite, with Harry,hor eldest
a decided "mother-boy," as near her as
the presence of almost constant guests
will permit, while Jimmie sits corres
pondingly near his father, where also
"Grandma" Garfield has an honored
place. She is alwhys waited on first,
whoever else may be. present. Mollie
sits at the north end of the table, and
the two younger boys are disposed a lit
tle promiscuously, according to the exi
gencies of the case. Harry is 18, tall
and graceful, with the regular foatures
of his mother.
The down of manhood appoars on his
cheeks. Jimmie, 16 years old, is ne'arly
or quite as tall as his brother and
broader shouldered, with the Saxon hair
and large features of his father, whom
he bids fair to resemble strongly in per
son and intellect. Mollie, aged 14, has
the dark brown hair of her mother and
the lineaments of her father not unhand
somely reproduced. When womanhood
has softened the charms of her face she
will be very fine looking. Since the
trouble came I notice that the news
paper writers speak of her caressingly as
"little" Mollio, but she is already as
largo as her mother and of the "bounc
ing" typo of girl. She is a great pot
with her father. Irwin, aged 11, and
Abram, aged 9, you already know
through descriptions, especially the for
mer, who is the eccentric one, possibly
the gOnius of them all.
He is named for General McDowell;
and Insists that his name nyst be always
written, not Irwin M.., but Irwin McD.
Meal time i- almost the only time the
President has lately had with his chil
dron, and he devotes himself in great
part to them at that time, after asking
questions on some interesting point of
Harry or James or Mollie, to draw them
out, and then explaining it at considera
blo length, instruoting by the Socratic
method, as it were. Tis is a pleasant
relic of- his schoolmaster days, of which
also a gleam appeared, you will remem
ber, on the very evening of the tragedy,
when he asked a messenger if many tel
ograms had been received. "A great
many,sir,expressing sympathy for you,"
was the reply. "Sympathy with, not
for, you should say," replied the Presf
dent, plcasaittly. "You must be care
f ul of your grammar."
The food on the White House table ik
scrupulously well prepared and well
served, Mrs. Garfield insisting more
strongly on this than did Mrs. Hayes,
who was tolerably punctilious, but did
not make so much a fine art, a consecra
tion, of the table rites as des Mrs. Gar
field. An Alderney cow, from the Mon
tor home,-furnishes dolicious milk and
oream; the tea and coffeo are triumph
antly good; there is abundant fruit at
breakfast and dinner, and there is deli
cious soup always at lunch, followed by
choice cold meats-beef, fowl and other
game. This is a refinement on the
"codfish and prunes" of the Hayes
lunches, which, however, were perhaps
maligned. Flowers from thio ample con
sorvatories adorn the table at every meal.
When guests are formally present there
is little need of change in the menu,
there is simply a substitution of a larger
and finor set of dinner service. Steward
William Crump, who was Col Hayes's
orderly, and came in with him to the
White House, remains in that capacity
still, and is now the President's special
nurse, lifting him in his stout arms as
no other can. Thore was a change of
cooks when Mrs. Garfield came in. The
rosy health and strength of her husband
and family is due no doubt in a groat
monsure to this lady's thorough belief in
the gospel of good food. Conscientious,
loving supervision of these matters in the
past is one of the ways in which her
strong though quiet nature has expressed
itsolf to thm.m In time of health she
sits cheerful, but silent, rather than
otherivise, at table, a listener to her hums
band anid her boys. She dresses neatly,
but very plainly, at breakfast and lunch,
but makes a more elaborate toilet for
dinner, usually in rich black silk.
Theli after dinner hour the President
has adopted for recreation, going down
stairs to the billiard-room usually for a
game with his boys or his friends. It is
a favorite game with him; Colonel Rock
well or General Swaims, who are more
than frequent guests at his table, often join
him at this diversion. Mrs. Hayes whose
devotion to flowers was a specialty, con
verted the billiard-room of the Grant
regime, which adjoined thme state dining
room, into an additional conservatory
there were only eleven previously-mak
ing a fine artistic effect with the foliage
disclosed to view from the dining-room
through the long wvindows.
Whon President Garfield came in lie
re-c'stablished a billiard-room, for which
his predecessor had no occasion, but
placed it in the basement, in the room
that Fannie and Scott Hayes and the
two or three little companions who
shared their studies had for a school
room, their governnmess being an accom
plished young Virginia lady. It was a
subject of frequent quoery why,with that
large house at their disposal, Mr. and
Mrs. Hayes, who so delighted in their
children and in the sunny side of life,
should have fitted up abasement school
room. Gen, Garfleld, believing devout
ly in plenty of light and air, promptly
tranmsferred the shrine of the scholastic
deiti'es in his new home to the ohocerful
northeamst chamber in thme business part
of the mansion, where the morning sun
could shine upon the bright young heads
of his sturdy boys.
Don Rockwell, the son of Col, Rock
wvell, studlied with his own- sons. Their
lessons for the day have ended at 1
o'clock. Hoe holds their tor in high
esteem and pleasanmt perso~ relation to
himself, andh made the selection with
scrup~ulous care, calling him awvay from
a lucrative medical practice in H elena,
Montana, because of what lie had ben
told of his rare gift for training boys, af
developed in four years teaching al
Phillips Academy (Andlover) and else
where. During the present dark day*
at the White House the studies of th<
sons are naturally suspended, but D~r,
Hlawkes is on duty day and evening al
the mansion, rendering quiet skillei
m-rvice in many ways.
Wolves and Coyotes.
The coyote is much smaller than his
gray brother. The latter is nearly as
large as a Newfoundland dog, the former
about twice the size of a cat. The co
yote fancies a camp fire, and sits on a
hillock within sight of its place, barking
for hours. The gray wolf bays the moon
like a dog. Graham s'ys he has soon
them sitting on the highest rocks gazing
at the bright orb with their heads thrown
back uttering unearthly howls. The
wolf scorns the coyote. When the largo
wolves drag down an old buffalo bull
the coyotes huddle in the vicinity, lick
ing their chops and barking, as though
begging a share of the prey. Should
these venture too near, the big fellows
utter ominous growls, and the coyotes
slink away, tails between their legs and
heads turned. over their shoulders. The
coyoto quickly determines the status of
a hunter. If he finds him killing wolves
lie keeps at a respectful distance; but
if he is only hunting bears, antelope or
buffalo, the little foliow becomes quite
social. While a bear hunter was butch
oring game coyotes patiently watched
his operation, and a gray wolf loped
hungrily on an outer circle. The trap
per threw a piece of imcat to the small
follows, who ran off and were waylaid
by the big wolf. They dropped the
moat and returned, but seemed to learn
nothing by experience, for they fed the
robber as long as the hunter chucked
them the meat.
Many coyotes pick up their supplies
in the prairie-dog colonies. If one is
lurking in the streets and- sees a dog
away from his holo, and lie steals upon
him with the utmost secrecy, striving to
cut off his retreat. An old dog, how
ever, is rarely caught napping. Some
of the fraternity aro sure to espy the
wolf, and a warning bark sends the dog
into his hole, with a tantalizing shake of
the tail. The coyote despondently peers
into the hole, takes away the dirt with a
paw, and sniffs at the lost meal. He
gets his eye on another dog, and crawls
toward the hole like a cat upon a mouse.
The warning bark is again heard, and a
second meal disappcars. Infuriated by
his disappointment, the wolf frequently
turns upon the little sentry, and for a
few seconds makes the sand fly from the
entrance of his residence. Worn out
by his futile efforts, lie flattens himself
upon the sand behind the hole, and,
motionless as a statue, watches it for
hnurs. If the dog pops out his head he
is gone. The wolf springs upon him,
the jaws come together like the snap of
a trap, and the helpless little canine is
turned into a succulent supper. Ono
Meler, a well-known buffalo hunter, was
riding across a dog town some years
ago, when he saw what he supposed to
be a dead coyote stretched out at one of
the holes. He dismounted and lifted it
by the tail, intonding to take the body
to camp and skin it. The coyote made
a snap at his leg, wriggled from his
grasp and slied over the prairie more
surprised than the trapper. le was in
a sound sleep when caught. But the
coyote's greater harvest is in the spring
of the year, when they fatten themselves
at the expense of the inexperienlced
young dogs caught wandering from
home. Whole families enjoying the
cool evening breeze on the mountains
above their burrows are taken unawares,
and the tenider young snapped up before
their parents can force them under the
First in interest, p~erhiaps, comes Prof.
Sayco's commentary onl the newly found
inscrip~tion at the Pool of SiloanT. A
text which dates from the time of Solo
muon is, indeed, a rare monument.
There is next a discovery made by
Lieut. Condor, which may prove of even
greater interest. He has found, close to
the sp)ot where lhe places tihe site of the
Crucifixion, which is still called the
Place of Stoning, a Jewish tomb) of
Herodian period, standing alone, cut in
the rock. "Can this be," he asks, "the
'new Sepulchre in the Garden ?' "A
di'awing and plan of the tomb have been
made for the Society. Another drawing
has been made of the real mouth of Ja.~
cob's well, recently discovered by the
Rev. C. L. B~ardsley. The well mouthm
is much worn b~y the friction of ropes.
It was formerly covered over by a
Christian church, and if, as is p)ossible,
this church dates back to the second or
third century, the stone should be no
other than the very stone on which our
Lord conversed with thme woman of
Samaria. Another discovery, only in
directly connected with the bible, is
that of the ancient Hittite city of Ka
desh, on the Oronte's. Not thle least
surprising about this are the facts that
Lieutenant Condor found it from an
Egyptian record written three thousand
years ago, and that the old name,
though it has disappeared from history
since the thirteenth century before
Christ, is still attached to it. Another
paper? in the same number of the journal
clears up a curious mystery attached te
Ain Gadis, the p~robable site of Kadeshi
Barnea. It was visited and described
in glowing terms by Mr. Rowland, forty
years ago. No one has since been able
to reconcile his statements with those of
other travelers. Mr. Trumbull,. ol
Philadelphia, has now, however, disco
vered that no other travelers have seer
the real fountain since Rowland, havinf
all been taken to another spring ten
miles distant from the real Ain Gadis.
It is a most remarkable spring-it issues
a full-grown stream from the rock ; it
forms an oasis in which there is abun
dance of grass, with great trees, even in
the arid desert of the Tih; it runs away
and loses itself in the sand. The place
may or may not be Kadesh Barnea, but
those who believe that it is will hence
forth read the history of the events
which took place there with far greater
interest and fuller understanding. At
all events, it is quite clear that there is
plenty of water, and to spare, and even
for large numbers who encamped at Ka
Not Generally Known.
Keys were originally made of wood,
and the earliest form was a simple crook
similax to the common picklock. The
ancient keys are mostly of bronze, and
of remarkable shape, the shaft termina
ting on one side by the wards, on the
other by a ring. Keys of this descrip
tion were presented by husbands to
wives, and were returned again upon di
vorce or separation.
Hats were first made by a Swiss at
Paris, 1404 A. D. They are mentioned
in history at the period when Charles
VII made his triumphal entry into
Rouen, in 1449,. He wore a hat lined
with red velvet, and surmounted with a
rich plume of feathers. It is from this
reign that hats and caps are dated,
which henceforth began to take place of
the chaperoons and hoods that had been
worn before in France. Previous to
the year 1510 the men and women of
England wore close-knit woolen caps.
The custom %f crowning the poets
originated among the Greeks, and was
adopted by the Romp-s during the Em
pire. It was revived in the twelfth cen
tury by the emperor of Germany, who
invented the title of poet-laureate. The
French had royal poets, but no laure
ates. The title existed in Spain, but
little is known of those who bore it.
The tradition concerning the laureate in
England is that of Edward III, in 1367,
emulating the crowning of Petrarcli, at
Rome, in 1341, granted the office to
Chaucer, with a yearly pension. In 1630
the laureate was made a patent office.
From that time there has been a regular
succession of laureates.
Until the close of the eighteenth cen
tury the finest muslins in use were ih
ported from India. The earliest mention
of cotton among the classic nations of
antiquity is by - Herodotus, who speaks
it by the name of tree-wool, which name
it still bears in German and several
other continental languages. Cotton
was not known in Egypt until about 500
years before Christ. Then it appears
probable that it was imported, for all
the cloths found enveloping the mum
mies of earlier ages have proved on ex
amination to be linen. Cotton cloths
are mentioned as baving been imported
into London in 1596, the knowledge of
both the culture and manufacture hav
ing probably been conveyed there by
the Moors and other Mohammedan iia
tions. The former were the means of
first bringing this manufacture into
Toads Among Plants.
In the matter of feeding the toad is
not very particular, either as to qualitLy
or quantity. Anything that creeps or
erawls will do for him-wood lice, bee
tIes, spiders, slugs, worms, even enails
with their shells, are put out of sight as
if by magic, for lhe has a peculiar way of
catching his prey. He watches the
moving insect for a second or two; then
suddenly darting out his tongue at a
distance of one or two inches, the insect
is snatched upl and swallowed instantly.
One evening a gentleman gave one a
wasp and a bumble bee. Both were
snatched up directly, and they com
menced to move, apparently without'
causing the toad the slightest discom
fort, though they must have reached his|
stomach in a tolerably active condition.
In plant houses, especially forcing
houses, where insects increase their
numbers so rapidly at all seasons, the
toad's services are especially valuable;
and if a suitable ladder, made of narrow
board with bits of lath tacked on it two
inches apart, be set in a corner, slanting
f'rom the door to the stage, lie will climb
it, and thus be enabled to make himself
still more useful. But perhaps the most
remarkable fact concerning the toad is,
that though he can, and does, eat a great
deal, he can exist a long time without
eating anything. Years ago lhe buried
one for a month in the earth, as an ex
periment, and when dug up it was ap)
parently as well as ever. More recently,
having been bothered with myriads of
wood lice in an early cucumber house,
and not being able to find toads in Feb
ruary, he, later on, when they became
plentiful, buried three in a nine-inch
pot, with a slate on top, eighteen inches
under the ground, that lie might have
them handy for the next early forcing
season. But that season lie did not re
quire them, so they remained buried
until the following one, and were then,
on being taken up, apparently not much
the worse for their eighteen months'
fast, though they did not have any e
water or alcoholic baths.
The best prayers are those which you
try to answer yourself after you have
NEWS IN BRIEF.
-Fifty-ihree million forest trees have
been planted in Nebraska.
-Pure silver is the best conductor of
heat and elootricity known.
-The first phairniaopooia was pub
lished in Nuromburg in 1542.
-There were no horses on this conti
nent at the time of its discovQry.
-The floating population of Now
York city is estimated at 200,000.
-The oldest note in the possossion of
the Bank of Englahd is dated 1698.
-Rhododendrons have been planted
in St. Paul's Churchyard, London.
-Among the Gauls, cutting off the
hair was inflicted as a punishment.
-Photography was known to Leonar
do do Vinci in the fifteenth century.
--The recent prosecution of ritualista
cost the English Government $21,000.
-Coal gas, for the purpose of light
ing, was known ages ago to the Chinese.
--The idea of fertilizing land with salt
was conceived by John Napier in 1598.
-Australia has produced during the
past twenty years, $1,855,000,000 in
-Sinco 1851 there have emigrated
altogether from Ireland-2,637,137 per
Blind persons are admitted free to
musical performances at the Boston
-The estimated valuo of railroad
property In the United States is $4,
-The money owed in shape of foreign
loans in default to England amounts to
-The last two steamers from China
to San Francisco brought nearly a thou
sand Chinese each.
-Mr. Henry Irving has been elected
President of the Shakespeare and Burns
Society of London.
-Building is active in Baltimoro, over
1000 permits having been granted since
the 1st of January.
-One hundred and thirty-three' stu
dents have passed the entrance exami
nation at Princeton.
-Oregon's oldest pioneer, Andra La
shapello, who recently died at 100 years
of ago, was a Canadian.
-The Miss Blood whon Lord Colin
Campbell did not marry is named
"Zulu" not "Gertrude,"
-There is a chestnut tree in Ogle
thorpo County, Ga., which is nine feet
in diameter at the base.
-Smith College, at Northampton,has
received a gift of $25,000 fot the estab
lishment of an art gallery.
-The Newfoundland cod fisheries
promise to be mere prolific this year
than for the past thirty years.
-It is said Miss Dorothy Dix, the
great hearted nurse of the late war, is
slowly dying at Washington.
-Contracts have been made in Eng
land to carry sixty thousand Swedes and
Norwegians to the United States.
-The annual expenses of the British
Government are more than one-third
larger than those of the United States.
-The number of deaths from starva
tionl, and of deaths accelerated by pri
vation in London, during 1880, was
-In 1855 the planet Neptune was dis
covered, by which the solar system was
extended 2,000 miles beyond its former
-Mrs. Van Pelt, of Nannet,Iookland
county, N. Y., has just presented her
husband with a sixth pair of twins in
-Silk first came from China, and the
Chinese still have mauny important
sedrets connected with it unknown to
-Another monster wvar ironclad has
had its keel laid at Naples. The Italians
say that the Mediterranean must be un
der their sup~remacy.
-In Nevada, within a few weeks, an
Indian woman has been sacrificed on the
grave of a man whom she was charged
with having bewitched.
--During the last six months there
wore, according to the ofi1lal statistics,
68 murders and 533 robberies in the
beautiful island of Sicily.
--During the glacial p~eriod, the ico
in America, latitude 44 N., is supp~osed,
from evidences known to scientists, to
have becen 6,000 fee-t dcelp.
-Louise, Victoria and Mand, the
three little daughters of the Prince of
Wales, had a narrow escape) from serious
injury while driving out recently.
-T1he young men of Milw~aukee,
W .,are actively interesting themselves
in the proposed erection of a monument
to the late Senator Matt. H1. Carpenter.
-The increase in the gross earnings
of thirty-seven railroads during the
month of March, is statedl by the Finan
cial Chronicle at $1,154,612, or nearly
9 per cent.
-The number of converts made in San
Francisco by Moody and Sankey during
twenty weeks of revivalism is p)laced at
23,000, and the churches are greatly
quickened in vitality.
-Notwithstanding the unp~rcedented
immigration of the present year, it is
said, at Castle Garden, that the demand
for laborers cannot be met and that
1,000 maon are now wanted.
.-.Mr. W. W. Corcoran, of Wshing
ton, has purchased the Dinwiddie and
Washington )Ipper sold in Lonudonm
this nmonthi, and has presented them to
the Virginia Historical Society.
-A little daughter of Mr. Win. H.
Seward was baptized last wveek at Au
burn, N, Y., with water which was
brought from the River Jordan by Sec
retary Seward many years ago.
-In Oregon no man is allowed to take
a drink at a p~ublic bar without taking
out a $5 license, and the newspapers
p~ublish interesting lista fromt time to
time of the men who have obtained 11
-One of the choicest fains in the
world is one that belonged to Mine.
Pompadour. It is made of lace, was
ninio years in making and cost $80,000.
The ivory fant that was presented by the
city of Dieppe to Marie Antoinette, on
the occasion of the birth of the Dauphin
s stil11 in existennen.