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I- W E D I T I O N - W . .PE,.TD 1
TIWEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO. S. C., SEPTEMBER 2,18.~D s~
THE MEADOW-LARK'S COLORS.
One lovely norning In the bright September,
A meadow-lark rose gayly singing with the sun,
And took his flight o'er plains and hills and va'leys,
To where the reapers had their work begun.
Over the golden field a breeze was creeping,
Moving its masses in a gentle swolli
And many a brawny husbandinau was reaping
The grain that laughed and nodded as it fell.
Iligh.polsed lit air the meadow-lark remaining,
Watched with a sigh the blooming rye laid low,
Till a dark cloud across the sitn's face passing,
Robbed the still-dying grain of half its glow.
Then up front out his little heart came welling,
A song so full of pity and of love,
As pierced the perfumed air of early morning,
Ascending even to the throne of Jove.
The warrior god heard with a deep compassion
The song that imarked the bird's o'erwhelming
And vowed that he should ever wear a token,
That he had sympathized and sent relief.
lie spoke. The cloud, the mighty word obeying,
Changed to a rainbow floating In the sky,
While sunbeams all untrammeled now come troop
Up the sweet valley to the field of rye.
One,the inost brilltaipt,thro' tie ripe grain bursting,
On a scythe lighted for a moment's rest,
Then upward glancing, the great Jove obeying,
Fell with warm kisses on the lark's dark breast.
Anti to this day the meadow-lark is wearing
The richest color that o'er greets the eye,
A merry sunbeam's radiance, tempered
By the rich bloom that blossoms on the rye.
Nellie Graham stood leaning against
the casement of an open window leading
on to a sloping lawn, at whose base
flowed a sunny, rippling stream of wa
Near her, reclining on a low, easy
chair, sat a young girl of about her own
At first glance the exquisite goul-lovo
liness of her face paled in Miss Graham's
more brilliant beauty, but there was
more to love itri possessor and fewer to
Something like indignation was in her
voice as she addressed her friend.
"I cannot believe that you mean it,
Nellie," sho said. "You have been en
gaged to Carol Stanley i year, and how
can you say so carelessly that your en
gagement shall be brokon-"
"Bog pardon," interrupted the other,
in low ironical tones. "I have not yet
been engaged to Carol Stanley twenty
four hours. It was to Lord Carol Stan
ley I gave my pledge."
"Oh, but Nellie, because he has lost
title and estate, must lie also lose the
woman of his love? Think a minute.
You surely will not give him up so
easily? Think better of it, dear. I
know you care for him. Do not so
lightly renounce your life's happiness.
"You plead his cause eloquently, my
doar. Really I did not know I possessed
a rival in my fair cousin. Perhaps a
heart caught in the rebound. You know
the rest of course, and can point the
"Nellie, you are cruel-cruel I I-"
But the late speaker had passed
through the open window out of hear-.
ing, and advanced to met a man quick
'y approaching on the green sward,
while the young girl left behind fell
back in her chair, the great tears cours
ing down her cheeks, on which the crim
son color signal flamed.
"I must leave this p)lace. I cannot
meet him again. I must go home 1 Butt,
oh ! how can sihe give him up ?"
Myra Lynne and Nellie Graham were
cousins. The girls, however, had been
closely united, more by the tie of friend
ship titan cousinship, since the latter
was a distant bond, and Graham Court
was almost as munch Myra's home as her
Now, however, the p)laiiner charms of
her own humublo home were very grate
full to her.
Here no one could probe the discovery
so neow to herself-coldl trace the scar
let blusht which semed so often to hurn
her eheek, until she wondered that it
did not leave its brand.
She had b)een homoe six weeks, and
twvice Catrol Stanley had ridden over to
see her, lbut alto always denied herself
to him oni some housoltold p)retext, un-.
til one mo rning he overtook her in the
"So I am to find you at last," he said.
His voice sounided the same as of old,
thme bright checery tone was unchanged.
"Hfavan you seen Nellie lately ?" she at
last found courage at ask.
''No," he answoeredl, and then she saw
time frown gather on his brow, and an
expression of p)ain Comoc about his lips.
"I s30 as little of your cousin as possi
ble unow. You know, Miss Lynno, I
am do longer a subject for congratula
"'Yes, I km.ow," site said. "'I-"
"'Don't pity me," he intterrup)ted. "'I
can't bear that quite yet."
"'I dra nmot mean to p)ity you," she re
And thon the conversation drifted into
"'Oh, if Nollio had not spoken of the
heart caught iln the rebound 1" she
thought, when week after week Carol
Stanley wouild find his way to their gar
(1en, ot the pIarlor, to spend long hours
vith its'fair young mistress.
She understood so wvell why lhe came,
because now and( thten Nellie's name
drifted inito the idle talk, and because as
he grew strongetr hie dared speak of her
and the love he had borneo her.
It was a mningled pain and pleasure to
If only alhe hadl not loarnda her own
heart, thme paiin would have been 1068.
But she was destined to learn it more
fatally yet, as pne morning, strolling
through the wpods together, the sharp
report of a hunter's gun close beside a
them startled them both.
The next instant her companion sank.
white and senseless on the sw.,rd loesido C
her, while the affrighted hunter, whose
mis-aimed charge haL..__ered his arm,
"Bring assistance quiolkly I" exclaimed
Myra, while she raised the heavy head
to her lap. "Carol, speak to me I" she
moaned. "Carol, Carol !"
He opened his eyes with a half-wan
doring look, as though delirium must
have overtaken him. t
At this instant the hunter returned
with assistanco, and a half hour later the
wounded man had boon borne to Myra's
home, the wound dressed, and the 0
knowledge given that it was merely a
flesh hurt, painful but not dangerous; i
yet his recovery was a tedious affair. g
He grew moody and abstracted.
It gave him more time to think of
Nellie and his loss, Myra thought, even
while she wondered why his eyes fol
lowed her with such a strange, question
Once she entered his room with some
freshly-cut flowers in her hand.
"Where shall I put them, Mr. Stan
ley ?" she questioned.
"Mr. Stanley," he answered. "bid f
I not once hear you call me Carol ? Or t
was it a sweet fancy wafted from dream
land ?" .
"Don't," she said, as though he had
hurt her, and hastened from the room,
bearing with her the flowori, and it
seemed to him tfle light and sunshine.
Had he boon blind all this time, and
was he just beginning.to see ?
A grand ball was to be given at Gra
ham Court, at which Nellie insisted that f,
Myra should be present. 1
The invalid was fully recovered now, t
and he too was summoned to the feast. 11
Miss Graham had piniged into con- 0
stant gaiety since the breaking of her c
engagement to Carol Stanley, but it had d
all failed to fill the empty place in her a
On the evening of her ball, she picked d
up the paper sent down by the after
Glancing idly over its pages, she sud
denly started at seeing the name of the
man to whom she so lately had been be
It was a published decision of the i,
court that, owing to some disability,
the title could not descend to Carol
Stanley's cousin, but, together with
the estates, must remain in his posses
He was, then, Lord Stanley still.
Fool that she had been !
But the decision had been made pub- t
lie but a few hours.
He would never dream of the acci- 0
dent which had biought it to her know- d
To-night, while he still thought her in 1
ignorance, she must win him back. t
It was late when he entered the spa
cious drawing rooms. r
"I have been waiting for you," she 1
said, in her sweetest, lowest tones.
"You honor me too gr.eatly, Miss Gra- C
ham," he replied. I
"Lot us go into the conservatory," ~
she addcd. "It is cooler there." C
He offered his arm. C
From a distant corner of the room,
Myra saw them.
"She need not- have feared," she ~
thought, b)itterly, only the next moment
to reproach herself with her selfishness. C
"I wvill not begrudge him any happi- ~
ness," she said t'o herseolf.
"Have you forgotten the last time we
wore here together, Mr. Stanley ?" Nel
lie was asking at this moment.
"No," lie answered, gravely, looking ~
quietly but surprisedly into the beauti
fuil face beside him.
"Can one ever retrieve a mistako," ~
she a.sked, "'when one finds it out ?"
"I do not know," lie replied, toying
with an exquisite rose beside him, as lie
"Can one cause the rose blighted in ~
inidaumimer to bloom again in the frosts
of winter ?"
An hour later Carol Stanley 1l(d Miss
Eyinno to the samie spot.
"'I love you, Myra," lie said, simp~ly.
"I thought my heart was dead whein I
met you. I know now that it has
never lived. My darling, will you he
my wife ?"
"Oh Carol, nre you sure, sure of your
"'I have been' made sure to-night," lie
answered, drawing her close to his heart,
and breaking off the splendid rose with I
which he had toyed an hour before, to I
place it in her hair.
She was too happy to question his
words or their imeaning--to happy even
to let Miss Graham's congratulations
sting, when she saidl, scornfully :
''A heairt caught in the rebounnd. Did
I not tell you so ?"
Too happy even to be made happier
wvhen she learned she was to share no10
humble lot with the man she loved, but
that her wedding day made her Lady
Beware of bosom sins.
Brevity is the soul of wit.1
Business is ,tho soul of life.
As you sow, so shall you realp.
Be always at leisure to do good.
At a great bargain pause awhile.,
Many of the peculiar offects produced
pon the stage, imitating moonlight,
unlight, thunder, wind, rain and other
atural phenomena, are a puzzle to those
utside of the business. How such re
listic representations of these things as
ro often witnessed upon the stage can
10 made is a question that often enters
he mind of the spectator, and is seldom
nswerod in a satisfactory manner. It
; always the ambition of the scene paint
rs and stage carpenters to deviso im
,roved methods of imitating these things,
nd hence the stage may be said to try
:> hold the mirrar up to nature in a ma
3rial, as well as moral sense. Years of
xperience have tended to bring these
nitations to a high state of excellence ;
ut the limits do not yet scem to be reach
d, and new are continually appearing.
he electric light is not yet used, but as
a pale bluish tint would be serviceable
i particular offects, stage machinists are
ow deliberating how it can be best em
loyed. All of the operations mentioned
)gotler with som, which will be do
3ribed, are classet' under the goneral
)rm, "stage effects." Authors, in writ
ig plays are always on the lookout for
n opportunity to produce a telling effect.
'ho amount of work bestowed upon
tioir production in a theatre is simply
stonishing to those unacquainted with
tat mysterious realm known as "behind
Thunder is a common stage efrect, and
i used with great advantage in many
lays. In former days it was produced
y shaking a large piece of sheet iron
ung immediately abovo the prompter's
esk. This contrivance produced a good
nitation of sharp, rattling thunder, but
tiled to give the dull roar which is
iways heard in storms. A contrivance
)r this purpose was soon invented. A
envy box frame is made, and over it is
ghtly drawn a calf skin. Upon this the
rompter operates with a stick, one end
f which is padded and covered with
hamois skinl. A flash of lightning, pro
ted with magnesium, and a sharp
rack of the sheet iron, followed by a
mg decreasing roll upon the "thunder
rui," produces all effect which is start
ugly realistic. Traveling conpanies
re compolled to be satisfied with the
hoet iron alone ; and the tragedian who
uters a theatre provided with a com
loto thunder apparatus always is happy
> think that his battle with the elements
i "King Lear" will be worth fighting.
The rain machine in largo theatres is
fixture placed high up in the "flies."
cylinder is made of half inch wood.
t is usually five feet in circumference,
nd four feet in longth. Upon the in
[de are placed rows of small wooden
3eth. A lot of dried peas is placed in
1c cylinder, a ropo belt. is run around
no end of it and down to the prompter's
eak, and it is ready for a drenching
liower. By turning the cylindor, th'
ens roll down between the teeth, and
le nois produced by them makes a
ood imitation of rain falling upon a
>of. A sudden pull of the rope, accom
anlied by i gust oil the'"wind machine,"
ives the sound of the sweep of a blast
f wind during a storm. Traveling com
anlies often meet theatres where there
lien wind machine. A suflciently good
lno, hloweier, is easily pJrodiucd. A
omnmon child's 1hoo1 is ob)tainled, and a
hooet of hleavy b)rownl paper is pasted
p)on it after tile manner of a circus
idier's balloon. A hlandful of birdshot
placed upon01 the p)apor. Tihe ''ma
hino" is canted from one side to tihe
thor, and( tile shot rolls arounid the pa
icr, producing a fairly good rain ofTet.
Wind is ani item thlat is very useful in
ceightening thle effect of stage storms. It
of ten dispemksed with ini theatres where
trict attenitioni is not p)aid to details, b)ut
ot withouit a loss of ''realism." It hafl,
Lmoreover, a great iniflulence over the
aelings of tile spectators. The11 blindl
~ouise in the "Two Orphlans" is muchl
sore pitied wheni the audience can hear
lhe pitiless blasts that make hecr shliver.
lence in every large theatre the wind
nachiine plays an imp)ort.ant part. It is
Lot a staitionary app)aratus, but, can be
nioved to any quarter of the compass
r'om which it is desired that wind should1(
slow. In the last act of "Ours," every
ime tile door .ofgo hut opens sno0w flies
n amnd a shriek of wind is heard. Tile
vind machine iln that inastance is laced
ulst outside tile door ; and tile propert,y
nan works it wile his assistanit amuises
iimself by trying to throw his p)aper
now down Lord Shendryn's back. Tile
vind machlino is constructed in this man
icr :& heavy framoe is made, in which
a set a cylinder provided with paddles
Iua resembling very muhl the stern
vhieols soon on Ohio River tow-boats.
icross tile top of thlis cylinder is stretch
das tightly as possible a piece of hleavy
gros-grain silk. This silk remains sta
ionary while tile wheel is tuirned b)y a
rank. Tile rap)id passage of the paddles
ucross the suIrfaco of tile silk p)roduces
he noise of wvind1. Of ten traveling comn
~anies are in thleatreus where there is no
vind nmachline. T1henl the p)roporty manl
groans auldibly,anid proceeds to (do whlat,
ni thleatrical parlance is called "'faking''
ho wind. He selects a heavy picce of
gas ho0se, called by stago'gasi-meni "flexi
>lo," and finding a quiet corner whore
~here is sulfilicnt space0 to swing a cat
Aithout danger-- to the cat--he whirls it
round 1his head with the greatest possi
)le rapidity. This method produces
very satisfactory results-to every ono
but the property man. He is a long
suffering person ; but the extraction of
wind from "Ilexible" causes him to find
Every one has heard the startling
crash that is produced when the hero
kicks the villain through a four-inch
oaken door. One would think that not
only the door but the villain must be
completely shattered. This noise is pro
duced by the crash machine, one of the
oldest implements of imitation still used
on tho- stage. It is similar to the wind
machino in construction. A wheel with
paddles set at an angle of about forty
fLvo degrees to the radii is the main part
of the machine. Upon the top of the
wheel one end of a stout picao of wood is
pressed down by f-Astening the other end
to a portion of the framework. When
the wheel is turned, the slats passing
under the stationary piece produce a
rattling crash. The principle of the ma
chine is illustrated by the small boy who
runs a stick along a paling fence and is
gratified by introducing into the world
an additional morsel of hubbub.
There is nothing that can be so well
counterfeited on the stage as moonlight
scenery. And yet there is nothitig which
requires more work. The artist begins
the task by painting a moonlight scene.
In daylight such a scene is a ghastly
sight. It is done in cold grays and
greens, in which Prussian blue and
burnt umber play an important part;
and the lights are put in with white
slightly tinged with emerald green. The
strong moonlight of the foreground is
produced by a calcium light thrown
through a green glass. The winter light
upon the scenery at the back of the stage
is obtained from "green mediums," a
row of argand burners with green chim
neys. These are placed upon the stage
inst in front of the main scene, and are
"masked in" from the view of the audi
ence by a "ground piece." A row of
them is often suspended from tho"flies,"
in order to light the top of the scene.
This upper row is masked in by "sky
borders." Thus a soft green light is
thrown over the entire distance, while
its sourco does not meet the view of the
spectator. A usual feature of stage moon
light scenes is water, because it affords
in opportunity for the introduction of
the "ripple"-a charmin gly natural stage
effect. The main scene in a moonlight
view is always.painted on a "'drop"-that
is, a scene made like the curtain let
clown between the acts. The 'position
of the moon being determined, imnmedi
rtely under it. beginning at the horrizon,
L number of small irregular holes is cut
in the drop. These are then covered on
lie back with muslin and painted over
:n the front to match the rest of the
water. Behind these holes is placed an
3ndless towel, about eight feet in length
running around two cylinders, one at
the top and one at- the bottom. The
lower cylinder has a crank by which the
towel is turned. In this towel is cut a
number of holes similar to those cut in
the drop. A stron,' gas burner is placed
between the two sides of the towel.
When tIe machine is turned the flashing
of the light from the passing holes in the
towel through the stationary ones in thes
drop produce a fine riplel. It is always
b)etter to turn the towel so that the holes
pass upward, as that helps to make the
mi,nic wavelets seem to dance up toward
the sky. Instead of a towel a large tin
cylinder has been used,but it is cuimber
some and noisy. It is necessary to turn
this towel wvith great steadiness ; other-.
wivie thme ripplhp will go by fits and starts
and entirely lose their natural appear
anlce. Stars alrc easily p)ut into the sky.
Each twinkling orb consists of a spangle
hung upon a pin bent into a double
hook. The slightest motion of the drop
causes these stars to shake and the flash
ing of the light upon01 them produces the
Tomn Ochiltree',, Hat.
I was sitting in tihe court yard of the
United States IIotel talking with the ma
nager of a Now York newspapcr. Colonel
"Tonm" Ochiltree, the veteran horseman,
walked past. "I will tell you a goodi
story about Ochmiltrec," said tile newspaper
man. ''There are two things that lhe is
'Very Iondl of-a small fancy hat is one of
them; the ether is telling a whooping
yarn, inducing his hearers to believe it,
and then letting them know it is all gain.
mon. TJnere are two rival hatters in New
York, as everybody knows. We will call
thenm Smith and( Briown. I saw a p)ara
graph gomng the rounds of the press about
Ochiltree goimig imto thme 8t. Charles Hotel
inm New Orleans wearing a very handsome
and very far.cy little embroidered smoking
calp. QO of his friends asked him where
he got it. 'Why,' said lhe, 'one of the
prettiest andi sweetest young ladiea you
ever saw made It for me.' Presently one
of the friends managed to get the hr in
his hand, and saw printed on the insidt of
it, In big gilt letters, 'Smith, the hatter,'
an advertisement that at once exploded
the pretty young ladIy story. I clippedt
the paragraph out and printed It," the
newspaper man continuied, "but changed
thme naime of the hatter fronm Simith to
Brown, for Brown was one of our patrons
and Smith wasn't. The (day after the pa
ragraphi appearedl Smith rushed up to me
and asked, 'How the dleuce (lid that para
graph about Oshiltree's hat happen to get
into your paper with Isrown 's name put
in?i Why, do you know I pani $1 a line
to have that put in the other papers, and
here you have knocked all the wind out of
It for me and ruined my advertisement I"
-Cork trees are raised in Georgia.
-Nevada has fifteen daily newspapers.
-Cato loarmed Grcek after his six
The Arctic Probisisn.
Captain Delaney, of the Arctic mail
,teamer Kite, says : Since we loft Nain,
a vast body of prodigiously heavy field
ice has swept southward from Bailln's
Bay, through Davis's Straits, extending
eastward on the one hand toward the
shores of Greenland, and westward on
the other all along the coast of Labra
dor. Between Independent Harbor and
Dumpling there is a fleet of over 400
fishing vessels literally imprisoned in icy
walls and unable to effect an escape
either in a northerly or southerly direc
tion. The Kite broke through the ice
nip pressing tgainst the land only after
a continous ramming of the smallor floes
during twelve successive hours. When
leaving Battle Harbor to proceed on his
northerly courso Captain Delancy ox
pressed a decided opinion that he would
not b able to advance any further north
than Holton Harbor, which lies about
twenty-five miles South of Cape Harri
son. Although the Kito is an Arctic
whaling and sealing steamer she is not
fitted, even with all lier enormous
strength, to cope with this terrible sea
of floe ice that is now precipitating itself
into the North Atlantic basin. Captain
Delaney describes as a continent of ice
the unbrokon, pallid, congealed ocean
that stretches away eastward from that
portion of the Lal;rador coast where the
four hundred vossels are more complete
Ly blockaded, than if they were detained
there by a hostile naval squadron at liat
tle Harbor. The weather is described
is of absolute wintry coldness down to
the 25th ultimo. There was frost every
uight sufficient to solidify congealed
water, and on soveral days previously
the atiosphere and water were so bit
terly aini intensely cold as to obstruct
the fishermen very materially in their
Toking, thon, the two reliable reports
of Captain Delaney into considoration,
the one written at Nain and published
in the Herald of the 20th of July, and
the other at Battle Harbor, separated,
too, in poiit of time by an interval of
sonio fourteen days, we cannot but rea
sonably conclude that a condition of
things almost the very opposite of that
now < escribed obtains in the region at
present being traversed by the Arctic
exploring steamer Protons. Ice and
frost are the ruling phononemnobserved
dlown to within one bare week of the pro
sent dato and as far south as the fifty
second parallel of north latitude, while
on the other hand, northward of Nain
and b)low Cape Chudbergh, ice fields
tormed tile exception Oven as early as
the first weeks of June, and the atmos
phere was of genial summer mildness.
Animals In War.
Men and animals are able to sustain
themselves for long distances in the
wiater, and would do so much oftoner
were they not incapacitated, in regard
to the former at least, by slicer terror, as
well as complete ignoranco of their real
p)owers. Webb's. wonderful endurance
will never b forgotten. But there are
other instances only less remarkable.
Boio years since, the mate of a ship fell
overboard while in the act of hoisting a
sail. It was blowing fresh; the timo was
night, and the place some miles
out in the stormy German Ocean. The
hardy follow nevertheless managed to
gain the English coast. Brock, with a
dozen other pilots, was plying for fares
by Yarmouth; and as the mainsheot was
blayed,a sudden puf of wind upset the
boat, whlen all perished excep)t Brook
himself, whlo, from four in the afternoon
of an October day to one the next morn
ing, swamn thirteen miles b)efore lhe was
ab)le to hail a vessel at anchor in anl oft
ing. Animals themselves are capable
of swimming immense distances, al
though unable to rest by thle way. A
dog recently swamn 6hirty miles in order
to rejoin his master. A mule and a dog
washed overboard during a gale in the
Bay of Biscay have beenu known to make
their way to shlore. A dog swvam ashore
with a letter in his mouth at the Oape of
Good Hope. Th'le crewv of the shipl to
whichl tile dog belonged all perIlhed,
which they need not have done had they
venturedl to tread water as the dog did.
As a certain ship wvas laboring heavily in
the rough of the sea, it was found need
fuil in order to lighlten the vessel, to
throw some troop horses overboard,
whaich had boon taken taken in at the
Corunna. The poor things, my infor
mant, a staff Burgeon, told me, when
they found themselves ab an doned, faced
round and swam for miles after the ves
sol. A mnan on the east coast of Lincoln
shire saved quite a number of lives by
swiming out on horseback to vessels
in distress. He commonly rode an 01(1
gray mare, but when the mare wvas not
to hand lho took the first horse thlat was
Thet Vellow WVater LHly.
John James Audubon first discovered
the yellowv water lily in Florida, and
mentioned it ; but none of the b)otanlists
of tile time could ever find it, and it was
conciluded that Audubon must hlave been
mlistaken. A few ycars aLgo, however,
Mrs. Treat redliscoveredl the plant in
Florida. Since then speciecns of it
have beeni sent to variouls p)arts of the
world. 1t is, however, a rare p)lant, and
until this summner hans neover been known
to bloom away from its native home.
There is another specimen now in bloom
at the Kew Gardenu, London. In shape
thlis rare flower resembles the well.
known white water lily. It is smaller,
hlowever. Tho blossom is of a bright
canary yellow, measuring nearly two
inches in diameter, The Toaves are very
becautiful. They are hleart-shaped and
variegated in color, The top i green,
flecked with purple, and the undler sidoe
ia bright nurlO red.?
The original bird chosen as the syn
bol of the United States always had a
bad reputation. Franklin said its adop
tion was a mistake. It was not a dis
tinctly American bird, to begin with.
The turkey would have been more ap
propriate, and was a product of the soil.
Audubon always lamented the selection.
To him Franklin wrote that the bald or
American eagle was a bird of bad moral
character. "He does not get his living
honesty,land,liko those mon who live by
sharping and robbing, he is generally
poor. Besides, he is a rank coward; the
little king bird, not bigger than a spar
row, attacks him boldly and drives him
out of the district." .
On the other hand, there is a distinc
tivo txait of the eagle which will satisfy
and gratify those who hold that the
United States is tho field in which,
woman has assorted her superity to man,
and sucoceded in governing him, even
when he does not know it. In this re
spect the American eagle is a fit emblem
of the people whose symbol he is. For
observers say that the bald American
eagle is under propor subjugation to his
spouse. "The females are even braver
and florcer than the males," just as the
American women on both sides woro du
ring the war. She also stretches her
wings to the utmost extent over
the nest, a1nd all that the male brings to
put into it, as if she were the sole pro
prietor of it. And even the most casual
obsorver of American life will recognize
in this correspondence deterinination of
the American woman to run her house
and household largely to suit herself,
leaving to her husband tho duty of pro
viding for it and paying the bills.
Considering, too, the tendency of the
American imale to prematuro baldness,
which is universally attributed to fenimalo
supremacy,the bald eagle is an especial
ly appropriato symbol. It is true, the
naturalistssay,lhe is whitc.headed rather
than bald, but the general ofet is the
same. And if the American eagle is cow
ardly and allows a smaller bird to bully
him, yet this is not so foreign to tho
American people as might appear at
first glance. In Franklin's timo it was
not so perhaps, but in these days when
a Jay Gould or a Vanderbilt, a gas coi
pany or any other corporation can take
all it wants by putting on a bold front,
the ratio between any of these and the
American people, is very much the Ramie
as that betwoon the small bird and the
big American eagle which is able to
So that Franklin to the contrary,those
who choso the American eaglo selected
better than they know.
"I do so pity those mon on the Rod
gors," remarked Mrs. Mfax, passing the
Major the honey, which he always in
sisted upon having with his rice cakes.
''Yes, indeed," replied the Major,who
was a triflo cynical that morning, hav
ing scalded his mouth with coffee.
"Yes, indeed, my dear, the life of an
Arctic explorer must be hard. They
are so isolated from the wo,rld. Jiust
imagiino, if you can, the horror of living
three years out of the dust an(d wind and
fog arid raiin of our glorious climate ; of
riot meetinig all that time the man at
your clumb who thinks thme of tener a story
is told the better it is ; of being without
the consolation afforded you by the
bursted stock operator who knows you
are glad of an op)porturnity to lend him
a twenty ; of being where millinery and
Japamnesc deeoration stores do riot dlaily
entralp ones wife ; of being-"
''Why, Major, how you (10 talk I I
was only thinking of tire horrid things
the Rodgers crew will have to do to get
their bear steaks."
''How's that ?" asked the Major, in
stantly interested over tIre subject of
steaks, which he ho'.ds of much greater
importance than the Irish land trou,
'"What I know about it," resumed
Mirs. Max, "'I read in a fashion panper,
andl it ought to be true."
"It certainly ought to be, Mrs. Max,
if only on account of its age."
"'Well, the article said," corntiinued
Mirs. Max, protondling to ignore then
Major's slur on her favorite reading,
"that Arctic exlorers, when they want
to kill a Polar bear, p)lant a b)ig knife in
the ico wvith the blade sticking up. They
daub the blade with blood, aind the bear
comes aloiig and licks it and cuts its
tongure. It is so cold that ho doesn't
feel the cut ; tasting his owvn blood, lie
continues to lick the knife until his
tongue is all frayed, and lhe b)leeds to
death. Isn't it dreadful ?"
"Quiet your fears, my dear," said the
Major, when his wife had finished.
"That is thre way they killed thre bear
when thre story wvas first published, but
ini the last twenrty years an improvement
has been made, which I will tell you
about, if you will kindly give me just a
drop) more of coffee, with cold milk this
time. Thie way thme thing is doino now
is as follows :Whon Captain Berry, of
thre Rodgers, wants a P'olar b)ear for
dinner he gives a midshipman a cppper
bedl spring arid a chunk of salt p)ork.
The midshipman compresses the spring
p)erfoctly flat, wriaps the pork around it
tight and( holds it so until it freezes
solid Then thoe frozen pork, stuffed
wvith tobed spring, is thrown out to
the nearest iceberg, where it is p)romp?t
Ily swallowed by a Polar bear. When
thre heat of the bear's stomach thaws out
the por1k it releases thme spring, which
flies out, and tIre bear soon (lies from a
pain in Iris side."
"Major," said Mrs. Max, with
warmth. "I don't believe thait story is
"No, my dear', and you won't, until,
in a few years, you see it in some
fashion paper, and then you will swear
I had just unfolded the daily and set
tied back in the seat for a pull at the
news, when she reached over and poked
me in the neck with her yellow parasol
and called out:
"Has them tarnal doctors killed the
President yet ?"
She was an old-fashioned, motherly
woman, nevc r traveling without a vial of
peppermint, and having a hawk's eye
for every patch of smartweed and bunch
of catnip along the line.
"The President is ablo to sit up."
"I don't believe it-don't believo one
end of no such story I" she said as she
left her bundles and boxes and parcels,
and caie over to share my seat.
"But the papers say so."
"I don't keer two cents for no paperst
I tell you the President hasn't bin doe
tored right any of the time, an nobody
kin make m believo that he's gettin,
better. Young man, are you a doc
"You needn't 'mam' me, because 1'm
a plain woman. It's a pity you ain't a
doctor, for I could prove yo a humbug
in about tw o minits I Do you know
what is killing off so many folks in this
"It's death, isn't it ?"
"Of course it's death-death and the
doctors I And them doctors have done
their very best to kill the President I
Do you remember what they done the
day he was shot ?"
"Un. Let's see! Probed for the
ball and gave him morphine, didn't
"Tlhey did," she replied, as she
jammed the parasol in my ribs. "That's
just what killed my nephew in the army.
H1e was shot by a cannon ball and them
doctors probed and probed and probed,
and when they had got around to decide
that the ball had gone clean through
him and knocketI off the roof of a barn
half a mile away, the poor boy was dead.
Morfeon ! I have saved over 100 nay
burs from tho grave, and I never sot
eyes on morfeen ! How much I have
pitied the poor President, and how I
have wislied I was there I"
"What for ?"
"What fur? Why, to turn theni tar
nal doctors out doors, and have the
President ont chopping wood in four
we(ks ! It makes inc biling mad to read
their way of treating him."
"What would you have done ?"
"1)on't ask mo-don't ask me I I feel
like spanking tho hull crowd I Have
you read the papers every day ?"
"Well, have you read that they have
soaked his feet ono single time since the
day ho was shot ?"
"Of course you haven't I Did they
put horse-radish drafts on his feet ?"
"Have they given him a smartweMd
'Or tried mustard poultices ?"
"Has he had a single cup1) of catnip
tea since the day he was shot ?"
"Have they used any flaxseed about
"Haven't heard of them digging any
gingscn, sarsaparilla, wild turnip, sweet
flag, burdock or sweet sicily ?"
"No you haven't !" she exclaimed, as
she just missed my nose with that ami
able parasol. "All they've done is to
talk about his p)ersp)iration being up to
102, his normal p)ulso and his temper
ature from 90 to 98. If it was me my
tempjerature would be up to 300 and I'd
make things hummm I It's .thec shame
facedest ease I ever heard of, and you
just mark what I tell ye-that thorm
tarnal doctors wvill sniff at lobelia and
mnber six and turn up their noses at
mustard plasters till all of a sudden the
Presidlent will begin to sink, and even
cold1 tea and mutton tallow won't save
The, Weodakeng of Steel by IIeat.
Examples of the mysterious failure of
steel are not uncommon, and although
much of the mystery which used to at
tend the qualities of steel is disappear
ing before modern research,it cannot be
said that increased knowledge always
leads to be better confidence. One of
the peculiarities of spring and tool steel
which has lately been investigated by
several ob)servers--Mr. Adamnson among
the nunmber--is the knowvn liability of
steel that is very flexible when cold to
break wvhen at the b)lae annaaling tonm
peraturo. It has sometimes been sup
p)osed that only inferior metal is subject
to this tendency; but the workers in
Ural iron, which is re.markably pure in
quality, have often observed the same
action. Mr. Adamnson has found that
steel of this kind becomes actually"pow
dory" at a jemphlerature of between 500
ag. and 700 dg. Fahi., or the poihit at
at which willow twigs take fire; and lhe
has decided that this is the point when
the metal is at its wveakest, possessing
little or no coherence. This phenome
non, if it can be sub)stantiated as univer
sal or eveni frequent, is suggested as a
p)ossib)le explanation of a large number
of accidents, such as the breaking of
steel tires, shafts, and parts of machine
tools which may be strong enough when
cold, but being raised to the stated tem
perature b)y the effect of friction, eto,,
they are not able to withstand the slight
est strain, and, in fact, drop into pieces
by their own weight. The quickness
with gvhiich broken parts of machinary
or tools would, under ordinary circum
stances, cool down, and therefore regain
their strength wvould naturedly lead an
ordinary observer away from the truth
which Mr. Adamnson claims to have dis
She grieves sincerely who gieves