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TRI-W EEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO. S. C.. MARCH 28. 1882 - ESTABLISHED 1844.
The tiny bud of spring
Sweet blooms to summer bring,
And fruit to autumn's store;
And then their mission's o'er.
The rills to streanleta go
The streams to rivers now, '
And ever steadily
They journey to the sea.
Time glides swiftly by,
Not heeding you or I
Not pausing till It be
Lost In eternity.
The Infant, In lIt play,
Soon reaches youth's hey-day;
And manhood's sturdy prime.
Bestrides the wave of time.
Tnus, as the buds of spring
Together harvest bring,
And as the mninute rlls
The mighty oceans 111
So human lives must tbend
in some, great future end;
And, oh I where shall It be
That end for you and me I
A Strange Story.
In the winter of 1850 Congress for the
first tine extended the matitimo and ad
miralty jurisdiction over the lakes in the
same manner and to tin same extent as on
the high seas. Down %n this period of
time the several States of whAIligan, Ohio,
Indiana and Illinois, lying on the great I
lakes, bounded the several border vnunties I
by low-water mark, and thus left al 'hat
portion of land covered with water .
blichigan, Huron, Erie and St Clair lyingl
within the limits of the several States, but
outside of any of the counties, so that in
case crimes were committed on the waters
of the lakes they could not be punished,
because not within the Locus in quo of
any county. 'Tle act of Congre2s of 1850
it was supposed would correct this evil by
giving jurisdiction to the Federal courts
over all crimes committed on the lakes, in
the same manner as upon the high seas.
The result proved that this supposition was
a mistaken one, but such was the popular
opinion in the early spring of 1851.
It was a very bright, beautiful morning
about the last of Miay, 1851, the Detroit
itiver harbor looked more lovely than ever,
and the steamer Southerner, as she lay
moored at the Central railroad dobk.looked
like the yacht of the Sultan on the. Hos
ph ,rue. But so'uething unusual seemed
to haive occurred, and a mystery hung over
this beautiful craft. Capt. Pierce, her
dashing commander, moved'about as ele
gaut and eailor-like as ever, but his brow
was overcast, his form unusually upright
and his step like that of a commodore on a
ship-of.war going into action. Those dia
mond studs glittered in his faultless bosom;
his jaunty hat hung over his right ear,
white his stun ug neck-tie and trim, white,
roUd aibout (Wo1 or a resh water 0o 5a
ilenpot anft Z iA full dres, and on God
one by one to the captain's offce ihesi
loced in, low mutterings were heard, and
as each returned to duty looks dark and
bloody were exchanged. The hurilcane
(leek was carefully examined and a large
spot of blood midships ou the port side
examined by the microscope was studied
from every possible standpoint. Finally a
tall stranger, a passenger from Cleveland
to Detroit, on the steamer which had ar
rived just too late for the .Michigan Cen
tral railway was spied on the dock and was
carefully shadowed by Capt. Pierce and
crew as he went into the Cass hotel and
secured room No. 46 in the upper story;
at d then Capt. Pierce ordering the entire
crew to quarters, save one man to watch
the stranger in 40, walked quickly, but
very earnestly, to the United States Dis
trict Attorney's office, then in the base
ment of the old Farmers' & lechanics'
bank of Jefferson avenue, just above the
Michigan kxchange. The lon. Samuel
L. Watson was then United States Com
misioner, and occupied the front room,
while the United States District Attorney
had the back officee, and these two gentle.
nion were then anid there pa. tuers in thei
Ushered into the back room, the door
lockedi to keep away cowens and eaves
(droppers, Capt. Pierce made the following
statement to the United States District At
torney : "That abmiit 2 o'clock the
-previous day at Cleveland,Ohio, a stranger
catue on board the Southener and secured
stateroom A, having two berths therein,
for Detroit, saying that his companion
* would came later in the day and pay for
his berth in that room; that this man who
took the state-rooim was apparently a
Quiaker-dressed in a drab c othies,
with a drab lhat and a drab
satchel, which lie left in his berth. That
some three hours ai terward another gen
tleman, claiming to be lisa companion.
came dressed in black with a black hat and
black satchel, inquired for berth Nio.
2, state-room A, paid for that berth, and
that about 9 o'clock that nIght the South
erner left Cleveland en route for Detroit,
that shte encountered a very heavy gale
off the island, and that while rolling and
pitching in the sea, with no one on (lock
save the man at the wheel and the look
outs clear forward, the two passoneers
from state-room A were scetn on dock,
seemIng fo be sea sick, and that while one
of them, the drab itan, was votnitinig, the
man in black struck him a very heavy
blow and then pushed hnim overboard; that
as lie sank in the lake the drab liat floated
away, and the tman at the wheel and the
lookouts on dleek hieard a cry for help and
saw hun sink; but the sea was so heavy,
the storm so fierce, that nothing could be
thou done to save him; that a large spot of
blood( on the deck showed where the blow
was given and the mtirder commiencedI
whtich endedu in the lake. .
T1he Captain's statement was reduiced to
writing by Comiiaoner Watson, sworn
to by Capt. iP.erce, and then ihe Distrlct
Attorney rep~aiired at once to the st'entnor,
*still lying at the Ceitral Itailroad duck,
and there took the depositions of nill the
erew, who severally swore to their actual
knowledge of these facts.
1'hie wheelsinen anid hokouts each swore
that tey saw the drab man go over the
ship's side, heard his cries for nelp, saw
his liat floating on the waves and found in
the nmng fresh blo.)d ont the vety spot
whero lie stood erc lie wenit overboard in
addition to all thi', it turned out thnt the
nmurderer Ihent in 46i had wIth hinm the drab
ratchtei, a new cine, breutvht on board by
the man In drab, then suppcosed to be at
the bottom of lake Erie.
Here was a clear case of circumstsntial
eyidence of murder on the high so us,ou side
of any county, and the evidence was con
olusive-apparently. TIhe United States I
District Attorny annlied for a nimtedl
3tates war ant froma Commissioner Watson
for murder on the high seas against John
Doe, then in No. 46, Cass hotel-olitained
it-and, taking a special deputy Umitea
States Karsha], he went In person about
6 o'clock p. m., to the Cass hotel to arrest
the murderer. By this time the various
whisperings and movements attracted pub
lie attention, and quite a crowd gathered
in front of the Cass hotel, understanding
that something important would occur.
The United States District Attorney
proceeded to room 40, knockea very per
3imptorily and demanded admission, which
was at first refused, but the inmate being
ssured that the door would be broken in,
Spally partially opened it, when the Dis
rict Attorney entered and at once
?erceived that the murderer had on as a
fisguise a pair of blue spectacles and a
wig, and that he had the drab satchel, in
which he was evidently concealing some -
hing. Locking the door on the inside, he
it once read the United States warrant for
As arrest. Told defendant he was arrested
or murder on the high seas, and demand
%d the opportunity to search his person and
)aggage, which he peremptorily refused to
erilt,' But finally it was done, and the
latchel contained a beautiful set of den
itt's tools,a letter addressed to de'endant's
wife, at Cape Cod, and on his person was
ound the sum of %884 in cold coin, all
lupposed to the property of the murdered
nan. During the examination and when
inally charged with the murder, the pris
ner, who was a Cape Cod man, said
hrough his nose in a squaking voice:
"Now, Squire, this is all a mistake
t 9 is no man murdered, Squire. I am
thle 1 missed." The District Attorney
vgorousa enounced bli us a murderer.
fie Ftlueaket.,,it ,
"Squire, thi;s 1 a mistake-I'm the
mian. I have a w M Cape Cod, andi she
gives me li-l, and Vo
away to Califoray, and j4 going o run
berths, on the Southerne k
dress, went up on deck and P"ngld my
kill myself." ' to
At last the truth dashed upon the P.
lie prosecutor, and he asked the prisone..
"if there was any one living in Michigan
who could identify him as the supposed
murdered man," to which he replied "that
he had a brother living in Pontiac,a mason
by trade, who had been here many years
and could vouch for him as the identical
The United States Atarshal was now
called up and ordered to take the prisoner
to Col. Whistler, commanding the United
States infantry in Detroit, to lock hi up
in the guard-house, where no man could
communicate with bim and keep him there
until his examination the next day.
Very early the next moring, and after
hfl r ,jj~ion in the papers of a very
Soed or IA,. m --- . at"amor
Southerner, the clearness of the testimony
to convict and very strong co'mmendations
Pf the United States District Attorney for
his zeal and skill in working up the case,
the prisoner's brother, who happened to
be in town from Pontiac and had read the
account, called the District Attorney out
of his bed and toid him "that the murdered
man was his brother, from Cape Cod, and
lie wanted to be present at 10 o'clock A. M.
and attend the cxamination of the murder.
er," and he was directed to be at the Uni
ted States District Atorney's office, where
he could see the murderer of his brother.
At 10 o'clock, promptly, the United States
Marshal, accompanied by a file of soldiers,
marched the supposed muiderer down
Jefferson avenue, accompanied by a mob
of curious boys and men to the oflice.
There sat Commissioner Samuel L. Wat
son, very dignifiled, cold and stern, to hear
the testimony and dispose of the first case
under the act of Congress extending mari
time and admiralty jurisdiction over the
The supposed murderer, trembling with
fright, was ushered into the back room 01
the District Attorney's oflicei,, and there
putting on the blue spectacles andi the wig
he was again disgutsed, as lie siipposed.
The brother from Pontiac was soon ad
mitted to see, as lhe supposed, the murder
er of his brother, but instantly recognized
him as the mnurered man, and leaping into
his arms he exclaimed:
"Why, S;uire, this Is my real brother;
he ain't murdered at all.''
TIhis over, the parties went before Com
missioner Watson in the front room, andl
then the District Attorney stated to the
"That circumstantial evidence made a
slear case of murder against the defendant
on whict ihe couiia be hung; but fliat there
seceied something strange about the case.
and that as the body of time murdlered manm
had not been found, and the defenidant
laied to be that identical nmurdered man
imself, lie might discharged dlefenidant if
se chose so to do," on such terms as he
Jud~ge Watson, with great dignmty and
everity, said to defendant in the presence
>f the crowd. "The circumstantial evi.
decnce is clear enoughi to convict you of
nurder. It appears that you and another
nan took two berths on the steamer
huttherner; that you were dressed in black
-back hat-and had a black satchel; that
e was dressed inm drg-drab hal-and
maad a drab satchel; went on board, and
you attempted to escape with the drab
matchel, You say that you were about to
.im away to California from your wife at
jiape Co?, and that you assumed both
haracters to deceive her and make her be
love that you were (lead and that she was
widoe, andl here, sir, is your letter in a
Ligned hiandl to your wife, 'telling her of
four pretended death, and that God
gould be a husband to her and a father to
ier children." This, sir, Is worse than
nurder;but under all the circumstance the
Jojurt will discharge you, on the so'e con
htlon that you will go instantly back to
tour wife ait Cape Cod, and tell her of this
rile trick you have resortecd to, to ci'eat
mnd desert hecr. I shall write your die
hemge oii the warrant on the sole condi
ion that you consent ini writing to so
Thereupon he wrote on the warrant thle
~ondition andl lis acceptance of it, and then
tanded the pen to thme prisoner to slgn his
'1 lie prisoner hadl on his blue spectacles
nad wig ui awry, und looked the vcry
ieture of dispair. Takin~g the pen in hIs
~renmbling hand lie looked at Commissioner
Watson, then at his brother, then implor
ngly at the Unsited States Imstrict Attor
icy, and said in trembling 'acce~mts:
"S84mre Ba #- I Oh God!i Mus:, I sign
hat and go back to heri"
lBrinst as5red that ther. wan no otern,
alternative,: he took the pen, wrote lus
me a and as he did so said in the agony
"Squire, I'lh do it, but wen't she give
me a look when I come back to her."
While every precaution which the
block system or any other system can
devise to prevent collision on our rail
roads should be encouraged or adopted
it nevertheless will be found impossible
if constant human vigilance is a necos.
sary factor in the means of safety em
ployed, to entirely avoid the recurrence
oL this class of accidents. The greater
the increase of traffic, the greater the
danger to which the traveling public is
exposed from collisions, and year by
year the travel on our railroads increases.
Trains following one another in rapid
succession, and running at high rates of
speed on the same lines of rail, in the
dark of night as well as in the light of
day, and with the same disregard of fog
as of alinding snowstorm,court danger
and collisions similar to the late Spuy
ten Duyvil disaster will continue to oc
our. Uollisions in fact, like the assas
sin's stab, are now more to be dreaded
from the rear than from the front, and
as human vigilance cannot be depended
upon to avoid them, automatic means of
securing safety controlled by the engine
of a train in motion, or. operated only by
the undue or improper stoppage of it,
should be devised, and,if only as useful
auxiliaries, be generally adopted.
If, however, collisions cannot be alto
gether prevented,there is one thing that
can be done to make such accidents less
destructive of human life than they
usually are, and that is to construct
railroad oars so that they will not
to tor telescope. We have no desire
all th Ifn trains which shut up with
scope wheei a well constructed telo
is brought tA little sudden resistance
road cars mightk upon them. Rail
they could not thusonstructed so that
one within the other, d1. up and pack
quency of these telescopiiom the fre
we have no hesitation in agurrences
either the style or construction7 that
cars now in uso on our railroads i-i0O
fective, so far as their liability and OW,.
3acity to telescope is concerned, and
.,that some radical ahaige . or improve
tment in the const*action of them to
avoid this danger is needed.
Furthermore, as the running of one
train into the rear of another is now of
such frequent occurrence, and as in
such case it is generally only the last
car or two of the advance or stalled train
which are so badly damaged as to occa
sion any great sacrifice of life, why not
make the last car of a train purely a
safety one, a Port of buffer car to re
coive the shock, and from which all
passengers should be excluded? buch
car need not necessarily be of a special
construction, provided it and all the cars
in the train are of a superior rigidity,
and so l-uilt or framed that they cannot
telescope, consequently the delay and
inconveience which attaches to theuse
of a roar car of different construotion
from the rest when making up a train
would be avoided. Possibly in an over
crowdced train there would be a strong
templtationl to use such car for other than
its safety purpose but this could be
strictly prohibited until it ceased to be
a rear car by the adding o'f another.
Possibly, also,railroad companies might
obj]ect on the ground that it was merely
hauling dead wveighmt for an emergency
which might not occur, forgetful of the
fact that in a single accident such pre
caution would be the mean of saving
many lives and economical ini a peenniIi
ary point of viewv by reducing claims
for damages sustained.
Again, in viewv of the many burning
accidents which have occurred, why
should our railroad cars be made of the
combustible material they nowv are, or
be otherwise heated than they are? But
we do not care to pursue this subject
further, excepting the remark that if
native ingenuity is not sufficient to dis
cover a block systorv in which the loco
motive is the active agent, or to devise
a car that wvill not telescope aind when
ignited furnish fuel for a fire to burn up
humani bodies, then wve coinfess to hav
ing greatly over estimated it, and shall
be deceived if in the near future, the
means of safety wve hayc suggested, or
better ones, be not found, once the
tide of invention sets in this humane di
Industry need not wish.
Truth is the basis of every virtue.
Ayarice is the mother of many vices.
The path of truth is a plain and safe
Many cranky persons suffer from aii
Old injuries are seldom canceled by
Youth looks at the possible, age at
The fountain of content must spring
up in the mind.
Falsehood sinks us into contempt
with God and man.
Poverty wants some, luxury many,
and avarice all things.
It's easy finding reasons why other
people should be patient,
A N exchange usks: " What would a
twenty-five cent cigar amount to if you
had no atclh?'' Just-a quarter oh a dol
lar brother. Give us another.
A Cool Detective.
As a rule highwaymen in the mining
States seldom operate upon a stage coach
with "U. S. M." on it. They know that
these initials staud for the United States
Mail, and are a pledge I at the whole
power of the government will be used to
The detectives in the governme't ser
vice are quiet men,courteous in manner
and gentle in speech. lMr.. Hays' tells,
in his book on "New Onl ado," of one
whom he met, who wore old spectacles
and looked like a Germ&an professor.
Yet this man alone took twi mail rob
bers from the north to Te*,A, At one
place their friends planneda rescue. He
quietly informed his prisoners that,
while their friends could undoubtedly
kill him, they might be sure that the
first motion would send both of them
into eternity. Not a man in the crowd
moved a finger.
On one occasion, a celebrated deteo
tive was on the stage which was attack
ed by two masked men. The first he
knew was that two revolvers were thrust
in the coach's windows, with the com -
mand "Hands up, gentlemen!"
The highwaymen had "the drop" on
the passengers,iu which their vocabulary
meant the certainty of being able to
kill before being harmed themselves.
To his diszust the detective was com
pelled to give up his watch and all his
As the robber., left, he put his hand
down in the "bot," and to his delight
it touched a carbine. Aski'ig the
driver to go on a little further and
then stop and wait for himhe went back
The two men, unsuspicious of dan.
ger were "divvying up" the spoils in
the middle of the road. This was just
what the detective had ealculated on.
"Now, 3 ou scoundrels, it's my turn,'
lie shouted, covering them with the re
peating oarbiue. "Throw up your
hands, or I'll shoot."
Tue robbers at his command, stepped
:ne side holding up their hands, while
ie picked up their revolvers; It was
20t many minutes before the astonished
asongers saw the two highwaymen
ialking meekly down t#.road with the
'oel detective followii .. They were
-An the ooach and fit 11 lodged in
o subsequen . 19ue atuong
the Utes and secured a lease of the
woman captives from e ,White River
The Lo Irds.
Among the many bi of beautiful
plumage found in Aust inais one called
the Love Bird, It Is >at the size of
the sparrow, with a par shaped beak
and covered with a pli .go of green
and izold. There are m y other birds
in that country with a re gaudy, or
gay, plumage, but non in which the
two most beautiful rs, gold and
green, are so artisticail -blended as in
the Love Bird. The aglish Lark is
noted for its song; th Eagle for its
keenness of sight and a ngth of pin
ion; tho Dove for its h i tlessuess; the
Parriot for its marvolouu~power of Imi
tating cercain sounds m ~finig certain
words; the Magpie for ita raft and cun
ning; the Sparrow for it tyomon cry
of "Cheer up." The Love ~i:~ is noted
for the intensity of its afreonid s. There
are otheir birds of the parr4 species
that have a good amount of i's same
feeling of attachment, but none in
whom it is so marvolously str ng as in
the Love Buid. It is an establkhed fact
that they cannot exist singly Where
they are kept as pets they mu be kept
in pairs They can be kept n large
numbers, but not less than o wil
live. It there are two in s, cag nd one
dies or gets killed, the other pi s away
and dies. If one hops down om its1
perch,the other quickly follows nd the
same in eating and drinking. 'l ey can
not sing, and if in pairs and un sturb
ed, do not make much noise. They
might be termed mute matj Their
loye is stronger than death. -
Just lingb INis Pipe.
Tne brighter hours of good ilsho p 2
Corbet have been very graphic ly de- I
scribed by one who knew him w411. His
Lordship's favorite companion ~as his 1
chiaplm, Dr. Lushington. Wh$ the
business of the day was over, the ishop
delighted to descernd with this 'ithful
henchman into the collar of the episco
pal palace. Corbot would thot dol' his
hood, saying, "There lies theDootor;'
The glasses wore filled and the \ast was
drunk. "Here's to thee, Lushilngton " I
"Hero's to thee, Corbot.''
The celebrated Dean Aldirick wasw the
slave of his pipe. There is 4 story in
the biography of John Philips,thie poet,
which not only amusingly illustrates
this weakness on the part of the Dean, 1
but gives a curious glimpse of the free
and easy way in which the dons and un.. 1
dorgraduates. of those days usedi to live,
A senior student laid a wager with one
of his college chums that the Dean was
at that moment smoking ihis pipo, that
instant being about 10 o'clock in the
morning. Away, therefore, he went to
the deanery~where having made his way
into the Dean's study, lho explained the
reason of his appearance at so early an
hour. "Ab," replied the Dean, with
the utmost oolness, "you have lost your
wager, for I am not smoking but filling
Why They Daserted,
Not long ago seventy-five boys, traning
for sailors in the United States navy, were
transferred from the naval training squad.
ron at Newport to the Tennessee, now
high and dry on a dry-dock in the Brook
lyn navy-yard. Many of the boys were
companions of the thirty lads who have
deserted from the flagship Now Hamp
shire of the training squadron at Newport
in the last few days. The offcer in
charge of the Tennessee readily permitted
a reporter to see the boys alone, and
twenty bright and intelligent lads in the
uniforms of the training school gathered
around the reporter between decks.
"Were there any New York boys
among the deserters ?" was the first ques
tion. A black-eyed boy replied:
"I knew a good many of 'em, sir.
There was Henry W. Eagles, Max Beck,
Herbert A. Stryker, James A. McGinley,
James F. Cady, Daniel J. Foley, Gustav
E. Maschke, William H. Mclellon, Ber
nard J. McKenn and Arthur Van Ette."
Other boys knew Stephen H. Miller ot
Careyville, New York; William spencer
of Kingston and John J. Black of Stony
"How did they come to desert I"
"The boys had a short furlough on
shoro and they did not come back, that is
all. They were on three ships-the Ports
mouth, the saratoga and the Constitution
-and they had seperately decided to
leave when they got a chance without
Conspiring together at all. Nobody com
plains against Commodore Lewis of the
New Hampshire. He was a regular
father to us all. But we who were on a
cruise off the coast of Maine on the Ports
mouth last summer had a tough time of it
under Capt. Faunt and Lieut. Selfridge.
At anchor off one of the ports in Maine
the captain had some high-toned visitors,
and when they came to see us and asked
who we were he said: 'Oh, they're wharf.
rats,' and at another time he called us
'beggars.' and 'thieves.' At Portsmouth
four of us broke our liberty aid stayed
twelve hours over time; some others who
were refused permission togo ashore jump
ed off and stayed as long as they pleased.
&ll these were punished just alike. We had
to take two hours on and two hours off all
aight on deck, and it was freezing cold.
Llmost all of the oficers like to show their
muthority before us, and we ire ordered
rhout as though we were cat'tle. If we
iad more privileges we would be encourag.
.d, but we've only the position of a war
ant officer to look forward to as the verv
)est thing to be obtained, and to be a
ioatswain or a sail maker is not the most
wonderful thing in the world to a live
" Well, you knew about what you were
indertaking when you shipped, did you
he boys,\a fine, athletic fellow, with
lashing eyes. "There is the yacht Wave,
which sails up the Hudson or some other
iver, drops anchor, and lies there for
)oys to admire her. Then the officers
alk so sweetly about some of us coming
ome day to be a commander of such a
)eautiful craft, and it makes us wild to go
o sea. We've got a nickname for the
Nave-we call her the Uoaxer, or the Boy
Jatcher. It is supposed, too, that boys
iot under 18 years old are taken on, but
iome of us are only 15. Almost all the
)oys who ran away at Newpoit were un
The reporter asked if the boys had any
)rutal treatment to complain of. "Well,"
iaid the leader, "there was a smart young
ellow named Ike Mason, from Pough
ceepsie, on the cruise with us twn -,ears
ago from Fayal to Halifax on the train
ng ship, and he was taken sick. He
went to the doctor three times, and was
!efused medicine. A lay or two afterward
ie died of typhoid fever, and was buried
"Is your food satisfactory ?"
"Satisfactory I" exclaimed a boy who
.ooked as though he might be a good
rencherman. "I haveii't had enough to
mat since i've been here. What's mush
and milk, hominy and salt pork, pacaed
.n 18600? You can smell it half a mile
when it is unpacked. i've lost fifteen
pounds since I left the Minnesota."
"What do you consider your greatest
"Our debts, sir," instantly answered
ialf a dozen voices. "Our uniforms
lsot us $2t 50 when we go on board
he training ship. Our pay is small, and
what through fines and cutting off our
noney for little offences, some of us who
iave been two years in training haven't a
:ent coming to us on the ship's books. A
soy gets discouraged when he gets so
nuch in debt. Hie becomes reckless, and
ye don't blame the fellows for deserting."
The blocks are all of the same size,
hbout efglifinxohes by twelve inches, and
shout half an inch thick. Eaeh block
epresents two leaves of four pages of
he book, being engraved on both sides.
rue blocks for a complete work ean thus
>e stowed away in a very small compass.
rho cost of engraving a page of the
vooden blocks is said to be but little
nore than the expense ..of setting up a
>age of Chinese type and preparing it
or the press. Au edition of one copy
ann be printed if no more are required.
and thus the expense of keeping a large
took of printed books on hand, some of
vhiceh eventually have been sold as
waste paper when they grew out of date
>r revisions had been made, as is the
mae among ourselves, is entirely avoid
id. Any errors or misprints that may
ye discovered can as a rule,bo corrected
mn the blocks with but very little trou
>le. A skillful printer can print by
.iand 5000 leaves of two pages each in a
lay, using no press or machinery what
iver. .He supplies his own tools and re
seives as wages about twenty .five cents
a day. The paper ordinarily used is
white and of the best quality, although
a yellowish kind is also made use of at
a reduction of twenty per cent, on the
selling price. The books arc bound in
the usual Chinese style and fastened
with white silk thread. They present
an appearance which satisfies theo taste
id the most faatidlinn- native.
It is sometimes objected to books
upon etiquette that they cause those who
consult them to act with mechanical re
straint, and to show in society that they
are governed by arbitrary rules, rather
than by an intuitive perception of what
is graceful and polite.
This objection is unsound, because it
supposes that people who study the
theory of etiquette do not exeroidb their
powers of observation in society,and ob
tain, by their intercourse with others
that freedom and ease of deportment
which society alone can impart.
Books upon etiquette are useful, inas
much as that they expound the laws of
polite society. Experience alone, how
ever, can give effect to the precise man
ner in which those laws are required to
Whatever objections may be raised to
the teachings of works upon etiquette,
there can be no sound argument against
a series of- simple and brief hints, which
shall operate as precautions against mis
takes in personal conduct.
Avoid intermeddling with the affairs
of others. This is a most common fault.
A, number of people seldom meet but
they begin discussing the affairs of some
one absent. This is not only uncharita
ble, but positively unjust. It is equiva
lent to trying a cause in the absence
of the person implicated. Even in the
criminal code, a prisoner is presumed to
be innocent until he is found guilty,
Society, however, is less justand passes
judgment without hearing the de
fense. Depend upon it, as a certain
rule, that the people who unite with
you in discussing the affairs of others
will proceed to scandalize you the mo
ment you depart.
Be consistent in the avowal of princi
ples. Do not deny to-day that which
you asse;ted yesterday. If you do, you
will stultify yourself, and your opinions
will soon be found to have no weight.
You may fancy that you gain favor by
subserviency; but so far from gaining
favor, you lose respect.
Avoid falsehood. There can be found
no higher virtue than the love of truth,
The man who deceives others must him.
self become the victim of morbid dis
trust. Knowing the deceit of his own
heart, and the falsehood of his own
greates of all hapiness -confidence in
those who surround him.
Veils and Oraugo Blossoms.
It is a common superstition,especially
in Ireland, that a marriage lacks validity
unless solemnized with a gold ring. At
a town at the southeast of Ireland, a
person long kept a few gold wedding
rings for hire, and when parties who
were too poor to purchase a ring of the
necessary precion metal were about to
be married, they obtained the loan of
one, and paid a small fee for the same,
the ring being returned to the owner im
mediately after the ceremony.
In some places it is still customary for
the same riuig to be used for many mar
riages, for which purpose it remains in
the custody of the priest.
The brido's veil originated in the An
glo-Saxon custom of performing the
marriage ceremony under a square piece
of cloth, held at each corner by a tall1
man over the bridegroom and bride to
conceal her maiden blushes. Something
like this care-cloth, we are told, is used
by the modern Jews, from whom it has
probably been derived into the Christian
Church. There is a square vestment
called Taleth, with pendants about it,
put over the head of the bridegroom and
The reason why the orange blossoms
are worn by the bride is not satisfactori
ly known. The general opinion seems to
be that it was originally adopted as an
emblem of fruitfulnes. it has been
suggested that this custom was intro
duced by French miliners, and that thei
flower in question was selected for ita
beauty rather than for any symbolical
reason. One writer tells us thigt thce
practice has been derived from thd Sara
cons, among whom the orjpngo blossoms
was regarded as a symbol of prosperous
life. This is pirtly to be accounted for
by the fact that in the East the orange
tree bears ripe fruit and bloesoms at the
Too old a Daird for That,
A few days ago, a man might have been
seen hurrying along West Temple street,
Detroit, with two small suipe and a teal
duck in his hand. "Been hunting #" asked
a friend. "Yes, tcok a little jatint up to
the slough." Don't you think that game
comes dear when you go so far for It ?"
"Oh, you don't get on to my racket. I
aim't such a blank fool as some people
think. kiere's the idea : I go out in t be
marshes and kill a fe w snipe. 1 take one
to somne frIend's house aind present it with
a great flourish, I dwell on the trouble 1
took to shoot it, describe a few narrow
escapes from drowning, and lay the trophy
of the chase at the feet of the lady of the
house, with a studlied Oriental salaam.
Next day I am invited to dinner. F~or a
ten.cent snipe I get a royal lay-out. Thea
I give the other snipe to the next unsuspec
ting family with a similar result. The
other day I sent two old, emaciated snipe
to Glovernor Mlurray; told him the night
before I was going efter 'em, but they had
been lying in my room for two days. Glot
invited to an elegant dinner with wine.
But ot course I dli't eat the snmpe. Too
old a bl'rd for that--then the snipe were
also too old. I'mB going to tak* Liuese bimbhd
to bhaughnessy and get a $40 dinner. Oh,
1 ain't such 'an awful fooi as I look. W'ens
I can't get birds at the marshes I get em
at the standL '
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
Success makes us soon forget the
fight we made to attain it.
The road to home and happiness is
over small stepping stones.
The waves of happiness, like those of
light, are colorless when unbroken.
Knowledge of the world is dearly
bought at the price of moral purity.
Genius at first is nothing more than a
great capacity for receiving discipline.
If you wish to be really happy take a
good deal of outdoor exercise, and nee r
run in debt.
There is nothing more necessary th an
to know how to bear the tedious mo
ments of life,
If you assume the garb of a fool, aro
you very sure that you have not a natur
al right to it?
It is one thing to have a house to live
In, and quite another thing to have a
home to live in.
We do not judge men by what they
are in themselves, but by what they are
relatively to us.
Nature never sends a great man into
the world without confiding the secret
Lo another soul.
The light of true friendship is like
the light of phosphorus-seen plainent
when all around is dark.
Many persons entertain false views of
real life, who yet have the justest per
>eptions of human nature.
Stillest streams oft water fairest
neadows, and the bird that flutters
east is longest on the wing.
As sad dreams betoken a glad future,
;o may it be with the so often torment
Lug dream of life when it is over.
A writer who attemps to live on tlbo
nanufacture of his imagination is con
inuously coquetting with starvation.
In life it is dilicult to say who do you
he most mischief-enemies with the
worst intentions, or friends with the
Good breeding is benevolence in
orfles, or the preference of others to
>urselves in the little daily occurrences
Knowledge is said to be sorrow. If
;his be true there are some men in the
.ommunity who must be supremely
It is a currious fact that no man in
,he world wants to be rich; he only asks
ror enough, and surely that is a reason
It is hard to personate and act a part
long, for where truth is not at the bot
Lony nature will always be endeavoring
There is no brighter moment in the
life of a young lady of ton than when
the nappy discovery is made that she
3an at last balance a pair of eye glasses
:n her nose without squinting.
It has been well said that no man
3ver sank under the burden of the day.
[t is when to-morrow's burden is added
a the burden of to-day that the weight
,e more than a man can bear.
In the last article penned by Dr. Hol
and he said he believed it to be de
nonstrably true that of all the advan
ages which come to any young man
;hat of poverty is the greatest.
The soul knows what justice is; and
n those who approve, and in those who
resist, truth creates consbience. Those
who resist, are irritated; those who
)bey, grow strong within themselves.
If you want knowledge, you must toil
or it. if food, you must toil for it Toil
s the law. Pleasure comes through
oil, and not by self-indulgence and in
lolence. When one gets to Iove work,
iis life is a happy one.
Too many arc in the habit of looking
iway from the blessings they have to
~hink of those they have not. They
mgravo their deprivations and sorrows
mi the rook, but write their blessings on
he sand or the waves.
''The virtue of Paganism was strength;
he virtue of Christianity is obedience."
La obediende is simply conformity to
~he law of life, it is the condition of in
~reasing strength, while strength, un
ionsecrated to service soon turns to
The man who by the force of his
ability and character acquires material
ossessions has wealth in its two-fold
iense. If he also employs that which
uo gains for purposes of good and not ..
uvil for himself and for others, he re
alises the true union between wealth
A German told the truth by accident
an a certain occasion, and it is barely
possible that we might repeat his words.
"You go right ailong," 'he said, "until
you come to a fence with a hole in it.
shen after a while you will come to a
mouse with a great pig in the yard.
For a writer or speaker who desires
to Influence others there is no better
rule than--"Know what you want to
say, and say it." One whose own
thoughats are misty can only,bofog others.
hion of wide influence are always sirm
plo and clear in their thinking, and
tireot in their speaking.
There is no more absurd cant thani
bhat the culture of the mindl favors the
milsure~ of the heart. What do operas
md~ theatres for the moral elevation of
society? Does a sentimental novel
prompt to duty? Education seldom
reeps people from folly when the will is
mt influenced by yirtue.
Examining the world in order to find
,onsolation, is very much like looking
sarefully over the pages of a great boo0k
Ln order to find our own) bame, if not in
the text, at least in a laudatory note:
whether we find what we want or not,
ur pre-ocupation has hindered us fromi
a true knowledge of its contents.
Whoever, by word of mouth, or by
shrug af eyebrow, or by by expressive
silence, or by stroke of peu, endeavorsi
ao give a false and injurious iaupression
'especting another-hils character, hia
>pions, or his actions-violates the
hinth princip~le. It is this which intro
lucos all heart-burning into society,
and all bitterness into rohious and