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T-WEKYEDITION. WLINNSBORO. S. U.. JANUARY 9. 1883. SA~ ~-1m1A
UPTr Iut .A NE.
It to dark, and wot and shadity
Up tile lane,
And there goes a little lady
Up Ihe lane,
On the grass the dew is sparkling,
Though the night the grass 19 dark'ning,
And thie auimer moon Is rising
Time t- go," it is advLuing,
"Up the lane."
For the moonrise was the tolten,
Up the lane,
That fond words were to be spoken
Up the lune,
So the little laity hurries
Far off Gleo l cares and worries,
And ner prettl faoe Is aushing,
As she hears a*ift footeteps rushing
Up the lans.
Night moths at the flowers are sipping,
Up the lane,
waift and sweet the hours are slipping
Up the lano,
'i'reep, majestio siallows flinging,
Fireflies dancing, crickets singing,
And white moonight sifting over
iappv ainIald and happy lover,
Up the )ane.
It was getting on towards dusk, and
'Tim Drake, with his blacking-box swung
over his shoulder, stood on the corner
of Oourtlaud Sfreet and Broadway,
eagerly watching the passers-by, and
shouting almost continually, "Shine,
sir-shine?" while at the same time he
pointed down at the shoes of those
gentlemen that Tim thought needed
Mr. Robert Montague, banker of No.
--Wall Street was on his way to the
elevated station at Qourtland Street, to
be carried to his elegant resi' -.0 in
one of the fashionable streets up town,
when upon reaching the corner he met
'Timl, who instantly rushed forward,
tAid, pointing down to Mr. Montague's
rather mudaly cloth top shoes, again
shouted the repeated cry, "Shne, sir?
Have a shie?"
The banker paused before the boy,
glancing (town at hist own feet, and
tleu at the br' ht eyes and dirty face
Of the bootblack, who had already sunk
upon his knees and was prepare , for
"Well," he said finally, "you can
t4hino thom if you'll hurry about it."
Tim did not wait for a second iuvita
lt;i, but, trning up the bottom of his
utstomer's pants, so us not to soil them
with his blaoking, h went straight to
fIt wns not long before tha job was
finished, amt jumpmig up from the
gitnid, 'Im stood waitig ior nits pay.
Mr. Montagne put his han 1 into his
trousers pooket, and drow out a handful
of coins, Selecting three he dropped
tihem into the outstretched palm of the
bootblack, saying as he did so:
A three and two ponnies; that's right,
"Yes, sir, that's correot," replied
Tim, as his late customer hurried.away,
"1 think I'll buy little Jack an orange
with that five," said Tim to himself as
he walkeJ over to a stand on the oppo
site side of the way; for Tim had a little
oripplo brother, Jack, the only relation
lie knew of in tihe world; and often,
after a hurd day's work, -when lie made
his way up town to the small room of
the tenement which he called home, he
carried some small delicacy to this little
boy, though he somietimes had to scrimp
him-telf to do it,
While Tin was away down town,
little Jack employed himself with a
box of cheap paiuts that Tim had pro.
.cured for him to make the weary hours
pass more quiokly.
Tim solected the orange that he
thought looked most juicy and inviting,
then taking the three coins from 1s
month, whero lhe had deposited ,,em
glancing as them as one mis look at
a very casual acquainto.'e' before he let
In te ~ ~.-the oil lamp that lit
tip the str' lie saw that one of the
Shad taken for a cent was not
a ,.at at all.
'By hooky 1" he exclaimed, opening
his mouth wide in astonishment, If
that 'ore gent didn't go and make a
mistake; why, one of these cents ain't a
cent-it's a two: dollar and a half gold
A thousand difi'erent thoughts flashed
through the beooblack's mind as to
what he ehould do with the money.
What a lot of things it would buy
himl H~e conld get little Jaok a bigger
biox of paints and even a drawing book,
hut then a small voice within him
"I~t doesn't belong to you, and you
have no right to it."
Then stil another voice said: 'Xes,
you have, too, for how do y ou know
wvhere the gentleman who gave it to
It was a puzzling question, anid Tim
concluded, alter a miniuto's thought,,
I hat whatever he would do by and by
- he would not spend it just now,
So putting -.he gold piece Into an
inner pocket, and taking a nickel from
among his earnintgs of that dauy, ho paid
for the oranige and walked briskly up
A week passed1, and Tim still had the
He had hung around the corner of
Qourtland Street every afternoon, half
hoping and half fearing thbat ho might
see his cuatomer, but the gentlemia had
n9t yet appeared.
.Oa this parbitonua day Tim had ex-.
perienced vs ponr fuok.
1tW ws a an day; peqple diadnot soem
te want their boots blaaked. and Ki
had shouted himself hoarse to no pur
It was cold and windy that night,
and when Tim figured up lla day's
profits, he found that he had made
soaroely more than half of the previous
Putting his hand into that inner
pocket, ho drew out the gold piece and
gazed at it enviously.
"I can't stand it any longer," he
muttered, "I must spend it. Little
Jaok a paint-box is all wora out, and
I'd reckoned on buying him a new one
"It would be such a surpripe to him,
poor little chap,"
"I'll got it up-town, though," he
added. "Pait-boxes is chteaper up
So, restoring the gold-pleoe once
more to his pocket, and buttoning up
his coat, he walked on.
Before long lie had reached the same
corner where he had blacked the gen
Looking down towards the elevated
station he stopped in his walk.
"It's awfully windy a-walking way up
home to night," he said, "and I've half
a inind to go up in the train."
"If I'm going to spend the gold piece
1 can afford it for once."
Turning down the street he was soon
at the station, and just in time to catch
an up-going train.
The cars were very crowded, and Tim
had to stand up by the door.
Looking forward, whom should he
see, also standing, but the gentleman
who had given him the gold piece.
Here was a chance to return the
,money, Should he give it back to the
gentleman, or should he get out of the
train at the next station and keep it?
If he kept it he could get little Jack
the paint-box, and have quite a balance
He could almost see the glad face of
his little brother as he would hand him
Then, on the other hand, if he re
turned it, ton to one he would receivo
small thanks for it; aid what with the
slim profits of the day's work, he would
have hardly enough money to buy little
Jack'a ald his own frugal supper.
The train just now ran into a station,
(lie gateman shouted the name of the
stroet, and the cars came to a standstill.
about to leave the cek when, turning to
cast a glance at the banker, he noticed
for the ilrst time a familiar figure stand.
Lug near that gentleman.
"Jimmyl" he muttered under his
breath, "if there ain't 'Sly Sam.'"
"A young pickpooket like him, whose
been to Blackwell's Island as often as
he has, don't mean no good in a crowd
"He will bear watolihig, he will."
"Sly Sam," as he was called, moved
closor to the gentleman, who was road
ing an evening paper.
Tim, between the desire to get away
with the money and the desire to pre
vent a robbery, did not know what to
While he lingered the train went on
As it turned the curve into Murray
Street, Tim saw the tjief's band slide
into the banker's vest pocket.
"He's ,going to do it," said Tim to
himself in great elditemnt, "and I'd
be doing it, too, if I went off' with the
"a'nore'd be two of us then."
"i'ii spoil his gamle, though," and
springing forward, he canght the bank
er's sleeve with one hand and the thief
with the other.
"Say, mister," he shouted, "this
here feller is a trying to hook your
Tim's words created a good dunal of
confusion, and people felt instinctively
ini thleir watcJh pockets.
Some of the passengers soised "Sly
Sam," while he himself, frikhtened and
very pale, tried effectually to prove his
innooducie by throwing the guilt upon
At the next station the pickpocket
was taken in charge by a policeman,
and subsequently was given the oppor
tunity to hoard, at tile public's ex
pense, at that favorite resort of charac
ters of is typo, Blaekwell's Island.
Wnen the confusion was ever, and
the banker saw that his watch was safe
and uninjured, 110 turned to find the
boy who hiad saved it.
lie had not fair to look, for Tim~ was
already by his side, and, before Mr.
Montague had time to speak, the boot
black oried out:
"I #.ay, mister, you're the gent whose
boots I blacked the other nmght; and
you gave me a two dollar'ni a half gold
p)1coe l'istead4 of a cent.
"Hlerc it is," and TVim handed it over.
Mr, "Montague was silent for some
seconds, while he mechanically took
"Well, may boy," he said at lengthl,
kindly, "you've done mo a service to
night, and I won't forget it.
"Suppose you call at my oilco, No
Wail Street, to-morrow?"
"Then I can spea'k with you.
"Ask for Mr. Montague."
Tim said that he would, and touohing
his hat left the banker to his paper.
it was not long beore the buan
reach.ed the Miesker street etation
whare he had to get o4t.
.lheahhna hia bray thran'lh the crowA
he hurried from the ear and down the
steps with a lighter purse than before,
but with a lighter heart because he had
overcome his teupPtation.
Tim called on the'morrow at Mr.
Montague's, and was given a place a
the banker's offlee, where by hard work
he will no doubt rise until some day he
may himself mistake gold picoes for
A Leap for liberty.
A writer from Athens, Georgia, says we
saw Joe Thurmond and he told us all about
his escape .from the Ularke county Court
House, his flight to Canada and lite return
when pardoned by Governor Colquitt. It
is a thrilling chapter. Said Thurmond:
"I had no idea of attempting an escape
when I was carried from the jail to tile
court house, but had determined to die
sooner than go to the penitentiary. But
while sitting in my chair in Judge Jack
son's office a sudden desire seized me to
make the attempt and without stopping to
consider for a moment or count the prob
able cost I made a bolt for the window,
but some one caught my foot just as I was
about passing through that caused me to
fall on my head and receive a fearful shock.
I then rushed for my horse, expecting each
instant to be shot down in my tracks,
but I intended to die rather than surren
der. One of Browning's bullets grazed
my leg and passing through the saddle
skirt and blanket entered the side of the
nag I was riding. After getting beyond
range of the balls I headed toward Brook
lyn: but when about two miles out of
town the horse began to give way under
me, when I rode out in a pine thicket to
see what was the matter. Upon reuiovng
the saddle I discovered the wound, and
knew that the beast could not carry me
further. I turned it loose and started for
home on foot, and by a circuitous route
had to travel fourteen miles b(Aore getting
there. But my leaving nmy horse bohiand
saved me from capture, as the ofticers
thought I was still hid out in the thicket
and so (lid not telegraph. I only remained
home. a. hour-. just long enough to get
some money, bid my family good-bye and
start for Lawrenceville, thirty miles
Taking my littma brother im the buggy
we made the trip in just three hous, but
it nearly killed the horse t was drivir.
I traveled at night, passing through Jug
Tavern, and met several ien oi the roiad
that I knew, but as I had my hat slouched
over my face they did not recognize me,
not even my uncle, whose houso I pssed.
Just as I drove into I-twrenceville the
train was steamed up ready to leave and I
got aboard. Had I been ten iniautes litter
it would have left nie. I met with an -
ether streait of good luck when 1 got to
Suwannee, th- junction with the Air Line.
Op4k j P yyP &&kyp"rdir irw a dark n oi ner
remained there until the regular train came
along, which was just ten minutes. - 1
boarded the smoking-oar, that was fortu -
When I got to Atlanta I did not wait for
the train to stop before I jumped off and
secreted myself near the Onattanooga
train, that the conductor told me would
leave in ten minutes. I feared a telegram
had been sent ahead and was afraid to risk
even buying a ticket, preferring to pay my
tare to the conductor. I had no way to
disguise myself, as I was cleanly sbaved.
and had to take the chances, Just as the
Western and Atlantlc train was moving
off I jumped aboard and soon left At.
lanta behiod me. But I dreaded evert
stopping place, expecting to meet a tele
grain. When Chattanogo "as reached 1
for the frst tine felt pr.. safe, but
pushed on to mny destmantic annda
Mtambi n Ventoa.
The little steamboats that now ply on
the Grand Canai are tihe tirst things to
arrest the traveler's attentIon when lie re
visits Venmce. Till now, arrival at Venice
has always been somethiing unique and
fascinating. M1r. 1(ussell, indeed, thought,
the fascination already gone when, Instead
of stealing up to the city In a gondola
across the open lagoon, lie was driven by
steam, and could only see the noble land.
scape of app~roach as the engine siackened
its rushing on the iron line. But common
place peop~le found a good (deal to say on
the oter side; andi the sudldenness of the
contrast, as one stepped out of the railway
carrige into a boat to he rowed doewn the
untrodden streets of the Island city, per
haps enhanced Ihe charm and strengthened
the impression, Lord lleaconslield was
cottainly right im singling out the airange
quiet of the canals as the particular qualit~y
which made Venice unlike all other piaces.
Bitt these "vapporetti di Venezia" have
changed the aspect of thtngs. They have
two courses-one from the railway station
to the public gardens, the other from the
Itialto to the Piazetta; and they riun every
ten or fiteen minutes, calling at, several
intermediate stations. For the first day
or two they were not popular, and their
enemies even began to hope with some
confidence that they would die a natural
death; but the Venetian public were so
diuced by the convenience of them, and
now the boats are always well filled. ta
far, then, they must be admitted to hay
justified their existence; but it is a pity
that they do not bear thmur sutccess nmore
quietly. The captains seem to dehgltt Ina
turning on the steam whistle as if they
wore children playing with a new toy, and
the whistles themselves are certainly mi
racles of shrillness. Mr. Ruskim diverai
tied the pauies of oneo of the earlier chap
ters of "IFors Ciavlgerta" by keeplug cout
of tate number of whistles that piroc0ede
fromn a steamer about to start, for the 1,ido,
and lie counted seven during the writing
of one page, when he gave up his writing
in despair. But If he were to revisit hizi
old1 quarters oni the tirand canal n iw, ho
would probably find It imapoesttile to write
at iall. The steamers ivhistle in the ap
proved fashion on arriving at, and depart
lug from each station; they whistle as
they approach the ferries, they whistle as
often as they happen to see a boat ahead,
and they whistle at other times In ease
there might be a boat ahead. Altogether
they have imported a very noisy element
into the life of the canal, and one need
not be cursed with a peculiarly sensitive
nervo'ts organization to feel now unples
ant ta change is, It can no longer be
said, as It was said hR "Qontarim tismmg,"
that Ia Vento. "no made sound distraots
the, ear," or gat "tere te nothing to p~ut
anoy t Wias'.
Leaps For Liberty.
A rccaptured deserter froin the UnitAC
States Army, handouffed and secured tc
an iron bed stead with a chain of thick,
heavy links, made his escape out of the
third story of the Generai MOuuted Se vic
Recruiting lRendesvoue, at T wentieth and
Alarket streets, Philadelphia, recently.
rhe escape was made more wonderful
from the fact of the fu.00tive carrying with
him a large part of the bed-stead, from
which he was not able to direngage him.
self. He reached the ground in two leaps,
one of fourteen and the other of twenty
two feet. Not the slightest trace of him
has been found. The piece of the bed
stead,whieh weighs abo4t fourteen poundq,
has not been recovered, and from present
indications there Is no likellhood of a clue
to ciher being struck.
Condy Royle is the nano of the daring
fugitive. Ile 1s of Hibernian stock and
his birthplace is said to have been in Ire
land. He Is twenty-two years old, five
feet ten inches In heIght, and altogether
well built, powerful and handsomely pro
portioned. His relatives are divided in
residence between Allentown and Phila
delphia. On November 1 last he enlisted
at the recruiting station which he has just
left behind him. Altogether he seemed a
desirable acqilition to thi army, and in
due course of time would have been sent
to St. Louis and thence turther West to
fight the redsitns. Fatti conspired to
favor the latter, however and on Novem
ber 8 Rloyle, after dutifully serving his
country [or a week, lost his military en.
thusasmn and disappeared froin th bar.
racis. The young women in the neighbor
hood had one soldier less to look at and
the Department of War one tiore to look
after. Royle i'iiaediately went to Allen
to % n1, where le is well k-nwi.
The fact (liat he was a deserter was as
notorious as his light comnplexioned tace
and light eyes, and none ventured to give
him up and earn the dtanding reward ol
thirty dollars which is offered for the ap.
prehension of escaped soldiers. ltven the
police of Allentown are caild to have sym
pathized Oith him and let hin go un
arrested. lie got so bold tlat he walked
about as if he had never been a warrior.
He accosted one of the Allentown detec.
tivet s and asked the loan of fifteen cents.
The detective wits just going to clap Itoyle
on the shoulder and urrest ilm, but he re
Membered that he had not the warrant.
In reply to the deserter -he replied some
waiat amabiguously thAt lie 'had not got
it " and hurried off as fast as he could in
the direction of the Sheriff's offlce "to get
it." He got it, arrested iis maun anti
brought hiin to tPhiladelphia. W hen W-)yle
reached the lieadqiarters it was about
three o'clock, His conirlales welcomed
him, shit they were glad toibee hiu,rushed
him upsiatrs and chained himu to the bed,
posting a sentry outdo to shio-> ham if he
Lrind to emi ) i .i WAi1t oy Va0
neceeshr K* i %ioi0 iria
direction. The heavy t~ead of the sentry
and the occasional bang (f his musket on
the floor did their best to inform Iloyle
that lie was not at a fair. As the exact
chronology of his prQcedlings can only he
told by himself a large part, of them have
to be guessed at. It is certain that tie
began by working sonic screws and divid.
iig the bedsteua into two parts. It is
thought that lils next auuve was to tie it
securely to hs body, so that when lie
jaumped neitner he nor the bedbtead should
a each tho ground firtit, which would have
entailed cousiderable jolting. A few
scraps of rope which lie uiroturi the room
tend to coadria this beihef. The desoeti,
of tle man, hampered as he was by the
piece of Iedstead, vihich is some ttiree
feet by two and a half feet square, seems
Undeaneath the window at a distance of
fourteenl feet is a slhppery and infirmu
wooden shed belonging to the yard o1 a
horise in the rear of the military rendez
vouis. IHe must have jumped on to this,
which feat in iteelf was perilous. The
roof is covered with 1mo53ssand frost and
looks utusthing but a safe resting place.
From the shed heo evidienitly leaped on the
haird bricks of the yard, twenty-two feet
more. Toou- yard Is surrounded by a
wooden fence some elOee feet in helgnt,
which seemns to be unchimbal'e even il
the climiber were not. handcullfed aand ac
complafnied by a bedbt.ial, it was just 5
o'clock. when the escape was nmade. This
was just the time when every one b.it the
sentry was at tea. It was thought that, on
reaching the ground Rfoyle must have been
'issistedi by friends, it is imnposdble,
however, that any one iouild have cimbed
up to the room trom without. T'he wonder
is that Ro~yle was not, seen oitheor by soime
one in t he coitrt at the tear or by persons
in the houases.
About a year ago i'>yle oepod fromn
the police atation at Allentown, where ho
was confined for a trifling offenee, in a
similar way. Uiad he iiot 10d ho would
lhave been sent to the Jefferson Barracks,
dt. Lsouis, anid tried by court-.martli. The
usual punishmient is five or six years'
impirisoinment, wich is generally reduced
to half Dy the judge advooate. Tihe de
sertion is thei tlli this year in the distract,
in which k'illadelphuia Is inoluded.
The unida or Wintang.
'There is not so muob fainting in pub
lie as there was thirty gaa ago. Bound
healthi, which necessarily secures the
firm niervos and musces, is the surest
preventive of fain Lnest. An exchange
remarks that the mnobriiy of vigorous
mein -go through ail kuds-of severe and
painful experience without fainting,
while delieate men a d women swoon
at trifles. Amierioan ocmen, who used
to faint continualiy-i4 crowds, at bad
fnews, at scones of di tres--now faint
compmaratively seldom; ad .the fact is
ascribed to their rel quishment, for'
the most port, of the hbit of lacing, to
their increased exercis in the open air,
and their better phy ical conditions.
Not one American won m faints to-day,
whor e thirty years a o, twenty -Alv
women fainted and th diminution of
the disorder, always th resuU of direct
causes, is an unistnable evidenoe,
which other thing. o: roborate% of the
marked amlioration iii thbalth of
the- Ighly orgae, nommely) .easm'
tive, but de1ile aa xduming weaer,.
o5 f ut'Oompntrace,
The Life of a Pilot,
The brotherbood of Delawaro ba
and river pilots is cbmposed of abou
ninety active, sturdy, weather-beaten
danger-daring men, whose ages rang
between twenty five and seventy-fly
years, and some of whom have continu
ously pursued their useful, even Indis
ponsable, calling for nearly half a een
tury. The writor Is fresh from a socia
chat with one of the oldest, best-known
and most experienced of those hardj
men, who conduct vessels from tiu
open sea through the dangerous shoall
and wrecking spota of the Dolaware bao
and river, to their docks along the rive1
front of the city of Philadelphia. Th4
name of this old pilot is Lester D
Shellinger, and for over forty years h4
has been engaged in piloting vessels uj
and down the Delawiare river and bay
and his father did the same thing be.
fore him. For the pant t'wenty years
however, he has alternated piloting witt]
being Captain of City lee Boats. Cap
tain Schollinger resides at No. 120
Queen street, and it wt a there the wvi
ter received from him the infoiniat-ion
embodied in this article.
Captain Schellinger wais asked:
"'What is the course of training to
quality a mau to become a regular
"What we call 'pilot boys,'" was the
response, "have to serve a regular up.
pronticeslip of six years to soi ol,
experienced pilot. That is, they have
to aLiost live Oin pilot-boats, and ate
studyiug and observing all the time.
'ihen they are required to miake'thirty
two trips up and down the river and
bay in squaro-rigged vessels hoforo their
time is out. After going through thi
the pilot-boy is taken boloro a conmuit.
tee of the Port Wardens and a board of
pilot-exainers, and if he is found to ho
bright and capable he obtains what we
onli a 'twelve-foot brinchi,' and he
keeps that for eightoen mouths. Ho is
then exaMnmed ag.ti, and if f>unid 01m
potent he gats a 'tirst-clais britohi,' aid
is a full pilot. 1'st of the pilot-boys
are sons of (old pilots, and thoy have
generally a natural aptitudo fior the
'"1-ow are pilots licensed?"
"I'ho Pennsylv-nia pilota and Dela
ware pilota are now working in opposi
Lion to each other to some extent. For
over 100 years all the Do!awaro bay
pilots obtained their liconsao from the
State of P0-mylvania, l1,t the last
Po-unsy Ivania l is43ailature ont Idowu tihe
rates about 4 per ceant., and thein the
Delaware pilots had a law passod giving
them the old rates. Whten a pilot goes
down stream he gets $8.00 per foot
(water diaplacouiouat). The highost rato
up froml the sea in $1,16 per foot and
Winter pitotage used to be $10 extra,
but that is taken away now iltlmonubg
the Delaware pilots got the old wintor
rates yet. Pennsylvania pilots must
work by ]Pennsylvania law."
"'How ubout pilot boats?"
"There are four pilot-boats owned by
Pennsylvania pilots. Two of them cost
over $18,000 each and the other two
$8,000 each. Tnere are two Dolaware
noats, making six in all. When a pilot
boat goes out she has a regular crew of
six men, and six pilots are allowed to go
on her to hnut jo- s. The first pilot on
the list gota the first job, and the others
follow in rotation. $omet.mes in fair
weather these boats go as far as sixty
miles out-to sea looking for incoming
foreign vessels, but as a general rule
they cruise -about the Five Fathom
Lightship. Tney remain on the watch
day and night and in all kinds of
weather. Whieu a vessel takes onr board
a pliot he has full enarge, and his pay
is acoording to the dralt of water of the
vessel. Tihat is, if the vessel draws 18
feet the pilot gets $4. 16 per foot from
12 feet up, aiid ens-third of what he
receives goes to the pilot-boat for her
support. When a pilot takes a vessel
out to sea he pays $5.00 for what is
called 'the take-ohtf boat,' to bring him
bacik in port again, if the veesol is a 20.
feet boat, and he pays $4.00 up to 20
feet. It costs considerable money to
keep these pilot-boats in first-class cono
dition, and they must be kept in
splendid order for the servioe they have
to peo form.''
Aliuding to the knowledge possessed
by Delaware bay pilots and the care
and skill they have to exercise in brmng
ing a vessel safely into port from the
sea, Captain Soh~ollinger remarked:
"A regulair pilot must be perfeotly
familiar with Delaware bay and river
from the Capes to the city. By day or
night and in all kinds of weather he
must be able to thread his way safely
through the water and with as much
confidenee as you woul go along the
street on the way to your home. The
pilot must have a muinte knowledge of
every shoal, every channel, light
houses and lights of all kinds, sound
ings, bearings, e., in the bay and
river, and hie must (ro to speak) be able
tio see the bottom s his vessel ploughs
throughr the water, e. must be able to
perfectly work a square-rigged vessel,
and must have complete knowledge of
everything connected with the tides."
"Describe generally the pilotage of a
vessel from the open sea outside the
Capes to the port of Phihlelphia."
"When a pilot-tOoat while oruising
sights a vessel signzallng for a pilot,
hien skiff Is lowered, and( the pilot
whose turn it is is rowed t. tihe vessel,
and wvhen once on board he takes; comi
mnand, It is sometimes bauardous work
to get from the pilot-beat to the vessel
to be pi oted, for you 'must remember
the pilot is bon to answer the sum
mns for is~ ussistance, 119 inatter
whether it be day or night time, or
whether the sea is rough or calm. Too
only thing that would prevent a pilot
f-rom taking the sma'.I boat, and going to
the vessel that needed him, woald bei
the almost oortainty that the~ boat could
not live in the sea that might be run
ning at the timne. A pilot, ,howvever1
will take to th'~ small boat and reach
bIs boat lin safit, when a less experi.
ened than .wquli take It for panted
that the b~okt would ii swatn04 The
'.gnaillag for palote at nighat timeo i
done getierally b:i what we call Aash
lts. whielt ean be adari four or liva
iles away, but steamers usually send
1 up rockets when a pilot is wanted, and
r they can be seen a long way off from
L the dock of th3 pilot-boat. When a
, pilot takes charge of a vessel out at
L) sea to bring her Into port, he makes for
3 the Five-Pathom Banic, out from the
- mouth of the bay, and on which there
- Is a lightship. Then he looks for the
. 'MoOrea Shoal,' between the light-ship
I and the 'ovorfalls,' which spot is off
, Cape May at the mouth of the channel;
r but if south lie guides for 'Fenwiok's
i Island Shoal,' twenty miles south of
;Honlopen. He must know just where
r dangerous places are by day and night
r and he feels his way by night time by
) various bearings and the constant use
of the lead. when1 Imiaide the Ogiw
there are numorous shoals on both"
sides to avoid, and the compass and
load are constantly in demand. Be.
tween Cape May, or the 'overfalls' and
Bombay Hook, the pilot encounters
the 'Brown Shoal,' on the west side,
the 'Flogger Shoal,' on the same side,
and on the eastern side, above the
'Brandywino Shoal,' is the 'Mire Maull
Shoal,' and then the 'Cross Ledge
Lighthouse and Shoal.' Then comes
the 'Ben Davis oyster bed,' close to the
channel on the east sid, and just below
Bombay Hook is the "Od John Shoal.'
There is a light-house at B.mbay
Hook, and from the latter place to the.
port of Philadelphia are numerous
shoals, all of which are well known to
"How much can a rogu'.ar pilot make
per annum at the present rate?"
"Pilots are not at all well paid now
when you considor tho k'nowledge they
must POPsesR, and the exposod lives
they lead. The ratoi are low, and
about two years ago the merohants got
a bill passed which rednoed their pay
about 40 per cent. A regular pilot now
can scarcely averago more than $800 per
annumin, and wo used to make from
$1,500 to $1,800 a year. It costa a
great deal to keep the pilot-boats in
orier, and one of then has lately gone
out on a cruise on which $600 was spent
for sails, riggirg, and necessary tuimga
of difhfrent kinds. For the past six
months many pilots have not had more
than ono vessel per month, and some
times they even cruise for two or three
weeks at i time without getting a vos
"What ago is.the oldest active pilot?*"
"William Marshal is the oldest no
tive regular pilot, and he is past seventy.
Ilve yoi'rs of ago, He goes out regularly,
and kueps in good plysical condition.
The old pilots, as a general thing, are
toiorably hado, hearty men, and the
main trouble they have is rhoumatism."
"How about disastors, accidents,
"Disastors and accidents aro quite
or Iwoeluy yeaur- - immu&E,4 1UUG 5%
on yellow-fovor vessels, and some of
them havo caught that disease. I have
had charge of yellow-fover vessols more
A Western RiUe.
ilhere are two of us-two womou--sour
rying along one of the ragged streets of a
Territorial capital as fast as the shaggy,
onc-eyed pony attached to the wide seated
phaeton could carry us, our destioation a
settlement tweityV-fv miles farther up the
Missouri. it. Ii midumner of. 1881 and
the sun was just rising as we reached the
outskirts of the city. The air was s-t
and cool, and fragrant with au odor dlf
fised by the blooming plaIns. Striking
the prairie road, nve sped onward, leaving
behind us the little white town, which 1ay
nestled among the elustering hills, the
ocar, radlliant sunrise dmed only by the
simoke of a river ateamner rising dark against
the rosy sky. 1L was lovely in its sum
mner morning freshness, that green water
less sea, which spread wIth a mighty
sweep away to the far, far nortLa and the
snowy ranges of the wvest.
The hour, the air, andu all this lbvellness
had a suibtle elf sct upon mny companion
and myself. LeanIng back in our seat, we
permItted the horse to Jog along as he
chose while we sought to drink n the splr
it of the scone, so that we might, remember
it forevot'. Thie enlire absence of fences,
whInch tdhe herd laws render unnecessary,
mnspirc~a one with the same delightful sense
of freomn as being far out upon tho deep
with no hand In sight. Somctlimes we saw
a dininutive farm house, which looked as
iho)ugh it might, have tumbled from the
clouds, so solitary and out of place tIL
seemevd. There It stood wkthlout a vine to
slhter it,-a target for the mnidasumer
sun, a toy for the winter tempests. But,
the stuirdy, bravo hearted ploncoer may look(
fromi has door anti see fortune smiling at
hn from his broad, fertile acres. Ah,
what p)ossibilitionR lie In that glorlous coun.
tryl A hundred and sixty acres of the bestL ]
land im the world may be had by the mana
who Is couaragteous enough to set hIs face
to the western sun and1 there turn the vjrs.
gla soil, There Is rogmn for all ish that
broad, new ecuni~i,"and secure prosperIty
rm those who press on to these goals with
stout lioarts and unflinchIng purpose.
Recent writers trace the origin of the
violin to the Indian Ravanastron, yet
played by the poor Buddhist monks,
wvho go bogging from door to door, and f
it Is traditionally believed to have been
thie invention of Ravana, King of Oey
lon, 5000 BI. C. From thme Ravanastron
sprang the gonudok of .1-ussia and the
erawvth of Wales-the latter in use be
fore thc sixth ~otury-both of whioh
seem to have differed from the later
iinstrumentjs of the same tribe in having
the upper surfacee of the bridge flat, so
that all the striings had probably to be
sounded at once. Th'Je viol was the
more immediaute procurs(or of the violin t
aiid of its relatives of deeper pitch the s
violoncello andu the double brass. Chaim
bers's (Oyolopzedia says. "The vioi is to
be seen represented on monumouts as
far back as the close of the eleventh f,
century. Violins were mentioned as
early as 1200 in the legendary life of 2
St Ohristopher. Thy were Introduced .i
into England, uogeo eay, by Charles U,"
Keep such omtpany as G3od keeps. t
Old foxes are caught at last,
Open deep? Uavitq thieves,
Frettla~g cares'ozeate gtg Mei&a
Keep your hand out of the fir,..sad.
vouraAsif out of anatre1.
F. W. HABENICHT,
Proprietor of the
I respectfully call the attention of th a
public to my superior facilities for sup.
plying everythinj 11 my line, of uprr
quality. Starting Rbusiess in WinnA
boro in 1876, I have in all this time
given the closet attention to my busi
ness and endeavored to make my estab
lishnient FIRST-CLASS in every par
ticular. I shall in the future, as in the
past. hold myself ready to serve my
customers with the best artioles thatcau
be procured in any market. I shall
stand ready, also, to guarantee every
article I sell.
I invite an Inspection of my stock of
Wines, Liquors, Tobacco, Cigars, etc.
F. W. HABENICHT.
Scotch Whiskey (Ramsey'li).
A. Bin Laubert and Marat Cognao
Rotterdam Fish Gin.
lHoss's Royal Ginger Ale,
Jules Mumm & Co.'s Champagne.
Cantrol & Cochran's Ginger Ale.
Apollinaris Mineral Water.
Old Sherry Wine.
Old Port Wine.
Old Cabinet Rye Whiskey.
Old Schuylkill Rye Whiskey.
The honorable Rye Whiskey.
1(Abb~nod atCAIr'yWate~eY. -
Jesse Moore Vollmer Rye Whiskey,
)Id N. 0. Sweet Mash Corn Whiskey.
Old Stone Mountain Corn Whiskey.
Western Corn Whiskey.
Virginia Mountain Peach Brandy.
Now-England (French's) Rum.
North Carolina Apple Brandy.
Pure Blackberry Brandy.
Pure Cherry Brandy.
Pure Ginger Brandy.
Boston Swan Gin.
Rook and Bye.
lergner & Engel's Lager Beer, In patent
stopper bottles and on draught.
few Jersey Sweet, Sparkling Cider.
'ohu, Bock & Rye, Lawrence & Martin.
Rook and Corn.
Digars and Tobacco
Syndicate Cigar, 5 conts.
The Huntress Cigar, 2j cents.
dadcline Cigar-All Havana-10 cents.
)on Carlos (Nub)-all Havana--.10 cents
4inerva Cigar--Havana filler.-5 cents.
~leek Cigar-Havana filler-5 cents.
)ur Boast Cigar-Havana filler-5 centa
inoky Hit Cigar--Havana filler--S cents.
'ho Unicum Self-Lighting Olgarotte,
(Amber monlth..jiee to every
The Plokwick Club Cigarette,
Thle ichminond Gem Cigarette,
ilia Dily Billiard and~ Pool Par
lorl la Twn..
ICES ICE! ICE!
An-abundance always on hand for tho
se of my customers. I wil also keop a
IFISII, OYSTERS, &O.,
r my Restaurant, wlaich is always
pen from the flrat of September to the
rat of April.
I shall endeavor to please all who give
ie a call.
- PPOSITE POSTOFFOC