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TI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO. S. JANUARY 25. 1883. ESTABLISHED 1847
TiE GREAT LONC LAND.
I wandered alone and afar
' On the plalu of the north, and my eye
Waa.caught by the blase of a star
That shot through the pitiless sky.
The coldneMs of death was below,
The stillness of death is the air,
Save that over the wild wasto of snow.
The wolf poured tile howl of despair.
And strlclieu and weary I trkd,
Searce daring to gao into. space
Till tho.piful wercy of God,
Came falling in tears on my face.
But the meteor had passed anl was gone I
Ah, whither? in vain shall i seek?
I stand in the dread night alone,
And the voice of my soul strives to speak;
But it falters, and falls back unspoken,
And dies like the wolf howl afar.
Theo e.od-lights of life are all broken,
And I am a wreck like the star I
TIE 4AAMLICIL'S W EVE ..
"Wlkat new beauty have we here
Carl ?" I asked, taking a small colore<
picture from among the massof papers
yamphlets, wrapping-paper, etc., tha
covered the table and 9loor of the libra
ry, and which would have told plainl)
enough to all acquaintances that Car
was at home once more, arter this hiu
longest remble in foreign lands, yit
out the oorrbborating testimony of oigam
smoko, or the lounging figure in the oh
Jiortiis brother of mino never spen
over six months of the year in the beau
tiful- country home of his. childhood
giving tlio other six to whatever plac
or people promised most entertainmen
on sliort notice. Tbe last three monthi
had been spent in Paris, so I coujeet
ured the little gem of art I held in my
hand was a French beauty; the purc
outlines and exquisite complexion look.
ing most lifelike as they smiled up a
me from the tinted card. But notwitti
standing the great beauty of contour
nd feature, there was a trightonod, al
most hunted look in the dark eyes that
told of tragedy, or at least anticipated
"Who is she, Carl? The eyos affeci
me strangely, with their wild, frighten
ed look. 'hore is a reig-a of terror in
them equal to the one her ancestorn
passed through. I almost see the
shadow of the guillotine in their velvotj
"Let me see; ah, my littlo sister, may
you never know so hard a fate as this
poor girl encountered and succumbed
to. No, she is not French-a Rustimn,
but married to a Frenchman." And
Carl took the picture froum my hand and
placed is on a small easel above his
desk. "I will tell you abouther, Louio,
if you have an hour, and I will tell why
I told you.
"It was while Tom Barnes was with
me last June, and when we left Versail
les for Paris, that I first saw Madam
Litterre-though 1 think the name an
absumed one. We had to run to pre
vent being left, I remember, and Bornea.
out of humor because of it, plunged
his face nto his book and left me to my
"As soon as I was comfortably set
tled 1, as usual, began smiutinizing my
tra oiling companions, and trying te
imagine who and what, they were. There
were four besides ourselh es in the car
riage. One a quiet, middle-aged Eng
lishman, who was soon asleep in his
corner. The two wno sat next, myself
were <.vidently husband and wife,
though he paid her none of the atten
tion and politeness usually accorded in
public, even it <tispesed with privately.
He was a pale, quiet man of twenty
live, perhaps, richly but quietly dress.
od. and seemingly taking nonotice. ol
any one around him. T'he wife, too
was pale, and much as she looks ther<
in thatt little picture.
"Shie seemed to be sufferineg, and fro
quently put her hand to her forehead
and I observed upon the delicately
formed, ungloved baud a costly diamond,
It was a eauty ; and 1 enjoyed looking
at the flashing gem as she caressed
small $nglishi dog thait often looked ur
at heri wvith alfectionaite recognition.
"The other passenger I could noi
make out at all. He was elderly, comn
monly dressed, and with scant gray ban
and heavy wvhiskers. His piercing eyce
were frequently placed on the silen
young miarriedt couplle, and then he
seetned ia utterly oblivious of them at
they of him. What was his nationahityi
Was ho with them, or a stranger like
myself ? I could iiot toll. And the mort
I looked the more uncertain I became
1 thought, too, there seemed ain effor'
at disguise. He kept ins face' averte<
all lie could, coi'sistenit wilth his watch
fulness of tile quiet young husband tha
lie at times eyed no very p)ersisteiutly.
"We spedl along over the beautitul
iroad, eachi absorbed in his own reflec
tions, broken only by an occasional lov
sigh from the lady, and soon arrived a
our destimation. The train stopped
and as none of my companions shouwe<
any disposition ', move first, I1 aroutse<
Barnes from the depths of his romance
aiid we leit the carriage.
'"Dinner over, we wvent to the theatre,
and afterwa'rd, by the persuasion of a
friend, to a private gambling-house. .
was greatly surprised on entering t<
see my eleriy tiavelling comipanlioi
seatea at the tathe, his eyes and man.
ner lieen as ever, andl eep in a gamie :
iougc-e.neir. It wvas early yet, anI
very tew people were present ; but cv
cry souind was hushiod, and the gam<
weht on in dead sjlenlce, brokoin onlly bj
the veicos of the dealers onlhiing the re
suIt oh the games, and the ratihing 0
tne gold as it was raked from one to an
other. The old man seenmed, in luel
for the time being, and won every game
I thought a gleam of saisfation shone
or his face as the door opened an<
our other travelling acquaintance fron
Versailles-the quiet, careless husban<
-ntered and sic t down to play.
"I did niot play that nighmt, and'-m
whole attention wvay given to those two
The young man lost from the first deal
Rouleau after-rouleau was swept fron
the table by his watchful old opponent
but still he played on, The large suma
he lost, and his pale, elx(ited face, deep
ly iterested me, and.[ stayed cii an<
watohed him until :late at mught, Whea
he left, his last Napoleon gone,
"Aftt Banpning 1 a Omealihaa
went back to my room at the hotel, bu
for some cause could not sleep. Th
):eat was oppressive, andnyroomsmall
besides, the game I had been watchini
had excited me strangely, and I onl
fell into a troubled sleep near morning
- "I was awakenect about daylight b:
voices in the adjoining room-those o
a man and woman, evidently. The man'i
voice was low and pleading, and the we
mani seemed to be crying. I coult
heatr enough to understand t at she wai
refusing him some request, for his tone
became loud avd threatening, and a
last I heard him say :
" 'If you refuse me, you seal my ruia
and your own. I have no more gold
and I must have the diamonds to re
"Hysterical sobs were the only an
swer he received,- and he continued :
"Something tells me I shall m in to
night, and I must have the ring.'
"Never, Charles I I cannot give it up
It is all I have left. It was my mother's
and I will not let it leave me."
"The man's voice was so choked witl
passion that his words were inarticulate
but with a blirst of wild anger he left
slamming the door after him, Thi
woman's sobs became lower, her cryin
ceased, and I fell into another nap, no
waking until near ten.
'.'I saw neither of my gambling ac
quaintances that day, and the nigh
found me again in Monsieur Carlo'
rooms. The old man was again o
hand-not satisfied, I thought, with ii
winungsof the night before-and agala
I saw a gleam of satisfaction cross hit
face as his victim of the previous even
ing came in and got ready to play.
" 'Make your game -the game i
made up I' cried the dealer, and wai
about to deal the cards, when the young
man who had just entered calkd out
in a loud voice :
" 'Fifty Napolcons upon the red I'
"Seeing ho placed no money upon the
table, the croupier paused a moment
then said :
"iir, you must stake the money.
The gambler started and turned pale:
than over, a long, shuddering sigh
broke from him as he felt first in one
pocket, then in another, and finally
grasped his hat and fled from the room.
The playing went on for a while longer,
and then one by one they went out,
leaving only the attendants, the old,
keen eyed gambler and myself present
Something-an indefinable feeling o:
interest in the unhappy young mar
who had left the house in such despaii
a short time before-held me there. 1
must see if he returned.
"Suddenly the door opened, and he
ran in, as fleeing fov his life, I shal
never forget that Right, Louie. Hie
face was ghastly, his dress disordered,
and he trembled as though with ague,
As he rushed up to the table, in the
strong glare of the lights, I saw great
drops of perspiration standing on hiN
brow. He thrust his hand in his pocket
and tossed a ring down before his op.
" 'There I it is worth ten thousand
francs. Now cover my stakes,'lie cried.
"I instantly recognized the beautiful
diamond as the one his wife had worn
in the cars, and the conversation I had
beard that morning came back to my
memory, and I know my fellow-travel
lers were the man and woman I had
heard disputing in the early morulni
hours. But lie had succeeded in over
coming her determination, for he had
the ring, and my heart ached for the
poor wife as I wondered how he had
" 'Red I bet on the red 1' agai
shouted the young man; and in a mo
ment the croupier called 'Black wins 1'
and the ring was no honiger his.
"With a wild cry the wretched loser
fled from the house ; and, completely
unmanned by what I had seen, I return
ed to my hotel, hoping the young mail
would soon follow me.
"I found them all--travellers, pro.
prictor and servants-wild withi excite
ment over the murder of the beautifu:
Russian lady. An hour before he2
mid had gone to her room, and Icuni
her deluged in blood from a wound is
her head, and dead. T1he husband hai
been in, and left some few moments be
fore. I went up to her apartment, anc
to the bed where she lay. Her exqui
site face wvas fairer than in life, for it
had lost the uuhappy look, and seemet
at pecace. As I turned to leave th<
room I saw this picture among a heal
of things turned out of a man's travel
t ling,ocase, and appropriated it. Pr'oba
bly the husbaud had tossed it there ir
his search for some valuablos to risk at
"T1he miserablo man took his life be
fore lhe was apprehended for his crime
and the old gambler who, firat in oni
disguise, then in another, had followe<
the easily-duped victim from city t<
t city and won many thousands fron
t him, left Paris before the bus band and
wife were carried to their last restir~g
place in the beantiful burying.-grount
where his forefathers slept.
"Ljouie, this is why I refitsed to play
even with Howard, last evening..
have never touched eards since, and:
never can again."
The Lakeo Trade.
While some steam craft are yet in comn
mission, the carrying trad~e en the lake
-for 1882 Is practically ended, The num
bor of lives lost and the list of dIsasters
great and smnail, are less than in nmost pre
vius years. Bingle instances of casuaultiec
attendurt with the loss of more than hal i
dozen lives have been rare. 'The notabl<
exceptions are the burnmng of the steame:
Mainitoulini and the foundering of the Ash
both .of which occurred in Georgian Bay
13y the former on May 18ih between 34
and 40 lhves were lost, while by the latte
over 100 persons arc supposed to have per.
ished. Lesser noteworthy casualties oc
curred on Thanksgiving day, when eigh
men perished on the Canadian shore o
Lake Ontario near Picton, andl on Laki
Michigan, when the burning of the steam
*barge Peters occurred, caused the loss o
18 hives. The total number of aceidednt
and disasters of all classes is about 101 he
the season, with a loss of not far fron1 17,
Silenc, n Tap.
The latest wonder of the world b
been discovered in the Yellowsto
Park, by a porson named James Caro
who is said to be a reputable citizen
r Holona, Montana Oarroll says that
was in a deep gorge. Around him w
a scone of grandeur, towetiug cliffs ai
verdant vegetation. le sAt down
wait for his friend,, wlio were to folk
him into the gorgo, Everything w
quiet. The stillness was oppressi
He dotormined to break the silence, b
- le soon found that hie could not ma]
oven a crack in it. He called on I
friends. He called again, and neal
shouted the top of his head off, but :
ceu!d not hear the sound of his ol
voice. A panther was passing. Carr
seized his rifle, and fired at the animi
Smoke came out of the rifle, and t
panther crawled away wounded ai
bleed.ag, but no report.came from ti
rifle; no sound reached Carroll's eai
If Carroll's statement was not substa
tiated by the evidence of others, i
would believe that lie was sufferi
-from a temporary deafness, or whiske
or that lie had cotton in his ears, b)
that hypothesis won't work, for 1:
friends followed him into the gorge, a:
there they all stood and became red
the face, and got sore throats, in th<
effortN to have vocal communicati<
with each other. But not a sound cou
they hear. The place was so pack
full of siloee that they could not heni
pin drop, and they had to use signs a]
the dea; and dumb alphabot to expre
their astonishment, They explain tb
some peculiarity in the atmosphe
there makes it anon-contluctorof soun
If this is true, and we have no reason
doubt the statement of Carroll and I
companions, a long-felt want will 1
supplied. Companies will be charteri
to can this valuable atmosphere, or
saw it off in lougtbs, pack it in saw-di
and ship it to the busy haunts of men
the East. In families whore there is
baby, a barrel of it can be kept in t]
corner of the bodroomi. By turning t
faucet the wail of the infant will I
heard no more. Think of the soothbi
effect of a keg of it turned loose in
ward meeting I A person might squi
a syringe full of Yellowstone Park i
mosphere on aii organ-grinder, and :
his soothing strains in a moment won
be but "a melancholy o6ndonsed to ait
or some bold man might go to, an
Talinage's church, with a can of silone
and a patent can-opener in lus pock(
and the result would be that the scrm<
of the elegant contortionist 'would be
voiceless pantomime. We have order
a keg of ir, for own use, and it makes 1
smile to think of the embarrassmei
that will clothe, as with a garment. til
first man who comes into the offico
read us "a little thing lie dashed off Ina
night," and finds himself surrounded I
the 'silence of the tomb as lie cla%
around in search of his voioa.
A flne. stately tree is the cbeutnut, at
long-lived; but its wood, unless it is cut
youth, is tar inferIor to oak. if it is ci
before it baa reached 40 or 50 years
timber is exceedingly sotund, but, after thi
period its heart, becomes deceitful at
brittle. 'When it is let to stand beyor
its full growth,' says a writer on treeP,
is the worst of all timber, being apt
crack and fly ito splhnters.' One variel
,of the chestnut produces swee', nuts : LI1
French and Itahtabs roast and eat thier
Tihe trees wvhich produce this sort of fot
are called sweet chestnuts. They do0 n<
yield line nuts except they are grown in
warmer climate than ours: they thri'
best where grapes ripen ouit of doors. TI
country of Devon, however, does produ<
this fruit, fairly large in size and good
quality. The finest chestnuts, it is saic
arc Imported from Spain.
One favored spot, where the chestmi
grows to perfection, is Valamubrosa, In i1
Apenmnines. Another spot where this tra
flourishes is Etna: here is the world-famm
'Chestnut of a, Hlindred UCavalers,' so l
ed, because that, number of hiorse'meni, wI
were escorting a high-born lady to Naple
took shelter under its canopy at one tint
Its girth in 1770 was 204 feet, bitt
eetemd as If It wvere a clump of five tre
all in one. The chositnuit seemns t alike
Inmountain aide. Olympus was once near
shaded by theae trees, 'it Is a delIcate tre
as was provedl by the great frost of 170
This severe weather followtng on lien'
rains, destroyed whole groves of chestnt
trecs in F~rance.
We have already said the chestntut
most valuable for its timber in youth 'L
no one be afraid of cutting it too 3oung
says a great authority on trees. Even
the age of 50 years It will be found 'rmnj
shaky' within. liut it, is a very valuall
tree 'when felled before its prime. It
much used for the manufacture of wi
casks. It is said that wIne, In these ha
. rels, ferments slowly, and bais no unpic
sant taste of wood, and the timber re-i,
the dry rot so common in celiars. Ulici
nut wood is also very useful for posts a:
The foreigners use the leaves for sttufill
their beds and for littering cattle.
We have no idea in our country of ti
great use of chedttuts to the poor man
the south of France and the north of Ital
Trho nuts are ground, and from the fib
arc made thick fiat cakes, paOrrlge, ai
*sweetmeats. Uhestnut flour will ke
good for many years if put in sond a
tight casks. Bugar, too, is made from 11
chestnut fruit. The ti eo is saidi to ha
come originally from Asia Minor, andi
fruit waa well,-known its the 'Sardis nut.
.. The oldest ana largest chestnut in a
'country is that on Liord Ducie's estate
Tortworth. It is supposed to have be
r nlanted by the -lRomane. It is cited
I 'the Old Chestnut' in writings made ''m t
lreign ot King John.,
Lous Napolnoofs Strategy.
a It was A02 of th6 eelt.delu'sions of
Ie Napoleon III that he.had inherited his
li, uncle's genius as a strategist, and he had
of been guilty of the ,extreme folly of
he drawing up at Paris a plan of the
as Crimean campaign, as imbecile in con
id coption as it was impossible of exe6t
to tion, When it reached Ooneral Canro
ow bort he communice1td it to Lord Raglan,
as according to instructions recoived, and
e. the disciple of Wellington found no
ut difficulty in pointing out its defeels for
te the reconsid:ration of the Emperor. It
is was for the catrrying out of tbis schome
ly that the concentration of the French
10 troops were ordered. TL: famousse eme
rn was that 60,000 troops, half of them
>11 French and half Turkish under the com
j.* mand of General Borquot and Omer
ic Pasha, should blockade Sebastopol,
id without attempting to press the siege
i any further; that 55,000 troops half of
*. them English and half Sardinian and
. Turkish, under the command of Lord
ve Ragian, should cover the blockading
ig force from the mouth of the Tobernaya
Y to Balakiava, and that 40,000 French
ut troops, reinforced by 25,000 more
i French troops, then at Constanlinople,
I under 'he command of General (anro
in bert, etould embark for Alutcha, and
ir march to Simpheropcl, which town they
M 'ould easily seize, by a coup do main,
Id and hold as the French capital of the
d Crimea, whence the whole peainsula
a would be gradually taken possession of.
id Lord Ragian curtly remarked, after a
9s perusal of the paper, that the blockad
at ing force would be driven int.o the sea
re by the sorties of a garrison twice as
t, strong as itself ; that the covering force
to could not hold a position whose flank
is was turned by the garrisoa ; and that
>e tho expeditionary force might tako
rd Simpheropol, but that a nearer base of
to operations for Sebastopol would be
at formed at Baghtsheh Serai. He then
in politely handed back the precious docu
a ment to General Canrobort, and never
1 alluded to the matter again. The stars
1 must nave erred in determining the lot
3 of Napoleon III, who had in reauty none
of those qualities which are usually ro
a garded as the conditions of either mili
rt tary or imperial greatness. He pos
t- sessed a smattering of several branches
ill of learning, and a thorough acquaintance
with none, but he was so blinded by
conceit as to be incapable of ever per
ceiving that he labored ander an error,
Sant, even when his sagacity wais most
t' evidently at fault, his self-complacency
)n remained unshaken. All that ho looked
a for in such a case was a convenient way
? out of the troubles which he had
brought about for himelf and others.
t In this instance the way out of tlieni was
found for him,
to A 'ra
y Iereatter the thoughtfu-min-led CiiZfn.
V in view of a recent ocuirience, will give
heed and car to the merry. inerry tramnp
who acc'osts him with the lcI story of
"Just a little assistance until I hear from
home, where I have considerablo money
due me." some such Yarn as this always
accompanied the frequent demandis a tramp
(named Jahn Whalen n.ado upon DistrictL
Attorney-elect J. D. Sullhvan, of San
Ft~ranciaco. Tramp Whalen generally
ts"struck" for two bits at a tIme and waus
it both consibtent and persistent ia his story
(Iwhichi was this: He claimed to ihave a
ismnal fortune awaiting him in Englaud,
itwhich could be secured by any one knowi.
:~ lng how to legally claim it for him. The
'f ellow stuck to it with such earnestness
0that Mr. Sullivan at last conclued that
it was worth the time and psaeof n
letter to England. This lhe wroe. and
awhile he waited an answer Tramp WhalenI
amet the tate conmmon to city trampa-he
was arrested as a vagrant. A letter was
ereceived by Mr. Sulbivan containing the
surprising information that the described
SWhalen was entitled to ?5,000, or, in the
' denomination Mr. Sullivan is accustomed
to includle in his own accounts, $25,000.
t This, of course, placed Tramp Whalen
eC in the light of a citizen whose whereabouts
e it was~ desirable to learn. The letter con
'( tined an eaurnest request that Mr. Sullivan
lshould forward his peculiar client to Eng
o0 land int once. The attorney set about
s, hunting up the peripatetic Whalen and
e- was not mutch surprised to Iern that hie
i.was in the gloomy shades of the Central
Us Police Station, awaiting sentence as a
a "vyg.,' The plot worked admirably, Just
ly as the attorney, as lie would in a play,
e, was preparing to rush to his distressed
P- client, with the $25,000 information, enter
'y a messenger with a prepaid cablegram
it transferring $500 for Whalen's expenses
to England. Armed with this, enter Sulli
is van in P'olice Court No, 2. Whalen,
eit rcgged, dirty, dejected, but calm, sat In
,' the prisoner's dock. Judge Rtosenbaum
lit had just fixed his judicial eye upon the
-- "vag,'' in montal debate whether to give
le hinm twenty days in the County Jil, or
is three months in the House of Correction,
0- where his abihities could bo0 turned to tno
*r- making of country roads, 'The attorney,
a- with proper dramatic effects, explained
its the situation to the Court. The Court
t- reoliected, and the poetry or dramatic
d( unities or something occurring to him, the
Court ordered the "vag's" discharge on
)g condition that he leave the city and county
of San Francisco witnin 24 houms. Agreed,
me Exit attorney and tramp.
in Whalen was fitted out with an entire
y. suit of new clothes, gave himself a sumr
ur p risc with a bath and a shave, and, as Mr.
id Sullivan rxpresses it, "Hie actually did.
ip not know himself.'' lHe visited several
ir- of his old haunts, restaurants wl'ere lhe:
to had begged meals, etc., and was lookod
re upon as a thief in his new outfit. He left
ti for England on the overland train 'via New
at --The Mint officers note an almost
en unprecedented and' presistent demand
as for silver dimes. D~mes aro now made
he only from 8, 5 and 20 *ent ecies and
rnblatei quaatora. a I,. s,
A Waterer on Meat.
Fresh meat of overy description shouh
be hung up in a dry, cool place, aln;
carefully wipod every day. It ough
never to lay long in a dish. The tim,
it should be kept varies with the weatho
-in cold, dry weathor it will keep frohl
much longer than in moist, warn
weather. Game will keep longer tha
butcher meat-say, two weeks-bird
being kept with the feathers on, but no
drawn, and venison and rabbit
paunehed, but not skinned. Beef wil
require from four to ton days' keping
or even longer in cold weather; an
mutton, if well managed, will sometime
hang a fortnight or three weeks withou
spoiling-the longer the better. . A
young meat, howeirer-veal, lamb an(
mutton-spoils very quickly, one, tw<
or three days at the utmost suffices fo;
it. Fowls will keep for a we-k an<
turkeys a fortnight, but a goose no
above nine or ten days. In pluakinf
birds which have been kept some time,
care should be taken not to break the
skin, which will have beeme rathe:
As all animal food, however good ti
quality and however well it may bo
cooked, is uneatAble stale, and. oxcepl
fish, will certainly prove tough if cooket.
too fresh, it becomes matter of consider,
able difficulty, particularly durinf
summer, to fix upon the right day foi
cooking a piece of ment which has beei
kept. It is only by daily exatinatiin
and narrowly watching the cliango
which meat undergoes thAt the house.
wife will be able to make uso of it al
that stage, just. short of boing tainted,
which is the proper one at whili tio cool
This is an art which can only x
learned by experi necanl its successful
practice evinces considorablo skill, it
household maungomont. Thus, shoui
unlooked for cold weather have pro
vented tihe moat reaching the propoi
cooking state upon the day Oalculates
on, the prudent and activo housewit<
will havo to provide some other dinnei
for that day and keep the moat till nexi
day or the inext again. It cannot he to(
strongly impressed upon housekeeper,
that even the best moat, if cookted tor
soon, will not be nearly go tender an.
palataible as meat much inferior whiel:
has been kept the proper time. Thert
are various ways of keeping meat swee
and of removing the bad smell after it
has becomo slightly tainted, One mod<
is to rub it over with coarsely-pounded
aharcoal, which has the property of ab.
sorbing the putroscont gases, and thus
prevents the bad smell. Tle charcoal
mnust, of course, ho washed off befort
cooking. Another way is to paint the
moat all over with a solution of salicylic
acid, or rubbing the moat with the dry
acid is the simplest method, anid will dc
for all household purposes.
Food land Shelter on he Btnge'm.
There are in the far Western States
and Territories wide areas with a pecu
liarly mild o'imate. For several years
in succession, both cattle and shop are
able to find tiheir own food, and are in
fairly good condition in spring. If the
clhmate wore always like this, nothing
better could be wished. But there is
acasional ly a severe winter ; the snow
ovors the grass, and the cold piercing
wiudas drive the animals before them.
Unfortunately there are no belts o
bimber, or brush, or even ravines in
which tihe animftl may.find shelter and
rest and thieyof ten become exhausted and
permss. Provident shepherds and herders
anid that this is one of those cases in
which it is best to not "take the
3hancos" but to provide a store of food
ach autumn, as if they were sure that
i hard winter would follow. In supply
ng food a shelter may be provided amid
i double object gained. The natural
grass of the ranges, though coarse, is
mfilently nutritious to keep the
mimals during the winter, even when
illowed to die and dry where it stands.
[f it can be cut and cured while yet parf
.ially green, the hay is of far better
tuality. The simplest way to keep the
'tay is to set up a row of posts, about 12
reet apart ; those are to be connected by
thor stioxs running along and spiked
bo their tops. Lighter poles are then
laid from the cross-boam to the ground,
towards the north side, and near enough
bogethier to sustain the hay that nay be
piled upon them. This will make ai
tan-to shed, which, when thickly
overed with hay, will affora abundant
ihelter, and at the same time food within
reach. After a severe rstorm the hay
may be re-adjusted, and more, if need
be, added. A more complete sheltor
may be made by setting up two rows of
ruprights 12 or 14 feot apart, using the
sloping poles as before. The two rowt
of hiorizm)tal oross-beams, should be
conneoted by light p0los. Thmis wil]
allow a larger amount of hay to be stored
out of reach of the animals, and which
may be used to keep the sloping portioni
of the shied in repair. Sielter of thit
kind mty be made bf any needed length,
and should always be so placed as tc
afford protection from the severest
--The New Yale catalogue showasa
total of 1098 students ooming from all
parts of the country. All the depart~
mionts are now equipped in an excellent
manner and are in the best working
'be Dead Hons Feshivai.
This amusing ceremony often takes
place on board of English ships sailing to
Austr-1lla. On joining a ship the sailors
are advanced a month's wages, with whict
3 they are supposed to have lbught a horse,
r which dies at the end of four weeks. A
, dummy steed Is prepared in the forecastle,
the body being an old flour barrel, the
neck and head of canvas, stuffed with
straw and painted. In place of a saddle,
3 a hole is cut through the body, large enougl
b to admit the legs of the rider.
About half-past seven in the evening a
small procession, headed by a man who
carries a baton, farmshed with a rude mui
tation of a huian face, issues from th<
forecastle. Following him is a sailor witl
B long white whiskers, who holds a can fo:
t penny contributions. Ile Is protected by
a number of policemen, armed with canva
clubs like those, used in pantoninies,
with which they lay about them as frcely
> as a New York policeman, but with nc
other effect than eliciini shouts of laugh
ter. The procession is closed by a nuimie
of sailois who sing J'4ly sea songs (luring
the maich. After the collection has been
taken up, [lie party returns to the fore.
Shortly afterward a larger procession
Issues from the forecastle, with a nunber
of comic characters in addition to those
just mentionedi, amrong them the auc
tioneer, in frock coat and tall hat, with
a roll of papers in his hands, and atten
dod by a clerk. Immediately after the
auctioneer ctes the horse, riddert, or
rather carried, by a sailor (tressed as a
jockey, and led by a groom. The procca
sion parades about the (leek, the rider
making the horse prance in the most lively
and amusing manner.
The auctioneer then mounts a barrel on
the quarter-deck, and aft-r a long and
laughable harangni on the merits of the
horse, puts up the animal tor sale. Pre
vious to all this the hat has been passed
round among the passengers and ollicers,
and tea to fifteen pounds have been capl.
lected for tbe benefit of the sailora. rhe
bidding is spirited and amusing, and
ceases when it. reaches thie amount collec
ted, which is then handed to the sallors by
one of the lady passengers.
Atter tho auction, the leading charac
toes move OR to the leoe side, near the
mainsail, and a solemn dirge is chanted
about the poor animial dlying suddenly,
each verse end:ng with "Poor old florsel"
The horse and rider are then hoisted to the
end of the mainyard over the ship's side,
blue-lights are lot off, giving a ghastly as.
pect to tihe scene, and at a given signal
the rope is cut, and the horse falls into
the sea, leaving the rider suspended in
the air, and floats astern in the darkness.
The proccssion again forms and marettes
around the (leek, lie sailors singing "hule
"surry kf'r Poot Folks."
(lazing mito (ho slow-windiows of a
storo recontly was ani individual whoo
was considerably "corned," and as lie
wasn attemptiug to balance on his hools
and take in the show at the saind time
along camne a woman n'id child and hal
ted besido him. Buth were poorly
(<rcssed and evidently hard up, and the
child's exclaiations of dehght soon at
tracted the attention of the befuddled
"Shmo you wan' ono'or 'um dolls in yer
Chrismus stocking, el?" he queried sa
he patted thochild ou tho head.
"Oh, yos, sir, bat we are poor," she
"Poor, lie? Too baz--too baz. Sho
you want (oll, he?"
"Yes, sir, but I can't have one. Can
"No, inleod," anaworod the woman,
"We have~ hard work even to get
".Is that so ? Th'iaa too baz-too baz,
Jus' hol' on lizzIe whido,"
He began feeling~ in his pocketa for
money, but tihe search revealed only~ a
piece of tobacco, a bottle with a lhttle
wvhisky in it, and ai pawn ticket f'or a
"Want 'or doll, ohi ? Want it pursy
"Yes, sir, but .
'X ou nezzer mind 'bout that I Poor,
oh ? Borry f'r poor folka. No Chris
mus presons, eli? Sorry 'bout that.
." Yes, sir.''
"You waiz, right hero till I eum back."
lie at once pushed his way inito the
store, was absent about 'five minutes,
and then returned, carrying a doll by
the leg. Handing it over to the girl he
"Thas dolly f': you. Sorry i'r poor
folks---very sorry. Thias my Chrismus
presens. Ann now, hard as you cau I"
Tho woman and child hurried away,
and they were only well out of sight
when the man was arrested and walked
off for stealing the doll. He wont will
ingly, callhng back to the crow-d:
--You bez I'll make somebody glad
on Chrismus I Sorry f'r poor folks-very
A Cnrious Vaiemiatie..
Did you over think, asks a Paris papor,
how many male and female ancestors
were requiredt to bring you into the
world? First, it was necessary that you
should have a father and mother-that
makes two human beings. Each of
them most also have hall a father and
mothr-that makes four human beings
Each of those four must have had a
father and mother-that makes eight
human beinigs, And so we must go
bactk for forty-six generations, wpich
brings us only to the time of Jesus
Christ. The oalculation thus resulting
shows-- that 130,245,017,d89,684,976
births must have taketi place in order
to bring yo'u into the world-you who
read these lines, But remember we are
only taking the case of yourself-one
human being-auid there hre 1,000,000,
000) of human beings In the worig with
the same history and we have only car
ried back the caloulation to the time of
Chfist. How 9onstrois the calouito
becmesit e ory t pack 6,000 year.!
How ghatly it bopdiue if we push it
back 25~0, 000 yers wagioI De Mortillet
and othieri gtve as t1ie age of the human
raco!l3fnst count three generations to a
oenthury or thirty to ever 1 00Q. ecars
and racion up tho history 01 one adiv.
idual. Imtagune -the number .of births
neeeusary. to bring itito existenac gon.
member of the 7,500th gemnentio.
F. W. HABENICHT,
Proprietor of the
MORNING STAR SALOON
I respectfully call the attention of the
public to my superior facilities for sup
plying everything iA my line, of superior
quality. Starting business In Wbans
boro in 1876, I have in all this time
given the 0loet attention to my byxsi
neas and endeavored to make my estab
lishment FIRST-CLASS in every par
ticular. I shall in the future, as in the
past. hold myself ready to serve my
customers with the best artioles that can
be procured in any market. I shall
stand ready, also, to guarantee every
article I sell.
I invite an Inspection of my stock of
Wines, Liquors, Tobacco, Cigars, etc.
F. W. HABENICHT.
Scotch Whiskey (Ramsey's).
A. Bin Laubort and Marat Cognac
Rotterdam Fish Gin.
Ro'ss's Royal Ginger Ale,
Jules Mummn & Co.'s Champagne.
Cantrel & Cochran's Ginger Ale.
Apollinaris Mineral Water.
Old Sherry Wine.
Old Port Wine.
Old Cabinet Rye Whiskey.
Old Schuylkill Ryn Whiskey.
The Honorable Rye Whiskey.
Old Golden Grain Rye Whiskey.
Renowned btandard Rye Whiskey.
Jesse Moors VlImr Rye Whisey,
Old N. 0. Sweet Mash Corn Whiskey.
Old Stone Mountain Corn Whiskey.
Western Corn Whiskey.
Virginia Mountain Peach Brandy.
Now England (Frenoh's) Ram.
North Carolina Apple Brandy.
Pure Blackberry Brandy.
Pure Cherry Brandy.
Pure Ginger Rrandy.
Boston Swan Gil.
Rook and Rye.
Beorgner & Engel's Lager Beer, in patent
stopper bottles and on draught.
New Jersey Sweet, Sparkling Cider.
Tolu, Rock & Rye, Lawrence & Martin.
Rock and Corn.
Cigars and Tobacco
Syndicate Cigar, 5 cents.
The Huntress Cigar, 2} cent.
?Madeline Ulgar-All Havana-10 cent.
Don Carlos (Nub)-allavana-...10 cents
lMinerva Cigar-Havana filler -- cents.
Cheek Cigar-Havana filler-S cents.
Our Boast Cigar-Havana flier-.. cents
Lucky Hit Cigar-Havana filler--S cents.
The Unicumn Self-Lighting Cigarette,
(Amber month-piece to every
The Plckwlck Club Cigarette,
* Shuck mouth-Dieces.)
. ? !ih mionl (Gom Cigaret re,
Tli8 ORil Billiarul 8il POOl Par
lor in Ton'
An abundance always on hand for the
use of my customers. I wil also keep a
FISH, OYSTE~RS, &O.,
for my Restaurant, whieh is always
open from the first of kieptember to the
first of April
I shall endestor to please all who give
me a call.
F. W. HIABENICHT.