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T R J WL E
TRI-~ tK EDITON.WIN SBOR , S FEBITU RY
Tl-re's a beattifil song onl the slumbrous air
That drills through the valley of dreams;.
It comes frot a ellme where the roses were,
And a tuneful heart, and bright brown hair
That waves in the morning beams.
Soft eyes of azure, and eyes of brown,
And snow-white foreheads are there,
A glimmering crogs and a glittering crown,
A thorny bed and a couch of down,
Lost hopes and leaflets of prays r.
A rosy leaf and a dimpled hand,
A ring and a plighted, vow;
'l'lree golden rings on a broken hand,
A tiny track on the snow white sand,
A tear and sinless brow.
There's a tincture of grief in the keautiful song
That sobs on the stunmmer air,
And loneliness felt fit tIe festive throng
Sinks down in the soul as it treubles along
From a ellmo where the roses are.
we heard it tirat at the dawn of lay,
And it mingles with matit chimes;
But years have distanced the beautiful lay,
And Its melody floweth so swiftly away.
And we call it now "Old Times."
THE LEAV OF GERANIUM.
It is very strange, when we come to
tbink of it, on what small cogs and ti
pivots the wheels of fate run, and what
a slight jar will do towards changing
the whole machiuery and set it to run- I
ning in an entirely different direction.
It was a geranium leaf that altered the 1
whole course of my life. But for the
trivial I uf picked by a young girl in a I
thoughtless moed I should not he sit- i
ting here to-day in this pleasant dining- a
room, where the sun comes in throuih
the vine-wreathed windows nnd falls c
upon the geranium pots inside ; and i
this little girl would not be upon my f
knee, nor yonder red-cheelted maiden
on the verandah with young8mithers ; t
and neither. would that very handsome -
matron who just passed into the parlor a
have been in her present situation. I
If you will listen an hour or so, I
will tell you my story. It was just I
twenty years ago Ibis summer that I i
married Carrie Dean. She was twenty
one and I was twenty-seven-both old
enough to know what we meant and <
what we were about-at least I was,
but Carrie was such a coquette that I
used to think she had no mind of her I
Oh, but she was lovely ! All rose
colored and white and brown treesed,
and pearly teethed, with the roundest, u
plumpest figure, as graceful as a fairy a
in every movement, and with beautiful,
shapely hands that were a constant de- A
light to the eyes.
I was just home from college and she i
was on a visit to- my stepmother. her J
aunt, and my half sister Lilla, and her g
I have seen a good many girls'in my i
seven yeavs at college, and some of the
belles of the land ; but i han never yet n
had my heart stirred by any woman's f(
eyes as Carrie Dean stirred it when my i
eyes met hers in greeting ; and the t
touch of her Poft fingers completely set -m
me afloat on the Bea of love. 1
I was her slave from that hour-not
her slave, either, but her passiouate j
lover and worshipper. And of course
she knew it, and of course, being a 1
finit-hed coquette, she queoned it over
me right royally. a
'L'here was Fred Town, the country
physiclan, and Tom Delano, the lhand- I
some young farmer, both as badly off
as I was ; Pnd a pretty timewehad of it.
Fred and I-old chums in former
days-were at sworda' points now, and
hated each other splendtdly for a few
weeks. And Tom I held inthe utmost
oontempt, and railed at them both w en
over upsoi tniy presented& itslf2,fr
Carrie's edifleation, after the manner
of men, and was repaid by seeing her
bestow her sweetest smiles aud glances
upon them the anext time they met.
Fred drove a splendid span of bays,
and almost every day they dlashed up 3
the avenue, and dashed out again with
Miss Carrie's added weight. And Tom
was on hand nearly every evening, and
she was just as sweet to one as the
o'.her, and just thu same to me ; and
that was wnas maddened iac.
I was not to be satistied with a
"widow's third" by any means, tand I
told her so at last, and asked her how
the matter was to be soeti.d
"1 love you better than thoso brain
less fops, know how to love," I said,
hotly ; "and now decide between us."
$ne had histened to my love confes
sion with blushing chieeks and tic wn
east eyea ; but when I1 said this she
turnod defiantly on me.
"T.ihey are nto mere iopa than you
arc," she said, "oven it' they have not
spent seven years itn college They acre
gentlenmen and L can't say that for entry
man of my acquaimuance."
And hero she nt tate door bettweon
us with a slanm and left mc 4o my p~leas
ant meditation,- tanci haif an hour later
,, J I met her at t~he gate with Fred, going
A out for a ride, whlih was very aggracva
ig, I must coufuss.
1 thought over nmy conduct that night,1
and concluded that I had been a brute,
Tihe next morning I lonud Carrie at the
dining-roon winuow alone and sought
her side. 8he had her hand among the
leaves of a sweet-scented geranium, and
just as I approached she pinched a leaf
and twined it amnug her braids. I re
mnnber how bright and green it looked
among the dark loeks.
"Ourrie," I began, "I fear I was very
"'I know yout wore," she said. looking
mndillerently out of the widowv.
-Thils was a bad beginning, butt I went
".But, Carrie, I love yott so, and when
I see you with that Fret-"
1But here Misas Carrie tuarned on1 her
"I am not going to listen to you
while y ou slander my friends," she
hereshe ofrue again.
left the h-.>use then, and did not re
turn till alternoon. As I come up the
yatI) I met Tomn Delano. Poor lf low,
hie lo.okedl like the last roe of biumzmer
after a rama.
"Good-bye," he said, gloomily ; ''I'm
going away, Mhe hase sent nie of', anid
can't stay in the plaoe. I hope you
ire the happy one-I do, honestly, Al,
She said her heart was given to another,
and it's either you or Fred. I hope it
Is you, and God bless you I"
Here Tom dashed away and left me
staring after him in amazement.
"Given her heart to another I" I re
peatod, with a'paiu in my chest soma
where. "Well, it is evident that I am
not the other, and that Fred is. Poor
Tom-poor me I Tao best thing I can
do is to follow suit and leave to). I
Dan never see her the wife of another
and the sooner-I am off the better."
So I went moodily up to my room
ind packed a satchel, and got all things
in readiness for a speedy departure.
On my way up I met Carrie juut
snerging from hej room, arrayed in
hier jaunty riding hait, and I could
liar Fred's deep tones shouting "Whoal'
EIown in the yard below
I watched her trip down the stairs
and out of sight, thinking that it was
the last time I should see her for years,
When I had strapped the last buckle
)n my satchel and all was in readiness,
[I went down to say good.-bye to father,
nother and Lilla. Lilla was not in
loors, and my pareits looked at me in
"But, Allen, my son," p:eadd father,
'I had thought you would enter into
>usiess with me. There is a grand
>peing for you, and I have held the
Josition in reserve."
"I thank you for all that, but I want
o travel a your or two before going in
o business." was all I could answer
mid my father gave up in despair.
Lilla was stidl absent ; but it was
juite dark, and the train would leave
u halt an hour, so I left a "good-by"
or her, and passed out into the hall.
It was a long, narrow hall, reaching
he whole length of the house, and
vith several rooms opening into it ; but
is yet it was unnightod and as dark as
About half-way through it I heard
he stieet door open and shut, and a
noment later ran full against some one
'It is IUlla," I thought, and reaching
aut my arms caught her between them.
'Is it you, Lilla ?" I said.
But sli did not answer, only twined
tor two acais about my neck.
"Why, lttle sister," I said softly,
do you love me so much Y"
For Lilla wis not demonstrative as a
sual thag, and I was surprised at her
"Oi, better than all the world besido,
dlil 1" se said in a whisper.
And then, as I lifted the face to my t
pa, the sweet odor of geranium per- I
amed the air, anda my hie'u-t gave a
It was Carrie, not Lilla, whom I hold t
i my arais !
Sho wam trying in 'liannanga 1-LIUIf 1
ow, but I sudutonly caught her light c
)rm in my two stout arms, and, open- '
ig tuo hbrary tioor, 1 -cairiod her Into
le brilauntly lighted room. Ilor faco
ra hot with blushes now, and her eyes
ili of tears. r
-'You are too bad," she sobbed. "and N
hato you I" C
But just then she noticed my travel
ILng atuiro and paused abruptly.
" Why, whore are you going ?" she
sked wnh interest.
"I was going away, never to return"
answered ; "but siuceo you said what
on did in the hall I havo ohanlged my
"I was ony speaking for Lilla.
"Thou I shall go, shall I, aitut 'aivo
ou to marry fered ?"
"I detest Fred," she cried.
''Andl you lovo mec beiier i~aanu .all thie
So tnat firt was conqulereda at last
nd I was the victor.
"lBut how did you know it was not
ailla?" she asked as wo sat togethevr.
"'by the geranium leaf that I sawv you
ut in your hair this morning."
"Anti but for that you would havet
one away uand not como back heor years?"
"'Yes, perhiaps inever comec b~ack, at'U]
or that tell-tale leaf."
'Then we will keep this leaf nl ways,"1
ho said, taking it huin her hatir.
And so we hrave. .1 procur'ud ai gold.
ni box, and there it is to-day one o1 our1
Of course I married Carrie, anid 0t
ourLSe that blooming miatron is she.
Tomi Delano dlid not die oh a broken 4
acart, but marrned a lovely girl out <
Vest a hew in.ouths alter his departure;
.id Fred Town is ourt l amily pniybiciani I
udJ has a p~retty wifo of his own,.
"Sir I" cried am well-dressed anm,
naose face was purple with an4ger, as
,o walked up with head erect to anaothe~r
itizen on C street Virginia City, re
aently. "Bir, I understand you have
ieen speaking of me as a fraud unid a
"Well," responded the porson1 ad
lressed-a man with u yellow sauk coat
ud a big slouch hat, who was leaning
gainst an awning post, "thbat's as true
5 gospel, I think you are a liar aind a
raud if ever there was one."
"You do ?" cried the other, grev, ing
>ale and gritting hiis teeth, ''You (do,
"Y0s, I do, and don't yen forget it."
"In that case," retorted the well
Iressed man, speaking with concenatra
ed fotocity, "I must request you to
onskder yourself no longer on my list
f exchanges," and turning upon his
ieel ho strode away.
The man with the yeilow 'sack-coat
o~ttered into the nicarest saloon, and at
ast accounts was slowvly recovering.
-Twenty-seven women working in a
shaim gang were a sad sight at Atlanta.
-A New Englonder put an owl in his
lellar to catch rats, andi the rata ate the
-Qount Fits James, of 3'ranoe, a di.
mot desendant of (Iharles II, is keep.
ng house in Walangtou
Wnile louse' Dinner@,
Speaktug of invitations ro dinners in
Washington, Presideoht Arthur,. whose
dinner parties will begin soon after New
Year, will use the same style of invitation
as last year, which was on a, large card
and read :
The President requests the honor of the
company of----, at dinner on- -.
Thursday was the usually the day of
the week he chose last year for his dinners
which was the day Washington preferred
when President. I have before me, says
a writer, copies which I have made from
the original Invitations of several Presi
First, of course, conies one of General
Washington's. This I have copied from
one in the posseselon of Mr. J. C. 0.
Kennedy, whose grandfather, Major El
liott, was one of the enincers who laid out
this city. The invitation roads:
The President of the United States and
Mrs Washington iequest the pleasure of
-Company to dine on---uuxt at 4
- , 179-. An answer is requested.
Mr. Fihiore, while President, had one
style of invitation on note-paper and an
other on a large card. Sometimes Mrs.
Fillnore's name appeared with his and
sometimes not. One style was worded:
The President requests the favor of
-'s company at dinner on Thursday
next at 5 o'clock.
Au answer is respectfully requested.
Another style used by hin substituted
the w ord honor for favor. One of Mir. B.
lianan's, which Juiigo Black's daughter,
(Mrs. orusby) has, reads much the same
is Mr. Fillmore's:
The 'resident requests the honor of
Hiss Black's company at dinner on Friday
January the 8 h, at 0 o'clock. An early
inawer is reqested.
General Orant's dinner invitations een
-rally read "the Presldent and lra. (Jrant
equeat the honor of," etc., but when they
rave the reception in honor of the King of
;he Sandwich Islands. the invitations were
The President of the United States re
plests the compiny of- at the recep
Ion in honor ot his Majesty, the King of
he iflawaiii islands o Thursday evening
Necenher 18th at 9 o'clock.
This is the oily iivitaiion of a President
which I have found, except that of Gene
,ai Washington, where the form "Presi
lent of the United States''is used. As
,as been mentioned, Goneral Washington
nvitedi gue-ts to dinner at four o'clock,
1r. F illmore at five o'clock and Mr. Bu
tiianan at six o'clock. President Grant's
aid those of President Hayes were at 7
i'cloci, while for all that Preiulent Ar
hur had last winter half p-iAs, seven was
he hour named and the dinner usually
legan at elgniu.
General Washington's invitations were
otten up in a very flne sty:o for that era,
ut lie frequeitly, as I lud fron the wri
tigs of hit conltml)oraries, extended var
ne of his secretaries, to "'ollicial charact
rs, members of Congres, %trangers or citi.
ens of daitinc: to.." Jol Adam. when
ousulted by w Ishit g'oll as to rules of
tiquette 1-oun aufter the.r imauguration,
Lconnended this ant id that 'aeh im.
itation should always be extended with
ut formality." Aeverdteless it was con
ideted during the very Oust year of Wasli.
igton's aittinistration ai mark oi his fa.
'or when any one received an invitation
) dine with him and an intimation that
lie courde of a puhlic man had excited his
ispeamitre when no such invitation was
For instance. benator Maclay wrote Do.
ember 16, 1789, that Mr. Izird e&ve him
'clear hints t Iis loss of ch.iraeter at
ourt intd of the direct Influence of the
'resident with ieibers of Congress," in
taniced inl exiteniding livitations to them.
laclay had lost favor because he wantd
otes by L'alloi in the Senate on Washing.
on's nomi nat ions, ani d Senator Izard tolId
aim that all the othier Senators had been to
line with the great nman. A week later.
Yaishlngton attended a scision of the Sen
.te ini p~erson, alccompianiied by General
Cuox, the Secuetary of War, to advise
vith the Senate about a treaty with In
lians, and the (lay of is second visit to
hat body Senator Maclay was cailld out,
ay the doorkeeper to sp)eak to Colonel
luimphlreys, onte of the 1'resi<ient's house
told, and was by the latter verbal ly invi
edi to dinner with the President on the
ollowing Thursday at four o'clock, that
>cing Mondaty. Senator blaclay writes:
'I really was suirprisedl at the Invitation.
t will be my lnty to go; however, I will
nake no inferences whatever. I am eon.
iceri all the (dmnlers he cain now give or
iver couhl, wdil make nio diflerence in my
"When the dlinner occurred the comn
>any were President andi Mrs. Adams, the
)overnior andh his wife, Mr. Jay (Chief
lustice) and wife, Mr. 1hlton andi a lady,
)erhiaps his wife, anid Mr. 8mith, Jiasset
ind Maclay, Lear and Lewia, the Pres!.
bent andm Mrs. Washington sat op~posite
ich oilier in the muiddle of the table. This
meatomn has always becen followed at a
hinner given by a lPrlaleent who has 'a
Nie, but I prestume few know how far
,ack tihe precedent for 1t goes. Trhe two
aecretaries, bear and Lewis, each sat at
>neO end1 ot the table. It was a great din
er and the best of the kind I over sat at.
rue room, hiowever, was disagreeably
Thbis wjis in Augut. President Arthur
ins revolted againat following this prece.
lent, th'cught, it is the general complaint
hat othier host or hostesses hcre do have
hir room.4, even in wit er, too warm. I
heard President Arthur last winier when.
giving ordlers, just before one of hits din
loe was ready, to open the windows and
ool1 the house, ie added, laughingly,
oirning to another laidy anti myself: "There
.5 an engineer hero wiho has been so ac
uuston.cd to overheating the rooms that,
having remonstratd in vain, I feel tempted
k) order uhn to be slain and lia body
thrown in tne river. iBut a man cannot
tlo everyining he wants, even if hie is
To return to Washington's dinncr, the
writer of thei description continues: * First
was soup, flhli, roasted and boiled meats,
uammon, fowls, etc. This was the dinner.
I'h6 middle of the table was garnished in
the tisuai taty way with smnall Images,
flowers (artiflcial), cdo. T[he desert was
first apple pies, putddinlge, etc.; then weed
Ireams, jellies, e,; then watermelons,
nusk-mielons, apple, nuts. it was thle
most solemn dinner ever I sat at," con.
lnes Maclay. "Not an health drank,
learoely a word said, untiltihe cinth W..
taken away. Then they President, taking
a glass of wne,with grgat foriAlity drani
the health of every- ikdividual by nam
'round the table. Everybody Imitate(
him-charged glasses, aid such a buzz 91
'health, air,' and 'health, madam,' anc
'thank you, madam,' noter had heard be.
"'rhe ladies sat a good while and the
bottle passed about, but there was a dead
salenco almos,. Mrs. Washington at lasI
withdrew with the ladIes. I expected the
men would begin. bpttelo same stillnvsi
remained. The President told of a No%
England clergyman who. had lost a has a nl
wig in passing a river called the Brunks.
le smiled and everybody else laughed.
lie now and then said a sintenco or twc
on some common subject, ind. -vWhat he
said was not amiss, Te President koet a
fork in his handt when tid,,cloth was taker
away, I thoultht for the 0urposa..of, pick
ing nuts. He eat no "Pite, ..but .layed
with the fork, striking on the edge of the
table with It. We did not sit long after
the ladies retird. The Plesident rose,
went up staird to' drlDi (Offee h1J con.
pany followed." Tbts precedent wpa fol
lowed at President Arlhur's tiune a last
F'anoy AIr .
Fancy wares, and the'hew and protty
things in what may be called secondary
jewelry that is small articles in silver
and enameled or filigree wares that take
fancy forms. are almost uniformly pro
duced this season in some shapes of in
sect or animal life. Sporting men and
women find inkstanda, table-lamps, can
die-sticks, pen-racks, paper-weights,
watch-stands, table-bells, and many
other things, all manufactured from
hoofs so finely prepared, and so beau
tifully mounted with colored metals
and silver as to be at once artistic and
highly ornamental. One of the hand
somest novelties of this description con
stats of hoofs forming Lhe centre to a
tripod, the double wax lights of the
lamp hurning clear under exquisite
Venetian glass shades. This lamp costs
from $120 to $200. A new form of pen
rests is a rustic garden seat mado in
olive wood, and furnisied with ponliol
holders, paper-knife and thelike. Scon
cos, or candle brackets, aro no loUger
backed with mirrors but with brass
plaques, chased, or worked in repousso.
Brass ornaments aro one of the greit
(lesiderata; a brass clock and small
candelabra for side-pieces, or portrait
plaques ot Rubons, or Moliero, or Rem
brandt, or Schiller for the hall. Tie
cost of the first is boyonud all but the
rich, a fine brass cloo with side-pieceis
being worth from $250 to $500, but, the
Au'q'ueJs are niore p ..- m)u or
a moderato size nity be purchiased for
$25, though the average. is $50. The
imitations of Bonares brass turned out by
machinery, are of course much choapor,
but we are speaking now of genuine
hand-wrought articles1. Brss burners,
chandeliers and candle-sticks, brass
fenders aid grawo 6iXtures, and brass
clocks and plaques revive the burnished
glories of the past, but require an
amount of labor which the poor havo
not time to perform, and which the rich
only can afford to pay for; so, naturally,
the use is somewhat limited.
What in not brass is plush now-a
days, and still fashionable are the plush
covered frames which amateurs have
found so convenicnt for exorcising their
brushes upon. But even hero the o
craze asserts itself. Instead of apple
blossoms, an owl sits in the corner look
ing wise, or a small cockatoo is peCrched
upon a rustic branch. The sides of the
frames of pictures or small beveled nur
rors are not equal, but much broader
at the foot and off side than upon the
other, and it is up~on the ofl aite that
the bird or other decoration is piaced.
The plush81 bag, or pouch, has become
an institution. The bag is satin-lined
and sometimes leather moiunted; it inu
more aiurably finished than the puch,
and is carrieAt in the hand. The piouchi
is suspen ded from the aidio, and forms
a pani of the looping of a dress; it may
be of leathor, but is often of emnbroiui
ered satin or covered with a network of
pearls aver silk. Velvet pouches, with
enlgrarved silver clasps and chuatolainec
to suspend it from the side, are sold as
Jewelry, and are sometimes set with
precious stones, though usuilly the
umounting is of wrought silver duly.
These cost fromn $85 to $50, and up
Jewelry, unkass it is very rich, is now
almost wvhooly confined to a fancy lace
pin and carrings, to serpenitine brace
lets, and one or two bangle rings, The
now ,pins are simple, but odd.Th
bar is a sohid silver pin with enlarged
head, which serves as a perch for a
snail, a beetle, a tiny bird or a small
row of fhmes, T21here is a smallasnfilower
brooch which is very pretty, with a
bee upon it; but these designs are easi
ly coarsened and made common-look
ing by being executed in an inferior
manner and with very cheup materials.
A niew flower series in lace pins has
the charm of especial sentiment at
tached to each one; as woodbine, friend
ship; fern,smecerity; primrose, youthful
affections, and periwinkle, rueom
The novelties in bracelets are the Ho-.
lone, which is self-holding, and coniss
of a flexible coil wvhich fastens itself
to the arm; a shopping bracelet with
pencil attached, and one of wvoven wire
which also coils around the arm, and
takes the place of the serpent bracelet.
Small articles of real ivory, or shell,
make charming presents to persons of
refiuement who cannot afford such pur
chases, and a fan never comes amiss to
a lady. Tne three kinds o1fahns most
approved are the rich feather .i.ans
with pearl or tortoise shell, or amber
stick.; the fans of clear point lace, with
gold wrought stioks, on ivory, pearl or
amberi and the fans painted on matin
by real artista and mounted in acoord
ance with their oost,
The use of orica as a oulidiug material,
both burtut and unbdirnt, dates from a very
early period. Burnt brick is recorded in
the Bible to have bean used in the erection
of the Tower of Babel. We have the tes
titnony of Lierodotus to the effect that
burnt briks were made from the city
thrown out of the trenches surrounding
Babylon, 8tatemen's of travelers show
that the Babylouan brick Is very much
like a tile, being from 12 to 18 inobes
squate, and 8j inches thick. Most of
.them bear the nalue inscribed in cunei.
form (f Nebuchadnezzar, whobe buildings
no doubt replaced those of an earlier age.
They were somstimes glazed and enau
cled in various colors. Samiramus is said
by Diodorus to have overlafd some of her
towerifwith surfaces of enameled bricks.
Bpn.dtd bricks were exclusively used in
affient times, espeoIaI~yji, ja'gvpt, where
the njuufacturo was considered a most
degradibg eniployintut and as such formed
the principal part of-ite occupation of the
Iselhtes (luring their bondage, alter the
death of Joseph. Theso Egyptian sun
drjred brjcks were made -of clay mixed
with chopped stra, which was furniAhed
46 tWie'-ohildren of Israel by tbdir Egyptian
askmasterA, betord the application of
Moses to PhaYaoh in their behalf. After
tnis the obligation waV put up3n them to
furnish their own straw, which appears to
have been 1-ke the last straw upon the
camel's back-too much to be borne.
It appears from the details given that
the Israelites worked in gangs under the
superintendence of one of their own na
lion, who was provided with all the nec
essary tools, and then held personally res.
ponsible for the labors of his men. Some
Egypti:n bricks were inade without straw,
and are now found as pertect as on the
day when they were put up, in the region
of Amonopolis and Thotmes, whose names
they hear. When made of Nile mud they
needed straw to keep them together, but
when formed of clay taken from the tor
rent beds on the edge of the desert they
held together without aid. Among the
paintings at Thebes, one on the tomb of
R(kghata, an offlicer of the court of Thot
ties ill (11. C. 1400) represents tho en
forced labors cf captives, who are distin
guished from the natives by the colors
with which they are drawn.
Watching over the laborers are the
"taskmasters," who armed with sticks,
are receiving the "tile of bricks" anti
urging on the work. The process of dig
gmr out the clay, of moulding and of
airraneing, are all duly represented. The
process of manufacture in Egypt was very
bimilar to that adopted 'at the present time
in that country. The clay was brought in
backets Irom the Nie, thrown into a heap,
thoroughly satuirated with water, and
worked to a proper temper by the teet of
the laborers. This appears to have been
none entirely by 'the (light-colored) cap.
tives, the (red) EAyptian shumiung -tihe
work which must have been oppressive
and -ni li oisn%a aa. naikL m.% ,ha, .Al8
mate. vne cty when tempered was cut
by an instrument res' mb.ing very much
an agriault tral hoe and niolded in an ob.
iwog traugh. Tho bricks were then dried
Il the tin.
iurnt bricks were used in Egypt for
river wals and hydranhc works, but not
to any great extent. Enclosues of garden
or granaries. sacred circuits encompassing
the courts of teCmiles, walls ot fortiftc
tions and towns, dwelling houses and
toinbs; in short, all but the temples thein
selves were of crude brick. a nd so areat
was the demand that the Egyptian Gov
crnment, observinr the profit which would
accrue from a monopoly of them, under
took to supply the public at a reduced
price, thus preventing unauthorized per
:ons from engaging in the manufacture.
The Jews learned the art of brick making
In Egypt, anml that they used it greatly is
proved by7 the complaint of Isaiah that
the people built altars of brick instead -of
unhewn stone, as the law directed. The
Rlomans used bricks, both burnt and un
bri.rnit, in great profusion, leaving their
siundriedl bricks in the air for four or five
years to harden. All the great existing
rnliing of Rome are of this imiteriaI. At
the decline of the Romnan empire the art
of brick makmng fell lute disuse, but was
rev ved in Italy after the lapse of a few
eentuirics. 'Uhe imedissval, ecclesiastIcal
and palatial architecture of Italy exhibits
nmnny fine specimens of brickwork andi
ornamental designs ma terra cotta. In
tiollanid andi the Netherlands the scarcity
of alone necessitated a su'astituite, and led,
mat an early period, to the extensive use of
brick, vot, only for dlomestic but for eccles
insicad build ings. Thecse countries abound
ma fine rpecimens of brick work, often
(tone in two colors combil~ned, with great,
tasie, and producing a very rich result,
as it is to be seen in the celebrated exam
ies at Leenwarden, in Fdleslanid. It is
worthy of remark that In the tens of Lmt
colnhxre and Norfolk, -where we would
naturially expect the same material to be
used, the churches, many of winch are
exceedingly fine speCcimxens of architec
ture, are hmilt of small atones, said t' have
bieen brought a great distance upon pack
horses., in modc'rn times nowhere do we
find greater perfection in the art, of brick
m'akinig and laying tihan in ilolland, where
most of the floors of the houses and the
Streets are pavedi with bricks.
Miodern bricks are inade of differont
materials; clay, sand and ashes make ex
cellent bricks, while good brick-earth is
found in some localities. Loam and marl
in .England are considered the best ingred
tents. Upon the materiale employed de
pend the quality of the bricks and the pur
poses for which they may be used. They
are pressed ant dried by machinery to a
great extent now, though yards are of ten
started in the country where suitable clay
is found, and bricks made by manual
labor. T'he finishing and ornamentation,
of which so muotx is done, Is of course
accomplished in larger places, where ex
perienced workmen are employed. Do.
tails in the plans of buiiheines are often
delayed until it is known wvhat kind of
brick Is to ho used. Thbis being the case
of course only in places where only a
certain number of whole bricks can be
placed, as between winmlow ledges, sills,
caps or atone quolns. The utility of brick
as a along word is not to be dented. TIo
call a man a brick is to complhment him.
exceedingly. In one word you toll him'
lie hs useful, upright, absorbent, retentive,
that his family kiutory ca' be traced
farther than that of most men, and, above
alt, that bo is not made of "common
.T'he highest r lr ad e oa
teaoher in Un toiswo1a0
Ilospitality In a o'ncho Vill ire.
For the last two miles our journey' led
through a dense forest, and It was nec
easary to march in single file so narrow
was the path. We soon, however, no
ticed that we were appiontehing a clearing
and no sooner, scarcely, lad this fact
dawned through our minds, than the
village was presented to our astonished
eyes. It consisted of about two hun
dred huts and around each of the huts
wera a number of dogs, all of whom
came forward in a body and made suh
a borrible din with their yelping as would
give one a very fair idea of Pandemo
nium. In the centre of the village stood
a hut much larger than, the rest, sur
rounded by quite a pretty garden. Dif
fering from its neighbors, the entrance
was large enough for a man to enter.
walking erect and was possessed of a
door. There were several "bull's-eye"
windows, evidently the remains of some
unfortunate vessel, while over the outer
walls of the hut vines had been trained
and now covered them with a mantle of
the most beautiful green. This was the
residence of the Indian chief. A filuely
formed and intelligent- looking negrees
opened the door of the hut for our ad
mittance, and in broken Englis bade us.
welcome. The interior of the dwelling
appeared almost as strange as the ex
terior surroundings, and its equipment
was a sort of cross 1metwoen a ship's
cabin and a native hut. It was sepa
rated into two apartments, a palm-leaf
matting separating the two rooms. On
the walls were hung a number of articles
peculiar to the country, such as antelopo
horns and quaint carvings--the product
of native ingenuity-- while upon a rough
looking table were displayed the tusks
of elephant and rhinocerci, a few well
used volumes, it ship's chart and several
trinkets. both of native and European
manufacture. We hade been but a few
minutes in the hut when we were
aroused by a great noise outside, and
upon going to the door we fouhd that
the natives were making preparations
for a great barbecue in our honor.
Immense quantities of yams, cocoanuts,
dates ard % variety of other fruit bad
been gathered, while a number of
mountain goats andl antelopes had been
slain and their carcasses lay upon tWe
award where our dusky friends were en
gaged in removing tLeir skiia and other
wiso getting them ready for the feast.
village largo crowds of monkeys looked
down and performed gymnastic evolu
tions from bough to bough, evidently
overjoyed at the prospect of obtaining
ai share of the goo.1 things that sho uld
remain after the people of the hamlet
had retired to rest. By antd by the din
f a large horde of jackals, who had
been attracted to the vicinity of the vil
lage by the savory smell of the roast
Ing viands, was added to the songs of
the natives, the discordant notes of the
birds and the chattering of monkeys,
ind the whole combined to make one of
the most infernal series of sounds that
had evr grated upon the human ear.
An Angry Tr-ee.
A gentleman of Virginia has a tree
which is a species of acacia. It was
grown from a seed brought from Aus
trulia. The tree is now a sappling
some eight feet in height, and it is In
rull foliage, and growing rapidly. It is
leguminoue, and very distinctly shows
the characteristics of' the mimosa, or
monsitive plant, Begularly every even
m1g, about the time the "chickens go
to roost," the tree goes to roost. The
leaves fold together, and the ends of
the tender twigs coil themnseves up like
the tail of a well-conditioned pig.
After one of thme twvigs had been
strokedt or handled, the leaves move
nuiessily, and are in a sort of mild
somimotion for a minute or mere. All
this was known about the tree, but it
was only .Jeosterday that it wvas dhiscov
oredt that the tree had in it much more
life aind foeling than it had ever before
been credited with. The tree being
in quite a small pot, one which it was
fast outwgrowing it was thought best to
give it one of much larger simo. Yes
terday afternoon the tree was trans
forred to its ne0W quart rs. It resented
the operation of its removal to she best
of its abilily.
Arrnving at his residence about the
time the tree had been transplanted,
the gentibman found the house in
grand commotion. On asking what was
up lie was told that they had trans
planted the tree according to orders,
and the operation had "made it very
Hardly had it been placed In its new
quarters before the leaves began to
stand up in all direetions hike the hair
on the tail of an angry cat, and soon
the whole plant was in a quiver. This
could have been endured, but at the
same time It gave out an odor most
pungent and sickening-just such a
smell as Is given off by rattlesnakes
and many other kinds of snakw In
summer whon tessed. The odor so
filled the house and was so sickening
that It was found necessary to open
the doers .and windos s. It was fully
an hour before the plant calmed down
and folded its leaves In peace, It would
probably not ha,. given up the fight
then hadl It not been that its time fe
going to roost had arrived.
F. W. HABENICHT,
Proprietor of the
MORNIN STAR 8AL0ON
I respectfully call the attention of the
public to my superior facilities for sup
plying everything i. my line, of superior
quality. Starting business In Wlan:
boro in 1876, I have In all this time
given the closet attention to my busi
ness and endeavored to make my estal
lishment FIRST-OLASS in every par
ticular. I shall in the future, as in the
past. hold myself ready to serve my
customers with the best artioles thatcan
be procured in any market. I shall
stand ready, also, to guarantee every
article I sell.
I invite an inspection of my stock of
Wines, Liquors, Tobacco, Cigars, etc.
F. W. HABENICHT.
Scotch Whiskey (Ramsey's).
A. Bin Laubert and Marat Cogia.
Rotterdam Fish Gin.
Ross's Royal Ginger Ale,
Jules Murmm & Co.'s Champagne.
Cantrol & Cochran's Ginger Ale.
Apollinaris Mineral Water.
Old Sherry Wine.
Old Port Wine.
Old Cabinet Rye Whiskey.
Old Scljuylkill Rye Whiskey.
The Honorable Rye Whiskey.
Old Golden Grain Rye Whiskey.
Jesse Moore Vollmer Rye Whiskey,
Old N. C. Sweet Mash Corn Whiskey.
Old Stone Mountain Corn Whiskey.
Western Corn Whiskey.
Virginia Mountain Peach Brandy.
New England (French's) Ram.
North Carolina Apple Brandy.
Pure Blackberry Brandy.
Pure Cherry Brandy.
Pure Ginger Rrandy.
Boston Swan Gin.
Rock and Rye.
Bergner & Engel's Lager Beer, in patent
stopper bottles and on draught,
N~ew Jersey Sweet, Sparkling Cider.
Folui, Rock & Rye, Lawrence & Martin.
Rock and Corn.
Cigars and Tobacco
Syndicate Cigar, 5 cents.4
The Huntress Cigar, 2j cents.
Madeline Uigar-All Havana-10 cents.
Don Caries (Nub)-all Havanna--10 cent.
Minerva Cigar-Havana filler--5 cents.
Oheek Cigar-Havana filler-5 cents.
Our Boast Cigar- Havana filler-5 cents*
Lucky Hit Cigar--Havana filler--5 cents.
The Unioum Self-Lighting Cigarette,
(Amber nmonth-piece to eyory
ten packages.) a.,
The Pickwick Club Cigarette,
Tlle Dilly Billidi ail~ FODI Par
1or in Towii
ICE! ICE! ICE!
An abundance always on hand for the
use of my customers. I wil also keep a
FISH, OYSTERS, &C.,
for my Restaurant, which is always
open from the first of Steptember to the
first of April
I shall enueavor to please all who givu
me a call.
F. W. HABENICTIT.