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C,A RI 1,1
A LITTLE iHLOS4PnIuEt.
'V40o days are short 6pit the ntgtts ari long,.
And the wind is hipping cold;
The tasks are hard an4 the sums are wrongs.
And the teachers often scold.
But Jollny MoOree,
on, what cares he,
As hio whistlos along the way ?
- t will all coule righat
- Dry to-morrow night,
Says Johnny-McCree to-day.
The plume are few and the cake is plain,
The shoes are out at the tow to
For money you look In the ourso lu ta
It was all spent long ago.
But Johnny MoCree,
Oh, what care he,
As he whistles along tie street f
Would you have the blues
'For a pair of ohoqs
Thilo you have a pair of feet?
'The snow Is deep, there arepathe to br,
But the little arm Is at rogg,
And work Is play It you'll only take
Your work With a bit of song.
And Johnny McCrec,
oh, what cares he"
As he whists the way? ?
Ihe tle will gat,
And will leave the rest
To the care of ie Father, od.
The mother'n face o often S.id,
Sho scarce knows what to do;
But at Johnny'n kiss she In bright and glad
8he loves i, and wouldn't you
For Johnny Mcree,
-Oh, dWhat cares he,
As he whistles along the way ?
.The trouble. will go,
And I told you sO,"
Our brave little John will may.
Nobody goes to church on Easter Da;,
without a new buit in the very lates
fashiou" said Mrs, yaiiville. -
"Certainly not!" said Alicia, her eld
Mers. elham has written to Pari
for'a new bonnet, to my certain know
"And, of course," added Emily, th
youngest section of the house of Clair
ville, "As you are spending the winte
with us, Madeline, you will be expeoto4
not to disgrace us
Madeline Moray looked from one t<
the other of the speakers with a troubl e
look of countenance.
"But, lairvill fre," said she
" mamma writes me that our old cousil
Zephaniah and his wife have come fror
Maine, very poor, and that we mus
economize as much aa possible.
"$They are very Old, and they need
great many little luxuries, and whatoe
Mrs. Olairvillo's face darkened visi
"Madeline, " said she, " will you neve
forget that you belong to a farmer's fam
Bly down cast?i
"Your couF;in Zephaniahs are nothinj
"Of course, while you are my guest
I shall expect you to dress as become
your station as my niece."
Madeline knitted her pretty brows i
sore perplexity after aunt Clairvile ha4
rustled out, leaving a strong odor o
patchouli behind her.
She had a some bank-notes yet left c
the store which they Land scraped to
gether at home, when they sent her t
spend a winter in Boston with aun
Olairville, and she took it from'h
purse and smoothed it out upon he
She had hoped to smave it all for cousi!
Her pretty shot Milk, withi the'damass
front, was very fresh and pretty still
she had only worn it some half-doze>
times-and her neat litle split-stra
hat would look very nice, if she bough
new ribbon for it and: re-arranged thi
4t least that was the mental conciti
sion at which she had arrived, who:
Mrs. Clairville issued her commande
binding as an imperial ukAse, that
new Easter suit was among ghe necessi
Madeline knew very well that she wn
She never looked into the glass witi
out perceiving the diffe~rencoe betwee
,. her fresh apple-blossom of a face, an
the enamelled and rouged qompiei
ions of her city cousins.
I ~ She knew thet her hair was like burr
ished coils of gold, her long-lashed eye
like stars, andl she would have liked,
new Easiter suit as well as any one-an
the bonnets in Madame Printemp
window looked infinitely beautiful i
het eyes, with their French r'oses ab
perfectly simulatedl violets; 1-ut ther
was the old man and his enfeebled wif
to remember-the ancient relics of
bygone genevation, who had out-live
the sympathy of almost all the world.
"No," said Madeline to horself, '
must not spend this money, Easter sui
or no Easter suit.''
So she sat herself down, in the rain
March afternoon, to rig up the shoert l
dress anud alter it over so that even Alief
ahd Emily should not know it for th
But, with all her skill In aumatou
dress-making, the folds would not han
stylighty, the old creases would ohtrucj
themselves on the eye, and thieestum
proclaimed, in Its every glisten an
puff-'"Made over,' ziade overtt'
Emily Olairyiile sagolp14 hog head.
"'Madeline," said she, "It is of'n
."ToWJoer can wear that dressi An
yolr hat, tool
"A pln split-straw, without, so mute
Asp lrenph dlower,.
Mfadegjno burst into tears,
"yery well, Emily,' she said. "Then
A will remain at home..
"You need not fear that. I will die.
grace the con'gregati6n of St. Etheldreda
on Z aster Sunday."
And this pledge evidently reliee.
the mind of Miss Olairville.
And the two elegant sisters did 'not
take the troutle,lien Capti~in Braba
in dropped in to five o'clock tea, $c
send up word to Madeline that there
was company in the ptrlor.
"I suppose she don't care to see zxe,
the okiq,h tVouglit, fith 4 " nking
lIeartf whexieat qast be went awa, after
having lingered as long as politenese
would admit. ! 4
"I suppose he never asked for me,"
Madeline said to herself as, from hex
window, she saw his retreating figurf
sauAter s1j,Wly down the street.
I'We, matters less than eve nov
about the Etaster suit.
"Nobody will know whether I hav
4ne or not." .
But when Easter Eve came, and Mad
eline was crying softly in her own room,
to think of the ;a4ant spring sunset
tiat was flooding,all the wor l'at home,
the whiter came--rinnlg ldi to tli
"Please, Miss Maddy," he said
"hyar's a basket o'laylooks.
"Real springy-smellin', I do declare
"Wid de cappen's - card - Capper
Brabazan, miss!" -
Madeline uttered an exclamatiol,:
Oh, the lovely purple things! Ola8tera
of lilac fragrance.
SDlio ,remiuders of the springtide
Oh, how kind it was of Captain Brab
azan to remember that she was a coun
r try girl, exiled here among brick walls
I Madame - Oressonde's young yvomel
sat up until twelve o'clock that night
a to finish the three elegant costumei
1 which Mrs. Clairville and her daughteri
The three bonnets did not come hom<
until Sunday morning.
But Madeline watched them sail forti
t to church, to the glitter of golden sun
beams and the clanging of melodion
E bells, like three fashion-plates.
r And then fhe put on, her plain littl(
"made-ever dress" and, taking a freal
cluster of lilacs from the vase of. water
pinned it across the split-straw hat.,
r "There," she thought, as she tied th
- strings under her chin, "ho Paris exoti
ever looked half so sweet as that!
6"And I am sure Heaven will, inclin
its ear no lespfavoraliy to my prayer
, than if I went to St. Etheldreda's it
s Worth's newest design."
And she crept to the little church il
i taeadjoining street, which had long beet
out of fashion, and where the spectabli
f old qeigymaupracticed all ti4e austeri
ties of the Qavly fathers, through dir
0 She sat there, listening to the anthems
t and thinking of the dear ones at home
r ar wonei-tig if cousin Zephaniah an<
r his poor' old wife would ever know tha
shre, 'Madeline Moray, had cast her mit
to relheve their sore necessities, an,
a 'recalling 4aguely.thI'e)poor widow whos
ofreling had ouieabeen po preoupir t
e 'hoesf eyesP
- Hers was not miuch now, but she ale
a had.- given it from a free and wilimg
t As she moved qiuietly, 'and with re
e, verent, downcast eyes, out qf the ohurelb
'some one stepped to her side.
-"You have diropped .somethilng, Mis
a Moray," said Captain flrabszan.
, And hae held up the cluster of lilaci
a drooping now, and a little faded.
-She put her hand up to her bouing
with a seark t blush.
a "Your liacs, Captain Braba'an," slm
o "I am prom hat you "eemed ther
1t worthy, of yojir wearing.
-"Yonr coo jn to'd me that you wa
such an 'rnchdrite that you did not ear
-for flowers, . books, or society-tha
s you were n'Xteven going to church o:
a Easier Sunda..
d "I?".gried Madoher
a "Oli, Captai Blrabn za, I like a.
d "1 cried oyer yot ilwf s when the
e came-last ilight,
e "They seemed .to;me~ 1Jk dear friend
a from horme.: ,.4
"And 1 wore them-in my' bonnet be
qaise-becaseZogould lid affordaitti
I floal blosnomas,
S"There! now you lamow~K how poe
y And she laughed, oven while th
k roseate tinge suffused her cheek,
a "I do not klowwhether you are poc
e or not,"' said lie; "but I do know that
think you the neg~est to pQrfe#ligni c
,r any AIrI wlfdm I eieh aw." 0
g "M4y I tell you all about it?" -sh
e asked hinrriedlg, "for I 4o not wa$tyo
e to think me avarici9us:eoti,barbriati
di siny cousins sognetIntes pronouano n
And 'then you.shmll tell me wbe'therigoi
e inca al tor mwro m hur
ijeysw, iu sunwi yf huFte
ai Day, anid when they reao*4ed'.the ih
stone mansioni i 8ilvdrbtn ste: da
Ii taini frabasan went in& an#l formall
asked Mrs. OlarviIle's pe~sion I
Address ,Q ni,ivcp with :6 view to nar.
That was 1*adeline Moray's Easter
A ma!s toue .adA loyal heart---the
dawn of a great happiness, over a life
which up to this hour had beeii but
There was nodenying that Mrs. Olair.
ville was much disappointed.
Emily and Alicia had been in society
tI;ree seasouis now, without having re
ceived any eligible. oRer; and it did
aistrange tiiht'tpgis pale, q1iet little
gl)fromto e yods.'is airs. Clair.
villecontemptuously expresseait, should
kavqecarried%dff'su6h w" glittering prize
tqJ p B qayanjorxtjuover occur
red to them ttat MadelinVs oweet
e(iines ine.Tnaidiet self- denial could
possibly have had anything to do with
Xu&hd ofg-d old dIlsiu Zephantah
itfndYh1W 'ifehlivl,ed,Captain .Brabazam
made tl em an annual aflbwanoe whioh
,wap,amplo, 4or,their 6mplo Wants.
SFeryokute Courage of the A1ghan.
:A . r pond ' tes some
is noos 1 n Afghan.
atan." 1Anerring t Iting qual
ities of the Afghan.soldiery, he says:
An Afghan never thinks of asking for
juarteik/ fishtd#ith the ferocity of
a tiger and clings to life until his eyea
glaze and his hands refuse to pull a
pistol-trigger or use a knife in a dying
fpo,o qppipn or,kil his .e#gmy. The
stern realities of war were more pro
nound op t ae-fields in Afghan
istairtiar perials they have ever be On
inl.dia, if we. exeqp,t; they retribixtive
days of the mutiny. To sparo a wound.
ed man for ''minute was probably to
cause the death of the next soldier who
unsusnioiously walked past him. One
thing our men' certainly learned in
Afghanistan, and that was to keep thei:
wits about thein when pursuing an
enemy or passing over a hard-won field.
There might be danger lurking in each
seemingly inanimate Xorm studding the
ground,. and. unleq care and cautiom
were exercised the wounded Afghan
would steep his soul in bliss by killiig
a Itaffir jhat whei lif6 was at its last
ebp. This .ptqbborn way of fighting
n 'extranfi is prompted doubtless b.
fanatioism, and we haw so much of il
that our mea at close quarters alwayf
divp -thei bayoneti' well, -home, so
tliat-tiereishould-.be .no mistake as to
3 the deadliness of the wound. TheT,y.
sleal courage. which distinguished the
ntrainedinobs who foughtso resolutely
agaixns us was worthy of all admiration;
L the tennoity with which men, badly
armed ani lacking skilled . leadera,
clung to their positions was remarkable,
to day nothing- of the sullen dogged
Snesi the oftein dii$d when retiring,
-A4 WAl-hen, t1l,. qdqo.the fight. set ii:
, fully against, them and they saw thal
forther '.esistitu e would involve then
more deeply, there was so tkudden i
ch1ange always apparent that one coulc
scarcely belic.ve the fugitives hurrying
i ever the hills were the same men wh<
t ha.d resisted so desperately but a fem
a minutes before. They acted wisely
i they knew their powvers in sealing steel
a hlilj, or in making their escape b)
3. fletness of foot; and thie' host generall
dissolved with a rapidly which no one
but an eye-witness can appreciate. Il
cavalry overtook them, they turAied lik<
wolves and fought with desperation,
- elling tlilr liveb fha dd'arly as men eve
sold them; but there was no rally ill
the true sense of the word, and bt
s faint attemnpts at aiding each other.
Their regular troops were but littik
,aiifenable to tdisciine by roason of
deficient training, and they resorted t<
t t4ie tactics they hact pursued as tribes
men, whvIen .once they were forced t<
In these days when it is fashionable tc
complain of corporations as purely selfish,
s it is greatly to the credit of thePennsylva.
Snia Rlealroad Company, that it is constant
l y furmlalingl increa,ed facilities for the
secominodallon of.- h& traveling publIc.
1 tecently they have commenced running a
through Pullman Bleepmng Uoach from
Washington and itimore to Chicago on
their Pacific Express, which leaves Wash
lng every day In the year at 9.50 p. in,
and Baltimore 11.15 p. mn. Thie arriving
time at Ohi6igo is 8.00 o'clock the second
morning. The portion of the tramn which
starts fromi iWpsington joins at HarrIs
burg with thecotiod from New York and
Philadelph1ynwhzejiIere is a hotel ear.
Thisarragemns gvespassengers from
Jaliuiots and'WaShmigton just the same
eating facilities as e.njpyed jby those from
r New York, as the. flrst meal en route Ia
hr f(ashop tppArst morning, after the
two'adoti6as have become one tramn.
S On their West Jersey donh$otion, .also,
they arrangcd for placing, since February
r 19th, a through passenger car between
Now York and Jersey City as foilows:
Leave Brookiym 12:80 aioon; New Y9rk,
1:00 p. mn., and- arrive .at Atlanitie (Ut
(v.ia Trenton and Camden) 5:47 -. m.RI
5 Leiave Ath4ntio City at 7:25 a. mn., arrive
Sat k4ew York 11:49 noont Bdooalyn~ i2:8(
noen. ,The,cai.U1aof lie r1gu in eithei
*directton iil Bund&s
.Tio Jatteriwili funsh not Qnly desirabli
utaetlities for. the cItizens of N w orli anic
atithrnMo# Jrgev but .fill nab~le enn
mner visitors to NW#ote'city on usii
'TJiere ado $7t0 langejdge.
-American patent medieinee are i
grpeat& inand in Belgium.
The Threate Famnllaes.
By the 'r6posIJion to expel from
French terItory 11 the members of
families which hW.relgned in France,
if it should be adoftted, no less than
,thirty.one persops ae affected. Of the
-elder branch of th(-house of Bourbon,
.nly.two-the Cozi1e and Comtesse do
Chambord, residet in Australia, but
at present free to live in Franco if they
please---would suffek. There are Bour
bons of Spain, of tile two Sicilles, and
of Parma dwellag i France; but they
are foreign prlnces- and would not .be
ioluded ihthis -a UWioif,
On the other hand,- of 28 mem
bore of the Orleans family.which, by
the way, has been0remarkoble for its
peculiarly quiet attitude-might be
-turned "bag and Iaggage" out of the
bountry. These arb the Comte and
01 6intesse'de Paris, l1ving at the Chatoau
d'Eu in Nornandy,-.ut now at Cannes
for the season, andftheir children, the
uo''Orlans, whei is studying at the
College Stanislas, the Princease Helene
who made her - debut in 'ooiety about
three months ago, and two little prin
ceses. 'Chen. come the duo do Char
tree, younger brother of the comto do
Paris, now statiofid at Rouen as colo
nel of the 12th chiseurs, the Duchesso
de Chartres, and their children, Prince
194ort, Xonri.an44an, and Princesses
Marie and Marguerite, all of whom are
with their pqrents. . The Due do No
mours, general of division, who is re
siding in the avenue du Bois do Bou
logue in Paris, f6lows with his chil
dren, the Duo d'Alennon, captain in an
artillery regiment, and his wife, the
duchess, who with their little son and
daughter, - Prince' Emmanuel and
Princess LouiNe, are now sojourning at
Vincennes, and Princess Blanche
d'Orleans. The Comte d'Eu and the
Princess Marguerite have become
foreigR subjects, the former through
his marriage with a princess of Brazil,
now his adopted pountry ;, the latter by
her marriage with Prince Ladislas
Czarterpski. Next comes the Prince do
Joinville, vice-admiral, with his prin
cess, both of whom reside in the Rue
de Berri in Paris, and their children,
the duo de Penthiere, a lieutenant in
the 14rench navy, and Princess Fran
coide, married t 1the due do Chartres.
Lastly, the duo 4'Aumale, generaL of
division and a member of the Academie
Francaise: The due do Montpensier
and Princess Olenoutino, brother and
sister of the due de Nemours, would
not be included in the decree of expul
sion, as the former has become a 13pan
iard through his marriage with the In
fante.Louise, sister of Queen Isabello,
while the latter is the wife of the duke
of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. The members
of the Bonaparte family who would be
directly affected by the adoption of the
Floquet proposition are Prince Na.
poleon and his wife. the Princess 01c
tilde, with their two sons-11rince Vic
tor, who is at Orleans with his regi
ment, the 82d artillery, and Prince
Louise, now studying at the Liyee
Charlemagne, and their daughter, the
Princess Marie, who is with her mother
at Moncalieri, and the Princess Mathil
die. The ether members of the Bona
parte family, children of the late Prince
Pierre and Prince Murat, would hardly
be included in the p)roscription.
&nutu.es of thc Hahasburas.
The celebration of the foundation of
the Riabsburg monarchy has suggested
to a writer in one of the Vienna journals
the compilation of the mottoes adopted
by the Emperors who have successive
ly occupied thre throne. The founder
of the dynasty, whose motto was "Fes
tina lente" before lis accession, after
ward adopted that of "Melius bene
imperare quarm imperium ampliara."
Albert I, with "Fugam victoria nescit,"
and Frederick III, with "Beata morte
nihil beatus," were succeeded by Albert
IL and Frederick IV, whose mottoes
were "Amlous optima vitro possessio,"
and "Amer oeotis, injustis ordinat ul
ter." (Iharles V, had two mottoes,
"Nondum" and "Plus ultra," while the
motto of Ferdinand I, the founder of
the German line of Habsburgs. was
"Flat justitia, pereat mundus." "Denm
providebit" was the pious, motto oi
Maximilian II; and, passing over those
of Rudolph II and two or three othei
sovereigns, that of Charles VI, the
author of the Pragmatic Sanction, pos
sesses peculiar Interest, as he was the
last male descendant of the House o1
Hlabsburg. His high temper and force
of character are embodied in the moLto,
"Conatantia ot lortitudine ;" while his
daughter, Maria Theresa, who founded
the house of Habsburg-Lorraine, chose
as her motto, "yTustitla et elementia.'
The mocto of her husband, Frsinois I,
was "'Pro Deo et imrperio," while Joseplh
II took for his devioe, "Virtute exem
pIo," and his brother, "Leopold II,
"Open regum corda subditorun," He
was succeeded by Francis II,-with the
mottoes, "Lege et fide"'an4 "Justite
regnorumin fudamontun," Th<f hate
Fa ~eror Fer4zdina nstto wae, "1e6
ta tueri,' while that of thi reigning
advo44es is, approprIately enough,
Y'iribuq' unmti," for. there is mr
af,trength and unity In thie dual empir
thati when he oameo to the throne.
Old n1yOua Punulter.
The other morning, while the urbat
manager of Woodward's Gard6ns wi
smoking a-four-bit cigar, and modit
tively listening to the mufld walls ,
a tomcat that had just been swallow(
alive by the anaconda, a tall, thin, soei
tific-looking man, with a goatee- at
blue glasses, entered the gate ~and r<
marked in an insinuating manner!
"Of course, you pass the sfoentif
"Of course, we do not!" said tl
showman, emphatically. .
What, not the.servants,'not the pl
eers In t1ieiat march of the mir
into the hithorland of, the influate b
yond?" returned the professor, wil
"I will not deceive you," sarcastical
replied the proprietor of the only sal
mander; 'we pass nothing but ti
quills on the fretful poroupines-i mov
the press. You can't see the out' idg4
unless you come down and put ip."
"Dear me, dear mel" sighed the ac
cntist, reflioctively. "To think that
professor of cosmographio oonoholop
should be denied admittance to a thirc
class Zoo I Has the Skaingatibits be(
"Skam--which?" askea the tig<
"Why, the Skamgatibus; you've g<
one, haven't you?"
"Ye-e-s-s; I believe we've a sma
female somewhores," said the grizzly
Why, I never knew a t1rat-olas 0)1
lection to have less than two pairs," sai
the professor, contomptuously; "ho
do your Azinuthn stand this co:
"Ashinuths?" asked the Napoleon al
gregator of ouriosities; "what's them
Some kind of bird-you don't mo
"Ostridges be hanged?" said i
successor of Darwin; "ostridges ai
nothing. I've shot more ostridges wii
quail shot than you've got hairs on yoi
head. You dont actually mean to a
there and tell me you haven't got
single Azimuth to your back?"
"Don't believe I have," admitted ti
alligator breeder, mortifted; what a
"Oh they're of the order Mpinal
about eight feet high. Fur pools off
the spring, you know-the Siberi
apeies. I mean, I suppose you'
got one of those Rectangular Afrie
Flipgoohlies that reached New York t
"No,' said the much agitated sho
man; "here I've been keeping an age
in New York on a big salary to look o
for attrantions and he doesn't catch <
to the first blamed thing, Spends i
our money on second-band panthe
and kangaroos with the rheumatics. I
bounce him by telegraph I"
"Haven't even got a Flipgoohly, el
mused the scientist, in a tone of gre
pity. "And I shouldn't be surprised
you didn't have a Golden Orested ui
pidor in your whole show."
"Neither I have-nenaer I have," a
plied the wretched promoter of polica
in a tone of great bitterness. 'Spo
you just step in, sir, and look rount
moebbe there is something else y<
"N-n-o, I guess not," said the ti
man. "It would hardly pay me
spend so much valuable scientific tir
in a fourth-class show like this. 19
even an Azimuth. oh? I should thi:
you'd be afraid of being actual
mobbed some time. I'm sorry for ye
my good man; sorry for you. I've
doubt you mean well, but--not a sc
tary Skamgatibus--Great Bcott!"
And as the disciple of Audubon pass
into a saloon across the street a
swapped a lead nickle for a glass
beer the bar-keeper heard him ohunet
something to the effect that lie had p
even on that old hyena puncher, a
don't you forget it.
Lead Poluoosaux as Irensaa'er,sr.
Lead poisoning is orten produced
an unsuspected manner, Tihe occui
tion of dressmaking might be regart1
as one likely to be exempt from it ;
a dressmaker just admitted intot
Leeds Dispensary, England, was fou
to have a distinct blue line on her gun
with simultaneous symptoms, such
a furLed tongue, lilammation of I
lips, and] general debility-all si
pointing to the probabilty of poisoni
by lead, The physician in attendan
for some time failed to discover I
source of the lead poisoning, and i,
beginning to think the blue line ii
been caused In some other way. wh
he accidentally learned from a mercha
that silken thread, being sold by weigi
and not by length, is' sometime adm
terated with sugar of load. He tha
questioned the patient, and she infor,
ed him that It had been a comm
practice with her, when at worgc,
hold sik as well as other kinds of.thre
in her mouth, and that she hadl do
tis the more readily with silk, ini
ifauch as at often bad a sweet ta te. TI
is a sure indication of the presence
lead, and all thread possessligit shot1
either be rejected or used, with cautic
At will be found that the 'ailk thread
the best mnakers is tasteless, wher,
some inferior tliroads are sweet,
--, L. Shirley of 'Pallas couni
Texas, went hunting wIth 6800 in el
rency in ius pocket, atad used piaper
wrong pockets howeor, aw*4 had .41
away over o f hie montey befores
dticoverer1 his mitake
. A Great Farmer.
k . Dr. Glean's ranch in 0 Ali?o -nla com
is prises about 60,000 aoroi of land, and
a- the number of acres in wheat each year
f ranges between 40,000 and 50,000.
id Reckoning an average of from 20 to 25
bushels to the acre, the aggregate orop
d each year amounts to something More
- than 1,000,000 bushels, This enormous
amount of grain requires vast appli
W anoes for planting and bringing it to
market; and the capital invested in
kc machinery alone sums up a considerabie
fortune. During .the harye#i tinee the 4
0- are"emplyed on the entirManog some
a 500 men. Dr. Glenn was gener-alin
c- chief of his force.. and his ranoh is divi
h dod, for convenience of operation, into
nine smaller ranches-each with. a
Y dwelling.lous3, barns, blacksmith shop
a- a'id other necessary build,nge. In
ke charge of these are seven foremen, .un
n der whom are sixteen blacksmiths,
fourteen carpenters, six engineers six
machinists, five~ commissaries and nu
merous cooks and servants, The com
a mon workmen are divided into gangs,
Y and detailed where they are needed.
- There are needed 130 gang plows, 60
n herders, to which belong 180 wagons;
6 oleaners, 100 harrows, 18 seeders, 6
r threshers, 63 engines. Besides, there
are many smaller instruments and veh
Sicles, which cannot be classified. Oo
operating with their human brethren
In the great labor are 1,000 work-horses
" and mules, with a kinship of brood
mares and younger stook which have
- not yet achieved the dignity of labor.
a There are 82 dwelling-houses. 27 barns,
l 14 blacksmith shops, and other struct
iures sailoient to swell the aggregate
to 100, The machinery could not be
replaced for $125,000; the work-horses
and mules are worth $110,000; and the
n brood mares and young stock $75.000.
The ranch is about twenty miles above
the town of Colusa.
:0 ormu of the cereat arait.
ir Wheat ranks by origin as a degener.
it orate and degraded lily. Such in brief
a is the proposition which this paper sets
out to prove, and which the whole
e course of evolutionary botany tends
re every day more and more fully to con
firm. By thus from. the very outset
is, placing clearly before our eyes the goal
in of our argument, we shall be able the
in better to undorAtan d we go whither
r each item of the cunulative evidan6e is
in really tending. We must endeavor to
li start with the simplest forms of the
great group of plants to which the cc
f. reals and the other grasses belong, and
at we must try to see by what steps this
ut primitive type gave birth, first to the
n brilliantly colored lilies, next to the
0l degraded rushes .and sedges, and then
rs to the still more degenerate grasses,
from one or other of whose richer grains
man has finally developed his wheat,
his rice, his millet, and his barley. Wo
t shall iuis trace throughout the whole
if pedigree of wheat from the time when
its ancestors first diverged from the
common stock of the lilies and the wa
e- ter-plantations, to the time when sav
age man found it growing wild among
the unt.illed plains of prehistoric Asia,
and took it under his special p)rotction
1;in the little garden-plots around his
>u wattled hut, whence it has gradually
laltered under is constant selection in
to -ohegolden grain that now covers
half the lowland tilth of Europe and
America. There is no page in botanical
ok history mere full of genuine romance
kthan this, and there is no page in which
.ly the evidence is clearer or more convin
U, cing for those whlo will take the easy
no trouble to read it alight.
ed One lot of 1.000gallons of sherry had
ad been in the London wine vaults for
of nearly fity years. it was brought from
le the South by its owner, who had fallen
ot dead in the vaults. The wvine, along
nd with his other property, had passed in
to chancery, and the litigation, which
has contInued for nearly half a century,
is as far from being ended, appavently,
in as wvhen it begun. liut the wvine has
a- ben growing old and valuable, and if
e' sold now, would probably bring five
he guineas a gallon. The fact is that wine
ad rarely gets as 01ld as it Is credited with,
is, and there is but little sherry or port of
as an older vintage than 1870 to be had,
lie and then at very high prices indeed.
Temjority of still winos in common
ce use are not more than two years old,
he and a gltacL of sherry that h's been in
-as wood two yea'rs andl bottle five more is
ada rare treat.
~,Egypt is to have a large police, force,
m composed mainly of Europeana. Ac
n.- tive recruting for this body has been
on going on in Bwitserland, Germany and
to Belgium, Natives of those countries
andar emed equally eligible. French
adItalians are, for political, reasons,
dle excluded. The recruits are not'to be
of under twenty, nor over forty years of
Id age. They are to get fronm *80 to.8 .a
+~ month,~ frotn which aboute# a mouth is
ofto be dedute#1 for the, dOt of raIionk,
The Egyptian OGorint(Is top the
expensd of .oonveyancoe to a na
y7 thete is Asecooal agre6lont
Swise ecruite-t % n ass5t
he' try shottkd bepomeT ryovd
Ltare tohave jhy ivlj p
ho immeqdisly,to thidQhb ~~~
pens. of the i!gygigt. ~
NEWS I BREF
--During the past fiteen-Ye4rs 3,5()0
churches haveheen buil t en utry ,
--Berlin wjt4 oer 1,100 0p' Popula.
tiqn, has only forty. five plaeo 9f wor
-A Post of the Grand Art of the
Bepublic has boen establ in Hollo
-A Olt,b0of'Olimbers will leaveflno. ton
for the White Mountains during thin
-pO Oho0 pfwn shopha loaned
Tf79 r Olidug tile
er seuOr ' saving bakin
-The Lower tiouso of the Missourl
Le&ilature Contains forty auuoriys and
fourteen editors. 1, a
-n l bitb Wies are 4xported
to Germiany in ponsiderabld qfthutitiess
and filid much favor there.,,
-Cash girls in New York storea am
paid $1.50 a week, a d. some ,pf them
$2 sifter years.p Xerec
-A London leeturer declares' that
England has apent during the. lwt ten
years X1,440,000,000 for liquor.
-We use 21,000,000 spools of thread
a year, and three or four thousand oords
of wood in the making of spools6.
-New York will raise by taxation
to defray the expenses of Its city
government, about $20,000,000 in 1883.
-An agent has gone to South Afrioa
to secure oustricles to stock a farm to
be established in Ban Betatirdino, Cal.
--A thoughtful citizen of Kansas City,
Mo., has presented- each of the letter
carriers In the city with a pair of ice.
-,Durimg the past year sixty-one
Congregationalist ministers have died
in this country, at an average age of
sixty- four years.
-Tihe total number of oases of shoen
shippe from Lynn, Mass., in 1882 is
31U.,525. This show,'s a gain of more
than 25,000 over 1881.
- Women Stenographers of the high
est class command and receive salaries
of $1000 a year and upwards, when em
ployed in large establishments.
-The Be.y. Osborne Ingle, - an Epis.
copal clergyman of Fredericki Md., has
lost his wife and seven ohiluren, mostly
by diphtheria, within a brief year.
-In a oorn-raining contestnear Rome
Ga., five young men took part. The
winner of the prize raised. thirty-seven
bushels and seven ounces on a -half agre.
-A boy in Mobile, Ala., burned down
two buildings to win two bets aggrega
ting $4 that there would be two firea in
the city before certain speoillied dates.
-A sk'w watch caused thoeless of flye
lives and the wounding of two men,
besides the destruction of considerable
propbrty on the Chesapeak & Ohio Rail
-The Drke of Sutherland, by his
recent purchase of land in Florida, be
comes,.it is said, a larger real estate
owner in the United States, than in
-Immigration to the United States
is lessening in volume. JYor the five
months ended Nov. 30, the arrivals ag
gregated 244,611, as comppred with
291,320 in 1881.
-IRussia's debt has almost doubled
since 1872, the annual deficit in her
finances averaging $120,000,000. A loan
recently negotiated brings the debt n
.--T'he TeXas cattle dfrive for the coin
ing spIisestimated at 220,000 head.
Oths ot more than 120,000 will
reach the open market. Tire rest Will
be reserved for ranch -purposes.
-The gold productoftjalifornia from
the dtiseovcry ortheprcous metal by
James WV. Marshall ini the tail-race of
Sutter's Mill, Jan. 19, 1848, to June 30,
1881, amounted to $1,170,000,000.
-- The product of the Leadville (Uolo
rado) mines for the past .three months
is as follows :Pounds of 'load. 17,000,
228 ; ounces of siiver, 1,887,210 ; ounces
of goldl, 2, 021, Total eurr'enoy value,
-r'ho memuorlal .hibrary building
which the sons of the lato .is,rael Wash
burn are to erect as the horsestead ini
Livermore, Mo., is to be of &ranite, and
is to be ready for use during' the com
-Humnewell, Kansas, shipped during
the last season 4,000 oar loads of cattle,
averaging twenty-two hreadA to the o.ar.
The cattle brought $85 per head at mar
ket. making over $8.000,000 Worthr ship.
l)ed from tius one point.
-Some Maine ofiloers atempted .to
seize a carr load of beer in Portland the
other day, but a locomotive came along
and carried beer and officers to Ports
month, N. H., 50 miles away where it
is not unawfut to hola bo'enr for sale.
--During the five years ending 1k
comber 81, 1881, there were 1,870 hotels
burned ini the United 8tstes and 860 in
Canada. During the Wpouth of Novem
ber, 1681, there wrere thiirty-nine burned
in tho United B-ates and sir in Canada,
more than one for every ia.y of the
-Thre aggregate value of the eleva.
tors belongig to the .Northern Pacile -
railroad is 800,000. 'they, do an anrnual -
pain trade di frbni $2000,000 to 4.
,0,and -In their merchiandilse de
partinenf, they'did' ahbushies last year
-The best coulIxet,paidt p ub. -
lio sehoos9 Wasz .fi
tend pu*>n lio i \hV'bonult
ing, and Gi.Irey,s4wol ion
anamenwnrmnowaemamreouos 1,a e