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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO. S. C.. JUNE 5, 1883. ESTABLISHED 1848
HandH of flesh anl hand of steel,
Clasping ronnd in endless reel!
Earth, t1re Giver, yielding up: -
Man, the Toller, seeking more;
Pleasure draining Lethe's cup;
Sorrow's measures running o'erl
City and town and farm;
Farm iunl city and town!
To-day, the wild deer scents ala;
To-norrow,-an empire grown!
Canvas and wood and stone;
Mod, adobe, and brick,
A day-a drea-the tents are gone
And places crowding i laick!
Death! Life! A. noinent's span
'., The blood lea ps swift;
The shalows lift.;
The babe has grown to be a nin!
The earth is free;
The direamer makes his bed;
The twig by which he lays his head
To-morrow is a tree!
The Ancient dreams!
'Tihe Man-child drives!
Thm Old World awarms!
The New West hive!
A FATAL MisFAKE.
Marian Fellowes tossed her head in a
pretty little way she had, and curled
her red lip in a manner intended to
convey her utmost indifference, if not
"No, I do not think I shall g
"I don't care very nmuch for pn;Iics,
Sybil Conyers, a tall, stately girl,
With grave, straightforward dark eyes,
looked wonderingly at her.
"I thought you always cared very
mich for picntics, Marian."
"I an sure you always seemed to
"Do go-it's such a lovely (lay."
"And Tom Lester will be there too,
Marian," and dimple-cheeked little
Amy Proctor looked saucily over the
f'ence at Iarianl's now slowly flushing
e"As if I care a straw where he goes,
or whether he goes at all or not.''
She flashed the words out angriiy,
yet. with ai certain coquettish suggestive
Ifess in her tone that mtade Sybil laugh.
"Of course, we forget that a re
markable good-looking gentleman is
boarding with your mother, Marian.
"The foreman of the workmen who
are doing repairs and alterations up at
the (i range, ise't' le?"
"tSybil, you're too bad.''
"Mr. Alter is no more a forenant, or
anaythinag of thmat sor-t than you are''
She hesitated, suliling and frowning,
and flushed mysteriously.
"Why yes he is,'' retorted Amy
vigorously, "for I. saw him with mny
" Pown eyes directing the workmen at the
Marian nodded her head slowly seve
"That is true."
- "Mr. Alter does direct the workmen,
in the capacity of superintendent, when
really lie is the owner and master of
the Grange hinself-Mr. Clifton."
A little dluet of exclanations greeted
her astonishing revelation.
"Mamma made t1e discovery," Mar
ian we lnt on, in suplressed, excited
tones. "and you mustn't whisper it for
the world; for he would be so vexed if
he thought it was known; hut mamma
d iscovered, very accidentally, that Mr.
('liftou preferred to oversee his own
renovation, ineog., and so he came
here as Mr. Alter. "Isn't it charminig
"]Iow did she find it out, Marian?"
Amy asked in a we-stricken tones.
pic fwhich is maark(ed in full, F.
Cliftona, and by other little inacidlents. '
Sybil looked gravely at Marian's
pretty, flutshed face.
L1ester because you lhave anaother ad
irer(i who. is w~orthi muorei in houses and
"Ib oketur engagement because I'd
rather be miistress of the Granage thtan a
farmer's wife, any (lay."
"It's too bad,'' Amy flashed out.
"T1omu Lester is worth a dozen of
your high-toned aristocrats like Mr.
Marianm smiled sneeringly.
"Of c'ourse, if you think so. Perhaps
-9you can console him, Amy.''
"1 will if I can," was Amy's readly
"Coime Syhil, if Marian's not going,
let tus be off ourselves."
"'Won't you -reconsidler youtr deci
sion?" Sybil asked pileasantly as they
miade ready to start.
Bitt Marian bowed in a queenly wvay
2. * she had affected of late.
"Thanks, no0, 1 really dlon't care to
go, andl besides, I am engagedl for a
drive this afternoon withi Mr. Alter."
"[t's shameful in Marian," Amy ox
claimed, when they we're ouit of ear
"Well, she always was ambitious."
And nothaing more w~as s9aid( about her
u ntil an hour or so lator, T1omn Lester
strolled upi to A my, sitting on the grass
"So Miss Fellowes Isn't hero to-dlay?"
he reaarked castually, ias lhe threw lhim
self beside her-a tall stalwart younag
fellow, with bright, Ilon;st blue eyes
and1( a bonnty face, that had made many
a girl--Amy included-not a little jeal
Otis of Maurian Fellowes in thme (lays
before Mr. Alter camne.
Amy went on wea$ g hidustriouisly.
qumentce of a previous engagement.
"'I suppose you1 miss herW dreaudfumlly?''
"'Not at all."'
''A imnth aigo I should have mnissedl
t her, but to-day-I wou)ildl not turitnmy
) hanad over to bring her hiere-nolr anmy
o)ther girl whio laud jilted an honest man
because h.e couhld not emnpilete with anm
eote wvith mirer mloney."
- '~~Ther~e wVas a1 healthy conitempllt ini his
voice thait miade Amaly feel that Marlin
F ehlowves had been dethroned most ef
fectually ihi this aman's heart.
She swept him a charmiing, symnpa
thet ic glance fronm her prietty grey eye4.
"f. 'I thiank you are a very senisible mani
* ~not to ake yourmself mniseraible becauise
one girl out of alhl to world pro'ved
nuerself unlwor-thyof your trust,."
seemed to stir Tom's interest very
"''hat sounds delightful."
"Amy, what would you advise me
to do about it?"
Another lovely glance and a slight
"Oh-I don't know, I'm sure " ste
went on, cresting her bright brown
hair to one side like a bird, while she
critically surveyed her wreath-"unless
I revenged myself by engaging myself
to the prettiest girl I knew."
"A good idea."
"I wonder if the prettiest girl I know
would say Io?'
A delicious little laugh from Amy, as
she jumped uI, scattering the refuse
grasses and leaves.
"There's only one way to find out,
"And how is that?"
And then Tom sprang up, a pale,
eager look on his face, and caught
Almy's hands in his.
"Will she say no?"
"Amy, will you take what Marian
didn't think good enough?"
"If you will, I will be so thankful she
has jilted inc."
There was no gainsaying the earnest
ness of what he said, and Amy flushed
and trembled, and then laughed.
"Let go my hands, Tom-somebody
will see us."
"They may see, and-welcomel"
"1 shan't let go until you promise
you will have me-until you tell me
you love mne dear.''
"But I won't."
" o"Then you can't go."
A saucy little dimpling of the crim
"Tom, please let inc go."
"I'll-say-yes-but I doni't mnean it
"I'll take the risk.''
~ And then lie leaned over and said
something that made her cheeks crim
sonl even deeper.
While, at the self-same moment, Mr.
Alter, three miles off, asked Marian if
she would marry him.
"I said yes, of course, mamma,'' site
said later, when she rehearsed the
scene for her mother's benefit.
"Certainly you said yes!''
''Marianl, I think I have nothing left
to wish for, now that .I shall see you
mistress of such a magnificent home as
"You have done splendidly with
"And lie never dreams that we have
discovered his chariming little romance,
And an hour or so afterwards the
picnic came home, atnl Marian watcher
them with a faint little sneer on hed
pretty face, that deepened into a posi
tive mocking triumph when she saw
Tom Lester and Amy Proctor going by
in Farmer HIetwyn's lumbering wagon
nette-and thought that she would ride
in her own carriage before long.
"I will cut every one of them," she
Anid then something in Sybil Con
yers' grave, haughty eyes, as sihe and a
tall, handsome young fellow dashed by
itt a lovely little phiototn, made her
wonder very much at it.
She turned to Mr. Alter who had
been standing at, the other side of the
window, idly looking out on the merry
"Miss C'onyears is with a strange
gentlemani, and he seems to know you,
Ernest,'' she said.
"Who is he?"
Mr. Alter looked up.
"It is Mr. Clifton!"
"Why, what catn have brought him
Thetn Mr. Ernest Alter was nobody
in disgui.ie after all; atnd all her charm
ing romtanice htad ttot an atotm of foutn
Mr. Alter _was only Mr. Alter, and
A sudd1en rush of rebellious tears
clouded her eyes as she tried to realize
it-she wvas not engagodto the master of
thtejGranmge, whlo was driving with pretty
htaughmty Sybil Conyers, and apparenttly
very much smittet, for ali e was a
strattger, but to Mr. Cliftotn's servatt
Andi~ 'liTm Lester andto Amy lookedl so
comfortable and cosy togethter-whtile
Poor Mariani could hardly bring her
self to believe it.
*Was it trtue that sIte had made such
an awvful mistake, blintded by her pride
And, in- the midst of hter self-tor
mnting thtoutghts, she did not see the
chagrini andt -ailartt that was on her
lover's face, or the uneasitness In htis
matnner, as he excutsed himnself.
Atnd-"made himself scarce," or
rather-"vanishted thtat satme (lay,"
wvith a big hill unpaid, not to metntion
the quantity of stolent unde(rlinten Ito
htad btorrowedl ftrott the waurdrobe of the
Shte had( ntobodly btut hetrself to lme
biutt all theo same htetr worst etnmy would
hiave pitied her could they have seen
hter till forlorn atnd disconsolate, her
face ted and1( swolletn with houirs of
cr'ying, its site watchted the dloublle pro
eessiomn of catriauges, the (lay Tonm Les
ter atid A my, atnd htandsotme younig Mr.
Cliftoti, the mtatst(r of the Grange, and1(
Miss Sybil Contyers were married.
A yountg phyt3slcil wholt hadt long
worshiihped at at distantce was otte (lay
suddoently called to see her. I Ie found
her sufTerintg from no pairticuily dan
gerouis mtaaly, bitt site wanitedi himt to
prtescibe fot hter ntevertheless; so lie
too1k her hand1( aind saidl imprttessively:
"W~ell, I shtoutildpescrihe-I shtouldl
"Ohii, g(oodniess!"' said the biiterthitltgI
invalid, "whlo wottld imuarry met(, I woin
"'I would,'' stnapped' the docWtort, with
all the voracit.y of a six foot p)ickereh.
" You!'' exchlimed( the maidetn.
"Well, dloctor, If that is the fearful
alterntative, y'ou may13 go away and1( let
tie die hii nonenii ''
The Russian Frontier.
From an examnation of the Russlau
frontier it will be perceived thui except
in the mountain boundary with the
Chinese empire in the east atid for a
short distance of the course of the Oxus
in the west, it is an irregular and arbi
trary line, rather than a well-defined
and natural barrier. It is therefore in
its nature one that is not calculated to
prove permanent. Beyond the recogniz
ed Russian frontier, but on the northern
side of the Oxus, which is so much the
object of Russian solicitude that the
monopoly of its navigation has been
secured, there still remains in the enjoy
ment of nominal independence the large
khanate of Bokhara and the small states
of the Pamir slopes. Russia's relations
with the latter do not stand in need of
exact definition; they are based on the
law of the stronger. But with the for
ier they are of a formal diplomatic
character, which has endured during
more than 14 years. After the capture
of Samarcuand, in 1808, the Ameer of
Bokhara continued the war with Russia
for some months, but personally he ha.
little hope of success. After his defeat
at Zara Bulak, however, he gave in and
notified Gen. Kaufmant of his willing
ness to accept the terns imposed by the
Russian commander. '1'Ihe principal of
these were the surrender of Saiarcuand
and Katti Kurgan; the payment of and
indemnity of more than ?200,000 (125,
000 tillas); the opening of Bokhara to
Russian conuerce at a maximum tariff
of 2j per cent. ad valorem, the right of
passage for merchants and troop:s,
through Bokhara to other states; and,
lastly, the permission to establish, when
necessary, cantonments and other mili
tary buildings at Kermina, Karshi, and
Chatjui. After the capital itself those
three places are the most important
strategical points in the khanate; and the
last named is situated at the principal
passage over the Oxu, Strange as it
may appear, Char jui, like Kerkihi and
Knoja Salik, higher up, lies on the south
ern bank of the river. At first the last,
and in some respects the most important
of these clauses did not possess much
significance, but the growing power of
Russia, as demonstrated by the successj
fiul campaigns in Khiva and Khokand,
served to give it weight and reality
which found expression in the secm(
treaty of Septenber, 1873. When the
Khan of Khiva transferred in that year
his sovereign rights over the Oxus to
Russia the practical use of Charjui he
came clear. The gunboats of the Ana
flotilla carried the Czar's flag up the
Oxus, and Charjui has been made their
principal rendezvous on a stream which
it was supposed presented insuperable
difliculties to navigatiot. Karshi has
also been visited on numerous occasions
by Russian oflicers and their escorts;
and if Rtssjan troops have not yet abso
lutely taken up their station there it is
not because any difficulty stands in the
Captain Richard Pike Is master of
Messrs. J. & W. Stewart's steamer Pro
teus. Capt ain "Dick" is a big, jolly,
sandy-whiskered Newfoundlander, of
about five feet ten inches in height, but
not looking up to his height by reason
of his "bulk." IIe probably weighs
260 pounds, and he is a "solid man."
le commands one of the finest ships of
the sealing fleet. The Proteus was
built at Dundee Scotland. 1Her net
tonnage is 407, 'illtish measurement.
She carries compound engines of 110
nominal horse power. It is the particu
lar business of this vessel to make her I
way through the heavy Arctic ice, and
Captain "1)ick"' is going to make her
attend to her business or know the
reason why. This ship was hired by the
American governiment some two years
ago to do some special work. It will<
be noted that the ship's net tontnage,
does not exceed 467 tons, hence you,
will be surprised to learn that her seal
ing crew numbers 295 men. The crew
of a sonlinig steamer wold gladden titeI
heart of a recruiting sergeant. Blronze
faced, iron muscled, broad chested sons
of Hercules, every cne of thenm. Rang
ing in height from five feet ten inches
to six feet two inches and in years from
twenty-two to thirty-flve, they are cala
ble of enduring any amnount of hard
The law of Newvfounidland does not 1
permiit sealing steamers to leave port
for thte p)rosecuitioni of the voyage unitil
eix o'clock oii the morning of the 10th
of March. Th'lis wise provision of tihe I
law was p)assedl in ordler that inmnaturet
seals might be protected until thtey
were sutllciently developed to be of some
economic value. Formerly the mother,
seals were killed and the young cut out
(often alive) and thrown aside to die.
This was killing the goose that laid the
golden egg with a vengeance-as Sir
Boyle Rochie wvould say,-and the Legis
lature step)pedl in and stayed the depart
uire of the steamers as thme most effectutal
method of curing th-e evil. Otn the morn
ing of the 10th of March from an early
hour the hills were re-echoing the dlis
cordant notes of steam whlistics. Our
men were all on board, however, and at
one minute to six o'clock I heard the
warning bell in the enginecer's depart
ment and noticed thatt the telegraph
marked "Stmand by." At six exactly
the propeller began to revolve and our
ship1 felt hter way out slowly from among
the surrounding shippinig, and in twenty
minutes we were outside the harbor and
fairly on our way. The only Ice in sight
was a long band or ribbon of light,
slob'by ice, exteninig from seaward in
to the point of Cape Spear. There was
very little wind, tind hadly any sea run
ing. Captain Pike shaped a course
more to the eastw~ardl thanit any other
vessel of the fleet. Th'ie min body of
the ice was enicotnitered off Cape Blona
vista, 100 miles from St. Joint's, and
our vessel's nose was at onice run into
it. For three or four days we worked
east-northetast thmrough "bhay ice" (as
distingutishied front the heavy Arctic
Ice, nonie of whicht we hadt( yet seen). At
the end( of that time an occasional hood
seal ania family were seen. Otur course
was altered slighttly, and for three
days we mtade good way through the
On the 17th of M%arch the of the yes
sel struck against a large sheet or ice
upon which nto innression could 1)e
made, and the captain ordered all hands
out to look for see's. The men poured
out over each bow, commanded by
several masters-of-watch who divided
them into gangs. In an fiour or so they
could hardly be seen from the dock,
but the man in the "crow's nest" re.
ported that some of them were taking
seals. This was good news and waited
impatiently the return of the men so a
to hear their reports. When they re
turned they reported that they had seen
no ''harp" seals (the most valuable
seal), but that they had killed, sculped
and brought on board 270 old and
young hoods. Captain Pike judged
from these reports where the main
"patch" of oods lay, headed the steam
or north-northwest and forged ahead
until the 23d, when the 44hern a1
Arctic ice was eicouintere '.' ut !h
Captain was right; the- set re"acs
met and the work of slahililer coi
mienced. Before night the.e Wkro 1,080
old and 650 young seals on board--somne
of these were killed four milels from the
hip and hauled on board. 'the next
lay over two thousand were put on
board; the following day 3,000 The
best days work was on the 25t1h, when
t,000 seals were killed, sculped (carcass
s removed) lind put on board by 295
men-an average of over fourteen seals
An1 amusing incident occurred one
avuning. one gang of men were out
very late, and some anxiety was being
tolt, when they were heard coming
tlong. Just as they caine alongside a
man called out, "Captain, have you
mich a thing aboard as a justis of the
ace, or a petty judge, or anything like
"Come aboard here," said Captain
Pike, "and get some grub and turn in.
What do you want with justice ? I'll
give you justice when I get to St. John's,
md hand you over to .Tudgo Conroy for
"Ol, begor, captain, we're in earnlest!"
:eplied the man. "We want to make
)ur afferdavit about the sea sarpiat."
"The sea serpent! What about it?"
"Oil, begor, captaiiil we see'd him
lalf a mile long and as big as the smoke
"What did you do-did you kill him?"
tsked Captain Dick.
"Kill him? Kill him? Sure he could
ito he ship; and, anyway, my wife is
:o young to be a widdy."
"Well, where did he go to?"
"Faith, he just lifted himself three
imes and come down on the ice, and
he third time it broke and he went
lown, and we pointed for home as fast
is we could go." N,;thiing more could
je got out of any of them, and sea
serpent remains still enshrouded in
On the 29th the Captain ordered the
flags to be puilt up and we hev.'ed for St.
John's, deeply laden with ;dls. A
vessel deeply laden with such a cargo
makes very bad weather, and twice
we were compellel to run back into
the ice for shelter. Finally ten punts
wore cut down and thrown over and
tbie vessel (id not labor so heavily. On
tullay, the 1st day of April, we arriv
d at 5t. John's, the first steamer in,
with 14,600 seals, weighing 686 tons
m1d valued at $50,000.
From Otago, New Zealand, come de
bails of an invention more marvelous
;han any yet recorded in the annals of
-leetrical science. Rev. Mr. Gilbert of
,hrist Church, in a recent address, told
1is audience that it was now proved to
ie p'ossib)le to conlvey, by imeans of
electricity, vibrations, of light-inot
mily to speak withl your distiant friend,
mit actually to see iml. The electros
30p-thle name or the1 instrumnent
whlichl enables this to 1)e (1on1(-was tile
DJr. Guidrahm of Victoria, be'lonlged tile
)roud( distinictionl of being its inmvntor
md1( perfector. Mr. Gilbert stated thalt
u trial of this wond(erfuIl instrummnt
ind taken place at Melbourne, inl tihe
>resenlce of some forty scientific and
)lblic meni, and that it was a great
miccess. Sitting ini a (lark room, they
anw p)rojectedl on a large (ise of white
)urnlished metal the racecourse at
T'lem1inigtoni, with its mnyriadl of active
>einIgs. Minute details stood out with
>erfect fidelity to tihe original, and as
hey looked at the wonderful p)icture
birougm hinocular glasses, it was dlifi
milt to imagine that they were not
retulally on the course itself, and amlong
;hose whose actions they could s(o comn
itoorcationi 1or the Meiinon.
It is not giveu to every one to cross the
cean and make the tour of Europe; to
revel In the halls of dazzling light of New
port or Baratoga; to repair to the ,sea-aide
or the mlouintain top, and there tor five dol
lars a day to drink in the life-giving air.
l'he spirIt may be willing but the means
ire wanting. And yet the same need for
recreation exis's in the life of those of mo
derate means as in those of thie tich. Tils
larger class, hlowever, will be glad to know
that tile Pennsylvania Railroad Conipany
proposes to coiitiniio durimg the season of
1888 its p- pular (tally excursIons between
Jersey City anld Newbuigh, a route fiurn
seung many ot,jecas of Interest, aind an
nfite variety of scenery. Tihe mlagii
sent steamer, ichard 8tockton, under the
iommnand of Uaptain Lawrence F. Frazee,
wil leave the Pennsylvamia Railroad
jocks, Jersey City, every morning at 9
i. mn., (eLcepting Thursday at 9:80 a. mn.)
md arrive at Jersey City on tile return trip
mbout 6:30 p. mn. Tils steamer Is sub
tantially built, fully equippedi and with a
uapacity for 2600 passengers. On the
romute such points of interest ai Weehaw
ion, Ft. Lee, Yonkers, tile P'iaeade, Tar
rytown. Sing iling, Bleepy Hollow, Stony
PoInt, West Point, lona Island and hew.
burgh, with a privilege of remla1nmg at the
diree last named for a time varyipg from
no to two hours. The tickets are put at
rery reasonable rates, and we know of no
way in which a dlay can be so pleasantly
ipent, with a trIffing expense as on one of
theso trin)s up the Hundson on ime tnktan.
Crowninug the Czar.
it now looks as )f the Czar of all th
Russias would sur<dty get a crown on hi
head before the end of May. Advice
from Warsaw state that General Butur
lin, Chiif of the Police, ha issue<
orders that on the day of the corona
tion all shops are to be closed and al
houses to display flags and iliuminate
at night. In the public squares and
gardens concerts will take place all da3
without inturruption, and for three
days there will be free performances in
the Imperial theatres. Tile Impe-ial
palaces are being prepared for the arri
val of the Czar toward the end of May
The preparations at Moscow are being
pushed on as much as possible, In the
Kremlin all the towers on the outee
wall are surrounded by scaffolding, ani
even on all sides of the "Great Ivan,
the highest point of the ancient castle
workmen can be seen high up in then
hanging seats. Tle electric illumina.
tion has been completed, and every
night a powerful light is displayed over
the pricipal tower like a great star.
The inner parts of the Kremlin are al
3o still barricaded with scaffolding for
the erection of three large stands next
to the church with the imperial sepul
The following foreign courts and gov
3rnments will be presented at the cur
Dnation: Great Britain, by the Duke
f E iinburgh; Prussia, by Prince Al
brecht; Austria, by the Archduxe
Dharles Louis; Saxony, by Prince
Leorge of Schonberg-Waldenburg, the
King's Adjutant General; Bavaria, by
Priuce Arnulph, the King's cousin
Wurtemburg, by Duke Herman, o
Saxe-Weiumar, the King's brottier-in
aw; Hesse-ljarmatadt, by Prince Henry
the Grand Duk's brother, and Prince
Alexander, the Czarina's uncle; baden
>y Prince Williem; Denmark, by Prince
Valdemar and Prince William of iols
toin; Spain, by the Duke of Montpeu.
ner; Persia, by the Shah's brotner
Izzet-daule Abdussamed; Bulgaria an,
Riuntonegro, by their own reigning
princes, AlLxander and Nicolas; the
L'rench Republic by M. Waddingtou
mnd the Vatican by Cardinal Vannutell,
who, according to custom, will arrive
)ne day after the coronation to present
the Pope's congratulations, All the
princes will be accompanied by suits in
proportion to their rauk. It is not yet
nown whether the American Republic
will send any representaive other than
ts Envoy at St. 'eteisburg. Naturally
dil the loreign Embassies will be pre
ent. All tue foreigu guest will pro
3eet dirrect to Moscow, is at the time
A their airival in Russia next month
the imperal Court with the entire
household will have already left St.
All the foreign Embassies have rent.
id quiarters at enormous prlu;;;, pa,ylul
from 30,000 to 50,000 roubles for the
short period1 of the coronation. Oa<
high state olircial pay 4.300 roubles foi
three rooms at the hotel and 1,00(
roubles extra for each additional room.
Many Moscow resitients intend to leave
tue city tiuring the ceremony in order
to escape the exorbitant expense for
all neceswaries of liie. Carriages will
aest from 50 to 8o roubles fper day, and,
many of the foreign guests will there.
fore bring their own horses. All the
windows on the Tworakaya, where the
eoronation procession will pass aftor
leaving the Peter's Park have bei
rented for months already at the rate of
100 roubles per window. Thie hight'st
lrlicia;s of the .lEmire, the Council of
State, the Ministerial cominittee, the
Senato ar ti:e Holy Synod will take
up) their tc 'rary residences at Mos
usow dur .hOecoro'nation. For the
salty of the city a special guard (Okh.
rau) wvill be formed, consisting of 50,
30J0 citizens, who will be selected from
eachi divisioni. The total strength of
the troops at M'scow during the coro
rintionI is now fixejd at 65,000 men, wvith
lie fewer than 121 generals and '2,417
The invitations to the coronation of
blhe Czar have been sent to carefully.
sellected aiiti- Ropu >licans F renchi jour.
iulnis, su as theP"igaro, G/aulois, Uliai,.
'on, Uuion and (Jazct de Friance
I'heir correspo)ndent are to be splendid'
ly treated. The Czar will pay their
braveling and hotel exponecos, and rep
ucetteveryone with a gratilcation oi.856,
The Powevr of WVind.
T111( reQCQlit storinis in Ibe south anti
westI will ailflordu thoseu iterstred fr'ei
)apporitiunity lotudy111 the power and v'elo
sity of' the wiind. The ques5t ion of maix
imumlIl wVind forcei~ hats never been sat is.
actorihy sttledi, ii an en, Iindheed, neQve'
Je' fully3 establlishIed, utilI diffTerent hi
trumienuts fronm thiose ini presenQt use cani
a'e invente'd, and then b rotught to mecas
ehoud vor'tex of a toiriidio, wh1ich F
var'iously' est,imated ait frm sevenity t(
night hiundrede muiles per hour. TlI.i:
motion is, of coursle, inde'pendent of thi
velocit.y of priogrecssionI of the stormi cloud1
which v'aries f'romi a fresh breeze to a
alo of sixty miles. A velocity of eighi
umrediih'~t iles an, hour corresponds, on
hei( lowes~t bastis of calculation, to a pares
mreii. of about three-four'ths of~ a ton oni
u squtar'e foot. It can be easily imnagin
sd wh at. a d1iiast-rous1 effect such a p)owei
nuIst hiave uplonl any3 ()hjeeCt coing with
ni its reacLh. Jhut, apart fromi the enor
ntous force of thme winid within thme vortex
lf a t oirnado, w~huhih is at best only local
md1( shorad(1ie, the voc(ity of ordinary
tormos, passing over' whole conItinen'its
md1( oceans11 is somilethinug astoundling,
nadlequaiite as Lte best94 aneeom eters prove
n) a hurIiricane(, they haLve yet freqiuenut
y r'egistered 180 miles per hiour', which
:orre'Spond(s to a pres.sure of 81 poumndt
ier square foot. But t hat the recordl falls
'ar short of the real force is shown by
.he rinous1il effect of thme storm uploni oh
ects calculated to withstand a much
frete(r pressure. A rchi tects and en
fineers5 w~ouild do well to dlevote some
tudey to this imatter, to p)revenit', if poxs
aible a large mu11nb)er of houses and1( other
itructures beinug anlnulLh y blown away.
* Never swerve in your conduct from
roiur honest convictioin; dlecide because
,ou hav'e seent reas.'on for decisIon, and
'nni act haeait 1use yoa ha111ve d'cideCd.
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
.A delicate thought Is a flower of the
The egotism of woman is always for
Love decreases when it ceases to in
The heart of a statesman should be in
Jealousy is a secret avowal of our in
It is not death, it Is dying, that
The only rose without thorns is
The noblest mind the best content
Revenge converts a little right into a
Ie who would eat the kernel must
crack the nut.
It is a,% delightful help merely not to
Men are wonetn's playthings; women
are the devil's.
Ink is the black sea on which thought
rides at anchor.
Punctuality is one of the character
istics of politeness.
Unchast language is the sure index
of an impure heart.
In this wicked world it is usually
safe to be suspicious.
Wealth is not his who makes it, but
his who enjoys it.
It is easier to take care of a peck of
fleas that 1 one woman.
Frequent.ly the curses of men bring
the blessings of heaven.
Counsel that favors our desires needs
caref ul watchfulnessi.
Itf there were no God it would he un
necessary to invent one.
Women like bravo men exceedingly,
audacious men still more.
Imagination Is a libertine that dis
robes everything it covets.
Mien whould be saints if they loved
God as they love women.
)iscontent is the 'ant of solf-reli
alice; it is infirmity of will.
Let not the tongue utter what the
head will have to pay for.
Without earnlestness no man is great
or ever did great things.
Drink nothing without seeing it;
sign nothing without reading it.
A lover has all the virtues and all the
defects that a htusbtud has not.
Miny men kill themselves for love,
but mnny more women die of it.
Conseience Is the voice of the soul;
passion is the voice of the body.
God has his eye on your heart, and
yotur tongue cannot deceive him.
Envy lurks at the bottom of the
human heart like a viper in its hole.
The most dangerous flattery in the
inferiority of those who surround us.
'l.o persevere in one's duty and be
silt Ant is the first answer to calumny.
A siuny face--The outward latch
whiih invites to the home of the heart.
We generally think better of otr
selves than we are willing to acknowl
To-morrow is nlot elastic enough In
which to press the neglected duties of
'1'he Most important part of every
hL.itsim.s is to know what ought to 1)0
It is not what you have in bank, but
wvhat, you have iln your heart, that
mat~kes you a imn.
The leaist erroi should haunble, but
we should never permit event the great
est, to discourage uts.
A weak mind is like a mieroscop)e
which magnifies small things, but can
not receive large onies.
That was a good p)rescrip)tionl giveni
by a lph. "ianm to a patienit, "D)o some
t,hing for somebody.
When mna growv virtuous in their
old age they are merely making a sacri
lice to God of Satan's leavings.
Imnprove the wvit you have bought at
a dent rate, and the wisdom you htave
gainedl by sadl explerience.
A solid and substanitial greatntess of
seul looks dlown with neglect on the
er tiliures and1 appllauises of the multi
Wn must be a." courteous to a man
as we areC to a~ pictuIre, which we are
willinig to give the advantage of a good
R eligion hath a good influence upon
the people to make them obedlint to
govern tmnt and( pteaceab)le one towards
TIhe more an idea Is dlevelope(d, the
more17 coniteso becomues its expression;
thme more ai tree is pruniedl, the b)etter
lie is a good tan, people say thtoumght
hessly. They would 1)e more chary oif
such ptralse if they reflected thtey cold
be,stowv non1 htighter.
Ont such as are affectionately disposed
to become acqutainited with Divine and
heavenly wisdom, light shines from
heaven and illumiates their undter
Glorius Indleed is thme world of God
arotud us, but more glorious the world
of God within us. There lies the Land
of Sontg; there lies the poet's native
iIe who proposes to htave a decidled
influenee upioni a fellow-creature's
destiny should rentembher our complicat
tedi relations, for lie catnnot lhy his
strong grasjpilu onle lIfo without be
coin g entangled in the htiterests of
Notl$ing qulckeha the perceptions
like genuine love. From the humblest
pirofessional attachment to- the imost
chilvalre devotion, what keenness of
observation is born under the influmence
of that feeling wvhich drives away the
obscuring clouds of selfishness, as the
sun consumes the vapor of the morn
The Dolaware Hod.
At any hotel in Delaware you can get
a positive .hed-a bed that is ats com
fortable to sleep in as it is to look ipon
--in short, a bed that comes up to the
description set forth in any respectable
dictionary.- It is not one of those
uneven, mountainous things euphemis
tically called beds-those things that
sted their slttta and keep you awake all
night and charge you $10 a week for
doing it--but a regular, honest, ninety
nie-cents-on-the dollar feather-bed.
And thick-why, a Delaware feather
bed is so thick that you can't climb into
it! You have to stand on the bureau
and jump oil it. And when you land
on it.you connence to sink. And you
,Sink.and siuk, and sink, until you
think you are down in the collar. And
r you sleep so well and so sound that you
conclude in the morning that you never
kne' - what sleeping was before.
But when the morning comes the fun
The fun consists in getting out of
that bed. You had to jump to get into
it, instead of hmavinmg a ladder; but, you
cannot jump out of it. It isn't solid
enough for a foot-hold; and if you at
tempt to jump, you will only lose your
balance and fall. The fall won't hurt
you any, untless your hiead comes ini
contact with the head-board. Then
you will feel lonesome. You try to
walk off the bed, but you can't; you
become exhausted before you reach the
edge. It is like walkitig through a -
Y%'oui wish there was a chandelier over
the bed that you could grab and swing
from on to the floor, but there is no
chandelier there. And you wish you
had a rope fastened to the door-knob,
that you might haul yourself out; but
you haven't, and that is the end of it,
dearly beloved, and there is no ust
worrying about it.
'1'hien you try to swim off; but you
can't. You reach out and try to haul
yourself up to the edge; but instead of
hauling yourself up to the edge, you
haul about four tonls of feather-bed
down to your face.
Oh, how you yearn and silently wish
for a good pair of Canadian snow-shoes
with spurs on; themi! But there is nao
use of sighing for them, for there isn't
a pair in town, and if there was you
couldn't secure them without first get
ting out of bed.
Then you think it would he ia grand
idea to pull some of the feather-bed up
fron the edge, and fall over it and sift
yourself through the slats; but this
you cannot do, because you are already
ump to your ears iln feather-bed, and if
you go to pull the edge to you, you will
be over your head and sufffer asphyxia
And then you sigh for your jack
knife, thut you may tap the bed aid let
all the feathers run out on the floor.
But your jack-knife is in your trousers
pocket, and your trousers-pocket is in
your trousers, and your trousers on the
chair, and the chair is by the window,
and the window is about twelve feet
from the bed, and there is no boat-hook
in the room, and your knife might as
well 1)e in the next coumty. ''hit
causes you to give ip the idea of tap
ping the bed with your jack-knife and
you just stand u1p and yell: "Vire!
Murder!" and everything else you can
conveniently think of.
Then ill) come the bar-tender, and
the porter, atnd the proprietor, and
burst open your door, because you can't
open it yourself. Then they look for
you--they try to Ihid the point from
which the noise comes. And when
they find where you are, they pick the
feather-hetd up and, after four or live
minulte's hard work, manage to shake
y'ou out of it on the floor.
spanisha Gitar Pliaying.
All of us have hoard of, and some
may have seen, the Spanish love talk
ing to his "ladye fair" at the grtedit
window, or serenading her on the
twanging guitar. This cold-catching
amusement is calledf "eating -iron"
(comner el hierro) or "plucking the tur
key" (pelarla pava). Most people have
probably thought us I did, that those
young men and maidens braved rheuu
matism and chills (for the wvind Is cut
ting enough sometimes, oven in Andaiu
sia) for the sake of a romantic collogny3
untiisturbed by any listeners but the
moon, confidant already of so nmany
secrets, and never known to have be
trayed them. I had often seen these
enamored couples at Malaga, in years
gonie by, and imagined no ether reason
for their airy confabulations. In one
case I remember at Seville the lady was
aloft in a seonid-flor window, so that
tihe communications interchanged could
not be "whispel ed nt things.'' Never
theoies, to my surprise, evening after
evenmlg the entranced pair were to be
seen at their posts, gezing on each
other and talking sweet nothings when
that stray passerby had turned the cor
ner. Posbsessed with tis idea, I nad
never inquired into the origini of such a
common custom, which prevails, it may
be said, among the botter classes, and
rarely among the poor, But last Au
Lumin, when the conversation turned
upon1 thme subject one day, .[ was assur
ed by Spaniards that this exterior flir
tation owee Its origin in no way to ro
mance or desire for a toto-a-tete by
moonluiht. Tihe reason is simply this:
The young man outside is outside be
cause, though he knows theo Jady, he
doces not know her family. AL cheurch
or in the stree's thme teiegraph of the
eyes and of the Ian has been at work.
and1( an acqunaintance haIs been estab)
iished; but as the swain in a stranger to
the lady's relations the interviews can
naturalhly only take pla1ce at the window.
If, however, aifter a certain amount of
sighing and guitar strumming (which
latter, one may mention, Is quite going
out of fashion) the acqaaintance ripena
into something serious, the lover then
tinds means of being presenlted in dueI
form to the familj, But from the mo.
ment he enters the door of the house
romance flies away from the window.
Theii love-making is henceforth conduct
ed indoors in as matter-of-fac, a fashmion
as in other countries. So far my in
formants; It would be curious -'to hear
wrkat any Spanish correspondent would
volunteer on the subject.