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T E D I T I O N . W I N O. . . JE 2 8 . E S T A B Li S E D 184
TRII-WE EKLY b eIION W L efUNE..db'_
EDITION. W~INN SBORO, S. C .. JUNEL 26, 1883. ET BIH D14
- DtEaM>S OF YOUTH.
I sit in the quiet moonlight
And list to tho song of the wave,
And I watch the drooping willow
As it bends its boughs to the lave.
. As I dream the leaves of the hazel
And the gnarled and knotted guim,
Are falling and drifting around me,
And I think of n. childhood's home.
And among the beauteous piclures
That hang in memory's hall,
Is one of my early childhood,
That scemeth brightest of all.
I once had a darling sister,
With ey'es that were dark and deep;
But 'neath the weeping willows,
We laid her in peace to sleep.
With light and gladsome footiteps,
Free as the winds that blow
' We roved through the diu old forest
In the summers of long ago.
But., ahli her steps grew weary
And faint with the spirit's strife;
She was borne in saint-like beauty
To the realms of eternal life.
And here beneath the willow,
Where the streamilets dancing wavo
Is ever murmuring its music,
We made her lonely grave.
A TIN SAFE.
Charles Lynford was a young me
chanic in good business. At the age of
twenty six he had taken to himself a
vife Carolina Eustis, the daughter of a
'i neighbor; who had nothing to bring
, him except her own personal merits,
which wore many, and habits of thrift
learned in an economical household,
y under the stern teaching of necessity.
It was well, perhaps, that Charles
Lynford should obtain a wife of this
character, sini.2 he himself found it dif
ilcult to save anything from his in
It was not long before Carolina be
came acquainted with her husband's
failing. She could not feel quite easy
in the knowledge that they were living
fully up to their income, for seeing that
a time would come when their family
would grow more expensive, and per
haps her husband's business, now tlotur
ishing, might beconie less so.
Accordingly, one day she purchased
of a tin-peddler who came to the door,
a little tin safe, such as children fre
quently use as a savings bank. This she
placed conspicuously on the mantel
piece, so that her husbond might be
sure to see it onl entering.
"Hello! Carrie, what's that?" lhe
"Only a little purchase I made to-day,"
said the wife.
"But what is it meant for?" ie asked
"Let me illustrate," said his wife
A playfully. Have you 10-cent piece
Charles drew a dime from his pocket.
. Ills wife, taking it from his hand,
t'dropped it tlirough a little slit at the
45 Charles laughed.
''So you have taken to hoarding, Car
rie? My little wife become a miser?"
"No' only a little prudent. But, se
riously, Charles, that is what I want
you to (10 everv night."
"Whatl drop a dime into that new
% fangled arrangement of yours?"
r "Very well; that will be easy enough.
A (lime is n1o great sum. But may 1
6 know what you are going to do with
this newly commenced hoard?"
"Lay it by for it rainy day," aisweied
Charles laughed merrily.
And what will a dime a day aiount
to?" lie inquired.
"In a y'ear it' will amount.," conk
mencelAd his wvife seriously
0,O nkever miind-spare me the cal
c~ ulation! it sounds to much like busi
ness dandL~ Ihave enough of that during
"Bu you donk't object, to my13 plan?"
"Not in the least. I have no doubt
but y on know, Carrie, I never was gif
ted w%ithk muuchi prudenice."
"I am .quite aware of' that,'' said his
This ndedthe conver'sat,ionk for the
T Ihe plan inaugurated by thke youing
wifo w'as steadily carried out. She was
not one of thkose, of whom there are so
maniny, who enter upon01 a new plan
zealouisly, but soon tire of it. -In the
priesent case she was thloroughlly satis
fled1 of the wisdlom of her purpose1 and
resolved to carry it through. ]lvery
mnorniing she called on her huisbanid for
aL dime, whkich was qiuickly added to the
accumulation. .Frequently he had1( not,
the exact change, but would toss her a
quaIrter inksteadI. She would assure
him, laugiiingly, that this would an
swver her piur'pose equally as well.
More than once Charles bantered her
on the suLbject of hoyj little savings
bank, but these were not thb only acces
sions the fun<,ls receivedl. H[er husband
Iearly arrangedl to make her an ampile
allowance for dIress. I say amlhe,
though I dare say seome of my city rea
dlers might not considcr it so. ]3ut
Caroline, whlo was iln the habit of niak
h ig up her own (dresses, p)rovided1 her
self with aL goodl wardlrobe at a much
less expense than) somne not so wvell
verse(i in t,he science of managing could
*After considerable calculation she
came to thke conclusion that out of her'
' allowance she could be able to make aL
daily deposit equal to that she exacted
fi'oin her husband. Of this, however,
s~he thought best, on the whole, not to
inform Charles-enjoying, in anticipa
tion, the prospect of being able1 att sonme
atnne to suirprise him with the uniexpec
4ted amount of her savings.
-+At the close of every month the tin
box was emptied and the entire contents
-transferrmed to a more pr'etentius sav
ings bank, where interest would be al
lowed. W'hen the sums depiositedl there
became large Qnough Mrs. Lynford,
-aho had considerable busiess capacity
-vithidrew andl Invested in bank antd
other stocks, which would yield a large
-1er cent. Of her mode of investment
her hlusbanid remained in complete Ig
-orance. Nor did lie over express any
esiro to be made acquainted with his
3vife's management. He was ain easy,
cftreless fellowv, spending as lie wvent,
njroying the present and not feeling
any particular concern about the fu
At the end of eight years, during
which Vime he had been unusually fa
vored by picsority in business and
uninterrupted in health, his books
showed that he had not exceeded his
income, but on the other hand had
saved absolutely nothing. Twenty-five
cents alone stood to his credit.
"Running pretty -close, isn't it Car
rie?" he said laughingly. "I take credit
to myself for keeping on the right side
of the line. But then, I suppose you
have saved an imnmense sum."
"How much do you think?" asked
"0, perhaps $100," said lie, carelessly;
'"thouigh it wotild take a good niany
dimes to (1o that.''
IHis wife smiled, but did not volun
teer to enlighten him as to the correct
ness of his conjecture.
So things went on, till at length
came the panic of 1875-a panic so re
cent that it will be remembered by
many rcalders of this skotch. It will be
remembered how univer ;tlly trade and
business of every kind were depressed
at that period. Among others the trade
which occupied Charles Lynford suf
One evening lie came home looking
quite serious-an expression which sel
dom came over his cheerful face.
Caroline, who had watched the signs
of the times, was not unprepared to I
see this. She had expected that her
husband's bus iness would lie affected.
"What, is the matter, Charles? ' she
"The matter is, that we shall have to
"Anything unfavorable turned up in
"I slouild think there had. I shall
have but half a daty's work for some
time to come, and P'am afraid that even
this will fail before long. You haven't i
an idea how dull business of every kind
"I think I have," said his wife, qui- 1
etly, "I have read the papers carefully I
and have beent looking out or solueliing
of this kind."
"Do you think we 'a' reduce our ex
pelises one-ll?'' asked her Ii usbanld,
"I think we shall. be able to do so.
Both of us are well supplied with cloth
ing, and we shall not need any more for
a year at least. That will cut off con
siderable expense. Then there a great
many superfluities you are accustomed
to buy-little thingsyouare kind enoughi
to bring home to me frequently, which
.. can do very well without. Then we
can plainly have less piessand cakes; and
I have no doubt it will be an improve- I
ment. so far as health is concerned."
"What a calculator you are, Carriel''
said her husbaul, feeling considembly
easier In mind. "I really think, after
all you have said,that it won't be so
hard to live on half our usual income
for the present at least. But"-and
his counteniance again chianged--"sup
pose my work should entirely fail, I
suppose you coul<l't reduce our ex
penses to nothine at all, could you?"
"''That certainly surpasses my power."
said his wife, smiling; "but even in
that case there is noground for discour
ageuent. You have not forgotten our
savings bank, have you?"
"Why no; I didn,t .think of that,"
said her htusbatnd. "%I suppose that
would keep off starvation for a few
His wife smiled.
''And in those few weeks:,," :,hc added
''business might revive."
"To be sure,"' said her huisbanid.
"'Well I guess that it'll be all right; I'l
not trouible myself about it any lon
T1hie apprehenusions to which Mr.
L yniford hadl-giv~enl explressioni provedl
to be only too well founined. In less
than a month from the (late of thme cona
versattioni just recorded, the limited sup
plIy of work which lhe had been able to
secure entirely failed, and lie fotundI
himself without work of any kinid
thrown back on his own resources.
Although he had expected this, it
seemied unecxpectedl wheni iit ame upon01
him, andio again he turnled in a it of
discouragement. lIe briefly explained
to his wvife the new calamity which had
comei uponi thlem.i
"'And1 the worst (if it is,'' lie added,
'"t,here is nlo hope (If better times till
"D)o you think business will revive
then?'' asked his wife,
'"It: must by that time; therecare hIve
or six imnthis bebwveen. I'dlon't know
hiow we are to live (luring that time."
"I (1(,'' said his wife quiietly.
"Youl"' exclaimed her liusband in
"Yes, your inicomue has niever beeni
more than $000 or $700 a year, and I
have no( do(ub.t we can live six muonthis
on $250. "
" Yes,. certainly; but where is that
money to come from? I dloni.t wan t to
run hii debt, and if I did( 1 should not,
kniow whlere to borrow."
'."ortunately there is no nieed of if,"'
aid Mrs. Lynford. "You seem to
forget our little savings bank."
"'And is it, possible it can amount to
$250?'' exchatined Ch arles ini suripmise.
"'Yes, and( $000 more,'' said his'
''Wait, a minute and I will prove
Caroline withdrewv a imomnenit, and1(
then reappeared w'i th several certificates
of bank anid railraod shares, amounting
to $800, and1( a bank boo(k in wvhich a
bahanice was deliosited to her credit.
-''Are you quite sure you haven't re
ceived a legacy?" demnandled Charles ini
aLmaz/eemnt. ''Surely a dlime a~ daIy haus
nuot plrodIucedl this?''
"No; but two dies a dlay have, with
a litt,le extra (deposit now and then. I
think, Charles we shall be able to ward
off starvation for a time."
''All this I owe to your plrudence,''
said Charles gratefully. Itow can I
Charles Lynford remained out of
employment fur some mnonths, but in
the spring, as lie anticipated, business
revivedl, and lie was in receipt of his
More than two-thirds of thu fund was
stAl4 1JfrI and henceforth~ Charles was
uo less assiduous that his wife in striv
ng to increase it.
The little tinl savings bank still
stands on the intutel-pieco and never r
ails to receive a deposit daily.
Saelplng of the luullasa by the Uolonists.
'llt' tak nl g of t'all})5 ('ailt' to be at 11
'euognized part of Colonial warfar. e.
Ilaunahi Isltin, who escaped froml In- }
lian captivity inl Itii;, took tenl Scalps
xith her oni hand aitl paiii for tlein.
laptain Church, lundlertaking his eXpe
lition agIlinst thie I:;asterii Indians, in
1705, after the Deerlield massacre, an
toun&'ed thant he hand not hlitherto per- t
nitted the scalping of "Canada leu,''
Jut should thelceforlth allow it. in
722, when the Massachusetts c'lon;y
eit aln expedition against, the village of
'priying 1 ndians," ftltumdle(l by Father
l11i51(, they('3 offe'red( for' 'ach 5calp aj L
ioounty of ?15, alterward increased to
!'100; and this inhunianity was so ia r t
m rried out that. (ho Fren"ch1 priest himu
elf was one of the victims. Jereniali
l13um1sItSad, of Buston, inade this enltry
n1 his alallalc in this saine year; "Au
rust 52, twn('lty-eight Indian scalps
.)roughlt to Bostonl, onm of which wast
B3olnbazenl' an Iiuliani (hief, ;inu one
'yer ItaIilc's." Two years al'ter tlie
elebrated, but inapprop riately unaunedl
:aptaiin Lovewell,. the foremlost nldian t i
ighter of his region, eaune t pn i n1111411
[ndians asleep) rou(' n Ia pond; he anl
lis mlen killed and scalped1 tinil all,
uln1 entered Dover. N. Ii 'earing the i
m poles. AI'Ife receiving an ovation inl
Dover they w ellt. by water to Boston,
mId were paid 1,Ut)0 for their scalps.i
Yet. Iovewell's pimrty was always a
'uipanied by a chaplainl, amd hd' prat- L
rs every mlorning and eveni iig. -
Th(- most painfua tiaspect 1' the wholte
)1"aetici lies in the 'act, that it was noat
onined to hose atually engagtd in
lghting, but that the colonial authori
les act ually established a tariIt of pri
-es for scalps, inc"lting elen nonl-coml
>ati ts- o mI chi for" a 'ili 's, s 111m1e 1
'or a w\omnl's, so nnu"h. for a child's.1
)r. 11lis has lately pointed outi the
;tr"iking circtmustancee that whe-reas
Willia 1PenIn declared he person of a
[nlianl to be "snred,"1 his grandulson int
7i! ttered $1.-1 fo the Scalp (f an1 t
Indiant Inan, $130 for that, of a hovy
ind(er tcn, and ;)0 fur that of a wonlall
ir;'irl. Thc habit douibtless began in
'ury of retaliat ionl, and wras cOntinued
n order to c (Ociliate Indian allies; ad
vheu bounties er oft tfei to then- 4
hie w hite volunteers1 nalturally claime<I
i share. Bllt t-re is no doubt that
Pu(ritan theology helped the adoption
>1 th1e practice, It was partly b)1cau se
hle Indian was held to be somlethinmg
vurse than a beast that, he was treated
is being at least ai beast. The trulthl was
hat lie was viewed as a fiend, and there
,otliit not, t much sciuple"about using
nhumanities against a demon. Cot ton.
iather calls Satan "the old handlordi"
>f the American wilderness, and says
n his 1lmpynol l: "These Parts were
hen cveredi with Nations of Barb2ros
Indians and Ilitels, in whoml the
Prince of the Power of the Air dlid
vrk as i Spirit; nor could it he expc- I
ed that Nations of Wretches whose
\hole religion was the mlost Explicit
ort of Devil-orship should not be ac
ilted by theevi t il to engage il tilie
'arly atn1d bloody Aetion for the Extine
iont of a Plantation so contrary to his
interests as that of New lgiand was. 't
Benet arivooed at the Unin Clu few oe
2)ar<1s nogt avig made i many('' I l s, i((I
low much 11wn m ha ie,4)1'observingi'a 1
li 1t, he g ene ter f the1
:Obnwte $ lsa New Year's, dyJ soro '
>lti, huncadled 41hi(1 veafii hing r
'Iowi iti one ofS his pocets bough bt I
oing ao. the blill, 1 (li "tak ta. 11oiti
"Tante kdo you, sir, ' sai P ethst.
yes gltlitter ig at the s1ight of a S20
avia,wmrid sleepily:" i,Per, n dliv- hIi
ng doito anothiiglier000 poktbOeght.
Taehis perfornmn'e wnt in forliats fuld I
Lie m~liue; EveryOI11 t it that the-t
prisedhc Pete aeie toiireutiei he
wits eled' hubaknd the peenttof rt1
.1.9 ent to the)0Iamusements of e1p10 f
llenngt spopp and ent damondy. PTlir
rae da ih is haqt. l mdonely Il
was'ilan~ advd thas A.iig *Banet, th
ont1lim1e( he rcelwethe ahe brooc not
ieappetrared Petr ald $4,000.
"Ar'enttI hn you avem
A curious PoplI.
Tlite Island of Formost, although not
aore than 100 miles distant from the
mainland of China, to wvhic,h it has been
olinally subject during four centuries,
inhabited in its eastern part by an ab
riginal race of whom but the other lay
ss was known than of any other peo
Ie inl the world. The eastern half of
lie island is divided 'fromlt the western
y a range of uotintains of ian altitude
arying between 5,00) and 10,000 feet,
uid this natural barrior has proved an
I'ectual obstacle inl the path not only
f the Chinese, but of the 1Dutch and
ther adventurers who in times past es
il)ished thetuselves in this beautiful
nid produtetive island.
Tamusui, now considered lth6 best, har
or in the north, and usni 'I4 such in
reference to Keluug, v":s Mr. Han
o(k's oflicial station. While then' hi
uriosity was easily aroused as to the
1vage nat.ivtes of the interior by the re
orts le received of the valor and fero.
ity with wich they defended their
oveted camphOr'woodIs aginist the en
roachlenlts of the Chinese settlers.
'his strife, though bitter, did not alto
ether preven t their carrying oi a bar
er trade with the Chinese, although
tlli(ile-nei'n" or "go-betweeis" are
lways employed for conducting the
ecessary transactions. TIIeSe "go
etweens" live onl Chinese territory,
at they are generally, if not always, of
ative desceut. Whenever tihey visit
lIe hills they have in any ease to assumne
hIo native costtmlnc, which is extremely
rimitive, consisting of a striped tunic
f cloth -and a necklet of beads. It was
) one of these men that Mr. Ilaiieoek
'ent when le formed the resolution to
entetrate into the (lnse woods covering
ie notml ainis of these peolle, who do
ot. possess a iame. Mir. 1lan1coek's
rst object was to obtain a sight of these
lotuntaineers', and the "go-between
romlised to carry out lik wvishes by
lealls of a feast. IIaving assIumed th'e
ecessary to enable him to cross the
cutral zone between the Chinese settle
1e'its a tihl lie native villages, the "go
etweenl." whom Mr. Ilanuock calls a
typical 11awkeye," proeve(ded iuto the
ills to anutotince that. a feast of "pig
ud( samnshu" awaited Ltst'w who cared
u come to his but for it. It appeared
hat these delicacies possess irresistible
(tractions to the native inind, and it
as not long before there were shouts
hat they were comuing, and "three
eten and a girl" were seen alcppr(aching
hle hut. One of the men was a chief
td the girl was aged about. twenlt.y.
'he mnen carried long bautlhoo spears
itlh ironl heads; but Mr. Ilancook's
hlinese attendants insisted on these
eapons being left outside the door.
Vhenl they sat down, Mr. I1Incock had
i.u opporttuilty of examiing themi, and
is impressions were far. i;in being un
avorable. "The men Vte it loiig piecc
f cloth like bed-ticking, which w'as
uispended from the shouklers, and
imply tied in a knot aid left, open in
ront. Round tile waist was a girdle of
luie material, also tied inl a knot in
ront. Their legs were entirely bare.
)h the head was a enrious close-lit t ing
owl of wicker-work, of dark color, re
riibling aln inverted s1i1 basin. ''heii
air was quito black, id itung in
opious locks rounti the neek; theit
omlplexionl was light olive, anid in thei
ase not specially lronoIlluiced." ' Thc
irl waI- 'argely built, and of an Egyp
ian type of face, which reminded himn
f "the bas-relief oii a inummy coffin.
Ier dress was similar to that of th
len, but there was tole of it, and sht
a"ore leather moenssins. IIer carrinlg;
ere peculiar, conisist ing of a "couplc
f pieces of carveds ihinbooI, thiickei
han a plenicil, anid ablout an lich long,
b rust, thlrouigh thme I'ars, u andl11 holin
iispeided little st rings of blune glasW
eads, and llat h its5 ot wite ivory.
'hie inews of tihte coimig least, spruead1
apihily, and eight mlore ''savages'
1)0n ariivedl. Th ese were of' both sexes,
nd( 0110 girlh was prionounicedl to be0 not
lily "'gooId l(okinig, but, of digiiled
nd( graceul lmieni." She wotre a bliacl<
urbaun timmiued with redl, anid, like thi
'VT Cinese h ave uil t ivated tip tc
lhe very foot of the mtinuttaiins. and1( a1
ooni as thie party left,'' "lawkeye's"' hul
hey began 1(1 ascend(. JBryond the firsl
aiige exteinded ai thaick helt of junitgle
ltich onttiinuedh uiit il the ascent otf th<
lie jutigle thie pinciplal guide, a chief,
'blew a sinailI rieed whistle, and1( thleu
a1is('dit plecul iaru and mielancholy wvail ,'
1) give warninug thiat frienids were all
>ahinxuiig. Although there was nu
athI, (lie cief walked r'aplidly wih r
Prmigy' botuinitg stepi, andio it, was (ex
iremiely (diticuilt for' the Europeants tc
ollow himn. At, thie eind of this jugh
lowed a moi(unitain streami, bleyond(
v'hiich sltretched (1h( virgitn forest com.'
i(Isedl ofI nagif icent cam nphor trees and
11nd ntumerousx othiers, of kiunds unknowi
o Mr'. Ilanucock. The further joune)
ay for a distaine up the course of thit
nonntitainu str'eami, wlihi had to be re.
caitedlly cr'ossed ; bnt, although thiey
ado by this time coveed a consider'ah
Listancee, there were no signs of anty in
cabitanats. Thel nattives make thiel
(lines ait a ver'y conlsider'able altitudo.
tnd it w~ais not util the treoes becanu
hiinner that there wvere any signs 01
abitation. AtL thus poinit (lie exp)lor'etr
v'ero mnadEe to sit down and wait whilh
hue chief wnit ahiead to annuounce thecia
pprIioaceh. TIhiat this precatution wa1
cot tunnosessatry mnay be gathiered fronr
lie fact thiat thie savages kill withot
lie heaust scruphle all st raingers w~ho apl
I(eurt ill thieir' solitudies. T1hie villag(
vats butilt, Oi iai ledge (If rock andie th(
ints were of thie rud(est plossib(le dserly
tout. '"Thle door was so smnall that ii
vats a task to get ini; thie waulls iv'ert
Omiposed of (lie branchies stutck uito
hue grounid a few inuehies apart, (lie int
erstices being filed with bits of chop1
ed wood; (lie roof waus thatched witli
'raiss. Three sid1es were occtupiedl by
alsed bambioo sleeping plaitformns, somne
5 inches above (lie groundl(; there wert
0o widuows." T1hie furnititre was at
ud(e as (hue construactiont of (lie hut. A
Ow utensBils of 'the ro.ghiest andiu muosl
'rimiutive kinud, andt somte w~eapons of
he chase, stuch as bows aund arrows,
veuc aill (lie conitents so fair its hie obsery
Although these people have preserved
heir Inudependoncn diuringr tha whni14
period of the Chinese occuplatiou, Mr.
I1ancock colmes to the conclusion that
their (lays are now numbeied, and that
they are destined at no distant period
to disappear before the steady encroach
ments of the immigrants from the main
land. The Chinese Government seems
likely, therefore, to attain in this quar
ter and in our time a greater degree of
success than ever attended its efforts in
the past. Much of this must be attri
buted to the influence of the opening of
some of the ports of Formosa to foreign
trade, as well as to the improved ar
mament of Chinese soldiers. However,
it will be sometime yet before these
aboriginal tribes can he thoroughly sub
jected, or before their inountainous re
gion is given over to the colonist from
Fuhklien. The journey which we have
recounted will no doubt he repeated,
and increased knowledge and inter
course will hasten the doun of onte of
the few peoples in the world remaining
in a n at ural and thoroughly unsophis
ticated condition. Mr. Illancoclk' con
cludinig valediction is counched in do
spoudunltt teruts, hut there is every
reason to suppose that. what he writes is
only toel likely to be realized. ".1 had
been," lie says, concluding his interest
ing report., "am11ong a peoplu whose (lays
are niumbered; a people who showed
various kind and amiable traits of char
acter, but, whose natural temperainent,
even were they disposed to work, seems
unfitted for the systematic toil of civil
ized ntationts2 whose ignorance andi simn
plicity permit themm to barter away their
nouble forests for a mess of pottage, who
are steeped inl poverty and ignlriilce,
tie constaint dpes of tIlisertIpIlulotts and
mercenary neighbors, the victiins of
Stronag passions, without, friends, with
out. synimthy- clibireti of the 'resent,
Alm Onum-anm' Stroko.
So far the action of the nutuscles es
sentially conicerned in the performnaneo
of the "stroke" have been (onsidered.
There are intuseles concerned inl tie sup
plome+nt al actions, viz.: '1hose concen
ed in the perforimance of respuation.
Seat ed at the stern of an eight-oar" one
notices that, the freqtency of the respir
atory act is dlirect.ly proportional to the
uickness of the stroke. At an ondi
nary paddle the respirations will be
aboiut twen1ty-eight per mimite, as con
pared with the normal frequency, eigh
teen to twenty, observed when the int
dividiuals are taking ordinary walking
exercise. Oi (luickenting the respira
t.ions increase in freqlency, but lose in
depth, anid at racing pace often anuaunt
to thirty-sixmd thirty-eight per iniute.
.[Inspiratieit' is effected in the act of
''cominig forward," the breath is beld
during tle stroke and there is a sudden
expiration between time conclusion and
the conttnencenment, of fresh effect. The
full extension of the arms forward.of
coitse aids considerably inl the expat
sion of the chest; while the abdnininal
iutscles contract, in order to steady the
contents of that. cavity and prevent
their undnO propulsion dowiward.by
the desent of the diaphragmtt. Expira
tion is effected chiefly by the recoil of
these forces, the tension being height
ened by the breath beimg held during
the stroke, and also by tbo act iou of
the internal intercostal muscles, whose
action inl cases of extrardinary respira
tory effort is about ons;-fourtth mtoro
powerful thant that of the external in
tercostals, the mnusele.s of inspiration.
E;xpiration, too, .as we have already
stated, is rnaterially aided by ir inging
the handle of the ear to the chest. This,
too, is a very impoit ant part, of the
stroke, for to linish"'1 is uiear i of
equjial illipor'tanice as thme "'catch.'' If
ionitra'lctioni of the biceps coeinnlienices
too sooni, thenIl the st.ro(ke is not row~ed
(oit; if' deferred too late, thle centrae
1(i1n is teo vehecmenit, and1( the oam' is
brought out. with a j(erk. WilIe the
uni' is beig r'owed to 1te chest thet el -
ho,ws, biy theO ac(tioni of the liectoral is
maglislashoul1 d be broutght well to tile
5idhes. Violent conlt.ramction (If' the flex
or'S of the f'orearm, hoevr is nt e
si reale, having a tendenicy tol bring
tihe oari onlt f the water withi a jerk. A
gr'eat adlviniltago, mioreov'er, is gainled
by brinIginug thle amis sharply andE chose
ly' to the sicde at the led of the stro"ke
it, aids1 tIe respirator'y ac(t. Ixperi
menClts on the dlead bodly cleai'ly show
that whien artificial resp1 i rat ioni is per
formned aiccordinig to Sylv'ester's miethiod
more air cani be fored(E out of' thle chlest
when the armis are brought fiirmlly anId
closely ini contact, with the chest, walls
than when the eJxpeiCmmenhter is simpm~ly
conmtentedl with raising andl depressing
thenm. Theli stroke is now~ at, an end(
and two hubsidliary actio:ns have to be
Ipemformed before its recoi mmeenmentI
-the drmawing forward thle slide, andE
execuition of the feather. TJhie former
is anost inistanmtaneoumsly perforeiuid by
ai vigorous andl( power'ful contr'actionl of
the hiamistiring iseles-muiscles wh'lich
beforeO the inmtro(lhictionl of tIme slide
were coiiiparat,ively idle. Tme slide
therefore has initrodumcedh more womrk
into the stroke, amnd, ind~eedh, imaiy also
be considered to be a thir'd act ion.
T'he Cat's E~yo.
Towards( (tusk, if we look at pussy's
eyes, we shall see that the slits hlave
greatly wvidenmed. At lmidnlight the pu
p)ils will be as circular' as these of' the
d (ay, only v'ery miuch larger in proper
tioni to the size of the animlahs. - This
change is caused by the effect of light,
- uponi the nliechaismlili of the eye, and it
is invar'iahble in thme cats aill over' thie
wvorld. Tihe Chinese have lonig kniown
-and utilized this p)hienolikmnon. As we
all know, t,bey are very fonid of cats,
both as petsandl( for' thie table. In whiichm
hatter taste they are peirseetly right, f'or
julgged( cat is qjuite ais good as jugged
bare, anmd verny few personms wouild dlis
cover thme imipositionm if OneO were eIx
chlanged for the other, if, then, a Chi
nose wvishes to tell thle tiino on a cloudy
(lay when tIhe suni cannmot guide him, lie
takes lip the nearest cat, looks at its
eyes, anld from time width of thme pumpil
can form a very good idlea of the time.
WVho Is lavish wlth promises, ms apIt
to be )enutrlouis in performances,
t In contemplation of created things,
by stops we may ascend to God.
BUY THE BEST!
1Ma. J. 0. BoAo-Dear Sir: I bought the first
Davis Machite sold by you over five years ago for
iiy wife, who has given It a long and fair trial. I
am well pleased with it. It never aIves anly
rouble, and is as good as when first bought.
J. W. MioCK.
Winnsboro, 8. C.,. Apri. 1893.
Ma. IIAO : You wish to know What I have to
say in regard to the Davis ,Machine bought of you
Iireo years ago. I feel I can1't say too much In its
favor. I made about $s.0o within five mouths, at
Iines running it so fast that the needle would
get perfectly tot front frction. I feel confident
I cond not have done the same work with as much
ease andl so well with any other machine. No
tlime lost in adjusting attach ments. Tno lightest
running unacline I have ever treadled. Brother
James and\ Williant's families are as much pleased
wlit their Davis Macli nes bought or you. I want
no better inachiue. As I said before I don't
think too much can lie saId for the Dav.s 'Machlue
Fairlleld county, April,1883.
MR. 13OAO: My machme gives me perfect salts -
facttilon I ind no fault with It. The attachments
are so simlle. I wisn for no better than the Davis
F'airfild county, April, 1883.
M. 11oAlt : I bought a Davls Vertical Feed
Sewing Machine from you four years ag. I am
delighted" with It. It never has given inc any
troutle, an' has never beet the least out of order.
It is as good as when 1 dIrst bought it. I can
cheerfully reconitnd Ii.
Miti. M. J. KIntit.AND.
Mfotthuelln, Attril :o, 1-83.
This is to certify that I have been using a Davis
Vertic.l Feed Sewing Machine for over tw >years
purchased of Mr. J. u. lioag. I haven't found iL
p'Issessed of any fault-all the at tachments are so
sil tile. It never I efises to work, and is certainly
the lightest runing In the market. I consider it
a first class iachline.
Very respect fully
M1INNuIt M. Wl.ia..N0niA.
Oakitla'l, Fairfield1 county, 8. 1.
Mli OAu : I aiii wemi please.ll in every particular
with the iavis Machine bought of you. I think it
a lirst-1ass ainachine In every respect. You know
you mold several inachines of the same lnake to
thilerent ineinbera of our families, all of whom,
as far as I know, are well pleased wit i them.
M1s. 'M. 11. Moni,EY.
F'atirlel l anttity, April, Iss3.
This into certify we htevo 111h. in coustant usu -
the Davis Machine bought of you about three years
ago. As we take lit work, and have made the
price of it several t lines over, we don't, want any
better machine. It is always ready todo any kind
of work we have to do. No puckeriugor skipping
stitches. We can only say we are well pleased
li wish no better machilio,
l'ATIIRIitNK~ \Vvr.[I ANDU SiSrTkI.
A prlm 25, 183.
I have no fault to flid Witli my machline, sad
don't want any better. I have ni ite tie price of
it several times by taking in sewing. It is always
ready to do its work. I think it a first-class ama
chute. I feel I c:tllt say too much for tile Davis
Vertical Feed Machine.
li 3s. ''OMAS Srrti.
Fail!el'l count', April, 1553.
Mn..1. 0. ioAII-lear Sir: It gives te much
pleasure to testify to the inerits of the Davis Ver
tical heed Sewing M1athine. The maitiine I got of
you abant live yearsi ago. has been ailiost in cou
ialit iiii ever since that tiiiai. I cannot ace t,hat
it s worti any, andl has not. cost, me one cent for
repauirs sie we hlave ti it. Amn well pleaseut
anil Iutin' wi1sh for any3 bellter.
(iraiiic Qi.iy, her ol1T. Unt WyVtOnnD,
G rait ' Qa ry, earWtinnibor~o S. C.
WVe h,.vitussi te I)avis Vecrttcal Feel1 Hewinlg
Mam'htine for Ithe inst live years. We wouild not
l1tave anty otheIr mtake at aniy price. 'The acthinte
hias guiven tra Itibounideil satisfactIon.
V'ery respect folly,
Mit's. W. K. TURjiNitR AND l)AUoniTBs'
Fairticeil coutly, 8. C., .Jan. 21, 1)13.
itavinmg htitght a Dlai Yert ical Feed SeWinig
Mactune frin Mr. .1. 0. hon g somec three years
ago, altle it. having giveni me1 pel'fect satIsfaction in
every respect as a tatinily mtachine. both for heavy
antii tigil, sewing, and never nteeuded the least re
pair In iany way, I cain checerful Ily recommend It to
any one as a tirst-class maine inl every partIcu
lar, anid thInk It seconld to none. It Is one of the
samipiest timchitlin mae mty chItldren use It with
alt eas~e. 'The attachmrienis are itore easily atd
juisted4 attd( it doe4c a greater ranlge of work by
tmeans of its V'eritecal aceed than anay other msa
(inite I have ever seeni or Usedi.
Mts. TlitoMiAu OWINos.
Wiinstborn, F" iirtlell counlt.y, 8. C.
We hiavo had one of the Davis Machines about
four years and have always found it ready to do all
kinds of Wora we have hiat occaslon to dto. Can't
see that the mtachine is worn any, and works as
Wel us Wit'im new.
Ma's. WV. J. CiAWFonDt,
Jackson's Creek, Fairfild counity, 8. C.
My wife is highly pleased with the D)avis Ma
chinie botghit 01 you. Silo would not take double
what sne gavo for it. The machIne lias not
ibeen onit of ordher since she had it, and sIhe can do
ainy kind of Work on It.
JAB. F. Ffaux.
Moitlicello, lFairihld cotunty, 8. V.
Tfhe Davis Sowving Machine is simply a eraas
*r Mn. J. A. GooDWYN.
Itidgeway, N. C., Jan. 10, 1583.
J, O 110Ao, Esq., Agent-Dear Sir : My wife
him teen using a Davis SoWing Machine constant
ly for the past fotur .years, andI i has never needed
any re pairs an I works juist as well as when fir at
bought. She says it, will do a greater range of
practi.al work and (10 it easier andt bett.er than
fily mlachiine she nias ever used. We cheerfully
recommnenid it as a No. 1 family machine,
' u r.,JAS. Q. DAVis.
W insboro, S. C., Jan. 8, 1883.
Mit. BOAto: I have always found my Davis Ma
chine ready do all kids of to Wvork I have had 00
casion ftdo. I ouannot see that the machine Is
worn a piartilclin it Works as Wei as when new.
WVinnsboro, 8. C., April, 1883,
Ma. BOAG: My wife has been constantly using ..
[lie Davis Much ne bought of y ou about five years
auto. I have never. reg rotted buying it, a1s it ia'
always ready for afhy a lad of faily sewing, either
h0tVy or light. It Is never out of fix or needing
FaIrfield, hi. C., Mareh, 1888.
fAly partter has just gone out for a
walk," said a dealer in old engravings.
"Lle said he found the air of the store
oppressive. The fact is, we had an un
usually large doomsday order this morn
ing--that is, an order which it takes a
long time to fill-and it saddened him.
The comnmission was from i new custo
mer, whose list led otf with a little print
of liembrandt's known to collectors as
'The Dog.' This etching was original
ly produeed by the master on one
corner of a comparatively large copper
plate. Iii printing the first copies,
sheets of paper covering the whole of it
were used, thus leaving a very wide
margin on two sides of the etching and
ia narrow one on the others, The cop
per plate was .then sawed down to the
proper size, and the rest of the impres
sions taken. We could easily supply
our customer with one of the latter
prints, but. lie expressly orders a large
paper copy. Now, thalt is precisely
what we cannot get for l1 'e or Imoley.
Printing the etching oin large palPr
gave it a l reinenldous vogue atuong print
colleclors, aund it is to this eireuulst anee
tinIt the engraving owes its great scarci
ty aind enmormots price, for it has no
special value as a work of art. This in
cident will give you an idea of what. the
Iaste for prints sometimies leads to when
it is overdonle and becomes a mania.
'1'he next" item on the gentlenmanI's list
calls for an artist's proof impression of
one of Ionglhi's masterpieces; he might
as well have sent. us an orler for onev' f
Salho's ears. The third item calls for
a copy of 'Finignerra's portrait of Col
bus.' The dillieulti(s surrouming this
order were of a depressing character. It
was at this poilt that my par"t ler went
out to walk.
"It is not. 1one the so-called rare en
gravings which are hard to obtain.
(ood ordinary prints, which are fair
impressions and ini a salable condition,
are by no means so easily found as for
lierly. Ten years have made a vast
difference in th le nmarket. There are at
least 20 collectors to-day where there
was one teii years ago. A m1ericanis are
exhaustiig the E1Suropeai portfolios,
aun1 dealers find it. hard to keep a full
stock. At the present time it Iys to
keep a Iarge stock, not only for sales,
btilt because the goods are constaitly
appreciat ing in value. The best, prints
generally bring an adv:ice on their
former price every tilne they reach the
aucliun-roo i, amd they find their way
by degrees to the nuseinis. A copy of
a'(e Aitoniic's 'Jutgiiient of Paris'
lately sold for $1630, and I suppose that
a first p1ate of Iteinibran(dt's elclhing of
'Christ lealing the Sick' voulld lring
$80t) at. any tiue. 0Oe was solt ii
London in 1867 for $5000. Evei the
nore iumodern prints are bringing ex
travaant prices. A l'roof copy of Da
Vinci's . 'Last - Supper,' engraved1 by
iaplhael Morghen, is worth $;1501), and
Sluller's 'Malonina di 111 Sisto' has
(Ilndruipled inl value inl 15 years. I
know of one now on sale in this city for
$1200, which I miight have bought ten
yeiltrs ago for $100. I bought an ordi
nary imlpression in Dresden in 1860 for
$16-t.he regular price at that tine
which I sold two years ago for $175.
Desirable Albert, I)urers are now very
high ijleed. Collect ors have swallow
ed up a good many of thetll, good and(I
bad, but anything with the 'anchor'
inark, the 'lilies anl crown,' or 'thc,
great bull's head,'--waer mn-arks -
brilgs at heavy price.
"'Of course the mnatrket is full. of iiili
it ions oh these and of all other valuable
prilits, and smucl of them aire so eleer
that, even the dealers are d1ece ived. Thi e
vatriou s miore or less frau iuh ilent process
es lire indulilgcd ini to an alnmost unmlimiit
(ed I xtemit. EvAeni the pailper is i iniitated0(
and1( nIowyadays the imiitait ion of waiter
marks in(1( oli prits is so (cleverly made(l(
a1s toi deceive ex pert s. 'l'he0('I ol iouns
of enlgravinigs inl this eiily are( full of imi
itaitionsl or fixed il upi pitt, and1( it they
wvere niot skilfuilly done they wouildL be
thIirown ouit, for no miat.ter liw~ green Ia
pr1it buyer miay be h imsei f, his enigrav
inigs are (ifteni seen by experienced (co1
lectors, ali(l nothling tickles aL v irtiuoso
5s) greaity as'1 to sho aO I brother01 (301
lector whlerein lie liuis 1n1ade an1 liwise
h The(3 i s ao oa" e''l.
IIelowv I le well-kniown Belt, of Orion
evryodly who watches the brilliant
skies of ciir wvinlter niights miust have
nloticedl a hazy-looking star. It, is the
famous Greek Nebula. Very little
telescopic piower, is reqiired to shmow it,
as5 IL luminou101s cloud thirough which
stars lire shiing. Buit it isd(illcult, to
conve3y to one who has not, beheld it
with his own cysi anS i idea3I of the mni.
Iicenmt appeaolranice of thiis nebula whten
seen withI such IL telescope as thalt at
lPriniceton. The whole field of view,
with the higher powe3rs, is filled with a
shining haze broken up into- Iocculenit
miasses, dlelicate clouds of l ighit,, sprays
allo wisps. It is spirinkleJd wit,h stars
which glitter like dianmondos in a bride's
veil. 1t looks as though you could scat
ter It with a breath, but it fIlls aL space
in comparsoni with which tihe solar sys-.
temn is at meri pioin)t. iManly astronmo
mer's beliove it. cosists of the stuft of
which slun and worldls arIe made, and
sonme thinik appearances cani be detected
in it whiichm hidoicato that it Is at this
moment being moulded into suns. One
of the triunmphs ach)ievedl by the bate
1101)ry Draper was the phmotograph In
of this nebl'ula, and1( lisa photograph)ls may
eniable fuiturie astronomers to determine
jus5t, wh'at chaunges are taking place, and
whiether in thlis strange object we will
really d1( biehiold the slow dtevelopment
of aL new (dominl of solar systems.
Th'ere is a black gap at one poIt In the
nebula, and( ini this gap shinies time four
stars con)lstitutinig the well-known tna
pitunlil. TIhmere are twVo others niear
these wvhich "mall telescopes (do not
show. This us time cenmtral point of In
terest ini the nmebula. It seems clear
that those stars are not there by aecc
dent, but that there Is a real connetin
betwecen them and the nebula. They
aippear, as Professor Young remarked,
to 1)e feeding upon thme nbbula.
To be angry Is to revenge the faults
of others upon ourselves.
Youthful rashness skips like a haRre
over meshes of good counsel,.
* . ' . .