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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. -WINNS'BORO. S. C.. JULY 10, 1883. ESTABLISHED 184
In a long-forgotten packet.,
Tied up with a silken band,
I found it: only a letter
Traced in a girlish hand.
* I read it over and over, t
Ah, mel as I did before I
' In the days that were full of sunlight- +
The days that are no more.
I dreamed of a golden-ummer, .
Far back in a Joyous tine,
When every day was a poem,
- And every hour a rhyme;
There came a fragrance of roses .
And lilacs and mignonette,
And a sound of sylvan music, t
And the eyes that are with me yet.
A flood of purple sunset,
In scintillant glory came,
Till the deep old forest kindled,
And burned like a fluid of flame.
There came a girlish figure, 1
With billows of floating hair,
And she bent her face above me
An angel over my chairl *
I saw it all in a moment,
While I held the crumpled sheet;
And then, as the vision faded,.
The long, gray, city street,
With its hatetul rush and clamor,
Came back to my wears eyes,
Ah, still the fruitless strugglel
Ah, still the worthless prize!
"My deal' Fred, will you not give up
this hazardous life?"
"Yes, Annie, when this season is
over I will - abandon it forever, and we
will get married and settle down." .
The young girl blushed deeply at the
words of her lover, but she did not r
resist the arm that was thrown around
her waist, and drew her closer to him t
or the kiss that followed. In fact, she t
was very.proud of his handsome face
and manly form, but his dangerous
profession-that of a trapezist-made
her tremble for fear of accidents, and
she continued to plead that it should be e
"You have now sonic money, Fred- s
I a little, amn an orphan as well as your- c
self, and we are all in the world to each ti
"Indeed we are, Annie; but hard
fortune threw me into the life I am
leading. It was a hard school I was
trained in. I know little else, and o
after so many years of toil it would be a
almost foolish if I neglected the golden
opportunity before I renounced it alto
"I believe you love it almost as well r
as you do me," she replied with a smile. d
"Not one thousandth part as well!
And yet I must own there is something
attractive to me in the breathless swing
-the hanging from the dizzy height
the daring leap in mid-air that makes
the heart of every looker-on stand
"And mine among the nmunber," with t
a heavy sigh. .
"Have no - fear, darling. Practice
has made me so perfect that there is 0
not the slightest danger."
"Danger there always is, F(red." 0
"I can see none."
"You have to depend very much I
upon others, do you not?" u
"And failure upon their part, care- Ii
lessness-the breaking of a rope might
be fatal." 1
He could not deny it, though he made 0
light of it, quieted her fears as best he t
could, and turned the conversation into
another channel-the one that is near- a
est and dearest to young hearts, f
For a year they had been acknowl- h
edged lovers, and there was no one to 0
say them nay. IIe had striven to edu- 11
cate himself and rise superior to iron 8
fortune-had succeeded as mien of reso- P
lute will ever do-had been frugal and t
saving, with the dletermnination of some 5
day turning his back uponl tenit, span- ?
-gles and sawdust1 and taking the p)lace
in society to which he fellt lie had a u
And so it was in a great measure wvith 1]
the girl who had become very dear to
him and donme much to strengthen his .1
good intentions, to keep hiim from wan- a
(derinig into the paths that have been
the ruin of so many whom fhe world c
applauded to the elho for a time, only i
to forget as new faces came-who I
floated upon the top)most waves of suc- C
cess, to be the more certainly wrecked Y
upon the dangerous rocks and dragged
to the bottom. .
She, like himself, had been early
orphaned and knewv something of the a
hard lot of being brought up by distant
relatives-begrudged the little foodl she
ate, and made to toil beyond her ti
strengthm. .But this was over now and t
her slender fingers made her needle fly U
as she thought of the future. r
And that future they talked of long i
and earnestly, laid their plansB and madhe 'I
themselves supremely happy in what a
wvas to be. There was no single cloud Si
save that of fear entertained by the girl V
for the safety of her lover, and again V
and again it forced itself upon her Ii
mind, and found utterance from her ii
"It Is but a few short months," lhe a
relied, "before the tenting season will 4:
be .at an end, and I am free. 'Nowv I
am boun md by a contract the most lucra: nl
tive [ have ever mnadez and to break it "
would be ruinous. '1here Is little to k
be feared, my darlinIg. All will go
well. Winter willl soon come, and n
then good-bye to tis wanderIng life."
"But only think of how luch time n1
will elapse before I see you again. If e
.I could only be with you, It would not I
be so bad. But I fear-fear' that I I!
shall never see you again."h
~ ~.* It was the dold story of tears. andl fi
comforting adpronmises to be faithful; o:
and Imlonths indeed passed be ore they b
again saw each other's faces. But, as
lhe had -predicted, all had gone w.ell, b
-Famne as well as money had been gained yi
by the young and daring trapezlst. .lie ti
stood at the very head of-his desperate h
profession, and the hearts of women g
stood still and strong men held their a
breath when he hung high in mid-air,
and leaped-a wonderful distance.-.freim tm
one swinging bar to another. H-ad it b
been 'in the olden days of Rome they sj
- would have crowned him with tihe vie- a
tor's laurels, borne him .upon their e~
shoulders, made him -rIch in gold, and b
hailed him as King of Athletes. f
And now tlle last nightjame that 114 tI
was tom appear before the public--tile ni
Very last night of the season, and that
f his benefilt. Well might he be
roud of it Well might he look long
ugly for it, for the substantial reward
b would bring. A favorite with all,
olunteers had been far more numerous
han was usual and the management
iore liberal.' A. whisper had reached
hem that lie thought of leaving, and
hey were doing their utmost to .bind
im so as to secure llnt for another
He had left Annie early to make the
Lecessary preparations-but met her
.gain as soon as he dressed-dressed in
he most magnificent garments lie had
ver worn and her gift-the work of
ter own hands-and drawing aside as
nuch as possible they talked gayly, much
nore than was customary for her to do,
or she appeared to have forgotten all
ear for his safety.
"I feel, darling," she whispered,
'that to-night is to be the grandest
;riumph of your life."
"And the last."
"The list!" appeared to be echoed by
stern voice, and they turned hastily
tround, but could discover no one near,
mid believing their ears had deceived
hem, she continued:
"How I shall glory in your success,
"And I in outdoing myself for your
"Besides, it is so much pleasure for
mne to know that it is for the last
"The very last!" was whispered to
heir ears as if by the lips of the wimd
hat found its way through the little
ents in the canvas.
Both started more fitfully than they
ad done before, aid released the hand
hey had been pressing.
A horse-one of the linest, in the st ini
-had beeni led out, and was standing
ear the curtain that concealed the
ing andh spectators, ready to make a
ashhig entree. By its side, but the
pposite onte to them, it wou.mai was
tanding, black haired, brunette in
omplexion, with a tall, supple figure,
nd eyes that flashed with almost more
han human brightness. For a sinigle
istant Annie caught the expressioi of
er face, and saw the line of sharp
hite teeth that broke the intense red
f the full lips, and drawing back with
shudder she could not repress, asked:
"Who is that, Fred."
"She is known by the name of the
Juban Queen'-is the best woman
ider I ever saw-brave, fearless and
"Has she been with you all sumner?"
"Yes; but why? Are you jealous?"
"No, but-" and she blushed under
is earnest glances.
"Well," lie continued with a smile,
'you might have had reason if you had
eeu with us. Certainly I might have
ad her for a wife, had I but given her
lie slightest encouragement.
"Does she love you?" and the voice
f the girl was as low and sad as the
eating of the waves upon the reaches
f the silver sand.
"I believe she would have done so if
would have let her. But there was
o danger of that, darling." and he
ailed her attention to the beauty of the
The Cubaness had also been engaged
i conversation, though a very brief
ne-only consisting in asking one of
Ae riders if that was the girl the trape
ist was to marry, and receiving an
flirmative answer. Then she hid her
ice=one famed for its tragical beauty,
lit now almost devilish with the spasm
f jealous rage that distorted it-for a
iomeiit in the flaring manie of her
teed, conquered her emotion with a
owerful effort, wreathed her lips into
tie studlied smile of the artist, and
tepping toward Fred, said in a skill
Lilly imodulated voice:
"Let ime congratulate you ini advanice
poni the success of your benellt."
"And let me thank you for the kind
ess you have showvn in the matter."
He wouldi have introduced her to
Lnnie, brit the girl had turned away,
ud( so lie continued:
"You know that this night ends my
annuectioni withi the comlpaniy. Be
isuired, however, that if, in thme future,
cani do aniythinmg to promiote your suc
ass or hlappiness I will do so, and hope'
ou wvill feel free to call uponi mn."
"You are to be married?" she asked,
'ithout even a word of thanks.
"Yes. Will you not comie and dance
I my wecdding?"
"Certainly-when you are married."'
He (lid not notice thle emiphiasis upon
10 latter part of the sentence-hlad no
ime to do so, for eveni as they were
ttered the bell summnonedl the fair
ider, and she leaped, unassisted, upon
er horse anid (lashed into the arena.
'hcin hc called Annie again to himii,
ud they took a place where they cold
e her speeding arounid the circle,
rhile the air rang with plauidits. Anid
'ell it might; such matchless ridiing
ad neover before been .seen-probably
ever wvould be again-and the horse'
10 rode, goadled far beyond its.traiined
nd regular pace, rani amnd leaped as if
"T1he devil is in that woman to
ight," said one 'groom to another.
Yes, andI in thme horse, too. I niever
niew her to ride with a spur befo.re."
"A spur!" was echIoed in astonish
"e,Iawlher get one of the ring
in tell by the liory leaps of the horse.
[E niever would stand( such a thIng, and
lie doesn't break her nieck he wvill
is own. By heaven! just look at her
tee. H1er ey,es are llashinig like balls
f ire and her teeth are set 1mard1. I
slieve she is either dIrunk or crazy.''
'Pahaw! it Is only her hot Spanish
hood. Something hias gone wvrong,
mu may depend. But if she makes
iet leap) over the garters with the
arse running at that mad rate she is
ano. No! She is safe. I never saw
lything to match it in all my life.''
She was indeed safe, though she had
iken desperate chances suflicient .to
reak dlowni a dozen niecks, and as she
>rang lightly from hier foaming hoi-se
flash of triumiph shlot from lier black
,es, and scornfulhf disdaiing -the
uquets that had beemn flung at hier
let, Bihe rapidly disappeared, ,leaving
me clown to appropriate and niake
erry over them.
Another act or two (very tame after
the last) and the king of the trapeze
as the Cuban was the queen of th
arena-was called to take his plac(
With a single word to the girl he loved
he spiang Into the sawdust. circle, an
bowed low to the storm of applause
one wild enough to have turned a les
steady head. But coolly, perfectl
collected, he cast his eyes over the vat
assembly, and a bright light came 't
them, and a truer smile to his lips, th
he saw where his Annie was seated
looking at him with a not to be cor
lIe braced his muscles drew up hi
head, ran his fingers lightly up throug
his curling chestnut hair, .and thanke
all for their presence. The dress h
wore showed his finely knit figure t
the greatest advantage, and iasheil
with every movement as if covere
with stars and diamond dust. His fac
was glowing with health and hope, an
many were the eyes of admiration tha
girlhood turned toward him as b
swung lightly frbm bar to bar until h
had reached the topmost one as easil)
apparently, as a bird would have flowu
Feat after feat of the most dangerou
character (so it appeared to the unini
tiated) was performed and then cam
the crowning and final one. That i
required a clear head, great precisioi
and calculation, cool nerves and ihi
mese strength was evident to all fror
the minuteness and carefulness of th
'1'h8 king of the trapeze stood leanin
against the centre-pole and seeimingl
watching tihe proceedings, while lie re
gained his somewhat overtasked breatli
in reality more intent upon.tlie beaninl
and anxious face of his love than any
"''he feat now about to be plr
formed," said the master of ceremonie
iln explaiation, and to do away wit]
something of the tediim of waiting
"is 0one that has never been attempte<
by any other mn, and upon this occa
sion the leal) will be greater than eve
before. But as it is perilous,-beyoin
all lescription, I must beg the 11os
A net was about to be stretched so a
to save the performer in case of falling
but lie motioned that it should not bi
dione, saying, so as to be heard distinctl:
"There is n0 use of that. I will
desire to make the juip without it
make one that will be long remem
Those who uiderstand the matte
the best were the most thrilled by th'
words, and the same groom who ha
given vent to his feelings with regari
to the dashing Cuban, whispered to hi
"I believe they have all gone mad
Heaven give safety, but I wouldn
venture (even if I could do it as well a
he) for the whole concern.'"
i's all ready?" asked Fred, as lie rai
his eyes swiftly over the slender cord
and bars that were to be to him aq th
spinlings of fate.
le kissed his fingers- apparently t
the audience, but iii reality to the gir
he loved, seized a rope, C.limtbedt to tli
first bar-then another and anothe
uitil lie reached the hust, cut the other
loose and performed' all the variou
acts he had before gone through witi
from that dizzy height, and with a
much certainty and seeming as careles
as if but a foot from the ground ii
place of iiearly a hundred.
Then he rested, and braced himsel
for the fial one--tho daring, thrilling
unmatched leap in mid-air, from ont
swinging trapeze to another, and failini
to catch which at the proper instan'
and cling to it was death.
.Backwvard and forwvard lie swung
while a breathless silence reigned
p)rep)aredl himself for the desperate feat
Iixedl his eyes upon01 the treacherous bal
to which lie must spring and fastem
1up)on, shot through the air almost lila
a flash of light, clutched it safely witl
his' hiands, was struggling to gi i
seat as the wild buzzas that could nc
longer be controlled burst from every
ll), and then the supporters gave wvay,
and, wvith a mighty crash1, lie fell back
wardI to the ground I
Women shriekedl and fainted in ter
ror, men were awe-stricken and incapa
ble of action; but even ini that swvifi
descent w~as heard ab)ove all the cry oi
Carried from the rinmg with the forn
of the girl lhe loved wiilly clinging tc
hin, inmstaunt aid wvas obtained, btut
though n10 bonmes were broken, it wa:
the opinion of the phlysicians that hii
recovery wvas doubtful, the jar had beer
so, great and there might be internal
Thle sports of the ring hadl ceased
the audience been'dismnissed, but did
ntot stir. 1;orrow1'ully they waited mnd
whiisp)eredl with white hips, for sem<
11h111 tidIngs, someting 'beyond imert
Thle comipany were gathered aro und
thme InjuIredh man with tearful eyes, and
the gr'ief of the girl would have imeited
the heart, of stonie. And silently thern
stood the fair Cuban, wvrinmging ho:
hmands, and with the muscles of he:
face workinug tempestuously. But she
wvas' ai wvoman, wouldl naturally feel
more deep)ly than men, and nothing
was thought of it.
Meanwhile, even as the white-winged
angel of life and the black-wvinged ong
of death were battling for their prey,
ani investigation was being mlade Into
the cause of the accident by thoese
whose di.y it was1 to see that all wvas
safe, anid upon w~hiom the blame would
fall the miost, heavily.
Hopes and1( bars weore found sto be
intact,. It wAs the Ironm rings that had
broken, and1( wond(erig at this, they
stood with themi in their hiands, whien
0110 of the physcians, (mand by chlance aI
chemist) who was in at.tend(ance caine
alonig; and hiad his attention called to
"T1his fatal fall " hie said, after even
the most casual ob>servationi "has not
been the result of accident, 6>ut of pro
meditated malice upon the part of some
oenemy. The iron rings have been
honsycombed, and rendered as brittle
as glas by some Dowerful acids, then
rubbed over with varnish to hide It
from detection. Whoever did the deed
had murder In their soul."
At that instant came tihe mnrmui
- that the injured man had aroused from
o his stupor; had spoken, that there was
,. no longer any doubt of his recovery.
L, "Thank Godl" burst from the lips of
- Even the pallid, ghastly face of the
a Cuban Queen flushed, and she turned
y away when the other news-the trench
t cry with regard to the rings--came
o to her ears, and hastily freeing herself
s from the press was lost to sight.
4 But almost instantly the double re
- port of a pistol was heard, and rushing
in the direction of the sound they
j found that she had shot her horse and
h then herself, and was lying gasping
I for breath, and with the life-blood
e swiftly flowing from a wound in her
I "Beyond all help," wiit
d decision of the physid
e any one toll the meann li-i ^
d "I loved him; he would have married
,t another. I tried to killed him-failed,
e and Ohl God, I-"
e 'T'hey were the last words of the
beautiful and passionate woman, but
told the entire story, few as they were
was as the condensation of an entire
U From the admiring gaze of the pub
t lie disappeared two stars upoi the
same night. One we can follow to a
home of light, love and happiness.
And the other?
Y The present cells, at Sing Sing, such
- as they are, are much below the stan
(lard of those in other state prisons of
? more modern and improved construc
tion. The visitor who is used to boliev
ing large and airy bedroonis, with uin
inileded ventilation, necessary to health
s and well-being, would recoil on glanc
ing for the first time iito a convict's
, cell at Sing Sing. Entering by a low
I browed and narrow door you come into
- a space, for it cannot be called Ia roomh,
r only 31 feet wide. Most of this siall
I breadtil of space is occupied uy the bed,
t which extends front end to end of tihe
cell, and is ixed up to the wall during
s the daytime. Imagine, in addition, a
not over high ceiling, and you have
3 some idea of a cell at Sing Sing. A
y bucket and a few washing utensils conm
plete the furnishings of the cell, though
- some of the convicts have ornamented
- their "dens" with pictures and other
- articles. The small width of the cells
is the most obvious defect in the inter
r ior construction of the prison. 1For this
ii as in other cases, no one now connected
I with Sing Sing is to, blame. The
I present managehnent, as well as those
s conuected with every other good prison
in the land, will admit that 3 feet 6 in
ehes is not sutlicient width for a cell oc
t cupied night after'night by a;hunan be
g ing, and inm many cases by two. Passing
along the corridors; looklng into the
i smal open doorways, as theJ stretch
s before and behind in rows of 100 each,
o the visitor imagines he is gazing into a
number of interstices or right-angled
holej, cut into this erect mass of stone
> by some huge mach'ne at regular inter
I vals and of uniform size. That they are
i bedrooms can hardly be realized. 'l'he
r convicts are marched back to their cells
every evening after supper and are al
lowed lights by which to read until
1 9 o'clock, when "lights out" is the
i orkler, and sleep is supposed to super
i vene. Keepers patrol the corridors all
i night. At u the convicts rise, have
breakfast and by 7 o'clock commence
[ work, returning not to their cells dur
, ing the remainder of the day until work
is over. On Sundays they remain in
their cells all day, excepi, to go to their
meals and return. There is no regular
recreation or walking exercise at sinig
Sing. Work, meals and the cells are
tihe altenthating occupations. Indeed,
if there were any regiular hour allowedi
during the day for walking in files or
go-as-you-please order, there is no suit
able p,iece of ground( within the p)risoni
enclosure large enough to allowv 1,500 or
anyi hlrge numiber of meni *to parade at
the same time. All the available space
is occupied as sites for the present
buildings, leaving IL few roadways be
When one comes to the manner of
-pumishments in Sing Sing, dangerous
ground is approached. Many have boeen
the stories published of crueolty in cor
recting the dlenizenis of this institution,
and( sadly se3nsationial have been the 're
velations" made by released prisoners
Iof wvhat goes on behind the bars. A
casual visitor has no'. opplortunit,y of ex
pressing an opinion one way or aniother
as a result of his ispection, for lie
merely uses his reportorial iinstincts
Iand describes as wvell as he can what lie
sees and whathle is told. On the occa
sioin otthe recsent visit the correspon
dent was "takein to what was formoly
used as the puniishimenit roomi"--a duni
ly lit chamber, comnfoirtable looking
enough, boarded half way roundl. Inmto
one0 of the boards was fIxed a hook, upon
whlich the hianidciffs on a man's wvrists
were securely placed, so that Ils hands
were hel to the wall high above his
Ihead, while his feet were tied to an ar
rangemnent in the wall close to the floor.
llis back was then bared and, und.er'
the old regilmc, the "'paddle"& app)jlied.
T1hme "palddle,"' the corresp)ondent was
told, is now aL relic only for flogging haus
been abolished ait Sing Slng for nieariy Ia
year. Thie "'padd(le'' is inoffensive
enough to look at. Many people seem
to have an idea that it is a piece of thin
w~'od perforated wilth holes, which
cruelly tear the flesh. It 1s simply a
p)iceO of' leathear, linhl flat, pliable and
mLodlerately thick, six Inches long and
three inches widle, with a rolled handle
about a foot long,
B fhas not been supp )sod that sewer -
ago gas could exert any corroinig infti-.
.ene on metals, yet invettigations show
that hoies are actually worn in lead and
zinc by such gases. From all that
appears, the gas prooeeJma from the
dIrain is the most dangerous element
exhalations of this character exercising
their deadly influene both by perfora
ting the pipes whieh.contain .them and
thlen issumng through these! apertures
to mingle with the respired'- air. Sub
stantial itron pipes, well vetilated,, and
joined in the most perfect m inner
possible, are considered the beet protee
A gay band of wanderers trudged
over' the hills and arioss the valves of
Montgoimry county recently, much to
the wondermens of the natives and the
advancement of science. Soine of the
invaders were clad in sacks and trousers,
some in jackets and knickerbockers,
some in bright-colored Je-seys and
frocks, but all carried hammers and
each had a leather bag slung jauntily
over one shoulder. There were little
lads scarcely forty inches high, who
chatted about triassic and jurassie,
silusai and Devinian, as they might be
expected to do of balls, bicycles and
hoops. There were lanies who lugged
h* * nglomerato shale and
ore ease than they
a spool of thread in
town. There were pretty girls who
thumped away at granite and litestone
like-venerable macadamizers, and there
were grave. professors who skipped up
hilly roads and threaded forest paths
like mountain goats. It was the sixth
expedition of Professor Lewis' geologi
cal class under command of the profes
sor and attended by a reporter.
The May air was like May wine as
the party left the train at Rubicun
Station. It was filavared with lilac and
honeysuckle, wild thyme and mint.
There were green hedge rows all about,
leading up the drives to pretty villas.
There were peach-blow-and-apple-blos
som clouds, and tuero were the dain
tiest contrast of color imaginable, as
the bright dresses of the ladies in the
party and the gay ribbons of the
youngsters' hats moved through the
green flelds and flowering orcoards. At
Rubicumh the expedition picked up
some specimens of the oldest fossil
kuowi to Pennsylvania, the scolietus
lihoans-naught but a faint thread in a
hit of lime:tone rock now, but the first
progc'nitor in direet. line of all the wav
ing iorests and nodning grasses. Troop
hug along the t urhnpike, by Willow
Grove, the caravinh tutried into the
waods past a bare and grim old school
house and over a qliint and pictiuresque
cross-road to "The Kocks." Iere,
with the soft sough of the south wind
in the branches over head, within sight
of the ricn green of the meadows and
the prosperous quiet of the neat farm
houses, the class endeavored, while Pro
fessor Lewis lectured, to throw them
selves back in imagination some mail
lions of years to the time when the spot
they stood upon was the eastern shore
of the first of all seas, the Caimnrian.
He[re, then, was 'a deadness, compared
with which the Saihara would be a gard
en; a brackishness that would make the
waters of the Dead Sea sweet as a run
ning brook-only sand and gravel and
water from "The Rocks" to the Rocky
The thought was overpowering. The
expedition rought rrlief in its lunch
baskets. Retracing its steps the class
stopped to drink at a whitewashed
farm house, Which smelled strongly of
"Water from the Cambrian sea,"
said Professor Ilines, of Girard College,
as the bucket cane dripping out of
eighty feet of coolness. The 2'imes
man found forms of life, 'however, in
his glass later even in generation than
the carboniferous era. Turning off the
cross-road into the Davisvillo highway
the class caught sight of an innocent
looking stone fence and charged it en
masse, the light infantry leading in
gallant style. The stone clanged back
to tne uhmmners like tihe shield of Font
de Jlwouf to the challenging point of
"GUneiss," said a breathless youngs
"Cyanmite," rejoinued Professor Lewis,
A stonme's thurow downi the road the
road thec class ran into a bed of conglo
muerate, which was the shorec of anothber
sea, the T1riassic, a coup hle of thtousand
centtu ries less antique tihan the Cam
brian. Thue shore is to-day the b)ank of
Morgan's creek and muill pond1, into
whicht a few snmall boys did their best to
tumb. Morgan's mill yard onceo way
ed with lintce andi palms, the pupils
learnted. Strange fisht swmin whuere now
the creek is, and huge reptiles sunned
temselvyes whl ere now a barefooted boy
restedl himself on tee fence. 'The Trias
sic sea w~as th irty miles wide andt( stretch
ed from thme H [udsont to lIarp)er's Ferry.
IUndler a finte breeze thme class turnedi
argonauts aitn sailed across the Tr-iassic
sea--that is to say, thtey turtned to thme
irighut atnd walked upl hiill -ito a f armu
yardl, wvhere eroppled out a ledge of de
comuposiig sanud stoine, thme ancient bot
tom of t,his iinhamd ocean.
Further ump the hill and into thte
kitchen garden of the farm house thte
p)rofessor hled his ba nd(. Thiere, htowever,
t,he mtaraudlers met, their first check in
the person of an ancienut virago,
whto stoodl withm armns akimnbo at the
back of her dwellintg and chuargedl the
cl.ass with initended burglary and actual
'lThe invad ing hosts fled in disorder
down the hill, and the baggage carts
and ambulancees hiavinug beent scint to thte
fronit uinder stronug gutatd up~ halt was
madhe tintil thme trainu was boarded.
At the Royal Geographical Society of
Enghmid recenutly a paper was read oin
New Genhnea by Mr. Wilfrnid Powell
who spent eight, years on the coast o
thant ishumtd. It has ait area of 312,000
English square miiles. .1t, Is 19,000
s(tinr mnies larger than Birnteo, andit as
large as Englanud Ireland(l Scotland, and
France puLt togetluer. N >sln itt .the
world is its equal for natural products.
Amnong the productions are tortoise
shuells, pearl sheoll, ivory tnts, gumu, san
dal wood, camnphtor-tree, sage, arrow
root, ginlger, sugar-cane, cocoanuts,
ebony, birds of paradise, and pliums,
while tobacco Is grown In large quanti
ties. lit the discussion wich followed,
Admiral Moresby said it was a mistake
to suipose he had annexed any portion
of New Guinea. The English flag had
been heisted there seventeen years be
fore by Lieutenant Yule duringOCaptal,n
-Taking the 20,794 names in her city
directory as a basis, Lowell claims a
opulation of 108,790.
A common defect in speaking in large
buildings is inability to catch the key
note or resonance vibration of the en
closed space. All large areas have such
resonance notes, and in some it is very
marked. Westminster Abby, for in
stance, consonates to G sharp, and in
toning on this note Is much more aud
ible than one a semitone above or below
it. The use of an open-chest voice as
little vocalized as may be is the best.
It is less laborious, less liable to acci
dents, less lablo to develop the affection
commonly known as "clergyman's
throat," and by removing the sensation
to effort, more easy and sympathetic.
To analyze the constituents of a good
delivery--flrsb come the pauses, Haste
is one of the commonest faults in speech.
It has two defects-the one in gvertax
ing the complex muscular mechanism
of the speaker, the other in adding to
the intellectual labor of the listener.
The rapidity of reception of Ideas through"
the ear differs materially in different
iesons, even excluding those distinctly
"hard of hearing." It is not great
among the uneducated, whence it has
been paradoxically said that all ill
iterate )erson are deaf. But they do
require a longer time to aiouse theml to
a state of attention than the more cul
tivated. Naval ollicers had defended
the practice of swearing, or, as it was
euphemistically termed' "shott.ing their
speech," with sailors, the expletive
rousing attention and preparing the
mind for the succeeding command.
Mr. LIullah had on a similar ground
explained the refrains of fal-lal-las of
the older music in that they dilute the
too cnicentrated sense of t.he words.and
give time for the perception of the inus
ic. When the great actor Salvini was
in England, in 1875, an investigator
made some experilments on this point.
Salvinli's voice was one of the imost re
markable ever heard for its power of
traveling, even suppressed phrases
coiing up to the distant gallery with
perfect clearness. lie spoke on a note
about 1) in the bass about the chest,
and in a sort of recitative; there were
distinet periods from accent to accent,
and the inflections were very large, run
ning over an interval of more than a
fifth. The individual wordse une about
one a second, and the pauses were aston
ishingly long. ', hey frequently amount
ed to four, several times to five, and at
the two great crises of the play to seven
continuous seconds. And yet there
was no sense of delay or of interrupt ion,
but quite the reverse. The lecturer in
eidentally noted another thing, which
the recent developmieiit of Wvagner's
imusical theories had invested with ad
ditional interest. in the play "I'I Gla
diatore," the four principal characters
-a young Christian virgin, a Roman
matron- the hero, a Roman oflicer and
the gladiator"-forlmed an unintent?onal;
though perfect, vocal quartet of sopra
no, contralto, tenor and bass. At times
the alternations of dialogue prodluced
a distinctly musical effect, an observa
tion which to his mind, strongly corro
borated the views of the great musician
lately deceased, that; (ramnatie music
instead of being conventional, should
be the outflow of passion and emotion,
and that the result could be attained as
well from the elecutionary as from a
strictly nelodramatic side.
,teang1 Hhr iamonas.
Daniel Waldron, now playiig at the
National Theatre in the-- liowei,', New
York, lives ini a first-floor flat at, No.
407 East Seventy-eighth street. On
Tuesday night the 29th of May, he re
muaieid duwn town severa hourS i ae
the performance at t,be theatre with a
number of friemds, and got home at 8
o'clock the next mnornimig. As ho step
ped up to the door lhe noticed that both
front windoows of his flat were openi.
His wvife and Miss lRiekert-, the house
keeper, sat at the w'indlow.
"'I've beeni robbhed by huruglars,'' Mrs.
Wald ronm exelaimedo. '"~J;he dianmonid
cross and every cent of~ money were
Mr'. Wahh-on notlel the police at
once, lbut nto clue to the robbers was
"1 retiredl at 13 A. M.," said Mr's.
Waldron. "I1 placed under miy pillowv
a satchel containing about $150, and
hinnied on t he front of my underclothing
my (dianmond cross, whiichi conltainled
t welve stones. A f ew minutes after 4
o'clock something awvakenied me1 and1( I
sa w the rear door of the bedroom openf
and close two or' three tiimes very gra
dutally. It, was getting light, and I had
heft lights burning for imy husband in
hothi sitting room and dining room.
I shouted, 'Who is thlere?' A lo w voice
answered, 'It's mIe.' It was not my
huisbaiid's voice; aiid I spranig to the
floor and screamed. A tallI man step
ped in, p)laced his hand over my mnouthi,
anmd wiuspmered, 'If you make any noise
I'll kill you.' I Saw something which
looked like pincers In his hand, and I
heard something wvhich sounided like
theO clicking of ai p)isto. iIe threw meW
upon01 the bed anid coveredl lmy headl with
the sheets, lie reiumied holding the
clothes over miy head, but I heard whis
p)ers, and( was sure there were -other
men in the room. I- conltrivedl to get
the sheet oft onme of my eyes, and saw
thiree men01 in tihe room1. Th'le sheet was
again pulled0( over imy eyes, and1( 1 was
aigalin thireatened. I remaIIined quiet
wvhiile they rumniaged1 about.
"'Then they all caime to tile bed again,
and( one0 said, 'Where is thlat diamnond
cross?' 'My husband is wearing it7' I
said. -i know you have it,' he0 relied,
anid they' tore miy nilghlt-clothinig awvay,
foIundl it, and'tore if, loose. Then they
took thle satchel fromn undier the 1)111ow
whillch contained the monoley. While one
of th'e 1men1 watced me1, the others went
thriough to tile rear or the flat. Theil
man by me callea to them, 'lli, boys,
put onl your shoes.' Th'ley all departed
so noiselessly that I did not know they
had gone. As soon1 as I could after. I
found that n10 one wvas in the room J ran
to thme Window. No one wvas In sight.
I then alarmed the housekeeper, who
lives In the basement. The meni were
not more than twenty--five years old. g
'The housekeeper says shie heard -foot
steps above, but thought it was, Mr.
Tm. touchstonie by which muen try ,es
ib most often their own vantym.
-OF-- - .
Ma. J. O. IOAO-Dear Sir: I bought the first
Davis Machlue sold by you over five years ago for
my wife who has given it a long and fair trial. I
ant well pleased with it. It never aives any
rouble, and is as good as when first bought.
Winnsboro, S. C., April 1888. J. W. Botao[.
MAr. BOAG: YoU wish to know what I have to say
in regard to the Davis Machine bought of you three
years ago. I feel 1 can't say too much in Its favor.
I toa'ie about $80,110 within five Ionths, at times
running it so fast that the needle would get per
fectly hot from fr.ution. I feel confident I could
not have done the sain; work with as much ease
and sl well with any other machine. No tine lost
in adjusting attachments. The lightest running
machine i have ever treadlei. Br )therJamies and
Wliaus' fauillies are a much pleased with their
D.vis Mlchines bouht o you. I want no better
mnachine. As I sa d before, I don't think too "
much can he said for the D.tvis Machine.
Itespai t fully,
Fairliald County, Apri', 1i '}8. - t xsox,
Mat. B3oAuo: My machinc gives me perfect sails
faction. I find no fault with it. 'Vite attachments
ae so altuple. I wish for no better than the Davis
\ ertleal Feed.
F'alrtlied county, A pril, 1983 i. . AI[t
M it. lnto : I ougnt a Davis Vertical Feed
Sewing Machine from you four years ago. I am
delighte- with it. It never hIas g ven me any
I otni,le, antd has never been the least out. of order.
it is us good Its when I irat bought to. I can
cheerfully r.coitunen'i it.
.1ite. M. J. KIKI.AND.
littni leelio, Aptil :0, 1883.
This ia to certify Ilhat I havI beenl usIlg a Dayis
Veriic i Feed Sewing Machine for over tw lyc.trs,
purchased of Mr. J. 0. li. ig. I haven't found ii
p"ssessed of any fault-ail the attachments are so
suiple. It teverieftsO.s to wot-, and is certainly
the lightest runming in the market. I consider it
a first. class mactine.
MINNI \i. WiLLIS011Aa.
Oaklan I, Fairlleld county, 8. C.
Mn boAon: I an.weu pleaset in every partiena
with the Davis IIachine nought of you. I think it
a ll"r.class nuacnine i every respect. You know
yott sold several InachiInes of the sane make to
diierent members of our families, all of whom,
as far as I know, are well pleased with them.
MaS. M. Ii. MOB,EY.
I'airielll county, April, 184.
- This Is t certity we have.hal in constant use
the Davis Machine bought of you about three years
ago. As we take In work, and have made the
price of it several times over, we don't want aay
better machine. It is always ready to do any kind
of work we nave to do. No puckeringor skipping
Htitches. We can only say we are well pleased
antit wish no better machine.
A ATIIitiN WvYLIH AND SIsTER.
I have no fault to tiid with my mach'ue, and
don't wa-it ltty letter. I have i 1e the price of
it sever.l times by taking in sewing. It is always
ready to dui us work. I think it a first-class nia
chilnIe. I feel I cant say too nucht for the D.lvis
Vertical Feed Machine. .
Mits. Tu salAs SMITU.
Fairliel I county, Alril, 1833.
Mu. .1. 0. IlOAa-Dear Sir: It gives me much
hle,tsure to testify to tile merits of the Davis Ver
tlc.l Feem sewing Machine. The ma nine I got of
you ab.nt live years ago. has been almost in con
stant use ever since that lime. I cannot see that
it is t orn ay, and has iot coi,t my uOiu cenit for
repars sin c we have hiad it. Am well pleased
and udoil't wi-sh ltr iany betier.
Grnanite tGliarry, near Winnsboro 8. C.
We have used the Davis Vertical Fee.l Se wing
Mztahhine for the last live yearts. We wouldi not
have Iany othier make at atny price. Th'ie nauchne
has given us unbounico satisfaction.
Very respect fully,
Mits. W. K. TUtNERt AN!) l)AUOnTma
Faileiet coutiy, S. C., Jan. 2r, 1883.
tiaving hought a Davis Vertical Feect .Sewintg
Muahlate froaia Mr. J. O. iag somte three years
ago, uad it lhaviniggivent tme perfect. sattisfaction ini
every respect, asa Stamily Intachine. both for heavy
anld light se wing, ani never nteeded the least re
pair it any wvay, I can citeerfully recoummend it to
laly onei a-s It mdrt-class nmachin-- ini every particu
lar, andt think it second to none. It, is one ot the
almti.es5t inchinies itadot my chiliren its.o it with
alt cie. TVh atttacalnents are ure easily adt
jilsitr atiu it does a greater ranige of work by
tanis of its Vetical Feeid thait anty other mua
chline I have ever- seen or used.
Mas. iOMAs Owisos.
Winnsboro, F'airfleitd count,y, 8. U.
We have had( onte of thie Davis Machlines about
four years and htave aliways fountd it ready to do ali
kitnds of wvorK we iaave lada ocuas on to do. Can't
see that the machine is worn any, and works as
well its when new.
Mats. W. J. OnAwFonD,
Jacksont's Cree n Fairilich county, 8. 0.
My wife is highly pleased with thte Davis Ma
chune bri)ightl of you. Site woutid not take dlonbie
wvhat site give for it. The machine has tnt
been ont of order since shte htad it, and she can do
anuy kinad of work ott it.
JAB. F. FitEE.
Montleillo, lVairield coutnty, S. U.
The Davis Seing Machine is simply a freas
ur* Mius. Jf. A. U0OowYN.
IHidgeway, N. C., Jan. 10, 1883.
J1, 0 BOAG, Esqi., Agent--Dear Sir: My wife
has been utsing a llavis Sewing Machino constant
ly for tIhe past four years, andi it hIas ntever nteeded
any repairs tin works jest as well as when first
botughlt. She says It will do a greater range of
prac-tisal work Ptnd do it easier anid bet.er than
any inacheilne alho nas ever used. We cheerfully
reconnnenad it as a No. 1 famnily ainatie,
Yortn,JAS. Q. DAVIS.
Winnsb,oro, 8. C., Jati. 8, 1888.
1iR. BoAo: I have alwa 'found my Davis Ma
Chute readly do all Kintds otto work I have had o0..
euuion to do. oi nnio, see that the machine is
worn a particle and it works as wet-as when noew.
Winnsboro, 5. 0., AprIl, 1888,
A MI. 3OAG r li 1wid had bOen. '6unatantly uising
the Davis Machil bonlght, Qt yg at five years
ao. I have nov regrtted as i, it is
hleaYorliglt 't never ou Of DXor UWi1i .
-'ta: Very res 0 0~sL,
Faifieda , 0, arch 188~