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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO. S. C..,AUGUST 9, 1883. ESTABLISHED 1848
OUR A NGEIS.
Oh! not n ith any sound they conw, or sigt
Which fleshly ear and eye can recognis
No curiosity caln otupass or surpass
The secret of that inUercourse divine
Which God permits, ordains across the line
The changeless line which bari
Our earth from oiher stars.
liut they do come and go continually,
Our lilessed angels, no less ours than iii =.
The blessed angels whom we think w
Whose empty graves we weep to nanie a
And vainly watch, as once in Galilee,
One, weeping, watched in vain
Where her lost (htist had litin.
Whenever in soine bitter grief we find,
All unawares, a (deep, mysterious sense
Of hidden comfort come, we know nc
Wlun suddenly we see, where we Wer
Where we had struggled, are conitent, rt
Are strong where we were weak
And no more strive or seek
Then we may know tlt fron the f'ar, gin
To note our icedl, the watchful God lt
And for our instant help has callel an
O' all our loving angels, the most wise
And tender one, to poit to us where lies
The path that will be best
The path ot peace and rest.
SET WITI TIIORNS.
Rose Gurney cane slowly down th
broad path, and pausing before an old
fashioned red-rose bush, began to selec
with dainty lingers some partly-openei
buds which she fastened with deliberv
tion in the knot of lace at her bosom.
A broad straw hat, with a scarf o
white muslin shaded her features; ain
her morning robe of white lawn daintil
ruffled and draped in spotless purity, th
little nosegay of roses being the only hi
of color about her.
Philip Grantley, smoking his mornin;
cigar under one of the big elms, steppe(
forward, tossing the fragrant weed aside
and doffing his straw hat.
lie was a fine looking fellow, with way
ing, jet black hair, and bold gray eyes
and when you find such a combination
black hair and gray eyes, you will gen
erally find a will as indomitable and im
movable as a pyramid.
"How do you do, Cousin Rose?" hit
The young lady surveyed hint with
great calmness, quite ignorant of his ex
"I suppose you are Mr. Grantley," si
said with the slightest possible bend o
her head; but I am not aware ot' an
existing relationship bet weei us."
"No? Then I ant not " rejoined thl
young man, pliosoplincalhy, as tie drop
ped his neglected hand into the pocket o
his leese fthumel cont..
She looked . him with smmn ptet1pl1ex
ity now, but his face was inscrutable.
"May I have a rose, Miss Gurney?" hi
asked with great politeness, his eyes fixem
upon the little cluster at her bosom.
'"Oh, certainlyl Help yourself!" wil
a little graceful gesture towards the blos
Sou laden hush.
But lie only glanced upon it with
smile and turned away as the breakfas
bell rung out an imperative siunon
from the house.
"You will come in to breakfast?" sai(
Rose, with a stiffness not at all natura
"How very kind y(utt are,'' nutrtutree
Philip, languidly. as lie sauntered on b
"Papa, how cat you expect me tq
marry that mn?'' cried hose, a n ou
later asn she joined her' fathme in Il<
"'Is Ito ntot agreeable to you my dear?'
qtueried Papa Gurney, a shade of anxiet;
d ri ftin g over htis htandlsome( face.
"Agreeable? why papa,hle is the maos
-insufferable man 1 ever saw! Suc]
coolness, and such inusolenit grand seigno
ways. Why, I wouldn't marry him if h
was the last mani on the face of th
"Wiell, wvell, Rosamundi, thtere's n
c~omlpulsion about it.'' A nd MrI. G urne
smothieredh a sigh. "Bhut I had htope'
you might fancy eachl other; the boy'
father was an old1 friend of mine. A
least you cani treat hlmn cou rteously whtil
hte stays with us. lIe is our1 guest, rt
Rosn left the r'oomi silently, with con:
pressed I lips. "'Treat him cou rteously,
intdeedl! Conventional court' ,ee
utterly lost on this yountg im,ow, wh
made himaself so entirely o, nomne, wvh
wias discomnposed at nothtir ,.
lIn thte days that followed, Philip wz;
hike the girl's shadow, waiting upon01 he
with the most scrupulous attentiont, y(
not hiesitatinug to criticise her playinig, he
sliginig and her ridling. Rose qutarrele
with him utconsciously. As for Philli1
lie was as impol)rt.ubable as mortal man
A fter all lhe could be a most delighitfi
compaioii when lie chose. R ose real
zed this whien oii rainy days he readi c>
qiuisitely bits of her favorite aunthori
while she busied herself at sewingIc
whent in the long sceitted twilights lie rt
hated sttaiige ad(ventures in far'-awa
There had not beeni the slightest wetr
of heve between them; therefore it was
goodi deal of a surprise when Philip, lii
gering with her over the pianoc onte level
sulma ighit, said suddenily:
"ltose, will you bie my wife?"
With lier heart in lher mouthi, an
angry astonishnment in her wide eye;
Rose anusweredh directly, "No stirl"
Philip did not semi to take lier refusni
much to heart, ie dirummedh out a litt]
oper'a snatch raLlier absenttly out the wiii
keys, and( pIreseittly wient out on the law
for a smoke; while Rose, very miuch dia
-turbed, ran up to her room and can:
dlown nto more thatt ight.
T1hte next(day Mr. Guriuey was stricke
4:down with paralysis.
IIe was quite conscious, but aIs hielptle
as a little child, with no cont rol of hanm
The attempt at spleechi, the wistiul 01
treaty of 1118 large eyes, wrunig the hcal
of poor little Rose, who wvas sure that I
S desired to communicate somethingi
, When Plip came to the bedside tI
same dumb, passionate beseeching glan<
went to him. ''he young man seemed t
He bent over the stricken man quietly,
and said, with his handls upon the poor
helpless hands on the spread:
"I know what you wish to say, my dear
friend. Do not be troubled-everything
Is right. Be comforted.
Tears gathered in the old man's eyes,
and he motioned Rose and the house-keep
- er from the room. They could hear his
ul voice low and steady and soothing; and
when they returned Philip went away,
1 but the anxious, eager. expression was
gone from Mr. Gurney's eyes; and when,
lter, Rose questioned Philipconcerning
'er father's uneasiness, she got no satis
It was then, in the (lays of her sorrow,
that the girl learned th~e real nobility
and gentleless of Philip Grantley's heart.
, Never was there such all unwearying
nurHO 1s ho.
le took all troublesome duties upon
himself. ]lose gladly gave the reins of
governneut into his steady hands.
Rose thought with a dreadful heart
t sinking of his departure.
She broached the subjec"t one day.
M "Mr. Grantley ''she said, "1 feel that it
is sellish in us to lean so thoroughly upon
yen- We mlust learn to do without you.
Some timeagain if you will viisit us whenu
papa is better--"
IIer voice broke here; everything in the
future looked so hopeless, and she knw
herself to be young and inexperienced.
Hie was watch int her attentively with
very gray eyes; and when she paused he
took her hand and drew her unresistingly
in the circle of his arm.
- "Rose, do yout want me to go away.
t She shook her head. Sihe dare not
trust herself to speak.
"Rose, I will not attempt to disguise
from you the fact that your father will
never again be well. Some time,
perhaps months hence, lhe iay regain the
power of his speech. But, Rose, lie will
be i invalid always; and I am going to
ask you to let me share with you the care
of lim. Ileis dear to me, and I suit him.
Rose, dear little red Rose, I want you for
my own; we need each other-don't you
see? Can you love 1ne a little?"
She was weeping wilily in his arms
- now, and lie waited for her to grow calnt
e', and then led her to the sick rooi.
Mr. Gurney listened, with such un
. mistakable rapture and assent in his eyes
to the young lman's story, that Rose could
not doubt what the desire of his heart
They were married very quietly a few
weeks later: and then a few words from
Mrs. Barton, the housekeeper, opened
"So you are not going to leave the old
place after all, Miss ist?"
"Leave the Hall? What do you man,
"Then .Mr. Grantley has not told you!"
"Miss Rose, just before y')ur fathir's
illness, he had decided to sell the old
house. as he had met with heavy losses.
Mr. Grantley bought the place of himt in
order that it migh t not go into the market
1ie has probably been keeping this from
you ill order to save your feelings; and I
nmust say, Miss Rose"-with the respeet
ful freedom of an old servant-"you have
got one of the kindest-hearted gentlemen
in the country.''
L Rose went silently in search of herhus
band. When she found himii in the libra
ry her face was very pale, and her eyes
1-Philip." she said, '-1 have justlearned
that this house belongs to you."
"What's line is yours, my dear; and
xhat's yours is-"
But Rose had thrown herself upon his
breast and was crying heartily.
"Philip! How rude, and unkind, and
ungenerCous5 I have bteen to you. who are
"'Softly. little one! You a1(e always my1
owni red Rlose; a little thior.-iy, perhaplis,
but that is tile niature of roses. "
I ~ Tomiato Flour.
The Italians dry and pulvc rize the
3 pulp of the tomato. Large districts
are devoted to the culture of the fruit
) for tis purpose, the plant being uslually
raised between rowvs of vines in vine
1 yards for the sake of economy of land,
sl The ripe fruit Is macerated in water,
t and when reduced to a thlin pulp is
B strained to take out the seeds, cores
etc., and thlen spread in the sun1 to dry.
It is afterward ground andi put up for
- market. There seems to be no reason
why evapor-ating ovenls, so much in
1use for drying less suceulent fruit, as
0 apples, might not be utilizedI in tis
0 country for preparing tomatoes by dry
s' Of course powdered tomato might
r not supersede the canned fresh fruit,
tIt chief use would be for soups, sauces
r and other auxiliary uses in cooking.
But there are many consumers of the
"fresh tomato whot refuse tile tinned
Scanned tomato from fear of the action
of the acid of the fruit on tihe leaded
1tin of the can, the resultant being in
their estimation a virulent lead poison.
Tomatoes put up in glass- -quite high
Spriced--have therefore been welcomed
r by lovers of tile fruit,-or vegetable.
Possibly thlere is room here for an ad
'dition to our list of dried or evaporatee
Huds1iiion River ExcuIrion,ms vii annsyinan1ia
y Comniencing Tihulrsday, the 5th ltinstat,
andlt cont,inuinig on Tihiursdiay only until
further inotie, this miost delighItful of al
the one-day excursions will be colnnencedl
by the Penniisylvaiaii Rt. it. by rail to Joer
i, scy City, 1and( thenco via the favorite
steamier, "RIichiardl Stocktoni," to West,5
1 Point iand Newburigh. Tihie beauties of the
e iitisoin river halve beein pronouiced by
e gra t.ravelers as equail to aniy in the world,
adby some said to exceed thie wvorld-ta
mou011 sceneOry of t he Rhine1. Certainily there0
is niothinig to compare with it, in point of
(1 covient(ice and1( cheapness10, ias1 ti eniro
trip 5ien bcoinfortably taken between early
11 breakfast and1 lati suipper.
A special traini to conniect with thie boat
will heave Biroadl Street Staiioin at 7.00 A.
's Mi., oin Thiuirsday only, to stop lit Powelton
alveue(, idge alvenue,t) Germnantownl June1
t.ion, F?ranikford J uncltion, Torresdtale, Bris
I- tol, aind Treniton. Connection will be made
*,at Trenton lby thie train wvhich leaye foot
cof Market street. at (3.20 A. M., which trainl
o~ stops regularly at all principal stationus lie
tween Caimden and Tirentonl. TIh~e tare for
the entire round trip is only $2.50; chidrenl
it between tihe ages of IIye and twelve, hll
Home lAte In Brazil.
The streets of the business parts of
the eit.y of Para are very narrow. A
few are well paved with limestone, im
ported at an enormous expense from
Portugal. The other streets of the
town are lacadanized with the one
sort of stone that is common in Brazil.
This conunon stone is composed of very
small quartz crystals and ochre cement.
It is exceedingly soft, and under the
heavy wheels of the clunsy vehicles
rapidly crumbles to a flue red (lust,
which would be intolerable but for fre
(luent wetting. Street sprinkling is
wholly performed by the clouds, and
as this section lies in the zone of cals
a daily shower is expected. It usually
falls about 4 P. M. and with so great re
gularity that daily appointments are
nmade with reference to the rain. No
"outlandish invention" could so
thoroughly wash through the best pav
ed parts of the city, and it is to be hop
ed that no other sprinkler would leave
such wretched pools of water in the
fine red sand of the macadamizel streets.
Winding among the elegant dwellings
of the more wealthy . chisses of people
the streets are wide and beautifully
planted with trees of various sorts.
Sometimes the pal is chosen and
sometimes the far-famned '' silk-cotton "
trees are planted, but by far the con
mon est are the nangoes. Brought
from the East Iidies. the mango flour
ishes in luxuriant beauty and its thick,
clustering foliage forms one of the most
striking features of Para, making this
city stand out in bold relief among the
other individualities and peculiarities of
various Brazilian cities.
In studying the habits of birds there
is nothing more interesting than to
mark each tribe's special manner of
constructing its nests. So, too, in muak
ing the acquaintance of a new people,
nothing seems more important than a
consideration of their houses and home
life, and they are first to attract the at
tention of a foreigner. One might
naturally expect wood to be the most
common building material in a country
of such vast forests of huge trees. This
however, is far from being the case,
There are only about a half-dozen saw
mills on the whole Amazon river ; con
sequently hlome-malrnufactured humber
is not abundant and all of the stone
used in building is imported. But the
clayey soil bordering the small streams
and many parts of the larger rivers
makes brick a far cheaper building
material and it is also a much better
means of protection from the 1kerce
heat of tropic suns. The outer walls
and even the partitions are built three
feet thick, in order to support the
crushing weight of the heavy earthen
tiles of the roof. The outsides of the
brick houses are sometimes colored
they are for the most part covered with
porceiain tiling, in which blue and
wilte predominate, but in which al
most every color or combination of col
ors may sometimes be seen. This til
ing is always of the same form, live
inches square and nearly half an inch
in thickness. Sometimes one piece
forms a design, but commonly it takes
four of the pieces set together to form
a figure. ''hle figure is fastened either
with cement or with mortar on the
brick walls. When not of glass the
outer doors are almost invariably paint
ed bright green, and without exception
both windows and doors open in the
centre and swing on hinges into the
room. In many cases blinds or " lat
ticed windows " are used in place of
glass windows, and these are frequent
ly suspended at the top, so that they
may be turned outward and propperd
into a kind of awning for the windows.
Th'le outer doors anid windlows are all
provided with wooden shutters, which
are miade to excludle the hot sun and
are faithfully closed to shut out the
night air, of which the peop)le are so
much afraid thmat every house looks like
a dlungeoni when its inmlates aire sleepu
Perhlaps one reason for these well
nigh hermetically sealedl wind(ows and
doors is found tile fact thlat vamipire
bats abound, and( thley are sometimes
so bloodthirsty thlat a stronIg horse that
has1 been exp)osed to their ravenlous ap
petites for a sinlgle nighit will be stag
gerinig andl weak ill tihe morning. They
seem to be possessed of very fastidious
tastes, and tile bats that fieely bleed
one person will never be knlownl to bite
another, even if the two ind(ividluals
are sleeping always in thle same room.
Uut to returnt to the houses. All the
dloors of a conunon dwelling-hlouse are
widle anId hlighl enlough to aidmnit two
mounted horsemen riding abreast. As
for the interior, pap)er-hlanginigs are not
very common, the walls beinlg covered
from tile floor to a height of three feet
wvith glazed tiling, like that used for
exterior walls, and the reemindl(er
simply whlitewashled to tile ceiling,
whlich is made of woodl and p)ainted
whlite. Sometimes for better ventilai
tioni the ceiling is constructed of slats
that are arranged in diamnond form andl
tile diamonlds expanld in size fromn the
chlandelier to tile edlge of tile room.
Insect life is so vigorous and so en
croaching that even oilclothl is not comn
mUon andl other carp~ets are out of tile
questiont-even tihe miost elegantly fur
niishied hlouses onIly boast of a rug or
two. The floors are, hlowever, quite
ornlamental, beinmg compol)sed of alter
nate strip)s of light and (lark wood.
Th'Ie roofs, as I hmave saidl, are tiled, and
the red tiling is made in oblong, cuirv
ed p)ieces wichl are 50 laidl on the
wo9denl franmo that tile roof is of con
tinuous andl parallel rows of eartheni
gutters ; tihe scalilped edlge of the eaves
beinlg hidden inl nicer houses0 by build
ing the fronit wvall a foot or two hligher
thamn tile roof, and( placing upon01 tile top
of this p)arap)et a row of p)orcelain or
mlarble vases, urns or monster acornms
and beautiful statues.
Amnong tile flowers and shrubbery of
tile gardens there is often a fountaIn
andl aroundl their marble basinis statuary
is arranged. N4o high winds or winter
frosts ever blight the verdure in this
land of perpetual summer, anid every
yard with Its simd(ed p)avemments or its
gravel walks is providled with a high
ironm fenice, over which no thuief could
posib)lyl climb. Above tile head of
him who pases the uarded entrance a
pair of crouching lions or porcelain dogs
seem to threaten violence to him who
enters unbidden. Some of these gates
are provided with bells, others have
only the cord of the louse bell dangling
in the street, at the~ uercy of many i.
saucy and mischievous boy, who catch
es the cord as he ru,is and Is far from
the reach of the angry servant who
comes to answer the summons. I)oor
bells are not the most common means
of warning to those approached by visi
tors. Knockers art seldom seen, and
as the heavy doors Iwould never echo
froi tapping knuckles, the only way
would seem to be to call out for admit
tance. Not so. The Brazilian pauses
on the threshohl of his nei'ghbor's castle
and claps his hands two or three times I
Sometimes this sound of clapping will
be heard uider your;. dow, and atep
ping to the balcony $ Is according to
chance whether you 1Ill be saluted by
a beggar, by one of your best friends,
or by a man who most respectfully in
vites you to purchase a ticket, to a
circus or a sleight-of-hand performance.
The poorer classes and slaves live in
a sort of house whose floors are of mud,
whose walls of sash-like framework are
filled with unburned clay and whose
roofs are covered with the well-dried
leaves of the " thatch palm.''
Crenmation ist thke East.
Among the IIindoos, as every one
knows, the process of cremation is
common, and at Ierares its practice
may be observed at any hour, alike be
neath the burning rays of the noonday
sun and by the light of the pale moon.
Many a poor sufferer strains his last ef
forts to reach the shore of the Ganges,
there to (lie oil the hallowed ground.
'1'he expense of wool for the funeral
pyre being too great to secure the burn
ing of the whole body, it is partly
charred, and then sent to lioat down
the holy streamn into the eternity of the
sea. The wealthier ilintdoos are more
formal in the disposal of the dead. Af
ter bathing the body in the river it is
swathed inl a shroud of white, scarlet
or saffron colored material ; sometimes
even covered with cloth of gold or sil
ver, some vermilion paint, symbolizing
the blood of sprinkling, is then thrown
over it, and the body is laid upon the
pyre, After adding sweet grass, pre
cious oil, and more wood, the chief
mourner bears a lighted torch three or
nine times round the body, touches the
dead lips with the holy flame, and
lights the pyre. Then it is kindled in
several other places, and in a very short
time the body is consumed by the flame
the ashes are gathered up, and the
Ganges bears then away.
in Japan cremation is not so publicly
performed. A plain-lokiing house in
the corner ^he 60intr cemetery.
side of ' 1 a ' or e low
stone enclosures, serves as a crematory.
The body, ill a sstting attitude, is plac
ed on a heal) of dry fagots in oie of the
enclosures, and when after six or eight
hours the fire is burned out, nothing is
left but a few white ashes, those are
put into an earthenware urn and buried
with or without religious rites. The
burning of the bodies is not compulsory
iii Japan, but Buddhists of the Monto
sect are nearly without exception cre
The town crematories differ only
from those in the country by their tall
chimneys, by which unpleasant odors
are kept from becoming troublesome
to the neighborhood. There is a small
room kept separate for the wealthier
people in which they have their dead
burned apart. For the use of this pri
vate apartment they pay twenty shill
lings, wvhiio those who p)refer to be
burned in company pay about thme fifth
part of this sum. The fuel only costs
about one shilling. From 8 1'. Mi. to 15
A. Mi. the fires burnm on the granite sup1
po)rts which are laid on the eartheni
floor, and from each of these hearthis
thme ashes arc gatheried and pult sep)ara
tely into an urn. T1here is no sinell to
aninoy any one, andi no nuisance. Trerri
ble as cremnation may appear to some,
the process is far less hideous in its dIe
tails thanm that which has its slow course
in the deep narrow bed into wvhich the
flower-covered collin is lowered f'rom
An Aoesthetlo Kitohen,.
It 1s wonderful how pretty even a
kitchen may be made to look by the
woman of aesthetic tastes. Ce.thng on a
lady who, tired of boarding, dlabbledl ir.
"light house-keeping," she showed us
her kitchen with pardonable pride.
I retty china was dlisplayed on shelves,
brackets, and in a tiny cupboard; Japan
ee scrolls, fans and plates hung upon
the walls, and there was nothing about
the room suggestive of cooking except
an innocent-looking oil stove, which
stood on a box cumtained with chmntz,
bearing printed figures from the opera of
''Patience," in soft, athetic colors. A
breakfast-table stood. at one side of the
room-which was little larger than a hail
bed-room-a pretty drebsing-case oecu
pled one corner, and the only remainIng
corner was filled by a small ward robe.
"But where do you keep thIngs? Where
are your kitchen 'utensils-your kettles,
tins and broilers?" 'With a smIle our
friend pulled asl(de the curtamn whIch
hung below the ol stove, and there in a
box were all the utensils necessary in
cooking. F~urther investIgation revealed
thme fact that the dIressing case was only
usedl to hold groceries, while thme wash
stand concealed the tIn dish-basin, soap,
etc. Market baskets, tea towels, work
aprons and the like were stored away in
the wardrobe. "hlow do you dispose of
ref use scraps; fruit and vegetable parings
and the like?" we asked. I3he backoned
uas to the window, where a basket hung by
a long rope reaching clear to the basement.
"I send them dIown in that; the girl
empties the basket, and I draw it up again
weenever I need it. It saves running up
and down staIrs, and besides has a flavor
of 'The Princess in thme Tower' about It
which relieves it from absolute co,mmen=
place" This woman moves in the best
society, dlrives in a stylish coupe, dresses
well, and, in the current phrase, "goes
every where,'' yet there are probably few
who linow abxut her cozy little kitchen
and her dry slop-basket. Verily,'"one
half the worldl doesn't know how the other
Toward the close of one of thes
trips through the border States, th
Company to which Mr. Gilbert was al
tached played in St. Louis, then an in
significant town of a few thousand ii
habitants, paved principally with il
x i nches deep, and boasting oin
theater, transformed out of an old salt
house, the only entrance to which wa
by way of a long and rickety flight c
steps built on the outside of the en
wall. From his share of the receipts c
a performance in tlie establislimeIL
young Gilbert bought a pair of ver
line-looking boots, and, on account c
them, was for the moment the envy c
his companions, several of whom wel
without adequate covering for the
pedal extremities. They said very li
tie regarding lls purchase. 'howeve
until some days afterwards, wheln, c
the way down the Mississippi to No
Orleans, the boat in which they ha
taken passage stopped at Vicksbuir
for a load of cotton. There two o
three of the actors, knowing that, thi
boat would be detained all night, detei
mined to give a performance on thei
own account, and hired a negro t
make the anouiiincemenlt. Towar
evening it became evident that tlh
tumble-down shed in which the entei
mnent was to be given would be filled
and old "t Sol " Smith--" the origini
Sol "-who was to be one of the pei
formers, came to Gilbert, and dolefull
displayed a pair of shoes throng
which a torn stocking was only to
plainly visible, said, in tones vhic
would have (lone credit to Forrest o
the elder Booth :
"John, friend of ine youth, let in
have your opinion of these shoes.''
" They are very bad shoes," ' repliI'
Gilbert., with equal solemnity ; exceed
imgly bad shoes, my friend.''
. In fact it Would be injudicious, a
it were, to appear before the cultur
and fashion of Vicksburg in suel
shoes ? queried " Sol ; " and G ilbert be
ginning to see what was coming, reluct
antly admitted that " the cult ure am
fashion of Vicksburg " might indee
object. to so lavish t (lisphla' of wVoi
" Thenl me friend, muc noble I riend !
coiti1u1(1 " the inimitable tol " wit]
increasing animation, " there is abso
lutely no help for it. Me very soul re
volts at being compelled to ask thi
sacrifice, but in the name of our friend
ship I conjure-nay, I command you
to lend me your new boots 11'
What warm-hearted man could hav
withstood such an appeal ? Certainl
not John Gilbert. Without further ad
he pulled off the new boots and gav
them to his friend ? They w'ere severa
sizes too large for " Sol ;" still, happ
in their possession, he hurried away t
Sxb house .was. well filled. " Sol
received nearl y $20 as his share of ti,
proceeds, and, having the night bofur
him, wandered about "ju:t to see th
townl, you know " happened into
gambling saloon, lost his money, took
brandy-smash or two, became happil
oblivious to what was going on aboil
him, staggered out into the street to
ward his boat, and at last arrived ii
the very best of health and spirits, bt
without anything on his feet.
le left John Gilbert's new boot
sticking in the black mud of Vicksburg
During the rest of the trip to N'ew Or
leans that eminent comedian was oh
Jiged to wear the " holey " shoes of his
friend " Sol," while " Sol " himself-i
wi ser, if not a sadder, mail-was oilig
ed to walk about in a pair of dilapidat
ed slippers ftu'nished by the liberalit
of the ste.unboat captain.
8peaking roughly, about three-fourths
by weight, of the body of mani Is consBtitul
tedI by the fluid lie consumes, and tile re
mnamngn fourth by the solid mnatermlih
appropriates. It is therefore no figure o
speech to say that food makes thme man
We might even put the case in a stronge
light and affirm that man is is food. I
is strictly and literally true that "A man
who drinks beer thinks beer." We muak
this conlcession to the tee totallors, and
will add th'it good sound beer is by ni
means a bad thought factor, whatever ma
be the intellectual value of the commA(dit,
commonly s'>ld and consumed under tha
namel It can not obviously be a matte
or indifference what a mani cats ani
drinks, lie Is, In fact, choosing hisu anm
mnal and moral character when lie select
his food. It is impossible for hin to
change his inhieritedl nature, simply be
cause modifications of development occup;
more than an Individual life, but, he ca'
help to make the particular stock to which
he belongs more or less beery or fleshy, o
watery, and so on, by the way lie feeds
We know the effect, the feeding of animal
has on their temper and very natures; how
tne dog fed on raw meat arid chained uj
so that lie can not work off the super
fluous initrogenised material by exercis
b)ecomes a savage beast, while the sam
creature fed on bread and nilk would b
tame as a iamb. Tihie same law of result
is applicable to man, and every living or
gamism is propagated "in its kind" with
physical and mental lIkeness. This Is thi
underlying principle of development
Happily the truth Is beginning, thong]
slowly and Imperfectly, to find a recognitici
It has long been denied. it is possibli
that in the natural desire to secure th'
best and purest supplies of foodi and dirinI
for lman we are pushIng matters a little to
extremes andl becoming ridiculous. Uto
pia is a long way off, and "iiygeia" has no
b)een built, it Is, however, desirable tha
we should aim high and make thme teach
ings of phiysiohoglcal science the p)recepti
of our dlaily life andi conduct. We maj
not be able to reach our ideal, but prog
ress will be advanced by striving to maki
Its attainment an object. "What to eat
dIrink, and aVOidI" is a rational proposi
tion; and if some of us are becoming
little unreasonable in the attempt to solv<
it, at least we are on the right road, am
ought to be encouraged rather that
abashed by the not unkindly critician
our endeavors are calling forth.
-T-[he eleven surviving members 0:
the Class of '33 of IBowdoin College, o
whiom there we,re 26, are to have thii:
semi-centennial reunilon In Brunswick
Me., at the coming Co'mmiencemenit
Nine of tihe eleven are cergymen.
Flags For the Nation.
e "What can you toll about ft igs that is
e interesting Y" was asked of the proprietor
of one of the largest factories in New
"A great deal," he said. "The trade is
ii booming; that't interesting to us. The
e Fourth makes the trade lively just now, of
- course; but trade for the last year has been
s much better than it was last. Flags form
f one of the necessities of life. They are the
.1 most prominent outgrowth of American
f enthusiasm. We get married at an altar
t draped with the national colors. Sunday
y schools parade the streets and go piceick
f ing ivith flags in the hands of the children.
f hristmas trees are decorated with them.
e The advent of bock beer or the opening of
r a bar-room calls for the use of the patri
tic emblem of freedom. We nominate
political candidates in. flag--draped has.
n The opening of the great bridge called i
" thousands of flags. We honor the memory
cl of the soldier dead by decorating their
, graves with the flag they fought for. We
r listen to stories of the wrongs ind*cted on
a the oppressed in another land i' halls
where the stars and stripes are twined with
r the emerald field and the harp. Every
I thing that excites our emotions sells our
flags. There is no place like America for
flags; there is no flag so beautiful as the
"Have you any idea how many flags are
made and sold in a year ?"
"Not a very accurate one. They- are
made by the million. Our concern turned
out a million and a quarter last year.There
are dozens of other fyrms turning out other
millions. We fill orders for a thousand
gross of the small ones. We keep hundreds
of thousands constantly in stock. Flags
are perishable. When the present excite
ment is over the flags are thrown away.
When the future excitement comes new
ones are b"Nught. They are so very cheap
that no one cares to keep them. Thus we
make small paper flags, one by one and a
half inch large, mounted on a pin, that we
sell at thirty cents a gross. From that
figure the price runs up to $200 for a very
large and elegant silk banner handsomely
embroidered. The largest buuting flags
seldom exceed 36x&0 feet in size, Such
flags are used by hotels. Then there are
the streamers, the burgees or bannets with
mottoes, the signal flags for merchant
ships and yachts. Those may be called
side issues to the flag business, but they
are a large factor in the trade."
- "What (to you make your flags of ?"
"Silk, bunting, muslin, and paper. Silk
II igs are usually ma,te to order. W e keel)
a great variety of bunting il igs in stock.
These flags are made by sewing the ditf
ferent col'>red clothes together. The bunt
Y lag was formerly imported, but a number
"> of years ago Gov. lien Butler, of Massa.
3 chusetts, made up his mind that he could
I make better goods for less money. The
Y opposition he encountered encouraged
L him. Lie now sells the best bunting in
" ferior imported stuff costs $14. The next
C cheaper gratin or nags is made by priiting
e the colors on the white cotton cloth. We
0 can prin, iiem as large as six feet In
t length. They are printed on hand presses
i much the same as newspapers were printed
r years ago. All attempts to cheapen the
t, work by steam power have failed."
"Do you ever make fareign f1 igs I"
i "Thousands of them. They are wanted
t for decorating purposes chiefly. Ships
buy sonic, but not many. They get them
abroad. The foreign consuls give us orders
. for some very elegant flags.
- "To what territory do you look for your
3 "The whole contry, New York sup
t plies the nation, although many flags are
- iado elewhere. elvre is an order from
- Cincinnati. Over there is a bundle for
San Francisco. You can say that in the
new trade, as in a great many other things
New York city leads the world.''
.Don't go to bed with c->ld feet. Don't
,sleep in tihe same undergarments that are
worn during the day. Don't, sleep in a
room that is not well ventilated. D)on't
sit or sleep in a diraughit. D)on't lie on the
left, side too much. D)on't lie on the back,
to keep from snoring. Don't try to get
along with less thaii seven or eight hours'
sleep out of twenty-four. Don't jump out
Iof b)ed 6)mm?ediately on awaking in the
Smorning. D)on't forget to rub yourself
well all over with crash towel or hands
before dtressing. Don't forget, to take a
goodi <trink of pure water before breakfast.
r D)on't take long walks when the stomach
is entirely empty. D)on't start, to do a
- day's work without eatimg a good break
Sfast. D)on't, eat anything hut well-cooked
Sand nutritious foods. Doni't eat what you
d on't, want just to save it. D)on't eat, be
t,ween meals nor enough to cause uneasi
ness at mneal-time. D)on't eat the smallest
miorsei unless hungry, if well. Don't try
r to keep up on coflee or alcoholic stimu
iaDts. when nature is calling you to sleep.
D)on't stand over hot-air registers. Don't
inhale hot air, or fumes of any acids.
Don't fil the gash with soot, sugar, or
anything else to arrest t,he hemorrhage
when y ou cut yourself, but bring the parts
a together with strips of adhesive plaster.
3 Don't wvear thin hose or light-soled shoes
in cold or wet weather. Doii't strain your
-eyes by reading on an empty stomach or
Swhen ill. D)on't straiin yotr eyes by read
Sing or sewing at (tusk, by a dlim light, or
flickering candle, or when very t,ired.
Don't sing or hailoo when your throat Is
sore or you are hoarse. D)on't drink ice
water when you are very warm, and never
a glassful at a time, but simply sip It
slowly. J)on't take seome other person's
mediciine because you are similarly afil c
ted Don't lathic in less than two hours
after eating. Don't eat in less than t wo
houra after bathing. Don't call so Ire
quently on your aick friend as to maae
your company andl conversation a bore.
Don't nmake a practice of relating scandai,
or stories calculated to (depress t,he spirits
of [lie sick. Don't forget, to cheer and
gently amuse invalids when visiting them,
Don't call on your sick friend and advise
him to take some other medicine, get an
other doctor, eat more, cat loss, sit up
longer, go out more frequently; stayv a
week, or talk him to death before you
think of leaving.
---A curious freak of nature cin be
seen at~ Solomoii Marsh's farm, near
Noiton, Kaiisas. T..hie curiosity is a
calf born wvithout eyes. The calf Is
perfectly formed, active and all right,
with the exception that It has no sign
of an eyeball.
BUY THE BEST!
Mat. J. 0. I3oAn-)ear 1Ir: I bought the first
Davis Machine sold by you over f9ve years ago for
my wife who has given it a long and fair trial. I
ami well pleased with it. It never gives any
rouble, and is as good as when first bought.
J. W. 1301.iC.
Winnsboro, S. C., Aprhl 1883.
Mr. BOAO: Toon wish to know What I have to say
In regard to the Davis Machine bought of you three
years ago. I feel I can't say too much in its favor.
I made about 880,00 within five months, at times
running it so fast that the needle would get per
fectly hot from frictien. I feel confideni I could
not have dlone the can work with as much ease
and so well with any other machine. No time lost
in adjusting attachments. The lightest running
mnachine I have ever treadled. DrotherJames and
W1illiams' famillies are as mluch pleased with their
Davi Machines bought or you. I want no better
nmaehmme. As I said before, I don't think too
much can be said for the Davis Machine.
Fairitid County, April, 1S.S3.
I n. IoIAO : My m'ichtne gives me perfect satits
faction. I Iind no fault with it. The attachments
ire so simple. I wish for no better than the Davis
Fairfield comnty, April, 1883. It. Mitt.tNO.
MI. IloAl: I bought a ilavis Vertical FeeA
ewing Machine front you four years ago. I am
elightedI with it. it never has given me any
I rouble, and has never been the least out of order
I - as good as when 1 first bought it. I can
cl., ,rfully recommend it.
M1. M. J. Kilnlt.Asn.
MontIcello, April 30, 1883.
'This Is to certify that I have been using a Davis
Vertical Feed Sewing Maclte for over lw )ysars,
purchasedi of Mr. J. 0. 1oag. I haven't found It
p2syessed of any fault-all the attachments are so
imuple. It neverrefmmses to work, and ia certainly
the lightest running In the market. I consider it
Very respecti ly
AMINNIK M. WII.i.INOYA)i.
iakinnml, Fairfield county, S. V.
Mn 1HOAG : I am wel pieasert in every particua
with the Davis Machine nought of you. I think I
a first-class machlne in every respect. You knew
you sold several machines of the same make to
ditlerent members of our famhiles, all of whom,
as far as I know, are well pleased with them.
MRs. M. II. MoBi.sv.
Fairileld county, April, 1883.
P W hO Yki.Iw0 have ha-I in constant use
ago. As we take in work, and have made the
ua or It novorat timnes over, we don't want any
of workc i l a rea to do any kind
of wor we hve t0(0. Nopuomxei lua5u. ,NZ.,
slitcies. Ve cani only say we are well pleased
amnd wish no better mnchline,
CATIiINiiN WVl,I ANi) SIST15.
April 35, 1S3.
I have no fault to find with my ma.tchine, and
don't want any better. I have in lie tie price of
It several times by taking in seimg. It Is always
ready to io its work. I think it a lirst-class ma
chine. I feel I can't say too much for time 1)avts
Vertical Feed Machine.
Mhs, TmoMAs SMI.
Fairileid county, April, 1883.
Mt. .1. 0. HOA1-Dear Sir: It gives me mn'ch
pleasure to testify to the merits of the i)avis Ver
tical Feed Sewing Machite. The machine I got of
you about live years ago. has been almost ;n con.
stant ise ever siaee that time. I cannot see that
It Is worn any, and has not cost me onu cent for
repairs sien we have hal It. Am well pleasel
atie doa't wisha for iany better.
heaT. CR .w PORD
Granitte Quarry, near WVlinaboro S. V.
WVe have uised time Davis Vertleal Feeui Sewiug
Machine for lime inst live years. WVe would not
hamve any otherm mtako at anmy price. The machune
has giveni ne unbounmdem simtisfact ion.
Maus. WV. K. TtluNHR AND D)AUeiHsTsja
Fairfiel.1 countly, 8. C., Jani. 27, 1883.
liavig bouaght a Davis Vertical Feed Sewing
Macinbe from Mr. J1. 0. iioag somne three years
ago, an<i it havimng given mte perfeit, satisfaicto loa i
every respect, as a hiamily amahilne, bothm for hmeav.y
mund lIght so wimng, andu never neeed thmo least ro
paIr imn any way, I camn cheerfully recommemnd it to
any onie as a tirst-class umchine ini every particu
lar, anmd thinik it secondm to nonme. It is one of the
siamnpiest maachines adle; may children use it with
nil case. The attiaahmts mire imore easily ad
juisted iind It (doe4 a greatter range of work by
means of its Vertical i"eed thmuan any othier isa
chaine I hanve ever~ seen or used.
MRSm. THmolAS OWINois.
Wlinnsbouro, larfiehli county, 8. C.
WVe have hadmm one of the Davis Macimines abuout
four years and hmave always foundi it ready to do all
kinids of work we have hadl occaslin to do. Can't
see that time mtachaine Is worni any, anti works as
well ias when new.
MaS. W. J. Cn AwPouuo,
Jiackson's Creek, Famirflid cotiunty, S. C.
My wife is htighmly pleased with time D)avis Ma
chine bought of you. She would not, take double
wimat, amo gaive for it. ThIe machine has not
been out of order since she hadl it, amid she can do
any kind of work oni it.
Very iRespectfully, ~ i~
Monit lello, Fairflelid county, 8. C.
Theii Davis Sewing Machine is simphly a treas#
ure Mute. .J. A. (4QoDWVNs.
itidgeway, N. C., Jan. 10, 1s83.
.1, (O ioAo, F'sq., Agent--Dear Sir: My wife
hmas t)eemi usinug a Davis dowitag Machine constant
ly for time past four years, andi it has never needed
anty re pairs ani works just as well as when first
bought. She says it wIlt do a greater range of
practical work and do it easier andi better Ihanm
any machine alme lims ever used. We cheerfully
reconumend it as a No. 1 famil.y machiine,
outrh, JAS. Q. DAvis.
~~lWIsoro, 8. C., Jfan. 3, 1883.
Mn. 11Aom: I have always found may DavIs Ma
chine readly do all kinds of to work I have hadl oc
casion to do. I canntot see that the machIne is
worn a par ticle and it works as wetl as when new.
MRs. Ri. C. GjooDING.
Wlnishboro, S. C., April, 1888,
Mit. BloAo: My wife has been constantly using
the Davis Machi ne bought of you about live years
ago. I have never regretted buig it, as mt is
always ready for any ki nd of famitl sewing, either
heavy or light. It is never out of fx or heeding
F'airflelud,8. C., March, 1888.