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TRI-W EEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C.. AUGUST 1~ 183.,SALSHD14
THE RIVER OF TIME.
Broad and deep and swift the current
Of time's rushing tide,
Bearing on through sun and shadow,
As the season's glide,
Face of friend an foe and lover,
On its bosom wide.
0 the days when light was brightest,
Dear, lost days of oldi
0 the love that thrilled our pulses
With a joy untold!
Tow their saddened mom orios only
In our hearts we hold.
Hearts that loved us, hopes that cheered us
Voices dear and sweet
*Thoughts that perished fiko the flowers
'Neath our treading feet
Through our tears we see thiem drifting
With the river's beat.
0 our Father, when the passion
Of this life is o'er,
When the river bears us onward
To the farther shore,
May we hear again the voices
We have loved of yorel
May we fid the flowers that withered
At an earthly shrine,
Blossoming again, 0 Father,
At thy touch divine,
Where our lives meet full fruition
In that home of thinol
Where deep harmonies forever
O'er the spirit roll,
Where the mocking past shall never
Vex the weary soul,
And the tired ones loose their burdens
At the heavenly goal.
A LEAK IN TIE ROOF.
Mrs. Drayton had just put the tea.
kettle over the fire for tea.
That bright, cheery New Iaipshire
kitchen-not even the driving north,
east rain which poured in torren's out
side, could put a damper on its merry
.1 aspect. Close to the window a bulfiici
whistled meditatively in its cage of
woven wicker boughs--a pomegranate.
tree on the other side was all sprinkled
with scarlet buds, and the very stripes
of the rag carpet were suggestive of
sunshine and cheerful thoughts. And
Mrs. Drayton herself, one of those
plump, motherly, good-natured souls
who are born to make home happy was
setting the table with white and blue
edged cups and saucers that had be
longed to her grand mother before her.
The bread was whiter than snow, the
apple-sauce waspleasantly flavored with
cinnamon, and a freshly baked loaf of
cup cake " occupied the center of the
She was reaching up for a little jar of
home-made pickles, when a pair of
strong arms encircled her wast, and a
handsome bearded face appeared on t"e
level with her own.
" My goodness gracious 1" said Mrs.
Drayton, " how you frightened me I
But I do think, Harry, you get more
harum-scarum every day'."
He lifted her lightly to the floor.
" Do you want any more eggs, moth
er ?" he asked, " thoro arc plenty in
the barn I "
"I've got enotgh for to-day," said
Mrs. Drayton, pouring the tiny pickled
cucumbers into the plate.
"Rosalie takes omelets, you know,"
miscuevously suggested the young
A frown darkened Mrs. Drayton's
S "Harry " she said, " you've made a
mistake 1 '
"Have I, mother dear? But you'll
find that I've not I"
" Rosalie Hartley is a selfish, heart
less coquette I" cried M' s. Drayton,
"Mother, hush I" said the young
man, tenderly putting his hand over her
"mouth. "She has p)romised to be my
" Ohi, Harry I Harry I"
"It is so, mother dear,--and you
must learn to love her for my sake.
You wvill soon find how completely you
are mistaken in your estimate of her
character, and she will be like a daught
er to you 1 "
Mrs. Drayton sat down, still with the
:' pickle-fork in her hand, and began to
Now there was nothing in the wide
* world that made Harry Drayton feel so
uncomfortable as tears. A whole dic
tionary full of remnonstrances would
not have melted him like one of those
"D)idn't you say there wvas a leaky
spot over the kitchen chimney, moth
er ?" said he. " If I go up and look at
it now I can perhaps see where the
And, thus speaking,be hurried away.
f' Mrs. Drayton looked after him with
tearful eyes, as she shook her head
"There never was a better son," said
she. " If he had only selected Celandine
Poor Miro, nrayton I Whcn she tnk
the two pretty factory-girls to board,
just to earn money enough for a newl
parlor carpet, she had not dreamed thai
she was setth>g a trap to catch Hlarry's
true and loyal heart. To be sure it had
once or twice occurred to her mind thai
little Celandine Hall, with her soft voice
and dove-like-eyes and the "bandy
ways" that she had about the house,
would make a very acceptable daughi.
ter-in-law, but Rtasalle Hlartley,-the
brilliant, saucy brunette with her l'oud,
ringing laugh, her cheap jewelry, hei
abject following of the latest devices o1
the fashion-pletes, the subrosa flirtatiomt
which she conducted with the foremani
of the factory, the good-looking young
miJler down town the handsome car.
riage-maker who was building the big
house under Ransom Rock and her un
tidy fashion of leaving Uelandine tk
care for the room which they occupied
in common,-all these things were ar1
abomination to her mother-soul.
" Why is it, she sa'd to herself, in ai
sort of desperation " that sons alwvayt
select the women for wives that thel
mothers most dislike ? I'm almost sure
that Rosalie paints, although I nevem
could detect her at it,-and there were
only three buttons on her boots yester
day. A real womanly woman is as tidy
with her shoes as with her gloves. And
Mrs. Jessup told me yesterday that she
was flirting disgracefully with Mr.
Peckham, that Spniard-faced foremam
at the facofo. y hat can Harry posei
bly be thinking of to trust his future te
the care of such a frivolous creature as
this ? "
Even as these reflections passed inco
herently through her mind Rosalie's
shallow laugh echoed in the hall-Miss
Hartley had once been told that she had
a musical laugh, and had ever after lost
no opportunity of airing its sweetness I
" Is tea almost ready, Mrs. Drayton?"
she asked, putting her pretty blonde
head into the room. "I'm to go out
this evening and we are to be early ?"
"It will be ready very soon," said
Mrs. Drayton so coldly that Rosalie,
springing up stairs two steps at a time,
audibly remarked to her companion
that "something had put the old lady
Celandire Hall followed more quietly
into the large, airy room which was
dedicated to the use of the two factory
" Goodness me 1" cried Rosalie, with
a start, " what is that -strange rustling
noise overhead ? Is the house haunt
Celandine smiled. " I suppose it is
nothing more serious than rats in the
garret 1" she said. " Do, Rosalie
hang your waterproof cloak up, instead
of throwing it on the floor I There, the
noise has ceased now I"
Nor was it all strange. For Mr.
Harry Drayton, who had contrived to
twist and writhe his six feet of humani
ty into the merest cranny of space close
under the eaves, in search of the leaky
spot in the roof, was even then consid
ering whether he had better twist him
self back again2-an undertaking not
quite so easy as it might at first appear,
or keep quiet until the girlsshould have
gone down stairs.
" They'll laugh at me," lie thought.
" They are always laughing, bless their
hearts. I think I'll preserve my incog
nito. It will be only a minute or two
before they go down to tea."
Rosalie gave a tremendous yawn as
she twisted up the yellow luxuriance of
her hair, little reeking that her aillanc
ed lover was separated from her only
by a frail thickness of lathe and plas
"How is that Greek knot, Celan
dine ?" she asked. " I want particu
larly to have it look nice to-night. Ru
dolph likes my hair in the ancient clas
" Rosalie," said Celandine Hall,
gravely, "does Harry know where you
are going to night ? "
"No, you goose," said Rosalie.
" Why should he ? I shall tell hin I
am going to a sacred concert with Polly
Wright and her sisters."
"But lie will want to go with you."
" Then I shall find some pretext to
put him off."
"Rosalie,'' cried Celandine, " is it
right for you to go to a party under
Rudolph Peckham's escort, when you
are engaged to Harry Hartley ? "
" You don't suppose I am going into
a nunnery, just because I happen to be
engaged ?" said Rosalie, portly.
" Rosalie- " began Celandine, in
"Now don't go on lecturing me,"
said Rosalie, waxing impatiant. "I
have promised to marry Harry Drayton,
not because I love him, but because I
am tired and sick of the drudgery of
this endless factory work. Harry
Drayton is a country lout-not half so
polished and charming as Mr. Peckham
-but he's better than no husband at
alh And Rudolph will be my lover
still, like those dear Platonic creatures
in the French novels, because, you
At this mament, however, there was
a sudden crash from overhead. The
plaster of the ceiling came down in a
limey shower of pieces, directly into
Miss Hartley's rouge-p)ots, and balm-of
beamity ; and harry D)rayton, whoa ini
the agony of his mind, had writhed him
self a little further than b'e had intend
ed, descended most unexpectedly into
Rosalie screamed hysterically. Colan
dine looked as if she did not know
whether to laugh or cry. Harry Dray
ton sat upl and rubbed his elbow-joints.
"' I'm sorry to startle you, ladies,"
said he ; " but upon my word, I could n't
And then lie explained to them the
precise nature of the dilemma in which
he had beemn placed.
"I couldn't go iorwardl on account
of the kitchen chimney," said lie ; "' anid
when I tried to back myself gracefully
out, the ceiling gave way and down I
came. And my collar Is full of rain
from the leak ini the roof, and I think
I've riwallowed about a pint of lime
Rosalie tulrnied first scarlet then
" You wvere up ther e over our heads,"
she saidl, " in the garret corner."
lie nodded, calmly.
" You heard ail wo said ?''
'I am sorry to say-yes," lie answer
ed. " I regret to be considered a
'country lout,' Miss Hartley, but as
I don't approve of the Platonic system
of loye and lovers, I must b)eg to ab
dicate in favor of MIr. Peckham I And
now, If you will allow me to retire, I'll
send up little Tim, the cowboy; wvith a
basket and a broom to remove Bomne of
this superfluous dust and lime from
Miss Hartley wep)t and bewailed her
self stormily, but she wont with Mr.
P'eckham to the party, nevertheless
and Celandine stayed at home to sew
buttons on the beauty's boots.
While Harry, as lie unfolded the
newspaper which had come by the
evening mail, remarked Incidentally :
" Oh, by thme way, mother,-that
engagement of mninie with Rosalie is
broken off I"
Mrs. Drayton's face lighted up.
" Really and trully, H arry '?" cried
" Yes, really and trumly, mother. I
don't think we should have suited each
other at all I But don't you want to
hear how comically it happened'?"
And lie told her about tihe leak in the
Miss hartley changed her boarding
place the next week,--but little Celan
dine remained. And Mrs. Drayton is
already beginning to flatter herself that
perhaps Celandine may be her daugh
ter-in-law after all. Who knows how
love might weave ,his warp and woof ?
Peaks of the Catskills.
The Catskill or Katzberg mountains,
were so named by the Dutch on account
of the catainounts with which they
were infested. The Indians called
them the Ontioras or Mountains of the
Sky, by reason of their cloud-like ap
pearances. Their traditions held that
among these puaks was kept the
treasury of storms and sunshine for the
Hudson valley. guarded by a powerful
spirit, who kept day and night inpris
oned, letting them out one at a time.
This spirit made new moons and cut up
red ones into stars. These mountains
with their dark and wide spreading
forests (abounding in those (lays with a
great variety of wild game) were doubt
less grand hunting grounds for the In
ulans. Settlers of the upper Shandaken
valley in the neighborhood of Pine 11111
often, while tilling the soil, found flint
and arow heads, etc., which assures us
that they frequented that part, and
aside from that, the scenery and iaii
est of the region to-day rulny equals the
quaintness of the old legion. The
mountains are rugged and wild, many
places of then never yet trodden by the
foot of man, full of picturesque beauty.
The forests abound in cold and spark
ling springs, which wind their way
through ravine and meadow toward the
Hudson or Delaware ferns and wild
flowers grow on all sides, and the smell
of the green moss and foliage, deepened
by the dew and borne on the cool air, is
The wildest and most unsettled part
of the Catskills are in Ulster county,
and in the towns of Shandaken, Iiar
denburgh and Denning and surround
ing the Slide Mountain. which is the
highest of the Catskills.' The highest
peaks were always said to be in Greene
county until the past few years.
Measurement has decided the matter
differently, and it is nowi a well known
fact that the old Slide is the highest
peak in the Catskills (being 4,220 feet),
and surrounding it the scenery is wild
and romantic. Deer and bears are yet
to be found in that part of the mnoun
tains, For the past fifty years the
eastern face of the Catskills in the
neighborhood of the old mountain house
and nearest to the Hudson has been a
resort for people seeking rest from city
cares. At that time the Southern or
Shandaken Catskills wery a gouine
wilderness, and very little was known
of them. Occasionally an artest or
sportsnan followed up the deep defile
of the Esopus Creek, through the
Shandaken Valley, and crossed over
Pine Hill to the headwaters of the Del
aware. Shandaken is an Indian name,
the defliition being "Swift Water."
and it is quite probable that this valley
derives its name from the swift flow of
the Esopus. The scenery along its
banks is enchanting and cannot be
equalled in the Catskills.
Trees, Loge and Lnu
Up the Saginaw in a w' le region,
reached either by the river or its tribu
taries, the great pine saw-log, often
three feet in diameter has its birth.
Pine forests, now rapidly thinning out,
once covered several thousand square
miles around the headwaters. Enter
ing that lumber region in the late au
tumn, the lumbermen establish camps,
'round which during the whole winter
long the axes resound. the tall trunks
fall, and in sections are rolled to the
adjacent streams for the spring floods
to bear away. Floating down to the
main river, the boom men pick out
out each owner's logs as identified by
the brand, and gather them inside the
booms, which may be curtly described
as long tree-trunks chained together at
the ends, often inclosing a smooth wat
er surface of several acres. The coves
of the Saginawv-called locally bayous,
a term borrowed from the Lower Miss
issippi-are especially adapted for the
gathering and organization of these log
armies. The military mietaphior, in
deced, ha~s peculiar fItness here, for the
logs are mustered sidle by side in comn
panics, held together by a rope fastened
to each log by a device not unlike the
domnestic clothespin. As these logs
dowh stream are wvorked up by the tire
less mills, these upper booms are drawn
upon01 for more, until the freezing river
finds them quite empty, and another
wmiter comes on to yield its fresh sup1
But the saw-log's story becomes most
dIranmatic as it nears tihe mnill and, loos
ed from the restraining rope, is steeredl
into the glade of open water that leads
lup to the wooden slide. Enter nowv
the great lumiber mill and we shall be
in at the saw-log's (leath. Down time
slide on a wooden railroad runs a heavy
truck, fitted with two cross lines of
heavy 1ron teeth. With a plunge it
dashes below the water still holding its
place on the rails. 'when three giant
logs are floated above it. At a signal
the steam is let on, thme machinery re
versed, the strong chain holding the
trucK tightens, and the truck itself be
gins to ascend. The sharp teeth catch
the logs, whlich, in a trice, are lifted
dripping from tihe water, whisked uIp
like twigs 100 feet to the mill, and roll
ed off oppiosite the first set of saws.
T1hese saws are two in number ; one set
below is of the buzz variety, perhaps
siz feet in diameter, and( cutting. there.
fore, through a three-foot log ; blut as
thuis semi-diameter Is often insufficient
for a big log, a second and smaller buzz
placed above and In front of the first
cuts the slice, which otherwise mighL
still hol fast the slab, One of the
largest logs weighs a number of tons,
and human strength alone would never
suffice to tnrn it after one of its sides
has beemn slabbed.
Just here comes In a beautifnl piece
of powverful mechanism. At the touch
of the lever a stout beam armed with
iron teeth, rises by the lorest Titan's
side. It snatches the wood, and. in less
time than words can tell it the log is
tumbled over, and the framework
rushing back and forth with amazmng
speed, has driven the edges of the tree
athwart the saws, until the once rough
stick stands forth a symmetrical square,
Then, in another instant it is shifted
below the gang, a set of ordinary up
right saws placed an inch apart, and of
ten with thirty or even thirty-flye
blades. Below an ordinary circular
planer revolves in front of the gang
and smoothes the lower edges of the
boards. The immense piece of timber
is run through in a few moments, and
what was five minutes before a rough
tree trunk has passed into the inch
boards of commerce. Nor does the
work end here ; for the slabs are passed
to a new machine, which grasps them
with almost htunan intelligence, and
whatever part of them can be made so
become laths. Other machines take
the harder woods, ash, olm, or oak, and
convert then with equal speed into
staves, barrel heads or shingles ; and
finally the otherwise useless debris
passes to the furnaces to feed the tires
of the engine. There is seen little or
no sawdust around the Saginaw lumber
mills for the reason that itis all used
for the furnace flames ; and, iu. eneral,
the cycle of utilities b itoa e
branch of the great indu Y ade o
feed or supplemenit n I seems as
rounded as hsl angeu ty can make
Sometimes, particularly in the more
nioderni mills, the routine as described
is varied by lifting the logs from the
river on ai en(lless chain ; and a nuin
ber of minor mechanisms ill out the de
vices by which the lumber is cut and
distributed. One ingenious machine,
working double emery wheels sharpens
the buzz saws on both sides of the teeth
(luring a single revolution, and re
quires no attention beyond simply the
fastening of the saw upon it and the
unfastening after the work is done
Another flattens out by a clever me
chanical expedient., the teeth of the
saw, so as to cut a wider rent and pre
vent clogging as the cut becomes deep
er ; finally, a system of elevated rail
roads takes the lumber-laden trucks
and distributes the boards at the points
in the yard or on the wharf whence
they are to be shipped. Some addition
al conception of the size and importance
of the industry may be derived from
the fact that the Michigan Centlal
Railroad Company takes away from one
station here 100 carloads of lumber for
each day of the working season, to say
nothing of the large quantities shipped
from the river by the Flint & Pere
Marquette Railroad line, and even
large shipmients by the lake barges.
On the lake front, Chicago, stands a
blue-painted flat car, on which is a huge
skeleton with a "story." It is of inter
est to all, for it is the skeleton of "the
whale." This was known from Maine
to California, and there was some talk
-at one time of sending his lordship to
Europe. Every one knew ''time whale,"
and it has been gazed upon by millions
of people in its day. It belonged to
Mr. Fred Englehart, and he organized
what he called "the Inland Whaling
Company." This mean t )ds employes,
side showmen, ticket se1teta. They
had another car built, solnewhat like a
freight caboose, and with bunks, tables,
stove, and cooking-place, all in very
comfortable shape. This car was also
painted blue, and both had ''Inland
Whaling Company" on the sides. These
two and a baggage and tent car com
pleted the train. The whale was
stretched out in flabby shape upon this
flat car, and great ropes and chains
kept the 'huge mass of flesh from roll
ing off. The attendants had a mixture
containing carbolic acid and other dis
infectants to pour over his shiny brown
hide, and this operation was continu
ally being done while on dxhibition.
The mass was therefore always moist.
When the train struck Chicago, adds
the News of that city, which was the
headquarters, a side track was built on
thle lake front, the tent pitched, anid the
whale on his car was run under the
canopy. A little box -oillce was opened,
and that was all. l But it was enough.
Crowds p)oured in to see the monster of
the deep, and whlen the deep-voiced
talker explained the capture, wveighlt,
habits, etc., of the animal stood up
like a p)igmiy beside thle whale, every
one was well satisfied that lhe had tIhe
worth of his quarter i seeing such a
curiosity, It was tile only one on ex
Now they should visit him at the
lake front. All that remains of him is
a few flapping ieces of canvas and rot
ting hide, wvhile tihe frame work, bones,
and flesh are goine. In their place is a
lot of shavings, 01ld barrels, sticks, dirt,
and the frame proves to be of stout
hickory, bent into whale shape. These
are thme bones. The shavings were the
flesh. Some quicklime hlas eaten uip
considerable hide or skin, but the tail,
ah, the tail was genuine, though the
rest was a delusion and snare.
A Yard of hoard..
Charles Petormnan, a farmer living
just outside the city, staLtes thle Kansas
City TIinmes, has probably the longest
beard possessed by any man in that
place or vicinity. HIe is rather a short
man and the beard, which is over three
feet in length, falls below his knees.
Bitt few people would notice anything
peculiar about his appearance, because
lie keeps this hirsute appendage tied tip
in cuirl papers and hid away within his
vest. In addition to its length, tme
beard, which covers almost the entire
face, is very thick, and is surmouinted
by an immense mustache.
"How long have you beenl growing
that beard?" lhe was asked.
"Oh, this is only a seven years'
growth. I have had it nearly as long
before, but it was so inconvenient that
I cut it off. Its length now is due to
my frlinds, who insist upon seeing how
long it will' grow. My wife puts It up
in papers every morning as religiously
as she puts up her own hair."
"Any other members of the family
affected in thme same way ?"
"I have six brothers and nine sisters,
all, except one brother, living in Ger
many. All my brothers- have extraor
dinarily long hair. My brother living
in this country is in Vermillion County,
Ill. Ils beard is a pure blonde,' and is
fully as long as mine, which, you see,
is black. My brothe'r's head," contin
ued Mr. P'eterman, "was as destitute
of hair in manhood as a billiard ball."
--There are 21 cities along (the line
of the Mexican Ceritral having an ag
gregate population of 89,60n.
The hairy caterpillars are now infest
ing the trees, and an eminent entomo
logist in New York was recently ask
"Do not the birds eat these caterpil
lars ?" asked the reporter.
"No. I know of no bird that will
eat them. The sparrows did eat the
measuring worms that were so plentiful
here a few years ago, and that nuisance
has now about disappeared. The pre
sent nuisance is what is known as a
hairy caterpillar. They multiply very
rapidly. I have counted 234 eggs in a
space about 11-10 by I inches. Each
one of these eggs was capable of beeom
ing a caterpillar."
"Is there no other insect that preys
uDxtn these ? "
Ies, tnere is t sort or n1y, the
tachina, but there are not enough of
them. I am satisfied that the only way
to save our trees is for the authorities
to employ some one to kill then off.
Boys could do it. It would require
some one to climb the trees and collect
the worms and eggs and burn them."
" What is the course of propaga
tion ? "
" First you see this bunt le of eggs I
have spoken of. They are laid by the
females on the cocoons. In about four
teen days these eggs are hatched into
caterpillars. The caterpillars live upon
the soft part of the leaves of the trees.
You may see plenty of trees now with
out a w'hole leaf. Then the trees in
time die of lung complaint, for the
leaves are their lungs. Each caterpil
lar will eat say twelve or fourteen times
its weight of leaves, until it gets to be
about an inch and a tenth long. Each
caterpillar discharges its skin about
four times before it gets its growth. It
then weaves its cocoon of silk and the
hair of its own body, and then under
goes its change to the chrysalis state and
becomes a moth.
" The species is well known to ento
mologists," continued Mr. Edwards.
" It is indigenous to this country, and
has been known ever since entonology
was studied here. I t was described by
Abbott and Smith in 1892-4 among the
lepidopterous Insects of Georgia. You
may imagine how rapid must be their
increase when one insect lays 234 eggs.
Fortunately, the rain kills many, and
other causes intervene to keel) down the
supply. I was glad to see that the
voracious insects spared the tulip trees.
"The destruction of our city trees is
pitiful, and some decisive action is need
ed to prevent its further progress.
When very hungry those caterpillars
will eat pear and apple trees, and the
possibility that they may yet be mmer
ous enough to get into that sort of busi
ness should be sufficient to stir tip some
oflicial action to prevent it."
Bill Nye says I, I almost ate myself
into an early grave in April by flying
into the face of Providence and demor
alizing old Gastric with oat neal. I
ate oat meal weeks, and at the end of
that time my friends were telegraphed
for, but before it was too late, I threw
off the the shackles that bound me.
With a desperation born of a terrible
apprehension, I rose and shook off the
fatal oat meal habit and began to eat
beefsteak. At first life hung trembling
in the balance and there was no change
in the quotations of beef, but later on
there was a slight, delicate bloom on
the wan cheek and - range cattle that
had barely escaped a long, sever winter
on the plains began to apyrehend a new
danger and to seek the secluded canyons
of the inaccessible mountains.
I often thought whlile I was eating
health food and waiting for death, how
the doctor and other Iivit edl guest at
the post mortem would start back in
amazement to find the remnants of an
eminent man filled with bran I TIhrough
all tihe painful hours of the long, long
night and the eventless day, while the
mad throng rushed onward like a great
river towards eternity's ocean, this
though was uppermost in my mind. I
tried to get the physician to promise
that he would niot expose inc and show
the world what a hollow mockery I had
been andl how I had deceived my best
friends. I told him the whola Iruith
and asked him to spare my family the
humiliation of knowing that though I
might have 1led a blameless life, my sun
ny exterior was only a thin covering for
bran amnd shorts and middlinigs, cracked
wheat and pearl barley.
I dreamed last night of being in a
large city whore the streets were pwved
with dry toast and the buildings were
roofed with toast and tihe soil Was bran
and oat meal, and tihe water was beef
tea and gruel. All at once it came
over me that I had solved the great
mystery of death and had been consign
ed to a place of eternal punishment.
The thought was hlorrIble 1 A million
eternities in a city built of dry toast
and oat meal I A home for neover endI
ing cycles of ages, where the principal
hlotel and tihe postoillce building and
the opera house were all built of toast
and the fire department squitted gruel
at the devourinmg element forever I It
was only a dream, but it has made me
more thoughtful, and people notice
that I amn not so giddy as I wats.
When we made the landing at the town
of Waterproof, La., the overflow had
reacked the second-story windows of all
the houses. On the roof of an Abandoned
grocsery sat a ragged darkey in the moot
complacent manner, and as the boat swung
In a lady passenger, who bad exhibited te
greatest curiosIty about everything all the
way down from Vickskurg, caught the
name of the town and hurried forward to
the captain and sai
"Captain, they say this towa Is 0.Alled
"B.st the waiter is all over it, you see.
The name is moconsistet with facts."
"Oh, they didn't have reference to the
town itself in calling it Waterproof,"
chuckled the old man. "What they meant
was that the water would never reach that
nigger on the roof over there,"'
''Oh, that's it, ehi Well, that makes it
plain, and I don't believe it will either!"
she said as she returned to her chair,.
Doc Middleton's Doings.
Doe Middleton, whose exploits as a
highwaynan, brigand and desperado
are a part of the early history of Colo
rado, Wyoming and Nebraska, who
has been serving a live years' sentence
in the penitentiary for stealing cattle
in the North Park, was discharged
from that institution lately, and imme
diate boarded the east-bound train.
IIe informed the prison- officials that
he was goig to a new country where
the name of Middleten was luiknown,
aid where he would have an opportu
nity of leading a new life among stran
gers. During his long imprisonment
he behaved himself like a man, and
conformed himself to the rules of the
prison to the letter, not receiving one
icca o w at worKi on icuf
the shops of the prison, and intently
reflecting on the few days mnre of
prison life, lie put his fingers too near
the buzz saw, cutting it off. The
prison physician attended to the finger
fnd the next day Middleton reported
to the warden that he was ready for
soie light work. IIe was told that he
might go into the hospital for repairs,
If he chose; but lie answered that his
ervice belonged to the State and he
was ready to put in the time faithfully.
During the early days of the Black
Hills excitement Doc and his gang
perated on the road between Cheyenne
ud Deadwood City, at times varying
the business of robbing stage coaches
by stealing cattle. Once lie was cap
tured and tried by a crowd of cowboys
mnd sentenced to be hanged. His arms
mnd legs were bound, and he was
mounted on a horse and driven under a
limb of a large tree, from which a rope
ing. A noose was made and tied
under his neck and the horse driven
1way, leaving Middleton suspended in
niud-air. Two of the members of his
;ang happened to be in the neighbor
hoo(l, and after the cowboys had ridden
iway they cut Doc down, and after
wo hours' hard work resuscitated him.
For several years after the occurrence
t was chailmed that Doc's ghost haunted
he territory, and innumerable stories
were written of its exploits. One night
he ghost attacked a stage coach, and
me of the more courageous passengers
3hot. at and wounded the ghost which
)roved to be the veritable Middleton
nasquerading in the guise of a ghost
md carrying on his usual avocations.
[)uring the early part of the year 1875
tiiddleton and a pal planned and exe
ited a hold bank robbery at Deadwood
Jity, which was for a long time laid
t the door of the James gang, and
Linkerton's detectives Ppent thousands
>f dollars hunting them, while Middle
,on with his swag remained quietly in
D)eadwood laughing in his sleeve.
Of the 40,000 Indians located on reser.
vatinns in the Southweet, the Navajoes,
aumbering 15,000, have become largely
3ivilized. Their possessions in horses,
attle and sheep are great and valuable.
1'his tribe is nearly self-supporting, and in
k f6w years will be no burden to the Gov
3rnment. While still holding the tribal
rolation, their system of internal govern
enot is exact and just, and for the good or
ill. Only occaslo'aally do the younger
3ucks ally themselves with the predatory
Ludians and go on the wartfath. Essen
.ially the Navajoes are good Indians, how
ver strange this aroinaly may seem, The
&inis, a small b.. id of ancient stock,
uosely allied to the Azteos in many of
their peculiarities, are found on a reserva
Aion in the middle western Dortion of Nl..
ftlexico. They have many interesting
characteristics as a tribe, but some of their
customs are even more barbarous than
Their moon dance, at which time the
young men are received into the brother
bood of' warriors, is an orgie of a most
heathenIsh nature. During the latter part
[f the month of March of each year all the
Ianbe arc assembled at once place, guards
ire thrown out on all sides, and no white
man or Indian bolonging to other tribes is
i'dimtted withmn the festive circle. Around
m huge fire blazing high they dance and
ung in unrestrained merriment under the
mellow influence of mescal, a fiery whisky
tilistilled from the catus. At about mid.
nIght the young men who are to receiye
the honois of warriorhood, and thereafter
to be be known as braves, if they success
fully undergo the ordeal of Iitiation, come
into the circle dressed in the uniform of a
P'atagonian chuief, less the nose ring and
With keen-edged knives they make two
vertical slits in the fleuh on either breast,
and having fastened there to a lariat of
raw hide about thirty feet In length,
which Is held at the other end by a stake
set firmly In the ground, they begin the
wildest incantations, muoving to and fro in
skipping and dancing attitudes, while the
warriors are indulging themselves in the
innocent amusement of hurling the toma
hawk, sharp pointed knives and other
missiles of sporting barbarnc ingenuity at
the novitiates, who In the wild delirum of
stolid heroism must endure their fiendish
suffering until the flesh breaks away and
releases them from the cruel thong.. Their
ceremonies are now inaugurated for a
duration of seven days, when all the tribe
appeuar, from the oldest to the youngest,
only dressed In nature's primitive garb.
Their practices In the succeeding festivi
ties are so hideus it is revolting to think
of them. And. these Indiaise, too, are
wards of the Government.
Milk and Lime WVater.
Milk andl lime water is saidI to pro've
beneficial in dyspepsla and weakness of
the stomach. The way to make the
lime witter is simp)ly to procure a few
lumps of unslackedl lime, put the lime
In a fruit-can, add water until it is
slacked and of the consistency of thin
bream ; the lime settles, and leaves the
pure and clear lime-water at the top. A
goblet of cow's milk may have six or
afghmt teaspoonfuls of lime-water added
wIth good effect. Great care should be
taken not to get the lime water too
strong ; pour off without distuirblng the
precip)itated lime. Sickness of the
stomach is promptly relieved by teacup
ful of warmn water with a teaspoonful
of soda dissolved in it. If it brings the
offending matter up, all the better.
BUY THE BEST !
Mit. J. 0. 11OAa-Dear Sir : I bought the first
Davis Machine sold by you over eve years ago for
my wife who has given it a long and fair tr al. I
am well pleased with i. It never Rives any
rouble, amd is as good as when first bought. -
Winnsboro, S. C'., Aprii 1833. J. W. IOL1o?.
Mr. BOAG: Yotu wish to know what I have to say
in regard to the Davis Machine bought of you three
years ago. I feel I can't say too much In its favor.
nIade about 880,00 within five tnonths, at times
running it so fast that the needle would get per
fecti hot from friction. I feel confideni I could
not have done the same work with as much ease
and so well with any other macblue. No time lost
in adjusting attachments. The lightest running
mnachine I have ever treadled. Brother James and
Williams' families are as much pleased with their
D.avis Machines bought or you. I want no better
machine. As I said before, I don't think too
much can be said for the Davis Machine.
F.iirf -lil County, April, 1883.
MAR. IOAO : My machetne gives me perfect satis
factiou. I dnd no fault with it. The attachments
are so aimple. i wish for no better than the Davis
RSm. It. \tLLl.e.
Fairfleil county, Apri', 118.11.
Me. lioAu: 1 bought a Ilavis Vertical Feed
ewing Machine fron you four years ago. I am
elightat with it. It never has given me any
rouble, and has never been the least out of order.
It is as good as when 1 first bought it. I cau
cheerfully reconmend it.
M149., At. J. KIRKL.AND.
Montliello, Ajpril 30, 1883.
This ls to certify that I have been using a Davia
Vertic.il Feed Sewing Machine for over t we years,
purchased of Mr. J. 0. iioag. I haven't found It'
passessed of any fault-all the attachmnents are so
eime )ie. It never refuses to work, and is certainly
the 1ightest running in the market. I consider it
a irst-class machine.
MIINNIS .1. Wtr.I.INii lA Ii.
aklatl, Fairfleld county, 8. C.
Met BOAO: I ait wetu p'eastut mi every t)arttcut
with tre Davis Machine .ought of you. I tittk
a first-class mac!ine In every respect. You knew
you sold severa' nachilues of tli same make to
different members of our families, all of whom,
as far as I know, are well pleased with them.
Mats. M. Ii. Mon1.F.
Fairlict'l county, April, 1883.
This lato cerlity we have ha-l im constant use
the Davs Machine bought of you about three years
ago. As we take In work, and have made the
prico Ut 't. s9vgt tiaes over we nt want aly
better atiulne. Sl alwayOa to do any Mn1
of work we nave ;o do. No puckeringor skipping
stitches. We can only say we are well pleaset
and wish no better machne,
~ATOegitjNg Wvrdge AND) S1TIlat.
A pi'ii 25, 18-13.ATBNH Y.tENDST .
I have no fau!t to find with my mawh'ne, aul
don't want any tetter. I have ma ie the price or
it several timus by taking la sewing. It is always
ready to do its work. I tnink it at first-class ma
cline. I feel I can't say too munch for the l).av
Vertical Feed Machine.
Wits. TIIOMAA AMITH.
Fairtlel'l county, April, 18s3.
Met..1. 0. IOAO-)ear Sir: it gives me m.telh
pleasure eo testify i-> the merits or the Davis Ver
tical '?eed bewing Matchl'te. 'I'he mnachine I got of
you about live years ago. has been alimnost in coo.
stant use ever since that time. I cannot see ,hiat
it is worn any, and has not cost me one cent fo
repairs siecn we have haid it. Amt well pleaset
and donm't, wish for ancy better.
Gir.tlie Qitarry, nmeatr Winensboro 8. C.
We ha.v eouie the Ih)as Verticls F'eeal 8ewinmg
Machinme for time last live years. We woueld not
haive any othmer imnake iet av parie. The machaie
has given us unrboundler satisfatioe.
Mats. W. K. TURNKIL AND DAUnTimretti
Fairfleil counety, 8. C., Janm. 27, 1883.
Ulaving iboughet a I)avis Vertical Feedt Sewing
Maclane frein Mr. J1. 0. floag somei three years
ago, and it haaving~ given mie perfect, satisfacLion ia
every respect asa teamily macine, both for heaa'y
anda Ilight sew ing, amid never neetded thle ieast re
pair in any way. I can citeerfutlly recommnend it to
any one am a ent-class machiune in every particum
lar, antd thiln. it second to none. It is one of the
simnplest maclines inaade; my chaildrent use It with
all ease. The attacienmta are meore easiiy ad
justed andi it does a greater range of work by
ameans of its Vertieal aeed thman anay othier ua
chaine I leave ever seen or used.
Mets. TemooiAs OwiNos.
Wimnnabm ro, I airfld cotuty, 8. C.
We have hadl one of the Davis Macnines about
fear years anad have aiways foumnd i roeady to tio aii
kinds of work we have had occasion to <do. Can't
see that the machine is worn any, anti works its
well its when new.
Mas. W. J. CRAwFOR D,
Jackson's Creek, Fairfieldt county, 8. C.
My wife is highly pleased with thae D)avis Ma
chie bought of youe. She wouldt. not take doublie
what sate gave for it. 'rhe machina ess not
been out of order since she batd it, and sue can do
any kind of work on it.
Mont Icello, 1'alIeldh county, 8. C.
The Davis Sewing Machine is simply a freas
ur*e Mats. J. A. GOODWYN.
lIidlgeway, N. C., Jan. 10, 1889.
,1, 0 IIOAI, Esq., Aent-Dear Sir : My wife
has been using a Davi ewing Machine constant
ly for the past four years, an' Uihas never neededl
any repairs an't works just as weli as when first
bought. She says it will do a greater range of
practical work eend do it easier anti bet%er than
any machine site has ever used. We ciheorfuiliy
recomend it as a No. 1 family machine,
Your trn,y, Jg .IM~
Winnsboro, S. C., Jan. 8, 1888.
Ma. BloAO: I have alwaya found myDvis Mia
chine ready do ait kinds or to work I have had oc
worn a particle antd it works as Weil as when new.
Mas.R 0 oto
Winnebore, at. C., April, 1888,
Ma.. BoAO sM wife has been eOnsttatly teeing
the Davis Machie bought of you about five years
age. I have never regetdbuyngi, a it is
always read~ for anly kind of faeaa. sevb,ther
e lt.. It is never out of ni or edn
Fairfld, 5. 0,, Mafeb, 1888 . , AM