Newspaper Page Text
- w i r w r r Iw r
TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO. S. C. SEPTEMBER 22 1883. ESTABLISHED 14
BUY THE BEST!
MU. J. 0. BoAo-Dear Uir : I bought the frst
Davis Machine sold by you over live years ago for
my wife who has given it a long and fair trial. I
am weil pleased with it. It never gives any
rouble, and is as good as when first bought.
Winnsboro, S. C., Apri, 1883. J. W. 00o,10F.
Mr. BoAO: Tou wish to know what I have to say
in regard to the Davis Machine bought of ou three
ears ago. I feel I can't say too much in its favor.
I made about 180,00 within live months, at times
running it so fast that the need'e would get per
fectly hot from friction. I feel confident I could
not nave (one the same work with as muon ease
and so well with any other machine. No time lost
In adjusting attachments. The lightest running
machine I have ever treadled. BrotherJames an<
Williams' families are as much pleased with their
Davis Machines bought or you. I want no better
machine. As I said before, I don't think too
much can be said for the Davis Machine.
Fairfield County, April, 1888.
Ma. BOAG: My machine gives me perrect satIs
faction. I find no fault with it. The attachments
ate so eim Ile. I wish for no better than the Davis
Mts. R. MI I..INO.
Fairfield county, April, 1883.
14. BoAo: I bougr: a u)avis Vertical Feed
ew.ng Machine from you four years ago. I au
elighted with it. It never has given me any
rouble, and has never been the least out of order.
It Is as good as when I first bought I.. I can
cheerfully recommend it.
Mis. M. J. KRlIxi.AND.
Montcello, April 30, 1883.
This is to certify that I have been using a Davis
Vertical Feed Sewing Machine for over t w >ye irs,
purchased of Mr. J. 0. Bong. I haven't foundi I
p,aessed of any. fault-all tie attachments are so
simple. It never-efuse to work, and is certainly
the lightest running in the market. I consider It
a tirat class machine.
MINNIM S. WII.t.INOIAM.
Oakland, Fairielid county, S. U.
MR BOeA : I am well plesse, in every particut
with the iavis Machine uought of you. I think
a first.-class machine in every respect. You knew
yon sold several machines of the same make to
different members of our families, all of whom,
as far as I know, are well pleased with them.
MRS. M. ii. Monl.v.
Fairfield county, April, 1883.
This isto certify we have had in constant use.
she Davis Machine bought of you about three years
ago. A. we ta:ke In work, and have made the
price of it several times over, we don't want any
better machine. It is always ready to do any kind
of work we nave to dI0. No puckeringor skipping
stitches. We can only say we are well pleased
anc wish no better machme.
y' l'ATUCRtINK WYLIB ArND 81i Kp.
Aprit 25, 1888. A
I have no fault to and with my mach;ne, and
don't want any better. I have made the price of
it severa times by taking in sowing. It is always
ready to do Its work. I tiink it a first-class ma
chIne. I feel I can't say too much for the Davis
Vertical Feed Machine.
MRs. TUOMAS SMITH.
Fairfield county, April, 1883.
MR..1. 0. loAo-Dear ir: it gives me m'tch
pleasure to testify to the merits of the Davis Ver
tical Feed 8ewing Machine. The maLnlne i got of
you about five years ago. has been almost in con.
stant use ever since that time. I cannot see that
it Is worn any, and has not cost me one cent for
repairs since we have had It. Am well pleased
and don't wish for any better.
hoanT. CRAt Wi.'RD,
Uranite Quarry, near Winansboro S. C.
We have used the Davis VertIcal Feed SewIng
MachIne for the last five years. We would not
have any other make at any price. The miachane
as given us unboundec satisfaction.
Very respect (fully,
'Mas. WV. K. TURan AND D)AUttITsus
Fairfield county, 8. C., Jan. 2T, 1883.
H-aving bought a Davis Vertical Feed Sewing
Machine from Mr. J. 0. Boag some three years
ago, and it haaviaggiven me perfect satisfaction in
overy reset as a family machine, both for hea.'y
and light sewIng, anad never needed thae least re
pair in any way, I can cheerfulily recoimmendl it to
any one as a first-class inachine in every particu
lar, and think it second to none. It is one 01 the
simplest machines made; ny children utse It with
all ease. 'The attachments are more easily ad
justed and it doe:4 a greater ranage of work by
means of its VertIcal Freed than any other rma
chine I have ever seen or used.
Mas. TuOMtAS Ow iNGs.
* ~ Winnasboro, Fairtleld county, 8. C.
We have had one of the Davis Macnines about
four years and have always found it ready to do all
kInds of werk we have had occasion to do. Can't
see that the machine is worn any, and works as
well as when new.
Mas. WV. J. CiIAwFoRD,
Jackson's Creek, Fairfield county y. 8.0
My wife Is highly pleased witha the Davis Ma
chine bought ofyou. She wouald not lake double
wnat sno gave for It. Th.e miachine has not
been out of order since she had it, and she can do
any kilmd Of work on it.
Monticello, FairfIld county, S. C'.
Trho Davis8Sewing Machine is simply a treas
14r6 Mits. .J. A. oomwvN.
fladge way, N. 4'., Jan. 10, 18818.
J,OBAG, Esq., A gent-Dear Sir: My wife
has oeen tasaiug a Davis Sewing Machlne constani
ly for the pass four years, and it has never nee.ied
any repairs tin aworks just as well as when lirat
biought. Slae says it will (10 a greater range of
practieal work slid do at easier andi better th1um
any inachine she nas ever used. We cheeriplmai
recommend It as a No. I fataily machine,
Yortu,JAS. Q. DAVIs.
Winnaboro, 8. C., Jan. 8i, 1883.
Mat. BIOAo: I have always found my Davis Ma
'chine ready do all kInds of to work I have had co
eaaion todto. I cannot see that the mlachIne is
worn a particle andl It works as weml as wnen new.
Mae. it. C. UooDr'No.
- Winnabore, 8. C., A pril, 18811,
Ma. BOAG a My wife has been constantly using
the Davis Machine bought of you about ave years
ago. *I have never regrtted buyig ii, ias it in
always ready for any ndm of fa... il sewlig, either
aeav orliglt. I lis never out of fix ,tr nemidinig
- . Very rpspecst fully,
Xargeld, S. C., March, 1I8. A i AD
The Use of Flowers.
God might have bade the earth bring forth
Enough for great and small,
The oak-tree and the cedar-tree,
Without a fower at all.
We might have had enough, enough
t"or every want of ours,
For luxury, medicine, and toil,
And yet have had no flowers.
The ore within the mountiin mine
Iequtreth none to grow ;
Nor doth it need the lotus-flower
To make the river flow.
The clouds might give abundant rain,
*The nigntly dews inight fall,
And the herb that keepeth life in man,
Night yet have drunk them all.
And wherefore, wherefore were they made,
All dyed with rainbow-light,
AU fashioned with suprenest grace,
Upspringing day and night;
springing In valleys green and low,
And _on the mountains high,
And in the silent wilderness
Where no man passes ,y 1
Our outward life requires them not
Then wheref ,re had they birth 1
To minister delighat t,o luan,
To beautify the earth ;
To comfort mau-to whisper hope,
Where'or his faith is dim
For who so careth for the Rowers,
Will much more care for him I
LAUHT AT LAST.
Editha Vane had known for a lon
while there was something out of th
usual order in the lives the two brotl
era, Adrian and Vivian Long, led i
Laurel Cottage, the pretty counti
place they had purchased one year bi
The young men went abroad freely
welcome visitors at every fireside I
the neighborhood, but no one had eve
been known to cross the threshold <
their own door.
The few persistent persons who mad
their way to the cottage uninivited-a
some did-were invariably met by th
grum old houiekeeper with the infor
mation that her young masters wer
out for the day, or some message t
the same purport, and she would stan
patiently in the open door until suc
visitors had gone down the walk an
disappeared. Of course curiosity wa
excited, and had not the young me
conducted themselves with strict pr<
prioty abroad, most damaging suspi
cions would have prevailed.
"The Longs are certainly hidin
some secret," their numerous friend
said; "but they are such exemplar
gentlemen it must be a harmless one.
Accident furnished Editha Van
with an inkling of the truth. She we
riding out one morning when her hors
took fright at some trifle, just as si
was passing the cottage, and threw he
within a rod of the gate. The youn
girl was stunned for a moment or tw(
anld when she ' recovered a litt4
Adrian and Vivian were both bendin
over her with pale anxious face
"Are you hurt, Miss Vane?" they ft
quired in one breath.
She made an effort to sit up.
"No. I feel giddy and confused
Even as she spoke everything agal
grew dark before her eyes.
Vivian's voice seemed to come fron
a remote distance, as he said hastily t
his brother. "The poor girl has fainte
again. We must take her in, and ca
"Would it be quite safe?" remon
"We must run the risk. It woul
be inhuman to do otherwise."
Like one in a helpless dream, Edith
felt herself lifted up, and born alon
the walk to the house.
The strong arms that held her wer
Adrian's however, and for one instaar
their pressure was almost suffocatin
ere lhe placed her in the easy-chlai
whleh Vivian wheeled quickly to tb
"Now tell Mrs. Garth to come wit
restoratives," lie cried.
When the girl's mind cleared, the
were all thlree beside her.
She said little at first, but sat gazin
curiously about the apartment.
It was a pleasant room, elegenti
furnished, filled with such pretty trifh(
as only a woman's deft fingers ca
arranlge, and yet, as Editha glance
furtively at the' somewhat awkwar
hard-featu red hou1 se-keeper, she fel
intuitiveiy that Mrs. Garth couldl hia
had nothing to do with this adorninq
She had just asked herself tile mnent
question when footsteps were hear
over-head, and there came a sound a
of some one beitting againt a close
The brothers exchanged glances, an
Adrian turned hastily to leave t,1
room, At the same instant Edith
heard a woman's voice crying-"Li
me out. How dare you lock me
here? I will not submit to it."
Adrian sprang up the stairs, scalir
two at a time. A key clicked in i
lock, and his musical tones reache
the listening ears below, breathin
words of gentle remonstrance. "1
quiet, Florine. Do not excite yourne
so. It is best you should remainj
your chamber for awhile."
'-Ilumphi You are planning son
mIschiel'. Otherwvise you wvould novi
dream of locking me in like some ni
ruly child. I intend to find out whi
The woman's wild laugh seemed i
pierce Editha's ear. There camne ti
sound of a brief struggle-then all Wi
a hen Editha ventured to look
Vivian at length he was pale as deat
and trembling in every limb.
"What is the moaning of' all thlisi
she demanded. "I canniot tell you,
dare not," he answered with a groai
"T1ry to forget that you have seen <
heard anything unusual here."
"B3ut who is that woman?"
"A poor half-crazed creature n
brother and I have taken in out
"PIray, Miss Vane, do not speak 4
her presence here to any one outsid.e
the house." Editha's lip curled scor;
fully. "Fear nothing,'' she sal<
"Your secret is safe with me, M
A few minutes later Adrian rea
peared, Editha had never seen him lot
so white and troubled.
"Are -you better, he inquired an
liously. "My own horse is at the doe
I will drive you home at once, if yo
feel equal to the exertion."
How anxious he seemed to be rid c
Editha rose, her pulses thrilling wit:
This' was the man to whom he
heart's best love had suffered to go ou
-a poor wretch whose life held soni
shameful or dangerous secret. At
how very foolish indeed she had beer
Both were silent during the brk
home-ward/ rive, but Adrian, as he se
her down at her own door, suddenl
caught her hand, looking imploringi
into the old half-averted face with hi
grave earnest eyes.
"You are angry with me, Miss Vane,
he said hesitatingly. "You think per
haps I have no right to keep a secre
from the world?"
"No," she replied, in a haughty tonc
"I have no interest whatever in you
His face twitched, he took a momen
to recover himself.
"Once I thought differently," ho
breathed. "I fancied you were learn
ing to love me as devotedly as r 1ov
Editha could endure it no more
This declaration was so different fron
the one she had often pictured to her
g self. Snatching her hand from hi
e clasp, sie entered the house and rat
- upstairs to her own ioom, almost hys
,t tericul with excitement.
y "How dare he speak of love whili
i- that woman remains an inmate of 'hi
housel" she exclaimed, begin.ning t<
, sob piteously. "I almost hate him fo:
r The next day Editha was sittini
f alone in the cosy parlor, when the door
bell rang, and a visitor was ushered ir
e -Vivian Long. He came hastily tor
s ward, his face wearing so strange at
3 expression the girl was instantly struci
- by it. "I have passed such a wretchei
e night!" he cried abruptly, before shi
o could speak "I never closed ml
I eyes. I feared that the events of ,yes
l torday might cause you to distrust an
I dislike me, and that is more than :
s could tamely endure." He seemed t<
a struggle with himself a moment the
resumed-I came to extort a promis(
from you, Editha. Do not refuse, un
less you would drive inc to despair."
"A promise?" she asked faintly,
s "What is it?"
y "You must have known for a lonl
time how I was learning to think o:
e you. I want you to swear to remaii
s faithful to me for one year, let wha1
e will happen during the meantime.'
e He was looking straight into her eyes,
r Editha gave a frightened start. Shc
g had never thought of him save as r
, friend. Some impulse it was impossi
, ble to control led her to say abruptly
g "Tell me who is the woman now stop
. ping at Laurel Cottage. What relatio
does she bear to your brother Adriani
Is she his-his--Her voice broke an(
- The scowl that had wrinkled Vivian':
brow when she first began to speak
a faded quickly, and his whole fac
a "What?" he cried eagerly.
o "Adrian's wife?" the words. spoke
I with a tremendous effort, were scarceli
She stood with clasped hands, he
pulses beating high.
"Yes the woman is my brother'
I wife " Vivian replied in a husky voice
" iou know so much already I shal
r keep nothing back."
g "Three years ago he was delude(
into marrying her, and before the
e honeymoon had waned she was a rav
t ing maniac. Insanity had been in the
? family from which she sprang for seve
L ral generations. Adrian knew nothmni
e of this until it was too late. The poo.
thing has been more rational since wi
i brought her to Laurel Cottage, one
year ago. Pride alone led us to con
y ceal her existence from our triends
We intended no wrong by it."
i Wiping the cold drops of moisture
from his-forehead, he said imploringl3
V -"Now for the promise I came to ex
S tort; it will lie a great comfort to me
1 Editha. Surely you cannot refuse."
:i She hesitated. Her cheeks burned
dl like tire. Why should she not consent,
t and thus show Adrian how she despiset
e his treachery in daring to speak of: lov(
.to her while lie had a wife living. Give
mec twenty-four hours for reflection,'
Il she said finally, after a bitter struggle
I Vivian begged with stange vene
s mence for aii immediate promise, bu
d as she remained firm, at last he wen1
d Editha spent a wretched night. Il
e seemed dreadful that all her brigh
a hopes should be blighted and her lift
it broken before the happy years of girl
n hood had passedl. The next mornin
she was wandering listlessly about th<
g grounds when the garden gate clanged
a5 andi a woman came hurriedly toward|
d her-a p)allid young tihing, with sunke,
g .eyes and hollow ocheeks who must onic
e have been very beautiful.
if "Are you Miss Vane?" she asked
n almost in a wh-isper, pausing wich
clasped hanids. Editha recognized thr
ie voice instantly. It was that of ti
ir strange woman at Laurel Cottage.
i- -"I wish to make a request," tie ini
Lt truder went on hurriedly, looking a
Editha as though time latter held he
0 life in her keeping. "I am a poor un
ie fortunate soul who has known nothinj
5 save trouble. Some folks say I am nio
altogether right here." And she passei
It both hands slowly across ner forehead
, "You seem to be good and kind, mniss
The doctors tell me I have only a few
" weeks to live, and surely you will no
I begrudge me wvhat little happiness
1. can find in titat brief time."
r "What do you mean?" Editha in
qumred, with a perplexed 'air. "O(
course I will do anything you wvislh
7y Don't be afraid to speak."
>f The woman breatnied a long shudder
lng sigh. "I thought you would under
>f stand at once. My husband loves you
f and can think of no one else. Aih! I
*a is dreadful. When I ami dead, o
1. coms~e you will marry him If you wish
r~. But oh, for pity sake, let me have hm
all to myself while I live."
I-Jditha was horrified, and leanet
k half-fainting against the ru.>tic beo
beside her. "You are laboring unde
csome deluaion," she said. "Adai
i'. Long is nothing to me. The one mvii
a of my heart is that I may never see
him again. Until this moment I have
f been in doubt as to the course I ought
to pursue, but now my mind is made
h up. To prove to you my sincerity I
haie decided to marry his brother
t "Vivian," gasped the woman. Why,
e it is he I mean; he is my husband."
Editha sat doivn, shocked and
. stunned by the revelation. All at
f ouce, in her deep bewilderment she
t was conscious that q:.me one had Inelc
y before her, and clisped her passive
y hand. It was Adrian Long. He had
s followed Florine, and came up unob
served, just ih time to hear all that was
said. . - .
"What a singt. nistake," ho
t breathed.- "Was it. te -ddiusive belief
that this poor creature was my wife
; that made you so coid and hard to me,
r Editha? Something in your face leads
me to hope, in spite of your bitter
t words. May I?"
Her head fell upon his shoulder.
She understood al4 at once. It was
now clear as daylight why Vivian
B wished to extort that promise from her.
Before the year went by, his wife
would be dead, his recedom restored.
."IIow blind I have been," she cried
It no longer mattered however.
Strong loving arms were round her,
- and she knew the eld would be happi
ness and peace.
Letter-Writing in Dhlroroat countries.
Turning to Mr. .Fawcett's English
report for the year ending March last,
we find the usual narrative of steady
development. The- circulation of let
ters has increased at about the same
ratio as the population; that of postal
cards, as was the case last year also,
rather more rapidly. The total num
bor of letters delivered during the year
exceeded 1,280,000,000, while the numh
ber of postal-cards was 144,000,000. It
is interesting, as bearing upon the state
of education of the country and the
efficiency of the postal service, to com
pare the nium ber of letters per head of
the populatiun now sent through the
post on the one hand with the number
sent in former years; and on the other
with that circulating in foreign coun
tries. In 1839, the year before the in
troduction of the penny post, 3 letters
were sent per head. In the following
year the number more than doubled
in 1873 it had risen to 29, and it now
stands at 8u. Comparing the different
divisions of the United Kingdom, Eng
Land is far in advittice, the average
number being there-Aljn Scotland 31,
and in Ireland 1if.in Oermany, on
the other hand, where, the postal sys
tem is in many respects superior to our
own, and where education is generally
considered to be more widely diffused,
but where the population is thinly scat.
tered our extensive districts, the aver
age number of letters per head is, ac
cording to the best returns available,
only 13 while in France the number is
15. When we turn to telegrams we do
not find the same evidence that the
present system reaches the mass of
people. The number of messages sent
is only 32,000,000. and the increas was
a little more than a third of that of
the previous year. The proportion of
telegrams to letters is not stated in the
present report, but last year it was put
at 1 to 44, while in the case of France
it was 1 to 29; in Belgium, 1 to 24; in
Holland 1 to 22; and in Switzerland, 1
to 23. bearing in mind the much lar
ger correspondence of this country, as
indicated by the figures we have just
no0w quoted, the small itse of the tele
graph here, ascompared with the
Continental countries, shows that the
serY Ice is of a far less popular charac
ter. It Is to be hoped that the promised
reduction of the minimum charge to
Od., to which Mr. Fawvcett alludes, will
redress this anomnaly ini the pantal sys
Traveling in. a Dream.
A remarkable dreami was told us by
a former well-known citizen now de
ceased. We met him on a Sunday
morning standing on a bridge gazing
dlown into the water apparently lost in
thought. We approached, and puItting
a hand on his shoulder, remnarked: "A
penny for your thoughts." Hie looked
up and answered, "'Do you think our
sp)irit can leave the body and travel
about the country seeing strange thigs
and places as they actually exist?" I
answered no. He then went on and
a narrated the following remarkable
. dream: "I luad been thinking during
g the day about going over to Rodman
3 Furnace. So that nlight 1 dreamed I.
,started to go over, taking a near cut
i through a gap in the mountain over a
1 road and through a part of the county
3 I had never traveled or seen before. In
miy dream I passed over the breast of
the reservoir, traveled along the foot
Sof the mbuntain tup to the old Kephiart
, pottery, took a drink out of the spring
3 at the end of the 01(d log house, was set
upon by a spotted dog, but wvent safely
- on, struck the gap in the mountain,
6 traveled the pathi to the top and seeing an
e old coal hearth stepp)ed on to It to take
- a view of the valley below. A big
g stumilp stoodl on the opplosite 81(1e of the
o coal ihearth, and near tihe stumpi were
I eleven wild turkeys scratching among
,the leaves. Th'ie turkeys took hlighit and
,soon were gone; I woke up and found
, miy Journey was but. a dream. Thiree
a. days later I concluded to make the
I til, and roemmberinig thle dream1
concluded to follow the same road, but
-imagine my surprise when I found
C everything Just as I had seeni it in my
.dream and thme road as familiar as it
could be had I been over it before.
- The same old log hiouse and sprig, tihe
- same spotted dog disputed my passage,
,and oni reacuing tue summit of time
t mountain tihe same old coal hearth,
r the same old stump, and eleven wild
,turkeys started up anid flew away.
i From that on to Rodman all the way
was strange, no single object that Iihad
i ever seen before." Eromn tis tile
i dreamer had deduced the theory that.
r the spirits actually leave thes body to
travel4rftound at niglit seeing things
z and plAces as they actually are.
Dog and Snake.
"The water moccasin is dead," sak
Lucien Alexander, the well-knowr
druggist and snake fancier in Detroit
"It died, and I wouldn't have taken
the whole Tenth ward with the schoo
trusteeship thrown in for it."
"What killed it?" asked the repor
ter, to whom Lucien was pouring ou
"le was scalded to death. I had th<
moccasin and a water dog in the sani
jar together, but somehow or other they
couldn't get along with each other
They were continually fighting over te
food I gave them, and yesterday they
oonud. to.sattls their diereces for
ever. They sparred around in th
wa ter for awhile, neither one seemlinu
to have the advantage, but- finally the
water dog executed a flank movement
on the moccasin and swallowed about
three inches of his tail and body. In
stead of the moccasin trying to fre
himself lie laid perfectly quiet and com
menced pumping himself fill of wind
like a bellows. As he swelled up the
water dog backed offi but it was too
late. It was like pulling a boot off it
swollen foot. The moccasin kept on
pumping and the water dog continued
to expand. As lie spread out you coul
hear his ribs crack, and I expected
every moment to see hhi fly ilto a
i housand pieces, but suddeuly the swel
ling ceased, for the moccasin had gone
the full length of his expansive powers,
and he commenced to contract. te
d.uced to his ordinary size the water
dog lost no time in slipping off, but he
was so weak from the terrible strain he
had received that for a moment or two
.he was powerless. The nocchsin took
advantage of this, and, turning on the
dog, swallowed him whole. '1'uon fol
lowed one of the most remarkable oc
currences ever witnessed. The dog,
evidently scared almost to death, be
gan galloping back and forth the full
length of the moccasin. By the wav
ing ridges on the snake every move
ment of the dog could be told. Back
and forth he went until the friction in
side of the snake must have been ter
rible, for the water began to get warm
from the heat of the moccasin's body,
Every time the dog would gallop to
ward the head of the snake the snake
would close its mouth, causing the dog
to turn and run away. This perforn
ance was kept up for fully an hour, dur
ing which time the water grew boiling
hot, and the whole skin peeled off thi
snake. Then the flesh got soft, 'am
the first thing I knew he vent all to
pieces like a chunk of soft soap in t
wash basin. The dog soon shook oil
the remnants of the snake which ad,
hered to hum,. but lie, like the mocca
sin, was scalded to death also. Y ou
can see that grease on the top of that
that jar of water? Well, that's all that
was left of my moccasin and w ater-dog
Tiho Infunnuy of Navigation.
The infancy of the art of naval archi
tecture, is enveloped in obscurity. It
is quite certain, however, that the firsl
vessels in use were not large, for tht
largest vessel of the Grecian fleet a1
the siege of TroyI B. C. 11$4, carriet
only 120 men. 'I he sails of these ves
sels were of a small c1mensions, and
auxiliary to the oars, which were the
chief propelling power. There uppean
to have been little need for war vessels
at that period, as the fashion of fight
ing at sea had not yet come in. It was
not until some 500 yearn later that ves
sels were built with a view to inarine
warfare, By this time the oars had
increased in nunIber and were arranged
ini banks one above the other in tht
cenltral part of the ships), the lIghting
meni occup)ying p)latforms at the bon
and stern. Tnese vessels were called
galleys. About, 470 BI. (3. the Athien
ian comnmander-iin-chief causedi thest
platforms to be connectedi, thus form.
ing a deck wnich served the double
dut,y of p)roteictinig the oarsmeij and
providing room for a greater number- of
soldiers. Still, the sails were very
salml and wore only of use in a fah
winid. There is nO ground for main
taining, says the -writer, that the air
of navigation wase entirely unknown to
the inhabitants of the worild befor-e ti
llood. T1here is lie circinstanice meni
tioned to indicate that the arik was tia
uirst of its kind.
It wouild, thierefor-e, be fruitless te
endeavor to invesa.gaw, thle (irst invent
tor of marine ar-chit,cture-, nd it seem
reasonable to suppose that the idea 01
ships originiated ai the hun-t of men
at t,he samne t,hnie in a variety of p)laces,
The nations which appear 1,o be joi
clnaimts for the inventioni of ships are
t,he Egyptianis and Pnownicianis. Ac
cordinig to Grechi fables, Pyrrhon (1i5
covered the art, of bending planks by
lire for the p)urpose1. of HIlp-buildig,
Thle beak-ijeaua, tue rudderi anid thi
anCshor are ali cmimed as the devices 01
E~gypland. Grete claims the iveintli
of masts and cross-yard(s; Tueseus
Icat'us and .DLaius the applicationi 0i
sails, wmle t,o a by'riani is ascribed the~
honor of devising vessels of t,raillc.
18is, Queen of Egyp)t, about the year 01
thle wurid 2aoth is accr-edited wvit,h lirst
having t,aught the use( of sails. $u
great was 11cr fame hncl the worlid of' in
ventions that t,he Em~ipor J ulian
caused modais to be struuwk, whmeieoin
she is &epresentedh as a slump. Jason is
shown to have built tue first, long ship.
1'ne ships used prior to t,his wy ar round,
Tue Argonmautic eixped ition--wh aich awmI
tu first, miercantnie voyage of wiulli we
have any account-ooK place about
1203.1B. U. It was then that, tiils shilF
or Jason's was empl)oyed. Copper and
brass wvere substituted for- iron used
for- lastenings about the time of Nero.
The first sails were pr-obably made om
thie skmns or amnuals, a mt,eial still in
use in sonic coutieis for the same pur
pose. in this connection the writ,en
caills attention to the sbrong resemib
lance between the nautical mo veahent-s
of uniclvmhzed people now aiid those of
remote antiqiuity. According to some
accounts sea navigation wvas tiret under
taken by the imhabitants of Lne island
of (Uete. Usons, a P'hwnician, is re
presented as the first person who ven
tured to sea in a canoe lhollowed out
from the trunk of a tree. A variety oh
small boats were soon invented to SuIiI
the needs of different nations. Thac
East Indians constructed boats of ban
boo or canes. Another kind of boat
made with hides, with a light frame
work of reed and a keel of bamboo was
found among the ancient Britons. TI y
were very like the skin skiffs now I
use by the Kamchatkans. The Egy
tians made use of boats made of pap '
rus. The shell of the land tortoise w
even made to do duty as boats. Men
tion of this fact is made by Pliny. Boats
were also made of baked clay by a
people of E:gypt. Mats made of birch
bark, probably similar to the canoes of
American Indians, wore used by a people
of India. Alexander the Great crossed
the ltivei Oxus with his, army, 330 B.
O.;'oi tloats or rafts, which were -sup
ported by skins made buoyant by infla
tion or from being stuffed with straw
and hay. Semiramis built a fleet of
two thousand boats on the coasts of
Cyprus, and had them transported on
carriages and the backs of camels to
the ,'ver Indus, where they fought
and dofeated the loot of Staunobatus,
King of Indus, which consisted of four
thousand boats made of can. Daring
the Pumc war a ltoman army was
transported to Sicily uipon vessels
moved by wheels woed by oxen.
Everything tends to slow that their
boats were small. They were capable
of being hauled on shore, and fleets of
thoin were built in an incredibly short
time. Still, the fact relninain that the
Greeks, Carthagiians aid Iotem:us
conveyed iminenlso armies fromh one
country to another by sea, and that
great nutbers of elephants were taken
in the saune way by tue Carthaginians
into Sicily and Spain, and, during Han
nibal's calupaignl, into Italy. It is dif
ficult to see how small craft could have
transported such cumbrous creatures.
But, leaving thel question of utility
aside, the fleets o' the anci'ints must
have presented a sight fair to look upon
with their carved, gilded and gayly do
curated extremities, vari-colored rigg
ing formed of painted roues, sails tlasn
ing purple, crimson or flame color, ai
embroidered with Lthe namne> of the Eli
peror in gold or ailver; gilded oars, and
the whole structure surnmouit,ed by
"'lhe pumilce-stone trade of Phila
delpilia is not so extensive in the mat.
ter of dollars and cents, but It is an
interesting and suggestive trade, when
you come to think of it. Pumlicl"
stone, though one of the curious pro
ductions of nature, doesn't rank with
the precious stones, or it wouldn't be
"What is 11 imice stone, and what
does it come from?" the reporter asked.
"Well, you might say it is the slop.
ping over of a volcano after it has
cooled off. It is porous, and so light
that you may have seen pieces of it
floating in water. All that we get here
comes from Italy. One of the chief
places there in which it is gathered and
shipped is the Island of Lipari. It is
one of the Eolian islands, and was the
scone of a volcanic upheaval, nobody
knows. how many centuries ago. I
believe that Lipari yields wines and
fruits, much more pleasant and prolit
able that this Dead sea sort of fruit
we are talking about."
"HIow much of the stone do we in.
"Only a trifle over eleven hundred
dollars' worth last year " was the re
ply; "yet it is an article that enters
into many industries. It is very useful
in the marble business, and is a good
deal in use throughont the city now in
cleaniing up w~hite marble fronts, the
silica of which it is so largely composed
manking it very effective. In the pol
ishing room of all marble establish
memnts it is also Invaluable, in giving
the surface the dlesired smoothness,
which fits it for the rubbing by harder
stones, felting, etc. Then it is used in
various arts in shining up metals,
dlressing skins, etc. It is often made
use of in a p)ulverIzed1 form. One of
the domestic ways in which It is some
times utilized is in the cleaning of table
knives; so.you see that, although only
a cinuer, it comes handy to thousands
of peop)le in their (tally wvork, and we
could botter dlispense with some other
articles that wve get from Italy than we
could with this onie."
A cunnming device ms a toy wheelbar
row entirely covered with lichen, '"tip
tiltedi" at any desired angle, an11( full
to overnlowing with autumn sp)oiis.
Even a wvell-worn leather shoe, the big
ger the better, may with a little con
triving borrow a grace never b)efore its
own, and become, if not "a joy forever,''
why certainly a thing of beauty. If it
- hees in front, mend every rent eyelet
sulliciently wvell to allow the introduc
t,ion of red cord or unarrow, gay-colored
ribbon. Next p)lace a well-mended sock
inside the shoe and pour into that either
sandi or sawdust until the whole foot is
unearhy hilled, thon stop. This wvill keep
the shoe ini shaupe, andit yet leave the
ankle free for whatever is to stand in
it. Lace up tightly, anid paste lichen
all over (excepting of course the sole),
beoing careful to close the spaces near
the ribbon, and 3 ot allow the bright co
lor to show. Add to the ankle top a
frill of mtoss plumelets or tiny fern
fronds, Fill up with crystallized gras
ses or sea-ferns, and b)ehold( a picture,
not dlowni on any catalogue, it is true,
yels with a rustic, tramupy looyk about it
"for it that." A stemiess goblet filled
with water and held-flowers slipped into
the sh oe-leg, tale wayside bouquet pro
jecting just enough, forms another and
a different feature. Theli little barrow
imay also ho'ld a glass of daisies amid roil
and wvhite clover, or asters and golden
rodi as each comneth in its season.
In boriag an artesian well inm the
Sausaa Clara Valley, Oadifornia, the
amump or a redwood tree was met at a
dist ance of 281 feet from thme ground sur
fao0. .The point where the tree wa&
struc'c is 8d. feet above tide water, from
which it is diat.mt eight mile., and the
depth at winoh the wood was resohed
is muoh greater than that of the wa&er
in the bay,
Urlme s Uevisltod.
Sebastopol Is in ruins, but here and
there houses of a better description are
cropping up. There is a new Admiral
ty and a large new church, the latter
on the top of the rido near the old
ruined Church of St. I eter and Paul.
t is built of Inkerman stone, and, with
he new Church of Viadimar ant the
great memorial edilice to the memory of
those who fell in the siege, situated on
the north side of the harbor, form three
very conspicuous white objects, seen
from the deck of the ship as one al,
proaches Sebastopol. There is a good
fish market at daybreak each day, and
the city has three good hotels. The
newest, or Grand Hotel, is very cout
fortable. There are plenty of horses
for riding and carriages for hire, so one
disposed to revisit tne flields of his early
battles can easily do so. and without
either much trouble or 'ex)onse. The
trenches ard easily discerned by those
who have any knowledge of the.a. Bits
of solo leather, heels of boots, buttons,
the tim inside of potuclhes, are a>out in
all directions, and innueturable pieces
of brok". bottles. 'T'lhe monumlents,
froml loug exposure to the weather, are
in nlly cases illegible. ''nu sites of
camps are now great Imleaulow.s wit.l
fair crops. ''hu windmill has its roof
decayed and gone. Otar roads are our
greatest and granuest luonumnlents.
There they are, unused and us0iess, as
the Tartars never travel on inaciiaini.
roads if they cau go on grass. 'T'he bat
tie-field of Inkerman is low a forest of
stunted trees. Nvot even t,he road up Li,
the Riedoubt is passable for a carriage.
Tlie two-gun battery cainot be seet
until you are in it. The Plains of ltia
clav:t are now Uitder ctultivation, ai1
tre covered with enormious lie ItIs o' torn1,
vineyards, and orchar<ls.
Tile town has soni, pleasant uew
houses, recently built, and a good ltotel.
It i recreation ground for ,hou.e who
like to get away fron the dust an.l dirt
of ,Sibast,opol. There has ieni a goo.d
deal of property recovered fron t!te
wrecks mn the harbor-monley, wine,
beer, etc -and hopes are entert inerd
that sonme of the XUJ,UU in gold known
to be in the Captainl's cabmn of the
Plince may yet be recovered. I visited
Alla then; it lies in4solitary grandeur.
l'he cattle and sheep avoid the deadly
slopes. The few tonbs covering the re
unans of compatriots are ruitnous and
neglected. The monument over the of
ficers of the 23d is falling to pieces.
This is to be lamented, as it, is a beani,i
ful memorial of white marble, and con
spicuous for many miles as you approach
the battery where so many fell to rise
no more. The field of battle is not
more than fifteen miles from the north
side of Sebastopol, and the road, though
hilly In places, can easily be got over Un
two hours with three horses abrea .t;
cost, 12 ruubies, or 12 shillings. At
Yalta there is at splendid hotel now
250 beds, and fare reasonable. Tnere
are also two other hotels. The Etdin
burgh is a very large one, Plenty of
horses and carriages can be hired for
tours to any part of the peninsula. A
tourist would do well to take a gun of
some kind, as there are plenty of speci
mnens of birds of all kinds to be shot. A
large deer of Persian origin is wild
about the Tehatyr Dagh. One can fill
a basket of trout in the upper waters of
the Alma, Katchka, and 13elbeck.
A Sword-Fjishlig cruiso.
Governor Burns and a large party of
distinguished men went out sword-fish
Ing in Captain Dodge's schooner frou
Providence. Captain Dodge who will
trust no other man to performn the duty,
sat holding in constant readiness a long
harpoon havig a wooden handle, so am
rangedl as to separate, when the' fish is
Struck, from the barb, perhaps six in
ches in length, which is attached to a
rope held on board the vessel. A man
stood at the masthead watchling the stur
face of the ocean around. A swordfish
usually swims with his dorsal fin and
one of the flukes of his tail out of water,
dliffering In this resplect from the shov
el-nose shark, which only shows the fin
on his back. About nioon the cry was
hleard, "A shiarki" "A shlarkl'' and
right ahead could be seen ia I in just pro
jecting from thme waves. Thinking that,
a shark would be better Lhan no fishi
the capitain ordered the helmnsimn.to put
him in a position to throw the harpoon.
As the schtooner approached tile fish be
gani to sin1k slowvly and had dropped
soime eight feet below the surfac9, when
Mr. D)odge threw the iront and came on
board. The fish at oune disappeared,
but no one knewv whether lhe was ser'
lously hurt or complaratively unharmed.
One of tIme men got into the boat, which
was promptly lowered, taking some 800
feet of line, attachedl at one endl to the
vessel and at the other to anl empty cask
The helm of the schooner was at once
put, down, and as fast as the wind would
take her she was taken from such dan
gerous proximity with the fish, which
Captain Dodge then declared was a
sword-lish. Th'ie fIsh, when struck, us
ually makes a terrific rush and then
[lIves as deep) as lie caln. If lhe.is ser
Iously woundedi lie may sometimes be
pulled in in a few minutes and the fin..
Ishing blow given by lancing hlim. But
tis f ish was not seriously wounded, as
Lilght feet of water had deadened some
what tihe force with which the harpoon
was thrownm. For about an hour oe
Burred a struggle of mind and matter,
of science with brute force, far surpass
big all the stratagem of trout fishing,
111d even ap)proachilug thme high skill of'
takinig a bass. The f ishi would dive,
but thle cask filled with air would soon1
Eliscourage such a course, and the sub
merged cask would again reappear
iloating like a cork upon the wvaves.
Then tihe line would be pulled in by the
man in the boat when the maddened
lI'sh wvould again go down.
At last 110 was brought a'ongside, and
by a skillful blow the dangerous work
of lancing was performed.^ Y ery sel.
[lom does it happen thlat a sword-fish
inust be handled so gingerly as this,
mad the sport was not free favin daigger.
Thle prize weighed 300 pound as It Was
pulled in antd 215 pounds when dressed.
-The prince of Wales elehte i