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TRI-W EEKJY EDITION. WINNSBORO S. C.. OCTOBER 11, 1883'
The stars shine out on the wide, wide sea
With a light that is ue'or forgot;
But your eyes, sweetheart, shinxe out on ne
With a light that the stars know not.
The larks sing soft, in the fresh green grass,
Their heaven-taught melody;
Biut the birds are iumb as yoursweet words
Swift-winged as the light to me.
The rose eltubs up to any window-seat,
And faints in its rich perfumue;
But the breath of your lips is sweeter. nay
And their crimson is love's ripe bloom.
Oh, lips that were fashioned for kissing
That whisper in love's low tone!
Oh, eyes that out, of love's vast deeps shine[
Sweetheart of my heart, mine own !
You have feasted te, love, as the rose the
On the sweets of your lips and your eyes;
You have opened love's portals and given
The cycles of Paradise.
WAS IT FAIR OF l11M?
A lovely day in September. The
rays of the sun are tempered by a slight
laze that lies over the sea, while the
air is so calm that the flag at the end
of the pier has hung motionless the
At the foot of the cliffs, among the
boulders, sits a girl sketching-a girl,
wt ho in her pretty pale tinted dress,
relieved by a bunch of poppies iat the
neck and another in the becoming little
sailor hat, makes a fair picture herself.
he hats a sweet, earnies fawe framed
with curly dark hair that falls softly
onl the white forehead, which is jilst
now prettily puckered in the earnest
ness of her task,
By her side, stretched to the full
length of his tall, athletic ligtire, re
clines an equally fair specimen of the
opposite sex, his thoughts apparently
far away, jax'ging by the absent look in
; the handsome gray eyes which are
looking out to the sea.
Suddenly lie rouses himself, and
iushing his hat a little further back
from his broad white brow, trins lazily
on one elbow, and says, penitently:
I am awful sorry, Miss Grey. You
must think ino a very dull companion,
I am sure,' but the fact is, that froim
being alonae so much when I was abroad,
I have acquired a very awkward habit
of going iuto day dreams without the
iligatest. regard to time and circum
stances; so please accept my most, hum
ble apologies;" lie concludes, looking
pleadingly into his companion's face.
A ,oit laugh answers his words, and
Dora Grey. says, gently, without rais
ing her eyes:
"Pray don't apologize, Mr. Carelton.
I am afraid I must plead guilty to the
weakness of absent-imindedness myself
occasionially, and at the present mo
mIent I was so engrossed at this difilult
piece of sky that I had alhost forgotten
"Oh," says Frank Carelton, blandly,
under his breath, while the girl's sweet
voice resumes, unconscious of the in
"I always think that one of the tests
of trtue friendship is being able to be
with a person, and either talk, think,
or keep silence, as long as you choose,
vitlout the expectation of giving of
"Oh," says Frank, resuming his old
attitude, "6I suppose you go in for that
sort of thiig; iost young ladies do-for
"I don't, know whatt you mean by
going in for that sort of thing,' but I
certainly believe that there are such
apeop~le to be met; with as real, sinci'
fiend~s in every sense of the word."
.Naturally enioughi at your age, Miss
Grey; but pardoan. me, whent yeou have
lived a little lonager you will finid people
are taot always what, they seemi, nor' are
their priotestationts of friendship maucha
to be depeunded uipoin.''
"lowever old I maiy live to be," says
D~ora, "I hope I shall always hanve ats
muatch faith ini my follow-creaures as I
hauve no0w; and 1 lirmtly believe it possi
ble to meet with thaose who will,
thriouagh richws and poverty, good report
and( evil, be steadfast and uanchanaging
friends." And blusing at her ownt
esarnetness Dora resumes the br'ush,
whach she had beeia neglecting for the
.last few minutes.
F'ranik smiles untder his mustache at
the girlish outburst, but turns ad looks
gravely eiiough iinto the charing, slay
lace and satys with a sigh:
"Alh, child, you don't kanow what
y oa aure taulkiiig about, Jut,4 put it, to
P'yourisef t mto~iit, gnd~ tell (1doyo
behin you cold be suIch a friend if uneed
' "I do!" Is thte quiet, earnlest ansawer,
and somnethaing ina thec p~ure face maakes
F'rank take thae little bare htand tnarest
lain into his and( kiss it rev'erenatly.
T hen, hetting it go, he :says getntly:
"1 supipose, Miss Grey, your thaeoiry
w ~ouild niot ailow fr'iendishiip between two
01 opptosite sex?"
"Certainly it wouldl," ireplied Dora.
I cana never understand why the re
Sgard whtich amay exist betweent a tian
and. a womian should not, be dictated
by a feeling of trute, ear'nest frienidship,
kand, as such, be fraankhy showun before
thte world. I dhare say you thinik tae
2ver y foolish," thte sweet, gialish voice
nomcludes, a little hastihy; "may sistwers
h~aotme have often laughed at whsat
"tey call my 'peculiiar anotions.' ''
ITere is nao r'eply for a tmomet.,, foir
SFrank is look ing earneostly over theo
sea; then lie turns with ant air of hiavinag
made(1 up his atmnd to somtethinag, nad
"Dora, will you he such a friend to
iThe gir'l's cheeks tlushies, and she
urnas to nmeet the expected samile; but
lie glanace whtich meets her is grave
uid e'artiest said thec clear gray eyes
* ok hiohtetli to hers,'
thecre is ai lmetmentary ptase then
ao lays her' p)e-OILy wlhte thagers gently
' to the hand outstretched to meet
em,.atnd says, steadily:
"I will, Mr. Uarelton, as far as it lies
uay power, if you wvish it."
"I do wish it," says Franik concisely,
a hand closing firmly round the
id little fingers, over which lhe benids
handsome head before releasintg
them, and upon which he imprints a soft
kiss to ratify the contract.
The pretty white house, nestling I
among the dark firs, which are such an I
addition to the beauty of the coast near 4
Sandcombe belongs to Mr. Barrington, i
and he and his pretty wife are never I
more pleased than when they can in- i
duce as many as possible of their nuim
erous friends to visit them; and they
are particularly happy in the selectioni
of their guests, and are never tired of I
devising some pleasant plan of amuse
ment-Raveiswood house is almost al
ways gay and lively with ploasant,
laughter and merry chatter.
Mrs. Barrington wasa Miss G rey, and
Dora is her pot sister, so she often stays I
at Ravenislyo6d for months together. <
- Frank Carelton has only been down I
from London a fortuight. Ie is a ris
ing young barrister, with a good private I
income of his own; but, this has not I
prevented his overworking himself a
little, and he has accepted Oscar Bar- I
rington's pressing invitation to recruit <
his strength in the bracing air of Sand- I
There are not so many guests as usu-t I
at Ravenswood house just now, so Dora I
and Frank have been thrown together t
a good deal; and Mr Carelton is too
fond of the society of pretty girls not to I
think it a very pleasant arrangement t
The day following the little talk on k
the beach there is a large influx of vis- I
itors; but Dora finds, to her satisfaction,
that in walks or drives Frank seems
ever at her side, as usual. t
One day she laughingly reinarks the c
fact, but lie merely says, quietly: f
"I prefer friends to acquaintances,
D)ora. If you are tired already of our
bargain, say so; but it is only natural 1
Ahat, under the circuinstaices, I should
ahouse your society rather than that of 1
.iyone else." ;
So the two wander about together t
-ontentedly, though not unnoticed, for
iany are the glances and little innu- i
-mdoes they have to encounter, much to t
Dora's expressed disgust as she freely
liscusses the matter with Frank.
"It is too utterly ridiculous," she says
ingrily, as they were one day walking
Abrough the woods; as if we were bound I
.o be talking a lot of nonsense about V
ove just because we are alone together. 0
"Ridiculous, indeed," calmly asserts h
Frank; "wait until Mr. and Miss Light
tppear, and we go off with then re
spectively; then these clever people will il
see the difference--oh, Dora?" 2
Dora's heart gave a sudden jump, but 3
lie answers in hier usual geitle voice, I
.hough she is rather silent during the
:emnainder of the walk. 0
"I am expecting Miss Bruce down
ere to-morrow, so I warn all those of V
ou gentlemen who still possess that e
Iseful article, a heart, to guard it well, f]
.or Nelly is a fascinating pussy." g
So says Mrs. Barrington at the lunch- at
on table one day; and to those who V
tnow the young lady spoken of, the
mnouncement appears to give univer- N1
;al satisfaction. 1
"And who is Miss -Bruce?" asks ti
Prank of Dora Grey, by whose side lie a
s sitting. h1
"One of the loveliest girls you ever a;
maw ini your life," puts in Mr. Barring- 11
oni, before Dora caii reply; "and just 11
our style, old man, I should imagine. " 8
Frank Carelton looks at Dora, and t1
repeats, inl a low voice, meant for her l
,ar alone. I
"Just iy style. Can my fate be ap- t
"Perhaps," is the only reply, given in
1qually low tones. "Do you hope it
nay be so?"
"I don't quite know," said the young d
iiain, gently. "1 have my friend, you i
tuow, Dora.'' b
"But, notwithstanding, Mr. Frank i4
Ipimears to 11b1d the chiarnming, fair-hair
su girl, who is told oli to his care the 1h
ext, eveinhg at dlinnier, very attractive; c;
mdi~ wheii the gentleimen rejoin the la- c;
lies lhe makes his wvay straight to the ni
>ttomian upon which Miss Bruce is sit- Ii
"'llow selfish [ am," murmured D~ora ji
o herself, as she watches Fraiik's tall, ai
iandlsome figure crossing the roomi ini h
)rder to turni over~ Miss Bruce's music;
imd somehow everything seemis a little fl
hiull and uninteresting to the girl's 1;
nind, and a heartache accomplanied r
mer to bed that night.
But it is gonie by the morrow, and r
L~ora is her own sweet self, and as (days li
fo on sue resimnes her rather neglected m
mketchiing, thioughm by degrees she flnads el
iow often she is without her faithful
rind, and she misses his cheerful chat. a
.or* mid genial laugh more thian'she will a
icknmowledge. For Frank Cairelton's
esting wvordi seem to have conic true,
md lhe shows no signis of his evidenlt,
um irationi for pretty .Nellie subsid ig
or it is at, hipr side lie uingers nowy. Aw (I
.here is evidlently a very good ude-- I
mtandinig between them, for it necessi- d
Aites mnch low talk and apparent per- si
uasive eloquence on Frank's part; aind hb
omehowv thme thought of those two will rn
,ersist, in obtruding itself on D)ora's di
11ind(, no matter what she is docing. h
At, last miatters caine to a crisis. A h
picnic is arrangedl to be held in somng j,
woods a fewv miles inland, and durinig a y
luncheon on the grass Frank anid N eliie p
mie, as usual, together, and the girl is .i
in such a merry mood that it is evident si
shme fells very happy. Dora feels more j<
Uhan ever the foolhah piosition into which
hier girlish ignorance has led her re- ja
spectotg Frnik, for more than one re-y
tuark reaches her, referring in nio very i,
llattering terms to his conduct. But p
ihe (defenids him on every occasion, and lj
in such a sweet, unconscious mannmer g
thiat suspicoon is at onice dIisarmed re- p
specting the state of her heart.p
But the effort to dissemble her disap- t
pointmenit i Frank.'s sudden avoidance I
is too great to-dlay, and she manages, tj
Lfter luncheon, to steal .away enitirely e
alone, Intending to sketch a pretty li'ttle e
glad~e she had often y'ls1ned i
lMut, whei slhe reiaches the sput she
nerely seats herself onu the ~hank, and -v
Ilercely argues out her own unreason- f
ibleness, as she terms it. But the pro- v,
cess does not seein to be saitisfactory, fi
for presently one or two tears force ii
themselves slowly from behind the m
closed eyelids, aind the girl gives way a~
to a passionate flood of tears.
By degress the sobs subside, and the
soothin ef nfect of the snft warmi air ami ta
subdued quiet around begin to be fel
md leaning her uncovered head againi
,lie hard trunk of a tree, she falls fa:
Isleep. So fast, indeea, that the soui
)f advancing footsteps does not mak
mi eyelid quiver; and when Fran
jarelton reaches her lie stands for
noment lookhig down at the little lip
ire in its attitude of careless grac
hvith aln expression upon his face thea
s not exactly falithful-to the memory u
UIiss Nellie Bruce.
Just then Dora stirs a little-, and
wveary little sob bursts from the prett
)arted lips. This is more than Fran
,an bear, and ini a moiment lie is knee
ng beside her, and the startled girl
,akeii tenderly Into his arms, while tit
.urly head leans for a moment uncoi
iciously against his breast.
"What is It? Whore am I?" mui
nurs Dora, and looks up so quickl
,hat a soft mustache brushes her chel
"Oh, Mr. Carelton," she stammer:
rying to diseugage herself and blushin
leeply at the POsitliol in which sh
"1)ora darling," says Frank, earnesi
y, "what do these tears mean? To
ne, dear." And lie holds her so tirmil
he can scarcely move.
"Nothing much," falters thme gir
lushing again as she recollects thei
rue cause. "At least, nothing I coul
all you," she conclualles, as Frank'
,ray eyes look into hers as if to rea
ler very heart.
"Now, Dora," lie says reproachfully
'I thought you and I agreed always t
ell each other our troubles. Do yo
all that looking upon me as you
"But I could not possibly tell you,'
epeats Dora, succeeding in drawinj
ierself away, though her heart be
vildly at the tender look upon th
andsone face look ing into hers. "'Ilov
, it you are here?" she asks, to chang
lie subject; "and where is Nellie?"
"I followed you, child," is the reply
gnoring her latter question. 'I intent
o know the imeaning of these pal
heeks. I have noticed them for th
ist two or three days, and I want tt
nild ouL If there is any reason for them
)o you know What I would give hall
my life that they did meanu?" lie sayl
assionately; while Dora, a little fright
ned, falters out a timid "No" withoul
)okiig at him.
"Well, I won't tell you yet," l<
xys, more quietly, "but I will let yot
ito a secret that will interest you, abou
lellie Bruce. What is it, child? Are
ou cold or faint?" for Dora startet
nid closed her eyes.
"No," she says, with a smile, "Gt
n1, Mr. Carelton."
"vell," he continues, "It turns oui
at Miss Nellie was a few months agt
ngaged to one of my most intimate
r'ienids, Harry Sylvester, and a rare
ood fellow lie is, too; but they man
ge( to quarrel over something, and
tie affair was broken off, though both
'ere as desperately in love as could
tell be. I happened to hear poor old
[al's woes at the time, and from put
ng two and two together, and writing
letter or two to Sylvester, I think J
ave managed that all will be well
gain without aniy compromise of dig.
ity on either side. Mrs. Barrington
as asked Harry down next week, and
) I told Nellie; so let us hope when
icy meet they will see the error of
lair ways once and for all. Why,
Oora, how pleased you look; you cart
hear about a love affair after all."
"It isn't that-I thought you cared
mnean, Nellie cared
"Were you jealous?" interrupts
'rank, passionately. Dora, my owi
arling, is it possible that you love nu
tfter all?" and lie takes the sweoet.
lushing race betweent his hiandsu aiu
>oks down into it, rapturously.
"Do you knowv, my dear one, I. havi
>ved you ever simie the first week .i
une here, but you seemed such a sweet
ihn little maiden that I dlespairedl of
iaking you even thinmk of me, so, dlar.
ng, may I conifess and tell you I fell
ito your pretty little phln of friemidshmii
inst to try and see if I could awakeu;
iiy deeper feeling in that pure litth
"Ohi, Frank,'' says Dora, rep~roach
ilhy, lifting her lovely dlark eyes to hib
ice, then droppiuig them at, what sin
3ad there, "waus that qite fair?"
'ERverything is fair ini love anrd war,'
3plies 1"rank, fondly kissing the )pret~t3
Ps softly, with an air of proud posses
oni, "especially whein the strategen
1(d8 in surienider.
Anid Dora leans back lher'darkc heat
gainist his shoulder, sighs contentedly.
After n I moip i41 the 1Mark 1'(rse(
roppedl ancihor a mnile cif P'itcairm
ilanid, where she was boarded by eighi
escendants of the old inutieers of thm
tip Bouinty. TVhese people, in the ca.
ini, sang several sacred songs amid hlcd
shmgionms seirvices, and upjoni taking thou;
opartuce sang "Pull f or thme shore'
as good style as the Captain eyel
eard, "even as good as the singing ai
.m omnster concert held in Boston so
oral years ago,'' said lie. Theliy re
orted thme nuinbor of ihabitanits to bi
1i>, anid that all vore well and in good
irits. The femalies were in the ma
>rit.y, and~ instead of provisionis thtos
carding thme ships seoemed to prefe
3swelry, caustile soap ani cologne. On
ounig fellow was particularly anixioui
0 sectare a pair cf sleeve-buttons: st
leased were the visitors with hmavinmj
ceei presented with some of these gew
aws that, thbey went ashore without, Lh
revisioims aunt clot~inig they had beem
resented with. TJhiey informied tli
aptain that the ishamut was capable o
'roducinig einough for 500t people, an<
nut, they had goats, shoep, binga, chick
nu, dogs and cats in~ fleity, Thie,
ere 101l nf sonleWhat, dhal' colo, sihow
hg tliolr T'ahmtlan bloott, amit whifle tht
ten weore stronmg amud maindsomeu, t~hu
,Omenu were well-formed and beauti
ul. One young follow aboard the shil
ias so struck with the beauty of on,
uir damsel that lie wishied to leave thm
hip, but the Islanders would not per
att this, as according to their law im
traniger can lind a home with them.
--The Kimball llouse at Atlanita mm
o be rtsbumlt..
"A Lime and its Outis."
t "1 used to think it was my duty to
ii cut 'em1 with the whip, and I took satis.
faction in striking hard,l:.it I wouldn't
a strike a boy now for the best thousand
- dollars ever coined."
0 le was a car-driver, and his attention
t had been called to three or four boys
' stealing a ride on the rear platform.
t Yes, 1 was a sort o' terror on this
route to the boys," hie continued after
kC a time. "Not one of tlio crowd could
put hIs foot on the At ai4 get away
8 without a cut from thv wyhin Big or
little, rough or gentle, I served all alike.
and if the iassengers scowled at me for
lashinig a little kid of 7 or 8, 1 solaced
inysel with the reflection that It was
A passenger was dropped at the corn
er, and as the car started up again the
driver went on:
"Well, one (lay when the boys had
bothered i more than usual, I dodged
through the car and found a little bit of
a chap, not over seven years old, seated
on the lower step. He was all humped
over and softly crying about sonitihing
or other. At another time I might
rhave felt pity, but thle boys had got mly
mad up and what did I do but give the
little chap a cut vioi the lash and call
out with such a voice that off Ie tum.
bled into the dust. I saw him rise up
and limp away, and there was some
thing in the look lie gave mne that I
shan't forget in a hurry. Whoal nowl"
The car stop med to take on two ladies
and presontly the driver resumed:
"Do you know that I felt so con
science stricken that I kept looking for
that boy on every trip, calculating to
make up with him and secure his for
giveness for my brutality. I did not
see hii again until the afternoon of the
"And what did lie 'say?" was asked as
the driver hesitated.
"le was in his colhin"' was the reply.
"It was his funeral procession which
stopped liy car two or three minutes.
That child was ill when he tried to steal
his way hiomiie with me, and deLtl was
twenty-four hours away when I lashed
iiiii and chuckled over the way lie roll
ed into the streetl I tell you, sir, when
I saw his collin in the hearse, and
caught a look from t lie mother, which
seenmed to charge meo with being his
murderr, I got a stab at my heart that
pams me yet, and I wouldn't strike an
other boy if tle reward was to be the
Whole line and its outfit."
Thestomach has no mnore to do with
digestion than have the liver, pancreas
and intestiies. Each contiibute to the
process of digestion. By tile constait
motion of the stomach, tle food is more
fully brought into contact with the di
gestive glands. In this, and its special
action in at length forcibly expelling
food from it, the stomach is not parti
cularly different from the vermicular
(worm-like) motion and expulsive power
of the intestines.
The stomach acts as a receptaole by
which we are enabled to take a sutlicient
quantity of food at convenient inter
vals, so that we may not be always eat
ing. Evei its power to reserve its ac
tion, as in vomiting, is possessed, an1d
sometimes used, by the inte'tines.
;:Tihe glands near the intestinal open
ing of tile stomach (the pylorus) secrete
an alkaline fluid, the others, an acid.
Each, however, equally digests meat.
Vomiting does iiot necessarily imply
a foul stonIach. A thought--in a n
sitive lperson--a blow on the head,
tickling of the nerves unear thie gullet,
the sympijathietic influence of other or
gans, miay cause vomiting, It is pure
ly a nervous action, and~ the nerves
causing it may be irritated in malny
ways. Evenm the foul contents of the
stomach cause thme vomiting only by
irritating the nerves of' the brain.
Ilenice thle pain and vomiting of stek
headache may be (due either to foul
stonmachi or solely to an inudependent ir
ritation of the cenitral nerves.
Meat Is digested in thejstomnach; 'fat,
b~read and othber articles lurther along.
But the st~omach is not es~sential to the
dligestioni even of meat,. Th'le latter can
be digested just as rapidly and well in a
bowl with peopsin at the right tempera
ture. Of course, thme pleasure of eating
depends oni nerves inl the nmouthi, not in
the stomach. And the food, too, is as
readily digested if put in~to the stomatchi
through a hole ini thme sidle. It Is now
found that, ini certatin dhife.se, the
stomlachi may be thorotluhly and advan
tageously washed out ([ally, and the
food hlatrodulcedl throughi a tube, and
thie patielits can be tught, to d1( thijs
Il-s 01 anhs -tn
In front of a Detroit butcher shoif yes
terday a butcher sat cleaning a revol ver.
It was a rusty old ''Colt'' which had
not been used for years, and was to bu
-put ini order anid traded off. A shoe
- maker caime alonig directly and observed.
"OUf course there'll be ani accidenit."
"-e-s, I presume so.''
"It, isn't loaded, Is It?''
"But it will go, off?"
"I never see a revolver without want
ing to hanidle it. Let mue look at that
weaipon. Ah! I'mi satislled' now that,
it doesn't contain any stray bullets.
D~o you sluose yeou could lilt miy foot
at, thiat, dhistance?"
"Certainly i. coilld. Now, If shte was
I loatded'I'd take ti deaid sight like that
I and pull the1 trigger aind -"
-Theeshoemnake jumilpedl two feet hIgh
Sandi yelled lIke anm Indiani, and when hie
camle down lhe dtanced andl~ kicked anid
Sgalloped aroumd unitil p)eoplei tiought
him dirazy. It' wits (lnly after a crowdl
had collectedmand cornleredl lhimup lj in
the shiop that any 'one found omut the
3 trouble. The butcher had put a bullet
3 along thme sole of his foot close enough
to draw blood.
"I told you she'd go off!" howled
the shoemaker, as he sat with his boot,
ini his hanid.
"And didn't I agree wIth you?"
Innocent~ly reponided t~he hutdhne.
Tho Art Loan.
A visit to the Art Loan Exposit
building shows the work of decorat
in the interior nearly comupleted and
hanging of pictures begun. This lat
task is one of not only ernormous 1
portions. but puzzling, exacting i
ofttines exasperating in the extrei
and there is none too much tine
1ili it. However, the same iud<
itable energy and tireless deterini
tion which have characterized t
leading spirits Ii the enterprise fr
the out set, will undoubtedly suc
in having everything In readiness
the formal opening
Anything rollecting credit upon i
City of Detroit in sn art sense Is
course peculiarly grat ifyiig to the c
izens, especially in view of the A
Loan Exposition, therefore it istli
The Free Press speaks with pleast
of works by two Detroit boys, wll
are already on hand, and will be xhl
Ited alongside the works of the leadi
artists of Europe and America, wil
the citizens may have a fine opportun
to make intelligent coinparisons.
The Detroit artists thus alluded
are Gari J. Melchers and Mr. Ie
hoven, soiis respectively of Julius M
chers, the sculpt or, and P. Rolshovt
the jeweler. The two young men we
together to Europe a little over .
years ago,since which time they studi
at Dusseldorf and separating lai
sought according to their tastes, o
the art schools of Paris and the other
Florence. Mr. Melcher's pictures l
'The Letter" (which wits admitted
the Salon in 1882), "Tle Gladiato
and '"The Lictor," painted at Rome t
year, a scene at Attina, Italy, ai
"In the Cloister." Mr. Rolshoven's pi
tLures are "A Southern Aloor" and tv
Italian landscapes. The first one
Mr. Melcher's pictures shows a moth
and daughter in picturesque Brittai
peasant dress standing near a windo'
the mother listening to her daughter
she joyfully lads the last letter fro
her sweetheart, who has gone to Amt
ica. The drawing of the figures is (
cidedly correct, while the handliig
the light as it comes through the wi
dow to the faces of time women, tlh
clothing, and upon the window-sill al
other articles in the domestic interic
shows fiue streuigt i and appreciatioi
modeling and handling colors. Al
Rolshoven's"Southern Moor" shows i
aged African of the intellectual ty
found on the Northern coast. le
draped in the bright yellow and whii
ropes of his iationi, aad is seated in
thoughtful attitude before the dai
hangings of his cafe. The pose is pe
feet and has treatment of the anaton
and the contrasts in color evidences tLi
utinost confidence in his ability on ti
part of the artist. li this connectic
it may be said that both young gentli
men are prospering artistically ai
financially in their chosen profession
urodging the Iuthimusl.
.The secoid of tie three dredges bml
in Piuiladelphia, for work oil the Pan
tima Canial, time Prosper II tlerine, mann
tfter a distinguished French engimee
wts launched recently froi the sli
yard on Petty's Island, formerly op
tted by Dioughty & Kapella, aind no
leIased and rumi by Slaven Brothers. TI
Ilrst d redge, tile Count de Lesseps, wi
laneheil oil tile 17th of March, aud hI
been used on tile Panama work sin
August 1, drigi g 10,000 cubic yar<
, day. The Prosper litterne will 1:
ready to start for th IstImus about ti
lirst of October. Slaven Brothers al
kiulicers of tlh Alerican Contractii
itln IDreliging Conlpany of' N4ew Yor.
which hlas t1,he ctt,att 10r dredgi
seven aimd a hall' miles of time new3~ canl
iin the Atlantic sidle to Gettuni, whit
la ant imlnportant sttioni. The excav
tion to be ntade by theini und(er tIs coi
tract, wili involve the rellnoval of 8,000
000) cubic y ards, at a price of $2,000,001
Tile inacines in operationi dumnp LI
iredlgedl mlatitir inito a dischmargd piL
which carrios it, off beyond the banl
of tile canall. The .le Lie)p digs I
a depth of twelve feet, and1 to a wvidthli
101) feet,. '['le linerne, followingi
thle wake of thie De L~esseps, digs to
wvidth of 200) feet, and the third dIredig
ini thme rear wvill dig thei canal to tie au
depthi of twentuy-sevenm and a half fee
giving tile sides n easy slope andi
widtll of 110 feet, at, the bottom.
Th'ius fair tihe l.'anulia Canal Coni
panjy hlas spenit $20,0J0,t00 onl tule wol
of severinig tihe two colit-inents by
tle)water canial. As $30,000,000
stock subhscriptionms haive CCeIn paid i
there is a Iiarginl of $10,000,000 on hats
i.e LiU.5.eps pr1Oises to hhb~ls the can~
b~y 1888, the conitract, of Siaven Bro
reiuirinig theiih to liish~ their secti(
ini fifteeonioiithas. Tlhere are 10,01
11nen no0w at, work ill thme service of tI
coipanly. Thety have beeni brouigi
fromi Jaiaaca and Sonth Amnerica, an
are ptilresued to be able to witlistam
the dlangers of thbat, region. There is
story which niay be true, butt probab)
is exaggerated, that, pictures tlba terro
attendug suicR enterprises across L
Isthmus by figuring thbat, lmore liVI
wereC host, ini bilding the I'aniamia ital
road thbanm there are ties in the line
forty-seven nules oR road. This line
now ownied by tile canlal c)ompany~ all
is uitiized( inl distribttiug the ma~cilioIa
and1( in the umutitudinons uses iitcidei
tal t.o such a great, enterpr'ise. TI
collmay has erectedl iunidredls of '1hous
for its workmlenl, it, has extemited an
deepenled tile htarbour at Aspiwali, at:
is biulding a bureak water there.
large stun lus beenl spnit, inl this ~oinI
try f'or land excavators, locomctivi
amlu construction trainis. Thew I higlie.
~oint onL the line of the proposed ciui
IS :s60 feet, above sea levet. All th
muist, be rliaed,
--he va'ne of the railro)ads in Ohli
its assessed b~y the Stait~ Bocard of Itai
road Equalization, is $92,730,840.8
This Is ani inlcreaseof $1,0219,562.84 ovf
time valuation for 1882.
--One hundred chests of tea ha
bieeni rejected at the Bay of San JFra
cisco by the inspector, on the growi
of adulterationi with foreign anigd e
hausted leaves, s'ua itnd ofiher ingpui
ities. Thei~ tea will hne taken bank -
ion Tle manufacture of glass has alwa
ion been an attractive and interesti
Ite study, and many of your readers w
ter doubtless recall with pleasure, prc
ro- ably. tihe only int-sight they have ey
nd had into the details of its productic
no, as they lingered around the glass-wor
to of our Centnnial Exposition, so fas
m- nated with tile process by which t
la- fairy-like shapes were formed in cr3
he tat, they were loath to pass on to oth
)Im attractions so patiently walting to a
3ed sorb their attention iln some new qua
for. ter. It will probably be news to son
but novo theless a fact, that the c
,he glass now being produced i Ameri
of rivals the very fintest specimens impo
it. ed. in cutting as well as In purity at
.rt brilliancy of material.
Lat Tile present demand upon the man
tre facturers, from the leading houses
cIh New York and Philadelphia, and,
ib. fact, all large cities, is so great tl
g re(juire a long time for delivering
re orders. One of the largest furnaces f
ty the manufacture of glass, from ti
most ordinary lamnp climney to tl
to largest fruit bowl, destiled to adoi
1. some aristocratic sideboard on Fift
31 aveiue, or iperhaps our own West Em
is located at Corning, in the State <
t New York, where one may follow ti
ix sand, creamy white and clean, to il
d fiery bed, note the addition of tI
or "llx, " and thon turning to other ape
10 tures in the great stack, see the inolte
at mass drawn froin crucibles in incandi
re scent bulbs deepening rapidly to orangt
to as it rolled. blown, and shaped int
.-11 something comely and useful.
Lis This pure white sand comes froi
id Cheshire, in Berkshire county, Masi
c- That it may be melted there Is inixe
(o with it oxide of lead, sulplhlurate c
of potash, saltpetre, borax, and arseni
or in proper quantzities. This is put, int
iy urucibles, which are subjected to tht
V, flercest furnace heat for thirty-si
i hours before it becomes clear. Thes
crucibles are made of clay from Mi
r- son1 called "Christie fire-clay." Thi
1e ismixed and softened by treading wit]
)f the feet and then moulded into shap
jI- by hand. Each crucible will hold
ir ton. Tenl of these are built into eaCl
id furnace. In these furnaces tires ar
r, kept burning constantly, tell tons o
.n coal being consumed in each one daily
r. The crucibles require fIlling up over3
jn tweity-four, hours antd tiie given fol
)0 inelting. When tile glass is inited it i
is taken out iml quantities needed, On th
Lo end of an iron tube, about live fee
a long and an inch in diameter, the glas
k being of about the consistency of imo
r- lasses candy when ready to pull. 1,
y blowing in this tube tile glass Is madi
j hollow, aId of almost any shape whici
e may be desired. After the glass i.
n shaped it must, be put into ovens anc
heated, anid gradually cooled in ordei
d to anneal or toughen it. Tile beni
. skilled workmen receive as highi as $2.
per week for their services.
The same deep Interest follows thi
process of cutting. First comes thi
it horizontal iron wheel, upon whieli
. water and grit, or sand, drip contimually
d On this the edges of the glass arn
sqIuared or smnoothed. Then the arti,
elo passes into the hantus of tile skillet
artisan, who grinds out the glass intt
any desired figure, upon a grindstoim
1 brought fCrom Cragleith, Scotland. Tli
1 1s a 1thin sone, brought down to at
15 fdge, and upon it the workinen grind:
e the glass according to tile pattern be
a fore him, the glass often being entirol3
uniarked. This process is very slow
e and therefore very expeiive, llLny3
e days being required upon elaboratt
places. If a mistake is mnade, ever s
slight, 0or anly flaw occurs, tile whole i:
Sconlsignted to the was1te as brok~en glass
fit only to be reinelted. Ss precise art
h these mlanulfactuIrer's thlat some piece:
.upon whichl $20 worthl of labor havy
Sbeen expended are frequlently eon
del~inne~d for dlaws which all unlskilled
eye would not detect. Th'le ct,; d isli
e goes nlext to a wheel nuade of wood 01
e willow, for polishing, anid theni froin
*. wvashing anld ilishing t~o a wheel 01
o tarapico b~rulsh, wet; withl p~utty. Th'll
fcutters r'eceive from $2,50) to $1 a day.
The sl14de In the FraticoniIa Flueo
li A recent writer says; I will try anm
L, describe the appeara1ance of the Frail
a conila leham ne. After crossinlg tile bridgi
(whichl was niot carried awvay) instear
i- of' the open space whlere the platfornl
k lor' mlounting and dismounting used 1,<
a be, you und the p~lacc covered witI
f large boutlders, pebbles, paving-stones
n1 and( gravel, scattereid ini wild confusi
I. to the dlep~th of eight to tell feet, pre
ii senltinig a scenle of deisolatioln whicli
i. nmlkes the heart aoche inl remlemlbrancte
ni of thle formier beauty andi pict.ulresqu~e
ii ness. 11 ore and thlere are Hsetn rein
ie nants of hu~ge trees, stripp~ed of thei:
It; bark and1( spllitered. MuchI of thiu
.1 debris has been remioved Inl order t<
dI build thle substantial wooden walks
a wlhicht mtake the ascenit of the fInum
y' much131 easier thlan before. Soon1 yor
rs come to the smtoothi stone floor, dowi
ie iv hiich the water' slies as formnelrly till
is ftonies aitd rulbbishl thrlownl up)on It b)
I- the avalanche htaving been remtoved toc
f the sides. You go on to where thi
s solid stone walls rise to 50 an~d 70 feet,
d fortnerly covered witlh beautiful mosses
'y anld fer'ns, no0w entirely (denuded by tlhi
I- rush of the atvalaniche which ocarried
e away tile boulder. All tils mass oi
is rocks, trees, aVyd boilder~s, ste.rtingl
d ig upg on) 1 Mouiit Liberty, swept dowi
d wtith irresistible andto increasin51g forcd
Still tlhe brittge was nlearly reached, whle!
I- It dliv ited, part going to the left thtrough
s the forest;, antd part to the rlghlt. T1hhI
't n1m11, coinig in above witih tremten~dou
.1 force, itade an extenision of the flume
is of sever'al iuiidred feet beyonld the end
of' the old passage. In passing, i
choked the1 old1 channtel and( diverted
the water to tile top of the highI wall
oil tihe left as you go up, auid It nowi
tumbles over thle cliii 50 or 00 feet in &
*very beautiful waterfall. Thtis Is thet
ronly c3ompenClsationl for the loss of the(
old-thne wvonders aund beatty At thi
re topl wihere the cliaIrnlt9 was obstructed,
ii- a htige boudes; hns lodged, leaingli
id againsf thle 4ight iwall, which Is tippe(
&- to mecet It, making a sort of cave
r- i'romi this point, looking down thE
o whole lenigthm of the flumie, the view Li
p THE VERDICT
1j THE PEOPLE.
BUY THE BEST!
t10 IU. J. 0. BoAG-Dear Sir: T bought the brat
Davis Machine sold by you over five years afo for
alt umy wife who has given It a long and fair tr a, I
am well pleased with It. It never aives any
d rouble, and is as good as when frst bought.
kd J.W. IiOI.WK.
Winnsboro, S. V., April 1883.
Mr. BOAo: 'Tol wish to know what I have to say
)y in regard to the Davis Machine bought of you three
f 1ears ago. I feel I can't say too iuIth in Its favor.
.Iade about M80,00 within live tuonths, at timos
)r running it so fast that the needle would get per
l0 fectly hot frot friction. I fee. eonideni I could
not have donn the samne work with as much ease
and so well with any other machine. No time lost
it in adjusting attachmternts. The lightest running
i ltachiane I have ever treadled. Brother.lames ant
Williams' faitillies are as much pleased with their
Davis Machine bought or you. I want no better
f machme. As I said before, I don't think too
Lmuch canl be said for the Davis Machine.
4 Fairll''ld County, A pril, 18%K.
3 tit. BOAH : My mchaine gives inc perfect satis
faction. I flind no fault with it. 1Ta1 attachments
are so simple. i wish for no better than the Davis
InS. It. MIMANix.
F Fairlield county, April, 11M3.
X MAt. BOAU: i 10nugit a iavts Vertieal oeed
C ewing Maclue fromn you four years ago. I ltam
elightet with itI. It never lins givena tme ally
roulbe, and his never been the least out of order.
1 it li as good as whena I first bought it. I can
ceierfully recomnenid it.
L) ~Mus.. Ml. J. KanaI.ANn.
Motaleelo, April 30. 1883.
13 This i4 to certiry that I have been using a Davis
Vertical Feed Sewing Machine for over I w y-ars,
purihased of Mr. J. 0. Hoag. I haven't fotmid it
I p'-ssesed of any fault-all tI he attahutltltetts are 1to
Ssiaaple. It never reftses to work, and Is certainty
the lightest. runiting In the luarket. I consiter it
a first class niuchine.
MtNNIX k Wii.t.TNUuA x.
Oakland, Fairfield county, S. C.
Ma t ISOA: I am welt ilCeaiR t aivry partieui
with the Daavis Machite taought of yout. I think
a lirst-class iachin in every respect. You knew
- you sold several machiues of the sane make to
ditiereat members of our familles, all of Whom,
as far as I know, are Well pleased wiith theam.
hilts A. M t. Moua.Ky.
Fairfield county, April, 1883.
This iIsto certify we nave na-1 in consrant use
the Davis Maichine bought of you about three years
ago. As we take in work, atid have made tie
priv'e of it stveral It aes over, we don't want any
etter mchite. It is always ready to do any kind
of work we have to do. No puckerilugor skipping
3 stitches. We can only say we are well pleased
anti wish no better nachine,
cATCatiNR W YMB AND) SIsTHa.
April 25, 1843.
I have no fault to inl with my machine, and
don't want any better. I have made the price of
it sovera tanes by taking lit sewing. It is always
ready to do its work. I thimk it a first-class ai
ciine. I feel I can t say too much for the Daivis
Vertical Feed Machine.
L t M nas. TuomAs SuMTi.
Fairfield cotanty, April, 1883.
Mal. .J. 0. IIoAU-Dear Sir: it gives tile Muchi
pleasture to testify to the merits of the Davis Ver
tical Feed Sewing Maclile. The machino I got (if
you about live years ago. its been almost in con.
St ialt ise ever since that 'line. I cainot see tbat
it is worni any, sand tias nt*s cost mae one cent for
repairs since we have had11 it.. Am wveit pliease.t
andu don'~t wish for tany bcetter.
G (ranite Quairry, near WVinsboro a. C.
We have uised tile D~avas Vertical Feel Sewing
Machine fur the last tive years. We would not
have any oth~er anako at any price. Tlhe mnacitine
has given its unboundeat satisfactilon.
V'ery respect fully,
Muis. W. K. TUNtNRK AND D~A~atiT'sU
Fairileld counaty, S. C., Jan. 27, 188.
ilavmag hautghat a Davls Yertical Feed Sewig
Machlarue from Mr. J. 0. Aloag somte three years
ago, anid it, having givenl me perfect satisf action ini
every respect as a lamnily mnachtine, both for heavy
I and light sewing, sad never needed the least re
pair in any way, I can chteerfully recommend it to
ally one at a first-ciass machine in every pairticu
I lar, and thinlk it second to none. It is one of the
[ sinplest imachines mtatde; any children Its. it withi
ail ease. The attachmnents ar: nmore easily ad
justlted anid it does a greater range of work by
)meants of its Vertical Feed than any other a
chine I havo ever seenm or used.
Mna. TufoMAs OwiNos.
Winnsboro, Fairileidi counlty, S. C.
We have had one of tile Davis Machines abo~ut
fonr years and htave always found it ready to do all
kinds of work we have had occasion to rio. Can't
- see that thle machine is worn anty, atnd works as
. Weil as whlen tiow.
Mins. WV. J. CRsAWrottD,
Jackson's (Cre. Fairfld count y, S. U.
My wIfe is ighly pleased With the Davis Ma
chine bought of you. She wonid inot take double
what sue gave for it. 'Thie machiaxe has not
been out of order since she had it, andi sheocan do
Iaiiy kind of work on it.
Monticello, Fairfild cotuty, S. C..
Theia Davis Soeving Machine is simply a freat
Idle Mlas. J. A, Uo00n>vs.
Itidlgeway, N. (., Jan. 10. ia83.
J. O BAG, l~sq., Agent-Dear Sir: My wife
htas been usintg a Davis Sewing Macinao constant
ly for the past four years, anti it has never needted
any repairs andt works just as well as when first
biought. She says it will dto a greater range of
practi.:al work ?ad do it easier anti better than
Iatny macihino she nas ever used. We cheerfumj
recommend it as a No. 1 family mnaclInte,
Your tru.y, JS .Dvs
Winnsboro, H. (i., Jani. 8, 1883.
Ma. Bo0*0: I have always found my1 Dkvis 'Ma
chine ready do all kinds of to work I have htad oe
saslon to tdo. I cannot seei thlat the miatinie ia
worn a particle attd It works as well as when new.
Mas. it. C. GtoODlNO.
Winaboro, 13, 0., AprIl,.1883,.
Ma. BOAG: My wife has been cOnstantly using
the Davis Machine bought Of you about gve years
[ago. 1 have never regretted buing it, al.t is.
always ready for any k ind of fatml swing, eithen
havy or light, It is never out of Ox or needing
Nalrgleld..S. 0,, March,.168.