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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO. S. C.. 00P)BE1R U. 1883. ESTAD
*BUY THE BEST!
Ma. J., 0. BoAo -Dear Sir: I bought tIhe urst
Davis blackline sold by you over fve years ago for
my wife, who has given it a long and fair trial. I
amn well pleased with It. It never gives any
rouble, and In as good as when first bought.
J. W. nli.icK.
Winnsboro, H. C., AprM 183.
Mr. BoAo: You wish to know what I havo to say
in reaurd to the Davis Maclhme bought of you three
year ago. I feel I can't say too iuch In is favor.
made about $80,00 within live itouths, at tImes
running it so fast that the needle would get per
feet ho. from frbtion. I feel contiden could
not liave done the Paine work with an much ease
and o well with ay other inachine. No tune lost
In adjuslting attachments. Thre lightest running
iachm I lave ever treadled. BrotherJaines and
Willion' fanilies are as nuch plet ed with their
Davis Machmnes bought of you. I want no better
urachine. As I said before, I don't think too
anuch can be said forthe Davis Machine.
Fairlield County, Apri', 183. *
MR. BoAO : ly miitne gives Ie perfect sais
faction. I Had no tult with it. Tie attachments
it e so siple, I wish for ne than the Davis
Mus. I. AIliANo.
Fairield county, A prl , 1883.
Mll. BOW: I bought Ia ltavIg verlal leee
ewV.ng Macned frSin YOU fouter years aga. I am
elighteot with it. It never Ias given mi iny
oule, and has never been Elie least our t a of order.
It Is a good fill WIe I rIrnt btigtgnetr t I cI a It
cheerfully recommrend It.
Mk. Mn. J. KIae o.AND.
Mont icello, A pril p0 18n3.
Ths Iis to certify thiat I Itavo been rising at Dryis
Verto.dl Feed Sevmg Machine for over I w yo, yin,
purchaed of Mr. J. %. loAg. I haven't foind i
psesett of any fault-all the attachmet m are so
istin e. I neveers ioen to work, and i wertahily
the fatest, running in the mlarket. I conider it
a first elams machine,
MINNIte W. WI.LLIMUAM.
Oakland, Fairtild count. S. 4.
M IOAo :I am well pnemase in every paricut
w th he Davis Machine outight of yo ou I think
a t Art-class inane in every respect. You tknow
you sold several machines of the sante make to
dllerent inein.ers of our families, all of woin,
as far as I know, are wtell pleased with the,.
Mas. M. H1. M OB1.cY.
Fairtield comity, April, S3.
This nto certity we thave nai ma costat use
thre Davis Machine bought, of you abot three years1
ago. As we take I a work, and tave miade the
price of 11 seve-ral ies over, wve don1't. Want anly
better inachine. It in lway read to d Iti alyi
of work we have to do. No puckeringor skppgm
stitches. We can only toy we are well plee)itv
amd wish n, beettr machine.
4A'ItisatiNEC WYItK AND 81THR.
4i Aprile25 Id otitApi, 83
-I-have no faultt to findi with mny mach ne, and
doet want any lbetter. I have m tole tine price of
it severa times by taking in sewing. It in always
ready to do Its wot k. I think it at first-class mna
chine. I feel I cani L say too mnucih for the DMtviri
Vertical Feed Machine. MSTOA 9T1
Fairtlt county, April, 1893.
MIt. J. 0. lHoAu-D.-ar Sir : It gives tue 1m4ch
pleasure to testity to tile merits of tie utavis Ver
tIcai Feed Sewing Machts,. The nta litne I got of
you about five years ago. has been almost in coi
siaatt use ever since that l I ine. I cannot see.thiat
it Is worn any, and has not cost, me one cent, for
tepairs sinice we have hand it. Am well pleasedl
a mni don't, wviel 14or tany tietltr.
h'oilT. (Oit twt'omts
G.(.ranite Qtuarry, inear WVinnsboro S. C.
Wl~'Ve Ii uve used the D~avis Vert lcal Fieet Hewinig
Machine for the last five years. We would intr.
have any oilier miake ait any pirice. Th'le mtacitune
has given us unbounden satisfaction.
Very respect fully,
Mits. W. K. TIunN~~i AsO IAUimurss
F.'lalrtiels icotunty, S. C., Jan. 21. 1ssa,
i lavmtg boutght a D~avis V'ertical Feed Hewing
Machmite fromt Mr. J. 0. liuag sone three years
Sago, and it having given mie perfect sautisfactaon in
u every respect ass a nmly maisune, both for hlie. y
and liht, sewing, and ntever needed thle least re
" palir in anty way, I can onteerfully recotnionind It to
nu cy ueas a iii st-euu iua~in~ la every partt.eu
~,4 lar, andii tlhink It second to none. It, Is one oi the
2simtptest, tmachmises made; any chleiren use it wiltt
till calse. ATe attacnents are iore easily ad..
-' usted and it does a greater range of work biy
men fits Vertical o'eed thtan anty other mla
chn aeever seen or used.
Mita. TuIoMAB OwaNs.
'\ Winnsboro, Fairfieldl county, 8. U.
We have hail one of the Davis Macines about
foitr yea rsan uuave lways found it ready to do ali
kInds of worK we have hiad occasion 14) io. Uanl't,
jsee that the machine Is worn alny, suit works as
well as when new.
Mu o. W. J. CeAwFlOtRD
Jackson's Creea, F'airilid cotunti H. .U
My wife is highly pleased with the D~avis Ma
cine bought, or you. Site would not, take idoutble
wnat, siue gave ior it. The miauinse lias not
been out'of or'der sin1ce shte hail It, andt site tan ito
any kcind ot work til It..
Montleello, t'atrlllhi couty, S. t.
T1he DavIs HewIng Macfitne Is siimply a tretas
tir M HA. .1. A. iioow vs.
itidgeway, N. (S., .Jan, 10. loss.
J, 0 IIOAG, Eisq., Agent-D~ear HIr: My wife
hans ibeen tuslng a DavIs Sewintg Mlachin conustams
~.ly for the past four years, ant it has never needed
any repairs an , works just us well as when llrst,
bight. Sheo Sys It wall dto at greater~ r'ange of
practloal wort und dio It. easier and .eetMr tilan
sny snauclline sie nas eter u.,ed. We cheerfultly
re.:oimiendi It, as a No. 1 fatmily msachmie,
tu ryJAS. Q. D)AVls.
WVlnnaboro, 8. (5., Jani. Ii, 1883.*
MRii. HJOAG I have always fouind my Davis Ma
chIne readly do ahm kinds of 1o work I have had oc
casIon to do. A cannot see that the machIne Is
worn a partIcle slid it, works us weil as when new.
Mais. it. U. uoovla.50
Wlnnsboro, S. (5., A pril, 1883,
Ma. BOAC: My wife hia been constantly using
the D~avis Machine bought Of you about live year.
ago. I have never regretted buying It, a It Is
always ready for any akAnd of fantd ly sewIng, either
hteavy or light. It Is tiever out of lix or neetding
lepaira. Vr AD
Fairfld, . 0., March, 18832.
Ino a bleak land and desolate,
Beyond the earth somewhere,
Went wandering through Death's dark gate
A soul Into the air.
And still, as on and on it fled,
A waste, wild region through,
Behind there fell the steady tread
Of on, that did purso.
At last it paused and looked about,
And then it was aware
A hideous wretch stood In its track,
Deformed and qowering there.
'And who art thou?" he shrieked with
"That dost my st5e) pursue;
Go hide thy saieiess shapiIe from sight,
Nor thus pollute my view."
The foul form answered him : "Alway
Along thy path I flice.
'm thine own actions. Night and day
Still must, I follow thee."
"It was all very long ago," the old
maid said. "Can you believe I ever
Priscilla opened her mouth to speak;
but Miss Bettie did not want to hear
"Yes I was oretty once, and I was
called '?lharminig Bettic.' My hair was
always curly, and my eyes used to be
very bright. My cheeks were red-so
red, they accased 1i of painting many
a ume, and my teeth white and even,
and my figure round and trim."
She had her snug brown house, with
its pretty, old-fashioned garden, her
birds and her flowers, and her white
kitten; but she imust at times, Priscilla
allcied, be very lonely, in spite of it
Prlscilla could picture her in the long
winter evenings, sitting in the little
dii, lapnilighted parlor, knitting-knit
"Miss Bettie." sie said, gently, after
a little, "who called you that-'Charin
"Who? Oh, a good many. ie called
ine so lirst, and thent they all got to
calling ne that. I have never. told
any one yet. But sometimes I think
it would do ne good to speak about it.
I get tired of only thinking-1 think so
mu111ch,'' with a little sigh, and the knit
ting lying idle now in her lap.
"'His name was David Allyn," Miss
Bettie said rather treniulously.
"David Allyn-Lawyer Allyn I" Pris
cilla cried, her dark eyes large with
The spinster nodded.
"I have a pictureof him, taken when
lie was young," she said, and she got
up and went to a little shelf and took it
dlown. "le was a handsome boy,"
she went on, handing the faded daguer
reo-type to the girl, "and lie was as
good as lie was handsome."
The beardless, boyish face, with its ir
regular, unformed featu res,, and rather
sunkei black eyes, did not strike Pris
CbIA as being at all handsome. -
"Did you meet him here in It-?"
"Yes, at a dance at one of the neigh
bors. lie was a young lawyer, had
just gradulated, and hadn't hung out
his shingle. But lie was uncommonly
smart, even then. Ile is our leading
lawyer now, you know," the spinster
added, with no little pride.
"It seens so strange to think lie was
your lover," Priscilla exclaimed.
"Y es, it does seem strange now, after
all these years," liss 3Bettie said, witl
another little sigh, "but it seemed very
natural then. We met very often
after the night of the dance, and
we grew to know these country roads
near here by heart, for many were the
long walks we took together. There is
one road--that one that leads by tihe
11illmnan cottage-i never care to go
It was there, onthiat road, just about
dark oiie October eveiiing that lie told
me he lovedl iie. There had been a
line sunset, and~ the sky had been a
bright flame-color. As the glow faded
and the meadows grew dark, an a
iittle iiist began to stiut out the hilis,
we turned to go home. 'Lean on my
armi, dlear,' lie said, anti whlen I did so,
trembling a little he said: 'llow wvould
you like a young fellow's strong arm
to leani on always?" I didni't say any
thing right thien, lhe took ime so by
surprise; amid presently lie went aiid
tohil me how prietty lie thought I was,
and lie said with a laugh, and giving
my arm a little plich: "I am goinig to
ntame you 'Uharininig Bettie.' So alter
that lie always called ine that, and soon1
nearly every one ini IL-began calling
ine it, too. We were never engaged to
each other, although I wear a little
ring lie gave in, in remembrance of
our' love, yet," Ali8s Bettie said, and
held out one tin hand, on which shone
in the irelight, a worn band of gold.
''There was just, this understandiing
between us; seome dlay when lie had got
a iiice start in thme law anid ha~d a little
hiomie of his own to take me to, then I
was to be his wife. We were~ youiig
and we were contenit te wait; and one
day lie wvent, away to the city to go into
partniershtip with an old established
lawyer, a f riend of his father's. It was
agranid chance, a ibne openinig for him,
anmi we bo0th knew it,, and rejoiced ovei
it like children, although we dreaded
the separation. 'Never mInd, (Charni
lng Bettie,' hei said, wvhen lie caine to
kiss me good by. 'In a few years I
will be inicly 11xed; perhaps rich, whc
kniows? Any way, Ill have a good start1
and I will conie back and carry you
away.' Aiid then lie was gone and
that was the end, for when D~avid
Allynm cameo homine at the end of twe
years lhe did noteome aloiie; lie brought
his wife with hiii.
"TIhey staid here a little wvhile, and
tlihn went back to the city. I met her,
once in church and I overheard het
ask bavmd 'who that ugly little thins
with the red face was lhe was staring at
so hard?" If that was 'Charming Bet
tie?' That day I walked for the hlis
time after David's marriage up the
lilmhan cottage roadl, and, althoughi
shed many bitter tears, I resolved nol
to let what haippened spoil iiy lire fot
me; but somehow It has-," the spin,
ster oended sadly, and she stared al
the fire with din eyes.
"Miss Bettle, she is dead now," the
girl said softly, after a little pause,
"and he Is a widower."
Priscilla htad been1 stariig at the hirt
also, id weaving a little romance of
"Ihush childi" Miss Sligo cried.
"How can you? She has not been in
her grave a year yet, and David Allyn
will never imiarry again, any way. Ills
romance, like mline, is ended."
"Miss Priscilla kissed the maiden
lady's faded cheek,. and flung her
young arms affectionately around her.
"I shall love you better than ever,
now," she said, tenderly, "and I hope
someday things will yet-coine right."
Then she went away, and Miss Bet
tie stood in her open window for soi
time after, looking at the sunset.
Lawyer Allyn saw her as he caie up
the street from his oflice. lie had
moved to R--from the city, and
walked more slowly as lie came to the
little brown house aniong the trees.
They always spoke to one other; It
always seemed foolish not to speak.
So when lie got by the window he
"Your flowers are looking very fresh
and nice, Miss Bttie."
The spinster gave one of her little
nervous stai'ts. She had not seen himli
coining. Her hand struck against one
of the flower-pots and knocked it
over It rolled off the narrow sill,
and lay at David Allyn's feet.
"It is broken to pieces," he said
picking it up, with a little smile on his
thin, sallow face, "but I am going to
keep it-may I not?"
"Yes-if you want to," she made
answer, a little breathlessly.
Ile took the plant-a pale-pink gera
nium-out of the earthern pot, and
shook a little of the dirt of the roots.
"'This shall bloom in my wimdow,"
lie saidt "ana I am going to naie it
'Charming Bettie,' in memory of other
Miss Sligo's face flushed a deep red.
"Good-night." she said, abruptly,
and was about shutting the window.
She felt shocked; his wife had not beeni
dead a yeir.
"'No, don't go yet," David Allyn
said, his hand on the fence railing.
Then lie seemed to remember himself.
"Very, well, good-night.," lie added
and walked slowly away, the little pink
geranium in his haid.
A few days later another stormy
afternoon near dusk Miss Sligo heard
a knock at her front door. There, on
the porch was Lawyer Allyn.
Miss hettie smoothed her curls
quickly and hastened to the door. She
led the way to the parlor.
"Take this chair," she said, drawing
a larve rocker close to the lire. .
The lawyer held out his hands to the
"You have a snug little home, M iss
Bettie," lie observed. "I suppose you
would never be willing to leave it now."
"I am attached to the house," the
spinster said, gravely. "My dear fa
ther and mother both died here, and it
has many associations."
She was sitting inl anuoier rocking
chair near by, and had taken up her
David Allyn watched the swift-flying
"Don't you ever get lonely?" he
asked, alter a few inoment's silence.
"I do, up ink my big house. It isa pretty
place; but it is too big for me."
Miss Bettie only knitted faster, and
was silent. iis coining had disturbed
her greatly. Suddenly lie noved for
ward, and took her work away.
"I don't want you knit any more to
night," lie said. "I want you to look
"No, not Lawyer Allyn-David.
Call me that as you used to."
Miss Bettie trembled; her cheeks
glowving as in youthful (lays.
D~avid Allyn took one of t~he spin
ster's thin hands in his-the one oni
which the little worni ring was, it hap
"Bettie," lhe said, gravely, "'I have
come to-night to ask your forgivniess
anid your love againu. I feel I made am
mistake-a great istake, once ini my
life, and I want,, if p~ossible, to rectify
it. Don't tell ime it is too late.''
To feel she was loved again, all
these lonely years' was too iiuchi foi
Miss Biettie; she burst into tears. Iher
white kitteii p'urredl and rubbed hmis
soft head againist her dIress. The fire
light danced on the wvall and iiade
black shadows in thme col-ners.
lIn the unmcertain light David Allyn
bent and kissed the faded cheek beside
Tihiey were sp~eedily mnarriejd.
A Figh L. A'm'ongi th lrIgands.
Th'le operations of a niotorhoins brigand
in Macedonia, by iiame ilal Aga, have
been brought, to a close unmder somewhat
remar-kable ciricumistanees. ilal Agi
was thme leader of a band of twenty foum
brigands. and~ for sonic time past has
been the terror of t.he car-avanus which
go between Saloniea and the interior.
it was his practice to lie in anmush
with his baud in thme (dililt, defiles of
the mnountamus thmrough whlich several ol
the miahn routes led, anid to p~ounic(
downu uponi the caravans when thern
was the least chancee of resistance or es
cape. le also diversifled lis proceed
igs occasionmalty by attackinig and rob
bing travelers, whiom lie muurdered
wvhen lie happened to be mn a bloodthiirs
ty miood, lie and~ lis band 1held thu
whole district in ter-ror-; and althougl
efforts were made by the authorities th
cap~tuire them, thbey continued to exact
their contribntions wiltlh the utmnost
audlacity until the othier dlay, whn
trouble befell them froim ain unexpectec
qjuarter. There is anmothber equally Ia
mious briganid in thle district,, by nanin
Naum, also the leader of a band.- Naun:
does niot stick at trifles, but, his dhisposi
Lion is irathber more amiable than thiat o
Bila, and with a good nature that doel
him credIt lie advised Bilal to spare tIn
lives of ci-tamn rich villagers whom hii
lately captured. Bilal disregarded thu
advice and killed the villagers. Natur
was displeased at wvhat lie conisidered
personal imault to himself, aind conse
- quenitly a ilght took pliace near the Riv
er Katranmtza between the bands of thie
two brigands, the result being thaut thn
iwhble of Bilal's band was killed, whim
Naum lost only four men. Bihlal him
self escaped, but by the latest accounti
in aum was close nuon his holu.
A Now Jersey EggSFactory.
Do you mean to say ' that you mado
that egg without the assistance of a
hen?" asked the reporter of a Newark
"Yes," he replied, "and it you wish L
will show you something of our process.
He led me through a rootu in which
there were stored boxes upon boxes of
eggs, and it> another large, cool room
in the rear. Everything was clean and
neat. Several strange-looking wooden
machines, totally unlike aything I had
ever seen, stood in different parts of the
room. hix or seven men wore operating
the macinuery, -which moved noiselessly
and with great rapidity. I fIllowed my
conductor to one end of the apartment,
where there are large tauls or vats.
One was filled with a yello' compound
the second with a starchy mixture, and
the other was covered. Pointing to
these the proprietor said: "The-e con
tain thA yolk mixture and the white of
egg. We empty the vats every day, so
you can jndge of the extent of the busi
ness already. Let me show you one of
the machines. Y ou see they are divided
into different boxes or reaeptiacles. Tue
first and second are the yolk and white.
The next is what we term the "skin''
machine, and the last one is the sheller,
with drying trays. This process is the
result of many years of experiment and
expense. I first conceived the idea after
making a chemical analvsis of an egg.
After a long time I succeeded in making
a very good imitation of an egg. I then
turned my attention to m-skiug the ma
chinery, and the result you see for
yourself. Of cour'e it would not be
policy for me to explain all the mechan
ism, but I will give you ai idea of the
process. Into the first machine is put
the yolk mixture -"
"Wnat is that.?" 1 asked,
"Woll, it's a mixture of Indian meal,
corn starch and several other ingredi
ents. It is poured into the opening in
a thick, mushy state. and is formed by
the machine into a ball and frozen. In
this condition it passes into the other
box, where it is surrQunded by the
white, which is chemically the same as
the real egg. This is also frozen, and
by a% peculiar rotary motion of the ma
chine an oval shape is imparted to it,
and it passes into the next receptacle,
where it receives the thin, filmy skin.
Aftr this it his only to go into the
sheller, where it gets its last coat in the
shape of a plaster of Paris shell, a trifle
thicier than the genuine article. Then
itgoesout on the drying tray, where the
shell dries at once and the inside thaws
out gradually. It becomes, to all appear
ances, a reai egg."
"How many eggs can you turn out in
" Well, as we are running now we turn
out a thousand or so every hour."
"Why, bless your soul, yes. We can
not fill one-half of our orders. All we
can make now are t.sken by two New
York wholesale grocors alone, We
charge $13 per thousand for them, and
they retail at all prices from 12 to 30
cents per dozen. We sell only to the
wholesale houses. I suppose plenty of
these eggs are eaten in Newark as well
as in othor places. 00l. Zalick, Billy
Wright, Honest Andrew Aibright, Joe
Haines, Judge Johnson, Judge Henry,
and all Newark's candidates for governor
are living on them. They are perfectly
harmless, and as substantial as a real
egg. The reason wa made the machiid
ery of wood is because we found that
the presnce of metal of any kind spoil
ed the flavor and prevented the cooking
of the eggs."
"Cau they be boiled?"
"Oh yes;" and he called one of the
men. 'Here Jim, boil this gentlean
"OCan they be detectml?"' I inquired,
wvhmle the bogus egg was being boiled.
"1 hardly think tLat anybody would
be likely to observe any differen'ce un
less lie hiappened to be well posted, as
they look and taste like the real thing.
We can, by a litledsvoring, naake thsesa
taste like goose or (luck eggs, of course
altering the siza T1hey wvill keep for
yeors, That one you have just eAten
wvas nearly a year old. Tniey never
spoil or become rottein, aiid being hard
er and thicker in their shells, they wil
standl shipping better than real eggs.
We calculate tuat, in a few years we will
run the liens of the country clean out ol
business, as oleusm irgarine hias driven
Timea asi Iiaru iubme.
Whein we were passing bya plin looking
farna hiouse near saratoga, N Y., I noticed
a mnass oh weather-beaten lumber piled uap
under a careless cover in Iront of a maina
yar:l feance. Making sognme remark about
the uze of the lumber heap and its age
"'nere is a roniance in that huinber
Expianinig hie said: "laxactly forty-two
years ago that farmier was enagaged to be
married. In is joy of acceptance, lie be
gau to haul lumaber to butnd a inew house
-a new nest for his dovey.' lie piled up
the hambier there, and whena he got it ail
together his paornised wife dlied. Th~e
young peasant, as the Newport snobs
woulcall hmni, was wizld with grief, lie
shut, hhnlfua up) on the old farm in the
old house. and fo, forty-one years
lived the life of a rechuse. -ile woul not
allow a stica of this lumbher to be touched.
'ach year he carefully stopped up the
chinks or tue cover.nag tand appearedl to
mmakqj the material of ms once contemaplates.l
house the object of his laithi ul worship.
l'mmK of hurymtg your heamrt uinder a lum
ber pile for bory one years, all for the
sake of the mneniory of a loving amatlh"
"liut the pile Is neglected n~w. let the
farmer lover dead?"
"1 said the ple was placed there forty.
two years ego, and that [or forty-onte years
he was faithmfud."
"Yes, I ace the rest. le Is deadl. lle
l eft a wIll directing that lie be burled under
the lumbiir pice. And to think that thiere
are womnen who belIeve no man can be
talthful for a hfe.thmne to a dead love.''
"1 thmtk you are going too fast lie is
I not dlead Over a year ago he married
Sagalu. fIls present wife hs having thec
-Ilumber pile chiopped up for Jindling wood.
You have no idea how ?orty-one years will
seiaS)n the hardest or timber."
Som Whidas of Uelobratooi Mtesa
Some anusling features from t1i
Jives of celebrated mno have beei
brought together by a German writei
Auber wrote on horseback; it was no
possible for him to write In any otli
place than in Paris, however beautiift
another residence might be, and how
ever many attractions it might ottea
Adam composed best wheu lie lay, wit
his clothes -i, in bed, and showed u
great antipathy to all landscapo beaut
ias love- to his cats. The same antipath
to all natural beauty Is charged to Dc
nizetti, who always slept wheni he wel
upon a journey, when lie should hav
given. his attention to the romanti
scenery of Switierland and Italy
Cimaros could not write without hav
big a lot o1 friends around him, wit
whom lie kept up an active conversa
tion about art matters. Saccohiul
train of thought was interrupted who
his cats did not play their an ties upo
lits writing-desk. Sarti could only be
come inspired in a room without fit
niture and which was dimly lighted
Spontini could only coipose in thi
dark, and Meye rbeer composed bes
during violent thbnider-sAorni, undel
the roof of his house. Sahieri gainem
his inspiration while lie walked quickl;
through the streets lilled with a huma
throng, meantime eating a great quan
tity of confections. 11ayuin, in orde:
to compose, sat iml a soft armi-chair
with his gaze directed to lleavenj
Gluck composed in the open air, bus
in the glaring sunshine. l1e like
chaipagno by his work, imd gesticti
lated very violently, as if lie were al
actor on tie boards. Ilandel waiderei
in the churchyard, and when lie wisie<
to become inspired lie sat himself dowi
in one corner of it whichi was shade<
by weeping willows. Iaiesiello con]
posed in bed, and di& not leave it unti
he had Iinished a whole operatic seen
or act. AMehul was a great worshipe
of it, wers, and often loll into sileni
reverie in obsierviig them. 1e ftel
happiest in a quIet, garden. Mozar
gained his iisAiration from readii
110oer, Dante and Pitrarch; Verd
iiusL read piassages froti Stiakespearo
Goethe, Schiller, Ossian and Victoi
Hugo. Schiller inspired his iuse bi
the siell of rotten apples, which hi
kept constantly mn his desk; beside
this, lie liked to live amnidi surroundhig
corresponding to the stpect on whict
lie worked, When ilivrote the las
act to "Alary Stuart" he had his sol
vants clothed in black; and so long a
he worked on "lMIu1lensteinl" lie nog
lected no review or other military spee
tacle, and at home his wife must, sin
b)attle pieces to him.
Goethe loved to have plastic work
of art before him as he wrote. 1t i
known that in the creation of his Iphi
gelia lie had the image of an antiqu
oimale before him, in order to see i
that which lie made his heroine Sa,
would suit, tho features before hini
Jean Paul replenished his ideas whil
taking a walk, and drank a glass o
beer now anid then on the way. 11
writing lie loved the strong smell 0
flowers. Herr von Kleist worked wit
great difliculty, and wlen lie nmade poo
try it was as if lie had a conflict witl
an invisible liend. J ust the ol)l)osiLi
was the case with Fattner \Viclatud. I
making his poems Ie trilled a livel,
song, aid sometimnes would sprinj
away froin his work aid cut a caper ij
the air. Kotzebue, in tio comuosiil
of his dranuas, wa also actor. Ife him
self acted single .conos in his study
It is related that when Sand nurdeiet
him, his litUe soi as lie saw lun1 ree
aint then writhe 11upon tie ground, crie<
to his another: "deo, naamma, Lathe.
plays coiimsdy again" I'' urger, the im
nmortal poet, of .Leonore, as said to hav<
whistled street, sonags as lie wrote hi
ver'ses on paper. 11is conaversation ii
sitch inimenits is said t.o have been ob
scene. .iioiderhmn was often lound ciy
ing when heo comtposed p .ens. asimila
things are said of the Frenchl roananca
writer, Ladontainae. 1l1s wife onci
fouliid huim beo e his wvritintg-desk swiin
anang in la arlS. "Oha, it, ia- too anid,'' i
sighetd. "t, doni't go at all,'' hesobbed
"1. ani st~ill ini the first, volume.'" Mat
tlisoui wrote his poems by anmanght
woile stanadinag at the witndow. Lamar
tine wrote lhie best things in the mtorna
inag, before breakfast,, wa'ile sitting be
uore theo lire. A coniteaanoraury oh. Dui
alms wrote thtus: "Th'ie writimag-desk e
Alexanader Dumaas preseants a piactire C.
class, ' -isorder. le study floori
cov aa a with books atad paLpers, bonaii
wi' vma'hue is seated. formalliy barricaded.
A ,o a qiuantity of dogs, cat~s, poultry
ptgeonusandi( singing birds arxe to be see
aaroi ad, nad these lae feeds, st~rokes til
keeps out of' aatschief wiile hie is writ
ig. Ini tihe back~gound st~anad a nun.
ber of pruitur's devils waitinug for copy
anad booksellers and such people, wit
have busintess with himi. -11e wraitc
very rapidly, anad carrties on, very ofttot
a conaver'sationt at thte samea tine, ji
is very negliget iai is dross."
Coaling tor' leaky Mouors.
Dra. RL. (I. Kcedz/ie, of thae Michigal
Agrieniatural College, advises the um
of' limeu water anad tar for leaky rooft
lie says: Tfhina tlhe coal tar by auddita
conaianon benzinte, one0 part, of' benazia
Lto 1,velve of' coal tarl, then stir in got
water limec (entirely freed f'remu imul
by siftinag) unatit youa have thec counsis
enucy of' a strong paint,, anid paint, th
onm the leaky roof, coveing every pa
iad illing all cracks. Apply alt, once
good duasting of' water' inni to th
p~ainated surflac~e before' it, dr'ies. Tia
water' linme retards the r'utening of th
tart, for'mas a hard'i coating by the actie
of water', anda concais the vei'y dlt
agi'eeabie color of' the coal tar'. C
cour'se fire maust, be kept fi'oma this pahl
lest, tihe iainamabhle benz',ine shouh
starit a comnbuastiont dihliult to conatro
Thle beninie rt'clh('s the stickiness<
the tari, enablhles it, to comiabinae or mi
miore easily with the wateor hie, mnaks
it easier' t~o spr'ead oni the shinughes, ani
it soonl evauporates, leaving a iram ani
evena covermlg. 'The palit cani be al
pled by a maop If it isamoderately wari
If anything ever may affect your ey<
you ianstantly have it removed; but
your ind as disordered you postpom
thte term of' cure for an indeannit-e jecI
Healh ini Var-Traverng.
As a train on one of the elevated
0 toads drew slowly away from the stu
tion, a bright-lookiig little woman walk
ed briskly to a seal, in the car, bestow
t ing a Just perceptible smile upon the
r bralkeiai-a middle-aged, genial-look.
ig person-as sie passed him:
"Tiat lady doesn't look much like an
ivalid," said the brakeman, "but
3 when she began to ride on mny train,
about the middle of last June, sihe was
Y quite thin aid palo. I had to help her
Y nito the car on her first trip, when she
t explained that she was sorry to trouble
me, but coming up the stairs to the
U platform had tired her very umuch. Sie
rode to the mnd of the route, and I no
ticed the air seemed to brace her up
somewhat. I did not see her again for
I some days, but when she reappeared I
was pleased to notice that she looked
much improved. You see, she is one
of those. well-mannered little ladies that
you cani not help remembering after you
have once spoken to them. I suppose
sie ioticedl my pleased look, for she
spoke to me, and asked if sire did not
appeaLr better thnm on the day when I
helped her to a seat ini the car. Thien
she told me she had not been able to go
ito the country this summer, but her
doctor had directed her to ride to the
end of our route and back at, least once
a day all through Lhe season. She hims
followed the persuriptioi faitifully, arid
you see the roult."
"Ilave you iet other people who
use the road ias a sanative rmearsurev"
"There are twenty or more men and
0women011 (rr mlry trai alonie who have
told ile that they did so, anrd there are
miany more who ride regularly to tihe
end of the route for no other purpose
that I cant thinkc of. Mlen working onl
this road anrd also on the surface roads
have remarked the same thiig. On4
lady told ile that before site took to ear
3 ridinar she had made several efforts to
prepare for goilig ilto the coulitry, but
always becaie tired before gettmg
ready. she said also that the very
thought of the amouit of dre.siig she
would have to do for herself aid chil
(ren if site went away disconaged her.
The railroad, sre said, seemed to brinag
the country air right to ier own home,
where sihe could have real comfort aid
take good care of her lusIiun1 besid0
a whom site used to be oblige(1 to leave in
the city whoen sire wont away. Hier
method is to take our road four (iays in
the week and give two to the surface
roads, for the sake of variety.
"Almost all the people I have talked
- with, both mteri arid womn, semed to
- hkav, a iervouts fear that if they travel
Sed CeglIarly they would be sure, sooner
or later, tW get caught in some great
5 collision. Tigy said they never thought
8 of tll matter when they used to make
ani ocla-tsionral trip, but the idea of rid
3 iig every clay wsts what ntde them ner
f voIs. One Mail t l1s rle that, he takes
r the sutrirce roads once or twice a week
Soil this necoiit. 'By d1o(ing so,' ie said
3 '1 break up the regularity of the thing
- and greatly reduce the danger.' I ex
, plainied that the way we brakemen look
f ed at it was that a collision on the ole
vated might bei a mitch more danlgerous
- matter for the people underneaLl titan
I for Irs. Ile said ie took IL surface road
that did riot run tider the elevated.
The nervous feeling, however, mooi
wore away with most of my invalids. It
was the fear of falling rather than the
collision itself which seemed to affect
- "What has surprised me most in the
invalid passemigers is the rapidity viti
I which they would brighten up. Three
or four days would make a surprising
i difference i. their looks aid livoliness,
though it was only after two or three
- weeks of ridhinig thatL they scormed to feel
3' tire fuill benrellt of their journeys. A
s trin who had been troubled witih mla.
I ria said lately thait iris trips on tire roadl
- had given him a better srinrnmer than he
- had passed for four years. lIe tmade
r two roundI~ trips daily. I think lie was
I too poor to Lake iris family to theo couni
3 tr-y, arid did riot like to go withtir1
-them. lie stopp~ed makinig Iris Lrips a
day or two ago, arid shook hands with
; me quite ceremoiously-, as though 1
-had had anything to (10 with it.
, "A yoninig mrani who says hre is a clerk
- downr town, spentds iris dlirnner hiour inl
- mrakinrg a round trilp. 1ie hais niot rmiss
- ed a day, except Sunrday, since thre
- F"ourth of *Juily. ie spends a good part
f of Sndary in tire Pairk. Whnen I Iirst
1 begarn Lo observe him hrie always lput Iris
a htand over iris heart after coming up tire
I stairs, but Ihe got. over tire trouble.
-"D~o I feel ini better health since I be
,gain to work on tire road? Yes, I ant
stronger, thioughr I thrmik that I anm per
:1 harps getting too introi of a good tiring.
- i was formrerly tronubledl witht air obsti
- irate (dyspepsia, wiihi has compllletely
,loft rme. I suppn~ose that tire benefit
1) whrichr I hrave mayself received frm ear
S riding, has given 1me atr initerost. in tire
I, health of my inrvlhid paIsengers.")
"D~ear nre," said Otto Brooklynu youngrr
ladly to anothter as they foun md thoem
selves runnmmiaginig over tire samre box of
Inraeos, "dear mitc I suapposed yoru weore.
e un tire coumntry.''
i. "So I am,'' resp~onded time lovely b~ru
g nietto. "I ali just ini for a day's shop
e, ping, burt how is It your are ini town?"
a "hlow fumny; I'mn juast in for sirop
.a ping, too. You don't irragirne thaut
a ria wvould stay it townr all snummner.
is Pa growls awfullly, bitt uma generally
-t, gets wvha~t sire catlls very miuchr run
a <town abourt Marcia, arid it grows worse
a till J intr. Pa says all alonrg ire won't
e go, bitt mra arid 1 get our dresses made,
e and( irily wvhienr tire weatlier gets pretty
n hot mia hais a bad turn; thenr ol Dr.
s. Sinnarn is called arnd hooks concerned
f arnd adivises pa, irn a wvhiisper to send
Lt Iris wife to tire senashror'e, amid thterr, of
i. "Burt wirere are your?" demanded
,f tire black-eyed grrl.
x "Oh~ I wc're ut the Branch. Pa wanted
a a qiriet pla(ce for ria's nerves, but Dr'.
d Shimnan, (ihe anrd ria are great chums
d your scel) said, 'No." Ma nreeded
,. 'pleasanrt excitement arnd moderate
n gaIety.' So threre we are, and it is
grimnd. Butt whiere are you?" demanded
"In tire mountains. It is too lovely.'
.o "Menl well I should remark, crowds
I. of them,"
"My!" responded the yellow-banged
girl with a sweet smile, "I thought we
had then all. Ma says she i.is'never
son so good a year. The men just
swarm everywhere, and we girls all
enjoy it. Some fun in wearing one's
best dresses now."
"Who is your particular escort?"
"Ohl no particular one. You see
thure are always more girls than men,
so of course one don't want to be mean.
Did you know that Sir John Dinwiddie
was stopping at our hotel?-'
"No, no; but isn't that grand. Have
you met im yet?"
."Yes indeed. Every day we pass
hin on the piazza. The girls are just
"Is lie sinitten with any one particu
larly?" donianded the brunette excit
"How should I know?" smiled the
blonde archly. "But they all say he
looks at me most."
"Does he converse well?''
"Yes indeed, so Mrs. Simith says,
id one (lay I overheard him tell an
other gentleman that America had bet
tor looking women than his own coun
try, and ma said he must, be a smart
"llow did you get an introduction?"
"Oh, I haven't been introduced, but
being in the sano house of course we
feel as though lie were one of us, and
then, there is an Italian nobleman.
lie is just simply divine. Suelh a fig
Lure, such a moustache anld-oh, my
lear, the expression of his eyes is too
ice and melancholy for anything. lie
Is a ftav.rito with the girls."
"Does he flirt much'?"
"No; he speuds most of iis time with
Lhe gentlemnei. Thley drag iiim off
whenl he is dying to be with us. Ma
Lold pa she knew he was unhappy, for
ihe had overheard these nen talk by
Lhe hour to hinm or boats aiid gus and
horses, and she wanted pa to exert
himself to L.elp the poor fellow get rid
of them, and pa grinned in that sneaky
way that always irritates na, and
walked away. lIe 1mu. have * some
itw'ul trouble oi his mind, for lie al
ways looks so pale of mornings and his
3yes kind of red, as though lie had been
cryimg, and once I heard him imiutter:
'Balh! always left, I'll never trust three
of a kind again.' ''
"'hlow tragic!' ili"urmured the br
niette, selecting some pink handker
Chiefs. "What could hlie mean?"
"Why, woeini, of course; but how
sad to be deceived by three of them.
Ma tried to interest pa and get the
young mani In our set, but pa got
tiwfully huIffed and ordered us never
to speak of that "dissipated knave"
itgain. But pa never had any reason.''
"Who else is there?"
"Well, I don't know all their
niames. We girls follow the registero
pretty closely, but there are so many
transients we get confused. I did know
the naines of nearly a hundred, but
iomehow they slip."
"Well, you are gayer than we. We
lave only twenty at our place."
"Oi you poor dear."
"But two of them are married and
"Well that is inice, I'm sure; how
"Not more than 150; of course it is
gayer than last year. Then we had
only ten and all married but one, and
ie got engaged right away. We have
A hop every Wednesday night, and
ioinetimes they contie in and dance
with four or five of us, and the brunette
5lanced triumphiantly at the blonde,
bwho wias apparently absorbed in tne
purchase of a pair of hideous black
"Ilave you danced with either yeti"
umd the blue eyes hadi a sha~de of envy
n their azure deplthis.
"No, but it, will soon be my turn.
L'here are only forty yet that have not
Jeemn asked and it is oinly August.
"Woll, I'm glad you're having so
olly a season; but ma is waiting and
[have oceans of shopping,'" echoed the
"Go~od bye, dear " chirped the dark
aired beauty, "and I'm glad you are
riot having a dutll time. Come and see
no wheni we all get home, and PIl tell
you the rest of my conquests."
'With regard to the climiate, the rainy
lOeason genieral ly ruins from D lecemnber
LAo .June, tihe r~emauining mionths being
f ry; but on the Amazon slope it raiins
null the year roumi. As to the influence
of the climate on~ man, there are vast
healthy districts in the river valleys of
the Amarzon region, whlile those of the
Pacific shore are commonly full of dis
ease. Special disorders are chIefly (du1 to
the lack of sanitary measures. In the
westand northiwestern parts thme abuse
af sweets as food results in a curious
Lund frightful intestinal comiplaint. The
country is nowv and wilil in all probab
ility renmain, almost wvholly agricult
ural, the Pacific coast and river valleys
of both east amnd west yielding gener
Otus crops of cacao, cotton, sugar cane,
rice, coffee, tobacco and~ tropical fruIts,
whilo the inter-Anidean plateau pro
dluces all thme cereals and vegetables in
cnednit to a temperate and even cold
climate, though they are of inferior
rjuality. No hope of the Republic ever
bemng an exporter of cereals is held out,
and cattle do not thrive in the Amazonl
sectioun, chiefly front the inunense.
uimmber of bats, which bleed or other
wise irritate them. Cinichnoa bark
which fIrst came from the Province dt
lioja, is being so rapidly cut and sent
ut of the country without new p~lant,
ing that the siipply must soon cease,
md Colonel Cliurch atttributes this to
Lihe fauct that the highest oflicial sanc
tioni is givoin to this dlestructive measure
tor private emuolumeneit. lIn minercal
weoalthm Ecumador is poor. TIhe popula
Lion Is estimated at I 000000 (excltusivo
f savage tribes), and Is distributed as
l'ollows: Whiite, 100,00,mixed, 300,000;
ure Ind~ian ,00,)000- fhe evil qualti
bies of the mixed' races are condenined
is the source of the degradation of the
souintry. Iuternial come muinieations
ire much needed in Ecuador, and a!
though Colonel Church is personally
interested in thme consta uction of future
railroads, lie expresse his strong opin
ion that for the next ten or twenty
years a thorough system' of first-class
mule routes w~oulld undoubtedly be the
best of Ecouador