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TRI-R L ED T O . 7,RIS'83
TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. ~WINNSBORO, S. C., OCOE0' 83 ETBIhD1~
1 BUY THE BEST!
MA. J. 0. BoAU-Dear 8ir: I bougat the first
Davis Machine sold by you over five years ago for
my wfe who haa given it a long and fair trial. I
am weil pleased with it. It never gives any
rouble, and Is as good as when first bought.
J. W. 1501.rcr.
Winnsboro, S. C., April 1883.
Mr. HOAG: Y ou wish to know what I have to say
in regard to the Davis Machine bought of you three
years ago. I feel I can't say too much in Its favor.
Ilmade about S8,00 within five months, at times
running it so fast that the needle would get per
fectly hot from friction. I feel confident I could
not have done the sante work with as much ease
and so well with any other maclne. No time lost
in adjusting attachments. The lightest running
muchne I have ever treadled. DrotherJames and
Williams' families are as much pleased with their
Davis Machinos bought or you. I want no better
machne. As I Paid before, I don't think too
much can be said for the Davis Machine.
E.L.nH ' THVENSON,
FaIriald County, Apri', 1883.
MR. b0AG: My m'icnine gives me perfect satis
faction. I find no fault with it. Tito attachments
are so simple. f wish for no better than the Davis
Mas. R. MtaaNo.
Fairfield county, Apri', 1883.
M. BOAU: I bought a avis Vertical Feed
ewing Machine from you four years ago. I am
elighted with It. It never hias given me any
rouble, and has never been the least out of order.
It is as good as when I first bought it. I can
cheerfully recommend it.
M ls. X. J. K I I.XAN D.
Monticello, April 30. 1883.
This iW to certify that I have beesn using a Davis
Verticil Feed Sowing Machine for over tw years,
purchased of Mr. J. 0. Hong. I haven't found I I
p'ssessed of any fault-all the attachnents are so
simple. It neverrefuses to work, and is certainly
the Tightest running In the market. I consider it
a firat class machine.
Very respect fully
MINNIR .L WII.TIN1uA M.
Oakland. Fairfild county. S. C.
M BOAU: I ak wn lpeaser an every particut
with the Davis Machine nought of you. I tink
a first-classz muachine in every respect. You know
you sold several inachines of the same make to
different mtemibers of our faililes, aill of whomn,
as far as I know, are well pleased withi them.
Msias. M. "LHI. .v
Fairtiel county, April, 1883.
o'his lan tortiry we nave nai in constant use
the Davis h achin bought of you about three year
ago. AS we take In work, and have made the
rice of It several times over, we don't want any
etter achine. It is always ready to do any kind
of work we nave to do. No puckeringor skipping
stitche Wminn only any we are well pleasie..1
ar wish noe tte achine,
Ap 8 ATBRINE WY.iK AND SISTEn.
Aiprfiel25 c1unt, Arl83
I have no fault to ind with my mch ne, and
don't want Any better. I have mnle tne price of
it severa timtes by taking in sewing. It Is al-vays
ready to do Its Wort I ti nk it a orst-h as Va
chine. I feel I canl t say tou iniuh for thle DWtvisi
Vertical Feed Machine.
M its. Tuost AS ' 81 ITH1.
Fairfielll county, April, 18S3.
Mll. J. 0. BOAG-Daar Sir, it gIves me M'101h
pleasuro to testify to tihe merits of the Davis Ver
tical Feed 8ewinghMachine. The mac-hine Igot of
you abaut live years ago. has been almost in con
stant use ever since that time. I cannot see that
it is worn any, and las not cost mte one cent for
repairs since we have had it. An well pleasel
antion't ivst or any better.
Granite Qearrn, near Winnsboro 8. C.
We ihave used the Davis Vertical Feedl Sewing
~' Machine for the last lIve years. We would not
has given its unboundlet satisfactIon.
Mius. WV. K. T1UtNiit AND DAUtmrraius
F4airidelbt countly.8. C., Jatn. 27. 1883.
S havmng bought a Davis Vertical F'eed Sewing
Machin a from Mr. J. 0. Hong sonmc three years
ago, andi It ianving given mie perfect satisfactioni in
every respect us a famaily macliae, both for htea y
and lit se wing, ami never needeat the least re
Spair it any way, I can chleerfully recommiendi it to
any one as a irst-class miacine* in every particu
lamr, and think it, secondl to none. It is one o1 the
simnpiest nachmxes nmade; any chaibiren use it Witit
all ease. 'The attachnments are more easily ad
fj 3usied and it (be a agreater range of work by
Smeans of its Vertical leeed than any' oilier ima
chine I ihave ever seen or used.
Winnsboro, Fairleldal MS y, OMrAS OWvisos.
'We Dave had one of the Davis Macnines about
feur years andi have aiways found it ready to do nil
kinds of wora we have hadl occasion to tao. Can't
see tat the machine is wvorn any, and works as
well as when new.
Mas. WV. J. CitAwyotiD
Jackson's Creek, Fatirficid county, 8.'C.
My Wife is highly pleased with the Davis Ma
chine bought of you. She would not take double
what site gave for it. Thae macinie has not
been out of eider since she had it, anad shiecant do
any kinid of Work on it.
Very Itespectfully, ~
Monicello, Fair field county, 8. 0.
The Davis Sewing Machine is simply a tresas
tire Mite. J. A. UoDWYN.
Itiudgeway, N. C., Jan. 10, 1883.
Jl, 0 BeAu, Esq., Agent--Dear Sir: My wife
has beeni using a Davis Sewing Machine constant.
ly for the past four year's, and[ it has never needled
any repairs ani works just as well as when first
bought. She says it will do a greater range of
practiaial work aind alo at easier and better than
any machine she has ever used. We cheerfully
recommend it as a No0. 1 famiily machine,
orlryJA9. Q. DAvis.
Winnusboro, S. C., Jan. 8, 1883.
Mat. B0Ao: I have always found my Davis Ma,
chine ready do ali kinads oftto work I have had( oc
casion to do. I cannot see that the machine is
-worn a particle and it works as wail as when new.
Mas. It. C. GooING.
Winnboro, 5. C., April, 18813,
Mn. B0A0 : My wife has been constantly using
the Davis Machine bought of you about five years
ago. I have never regretted b yiag it, as it is'
always ready for any kind of fanll swing, either
uteavy or 1ight1. It is never out of fx or needing
Fairnet i, 0a., Mwa, 1888. A. W. LADD,
THE INCONSISTENT HEART.
The valley was bathed in glory this norna
For hih o'er the mountain tops hung the
- bright sun;
The fragrant winds bore the notes of the
In through my casement, in soft liquid runs.
But out in the garden soine one was hum
A plaintive strain of the Miserere;
And I hid my face in my downy pillow.
While my heart re-echoed the minor key.
Down o'er the heather, where gowans were
I watked, wile the bells rang a musical
The harobells blossomed; this world was an
The brooklets were purling a imusical
But my wayward heart went back to the
To the quivering voice and the minor key,
The wonderful depths of the passionate
And the wailing cry of the Miseerre.
I still heard the birds with their clear-voiced
And the warm stui still smiled with radi
The Aoft blue inists that the mountain eni
Like a deocy veil hid the cliffs fron my
All the world was as fair as a dreani of
And my life was as sweet as a life could be:
But somehow my wayward heart, kept re
The sorrowful wail of the Miserere.
JOHN WiARtE'S NURSE.
There are two reasons why Joanna
Blight had her studio up in the man
In the first place, she craved quiet
and secluslon, in the second-well,
Mrs. Algernon Mowry was very much
ashamed of it.
Mrs. Mowry was quite content that
"her husband's niece" should pay her
board bill. The money wias very ac
ceptable to them in their narrow cir
cumstances. But for the life of her
Mrs. Mowry could not see why Joanna
preferred to earn her own living when
she had a brother able to support her.
This little studio was a very pretty
place. The bare floor was patched with
bright-colored rugs; the walls were
tinted a delicate blue, bordered with
harmonious bands of crimson, olive,
There was one wide window to the
front, and near it, at her easel. Joanna
sat one sweet April morning, ilnishing
a birthday card in water-colors.
From time to time site would pause
at her work, and, leaning back in her
chair, she would watch the builders
Some one had bought the corner lot
and the two lots adjacent to it. on the
main and side streets. Within the
past six weelis a charming little Queen
Anne cottage had sprung up there is if
Rumor said that it was being built
for a gentleman from Washington.
"le must be a man of taste," Joan
na thought as she took in the graceful
effect of the building, even in its un
finished state. "How I should like to
live in a house like thatL Tiles and ter
ra cotta and low-down grates! That
ought to make life worth hvingI"
Joanna smiled at her own fancies as
she took up her brush and palette.
When she looked up again the men
were hoisting some heavy framework
by means of a pulley.
"Look out there I" cried a tall, manly
fellow on the roof, who towered head
and sholders above his companions.
le was a well-made man, with a rich,
bronze skin, and a full brown beard
that had concealed his finely shaped
neck. The only parts of his dress visi
ble were a blue Cardinal jacket and a
pair of overalls.
"Tney have got a newv workman,"
Joanna observed Idly. "What~a splen
(lid fellow isi I wVonder what business
a carpenter has with a face and figure
like that? Sometimes it seems to me
that nature blunders sadly."
That stjdwart young carptenteor d isap
peared meanw~hile, and Joanna left her
"I wish the Palette club didn't meet
this afternoon," she murmured as she
p~assed into the next room and began
to unplaither long, thick, yellow braids.
H1er toilette was simpllle, but somehow
it went for ward slowly. She felt rather
dull that day, and ats shte smoothed her
hair in a leisurely fashiont, she hunnuned
Hecighmol for the holy!
Most friendship is feigninug
Most loving mere folly!
So she wvent on, placidly pinninig upi
her braids again, and never onice
dreaming of what happened since she
left the window until Mabel camne
bursting into the room with a p~anic
"Joanna," sihe cried hystericalhly,
"come on dowvn stairs? One of the
workmen has fallen off the new house,
and they've brought hinm over here."
"Good heavens!" Joanna exclaimed.
"Is he killed?"
"I don't know," Mabel answered
with a burst of tears. Hie's all coveredl
with (dirt and blood, and-hle just looks
Joanna went flying down stairs, and
met her aunt in the hail. Mrs. Mowry
was on the verge of hysterics.
"Do go in and see what they are
doing!" sihe cried. "Good heavens,
who would have dreamed of such a
thing? And all these men with their
muddy. boots tramping over my car
"Where have they takenm him?"
Joanna Interrupted, as she turnted away
with ill-disguised contempt.
"In the library." sobbed Mrs. Mowry,
!"Oh, I don't kniow howv you can bear
to go in! My nerves could not endure
But Joanna pushed past her with
prompt determination. As she entered
the room she saw a little, horror
stricken group of men in blue blouses,
and overalls hovering about thme lounge
on which the injured man was lying.
She took several steps toward them,
and then a low, -startled cry escaped
her lips. It was the handsome young
workman whose splendid physique she
hna admired nly an hour previou,
and there he lay, white, crushed, and
"Have you sent for a doctor?" she
said, as she dropped onl her knees be
side the passive, Insensible form.
"Yes'm," answered one of the work
men, who itood al his head. "We sent
"Who is this man," she asked.
quickly. "W here does he live?"
"This man here? I dunno, ma'am.
Ills name's John Ware. He is a new
hand. We don't know nothing about
him. lie was kind of a bossy chaf>,
and yet he didd't seem to know so all
fired much either-did he, Ell?"
"Don't you know any of his friends?"
Joanna asked. "Where does he live?"
"Deed, I couldn't tell ye, ma'amn.
I don't know nothing about him.
The doctor came, and his verdict
was a grave one. Joanna came out of
the library with a pale, resolute face. -
"Aunt Margaret," she sid, quietly,
"they are going to take him up to ily
"What!" Mrs. Mowry screamed, in
a spasn of hysterical horror. "Joanna,
are you mad?"
ie says lie has no friends in the
city; and, anyhow, the doctor says it
might be fatal to move him from the
house. The slightest jar makes him
suffer unspeakable agony."
"But, Joanna, it is utterly impossi
ble for us to keep him here. Think of
the-the expene. lie's only a laboring
"1 will bear whatever expense his
being here may entail upon you."
"But suppose lie dies on your hands?
Or lie may lie here for months. For
heaven's sake, send him to the los
"I cannot think of doing anything
so inhuman. lIe may occupy my room,
Aunt Margaret. Do not distress your
self about it. I will see that lie does
not occasion you the slightest annoy
So John Ware was installed in the
little bedroom back of the studio, and
the doctor came and went for weeks
before it was really known that the
patient would recover.
Joanna nursed him with untiring
"You really think he will get well
now?" she said, some days afterwards,
with womanly tears in her eyes.
Tle doctor took her hand and pressed
"Yes,'' lie answered; "thanks to
The patient had been sleeping, but
now lie opened his eyes, and they
shone with a glad welcome as they fell
upon the pale, sweet face of Joanna.
"I was just saying, my young
friend," observed the doctor, releasing
Joanna's shim fingers to take Up John
Ware's finely shaped hand, winch was
now as white as marble-"I was just
saying that you owe your life more to
Mrs. Blight than you owe it to me."
rho handsome fellow gave her a look
so full of gratitude that, it was almost
"I shah never forget hern" he said,
in a musical voice that promised to be
rich and deep whien lie gr~ev stronger.
"i cannot even estiiate what 1 owe
her, much less repay lier."
Joanna did not like to be thanked,
and she slipped -away at the first op
portunity; but she carried with her the
memory of that handsome head, with
its crown of chestnut curls resting
softly among the pillows.
Tile weeks went on, and John Ware
It was one midsummer morning that
lie sat at the window of the study in
an easy chair while Joanna made a
feint of working a little in oils.
But what did it mean the tender
light that shone in John 'Ware's eyes
as they rested on her lithe, graceful
figure clad in pure white? Why did
Joaiina's hand tremble as it held the
p~alette? And wvhy was her face so
often suffused with a sweet, conscious
"Why don't you come over here and
talk to me?" lhe said, with thme p~re
sutmiptioni of an invaLlidl.
"1 have something better to (10, Mr.
Wrie," site aniswcredh, mischievously.
"But you don't know what you are
missing. T1hie little cottage must be
complete now. 11ere conies a wagon
load of new furniture."
Like every woman (and every man),
Joanna had sonme curiosity, and this
announcement brought her to the win
dlow without delay.
Certainly, there was a wagon-lead of
furniture, and such turniturel In that
load, which wvas thme first of several
that came that day, there wvas a beauti
fuli oaken sideboard, exquisitely carved;
a ,quaint, lacquered cabiniet, ebony
bookcases, a hanidsoie brass bedstead,
and dear knows what not.
"They are going to make a very
pretty homie out of it," John Ware
observed. "Ihow do you like the
Joatnna's eyes sparkled.
"0," she cried, clasping her hands
together, "I think it is perfectly charm
ing! But, site added, with sudden
gravity, "I should think it wvould make
you shudder to look at it."
"Oh! no," he answered, with perfect
calmness. '!Then he added, softly, "It
mnighit, under differentt circumstances.
But ii' I had never had that fall I
should never havekniowvn you as I know
Joanna did not speak; but presently
she felt his firm clasp upon her hanid.
Still, lhe did not look at her."
"You know what has been trembi
hung on my lips for weeks," lie said.
"I would not ask you to make the
smallest sacrifice for me, if you felt it
was a sacrifice; biut I love you, Joanna,
and my happiness will never be comn
ploted unless you are my wife."
ie did not ask her to marry him; lie
(lid not press lisa suit. Il~e slimpl~y told
her. She might do as shle chose. As
for him, lie knew that a mere mechanic
had no social right to win such a wo
man as she for his wife; but then
"I could not help telling you,"' lhe
said, turning towards her for the first
time. "The merest galley slave may
look at thme stars and love them. I catn
go away-no, not I cannot go away!
Joanna, speak to me!"
She was trembling like a leaf.
"I know it!" lhe cried, triumphantly
as he caught her in hils arm. "But I
was not so sure that your love was
strong enough to set at deflance the
ridicule of society. I did not know
that you would stoop to inarry a car
penter. a c 1
"It Is not the carpener I mean to
marry," she said, hiding her face on
his shoulder. "It is the uan."
When Mrs. Mowry heard of it there
was a scene, of course. In an hysteri
cal burst of tears she eclared that,
Joanna would disgrace tip family, and
ended by ordering her out of the house.
John Ware demanded an account of 1
this interview, and heard it with com
pressed lips and an angry frown.
"Joanna," he said, taldng her two
hands in his, "you must marry qie to
day. I have a little mo Uveda
we will make a home of, 1st' f
will be very humble, of edurse, but-n
1. don't mind that," 4he said, smil
ing at him through a mist of tears.
You know I am a decorative artist.
B3esides, I always had a fancy for love
mt a cottage."
They were married that very evening.
.Johin had a carriage at the parsonage
waiting to take them away.
"What extravagance!" cried Joanna. C
"This is a bad beglnning. n
"One isn't married every day,"s aid C
John, laughing. "I amgoing to take I
you to the house of my dearest friend, V
The carriage stopped in front of a
dwelling that was shrouded in darkness. C
John took a key from his pocket and t
opened the door himself.
"My jfriend is away," lie sai. "I
have tihe entree of is house iln his
Taking a match from his pocket, he
lit the gas in the hall and ran lightly
Joanna followed in amazement. She
iad expected to enter a humble home
but she found herself in a perfect palace
John lit the gas up stairs. When
she entered the room lie had thrown V
open, lie stood in the middle of the
floor with his face all aglow. t
"You like it?" he querieti, as he 1
noted tihe wonder and delight pictured t
upon her face. "Joanna, I have do- 1
ceived you. This is the Queen Anne I
cottage opposite your aunt's-this is my
house-your house, darling; our hoineil i
I am not the poor carpenter you thought s
ne, Joanna. I am J. M. Ware, 1
architect and designer, if you please." t
Joanna could not say a word.
"I wanted to see how things were r
going onl, and so 1 came here i person. t
But I knew that the men would put h
their best feet foremost if I came to o
watch them, so I just appeared on the C
scene as a new workmnan, a'nd they p
never guessed who I was. I did nxot 0
Intend to deceive you... A trot I was n
too ill to explain. Aftkiairds, Joanna a
when I learned to love you-and i ti
[earned that very soon, dear, I wanted si
to win you for my own very self, and e
3o I let you think me nothing but a n
poor carpenter, whereas I am rich, my V
darling, rich in every vay, and, please t
God, you will never regret your t
"it would take a long time to tell c
vhat Joanna said, but Mrs. Mowry
never said a word. What could she i
John and Joanna are perfectly happy t
in their beautiful home. It is love in v
% cottage, and there's a great deal of I
love in it.
The Cnineso in New roric. U
"Ihow many Chinese are there in 9
New York" asked a reporter of an of- 0
acer of the Chinese Consulate recently v
."We are flow engaged1 in making a 1
list of Chinese in New York, which E
will tell thme exact number. At present t
Ican only say that we estimate the f
number at three thousand.'' t
"'Art here any women amnong thiem?" I
"I am told that one Chinese woman r
lives here, somewvhere on Sixth avenue. i
You know that most if not all of the a
men come here from San Francisco. t
This trip, wvith the ocean voyage to
Caiifornia, is rather expensive to the
average Chinamnan, and would be more'
so, of course, if lie brought his family. i
Besides, the larger number exp~ect to S
return to China."-r
"What are the occupations of these I
"Most of them are laundrymen, some S
cigar-makers and the rest petty mer- d
cnants. Tihere is, however a lirm in i
Broadway, opposite A stor Place, which (
imports bric-a-brac, &c. There are no10
Chinese Importers of teas that I knowv 3
"Where do thmey get thme names of
'Lee,' 'Sing,' 'Lung,' &c?'' puirsuied S
"Oh those simlhy represent certain I
Chinese sounds. I can give you a curl- f
ous fact or two about their names. I
One Is that, by an old custom in China,
a man has one name in business a
m~d another in his private life. Thei
other fact is that their names corres- S
pondhing to the English Johni, Tom, &c,,
follow, not precede thme family name.
some, however, have adopted the
"Hlow much intercourse is there be- t
tween tihe Chinese and Japanese here?" t
"None whatever, You may be I
Interested in learning t~hat though time I
w~o nations use the same characters (
for writing, one cannot understand time i
spoken lanigauge of time other. The 1
Japanese here number about four ~
"Is not the language very difficult to I
"E~xtremely so, there being, for In
stance, seven thousand letters, each
having four sounds."
"Do thme Chinese have any religious
or joss-hiouses here?"
"There Isn't any in this city, but I
believe there Is one in New Jersev in
connection with a large laundry-a case
of cleanliness next, no godliness,you
--Thme only place ~hiere jute Is manu
factured Into grain bags iin California
Is at the State Prison In San Quentin.
Tihe operatives net a monthly profit of
between $4000 and $5000. lStocking
knitting Is the most profitable employ.
ment gven convIcts in the Eastern
-'enitentiary in Philadelphia.
The finches are pre-eminently a grain
oving species-using this expression b1
ts widest and most general acception
)ut they are never known to do muel
nischief to cereals. The cardinal gros
ieak and towhee evince a fondness foi
ice and corn, but are never so numer
ous as to be sources of much alarm t4
he farm 4e Among columbine birds
o w our various doves belong, the
vild- or migratory pigeon is suliciently
abundant in certain localities to be of
ncalculable injury. But then, thest
)irds frequent timbered regions ant
vaste fields in proximity to runninj
treams rather than thickly populatet
listricts, and have a seeming prefer
nee for arboreal f 1cuits; Aid whe
4iere Is a scarcity of suih diet the,
eed upon he seeds of last year'
Barring the destructive, grain-loyJn1
parrow of Europe, now well- pab.
Islied in this country, we h115'e e tc
iread from the stitrlingeM Andlrow
han from all other species c~ombindd,
Ae sub-family of orioles, fron the
inallness of its grain-eating propen
ity, can hardly be considered as ar
nemy of th3 agriculturist, anI there
ore must be passed by without a mor
xtended notice. Of the marsh black
irds, the bobolink, swamp blackbird
nd meadow lark call for a share of at
The bobolink has at different season
f the year a remarkably extended dis
ribution. In its migrations it traver
es the whole or the United States east
f the high central plains to the Atlan
ic seaboard, as far north as the fifty.
Durth parallel, which is considered as
:s most northern limit. Its food with
s consists of the seed of various weeds
nd grasses of valuels.4 kinds and
rubs of diverse ground beetles, as
eell as the mature forms themselves
nd grasshoppers, crickets, bats and
lant-lice. At the South these birds do
vast amount of injury to the young
theat as they are passing northward
i the spring, and upon the rice-planta
ions, on their return in the fall.
'hroughout their breeding territory
bey are not known to molest crops
ut confine their food to destructive
isects and useless weeds.
About the middle of August or early
i September the flocks wend their way
>uthward. They soon congregate in
trge numbers among the marshes of
mie Delaware, where they are cargerly
unted by sportsmen under the name of
ed birds, their flesh being a racy and
>othsome article of diet. *Two weeks
ter they swarm among the rice fields
f South Carolina. They are now
dlled rice birds. Southern epicures
ursue them with the same tireless en
rgy and pleasure, and thousands fall a
icrilice. In October they halt again
mong the West India Islands, where
tey feed upon the seeds of a certain
)ecies of grass, which render them
Kecedingly fat. The sporting frator
it.y here call them butter birds, and
ast nuambors are destroyed for the
ible. They render immense service to
lie cultivators of Sea Island cotton by
ostroying the larv of the obnoxious
The swamp blackbird, is being 'a
>ver of swamlps and low, humid
rounds, from which fact the species
tkes its name, extends throughout the
rhole of North America from the At
untic to the Pacific northward to the
fty-seventh parallel of latitude. While
aese birds may occasionally be seen In
lie stubble fields in quest of the fallen
rains of wheat and rye, we have never
bserved them to attack these plants
rl:ile standing. With respect to buck
rheat we cannot say so niuch. In some
)calities they manifest a relish for the
rain, which they do not hesitate to
ako f rom the sown ground as well as
com the stalk, lBut, when all is told
o the detriment of the species that can
e said, a long e xperience has taught
.a that the millions of insects which
hese birds annually destroy compen
ate, in more than quadruple ratio,
ho farmer for the losses--never enor
ious--which lhe sustains.
The meadowv lark is resident over
rge p~ortions of the United States. It
anges from Florida to Texas on the
outh, and from Nova Scotia to the
>lains of the Missouri on the north,
t is fond of lowlands, more elevated
ituations only occasionally being cho-0
en. With us it manifests considerable
istrust, shunning rather than court
ig the society of man, although i1
leorgia and South Carolina it consorte
vith the kill-deer plovers about the
ards and outbuildings, showing won
erful familiarity. Their food consists
f seeds of grasses, blackberries and
trawberries-the wild kinds-and
round beetles, fern-leaf beetles, grass
oppers, crickets, ants, earth-worms
lant-lico, caterpillars, grubs, butter
lea and moths, They are indiserhml
ate feeders. Injurious and beneficial in
ects are alike destroyed. In the autumra
hoe birds, young and old, collect mn
mall flocks, and retire to the South,
['hoy gather in large nmumbers in the
ice fields, being passionately fond of
his grain, and also about the buildinga
vhiere it is deposited. During the win-.
or in Alabama and Western Florida
hey visit the salt marshes in flocks o1
rom ten to thirty, where they obtai
ood and shelter. Although dlestroying
onsiderable rice, it cannot be reckoned
n unmitigated nuisance, but rather a
'enefactor to man than otherwvise. Itm
Vestern cousin has a better reputatknm
aowever, for it feeds upon seeds and
nsects chiefly, destroyIng vast num
>ers of the latter, but Is not knownm t
1o any danmago to the crops.
The crow blackbird, sometimes called
iurple grakle, eXhibits three distinct
'arieties. From North Florida in the
iNuth, to Maine, and from the Atanm
ic to tihe Allegheny Mountains, it im
Enown by the latter name. In th~
:ountry west of the Allegh'enies as f a
aouthward as the Rio Grande and
hence to the Missouri plains on th4
morthwest to the Saskatchewan, and
o Maine. and NovaScotia on the north,
iast, It takes the name of bronze gra
rlo. Few species are more condemed
ban this, notwithstanding thB greal
ood which it confers upon man
~te bad reputation is due not so muel
;o its destruction of the cherry as t<
the damage~ Which it does in the corn.
field in spring and to the corn while
shocked in tho fall. Such Is their pas.
sion for this staple product that they
defy all efforts of the husbandman to
keep them away. Scarecrows are of
no avail. The gun must be brought
r Into requisition, and it is only by deci.
mating their ranks with powder and
shot that the grain is at last saved
from total destruction.
In Dalecarila, Sweden.
Passing through the station we open
L ed the door into a new world. Crowded
around the ticket office was a score of
people of both sexes, wearing the dis.
. tinctive dresses of a half-dozen Delecar
.1an paishes. We had steppe4., from
the'au torlum into the WigmOld
men iII buckskin small-OTnes and
leather aprons jostled pretty. peasant
girls in quaigt pointed caps and many
hued kerchiefs; mothers with leather
sacks full of babies on their backs,
and workmen with bundles of tools
all clamored eagerly for tickets,
evidently too little fatiliar with rail
way travel. Here and there flash.
ed among the drapery the orange
yellow aprons of the women, enlivening.
the color composition of the group with
a few strong notes. and cheering us with
the proof that we had not lost the trail.
Fortunately it was near midsummer,
the vegetation was in its perfection, and
tile sunl1 shone for nearly twenty hours
each day. The people, sun-worshipers
In their way were preparing for the
festivities of Mlidsummer-day-a popu
lar holiday, which is celebrated oiu tile
24th of June, and is perhaps more tha
any other day the great Dalecarlian
festival. From the railway line it is
about twenty-five miles to Siljan Lake,
and tile chief means of communicatioin
is by steamers on the Dal-Elf, or river
Dal, a shallow streamil only n1avigable at
intervals. Wagons, by courtesy called
diligences, transport the passengers
around the rapids and shoals,ainid mater
ially add to the discomforts of the
journey. The Dal-E lf is so near like
the American backwoods stream tlhat
it Is not remarkable that the Swede
who exchanges his small river farm for
tile extensive woodland tract in Ameri
ca rarely experiences the Iangs of home
sickness, but settles down to a content
ed life of diligent toil. Thestream ed
dies are full of timber on its way to the
saw-mills below. The odor of pines and
spruces fills the air daisies and butter
clips sprinkle the felds, pond-lilies (lot
the surface of the meadow-pools, and a
bright 51un ripens tile grain waving in
the large fields redeemed with diiculty
from the stony slopes or from the dense
forests that cover the hill-sides.
Shut your ears to the sound of men's
voices, and you cannot believe you are
in Sweden. Thatiittl,gray log hou.o inl
tile distance, with its shingled roof, tile
cattle sheds and barns, the well-sweep
and curb, tle stone walls and post-and
rail fences, might be transported bodly I
and set down in the backwoods of many I
a State and never be noticed for the dif- (
ference of a single stick of timber or i
the fashioning of a single stake. Lot I
the door opn and the geography changes <
by magic. A little child totters out into I
the sunlight. It is dressed iII a single i
long garment of yellow homespun wool -
as bright as the petals of the buttercups i
or the dandelions. From under at close- I
fitting cap of vermilion lie straggles I
out a mass of flaxen hair. A stout I
leatier apron tie(l under tle arns and
over the shoulders protects tile dress
from tile chin to tile toes of the clumsy I
little shoes, A lalf-dozen other chil- i
dren dressed exactly the same troop I
out after it, and following them, the i
mother, with a curious poke( sun-bonmnet<
of bright red rivalinlg in brilliancy thei
crimson of her hlomiespuni aIpron, carries
a pail on each arm to milk the cows
lowing at the p~astumre bars. The fath- 1
er comes to the door of the barn to say
a word as they pass. But for his leath
or apron shinling with wear you would
Lake hIm for a New Lnngland~ farmier of
Continental times, wvith his low shoes,
knee-breeches, long waiistcoat and felti
hat. Tile ever equalizing influences of
modern science have not yet reached
them, and1( they live and1( feel much the
same as their great granidfathiers did( be
Ulve Your Wife a vacauon,
She needs one. Little cares are hard
or to be born than great responlsilities;
and she has many imore little cares than
her husbanid, anld sometimes as great re
sp~onsbilities. Whlo neeods a vacation if
she does not? And she canniot get it at
home. Thle more quiet and restful the
home is to you, the more evidlence that
it Is a care, If not a burden, to her. If
you see no friction, it is because she Is
so skilful an engineer. If you see no0
muachlinery, it is because she makes it
rn so smoothly.
It is true thlat it is always diflicult to
make a wife and mother take a vaca
tionu. The bettor the wife and mother
she is, the greater is the difficulty, She
thinlks thuat no one call take care of the
house as she call. And shle Is right.
She Is sure that no man call take her
pulace in the care of the children. Itighut
againi. Nevertheless, sihe needs her
vacation; and she will be a better
housekeeper and a better mother for a
week's rest. The house will value her
more for a week's abdication of her
throne. Iher children will appirecliate
her bettor for a week's laying down of
hien scepter. Is she somnetimnes irritable?
She is tired. Is she sometimes depress
ed and gloomy? She is over-worked
and over-worried. Send her off, or
take her off, where she can sleep with
out one cear op)en to hear the clhidrenl
uneasily tossing In theoir sleep; whore
she can sit down to a table that will
present some 'unexpected dishes to her;
where her night will be without cares.
Suchl a vacation will take the tired look
ouat of her eyes and p ut the old light
back again; it will give the rippling
nmerriment of girlhood to her laugh,
elasticity to her step, color to her cheek.
Woman's power of recuperation Is won
derful, if it has half a chance.Trth ]
experiment. Wily not? Trth
--The government hires a vault in a
safe deposit compayin St, Louis for
the storae of silvr dollars, and has
about $4,QO,000 h it,
The sporting fraternity at I
polls is In a ferment over a rivw
Indiana horse tbat promises to out-.
trot any Hoosier. horse-flsh on the
track; in tact,". hasa already done
so. This niew and valuablo animal
is a six year old. bfovi stallion, and lie
comes from NobjaviUe. His owner,
John Marti'u, Is a lvagon--sinth of that
place, and suddenlyfnitds himself In the
possession "of a fortune. A few days
ago i R. Biown, of this city, saw the
horse trot and offe five thousand dol
lars cash Oar him. was the first time
that tile owner realied thithe had the
best-1orse on the Indiana turf, but he
knew a good thing when it was pointed
out, and since Brown's offer $7,000, $0 -
000 and now $10,000 have been planked
dlown in vain before Martin's eyds. The
history and training or the horse will
ilmost cause a revolution in the jockey
business. Six years ago Martin reluct
intly accepted an old inare in pay for
ioie work done. From this unpromis
mug nag the colt in question was foaled.
Iartim sold the mare for $100, and for
several years has been driving the colt
to a buggy in his dally business. All
this while lie stabled the animal in a
rickety old shed, and in many ways
liowed that he did not know what sort
)f oiled lightning lie was stabling. A
Cew turns, privately, on a race track led
Nartin to believe that he might venture
;o enter a county fair with some proisos
)f success; but when lie applied at No
alesviHle and elsewhere lie was hiooted
>ut. Last week lie was adimitted to a
-ounty fair in northern Indiana, and to
.verybody'8 surprise captured the prize
vith ease. Last week there being no
>ody to enter the Roblesville raceI
Slartin was told that if lie could beat
,30 with his old brute lie might have
he stake. Without any preparation lie
Irove into the ring and accomplished a
ile In 2,24.
Horsemen say this phenomenal horse
an make 2,16 without an effort. Par
es in this city already have a $5,000
et that lie will beat Hare's Maibrino
-with. a 2,16 record-at the coining
louisville races. Martin has been us
.g the horse carelessly, and lie has
'just growed" into w'hat lie is. It is
loubLfuil if lie ever wias sponged or pet
ed or jockeyed. When heated lie has
)een tied up in a fence corner and left
o cool off, and yet has flourished, and
;o-day is believed to be the best horse in
[ndiana. Dr. Brown, learning the his.
.ory of the horse, went up to Nobles
rillo, hunted out the old inare which
oaled the horse, bought her for $100
Lmd two days later, on the reputation ol
ior son, sold her for $000.
Ttw iltte-Grass Country
Tho blue-glass country is reached by
raversing Central Virginia and Ken
ucky along the line of the picturesque
Jiesapoake and Ohio railway, unless
ndeed one prefers the swift and solidI
Lennsylvania route to Cincinnati, and
Irolis down to it from the north. On
his particular journey, at any rate,
L was reached past the battle-flelds and
iprings of Virginia, and up and down
he long slopes of tle Blue Udge and
gorges of the Greenbrier and Kanawha
n the wilder Alleghanies. It is foumnil
-o be a little cluster of peculiarly fa.
;ored counties in the centre of the
itate. Marked out on the map, it is like
,he kernel, of which Kentucky is the
it; or like one of those "pockets" of
recious metals happened 11pon by
niners in their researches. The soil is
>f a rich fertility, the surface charm
ngly undulating. Poverty seems abol.
shed. On every hanud are evidences of
birift corresponding with the genial
ounty of nature. A leading crop in
imes pagst has been hemp, and land
hat wilgrowv hemp will grow anything,
Ll'his is beimg more and more wvithi
Irawn in favor of stuck raising ex
lhuslvely, but the tall stacks of hemp,
ni shape5 like Zulu wvigwams, still
lentifully dot the landscape.
One drops into horse talk immediate
y on alighitinig fronm the train at Lex
ngton, and (loes not emerge from It
ugain till lie takes his departure. It is
thme oiie subject always in order. Each
meccessive proprIetor, as lie tucks you
nto his wagon, if you will go wvithu himn
--and if you will go with him there is
rio limit to the courtesy lhe will show
you-declares that now, after having
seen animals more or less wvell in thirh
way, lie proposes to show you a horse.
F~ortunately there are many kinds of
perfection. lie may have the best
riorse or colt of a certain age, the one
which has made the best single heat,
yr fourth heat, or quarter of a mile,
>r average at all distanuces, or the best
itallion, or broodmare, or the one which
ias done seine of these things at priv
ito If inot public trials. Each one has,
ut any rate, the colt which is going to
1)0 the great horse of the worldl. This
is an amiable vanity easily pardonedl,
md the enthusiasm is rather catching.
A. man's stock is greatly to his credit
md standing In this section whlile lie
ives, and~ when lie dies Is printed
>rominently among the list of his
Theo Trade Doilar.
The trade dollar Is ani mildel coin-It
ma no redeemer.
It is like a dude because it is lacking
It's like a drunkard because it don't
Jass at par.
It is like -a boy when lis father i
bhrashing him, because it's below par.
It Is like a lauindry, it belongs to tihe
It Is like a sluggish stream-it wvil
iot pass current.
It Is like a canvasser, it tries to ap
>car honest while it bears a lie on its
It is like a lawyer's cheek--.it, is not
i legal tender.
it is like corner stone deposits, it's
it's like a politican's promise-only
~aken at a discount.
It is like a Julep-it needs the int
ao make it good.
It is like a doctor-the less yo'u have'
to do with it the better you are oft