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I-WEL EDIION WINNSBOR09 S. C., NOVEMBER 27, 1883. SALSE*88
TIE V ED1CT
BUY THE BEST!
MI. J. 0. BOAI-Dear Sir: I bought tre first
Davis Machine sold by you over live years ago for
Jay wif who h given it a long and fair trial. I
aim well pleased with it. It never lives any
roublu, and Is as good as when first bought.
J. W. BOI.t.
Wnnsboro, S. C., Aprih 1893.
Mr. BoAc: 1oul Wish to know what I have to say
II regard to the Davis Machine bought of you three
ears ago. I feel I can't say too mauch in its favor.
iade about $80,0 within live months, at times
running it so Alst that the needle would get per
fectl hot from friction. I feel confideni I could
not lave done the same work with as msuch ease
and so well witi any other machine. No time lost
lit adjusting attachinents. Thie lightest running
uachine I have ever treadled. BrotherJamiies and
Whilanus' families are as Itch pleased with their
Davis Machines nought of you. I want no better
inachine. As I saId before, I don't think too
mtuch can be said for the Davis Machline.
Fairfield County, April, 1888,
M. BOAo: my incnuie gives ine perfect satis
faction. I ind no fault with it. The attachments
ale so simple. L wish for no better than the Davis
M . it. MILLING.
Fairield county, April, 1993.
M M. UoAI: I ougint a loavis Vertical Feed
w ing Machine froi you four years ago. I atu
lighted Witli It. It never hits giveii Ime any
o uble, and has never been te least out of order.
tis as good as when I lirat bought ii. I can
cheerfully recommenil it.
MiRts. M. J. KIRKLAND.
Monticello, April 30, 1883.
Tl'his is to certify that r iiave neen tsitig a Davis
Vertical Feed Sewing Machue for over Lw I years,
purchased of Mr. .1. 0. Boag. I haven't found it
passessed of any fault-all the attachtuents are so
simple. It never -efuses to work, and is certainly
the lightest running In the Uarket. 1 consider it
a first-class machine.
MINNIE I. WILLINoMAM.
Oakland, Fairfield county, 8. C.
Mit OAU: I am weli picasenit it every partioui
wiit the Davis Machine nought of you. I think I
it first-cias mnacuiine in every respect. You know
.ou sold several maciites of the same make to
dailerent members of our families, -ill of whoat,
ai far as I know, are well pieased witi theum.
MRs. At. II. MoDI.EY.
Fairfield county, April, 1883.
This isto certify we nave nil in constant use
the Davis Macline bought of you about tuireo years
ago. As we take in work, and have made the
pi ice of A several tiInes over, we don't wanit ally
uetter iachine. It is always ready to do any ind
of work we have to do. No puckering or skipping
stitches. We can only say we are well pleased
aunt wish no better machino,
CAraTsUiNE WVYLIH AND SimR
April 25, 1888,
I have no tauilt to 1 1 wMtt my machtino, and
dot't want any better. I have mmtte tie prico of
ii severa timtes by taking in sewing. It 1s always
ready to do its work. I think it a irst-olass ma
oitlne. I feel I can't say too much for the Davis
Vertical Feed Machine.
Mas. TiotMlAs SMITU.
Fairdioid county, April, 1883.
M It. J. 0. IHoAtI--Dear Sir: it gives me much
ple.taure to test ify to tuo imerits of ,te Davis Ver
it.al Feed Sewing Machine. TI'hie maheine I got of
you abnt live years ago. hass been ainmost Il eon
siant, use ever since that limo. I cantnot see that
It is worn ainy, and hits not cost me one cent for
repitrs since we have hatd it. Antm welt pleased
an.d don't, wish i or any better.
Glranite Quarry, near Winnsbioro 8. L'.
We have used the Davis Veritcal Feeil Sewing
Machine for the inst five yoars. WVe would not
have any other mnaKe at, any price. 'iThe imacnte
ta given us uiinundeus satisfaiction.
Mas. W. K. TlUatNlia Asp D)Auivans)
Fairitoid counity, 5. 0., Jan. 2?, 1883,
htavmng bought a Davis Vertical tFeed Hewing
Niachilne fronm Mr. J1. 0. Boag sonmc three years
ago, antd it, having givienume perfect, satistaction iii
every respect, asa tamily itachino. both for hea y
Litd light se wing, aind never iteeded the least, re
litir lit any way, 1 cant citeerfulily recommend it, to
nasy cine at a firat-class maachine' in every partdon
las', aild thlink it second to none. It, is one of the
simpiest. miachtins mtade; my chiilrein tuse it wit
ali case. The attachmnots are more easily ad
justed and it does a greater ranigo of work by
means of its Vertical r'eed titan any other ma
cilie I have ever seent or used.
Mint. TIuomfAs Owises.
Wiitishoro, Fairfihu conty, H. C,
We huive had one of the D~avis 31achines about
fotir yours and have always fountd it ready to do all
khimda of worK we have lsad occasin to do. Can't,
sue ltat the mnachilte is worn any, and works as
Mas. W. J. CHAW~oRD,
Jackson's Creek, Fairfield county, 8. C'.
My wife is hIghly pleased wIth thso h)avls Ma
cbilse boughst, o you. She would not, take dloubie
t ilit, sce gave for it. Th'Ie misnolt has not
been out, of order since she liad it, and site cian do
ais) kistd of wvork cit it.
JAM. F. FKEE.
Montih lieello, leairliel counity, 8. C.
Thei D~avba Sewing MachIne is simply a fuos.
towMits. J1. A. Goot'wvN.
ilsdgeway, N. 1!., Jan, 10, 1a83.
J. O iioAo, Etsq., Agent-Dnar Sir: My wife
has neon usinmg a Davis Hewing Machsine constant
ly for the past four years, ati it, has never needed
iany repairs andl works jutst as well as when first
baught. Sho says It will tie a gfeater ratilg. of
practical work tend do it ,easier andl bet~.r than
any machine she nas over used. We cheerfully
l ecommnend~ it as a No. 1 famIly uaolhine,
Your tru.y, e
JAs. Q. DAvis.
Wintlsboro, 8. ('., Jan. 8, 1883.
Ma. IHoAtI: I have always found my D~avis Ma
chine readly dto all kinds of to work I have had o0
c~a on to do. I canunot see that the imachine is
worn a particle and It works as weil as when new.
Mus. it. C. GoODINU.
W~innsboro, 8. C., A pril, 1883,
Ma, BJOAG: My wife has been constantly using
the Davis Machine boughst of you about five years
ago. I have never regretted buying it, as It IS
always ready for any kind of faiIly sewig, either
noavy or lIght,. 1I, is never otut of ix or needling
Very respectul ,
F'air~old. B. O.. Mareb. 1588.
Out in the dark, whore the waves roll high,
And the sleepless ocean ourls and tumu
The pilot stares at the broad, black sky
While the thunder ever nearer grutnfles.
But the ship must still sail on, perforce,
With none but he to guide her course.
Though a warning voice through the air
And chilled his heart with Its message
"Take carol take carol
To the windward bear.
Breakers ahead! Breakers ahead!
There are breakers aheadI"
Hard a starboard he puts the ship,
From the line whore the dim gray surf
Though white in the cold i8 his tight-drawn
His hoart fears not, his hand never
He thinks not of home, nor of life and death,
Nor his mother's prayer, nor his sweet
He moves not a runsole, he breathes not a
But holds right on, for the keen voice
"Keep thorol Keel) therer
To the windward bear.
Breakers ahead! Breakers ahead!
Thore are breakers aheadi"
A pretty little trilling warble like the
twitter of a timid bird; but as the
chords t remble and vibrate under the
touch of the nimble i hite fingers,
Pearl Wyley, the young governess, for
gets her little charges standing motion
less by her side, and sitting with her
dreamy blue eyes fixed on the glimmer
and glisten of the waves out on the
beach below, she plays as one entranc
ed with the wild, witching symphonies
of her own creation, that seem to rise
and fall sympathetically with the wild
throbbings out on the yellow sand of
As she sits there in the blaze of the
sunsit her face is all aglow with beau
tiful thoughts born of the music, and
blended with the grand colorings on sea
and sky. A shaft from the sunset
strikes through the lace curtains, and
circles the queenly head with a coronal
"Listen Alice; who ever heard any
thing so beautiful, and yet so weird?
Who ii this place can play like that?"
"Have you been here two days and
have not seen her yet It is Eva and
Elie's governess; and just think, Paul,
she is only 18, a whole year younger
than I an, and has to teach for a liv
ing! And yet I almost envy her, for
she has the loveliest face In Aylner's
"Come in and introduce me; you
have aroused a great curiosity to see
this paragon of loveliness."
"Oh, Paul, I dare not!" and there is
genuine dismay in her tones. "Mam
aint would Indeed bQ very angry."
lie only laughs, and slipping her arm
through his, fairly draws her into the
"Aliss Wyley, ny brother, Paul
Pearl looks up from her suddenly
aroused day dreams to encounter a
pair of the blackest eyes she has ever
seen; but her confusion Is only momen
tary. and arising with a half-haughty
grace, she bows ever so slightly,
entirely ignoring the outstretohed hand.
Only a few commonplace remarks
pass between them, when Pearl finds
some trivial excuse for taking herself
and her young charges from the room.
Paul's eyes followv her wIth 8 strange
light in their dark depths.
"Thte poor childi So young, so love
13y, anti so lontelylin
Tihe tone is exquisitely tender, and
strikes Alice as something more than
"Oh, Paul, don't irt with her!'' she
says, half pleadingly. "Mamma would
dismiss her instantly from the htouse."
"Flirt?" There is an angry flash In
thte eyes nmow. "Who talks of flirting
Some hours later Pearl Wyley goes
to her room, her heart beating strange
ly', and onm her way she passedl the
libra, y. Theim door is ajar, and reveals
a full length portrait of Paul Everson.
How often she had stood before that
gilded frame, gazing on the (lark hand
somne face andi the flashing eyes, that
seemed restless even on canvass, till
every line and~ feature was as faxmiliar
as t hte face of her dlead mother. And
nowv her idleal has conme in flesh and
blood, infinitely hand~somner than the
picture; what wofider tha t her young
heart hteats f'ast, and paints its blossom
ing roses on hter pure white cheeks?
Thtero is to be a small social gather
ing ithat evening, antd Pearl is to play a
long, weary round of waltzes and
quad rilles. As she goes up to dress site
fids a bouquet of exqjuisite white rose
buds,their creanty petals htaif unfolded.
"How kind of Alice!"
Three of the smallest find a nestling
place in the waves of hter goldIen hair,
and after donning a dress of some soft
gray tmaterial, site places another
cluster In the lace at her throat.
T1he delicate pink tinge is still in
her cheeks, the sparele in her eyes, as
she enteredI the parlor by a side door
andI takes the seat by the piano, whtich
faces thme conservatory, and is htalf hid
den from the dancers by tall vases fill
ed with ferns.
Paul soon weatries of the dance.
Them e is only one face there hte cares to
seo, and it htas been before his vision
all thte evening, though the tall vases
have been so artfully arranged to con
ceal it. After awhile he slips away
from the dancers and enters the con
servatory and standing behind a
branching azalea tree, watches the face
that shows above tihe top of the grand
piano. The flusht and sparkle is gone,
andl Pearl's face is as white as the rose
bud at hter throat.
"Hlow tired-she must be!" he mur
murhts with yearning tenderness; and lhe
stretches out his strong arms as though
the impulse Is strong to clasp her in
them for all time.
iIs his gaze magnetic? Just then the
weary player looks up and catches sighfr'
of the dark face framed in the branches
of the azalea tree. and cace.te0* al
the eyes express. There is a crash
upon the piano keys, and Pearl slips
down upon the floor, upsetting a rare
vase in her fall.
"How thoughtless of me to frighten
Paul rushed from the conservatory,
but others are there before him.
"It is only a faint," says Mrs. Ever
son, "the room Is warm, and she has
played too long. Alice, call John and
let him carry her too her room."
"Call John?" echoed Paul, sarcastic
ally. "Are there no men here, that
you must call a hireling?" And, dis
regarding his mother's frown, lie gath.
ers the slender form in his arims and
strides off like an angry giant.
As the days pass on lie meets her
often, but only by stratagem, for Pearl
Is as shy as a fawn and tilts away from
hin like a will-o'-tihe-wisp. His "shy
little darling," he calls her to himself
and the light shines still brighter in his
One day he came across her, seated
on a rock looking seaward, her young
charges playing at her feet. What a
beautiful picture she makes! The wind
tosses her golden hair back and forth,
now hiding now revealing, the shapely,
swan-like neck; then it blows her filmy
white dress against the rock like beat
ing Iwigs. There Is a sadness upon
her face that has never been there be
fore, and a suspicious sparkle upon hor
long dropping lashes.
A startled crimson face is turned to
ward him for an instant, and then this
time Pearl does not escape him. As
well strive to loose the shell-pink hands
from a grasp of iron. Then follows a
passionate avowal of love, ringing clear
and strong above the roar of the incom
Pearl Is so taken aback by his vehem
ence that she forgets he isa waiting for
"Pearl, darling, will you be my
Again her face Is turned toward him,
but the sudden light that has so trans
formed it changes to a look of intense
pain, and the tones are almost harsh.
"Sir, you are forgetting yourself; re
lease my hands instantly."
"Oh. there comes maninal'' chimes
in Eva and Eile.
"Surely you are not afraid of her
Pearl? Let me claim you betore her
and the world. She is proud, I know,
"Yes, she is proud," repeated Mrs.
Everron, "too proud to countence such
a terrible mesalhance as this. Paul,
your father shall hear of your conduct.;
and as for you-"
She gets no further, for Pearl, as
cool and as haughty as she, rises and
confronts the 'angry woman.
"You may spare your words,madam,
as they are entirely unnecessary; I have
not accepted your son's love, neither do
I intend to. Of course this is all very
unpleasant, and to prevent its reour
ronce I shall leave Aylmer's Rest to
morrow." And before Paul can frame
a word of remonstrance she has fairly
flown toward the house.
How Paul never knows, but Pearl
Wyley is gone before breakfast next
morning, and no word of farewell has
passed between them.
* * * * * *
"Alice, if you could only get Miss
Atherton's work to do it would pay so
much better, and Paul needs so many
things now the fever has left him so
weak." And Mrs. Everson's pale,worn
face looks up from the coarse sewing
upon which she has been toiling since
"I will try," is the weary answer.
"Ther# is no use in trying to hide our
It is an elegant brown stone front
before wvhich Alice Elverson stands
shivering oii that cold,wintry morning.
She is ushered by a pompous footman
up ,the velvet-carpeted stairs into an
elegant little boudoir, and there, in an
exquisite morning robe of white cash.
mere and satin, standls-Pearl Wyley.
Alice falls back a step in dismay; but
Pearl, with a cry of joy, fairly flies
across the room and clasps her around
"Oh, I thought I never should find
you! And to think you have come to
"But I didn't know----" falters
"The niamo?" interrupts Pearl. "Oh
that was changed by the wealthy aunL
who adopted meo, arid made me her
heiress. And now I am going home
with you; I (10 so want to see my two
But it is of P'auil of whom she is
thinking--Paul, who is still her king
Going to her home? Alice's cheeks
burn as she thiniks of their changed
positions, and the circumstances of
Pearl's dismissal. Is Pearl dressing to
make her look all thme more shabby?
Alice watched her wonderingly as she
(ions a dress of rich, dark blue velvet,
heavily trimmed with white fur. She
does not know that Pearl is dressing
only for Paul's eyes.
"~Mammna, I have bi ought some one
to see you." And at the sound of
P'earh's low, musical voice mn reply, the
man in the next room, who has scarce
ly yet lifted his own hand, springs up
and sits upright on his couch.
"Aly darling come back to me at
last!" lhe murmurs, and falls back, halt
fainting, upon the pillows. What a
vision of loveliness sits by his bedside
when he drifts slowly back to conscious
ness! He stretches out 0110 thin,
emaciated he .., to make sure the vis
ion is real. It is gently clasped by
Pearl, and once mo~re lie shuts lisa
eyes, this time with a s(olemn conte'nt.
It is only after she goes away that he
learns of the groat gulf betw een them.
Then he turns his face to the wall with
a kind of dumb despair, and the know
ledge retards his aecovery for weeks.
Tihe choicest dlowers, the most tempt
ing fruits, in the (daintiest of baskets,
find their way to his roqm, and more
than'once the donor reliev'es Alice and
'her mother from their lor.g continued
In his . fevgrisi murmtniring Pearl
learns what is~ passing in his mind, and'
the knowiedge gives her both Jov and
"Yes, it might have been, but now
"There In no gulf that love cannot
bridge over," says Pearl, softly. "oh
Paul, live for my sake, for I love you,
oh t love youl"y
And no lovelier mistress ever reign
ed at Aylmer Rest than Pearl Everson,
who had bought back the family eatt, to
and presented it to her husband. There
they now live, and Pearl watches with
infinite care and tenderness over the
remaining days of the white-haired wo
man who once turned her from her
At the foot of D04 Novis.
The hotel at Banavle has a veranda
facing old Ben Nevis. It is true that
the veranda is a very small one, but as
most hotels in Britain havo none at all,
a small veranda, like small mercies,
should be thankfully received. On this
small veranda Is one small slat seat---a
garden seat I think they call them
with room for two persons. I sat down
there alone intending to-watch. the
clouds racing past -the upp--r half of Beln
Nevis, expecting, if luck was with me,
to see the top through sonu rift. The
mountain rose somewhat abruptly from
the lonr, level plain, stretching for so
veral miles to the front and its sides
were dark and rugged looking, with
here and there a gray seam that was
perhaps a foaming stream coming down
the mountain. Up towards the top it
was hard to tell which was the ,iow
and which the white clouds, although
the latter went racing by and the former
was still enough. My attention was
called from this sublime scone by what
G. P. It. James would style two solitary
horsemen, who slowly approached, and
whose jaded animals ednie clamp, chnip
over the canal bridge just ahead. The
fact that one rode some distance behind
the other would have indicated to .Jaies
that the furthermost was beneath the
other in rank, but to me it only indi
cated different stages of drunkenness.
As they came along that graveled road
up to the porch of the hotel, I saw that
the forward man wanted to go on and
the other to stop.
"Hoot, Tonald," said the first, "ye'll
ae mare than eneuch already. Whut
Ur wull ye pe takin' more earco than
there's room pelow ta pit it. Cot, yer
liartly aple ta stick on the beast what
The other to show that lie was per
Cectly capable of managing his iare
zave savage tugs on the bridle now on
this side and now on that, crying,
"Huts, wumman, what ails ye," till
the bewildered brute 4han't Ainow in
which direction it was wanted to turn.
At each tug it seemed a miracle that
the horseman did not instantly become
a pedestrian. However, In spite of
wobbling about, lie kept his position,
xndk shouted at the hotel.
The porter who had met us at the
boat came out and said, deferentially:
"What is your wish, sir?"
"Bring me a 'lash o' whushky."
"Yes, sir. Will you step into the
"%ull Ah step into the hoose? No,
Ah'll no step into thehoose. Bring inu
a glash o' whushky."
The other horseman, seeing that it
was impossible to moderate his friend
made a remark about it being the one
going and coming, and so ordered a
glass for himself, with an air of resig
uation. He drank off his glass without
any trouble, but the other had hard
work keeping hinself on the back of the
patient mare that stood with head hang
mig almost at the road, The porter
stood with the glass in his hand wvait
ingr for thme rider to) mir t omflnut
amount of stability to enable him t toss
oif tihe lquor. Grasping thie man with
his left hand lie reached out the other
tor the glass, mur'murinig all tihe while
"H~and own ta that whusky; hand own
ta that whushky; hand own ta that
whusky," and so on a dozen timies, re
peating the same phrase, while both
porter and rider held on to the glass.
Suddenly the Lorseman shouted at tile
top of his hoarso voice: "(Gie me that
whushky." And getting It to his lips
without, spilling a drop, quickly upset
ting the mountain dew to the place It
was due lor, hanided back the glass and
then hung on with both hands into the
gray inane until his equilibrium sort of
seted itself atter the unusual exert in.
As lie rested thus he loudly snmackedi
Lais lips, anti seemed to relish the draught
Lexceesdnligly. Tinon with a spitefu Ltug
at the reins lie urged his mare down
the road, looking as he disappeard like
a shaky pole balanced upright on theo
pan of a conjurer's hand.
I sat bn the benoh until darkness set
In, but could not get a glimpse at the
top of Ben Nevi, TPhe procession of
clouds that kept hurrying by c3omiplete
ly battlied all curiosity.
Next, morning, ho wever, all was clear,
and the old mountain showed a white
head to the rising sun. The top is flat,
and after all the mountain looked better
with the clouds hiding its bald head,
for the Inagination is sure to picture
lien frevis nmgiier than it Is.
At 8 in the mnoring the steamer on
the Caledonian Canal starts for Inver
ness, and bebore that hour 'busses with
passengers from Fort W iliam can be
seen coinig up the long, straight road,
that appears to come from the foot ot
lien 4evis to the canal.
TIhe Caledonian Canal, whielh cost a
million ponids, stretches in almost a
straight line froin ianavie to Inver
not s., Is sixty-two miles long, and of
this distance tlinrty-eiht miles are lakes.
T1'ie tril) 1sone that rivals the Rthine in
tbeauty. It excels the Rthine In the
nteighit of the Ben Nevis group of moun
tains, in the width of the lakes, in the
narrowness of the waterway in some
places, In the clearness and depth of the
ochs, and in its waterfalla. There are
not so many ruins as the Uhine has to
show. but those that are there are full
of historical interest and are as pict~ur
esque as can be iound in any country.
Passengers who go over this delightful
route, sail in what Is practically a royal
yacht, for the Queen ad her party en
joyed the scenery from the deck of the
uudoller years ago, and I believe her
ajesty chronicled het admiration of
thme tr19 2n the9 book on the Highlands.
Exponuive Match Safe$.
Two ladies, one elderly, the other
young sauntered to a counter in Tiffany's
and asked to see some pocket match
"Of any particular kind, or at any
special price?" the salesman inquired.
"No. We waub to select one from
the prettiest you have," the young lady
The salesman showed several in
bronze with raised designs in silver.
One of the designs was a cluster of
small growing daisies and a bug hover
ing over it. The salesman pressed a
spring, the top floy open, there was a
crack and a flash, and a wax match
stood bolt upright ignited. The hingo
on which the lid worked was perforat
ed, and by a peculiar spring the malch
inimediately beneath the perforation
was thrust through it and ignited by
"llow much is this?"' the elderly lady
"Twenty-flve dollars, madam."
"Oh, mamnna," the young lady said
ill an undertone. "I don't care to got
a match sife as cheap as that for him."
"Let mn1 s0e some1 other designs,"
said the elderly lady.
She was shown siome more in copper,
with raised letters and nionograins in
silver, and at about the sain price.
The young lady shook her head nega
tively at these, and also at some beauti
ful safes of fine tortoise shell with silver
"4You can have initials in silver or
gold oil these," the salesnuin remarked.
"oland on theso of alligator skin."
But none of those was satislactory,
andi the sahisman broughit tmi anotlir,
saying: "These range from $50 to
The tumost tlxluesive one was a safe of
gold bettent and himped so that it look
ed like rich ore. A diamond suik in
0110 of the luimps indicated thU positioin
of the spring. The cleapest Wias Of
beaten silver with a ruby. From the
lot the young lady selected one1 in hen
ten gold, with burned golb designs and
a sinall diaiond. It cost $125. A
man looking through the entire lot
would have undoubtedly selected that
in copper and silver fi-st shown as the
most tasteful and practicable.
"ilistances have lately been des
cribed of remarkable formation or per
version of dreams at the instant of wak.
ing. Allow me, says a correspondent
to offer you the following, which was
vividly impressed on my mind, and
whicn I still remember with the utmost
accuracy. In thei suminor of 1882
when an undergraduate of Trinity Col.
lege, Cambridge, I was permitted to re
side in college rooms during the sumumer
long vacation. As firos were not want
ed in. our sitting-rooms, it was custo
mary for each resident's bed maker or
other ofilcer to carry his water kettl- for
breakfast and tea to the College kitchen,
and bring it back with boiling water.
On one occasion I had overslept my
usual hour, and I dreamed a dream. I
was at the gate of a country farnyard
well known to m1e, and there camne a
long procession of horsos, asses, oxen,
hogs, sheole, and all the animals usually
to be found mn a farimyard, followed by
a no: th-country drover with his plaid
or maudo crossed over his shoulder, who
walked ipl) to mo and said, 'Sir, I have
brought your cattle.' In an instant I
perceived and actually heard (so inti
mately wore the auditory sounds and
inteollectual interpretation intermixed)
that my bednakor was at my door call
ing to me, 'Sir I have brought your
kettle.' Tn'e hearing had been conm
fam;l thern h)w beo no rmi
but there had been imiaitanieous vigor
of creative imagmnation. An admir
able instance of the same kind is dles
cribett in the last chapter of Scott1's
'itob Rtoy.' Scott appeoars to have been
ini some1 measiiure a studlent of dremiis.
I refer with pleasure to tihe dlescription
of Fitz. James' dIreamir, after a day of
labor and an evening of excitement at
the end of the first, canto of 'ThoLmeady
of the Liak,.!
More F'reneni Fretendere.
The children of the pretender Nann
dorf, a Oerman watchinaker, who ro
p~resented himself as the son of Louis
XVI, have addruessed a letter to the
L'renoh nation beginnmng" Frenchmen,"
an which they deny the claim of tihe
late Oomte de Chamnuord, or of the
present 'rmnos of tue llousie of Orleans
to be coide~ifred the heirs of the Fireohl
throne. 'They sign their names "Liouis
Charles do lBourb~on," "Charces Eidmond
do Blourbon," andl "Adelberth (d0 Bour
001n," the last being a Captain in the
Dutch army. TIhey allege that the
sovereigns who have governed FLrane
1793$ haLvO deceived the people in eon
coaling from themi the fact that the un
ortunate son of Louis XVI was saved
from the Tomp~le where ho was placed
in charge of dmmon, the cobbler. Tmns,
they say, is nowadays a maitter of his
tory. Tno usurpors of the legitimate
cignts ixavo sacriticod his interests to
(heir cruel ambitions, and the fact that
theo have gao unrecognized has given
rise to the parties whboch divided the
people, toma' them asunder and drag
,houm to their ruin. They wish to pro
Cest against the theorfthat the dleMcond
aints of Philippe Egalite are heirs to
(5ne dhrone in order that thiey may pro.
serve France from the lowest of degra
kPhoeant Brooding in Enigland.
As indicating what is annally aohiiev
ed in pheasant breeding, it has boon
calculated that 175,000 of these beauti
ful and palatable birds are annually
sold in London, while In all probabihity
an equal number is Bold in the prov
moos, making a total of 850,000 pheas
ants. Daurmg the progress of the bat
tues very large numbers of these beauti
ful birds find their way to the. dealer.,
so that every now and then a glut is
experienced, on whioh ocoasions a fine
pheasant can be obtained at a very
olleap figure.-half a crowni or even les
money; indeed, a buyer for a popular
London restaurant used to pick them up
*ev now and then at a hillin each.
Making straw Draiw.
The trafilo in straw braid is one of
the most important of the minor in
dustries of Detroit, and is carried on
almost exclusively by the French p'o.
ple, Of the millions of yards that are
bought in small lots to betroit every
year not more than ono per cent. is
made by native Americans, or in fact
by any oxcept the class mentioned.
For miles up and down on both sides
of the river, but chiefly in Canada,
thero are scores of "Muskrat French"
who devoto their little plot of ground to
raising wheat, the straw of which is
utilized as their main source of incomo.
"I don't think it is very generally
known," said a prominent dealer in
Detroit, "that in this city is the most
important market for straw braid in
the United States. The business has
been carried on here for over half a
century, and although the manufacture
of hats is not so extensivo as it was
some years ago, the amount of braid
handled has not diinished, but has
rather increased. When I went into
the business, over forty years ago,
Machinaiw straw goods, as they are
technically called, were almost unknown
in the Eastern States, and for a long
timo after they cane in the market
Detroit and one or two other points
had a monopoly of the iiianifacturo.
Now, my factory here is tho only one,
aside from those attached to the largo
retail hat establishmonts, west of .New
York, the braid being bought by brok
era who scnd it to Boston, Philadelphia,
New York and other easterit manufac
"What locality does most of the Do
troit braid como from?".
"Petito Cote, below Sandwich, and
in the vicinity of Tecunseh, near Lako
St. Ciair. Thoro are small settlements
at these points, whose inhabitants for a
generation back havo dependod oi the
sale of braid for a living. Both sexes
and all ages make it, and the straw used
(generally wheat, though basley and
ryo straw arc sometimes substituted for
an inferior grade of braid), is gathered
just before the grain is ripe. Those
who do not raise it themsolves, go back
among the farming community and buy
from half an acro to an acre of growing
straw, often paying much more than
the grain itself is worth. The heads
have to be out off and left behind,
tl'.ough there ain't many farmers who
v/ouldn't jump at the chance to throw
in'the whole crop if they could sell all
the straw at the price that is asked for
an acre of it. It is surprising what
money these Froneh people can get out
of a small patch of straw. I can recall
one instance of a man who raised eight
bushel of wheat on half an acre, and
sold $850 worth of braid that he and
his family made from the straw. The
women cut the straw into pieces about
eight inches long, tie it up in small
bundles, and pack it away in garrots
and other dry places."
"Braid it at their leisure, I suppose?"
"Yes; during the winter all the fain
ily, from the children to the grand
parents, work and turn out an amount
in a few hours that would seem in
credible to a person not used to the
business. Of the seven-ply straw braid
50 to 75 yards is a fair average for one
day, and there are experts who can
make 100 yards in 12 hours.
Strong active men work at it, and
frequently make twice as much as they
could choppig wood at the ruling
"It there is so much money in it,
why do not other classes mako straw
"That is a question I've never been
able to answer, but it is, nevertheless, a
fact that they (ion't. Even the Indians
wiia ali their ski ii and taste in making
basket wvork, mats, etc., have never to
my knowledge braided any straw. At
least, they never sold it in Detroit.
The impression prevails in the East,
from the word 'iinokinaw,' that the
Indians all make it, but the nme, like
a good many other commnercial appel
lations, has no sectional signIficance,
and its origin was purely accidtentaL.
About 50 years ago a i'hiladelphia hat
ter while returning from a trip to St.
Mary stopped over at Detroit. lie saw
somne of our hand-mado straw hats for
the first time, andl though lie wasn't
very favorably impressed with thenm hie
invested in a dozen, as lie said, 'just for
luck and to see what the natives down
in his own State would think of them.'
When lie got home ho displayed them
in his show windowv, and soon an 01(1
Quaker dropped in."
"What does thee call this now head
gear?" lie asked picking up one of the
lot amdd examimed it.
"i'he hatter had never heard any
proper name applied to thorm, but
after a monment's pause replied: 'Mack
inaw hats, Tihecy are worth $3 each."
"The dozon sold1 rapidly at that price,
and wore the b'egmning of what was
soon an important trade in the East
The Philadelphia man in ordering his
goods always referred to them as the
'Mackinaw hats,' andt the name thus
"'Arc imitation of the Muckinaw hats
ever put ini the market,?"
"Yes, any amount of them, and the
worst of it is that the shoddy can be
made more attractive than the genuine,
and the average customeor at retaiA
stores couldn't to save his neck tell the
difference, icee straw goods can be
sold at a large profit of 50 per cent,
less than Mackiaw, amid the linocent
purchaser never knows but~ that lie is
getting a staple article until lie is caught
out in the first shower, and then his
hat loses its starch. It begins to wilt,
and soon has to be cast asie. A genii
ine Mackinaw, whi sh never sells for
less than $1,50 can be ripped up and
bleached half a dozen times, while the
snide article, being machiuie sewed, is
spoiled as soon as It begins to rip.
And that's the only way in which one
not an export can escapo being gulled,
if the braid has been stitched by hand,
set It down as of value. If mnacbino
stitched, It is shoddy without question,"
"Row mxany yards of braid are re
quired for a hai?"'
'Depends atogether on the quality
of the straw and size of the hat, A
good, oommion hat can be made fromt
18 rards o ie atraw braid. while in
the wide-rimmed flue straw hat 100
7ards and over are used. Yes, there
is a duty on the braid, but it has boon a
puzzle to me who gets the benefit.
Tho rate has been 20 per cent. I can
hardly blatne some of these poor,
wretched people, who have to scrimp
and pinch to make both ends moot, for
sometimes trying to smuggle their
braid. It's odd, though to see the
childish measures they will take in try
ing to pats the lynx eyed ofilcials on
the wharf. Women and girls will souno
times hide 250 yards of the braid on
their persons, wrapping it around the
body and limbs and sticking it down
their backs, and a custom ofiloer only
knows where else. They will wobble
off the ferry-boat hardly able to navi.
gato in a strafght line, and of courdo
are caught. Even little girls, hardly in
their tecun, will hide, as they imagine,
several dollars worth on their persons,
never dreaming until they are nabbed
that maybe three inchos of it are pro.
truding at the back of the neck.
Tho List Ritos.
A traveler says: "On the evenin:g of
the first day's journey, we stopped at the
village called Itiniba, near the point whorte
the Congo beglus to narrow (own fron it
breadth of nine or ten miles to a few hun
dred yards. Here, at Itimba, we found
the people just auout to proceed to the ob.
sequies of a dead follow-townsmen, an old
man apparently of some social standing.
The 'chimf and his subjects were in sone
perplexity. O late year, it has become
'do rigeur.' since guns were introducei
into the Upper Congo regiona, to fire a
salute over the body of the defunct person,
especially if ie bo or any distinction; and
the inhabitants of this village, possessing
only one pitiful old flintlock among then,
aid that terribly out. of repair, were hes
titling when we arrived as to what course
they should pursue-whether they shouhl
charge and fire this one dilapidatei gill
and risk its bursting, or whether thet du
Ceased should be allowed to wend his wiay
to the land of spirits inhoniored and titin
hnted. Soning their perplexity, latiennn
Orban volunteered to fIre of f a round of
twenty cartridges from his 'Vinchester.'
''lhe chief and his people were delighted.
Could there be greater honor for the d(
ceased than to receive his farewell saiute
at the hands of a white man with his
wonderful gun from Mputo-the mysteri.
ous region 'beyond the sea-the unknown
-perhias heaven itself? (for are not
these white men sons of heavent) 80
thought the old chief, as lie led us to see
the corpse. Witi an earnest, pleading
t me, lie took our hands, and said: 'Oi,
you who are going home,' and he pointed
to the pale and peacetul evening sky, 'you
will send hun baok to us wil you not?
You will tell him his hut ts waiting for hint,
his wives will prepare his mamoo white as
tcotton cloth, and there shall be hialaafu in
plenty, and a goat killed. You will send
hini bck, will you not?' This expression
ot feeling quite took us by surprise. Or
dinarily the African chief is so stohd, so
thoroughly material, that one never expects
fromi hii anything like sentiment or poetic
idos. ~ We tried as gently as possible-for
he appealed to both of us in his distress
to explaini at once our utter Inability to
reanimate this hidous corpse with the
breath of lite, and to encourage hini with
vague hopes that all was not in vain, but
lie shook his aged, grizzled head sadly at
the confession of our powerlessness face to
face with death.
The body of the dead man had been
pireviously dried and smoked over a slow
tire, so that the flesh except upon the
hands, was shrunken and reduced to a
leathery covering round tho gautnt hones.
The face had been gaudily painted with
scarlet, yellow and white pigments, and
the whole body wasi mcrusted with the red
dye of the camnwood tree. Round the nose
and mouth was wrapped a band of cloth,
aind gay-patterned cottons swathed the
body. For sonmc reason the hands were
quite plump and well covered with flesh,
as in life. The (lead man had been placed
in his grave In a sitting posture, many
layers of nativo cloth lying under hun, andl
ready to cover him on the top were piles
of cotton stuffs, received in trade from the
far off coasts, and representIng to those
natives a contsIderable amount of wealth.
In the vague, half-determined notIons
which the people here have conceived as to
it future existence, everything In the spirit
world is supposed to be a pale copy of
thinugs existing on'the earth, so that for
thuis reason they put cloth, vessels of
pottery, aud, in case of a chief, dleait
slaves into the graves, in order that the
dceoased, on nrrivinig in the Land of Shiados
mnay not appear unprovided with the necits
sary means of makIng a fresh start in a
ne0w lIfe, T'ho grave in whIch this man
was buried had been (lug In a hut, and the
hecad of the corpse was not more than two
feot below the surface. We could not
asacertamn whether the hut, or rather housu
--for it was a substantial building of' poies
and~ thiatch-wou'.d be abandoned or not.
I rancy not, as it is only in the case of a
chief that this is done; andh the man that
was (dead, although rich and influiential,
was, after all, only the favorite slave of
Dunrhng the past year the construchion of
the Lick Observatory on Alount fiiulton,
danta Clara county, Cal., has adivancedl
rapidl~ly, and it is now possible to gaIn an
idea of the magnitude of the undertaking.
Of the $700,000 bequothe'd for the
pospose, from $350,000 to $400,000 will
be0 expended upon btilldings and appatratus
andi the rest will be invested for the sup
port of the observatory. Captain F'razier,
who Is in charge of the work, has intro
(uced several Important devices In his
plans, the most important of whIch coni
cerns the revolving of the dome, for which
the drawings have been made and approved
by eniient architects. Tne observer sit
ting In hIs chair is to direct, the movements
of the (domo (the chair revolving with It)
by moans of a lever connected with the
pneumatic apparatus whIch furnishes the
The primary use of knowledge Ia for
such guidance of conduct in all ofreum
stances as shall make living coixaplete.
AUl othern uses of knowledge are secon
There are persons who have more
intelligence than taste and others who
have more tste than infelligence. There
Is more vanity and caprice m taste than