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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO. S. C.. DECEMBER 8,1883. ESTABLISHED 1848.
X0ATTER SEEDS OP KLNDNESS. a
There was never a golden sunbo am
Tha fell on a desolate place.
But left some ttace of Its presence I
That time could never efface. b
Not a song of ineffable sweetness
That ravished the listening ear,
Thou slumbered in silence forgotteu
For many and many a year. t
But a word or a tone might awaken
its magical power anew, 0
Long after the sweot voiced singer
Had faded from earthly view.
Nor a heart that was ever so weary,
Or tainted with sin and despair,
But a word of tender compassion t
Might find an abiding place there.
Yet countless thousands are yearning
For sympathy, kindness and love,
And souls are groping in darkness
-: Without one gleam from above. t
There was never a sunbeam wasted,
Nor a song that was sung-in vain
And souls t hat iseemu lost in the shaows
A Savior's love may regain...
Then scatter the sunbeams of kludness,
'Chough your deeds may never be known,
Thi harvest will ripen in glory
If the seed be faithfully sown;
A. J life %n iIi close with at blessing,
And hde Into endless (lay;
Like the golden hues of the sunbeam
That fide in the twilight gray. V
MAID Or, ALL WORK.
Rachel Rainsay looked very pretty
indeed, as she came down the narrow
wooie n staircaie in the brown little
farm house that aftornoon, dressed in a
white muslin dress strewn all over with
tiny rosebuds and a fresh laee frill
around her neck, tied wita a piok rib
bon, while her pretty feet w-re but
tone d iuo a 11, W pair of bouts, witih
high French heels, and her hair was
curled in loose, glossy coils of shining
bIti E ' siid Gr.inny R .,ay, looking
up f'om her everlasting knitting-work,
over which she was half asleep, "going
to chuicli, lie ?"
"it isn't Sunday, grandma,"explained a
the girl, laughmng and coloring, "I'm
going to the Tower to ate Miss Cal
houn. She has often invitedi me there
-she anet Mi-s Bell."
"Pahaw 1" said Granny Rainsay, who
was one of those venera ble people c
privileged to speak their minds on all C
ocCasioL , -'what do the fine city Indies
at the Tower want of a farmier's daught- I
or like you?'
"But, grandma. they invited mel" s
"It reminds ine,' said grandma, a
slr iwdly, "of tie ttory of the iron put b
and the china pot swimiiuz down the g
river together, und they didn't nowise
Riebiel said no moie, but escaped 6
into the shady Jane, where the maples
were begining to turn yellow in the 3
first Sepieuier frosts. v
I-Grandina '.iways criticizing every
body," a1e thought. "I know the ladies I
at the Tower wil be glad to see me.
Miss Alice wants to sketch my head for d
'Elaihe,' and Miss B..ll asked me to
sing duLti with her. She said I mad a
voise like a iaik. And perhaps Harold j
hiaroldson will be therel For I anow (
he often visils the house."
And Rachel smiled to hersetf as she t
crossed the rustic bridge and went t
through the woodi to the Tower, a fan- U
taatic wooden cottage, w.th a semi- (
oircular front. whian was let for the
suummer, the owner preferrins to live in i
a squar- i ick structure in the village. .
'tei hit. side door was open and
R achee went in. From the lett of th C
pa:s.tue way tuere was a door whibb 1:
opeined into tie kitchen, and there. to
her innlaite ainizomicnt, she saw Miss
Auica C.ihoun hersel, in an esthetic -
dress oi pale sage gieon and reses in s
her hair, contemplating a pair of do- g
capitated fowls whieh lay on the tabie. s
"Miss Alice!' ene celaimned.
"Is that you, Ricehol?" cried the city I
young lady, pounciig on her, as a r
drowning tuan pounces on the nearest t
* floating stre'w. "Oh, I never was so t
glad to see anybody in all my hfel v
TIhoseo horrid hensi Bridget has gone li
away in a rage because I presumed to e
*1ind fault with the coil'o this morning, i:
.and we have got company to (tinner,
* and I haven't an idea how to get the e
feathers oil these creatures. But now
* ~ that you are here, everything 'will be li
And she shook off the big bib apron
and stepped back. with a sigh of relief. 11
Itchel iooked perplexed, She had
had come there, iot to enact the role of e
* ~ t, 0 kitchen maid1, but to visit Miss Cal- (I
he.ua, to sit in her drawing-room and a
enjoy the conversation of her gueats,
and she did not u $aetly relish this sum- c
mary dismissal to:the kitchen,.
''Tt re is soup stook,"pwent on Miss r
Alice, "anid a saiad,i and a delicate pice
of halibut, and with tao fowls roastedi, j
and a pie or a pudding, or something
which I dare say you can make, we
shall do very nicely. I'm particularly 3
anxious about the dinner, becetuse we s
are to have company. Y Oi'Jl excuse mi c
now, because I have to dreas."
V And away tripped Miss Alice, solfl 'h s
and smiling as ever was Queen Cleo- t
* ~ pait's selit
P. or Itachuell she stood a minute in
the hot kitcheou, the tears sprang to her r
eyes, a pang of dhsappoatitment at her
heart. Mbhe knew all about it. Harol:1 3
\ ~ Haroldso'n and Mr. Dallas were to dine <
there that (lay, and she-she was to be I
cook, waiti ess, mai of all work-wbat
siginflod it what she ctalled herself. She I
reimemiix red what grandma hiad said,
and lor once in her life g re th at veinera
ble okht lady credit for dilscrinination.
'Thei ie was no i.t-hp for it, however. I
She triedl oin the bib apron, tucked the'
curlsA lans.k of her oars, and went to I
work to) prpr thei chickens for the'
roassaing I'al, notw and then pausing to
?1 - hbrush ;aiwy the rotud, brigh4t ears
N ~ w Ii h rolien d)own her cheeks,
'Vio ,ptia t,'di a evidently intended I
F 4~ to tunks her tietral. Snie might have
Iuuni thlat the 111 id1( beforehand. She 4
could neat the soft sound of Boll Cal
honan's guitari; the sweet subdued tinkle
of Alice's lauglher, the deep monotoil
ous undercurrent of gentlemen's voices;
a'id then she glanced down at her tret
ty musin dress and bows of pmna 'rib- I
ben, and began to think that Miss Oail-|
P3 houn had taken en unfair advantage of
If she could only have heard the rapid
nd energetic colloquey which trans
'ired between the two sisters in their
ressing room, when first Alice came up
tairs, she would perhaps have compi e
ended the drift of things."
"Good news!" Miss 0.dh umu had
ried, waving her scented ;.ookes hand
erchier in the air. . "I've got a girl in
"N.?" said Miss Bell), a fair-haired
ream-complected damsel, with pale
due eyes, and a porpetual smile.
"Rl rhel Ramsay," noddid Alice,
'camo up here in her best bib aul
ueker to spend the day. Of course I
onifeated her at onco.-'
'-The bold, pushing thing!"said Bell,
rith a disdanful gesture.
"She's a deal too pretty to bring into
be drawing-room for Haroldson and
Lrmiiie Dallas to flirt with," added
fies Alice knowingly. "And I don't see
ny way hat I could have avoided it, if
b had not been for those lucky chickens
ind Bridget's fortunate fit of tempor.
ind -1 know that little R'.ehel is a first
lass cook, for I have been there to
So the young ladies of the Tower
rere enjoying the least of reason and
he diow of soul in their cool drawing
oom, with books, new gathered roses
nd blue ribboned guitars, while poor
tachel Rimsay was broiling in the
itchen over peach tarts and 1eapolitan
She bad forgotten her disappoint.
nen; but, artist like, she had thrown
ierself into her occupation with. engros
ig interest, and she was stirring the
ream with a quick, energetic hand,
ehen a step crossed the threshold.
"Here are some fresh trout, Bridget,
D surprise your mistress." said a clear
And to her infinite amazement Harold
Haroldsou stood before her in his hunt
ug-costume with his fishing rod lightly
alanced on his shoalier.
"I'm not Bridget," said the girl laugh
ag, but still stirring on. "I'm Rach
"Miss Ramsayl' he exclaimed, lift
ig his hat. "How in the name of
11 that is wonderful came you here?"
And then, not without humor, Rtchel
etailed the manner id incidents of her
"I am the maid of all work, if you
lease," she said with a courtesy.
' Then let me help you," said Harold
on, .oriskly tying a second bib apron
round his hunting suit. "I used to
e a pretty good hand at the spider and
rid-iron when I camped out on bake
)upsuptic, up in Maine."
"But you're nor engaged," said Rach
1, half pleased, half frightened.
"I can volunteer," obwerved the
oung man. "Give me the oil and
inegar, and you will see what a dress
ig, a )a mUayonnaise, I can provide for
:>r that salad of yours."
And if a pair of cooks ever spent a
elightiul, unconversational sort of
iorning in the kitchen, this pair did.
They laughed, they made innocent
>kes, they behaved like two school
Aud at last, wLten Rachel ran out into
Lie garden to gather some water creases
) deck the newly roasted fowls, Mr.
[aroldson heard tie voice of Miss Bell
ldhoun calling down the st.drway:
'R Achol I R chell I you may strve the
inner. Every one is hore but that tire
"And ho's here, too," camly respond
d that gentleman, who was washing his
aids at the pump.
"Whatl" cried Bell, shrilly.
"The cook and the butler are ex
ected to cat their meals in the kitcenn,'
rid Mr. Haroldson, with commendable
ravity. "And I've no objection to
And nothing could induce Harold
[aroldan ti comes up to the dining
om. Ho and Rachel together ate
aeir pienicing sort of repast anid washed
he dishes--:iithough the matter seome
hat lost its spice whien the Mwsses (al
cun and their company all adjourned,
a masse, to the kitchen and persisted
i joining their ranks.
"Was anything ever so provoking,"
"Hie lias actually gone home with
er," said Alice, bursting into angry
"And af ter all the pains we t'ok to
eep them apart?" sighed Bell,
"It was all your fault," petulent Jy
xelaimod Alice. "Noticing that farmer's
anahter, and dragging her out of her
phere in that sort ofl way!"
"But it was you who plumed yourself
n Mottmng her into the kitellenI" scolde.l
tell, "anti a mee piece of work you've
itadl of it!"
"Buat how were we to tell it was go
ug to end so?'' groaned poor Ahcs.
"Well, Rachel," said Granny Raimsay,
then .the girl camne in, just as thes lamps
rere lighlted, "what sort of a daiy did
"Hfumphl"grunted Granny, after her
uswer. "T tat's a queer way of enrer'
manmng visitors. But p'rapa that's city
'xPerhraps it I.s," said Rachel, do
"Wito was it that came home wflif
'on?' asked Jrianny, who was not quit
Leaf or blind as yaL, "and left you
be garden gate?"
"One of the other servatnts," said
"Well I never,."said Granny. "W here's
.11 your pride, fl rehel Ramseyr ?'
"I never was proulier in all my life
han I am to-night," said Rache..
'Listen, grandma, for I have so much
o tell you.A Mr. Haroldson, of New
(ork, walaed hic me with me, and -i've
net him ever so many times beo thiis
nummer, at picnics and archery parties,
~nd 54uch places, but I never icnew that
ie cared for me. And to-night he
raked me to marry him, and lie is to
ome here to-morr'ow to see father,"~
"Do you love him?" said Granny
Anti Riche! answered:
"T1'non God bless you, my child, and
live you both a long ati iappy hfel"
aid the old lady, soitly snioothuing thie
~oung girn's brigat hiead.
And everyoine was satisnied, except
hae ladies of the Tower
A boy's battie for Lite.
While Captain Johnson, of Olinch coun
ty, Georaia, was helping a party or twenty.
five or thirty men haul for trout in a mill
pond the other day, his little son, Joseph,
had a most thrildlug experience. Alaster
Joseph carried a lag, or corn sack, in
which to deposit the fish when caught.
When loaded with as many as he could
carry, he would take thoin out and make a
deposi and return for more. lu mnaking
one of these trips while wading through
water about three .eet deep some distance
frout the fishermen, a monster alligator,
said to be of unusual size, rose suddenly
right at the boy and seized him by the
thigh. A desperate struggle.ensued-the
boy battled for his il'e and the alligator for
his prey. It so happened that the bag,
whiUch hung by the boy's side, was caugut
in the alligator's wouth watl the thign,
and it proved a sort of shield-lessoning
greatly the incisions iu.ade by the brute's
teeth, and thus, perhaps, preventing a
shock to his nervous syrtem whielu might
have made hin succutub without tuo
struggle whlich saved him his life. By an
eLfort-one of those superhuman elforts
which coine to inea when only lacing
death-the boy tore his bleeding fean
Iroin the alligator's jaws. Tne nionster
grialy held to tne sack a monent witn
the delusion, perhaps, tbat he still hid his
prey, affordiug the boy an opportunity to
fie had hardly extricated himselt from
the jaws of deatti before the tlsnernien,
alaried by the struggie, were at hand, and
another battle ensued. Thirty men, a ied
with gigs, poles, pocket knives, and such
o0her insLrutuents of war as were near at,
hand, charged upon the m-.>nster. Being
in ture, feet of water, the lgator had con
siderable etlvautage, Dus tuose men had
&heir blood up and were not to be outdone.
Tncy poled, and punched, and harpooned
hius unatt the brute was alniost outdone.
when one 01 the parky made boid to seize
uin by tae tail. Tmaii was a signal lor a
general as.iault. In less LiuMe Luau it would
tate to tell it a nuitber of the more daring
Mad httni by the Laii anti leg.. Tnere were
too manuy of then ior the 'gator to slap
around with his tail, a peculiar mode oi
'gaier wariate, andi he had to give up the
llW. A narpoon was plunged into his
muouth and uen it was sate to approacn
tii withI pocket knives. coon his head
was severed aruLu nas body, and the victori
ous party marcned out o: thie pond with
the uiouster's head oi a oie.
A boot should have a good and sutil
cient siffener inserted at the heel to
strengtheit its back awl facilitate the
gettig of it on and off. Tis suould be
carefuily inserted, aud be shaped away
so as .to otfer no resitanIce to the inser
tion of the foot. Tile Wp portion there
of should be firmly Secured to Lie back
it is intended to sirengtiueu; so mucaso
that Lnere should be no rucking down
upon the insertion of the foot. 1t should
be otuserved whether there is a supertiu
ity of leather in the waist of the foot,
tinat, is, under the arch of the foot. The
existence of suen useless leather is a
sure sign that the boot has been badly
lasted, al that it haiS little or no sprnig
in it, and that it WillConsequenLly givo
little or no supIoLt tO the arch of tue
foot :t, cover. Tne buttouhole of at
boot upper, if it have any, stiould be
well aid earefully utitauid, and they
will be found to wear inuon bettoor if
protected by the insertiou of a cord.
This cord suistains tile drag or strain
that the unprotected leather would oth
erwise have to beatr. '.1' e channel is
that part of - boot that is sewn in
wnica the tin, .Aat attaches the outer
sole to the w . .es hidden. Uare shoul
be taken by tae purchaser to see that.
this channel is Well and sulliciently
closed over. Ottierwise it is easy to
pea ceive that the sote has lost mote
tliain half its resisting power to danip or
wet, and thatt tnesta,,ies wil get, soak
ed and speedily rot. The "seat'' of a
boot is tnat portion just above its heel.
Look at this careituny. Itf it is likely
to tread over, by laamng to resist the
pressure it witl ne eaUed upon to hear,
do uot by any means be persuaded to
become tue puicuaser of boots with thius
defect. Trhe reason why the front, part
of tue upper of a boot is cut in two per
tions is because that practice condtuces
to ecoinomy. .in selectig a pair of boots
great caie should be taaen not to seiect
those in wmic a the jingu tails over the
great We joint. Tn'ere Is an unyieldinig
cardness 'wout jomned leather that, Is
not to be lound in leather not jomned.
Signs of Autumnk.
Whleni the fasihilonable sample-room
dilspenistes soup to customers at, noon.
When the pique scatrt is cast rudely
aiside for one iiade of satin with a
WV hen it gets so cold that trout wonl't,
bite, and anglers are obliged to tell
pickerel lies for a change.
When the turkey struts aroutnd and
wonders why in the world his food
has been Improved and multIphied.
Whnen members of street, baiids give
up the midsummer troubadour act
and siuk into oblivion for tuhe winter.
Wiawet th . -u~- .. soms
A9P; theypnt-Mi it. small
4of cuines'ale gk4h itf in its
When the fouing~ lya up to
speak to hei bi'other a 19 o tree,
and has. hei baok hair bfok ~Lwwn by
a descending apple, 7.
When the forest is spokefio~aa beeng
ablaze and wrapt in hazoazddthe whole
busiiess las suinmied up in the tormi
"mielancholly .days. '
When the divmiedr~grange, of the
sausage and the pork chop ioat thrtough
the house like an ang el's dr'eagn, and
toil the sad-eyed poet thati coldg eather
food is about dtte, and thiatfliortly the
roasti duck and the ditto gooseewill be in
When th'salboy 1ieW6 .ociuse
his fathier ,won't al ow hjh t bar'e
footed any longer; bu$.h" 11a boy
tak~es hus sw'es og~ afitr logsout of
sight, and carries thlehz uud is Aruas,
anid Is as happyascall~Ing~to iLku that
lie qan run oyve sharp stonies alid dance
on ash-heaps covered with broken me
wroasJan tos a ortune.
Wayne co ty, Pa., has a character
with an ey ful history. His name
is George Av y,, and at present he is '
in one of the estern Mtates. In 18370,I
when Avery was only 21 years old, he '
was charged $lth the murder of Johu c
Hayns, of liowlands, Pike county. le I
was arrested.' The evidence against 0
himn was said'to *bb so conclusive that t
he could not escape hanging. C
While on the way to Mlford, where r
the county prison was located, in- t
charge ot a deputy sheriff, the oficial- a
inbibed freely' UU.d, eo -e helpossly, i
drunk, Aveoy ew'( tie " "u's I
keys, and unloihig 'i handoiffs, he <
placed them in the bottom of the wag- 1
on. le took the reins from the oli- h
clal's hands and drove to the nearest
hotel, where h6 arrived at a late hour, j
lie put the drunk iau to bed, roused a
him the iext morning, drove on to i
Milford, and after he had put the r
deputy to bed at the hotel he waited up i
to the jail and delivered hiwnseif up to 2
the keeper, telling about his. experi
Three months later lie was tried for a
murder, and, in gpite of overwhening r
proof against hM, was acquitted. Tue
day aLtr lie was discharged from cus- e
toty he was arrested cnarged with I
burglary, convicted, and s0n1 to StaLe i
prison for eighteen ionlths. iie served I
the full term, reading law during his E
continement. When n 4ft tue .adst- ]
ern 1'emitentiary at Pimladelphia he i
returned home, opened a law oillce,
and had several cizins arrested wno
had testilied against nun waen no Was
on trial ior burgiary, charg"Ag liUem
with perjury. .ainug to naKe out his
Case he was euntenced to pay t1n
)to had no money, so be went to jall
again, where lie ielaied u1LtI llus
friends Could sorape up enougat m1oiney
to get him out. .3i miuly ne oecamne a
free Luan again, and returned to Ims
old home in '0 whinds, C
From that tiue burglaries were nu
merous about there, but there was
never eVidence enough to convictF
Avery. A year or so laer no went Lu
Oil Gity, wnere he hung out his stun
gle as a lawyer. Clients were numer
ous and fees were large. Avery was
reaping a golden harvest Wnie no was
convicted of forgery and sent to tue
Western Penitiairy lor your years
and weeven mouths. Wnile there noi
loll in love wit& the daugziwr ot ue of
the prison keepers, and se onlered to
assist him to escape, but, lie refused to t
leave until his t1im Iv; out. AL the I
end of tie teiun n- WOut back to Row- t
lands, soon afterVartI lie prol.wa re
ligion, began prieab'g a iitlo, swin- I
died a neighbor out; of $I0J, and was e
Induced by the neigabor, who enforced t
uisargument witu a snoegun, to refunid
Avery men left for Luzerne county, t
where ne got Mto dinleuity aind was
sent, to t1e 1Lasteri PeaiLenLt;Lry for a 1
short terni. Upon hils ieLeasi Lie sole I
enough monoy to take him to tile mn
mug regions of the fair west, waere
uuder i. assumed naue, Ie opeted a
law Oltce and speculbited in StocadS.
1in 1682 lie strunc it; rica, cleared
$76,U, gave' up swoks, invested has
mioney in government bonds and sent, 9
for his fiancee, tue prison keeper's I
d3ugter, uo joined ima in unicago, I
wuore they were married. Avery is I
only thirty-four years old. 1e never
toucaed liquor, never gainuied nor
used tobacco and ciaiins to navo bewa
a Yictin of circuinstances. lie writes 1
to friends near here tiat no is leading 1
an honest,, uprignt life, and tbat Wiei
0 comes easr It wil be as a Unned
States Sionator fromn ine of tue weei~rin
A letter fromi Lisbon, sa ys my trav
elitig coimtpanion, a lhaziliat i nobbenan(
weli aicquaiinted with i'ortugai, hereI
mhterruipwd my road-.ide Sitetenes and <
cogitatioes. " oit are about to see tue
most. womnrful country in tue world,"
said he-"a country of 49,O00O peop.o
--never over b,000,000-wno once helda
tehe dominion of ine seas and. tune soiep
ter of commerce; a country whose word
was law Lu aii enipire ii ie Easi g reat
er than British India ad to anistner itn
tihe WVesL larger than tie United S ates.
1t. Is now ruined-utterly, .hopetessly
rui'.ed, its helds are deser Led, it~s
streets echo to tlne unaccuswimed tread,
its Lariocoinsistsof astew roten felue
cas, its king and aristocracy-are carica
tines, its cid proceediags a fares.
Anaun-t'ojo, me provmee you see b.-foie
you, was called by Janius Caciar Luo
Siily of the ptninaula; in soine of the
oid anntais of ofiii it is styied tue
granar'y of the worni. Wiiat is it now.
Looit at it. Sarttinizc it, it is a dlesert,
ai miserabie desert wanoup tillago, witu
out., inii'itta Spali I (t411 yoal wtiat,
hais caused Luo desolationy Yes, I wan
tell you. Ttii evii, less coinmieted
uiponti Lan any otnter, is Known by tiue
very un co mmoni name of euiuyteusis."
"EmpiyteUSid ?" I eenioed. 'Andt
wvhau in uiercy's name iswemilhyteusi,?
Is it ad itistrtinreult of torture''
".lu one 54.ise, yes," said my compa
nilon. ".EmiphyteuLsis is the namie given
by ue Green .*0 a certain tenure .f
hand, which, coming thirough. Lae
mans to tine ecclesiastical orgamuz.au a
of tile middle ages, was useu by Oti;
body to eii.lave Lte peopto. 1t; was uiv,. ?
unt-il afoer the second kPunic war Luat
ttte ilomians' coinquered Portugal, in
Li. C. 1-40 they orgamized it law a pro
Yuice oh. the repuunic and subjugated It,
to its laws-among theun the tenure of
emp .y.eusia. Waen tiiey conquered a
equatry the Romains tuvided it up~
amnong their colmdiIta or' soldiery, tite
occupant paying an annual lixett rent t~O
the repubtac, called vetiLgal. The cou
dicionpof the holding was tunat the ocu"
pier sloulti improve the laud, but as tlhe
rent, wals Ilable to be incieasett and time
occupier evicted whenever the State
011hose, no0 improvemeat toolc pla~ce, only
over-cropping an~d exlmatmain 'ajits
tenure was emp~hytelrais,"
SuAsioN MAUsA4qE MflAT. -For one
hunured p~iiuda meot use5 aslt 1welVe
onnoe,, pepyp ei' ounces, sagi tur
Vesuvius In a Storm.
Mr. Keeler has written another eries
f letters to friends in this country, In
hich lie gives some vivid and interest
ag features of the trip through Italy,in
rhioli he has boon spending his fall va
ation, His ascent of Vesuvius is given
elow. As the volcano is represented
,s in a quiescent state, the minor erup.
ions referred to may be considered as
,i every day occurrence, and they fur
iih a unit for estimatiug what must be
he enormous violence of such convul
ions as too Ischian and Java disasters,
,ad for the repetiions of which we
aight look in 1886, if the predictions
>f the French speculator, Delaney,
rere open to serious behol, Mr. Keeler
From Rome 1 came to Naples, the
Durney by rail lasting all day. For
ome time before reaching the city I
iad been looking at a peaceful blue
a-untain, and the conviction gradually
awned upon me that it was vesuvins.
Tothing is to be seen of it as I write,
or it is covered by a heavy cloud.
lomething is to be head, however, for
t not unfrequent intervals there is a
oaring and booming. sound, which
eems half in tuis air and half in the
arth. A most terrif3 ing sound it is,
ut the people here take little notice of
b, although the host, at an unusually
Leavy report, points signiffcantly at the
tono arches above. He can not speak
laglish;but no language could make his
I- havo just returned from a hard
luikb to the top of Mt. Vesuvius. I
dred a guide and horses in Pompoii,and
tarted out from that city in the morn
ag. The weather was bad; rain fell
very lew minutes, aud the top of the
aountain was buried in clouds. We
odo through the most luxuriant or
hards and vineyards, the latter heavily
adoh with enorniou bunches of ripe
rapes. No wonder the foot of the
Liuntain is inhabited in spite of the
We went at a furious gallop through
everal small villages, then up over a
told of finely powdered lava, until the
oad became too rough for the horses.
Ye dismounted and walked for about
Lull an hour, when we came to a stream
I lava rolling down the mountain. We
ould not see the lava actually flowing
xcept in a few places. where the descent
ras too steep for a crust to form. This
rust is so poor a conductor of heat that
ve chmed for a quarter of a mile up on
his stream, over rough blocks atid sor
ientine curves of lava crusts, where of
en a few inches below the surface the
trean was a bright..-nhay red. The
,uide, of course, drew some oun wih, a
tidk and stamped a coin into it. No
ourist ever went away from Y eauvius
eithout such an imiedded coin. Alter
linbing up, as I have said, we came to
ho upper oud of this great stream of
ocks, and in the middle the lava was
till pouring up from the interior of the
nountain. We sat down on a rock to
tatch it, and after awhile became con
on that we were being litted up.
lure enough the lava was burstig forth
n a now pl ace, where we were. Very
lowly the cakes cracked and parted anti
lie lava was toced out. It was a novel
ensation to be sitting on top of an erup
ion. I was afraid it might go off wit-h
bang, but the guide not, so we stayed
here until the lava was running out.
leveral otlier ou tiets were formed around
is at the same time.
There )s a railroad up Mt. Vesuvius
vhich carries passengers up to the level
vhore we were-naunely, the old crater
or great surrounding rim, but the great
Lentral co-e,te hardest of all to climb,
a still ahead. When there is no erup
ion of lava. one might an well remain
n Naples exeept for the beautiful view
>f the bay and surranding country.
kly arranaemient with the guide had
>won only as l ar as the old crater; but,[
ranted so miucha to go to the top of that
entral cone that we started up the
cone cinders. We were perhaps three
Luarters or the way up when one of the
nieat ou r~sgeoua storms burst upon us,
Noe took shelter in a depretloi of a
tream of lava not half cooled off and
aweud the guido's old umnbrella. It
ained most violently, and in spite of
lhe umbrella we wvere soon wet through .
L'aen hail was added withl thunder aiid
iifhtning. The rain falling on the lava
generated vast clouds of hot steam, and
>ur she ter became a perfectsteam-box,
,wo couid not see five ieet. Hereams of
water pourod down anto the cracks, and
mong in ontact wiath the rota-hot, rock
nade a lussaing and roaring nciso which
was qute alarming. .It certainly was
in internal kina of a place. The storm
gradualay passed away and we enierged
row our steamn-box, only to take refuge
in another a lew ndinutes later. Ater
his, however, weo were favored with
slUe sky, antd climbed to) the top of the
A magnificent panorama lay below us
which we htopped for somne miutes to
vlimire. Ahead of us was still a uumall
sono, perhaps tifty feet higha, in the
muddle of a rough,hot sirotela of ground,
smtting steam anid stillbng sulpnurous
rapora from nunmeroina orifices and
iracks crusted with yehowsulphur.Frm
lia central cone, at short intervids,vio
e14. egylosion~s threw cloud4 of eust
listapea into the air, with blaes
anydtp, which Iloated off leeward. The
niide said at was very dangerous to go
uartlier, butt I was bound to look down
uto the very throat of the monter, and
is the stoues all seemed to fall on the
eoward side; we climbed up the loose,
ndt ciuders and reacued the very bigh-.
At our feet was a vast shaft st filed
wii sulphau smoket that we could BAot
see ito it, and Irom It every few sec
ids stones, dust and sauoke wuee<je
led high above our heads, but lortun
itely nmAt falling on them. as we looked
a trnble ezplosion occurred, filling the
air with debris, and the guide shouting
"Come on! come ont" started down theI
slope as if the whole infernal regions
were after him and I was net far in lisa
rear, We reached a safer placee, and
watched the grand spectacle at our leis
ire. ThLeu we wandered around the
smnoky track surrounding the cone. Here
were neveral circular orifices, crusted
with sulphur, from which nothing but1
Liot air wai s wg,but that hot enough
to char obr stiok held across the open
ings. The inside was clear ano we could
see passages and caverns extending
down to great depths. From other open
ings sulphur smoke was issuing, and
the bright, red-hot rooks were visible
below. The gas was wafted around by
the eddying winds so that we had to
hold our breaths frequently, and wait
for fresh air.
When we got back to our horses wo
found 4 men holding them, besides one
boy, each expecting to be paid for his
servioces. Having paid the guide and
boy, and been swindled out of a few
misorable oonte,I loft the nIotntain very
wet and tired, but much satisfilod with
the grand volcano and disguste I with
its contemptible inhIbitanta. You hard
ly know how delightful it is to have
something done for you for the sake of
love, friendliness or common politeness,
and not for the sake ot a few wretched
pennies you may give in return. Thank
heaven that America is my native laud.
Why, to-day a man charged me three
cents because wo took refugo hom he
rain under his own abed. A native
Florida "cracker" would soorn a man
who offered him money for such trifling
A St. Petersburg dispatch of Octuber 22
says that the new Nihilist journal, the
Aescngr of the Wdl of the 1cople,
contains a letter from the Nihilist prisoner
Netchait if to the Czar. The original letter
was wiltten in blood. It says:
* Sin: On taking charge of the fortress;
the new Commandant Ganetaky addreestd
the subordinate ofilhers in the ravcni on
the event of March 18. The character of
the speech, and also the fact that it was
made in the hall not far from ny cell,
showed to me that it was intended for my
carp. And, indeed, I heard every word of
itr But his Intimidation did not reach its
aim. The indirect threatening of General
(Janetsky did not frighten me. It showed
me only that, under the influence of the
late events, even the ithest representa
tives of the Adminlstration have lost their
heads and their feeling of personal dignity.
I would not mind the trien of His Excel
lency it, for no fault of mine, lie did unt
aggravate my lot, which has already ex
hausted my endurance.
"Tue Alexis ravolin is a secret prison.
No supervision is allowed there. The late
Commandant, Baron Meidel, used to re
strain, to a certain degree, the thievish
Warden Pinlimonoff. While fulfloing his
hard duty, he did not torture the prisoners
to gratify his personal cruelty. But after
that speech of Ganetaky the thief Phihi
m,,,, &u num us the inst crust of
bread, saying impidently that such was
the :>rder of the Commandant; the officers
of the ravolin have tried their utmost to
oppress political prisoners in all possible
ways. For months they have kept me in
my cell without permitting me to see day
light. Onzetsky ordered that even the
warming holes in my cell shuld no.closed
on the pretence that I might there get soto
and make ink of it. The upper pane of
my windoe was clean and through it 1
could see part of the sky. It is necessary
to experience the horrors of long solitary
continemeint in order to underbtand what
relief a prisoner gets from the sight ol
passing clouds and shining stars, Ganetsky
closed that pane. The two Commandants,
Olt of the chiefs of gendarmes, and even
the chief of the Supreme Commission,
General Mehilkoff, while visiting me, eaw
the clean pane and did not thiuk the State
was in danger on account of it. (1iere the
letter was illegible.) Ten years already
have I suffered here. The firther aggra
vation of my lot canuot proceed from any
political consideration, hut oinly from the
cruelty of the man to whom you have en
trusted the fortrecs. General Me2,cnt'cf
was my personal enemy. For two years
lie kept me in heavy chains, and yet lie
did not shut up 0out of sight of the sky. 1
had another enemy, General Potapoff. ile
insulted ime in words and I slap~ped his
face. Of course lie hated me, yet he did
not take revenge, lie knew that to take
revenge upon a man who is bound armis
and legs would be an action fit only tor a
wild beast, and Gecn. PotapofY was a man
anyhow. Ganeteky einjoys the sight of
suffering prisoners, Perhaps he expect' to
bring me into a state of despair ha orde~r to
see tears and~ Iae passion of helpless mad
nless, and to isteni to insane shouts et rage
f romi me likei those I hear froiL a neigh
bormg, cell, where a coniradeo, at the end of
a long conthoent, has bjeame a lunatic.
Oh, no, I will not treat (1 me.tsky to such a
pleasure. I hiope he widl preserve even a
hundi~redtli part of the earm aud seol-control
I possess, when lie shall tCo carrIed to a
"In 1875 the Governor reqluested me1 to
express may views on the state of affairs in
Iitsa. in my memorial sent, to your late
father I explained that the time of absolute
power had gone; that the unlimited men
archy was undetermined, and that a liberal
constitution might fot save Russia from
the horrors o1 revolution. I insisted on
the need of liberal institut ions, which, and
which only, could stop the serIes of daring
attemipts, I said then that in a few years
even a Consti'ution would be too late.
Subsequent events have justified my
views. The reaction which set in after
the catastrophe of Miarch 13 was a matter
of course. It was in the nature of things.
But, being carried too far, even the raaco
Len will bring aubout quite unexpected re
suits. 1 do not expect any relief from the
iew Ac ministration. I snail not be sur
prised if my lot becomes still harder on
account of the ptenent letter, L-muts XVI.
realized the horrors to whieh the prisouera
of the Bastile were subjected only when
he became himself a political prisoner.
"i write this with mny'nail in my own
blood. "II. N."
in December, 1882, Netchaleif was tor
tuired by the Wardien, andi soon after was
The certain way to be cheated is to
fancy one's self rnore cuning than
-Astoria, Or., has 7,000 population
ini the fishing season, and 4,000O the rest
of the year,. She has a dozen canning
establishments, which yield $3,000,000
Suffering is the surest means of inalt
ing us truthfuli to ourseves.
A proud fiau never sho~ws his pride
so munh as"dhah~ hh ia -civil.
BUY THE BEST!
MR. J. 0. DOA-Dear Sir: I bought the irst
Davia Mlachine old by you over ie years 3go fot
my wife, who has given it a long and fair.srlal. I
am well pleased with It. It never aives sy
rouble, and Ia as good as when first bought.
J. W. tIoLTOE.
Winnaboro, S. C., April 1883.
Mr. B1oAO: *1oU Wish to know What I have to say
in regard to the Davis Machine bought of you three
years ago. I feel a can't say too much In its favor.
I made about 880,00 within ave months, at times
running it so fast that the needle wonid gel per
fectly not from friction. I feel confident IT could
not Iave done the same work with as mucn ease
and so well with any other machine. No time lest
in adjusting attalhments. The lightest running
nachine I have ever treadled. BrotherJames and
Wlinams' Inuillies are as much pleased with their
Davis Machned pought or you. I want nuy better
machine. As I said before, I don't think too
much can be said for the Davis Machine.
Pairflald Cou'ity, April, 1888.
MR. BSOAo: My maintue gives me perfect satis
faction. I dud no fault with It. The attachments
ate so simple. I wish for no better than the Davis
MRS. It. Mfire.t.
Fairileld county, April, 188.
U a. HOAO: I onugnt a lIavia vertical Fead
w .ug Miohilne fron yoU four years ago. I am
lignted with it. It never has given me any
o utie, and has never been the Least ott of order.
1 is as good as when I drat bought it. I can
cheerfully recommend It.
MRS. A. J. KIRLAND.
o.tit leello, A vril 30, 1883.
This Is to certify that I have been using a bAitA
Vertic.l Feed Howlng Macunine for over twJjears,
pureliased of Mr. J. u. iLSoag. I haven't fdttnd it
p Jseised of any fault-all the attacunents are so
gittiple. It never refuse. to worc, and is certatuly
the lightest, running in tie market. I consider it
a irat -class macnine.
MINNIR at. WIRLINOgLA.
Oakland. F'irfleld counts. S. C.
MR Doal: I am weil pieasei in every parttowi
wit i the LDavia MacNine ibought of you. I thint
a tirat-otass mactine in every respect. Vou knevw
You sold several !naeaiues of the same mUae to
did erent uimetbei: of oar fa
MRs. B.' I. Moai.sv.
Fairtlid cotuty, April, 188.
This Isle certify we have naa tu constaUt use
the Davis Aachine bought of you about taree yeat e
ago. As we take in work, and have made tu
pa ice of it several times over, we don't wait - say
better machine. It as always ready to do anY kind
of work we nave to do. No puoxeringor s1'apping
stitoes. We can onay say we are well piease A
and wish no better machine,
CATUItaINE Wv1J AND StaTE.
April 25, 1893.
I have no lauIt to ftna with my nato.ne, aR1
don't want any netter. I have made tae prio of
It severA timues by t* aing In seing. It is Q.0Fays
rea is to do its wor. I tiak it a drst-class uta
ohlne. I feel I can-t say too muon for tue Davis
Vertuacl Feed Machine.
Mas. TifotiAs SinrrE.
Faireiuld county, April, 1088.
MR. J. 0. HoAO--Dear Sir: it gives lae 1ca0
ple.asure to testify to true merits of the Davis Ver.
tical Food de wing Machine. The maa.ine I got of
you aojut live years ago. has been aimost Lin uon
utaut use ever sine tnat time. I cannot Sae aat
it is worn any, aid has not cost me one cent for
repatra since we nrave had at. Amn well pleaised
anm.i don't wish ror any bolter.
MOSS'. Oa avvOan,
Giranito Quarry, niear Winnaboro 8. 0,
ehave used the Davis Verial Fec.1 8ewng
Machine for In. last five years. We would not
'have any Other maine at, any price. The macsans
as given usn unbounden satasfaotion.
MRS. W. KL. i'tranata' pDAcairrssl
F'airfelrd county. 8. 0., Jan. SIf 1
Itaving bought a Davis Vertioal Feed Sewing
Macline fromi Mr. J. U. lioag some thtree years
ago, and It, havIng given me perfect ,iatisfaetion in
every restct as a nainlly mnacaineo. bot for heia~y
and laiat soing, and never neededu tihe least re -
pair in any ,vay, I catn cicerfully recQ.nend It to
any onie as a dirst-vas nuin - in every pain~Icu
jar, and think it decond to none. It Is one of the
aiinp.est macnines ma le; muy children use it wit.:
ala uane. t'Ih artaohnentaa are more easily ad
justed and it does a greuter range of work ity
nieans of its VertIcal vced than any other ina
chine I nave ever seen or used.
Mus. TilOMAS OwlaNis.
Wttlnsbro. Fairitelei county, 14. C.
We have had one or the Davis MachInes about
four years and nave always found it ready to do all
klnuit oi wora we gave had occasion to dc. (Jan't
see that the mnachine Ia worn any, and workas a
well 'as when new.
'Maci. W. J. CRAWFORD,
Jackson's Crees. Fairfield county, S. U.
My wife Is highly pleased with the Davis Ma
chine bought or you. Snte would not take doutble
wunat ue gave for It. The mnanIne na~s zaA
been out of order since she had it, and alle can 49
any kInd of work on it.
Very ktespectfully, F as
MontIcello, Fairfield county, S. U.
The Davis Sewing Machine ise simply e inrea
are Mlas. J. A. Uo0uswva,
Itidgeway, N. C., Jan. 10. 1aSS.
J1, () 2oAG, Eq., Agen-Dear SIr: My wife
ha-s 'een uslag a D)avia dewlng MachIne onsatau
ly for tue past four years, an l it has never needed
ainy repairs an.a wora just, as well s.a when first
ib agght. tins says it Wan do ? greater kange of
praet'ial work a'nd do at easier and better than
any nachIne she as ever used. We cheerfullyl
recomend It as a No0. 1 faily ansolline,
Yonr tray,1 ',
Winaosbaro, 9. C., Jan. 8, 1883..
MS. BJOaI: I have always foaqud rmy Davis Ma
ohusreag, .d aM~nds et to wora I nat.Asoo-q
uain oo. I niiot see thn& the inelaeI
worn a particle and it works as weil as waW sw,
Winnsboro, S. C., April,160G,
?ia. BOAG My wife has been- c0nstantly ub~
Ihe pavas Maginef bought of yot 4bout ave P4
aco. I have never r reted bhyit, as
aliways ready for any a ofaf, #1st
nteaV orilgt.. Xsla never 90%of y e~k
1 Verffy e
larfield, S,0.,Ka(reni, iN