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TRI-WEEKLY EDITIO WINNSBORO. . C.. D1883 ESTABLISHED 14
WINNBOOGb ID - '848.
THUJ VERD IC
BUY THE BEST!
MR. J. 0. 3oAo-Dear Sir: I bought the Prst
Davis bMachine sold by you over ive years ago for
my wife, who has given 1t a'long amid fair trial. I
am well pleased with it. It never Alves any
rouble, Id T od a h rat bu0 ,.
J. WV ocil
Winnsboro, S. C., ALI iA
Mr.BI-ohow 9W wiha ate t y
hq Daftsl ,n e boug yola t je
ears mgo. I reel I can' say too mueh a its favor.
Inade aoout $88,00 within five nignths, atguy
running it so fast that the needlei wcdigT per
fecti not from frction. I feel confident couel
not have done the same work With as muon ease
and so well With atty other machine. No tiae lost
In adjusting attachnents. The lightest iunniug
.niachme & hqve ever treadled. Brother James and
Wlilliaws' tamilies are as much pleased with their
Davis Machines )ought ot you. I want no better
machmne. As I said before, I doii't think too
much can be said for the David Machine.
FairflId County, April, 188.
MR. BOAO : My minne gives me 'perrevt satts
faction. I find no fault with it. The attachments
ale so simple. I wish for no better than tie Davis
Mims. It. MILLING.
Fairfield county, April, 1883.
At t. ISOAG: I oougnt a Iavs -.vertical -Feed
w ing Machine froan yon four years ago. I am
lignted with. i It never nas given me any
o uole, and las never been the-least out of order.
t is as good as when I urat bought it. I can
cheerfully recommenil it.
Ale. M. J. KIRKLAND.
Monticello, April 80, 1883.
This is to certify that I have been using a Davis
Vertical Feed Sewing Alactilae for over tw ,yea's,
purchased of Mr. J. U. soag. I hayea't found It
passessed of any fault-all the attachinetits are so
simple. it iever refuse- to vor, and is ceriUly
the ligitest runmug in the marke.t I consider at
a Lirst class inacmine,
Very respectfully L
AINNIE A. WILLINoIIAM..
Oakland, Fairfield county, 8. C.
MA I10A: i am Wen peasne In every prtoui
with tie Davis Maone o9ught of YoU.. I tillhc
a irst-class Inmulie in every respeet. You ke w
you sold several macihines of the same make to
different nammibrs of our families, all of waum,
as far as I know, are well picased witt taeni,
MRs. M It. MOBLEY.
Fairfield county, April, lss.
Thi'Ito certiy we havenal n consta use
t. e DivI Maimune bought of yotj bout turee years
ugo. As wo take in work, ah ave made Ene
price of it several times over, wa don't want any
better machine. It is always ready to do any kInd
of work we have to do. No puuieringor skippiig
stitclles. Wo can only say we are well pieased
ann wisii no better machitne.
LATU5KINII WvLIR AND SfsT]Cu.
April 25, 1888.
I have no fault to find witti my cmac:ne, and
don't want any iett r. I have mn tie kne priou of
it sever. titne by in fSe wing. ies alnay
ready to do il wor I tinn its a t -asis ar
chinue. I feel I can't say too intien for Lae Davia
Vertical Feed iMachine.
Mus. TiHOMAS. SITIF.
Ffidld county, April, 1883.
MIR. J. 0. IloAU-Dear Sir: it gives me mutch
pleasure LO testify to Line mevrits of the Davis Ver
ticAl Feed 8ewing Mtaclhine. Theo muashine I got of
you ab.ut Live years ago. hafs been almost In con
stait use ever since that iime. I cannot see tLat
it is worn any, and has not cost me one cont for
repairs sinun we miyve bad .t.. At well peasmed
dd'oni't wish t otany netter.
Granite QuarrvyElear Winnm oro 8 C.tvtD
We have used( the D~avas Veortieal- F'ed Hewing
Machine for thie list livet years. We wonld not
have any other anac at any pirice. Tihe macniime
has given us unboundeu satisfaction.
,Mus. W. K. Tunssa A.1 DauuoaIs
.Fairlieil county, S. C., Jaii. 21 ;(3
ilayinghboughat a Davis Vertical FIeed Sowing
*Macbhue froma Mr. J. 0. DJag soane t-aree yuarn
ago, anal it naviug given me perfect satisfaction in
*every resliect wi a iaaily inaime. botmu for he 4 y
und figat se wing, anminever needed theo least re
pair iii any way, I ean asteerfuiliy reconamend It to
any one as a iirst-ciass aalnin - i every. pirtieu
lar, and thank It second to none., It Is one of the
simnpiest inatlmines mnide; my ehil iron use it wila
all ease. I'iie .ttiuaneont are more easily al
Justed ahd it doe a a greater ranige of work by
* meanis of its Vertloal F'eed, than any other ma
chine I have ever seen or used.'
Winnsb~o, FalMinl.lTHoMas OWINOS,
Winnbor, Firfeidcounty, H. C.
-We have had one or the Davis Machines about
four yearsi and nave always found It ready to do all
kinds of wort wve. nave had occasion to no. Vsn't
see tbet the mnachine is worn any, and works as
well as when ne w.
Mas. W. J. CRAWPORD,
Jackson's Cree., Fairild county, 8. 0.
*My wife is highly pleased with the Davis Ma
chine bought oi you. tine would not take double
wnat sue gave Cor It. Trho nacnine hl not
been ot of order since she had it, and she can do
any kind of work on It.
Monticello, F~airfield county, 8s. C.S.F ax
TrhoDavis Sowing Machine is simply a treas
ure Miss. J1 A, GiooiwyN,
idgeway, N. C., .Jan. 10, 1at83,
di, 0 IBo~o, Efsq., Agent--Dear Sir: My wife
has oeen usling a vavis Sewing Maohinae constant
any ropales anld works Just as well as when first
biought. he says It will do a greater range of
paractiaal work e'n~d (10 it easier anal betar thab
anly miacnine she ,uas ever used. WVe cheerfully
keco.inend It as a No. 1 family machine,
* your tru.y,
Winnuboro. S. C., Jan. ?, A.Q.$z*
Mu. Bo0o : 1 have always found mny Davis Ma
ine ready do am kinds of tod'kuu had bsA 4
* ion to do. I ecannut see that the inaaulne is
ora a particle and it WQIrks as weal as when ne w.
Mus. It. U. uooDINo.
Winusboro, It. C., April, lasth,
Ma, BoAG: My wife has been constantly using
the Davis MacbInie bought of y on auout five years
A go. I have aver regretted buying it., as it is
ailways ready ror any s Ind of faully se wing, ett her
aeav or ligat. It Is never out oz Aix or useaisag
1'lfialda S. C., Marchm , A1888,zi
Then akan shal in,
drejoice i. Ys h d,
or ,conn hom'i en too fat
0 srange new wonderful Justicel But for
whom shall we gather -the gain?
For ourselves and for each of our lollows,
and no hand shall labor In vain.
Then all mine and all thine shall be ours, and
no inore shall tuy man crave,
For riches that serve for nothing but to fot
ter a friend for a slave.
And what wealth then shall be left us when
none shall gather gold
To buy his friend In the market, and pinch
and pine the sold?
2(ay' t save thp lovplyCl y, and the lit
tl house on the 1
S tes and tbd nd beauty,
-And-the homes of ancient stories, the tombs
of the mighty dead;
And the wise mian seeking out marvels,
and' the poet's feeming head.
And the painter's hand ot wonder; and the
And the banded choirs of music-all those
that do and know.
For all these shall be ours and all men's,
br shall any lack a share,
Of the toil and the gain of living in the days
when the world grows fair.
Without. a flerce sun burned and
blistered; within, was delightful cool
nqs tndl:greenisi bloom. But with
it was a ajo the silence which follows
a 0ock, id the shattering of staunch
In the great, library , two men faced
each. other, .bne bedt, gray-headed,
small of stature, the older tall, and
str6oe as a young gladiator, with a
handsoqme. olive skinned face, just
now very set -,an grave.
"My dear 'boy, it has been no easy
task for me to come and tell you this ,
Mr. Roche said, speaking slowl'y.
"You have all your life been consid
ered, and have been taught to con
sider yourself, master of Silver Cliff.
I is, hard ;now, when for two years
yu hav6 reigned as snch, to be ab
ruptly deposed. No one ever dream
ed .that Nicholas Edgerton had left a
daughter. Indmqd the ,fact has been
discoyered by he mWgest accident.
-be proofs ar, hower, flawless.
They have been thoroughly investiga
ted and authenticated. You are cou
sins, you know, three times removed.
Of course you would never ha e suc
ceeded to the estate liadtlieri bn' the
least suspicion of her -existehce."
- Hevpased to take out-his liaidksi
chief and wiped his forehead. He had
been thQ Edgerton's lawyer for many
years, and, as he said, It came hard, on
him to be the bearer of ill news to the
boy lie had loved.from babyhoo'd.
"When is she coming-home?'
Maurice Edgerton asked, quietly, but
choking a little over the last word.
Naturaliy, this sudden information
was a blow to him. To be dashed from
wealth to absolute pennilessness, with
out a profession or the priceless expe
rience of those who have learned what
the bar.e struggle for existance implies,
was in truth, appalling, -.
"4 am not positive," M4r. Roche- re
plied. "It will certainly be some dat
next week. In regard to worldly,
matters she must be quite a child,
having never In her life been without
the walls of that old Belgian con
"Next week?" .Aarting ,slightly,
"lebat seerps-so sooli."
And theh he excused himseli and
August blushed to joyous being; and
with its pomp of birds and flowers, and
tendler dawns andl rare white nights,
the new heiress came to Silver Cliff.
Mr. Rochte met her at the depot and
rjuite -forgot .o 'dislike her, fts She had
She hepiled ott'on ghie plidform and
looked ar'ound her bewilderedly,,a sleni
der girl, gray-clad from'head to foot.
And how pretty she- was, to-be sure!
Stately and a tall hlly, with a fair, pearl
skined face, lit by brown eyes, clear and
On the homeward drive she turned to
"Wher~e is Maurice?" she asked.
"Hie has gone away. 1 do not know
He spoke shortly, his lips tightening,
rememberingewhy he had gone away.
"Uone away," she cried.. "Not for
"He's gone, anyhow " lie ans'wered,
sturdily. "More like ior-bad-."
Shte did not heedthe grlfrjoke.
"Itis not fair, yr right, or just!" she
went on, excitedly, her pale cheek flush
ing hotly. "He cannot surely think
that I mean to accept all; to rob him of
what for years lie has looked on as hia!
I have never expected good fortune, so
for me a little'wlill suflice. The rest I'
shall hold in trust for him.
"My dear young lady," the old man
exclaimed, testil3, but touched in spite
of himself, "what a Quixotic scheme!
Maurice would never agree to that
which you prop~ose. The property is
"Yes, legally," she admitted, quick
ly, "but not morally. I hold my slen
dler claim secondary to his."
'h Qaygwent swiftly by-the sweet
scented summer days.
*All the people of . note in the neigh
borhooll of silver Cliff called on its
oung milstress, and voted her charming.
' g pass t41. air and graceful, and
withal so charmingly originai, they
said. They gave balls and dinners ini
her honor, till she became quite a toast'
September came and passed-Octo
~Nber ember, and at last the dreary
But this year there were no blithe1
Christ as igst'vlties up at the grand
"1 hardly care to have much merry-j
making while the master of the hogso
is away,'' itose Edgerton would say t
"Y ou expect your cousin back soon
then?" they would muestn '
"We do not know what day he may
come home," was her invariable re
But the winter was gathered to the
numberless winters which had gone
before spring swept on with chill, and
rain, and breaking buds, and still to one
woman's gentle heart, so generous in
its patience, came no word or tiding of
Over the mantal in the library a
great portrait of him hung. Occa
sionbly she went and stood before it,
looking up at the grave, kind face with
the soulful eyes and firmly sweet mouth,
Then she would turn and go half-guilty
Suiper clap h4ands with, utun.
e ro lig oun liff
r in 9 f agest
t com ght ddeb fa.s ed
as swung by strong arms the scythes
mowed down the sunny seas of grain.
One.day M Ed erton, driving down
the cou ry ad, n i her milk
whiteb poltes ad leaed forward to
wafcli the reapers.
The day was excessively warm - but
"lie, was attired in the coolest and air
iest of India lawns, and held above her
head a parasol of snowy thtin.
* Quitq suddenly she sprang from the
bmton, and leaped the low stile With a
frig htened cry.
One of the workers had reeled and
fallen heavily. They were all around
him in a moment-his colaborers.
They fell back and made way lor Miss
Edgerton as she approached.
"What is it?" she cried. "What is
the matter? Is he dead?"
"No, miss; it's only the heat. le's a
new un-only come this morning.
Seems as if lie ain't been used to the
businemss. Seems kind of delicate like.
He's c oming to. It's only the heat."
The prostrate man raised himself a
little and looked up. He had a thin
dark face, still young but heavily beard
ed, and with a tired look in the sunken
Just a second Rose Edgerton regard-.
ed him, speechless. Then she fell on
1 er knees beside him, and caught his
band in her own slim, kidded lingers.
"Maurice!" she cried. "You have
coine home, Maurice." -
But once more his head dropped, his
eyes closed. They bore him to Silver
Cliff, and there for many weeks he lay
almost within the valley of the shadow.
When he awoke to consciousness it
was to find a kind, old face bent over
him, and strangely familiar all his sur
"Roche!" lie whispered.
" You musn't tlk," i he other com
manded:thly. " to.sleop, nd I'll
Alnilty1y-and-by" there ,were mutual
I qquld not sce"ed, Marice
With one 'o -1is slow, sad smijes.
tried a little of everything, from teach
ing in a school to work before the
mast. But I tell you a boy who grows
up with a profession, taste or course
of busines training is very easily worst
(d In competition with those who have
been in harness all their lives. I did
not dream of stopping here, you know,
but happening to be passing through
the village, I heard there was a demand
for laborers up at Silver Cliff. So, be
ing penniless, and-I suppose you have
guessed it- hungry, I presented myself.
I did not dream of recognition, so com
pletely one year had altered me. . I went
away a strong Ind; I have come back a
wea~a : aibt get atfong af:d try
Once, when lie had lain silent for
some time, he looked up suddenly.
"Strange how she, and she only knew
me-wasn't it ?"
"God bless her I" he said, huskily.
But the,day; catne vihei~ bikturice,
eoaited and capped, app'roliched -nis
raithful nurse, and hold out his haiid in
f are well.
**Good-by !" he said.
She sprang to her feet startled and
"You shall not go!" she cried, pas
mionately. "The place is yours-your
omne, b y God's law! lf either mgt- go.
ie had fought lattle far more
oitter than she could ha'ie direamed.
And he had conquered. Now, at one
word agian-, he felt~ugmnap ned.
Don't make its too' hard for me " lie
pleaded, hoarsely., "I must! ose0
R~ose! You know why!"
The wvord, thie tone, the look in his
iyes was a revlation.
Iher face dropped. Slie spoke no
word, but -hey, scarlet cheeks had
growni brilliant as Scarlet poppies.
Five minutes later Mr. Rtoche op
ped his gray head into, the ch'erry
ibrary.. uulered? a
r-Inge is wvaithig. Why, great Jeru
ialeml not, going alter .all! 'pl ero
hero! childrecn! don't ye mliid mie."
A sHoft Thung on Hrm.
"Look here, young man," sals a
ion the other night, "look here ; you
burned up a good deal of coal and kero
mene last winter, coming around here
:md staying till 10 and 10.30 two or?
ilree nights a week. Now I have no
abjections to your visits, but you are a
respectable young man, but you've got
to find your own fuel and lights this
Winter. I cannot afford to keep fires
running and a lamp burning in this
parlor all the winter."
"All right sir 1" responded the young
l~y 'w ~ are
"but you 'needn't tell your pa w ht
soft thing Iva got on him."
. 3umnah ad~ .ourm
The Kingdom of BurMiP, out off
from the sea by the provinoes of Pegu t
and Aracan, both 'i the hands of the l]
English, separated by moiuntain ranges
from Siam and-Yuan, aud bounded a
to the waet and -northwest b .*6engs)
and Assam.. s doultless desined ore
long to fall, more of lese quietly, into
British hands. The Irraiiai4y is not. '
only its' ole navigable outlet, but almost
the sole practicable commerelal outht
of the -country. Englishi steamers now
ascend this river twice a week to 3Kanda- E
ley, and twice a mouto to Bahbo, where
they deposit goods ,'destined to find
their way through h of Tapeng l
The Burmese belioe~ themielves do
sce ded from Hindoo, emgr ents coming
frog the borders of the Ganges; but,
even if this be partially true, the In.
coming tribes are now. so completely .r
mixed,with the tribes previously inhab- p
Iting ,the contry tht'no trace of the t
Rindoo.type remains.t Whether balled
Burmese, S3hans or 'Xarens;ftejhi&at i
the characteristio Obihese or Turaniah a
features. Sir Arthur Phayre' believes
them to be Thibetans who have removed r
southward. Their features atid their q
build, as well as - the nonformation and ,r
roots. of - their language, strangely re- O
semble those of the Thibietans. 9
The 1Burmese are Well' built, wi-h
broad shoulders and' strong ntUioles, o
black and abundant 'hair, b 6 raithe 1
short legs. They ae extreiiply lay.
Living in a oountry where ilhodratfe
labor would insure atniparatife rio~ es, O
they only work sufloetly,'i to prgburq a
food and satisfy taxes. To danob, to
smoke, to chew betel, *nd to be present V&
as theitriohi performces are the so0
rious business ot life With most Buir
mese. If here and 'there one 's ambi
tious he, becomes ithe bumble courtier T
of sdme ribh mandarin, and stops at
nothing to curry favor. Cringing and
subxuissive to superiors, insolent and
contemiptuous to inferiors, the Burmese, a
as usually painted 'bj travelers, aire not
models of hiumanityI Yet thete is an
other side to the picture: they are ao
knowledged to be apt, ready and sober;
and capable, should opportunity occur "I
through a change of governnient, of ax
becoming good agriculturists, nier- si
chants and artisans. They excel in
wood carving, have much power of com
position, and are of a jovial and happy
Dissimulation is so much a part of -
their character that one can never know te
what a Burmese really things. Men p
and women arraige- their hair Ooquet
ishly, and the latter wear brightly ool a
cred flowers in tUejr. long tresses, The
Xet they enjoy muoh libetty, passing ,
their time dressing and caring for their
bodies, instead of in the hard labor
which so otten falls to woman's lot. A
married woman retains her rights to her 1
dower, and, if divorced, takes with her 2
also half the goods acquired during t
the term of married life. Polygamy is
recognized and' permitted. yet niot
Burmese have only one wife. An olu a
law, falling into diauetude, forbids the av
men to marry before the age of 25. 0
Piety is carried to excess among th:* m
p. ople. . Many will spend all that they de
possess in decorating a pajoda or found. UK
ing a monastery, ahd live without an 0i
anna in a miserable cabih, happy and 4j
proud in the idea that they are benefac- W4
to.s of their country, and with no em- pa
ployment except the care of the temple 1&;
they have built. No people is so fond si,
of theatrical performnances as this, lii
Scarce a man can be found Who has not ki
at least once in his lite acted a part in is
a play. The piece Is acted out of doors m
im the evening, and all whi4 choose at- ti
tend without payment. kiometioti man at
pays for all, and receives hiis'ih~ends in
a little pavdlion constructed for the pur- it
pose. On the .announcement of such a w
fete business is' suspended; bsilll, pre- at
sided over by young girls, sp)ring tup at mn
the sides of the road. and do a brIsk ,U
business in cigars,- cakesa, fruits and Au
sweetmeats ; and crowds di inen a
women and children lock to the spot. or
The Burmese do not applaud or hurrah ar
like Europeanis. -When Yen-dsw -in- sL'
lay, the prima dona of Maiudelay,sings,
or wheni Moung 'lha-iiyah. the arnous a
marionette sh6Wman, gives a seance, Oi
there is no uioise in the immense crowd, it
and the intense-Slence is quite as imn- tih
pressive a tribute as the noisy bravos $i
and clapping of hands indulged in by og
TVeuton and Latis. We cannot ap- tu
preciato the Brumese plays, for we have mu
niot been saturated from infancy with se
the prodigmeus adventures of ikiddhaa; am
yet we can see that the dispair of the ni
deceived lover, the majesty of a sovers at
cign, the bestial fury of a drunkard te
are mnarvilously portrayed, and can ad- 01
mire the coarse- chants -and grotesque p1
contortions ot the clever clownis. ct
There is no green -rgon}; the imctors, ta
mate and female perforllh all the detatils at
of thor toilet befor-e the audIence, who bi
amuse thselves by criticaluig -the ei
personal appearance and gestures of the a
actors. The play- lasta ali might, and an
most of the spectators sit thinugh thie *h
entire perforiance seite'd 91k the mats di
ioey have brought Witti idei. 'inc tt
marionette showinan Is the rival of the tim
actor. The petf6~-manc. esa place 'va
on a platform of bamboo, about Oignt gi
feet long, bounded by a'curren , beui at
which the players conoeaitid. itoi side I?
of the small stage represon(. :a court, w
with a thirone, glded parasot and otnier 01
signs of royalty, while the oe, eset with n:
sone branches of trees, is Jijndeed to ci
represent a folges).. -'The pg pets are i
about three feet hfgh, oarvsel wood b,
andi luxuriously coastumei9. A band of aj
musicians, witth goa1s, oyqap, a, bell. fi
claironets and castanetes v~iens i-ne e
representation. Moung- I- iyan,sig- 01
br and play writer' as well as .spowmaa, a
lhas acquired such credilt1419t bis jude- tA
ments, when lhe plays thq pgrt'of prince b
have become or beI, 'nier )(ing has og
given hin the rmi . to wailt geneath as u
gilded parasol. Lnces1rogattaa, mox- 41t
31g naiatches,5 3Muli -4 andceck lignts ti
Iand other eikttainmntne 0*o tlye 11
Jlurzhese. My4a bwaies Eapd plea.
tire are etar.g og 1Wk -lii, Noatw;
weddings amA u erM s oftun take
plane upon the'rt ra. and at night col.
redtantrens and Bengal lights make a
The Karens are savage inhabitants of
ie mountains, yet are known for their
ktelligenco. courage and loyalty. Their
aditions assert that they came oriin
Ily from "a vast country of plains,
here the wind rolls the saud as it does
ie waves of the sea." This desorip.
on seems to apply to the desert of
obi* The Shan race, which is widely
)attered through the peninsula of
'arther India, and every where preserves
io same manners, costume and ]an.
uage, together with the same talent
)r business and aptitude for agrioul.
*re,- 'kteuds also into Burmath. In
r northeth patthf the poua*y7whxeW
a mounpiS a& lofty and the Irra.
'addy is' 'barred by rapids, Jive the
-atchins and the savage Kansa Kaoh
The mountains of Upper Tirmah are
ch in iron, lead, copper, tin, goid and
recious 'Atouels, as are the mountains
I Yuuua , t which they are a con
nutiI, 'There are also petroleum
inei, 'worked simply by bucket, cor'.
Id pulley. Tie oAr. at the bottom is
0 itelte tihat, tough the workman is
Uleved iii a few minutes, he comes up
most suifosatest, and requires hours to
gain hie strength. To the north of
auno are jade quarries, the prouuot
which is mainly txported to Ohiua.
Tilough the peculiaily trmppioal part
thq country in conulied to tue uelta
the Irrawaddy, the soil is every
here higiy fortue; teak, india rubaer
ses eag6le wood, and ouner valuablo
;we gbound m tue furests; wnido rice,
ttI94, tea, tue sugareanc, the mango,
Le dipiDA, the banana and many otUer
iget'Wies and fruit trees Cau be oulfit
6tW4 with littie trouble.
Bahno is almost the only considerable
wu in the kmnguom outside of Man
day,. the brand-new capital. Ava,
saapenango and Amarapuora are rap.
ly diappearinug beneati the exubaer
kt vegetation. Mandalay is a square,
Lrrqunded by high wall, and a uitwh,
ad enclosing a second hquare, the royal
L.y, un astelblage of paiaoes, pagodas,
maploa, statues and parks, mingied
itlh huts and taverns. It is in tine
ijurbs .that all business is transaoted,
Ld most of it is in tue hands of k'er
mns. Oninese, English or other foreign
"Big oatsu" In India.
Huuters who wish to bag "big game"
ould lose no time in visiting the un
Lppy hunting-grounds that are situa
d among the jungles of the Madras
reLdency, India. Hunting, which is
pasttimie In most countries, is a neces
ry occupation, if not a duty, in this
aeck of woods." It the human inhabi
tits should not' keep up an active war
ainst the ferocious animals, the latter
uld soon exterminate the former. A
nstailt warfare for the supremacy is
lng on. The oflicial reports show
at during last year wild boasts killed
L05 persons, while human beings killed
J55 dangerous wild beasts. Among
e dangerous beasts killed were live
rocAous elephants. This was not a
rge number, but it must be kept in
ind that one elephant can do a great
aount of damage. lie goes through a
untry spreading desolation like a tor
do, uproots trees, overturns houses,
molishes carriages, and kills domeati
ted animalAS and men. Each of the
sphants slain last season had "killed
s man." Among the animals killed
)re 278 tigers, 1,300 pantheis and leo
rds, 213. bears and 24 wolves. No
is than 92U huge serpents were also
An. These monsters had killed 200
man beings. Bears are credited with
tling 11, and pantihers 20. Tine tiger
held in the greatest terror It Is far
aro dangerous than th~e lion, it is
e impersonation of hunger, cruelty
d cunnmng. Its appetite appears
ver to be tually satisfied. in early life
devours the helpless young of othier
Id animals. As it becomes larger
d stronger It attacks full grown do
~sticated anmmals. Funally 1t gets
iliciently bold to pursue men. it
rics by the wayside or near wedsu and
rings, ready to leap upon the travel r
water-seeker. Leopards and panthers
a dangerous enougn, but are less do
~uctive or human nile than tIgers.
The chiarac,.er of the wild auimals of
tozmutry exerts a most powerfu ii nflu
cc on its settlement and the prosper
of Its iinhabiat. in this respect
e territory occupied by tihe United
ates was most remarkable. in the
inion o f an eminent naturalist, it con
ined no wild annal that was not of
apre benmedi than dLaadvanitage to the
Utters. At, abounded an fur-bearing
tinnals, whose inus were in great do
and In all the great, centers of Wealtht
d civilization. These skins constatu
Ia souirce of wealthi to thie early sot
re. Htating and trapping Were
olitable employments waien people
uld not engage ini farming. Some of
e sxils were converted into garment~s
id otnersauto maoney. Tue sains of
iffaloes were made Into garments,
aploy&d up~ coveriuga for beds, or used
pro tectavuis in aleeaths. Mloose, doer,
iteope and bears furnished mesat untii
ImentIbSLIated auimala couln be imtco
iced and ralsed in suilaent nunoera
supply the people wituh food. Tneir
t and taides were userul for a groat,
~riety of yqrposes. Rtaubits, squirrels,
'oud-nogd, oposs'ims aud coous also
*rnuatad valuaule meat and skin..
>xes and bears diad some lauiage, bat
ere (assoful for keeping in cneca many
the samall anianais that rank as ver
in, Tney were easily caught mn traps
killed by the use of firearms, and
eir skins wesre veny valuable and
ougnt a .high price at a time when
trclturaiproduets raised at a distance
omi wtiter colpinunicationi could not be
ad for mney er exchanged for articles
food and clothing. All tihe npitive
humais of thin, ountry are of easy ex
ruamation. Most of them disappear
ufore the marcia of Qivilizatihon, and
ily stay as long as they are-wanted py
ie inhaabitn.. TMO ilindoos inight
ad happier aind less exciting lives if
eir games w,SAOe as valuable andi as
Our greatest glor'y la not In- never
iliing, but in- rising everf time We
"The charcoal trade of the city of
Chicago," said a large dealer in that
article of fuel to a reporter, "is a large
one, and is in the hands of but a few
meu. I speak now of the wholesale,
not retail or peddlers' trade."
"There are not very many peddlers'
in the city, tre there?"
"Oh, yes, but people don't notice
themt as much here as they do in the
Eastern or Southern cities. There the
fainihar cry of
Sa.ve my so-uill
Is heard frow 1plorninr tlI nigjt, as the
'ieddlers ff ie tfiAod ji tlfehrtrade
through the streets. Here the business
is carried on more systematically.
Each peddler has his own particular
route to supply. and goes over It every
two or three days."
"Whom do they principally supply?"
"Tailors and peanut stands. The
former, as every one knows, use the
charcoal to heat their "gooses;" the
latter to roast their nuts and keep their
fingers warm as they stand o-i the cor
ners when the Manitoba zephyrs sweep
through the streets. Dealers like my
self sell to these peddlers."
"Of course, you have other persons
"Yes; we do a very large business
with hotels and restaurants. Some of
them take from 100 to 150 biushel- a
week, and nearly all of it is used for
broiling purposes. .Nothing is more
palatable than a good steak broiled
over a hot ban of charcoal. But the
largest customers we have are tim-roof
ing firms, cornice makers and tinners.
They use It for heating their soldering
Irons, and the tin-roofers call for a good
deal. Then, again, Chicago supplies a
arge territory west of here."
"And how intany bushels a year do
you suppose are handled here?"
"The home consumption is at least
four hundred 'and twenty thousand
bushels, while .180,000 thousand are
shipped to other points "
"Where do these (00,000 bushels
come from each year?"
'"The most of it from Michigan, and
the bulk of It from Van Buren county
in that State. Then northern Indiana
supplies the balance. E one is 'burned,'
or made, near Chicago, as there is no
timber about here."
"What is the process of making it?"
"Nine-tentis of it is now "buried"
in brick kilns. The old process of
using pits L almost entirely gone out
of fashion in the West. Hlre is a
photograph taken on the spot. of two
or our square kilns near Michigan.
These will hol( ninety cords of wood
each. They are filled through a man
hole in the top entirely full, save a
square place in t he middle, which ex
tends clear to tWe bottoin. The fire Is
started at the bottom of this square
hole, and then the kiln Is closed tight
In tifteen days the sinouldering fire
has done Its work, and the wood has
become charcoal. It is taken out of a
door in the end, loaded into a truck
holding 25 bushels, which is pushed by
a mnan along a tramway to the railroad
track where cars are walting to receive
it. Beside the square kilus there is one
in the shape of a bee-hive, which holds
about 50 cords.I
"How many bushels will a car hold?"
"In the neighborhood of about
twelve hundred bushels."
"And how much will a cord of wood
"A good yield is about forty bushels
to the cord. Yes, the charcoal business
13 a large one here, as I said before,
and it takes experience to kniow howv to
obtaini the best results in burning it.
The mere selling is easy. Thle business
is carried on very quietly. anid the only
evidence Chicagoans see of it is the
huge wagons wvhich go through thes
streets filled with the stuff, but the
noisy charcoal-vendor is an unknown
The Speaker's Orb..
As the time draws near fnr the as
semibly of the F'orty-eigzidh Congress,
which it will be remembareI maats on
December 34, next,, a peculiar spectacle
is sometimes atfirded to tuois w~uo
happien to visit the House of Respre
sentatives. A new mnemusr of' Con
grss may be seen to eater. Hs lowcs
around as if he ha i a last arri at
the place he owni, and tuona as goes
furtively and sits down in o.ue of Las
comfortable cane seat eairas bsfore one
of tae brigue. oalc desls, au i rI (el It to
see hlow it lica. A broxt.l s.nilo en
liahltenls his feateures as ne sits theore
and gauzes towards the dyiscar's do 1K.
tits ikn.uginattona s at wor~c. [Is soes
Ins iisteami assstnbhy eiitrce1 of ins
oratory; hangling oceeatnless oil ins ut.
teranices; he is iiu nus inad solvria. tuae
pohtteal quesdis ol' tais day a~ai prey
11 ing uastt to I s the states n L.i of tue
hour. I once Know a un>.nojr of Con
gress from a city of Abenigan,. lie
was a lawyer. Yet thus geateu.u
tried in vaia for soins long wejary
mnonths to catch the speaker s eye Ia
order to Introduce tile one oit wia lie
hoped to get tznrouga during~ tne sei
ston. Day after day noe w'ui cOhfn to
Iiis lodgiug roouas and launaat nu a u
crous way nits failure to lud.ase tue
way ward optic of the powerfat parlia.
mentary leader to rest aggrovuagly upon
hun. I'ne session ended and tae bill
was never inrlLdeI. Hie was in
Congress two years without a enance
to speak once except to yell "aye" or
"no." I ttiouu of this as I watched
the neophyte sitttng silent but happy
uii the vacant cuaitnuer sfnooting ott nia
oratory to Is laaginatsoa. Ii Is get
ting to be a question with senslule
men .whether it is wortih whue to
come to Congress at all. Lawyefs
predominate li (Jongress now. Tusse
professional gentleufea usually have a
good practice before imney can conie to
represenat their district, andi 1c generally
pays them bettec than the 45,000~ a year
allowed to denOtaer and Rtepresenata
tivee.. An absvuce of t wo years, i an
told, bre sas up tush' busiusess, and fre
quently leayes tliein wnaouac occupation
when their teria onda. I know th~t a
dozen or uawre urhtliant inen were left
oult in te c04 t the osne of the' last
These are peculiar institutions whose
like Is not to be found in any other
country under the sun. They gener
ally reach from floor to ceiling, are
wider than church doors, and have al
ways Wooden or iron bars before them.
A comparatively few casas luxurate in
window glass, but, as the duty on that
substance is little less than robbery,
the vast majority dispense with it al
together. Tue inside shutters are of
solid wood, not furnished with slats
like ours, usually unpainted and open
ing both ways in the middle forming
four square doors. As their peculiar
construction renulers curtains an Im
possibility, the only way to secure the
slightest degree of privacy when the
household machinery is not on exhibi
tion, b to close tlie lower half of the
shutLers; and thou outsiders frequently
climb up outside and gaze in upon you
over the top, with sharpened curiosity
becaube of tLne evident attempt to de
prive them of their rights. Mexicans
entertain tie idea that windows were
uade to look in at, rather than to look
out, of, and it is a matter of daily oc
cur rence for nion, women and children
of tiu lower classes to congregate out
side aid stand calmly watuning you by
th'e hour. In the deep recesses these
window open.ns from in the thick
walls is ample rojm for placing chairs
upon the ledges, and therein tue family
sit in the Cool OL te day, In suInmer
tine this is very pleasant, but watm
long, enilly rains come oi (and they
SOineLiues even have a little snow in
tiese higher attitudes) the absence of
windo w gass is a great discomfort, foi
to ciose t,1e shutters entirely means to
tal Uaraiiess WitHiin. Il Saltillo and a
few otner mountain cities the winters
are really cold, and now they bear theni
without ay protection from the otter
air is a mystery. There is not, a house
in Mexico witli any provision for grate
or stove, or possibility of making a
fire, except that for cooking purposes
ill the kitchen, which does not warm
tho roon in the slightest degree. When
tie winter of their discontent arrives
all hands from oldest to youngest,
wrap tiemselves in rebosos, and sara
pas, atmd possess their souls in pa
,ieince, for iaving nuvor known any
otiter mode of lie they do not dream
of mnaking themselves more comforta
ble by knocKing out a chimney. The
first sight of the barred windows
strikes tie stranger in Mexico unpleaw
atuy, and lhe is apt to feel himself in
prisoiA beind thium, with his stonei
door and iron bedstead for suitable
accomplinenis: in time, however, lh4
sees not only the convenience but the
necessity of them, and by and by coies
to leei an uneasy sense of insecurity, if
by rare chance he linds himself not,
tuus protected. it4nuot boanembered
that 1n greater portion of Mexico is :a
land ot perpetual summer where win
dows must, be open bott night and
day. and these gratings cannot be
"lncked" like locks or noiselessly CuI
like panes of glass. Thougu one may
sleep in perfect security without clos
ing a shutter, it is well to remove one's
eneuts-from too close proxinity to the
bars, for the ladrones have a cheerful
habit of throwing in ropes with hooks
attached and dextrously drawing out
even your garments-which perhaps
gave rise to tie slang word "hooking"
Legions of swallow4,
in tle little Ituode Island town Uf
Westerly, there has been annually oc
eurrim ior several years past a peclhar
puenomenon of great interest. The
puenonienon conhtats in the faot thatL
uilionsa of swallows and other buds are
aooaistomed during each summer season
to congregate every night to; a~ certain
grave in tue town or Westerly, making
tane trees their roosting place. and their
nicvements as tucy come andc go about
said ree Lrt afford a oasis for much oom -
nient and speculeation. Wuen we first
reaohed the scene we noticed severai
IIaallws flitting hero and Cnere In the
ire, but ast 7 o'olock their number
iseemed legion. One .couid think or
nuong bas a snowstorm, with large
olacs Ilakes. From thre plaidest out
lunis of tue loweas dlying nird, to te
irest black MspOlc of tue most aspir
ing waiderers, the picture was that of
IJaustanetly miviag, lncerininglug m 1
liOaS 01 lite wingedI creatuires. It was
a dligue never to lie forgotteua. At times
no two birds seemied to ce flying in thu
dame direction, tnough, as 4 wnote, tue
Vaas company would away from side to
Gide abo..ve Sue grove. Again a group
uf hundrea wouid tauce a common di..
ruotioa, foironatg aroundL Ins innr cir
euuierenoe of the general comnpny,
Jo# nesosnling coward tue treJtopai,
witu a nml.trical swoop, then riding
i tile air silL almaiat loJI to View. Th~iey
ena wouli return to tue common crowd
and resume their separate courses as be
tore. TIae ide,,idual dlyers would tilt
and j in ,C wimn oeno otaer, or play at,
.1ros.IA5 in sue air. ft wasa ooaeantiy
a~lotIg USIaeAOcope. All tae waite
nowas nero wire atul strearning in fro~n
adl q Lartiri. aJ1idl '1 .15 o'oioak th.,
muitaude na.l beooaie dlense. Aooat
tieiui shore was a uudtei oesitijn
.f tue varioas dinta and a general cir
IlaCa nisu of Sue whole oolapaay Wad
apJaras&. R maud and r.,und in a beo id
.vwepng ciroce oVer the grove they diw
Lor severaL muitss ntil ail had juice .
ia the cmmoa direction. Then they
iela to draw closer and closer to
geeaer in a constautly narrowing circlo.
anid tae centre of the mass was observedA
gradauauy to sink in fanel' shape tow
ard tue tree tops. Suddenly, with al
most Cae rapidity of thought, the whole
host vaniaiasd, circing in the tree-topi
wisu a whirring of wing. distinctly
neard, and sogn tne air was almost stil;
Drotemi only by the greeting ohirpo 01
tue now. Late comners, who were still
asragganug in in sallgroups anid smnzly.
A'ue.au last arrivals did not panse to
oirele about in the -air, but flew $ to w
ard tue, grove as straight re ati arrow
and vanisned among theirsettled brgmsh
era witM ligasning rapidity. At we now
grov ,ttu nearer the edge. of 45. grIov
sne rdstanug and ohirging of the birda
ampbth leauet and branohob *4 they
sot neMseltes in OOiilfokb for tk*
night oonid be distiniotIy he#4,