Newspaper Page Text
Z, t, 1 Ra a~> Fl r N
THE NEWS AND rRE D.
TBVZDAY, MAY *O, t $ a 1887
- B, . DrGSD ,O)e.
W. Z. MoD ONALD0
On the Line of Promotion.
It is understood that Professor Mo
Bryde will soon resign the presidency
of the South Carolina College, and the
- important duty of electing his succes
sor will be devolved upon the board
of trustees. Those gentlemen, we
doubt not, will discharge the duty
satisfactorily. The prime end which
they will hold in view will be the
selection of the most suitable man for
the place, and in costing about for
such a person they should confine
themselves to .the field of professional
educators. There are very substantial
reasons why they should not cross this
It will strike most persons that the
proper thing for the board of trustees
to do will be to select a successor to
Prof. MoBrydo from among his col
longues on the faculty. These gentle
men 'have the first claims upon the
place; they stand on the line of pro
motion, and the elevation of one of
- them to the presidency will be alto
gether in harmony with the fitness of
things, and, we believe, will subserve
the best interests of the institution.
If, however, the board of trustees
cannot find a suitable person among
the gentlemen now associated with
Prof. McBryde on the faculty, then
they should go to the faculty of some
other college In this or some other
We think, however, that there Is a
gentleman now a member of the facul
ty who is eminently well qualified to
meet all the requirements of the situa
tion. IIe Is a polished gentlemen of
-scholarly erudition, born with the raro
faculty of governing which is so
essential to success in the president of
an institution of learning. We allude
to Prof. R. Means Davis. ills eleva
tion to the presidency would be en
tirely satisfactory to his co-laborers on
the faculty, to the students, the
alumni and the friends of the institu
tion. It is without Prof. Davis's
knowledge or consent that- we make
this use of his namo. He is not a can
didate, we are sure, but we are equal
ly certain that if called upon to dis
charge the duties of president, that he
should not, and will not refuse.
We commend Prof. Davis to the
board of trustees as a suitable person
to succeed Prof. MoBryde. ie pos
ssss the executive ability, to crowd
the essentials into a commonplace
phrase, which will insure his suiccess
in the office.
A Muggestio tl th BEReormeruos.
Much has been written and spoken
of late about the inefficiency of our
courts of justico, the vexatious delay
in the trial of civil causes, the abuses
of the law which~ arise in practico, and
*the measures of correction that should
be adiopted. There is widespread dis
*satisfaction, andl it must be admitted
by the most conservative that there is
sufflci.nt cauise for It.
That estates are occasionally garbled
up in course of settlement lase been
very recently the subject of extraordi
- nary complaint. That suits in equity
now and then outlive alt the suitors is
~a fact tht might be p)roved by many
wvitnesses on short notice. That these
abuses and delays are driving the
p)eople from cou'rt, the natural forum
for the adjustment of wrongs, was a
little while ago cordially admitted
from the beuch by one of the ablest of
our circuit judges. Indeed it needs
ut a suggestion to to satisfy average
Intelligence that there is ample room
for sweeping reform. Where shall It
begin and where shall it end?
Thle development of the art of sten
ograp)hy and the appointment of court
stenographers renders readily in
telligible the answer which we pro
pose0. Let the present system of re
ferring causes to masters and referees
be at once abolished, and let the Leg
islature provide that witnesses shall
be examined in open court in all cases
(except when a long account is in
volved) where the Judge who
tries the cause can see and hear them.
it may be expected that stuch an act
wvill be p)ronounced by the lawyers
generally a veriable hellbonder (vide
Webster). ItL would make a~ radical
change in their daily business, and they
are by habit and education a highly
conservative class of gentlemen. But
the people may be convinced, neverR
hoe os, that it embodies a measuiry of
permanent reform, and if so all oppo
sition must sooner or later vanish.
Arguments against tho'change drawn
aeb inconvenienti may be disposed of
-very easily. If the cause be important
or involve complications which requtire
that the Judge should have time to
conaldex, It, then the .stenographer
taking the testimony, the whole record
is complete, and decision may be re
setved just as under the present prac
tice Nor could the cnane eaiany
dditional inaonvente 4 rl es i
and witises These ar quired
ainder the exiti ig sy9Oac , , attend
before a refere," It ouldt c' them
but little more to attend te ring
b~fore the Judge.
But the real merit of the meaeuro
which we propose is not disolosec
until we consider how greatly it would
facilitate the administration of justice.
The incalculable superiority Of oral
over written testimony would be this
made available in all cases.. When
the Judge who-tries the cause sees and
hears the witnesses, the danger of
falsehood coming off triumphant has
been reduced to the minimum. He
may judge whether the witness is
honest or dishonest, whether friendly,
hostile or indifferent to the %party
calling him. He may see whether he
answers directly or evasively. HIe
may note contumacious silence, con
tradictions and explanations, intelli
gence, or the want of intelligence.
le may note, too, the part played by
counsel, "learned and adroit in all
those resources of language by whloh
the truth may be skillfully concealed
or falsehood artfully suggested." In
short, he has the advantage- of all the
reliable securities for the trustworthi
ness - of testimony which are entirely
lost in trying causes on written evi
But there are a number of other
incidontal reforms that' would come
with the ehango, that We can only
rofei'to ji1st^ nowr The "taxed costs
referenco" which seem to have become
such' an abomination 'of lato, would of
course be swopt away. There would
be no more "delays." Law.for$ would
be required to be ready and go on
nolens volens. The stenographer
would earn his money. Justice would
be more faithfully administered. The
people would have more confidence in
Gentlemen of the General Assem
bly, how say you?
LONG AND SHORT HAUL.
Messrs. Editors: The following let
ter was handed me by a friend who
had received it from a railroad official:
"DEAn Sin-When you see Mr.
Geo. II. McMaster, Winusboro, S. C.,
ask him. Are you iot aware that no
freight is handled to Cha:leston by
rail from New York?
"Are you not aware that in making
the rate from New York to Winns
bore the question of water competition
is an element and that the rate is made
on the lowest combination and that
under the long and short haul clause
no such element will enter into it or
be permitted, and tnat the rate to
Winnsboro and other interior towps
will be much higher than now?
"I think if he was aware of these
facts ho would not have written as he
(lid. The enforcement of the fourth
section would kill interior towns."
The first question was probably
clicited by an argument used by me in
an article in the .Yews and Courier of
the 14lth to show the folly and lnjus
tice of permitting freight to be hauled
by railroads beow cost in order to
compete with water transportation. I
said there, in efiect, that if the charge
for trananorting a ton of freight from
New Yor'k to Charleston was one dol
lar by water, and it it should cost
ton dollars by rail, yet only one dol
lar should be charged; the nine dol
Jars deficit would be made up by over
charges against the way stations and
would be as surely lost to the country
as if it had been thrown into the
ocean. New York and~ Charleston
were simply used to .,istrato the
principle, without reference to whether
freight is carried by rail between the
twoa points or not. It may he said,
however, that express matter and the
mails and passengers must go in that
way, and these things may furnish
profitable business in spite of water
But the second question admits that
"in making rates from New York to
Winnsboro the question of water comn
petition is an element," and my argu
ment is applIcable to this case. I
reply to the second question that there
was never a doubt in my mind but that
freight would be higher from distant
points by rail to Winnsboro than at
present in consequence of enforce
ment of the inter-State commerce law.
It is indeed probable that most of the
New York freigh.t will stick to the
water and abandon the rail wherever
p)ossible and that diminished competi
tion may increase rates. With this
we are content-all we ask is fair play,
and that every tub shall stand on its
own bottom. In fact, less than this
wvill satisfy, since the fourth section
Liocs nat require that more shall be
Dharged for wvork, but only forbids the
charging of more money for less work.
N'o one is a greater advocate of raii
roads and of justice to railroads than
myself, and it would please me if
avery railroad in the land should pay'
a good dividend on its capital. The
iter-State Commerce Act will tend to
l>ring abont this result as well as give
to the position of a working rail'oad
nan more dignity and importance and
pecuniary value. In reply to the last
issertion made in the abovo letter, I
say, that if interior towns hiave been
<ept alive by discriminations in their
favor-by money taken unjustly from
ther towns-they don't deserve to
ive, But I have no fear for interior
owns. The law is intended to.pro
cot' the little fish from the big fish
ho towns, the railroads and the 6har
oter of railroad officials from con
piracies of syndicatoa,tetminal points,
iighl y-paid officials, .hlly-feed law
~ers and bribed logisators. These
ast will be the only auft'orers, as they
hould be, an'd tho ebuntry. at large
vill have security for the futture,. if
ot indemnity for the past. , I will add
., .lie -is
no far of all th peop fo
tbi,;coun uot: st ,to oOysdor
wbthor ?' ,yt rM)j9 i il WI sfero
4kk ad, tb th.l ro t'01 d6p~
Dr the YTt4tnd: 8tat ; aek is grtr "
raelled railroad traffio, a fair field nd
no favore, and t4o bo protected from
the whis and opprestoll of a set of
uprinci led Wall 8treot nioulato's
who bontro the railroad systems of the
country, and who know little and care
notlin:a ' t leg tmate riloud man
Mill'sN epatic Panacea..
Is the very best -remedy over offered for
sale for the,oure of Constipation, Indiges
tion,ep apala and Sick . feadache. Pre
sor y all the leading physicians as the
greatest family medicine.
Gentle and effective in its action, ple"ps
ant to take does not purgoor gripe.
eoer falling to greatly bohefitdelcate
One trial will convince. If not benefit.
ted money will be refunded. . Only 50"cents
MoMaster, Brice & Kotchin.
The Verdict Unanimous.
W. D. Sult, Druggist, J3Bpps IInd. ,tes
tifes: "'I can recommend Eleetrle Bitters
as the very - best remedy. Every bottle
sold has iven relief in every case. One
man .too six. bottles; ad ..f; cured,o
Rheumatlaim of ten years' standln" e
Abraham'Hare,- Drugg,st' Bel villl, Ohio, 'o
aff rms: "The best selling medicine I have .3
ever handled in my twenty years' oxpe- o
rience, is Electric Bitters." Thousands of I
others have added thglr testimony, so that E
the verdict is unanimous that Electric Bit.
tera do cure all diseases of the Liver Kid- (
noys or Blood. Only a half dollar a bottle
at McMaster, Brice & Ketehin's Drug
Exoitem.ent in Texas.
Great excitemnent has been eusdd'in' the
vicinity of Paris, Texas, by the remarkable
recovery of Mr. J. E. Corfey,' who was so a
helpless he could not turn in bed, or rai
his head; everybody said he was dying t I
Consumpon. A trial bottle of Dr. King's a
New. D scovery was sent hiln. Finding
relief, he bou it a large bottle and a box
of Dr. King's ew Life Pills; iby the time
he lied taken two boxes of. pills and two
bottles of the Discovery lie was well and
had gained in flesh thirty-six pounds.
Trial Bottles of this Great Discovery for
Consumption free at ;McMaster, Brice &
CORRECTED %EgKLY BY
W. C. BEATY, GROCER. I
WINNaSnORO, May 10, 1887. I
Cotton, middling, per m ......... 10 I
Hay. per owt.............1.1$ 1.25 i
Corn, per bushel...........724 77X
Meal, per bushel................72 4@77; I
Flour, per bbl...................4.0 aO 00
Coffee, per lb.................... 20@ 25
Sugar, per-lb,.............i.... .y
molassess, per galIoie............. 35(65 (
Bacon, per lb .........-...... 84@9 a
Hams, per lb.... , . . .. .-.... . - 14 5
Lard, perlb...... ..........8 1
Ba .............. , ,.122Eggs, per dozen.......... ,...... .. * 15
Butter, per lb.................. 20@25 1
ONE Barrel -of IMPERIAL CABINET '
.--RYE, W1hSIEY. O~i: Cask dfi
GENUINErIMPORTED 'PO P W NE' -1
One -Uabk -of G-ENUINE, POR D N
ShERRY WINE. At ""
F. W. HABENICH'", '
CO0ME and try a light smoke, unst the C
'ithin d urili hQ ryitI a.J t re
Cdived, 1000 of GOTII'[ AVANA I
CHiER~OOTS. Price only Ten Cents for 'a
package of live, at .. .* .
FLY FANS. .
UAVE b eceme a nec asty in ever
hLlousehold. A supl just received
Also, Insect Powder and Insect Gulns.
MoMASTERI, BRICE & KE~TCiIIN.
FINE TEAS, ETO.
]YSON, Gunpowder and Oolong Teas,
i.Ginger Ro,Bath Brick for clean.
ing knives, and Cundensed Milkc, just re
. MMASTER, B3RICE & KETCHIIN.
T ISoUTOlN TOEE undersigned having dissolved by
A.mutual agreement the partnership r
heretofore existing under the firm name o
1t. II. JENNINGS & CO. hereby give no
tice to parties indebted to eakatri that
they can settle without cost such) inidebted-.
ness at any time on or before the 15th of
October next. -After that date theIr notes,
accounts and other evidences of Indebted- 9
ness wviil be Mt 1into the hiainds of an at- a
torney for co lection. R
R.I. JEN HG8, t
C. E. LEITN1ER
January 6, 1887
"TAKE CARE OF THE CENTS,
tile dollars will take care of themselves."
We have bcein told we are the oinly house
In town that practIces exact change. No
peuiuses our goods are marked at
NewIdea'Prices (small profits). The odd
cents bolongi jusl to the customer. We
p bi.oe hiundlred cents saved wili
J. M. BEATY & BROE
ALL KINIP8. THlE BEBT GOODS.
Lowest prices. J .~~ O
SUGAR-COURED. WHO SAYS T HEY
ire not ni1ce? No one.
J. M BEATY &BRO.
BTATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA (
By J1. A. HfINNANT, IN., Probate Judge.
W EREAS, WV. H. KERR, C. CP.
V hathi made sutt to me to grant C
ulim letters of dministration of the estate
mnd effects of Nancy Hi. Hastings, de
These are tharefore, to cite and admon
.sh all and slugiular the kindred and cred
tors of the 'said Nancy 11. Hastings, do
3eased, that the be"ahd appear before me
in the Court o' Probate tobe held aL
I'airrlehd Court House, S..., on the 1st
iMy of July n0xt after ~ ublIcation
mlereof, at 11 o'cloek i the frenoon, to
ihiow cause, if -any they have, why th -
alad Administration shouldL not be grnte.
Given under my hand, thIs 20t dlay of
RaAnno Domini 1887.
I blihoed jn theo21st day of May,
L887, in I'is~ N.RWs AN4D IT ALD.
- 'J. A. IJINNANT, ti
May2ixO ..Judge of Probate. e
This powder never varies. A marvel of
urity, strength and wholesomeness.. More
conomical- tan tMie ordinary kinds and
annot be sold in conmpet1tion with the
aultitude of low test, short weight alum
r phosphate powders. Hold only in cane.
tOYAL BAiING POWDER Co., 108 Wall
t. N. Y.
'bold- by MoMaster, Brice'& Ketohin,
1outh Carolina Railway Company
1OMMENOING SUNDAY, FEBRU
J ary 20,1887, at 4.00 A. M., Passenger
'rains will run as follows, "Eastern time:"
TO AND FROM CHARLESTON.
lAST (tDAILY; *DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY.)
)epart Columbia. .*O.30 a. in. 15.33 p. m,
)ne Charleston... .11.00 a. in. 9.45 p. m.
'EST (tDAILY; *I)AILY EXCEPT SUNDAY.)
lepart Charleston .t7.15 a. m. *5.10 p. m.
)ue Columbia.....10.55 a. in. 9.55 p. in.
- TO AND FROM CAMDEN.
* EAST (DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY.)
a. m. a. in. p- m. p. m.
)epart ColumbIa...6.30 7.30 5.00 5.33
p mn. p. mn. p. mn. p, mn.
)ue Camden......12.55 12.55 7.42 7.42
- WEST (DAILY SUNDAY EXCEPTED.)
a. m. a. in. p. in. p. m.
lopart Camden....7.45 7.45 3.13 3.13
a. n. a. in. p. in. p in.
)ue Columbia.....10.25 10.52 7.20 9.55
TO AND FROM AUGUSTA.
AST (tDAILY; *DAILY EXCIPT SUNDAY.)
lepart Columbia. .*0.30 a. in. 15.33 p. in.
lue Augusta...... 11.50 a. in. 10.25 p. m.
TEST (tDAILY; *DAILY EXCEPT SUNDAY.)
epart Augusta... t0.10 a. in. f4.40 p. in.
uo-Columbia.....10.55 a. in. 9.55 p. in.
[ado at Union Depot, Columbia, with
alunbia & Greenville Railroad by train
rriving at 10.55 A M and departing at
33.P. 1. Also, with '. C. &A. Railroad
y satho train to and from all points on
Passeng1es take Breakfast and Supper at
.At.Pregnalls to and from all points on
uttwville Rahroad. At Charleston with
teemers for New York, iacks4nville and
pnts on St. John's River on Tuesdays
4b'aturdaysl with.Charleston and Savan
aMhRailroad to and from Savannah and
At Augusta with Georgia and central
alirads to and from -all polnts West and
91th.-.M ABlaekvlleo to and from points
n -Barnweil Railroad. Through tickets
In be pOrchased to all points South and
FN1N'DEPOT, 'Agent, Columbia, S. C.
OlIN 13. P K,General Manager.
r C. A LLEN, Gen. Pass.,& Ticket Agt.,
.Charleston, S. U.
I. have what I believe the
est FOOD so far ever pro
uced for Motherless and In
alid Children. It is a good
ubstitute for the Mother's
uilk, and suitable for all cast s
equiring easily digested food.
HYSON TEA. Three
ualities, 'which can be sold1
t prices to suit any one. At
he Drug Store of
W. F. AIKEN.
WILL lIE PAIDl FOR
AIRBUCEIES' 00FFEE RAPPERS,
I Premium, - *1,000.00
2-Premiums, - 'S00.00 each
6 Premiums, - *250.00 "
25 PIemiums, - *i00.00 "
100 Premiums, - *50.'00 "
200 Premiump, - *20.00 "'
1,000 PremIums, . - 10.00 "
F'or fuli particulars and dirocUoni sooeeoa
or in overy pound of AnnuoRLus' 001133.
E heroby give notice that we will
amauk, Ca., & Wadosboro, N. U., Rc~
>adl;" the said Railroad to run in th:ego.
ral direction of theso two points andt
ass through Aiston, S. C., the IIairfield
rnit Regin, Wim asboro ar.d the Great
. H. McMASTER,'
. M. BEATLY1
JOUN BR AT I'ON,
JA MES JONES,
-WM. S. .IAL~L,
D. L. GLENN
W. N. MA8O~
T. W. WOOD'4ARD'
11. M. HUEY'
ICEK ICE. ICE.
JUST IN A SU1PLY; OF PUIR10 (CE
ludh I wilf sell as low 'as possib)le, and
'y to suit every 0110 who would like to
ejoy the luxurg, (or rather necessity) for'
tory clay use, tome andl patronize me~ one
tNN reS'cpin1 col,at .1
-1 T-nanE. n.
WE ARE IN TUE I
WE HAVE NOWOPEN FORINSPIEO
of MILLINERY as has ever been brought
styles of Hats and Bonnets, and othet not
stock this seasonwas selected with great c
now with us, and will take auoh pleasure I
erally. Call hd. see. You sha 1 be suitod
received throughout. the season. Also a I
other goods jusi in store ato
DRY GOODS, DRY GOODS, DAY GOC
BUGGIES, BUGGIES, BUGGIES and I
GROCERIES, GROCERIES, GItOOERI
Also the BEST FAMILY SEWING MAJ
B l TRE BUsI
9 J .i .LLI
PLAYING TO THE TUNE OF LOW I
EVERY DEPARTMENT. SHOWD
Credit yourself for being smart. Glide
prices. We. ha*e bought too many goods;
To sell at somY pige. Our assortment is
the best New York Alanufaotures.
Ladles, look at qurWhite Lawns (ke'
saw in the 'Bor-from s. per yard to 35
175 pIeces of Figured Lawns. They are
You all know our great hobby for Find
look at them.
Hosiery, Hosiery, from oc. per pair to 75
A large stock of Gloves, verycbeap. W
bargains we have in store for your, but Co
WILL TALK FOR' ITS.EL
DRY M AODS, NOTIONS, DR J
Combining style, qualiy and elegaace' is
ee unless the talk oetu tho&l makes theli
ask a sale only when the$ gie complete a
NES ad IERALD
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Subscribe for your County
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SAMPLE COPY SENT ON AP
Having increased the force
of our Job Department, we
are now prepared to execute
all kinds of job work neatly,
upon the shortest notice, and
at the lowest possible figure.
We;will gladlf furnish price-.
list On application, and guar.
antee that you will find the
same as low,-if'not lower, than
any other establishment of the
kind in the State, Send in
Ar TL4 >r 1 Ii
'1F " O1 GAiM iIhl
IONAS L IEAMD ARI
to our place "eilon.1
are by Our :iuliner.MiAi w11 it
ni serving our fr ien s an d A G,i t t n s r o , Nwiwl t o 3 R N R t t R
JO.DS and NOt'IONS at
- J. O. BOAG 'i
ES, always on hand, at
J. O. BOAQ9.
MUINE on the market. Call afid et ,use
* J. O.JOAQ
RICES. STRAINING FOR TR4I)3 IX
IG BARGAINS THAT 1AS NEVE*
) IN OUR TOWN.
by the high price stores and pay our' -w
don't want t(e stook; but we do want \e
composed of seleotioz*s from the Orean ot
ked Muslins-the beat selectie you fvei
beauties, at 6c. per ard,
Laces and Embrolderles. Den't fall to
ehave not room to melitlon 'all tho gold
me and see for ouself. -" "
Q. D. ILLIFORI a 10'
aESS CO0DS, FANQX: ppQ~
Liih prices strictly faIr. N.e s x -
merit perfectly plin tot1'byi e
. . D TV*DS
-5 sentimenit you kno* in -aukn
m taior-miade suits and my o io.
I yo own intetges.Yo wltb
gainers byit In the atI*aton o 1p
wear ad the seyrt ofeyt u~pb
It's beond the aiiy.f~.
oloth-t kno* what lsa t ~byA)A
it. Only one of long oerfin Inhe
wrknowcs ow to f.rrit o4wbehei
elthn is crf'ully m4e'oify~
Ju443~aynot. I tae both risksf4
yQ1~ e .~ ~q q alt nd' the wr;tl
sor iIs, and make pox
-4 '10he as thpt anywhere?
0o0l 4o 6tI 41.n have confidence
In t m uanuf~le' :that make theoe
tallor-ied qt.?'You shoot wide of
the ia ~ .fduIs.~tn the best for
u on.y youI i'thut seen e
TO THE MQWuE ,S
Do not nerlect this potnlty. I'ha;ve
received quantiy .~knee pants aits\
front four yEars to q,. er sd~O
will go at a p ricethtW h oia
AWs you willhavo hardswor k f*
hfe,bu tr lleUt an t
these suits anearn ethe price, h
tehe bet nity a ua will h Iy
psn rt n fr amere
o asuel ns avb ifoen thisi
bofire. Teosuit~ are welI ae n
cu n the ia6t stl. Now, don'~wI
until the last.,moment ud epot gt
foruthese ~utowiI ge ith auh.Wii
You will r.l'd the laes ciesT9
YEOMAN e,dthe DUNLPD0~a
amnin tla i1s -ut~
This ooin at .be senobe
Aine EtO ha oanheroT
eVuknpa nd r wa .