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IU NWS AND HERALD*
1EU+ SUAY, DEOEMDSg 8, t i a 1 -81
X.B M MAGSDALO,
W. L. .aDONALD.
THE President has sent the following
nomlations to the Senate:
Lucius Q. C. Latnar, of Miississippi,
to be Associate Justice of the Supreme
Court of the United States.
William V. Vilas, of. Wiscoitsin,
Secretary of the Interior.
Don M. Dickinson, of Michigan,
Charles S. Fairchild, of New York,
Secretary of the Treasury.
George L. Eives, of New York,
A$slstant Secretary of State.
Isaac H. Maynard, of New York,
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury.
Sigourney,Butler, of Massachusetts,
- Second Comptroller of the Treasury.
James W. Hyatt, of Connecticut,
Treasurer of the United States.
The Virginia Oase.
The Supreme Court of the United
States has decided the Virginia
habeas corpus cases. They have
given the Constitution another blow
and opened a now field for the talents
of the demagogu?. Here again is a
judicial decision involving the gravest
of errors. It is second to no folly in
the constitutional history of this coun
try, not even to thv nullification laws
of the South Carolina Legislature of
With 'the plain provision of the
Constitution before it, "that no State
shall pass any law impairihg the obli
gation of contracts," the Court yet
decided that a State can pass such an
Act. The Court demonstrated noth
ing in this opinion other than the fact
of its own inability to draw the obvi
ous destruction between a suit against
a State to force it to do some positive
act and an order enjoining its officers
from proceeding to enforce a void
statute . The opinion is an ill-jointed
tissue of shallow sophistries. The
reasoning of the Court is after the
manner of the schoolmon.
The rights of the States, the right of
local self-government, the constitu
tipual liberties of the people of this
country can never be endangered by
denying to the States, as the Federal
Constitution does, the right to repudi
ate their contracts, It is only when
this Constitution is ignored, as this
misguided Court has ignored it, that
the officers of a Stat cannot be
cijoined from enforcing a plainly 'vokf
statute, because a Stato cannot be
sued, is enough to make the bones of
Chief Justice Marshall rattle in their
"The.notion," says Mr. .T. S. Mill,
"that it is the duty of one man to
look after the moral conduct of an
other, has been the fruitful cause of
nine-tenths of all the misery that man
kind have experienced."
Tis "notion," which so impressed
itself upon the mind of the brilliant
English philosopher, is still dominant.
The Supreme Court of the United
States has just decided that a State
has the right to prohibit the manufac
ture of liquor withini its territory.
The decision even goos to the length,
that a citizen may he prohibited from
making it for his own personal use.
It is simply impossible to over-esti
mate the amount of judicial heresy
that is put forth in this dccrce.
"The right," says the Court, "to
determine what was injurious had to
exist somewhere, and the right of de
termining what measures woro,neces
sary for the preservation of the public
morals, health and safety, had, there
fore, been vested in the States by the
constitutional right given them under
the police power to regulate their own
Starting with a bold assumption, the
Court found its way to an infamous
conclusion-"foois venture where
angels fear to treadi." It is impossible
to explain how a Court, trained in the
traditions of the English-speaking
race, and in the learning of the Con
stitution, which this tribunal dared to
quote, could have put forth such doc
trine as this. It is enough to say, in
conclusIon, that it was in- the exercise
of the supposed right to "preserve the
public morals and safety" that the
"intolerant despot of Gceva" sent
Servetus to the slake.
Locnl Taxation Once More.
The dangers to be feared from local
taxation are manifold:
The majority of men in this world
are idle,- improvident hangers-on.
Individually, they are equal to the
minority, -in. probably but two par
ticulars--the space which Ihey occupy
and the right which they have or will
have to exercise the electoral fran
It is the numerically small minority
wh9 vo borne the brunt of civiliza
tii s battle; they have carm'led her'ban
* tners over land and sea; every achieve
ment of sdial and industrial life is the
result *of tihpir eforts. Everything
has been accomptished by theo free'
play ot the ni t~al faculties of moti,
undor ihe stfhiI s of self-interest.
They have gone fward in the onr
solousnesps.that yjiey would po pro
tected by th6tkw in the ful*erdoyment
of the fruite' of theit latfo.r, and be
* ~Allowed to t,.Ansmi t 1tt naot...
te0ity. And this is the constitution of
coolety whilh alone can call forth the
nri ttnumcapaoltiet of the race.
,The assumton. that' the.majority of
nono will continue to be idle and itm
.proVident.is a safe one; an4 the pro
position that the day is combgg when
the political rights of all men will be
fully asserted at the polls, even here,
will not be serlotsly controverted.
What then will become of the tight of
property? To what- lengths. will a
victorious but impecunious Democracy
not go? Will the progress of oiviliza
tion be able to survive the wisdom of
a "township mob?" Let the advo
cates of "local taxation" answer.
For our part we are firmly per
suaded that the precedent being estab
lished, Inch by inch, the principle will
be extended; stop by step they will
trench upon the right of property; one
by one they will pile the burdens of
life upon the shoulders of the minori
ty until the latter, harassed at every
step, will realize at last that the strng
gle is all in vain. On that day, when
socialism by means of "local taxation"
shall have achieved its infamous alms,
industry will fold its arms in disap
pointment and sit down by the way
side, and frugality will fling away the
-II. e. P., or niln's Hnpatio Panacea curos
Sick Hlead che in 20 Minutes. For constlpa"
tion it has no A ual.
* MoMASTEIt. B1ltICH AdKETUIIIN.
Oar Legislators and Economy.
Some of our legislators seem to be
of the opinion that they must always
be harping on expenses and reform.
If these wise acres would only con
sider for a moment, they would soon
see that the time they consume in ad
vocating visonary measures of reform,
costs the State threefolds as much as
the proposed reform. For instance,
we see that a Senator has introduced a
bill to abolish the office of Master and
devolve the duties of said Master on
the Judge of Probate. We would be
very much obliged if the advocate of
this measure would point out to its
one single good that would be accom
plished by such a change. It would
make the office of Probate Judge a
very fat one, but wherein is ehe econ
omy? When a man undertakes to re
form, he should know what reform
really means. Then again there are
other matters to be considered besides
the saying of a few dollars. The com.
bination of these two offices would
create a manned-woman's contract
law. We hope to see all such meas
ures as the one referred to killed as
soon as possible and the people's
money saved. Some politicians seem
to think that their popularity rests
with the cry of reform and the intro
duction of useless bills purporting to
be reform measures, but which really
are more catch pennies to blind the
publio. We do not .ay this of the
Senator wh intrsdte the Probate
reform hiliR that' cos ney ad a6a
complishi I1h good.
The mall who keeps Onl cr'ying out
W.Volf I Wolf I when there is 110 wolf in
sight or near about, wll perish ,when
he does really discover the presence or
onie, from the fact that he has raised
the cry so often and no0 wolf being
found, 110 0one will hlarkenl to his cry,
-rThe Popular Science Monthly for
December conltains articles by Profes
aor Huxley, GranIt Allen and tile Duke
of Argyil, andI an interesting bit of
autobiography, enltitled "The1 Boy
hood of Darwin," from the forthcom
lng "Life and Letters" of the great
natuLralist. Monometallism, bimnetal
lismn and trlmetalliam are discussed by
the Hion. David A. Wells, under the
title of "Changes in the Relative
Values ini the Precious Metals."
Is Oonsumption InOuWrble?
Read the following: Mr. C. HT. Miorris,
Newark, Ark., says: "WVas down with
Abscess of Lungs, and friends and physi
clans pronounced me an lucurable Con
sumptive. Began taking Dr. King's New
Discovery for ConsumptIon, amnow onW 1
my third bottle, and able to oversee the
work on myV farm. It Ia the fluest miedicino
Jesse Middlewart, Deccatur, 0110, says:
"Had it net been for Dr. 'King's New
Discovery for Consumption I would have
died of Lung TVrouble~s, Was giveni upl by
doctors. Anm now in best of health."
Try It. Sample bottles free at McMas
tor, Tirlce & Ketchin's Drug Stoe. *
Blucklen's Arnicn Salve.
THEi BEST SALvE in the world for Cuts,
Brulses. Sores, Ulcers, Salit Rheum, Fever
Sores, Tfetter Chlappedl lands, Chilblaws,
Corns, and alI SkIn Eru,ptions, and post
tively cures iIles or 110 pay required, it
Is gnaranteed to give per feet satisfaction,
or money refunt cd. Price 25 cents per
box. For sale by McMaster, hirlee &
STATE 0OF SOUTII CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF FAIRFIELD.
.lN THlE PROBATE COURT.
Henry A. Caldwell and WV. Beauregard
Caldwell, as Executers of tile last WVill
and Testament of Thomas 1H. Davis, de
ceased, Petitioners, against James D
Davis, Nancy Caldwell io -d A. Davis,
Wylie'J. Davis, Asenath Coleman, L. A.
WValker, Nannie Walker, Fletcher Walk
er, Charner Walker, Essio WValker,1 Jot n
Colenlan and Laulra Coleman l' easter
Coleman and Elizabeth Grant Defen
d ants.--Sum mons for' Relief. dOpl~aintC
To THE DEFENDANTs AnIovE-NAMED :
Y OUT are hereby summnoned and required
..to answer th~e PetitIon in this action
wichl is fied in tile office of tile Court of
Probate for tile said County, and to serve
a copy of your answer to ile said PetItIon
0on tile subscriber at his oficpe, Chester,
S. C., withIn twenty days after the ser
vice hereof, exclusive of tIhe day of such
service; and if you fall to answer the
Petition wvIthin the time aforesaid, the
Petitlonlers in this action will apply to the
Court for the relief demanded in the Peti
tion, to wit, to examine witnesses to
prove the last Will of Thomas H. Davis in
solemn formi or due form of law.
Dated 4th November, A. D. 1887.
J. A. H INN ANT. J. P. F. C. ]t,. 53
To L. At Walker, Fletcher Walker, Peas
ter Coleman, John Coleman, Laura Cole
man and ElIzabeth Grant:
You will please take notice, that the
Petition in thiis case to prove in due form
of law the WIlt of Thomas Hi. Davis ws
filed in the office of the Judge of Probate
In FairAeld County on the 3rd of Novem
Tihis 3rd November, 1887.
W. A. SANDEItS,
Nov5-6O PetItIoners' Attorney.
TPIPA m.E a!rb e e eae
This powder never varies. A marvel of
purity, strength and wholesomeness. More
economical than the ordinary kinds and
oannot be sold in competition wits the
multitude of low test, short weight alum
or phosphate powders. Sold ont in oa,t.
ROYAL BAKING POWDER Co., 106 Wall
old by MoMaster, Brico & Kotohin,
Grocers. . Moh8tx1y
I WOULD RESPECTFULLY IN
form my friends and the publio gen
is always supplied, and will be served
by polite servants with the best the
Fine Virginia Oysters anlFresh Salt Water Fist
rdcelved tri-weeldy. Call around
and see for yourselves, and you will
always hunt up
Thanking A kind public for past
patronage, I shall endeavor to merit
the same this season.
F. W. IIAMENIOIT.
lix It If Yoa Lire.
SAUCED PIGS' FEET,
"BIG'" 11AM SAUSAGE,
T HURRER'S PLAIN PICKLMS,
FRESH OYSTERS, FRESR FISH,
three times a week, at
AROUND THlE CORNER.
F. W, HABENICHT.
100 Per Cent
Is a brand of Flour just re
ceived by the undersigned, thc
finest goods mads in the Uni
ted States, and for sale only
by me. A full line of Canne
Goods, every case fresh, first
quality and standard weights,
Rbast Beef, Corned Beef,
Chipped Beef, Potted Ham
woe. per Box. Chambers1
Peachers, for Cream, Bartlett
Pears, Pineapple, sliced, and
Grated Tomatoes, Okra and
Tomatoes,- Corn Stiroh, Im
ported and Domestic Sardines,
Chow Chow Pickles, and
Worcestershire Sauce, Im
orted Maccaroni and Cheese,
French and American Candies,
To arrive-Citron, Cur.
rants, Raisins and Nuts.
A share of the tride solicit..
edi. Terms: CASE-I.
$@" A new anmiouncement
R. M. H UEY.
I.F Iclester & Co.
Extra Choice New Orleans Molass.,
Boat Cream Cheese.
ilour--Patented Family Extra and Me
dium 43aG s
Seed Wheat and 'Oats.
Asbestos. Rubber and IIemn Packing
Biarbed Wire and Stapls
Po*dr and Shot at who es.
ofee-Oid Government, Java and Rio.
tA ll line of Teas ad Sugars.
Clothing istits, Extra Pants C
Youths' Suits and Ovocoats, Chir
and Children'd sizes-large lot. In I
order. Shirts for Men and Boys. '
SHiR'C for the reason that we have
and sizes. Cravats direct from Me
styles. Glov , Call and see our
8usponders, Hosiery and Underwear
* ~y Goods
Full- Stogl .f Domestic Goods. '
prices. Anothr lot of those Heavy
two. Flannels, Blankets, Ginghan
Towels, Towelling, Cassimeres, Jea
Notions, Underwear, Corsets, Bus
Cashmere Shawls, Driea Goods, Tr
are proud of our success in this depa
that we ar&constantly receiving new
cheapest lot of Ladies' Coverings we
We are paying close attention tp.
lance at4hi department. Al-goo
DRUG AND BO(
%Ve h o moved this department it
Flennikd, and the stock will be fou
Oils W ndow Glass, Wrapping Papi
We oid show a complete stock ine
ing you through when you call on ue
We have two Ladies to assist us it
will always be warm and comfortabi
T HE BEST Ile
WHICH WILL BE SOLE
J. o. ii
New Mililery Store
JUST RECEIVE~D, TIlE LAST
lot of Winter Milliery (Goods. As
the season is advanced'they will be
sold at a
SMALL ADVANCE ABOVE COST.
Childreni's Woolen GJoods, such as
Sacques and Hoods. Ladics wishing
Hlats can tbO suIted both In thie latest
.styises and p)rlces, as our motto is
Quick Sales and Small Profits.
MIRs..J. D. MCCARLEY.
FARM MACHIN ERY.
T HOSE who use water from, wells or
WATE ELEVTORS AenD m'ii
FuIRB." Come to me atnd look at my olr'
I keen~ on hand every quality of Machine
Oil, and Axle Qrase.
I can turnI nglnos and Colton Gins
and Presses of te best make.
It is my business to furnIsh farmers with
anythin thymyneed Qf the best qual.
ty and sai~~0.
Mi'. Jon (* adjden will always be on
band to veoi SCtteves stui sharpen
Gin Saws bnhpest manner.
"1i'~. .uY}R...... . ..F Jr r. 1i
ats and Vests, Overcoats Boys' and
an's dults, &u. Hats in den's Boys'
lats we have just received our fourth
Te still sell the. celebrated PEARL
1ever found a better. Collars all styles
mnfacturers,- splendid assortment, all
immense stook and examino quality.
re agree to protect our customers in
Cotton Flannels to arrive in a day or
is, Prints, Table Damabks, Napkins,
tlos, Collars and Cuff's, Handkerchiofs,
imnmings, Ladies' Coverings, &c. We
rtment,. nd call attention to the fact
gooocds in It. We have the nicest and
have over sold.
hoes, andrall we ask is that you call and
s iaiaate,ed uts represented or MONEY
the store formerly occupied by D. R.
nd full and cotmplete. Also, Paints,
)r, Paper Bags, &c., &c.
11, lines, and will take pleasure in show
our Ladies' Department, and the room
ICE & KETCH IN.
OF NICE, CHEAP
M A C H INES,
AS LOW AS THE L.OW
3 OA G.
AND FEED STADLIS.
In addition to stook on hand, one
earloadi of iice, yomng, well-broke
WESTERN MULIUS AND HIOR8E8,
Amongst~them one ine .pair of Black
Horses somio good Saddle Hlorqs
Moles Irom 144 to 1514 hands high and
from three to five years .old. All
stock guaranteed sts represente1I or
money refunded. T1his stock Will be
sold cheap- .
Or on tIme mitil next fall by makin
satisfactory papers. Come and selec
for yoursel'ves and e e money.
A.W1 N8OR '0
FOR L1VER, STOMACH AND1
SIminons' Hepatio Compound Sim
mons' Liver 1egulator H. i. P.,
Morrel's ilepaine, Callsaya Tonic,
Co#yBitters, Ape ala, Seveni Barks,
8tdhpLiver Tone Compound Es.
io of Pepalne, Tropic Fruit Laxa
Se,Po~ua Liver and Kidney Core, I
b's Cordial, Extract of Bnchn, i
ehir's Safe Cure, Hatter's Elixir r
~tWild Cherry, fllaekbgrry CordIal
iltser Aperlent, Sprudeo Salt., Sal
caatelle, Essence of Ginger, lin- t
ASTEIl, BRlIQE & K1TOHIN.
Ilk .4 r
& *41 ~ bothe. & Q9
- efte e
wili be 1 d
time to ehow.you.
- ~~sav * t wVon au,nt
wihbvbid!'maolf YAud *
mnay fok Raut*014uesnevp!.sgD
at .briees lo.wer. d or4 plr a'
,,,to vo .. ~mamtilot .:pgok ;so :,nat 'tN,
beforo. . ..
Furniture, Sewlog Macbine,'Chromos, 1$raJcets, Mir,
Wall Pockets, Handslne Vases, Baskets, China Cups, flat
ware, Confectionaries, and Toye of many kinds to gratif
young, little boys.and girls; and may th6Yiibg sun on. Ctristme .
not rise on a disappointed one.
-AND STILT4 THE
SOME OF TILE LADIES NEED& ,
WE have made a special order 'for about ten dozen, WhIdh Aris 'pj by
express to-day and will be opened ulY immediately for inspeoUoli. t 6re
cheapor now than at the first of the season, so you can buy o flu bat drv61y
little money. -
We have reduced the pice of our Coveiin4s for ladies: Our etook' f0*til
full in. this line, and if you will give us a call we will cony uce ydti th-trwe
have one of the largest astottments ever brought to.W nhsb,dro.
TI a few days we will have an elegant assortment of -
of which we will inform you later. Remember the, old stand.
0'. L VIDII M-. IpAE
SPRAD TUE LIOUrY w
For W lave alues thast will Beat iZupw.M .
The. Choicest Novelties and al. the brbl.it, New Sty1 for
the Season in quality, variety and large assoit'ineit,'
WAEALAYJA THE H&;.
And never has it be our prv' ec:L .. 'tt a pm
leteatdattrai e a.line of Dress roods iad f1 '' gs
w ,will,convince youte ALWAY -
ADVERTISE. Or bigainsl are matchless. W want
your money, aind: in order to get it we,"ioffe" ..indmeaents
that "others. cannot, dare not equal': Look at aur 59 hts,
they are standard goods. ' ' r
Our plan has been to save you money"on v 51 e
and we intend to stick to it.
If you want a suit price ours before bungelsew
SHORS, SHOES AND &RBBER 000. -xl
We only charge you for quality, not style, that we thow
in. Furthermore, we always make good our guatantee' on
anything we s(11. It is true our,prices are-low, bi tthat is
our business. We discount our bills We dont buy ethe on
There are some people who, if you- do not charge thein a
fancy price for an article, they don't think it good i.
tend to learn them better sooner or later, our worc fQr "it. It
is not always the highest price that gets the best.
We cordiallyinvite your inspection,. Polite attention and
i hearty welcome will be yours -wh'enevter yo:.hafpf to
lrop in. "
Q. a. W LLWQ 'Vo
-ONE CAR-DA --
k FULL LINE OF SADDLES" "BRID ASW D
3REECH AND MUZZLE-LOADING S T
- REVOLVERS AND KNIVE$
CAEL AND SEE THEM.' -
ULSSE Zflr DESPbBT,
iA ONS, CAR IAGS t fJ111ES '
*'RU UNDERlW ED WOULb REPET
ret clas WA ONS ,Afi1 G~ lea t
s pronounced superior to any road cart offered in them lJ s4'~ti
* airs done with dieD ath and on reasoable rms
al1 keep on han ftall ine'of HARNEWM&
EAS, anid egtfn es ealy found aWfirstu~o Xu~*V
Ion uaranteed as t rioe-an4 quality. Giem'Acl rydSEjTIR '
al n ad af bet time and money. JRespectful~