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THE NEWS AND HERALD,
WINNSBORO, S. (:.
'SATURDAY, DEOBMBER 1o,: 18
. B. BAGSDAI ,
W. L..ariOY41a. i gDri'ORB.
The Apportionment Bill.
The Legislature can find no author
ity under the constitutional amend
mont adopted at the last election for a
reapportionment of representatives.at
this time on the basis of the United
States census of 1880. On the con
- trary the amendment carries with. it
the inevitable igaplication that the
Legislature shall do no such thing.
And it is urged against the present
apportionment bill that "the measure
is so clearly unconstitutional that there
are grave doubts whether a General
Assembly constituted under its provi
s8ons could legislate 'espeolally on the
subject of refunding the bonded debt
of the state."
There seems to be great force in this
objection. And we are- liclined to
think that we "had better bear the ills
we have than fly to others we know
not of." An unconstitutional assem
bly would raise many troublesome
The Edgofleld Monitor quotes with
- approval what we had to say in a
recent issue of this paper of the un
mitigated iniquity of homestead ex
emptions, and says that it put forth
similar arguments many years ago,
and still believes in the soundness of
the same. lnt we feel assured that
our contemporary will agree with us
that this Is not enough. The evils of
a ;bad law can't be pointed out too
often. Every institution that ever
existed had its defenders. Exemption
laws form no exception. It Is in the
nature of man to take sides before his
understanding has been fully onlight
cn.ed. He then becomes a partisan
and may or may not be open to con
viction. But younger men are con
tinually coming on the stage of action,
and it is especially for the benefit of
-these that error should be mercilessly
exposed at every opportunity.
It is only thus that bad laws can
ever be repealed.
The Preasident's Meseage.
Perhaps it might be just'as well to
admit fraikly once for all that our
worthy President is a colossal "strad
di.er." Stripped of the conusion
that is borrowed of verbosity his
*message undoubtedly enunciates the
old doctrianat el mven
~-~ - ~'omy," ith incidental protection."
And this, it ia understood, may be
made to mean just anything that any
given exigency may demand. Let us
contrast seine parts of tils unique
message. The following" bold enun
ciation of principle can't be beat:
When we consider that the theory
of our institutions gunarantees to every
citizen the full enjoyment of all the
fruits of his industry and enterprise,
with only such deduckiQn as may be
his share towards the careful and
economical inaintenance of the Gov
ernment wvhich protects him, it is plain)
that the exaction of mere than this is
inldefensible extortion, and a cul pable
betrayal of American fairness and jus
But our present tariff lawvs, the
*vicious, inequitable 'and ilogical
source of unnecessary taxatieought
to be at once~ revised and amended.
After reading this,'one is but ill-pre
pared for the "let down" that is in
Store for him. IIere it is:
It is not proposed to entirely relieve
tihe country of tIs taxation. It must
be extensively continued as the source
of the Government's income' anid in a
readjustment of our tariff tle inter
ests of American labor engaged ini
manufacture should be carenailly COnl
sidered, as well as tile preservation'of
our manufacturers. It mnay be called
protection, or by alny othler nlame, but
relief from the hlardsips and dangers
of our presenlt tariff laws, shouldibe
devised with especial precaution
against imperiling the eX'stenlce of
our manufacturing interests.
And then to make thle case perfectly
satisfactory to both sides we have tils:
Buit tile reduction of taxationl de
mnanded should be so measured as not
to necessitate or justify either the loss
of employment by thle working man
nlor tile lessening of is wages; and
the profits still, remaining to the man
utacttirer, after a necessary readjust
ment, should furnish no excuse for tihe
sacrficesil of the interests of his em
ployb eiher inl their opportunity to
work ,ior in the diminution of thei r
Nwwe fall utterly to see any place
othis platform on whlichl an honest,
COooltions tariff reformer canco
sent to stand.
- No man can serve two masters.
Is Consauption .Jneurabie?
IRead the following: Mr. C. HI. Morris,
Newark, Ark., says: "Was down with
Abscess of Lungs, and friends and physi
clans pronounced me an Incurable Con
sumptive. Began taking I. King's New
DIscovery for Consump tof, am now on
my third bottle, and able to oversee the
work on my farm. 1t is the flnost,modieino
Jesse Middlewart, Decatur Ohio, say:
"Had it not ee fok Dr. K4n 's New.
Uiseov1y eB,a iton I would have
died of est Wasbgiven,up by
Tr t,Sample b?ttsfree at MeMas
luoklen's Aral.ea Salve.
THE JES'r BALY in l~d for Cuts,
Sors l fetter Cha p Hands, CuhlFever
* Corns, andvaii Skn Eruptions, and ?ei.
tively cure mc,or no pay reauire . It
* orinOz)yrdiie.Price 25 cnsp
bo hin, le~by McMaster, Brce&
STrRENOGT 4xnSi SOUV..
Few possessions are niore universal
Y value and wished forthan strength
It. :not so generally consid red
that only throP h lon patient and
utinuous ef'or oan I t be obtained.
Is 6ibought of rather as a hap y
edeut, or a native gift, to be as
irely grateful for, than as a natlral
aid certain result of toll and striving.
We congratulate the strong man on
his strength, but rarely praise or honor
him on that account; we pity the weak
man for his weakness, but it would
s.em cruel to mingle blame or roptoof
with our pity. Yet the truth is that
human strength can be earned through
human energy. It is not always a
gift - which . humat nature showers
upon somo and denies to others, but
often a gradual development in the
individual, going .on in accordance
with the active efforts, and earnest
struggles which he puts forth from
day to day.
'Take bodily strength and example;
the Infant gains it through constant
motion, the boy through active play
the mian through toll and tug and
burden. Lot these cease and strength
will cease developing; let them be
relxedt it will decline. No one can
have the strength to take long walks
and hard climbs who does not put
forth in active Wflorts from time to
time, whatever force he has. No one
has the strength to endure unusual
toll and hardship who has not @truggled
manfully in past conflicts. Bodily
idleness as inevitably respite in bodily
weakness. The day is happily well
nigh past when women prided them
solves upon their physical frailty; but
many still continue to be feeble and
call it their misfortune, when quite
often it is only the necessary conse
quence of languid inaction.
This is equally manifest in the men
tal condition. The strong mind is
one which has accumulated power
through hard moaaal activity. Much
earnest study, much eort of thought,
many a tussle with self-indulgence
and love of case, many a struggle
with difficulties and obstacles, have
combined to give it thatvlgorous force
and elasticity which is to its possessor
so valuable a boon. We look with
pleasure upon the man thus favored.
We admire his clear thought, his
sound judgment, his keen discrimina
tion; to envy the case with which lie
detects the .point of an argument, or
solves an intricate question, or applies
a principle; but we do not see, and
seldom even imagine, what toil and
patience may have been the source of
this mental strength. On the other
hand the man who has never learned
to control his thoughts, and compel
them to work who has shrunk from
difficulty, and indulged in lazy and
Idle reverie, must expect to be
weak-minded; he has denied the very
food which it needs to build it up and
strengthen it. Or course there are a
fbw exceptionally gifted persons, to
whom this exertion is only a pleasure,
but most of us must learn our strength
of mind by much steadfast toll and
More strength also is gained chiefly
through struggles of the moral nature.
Every time a temptation is resisted,
an evil inclination conquered, a duty
performed, moral streoogth is accumu-i
I ated. The one whom all men honom
for virtue and integrity, to whoir
wrou doing seems to offer no attrac.
-11fl ~~ wfio perrorms egen - dut y na
it arises, apparently witdout an oil'ort,
has not gained this power by treading~
flowery beds of ease. It has come tc
hini throtigh effort and sacrifice, and
the more it has cost the greater the
reward. rhe poor weak victim of
temptrtion and indulgene, who ie
powerless to deny his appetite, or to
subdue a craving, or to resist the per
suasion of an evil comnpanion, is indeed
to be pitied, but his deplorable condi
tioni is due to long years of moral
idleness, during which lhe has drifted
into evil, instead of having stemmed
the current and resolute y pressed
forward ini the opp)osito direction.
If this is so-if strentgth is only to be
obtained through effort-it may change
the aspect of some things we are
accustomed to look upon only as
calamities and hardships. The very
obstacles which have seemed to hinder
our course miay have afforded the best
opportuultics for developing the
courage aud accumnlatig the power
which we neced to pursuo it. The
trials which have been so hard to bear
have called forth the fortitude and
heroism which are parts of every noble
nature. The difficulties over come,
the d<migers faced, evcin the mistakes
made, have all tended to make yen
self-reliant, fearless and strong. Just
as the child learns to walk through
aaany a fall, that seems only painful at
the time, so we may all learn leesons
anid acquire powers through what ap
p ears at the timan somewhat disastrous.
.arnest and coatinuous eflort is a
copious source from whidh flows
strength of body, strength of mind and
st.rength of character. It is a solurce
open to all, froni which new su pplie
may constantly be drawn.
Sick"i Ichaoi i n mInte. For Coas eti
tion It lias no aquEl. BIEaET N
BTATE OF SOUJTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF FAIRlFIELD.
IN THE~ PROBATE COURT.
Hemry A. Caldwell and WV. Bleauregard
Caldwell, as Executors of the last WVill
and Testament of Thomas HI. Davis, de
ceased, Petitioners, iganst James ]P
Davis, Nancy Caldwel Lloydl A. Davis
. WVylle J. Davis, Asonati Coleman, L. Al
Walker, Nannie Walker, Fletcher Walk
or, Chiarner Walker, Essle Walker Jor r1
Coleman afnd Laura Coleman 1/eastea
Coleman an~d Elizabeth Grant Defen
dants.-.Summons for Rteli4f. dmplaini
To THEi DEFECNDANTS AnOVE-NAMED :
OU are hereby summoned and required
.to answer the Petition in this aetion
which is fied in the office of the Court oJ
Probate for the said County, and to serve
a copy of y our answer to tne said1 Petition
on tesubocriber at lia office, Chester
8. C. withain twenty days after the sori
vlee Ihereof, exclusIve or the day of such
service; and if you fall to answer the
Petition within thae time aforesaid, the
Petitloners in this Action will apply to the
Court for the relief demanded in the Peti
tiQn to wit;' to exaninep witnesses te
pr~ethe last WVill of Thomas Hi. Davis in
solen form or duo form of law.
. Dated 4th November A. D. 1887.
J. A. U1NNANT . . P . C. lb. 5 ]
W ~ . A. SANDERS,
To L. AtWaIker,fletcher Walker, Fe'as.
ter- Co7emnan, Jonl Coleman, Laura Uole,
man and glizaeth Grant:
You, will please take notie, that the
Petitiotwin thnis case to prove hridie form
of law the Wil.of Thomas i~ ais was
led in the office of the Judg of Probate
iFairfld County on tihe 8r of Novemi
Tlhis 3rd November 1887.
Navaat wn. A.8NDJCtS,
This powder never varies. A marvel of
purity, strength and wholesomeness. More
economical than the ordinary kinds and
cannot be sold' in competition with the
multitude of low test, short weight alum
or phosphate powders. okd only in cans.
ROYAL BAKING POWDER Co., 06 Wall
St.? N. Y.
bold by MoMaster, Brice & Ketohin,
J.F. IcIaster o.
Extra Choice New Orleans Molasses.
Best Cream Cheese.
Flour-Patented Family, Extra and Me
Seed Wheat and Oats.
Asbestos, Rubber and Hemp Packing
Barbed Wire and StalTes
Powder and Shot at who osaae.
Coffees-Old Government, Java and Rio.
A full line of Teas and sugars.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF RIHIILAND.
IN THE COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.
John L. Black, Plaintiff, vs. John II.
Miller et at., Defendants.
PURSUANT to the decree of the
. Court aforesaid, duly rendered
in the above-entitled cause, I will
oiler for sale, at public outory, at the
depot in the town of Ridgeway, Fair
field County, on SATURDAY, THE
TENTH DAY OF DECEMBER next,
at three o'clock in the' afternoon of
All that piece, parcel and tract of
land, situate, lying and being in Fair
field County, containing about
EIGHTY (80) ACRES;
bounded on the north by lands of
J. H. Miller, on the east by lands of
Mrs. Bulow, on the west by lands of
Mary 1. Black, and on the south by
TEM FSALE: -na~ei
of o year, with interest from day of
sale, secured 'by bond of the pDP
chaser and mortgage of the premises
with the privilege to the purchaser ot
paying all1 cash, if he so desire,
JOHN T. SEIBELS,
Master for-Richland County.
15th November, 1887.
STATE OF. SOUTHI CAROLINA,
-COUNTY OF" FAInIELD.
COURT 0OF COMMON PLEAS.
John Kiucaid, Jamnes Kincaid, and WiI
llam Kincaid, Plaintiffs, against Thomas
Andersen James A Brice, as Assignee
for the benefit of the creditors of David
11. Flenniken, and the Unknown Heirs,
of Patrick Hastings, deceased, Defend
ants.-Summons 1Dbr Relief--Oomplaint
To THE AInovE-NAMED DEFENDANTS IN
Tils ACTI'N :
VOU are hereby s.ummoned and re
Lquired to answer~ the complaint ini
this action, which is filed in the office of
tihe Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas,
for the said County, and to Perve a cop
of youir answer on the subscribers at their
one,N.2 Law Rage, Wlnnsboro, 8. C.,
within twenty days after the service of tis
Summons on you, exclusive of the day of
service. If you fall to answer the comn
plaint withlin thle tine aforesaid, the plain
tiswl pply to the Court for judgmnent
against you for tile relief demandied in tihe
Dated-October28. A. D. 11587.*
RAGSDA LE & RAGSDALEi,
To theDlefendants, tile Unknown IHeirs of
Take notice, that the complaint in this
action (togethler with. tile summons of
wleh the foregoing is a copy,) wasfle
in tile ofilee of tihe Clerk of the Court 6f
Comnion Pleas for Fairfield County at
Winnsboro,ln the County of Fairfiel, in
tile State of South Carolin~a, on the 28th
October, A, D. 1887.
RAGSDAILE & RAUSDA LE,
Nov2x0t Plaintiffs' Attorneys.
STATE OF 8OUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF FAInFIELD.
COURT Ole COMMON PLEAS.
Miary S. Caldweil. Plaintiff, against Wil.
liams A. Kincahd, John KLincaid, James
Kincald, Thonmas Anderson, James A.
Brice, as Assignee for the benefit of theo
creditors ot David R. Plonniken, tile
Unknown Heirs of Patrick Hastings,
deceased, and William it. Rabb, as Ad.
mninistrator of tile Estate of Patrick
Hastings, deceased, Iefendants.-Bw,n
mone for Rteliqf.-dornptaint -not served.
To THlE DEFENDANTSIN THIS:'AcTION:
Y O~Uiare-hereby summonell and re
qurd to answer tile omplaint In
tis action, which is filed in tile office of
the Clerk of tile Court of Common Pleas,
for tile ser Cont,lan to serve a eop~y
ofyoranswe Conthe an scd br at tileir
offHeeWinnsboro, Southl Carolina, withlin
twenty days after the service of tills sum
mons Onl you, exclusive of tile day of
servige. If you fail to answer the com
laint within the time aforesaid, tile plain.
li l,apply to the Court for ludgmont
against you for tile relief dmneinthe
Dated 28 October, 1887.
OBEAR & RION,
To the Defendants, tiho Unknvown HIotra
of Patilk Uastinmgs, tReqeased:
Take notice, thlat to,e sumnhIls In this
action, ef which thle o going is a coy
and the comlplaint in) U) action weretie
in the office of the 01 k of the Con~ of
Commnon Plces for t County and State
aforesaid, rat Wim aro. in tihe County of
Fairfil and ta~ of South1 C.arollna, on
1ov2AtW ' OIN, A y
Clothing In suits, Extra Pants Coa
Youths' Stits and Ovorooats, Chlldret
and Children's sizes-large lot. In HI
order. Shirts for Men and Boys. W
SHIRT for the reason that we have ne
and sizeo. . Cravats -direct from Man
styles. Gloys. Call and see our in
Suspenders, hosiery and Underwear.
Full Stock of Domestic Goods. We
prices. Anothor lot of those Heavy C
two. Flanne s, Blankets, Ginghams
Towels, Towelling, Cassimores, Jean*
Notions, Underwear, Corsets, Bustli
Cashmere awls, Dress Goods, Trit
are proud of our success in this deparl
that we are constantly- receiving .new g
cheapest lot of Ladies' Coverings we 1
We are paying close attention to Sh
lance at this department. All goods
DRUG AND BOO
We have moved this department in 1
Flennikn,td the stock will be foui
Oi WindoW Glass, Wrapping Papor
We can show a complete stock in all
ing you throuh when you call on us.
We have.to Lades to assist us in
will always be warm and comfortable
THE BEST IN
FRESH FAMILY (
WHiCH WILL BE SOLD
Nov lilllery Store
JUST RECELVED, THlE LAST
lot of -Winter -Millhnery Goods. As
the senison is advanced th.ey will be
sold at a
SMALL ADVANCE ABOYE COST.
Children's Woolen Goods, such as
Sacques and Hloods. Ladies *ishing
H-ate can be suited bot,h in the latest
styles and prices, as our motto is
Quick Sales and Small ProfIts..
MRS. J. D. eCUARLEY.
VJlOSE whq uiso water from wsells or
~pesonso thave on ofm
Nula RS." Come to me and look at my cir
(keo0 Anhiand every quality of Mfachine
Id cn furnish Enin e ad Cotton Gins
It is my business to furnish farmers with~
anthn tenayneed of the beAt qual.
Mr Th G. Wtien will always be on
Gin Saws nthe best manner.ndsare
.IAltf E P AOfAlWL 1
is and Vests, Overcoats, Boys' and
i's .sulits, &c. Hats in Mon' .Boys'
tts we have just received our fourtil
o still soil the celebrated PEARL
ver found a better. 'Collars all styles
ufacturors, splendid assortment, all
3mense. stock and examino quality.
agree to protect our customers in
otton Flannels to arrive in a day or
Prints, Table Damasks, Napkins,
3s, Collars and Cnl's, Handkerchiefs,
nuings, Ladies' Coverings, &c. We o
mont, and call attention to the fact c
ooods in it. We have the nicest and i
ave over sold.
Dos, and all we ask is.that you call and .
guaranteed as represented or MONEY
the store formerly occupied by D. R.
d fill and complete. Also, Paints,
, Paper Bags, &c., &c.
lines, and will take pleasure in show
)ur Ladies' Department, and the room
CE & KETCHIN.
OF NICE, CHEAPt
B HAR it1Si,a
E A C HI NES,
AS- LOW AS THE J.OW L
AND lIED STADLES.a
JUST ARRIVED, 1
In addiltion to stock on hand, one
carload of ice, young, well-broko
WESTERN MULES AND H(ORSES,
Amongst them one uIne pair of Black
Horses, some good 8adIe Jlo rses, P
Mules lroim 144 to 15& hands high and
from three to fiye years old. All
stock guaramreed as ropresenfed or
money . refunded. ThIs stock will be E
Or on tIme untIl ncxt fall by making
atsfatorpalpors. . Come and soluct
foryouse esand save money.
FOR LIER, STOMACH AND
SImmons' lie alle Compound Sim..
mons' Liver I gunlater II. P.
Moerrol's Hoepatino, Callsaya Ton,
Celery Bitters, eA' Seveni Bark,s
Smith's Lier c, omoind Es.
sonoe of' Popsino, Troplo FruIt Laxa
ive, Pi,nlar Liver.and 'Kidney Cure, is
Jaob CordIal, Extract of 'Bnohno, nli
Warner's Safo Cure, Ilarter's ElIxIr rei
f Wild Cherry, Blackberry Cordial
Beltzer Aperl6nt, Sprudel Salts Sal BI
Muosoatelle, &sonCo of Ginger, Iun.
aMASER. RIVE & KETmtIN
ch,ase a CristWf5gns Oiu~
-whethor an olabora. artopr
more trifle, can
anid get ftlvorebl ti ilb1Ok
in , over my stock of oid 1
Don't put It of' too g 7
will be less crowded and ~are
time to shotvyou 6(
Remember the children will
- a, "I wond r wvhat Santa Claus A '
- will bring mo't" Aud well tbe
may, for Santa Clausdnefb.u .t
at prices lotri nor carried ie
in- ammoth pack so m~any (thiga
Furniture, sewing Machines, Chromos, Blraokets, hiirrors, Picture Framees
rall Pockets, Iandsome Vases, Btasks, Cahina Cups, Place Iaucers Tin -
are, Confecionariis, au d Toys of many kinds to grat he old and the
n,little boys and girlIs; and may the- rising sun onO ristmas"uw m)orning
so on a disappointed one.
R. W p PHILLIPS.
OME OF THE LADIES NEED HATS
WE have mnade a speolal order for about tonm dozen, which are r.peted' by
kpress to-day, und will be opened up lmmolately for luspeton, They are
eaper niow than at the first of t,he season, so you can buy a-fin at for ev
We have reduced the price of our Coverings for ladles. na stock is still
ill im this lin, and if you will give us a call we will convel yQu-that we
ave one of the largst assortments ever brought to Winusboro.
In a few days we wcill have an elegant assortment of
f which we will nform you later. Remmber ite old stana.
- .D. LAUDERDALE.
SPREJiAB. TDES LIGHTAT
r W Heave Value that will ei aepeatio.
The Choicest Novelties and All the bright, New Styles for
he Scason in quality, variety and large assortment
W ARI ALWaiY AT THE RAD,
And never has it been our privilege to exhibit so con
'icte and atti-active a line of,Dress Goods and Trimmnings
s we have this Fall. Come in anid see~ for yourself, and.
le will convince you weALWAYS MEAN WHAT WE - -
K.DVE RTIsE. Our bar'gains' are matchless. We want
our money, and in order to gebt twe offer inducements
Iat others cannot, dare not equal. Look at our 5. prints
icy are standard goods. - -
Our p)lan has been to save you money on every purche
nd we intend to stick to it.
CLOTIN~4G, C LOTHFING..
If you want a suit price ours before buying Nsewhere.
SJIOES8 SHURS AND RUBBE R~ O.D$, -
We only charge you for quality, not.style, that we throw
i. Furthermore, we always mnake.-goodl our guarantee onl
nythmng we s<11. It is true our prices are low, but that is;
ur business. We discount our bills. We dlont buy themn on~
rhere are sone people who, if you do not charge them a
mncy price for an article, they don't think it good. We in- 4.
mnd to learn them better sooner or later, our word for it. It:
not always the highest price that gets the best.
We cordiallymivite your inspection. Polite attention and
hearty welcome will be yours whenever you happen to.
Q- D. WLLxPORD & C.
HITE HICKORY WAGONS.
FULL LINE OF SADDLES, BRIDLES AND
REECHK AND MUZZLE-LOADING SH-OT GUNS,
* REVOLVERS AND>KNIVES. .,
CAEL AND SEE THEM.
___ ULYSSE G. DESPORTES.
3IE UJNDERSIGNED WOULD RtESPECTFU,LyIFog
cltiens of Fairlield and ad onautles thmat li mnmatre l ide
itclass WVAGONS, CARIA ES1GGE ndRl1 Itesa
renuncd scril ito a y re cart offered In time mamrket. J3esideqI e
ars done with diapatch anid on rOaso al stenr m aiua.ois
8EiS and eveythln els isosually foun in a irt cls 'amUatoS ' t~J
4 guaranteed as to >)rlee anmd qinality. Give me asa nufn ry.ned
s lne and save botl tIme and enioy. Respectmuii,1vhnyueda