Newspaper Page Text
IIIVEF47lKL Y ED I"?)N. WVINNS1SOIK0 S.C.. JANUARY 2O0,1891.
No.8 Law E .nge,
Practices in the State and United Staft
E. B. AoDA.m. G. W. RAosDAnL
R AGsDALE & AGSDALB,
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law,
No.2 Law Bange,
WINNSBORO, - - . 0.
0 S3"**D W. *UCAM*A,
Ne.? Law Range,
WINNSBORO, - - . 0,
Practices tn al United States and 5
court& seclal attention to corporation
AS. GLENN M0AN'%
No.1 Law Baage,
WINNSBORO, - - - B. 0.
Practices Ia the State and Vited state
SANDERS. HANARAN OALTCAME
WINNSBORO, S. 0.
Practices In all the State and United Stat
aOffce upstair in Bank building.
H A. GALLA R
WINNSBORO. S. C.
OMce up-stairs over J. M. Beaty & Bro.'s
5. M. MCDONALD. C. L. DoueLAss.
Solicitor Sixth Circuit.
MIcDONALD A DOUGLASS.
Attorneys and Counsello.s at Law,
Nos.3 and 4 Law Range.
WINNSBORO, - - . 0.
Practice in all the Stat. and United States
A. ' W. D.OUGLASS.
Attorneys and Counsellor at Law",
,. No.6 Law Range,
WiN-LsBO3RO, - -0.
Practices ID the State ad Datted Staes
CANADA proposes to spend $250,000
in encouraging immigration.
HIGIIER wageS are said to be Paid
for unskilh d labor in Montana than in
any other state.
IN G REAT BRTrAIN one-fourth of all
thztse vho lve to be sixty-five years old
are in the poor house.
There are some 75,000 Icelanders still
left In their nat ive island, notwithstand
ing the fact that the emigration epidem
ic has been raging there for nearly
A LAW has ieen promulgated at Har
danger, mn Norway, to the effect that no
girl shall be eligible fotr the marriage
state until she is proficient in spin.2ing,
knitting aud baking.
AccOnDJrse to the Chemnit and
Druggis9t there is no town on earth
where patent medicines are consumed
to such an enormous extent as in Con
MAYOR CRlEIGER of Chicago has
signed the ordinance appropriating five
million dollars of the city's funds to
the promotion of the Word-s Fair.
The document has been for warded to
President Harrison, who can now issue
his proclamation inviting the world to
"'~~TBE records of members-elect or the
Illinois Legislature are being pretty
closely scrutinmzed by both parties. I
is now alleged that a member-elect who
formerly held the office of sheriff of his
county was a d:efaulter, which, under
the State Constitution. acts as a disqual
ification for membership of the State
A DISCOVERtY of petroleum is repoi te I
to have been made at the foot of a hili
na-ned the Puy de la Poix, four miles
fron:. Clern- ont, in Auvergne. The nap
s ha which exudes from the rock isequal,
to Balku or Pennsylvania oil, and geolo
gists a; e of the opinicn Lhat it extends
in a sute ranean sheet over the vast
pldain of Limagnte, and is probably to be
found at a deoth of 1 600.
WIL.LIA M DYCE STEw ART, a wealthy
and intelligent Scotchman from Aber
deen, who visited St. Louis lately, said
to a newspaph r reporter: "Englishmen
n.owadays feel that a trip to the States
about once in five years is absolutely
necessary to keep abreast of the times.
This country Is growing and developmng
so rapidly that it must be seen frequent
ly to have an intelligent conception of
TnEa commission appointed by Gov
ernor Thayer of Nebraska to devise
means for relieving the stiferingr due to
the shortage of crops, reports an a'most
total failure of the cropa, in twelve
counties and that 10,000 families are in
need or assist ance. The co.um's tion
say that the de-titution is greater than
wascaused byt Le JM)us'own flood or the
VOYAGE TO SLU31BERLAND.
She sails away on the sea of dreams,
This little skipper with eyes of brown,
As the firefly's torch In twilight gleams. j
And the garnish sun goes down;
der bark floats over she grimy town
To Slumberland and its silver sea;
The spotless folds of her slumber gown
Are no whit fairer than she.
There are angel birds in the warm, still air,
And the skipper laughs with her eyes o*
As they sing to her old songs, sweet and rare,
While her bark billows up aud down;
They sing of a prince of high renown,
And a princess ever so young and fair;
But where is the princess had ever a crowt
Like the crown of her soft brown 1.air?
Cometh a storm over the silver sea,
Thut ebbs on the dreamer's land,
And the angel birds fade out to the leo
Of this singular slumber strand;
Is there a harbor by angels planned,
From all storms, whatever they be,
From the wicked fairies of Slumberland
And the waves in its silver sea?
Up, like a flash, comes the little brown
And the brown eyes only see
A billowy blanket of silk outspread
On an ocean of dimity;
But it's fearlessly the skipper will flee, t
With a soft little barefoot tread,
By the chart she learned on her beaded a
To the haven of mother's bed.
Tramp or Gentlemanl?
He was a tramp undoubtedly. The
solitary marshal whose business it was
to represent the majesty of the law in
the littLe village of Blue Rock, spotted
the stranger as soon as he entered the
The visitor was shabbily dressed.
His coat was ragged and his trousers
were patched. His hat was without a
brim and his shoes let his feet touch
"I'll shadow him, any way," said
the marshal to himself.
The tramp slouched along down the
s"e.dy side of the street until he reached
tne depot. Here he paused and took
a seat on the platform.
"Hello, there I You must move on,"
said the officer.
The man thus rudely spoken to
turned a weary face to the marshal. It
was not a very clean face, and it bore r
traces of care. But it was not a bad
face, nor a very old face. On the con
trary, i was rather frank and youth
All this the marshal took in, but he
had his orders and he had to carry
them out. Blue Rock had passed an
ordinance subjecting all tramps to thir
ty days' imprisonment at hard labor.
"What are you doing here?" asked
the officer roughly.
"I am looking for work."
"Who are you!"
"I am a gentleman."
"A gentleman! You look like one.
What is your name and where are you
The wayfarer put his hand to h's
1iead and a puzzled look came over his
"I would give anything to be able
to answer your questions, but I can't
answer for I do not know."
At this astounding reply the marshal
raised his baton.
"None of your chaff," he growled.'
"Now I will give you one chance. You
march out of town or I'll run you in."
The stranger evidcntly understood
the full purport of the threat. He leap
ed from his seat with a frightened
look, and without a word walked o'
down the track.
"He's been arrested before," said
the officer, thoughtfully. "No doubt
he has been in a dozen jails. Well, so
he leaves here it is all right."
Two hours later the guardian of the
peace found his tramp occupying his
former seat on the depot platform.
"Now you must come with me,"
said the miarshal augrily.a
He siezed the lounger by one arm
and jerked him up. The prisoner made
no resistance. He looked reproachful
ty at his captor and started off~ with
him in silence.
At Blue Rock justice was always
swift, although perhaps it was a little
ir, less than an hour the tramp was y
cot.~ icted and locked up in the stock- h~
ade, where was set to work breaking a
The prisoner's obstinacy in asserting S
that he had forgotton his name and a
forr- r place of abode made the petty bi
vilage officials very mad, and the poor I
fellow was put to work at harder tasks y
As the weeks rolled on it was notic- ']
ed that the prisoner displayed no rc- o
sentmnent or impatience. He went h
bout his work cheerfully and without (
When the prisoner's term was outu
the Iirst mant he raet after his release I
was the marshal.
*"Get out of the town right away,"
was the officc rbs advice.
"But I want to sta here," said the a
tramp, "I want to work, and I like tl
"You are a blank fool to want to i
stay in this town," said the other, "and i
it will be my duty to arrest you again b
if you don't leave. So march.
Thle unfortunate wretch made no
further appeal. lie limped off slowly, i
and was sooni out of sight.
Later in the day the marshal passed e
by the depot and saw a spectacle that ,
made him open his eyes. The trampi
was on the platform, and the superin
tendent was talking to him.
"Come here," said the superintend- e
nt to the marshal, "and take this i
There was nothing to do but to make
LIE m-ate. A speed conviction fo1
)wed, and the luckless victim was
gain sent to the stockade for thirty.
ays. At last the month came to an
nd, and the prisoner was turned out.
'his time the marshal marched him
eyond the town limits and left him.
-He has got too inuch sense to come
ack," reported the marshal to the
'We may have been too hard on
im," responded the mayor. "I some
imes think he is wrong in the head."
"Well, it is too late to talk about
t," said the other. And the conversa
The tramp did not turn up again
hat day nor the next. The worthy
uarshal began to be worried, and the
aayor a little uneasy.
Blue Rock was sneh a small pitee
at a sensation was always welcome,
nd the unknown prisoner had been
he talk of the town for sixty days.
"He's hiding in the woods, and will
lip in some night and burn the town,"
This idea found great favor, and
lie villagers found it difficult to sleep.
On the following day there was a
ailway excursion to a point of interest
ortv imiles away, and everybody of
ny consequence in the town went
long. The mayor and council, the
uperintendent of the depot and even
be marshal joined the party.
The return trip was made after dark,
nd the train sped along at a fearful
ate of speed.' The excursionists were
11 in a jolly humor and were at the I
eight of their festivities, when the
rightful shrieking of the locomotive
rhistle startled everybody. The train
ame to a full stop, and among those
rho rushed out were the mayor and
aarshal of Blue Rock.
At the head of the train they found
lie engineer and conductor talking
rith a man who held one hand to his
ide, from which the blood was stream
"Great God! It is our tramp!" ex
laimed the marshal.
"You are right," said the mayor.
My poor fellow, what is the
The tramp fell in a fainting-fit be
are he could answer this question.
I-You see," said the engineer, "this
aan was tramping through the woods
hen he came to the track and found F
wo train-wreckers tampering with the P
ails. Well, this tramp, or whatever
e is, jumped on the scoundrels like &
iger. He disabled one of them, but i
be other stabbed him in the side and
an away. See, he built a fire on the
rack, and as soon as I saw it I stopped
J-azt then several passengerb came-,
.p wi:h the wounded wrecker, who
ad been seriously injured by the
The villain evidently thought that he
ras mortally wounded, for he made a
"I think," said the Blue Rock mayor,It
that we owe a debt of gratitude to
ur preserver. Many men in this fix.
ould not have turned over a hand to
The poor tramp opered his eyes and
"Did you know we were on the
rain?"' asked the marshail.
"Oh, yes; I saw you when youi went .
p the road this morni!g, and I hung I
bout here because I saw those two
haps acting suspiciously.
"Come now, who are you and where
Syour home?" asked the marshal. I
"I am a gentleman. I have forgot
a my name and all about things that
appened years ago. I cau tell you
"By George!" said the mayor, "1
elieve he tells the truth." P .
"We must take him to Blue Rock .
nd care for him," said one of the '
arty. "He shall have the freedom of ,h
e town and the best there is in it." i
"Thank you," said the tramp, with '
smile, "I am satisfied now." I
A spasm of pain contracted his feat- 0
A gasp, a fluttering of the breath 0
nd the unknown was dead.
Tramp or gentleman, who was lhe.
ad what lay back of his misfortunes?.
These we're the questions that the "
lue Rock exc sinit asked eaceh ~
ther on their war home.
John Sm~th the World' Ole!. .
in Latin he is Johuumnes Smithur,
e Italians smooth 1dm off with Gro- y
anni Smith; the Spaniards render
i as Juan Smithus; the Hloilandere a
1opt him as Ihans Schmidt; the b
rench flaitten him out as Jean b
meet; the Russian sneezes and barks Il
s le says Ivan Smnittowski. In China si
e is known as .Joran Shimmnit; in Ice- ti
md as Johne Smithso~n; in Tu'mscaroras tl
o forget all about Pocahiontas and 0
'owhiatan when you hear them callf
'on Qua Smittia; in Wales they~ speak n
f him as Jihon Semnidd; in Mexico n
e is Jantli F'Smiitti. Among the fi
~rock ruins the guide speaks of him 1I
Ion Smnikton, and in Tiurkey lie is a
tterlv disguised as Voe Self.-St
ouis. Re public.________
Red Heads Dangerous. t
Red-headed girls are dangerous in a
iore ways than one, as appears from a
us item'in the Philadelphia Record:
A young lady with a peachy complex- f:
m and a wealth of auburn hair went si
ito Gaylord's barber shop in Wilkes- a
arre yesterday and let her tresses a
ow to have them curled. The barber 3
ove the mass of hair around the hot k~
onj and staggered back as if he had t<
en shot. The lady's hair was full ol c:
lectricity, and the muscles of his arm e:
rere sore for an hour." ,f
Taa London authorities have put ae
top to the holding of lotteries for the a
enefit of charitable institutions whick d
.ave heretofo-e been winked at wheo o
)EPEW'S CAR SHOPS
LNOTIER PULLMAN GROWN U
IN NEW YORK
[ow the Doctor Came to Make His Ow
In the quiet way which is charactei
stic of his business operations Dr
,hauncy Mitchell Depew of the Nei
rork Central Railroad is creating at
ther Pullman on the plain to the east
rard of this city.
Already he has done much to excit
fr. Pullman's enr'y and alarm. It
eed; the primary object of the nei
ar works was to save to the CentrE
considerable amount of money th
ormerly went into Mr. Pullman
ocket. Three years ago the Centro
ad some differences of opinion wit:
fr. Pullman in regard to the value o
leeping cars and drawing-roop car
hich the latter manufactured and th
ormer purchased. This led the Cer
ral people to resolve to manufactur
beir own cars.
The West Shore, of which the Cen
ral, as is well known, is the lessee
wned thirty acres of land in Eae
ouffalo. Here Dr. Webb and Mr. Dc
ew put their car works. The land wa
D level as to be alost a swamp, ani
onsiderable filling in of earth ani
ravel had to be done.
Three years have worked a wonder
al transformation in the appearanc
f that neighborhood. In place of
reary expanse of fields one now see
series of gigantic buildings. One o
'1cm apparently would cover one o
aose long city blocks between the up
>wn avenues in New York. There i
n enormous carpenter shop, an equal
r enormous finishing shop, a boile
ouse, a paint shop, a foundry, &c
one also sees amid the group of bi;
rick buildings the tall wooden der
icks of the oil regions. Recenty tw<
rewers of Buffalo bored for natura
as near by in East Buffalo, and at;
epth of about 1,200 feet struck th
recious fluid. One of the brewers es
mates that the natural gas which h
aus obtained is saving him $7,001
early, which he would otherwise ex
end in the purchase of coal for hi
team engines. The Central, not to
e outdone, will attempt to make
imilar saving. Another object of in
)rest near the car woiks is a pictur
que building of wood, which one i
>ld is a hospital for disabled railroa<
mployees. This hospital is sustaine<
y the money. of the-ra'ilroad .mcn
1ose employed in the car works beini
icluded in the number, although it i
irely that any of them find it neces
iry to secure such medical attendance
witchmen mainly benefit by the ex
tence of the hospital. A branch o:
ie Young Men's Christian Associatioi
;so has rooms at the car works, an<
iese rooms, having files of newspa
ers, magazines, and books, are muel
requented evenings bi the workmen
When the works were first establish
3, John Monahan, the general time
eeper, says the names of forty-fir
icn only were on his books. Now hi
as to keep the time of 1,025 men. I
the aim of Mr. Depew and Dr'
ebb to keep these men constantly a
-ork in manufacturing or repairini
ir, so great are the needs of the Cen
-a. Acting on this policy T. A. Bis
1ll, the superintendent of the ca
orks, aims to have forty-five car
>nstantly in course of construction o:
eing repaired. No sooner is one fin
hed or repaired than another takes it
ace on the tracks in the huge finish
g room. A visitor to this roon
ight imagine at the first glance tha
e was in a big shipyard, with half
undred vessels just ready to bi
unched before him. This resem
lance to ships is enhanced by the colo
f the unfinished cars-a dazzlinl
hite. The framework of the carsi
f ash, but the body is of whitewood
t being preferred to pine. The out
de of these $15,000 or $18,000 sleep
ag and drawing-room cars is white
-ood, while the interiors nowaday
re lined with mahogany. It takes
(od niany coats of paint to make thi
-hite wood waterproof. The last coat:
r~e what may be considered the stand
rd color, brown.
One sees in the finishing shop man:
eteran sleeping cars. Ihere is the oh
Eterprise," only fifty-five feet long
rid with only five sections of sleeping
erths. Next to it is the "Northunm
erland," just now being completed
is a btandarId car of the present day
iventy feet long and with seven sec
ons of sleeping berths. Ordinaril:
ese modern sleepers cost from $15,
)0 to $18,000, but one was complete<
> Cornelius Vanderbilt last weel
hich will cost him 5830.000. Tha:
as made regardIleeS of cost, with care
lly selected old oak and mahogany
.contains sleeping rooms that resem
le those of 3Mr. Vanderbilt's owi
ame in Newv York-a purlor, bath
,omn, and .sitiingr room. Tirze wcoo<
iting done on this car was the fines
ic 'car works have et idone, and the
arble and the g las were the best tha
mldl he obtained.
Electric lighting is yet a failure si
r as railway cars are concerned. The
orage battery system was tried upom
Wagner th'at ran between New Yorl
md Boston, but it was not a success
ow the Central company is placing
ng gas tanks, much resembling nava
rpedoes, be neath each new sleeping
r and beneath all cars of the sleeping
r type that conme into the car worki
One great structure a thousand fee
length is a carpenter shop, with sev
al hundred carpenters at work. Som<
:c at work making panels, other:
r~ors, still others the wooden covenni
f the upper berths of sleeping cars
ad, in fact, all the wood carpentering
eeaed in m-r.s of this character. 11
has been frequer.Lly suggested of !at 1
that special cars be made for the soli
occupation of women. Superintend J
ent Bissell doubts if women want ti
travel alone, but is making every effbr
to secure them privacy and comfort
One of the chief complaints of wome
regarding sleeping car management i1
that some one woman will seize upot
the toilet room every morning, 1ol
herself in, and take an hour to do ul
her back hair. Mr. Bissell, with thI
view of circumventing this selfish kind
has directed his carpenters not to pu
r locks on the toilet rooms of the wo
men. No woman will be able to taki
and hold possession of the toilet roon
hereafter. Other women will be ablb
. to bolt in and rout her if she is selfish y
r Moreover, there will be two basins i :1
,I every one of these toilet rooms, so tha p
t two women can labor over their hail I y
a and their personal appearance at the 4
1 same moment. It is hoped in this wai ;i
a that the indignation which rages i
f nine women out of ten as they prepare, a
s or wish to prepare, for breakfast on I
a sleeping car may be lessened. V
- These new cars are known as com. v
R partment cars. There are four o1 e
them, the "Barcelona," "Normaidy,' n
- "Magenta," and "Lorraine." There a
are six compartments in these cart d
t which extend along each car to its mid- t
- dle, and there is a passageway acros: '
s the car, beyond which there are si.3
I more compartments. Actually the cal i
I has six staterooms. In each staterooix a
there is running water, a basin, and a 1
- closet. One is as completely cut of r
from other passengers, and has at '(
much privacy in these compartmenti -1
3 as though in a room in one's house :1
E There are communicating doors be
f tween the compartments, so that fami. t
. lies can enjoy a series of rooms if thet r
r AN OLD SENSATION.
A Southern Account of the Plymouti
I It may not be out of place in con.
t .nection with the history of the late
Henry Ward Beecher to mention at 1
- aRfiecting incident in his life, whiet
may have faded from the remem- N
brance of some of our older citizens v
- In 1860 or 1861 a beautiful octoroor 'c
3 girl, raised and owned by a prominent 0
> citizen of this county, Mr. John )
i Churchman, attempted to make het le
- escape north. She was arrested and X
- brought back. Her master then de- K
5 terminied to sell her, and found-a ready S
I purchaser in inother citizen, Mr. Fred d
i ScheiTer. Sh'rtly after this the lat1
,woer.-as '-resed. ''IM the beines ,
O that the girl i tended to 'make anohe li
effort to go n rth the next opportunity I
that presented. To meet the emergency U
and save trouble Mr. Scheffer proposed 2
-to Sarah that she should go north and r
' raise enough money from the Aboli- W
i tionists to purchase herself. This
I prop->sition she eagerly accepted, and,
being furnished with means by Mrs.
L Scheffer to pay her fare, started. A
few days after her arrival in New u
- York she was taken to Mr. Beecher,
and on the following Sunday morning
was escorted to his pulpit in Brooklyn.,
She was a woman of commanding
tpresence, round features and winningji
face and long jet black hair, and of
Scourse, under the circumustanmces, at
tracted most eager attention and inter
- est from the large and wealthy contgte
- gation assenmbled. She was requested
cto loosen her hair, and as she did so it
afell in glistening waves over her shoul
eders and below her waist. Robed in
- teswhite, her face cri msoned,
a and form heaving under the~
-excitement of the occasion, she
Sstood in thaL august presence a very
t Venus in form and feature. For a mno
* ment Mr. Beecher remained by her
Sside without uttering a word, until the
- audience was brought up to a high
rpitch of curiosity and excitement, and
g then in his impressive way he related
Sher story and her mission. Before he
,concluded his pathetic recital the vast
- audience was a sea of commotion. h
- Tears ran down cheeks unused to the a
- melting mood, eager curiosity and ex
actement pervaded the whole congre
Sgation, and as the pastor announced'
Sthat he wanted SS 00 for the girl be- t
Sfore him to redeem her promise to pay
for her freedom, costly jewelry and
trinkets and notes and specie piled in0
rin stuch rapid succession that in less
itime than it takes to write this down t
enough and much more was contribu
ted than was necessary to meet the call
-that had been made.
..After she was free the ladies of thet
,church wrote a little book, in which a:
-full account of her life was given .5
rWith the monmey that was obtained
-from the sale of this they bought a
Slittle latce for ber- at l'eekskill, where
she raised fowk antd sold eggs and
rbutter for a living. She is living
- there still, and is now about 50 years
.of age. She never married. She was.
- never~ tiredl of talking abhout ho0w goodr
'i . Ikre andmi his f:,tnily hadLt beeni
- to hefr. Fori sonoi titmt- s.he worked
for lrs. Scoville. 31r. Beeeber's
daughter. at "tanmford, Conn.
1iteA Forgetrul Lover.
-Teeis onte Lansinig young moan
who wishes that death would come to
his relief." says a Lansing, Mich.. pa- (
per. "A week ago he loaned a gold
ring to a young lady friend. Two or a
three days later the absent-mimd- ~
ed y-oung man noticed that the r-ing
was missing from his tinger, and he
walked straight down to police head
-quarters and notitled Marshal Bates
that it had been stolen, carefully de- a
scribing~ the property. When thle
young lady returned the rmnd to its
-owner yesterday you could have knozk- "
ed him down with a feather duster. The~
innocent young woman had been liable
to arrest every moment of the week
while wearing the borrowed ring, ~
owin er hi areful description." o
DRCGGIST'S PRACTiCAL JOKE.
ow He Got Even With Two Per
There is a druggist in this city, says
.e Jacksonville Metropolis, who is in
mnger at the hands of two young la
es upon whom he recently played a
ost outrageous trick.
Among the other features of this
-uggist's counter display is an un
-ualiy fine and costly line of per
imery. For the past week he no
,ed that two very vivacious, pretty
id well-dressed young ladies, who
ade frequent visits at his store, were
the habit of n2nchalantly helping
emselves to the odorous liquid. They
ould drop in to make some such pur
ase as 5 cents' worth of chewing
im or 10 cents' worth of stamps, and
hile Mr. Druggist was waiting upon
em each fair one would seize a Mary
uart or New-Mown-Hay bottle and
lash the contents upon the dainty
Lndkerchiefs of the twain.
Of course these trifling thefts are
oman's little privileges. but, just the
me, the druggist wasn't inclined to
t them go unchallenged. He deter
ined to head off the vivacious young
dies who were playing havoc with
s profits on perfumery. And he did
in the most effectual, if cruel, man
r. One morning he removed all the
rfumery bottles from the counter.
e then substituted a large bottle
beled "Breath of the Rose," or some
ing of that sort, and filled it with a
ost vile decoction. It contained asa
tida, did this decoction, and other
3ments equally sickening. So
rewdly was the mixture compound
L. however, that it would not develop
i nauseating effects except under the
fluence of slight warmth, such as
at afiorded by a pocket. That day
e young ladies paid their usual call.
ouncing into the store, they made a
ivial purchase, hastily saturated their
Lndkerchiefs and dashed out to catch
passing street car, stuffing the deli
,te bits of lace and linen into their
The young ladies had scarcely seated
emselves before the mi >ire began
get in its deadly work. The odor
came sickening, but no one knew
hence it came. One man mumbled
mething about limberger cheese, an
her made a facetious remark about a
ne factory, and one and all the pa.s
gers wondered and suffered. The
inductor racked his brain to find a
lution of the malodorous mystery.
o solution. All at once one of the
oresaid young ladies had to draw out
r handkerchief. She dropped it,
r~epa mddny~ih ashigh
Oi a gasp. The mystery w asolved.
moment later the car was stopped,
id, amid a roar of laugher, blushing,
isping and alnost fainting, the two
Ifortunates got oft. The druggist
as never again molested.
CLEA iLY SAVAGES.
any of Them Think a Daily Bath is
Really a Necessity.
leanliness is a virtue which is not
ipposed to be practised to any large
~tent among uncivilized people. It
a fact, however that sonic savage
ibes are cleanly in their hab.its, and
this respect are far superior to
anty people who live in civilized
udls. In scores of African tribes the
ily bath is regarded as a necessity of
e, and the first duty of the morning
to bathe in the river or little stream
iat flows near the native village.
[any Africans, also, never think of
ding without washing their hands
id faces after the meal. This habit
wiuely practised and has been ob
~rved not only among such advanced
eople as the Waganda, but also
nong small and less promising tribes
a the Congo.
It may surprise some people to learn
>at the use of tooth-brushes is know~n
i all parts of Africa. The African
noted for his fine white teeth, but
a does not keep them white without
a effort. The tooth-brush used by the
ative African consists of a short stick
f fibrous wood, which is chewed un
I the fibres at the end resemble bris
es. The natives spend considerable
me rubbing the end of the little stick
ver their teeth. Mr. Ashe says that
1e Wauyamwezi, who have splendid
eth, seldom have the brushes out of
We would think it very hard lines
ere we compelled to keep clean with
tt soap. But many Africans have
cir soap, to.>, which. though it is
>ft and rathet: dirty in appearance,
uwers the purpose very well. The
Eagand1a. for instance, place ashes in
latain leaves folded up in the form
f a funnel. Water is poured in and
caught as lye in another vessel.
'hen fat is added to the lye and the
rhole mixture is boiled down. The
rocess is almost exactly the same as
at used by our farmel-s in the manu
cture of soft soap. Therc is little
oubt that it was introduced into equra.
,rial Africa from Egypt and the Sore
A Grand Old Man.
igw Hi'hop of the Episcopal I lou-e
f Bi hop, is cailled --*thle grand ohd
n" by thiose who know him. I Ie is
ne of the most impressive mien in the
)ntry physically and looks ten y'ears
ounger thant he really is. ]lihop
illiams~ is a great raconteur and lLa
ories are famnous both in this counitrv
nd in England. lie has known the
ading mecn of America arnd Gret.t
ritain for fifty years past, and his
>ll~eion of person~tal anecdotes would
sae interesting vol umei.
The son of Jesse Jam s, the ntorious
asperalo, is runnmin an elevalor la a
RE FOUGHT AT WIN CESTEL
An Old Confederate Soldier F"n
In the case of the state vs. John
Stuart, indictment for larceny, the
prisoner appeared in the conrt room,
shufling along, scarcely able to walk.
He wore a soiled check shirt, & verY
much worn suit, and a battered hat.
Appearing as state witnesses were
two well-dressed, sleek-looking men
who were determined to send the old
man to the penitentiary.
"Has the prisoner any counsel?"
asked Judge Phillips.
"I have none," answered Stuart. "l
am a poor man and unaple to pay ap
The judge saw by the man's looks
that his was an unusual case, and
said: "Well, go on and tell yor
"Well, sir, I was in the Confederate
army, and at the battle of Winchester
I was shot through both hips. Since
then itfPas been exceedingly hard for
me to 'upport myself. -I went to work
for this man last year upon his word
to board and clothe me, and to pay me
what my services were worth. During
that time he paid me 10 cents, with
which I bought tobacco. At the end
of eight mo.ths he refused to pay me
any money, and refused. to give any
clothes, saying my services were
worthless. Then I went into his
wardrobe, took a suit of clothes to
hide my nakedness and left. He had
me indicted for larceny and I have
been in jail ever since."
As the old man finished a murmur
of indignation was heard throughout
"You say you were shot at Winches
ter?" asked Judge Phillips, who was
himself an officer in the splendid and
"Were you in the second charge to
the left, on the other side of the
The prisoner's face brightened.
"Yes," he said, "I was there
Rhode's division-and was shot while
crossing the ravine just beljw the
The judge was certain that the old
veteran was telling the truth, but to be
certain he called the state's witness.
While this witness was giving in his
testimony, which was to the effect that
the old man's -story was about right,
but that he refused to -pay him any
thing because his services were-worth
less, Stuart leaned over to Solicitor
Settle. "Mr. Settle," he said, "your
father and I were friends. I lived in
Rocko amcounty, and ur father
1 received my wound whili followiimg
him. Since then it has been hard for
me to keep out of-the poorhouse."
By this time JudgePhillips and So
licitor Settle and everybody else in the
courtroom were satisfied that the old
soldier had been pitilessly persecuted,
and the faces of the onlookers showed
the deepest pity and sympathy for the
unfortunate man and the blackest in
dignation for his employer.
. "Mr. Solicitor," said the judge,
"change your bill of indictment from
larceny to trespass." This was will
ingly done by Mr. Settle.
"Now," he continued, "judgment is.
suspended and the prisoner dis- -
Searcely had the last words been
spoken before every man in the room
app)lauded, and great tears were roll
ing down the cheeks of strong men.
As the old man who, halt an hour be
fere had been friendlesq, hobbled out
of the court-room, hundreds of men
drew round him to shake his hand.
One townsman volunteered to secure
him a pension. Mr. Hollyfleld of'ered
him a posidon as miller, and in less
than five minutes a purse was made up
to buy the old soldier a suit of clothes.
The Surgeen Bird..
T wo birds were building a nest under
a study window. A gentleman sat in.
that study every day. He watched the
birds. They were building the nest
of clay. They brought round bits of
wet clay in their bills. They stuck
these bits upon the wall.
Alter they had worked busily for a
while, they would perch on a tree near
by. There they would sit and look at
thre nest. Sometimes they would fly
down and tear away all that they built.
Sometimes a part of the nest would fall
down. Then the birds would sit and
think how to build it better.
Right in the middle of their work an
accident happened. One of the birds
stepped on a piece of broken glass. It
cut her foot very badly.
Bu t Mrs. Bird was a birave little body.
Sl~he wished to keep ons with her work.
Shi. did keep on until she was faint and
groumnd. Then she lay down. She
el.*s d her eyes. She looked very
The other bird looked at her anxious
B-. Then he turned around and gave
threec loud, strange cries. Soon, severe]
ii rasi came flying about, to see what
Iwas the matter.
A little surgeon bird came with them.
lHe looked like the others, but he soon
showed that he was a surgeon. He
bronght a bit of wet clay in his bill.
He ground it fine with his own little
beak. Then he spread it on the bird'!
sore, stiff foot, just as a surgeon spread!
a p-laster. Next, he took in his bill a
long green cornstock which lay near.
He flew up on a tin water-pipe undet
the window. One end of the corn
stalk was near the lame bird. She took
hold of it with her bill, and helped her
self up on the water-pipe, too. Then
the surgeon bird helped her into the
Poor Mrs. Bird! It was very hardi
to be sick, and to move into the half
br it house.
Whit do you suppose the surgeon
Ird did next? he want to work and
helped Mr. Bird finish the nest, then
Le flew off home.
Could the gentleman in -his study
have been kinder or wiser thaa that