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THE RAW AMD IEMALD.
PalolisleedlTri- W eekly
New., -and - Herald -Co.
lTER(S IX ADVANC-E:
on. ' ear. - - - - 83-**
Six Mnss, - - - - 1-5o
W. -4. DOUGLASS, Fdjtom
JAS. q. DAVIS,
ADTERTISLNG RATES, UASH:
.ine dollar a square for the first inser
n and fifty cents for each subsequent
asertion Special rates for contract ad
Marriage and death nnticesfree.
Regular rates charged for obituaries.
Orders for Job Work solicited.
WINNSBORO, S. C.
Tuesday. Januai-y 20. 1891
APROPos of the Senatorial debate on
the force bill we' suggest that each
Democratic Senator procure a phono
graph, and after speaking his speech
into it, take it in the Senate chamber
and grind it off as many times as may
be needed to kill time. As the Repub
lican Senators all go into the cloak
rooms and sleep, they would never
know the difference, and Democratic
throats would secure a needed rest.
IT is now certain that Senator Vance
will be re-elected to the United States
Senate. Among his other accomplish
ments Gov. Vance seems to be a prac
tical politiciav. He was among the
firrt to attack the financial policy of
the Alliance, but it seems that now the
Alliance has captured the North Caro
lina Legislature he is willing to vote
as he is told, provided he is allowed to
remain in office. Are Alliance princi
pIes safe in his hands?
The voters of the county are called
upon to decide whether the eounty
shall subscribe $100,000 each to assist
in building two railroads through the
county. It is impossible to say just
where these lines of road will run.
The general direction of the Cape Fear
and Cincinnati is from Camden to
Winnsboro and on to Union. The
W. W. & C. will run in the general
direction from Rocky Mount to Alston.
It is impossible to tell whose planta
tion will be touched. The question of
Toting subscriptions to those roads is
a business matter, cold business. Will
the two roads benefit the county
enough to repay the outlay ? We do
not think anybody will question the
statement that many sections of the
county, now almost valueless, will be
developed, and that there will be a
general rise in values. Railroads cer
tainly develop a country, and one thing
greatly needed in this connty is to
to bring this about than anything else.
In the course of his remarks on the
force bill in the U. S. Senate Senator
Hampton said that his long public ser
vice would soon close forever; that he
had never sought office but had always
gladly given his time and whatever
ability he possessed to his country.
In the long list of distinguished sons
of South Carolina no one has conitrib
uted more to the proud history of tho
- State than Bampton, in fact, it may be
said that his life has beeni sent in the
public service. As a young man he
represented hia native county in the
State Legislature, both in the House
and Senate. WVhen the stare with
drew from the. Union Wade Hampton
was among the first to volunteer in
her defence and continued to battie for
her rights until Lee surrendered.
During the war he rendered most dis
tinguished service and rose to the r ank
of Lieutenant-General. In the wearv
days of reconstruction Gen. Hamp
ton's voice was raised in protest again'st
the great iniquities perpetrated upon
his people by the powers at Washing
ton. In 1876 he was called from his
plantation in Mississippi by the white
people of South Carolina to lead them
out of their political bondage and that
that revolution was successful is due
more to the conservative wisdom and
coarage of its leader than anyithing
else. Hampton was the only man in
the State in whom were combined the
element s which made success possible.
In the National Senate he has served
twelve years which have been distin
guished by sound liberal statesman
In retiring to the private walks of
life Senator Hampton shall carry with
him the consciousness of having been
true to his people and true to himself.
It is admitted by those who compassed
his defeat that he would have been re
eleded had he followed the methods
of practical and personal politicians.
But 11ampton is a statesman not a
politician, and there are thousands of
voters in South Carolina anxions for
an olpportunity to show the bat:h
scarred warrior and statesman that
they prefe:- statesmanship to partisan
politics. Their love and confidence
shall remain with him in his retire
For Over Fifty Yeitrs
)IRs. WINSLow's SOoTflYsa ST- b'.
been used for over fifty years by ni illii
of mothers for their chil i en while teeth
ing, with Derfect success It sootites the
child, softens the gums, allays at paini,
cures wind colic, and is the bist remedy
for Diarrhoea. It will relieve the poor lit-I
tie sufferer lmmnediately. Sold by Drug
gists in every part of the world. T wenty
five cents a bottle. Be sure and as~k for
"Mrs. Winsi ow's Soothing Syrur.." and
take no other kind. 5-2ti-x~y
ChildrenCry for Pitcher's Castoria.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.- t
The Ceinage of Silver. Jf
The bill for the free coinagea s -
ver, which has passed the Senate and of
goes to the House, will work a radical sh
change in our monetery system, by
alowing every person who has silver
to take it to the mint and demand and wr
receive one coined dollar in gold or afl
silver for every unit weight of 4121 eil
rains of silver nine-tenths fine. At
present the government does not ailow AC
free coinage, but purchases 4,500,000 Af
ounces of silver every month and coins
on its own account. The bullion price
of silver is on an average not more
than 75 cents in gol(d for 4121 grains,
so that the government makes about a
quarter of a dollar on every siiver
dollar it coins. The effecc of free to
coinage will of course be to raise the lat
price of silver bullion at least tenpo
rarily, for when any one can sell 412i
grains of it to the government for a ;o
dollar ',e will not consent to take much rol
less than this from anybody else. But
the opponents of free coinage hold that lt
when this weight of silver is callc: a in
dollar by the government, people will im
buy silver from abroad at cheap rates I
and present it to the mint, white those
who have gold dollars will simply lock va
them up, or ship them over to Europe in
to buy silver with, in which case gold Pe
will cease to be money in circulation
here; and a contraction of several w
hundred millions will result. This is Ke
precisely what the advocates of an in
creased volume of money do not want.
Should the load of silver be too y01
great for the United States to carry at sa
a par with gold, the spectacle will be sa
presented of the United S'.ates becom- an
ing a silver country, just as it was mh
from 1862 to 1878 a paper country: Elt
and since European business men are ree
not compelled by law to take Ameri- -le
can silver dollars, they will receive P0
them only at their buliion value in eX- st
change for gold, and exchange; be
tween the two countries will be fi d
at this ratio. Let us assume that by
means of tho free coinage of silver ,
that mnetel is increased in value, until So
421 grains will he worth 00 ccnts in
gold in England. A New Yoi k mer- si
chant wisinzg to buy $1,000 worth of
goods at English prices from Loadon K'
must send over about $1,100 in silver,
or else receive for 1,000 silver dollers
So if cotton brings 10 cents in New
York in U. S. currency it will .sell for
only 9 cents with freight added in
Liverpool, and wheni English goods "
are brought back in exchange tihe far- a
mer will discover that he has gotten I
only as much as he got for 9 cents~
befor-e the passage of the frce coinage s
A good deal is heard about the times 3
when cotton sold for 25 cents a pound,
in greenbacks. It must be rememi
bered that greenbacks then were at a
eavy discount, and moreover that
:orn sold for a dollar- and eighty cents
a bushel and crushed sugar for 25 cents
a pound, while all other things were
high in proportion. Jugglering with
loney will not make us rich; for what.
we really exchange is comnmodies for
ommodities, and money comes in
nly to facilitate the exchange. An
infated currency makes the payment
f debts more easy, but it makes bor
owing somewhat more difficulty ; for
apitalists do not care to lend when
hey do not know what kind of money
hey will be paid back ini.
We believe that prices have r-ecently
een too lowv in proportion to the debts l
ncurred in past time and some expan
ion will give relief and not be unjust.
[hut in avoiding Seylla we should steer'
lear of the Charybdis fiat money and g
Silver has been abused and badly
reated. But the absolute free coinage --
f silver is not unlike ill principle the3
bsolute enfr-anchismment of the negro"
n 1865. He got "his rights," but the 3
ountr-y came near being lost.
It would be wvise to proceed withI
xpansion regularly and by some de- ipr
inite plan such as is now in operation. D J
for Infants and
"Castorlaissowelladapted to childrenthat 3Cas
I recommend itas superior to any prescription ii
knowto me." H. A. ARCHER, M. D.,
111 So. Oxford St., Brooklyn, N. 7Y. Wit
" The use of 'Castoria' is so universal and I"
its merits so well known that it seems a work yoa
of supererogation to endorse it. Few are the Ido s
intelligent families who do not keep Castoria re~su
wa eCaLOS MARTns.D1.DV.. Urry
New York City. ~
Late Pastor Bloomningdale Rleformed Churc.h.
Taz Cgs'T~.a Coir
S. Gov't Repor, Aug. 17, 1889.
lougit proper, let the govermninent
chase more than -L 00,000 ounces
ilver a month. ilut the gates
oild not be thrown wide opeu all
-Walter Briges, Athwis. Tenn.,
tes: "For six years I had been
icted with running sores and an
argcment of the bone in my leg.
iedevervthing I heard of without
permaient benefit uutil DoItanic
od Balm waz recomrinended to me.
er using six bottles the sores healed,
I am now in better health than I
e ever been. I seud this testimo
I Ul.oliected, bcoause I want others
.%i aeai or i I,;. t Lamauy"
'ir John Sivinburic tells with illoch
40 hOW, wilelever lie is introduced
myone, he is asked: "Are you re
2d to t he poet Algernor Swindburne "
which he invariablr replies. "Bless
ir soul I am head of the Swinburne
nily, and lie is related to me." Sir
m ihas just here happily bit off' ihe
ationship of Westmoreland's Cali
a Tonie. It is the head of the
nily: it rankhs ji-t. and the sune'r
ive merits of a tonie are eibotiled
it. It is pre-eininently the fa':or
with p ra tising phicians and ibey
erously prescribe it. The formula
ubinle the powerful Virtues of ihe
lisava or Cinehona bark and other
tiable tonics and aleratives. -or
digecs-tion. genjeral debility, dyNs
.ia. torpid liver, impure blood or
larial ioisoniingr, i- an invaluable
niedv. For sale by all druggi4.
1o)esae by McMaster. Biice &
'his is what you C(uglt to have, in fact,
must have it, to fully enjoy life. Thou
ds are seaiching for it daily, and
urning because they find it not. Thou
ds upon thousands ocf dollars are spent
cmally by our people in the hop-;e that
y may attain this boon. And yet it
y be had by a1. We guarantee that
:ric Bitters, ir used aecording to di
tions and the use persisted in, will
ng you Good Digestion and oust the
non isrepsia and install instead Eu
>sv. We recominend Electric 'Bitters
Ibi.,epsia and a.l diseases of Liver,
,alcch and Kidney -Vs. Sold at X0., and
per bottle by MeMaster, 3nce &
i:uc'zlen's Arniac Satlvo.
':T 3A.V Ln the world fur Cuts,
s:'-. *:re.3, Liers, Malt lheum. Fever
y er, Cheppe;d I lands, Chill ains,
-n. ni a kij E ruptions, and pasi
1y 1ua1 ils or 'o l'y regirej~d It
I~xe to m: permet s.a:at con,
no.~* rfu:'ed ir c 231 - ants per
'di:a '.: . i c: - i rncctha vnt uh.2.ins
1.'e Uiiuns .S''dealr~ ikeer g
idren Cry for Pitcher's Castoria.
F. M~SE & 09o.
VEGETABLS and FiRUIT.
PICKLES, Domestic and Im
LE A & PERlUN'S SAUCE.
ROYAL BAING POWDER.
COFFEES, raw and roastcd.
Acnd a full line of Staplc Gro
F. MWASTR &C0O.
OTItE TO TRESPASSERS.
~ORUID all persons from hunting oni
mny lands, and will prosecute any
9n I know to do so from thlis date.
A. WIL LIFORD.
eeember 2:.;, 1890. 12-23-Jm
-Stomach, Diarrhosa. Eructationi
;Wormns, i;ives sleep, and prots m
eston. . t..I
iou injur:ousme tin
ror several years I have recommended
Ca;toia,' and shall always continue to
>3a it has invariably produced bene~cial
Etwcr F. P?nDEE, tr. D.,
o Winthrop,"-12th Street and 7th Ave.,
New York City
W. L. DOUCLAS
and other spiW.
$3 SHOE taismerarewe
ranted, and so stamped on bottem Address
WLDOUGLAS, Brocktou,ftMass* Wod bY
& KF TCHINt,
WINNbisORO, S. C.
LARGE LOT OF MASON'S
Justly Celebrated Cakes. Crack
ers and Biscuits, Cheese and Macaroni.
Also Apples, Oranges, Nuts, Citron
and Currants. Mv line of
is now complete and my prices are
Just Opened Up.
A lot of No. I Mackerel, which I am
offering at ridiculously low prices.
They must go.
Fresh Flour, Meal, Rice, Grits, Lard
and Bacon, received daiy, and my
prices are moderate. Suiar and Cof
fee. I have too large a stock of these
necessaries, and they must go. I have
found out only too late that it is money
and not sugar and coffee that I naed.
My prices on Bridles, Saddlery and
Harness are lower than any, and I am
determined to get rid of them if at a
sacrifice. I need the room for other
stock. Give me a call. It shall be to
U. G* DSP3RTE.
French and I
,Just in this week another invoice of
FLUR DE THEG0CIGARS,
The best smoke for Five Cents in town.
G. A. WHITE.
GROCERIES, WAGONS AM)
IIDE AWAKE AND HAPPY TO
VTknow that we are able to put
the price of Groceries LOWER and
LOWER for CASH.
Nothing charged balance this year,
but for cash we will undersell all comn
Ietitors. Come and be convinced that
e mean business.
Studebaker Wagons and Columbus
Buggy Co.'s Buggies need no recomn
neaton. A nice line of cheaper
grades on hand. We have a line of
Buggy Ilarncss that coimmnd atten
Agemts for the famous Jonezs of Bing
aton Scales, not cheapest but best ..
and "1Ile pays the freight."
Give u. 'your trade and; we will
please yon, and more than that, we
guarantee to save youl mon0!y.
W. . DOTY&C( CO
PARTNERSHIP NOTICE. t]
OTICE is hereby givn that a partner
.L ship for the practice of the crimmna!
nw, in Fairfield County, has been this day
fomed between the undersigned, under u
he firm name of Douglass & Douglass- t4
CIJAS. A. DOUGLASS> ri
W. D. DOUGLASS.
Wumsboro, S. C., NoveciAer 10, 1890,
ViN A ..,R HoOl Bar
S-M NOW fA N' TO SUPPLY
.al.)e witth a choice se!cetioni
FiESI1 BEER always on hand. I
keep nothing but arst-class goods and
ask a share of the trade.
it! Tif 's 0li Tiffi
TO BUY C"HEAP1 FOR CAH1
F OR THE NEXT THIRTY DAYS
I wili otler for sale my entire
consisting of Buggies, Phaetons, Corts,
Hiarness, Hardware and Groceries.
Thcse goods nvst be sold and will be.
Call at once so you vill be able to get
what you want.
All persons indebled to me are re
quested to make immediate payment
as these accounts must be settled. It
not, I will place them in the hands of
my attorner for collection.
Hoping to hear from you at once, I
remain respectfai]y yours,
R. T. MATTHEWS,4
- 411, '-n
lUST ARRIVED Tn addition to
stock on hand a carload of
GOOD MULES AND HORSES,
Among themr some good mares and
some nice driving horses. Mules
raging from 14,3 to 154 hands high.
Persons wishing 'to buy will (10 we:l
to call and examine thern before buy
ing elsewher?. They' will be sold
Ti OW FOR CASH
ar on time until next fall with satis=
WINNSBORO. S. C.
AN, TO ARRIVE.
. FINE ASSORTMIENT OF COOKS,
Ihollow-ware, Tinware, Jars,
Flower Pots, and a gen
eral line of
Fresh and Nice.
lso a general liine of Ihouse Furnish
W. W. KETCHIIN.
fV&NT1ED, everybody in Fairfield
Cont to know that we are
elinig Drugs, Mtdicine's, etc., as
heap as you c'an buy themd ini any city
n the State.
A COMPLETE LINE OF
lair Brushes , Toilet Paper,
ombs, Shoe Polish,
h, ioise skins, iflav''ringc Extracts
AlMo ise celebratd Rreyal Baking
.)wder iand Eaele Brand Condensed
i!k at the
Next door to the Bank.
N. B.-We are still se!!ing that well
aown' Traylor Key~ 'Jest Cigar at 5e.
JANUARY IBARAINS I
RKED reduction on all heavy winter goods, such
A as CLOAKS, SHAWLS, UNDERWEAR, BLAN
KETS AND COMFORTS.
MEN'S AND BOYS' CLOTHING
HALF THEIR VALUE.
Our friends will please accept our thanks for the liberal
patronage of the past year, and a continuance of the same
is respectfully solicited.
Proprietor of the New York Racket Store.
H E commissions us to tell you that his he-sdquarters for 1893 will be at our
H store. He is a pretty old man to attenkd to the distribution himself, and
besides children are getting so nuu.-oiaS the pack hurts his back. So this
year we are to be his agents for furni ..ing3
Santa Clans has fitted us out with a splendid line and instructed as to SELL
CHEAP. As we commenced the season with bargains we will end with bar
FIE GOODS AND PLENTY OF .TilE.
We keep the best, and our principle is fair dealing; our ambition to please
our trade; our prices the lov est; our welcome warm to all; our bargains a
R. W. PHILLIPS
FALL ANDBWINTER OPENINET
@@II4W~V]EK IEWILLOPEN~ OUR ENT IRE STOCEK,
F VERY department is novy complete, consisting of fine D~ress Goods, Silk
.2 Velivets, Notions, Whsite Goods, Domestics, Cloting and Shoes. Our
stock this season is the mcst comnplete we ever bought. Wish every facility we
expect this season to surpass ourprevious records ini supply in the demand.
See Macaulay & Turner's Metn's and Boys' Clothing.
See Macauilay & Turner's Men's and Boys' Shoes.
See Maeaulav & Turner's Ladies' and Misses' Shoes.
See Macaulay & Turner's Thomson Glove-Fitting Corsets All s8.as.
See Macaulay & Turner's line of Shirts.
See Macaulay & Turner's Pants Goods.
See Macanla'v & Turner's Men's and Boys' Hats-a big drive.
See Macaulay & Turner's Men's and Boys' Caps.
SHOES. SHOES. SHOES.
In our Shoe Department we arc showing an extensive stock. It will pay
you to investigate our prices in this department. We snstain our [previous
reputation. We work to please our patronsi
MACAULAY & TURNER.
All persons indebted to us will please
take notice that their accounts and notes are
due, and we want them paid.
McMASTER, BRICE & KETCHIN. -
THE FAIRFIELD DENTISTRY.
-OAN made on real estat and persnal
e first Tuesday of each month.
po hick iterest 'wi be allwdquar
es nde he onrdinary savings bank B. J. QUATTLEBAUM, D. D. S
J. M. BEATY,
Seeretary and Treasurer. WINNEBORO, g C.