Newspaper Page Text
* Erds are flyingi'
* Summer's dead,
The leaves are dying,
Vmanged from lii4 gWs
'usset red, -
fad lights glowing
, -Through the trees;
And the breeze,
O'er spice fields blowin,
Prings a breath of tropas
Cloud banks flying
Cold and gray.
All the day
The winds are sighing
jgr the sunny soptbland
Wings of morning
And the air,
the valleys scorning,
Brings from dewy hill-tops
-Louis Phillips, in Har er's Baur.
AT ALFORYS CABL',
MY J. L. IARBOUE. ..
lford's Cabin 'was the name of a
stage-coach eating station, half-way
between two thriving Rocky Mountain
mining towns. It was kept by Mrs.
Nancy Alford, a small, cheery and ex
ceedingly active woman who claimed fox
herself the distinction of having crossed
the plains with an ox team in '59, and
the further honor of having been the
first white woman to enter Fairplay
Gulch, in which her cabin stood.
Her husband's grave, over which the
snows of three winters had dtted. was
under a clump of stunted and gloomy
pines up the rocky slope of the mount
There were two little grassless and
sunken graves beside that of Aunt
Nancy's husband. In one of them he
little g'rl of five years had been laid, and
in the other her boy of six.
"I aint never been badk to the States
since I came out here, and I never expect
to go now; all that I care for in thir
world is up there," Aunt Nancy would
say, with a wave of her hand toward the
pines under which were the three graves.
. The cabin was a long and narrow one
story atructure of three rooms. Its ex
terior was dreary, and without the sug.
gestion of the brightness and comfort
vithin save from the turkey-red calico
curtains with white lace boarders, and
the Soiering plants at. the four front
windows. . -
The immediate surroundings of the
cabin were dreary and cheerless; nothing
could be done to make them less so Ir
that rocky and barren region with iti
early and late snows. e:-+ * :
But within, things were very differ
ent. "Aunt Nance Alford's cabin,"
"Aunt Nance's grub" and Aunt Nance
herself, eore topics on which the stage
dri'rr discoursed until.'Aunt Nance 's
fame had spread far and wide.
She was a short, slender and wiry
little woman, about fifty years old. She
always wore a plainly made starched
calioo grown, with a'whiie apron tied1
around her waist, thie strings in a neat
bow in front.
* A snowy-white handkerchief was al
ways'pinned around her throat, and no
one ever saw her when her dark-bro wn
hair, but little touched with gray, was
snot brushed to a satiny smoothness.
One day in the early spring, Jack
Hughes, oine of the stage-drivers, broughat
Aunt Nance a letter from the nearest
postoface, eight 'miles distant. Letters
came rarely to A'lut Nance, and they
always Alled her with pleasurable excite
:This was in a large browsi envelope,
and 4unt Niance drew out a photo.
grap with the letter.
heglanced at It eagerly, and saw the
face of a )'oung and delicate girl of per
hsaps fifteen years.
"'Who in the land can she be?" said
Aunt Nance. She unfolded the letter,
glanced at the signature and read it
aloud, Ia 'Your affectionate niece, Marcia
- "I declare I'd most forgot I had such
a niece," said Aunt Nance. ."But, of
course; the'c my sIster Lucy's girl.
Lucy's name is Merrick. I ain't heerd
from her fo'r two years. It's time some
She sat down and read the letter
slowly, her eyes filling with tears as shei
read. She wipod thema on a corner of
her api-on when she had finished the
letter, and said to Kate Dooley, her
*"It's from my sister's girl. My sister
Is'dead, and so is her husband. Theig
girl, Marcia, seems to be all alone in the
world, ansd not very strong. She wants'
to come out and stay with me awhile,
ad try this mountain climate for her
~"Well, she can come; I'll make her
more than welcome. It's many a year
since I see any of my own folks, and
it'll do me good to see somebody right
from New Hampshire, with the Doolittle
blood in her veins. I was a Doolittle,
She read the letter again. It was well
written, and stated briefly in addition to
the news which Aunt Nance had already
communicated to Kate, that the writer
was nearly sixteen years old, and that
sne would have her own living to make,
for her parents had left her little mnore
than enough money to take her to
If her aunt was willing to receive her,
she would come with some friends who
were going as far as Denver in a few
weeks; and if the climate proved help.
ful, she would look around for some way
of supporting herself as soon as she had
grown a little stronger.
"We'll talk about her supporting her
self when there's occasion for her to do
it," said Aunt Nance, as she folded the
letter and restored it to its envelope.
shie took up the photograp~a and
1~oked at it long and lovingly.
"She's a Doolittle, out and out," she
said. "She has the reg'lar Doolittle
nose, and her grandfather's chin right
over agio. She's downright purty; she
looks like her ma, and Lucy was the best
lookin' one of our famiily. But sne!
didn't write a word about her brother:
I wonder how that is? Lucy had two
The next stage coach going toward
the east froin Aunt Nauce's cabin car-j
,.d a lmete oz Aunt Nance to her
Taree weeks later the stage coach
came whirling up to Aunt Nance's door,
and Jack Hughes called out, when he
saw Aunt Vance at the open door - sh
"Light load to.day, Aunt Nance. ne
On'ly one passenger, and I guess she's the
one you're looking for."
A young girl, her plain black dress T)
and bat covered with dust, stepped to fI
the ground, Aunt Nance embraced hex A,
"You're sister Lucy's Marcia!" she
exclaimed, excitedly. "I know without . l
asking. You're a reg'lar Doolittle, and N
you don't know how glad I am to see th
"You don't reely look right strong, en
Aunt Nance said, while Marcia was eat
ing the elaborate d;nner prepared ex- N
preesly for her. "But, a! my dear, th,
you'll look like another girl after a sum- I
mer up here in the mountain air. i've he
got a nice, gentle saddle horse that you -
can'lide 'round the canons on, and I'll
take you over to the hot springs for a di
month, later in the summer. Oh, you'll he
have roses enough in your cheeks, and to
be so plump you won't know yourself in
three months!" e
y Then she suddenly asked in a softer
tone, "Where is your brother David, A
Marcia's smile gave place to a pained dc
and troubled look. - fg
"I don't know, aunt," she said. H
"Don't know? Why, how Is that?" th
"It is more than a year since we have ha
heard anything from David," said Mar.
cia. Then she added, "That is one ei
reason why I wanted to come West, o
Aunt Nancy, besides what the doctor to
told me about my health. I think
David is out here. I did not write re
anything about It. for I thought I would th
rather tell you all about it myself. I
thought you might understand the story
better, and feel more kindly towards him
if I told it to you."
PIt' was a brief and sorrowful little h
tory of a boy's waywardness that she of
told, not an uncommon story of a natur- lei
ally. welt'disposed boy being led into
wrongdoing by evil companions, and
finally running away 'after bringing dis. de
grace upon his home.'- A & -
b "All we have known for nearly two
yars is that he ds out in the West. . We ag
heard once of his being in this State. ' If
I could only find him! I am sure he
could yet be saved. He is so young, ro
not yet twenty."
6'I'll help you find him," said Aunt
Nance, earnestly. '"We'll begin at
once. I know all about the stage- ,
drivers about here, and people in nearly of
all the mountain towns. If he's any- th
where in this part of the State, we'll
find him, dear! Merrick ain't a common
The mountain summer soon came on, th
in allits soft and tender beauty. Mar
cia lived out of doors much of the time.
She rode on horseback down into the
grassy gulches, or far up to the mount
amn summits, where the snow lay in lit-,
te patches throughout all the summer
days. Sooni the color came to her
checks, her thin sliape grew rounder and
The night of the nineteenth of
August was one long remembered by *h
the dwellers on that mountain side, and
by those in the gulch below. . They re
erred to it long afterward as "the time e
of the big storm. "-.
"I never see such a stor'm as this in all
the years I've lived in the iountains,"t
said Aunt Nance, as the night came on h
with a terrible roaring of the wind fr<
through the canons.
Few travellers spent the night at he~
cabin, and there was no one there that
night'but Aunt Nauco, Marcia and Kate
At nine o'clock the wind abated its -
fury. At ten it had died avtay so that
no sound was heard but the pouring of C
the rain. Marcia and Kate Dooley went h
It was eleven o'clock when Aunt t
Nance, rising to go to bed, stopped sud
denly, threw up her head and listened t
The rain was falling softly now, and
hghabove its gentle sound she heard a ,th
vice shriek out as it in mortal terror. t
Then she heard men's voices shouting t
"What in the name of wonder is go- th
ing on up there on Taylor Mountain at
this time of night?" she asked of herself. th
a she hurried to a door and looked out
into the darkness. -
She heard the cries repeated, and they abe
seemed nearer how. She had heard
ries at midnight before in that wild h
nd lawless region, and she knew whatth
too often they foretold. - t
"Dear, dear!" she said, with more of
irritation than of fear in her voice, "1
wonder when this country's ever going
to get so folks'll live as if they was civi
lized! There's mischief going on up I
there! I saw them Taylor Mountain
boys whispering together and looking
savage when they were down hi crc to Co
dinner to-day. i've a notion to-who's pr
that?" - t
The rear <door room had opened sud- r
denly, and been closed in eager haste. ca
Aunt Nance turned quickly. Before t
her, his back to the door, his hands a
spread out upon it as if he would holdki
it against all resistance, stood a hatless shi
and coatless young man, his clothes |
drenched and tattered, his face ashen asi
pale, his eyes wild and staring, while his th<
slender form quivered with fear. en
"nh, please come in and shut that
door!" he cried, stretching out one hand
imploringly. "They're after me-those
men are! Can't y-ou hide me? I haven't
done what they' sa I have. Hide mel
Aunt Nance slowly closed the door,
but seemed to hesitate.
"Ma'amn," said the young man, "i7~.
been wild for a long time, but I am in
nocent of this wrong, and if you'll help
save me I'll live a right life from this
moment. I'll go back home to-morrow
-back to New Hlampshire I"
"New Hampshire!" Aunt Nanoe
caught eagerly at the words.
She closed the door, walked across
the room until she stood within a foot
of the trembling fugitive, and looked up in
into his face, her own heart beatingg
'Are you from New Hampshire?" she s
asked, slowly. c4I
"Yes, yes-oh, are they coming?" Di
"From what townC" she asked, an
"The town of Rockingham." is
"Now tell me your name, quick!" co
"David-David Merrick1I" PC
She took his wet cheeksu between heg
hand? rand drew his face down to hers, tb
whi'she kissed him soothingl y. ;c1
"I thought so-I thought so," sho e
said jwta rarms around__his nec' .
Eou-ve the Doolittle eyes, David,
ynt be afraid."
The door of larcia's room had opened
ddenly, and she stuAl there with a
awl thrown lightly around her. ThL
xt mantant she cried out:
"Oh, it's David-my brother David !"
The tramp of feet was heard outside.
ie look of amazement on the boy's
ye gave place to one of terror, aul
irt Nance said, quickly:
'"Go in there with your sister, David!'
A moment later six )r seven rough.
>king men filed into the cabin. Auat
Lncy knew them every one. She met
am standing with her back to the dOOr
the room David and his sister haJ
''He come in here, didn't be, Aunt
Lce?" said Joe Haskin, the lea ler of I
e crowd. "We seen :-n, and we
Int him. Now, didn't ue C, 4:ia
Aunt Nance replied fearlessly, "I don't
I lies, and I won't tell one now. He
i come in here, Joe Haskin. Ee's in
re now, and what's more, he's going
stay in herei"
9'Do you know what him and another
"'I neither know nor care," replied
tt Nance, boldly, ''but I know this
u men aint his judges. Vengeance
n't belong to you-it belongs to
She pointed upward as she spoke, and
Dn she added, "You can't lay your
nds on that boy to-night. He's in
is room behind me, and you are six or
;ht taen to one woman, but there's not
e of you that'll lay your bands on me
move me from this door.
''You wouldn't, Joe Haskin, when you
nember how I walked three miles in
3 worst snow-storm we had last winter
nurse you back to life and strength,
ien you was at death's door with pneu
"You wouldn't, Hi Sanders, when I
d you brought right here and took care
you myself when you had that broken
"You wouldn't lay hands on the
>man who closed your wife's eyes in
ath less than a year ago, Tom Leesom.
ery man of you has set at my table
in and agin, with or witliut money
made no difference.
"Touch me? Why, I don't believe I,
rself, could keep you from using that
e you've got outside, on the mau
o'd lay rough hands on Aunt Nance
"No, you couldn't," said Joe Haskin.
'ou're right-we'd make mince-meat
him! An' if you're goin' to stand 'fore
tt door and-"
I am,'' interrupted Aunt Nance, "and
re aint no other way Into the room."
She waved her hand lightly toward
e open door. "Good nightl" she
They went out into the' darkness.
Before noon the next day Joe Haskin
le up to Aunt Nance's cabin. She
nt to the door, and he did not dis
Well," he said, ''if things don't turn
t queer sometimes! Wre got after the
ong fellow, sure enough, last night.
>u see, there's been a garg of cut
roats and hess-thieves lurkin' about on
ylor Mountain. The boys got tired of
n, an' last night they took after a
uple of the sneaks.
'It seems that this young 'sllow told
e truth when he said he didn't belong
'em. He was wandering along on
way to Eagle Cliff, and took refuge
m the storm with some o' the gang.
'The guilty ones was caught this
rning down in Deer Gulch,and aey'd
a grace to say that the young fellow
th 'em didn't belong to their gang. If
u're got him in your cabin yit, you
t o' 'pologize to 'im for the little in
venience we put 'im to last night,an'
y that we'll do anythin' we can for
n, now't he's out o' bad company."
He was done with bad company from
t day forth. The promise he had
de in his terror he kept faithfully, al
>ugh he did not l'-e to go back to
n Hampshire to keep it.
Invading lines M ikraad have driven
a lumbering old stage-coimaI -a~nd
nr jolly drivers to other parts of the
untains, and there is now a little
own railroad station on the spot where
a cabii of Aunt Nance stood.
It is a dinner station, famous all along
line; and if you travel that way, you
>uld be likely to be met at the door by
tidy and talkative old lady,who would
no other than Aunt Nunee herself,
ile David and Marcia Merrick, in
mes of their own, may be found in
prosperous little town but a few
ENIOUS coOKING APPARATUS DEVISEB
FOR DR. NANSEN'S EXPEDIIION.
Ibe remarkably comprehensive oil
king range here illustrated is A
ominent feature in Dr. Nansen's out
for his polar voyages. When it is
:nembered that the range tn ques
*n will be during that period practi
ly the only means of cooking for
entire party, it is evident that the
pliance should be as perfect of its
id as ingenuity and good workman
ip can make it.
olidly built in stout copper, with
estus linings where necessary,
range is so constracted as to
a~ble .e processes of oast
DR. NANSEN'S COOKING R&NGE.
, baking, boiling and frying to
on simultaneously, and although oc
pying considerably less than a
nare yard of room will cook suffi
mt substantial food for 25 persons.
-Nansen's party consists of himself
d 12 men.
The heat recessary for the cooking
roduced by a comrn :' oil lamp so
ntrived as to be & ani immense
wer and inserted in 1:range under
ca ingenious strue: conditions
at the fumes of the~ . o under nc
-cumstances touch the food whichx is
ing prepared. Stoves similar to
ose used in the range will be em
oyod fr beating the ship.
& Prm r>THE BU.Y WO AN.
Ul. PACE MAY B3ECOME TOO it-PID
yOR IIEn BEST GOOD AND
In a paper on "Vocaticns," a woman
suggestively says: "Tue fashionable
sin of to-day among woman, whatever
it may be, is nU 'dleness. To a student
from Norton or ,outh Hadley, Welles
ley or Smith, idleness is simply an in
poisibility. If years of tboronqh me -
tnodical, intellectual training have n't
forned hbits and tastes for work, they
Li tve resuJted in nothing.
"The lazy woman in a wrapper,
yawning half a day over a noi, may
still exist in stories; out of them she is
not often foun. The reality and con
I rst is a trimly-dremsed, quick-stepping
ye 7, calling early at the buech
r's and grocer's considering the cc n
omies of beefsteak and strawberries,
preparing th3 custard ard salad dres
iig, enconraging Bridget to be neat
and skillful by preceit and example
and this only as a beginning to the busy
[lay which she set for herself."
It is due to the woman of to-day that
lier all-round capability shouli be men
tioned. There was a time when, If she
were a good housekeener, she was
nothing else, or, if she pinned her lIu -
rels to charitable work, her family was
slighted. The end-of-the-century wo
man is skilled In many things and ex
pert in at least one.
The writer of the paper goes on to
sound a note of warning against woman
Lecoming "busy, bustling, anxious
ereatures, whose live3 are marred if not
wasted by a sort of overproduc'iveness.
They, she says, ''shoull read the les
on of the lotus tree; they should even
stand beside the peaceful-eyed cow and
mark how she chews the cud of gentle
reflections"-and so on.
In maay ways the hint of reaction is
obvious In the magnificent spurt woman
has taken; she is willing 0 listen, in
the gospel of progress to which she
hearkens diligently, to an occasional
ermon on the text, "Make baste
THE LEGEND OF THEARBUTUS.
"Some time ago," says the Univer
sity Review, "Congressman Belknap
related, one nigut at the Washington
osmos Club, the following legend of
the trailing arbutus, which he bearl in
tbe lodge of an aged Indian chief on the
shore of Lalle Superior.
"Here, in this couutry, grows to
perfection th.tt deare.-t and sweetest of
all wild-flcwers, the arbotus-the plant
that the most skillful florist cannot
oause to grow in hot-house or garden.
"There are two aings the learned
whito man does not know-the Indian
and the arbutus. From time to time,
sitting by the camp-fres In the evening
i have been told of the creation of
inimals and birds by the great Mtnna
oosho and his captains, the Manitous.
And this is the legend of the origin or
creation of the arbutus:
"Many, many moons ago there lived
an cli man alone in his lodge beside a
frozen stream in the forest. His locks
and beard were long and white with
age. He was heavily clad in fine fuis,
for all the world was winter-snow and
ice every where.
"rhe ,smds went through the forest,
earching every nook and tree for birds
o chill, chasing evil spirits o'er hill
and vale; and the old man went abcut,
vainly tearching in the deep snow for
iices of wood t' keep up the fire in his
"In despair, be returned to his lodge,
and, siting down by the last few dying
eoaIs, he cried to Mannaboosho that he
mignt not reum'. And the wirds blew
side the door of the lodge, and there
amie in a most beautiful maiden.
"iler cheeks were xed, as if made of
wild-roses; her eyes were large, and
gowed like the e ycs cf fawns at night;
her hair was long and black as the
raven's feathers, and it touched the
grond as she walked; her l'ands were
covered with willow buds; on her head
was a wreath or wild-flowers; her
slothing was of sweet grasses and ferns;
hr moccasins we-re whate lil!<s an(',
when she breathed, the air of the lodge
"The old man said, 'My d tughter, I
m glad to see you. My lodge is e >ld
an cheerless; yet it will sh'eld you
Irom the tempests of the night. Ent
tell me who you are, that you dare to
come to my lodge in such strange cloth
ing. Come, sitLare and tell me of thy
country and thy vict n'~~fd I wll]
tell thee of my exploilts, zor 4.am a
Maniton. I blow nry breath, anu'th
waters of the river stand still.'
"The maiden answered, 'I breathe,
and the ICowers spring up on all the
"The old man said, 'I shake my
locks, and snow covers all the ground.'
"'.z shake my curls,' rejoined the
maiden, 'and warm rains fall from the
"i h en I walk about, the leaves fall
from the trees. At my command, the
anima's hide In their holes in the
ground, and the wild fowl get out of
the v.ater and fly away, for I am
. '-The maiden made answer, 'When]I
walk about, the plants lift up their
heads; the trees cover their nakednes1
with many leaves; the birds come back,
a:.d all who see me sing. Music is
"And thus they talked, and the aIr
bec ine warm in the lodge. The ol1
..an's heatd dropped upon his breast,
and he slept. Then the sun came back,
and the blul: b'rd came to the top of the
lodge and c iled, 'Say-se, I am thirsty l'
aud the river called back, 'I am free.
ome and drink!'
"As the cid man slept., the maiden
ra-ed her hands above his head, and
he began to grow small; streams of
wvater ran out of his mouth,and soon he
was a srrall mass upon the gzround, and
his clothing tu:rned to green leaves.
"Then the maiden,kneeli~g upon the
~rond, tcok from her bosom the most
Precious white flowers and hid them
abot under the leaves, and, breathing
'I give thee all my v~rtues and my
swee:est breath, and all who shoul '
pc thee shalt do so upon bended
"Ten the maiden moved away
hrouh n woods and over the plains,
rd all the birds sang to her, and
wherever she steppe'd, and nowhere
else, grows the arbutus."
There has nt been a total eclipse of
:he sun at London s~nce 11-40, except
t hat of 1715, arnd Professor Holden saa
tzee n ill not be another until alter the
pening or ihe twenty-first century.
Puse a contemplates buildng what
vifl be Lie krg st electric railway in
t~e vzid; it will run from St. .Pet r.
THE IDEAL HOSTE S.
Some of us are fortunate enough tt
have met and been entertained by thel
Ideal Hostess in her own house. All
of us would like to imitate her in oai
own homes. Very few of us can do so,
but in a sort of despairing admiration
-se would like to make a little study of
Yes, methods; for as surely as grape,
do not grow upon thorns, the brilhani
successes of our Mleal Hostess, are nol
tb result of accident. An "evening'
at her house is full of charm-not to
one alone, or to some specially favored
clique, but to all of her guests. Here
are Greybead and Goldilooks; the
debutante, and the still young woman
who has begun to fear that she is get
ting passce; the litterateur, the busi
ness man, and men of the learned pro
fessions; the college under-graduate,
and the young man whose ambition
never ran in that direction, and both
single and married ladies of certain
and uncertain ages and habits ol
thought. There are perhaps between
forty and fifty persons in all, and one
might expect to find some discontented
ones in the diversity.
Not at all. Listen to them as they
leave the house!
The youngster who has never had an
"evening out" before, is ravished be
cause Mrs. Charming has invited him
to come again. "How often do you
think it would be proper for me to go
next Winter?" he asks confidentially
of the spinster aunt, whose escort he
has been on this happy occasion. Yet
he has not here met for the first
time some "all enchanting fair." It
is the only charm of the whole which
has impressed him.
The spinster is also treading upon
air. She has met two persons whom
she has long desired to know. She has
not merely seen them at a distance;
pains have been taken that she should
have a few minutes converse with each.
She, too, feels that she wishes it were
"proper" to go every evening next
A man whose presence is much sought
for at social entertainments of all sorts,
and who is correspondingly difficult to
secure for them, remarks to his wife as
he mounts the stairs of the L. on his
homeward way, "I haven't had such a
delightful evening for years. If we're
in the city next winter, do let us come
as often as possible;" while the wife re
plies, just as they reach the platform,
"Oh, if everybody's evenings were like
this one, how delightful society would
"As well try to dissect a soap bubble
as to look for the cause of all this
charm," says another, still under the
influence of the spell.
Perhaps so, but it helps the would
be blower of soap bubbles to know that
a certain combination of soap, water
and air is necessary before he can mare
his bubbles; so we shall try to find out
what are the materials used by our
Ideal Hostess to make her "evenings'
so universally enjoyed.
Fxr.sT. -We judge, she has carefully
studied the little material things which
go to making physical comfort and dis.
comfort. Of a hot night her rooms are
as cool as they can be made, yet no
di3agreeable draughts are felt, becaue
it is the upper sashes which are shoved
down, and not the lower which are up,
and the gas, iostead of being at highest
flare, is turned low and shaded. Thid
thoughtfulness pervades all the minoi
Knowing that she cannot be pro
ally ubiquitous, our ideal Hostess all
most seems so by reason of the abk(V
coadjutors whom her tact enlists
help her carry out her intentions o3
"giving every one a good time.'
Three or four of these scattered about,'
keeping the ball rolling, are of im
mense advantage, as everybody knows,
but only an Ideal Hostess would know
how to select them, and, having
selected, to keep them well in hand,
like so many talented young Brig adiers
carrying out the wishes of the Coin
Perhaps the greatest secret of all is
the self-forgetfulness of this charming
Commander. tier "evenings" are noE
hers, but those of her guests, to such a
degree that all feel under obligations
to perform the duties of hosts to all
their neighbors in the same way that
the privates in an army feel that upon
each individually devolves a degree of
responsibility for the success of the
HELN EVEBTSON SurmH.
IGHTS OF MARRIED WOMEIN
IN LOUISIAjN3A. -
Judge E. T. Merrick, of New (.a
leans in a letter to Myra Bradwell, edi
tor of the Chicago Legal News, in re
feringto heproperty rights of mar
ridwmn in Louisiana, says:
"Th orgi of the right is curious
Ito trace. The community of 'acquets
and gain' did not exist in the Roman
law, and not prevail generally in
France. it was introduced by the
Franks,a German people who conquer
ed certain Erench provinces, and who
possessed Paris and established it there
as well as -at other places conquered.
by them. Hence it was called the
'Custom of Paris.' About the 5th cen
tury A. 1D. the Visigoths, snot-her
German race, extended their conquests
into Spamn, especially into the northern
provinces, and established themselves
there and finally became. blended with
the people of the country, speaking
their language, after having established
as a part of the laws of those provinces
the ancient German institution 'acquets
and gains' in favor of their wives.
This provision of certain of the
Spanish provinces settled by the Visi
goths was carried into the laws pro
mugated by the Spanish rulers for the
government of the Indiae, the countries
discovered by Columbus.
Louisiana was first, as you know,
settled by the French, andI its laws
were French, until 1769, when it was
taken possession of by the Spamasrds,
under O'Reily. The treaty of transfer
had been signed in 1762.
In 1769 the French laws were abrol
gated and the Spanish laws of the In
dians substituted and promulgated.
The Span laws were the laws of the
territory when Louisiana-was acquired
in 1803, and they are the basis of the'
Louisiana code, and our judges are
bound to take judicial notice of them,
while the French laws require to bq
proven. Hence Mrs. 31errick, youi
fast friend, becomes entitled to one
half of all we have made during the
marriage, by virtue of the settlemeni
of some rude warlike Visigoths in
Spain 1400 years ago, who had given
equal rights to their wives, who worked
in the fields and went to battle with
them. it is but just to say that for
many years the Louisiana law has given
the usufruct of all the commumit;
Iproperty to the surviving spouse, while
e or she remairs single. The preced
ing is for year' consideration as a law
ftcS A4D THIFTri
o fault-fcin d et
can be happy,
T IETY is re
ligion with its
BATTLE* a r e
EvNxy lie has a
truth on its
Lord borrows He
pays good interest.
Wx are not pleaslug God when we
Tgiu more God'4 truth is opposed
the more it spreads,
* W9=n1 the morals are wrong the
piigion is not right,
1y will not give us any favor with
to play at religion.
No AX can tell how much it would
:ake to maike him rich,
74M right kind of a smile never
JurtN a prayer meeting,
Tyx Christian who winks at sin
Vil soon be atone blind,
- Izjou want the Lord to use you,
stop wearing along face.
Fxovz who are always giving ad.
vice seldom like to take ft,
BTorTta the preacher will notI
pnako hell any the less real,
deo waUt every man to live his
sermoo before b6 preachtes It.
i is not tho biggest pipes in the
organ that are used the most.
YoU know the character of a man
fihlen you know what he lovea,
The only way to , plow a straight
farrow is, to stop looking back.
Where the giants are the biggest
the grapes of Canaan are the sweetes,
Tim3 man who runs from trouble
will never find time to stop and rest,
' Gge can do great things with any
man who will always do his prayerful
To yona=T God's goodness is as
wickesd as to break His command.
NO MAN will ever lose his soul be
cause God did not give him light
W1ESEVER the gospel is faithfully
preached, somebody is going to be
A RANwDw Bible on the parlor
table will not keep the devil out of
TAM Lord is never able to do much
Svith a preacher who is proud of his
THE troubles we talk about to' one
another grow. Those we talk about
to God die,
TnM most dangerous thing you can
do is to decide to live another day
No 3!AN who faithfully fc.ows
Crist will go to heaven alone. Others
will follow him
Uaughs Two Whales anid a Wifb. 3
One of the whalemnen on the
schoner La Ninfa has a little ro.
mance, flis name is Willman Stevens
and he has been a sailor on coasting
yesls for several years. Ten months
ago he fell in love with a pretty and
etimable young lady at Yaquina
By, Stpvens wanted to get married,
but his fgnds were low, so it was ab
ranged between the two lovers that
William should go on a whaling cruise
and on bi~ recurn the nuptial knot
should be tied.
William came down on the next
steamer, but found that sailors who
had never been on a ~whaling voyage
were regarded as green hands; arnd
tat when old-timers were clamoring
for a chance io shil, a new man had
very little ehow. However, Stevens
prsverod, and persuaded Capt.
Worth to take hira on Whitelaw's
whaler, tpeo schooner La Ninfa. The
green hand proved the mascot of the
trip, and he killed the only two
whales taken on the voyage. They
wre big follows and produced 3,500
pounds of booe,
-Stevens has consequently come into
fiunds, and 1morG funds than usually
fall to the lay gf a whaleman. To.
morrow he leaves on the steamer
Willamette Valley for Yaquina Bay
to get married. -San Francisco
A small Order,
,T. L. Nole's fondness for practical
1kng Is wei'i idown. Not very long
ago the celebratsd. actor entered a
dairy shop in London, and anming
a somn demeanor addressed huaself
to the man behind the counter: "I
will take a boy," said Mfr. Topole,
~ravely looking round at the shelves.
'A boy, sir?" asked the daliryman in
a puzzled tone. "And a girl," added
Mr. Toole. The man gase4 open
mothed at his guitomer, evidently
under the impression a lnatic was
adressijig him. "This is a milk
sigo," said the dairyman in an em
phatic tone. 'Come outside," an
swred Mr. Toole in a sepulchral
voice, and taking the man by the arm
he led him to tohe door and pointed
upward to the sign. "I'll take a boy
and girl," repeated the humorist,
with not a ghost of a smile. "Read
what your notice states, 'Families
supplied in any qfiantity.' "-London
Muci'age, in convenient solid form,
nd which will readily dissolve in
water, for fastening papers together,
may be made as follows: Boi! one
pound of 'obe best white glue, and
stramn very cocar; boil also four ounces
o isinglass, and mix the two to
gether; place them in a water hath
glue kettle-with half a pound of
white sugar and evaporate till the
liquid is quite thick, when it is to be
poured into moulds, driea, and cat
into pieces of conrenlent alz.
A en~uma armet 4 l&aug isi
ig miedl enmi a ummen m i pm
s ILL.4%D feen aue Ulhe Bsend niie sm
A Smng d sur irdno amR sti'stE
iing nuac Eimmad. .,, haraa. camln
nia~li weigha. ef Npudes' i
You can sometimcs tell when a san
eins tobhachsllmde yhlbreath.
NEWS IN BRIEF..
.-Taper is made fromern hu*L
-One-seventh of the land owners in
3reat Britian are women,
-June is the favorite month for sul
--The Salvation Army has Invaded
-The first American ship was laun
,hed at New York in 1616.
-Lions, bears, 'goats and other an,
nais take to the tobacco habit.
-The shrinkage in trust values dur
bg the year Is estimated at S1D5,833,003.
-Behring sea and Cook's inlet are
onsidered to be the future field for the
-Twelve years ago one sailor In eve
ry 106 who went to sea lost hislife; now
>nly one In 256 is lost.
-In 1620 the first large copper coins
ere minte.J In England, putting an end
o private leaden tokeus.
-In Norway persons who have not
been vaccinated are not allowed to
ote at any election.
-It is an article of faith among th
5ohammedans that a grave sball never
be opened on any pretext.
-Twelve dfferent kinds of theology
are preached in four languagesin the
eight churches at Wahoo, Neb.
-The new postmaster at Dundee,
Mich., among his other qualiflcations
bas a mustache 321 Inches from tip to
-Among the wedlinz presents re
eived by a Green County, Ark., bride
ere four oiickens, two geese and a
-The English languge is spoken and
written and read by 100,000,J0. It Is
intelligible to at least 50,000,000
-Massachusetts has 579 Congrega
!ionl churches and 105,943 members.
adiang all her sister Statesin this re
-The first magazine gun was made
Dy John Cuckson, London, 15-6. A spe
stmen is In the Hartford Museum of A.
-In the twenty years that haveelap
sed since the close of the Frarnco-Pros
3,an war Europe has double her mi
-In Middle Smntthfield, Penn., there
a a chestnut tree the trunk of which
n asures nineteen feet in circam
'rence, breast high.
-In some parts of France where the
-oil is poor, many acres are given up
to lilac bushes and their blossoms are
.ent to Paris by the cartload.
-Whaling in the Antarctic seas this
eason is re ported to be a
Parmpuses, seals and sea lions are
merous, i Is further stated.
-The largest stationary engine
;he world is used to pump out the
.uines at Friedenville, Penn. Itsdri
ing wheels are thirty-five feet In
-The electric railway haspeote
iven the fabtuess of the Tryolese Mo
ians, a read twenty-seven miles
bing projected between Riva
-A radish, about a footin
with a complete knot tied in
re, is a vegetable monstrosi
:laimed, grown on the farmn of
Wiliams, near Pawnee, Kan.
-A parrect face should be
to three equal parts-from t
)fte har to therootof
nence to the tip and from ttie tip
he nose, to the tip of the ohin..
-It is sail that April, May'and even
une and J'ily are remarkatie for the
revalence or white flowers; 'July, and
specially August, of yellow and Sep
enber and October of pure and blue.
-Thie authorities of Franff rt-on-the
Hain, Germany, have 'i ed to- nuam
roos petitions signed by-fkpety ho!
ers, an.! have omittL the n mber
airteen In renumbTin several
-The day of the dismond Is always,
jt the opal is eviderilily about to have
ittle run or its own. The store once
hought unluoky Is now very fashion
ble, and perfect specimens are advan
ing in price.
-The hiz~helt waves ever met with
n the oosan are said to be those off the
.ape o: Good Hope. Under the In
luence of a northwesterly gale they
ave been known to exceed forty fleet
-The officers of the German army
re to have~ a new cloak, the novelty of
which lhes In the fact that by an ingen -
ous devlce the cloack may be made
ieit or thin. It is adopted for winter
or summer use.
-Every Eastern potentate of ancient
~imes was so accustomed to the Idea of
-eng poisoned that the most Impor
~ant functionary about- the court was a
aster, who tasted every dish before it
a set before the King.
--Dring a large part of the Seven
eas ~ e...Xrederick the Great car
:edan ounce oiav.~.. s imate in
us pocket to use In cane of euss
lisaster. One or two occasions he
-ear swallowing it.
--A. W. Glover, of Windsor Looks,
is., claims to have discoverel in the
oundations of an old foundry a stone
:oered with hieroglyphics, supposed
to be of Indian origin, though no ene
'ersel In indian lore can decripher
--Swans keep water free from weeds.
. lake in Bnrghley, Eng'and, which
cave constant occupation to three men,
ax monthis In each year, to keep it com
oarartvely clean, Is now kept compie
elyclean by two pairs of swans.
-L->ng-legged birds have short tails.
. bird's tail acts as a rudder daming the
t of flignt. When birns are provided
.vith long legs, these are stretched di -
ecly leiud when the bird Is flying,
ad so act as a rudder.
-In the days of Charles the First the
nglish Parliament used to as imble
7 o'clock in the m >ruing and the
erge ants-at-arms was sent around the
wn to roule trembers who wore not
o their places in p;oper season.
The motto-E Pluribus Unum" wa ;
Aken from the title page of the Gen
l~man's Magazine, at the time of til)
evolutn, having a large circulatk a
a the colonies.
The arcbitects of the Jew sh taber
aci In si e wilderness we.e Bezaleel
The Mazarin Bible, one of the fin t
tintei In mesai type, has just been so4d
"The freedom or the city "Is a phrase
rhich bas lost Its mea:'ing. In anek alt
ms it confer--d particular privile, e.
'hich are now common to all the inha'
tants. But the ceremonial is stil
rsey as- mnens of paymng a co