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vvnen two folks are side by s!de.
The world is gav;
SueAtly do the moments gi.de
And fade away.
When two folks are far apart,
Their hives estranged
Sorrow surges In the heart.
The world is changed
Eut whs:en twohbearts meet
(n Sunimer day,
Fadeth then the mist of pta
Waer e those two stray.
T1lE MOON AND TH E TOAD
The Creation of Man.
As To 'M i''j One of rhs Basolko* Trihr,
. Henry 1. Stanlet.
In the old, old times, all this land,
and indeed, all the whole earth was
covered with sweet water. But the
water dried up or disappeared some.
where, and the grasses, herbs and
plants began to spring up above the
ground, and some grew, in course of
many moons, into trees, great and
small, and the water was confined into
streams and rivLr3, lakes and pools,
and as the rain fei it kept the streams
and rivers runniag, and the lakes and
pools always fresh. There was no l!v
ing thing moving upon the earth, until
one day there sat by one of the pools a
large Toad. Row long he had lived is
not known, or how he. came -to be is
not known; :t is suspected, however,
that the water brought him forth out
of some virtue that was in it. In the
sky there was only the Moon glowing
aund shining-on the earth there was
but th-2 one Toid. It is siid that they
conversed togother, and one day the
Moon said to him:
"I have an idea. I propose to mako
a man and a woman to live on the
fruits of the earth, for I believe that
there is rinh abundance of food on i:
fit for such creatures.'
"Nay," said the Toad, "lot me make
them, for 1 can make them fitter for
the use of the earth than thou canst,
for I belong to the earth while thou
belongest to the sky.
"Verily," replied the Moon, "thou
hast the power to create creatures,
which shall have but a brief existence,
whereas, if I make them, chey will
have something of my own natare; and
it is a pity that the creatures of one's
own making should suffer and die.
Therefore, oh Toad, I propose to ro
serve the power of creation for myself,
that the creatures may be endo wed
with perfection and enduring life."
: "Al, Moon, be not envious of the
power which I share with thee, but let
me have my way. I will give tiem
forms such as I have often dreamel of.
The thought is big within me, an I in
sist upon realiziu my ideas."
"And thou be so resolved, observe
my words, both thou and they shall die.
Thee I sball slay myself and en i ut
terly; and thy creatures can but follow
thee, being of such frail material as
thou canst give tham."
"Ah, thou art angry now, b it I
heed thee not. I am resolved that the
creatures to inhabit this earth shil be
of my own creating. Attend thou to
thine own empire in the sky."
Then the Moon rose sund soared up
ward where its big shining face shone
upon all the world.
The Toad grew great with his con
ception, until it ripened and issued onit
in the shaps of twin beings, full-grown
male and female. These were the
first of our hind that ever trod the
The Moon beheld the event w'th.
rage, an-i left its place in the sky to
punish the Toad, who had infringed
the privilege that he had thought to re
serve for himself. He came direct to
the Toad's 1'.01 and stood blazing y
bright over it.
"Miserab~le," he cried, ".vhait hast
"Patience, Moon; I but exercised my
right and power. .It was within me to
do it, anid lo, the deed is done.''
"Thou hast exalted thyself to be my~
equal in thine own esteem. Thy con -
ceit hast clouded thy wi: and obscured
thy memory of the warning I gave
thee. Evdn hadist thou obtained a char
ter from me to attempt the task, thou
couldst have done no better than thoa
hast done. Even as thou art inferior
to me, so they will be inferior
to those I could have endowed this
earth with. Thy creatures are pitiful
things, mere animals without sense,
without the gift of perception, or self
protection. They see3, they breathe,
they exist; their lives can be measured
by one round journey of mine.
Were it not out of pity for them, I
would even let them die. For
pity's sake I propose to improve
somewhat on what thou has done:
their lives shall be lengtheced, and
such intelligence as malformed beings
as these can contain will I endow them
with, for their guid'tnce thro,. A' a life
that with all my p~ower must be t'roubled
and sore. .But as for thee, whils: thou
exist, my rage is perilons to them,
therefore to save thy kin I end thee."
Saving which the Moon advanced
- upon Toad, and the fierce sparks from
his burning face were shot forth and
fell upon the Toad until he was con-,
The Moon then l athed in the pool,
that the heat of his auger might be mod:
erated, and the water became so heated
that it was like that which is in a pot
over a fire, and be stayed in it until
the hissing rnd bubbling had subside i
Then the Moon rose out of the pol
and sought the creatures of Toad; and
when he had found them, he caled
them unto him, but they were afraidandi
At this sight the Noon smiled ,as you
sometimes see him~ <.n tio'~night-:, w ben
he is a clear white, and fr-c from staio
or blur, and be was pleased that
Toad's creatures were afraid of him.
"'Toor things," said he, "Toad has
left me much to do yet before I can
make them tit to be the first of earthly
creatures." Saying which he laid hold
:>n them, and bore them to the pool
where.in he had bathe.1, ond which had
been the home of Toad. .1-e held them
in the water for some time, tenderly
* bathing them, and stroking them here
and there as a ;otter with his earthen
ware, until bec had moulded them into
somewhat of the shape we men and
women possess now. The male becamne
iistinguished by breadth of shoulderI
:lepth of chest, larger bones and more
substantial form; the female was slight
sr in chest, slimmer of waist, and the
breadth and fullness of the woman was
:nidmost of the body at the hips. Then
the Moon gave them names, the mnan,
be called Eateta, the woman Hna
and lie addressed them and said:
*The Basoko are ir be ocupg'r lh.errnt
WIth the C-'no to wi1thini a short distane f
hbe rapids of Yawuuya, aind inland for a feW
"Bateta, see this earth and the trees,
and herbs and plants au,t grasses; the
whole is for thee and thy wife Hanna,
and for thy children whomn Hanna tay
wife shall bear unto thee. I have re
made thee greatly that thou and
thine may enjoy such things as thou
mayest find needful and fit. In order
1hat thou discover what things are
iot noxious but beneficial for thee, I
have placed the faculty of discernment
within thy heal, which thou must
ever exercise before thou canst become
The more thou prove this the more
wilt thou be able to perceive the
abundance of good things the earth
possesses for the creatures which are
to inhabit it. I have made thee and
thy wife as perfect as is necesbary
for the preservation and enjoyment of
the term of life which by nature of the
materials the Toad made thee of must
needs be short. It is in thy power to
prolong and shorten it. Some things
I must teach thee. I give thee first an
axe. I make fire for thee, which thon
must feed from to time with wood, and
the first and most necessary utensil for
daily use Oioserve me while I make it
The Moon took som3 dark clay by
the pool, mixed it with water, kneaded
it, and twisted it around until its shape
was round and hollowed within, and h
covered it with the embers of the fire,
and bakedit; and when it was ready he
handed it to them.
"This vessel," continued the Moon.
"is for the cooking of food. Thou
wilt put water into it and place what
soever edible thoa desirest to eat in
the water. Th u wilt then place the
vessel on the fire, which in time will
boil the water and cook the edible. All
vegetables, such as roots and bulbs,are
improved in flavor and give superior
noarishment by being thus cooked. It
will become a serious matter for thee
to know which of all the things pleas
ant in appearance are also pleasant for
tne parate. Bat shouldst thou be long
in doubt and fearful of harm, ask, and
I will answer thee."
Having given the man and woman
their first lesson, the Moon ascended to
the sky, and from his lofty place shone
upon them, and upon all the earth,
with a pleased expressioa which com
forted groatiy the lonely pair.
Having watched the ascending Moon
until he had ret ched his place in the
sky Bateta and Hanna rose and tray
elled on by the beautiful light which
he gave them, until they came to a
very large tree that bad fallen. The
thickness of the prostrate trunk was
about twice the height of their height.
At the greater end there was a hole,
into which they could walk without
bending. Feeling a desire for sleep,
Bateta laid his fire down outside near
the hollowed entrance, cut up dry fuel,
and his wife piled it on the fir?, while
the flames grew brighter and lit the in
terior. Bateta took Hanna by the
hand and entered within the tree, and
the two lay down together. Bat pres
ently both complained of the hardness
of their bed, and Bateta, after ponder
ing awhile, rose, and going out plucked
some freah large leaves of a plant that
rew near the fallen tree, and returned
laden1 with it. He spread it abontl
thicklvan d Hanna rolle.l herself or
it, and laughed gleefally as she said to
Bat eta that it was soft and smooth and
nce, and opening her arms she cried,
--Com. Uateta, and rest by my side.''
Thaugh this waS the first day o!
t irlvs the Moon had so per'fect"
i*e untined and poor work of thc
Toa:d that they were both mature imai
:mad v oman. Within a month Hlanuali
i'e twins, but one was male and thE
'dther female, and they were tiny dou
hies of BattetaL and Hlanna, which st
pleased Bateta that he mlinisteredl kind
ly to his wife, who through her do'ubk1
charge wa prevenited froml doing anyv
t ing else.
T Jhus it wats that Bat''t:i, anxious foi
the comfort of his wife and for thc
nouishmient of his children. sought t(
fiud choice things, but coQuld find( little
to pleas the dainity taste whichi hi:
wife hadl contrac'ted. WVhereupona
looking up to the Mfoon with his ha nds
ulifted. he cried out:
--O)h Moon. list to thy creature ate
a M wie lies languishing, and she
hsataste strange to me which I can
noi t sattisfy, and the children that have
been horn unto us feed upon her body,
nd~ her strength decreases fast. Come~
down, oh Mloon, and show me what
fruit or herbs will cure her longing.''
The MIoon heard Bateta's voice, and
coming out from behind the cloud with
a white smiling face, said, ''It is well,
Batta; io I comire to help thee."
When the 3Ioon had app:'oached
Bateta he showed the go~ 'en fruit 01
~the nana-v~hich was the same plant
wh' set leaves had formed the first bed
of! himnself and wife.
--Oth Jfaittz' mel this fruit. Ihow
likest thou its fra gra nce-?"
--It is beautiful and sweet. Oh
Moon, if it lhe as who'lesomne for the
boyv a it. is sv."'et to nell, my wife
wil rejoice-in it.''
Thcn the Moon peled the banana
and offered it to Bateta, upon which
he' boldly ate' it, an'd the flavor was so
peasant that lIE' -'"ught p('rmfission~ to
tae one to hi wife W\hen H anna
had tasted it -he also appea':red to en
oy it; but she said -il M:.:n that I
nee'd somuething,' eli fo i hace no0
strenti, anil I 0.1 thinidtng th-t thlis
fruit will nIot"\ give toI mewhat I lose by.
to i ten to linnt's w.>' d-.bc
whien he had heard. he said It wOm
known to me that this shouild be.
wherfore look round Datet, an.td tell
~e what thou seest m''ving yode
"Whv-, that is a -buffal.
"Rightly named. replied Moon.
'And what follows~ it?
"Good again. And whait next?"
"An antelo pe.
''E'xcellent, obi Balta; anid what
rnav the next lei
'Sheep it isL truy Now look up
ibove the trees ind teli mue what thou
sees sailng over them.
I see fowls anid ligeons1i."
'-ery well died, inideed," said
\foon. 'These I g iunto) "thee for
nat.' The buffah> is -trong andl tierce,
eave him' for thy lc-iure: b~ut the goat.
hep and fowls .,ball live' near thee and
hlall par'take of thy' bounty. There 'are
mmbrs n he wi 'ds whichh will come
i Thee wh''en tter ar'e tilled with their
razig and their pee'king. TaIke any
litem--et her go' at,- sheep or f iwl
ind it. and chopi its hi'ad off with thy~
xatcht. The blood illj sink into the
oil; the meat underneath the outer
orroasted over tie are. jIas-, now
Bateta; it is meat thy wife crave4.
she needs naught but 1 to r
her strength. So prepare iatly an:
The Moon floated ulwrd. sal
and benignant, and Baieta h.tend t
bind a goat, and made it ready as th'
Moon had advised. Mnn:i, aft
eating of the meat which was 1rep~s
by boiling, soon recovered her strength
and the children throve, and gre
One morning Datetw:W:ed out n
his hollowed house., ani l' a chang.
had come over the earth. Right ove
the tcps of the trees :a great globe c
shining, dazzlin.t; l:o loked out fror
the sky, and blazed wh*. and brigh
ove!r all.. Things that ;e: hal steei
diily before were now wreat. B
the ieans of this strange light hun
up in the sky he saw the difierene
betwieen that which the Moon gave an
that new brightness which now shon
out. For, without, the trees and thei
leaves seemed clad in a luminous coa
of light, while underneath it was but
dim retlection of that which was witl:
out, and to the sight it seemed like th
colder light of the Moon.
And in the colder light that prevaile
below the foliage on the trees ther
were gathered hosts of new and strang
creatures; some large, others of n
dium, and others of small size.
Astonished at these changes, h
cried, "Come out, oh Hanna, and se
the strange sights without the dwe
ling, for verily I am amazed, and kno
not what has happended."
Obedient, Hanna came out with th
children and stood by his side, and wo
equally astonished at the brightness (
the light and at the numbers of cref
tures in all manner of sizes and forim
which stood in the shade range
around them, with their faces toward
the place where they stood.
-What may this change portend, o
Bateta?" asked his wife.
"Nay, Hanna, I know not. All th
has transpired since the moon departe
"Thou must perforce call hir
again. Bateta, and demand the mear
ing of it, else I shall fear harm unt
thee, and unto these children."
''Thou art right, my wife, for to di
cover the meaning of all this withou
other aid than my own wits woul
keep us here until we perished."
Then lie lifted his voice and crie
out aloud upward, and at the sound c
his voice all the creatures gathered i
the shade looked upward, and crie
with their voices; but the meaning
their cry, though there was an infinit
variety of sound, from the round be
lowing voice of the lion to the shri
squeak of the mouse, was:
"Come down unto us, oh Moon, an
explain the meaning of this gre:
change unto us; for thou only wh
madest us can guide our sense into th
right understanding of it."
When they had ended their entreat
unto the 3Moon, there came a 'voic
from above, which sounded like di
tant thunder, saying, 'Rest ye, wher
ye stand, until the brightness of th
new light shall have fade.d. and ye di:
tinguish my milder light and thatc
the many children which have bee
born unto me, when I shall come unt
ye and explain."
Thiereu.pon they rested each creatm
iits own place, until the great brigh
ness and the warmth which the strang
light gave faded and lessened~and. it wa
observed that it disappeared from vie,
on the opposite side to that where it ha
tirst been seen, and also imnmediate]
after, at the place of its disappearanet
the Mfoon was seen, and all over th'
sky were visible the countless littl
lights which the children of the 3Mo
Presently, after Ulateta had pomzte'
these out to Hlanna and thle children
the M1oon shone out bland, and its fae
was covered with gladness, and he le
the sky smiling, and floated downt
the earth, and stood not far off fror
Bateta, in view of him and his famil
and of all the creatures under the shadi
"Hearken, oh Bateta, and ye cal
ures of prey and pasture. A littl
while ago ye have seen the beginnin
of ie measurement of time, whic
s. -'ll be divided hereafter into day an
night. The time that lapses betwee
the Sun's rnsing and its setting shall b
called day, that which shall lapse bc
tween its setting and re-rising shz~l b
called night. The light of day prc
ceeds from the Sun, so the light of th
night proceeds from me and from m;
children, the stars; and as ye are all in
creatures, the restful time wherein v
sleep to recover the strength lost durn
the waking time, I have chosen that m
softer light shall shine, and during th
working time, wherewith ye shall b
daily waked by the stronger light, th
Sun shall shine. This rule never-end
ing shall remain.
'"And whereas Bateta and his wif,
are the first of creatures, to them ant
their famities, and kind that shall b<
born unto them, shall be given preem
inence over all creatures made, no
that they are stronger and swifter. lu
because to them only have I given un
derstanding and a gift of speech t
Itransmit it. Perfection and- everlastin
life had also been given. but the tain
of Toad remains ie the system, and thi
nfsult will be dleathi. Deaith to all liv
i1g tiig, Batota and Hlanna ex
Icepted. In the fulness of time. wvher
Itheir limzbs refuse to bear the burden ol
their bodies and their marrow has be
come dry. my first-born shall rcturn tc
me, and'I sh'all absorb them. Chiildn;a:
shall be born innumerable unto them,
until families shall expand into tribes,
and from here, as from a spring, man
kind will outlow arnd overspread all
lands, which are now but wild and
'sold, atv, even to thet farthest &.dg. o.
He was from New Haven anid she
rom Providence, which is in the
State of Rhode Island, and proud of
it. "Providence is growing," she
~ubbled. ''They are putting up the
hghest building in the State there
''Is it possitle? But (gras eyi tha t
i likely to mrake trouble ibetween
your State and mine."
"I don't see how."
" Why, all the forenoon. when the
sun is shining the shad'w of liC
building will be In Connectiet, amil
'ur folks will want to tax it o. make
0; ill the eager sightseers who daily
aId annually stream in admiring
cro-Ls thronuth the magui-ifcent pile of
Cologne Cathedral, how many are there
who ealize how slowly it grew to per
fection, or are aware of its pathetic
His name was Albertus Magnus
that monk who more than 6W0 years
aao first conceived the grand design.
Perhaps the Archbishop Engelbert,
%ho cierished the idea of building a
new cathedral on the site of the old
one. recently burnt down, may have
contided his wish to him. as they two
walked tog etber, little dreaming of the
outc3me of that momentous talk.
And so, in the silent watches of the
n- ght, the inspiration came to this
monk in his lonely cell-for it was
nothing less than an inspiration All
the most lofty ideas and conceptioas of
c the beautiful are an inspiration d:rect
I from Him who is a source of all beauty
t and truth.
Albertus would design a temple more
marvelous and glorious than all the
E temples in Christendom. And through
its wide western portals! men from all
the known lands of the earth shoild
pour, drawn thither by the fame of its
exceeding magnificence. Or perhaps
the vision came to him aq he paced
beside the stately-Rhine, flowing all
those long centuries ago as grandly as
it does now.
E We can picture him in his monk's
[. garb as, with bet bead and glowing
a eyes, he follows the course of the
noble river, seeing before nis soul the
details of the splendid strneture which
shall in the dim distance be the land
mark for miles around. Against tl.e
crimson glow of the evening sky he
could see ihe crocheted towers of the
mighty DomI stind out with startling
d 1istinctness. And then lie returned to
his cel!, and began to trace on the im
nerishable parcuiment the never to be
b effaced outlines of t he grand Gothic
design burning in his fervid brain.
We may be sure it was a labor of love.
I No fatigue or weariness did this zeal
ons artist know as day by day he
worked on at his congeni l task. And
at length the plan was finished, perfect
in every detail. It wait submitted to
the Archbibhop, and, being approved
of by hin:, arrangements were made
for commencing the building. But
J those Middle Agcs wer.n dark and
d troublesome times. Archbishop En
zelbert wrs kilied by an assassin's
6 band before he had time to see even
the first stone laid. Here was a death
1 blow to the monk's hopes! .Now the
idea would probably be abandoned,
and the cherished creation of his brain
would never be wrought out in stone.
1 But "Patienco is powerful." The
Archbishop's succes-sor, Conrad von
Hockstanden, undertook the erection
of the cathedral. Twenty-three years
is a good s:ice out of tLe life of any
J man or woman, yet twenty-three years
c past betwecn the time the monk first
I began to draw the plans and that day
in 1248, memorable for ever in the life
-f this unknown man, on which the
Sfoundation stone of Cologne Catho
dral was laid.
He must now have been in middle
_life. If ho ever had dreamed of seeing
his hope realized, his great design
worked out, he must long since have
'given it up. Ble died without the sight!
r hat matter? lHe had wrought for pos
C terity and his work would remain for
endless times. Hie only lived to see
i some of the chancel built. Like
. David of old, he would never behold
~the temple rise in its beauty. He .bad
made the preparations, but generations
yet unborn must carry out his plans.
IThe monk was laid to sleep in a side
chapel under the very floor of his loved
cathedral, and it seemed as if with his
death there would be a stoi, to further
progress. A sluggishness fell on men,
e and during that first century only a
Spart of the choir was completed and
consecrated, after which idle nort .ern
d transept was began, and then the
foundation stone laid of the south
transent. So much was accomplishedl
by the munificence of Bishop Conrad
and the gifts of pious men. Dat at
the end of the fourteenth century the
cnthusiasm of the people of Cologne
lied down altogether. The west freat
-had been begun, and just enough of
o tower had been built to huid the
bells. The whole having been roofed
in, services could now be read in the
b inconmpleted cathedral.
d And tuen for four long centuries
e nothing more was d'.ae. Funds were
e not forthcoming. And faith and hope
.burned low in men's breasts. Kings
and potentates busied themselves with
wars and the gaining of earthly lands
and territories, and had no thought to
give to the unfinished temple of their
God. Generatis came and went.
M Nen passed by and wagged their heads
e jeering at the sorry outcome of the
Sbrilliant dreams of the poor monk.
H le had aimed too high, they said. In
their arrogance and pride they de
:lared Cologne Cathedral would not
be finished before the end cf the world
. same. And this was repeated from
>ne to another, till at length it passed
nto a proverb. But
I In that great cloister's st~liness and
By guarulan ansels ted.
Safe from tempt ation, safe from
t ein's pol lution.
Hie lived whomu umen cailed dead.
-As he marked the centuries rolling
by, did the time of waiting seem long
to that translated monk~? Still the
faithful parchment preserved intact
his carefully traced design. Bat thi
ime came when even that no !onger
exsted in its entirety. In 17%W the
French a->diers entered tie city. They
pillaged the cathedral and tunend it
into a magazine for stores. They
stripped the leak off its roofs and
melted down the bronze tombs of the
Archbishons. With ruthless hands
they cut thie parchment desien in two
n-1 carried one half back with them to
Paris. No fear now of Cologue Cathe
da1 ever being finished.
But time is large. A great French
man once fi nely said, the secret of sue
ess is to know how to wait. The
:iapidated cathedral remained a b eken
monument-the laughing stock of all
beholders. But at length, in 18.33, one
patriotic citizen-Salpice Bowseri
persuaded the cathedral chapter to
ndertake some much needed repzairs.
So once more, after the lapse of cen
uies, the claing of the workman's
b ammer was agatin heard in Cologne!:
Cathedral. The stolen half of parch
ent was recovered from a Paris <
ibary, and the original design was i
sarefultv pieced together, framed and
!azed,- and hung up in a side chapel i
here it may be seen to this day.
Enthusiasm and zeal once more
rentred ronI the catnedral. Otfer -i
igfoed into the emptied coffers.
Terinof spathy and languor was
ver. In 1842 the work once more be
an in earnest, and amid solemn pompj
REVENGE OF FAT&
[tcf That Wen Who Write Bad Verser
"Here is a letter from a friend of
mine .n Lansas," said a guest at a
Detroit hotel the other evening, as
he held the epistle in his hand, "and
it relates to a very serious c.rcum
stance. Without the litter here to
back me up I should not have dared
to tell the story."
He was asked to drive ahead. says
the Detroit Free Press, and after
another giance at the letter he con
"From my earliest recoll'cton I
love the patter of raindrops on the
roof at night. Many and many a
night I've rubbed snuff in my eyes
that I might keep awake the longer
to hear the patter.
"Five years ag- I built me a house
,n a certain part ot Kansas. It cost
ne $600 extra to get things so ar
ranged that I could hear the ra n
5rops patter as I lay in my bed.
'For two weeks before I moved in
it rained every n ght. I lived in that
house three years, and what do youl
suppose happened, or rather, d'dn't
,It burned down and there was no
lnsurance," answered one of tin
"No, sir. It never rained one sin
gle night in all those three years, un
less I happened to be away from
home. If there were showers they'd
nass away before bedtime.
"It I happened to be away it woild
our all night. I got so mad about
it that I went to bed in the daytino
several times, and I pledge you myi
word if it didn't stop raining before
I got fairly between the sheets."
"What about the letter?'
"It .s from the man who bough?
my house. Ile bought because he
wanted to hear the raindrops patter,
and he says: 'What in blazes is the
matter with your old shanty, any
'how? It hasn't rained here but one
night since I bought you out, and,
then not a blamed drop fell on the
roof of th s house.' Isn't it cur.
,-Have you any theory about it?"
"Well, yes, I have. I think it's
"Why, I am the author of that old
song entitlel 'lkaindrops On th.:
1"oof.' Write it when 1 was only 14
vears of age. I was innocent of any
wrong, but fate-"
Then everybody got up in the most
solemn manner and walked away
and lert h im to pursue his downward
pIath which leads to destruction.
A Two-Headed Lizard.
Some years a-o Prof. Cop3 caused
I sensat:ou arong scientific men by
innouncing the discovery of a to*sil
'uiiOian, tlhe brain of which, lie
:Mimeiv, was located in the tail. Ilis
anaounced discovery was pretty gen
erally discieditedi. lRecently Mr.
Charles E.. I-ite, taxidermist of the
Peary Rtelief Expedition. and at pres
ent teacher in ob.,ects of natural his
tcry at the summer .school at Avalon,
.ew Jersey, was rnore fortunate than
Proi'. Cope1 for he was able to exhib.t
in this osice and other places a
strange lizard, having, Desides a per
feezt head in the place where it ought
to be, a rudimentary head, though
perfectly formed outwardiy, in the
place where it, tail ought to be. It
.s. to all intents and purp'oses, a Liz
ard with two heads, one at each end
:s its bod y-a'.thou.th the one at the~
tai is useless for any purpose as far
us known, it remaining inactive.
The little saurian is a freak, the sec
unid head not teing the usual accomn
paiiment of lizards of that species.
it was found in some rocks in South
western Kansas by Mr. lite duiring a
recent lecture In that locality.
Whether~ or not the rudimentary head
:>ntains a brain can only be deter
-ained after its death, which, from
:resent indications, is in the distant
.'ture, for the little freak is quite as
inely and healthy as lizards of its
iz. usualiy are, -- Philadelphki
The Canadian Exodlus.
The exodus from Canada to the
muted States increases. Already
there are a million or Canadians on
the south of the line. Some villages
in Quebec have lost a greait part of
their popuit~on. In Ontario almnost
all the towns and villages are station
ary or gomng backward. The Ameri
can Consulate in'Toronto :ja; hadlit
te to do duringr the pait year than
disnatch immigrants to the Unit d
States. -In the city 5,000 houses are
vacant, and thouahb this is partly due
to overspeculationl in land and over
building, it is also partly cdue to emi
~ration. It va the President of a
Cnservative associat ion who said the
other day that soon "the Americ mns
wuld have all the men, and we should
have all the mud."
Toronto is the stronghold ot British
etimernt and of the Canad-an pro
tectionism~ which tinds fervent love
of the mother country available as a
safeguard against Amercan comgeti
tini. Englishmen who visit Canada
form their notions of Canadian senti
ment from what they hear at Toronto
Ior at Ottawa. which, as the olmcial
city, is, of course, the center of at
tachment to the existing system. If
they went among the farmers, es
pecially in the border counties, they
ight form a different estimate.
Coming Language of the Globe.
In 1800 English speaking people
numbered :20,000,000, now they nuin
ier 125,000,000, while the German
speaking people have increased from
3,00u0, 000 to 70, 000,00),. the Russians
about the same, and the French from
31,00,000 to 50,0.10,000. The im
mense preponderance of gain among
the English shows that the use of the
English as a business language is
gr-wiing in popult. ity over aniy other.
- -.be-1. eincarat.
TITAT'S WHAT IT WAs FOR.
"My dear little wife!" cried the hor.
rited ~young husband, "You don't maa
to tell me that you went and spent the
whole of your allowanee on that dia
"Well, I'm sure, Fred," sobbed the
wife, "whea you gave me the purse you
told me there was my pia money."
-ea-nr is ,. na mnw;alip isiwide1
Reading in !oeMad.
One naturally expects the Clergi
to be more or la educated, and to
have books as a neoessary accompanie
ment, but one hardly dares to expect
much of the ordinary farmers. of s4
poor a land as Iceland; yet In spite
of all drawbacks the Icelandic farm
manages to have at least a few
and sometimes a remarkable U
ber. On my trip to Hecla and
avik I omitted no opportunity
looking over the books in the
houses. Sometimes I found nothing
but the Bible and the psalm-book. o
an old treatise on farming, or som
practical religious work, but a littl
Inquiry usually brought out a few
volumes of the old sagas. At a farm
house almost under the shadow of
Heela, I found, on the chest of draw
ers in my bed-room, several school
books-one for learning Danish, a
volume of tales, and the usual psalm,
book. Against the wall hung a port
folio partly fled with Icelandic
newspapers. The members at the
family appeared to be Tery Intelli
gent, and by no means to hare Ulm
ited their reading to the few books
in sight. A day or two later we were
a t Skumstathir, on the southern
coast. As we had just come from
some of the places most famous In
Icelandic story, I asked of our host
it he had a copy of the Nijalsaga.
He was a tall, shrewd-looking man of
over 60, wItb a strong face, a mighty,
haw-like nose, a little fringe of
beard under his chin, and sharp,
penetrating eyes. He thought there
was a copy In the house, and pres
ently returned with a well-worn
volume published in Copenhagen in
1772, having a part of the title-page
printed In vermilion. Other books
nere lying about the room. A bunch
of newspapers published at Reykjavik
hung against the wall, and the frat
number of a new religious newspaper
was handed about as a specimeo
Books turn up in unexpected cor -
ners. While we waited for the wind
to subside, so that our horses could
safely swim the Olnfsa, we stayed at
the house of the ferryman. He opened
a bottle of port wine for us; and
when asked for a book to while away
the time he brought a small arnfu
for me to choose from.
Professor Dewar, who has lIquefie4
oxygen and air, and succeeded in ex
hibiting those Interesting liquids
a roomful of spectators in Engl
has also shown that liquefied o
is strongly magnetic. When
placed a quantity of it in a dish
beneath the poles of an electro-m
the oxygen rose out of the dis
frrmed itself into a liquid
necting the magnetic poles.
Then it began to boil unti
the circuit being broken, it fe
into the dish lILe drops of wa
When he experimented In a
manner with liquefied air It,
from the dish and attached
the poles of the magnet,t
gen-afr is formed of oxyge
trogen-rising with the ox
showing no tendency to
Cotton-wool, when da
liquefied oxygen, was I
attracted to and held byt
and the liquid was even
the wool by the mag
tion, and left depositd
It Is evident that a tiew field of
scientific wonders has been opened
up by the recent expiiments witi'
A clergyman who was settled some
years ago in a Southern town, was in
great favor with the colored brethren,
and was frequentgly called upon ti
"sit in council" wih the members of
one of their chu es in a neighboi
Among these 4iembers was one old
darky, with grifed4 hair, who had
In a high degree the gifr"e
sponseS' so much cultivated by the
people of his color. He was always
ready with "Amen!" and more than
ready with "Glory!" but his particuila'
fondness was for the fervent ejacula
tion, "De Lord gib us more faith!"3
On one occasion when the clergy
man In question had been called upon
to discourse to this congregation, he
tllustrated his "practical talk" with
the story of an occurrence which he
ad himself witnessed not long be
fore. As be dinished It, he said ea
"Now, my brethren, you would
hardly believe, would you, that any
man could have witnessed that, al
most at your very doors?'
As he paused, there came a tre
medous groan from the old darky,
and with great fervor he ejaculated
The Form or the Eoa Serpent.
As the sea serpent season has now
fully opened, it may be interesting to
nte that Mr. Gosse, a famous natura
list, sums up the evidence in favor of
the serpent as follows: "Carefully
comparing the indeenent narratives -
of witnesses of kn
ea contains a creature possessing the
following characteristics: First, the
general form of a serpent; second,
great length,an average of sixty feet;
third, head resembling that of a ser
pent; fourth, neck from twelve to
eighteen Inches In diameter; fifth;
appendages on the head, neck, and
back, resembling a crest of hair or
mane; sixtfi, color dark-brown or
green, streaked or spotted with white;
seventh, power to swim at the sur
ace, with rapid or slow movement,
and with head and neck well ele
vated above th2 surface; pigilth, the
body capable of being thrown inte
The following is a good laundry
reparation, and is sold In some quar
~rs at a fancy price per gallon: Soda.
h, in fine powder, four ounces; oil
. citronel~a, one fluid ounce; par
itin oil, one gallon. Shake the cit
onella with the parattn oil, then ad.i
hef soda ash and dissolve; add two
ablesp:onfuls of this mixture, and
ne pound of soap to each boilerfui of
lothes. ______ ___
TaE way to suCceed can be boiled.
own to one rule: make a specialty
.f our buses.
of the building was laid. Then the
walls began to rise rap.Ai.y, graceful
e )lamns and lofty arches sprang into
b:n g. Throui h "storied windows,
r.chly dight," streamed the dim relig
ijus light. The towers were carried
heavenward,and the spiendid structure
grew apace. So quickly did the woik
progre-s, that twenty-one years later
the restored and richly-adorned cathe
dral was re-opened for Divine service.
And seventeen years after that, one
autumn day, Ot. 15, 1880, the Em
peror William I., surrounded by all
the Royal family. and many of the
sovereign princes of Germany, laid
the last stone of this grand and noble
work, which had been slowly growing
for six bundred and thirty-two years.
That was the coronation day of Pa
And now to day, in all its beauty,
Cologne Cathedral stands completed
according to the original design of that
poor, al!-but-forgotten monk, perhaps
the most pathetic monument to Pa
tience the world has ever seen raised.
Delay is not necessarily denia. B:it
we, in the rush and hurry of this fin
cte siecle civilization, think scorn of
slow growth. We Bing up our lament
to Heaven over each retarded result.
In our petulant impatience we cal
each unewarded effort a dismal failure.
Unless we can have a bright succeis
within a given time, we are piungad in
the depths of despair.
Six hunidred ard thirty-two years
was Cologne Cathedral in building; six
hundred and thirty-twvo years before
the fair ideal of a monk's brain found
Does he know in that far country
that his dream is realized at last? I
think he does.
A SCIENTIFIC FLYING MA
Professor S. P. Langhy, of the
Smithsonian institution, is all ready to
try t e flSIrg machime upon which lie
and other scientists have been secretly
at work for seven years. The aerodrome
is not designel to rise through the a'r
as a cork rises on the water, bit rather
to run over the air as a flat stone
thrown edgewise will skip over the sur
tace of water without sinking. Fur
thermore, it is not helpless in the pow
er of the wind, as is the balloon, but
within certain limitations, is directly
aided by an opposing wind. The all
important e'ements of the new machine
are its artiGha propelling power and
its aeroplans. T1;e prope!1er moves it
ft r .rd, and the aes o! 1nes sustain it
as the reSisinE air sustaIns a kite.
It looks not trlke a huge flying fih.
The body of the machine is fifteen f et
in length', fashion-d Clos ly after the
shape of the mackerel. The fatric is
constrncted chi-fly of aluminium, the
lightost of toetals. Tha back or the
. ti f-om head to tall is covered wtit a
thin j icket of asbestos, wnich is quite
lig at ond an excellent no:-conductor.
Inside the holloav shell are pictd the
works that s'upply it with energy and
motion. At tu.e hoa'l arc two steam
ngintes of the double-osci'lating type,
VWeighing only fie 1'o inds, and capable
of exeiting one-!iorse power. They are
tie lighht-st hiorss power steam engines
ever made for actual use. Then in
that piortion correspondir.g to the mid
dle of t he 1Ish are four little oblont
olers, fabricated or thinly-hammered
copper, an.d weighing seven pounds
They arc suppi id, ir'stead of water,
with a volat ile hypoc ,rbon, -which
vaparizes at a compain'tm 12w t Lam
erature. In the extreme end, or tal
of the (I h, is a tank or receptacle, wi.Th
a capacity of ena quar', for the storat:-e
of fuel-in this case highly -reliue.;
casoline. At. the sides of the li h are
paddle-shape-d twin screw propeller~A. or
wind fans, or pure aluminium, thinly
rl'ed. To i hese screws the !l~Lle en
gnas imp utt a speed of 1500 revolutions
per mi: ute.
Through the centro of the fbib's body
a t ub'ular mi st of aluminu~n proj cts
upw:'rd and downward, for the eupport
of th~e aeroplanes, corzesponiing to
wings or sails. There are two of these
p~l:'es-one in front and the other be
nd. They are kite shaped, delicately
and accurately made and a'djusteJ.
Etch consIsts o' a frame of a'unr m umn,
covered ith China silk, presanting a
s mooth. flat surface to the air.
REMEM1BER In SPEA.KING
To speak in chest tones.
T'i' .ronounce vowel Bounds cor
TCo say, 'It was I" and "He went
To speak distinctly, but softly and
To give each syllable its proper value
To say "waistcoat" and "trousers,"
and not "vest" and "pants."
For an inferior to say '-sir" or
"madam" in speaking to a superior.
To 5ay "memorandum" in the sin
glar anid "memoranda" in the plural.
To pronounce the letter "r" in words
where it occurs in "arm," "girl," "rub
To avoid coarsonoss and rudeness of
speech and language and harsh laugh
To lower the voice and speak slowly
when one wishes to enforce one's au
To train children carefully to read
ioud, both for the sake of the voice
nd the pronunciation.
To avoid tho overdelicacy of .lan
gnage and aitectation of precision
hich belong to r3>ns of narrow cul
To pronounce in English fashion the
names of foreign places and persons
which have become Anglicized, as
Paris, Vienna, .Napoleon.
To say "sir" or "madam" if one have
2csion to addresa a itranger, using
he word "madani" for a single as weli
is for a married lay.
To pronounce correctly, studying
ot only the dictionary, bnt ths Ian
~uge of living speakers who are en
ied to spt.ak witth authority.
The first canal hoar 'rom t1:e F
Janal arrIved in New York harb
ovember, 1825, and was an c
>f great rejoiin .
To teach children to say, "Yes,
noter" (or father), and "No,mother,"
id to say "O s, sir" (otr madim), to
>d people or to thone who adhere to
he old way's of speech.
To remember that slang is unmean
g as well as inelegant- and that words
ige "jolby," "beastly," etc., nsed in
ason and out of season coon lose all
To u~se words of Saxon rather than
>f .batin origi:n whenever it is possible
o do so, thus gaining terseness and
rigor rather than a large number of
.1hie with rdiminishedi 4'ne,