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NEWS AND 1E RALD.
NE .j u)IEI.I LD )3.fPANY.
-ro4I'. ii AutVAsca:
.a. Year, - - - 3.OO
s toaths. - - - 1.50
1 V'.'t,'USING 8AT&. UASE:
0:11 d-,4lw a i uIQ r-' for- via fir-t instrtion
1.1 Fifty Oa-%ts for oen sach .1tint inier
1in 1. nci %I rat- fOr CiAtr4et adver
\fiiu ri:u.te ai deatli notiees free. FKegii
- rates charzed for ouituaries.
Orders for Job Work solicited.
This newspaper is not responsible for
rilous and views expressed 'anywhere
%be than in the editorial colutnn.
All articles for publication must be ac.
ipanied by the true name of te author
- nd written in respectful language and
ritten on one side of the paper. The true
amet required as an evidence of good faith
All communicatsons-editorial, business
local-should be addressed to THE
A EWS AND HIERAL+) CO.
W. D. DouGLACs, Editor.
Jas. Q. DAvis, Treasurer.
W. J. ELLIoTr, Business Manager.
WINNSBORO, S. C.
Tueslay. February 5. : 1895
A PoLL of the Senate shows that
that body is opposed to the President's
financial views. The Senate, in fact,
is incapable of legislation of any kind,
and it will surprise no one that it can
agree on nothing.
ALL of the friends here of their dis
tinguished fellow-townsman, Mr. C. A.
Douglass of the law firm of Douglass
& Obear, will receive with delight the
announcement that he has been se
lected as a professor of law in the law
department of Georgetown University
at Washington, D. %., one of the most
widely known institutions in the coun
try. Mr. Douglass went to Washing
ton last week, saying that city might
be his future home. All congratulate
him and predict for him a brilliant
The friends of Mr. Dougless in
Fairfield, where he was born and
reared and where he practiced his
profession for several years, will be
pleased to hear of his success !i the
national capital. He is a graduate of
the law school in which he is now a
professor. This position will be a
great advantage to him in the practice
of the law in Washington. Mr. Doug
lass has abundant energy and is an ad
vocate at the bar of rare gift and
power, and we predict for him a splen
THE WATEREE PRIZE CLUB PLAN.
Adopted by the "News and courier"--The
Mr. Hugh S. Wylie wrote to the
News and Courier and named somne
points liable to misconstruction and
dissatisfaction in t be hog contest. We
republish his letter and the News and
(oumir's reply i
We received yesterday the tollowing
suggestive letter from the president of
the Wateree Prira3 Cib, in regard to
WnIN~suonO, S. 0., Jan. 31, 1895.
To the Editor of the News and Cou
rier: I notice your of $100 in gold for
the two largest bogs raised in South
Carolina in 1895.
Please give me the following in
formation for the benefit of several
members of tbe Wateree Prize Club
who desire entet ing the contest:
1st. Will there be any specified time
for competitors to start?
2d. Will the hogs be weighed at the
time of starting by c >inmir tees?
3d. Will there be any limit to the
size of pig at the time of starting? If
not how can those. whp us~y start with
a one hundred or two hundred pound
er b.e able to determin~e the amount of
teed .nds cost up until that time?
'Our Prize Club offered a prize last
yesar for the greatest number of pounds
of pork put on in a given number of
days. And all competitors were re
quired to start with pigs not exceeding
tifty pounds in weight.
I think if you would specify tbe
time foi- starting, say the 20th of F5eb
ruary, and run for three hundred days,
haying a limit to the size of t'e piga,
you would have more than double the
number of contestants, as it would
enable your offer to get more thor
oughly circulated, and at the same
time give all who wish to compete an
I thinig it would also be much better
to only require the gross weight, as
the weather at the time of closing the
o~ontest may be unfavorable for killing.
Yo'urs very respectfully,
HUGH S. WYLIE.
In lieu of answering Mr. Wylie's
- questions, we may say at once that we
shall adopt his suggestions in sub
stance. So many inquiries are coming
in with regard to the conditions of the
contest that it is plainly necessary to
change them somewhat and make them
more definite so as to avoid all occa
sion for doubt and possible dissatisfac
tion hereafter, and to effect this end
we cannot perhaps do better than adopt
the plan of the Wateree Prize (club.
The members of the club are practical
and progressive farmers, and we may
assume, therefore, that conditions
which have been devised and tested by
them and have proved satisfactory to
them will be approved by their fellow
farmers generally, The terms of the
contest will be as follows:
(1.) The first prize, $80, will be
given for the heaviest hog, born in
1895, weight previous to February 20
not to be counted.
(2.) The second prize, $20, will be
given for the next heaviest hog, born
in 1895, weight previous to Februar y
20 not to be counted.1
(3.) The third prize, the American
ized Encyclopaedia Britannica, bound,
iu morocco, will be given for the hog,
born in 1895, that makes the largest
gain in meat at the lowest cost, weight
previous to February 20 not to be I
(4.) The age of the pigs must be
certified by the owner on oath, and
their weight en the opening day of the
contest, February 20, and on the clos
ing day o' the contest, December 17,
must be certified by three witnessest
and sworn to before tbe nearest trial i
instice. The owne,- will aloie re.-.
Ulired to stte in writing the method
!1nployed in fattening hi, hogs, the
:t of raising them, and the treed of
(5.) Ualv the liviag or gross weight
f the hgs, on December 17, will be
requred, as it is suggested by Mr.
Wy lie that the weather may not be
m(itable f r killing at that tiine.
(6.) Tlhe contest will close on De
-ember 17, and the prizes will be
iwarded as son tbereater as it is po -
sible to compare the returns an i ascer
tain who raised the winning hogs. All
contestants will be required to have
'heir reports, properly attested and
sworu to, in the Newsand Courier office
at Charleston by the first -f January,
(7.) The contest will be open to
every man, woman and child in the
State who is a yearly subscriber to the
weekly News and Courier, and who can
own and cultivate a pig.
We think these couditions meet all
the o jections and suggestioas that
have been offered since the contest was
announced, and that they will give all
persons who wish to compete "an even
start," and ',,n equal chance" for the
prize. The object, it is seen, Is to limit
the contest to pigs b.,rn in 1895. and to
pnt them as nearly as practicable en
the same footing for the race. This
time that has been lost already makes
it necessary to reduce the contes:ing
period to 300 days, instead of 365, and
February 20 has been fixed so as to
allow all intending contestants to learn
the change in the conditions and pre
pare to "start with the procession."
Johnson's Oriental Soap is the most
delicate facial soap for ladies' use in
existence, %bsolutely pure and highly
medicated. Winnsboro Drug Store.
MOSSY DALE DOTS.
Mossy DALE, S. C., February 2.
The past week has been one of clouds
and rain. The sun has shone but once
in that time which led us to believe
that fair weather was expected, but
alas, the rain commenced pouring
down last night and this morning is
siil raining. Very little farm work
has been done as yet; the ground has
been too boggy to do any hauling,
consequently very little litter has been
put inio lots. The small grain was
considerably injured by the late cold
spell. Farmers are not done sowing
yet, having been retarded by bad
The roads are getting in a bad fix,
but I am reminded that Oourt will
soon convene and they may receive
some attention by that time as is
usually the case. I do not know what
effect the new county government law
will have upon the working of the
roads, as I have heard of no appoint
ments being made for overseers. I
fear it is going to be a cambersome
thing and will not give the satisfaction
that it was designed to give.
The talk among the farmers is less
cotton and more of the cereals. There
is a strong disposition to reduce the
amount of fertilizers, some are speak
ing of niot using any at alL I have
my serious doubts as to whether it
pays to use it or not for the quantity
usually a pplied. I am glad to see the
move made in diffement parts of the
cotton belt looking to: the reduction of
acreage. Necessity will force us to
make a change for we cannot afford to
sel cotton for less than the cost to
raise it, and now is as good time as
any to try the experiment.
Mr. J. L. Cauthen is pushing ahead
putting up the ceiling of Bethel Church
which will add a great deal to the
looks of the church as well as the com
fort of the congregation.
The membership of Crooked Run
has succeeded in procuring the ser
vices of Rev. Ezell again. He is quite
popular with the people and we wish
him a prosperous year in his work.
I am gla to learn through a private
letter that Messrs. Ratteree and Neil
have safely reaohed their destination
in Florida. They had no bad luck on
the road and also had a nice time of it
considering the very severe weather.
We wish them success in their new
Mr. Willie Broom and wife, of Co
lumbia, have been 'visiting the family
of Mr. George Smith. They returned
home a few daos ago.
Major Davis, employed upon the
farm of Mr. Doty's Robertson place,
had his leg broken not long since by a
mule falling upon it. Medical atten
tion was promptly secured, and he is
getting along very well.
There was also another accident on
the plantation of Mr. J. W. Robinson.
A boy about eight years old fell and
broke his arm near the wrist. He is
also doing well.
Rev. N. K. Boggs is expected to
preach at Mossy' Dale on Thursday
night next. T. B.M'K
Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria.
BENEFIT OF PEIZE CLUBS.
Messrs. Ediftors: I notice that you
bave for some time been urging the
formation of prize clubs in the dif
ferent sections of the county; and am
glad to see that your efiort has not
been entirely fruitless. The benefits
that may be derived trom prize clubs
sannot be expressed in a few words,
but cau only be calculated after a few
Of all avocations, the agriculturist
s less familiar with his occupation
than any other. He is ignorant of the
:omposition of the soil, and therefore
incompetant of prescribing a fertilzer
with proper proportionments of plant
ood to compensate for the deficiency.
This lack of knowledge can only be
wercome by practical experience and
bservation. The number of experi
nents that can be conducted in a
rize club, may be determined by its
rnumber of members; for no two far.
ners prepare, fertilize or cultivate
txactly alike; and if all members are
equired to keep an accurate account,
iving to the club a full statement, as:
o the natural condition of the land,
iow prepared, amount of fertilizer
ised and how distributed, mode of
tivating, etc., the club will then be
ble to determine which is the most
Again, in the agricultural, like the
raffical world, "competition is the
ife of trade," and after a spirit of
aly has been established- theag ri
mn.o. ofr persons, pe.
It is uqustoMably the I
the WoM has ever known.
gives the= health. It wil
somseting which is abAoluti
Castoria deStroys Wern
Castowia alays Teveriah
Castoria prevents vomit
Catoia cures 'Diwarh
Castoria relieves Teethi
Castaria curs Constipa
astaria neutma.u the effects
Castoia does not containmorpi
Castria --s'a*tes the food,
giving hedthy and natural
CastoWia is put up in one- s 1
Doa't alow any one to sel you
that it is "just as good" anl
See that you get C-A-S-T
Children Cry foi
cultural interest of any section i
The social feature of the club sho
by no means be ignored. If regi
monthly meetings are held at
homes of the different members,
have some agricultural subject for.
ussion, they will prove most in
sting, and you will soon be able
know each and every member as t]
The number of experiments t
have been made since the organizat
of our club has been of untold be
fit to our section. I am glad to
that a club has been organized
Albion. Hope that other sections
the county may follow.
HTGH S. WYLII
East Wateree, S. C., February 2.
Children Cry for Pitcher's Casto
UPPER LONGTOWN NEWS.
LONGTOWN, Feb. 2.-Rain I ra
amn! and still it continues to rain a
tnever grows weary. The weat
aa been ver y inclement through
he whole month oj January, and 1:
aps wheni it does clear off we y
ave the pleasure of not witness
ny more severe weather this wini
ut shall enjoy th~e balmy spri
eather that will soon be upon us.
Small grain is not looking so w
great deal of it has been plai'teda
nd much more will be sown as s<
s the weather gets favorable eniot
o admit of it.
Shool Commissioner Stevenisona
ted the Lonemown schools Thursd
oth sahools nited and met hium
he lower school house. The pleasu
of the day were highly enlivened b:
elling match between th3 pupils
he upper an.1 lower schools. Af
spelling for some time they were
seated ercept four -two from to
:hool. The commissioner declari
e could not seat them the match v
onsidered a draw. Those who stc
o the last were: Mias Lena Ree
ad Robert Reeves from the loy
hoo, and Misses Edua Dixon a
Sadie Mellichamp from the up:
Mr. Stevetron displays a great
terest in the schools. He urged ul:
he people the necessity of having1
bools run longer and the necessity
evying a special tax for that purpo
Pursuant to a call the fairmers
Lagtown met at the upper Lrnigto
shool house last night to organiz
armers' club. The ors anization a'
perfected by the election of the folio
ug officers: Saml. McCormick, pri
dent; G. J. Wildc, vice-presidei
. D. Tidwvell, secretary; Melvi
[ellicamp, executive comnmitteernm
Speeches were made by Mess
D. Harrison, S. McCormick,
Mellichamp and J. M. Raffles, all
which were of tne same trend, vi:
The reduction of the cotton acreage
minimum, to use little it any co
mercial fertilizers, and to strive
make our own supplies at home.
They endorsed the Beaty plan
etabilahing a factory or somethi
smilar; but want it at Ridgewar
sead of Winnsboro. Why not ha
two, gentlemen? W hat say you!
E. H. D.
Deafness Cannot be Cured
y local applications as they canr
rach the diseased portion of the ci
There is only one way to cure de:
ess, and that is by constitutior
rmedies. Deafness is caused by
nfamed condition of the mncous li
irg of the Enstachian Tube. Wh
this tube is infiamed you have a rol
bing sound of imperfect hearing, ai
when it is entirely closed, Deafness
te result, and unless the infiammaati'
cn be taken out and this tube restor
toits normal condition, hearing w
bedestroyed forever; nine cases o
often are caused by catarrh, which
nothing but an infiamed condition
te mucous surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dolla
fr any case of Deafness (caused I
atarrh) that cannot be cured by Hall
Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars; fre
F. J. CIHENET & Co., Toledo, 0.
reSa by Druggists, 75c. *
of Castorla with the patronage of
i =s to speak of it withutgesn.
est rMedy for Infants aa ChMiMV
It is harmless. Chldrea Mie it. It
ise thefr lives. In it Mothers ha.
ly safe and practically perfect as a
g So" Card.
Sand Wind Coui.
on and flat=1encr.
of wbonie acid ga or paisnOs air.
ne, opiumortherarCotfo pr@:ooety.
Seaglates the stomach and bowels,
tles only. It is not sold in bulk.
anyet lse 1e an the lea or
S"wM anwr every purpose."
.v .- o
at means so much more than
you imagine-serious and
fatA diseases result from
trifling ailments neglected.
a Don't play with Nature's
and generally ex
havea o appetit
I thenmot rela
~i~fl Brownsa ron Elt
ng * A A . comes from the
'Buth, aand Ws
ud Dyspepsia, Kidney and ILiver
gh Neuralgia, Troubles,
bContip~aton, Bad Blood
.Malaria, Nervous ailments
is- Women's complaints.
S-Get only the genuine-it has crossed red
at .lines on the wrapper. fAll others are sub
OS 11$'d en r to o . stamps -e
Fair views and book-free.
a BROWN CHEMICAL CO. BALTIMORE. MD.
e I You Want to Know How
h Good Thuggies are Made,
nd Our seat frames are made of white
,er ash, thoroughly glued together at cora
ers and a syrrmetrical sitirt cut on
n-Panels are made oval by arranging
>nD the machine with a special rig we have
e gotten up, so that when the Beat is
of finished it presents a convex surface,
.thus cansing the varnish to show to
e. ood advantage, and giving the vehicle
of a handsome appearance. treats are
n thoroughly iroried to a pattern so that
a they are all alike, and backs and tops
sare interchangeable. The advantage
as f this is that if vou have one of our
W- buggies and waint a cushion, back or
- top we can send von one to fit. Panele
t -are made of Bloce Ridge Mountain
Our seats are made by Mr. Cicero
.n Moore with a competent corps of as
. We proudly challenge the world to
fcomfpare seats wIth us.
Mr. WV. M. Patrick, of Woodward,
-': has recently accepted the agency for
lo our product in his vicinity, and will
- be pleased to explaini to you the merits
oof the "PREMIUM CAlROLINA
Yorkville, S. C.
The Thoroughbred Stallion,
l will nmake the season of 1895 at Winns
n oro aird at my larm for $15 for comn
n- maam on wres an'd $2.5 for thoroughbred
n m !ares. Colt s inunred. He is a grand
n- sonl of Leinigtonm ud a son of the
id celebrated Eoqurer. Dam Analyne
is bv* Jack:. Milone, he by Lexington, out
n jof G;orianma, by American Eclipse.
d Enrer'.a colts are~ stylish, gentle and
ll speedy- possessing great bottom and
ut constitution. Hie has been fifty-five
s ines a winner and as many times
f laced. The well known sires, Blue
Eyes, Falsetto, Dew Drop and Faustus
3 are by Enquirer, while Mamnie Grey.
y his daughter, produced Domino and
. Correspondence solicited.
JOHN G. MOBLET.
1-o4-m Winnsbore m. C.
WM7 R. DAYIE, J.,
Brokers, Commission Merchants and
ROCK HILL S. C.
SPECIAL :-: ENTIO
Advanin and Suplying
BEFORE T HEY MAKE ARRANGE
In spite of five-cent cotton and the r
we sold stacks of goods in 1894; but as u
more in 189-5. To get a good start and i
NEXT SIXTY DAYS, sell at
+++ CUT P1
The first item is Dress Goods, which
with nothing added for freight or expen
it will pay you to see them, and bring t
Big Bargains in Flannels, Shawls, I
Large lot of Jeans, Kerseys, etc., foi
We have u great many lots in L!!ds
Cut jl iees. Y,," iz. 1 I me 1.1114o ;1v.
The best bargaiis in mue'. H.LL- w(
Hat at 75c-good style and cheap at do
We are anxious for trade and wi
Good Quality a
We are grateful for the liberal patr<
make it to the interest of the publi
Good value, honest dealing, polite attei
Mandarins Tangerines, (or
Kid Glove Oranges.)
Fine Ripe Grape Fruit.
Choice Sweet Oranges.
Choice Eating Apples.
Choice Messina Lemons.
Apples and Peaches.
California Raisins and Prunes.
Fine Eating Irish Potatoes.
Cabbages, Turnips, Etc., Etc
F. W. EHabeicht.
SOUTHERN RAILWAY CO.
Niorthbound. Dal No 36 No 10 No 20
Jan. 20, 1695. Ms 1: Daily Daily jDaily
Lv. Jacksonville..< 8.Z a 4.15 p . 1.. ...
Lv. Savannah..... U.3 p 10.0 p..........
Ar. Columbia...4.30 p 2.10 a.... .......
Lv Charleston...7.15 a 5.30 p ..........
Ar Columbia...1.15 a 10.10 p ....... ...
Lv. Augusta ....2.0 p . ..30p ...
"Graniteville..244 p...11.13 p..'
" Johnstons.......i 3.22 p...12.02 a ...
Ar Columbia. ... 4.56 p...2.16 a...
Lv Columbia. .... 5.00 p 3.20a 3.20 a 5.15 p
" Wnnsboro .....~ 7.00p4.2 a 4.3a .23p
"Chester. ... .4p .12 a 6.12 a 7.15 p
Ar Chrlotte....9.00 p 6.40 a 6.40 8.459
*anville.... 12.0nt1.85a 11.25a ...
" memond...6.45aJ 4.0 p 4.80 p...
" Washington ... 74a 8.30 8X.3 ....
" wore.. 90 a 1.3 1....
" Nw Y .... 20I io 6.2 o r....
Sountod NoSS I*0 * *
naDa Dan Da1
I'r.New York....820 p 12.15nt .... ...
"Philadelphia.... 5.55 j 7.20 6 ... ...
" Baltimore..... 8.87 PI9.42 a .........
L_.ashngon... 1005 1 a .....
__.Rchmnd..... 12.0a12.80 a 12.20 ....
Lv.Danvinle.-.....5.00 a~ 5.55 5.55 i.....
L.harotte.... 8.40 a~ 11.00 11.00 0 a
" Rock Hn.. .. 9.26 a 11* 11.47 9.40 a
" Cher...9.86 ai~i~ lti10.17 a
" Winsboro.. 0.87 a1.1 1.11 a 11.10 a
Ar.Cotmbia..-. 19.36 3.830 a .20 a12.20 p
IR.Columba...... 240 p....45a....
Ar. Augusta...... .30.p......73a...
IN.Columbia.....I.. 401p 6.4 .... ...
At~hrletoni..'.. 6.4........ ....
" Jackson.... i..l........25.......... . ...
SLEEPING CAE SERVICE.
Nos.88 and 34 N.Y. and Fla. Short Line Limn
ied. Througtztal between Jaoksovlle and
N. Y. Through Plancars St. Augustine
Nw York. Tampa and New York. (via Jack
3nvle AusandN. Y.. also Dining cars
NOS. 35and 36 Great U. S. Fast Mail.
Buffet car J'oks'ville and N. Y
Sear Augusta and Charlotte in connec
ith rains Nos.9 and 10
N. ~.Nos. 38 and 81 make oftly a limited num.
ber of stops.
Nos.19 andO 35 and 36do not enter Union
staion Caliml bt dischare and take on
s ane~d aggeat Bland St. Statio.
. A. S. E. HARDWICH,
GP,WassRDGon. A GFPA. AZLIMTA.
z. ~ut ~ , Supi., CoLtmDrA, S. C.
W. J.3M. CUTLP.
DR. DAVID AIKEN,
Offce :No, 9 Washington Street, 3 Doors
West of Postofc.
gWIn Rldgeway, 5. C., every Wednes
eady-to-die feeling of people generally,
e failed to get rich, we want to sell
prepare for Spring we will, for the
we offerat New York wholesale price
se. We have a good assortment, and
he cash with you.
;al Skirts, Underwear.
men's wear, at factory prices.
epartment offering it first cost-all at
ever saw. We have a man's Felt Stiff
ble the price.
uat you to come tosee us. We elaim to
.nd Low Prices.
mnage of last year, and will endesayor to
e to give us a largerpatroagein 1896.
ition to all are the rules that guide us.
IWELL & RUFF.
SI AUr HTER
This week we-inaugurate our grand
annual Clearance Sale of Clothing,
preparatory to taking inventory- of
stock and in order to meet the require
.ments of the reduced tariff on woolen
fabrics. Never before have such values
been offered in this eity, and now is
your oppornity to secure a Suit or an
Overcoat at prices which will not- be
$io. Reduced to
$50 ~Reduced tojjjl
$1 .Reduced tojjj
Our stock of Men's Fijrnishings -is
the most complete to be found in this
city, and contains a full line .of Lauin- -i
dered and Unlaundered Shirts, Natu-A
ral Wool and Camel's Hair Undrer
'Neckwear, stylish Hats, FsePul
and Company's celebrated KidGles -
for men, etc. -
We have aceted the agencyin this
city for the celerated Hramilton Car
hart and Company's Overalls and will
keep a full line of sizes in stock.
Our new location is at 138 Min
Street, next to Lorick & Lowrance.
M. L. KINA RD,
Men's and Boys' Ontfitter,
AT SIGN OF THE GOLDEN SrfAR
COLUMBIA, S. C.A
A NEW SUPPLY OF
Points of Merit.
Cheapest and Most Popular
Buy for profit,., keep up to
date and get the bsi nv
as low as can be bought in
Columbia and Augusta. Save
your express charges.
R. We PHILLIPS
FINE STOCK FOR SALE!1
AT A BARGAINT.
O1NE FINE THOROUGHBRED, REG
three years old. Hle has a very marked
record, and ay community wishing to
grade up its sokof milch cows would do
well toget him. Call at this office io par