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TRI-WEFKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., FEBRUARY 9, 15.
Fracticaluy the Chinese army is some
thing like the Chinese gong. It's beaten
Authorities are agreed that Connecti
tut's automatic gallows is just as good
a one to be avoided as the old-fashioned
Men who permit themselves to be
hypnotized" into committing murder
ought not to complain if the State "hyp.
notIzes" them into eternity.
The swearing of New York police of
Acials on the Lexow witness stand
wasn't a patching to the artistic swear
Ing they indulged in privately.
We do not understand why any man
Ahould embark in the train robbing
business when it is so easy to get a po.
eition as bookkeeper in a bank.
The Siloam Springs AZrr.) Herald of
fers a year's subscription free to the
man who brings in the body of Outlaw
Bill Cook, dead or alive. There's enter
A new steel company with $1,800,000
capital has been organized in Pittsburg;
henceforth the Pittsburg City Council
will not have matters all Its own way ir
the steal business.
There e an odd thin: in strikes
In Owensburg, Ky., a few days ago,
when the employes of a bauk quil
wvork and left the institution without
anyone to carry on business for a time.
The directors, in an attempt to cut
down expenses, reduced the salary of
the cashier by $200 and that of the
bookkeeper by $100 and discharged the
assistant bookkeeper. The cashier and
bookkeeper promptly went on strike,
and the bank opened up the next morn
ing with no one behind the counters.
The directors were hastily convened,
an immediate restoration of old rates
was ordered and the strikers resumee
The courtship between New York. and
Brooklyn for municipal union cools ".n
ardor. Brooklyn never received with
warmth, nor with more than toleration,
the advances of New York for a union
of the two cities. Now New York has
become less demonstrative since the
election, which showed but a nominal
majority in Brooklyn favorable to an
nexation, and is inclined to break off
negotiations. The Legislature has to
enact a law providing for copsolida
tion, and the present coolness between
the two principal cities In the "Greater
New York" scheme Is likely to end In
an open quarrel. In "throwing off"
on Brooklyn, N;ew York declares that
It will go ahead with the consolidation
program, including the remaining mu
nicipalities. But this would give New
York but about 200,000 more than its
present population, or, say, a total of
2,000.000. With Brooklyn added the
total population would be 3,000,000. If
consolidation shouki not include Brook
lyn it would only postpone for a couple
'f years the date at which Chicago will
b.e ahead of New York in the numbei
* We learn from the esteemed Norwich
.Bulletin that "Frank Crumb of South
Plymouth narrowly escaped death on
WVednesday at the hands of an infuri
ated bull." This Is a bull worth pre
Safo, Thank Heaven.'
Philanthropist-Is not your heart
souched by all these sights of poverty?
Millonaire-Yes, indeed. But as long
as my bank account isn't I can stand
it, I guess.-New York World.
How lt'a Done.
Humorist--I have a joke here on
Philadelphia. Editor--We don't buy
single jokes on Philadelphia. We con
tract for them in lots of a gross each.
--Kate Field's Washington.
"Of All sad Words,"
Algy (to jeweler)-I have Din
,ack this ring. Jeweler-Ak. but it is
impossible that it should be a misfit.
Algy (savagely)--No; but the engage
EACH year, it is estimated, there is
an average of 6,00;0 murders com
mitted in the United States, 130 legal
hangings, and 200 lynchings.
Seek happioess for yourself and you
'willlose it but seek it for others and
you will find it.
The day of judgment will be a great
uncovgrmg of shams and hypocrisies.
Sin got a foothold in this world by
making itself look harmless and little.
Some can ride a hobby with as much
cruelty of spirit as others mount a war
No field of wheat ever ripens that
d es not have a good deal of straw and
No man can serve two masters, and
yet we know people who are trying to
.serve a dozen.
No matter where a good man lives,
his house is always built on the rock
If we are satisfied with what has
been found out, we shall find out noth
If tact could be sold, only such as are
already possessed of it would want to
A prudent man doesn't tell every
thing he knows every time he opens
No burd mnis heavy that love gives us
Nobody works harder and gets less
for it than the hypocrite.
A man who agrees with us doesn't
gome aond nar often enongh.
nid, being a native of Provence, there
vere of course solemn ceretiponies al
7alence. Buonaparte superintenden
he draping of the church choir in that
.S W..e arfumagied to
prvsent a fuierary urn, anid beneath,
ai conspicuous letters. ran the legend:
Behold what remains of the French
,ycurgus." Mirabeau had indeed dis
layed a genius for politics, his scheme
or a strong ministry, chosen from the
tssembly, standing in both. relief
.gainst the feebleness of Necker in
>ersuading Louis to accept the sus
ensive veto and to choose his cabinet
ithout relation to thgprty in power.
-Sloan's Life of Napoleon in the
Bound to Break Down.
One can do three times as . much by
)eing quiet and taking things easy as
y rushing. Girls in every station of
ife are hurting themselves by attempt
ng to do too much. The girl who has
o work is over-ambitious, and the so
iety girl thinks she must let as much
s possible come into her lite. And
o, between clubs and classes, w-ith
ve.ry form of gayety imaginable, she
s working so hard that when she is
0 and should be reaching. her prime.
vhich physicians say is 35, she is old
nd broken down. The feverish desire
o have and to achieve is killing the
-irls of to-day. They are never satis
led, everything in life is rush and hur
y. They want to dress like bne
riend, be.as learned as another, and a'
reat a society leader as another.
All restlessness and seeking after
rhat does not belong to one is a hin
trance to any woman, be she old or
-oung, and one which, in many in
tances, God did not intend should
onie into her life. Repose and per
eet quietness seem to be unknown
actors nowadaysj and the simple do
ag 'what one has to do..quietly and
roperly also ignored. The girls of to
.ay, no matter what their age may be,
sh'for everything. There is excite
1ent in mind and body over the least
ttle thing, ..and Women are wearing
emselves out absolutely doing noth
Ig. You cannot cor vince a girl, says
writer in the. iadies' Home Journal,
hat with pioper deliberation she
ight accomplish just what she wishes
nd be strorig ii body and restful in
iind aswell. No,:she has got so en
irely used to rushing at everything
lat she wears , herself out racing up
nd down stairs, and when simple nor
ial work is finished she is, as she puts
;, "so dead tired that I can't even
"I wish the crickets would stay about
Le house all winter, just as they do in
e summer!" eiclaimed the observant
ersevman's wife the other day. .
"Why? Do you enjoy their singinr
i much?" he asked.
"No; it is not that, although I do like
hear them chirp. The particulai
!ason that makes me wish they were
tili here, is that the cockroaches are
eginning to appear again abont the
itchn.- A big one just -ran across the
oor', lad yoknew I would rather die
an tdudh one of- .the nasty thingi.
hey seemi to' kn'ow' it, too, for last
inter there were several great big
nes which took possession of cornets
here there were covers .for thlem, and
ould dart- oht 'at ~a' almost' every
ime I wt .--near - them;- When we
1oved the .kitchen into. the basemten
hey all came down here.-'
When the summer began the crick
ts came in. Besides being, pleasant
ompanions, in a serj litie time' they
eeed to have eaten up every cock
oahadcoo bug, and I didn' see
ne of 'tiew. .again. ntil just, a fey
Crickets are noted-.among-entoinolo
:ists for their voracity and pugnacity.
n somie parts. of ti~e worl%.they do
riuh amie to'rass Brt n chil
ren are'employed: to6. cac~ad kil
bem. These crickets live in burrows
a the ground aurong.-thes grmt The
>urrows are six. or. eight inches deep.
ie children have -merely. to stick a bit
f stiff 'grass down in the burrow. If
here is a cricket in the hole he will re
ent this intrusion upon his privacy,
ze the end of thegr..a$ss.in. hismalfndi
ls, anid hanig ~onso persistently that
.e can be drawn entirely out of the
urrow and killed before he will let go
-New York Sun.
Queer Lot 'o" old Money.
Representitive:Woomer of .Lebanon,
'a., relates th interisting episode that
ccurred' in his bank. Mi-. Woomer is
ashier of the People's bank of Leb
non, and on the day above mentioned
he executors of the estate of Mrs.
doses Light walked in and deposited
;4,000 cash, which he had found ha~d
ieen put away in various places by
rs. Light. The~money had been ac
umulinfg~ta~rs and was the pa
iet-aviig frob'i the sale of produce.
Emong the deposits were 1,700 pen.
des, including many issues of the old
'coppers." There were $18 in notes of
he State Bank of Lebanon. Fortu
iately they are still good, us the Leb
bon State Bank never failed, but was
nerged into the present Lebanon Na
ional Bank. There were $47 in frac
ional currency, Including 3, 5, 10, '25,
n4 50. Qent- "slunpla.stei." . Some of
he ltterivere in the original sheets in
hich they were printed. When it be.
ame known that these old relics were
n the bank people thronged in to pur
hase them and in an hour all the
'shinpasters' had disappeared. There
as also a $10 5 per cent. interest
earing note, issued by the government
n the early part of the war. There
vas a large quantity of old silver, in
luding a half-dollar that was minted
1802. There were several of the
irst issue of greenbacks, as crisp and
2ew as when they had come off the
ress at the bureau of printing and en
TH E PU MA'S FL:A O OF MA N.
;tow Tw o, So cho1boyM in Oregoa Niied f
"A rv-ent ietrer. (e3e ibing the ani
malits of the Patagonian plainis, narrates
some interesting cha.auteristics of the
puma, or panther, which are well
known to peopIe in regions where he
abounds," said the man from theRock
ies to a New York Sun reporter.
-This infornation, of indisputable -
accuracy, upsets some widely spread
fallacies concerning this beast. One 61
of these, the idea that he regards man
as his natural prey, is prevalent among
people whose notions of forest* beasts
have been formed from exaggerated
stories of the eastern panther, a dread
topic of rural tales and of boys' read
.ing since the first settler invaded the
North American wilderness.
"The ferociousness of the pampas I
puma toward all other beasts and his I
gentleness or fear in respect to man
finds its counterpart in the mountain t
lion of the Rocky Mountain and Pa
eitic coast ranges. This animal is a
larger beast than his relative of the
.astern wilderness, there known as the
"The mountain lion, like the pampas
puma, is terribly destructive to other
wild animals and to young live stock, 9
but except in romances has never fig.
ur ed as an animal dangerous to man.
Uwing to his shyness toward human
beings the mountain lion is rarely seen
by man, though sometimes in mount- f
ain fastnesses a camper may hear his q
wealing cry to his.mate by night, and
perhaps detect signs of his presence v
:tbout the camp, which, if pressed by d
hunger, he may visit in the hunter's
absence and make way with any meat
left carelessly within reach. Like the
'South American puma the Mountain
lion is often found upon the plains, f
where his presence is soon made known i
to ranchers by his ravages among the V
colts and calves and sheep. His flesh is d
white and many North American hunt-. r
ers, like the bauchos, consider it good r
"The mountain lion cub makes an t
attractive pet until he gets so large as i
to be formidable in strength. That a
point reached, while still amiable to t
his master, he becomes unsafe for r
strangers to approach, and his fierce e
predatory instincts are inevitably dis
played toward animals which are his t
natural prey. Until these instincts be- t
come manifest, which usually occurs a
when the whelp is about a year old, he r
is playful and gentle as a kitten, and ii
his soft velvet eyes give no warning of r
latent dagr s mebnwt
faint marking of bars and spots, which
disappear soon after their eyes. get
eThis disinclination of the puma to t
attack man is often attributed to cow- I
ardice, though an animal should hardly
be termed cowardly which will risk
combat with the grizzly bear, as the
pt;-a is known to do.
"'So cowardly is the mountain lion,' F
said J. B. Treadwell of California, who s
has often killed them, 'that more than b
-ce have I shot one in a tree, wound=. k
ing him so badly that he fell to the f
ground; instead of attacking me he en
deavored to creep away.' And an Ore- O
gon schoolmaster tells of two -boye, pu- %
pls of his, who gave one morning as C
the cause of their tardiness that theyi
had stopped to kill a mountain lion on '
their way to school. At sight of them t
the animnal had taken to a tree, and,
while one boy watched him to see that I
e did not escape, the other went bacwk
home for the gun with which theT
HOMELY PET FOR THE LADIES -x
Budogs Coming Into f avor-Onle of the
Ugly Brutes Worth 81,750.
There has been recently some adverse
English comment on the Americani
taste in bulldogs. It is estimated that
it is a feature of angiomania and nott
to be compared with the genuine En
glish love for the ugliest lof its kind.1
The American loves bulldogs as he
loves hot-house flowers, He buys onlyj
champions. Yet without his usual
acuteness he buys the champion only
when he is going down hill. The one
instance known to the New York Corn
mercial of when he reangyknew a good
thing is that of the Bedgebury Lion.
For, this dog there is an English au
thority that its owner was offered
$,759 by a New Yorker at nine months
old. The offer was refused. The dog
afterward came to this country for
100. Britomartis also came to this
country, the price being $600. His.
Lordship, a descendant of Dom Pedro, I
the most aristocratid of all bulldogs, is I
also in the United States. Dlom Pedro
isi13 years old, and it seems that the
average age of a bulldgg -.is .only ten
ears. The bulldog in England Ji,
after all, an exotic. He is an arrange
ment of "man and Providence." This7 I
b admitted. The cofter's delight, and9
the docker's darling was a very differ
set beast twenty years ago. The bull- I
dog's nose has been gradually retired,
until it is scarcely more than an amus
Ing suggestion. His under jaw has~
been brought up and assumed the
prominence that really belongs to the
nose. Philanthropic people have com-~
mented from time to time on the pro
priety of interposing on the part of.
the nose. It is said, and not without
reason, that the nose is a sort of pur
chase point in seizing hold, and, more
over, that the upper jaw being forcibly
retired in the effacement of the nore
the lower jaw is not properly supported
in its business of holding on. The~
bulldog was once intended by nature
for a useful life. He is now a creature
of luxury, a ladies pet.
Napoleon and Mirabeau.
A new impulse to the revolutionary
movement was given by the death of
Mirabeau on April 2, 1791. His obse
que were celerated in many places,
R1V. DR. TIfALHTAGE. r
THE BROOrLTK DIVINE'S SUN
SubJect: "Ceylon, the Isle of Palms."
TFXT: "The ships of Tarshish fIlrst."-Isav
Mh Jx.. e
The Taishish of mytext by many commen.
tators. is supposod to be the island of Cey
lon, upon which the soventh sermon of the
round the world series lands us. Ceylon
was called by the Romans Tapobrane. John
Miltoncalled it "Golden Ch!ersonese." Mod
erns have called Ceylon "the isle of palns."
"the isle of flowers." "the pearl drop on the
arow of India." "the isle of jewels," "the
Island of spice," 'the shoW place of the un!
verse," "the land of byacinth and ruby."
In my eyes. for scenery, it appeared to be a
mixture of Yosemite and Yellowstone Park.
All Christian people want to know more of
seylon, for they have a long while been con
tributing for Its evangelization. As ourship
from Australia approached this Island there
hovered over it clbuds thick and black as the
superstitions which have hovered here for
centuries, but the morning-sun was breaking
through like the gospel light which Is to scat
ter the last cloud of moral gloom. The sea
lay along the coast calm as-the eternal par
poses of God toward all Islands and con
tinents. We swing into the harbor of Colom
bo, which is made by a breakwater built at
vast expense. As we floated Into it the
water is black with boats of all sizes and
- manned by people of all colors, but chiefly
Tamils and Cingalese.
There are two things I want most to see
on this Island: A. heathen temple with Its
devotees in idolatrous- wor.-hip and an audi
ence of Olngalese addressed by a Christian
missionary. The entomologist may have his b
captnre of brilliant insects, and the sports
man his tent adorned with antler of red-deer I
and tooth of wild boar, and the painter his I
portfolio of gorge 8000 leet down and of days i
dying on evening pillows of purple cloud
etched with fire. and the botanist his camp I
full of orchids and crowfoots and gentians
and valerian and lotue. I want most to find 0
out the moral and religious tr.umphs, how C
inany wounds have been healed, how many b
sorrows comforted, how many entombed u
nations resurrected. Sir William Baker, the !
famous explorer and geographer, did well
for Ceyion after-his eight years' residence in
this island, and Professor Ernst Heckel, the 1
professor from Jena,ldid well when he swept 1
these waters and rummaged these hilis and 6
took home for future inspection the insects a
of this tropical air. And forever honored be
such work, but let all that is sweet In rhythm e
and graphic on canvas and imposing in mdn- 9
ument and immortal in memory be brought I
to tell the deeds of tbose who were heroer I
and heroines for Chrlst's sake.
Many scholars have supposed that this isl
and of- Ceylon was the original garden of
Eden where the snalhe first appeared on rep
tillan mission. There are reasons for belief
that this was the site where the first home
stead was opened and destroyed. It Is so
near the equiator that there are not more
than twelve degrees of Fahrenheit differ
enco all the year round. Perpetual foliage, t
perpetual fruit and all styles of animal life
prosper. What luxurianee and abundance I
and superabundapceo lIffel What styles of a
p!umagedo not the rbi sport! Whatstyles
sly~~~otq sdgr u hW u
Here on the roadside and clear out on the - C
beach of the sea stands the cocoanut tree 0
saying: "Take my leaves for shade. Take
the juice of my fruit for delectable drink. t
Take my saccharine for sugar. Take my
fiber for the cordage of your ships. Take my
oil to kindle your lamps. Take my wood to b
fashion your cups and pitchers. Take my
leaves to thatch your roofs. Take my
smooth surface on which to print your vooks.
Take my 30,000,000 trees covering 500,000
acres and with the exportrition enrich th-i
worldl. I will wave In your fains and spread
abroad in your umbrellas. 1 will vIbrate In t
your musical instruments. I will be the I
scrubbfng brushes on your floors."b
Here also stands the paiLm tree saying
"I am at your disposal. With theso arm I
fed your ancestors 150 years ago, and with
these same arms Iwill feed your descend
ants 150 years from now. I defy the cen
Here also stands the nutmeg tree saying. .
"I am ready to spice your baverages and en
ric~h your puddings and with my sweet dust
mak-e insipid things palatable."
Rere also stands tue coffee plant saying :
"With the lIquid boiled from my berry I
stimnulate the nations morning by morning."
H'ere also stands the tea plant saying:
"W~th the liquid bolled from my leaf IC
soothe the wormt's nerves andi stimulate the
world's convereation evening by evening-."
IHere stands theinceona saying: "I a-n
the ion of malaria. In all climates my bit
terness Is the slaughter of fevers."
What miracles of pro luctiveness on these
sandis! Enough sugar to sweeten all the
word's beverag.es, enough bananas to plie
all the world's fruit baskets, enough rice to
mx all thse world's puddings, enough cocoa
nut to powder all the world's cakes, enough
flowers to garland all the world's beauty.
But in the eve-ning, riding through a cin
'amon grove, I first tasted the leaves and'
b:;rk ol that condiment so valuable and I
delicate that transported on ships the aroma
of the cinnamon is dispe!!ed if placed near a:
rival bark. Of such great value Is the cIn
namo:u shrub that years ago those who ia
jured it in Ceylon were put to death. But:
that which once wais a jungle of cinnamon
is now a park ot gentiemnen's residences. The
long, whito d welling houses are bounded
with this sbmo. and at! olherstyles of growth
conoreated there make a botanical garden.
Doves called cInnamon doves hop among
the branches, and crows, more poetically
styled ravens, which never could sing, butI
think they can. fly across the road giving
lull test of their vocablos. Birds which
learned their chanting under the very envec
of heaven overpower all with their grand
march of the tropics. The hibiscus dapples
the scene with its scarlet clusters. All shades
of brown and emerald and saffron and bril!
ance ; melons, limes, magnosteens, custardI
app'.ei, gu-tvas, pineapples, jasmine so Ia ten
with asoma tiw~y have to hold fast .to the
wall, nn I begonias, goriosais on fire and iI
orchids so deicente otlier landis must keep|
them under conservatory, but here dtellumt
of all weather, and flowe more or less akint
to razaleas and hone-ysuckles and floxes and
fuchisias and enrysanthemnume nd rhodo
dendrons and foxgIoves and pansIes which
dye the plains and mountains of Ceylon with
The evening hour hurns incense of all
as if the sky hal fallen, and butterflies
spangling the air, and arms of trees sieeved
with blossoms, and rocks upholstered of
moss, commringlng sounds and eights and
oors until eye and ear and nostrIls vie with
each other as to which sense shall open the
door to the most enchantment. A s:ruggle
between music and perfume and Iridescenee.
Oleauders reeling in intoxication of color.
Great banyan trees that have zeen changmng
their min:,s for centuries5, each century car
rying out a new ph,.n of growth, attracoIe
our attention and saw us puiss in the year o
1894 as they saw pass the ge'nemrlons
194 and 169~4. Co.ouubo is so thorougnfly
embowered in foliage that if you go into one
of its towers and look down upon t he city
of 180,000 people you c-annot see at house.
Oa..the trees of CerQnL Mats von hva to ha.
hold the morning cffmbing down thiroug,.
their branches or the evening tipping ther
leaves with amber and gold ! I sorgive thi
Buddhist for the worship of trees until they
know of the Go-I1who made the trees. I
wonder not that there are some trees In Cey
on called sacred.- To me all trees are
sacred. I wonder not that before one of
them they burn camphor flowers and hang;
Ilamps around its braneches and 100,000 peo-!
a eah -es maDe lsrimne to tha L tue.
Worship ~Somet Aitig- man must, aid,- tiftri
he bear oi the only Being woriny of worsnip,
what so elevating as a tree I What glory en
throned amid its foliavM - a mist in
ie'o:ogy spreads out In its branches! Wh-t
i voice when the tempests paws tbrough it I
low It looks down upon the eradle and the
trave of centuries ! As the fruIt of one tree
mn!awfullv eaten struck the race with woe
ind the uplifting of another tree brings
yeace to the soul, let the woodman spare the
ree and all nations honor It, If, through
i!gher teechin , we do not, like the Gaylon
se, worship Itl How consolatory that whn
re no more walk under the tree branches en
orth we may see the "tree of life which
ears twelve manner of fruit and yields her
irut every month, and the leaves of the
ree are for the healing oi the nations!"
Two processions I saw in Ceylon within
me hour, the first led by a Hindoo priest, a
itge pot of flowers on his head, his face dis
Igured with hcly laeerations ani his un
ashed followers beating as many disnords
rom what are supposed to be musical in
truments as at one time aan be induced to
ter aba human ear. The nronessnn halted
t ile door of the huL'. ' The occupants
ame out and made obeisanceand presented
mall contributions. In return therefor the
rlest sprinkled ashes upon the children
he caime forward, this ev!dently a form of
>enelction. Then the procession, led on
>y the priest, started again. More noise,
nore ashes, more genuflection. However
een one's sense of the ludicrous, he could
ad nothing to excite even a smile in the
ovementa of such a procession. Meaning
ess, oppressIve, squalid, filthy, sad.
Returning to our carriage, we rode on fo'
few moments, and we came on another
roeesston, a kindly lady leading groups of
ative olidren, all clean, bright, happy.
pbhfng. Th were a Chr:sttan school out
or exercise. There seemed as much Intlli
ence, refinement and happiness in that reg
ment of young Oingalese as you would find
a the rsaks of any yoine ladies' seminary
eing ebasroned on their afternoon walk
brough Cetral Park. New York, or Hyde
lark, London. The Hindoo procession 11.
strated on asmall scale something of what
Undoolsm can do for the world. The Chris
[an procession illustrates on a small scale
Dmething of what Christianity can do for
e world. But those two processions were
niy fragments of two grealprocessions ever
rching across our worw, the procession
lasted of superstition anj the procession
lessed of gospel light. I saw thom in one
fternoon in Ceylon. They are to be seen if
Nothing is of more thrilling interest thax.
ie Christian achievements in this Island.
he Episcopal church was here the national
hurob, but disestablishment has taken place,
nd since Mr. Gladstone's accomplishment
f that fact in 1880 all denominations are on
qual platform, and all are doing mighty
rork. America Is second to-no other nation
i what has been done for Ceylon. Since
B16 she has .1 her religious agents In the
affna peninsula of Ceylon. The Spauld
1s, the Howlands, the Drs. Poor, the
anders, and others just as good and strong
ave been fighting back monsters of super
ition and eruelty greater than any that
ver swung the tusk orroaredin the jungles.
The American missionaries In Ceylon
ave given special attention to medical In
:rction and are doing wonders In driving
ack the horrers of heathen surgery. Cases
f suffering were formerly given over to the
vil worshipers and such tortures inflicted
5 may not be described. The patient was
-ampled by the feet of the medioal atten
ants. It is only of God's mercy that there
a livIng mother In aeylon. Oh, how
ljiasses of native itu'dents unaleitne efte
f those who follow the examble of the late
amuel Fish Green are providing them, so
2at all the alleviations and kindly minis
ries and scientifle acumen that can be found
i Amerlcan and English hospitals will soon
less all Ceylon.
In that island are thirty-two Amerizan
?hool, 210 Church of England schools, 234
esleyan schools, 234 Roman Catholio
!hools. Ah, the schools decide most every
ing! How sugggestive the Incident that
.mo to me in Ceylon. In a school under
me care of the Episbopal church two boys
ere converted to Christ and were to be
aptized. An intelligent Buddist boy said
the school. 'Let all the boys on Buddha's
ide come to this part of the room and all
ie bovs on Cbrist's side go to the other
art of the room.''
All the boys except two went on Buddha's
de, and when the two boys who were to be
aptized were scoffed at and derided one of
em yielded and retired to Buddha's side.
ut atterward that boy was sorry that he
ad yielded to -the persecution, and when
le day of baptism came stood up beside the
oy who remained firm. Some one said to
be boy who had vacillated In his choice be
teen Buddha and Christ, "You are a
oward and not fit for either side," but he
eplied, "I was overcome of temptation, but
repnt and believe." Then bota boys were
aptized, and from that time the &ngelican
iission moved on more and more vigorously.
will not say which of all the denomina
ons of Cliristians Is doing the~ most for the
vangelzationl of that island, but know this
..Ceylon will be-taken for .Obrist I Sing
ishop Heber's hymn: :
What though the spicy oreezes
.Blow soft over Ceylon's Isle I
Among the first places I visited was a
u-idhist college, about 100 men studying to
come priests gathered around the teachers.
tepp~ng into the building where the high
riest was Instructing the class, we -were
polegtic and told him we were Americans
nd would like to see his mode of teaching
'he had no objections, whereupon he be
an, doubled up as he was on a lounge, with
is right hand playing with his foot. In his
rt hand he held a package of bamboo
aves, on which were written the words of
ts lesson, each student holding a similar
ackage of bamboo leaves. The high priest
rt read, and then one of his students read.
group of as finely formed young men as!I
ver saw surrounded the instructor. The
ist word of eabi- -sentence was Intoned.
'here was In the whole soene an earnestness
rhich mpressed me. Not able to under
tand a word of what was said, there Is a
ook of language and Intonation that Is the
ame among all races.~ That the Buddhtsts
ave full faith in their religion no one can
:oubt. That is, In their opinion, the way to
eaven. What Mohammed Is to the M~o
ammredan; and wh'et Christis to the Chris
,. Buddha Is to the Buddhist, We wait
d b r a pause. in the reeitation,- and then
nresingr our thanks retired.
derby is a Buildhist temple. on the altat
f which belore the-image of Buddha are of
erings of .flowers. 'As mg~ht was coming on
v came up to a Hlndoo temple. First we
ure prohibited going farther than the out
dde steps, but we gradually advanced* untIl
re could see all that was going on Inside.
L'he worshipers were making obeisance. Tne
amt ams were wildly beaten, and shrill pipes
sre blown and several oter instruments
rre in full bang and blare, and there was
s indescribable hubbub and the most labor
'u style of worship I had ever seen or
eard. The dim jights. and the jargon, and
e aooms. and the fliting figures minglesi
.;r ey'e ana ear a horror wzucan iris diffidct
o shake off. All, this was only suggestive of
vhat would there transpire after the toilers
f the day had ceased work end had time to
per at the temple. That such things
*ould be supp~osed to please the Lord or
mve any power to console or help the wor
b ers is only another mystery Inthis world
i nysteries. But we came away sadldened
vth the spectacle, a sadness wr ich did not
ave us until we arrived at a place where a
hristian missionary was pre~tehing In the
tret to a group of nativee.
I had tnat morning expressed a wish tc
ritness such a scene, and here It was. Stand
'ag on an elevation, the goodl man was ad
ressing the crowd. All was attention and
lence and reverence. A religion of relief
nd joy was being commended, an ithe dusky
aces were Illumined with the sentiments 0?
eifinton and re-enforcement. It was the
ae of Sh nrn alnn walking among nettlesD.
It was trie morarnfng light after a tn-Ec-Tark.
ness. It was the gospel after Hindooism.
but passing up and down the streets o!
Ceylon you find all styles of people withis
five minutes-Afghans, Kaffirs, Portuguese,
Moormen, Detcb, Baglish, Bcotch, Irish.
Ameriean-all clas.s s, all dialects, all man
aetrs and custom, all st-ies of enlaam. The
most interesting thing on earth Is the ha.
man race:, and specimens of all branches of
it confront you in Ceylon. The island ot the
present is a quiet an I inconspleiuous affair
compared with what it once was. The dead
cities of Ceylon were larger and more im
poslag than are the lIving cities. On this
Island are dead New Yorks and dead Pek
inags and dead Edinburghs and dead Lon
dong. Ever and anon at the stroke of the
arcbroglis.'s hammer the tomb of some
great municipality flies open, and there are
other buried cities that will yet respond te
the explorer's pickax.
The Pompeii and Herculaneum undes
neath Italy are small compared with the
Po:npeiis and Herculaneums underneath
Ceylon. Yonder is an exhumed city which
w.1s fcunded 500 ye:ars before Christ, stand
Ing in pomp and splendor for 1200 years.
Stairways up which fifty men might pass
side by side. Carved pillars, some of them
fallen, some of them aslan?, some of them
erect. Phidlases and Christopher Wrens
never hear: of herz. performed the marvels
of sculpture and %rchitecture. Aisles
Ibrough which roral proc'ssions marched.
Arches under whieb kin::s were-carried. City
with r-servoir twenty miles in circumfer
onet,. Extmonoorized la!6es that did their
eoollag and refreshin2 for twelve centuries.
Ruins more suggetive than Melrose and
_'nilworth. Coylonian Karnaks and Luxors.
Rains retainiug much of grandeur, though
wars bonb-.r:!ed them, and time put his
chisel on every bioek, and, more than all.
vegetation put its anchors and pries and
wrenches in all the crevices. Dagobas, or
places where relies of saints of dietles are
kept-dagobas 400 feet high and their fallen
material burying precious things, for the
sight of which modern curiosity has digged
nnd blasted in vain. Procession of ele
phants in imitation, wrought into lustrous
marble. -.Trooos of howes in full. run.
.tihnes. chapels, catnetUrals wrec'ed on the
mountain side. Stairs of moonstone. Ex
- ulsite serolls rolling up more mysteries
- an will ever be unroll-ed. Over sixteen
square miles the ruIns of one city strewn.
Thronerooms on which at different times sat
165 kings, resigning in authority they in.
herited. Walls that witnessed coronations,
assassinations, subjugations triumphs. Al
tars at which millions bowed ages before the
orchestras celestial woke the sheperds with
When Lieutenant Skinner in 1832 discot
ared the site of some of these cities, he foon I
congregated In them undisturbed assem
blages of leopards, porcupines, flamincoes
and pe' licans; reptiles sunning themselves
on the altars, prima donnas rendering
ornithological chant from deserted music
halls. One king restored much of the grand
eur, rebuilt 1500 residences, but ruin soon
resumed Its scepter. But all is down-the
spires down the pillars down, the tablets
down, the glory of splendid arches down.
What killed those cities? Who slew the New
York and London of the year 500 B. C.? Was
It unhealthed with a host of plagues? Was
it foreign armies laying selge? Was it whole
generations weakened by their own vices,
Mystery sits amid the monoliths and brick.
dust, finger on lip in eternal silence, while
the centuries guess and guess in vain. We
simply know that genius planned those
cities, and Immense populations Inhabited
them. An eminent writer estimates that a
i hrinainone rainof Ceylon would be.
Edinburgh to London. SixteefnMiunInrea,
pillars with carved capitals are standing
'ntinel for ten miles.
You can judge somewhat of the size of the
eities by the reservoirs that were requIred
to slack their thirst, judging the size of the
city from the size of the cup out of which it
drank. Cities crowded with inhabitants
not like American or English cities, but
picked together as only barbaric tribes can
pack them. But their knell was sounded,
their light went out. Giant trees are the
only royal family now occupying those
palaces. The growl of wild beasts where
once the guffaw of wassail ascended. Anuraj
ahpara and Pollonarna will never be re
builded. Let all the living cities of the
earth take warning. Cities are human, hav
Ig a time to be born and a time to die. No
more certainly have they a cradle than a
graVe. A last judgment is appointed for in
dividuals, but cities have their last judg
meat In this world. They bless, they curse,
they worship, they blaspheme. they suffer;
hey are rewat deJ, they are overthrown.
Preposterous! says some one, to think'
that any of our American or European wties
which have stood so long can ever comne
through vice to extinction, rat New Yorkt
and London have not stood as long as those
Ceylonese cities stood. Where lis the throne
outside of Ceylon on which 165 successive
kings reigned for a lifefime. Cidles and na
ions that have lived far longer than our
present cities or nation have been spul
hered. Let all the great muncipalities of
this and other lands ponder. It is as true
ow as when the psalmisi- wrote It and as
true of cities and nations as of individu.als,
"The Lord hreogeth the way of the righ
ens, but the way~ o -E' ~jodlisal'
A History 01 at1. V alienune.
St. Valentine-was an Italian priest
iho sufiered martyrdiom at Rome in
270, or at Terni in 306d.- Historians
differ as to the date. Legend ampli
fe, by dwelling on the virtues of his
life and the manner of his death, and
tells how he was brought before the
Emperor, Claudius II., who asked why
e did not cultivate his friendship by
honoring his gods. .As Valentine
pleaded the cause of the one true God
earnestly, Caiphurnius, the priest,
eried out that he was seducing the
Emperor, whereupon he was sent to
Asterius to be judged. To him Valen
tine spoke of Christ, the light of the
world, and Asterins said: "If He be
the light of the world Hie will- restore
the light to my daughter, who has
been blind for two years." The
maden was brought, and aftcr Valen
tie prayed and laid hands on her she
received" her sight. Then Asterius
asked that he and his household might.
be baptised, whereat the Emperor,
being enraged, caused all to be im
prisoned and Valentine to be beaten
with clubs. He was beheaded a year
later on February 14, 270.
History, - having little to tell con
erning the man, makes amends by
dwelling at length on the ceremonies
observed on this day. They trace the
origin of these to the Roman Luber
calia, celebrated in February, at
which one practice was to put the
names of women in a box to be drawns
by the men, each being bouind to
serve and hon->r the womau waose
name he had drawn.
First Burglar-"Let's quit tis
business and become reformers."
Second-'I'm a reformer now."
Second-"Yes, I am; a chb.oro
And he proceeded to saturate the
sponge as the victim slept-Detroif
SUIDUNG WILD BEASTS
NOT BY EINDNESS, BUT THEOUGR
FEAR ARE THEY TAXED.
& Trainer Tells How He Handles the&
Beasts When First Placed Under
His Charge-Nerve Required.
BAD KEEPER CONKLIN.
in charge of a large men
ie, tells the New York
how wild beasts are
,amed. He says:
"We have a tremendous amount ot
work to do with the wild animals up
in the winter quarters in Bridgeport
of which the public knows nothing.
You see we are getting new wild ani
mals all the time, and as they come to
us there is not a man living who would
dare to go into the- cages with them.
During tho winter we have to break
those beasts io that we can handle
them as you see us handle them on the
"And how do you do it?"
"Well, when they come to us the)
nave thick leather collars around their
necks, with heavy chains attached.
They are more savage then than they
were before capture, their capture
only having served to bring out all
that is ugly in them. They will s'pit
awid growl at anybody who gets near
their cage and jump at the bars until
they exhaust themselves. We begin
to teach them manners the very day
we get them, and they take a lesson in
etiquette every day after that until
the show starts out."
"What do you do to them?"
"My men catch the end of the. chai.
fastened to the colbar around the new
beast's neck and fasten it to the-bh
in such: a manner that the beast can
only move a short distance. Then I
take a good rawhide whip and stdat
club and enter the cage. I tae a
chair and sit down in the corner."
".Feeling perfectly cool, Isuppose?
"Yes, so long as I know that obahi
is solid and securely fastenel. Well,
the instant I get in the beast will give
a roar and spring for me. I would be
torn to shreds if I was within reach,
but the chain h6lds;, and instead of
getting at me the lion, tiger, panther
or leopard simply comes to the end of
his rope, as it were, is brought up
with a shock that sends him in a heap
to the floor of the cage, and I give him
a lash with the rawhide. The beast is
at me again in an instant, and again
he goes down and I lash him. I never
have used the club on an, animal, but
I always keep -it haidy in case it is
needed. I keep drawing my chair a
little closer to him.as this goes on un --
me. Then I just sit there and talk to
them, and you would be surprised at
he power the human voice will finally
be made to exereise over wild beasts."
"While I ed talking to one, just out
of reach of his teeth, if he gets ugly
nd attempts to ;rng at me I give him
ihe rawhide. I eep this up and after
a dozen or fifteen lessons they get so
that they only snarl and growl at my
entrance. As soon as I think it safe I
try the beast without.a chain. It is a
little ticklish business at Aret, but I
have plenty of help ready for the first
efort. If it is a success the first time
you generally have your beast mas
tered, although once in a while abrute
that has been tractable enough will
break out and go for his keeper. We_
bad such a case here in the Garden
two years ago, when ,Toseph F'oster an
experienced lion tamer, was clawed by
a lioness and nearly killed.
Mr. . Conklin modestly refraine&
from adding that Keeper Fosterwould
anquestionably have met a terrnble
death on that occasion if it had not
been for the fearless and prompt man
ner in which he attacked the lioness
with an iron prod.
Wercan get a beast so that he wik.t.
attack his keeper when he enters the
cage," Mr. Conklin continued. "We
not only have to get them so that they -
will not attack their keepers, tholigh,
but so that they will not attack each
other, and that is a mighty hard job.
Sometimes we can never do that.
There is an old tiger there, one of the.
most savage brutes I ever handled,
and I could take you- into his Gags
with him now- without the ulightest
danger. If I aared to put him in the
same compartment with that big Ben
gal there, though, I would have a dead
tiger on my hands in two seconda.'
Notice the long ma'rk on the belly.
That is where the Bengal ripped him -
two yeai-s ago, when I tried to put
them together, as they would show
better that way. If the Bengal'scelawsi
had not been clipped he would have -
ripped open the other one and killed
"Whsat truth is there in the story ot
the power of the human eye over wild
"It is a pretty thing to sy, and
that is about all," Mr. Conklin re
plied. "A man who wants to subdue
a wild beast has got to be fearless and
g6 about it in a courageous way, and
the eye plays its part. The man who
attempted to handle a wild beast who
was not chained with nothing else
than a fearless eye would be in a.
pretty bad hole, though. What a man
mnst have is a -good heart, plenty of
pluck-lots of sand in his neck, as the
prize fighters say. The secret of suc
Icesfully ha wild beasts is to
become imbued wth a confidence that
all wild beasts are really cowardly,
especially If they belong to' the' cat
family. If you are not afraid and
you know how to do it it is easy .
He-"This may be my last kiss,
She-"ThenlI give notice of filibus.
."-C_ -tav an ainDele