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TRI-WEFKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, % C., FEBRUARY 28,, 189A.
The darkness and the silence lie
Between your soul and mine.
Like some great river rollinn by
Beneath a night of stormy sky,
Where not a star may shine.
But, as beneath the sullen brine
'Twixt lands of kindred speech.
There runs a slender, living line
O'er which there flash, by lightning sign,
The thoughts of each to each.
So, 'neath the parting flood of death
There runs a living line
01 steadfast memory and faith.
Of love not born foi mortal breath,
Between your soul and mine!
OLD MISTER RALPH
"I'll take them," said Jessie Fletch
She stood by the snowily-scoured
table in the little sunbright kitchen,
and swung her pink sunbonnet by the
"I think yon must, dear," consented
ner mother, a gentle, careworn, little
woman. "I was afraid when Jimmie
was so restless in the night that he was
on the verge of illness, and now he is I
-eally sick-quite sick."
"I can deliver the baskets, of
course," declared Jessie, with decision.
"Next time Jim may take them, as i
usual-for he is never long sick,
you know. Now I'll run and braid my
"How the child heartens one up!"
murmured her mother, with a smile, as
she went on packing the two long wil
low baskets that stood on the kitchen
One she lined with large, fresh cab
oage leaves, and that she filled with
pungent, curly, dark green pepper
gress. The bottom and sides of the
other she deftly covered with twigs
from the lilac bush, and that she
heaped with long-stemmed sweet peas,
which looked like a swarm of brilliant
butterflies-pink, purple, azure, rose
and pearl. Over the contents of both
baskets she sprayed water and tied a
Aamp paper cover down over each.
"I don't know what we'd do without
our garden, mother," said Jessie, gaily,
as she canie back.
She had brushed her long dark hair
and plaited it in two heavy braids, tied
on a white apron over her trim ging
ham gown and put on a demure straw
hat in place of her usual pink sunbon
"Nor I, dear. When your father
died five years ago and left me with
you, a ebild of ten, and Jimmie, a
sickly ad of seven,I hardly knew where
to turn or what 0 do. But I had always.
been so successful with plantt, I decid
ed to buy this little place with the few
hundred dollars left me, and try raising
flowers and vegetables for s le. To a cer
tain exter't I have been successful, but
it it has been hard and tedious work.
Jeesie's bright face grew grava for a
moment. It was a delicate, pretty
face, with deep, blue eyes, a milk-white
complexion and thin, scarletlips.
"Well, I'll be done with school next
summer, mamma, and then I can help
you ever so much! Now, which of
these is for Gale's and which: for Sex
Her mother tied a string around the
nandle of one of the baskets.
"The sweat peas for Mrs. Gale are in~
this. You won't forget, Jessie-the
cowers in the basket with the string on
the handle. And the pepper grass for
Mrs. Sexton, who keeps the fine board
ing house, in the other."
"-I'll remember. I don't wonder they
are willing to pay well for the things
you sell. They are always the best of
their kind, and you put them up so
She hastened mnto the sitting-room to
my an encouraging word to poor, fever
sh Jimmie, kissed her mother, took up
he baskets-one in each cotton-gloved
iand--and started off.
It was a balmy, blue-skied, odorotus
summer morning. The due was not yet
fried on the wayside grass. Meadow -
.arks and robins sang in the hedges
md Jessie enjoyed her walk in from the
ittle cottage in the suburbs to the big,
,ustling, prosperous town of Blooming
She easily found the tree-embowered
some of Mrs. Gale, who was an invalid,
mxd one of her mother's best customers
for flowers. Three times a week Jimmie
2ad been accustomed to bring them in
On the doorstep she hesitated.
"Let me see-what was it mother
said? Oh, yes, I remember now! The
pepper grass in the basket with the
string on the handle, and the flowers
in the other. Good morning!" as the
servant opened the door. "Jim was
not well, so I brought in the sweet
"I'm glad of that, said the girl, as
Mrs. Gale was asking for them a min
ate ago. Here's the basket that was
beft the last time.
Ten minutes later, Jessie Fletcher'
stood on the high browstone steps of
Mrs. Sexton's fashionable boarding
'touse. She was about to ring when
the door opened.
An old gentleman, erect, dignified,
silver-haired, most carefully attired,
:onfronted her. He was apparently
about to take a morning walk.
"Ah, little girl?" he said, "What
nave you got there?"
''Pepper grass, sir,'' she replied.
Pepper grass?" he repeated, his aria
tocratic old nose smiling delicately.
"I've an acute-an extraordinarily
acute-sense of smell, and if I'm not
:nistaken, you've a flower in that baa
Let that used to grow in my mother's
He was evidently an old gentleman
* who was used to being deferred to. lie
took the basket from her in quite
an authoritative fashion. He undid
the string and removed the cover. Then
hie gave a chuckle of satisfaction.I
-'Ah! Just as I thought! Sweet peas
"h, goodness gracious!" exclaimed
Tne old gentleman had stied hin:
self on the settle, and was liftin the
blossoms from their nest of lilac leaves
with his yellow, taper o!d fingers.
"% hat's the matter?" he demanded.
"I've made a mistake, and left the
pepper grass at Mrs. Gale's, where I
should have delivered the sweet peas.
"Well, you'll have to take her some
more, because I'm going to keep
these. And what's more, I want a
bunch every day while they last. Ther
bring me anything else you've got
that's sweet-smelling and old-fash
So Jessie went back to Mrs. Gale's,
explained ber error, and promised tc
bring in fresh flowers that very day.
When she reached home her mothei
met her with a white, frightened face.
"Jim?" c'uestioned Jessie, in a whis
"Oh, Jessie, it's brain fever!"
After that, the need that the fruil
and vegetables cantracted for should be
delivered in proper condition and witi
regularity was more imperative that
And the care of this fell on Jessie.
She did her best with the inefficieni
help she could secure, but she had
neith her mother'sskill nor experience,
and before long the little garden be
trayed neglect. The sales fell off. Fin
ally there came a day when the needs
outstripped the dollars, and m.other
and daughter looked at each other witb
eves full of dumb dread.
Write to grandpapa. He will hell
uti. He is rich, you say."
"Dear, my marriage displeased him.
I frequently tried to meet him after
ward, he refused to see me. I wrote
my letters were returned unopened. I
do not know if he is living or dead. We
need money; we can neither earn nor
beg it. We must sell our little home.'
That evening a neighbor condition.
ally consented to buy the property, and
the next morning Jessie took in a
cluster of mignonette and verbenas tc
Mrs. Sexton's eccentric o'd. lodger.
"I think these are the last I can
bring, sir," she said, when he had
paid, as he always did, generously.
"Why, what are you crying for?" he
Then she told him.
"Look here, Jessie-ihat's ywni
name, isn't it-I'll go out myself and
see the place where you are growing
things so good to smell; some so gooc
to eat. 'f I like it, I'll loan your
mother a hundred dollars and take il
outin flowers. That would tide you ovel
your hard times, wuldn't it?"
"Oh, yes, sir-yes! Less than that.'
She had heard a great deal of the
peculiar ways and immense wealth of
"Old Mister Ralph," as Mrs. Sexton's
star boarder was called, but she had
not expected such an offer as this.
She hall doubted that he would keep
his word, but he did.
He appeared at sunset in the little
flower garden before the small gray
Jessie. laughing and crying, met him
&t the door.
"The doctor says," she cried, "that
Jimmie will get better.
But old Mister Ralph was not look.
ing at her. He was starmng beyond be]
at a spare little woman with a sweet,
A queer choking cry broke from hi'
lips. He took ai step forward.
'Mary-my daughter, Mary!"
She was sobbing all her sorrowful
heart out in his arms.
"Why did you never come to see
me?" he asked, half an hour later, at
they sat together by the little vine-em
bowered window. "You never even
wrote. I was willing to forgive you.
My heart ached for you."
"Aunt Dora said you would not see
me. I called several times. My lettert
to you were returned unread."
"Mary, is this true? We must nol
speak ill of the dead-and she is gone.
But I can see now that she tried tc
alienate us in order that I should leave
my property to her children. A yeai
ago I sold out in Pittsburg and came
to Bloomington. I'll buy a beautiful
ilace that is vacant not far from here.
It is called Restwood. As soon as the
laddie can be moved we will go there tc
live. No more poverty. Mary. Jessie,'
turning fondly to her, "why did you
not tell me your name in full?"
"Nobody asked me, sir!" she quoted
They are at Restwood now. Mrs.
Fletcher is getting the roses of her girl
hood back. Jimmie is still a little dazed
by the luxury of his surroundings.
And often when Jessie brings he,
grandfather a bouquet of fresh, frag
rant, old-fashioned flowers, she thinks,
with a happy hieart, of the day that she
delivered to Mr. Gale pepper grass in
stead of sweet peas.
Italle type was first made by Aldus
The young people who attend collegee
ine seminaries learn how to wear thelh
ollege honors becomingly, if they don'
learn anything else.
The Atlantic Ocean takes Its name
f-om Mount Atlas.
Nothing occupies one like aconversa
tion in which one has failed to say wha1
one ought to have said. it haunts yom
like a melody of which you cannot fine
Loving kindness is greater than laws;
and the charities of life are greatez
than all ceremonies.
We have long been accustomed tC
set our expectations very low respect
ing the result of reform efforts.
How poor are they who have noi
patience? What wound would ever
heal but by degrees?
GIBRALTAR AND ITS DEFENSE
Possibilities in the Event of Attac]
by a Hostile Force.
Experiments at Shoeburyness havi
shown that an Armstrong shell can bi
thrown 91 76 yards-about five and one
third miles-says a writer in Templi
Bar. It is therefore absolutely clea
that if all the fleet were temporarilj
absent, either on some special inissioi
or dispersed by a storm, hostile iron
elads taking up a position within fou:
miles of the eastward of Europa Poin
jnight with impunity send shot an(
shel Into the outlying ports of th4
fortress and cause much destru.ction o0
life and property. On the other hand
the Governor of the fortress would no
be idle, and the experences of the lato
civil war in America have abundantl]
proved that the cannon in fortresses, I:
they strike a ship of war with theii
projectiles, even at long range, may d(
considerable mischief; while, on tho
other hand, many shot and shell ma3
strike a fort and only do trifling dam
age. It is practically impossible t(
throw shot or shell over the high par
of the rock, near Spain, and the cannoi
ensconced in the unique rock galleries
with their royal artillery gun detach
ments, would be absolutely safe. Even
If the neutral ground between Gibraltai
and Spain were occupied by a hostil
toe, comparatively little damage woul
be the result During the writer's sta]
it Gibraltar it was considered desirabl
to try the experment of firing upwari
from the plain on the Spanish side int
the galleries, dummies being placed t<
represent the necessary gun detach
ments. A regiment several hundre
strong was accordingly placed in post
tion and supplied with ball cartridges
The range, however, was unknown
tnd. the fire being directed upward, 1
was. fully an hour before any of th<
duiimies were hit, after the expendi
ture of much ammunition. In actua:
warfare, of course, the British rifi
sharpshooters must have picked ou
their foes by firing downward from thE
-alleries. Bomb-proof barracks auf
hospitals are potent factors against thE
tiorrors of bombardment, and there 1
little doubt that there is ample room a1
3ibraltar for some amendment on this
FROGS BETTER THAN GOLD.
A. California Rancher Has a Million
and Proposes to Supply the Mr rket.
One of the queerest ranches that hai
ever been heard of has lately been es
tablished a few rods from Stege's sta
tion, Contra Costa County, and in th<
last few days it has attracted a grea
Jeal of attention. It is a frog farm, an.
bids fair to be one of the biggest pay
Ing enterprises in the country. Tht
ONE OF ME. STEGE'S MILLtONS.
founder of the farm, Richard Stege. foi
whom the station on the Southern Pa
:ific Railroad near where the ranch is
was named, says it is as big a bonanz:
s a gold mine.
He started a few months ago witi
2,000 California frogs, and now esti
mates that he has at least 1,000.000
They are so thick that they jump abou
iike grasshoppers when- they are dis
:urbed, and fairly flecked the tops of ti
calla lilies and nodules of mud in th,
ond where they are placed.
Mr. Stege had considerable diffleulta
it first in keeping his frogs after he has
them, but he has overcome that, ant
ROUNDING tiP A FEW FOR MARKE.
ow his pond is a safe prison, bein;
surrounded by a board fence toppe(
with sheet iron and tin. To an inter'
viewer he said:
"Shall I make any money? Well,
ount that it is the best business Ii
alifornia to-day. It is better tha:
wning a South African gold mine. Ii
summer good fat frogs never go belov
2.50 a dozen, and in winter the rulin;
price is from $4 to $9."
The British Mu~eum Cat.
One of the best-known and mo~st p',p
dar domestic pets in Lntioni is s ie
British museum cat. It is .inst a b,
I:welve months ago since the aniimal
vhich had appgrently strayed fro2
oewhere, attached himself to th<
>orters quarters, facing Great Russel
treet Being a huge, gray, beautiful13
narked cat he was encouraged to re
-ain instead of being unceremioniously
riven off, as assuredly would ha'i
een his fate had he been possessed o.
fewer personal attractions. From thl
tirst the animal has been a favoritE
with the attendants and the genera
public; now he constitutes one of thE
attractions of the great establIshmen
nd is eagerly sought for by occaisiona
isitors, both adult and juv-enile.
Lately the cat has considerably .'
ended the sphere of his rambles. II<
ccasionally invades the reading-room
where he receives the attention of
stroking from even the most reserve(
'and studous habitues. At nights ih<
nimals parades the galleries and b2
n odd fancy seems to prefer the Egyp
tian room, where so many embalmec
anctifled specimens of his tribe are em
baibited.-The London Chronicle.
SAVED BY A BELT OF GOLD.
Luck of an Englishman 4ttacked by
Robbers in Tehuantepec.
"Gold has a variety of uses," saiC
Thornton Decker, an English engineer,
to an American who met him in Tica
S, "but I fancy my experience when
first went over this route between
baxaca and Tehuantepec was rather
4iovel. A lot of $20 pieces served very
well as a coat of mail-so well that
they saved my life.
"As I said, I was bound down to
Tehuantepec for a look at the railroad
across the isthmus. I had heard that
women there use your double eagles
for Jewelry and paid a very high prem
ium for them, so I got forty or fifty and
sewed them into the form of what yoa
might call a porous plaster. When I
had them stitched into place on a bit
of cotton there were two rows across
my back and a th!rd row overlapping
the other two. By putting straps over
my shoulders they carried very cow
"I got the gold up at El Paso, Tex..
out in some way one of the beggarly
crew at the hotel at Oaxaca saw that I
was carrying something in the small of
my back, and the result of that was
that I was followed when I set out for
Tehuantepee. They allowed me to go
on unmolested until I was within a day
of San Carlos, and then one of them
seems to have taken a short cut through
the mountains and concealed himself
in the brush until I passed. Then he
gave it to me with a shotgun loaded
with slugs of lead, and I caught it in
'he small of the back.
"The force of the blow knocked mt
lown over the pommel of the saddle.
When there I had presence of mind
enough to keep on falling slowly as if
entirely done for. Meantime I got one
of your American revolvers in my hand
xnd cocked it
"The beggar that had shot me, seeing
me fall, came running from the brush,
machete in one hand and gun in the
other, while his partner appeared
around the mountain, with his horse on
the gallop. They yelled at my horse to
stop and my guide to go on, and both
obeyed promptly. I was still clinging
to my horse's neck and could see them
through its mane very well. I let them
get within ten feet- of me and then
dropped to. my feet on the ground and
took my turn at shooting. They were
so close I couldn't miss, but luckily, as
I think, one caught his bullet in the
knee and the other in the fleshy part of
the arm, while their horse was kIid
outright by a bullet In the head.
"Seeing them both down and beggin;
.or their lives I had a mind to kill them
ror their cowardice, but I let tnemU oII
with a good kicking apiece, and then
called back the guide and had him car
ry water and wash and dress the
wounds as well as possible. Then I
gave the man with the hurt arm a stiff
hiorn of brandy and sent him back for
ielp, while I continued on my journey.
'he slugs had hit the gold pieces, three
of them. I had a lame back for a week
or so, but I was otherwise unhurt
What became of them? I afterward
met the one that caught it in the knee.
Hie was going about the market in
Daxaca on a Peg leg peddling reboses
and telling the people he had lost his
leg in a fierce encounter with highway
mna. IIe said hIs partner was on a
journey, but I fancy that he meant lbe
hiad been detected in some rascalityv
and sent to prison."
Japan Ahead of China.
Japan, In spite of her mistakes, stands
for light and civilization; her institu
tions are enlightened; her laws, drawn
up by European jurists, are equal to
the best we know, and they are justly
administered; her punishments are hu
mnane; her scientific and sociological
ideas are olii own. China stands for
dar.iness and savagery, Her science Is
udicrous superstition, her law is bar.
barous, her punishments are awful, her
politics are corruption, her ideals are
lesolation and stagnation.
In thousands of Yanmens throughout
China men are tortured every day,
hung up by the thumbs, forced to kneel
upon chains, beaten with heavy barn
boos, their ankles cracked, their limbs
broken. Every week men are publicly
rucified and hacked to death by the
*'housand cuts." How is anybody to
desire the extension of the sway of the
latter rather than that of the former,
without avowing himself a partisan of
aavagery ?-Oontemporary Rleview.
In a Peanut Factory.
When the peanuts arrive at the fac
tory they are rough and earth stained,
and of all sizes and qualities, jumbled
together. The bags are first taken 'ap
by Iron arms projecting from an enl
less chain to the fifth story of the fan~
tory. Here they are weighed and. emp
tied into large bins. From these bins
they fall to the next story. Into large
cylinders, fourteen feet long, which re
rolve rapidly, and by friction the nuts
are cleaned from the earth which clings
to them, and polished, so that they
tme out white and glistening.
From this story the nuts fall through
shoots to the third and most interesting
floor. Imagine rows of long, narrow
tables, each divided lengthwise Into
three sections by thin, inch-high strips
of wood. These strips also surround
the edge of the table. Each of these
: Mus is floored with a strip of heavy
white canvas, which moves incessantly
from the mouth of the shoot to an open
ing leading down below at the further
end of the table. These slowly moving
canvas bands, about a foot wide, arr
alled the "picking aprons."
Upon the outer aprons of each table
Aribbles down from the shoot a slender
stream of peanuts, and on the other
side of the table, so close together as
scarcely to have "elbow room," stand
rows of negro girls and women picking
ant the inferior neanuts. as they ,pass
and throwmhgf them into t6 centfral see
tion. So fast do their hands move a
this work t' one cannot see wha
they are doing till they cast a handfai
or nuts into the middle division. By
the time a nut has passed the sharj
eyes and quick hands of eight or ter
pickers one may be quite certain tha
it is a first-class article, fit for the fin&
plunge down two stories into a bag
which shall presently be marked witb
a brand which will command for it thi
iighest market price.
The peanuts from the central aprons
fall only to the second story, where
they undergo yet another picking ovs:
on similar tables, the best of these
forming the second grade. The third
grade of peanuts, or what remains at
ter the second picking, is then turneod
i.nto a machine which crushes the shells
and separates them from the kernels
These are sold to the manufacturers 01
:andy, while the shells are ground up
and used for horse bedding. So no pari
of this little fruit, vegetable or nut
whichever it may turn out to be, is
finally wasted, but all serve some use
ful purpose.-From Blue and Gray.
Experiments recently made wlth
waste slag from glass factories prove
beyond question that the material is
the very best possible for building pur
pcses. It is run into blocks of conve
nient size and shape, which are laid
in cement mortar. The cement incor
porates itself with the surface of the
glass, uniting the blocks into one masa
The glass may be tinted to any color,
and the mortar being similarly tinted,
the wall can be made of a perfectly
uniform hue without joints or seams,
The wall thus laid is impervious to
moisture, a bad conductor of heat and
cold, and practically indestructible,
Nt-arly all building material in use is,
if metal, subject to oxidation; if stone
or brick, to infiltration of damp and
the expansion of frost, or the slow
gnawing of microscopic mosses. A
glass wall is free from these sources of
decay; and, indeed, it is difficult to im
agine anything except an earthquake
or an explosion that would destroy
such a wall.
Objects made of glass are exhumed
from very ancient ruins in perfect con
dition, with the exception of a change
of color, due to some slow chemical
process, probably in the vast length of
time. The material has, besides, the
advantage of cheapness; and, even
were it compounded especially, which
it would have to be were it to come
into common use, and the demand ex
ceed the supply of waste slag from the
glass factories, it could still be manu.
facturea cueaper %nan cut bwua, 6vva
brick or iron. Yet another advantage
is the wide scope for ornamentation.
The glass blocks could be made hollow,
if necessary, reducing weight when de
sirable, with little reduction of
Sir John's Advice.
Many years ago, the late Sir John
Macdonald was present at a public din
ner at which he was expected to de
liver a rather important speech.. In
the conviviality of the occasion he for
ot the more serious duty of the even
nlg, and when, at a late hour, he rose.
is speech was by no means so lumin
mus as It might have been. The report.
r, knowing that It would not do toi
print his notes as they stood, called on
Sir John next day and told him that he
was not quite sure of having secured
n accurate report. He was Invited to
red over his notes, but he had not got
far when Sir John Interrupted him with
'That Is not what I said." There was
a pause, and Sir John continued, "Let
me repeat my remarks." He then
walked up and down the room and de
ivered a most Impressive speech in the
earing of the amused reporter, who
took down every word as it fell fromi
is lips. Having thanked Sir John for
his courtesy, he was taking his leave,
when he was recalled to receive th!s
idnonition: "Young man, allow me
to give you this word of advice: Never
gain attempt to report a public speak.
er when you are drunk.'
Thrice Blessed Is She.
The daily luncheon procession at D1
monico's presents to the eye of the im
pecunious male foreigner the most gild.
en vista of hope to be unrolled withimi
mny quarter of New York.
A young Englishman was the guesi
the other day of two women of fashion,
who, as the various women of society
passed to their tables, posted hias
promptly on their names, tame and,
above all things, fortune. Not one wom
an passed within an hour who was noi
either the heiress or the mother to the
ieiress of a seductive harvest of gold.
--Ah. there goes Miss Caroline Duer,"
said one lady at last. "Beautiful, isn'l
she? Good, charming, clever, a writer
of no mean ability, a maker of the
daintiest verses, artistic, pretty-every'
"And rich," said the Englishman, "0f
"No," interposed the other lady. "Car.
Aine Duer has simply everything whiclh
money cannot buy. She comes nearem
physical and mental perfection combin
ed than any other woman I know in
New York society."
Bound to Have It.
Mrs. Gotthere-My dear, pardon m3
rankess, but really I fear your daugh
er can never be a social success.
Mrs. G.-Well--she has no-ni
rplomnb at all.
Mrs. O.-Is that all? She shall have
une. Me and John will spare no ex
pense with Mollie. She shall have the
best article of ap-wha~tever that is
that can be had.--Plttsbulrg Bulletin.
Why Is This?
Watchmakers rarely suffer from
UP THE YELLowsT5ONL
fesseoed a Bear and Then Something
George Bleistein, the proprietor eo
le Buffalo Courter, is at the Waldorf,
entertaining his friends with some sto
ries of adventure in the Yellowstone
Park country, says the New York
"We were riding along over the foot
ils one day when our horse wrangler
spied bear tracks, and we proceeded
to follow them up. Suddenly, just
around a huge boulder on the side of
the trail, we spied old grizzly, a tre
mendous brute, evidently waiting to
receive us, The wrangler calmly re
marked to me in one of those under
tones which are distinctly beard for
miles away in that wonderfully clear
atmosphere: 'Just you wait and I'll
lasso him, and we'll take him to camp.'
He accordingly swung his lariat, and
I saw it circle around the bear's head
and fall over his neck and one of his
arms. He touched up his horse for
the purpose of taking the beast back
Into camp, as he had promised, when,
to my surprise, the bear seized the
lariat and began to reel it in paw over
paw, just like a sailor.
"The wrangler's horse reared and
tried to pull back and the wrangler
himself seemed to think that somel
thing unusual was in progress. The
bear gathered in the slack of the lariat
with one paw and thrust it behind him
and with the other held fast the strug
gling horse. Then he began to haul
away again, just as you or I would
if we liked water enough to draw i1
out of a deep well on a hot day with a
rope and bucket.
"The wrangler saw that it was oil:
a question of time when he and h1.i
horse would be dragged close up with
In reach of those dreadful claws.
"'I can't stand this strain mue&
(onger,' shouted he.
"It was my first trip to the country
and, never having witnessed anything
exactly like it before in all my life, I
'at still on my horse and waited to see
vhat would happen.
"'See here!' yelled the wrangler,
who was then within ten feet of the
grizzly, 'I've got enough. Get ready
to ride for your life,' and with that he
whipped out his knife and slashed the
"'Ride, you fool, ride!' was the nex.
thing I heard and I saw him digging
his spurs into his horse, and naturally
I followed his example.
"Well, gentlemen, we rode like light
.ing down through that gulch and out
into the open plain. As we struck
into the level stretch the wrangler and
E turned our heads involuntarIly. -Tne
grizzly had given up the pursuit, for
tunately for us. But he wasn't more
than 100 yards distant, and there he
stood on his haunches, a wicked-look
.ng brute, growling and swinging the
iariat at us. It was a very narrow
ascape-very. I shall never forget it"
In the twelfth century Gelsa It.,
King of Hungary, sent heralds Into
German towns to invite their yeomen
to settle in his scantily peopled land.
Thousands hearkened to the heralds,
and sought in Transylvania-the land
beyond the forests-the rights and
prosperity denied them in their feudal
home. To these Saxon immigrants the
words "church" and "fortress" were
synonymous. Each village churchl
was built on rising ground, and sur
rounded by fortified walls and a moat
erossed by a drawbridge.
When threatened by an enemy, the
people used to retire to these fortified
churches, and from the heights roll
down heavy stones on the assailants.
Some of these stones may be sieer.
among the briars and weeds which
surround the ruined church of Mich
elsberg, They are moss-covered, and,
being round, resemble giant cannen
In those days of wars and rumors ot
Nara, it was necessary to keep a sup
ply of these round stones, that they
might be in readiness to be rolled down
upon an approaching enemy. To
maintain the supply, a law compelled
each bridegroom, before leading his
bride to the altar, to roll up hill to the
church door one of these large stone
balls. As the hill was generally step,
and each stone weighed two hundredt
pounds, the rolling of it up to the
church was no slight test of strength
Once, when the Turks had begun to
scale the walls of a fortified church a
girl's wit saved the people from cap
ture and death.
Behind the church was a little gar'
den, and in it a dozen bee-hives, which
it was the girl's duty to care for. Sez.
ing a hive she ran up to the fortress
wall and hurled it down among the
enemy. Again and again she repeated
the process until ten or more swar-ms
of maddened bees were stinging the
Turks, They were blinded and dis
mayed, and, utterly unable to cope
with the insect foe, beat a hasty re
treat. They had been discomfited by
a girl's device,.
Tallest MilitIa Company.
Six feet and one-half inches! That is~
the average height of the thirty new
recruits who are now seeking admis
sion to Company A, First Regiment,
. N. G. The company has always
been noted for its tall men, having now
in its ranks twenty whose heights
average 5 feet 11% inches. Wlth the
enlistment of these new gIants the
ranks of Company A will be -much
fuller than those of tihe average comn
pany, and the average height of its en
listed men will be 6 feet It will be, It
is claimend. the tallest company In th~e
News in Brief.
- A horseshoe to be Plixed without
bails has been iuvented.
-The earliest form of the glove wa
a mere bag for the hand.
-The Russians are the most religious
persons on the face of the globe.
-It takes a snail exactly fourteer
days and five hours to travel a mile.
-Single stones in the walls surrouid.
'ng Baialbec weigh 3,000,000 pounds
Charles II was the mutton eating
King from his fondness for spring
-Leon Lilienfleld, a young chemist
in Berlin, has produced artificial white
-1he African ostrich has bat tw.
toes on each foot, and one of them has
The s!ashes or openings in an outel
garment to show the one beneath were
formerly calle panes.
-The fis st buildingand loan assoeia
tion in the country was organized near
Philadelphia in 1831.
-Soldiers in the United States Arm)
lose on an average twenty -one daya
every year from illness.
-An injured nail on the right hano
"ill be renewed ten days or two weeks
sooner than if on the left.
Cast iron blocks are being substint
ted for granite blocks along the tram
way ra Is in Paris streets.
-The two fields of Waterloo and
Linden are each covered with a crop of
erimuson puppies every year.
- P ri-ians are introducing porona
glass for windows cn account of ate
alleged ventilation facilities.
-According to Muller the total num.
bcr of words, or ratherideas, expressed
by Chinese characters is 43,596.
-A fatal f,.l from a great height i.
said tn be painless. as unconsciousness
precedes the crash of concussion.
-A new application of electro plat
ing is the seautg of cans of fruits and
meat, and of bottles of chemicals.
-Tobacco seeds are so minute that
it is said a thimbleful will furnish
enough plants for an acre of ground,
-Birds as a rule, cannot focus their
ayes on an object have at a considerable
dlistance, and then only with great
-Vienna, Austria, is to have an ele
rated railroad with the wheelson top ol
the cars, %hich will hang suspendad
from the rails.
oan ground to fill them" TheY
are for window gardeners who live hagb
above the ground.
-Automatic machines have been
devised for use on a moving train whict
mechanically record the condition of
every foot of the track.
-Robbing graves is the only crime
ander Chines law for which the thief
may be justly killed on the spot by
anyone finding him out.
-Emperor William has just sen
widow J ohanna Simple $25 in inrecog
aition of her 1Oth birthday. She i
the oldest woman in Berlin.
-The extreme cold of the poles is
.naini) due to the iact that the Arctic
Ocean is certainly. and the Antartig
probably, a land locked sea.
-Lord Kelvin estimates that thb
-'running slow' of the earth in its
daily rotation round its axis amounts
to twenty seconds per century.
-Phthisis and pneumonia are more
frequent and fatal among men than
among women, while canoer and spo
plexy kill more women than men,
-Redfield was the trst meteorlogist
to prove that in all extensive severe
storms a system of surface winds is
blowing in toward a storm center.
To prevent lamp chimneys from
cracking put them into a kettle of
cold water, gradually heat it till it
boils, and then let it as gradually
-In 934 a draught began in Europe
lasting four years. 'The summers were
intensely hot and the famine prevailed
everywhere; 3,000,000 people died of
-Careful computation shows that the
total capacity of generature and mo
tors in use in railway work in the
United Statos aggragate half a million
-Scientific research shows that mesta
lish, milit, and other animal foods cost
three times kre than flour, meal, and
other staple vegetable foods to get the
same nutritzcus result.
- At the altitude of twelve miles the
atmosphere has a density of about one
tenth that of the surface- that is,
the barometer would stand at about
-Southampton, England has a fur
nance for burning garbage which cost
$18,0(00. It consumes from twenty
five to fifty tons of garbage daily at an
annual expense of $1100.
-In Napoleon's early wars one ont
of each twenty eight was killed, and in
the early British conflicts as hbigh an
aver. ge as one Ceath to each nineteen
engaged is reported.
-A colony of stin~gless bees from
Honduras is now under observation at
the Department of A.griculture at
Washington, but the climate is toc
cold for them agd they will die.
-The ears of most defensive animah
like the* rabbit are turned backwara,
because these creatures are ir con
stant app-rehension of pursuit; hunt.
rug animals have theilr ears turned for
-Soap has been substituted for wa
on the recording surface of the phon
ograph by a Berhn inventor. The
advantage gained is that soap is
unaffected b3 'rdinary changes of