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NEWS AND HERALp. v
P *Idife D TRI- WEEKLY i
NSAJ1) Elu LDCOMPANY. t
TCR i1 ADVANCE: t
se Year, - - - - S3.O g
-c Reaths. - - - - t5@ t
1, rRT'IsING RATgb. CASE: t
a- !itfNy Gi 'is f.ir evl sabeq mt inser
i-m. Sp-cial rmtes for coatract adver
RegaXlar rates charged for oblitua.es.
Orders for Job Wort solicited.
This newspaper is not resonsible for I
r'nious and views expie - anywhere
I:ze than in the editorial column.
AU articles for publication must be ac
.umpanied by the true name of the auther
ud written in respectful langua and
ritten on one side of the paper e true 4
an requiredasan evidence of good faith I
All communicatsons-editorial, business I
local--should be addressed to TiE
ERWS AD HERAD D CO.
W. D. DoUGLASS, Editor.
JAs. Q. DAVIs, Treasurer.
W. J. LIOTT, Business Manager.
WINNSBORO, S. C.
fhursda3, April 4, ; * ; ;
THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVEN
Mr. Mocahan Disacsses the Proposed
To the ditor of The News and Herald:
In your last issue Mr. Meares, evi
dently actuated by true patriotism,
proposes plans for 'securing white
unity at the general election in sup
port of delegates to the constitutional
convention He assumes that. unless
each faction is gsaranteed representa
tion as a aton, the white men of
Fairfield will divide at the general
election. t think factional represen
tation is as much out of place as Bap
-tist or Presbyterian or Methodi-t rep
resentation. Religious equality is so
cured in this country, not by agree
ment to divide the offices between
representatives of the sects, bt by the
prevailing good sense of the people,
which ignores sectarian considerations
in matters with which such consider
ations haveno concern. Conservatives
and Reformers have their naraes and
organizations only in reference to the
way they have stood on certain ques
tions that have been before them.
The possible changes in the constitti
tion have not yet been discussed.
Surely the Conservatives do not think
as a machine and the Reformers as
another machine. If they think as
men, then there is no telling how they
will agree or disagree on new ques
tions. Mr. Meares says: 'No one
supposes that on the question. -before
the State this year the lines will be
differently drawn." They most as
suredly will be differently drawn, if
there is any discussion and independ
ent thinking. The men of each fac
tion have been in mental straight
jackets. This is discreditable to their
manhood and their reason, and all
plans that tend to leave them in their
factional straight-jackets are faulty.
I offer to my old friends of Fairfield
the following suggestions, which I
had published in the local evening
The only rational mode of electing
delea to the Constitutional Con
vention is for each individual- to have
a free vote, in order that the delegates
elected may truly represent the views
of their constituents. But a vote is
not free simply when the polls are
unobstructed. A tyrannical public
opinion, the domineering dictation of
partisan leaders, insidious infiaming
of prejudice-all these tend to con
strain or suppress the true will of the
voter and to cause him to acquiesce in
being misrepresented in the councils
of his country. When minds can
break these shackles and refuse to
follow these fenced-in pathways, then
will popular and representative gov
ernment no longr be a mere name.
To throw ofptty prejudices anid be
free from their constraint in our ac
tieu. on new questions is not the work
of a moment. This condition, like all
good things, is of slow growth.
Some months ago few Conservatives
and Reformers would have admitted
the thought that on questions as to the
Constitution they might find in the
opposing\factional camp men who
would more truly represent them than
the leaders of their own faction. Yet,
after the -fermenitation of thought that
has fortunately been going on, many
have now realized this. All honor to
the men who first stepped over the
factional line and brought to the
masses the realization that there is no
gulf there and that those who will see
a gulf are laboring under an optical
delusion-s. mental hallucination ! Full
recognition to all who by words of
tolerance or sugetions of compro
mise have hepe to remove the film
of prejudice and assisted in spreading
the spirit of peace!
We have now, I believe, attained
that reign of reason which will not
tolerate the longer subordination of
manly freedom to faction folly. Those
who still strive for thei unnatural pre
servation of the present factions do so
because they know that as leaders they
have in them nothing to commend
them t'o the seber second thought of
the pepl, and that unless the free
thought of the people be suppressed
and all progress be delayed, they must
give way to men who represent not
the past but the present, not bitter
ness but progress, not passion but
To promote further thonght-that
individual digestion of opinion and
Individual arrival at conclusions of
which there are now such hopeful in
dications, and which is the only safe
guard of the State-this communica
tloon is offered. Ponder the following.
and are they not your views, reader?
1~ The call of the "Forty" declares
that atl.ir purpose is "to make our
convention and new Constitution a
bond and seal of reunion between
the white men of South Carolina."
Therefore, those who responded to
%ith, cannot talk of a "truce" or
.mporary compromise, but must ad
ocate "peace" and completerecon
iliation-entire forgetfulness of past
ifferences. Their action in respond
Ig means that they are willing to
aut the white men of the State and
; support their decision in all mat
ers relative to the new Constitution.
f any, in the gat b of peace and with
be kiss of Judas, throw obstacles in
be way of trustful fraternizing, they
hould be frowned upon and shown
2. We all favor a qualification of
he suffrage that will cut as near the
ace line as the legal obstacle of the
Jnited States Constitution will per
nit, but a qualification that will not
eave occasion or opportunity for un
qual or tricky administration of the
Once freely admit thi-, and take care
ot to occupy the position of crying
rand for factional effect, or of guard
ng the negro in order to get his vote,
md all our people will be found to
-espond to the sentiment of honest
lections. Heated demands of the
neans to be employed in qualifying
he suffrage only hamper the solutioi
>f the problem, and, by irritation,
nay wed the people' to a dishonest
neans. Simply consent to trust the
white men ot Sonth Carolina and to
mupport their decision as the supreme
will of the State, and there need be no
.ear that triendly and intellige-it coun
,el will not be heeded and a sise and
inst course pursued, if we have among
s wise and jast men to present their
riews with patriotic fervor.
3. The Constitution cannot be safely
ibmitted back to the people for rati
cation at a general election, since the
negroes mcight, with the assistance of a
small number of white men, defeat it
To claim to speak for white men
alone and yet advocate submission to
the whole people smacks of disingenn
4. On the question of what shall and
what shall not go into the Con;titu
tion, there is no sense in believing that
the Conservatives are of one uniform
opinion and the Reformers of another
opposite uniform opinion; and there
fore factional eftmbination or antago
inisma on past lines is wholly out of
place here and would but serve to
smother free individual thought and
free individaal voting at a ti-ne wvhen
each voter should form and express
his mature iRdividnil convictions on I
questions which vitally concern his
5. As free men and thinking men,
who believe that a tree people's gov
ernment should be "of the peopy'e,"
and who therefore insist on having a I
voice in the framing of the rnda
mental law of the State, we, white
men and liberal Democrats, of what
ever faction hitherto, are not willing
Lhat the determination cf the funda
ental pub!ie policy of the State shall
be left to chance or accident or to the
unknown opinions of 160 men; and
are not willing, therefore, that our
so-called representatives in the Consti- I
tutional Convention shall be chosen
without public discussion before the
people, without regard to the policies
they may favor and with sole regard
to how they stood on past questions I
in '90, '9:2 and '94A.
6. The white men's will cannotbe
ertainly ascertained except in a free
and fair primary eleetion, and cannot
be intelligently expressed except after
free canvass and full dIscussion, by
which the humblest mind can be awak
ned to thought and the attitude
>f each proposed delegate be made
7. All delegates should be elected in f
i Democratic primary, but the State
Exentive Committee should provide
ules guaranteeing absolute fairness
and forbidding factional conventions1
8. While voters cannot be expected '
o vote for men whose proposed mneas
ares they may r~ot endorse, yet they ~
bould also vot'e for none whose breadth.
mnd intensity of patriotism, or whose
rnstworthiness can he questioned; t
mnd where all else is equal, and only inl
'hat ase, they should vote for half and
ialf Reformers and Conservatives, as
gracious proof that resentments are a
tot cherished because of honest past t
9 We should recoanize that nio
rmal division of delegates between
e late factions, but general accept- g
ice of the foregoing sentiments and
pinions~ will itn-nre a- non partisan t<
:onvention and a progressice yet Eafe
onstitntion. We should therefore ~
rivately and solemoly resolve to act I
n the above lines and to use our itn- h
luence to induce others to do likewise.
The best work thai conventions and
;onferences can do is to join their a
oices in heralding throughout the C
tate the glad tidings that peace and
rood will reign. Speak it out and ~
telp it on. JOHN J. MCMAHAN.
Columbia, March 2', 1895.
means so much more than "
you imagine-serious and te
fatal diseases result from e'
trifling ailments neglected.
Don't play with Nature's. r<
~ and generally ex
hausted, aervous, Li
have no appetite k
Br and cant work,
Bron'siron Bit- s
ters. A few bot- tt
comes from the
?IS ery first dose-il
e'I .stais tour
luth, and it's
pleasant to take.
It Cures h
Dyspepsia, Kidney and Liver
Neuralgia, Troubles, el
Coztetlpaton, Bad Blood C
Malaria, Nervous ailments tI
Women's complaints. g
Get only the genuine-it has crossed red
lines on the wrapper. All others are sub- "
sttes.d On receipt of to 2. stamps ve
Fair Views and book-free.
BROWN CH EMiCAL. CO. BALTI MOR E, MD.
for Infants an
T BMT yea observatU of
mions of prsons, permit us
It is unquestionably the best:
the world has ever known. It I
gives them health. It will save
something which Is absolutely N
Castoria destroys Worms.
Castaria alays Peveushner
Castoria ures Diarrhee and
Castoria relieves Teething 7
Castoria ure's ConstipationI
Sastaria neutralises the effects of '
Castori doesnot contain morphine,
Castemra assmtlates the food, reg
giving beathy and natural sleep
Castoria is put up in one-sif bottle
Don't allow any one to sell you a
that it is "just as good" and "wi
See that you get C-A-5-T-0-3
Children Cry for P
BLAcKSTOCK, April 2.-The munici
l election was held here yesterday
or the election of an intendant and
bur wardens, and resulted in the elec
ion of G. L. Kennedy for intendant,
N Watt. Brice, R. B. Miller and.
1. A. Holder for wardens. D. A.
)eitz and J. N. Caldwell having tied
r the fourth place will run over again
The election gives entire satisfaction,
d the fact that this is the fearth con
ctive term for Intendant Kennedy
b>ws that he is the right mian in the
The town has been almost deserted
- the past week as the farmers are!
king advantage of this good weather
prepare for another large cotton
rp, (?) or at least it looks that way
a man up a tree, notwithstanldinlg
any statements to the contrary.
he action of the "Forty" is well
eived in this section, and any move
met looking towards healing the
arech and niiting the white people1
11l receive a hearty support from all
tions and classes.
Lhe ever genial and joviai John R.
raig now greets his friends with a
:iL ol aln o.:l agon~ riiile, the eighth
y having air ived a fe w day s ago.
e Craig family bids fair to become a.
wer in the land, and all candidaees
uld do well to court their favor..
. Y. Milling and family will move
Lancaster soon and take cb~arge of
eleading hofel there. Bla.ckstock is
y loath to part with Mr. Milling~
d his family, and to loose one of the
t kept hotels in the State, and Mr.
&lling's former .customers will be
re to hunat him np wherever he may
rs. W. Watt Brice left for Chester
)day to take a cenrse of treatment
der that skillful physician, Dr. S. M.
evaga. 11cr many friends wish for
r a spee dy recovery.
rs. L. E. Simpson is seriously ill,
d her death is expected at any mno
Mr. E. L. Eubank., of the News and
torier, and Mr. F. C. Withers, of the
tae, were in town last week in the
terest of their respectiye papers.
The large~ family residence, known
the Clowney house, four miles west
rtown, antd ocenpiedl by John S. Mc- ~
:own, was destroyed by tire Sunday I
ght. It is supposed to have been
cidental. The house was insured,
tMr. McKeown had no insurance
ahis furniture and his :loss will be
ertilizers continue to go eat, with a
Catarrh Cannot Le Caired
ih LOCAL AmiLcAr oS, as they can
treach the seat of the disease. Ca
rrh is a blood or constitutional dis
se, and in order to cure it you must
ke internal remedies. tialt's Caitarrh
re is taken internlsly, anid acts di
cly on1 the blood andt mbucous sur
ce. II Ili's Catarrht iure is not a
ack medicine. It was prescriid by
teof the be.,t physicia-ns iln this coun
for~ years, and is a regubir prestcrip
r. It is comLIposed .f the be-t ionics
CIW, :ombine~d with the best blood
iifiers, tinglI directly .11 the Iiu ous t
rfaces. Thle perfect cominiat ion of[
ietwo j::gredients is what prodluces ~
bI woniderti results in' .iring Ca
F. J. CuIR.s.:r &r Co., Toledl, 0
iSld by Drawgist s, price 75 . 1
For Over FIfty Years
R. WIlNSl.Ow'S Foo'nlNG SYRUr- has
ae used for over firty years by ndilions
mothers for their children wnlie Teeth: 1
gwith pei feet sucess. It soothes the
Md, softens the gums, allays alt pain,
irs wind Colic, and is the best ramedy
rDiarrha. It will relieve the poor lit
sufferer immeidiately. Sold by Drug
st in every part of the world. Twenty
~cents a bottte. Be sure and ask -for -
fs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup," and'
ktno other kind. 5-.6 xly I
hidren Cry for Pitcher's Castoria. 4
Castoria with the patronage of
to speak of it without guessing.
emedy for Infants and Chlren
armiena. Chidren like it. It
their lives. In it Mothers have
Lfo and practcally perfect as a
ebonie acid gas or poisonous air.
pum,or othernarotle property.
ilates the stomach and bowels,
a only. It is not sold in bulk.
hing else n
1 answer every purpose"
Cure For neadache.
As a remedy for all forms of Headache
Electric Bitters has proved to be th - very
best. 1f effects a permanent cure and the
most dreadful habitual sick headaches
yield to its influence. We urge alt who
are afflicted to procure a bottle, and give
this remedy a fair trial. In cases of habit
ual constipation Electric Bitters cures by
giving the needed tone to the bowels, and
few cases long resist the use of this medi
cine. Try it once. Large bottles only
Fifty cents at McMaster & Co.'s Drug
Johnson's Aromatic Compound Cod
Liver Oil with hypophospbites is in
valuable in oil scrofulous affections,
purifies the blood, builds up the appe
tite and makeq sound flesh. Pint bot
les $1.00. Winnsboro Drag Store. *
Whn~aby wassick, we gave her Caourt.
1hen she wasa Child, sho cried for Cantoris.
1heahe became Eles, she clung to Castoria.
1hen shehbaChldren,hbe gavethem Castedin.
500,000 boxes Japanese Pile Cure
ere sold i,61893 in the United States.
t is sold 'with written guarantee to
ure or monev refunded Winnsboro
Save time, money and
doctors' bills. Go where you please,
when you please, as fast as you
please. Find pleasure, health and
economy all in one.
Rambler Bicycles are the acme of
mechanical perfection. Strong, du
rable and- reliable, with not an ounce
of useless material., The Rambler
is the wheel for record breakers and
for pleasure seekers.
.Various- models, all the same price
-$xoo-catalog tells all about them
-free, of course.
60RNULLY & JEFFERY MFG. Co.,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
ANDJ SALE SABLES.
I STILL H AVk ON H AND
6 8)R 8Younlg Mules
. FEW GOOD MARES.
t FE W BUGGIES.
~ FW SECOND..H AND WAGONS.
. FEW MILCII COWS
I will sell cheap for cash oirexchange
hem for dry cattle.
Winiiboro,. $. C.
DENTCI WT R 7
3. J. QUAT TEAUM. D DE
WINNSRORO. S. C.
.esT eved in and woman in the United
bus to have one of my books on th ese dis
ses. Address B. Mf. Woonley, Atlanta, Ga,
a atandanawu1 be sent yop free. .
- and Peaches, fo
pples and Cabbage,
kpples and Cabbage,
Fine line Cigars
Glenn Springs Water,
Glenn Springs Water.
Shad Wednesday and Satur
MRS, 11.Fe M. A 0NIHT.
m~~~M I Toawys
T. X. L. wh*n
Great Pain Alleviator.
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Toothache,
Headache, Cold in all its forms, Cuts,
Sores, Bruises, Sprrt ~as and Lameness,
Diarrhea and Chelera Morbus, Colic
and all Bowel Troubles.
It alway relieves when properly ap
T. X. L. COMPANY.
C. M. DEMPSEY, Manager,
South Carolina Div., 230 Main Street,
Columbia, S. C.
For sale by
John H. McMaster & Co., Winnsboro,
S. C., and Drs. Linder & Team, and
G. L. Rosboro, Ridgeway, S. C., and
all druggists at TWENTY-FIVE
If You Want to Know How
Good Buggies are Made,
Or seat frames arei n~ade of white
ash, thoronghly glued togethecr at corn
ers and a hy trmetricat atirt cut on
Panels are made ovai by arranging
the machine with a special rig we have
gotten up, so that wihent the seat is
finised j: presents a conivex surface,
thus causing the varnish to show to
good advantage, and giving the vehicle]
a handsome appearance. Peats are
thorogly ironed to a pattern so that
they are all alike, and backs and tops
are interchangeable. The advantage
of this is that if you have one of our
~uggies and want a cnsbion, back or
top we can send you one to fit. Panele
are made of Blae Ridge Mountain
Our sea, are imde by Mr. Cicero
Moore with a competent corps of as
We proudly chailenge tbe world to
onpr3 seas with us.
Mr. WV. MI. Patrick, of Woodward,
has recently accepted the agency for
our product in his vicinity, and will
be pleased to explain to you the merits
of the "PREMIUM CAROLINA
(A0E~i -4GGY -0.
Yorkville, S. C..
SPA NISH JACK,
Sire1 by Imported WYashinton Pair.
to (which coat / owner $2,000), 14j
hands high,j t blaick with white points,
at) lih, smoith, andi pronpo. tiont&elt
znd, will serve a hmtived tnmber oft
:~are at my place-"F..irfield .Stock
TERMS :$10 00 to insure (with foal
7.00Oseason without insurance
payable in advance.
5 00 sing~e ses vic*, .pay
able in advanice.
W. D. DAVIS,
:3-16 bontdiend C*.
VALID DIVORCO S.
Ostained in three niouths. For particn.
areL. FU LTON,
., - -Denton. Texas 0
VE HAVE RECEIVED ++
A HANDSOME LINE OF SILKS FOR SHIRT WAISTS IN
colors; also black and white. Blae and Black All-Woo! Serges for
A very choice selection of Percals. A very pretty and large lot
ot Spring Prints. A nice assortment of White Goods in plain
Lawns, Nainsooks, Ubecked Muslins, etc. A beautiful lot of new
style Embroideries, colored Embroideries for shirt waists.
This is to be a Lace Season, and we are ready to supply the de
mind with an exquisite line in great variety of sty!es. 'rices low.
Miss Ketrchm is back from market aid our Millinery is now ready
r ins >ecu.-il. Fill: "f bwauital i.ew goods at prices that iwill
ease. Tiwe antd te -..r ie% b tock. Ever> effort will be made to
ease you id we vil not be undesold.
HOES. + SHOES.
New lot of Ladies' Oxfords in all qualities and tyles.
We sell handsome Shoes-Shoes 'that are comfortable and Shoes
that give servAce.
We have on the way, to arrive this week, Dress Goods, Lawns,
Duck, Crepons, Dimity, Hosiery, Mitsietc.
Come to see us, we wfil give you great value for your money.
CALDWELL & RUFF.
All parties indebted to us must make arrange
ment for immediate settlement. We must have the
money, or paper satifactorily secured- Having de
cided te go into a new businessit-is absolutely neces
sary that our business here be closed up at once.
All parties owing us will be given a reasonable time
to settle; after that all unpaid notes or accounts dife
us will be placed in suit.
I. H. KETCHIN &CO.
L Macdonald & Co0. GET A
HEADQUARTERS FOR A 0 7
As we wish to make room for o.Nvrbfrehsscamtc- -,
spring stock, we have marked ls tc naltelts tlsbe
ur heavy Winter Goods, such asbrghtotict, nnvrtebe
:LOTHING, tesao ewl fe uigti
WOOLEN PIECE GOODS, vek~eolwmghmonnlaas
DRESS GOODS,ofte:wilrva hbeecalfft
Ande the l aineo wol en Spircg
~HTSing, leve befor blasc a blueh
~aydow ot o sght Tes Chevio Snallque Suts te on
broughtto thiscityynd neveebefor
,riestodethhe aot of wlac heingti
Whn ims rehad ndmoey aqe Suitos and only~peto
)OLLB tan ay oe ele.. One lot of beaucku an y-u
TRon utfsigt ixe Cheviot Sacque Suits l
Wner ill ntryeat oueg andatol
WARkeH me WEnAtR3 . pe *d *
WVie willmespat ewee seson
Wilheat tie arechard ond mourey e S acqe spils to aonly tou
imesclarhceemrcs l h
espefllygv you mrs, fr oher rdsfo 75
WOLAR a nyoees-. e arsown of beautiful liray- K
specSiaxies oheviot Pacque Suitst
2-ve you mouornuir in Launee n
S wittetHomedspun atacSe. cpears an
Wil bea the -re onet th e waeour haean u
Repctul yNEF our I& p~g hpsi ebyHt r-b
KL RD0E .C.
Blackstock, S. C.
. = FintCALD.FE. CaJETER
Th3.iv te e PLC,3t.S
rhesus..a.e ,nzt r r. nsl.
urcineM~inpeop war th eple1 ?aried
A1-osroshoes are equalleasatisfactory
Weereshoin abeatiulOin o
Youths'dgeias, 14 t. 1OT y Eara.25
tOT-5.00,and vieY1G ateto tothe
Oury 0~evln oFrwings conais, l
tthat you uire in Laundered an
Unaudee hit, egig1Sirs