Newspaper Page Text
flooked In thebrook and saw a fac
Reigh-ho, but a ohild was I I
4thre were rushes and willows In that plae
\ And they clutched at the brook as the bro
And the brook it ran Its own sweet way,
And as it ran I heard it says
E'Hasten with me
-. To the roistering sea
What is wroth with the flame of the mar
Ing sky ."
look In the brook and see a face
Heigh-ho, but the years go by I
The rushes are dead In the old-time place,
And the willows Iknew whena child was
And the brook It seemeth to me to say,
As ever it stealeth on Its way
iolemnly now and not in pla"
"Oh, come with me
To the slumbrous sea
That Is gray with the peace of the evenih
Heigh-ho, but the years go by
I would to God that a child were 'i r
--Eugene P1eld, in Chicago News.
"M A~ MYDOGi.
BY A. G. PLMrPTON.
IG COLE was
little black d<
that belonged 1
There were tv
v e r y differe
opinions of Ki
Cole at Fort E
Martin. One opi
ion was that he
by the gener
public - that I
-of no intelligene
and the other w
that of the Pe
family, in particular, who maintain
as stoutly that he was of a fine bre
and of remarkable sagacity.
Billy Peck and Polly Peck told maz
an odd tale in proof o2 this belie
Billy said that whene7er he we:
swimming King Cole sat upon t)
bank of the creek (he was none t<
fond of the water himself) and at t)
end of half an hour, which was t]
length of time Billy was allowed
stay in the water, King Cole notifi
him in sharp peremptory barks th
his time was up. If he paid no atte
tion to this notice the dog would co
quer his dislike of getting wet, an
plunging into the creek, bring the d
linquent boy to land. Polly alwa
capped this story with a marvelo
tala of how once when she had be<
trundling the baby carriage on t]
slope by the creek and stopped
watch the geese there, King Cole h
pushed stones behind the wheels
the perambulator to prevent its rollbi
down the hill. But the general pu
lie said that it had never with its o
eyes seen any of these wonderf
things, and that Billy and Polly Pec
were given -to romancing, and rec
serted their belief that King Cole w
a mongrel pup of no intelligence. P3
vate. Peck said that no argument shc
of a bullet would drive out an idi
after it had once got lodged in sol
people's minds, and that is perfect
Peck was an honest soldier, but
was guilty of telling long yarns,
which he bragged too much of himsa
and King Cole that they had come
be called, appropriating one on I
much-used phrases, "~Me an' Me Dog
According to him a thing that cou
not be done by this firm was ni
worthy of accomplishment; and
there was a difficult job on hand som
body was sure to say, jestingly:"
bad better send for 'Me an' My Dog.
When, therefore, the robbery c
curred at the commissary departme
upon the very night that Peck was'
guard there, jokes were passed free
at his expense, everybody sarcastica]
inquiring where "Me an' My Do
could have been.
Peek felt very sore about it, for
knew that the malicious intimated tk
the deed could not have been do
without his knowledge, and that he:
doubt shared the booty with the thi<
The thief was presumably one of t
men called Big Brown--to distingni
him from another man in the sar
company by the name of Brown, w.
was very small-for he had desert
that same night. So far he had elud
all pursuers, of whom poor Peck h;
been the hottest. Peck couldnot gi
up the hope of finally capturing hi
and said: "I ain't done with th
vilyunn yet; only give me an' zny d
a chance at him an' you'll see." Wh~
part the dog was to play was n
It was the second morning afher t]
robbery, and Billy and Polly Pe
wandered for some distance outsii
the fort, which was on our Mexici
frontier. It was a low-lying bus]
country, uninhabited except for a fe
Mexicans, whose poor huts we
scattered at wide intervals over tl
chaparral as this bushy land is caile
The children were now nearing one
the jacals or- huts, a dilapidated affai
"Don't lets go any further, I
tired," said Polly. "T'he soldiers ha
hunted all around hero."
"I ain't going home till f've looke
around that old jacal. You dor
know but what that's the very pla
Big Brown is hiding in."
Billy pushed on. He was armed'
the teeth, as the saying is, with
broken sword, a jackknife and a pies
of rope. Of course you see that I
purpose was the capture of the thic
The children went on icery stealthil
Billy's eagerness gave a zest to t:
play, so that notwithstandiing h
fatigue Ponly followed him, holdi4
back King Cole by the collar.
"See, see, here are his tracks," su
denly whispered Billy, pointing to i
Dolly remained calm, for she h
ween so many of Big Brown's trac
that day, but King Cole pricked up h
sars and Billy's ey es glistened.
"You stay here and King Cole wi
eou, 'cause you run if anything
there, he'll ban and i'll go and taL.
a look," said Billy.
They wmo approaching the ha'n
1-om the rear. The building had
,indows, but we could e:sily l
into it through ihe spcs between t'
Iogs of which it hwa ben~it contlte
I-nen, aiter a seco'ud's flapJCetiC
Billy turndJ his fac around; s
~cvxa dgrees~ ~anusal a
Ao covered the cistance oetween the
hut and the spot where he had left
Polly with unusual speed.
"I knew he was there," he said, but
s, his eyes were popping out of his head
0 with astonishment. "He is there soand
asleep on the ground by the chimney.
I guess he climbed up when he heard
the soldiers coming, and so they
missed him. Anyhow he's there, ane
we've found him."
'-Why didn't you go in and catch
him like you said ?" asked Polly wick
"Well, I thought 'twould be kinder
mean when popper's so set on catching
him himself, and now I must go back
to the post for him, so he'll have the
chance. You must stay here, Polly,
and watch and see that Big Browr
don't slip out."
"Me ?" cried Polly. "Stay yourse
-and I'll go for popper; I'm afraid."
Billy despised his sister's sex, but at
that moment he thought after all it
might be rather comfortable sometimes
to be a girl and own to one's real feel
"You ought to stay, for you're a,
boy," Polly went on, "I'm only a girl,
"That's the very reason, don't you
see?" said Billy eagerly. "There's no
knowing what he might do to me, but
g I le wouldn't hurt a girl; a little girl."
D Polly was doubtful of such gal
lantry. She looked down at a big
black and blue bruise on her bare
r brown leg, and reflected that being a
i little girl had not saved her from
L Billy's rage, and she would much
t rather not risk it with Big Brown.
Still she always obeyed Billy,. and he
d insisted that she should stay.
a He tucked her behind some busha
le with the assurance that if Big Brown
Lcame out he would never see her, and
calling the dog set out as fast as he
i could; with his steady trot King Cole
. kept a good way in advance. He made
0 straight for the fort with an air of pur
a pose, and looking back at Billy now
and then as if to say there was no time
: When they reached the garrison.
although Billy searched in all his
i usual haunts, his father was nowhere
e to be found. There were plenty of
ie other men about whom if he pleased
e Billy could have started off in pursuit,
but he wished his father to have the
A 3lory of capturing Big Brown.
a He was in great excitement, for oY
course the longer the delay the greater
the chance that Bill Brown might es
At length, leaving the barracks,
Billy walked down by the guardhouse.
There was no one about but the sentry
pacing up and down on the porch. At
one side of the guardhouse was a slight
o elevation on which the cannon was
d perched. Billy went up there and
of 'looked in every direction for his
father. King Cole also looked, cock
I ing his ears at every moving figure in
the distance, and then dropping them
tdisconsolately when it proved to be
k ome other than his master.
s-At a military post the cannon is firek
each morning and evening, and at no
other time except on some rare special
t occasion. After gun fire each morn
ing the Ordnance Sergeant at Fort St.
Martin reloaded the gun for evening
e use. King Cole, after a funny fashion
of his own, went up and with his head
eIon one side inspected it.
in Suddenly the garrison was electrified
by the firing of the gun. Much startled,
I pfficers and men hurried to discover
~ the cause of so unusual an event, and
, with the others came Private Peck.
aIHe was instantly seized upon by
d illy and put in possession of the
facts. Taking one other mian with him
'nd Billy as scout, he was soon scurry
in' lg away across the chaparral, and in
San incredibly short time Big Brown
was locked up in the guardhouse.
After this event Peck was proudet
than ever of King Cole.
"Oh, no, he hasn't any intelligence,
he hasn't," he would say sarcastically.
"My boy had looked all over the post,
an' had jest given up the job of find
in lg me when that dog up an' fired off
the gun. Oh, no, he hasn't any intel"
at But the man who had been the sentry
athe guardhouse and who had wit
nessed the affair gave another version
s"Yes, sir," he laughingly explained,
e"the lanyard that was coiled up on the
beach had been blown down, an' that
a pup seein' the hand piece bobblin'
dabout in the wind, grabbed it in his
mouth an' started off with it ter play.
SSo o' course it exploded the caps an'
fired off the gun. 'Twould a been a
tmortal smart dog that would have
tknowed what it was a-going ter do.
Bt them kids o' Peck's are cute ones,
and it's them that ought to have the
credit of capturin' Big Brown. "-St
,n Smallest Church in EnglanJ.
y The smallest church in England ia
W said to be Lullington Church. about
re fourteen miles from Eatbourne, lying
e under the shadow of the South Down
ii. hills. It is sixteen feet six inches from
f east to west and sixteen feet from
, north to south. The living is in the
gift of the Crown, its value is about
rx 300 per annum, the population is
'e under twenty, and a service is held in
the church once a fortnight. The
dvicar has other dnties to perform in
1addition to the cure of souls of tiny
e Lulington. -New York World.
:0 'W TEEI PAnTED.
"So the engagement between Miss
Chicago and her Detroit lover is off."
"Yes. She was too sensitive. A
woman ran a baby cab over her foot,
and when she told George about it he
ase er if it ustthe ccab. "-De.
troit Free Press.
e Mrs. Waldorf-"In our hotels the
guests are well cared for. In every
n upper room there is a rope for escap(
ks in caso of fire."
~Coant De Barbere - "AhX, that is
mot amusing. If he wish hes can use
:. it also as a skipping aopa"-Life,
e A 300!) P1-Ao5
Fterdton-a-"Wo'n't you play
e Isomething ? Mr. Tutter saye you play
k k 'mas Pinukerly-" If l' likes to heai
eme play~ so much, why doesn't he cal'
i, Featherstone-"'y says you always
inis u'o'. 1uAkine,~"-Detroit Free
A1AcL iN THE M M
VIM TEW SYSTEM TRTED IN ARI
The Indian Has Not Proved a Very
Good Soldier-Lured Into Service
by the Charm of Brass Buttons.
0-oM:PANY, attention I"
The long line of copper
colored soldiers presents a
unique and picturesque ap
pearance. The straight-cut regular
army jacket, trousers that are a com
promise between the native garment
and the "garments of the line," met at
the knee by buckskin leggings, on the
head a cloth of red muslin or calico in
a band and tied tightly behind, leav
ing the crown of raven hair completely
exposed. This is the Apache soldier
of the United States regular army on
duty, says an Arizona correspondent
of the San Francisco Chronicle.
The Indian troops of the Depart
xent of Arizona are recruited solely
from the various tribes of the Apache
Kation, and are in nowise similar to
the Indian police force of the Sioux or
other Indian tribes. They are regu
larly enlisted for the full period of
service, receive full pay, and are held
trictly amenable to mflitary disci
pline. Their uniforms vary slightly
from those of the other troops, re
sembling a sort of Zouave equipment,
a concession which the dept rtment
found it necessary to make in order to
satisfy some whims of the aboriginal
mind. The Indian is essentially nar
row-minded and superstitious. Matters
of dress which may be exceedingly triv
ial in importance have to him some
times an immense significance.
The Apache problem has been a
thorn in the side to the commanders
of the Department of Arizona. There
are ten large tribes in the Territory,
making an aggregate of some 40,000
persons. Of all these, the Apaches
alone have given the Government any
trouble within the past quarter of a
century. They occupy a reservation
in the heart of the Territory larger
than the combinedStates of Massachu
setts, Rhode Island, Connecticut and
Delaware ; and their whole tribal pop.
nlation numbers lessthan 5000. There
has not been a year since the white oc
cupation that some Apache renegade
was not off the reservation, making
life interesting for some one, and a
very few years have passed in which
the Government has not been called
pon to quell a general outbreak.
With the end of the Geronimo cam
paign the authorities adopted a new
policy toward these implacables and
the formation of the Indian auxilaries
is a part of the new programme.
Gradually the more lawless chiefs have
been vanquished until now there is
hardly a corporal's guard of the old
warriors to be found in all the tribes
which comprise the Apache Nation.
Then supplementary proceedings were
began by enlisting all the able-bodied
oung bucks between the ages of six
teen and thirty into regular companies.
Under these conditions-with all the
old men deported and all the young
sters under the eyes of the regular
soldiers-it is hoped that the solution
of the Apache trouble is not far dis
While the question seems in a fair
way to be settled with regard to the
Indian, the new deal does not give
universal satisfaction in army circles.
The soldiers do not take kindly to the
change. At Fort Huachuca an in
ipient mutiny was raised on the
arrival of the red-skinned troopers.
Regulars who have been for years fight
ing the wily Apache from behind
rocks cannot readily accustom them
selves to the idea of messing and
sharing quarters with their hereditary
foe. The offeers, as a rule, are not
very enthusiastic over the innovation
either. Their general opinion is that
the novelty will soon wear off with the
recruits, and that eventually they will
either desert, singly or en masse, or
else at best, when their term of ser
vice expires they will refuse re-enlist
ment and return home with their
newly acquired knowledge and dis
cipline to become more troublesome
As to the merits of the Apache as a
soldier he doesn't seem to have many.
He can withstand an incredible amount
of fatigue. A body of Apache infantry
will make a forced march in better
time and can arrive in better fighting
trim than the average regular cavalry.
When the line of battle is drawn up
Mr. Apache is not there. From time
immemorial the Apache warrior has
fought only from ambush, and no
amount of military discipline can com
pel him to face a fire in which he has
'o better chance than his enemy.
The one thing which lures the In
dian from the reservation into the
army is his love of the uniform. He
1cares more for bright colors and gilt
r~ppings than for his wife.-even more
than he does for eating. The glitter
ing epaulettes and shining buttons ir
resistibly charm the savage eye. An
Apache sergeant in full regimental uni
form is an object of the profoundest
reverence to every male in his tribe
and to the squaws he is a thing to be
adored- Then they like the evolutions
and military mancauvres. They enjoy
the music, especially lively and spir
ted martial airs.
The number of Indians now serving
n this department is in the neighbor
hood of five hundred. They are organ
ized into companies of fifty each, with
white offcers, though there have been
some few pro~uotions to junior grades.
The companies are not all full, however,
by reason of occasional desertions and
natural causes. A well-known offcer,
in speaking of the situation, says that
while the experiment has not proved
so successful as its originators
prophesied, the new companies will
not be mustered out, but enlistments
will be constantly encouraged.
A Lesson in Science. '.
At least one boy on Catherine street
kows more about electricity and the
trolley than he did and so does hii
father. The other evening the boy
was out in front of his home, which is
not far from- Broad street, preparingj
to sprinkle the street and cool off the
pavement. The nice, black, shiny hose
hd just been bought, and it was hi
first experience at the job. He unrolled
the hose, coupled it on and turned oz
ooamess wbicn seemea zo pervae 04
atmosphere. Then he sprinkled the
street until the dust was all mud and
the water was trickling in streams into
the gutters. Still he kept up the good
work and papa came out, lighted a
cigar and st down upon the steps to
see Johnny do his work. Then mamma
came out, too, and the neighbors who
were across the street admired the
bmily group. After wetting down the
treet and everything else in reach,
Johnny looked around for more worlds
to conquer. Suddenly he glanced up
ward and his eyes rested on the shin
ing trolley wire which stretched away
in the distance. It looked rather hot,
and he concluded to sprinkle it as an
evidence of good faith. ,Without con
sulting papa he turned the hose on the
trolley wire and struck it fair with a
nice, plump, strong stream of water,
while he held the nozzle of the hose
the better to direct the stream. Then
Johnny was struck by the current of
electricity which flew down the stream
I to meet him. He dropped to the side
walk and the hose turned loose, sprinkl
ing papa and mamma well before they
could escape. Then the admiring
neighbors laughed and papa grabbed
Johnny, lugged him into the shed and
paddled him with a shingle, after which
he delivered a lecture on electricity
and the dangers of the trolley. Then
be fondled Johnny again with a trunl
strap and put a dry suit of clothes or
How Hair Cleauses the Head. 1
That the hair covering the body ol
An animal or the head of a human be.
ing serves the purposes of warmth and
protection is manifest, but one would
hardly expect to find that it also acts
as a cleansing agent. This, however,
appears to be the fact. The minute
scales which cover the outer portions
of a hair are fastened at one edge and
free at the other, and the free edges
ie in the direction away from the
The surface of a hair, therefore, i
like that of a piece of fur or cloth cov
ered ith nap; rubbed from root to
tip it is found to be smoother than
when rubbed in the opposite direc
This being the case, itis evident that
particles of matter in contact with a
hair must find their direction of easiesi
motion to lie toward the tip end of the
hair and away from its root. So by
virtue of the peculiar structure of itA
surface the hair serves gradually to re*
move from the skin which it covers all
foreign particles which may have found
The oily secretion emanating fromz
the follicies of the hair probably as
sists this action by gathering up the
fine articles of extraneous dust and
scales from the skin, andthus enabling
the hair to retain them, so to speak,
in the grasp of its curious system of
Every movement of the hair, how.
ever produced, must tend to set the
particles sticking upon it in motion,
and as we have already seen, that mo
tion can be in only one direction. -
New York Dispatch.
Special lilitary Maneuvres in France,
The recent special military evolu
tions in France were marked by many
beautiful and touching incidents. One
of these occurred at the foot of th4
monument erected by public subscrip
tion in honor of Lieutenant Beuve and
a small detatchment of hussars, who,
with intrepid daring, charged two com
panies of Uhlans in the war of 1870,
The advance gukrd of the Third Hue
ars received orders to offer specia
honors in commemoration of the event,
and the presiding officer formed his
command in line of battle, at full gal
lop, and presented arms before the
monument. He then pronounced
eulogy on the brave deed there corn
memorated, in terms so glowing anc
with much enthusiasm that all assisting
in the - emony were much moved by
his eloquence. -Frank Leslie's Week
Chinese Paper Weights.
The odd little paper weights, cupw
seals, trays, bowls, teapots, animal
igures, idols and knickknacks in soai#
stone of various colors, which travelers
bring from China are made, for thE
most part, from the output of mines
lea? Wenchow. When the steatite is
taken out it is very soft, but hardens
Iquickly In the air. As to the colors
there found the British consul at Wen.
chow enumerates purple, red, mottlei
red, black, dark blue, light blue,
gray, white, eggshell white, jade color,
beeswax and "frozen" color. Thi
white, jade color and "frozen" arn
considered the finest and bring higl
prices. There are 2000 miners and
carvers in these mines.-N~ew Yor)
Now a Cold is Due to Bacteria.
Bacteria are likely to be blamed fo3
all the ills that flesh is heir to: Pro
fessor Schenck now maintains tha
what we call a "cold" is really due t<
these invisible pests. When one on
ters a cold room after being heatee
the bacteria in it flock to the warn
body and enter by the open pores o
the skin. Whatever may be said of hli
hypothesis he seems to have proved ba
experiment that bacteria in the neigh
borhood of a warm body move towar<
it. The confirmed smoker may denyv
some comfort from the fact that to
bacco is inimical to them.-Londo.1
EFFEC't oP B2rBEr~Z LovS.'
"What has transformed Hughet
from the amiable, bright fellow he was
into the bickering, narrow-miindec
fellow that he is?"
"Hughes told me yesterday that he
belonged to ten secret societies. "
Prunella--"I told you I would b~
revenged on Tom Murray. Well,
a~m revenged." .7- -.
Prnella-"I started a report thai
he is engaged to you. "-Kate Field'
"Wat's the matter with Cholly?
said one young man to another. "B:
seems very uneasy."
"Oh, he'll come out of it all right
He's wrestling with an imaginarg
ENORMOUS PROPORTIONS OP
GOTHA31'S FLORAL TRADE.
The Florists Sell to the Wholesalern
and They Supply the Retailers
Expeditious Disposition of
Quickly Spoiled Goods.
EVERAL of the leading floristi
of New Y3rk agree in saying
I ~) that the amount of business
done yearly in New York in
potted plants and cut flowers reaches
$2,000,000. Such a figure as this
seems excessive at first glance, but
when it is considered that there are im
the city nearly 200 florists who sell
their stock at retail, and that aboui
one-tenth of that number do a whole
sale trade, the estimate does not ap,
oear so far out of the way.
It is a rare occurrence when there
are not enough flowers to satisfy the
demands, because nearly all of those
raised for this market are cultivated
in hot houses. However, very dry o
very wet weather does affect the plant,
to some slight extent.
The florists do not grow for them
selves, nor do the wholesalers. Th<
latter are commission merchants, re
ceiving their stock directly from the
grower by messengers or express. The
express companies do a large business
in handling flowers, and each of them
keeps one of the familiar big double
wagons busy at this alone. The shal
low trays in which the cut blcssome
are packed come into the wholesalers'
stores at eight o'clock every morning,
being shipped from the scores of gar.
dens and nurseries so as to arrive at
this hour. From then on to elevem
o'clock the wholesaler's places preseni
a busy appearance, like one of the city
markets in the early morning. All ol
the retail dealers, or their buyers em
ployed for this purpose, visit the
stores in turn to select their day'f
stock. Unless there is likely to be a
big demand for some especial varie
ties, as for violets and yellow crysan.
themums on Tanksgiving Day, when
the Yale-Princeton football match it
played, or for all sorts at Easter, n<
stock is ordered before hand. Thu:
the buyers can personally select sucl
flowers as they need for the day, choos
ing only the most perfect specimera
after visiting the different wholesale
stores, which are not far apart. Per.
haps they will purchase from half-a.
dozen, each one having some fine
blooms of one particular variety tha
t.he other has not.
There is much rivalry between tht
wholesalers. Each one naturally
wishes to act as agent for the best and
most experienced growers, whose blos.
soms may be easily disposed of. As
all sales are on commission, a constant
warfare in percentages is waged. One
man may handle the products of fifty
growers one season and lose half 0,
them the next, if an agent just as
reputable as he offers to accept a lower
rate of commission. The manner ol
calculating the latter, however, is
necessarily similar in all cases; and nc
wholesaler ever returns unsold stock.
After eleven o'clock in the forenoon it
is considered that none of the flowers
on hand will be wanted by the retailers
here. All of the buyers have disap
peared by that hour. Then the work
of getting rid of the surplus is begaz
by filling the orders of small out-of
town shops. If any of the stock is
still11eft, it is sold at a low price to the
street venders. That is why some
very choice flowers are often seen on
the sidewalk stands. Of course, ii
several hundred perfect specimens of,
for instance, American Beauty ol
Jacqueminot roses were left on hand,
they would be kept in a suitable place
until the following day. All florists,
wholesale and retail, have small glass
compartments in their stores, where s,
cool, damp temperature is maintained
'.tificially for keeping flowers fresh.
By this system all sales are averaged,
Ithe wholesaler losing proportionately
in commissions what the grower does
in not disposing of the stock he sends
in at what it is really worth. The re
tailer loses all he does not sell, bui
experience teaches about how muck
will be needed in a day.
The growersare generally specialists.
Certain men are noted for their roses,
others for violets, bulbous roots,
chrysanthemums, plants and ferns,
etc. This is particularly true of
plant-growers, who, thc~ugh they are
here included under the head oi
florists, are not technically so. They
sell mainly to the retailer without the
medium of a commission agent.
Where roses are grown to the practical
exclusion of other flowers in winter,
Ithe latter receive attention in the
summer, so as to give the cultivator 9
Isalable crop all the year around.
It is a fact vouched for by one ol
he leading wholesalers here that
there is not much tendency to experi
ment among many florists. If a
prospective grower wishes to raise a
certain sort of flowers, he is apt to go
Iwhere they have been successfully
Igrown before. So an excperienced
florist will tell an inquirer that nearly
all of the violets come from the banks
of the Hudson near Poughkeepsie, the
roses from Long Island and New
Jersey, the bulbous roots from near
Hoboken and Long Island City, green
lants from New Jersey toward the
Orchids are comparatively new te
florists and the public, but they are
becoming more common, and at the
same time more perfect, every year.
In spite of the fact that they are very
expensive, as indeed all of the choice
blooms are nowadays, they are be.
coming more common in the ahoy
widows. -New York Post.
Herat, in Afghanistan, Is the city
w~hih has been moat often destroyed.
Fifty-six times have its walls been laid
in ruins, and the same number of
ims have they been orected again.
,EHE3 E EATO.
Miss Faith Cure-"Dear Mr. Long.
acre, I wish you'd try divine heahing
'or your lumbago." . .
Mr. Longacre -"Thanks,< Miss
Faith; but I think I'll stick to my
oo ousplaster. "-Judge.
He that can reason with a child car
ugue with a sage.
Folks are sometimes sorry to gei
wat; they pray for.
OLD FORT CHARTRE&
Powder- Magazine AU that Remaino
of an Historic Fortress.
The accompaning picture is a tru
lescription of the powder magazine at
Fort Chartres, Randolph County, Ill.
This fort was first built of wood in the
year 1718 and was completed in less
than two years. It is located in the
American Bottom about three miles
from the Eastern Bluff and one mile
from the river. The fortress was called
by way of eminence "Fort des Char.
tres," having a charter from the crown
of France for Its erection. It is situ
ated in the northwest corner of th'
The fort contained all the necessar3
buildings to accomodate the seat o
government of the country and garri
son. The quarters of the officers and
barracks for the soldiers were finished
In a neat and becoming style of pioneel
times. Under the mild and impartial
government of the company the coun.
try commenced to grow and flourish.
and the seat of government (Ft. Char.
tres), became the center of business
lashion and gaiety.
The villages around Fort Chartre
became respectable and prosperous
but they ceased to exist when the vil
lage of Fort Chartres was drowne
with the forts In the flood of 1772
Under the administration of Chevallei
Macarty in 1751 Fort Chartres wat
built entirely new, and was one of the
most convenient and strongest fortifi
cations in North America. Its recon
Btruction was of solid and durable lime
THE 3MAGAZINE OF THE FOnT.
atone. The rocks were quarried at the
bluff three miles east of the fort, rafted
and boated over a large lake and then
carted to the fort. They were lime
stone rocks, which withstood with sul
len defiance the hand of time, but
yielded to the destroying hand of man.
This fort was constructed in and be
fore 1756 for defense against the at.
tacks of the English, as a war was ther
raging between France and England.
This magnificent fortress, built at et
much expense in the wilderness of
America, and at the same time so strong
and durable, has been declining since
its abandonment in 1776, and at this
day all that is left is the rustic gate,
the powder magazine and a large ril4
of ruins. In places the walls are torn
away and almost even with the sur
face, and will all be a mass of ruins
in a few years unless the Government
takes some step to keep it in Its presez'
this Novel Conch Is Set in Motion by
A cradle set In motion by clockwork
mechanism is certainly a novelty, and
will be welcomed by many overworked
mothers and nurses. In outward ap
pearance this novel cot is much the
same as the ordinary wire net bassin
ette, suspended between two upright
supports, the mo,.or being inclosed in
a metal casing, which Is fixed to the
front part of the cot. The mechanism
Is wound up with a key and started by
a button, when it will produce a steady
and noiseless rocking motion at a very
slow and gentle speed, lasting from
one to forty minutes. 'Ihe swinging
motion can be stopped and restarted
at will by a simple contrivance, and the
clockwork is constructed to rock a
Ichild up to thirty pounds in weight
Icorresponding with the age of eighteen
months. The rocking motionl is not at
fected by the movements of the chil/
- -The Queen.
THE WIDOw's wA~r.
The sombre mourning habit serveO
biut toinharcc her dazzling beauty.
In the hour of her trial she tarneg
to the maternal breast for comiert ano
"-I don't know what to do. AMont
and helpless, I fear the com~petec~cE
my poor husband left may be taken
from me, although the last wordi
of his lips--"
Great tears citing to her carving
"-bade them give me alL l.Iis
children contest the will; I k'now not
which way to turn."
A mother's hand caressea her, and a
mother voice whispered soothingly.
"Be brave, may chil; b2 brave.'
She was sobbing no'v.
"--I w- -want to k-k-keep my own.
t shall be a b-b-b-beggar without i4."
"Don't cry, dearest."
"Mamcaa, advise me. Shall I rn-m
marry my l-1-laeyer or the one oz. the
other q-a-side ?"
The thouight that her fate w-as ir.
r own hands was terribly oispressivo
-The same letters are in the wordi
atrnmer" and monn starer."
Maps were invented by Anauiman
Ler, a Greek, about B. C. 8.
A woman in Tanner, W. Va., gave
birth to her twenty-ninth child a few
A grouse recently flew into a store
at Eugene, Oregon, and was cap
Four rings were used in the mar
riage ceremony of Mary Stuart to
the unfortunate Darnley.
The preliminary surveys for the Pa
cific Railroad required four seasons,
and cost over $1,000,000.
The first woman's face represented
on a coin was that of Pulcheria, the
Empress of the Eastern Empire.
The laagest known species of night
dying insect is the Atlas moth, a resi
dent of the American tropics, which
has a wing spread of over a foot.
A New York cat whose teeth had
been knocked out by a drunken ruf
fian, had a false set made for it by a
dentist and wears them comfortably.
ap into $350 worth of needles; made
into knife-blades it is worth $3285;
made into balance-springs for watches
the same bar would be worth $259,000.
The natives of Botorudes, one of the
hottest regions of the earth, believe
that heaven will be a land of cool
streams and shady groves entirely
cleared of all underbrush and cac.
The only genuine skeik is the Gov
ernor of Medina. His office is said to
date from the time of the Prophet. It
is now generally applied as an honor
ary title to the head man of an Arab
The watch that Admiral Farragut
carried through the war is now in the
possession of a California ca4t at An
napolis. The citizens of Valle.o gave
the timepiece to Farragut in 1858,
when he was a naval captain.
Baron Felder, of Vienna, has occu
pied his time for many years in gath
ering rare butterflies. Recently he
sold his uncommonly beautiful and
almost perfect collection to Lord
Rothschild for the sum of ?5000.
Apeculiarly severe punishment inust
Among the Chinese is the loss of sleep.
The criminal is kept awake by his
guard until he dies. The sufferer -lives
two weeks under the torture, and
almost always becomes a raving ma
The original designation of the Rus
sian ruler was autocrat, a term bor
rowed from a title of the Greek em
perors. The title czar was taken first
by Autocrat Waldimir about 1120. The
Russian rulers were called czars or
grand dukesuntil thesixteentheentury,
when they claimed the title of Emper
The censor had charge of Roman
morals, and was always kept busy.
There were twoecensors, and their office
was held sacred and regarded as an-1
perior to all others save the dictator.----.
ship. It was a part of their~ dufto
preserve a register of the citizens and
their property, and they acted partly
as superintendents of the census, part
ly as assessors.
A recent writer asks whether anti
talk, and relates that he saw a drove
of small black ants moving apparently
to new quarters. Every time two met
they put their heads together as though
they were chatting. To investigate
the matter he killed one, and the eye
witnesses of the murder hastened awa
and laid their heads together with every
ant they met. The latter immediately
turned back and fled.
Weglect In Small Eatiis.
It is really surprising in view of the
much vaunted attention bestowed upon
personal comfort by those who cater
to the public in any shape how much
neglect is shown in small details.
Has anybody yet discovered, for int
stance, why it is that the windows ot
railroad carriages, even the most luxi
urious ones, are almost invariably so
constructed that when raisedthe lower
sash comes athwart the line of vision,
and to see anything of the scenery
you have either to duck your head be
neath it or strain your neck to get
your eyes located above it?
Then again, what perverse ingenuity
and disregard of common sense is it~
that prompts railroad companies to
keep on making the catches for raising
the windows so preposterously small1
that one cannot get anything like a
decent purchase upon them; and thus
it becomes well nigh impossible to
raise a window that offers a slight re
sistance without a vast expenditure of
muscular effort out of all proportion
to the necessities of the case and gen
erally involving a lamentable loss of
emper and waste of profanity?
Verily there are some things in this
world that ought to be as clear as day
light that no fellow can understand.
New York Herald.
TO CALL PACC SY ELECTRICIY
uembers or Congress winl signal N.
Longer by Clapping Hans
There will be one noticeable change when
the next Congress meets at Washington.
Ever since Congress has been inexistencethe
members have called the pages by lightly
clapping their hands together. Electricityis
now to be invoked in the accomplishment of
this object. When the Fifty-fourth Congress
meets, every member will find a buttononhis.
desk, which will require only a slight pres- *
sure to insure the coming of a page. An'
eleotric wire will be conneccted with a cai'
board similar to those used in hotels.
Vast Asseti~ ef Insurance Companies.
The life insurance companies in the
United States, taking no account of
assessment corporations and societies,
hold assets to the value of about $830
000,000, or one-half more than the in
Iterest-bearing debt of the Nation.
These companies receive from policy
holders about $175,000,000 a year,
which means fully $10 for every head
of a family or household. Their total
Igross income is nearly $220,000,000 an
nually. Out of this enormous revenue,
which is half that of the United States
Government, about $100,000,000 a
year, or $2,000,000 every week, go to
the great army of the insured, in thre
form of death loses, surrenders, divi
dends, etc. The total expendituras
are about $150,000,000 a year. More
Ithat 5,500,000 policies are in force.
They cover liabilities to the amount4
of $4,500,00.,00 in round figures.
This means $70 insurance for every
Sman, woman and child in America.