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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., MAY 18, 1895. ESTABLISHED 1849.
SPINDLES OF SPARTANBURG.
21 Cotton Factorles, 320,686 Spindles,
8,908 Looms and 113,700 Bales
This is the title of a little publica
tion just issued which makes a most
attractive souvenir of Spartanburg. Tn
a beautifully embossed cover picts es
of the cotton mills of the county are
given, with a short statement as to each
covering such points as where it is lo
cated, when built, capital stock, num
ber of spindles and looms, number of
operatives and amount of cotton con
sumed. This information has been
carefully compiled, and is, in fact, the
first complete publication in conveni
eut form ready for reference.. A copy
of this little book ought to be placed in
the hands of every man who has ever
thought about coming to Spartanburg
to make his home. There is nothing
in the publication except a short sketch
of the first mill, and pictures and sta
tistics relative to the other miils. These
speak eloquently enough.
When this little pamphlets falls into
the hands of a stranger he will be im
pressed with the fact that Spartanburg
County has twenty-onecotton factories,
counting the four in process of con
struction. He will note that these
factories represent an invested capital
of $4,581,000; that they have 320,686
spindles and 8,908 looms. He will
take note also of the fact that these
factories consume 113,700 bales of cot
ton annually. He will find signifi
cance in the fact'that 6,340 operatives
are employed, and, counting five to
the family, which is a reasonable esti
mate, nearly half the population of
Spartanburg County are dependent on
the cotton mill business, are paid in
cash for their services the year round
and depend upon the local markets for
the necessities of life.
This little pamphlet shows that one
million, one hundred and twenty-seven
thousand nine hundred dollars are paid
to operatives, the average amount of
each operative being more than $175.
HOW SORGHUM PAYS.
Splendid Yield from Three Small
Patches near Privateer.
A special from Privateer, says: The
following sorghum statistics of this
immediate section of the township will
be interesting. All the yields men
tioned were for last year. J. B. Osteen
planted a quarter of an
X - onts, and this
year he has increased his patch to an
acre and a half. He says the seed
make an excellent seed for hogs. Last
season Mr. Osteen and his father boil
ed 1,989 gallons at their cane mill.
Mr. Spurgeon Kolb planted a fraction
over a quarter of an acre of sorghum
and made forty-two gallons. He was
so much pleased with his success that
this year he has about one acre planted.
He considers cane about the cheapest
crop he could plant. He says the
sorghum requires very little work and
s out well. Probably one of the
yields of sorghum in the State last
r was that of Mr. John Alsbrook,
ho, on one-quarter of an acre of good
and, made the astonishing yield of
4~ gallons. Mr. Alsbrook has also
increased his cane patch and endorses
what Mr. Kolb Eays in regard to sor
ghum as a crop.
Some Spartanburg fishermen have
fallen on a novel plan for catching
certain kinds of fish. They take a
barrel, with both heads in, or a box
closed all round. They then bore a
number of auger holes, beginning at
the bottom and going nearly to the top.
About the centre of the top they cut a
hole four to six inches in diameter.
They put stones enough in the box or
barrel to cause it to sink. They use
bread as a bait. The upper surface of
the box or barrel is two to five feet
under water, according to depth. The
fish get a taste of the bait through the
auger hole. They circle around until
they get to the top of the barrel, when
they make a dive through the opening.
Once in they do not seem so be able to
get out again. The fisherman hauls
up his barrel, the water escaping
through the anger holes, and then he
scoops in the fish. Carp and suckers
are generally caught in this manner.
A Fence Without Posts.
Mr. G. P. Bruce, of Anderson
cunty-, has invented a nseful and
ingenious fence, which he exhibits on
the public square. No posts are no
cessary. The panels are first con
strticted and then it is only necessary
to p)ut them together, which can be
done without nails or fastenings. The
Jfence can be erected in a straight line
or zigzag, like a rail fence, or it can be
put in any shape desired. The fence
is patented, as is also a simple but
etr ong slide or wooden lock.
The woman's woman's edition of the
"Colunmbia State," for the hospital will
-be issued on the 21st,
kAbout Greenwood reports of dam
age to the potato and cotton crop from
the cold spell are plentiful. Young
potatoes are cut to the ground. The
fruit is not yet hurt.
At Una, the tobacco farmers are just
now finishing transplanting. The crop
is about three weeks late, owing to the
inability to have plants at the proper
season. This was caused by the ex
tiemely wet and cold winter.
A dispensary has been granted for
Brunson, with Mr. Srallivan as dis
pensei-. He has had his bond approved,
and is ready to open up, but probably
he will not receive his stock till the
United States Court in Columbia
makes a decision.
Switzerland produaces almost as
I~un abasesas varieties of watches.
FARMING STATOS OF SELLERS.
The Disastrous Effect tof the Heavy
Rains Upon Cotton.
A dispatch from Sellers says: The
main crops have been planted and
farmers are now busy with the first
cultivation. There is a very general
complaint that the first cotton planted
is dying oat and a good many of our
farmers are ploughing up and replant
ing. It is thought the cause of this
death of the plant is the very heavy
rains during the month of April. These
rains throughly packed the ground,
and the land was saturated with water,
and the week of cloudy weather pre
vented the lands from drying out.
Cotton planted since the rains is look
ing very well. There are good stands
of corn, but the plant is very small
and looks yellow from too much water
in the soil. A great deal of sorghum
cane has been planted.
Four tobacco barns will be erected
in this vicinity. Messrs. D. M. and
W. E. Watson, J. R. and 0. C. Fore
have set out their crops of tobacco
and the plants are living well. The
peach, apple and pear crop bids fair
to be the finest in years. Garden
truck of all kinds is doing well. There.
have been heavy rains during the past
week in almost all parts of the coun
ty and as a consequence but little
ploughing was done. The grassin the
crops.is making rapid headway and
unless suitable weather for work comes
soon our farmers will be badly in the
grass. A few have comraenced put
ting ectton to a stand and next week
cotton chopping will be general all
over the county.
The dreaded hog cholera is raging
throngh many portions of the county.
A good many hogs have died, in fact
but few suirvive the attack and the few
that do recover are almost valueless.
Considerable attention is being paid
to the rearing of colts, and on almost
every farm one or more colts may be
seen. There are a number of standard
bred trotting stallions in the county,
and their colts by common farm mares
make splendid driving horses. It is
the common opinion that horses reared
here are more durable and less liable
to disease than the Western horses.
Interesting Sessions of the Epworth
The Epworth League was in session
at Charleston Friday and Saturday.
The League is doing a good work for
the Methodist Church. There are
now thirty-seven leagues in active oper
ation and they are doing much to in
terest the younger folks in the work
OhU h n~ wa p--in. -goral
literary matters. The Epworth Lea
gue is very much to the Methodist
church what the Y. M. C. A. is to the
general public. At Saturday's session
the first matter taken up and consid
ered at considerable length was how to
get the most good out of the organiza
tion. Whenthe reports of the various
leagues were called for it was develop
ed that there were thirty-seven in the
State and they were doing a fine work.
A resolution was introduced and unan
imously adopted relating to the pro
posed orphanage. It is
"Resolved, That we, the Epworth
League State Conference of the South
Carolina Methodist church, express
our highest appreciation of the efforts
that are being made for the establish
ment and maintenance of an orphan
age to be called the Epworth Orphan
age of the South Carolina Conference,
Methodist Episcopal Church, South."
During the morning the followig
officers were elected : President, Pro .
H. N. Snyder; first vice-president, Dr.
J. D. S. Fairey, of Orangeburg; sec
end vice-president, W. Hampton
Jones, of Charleston; third vice presi
dent, C. M. Hurst, Jr., of Sumter;
secretary, George Watkins, of Colum
bia; treasurer, Miss Ellen Stanley, of
Executive committee: .J. H. Carlisle
~Jr., Spartanburg; Miss Katie Ruther
ford, of Newberry; and Mr. J. Frank
Fooshe, of Bamberg.
During the day several interesting1
papers were read, the programme giv
ing their titles as follows:
"The League and its Mission," Dr.
W. B. Lambuth.
"Literary Work of League," 3. H.
Question Box, conducted by Prof.
H. N. Snyder.
"The Model League," Dr. J. Thomn
"The League's Social Feature,"
Thomas S. Moorman.
The papers were discussed, sod the
delegates derived much benefit from
Railroad Tax Assessment.
The State board of railroad equaliza
tion has finished its work. In the vast
majority of instances the present assess
ments "were left alone. The only
changes for the present are: Manchester
and Augusta, increasedL from S1,000 to
$6,000; South Carolina and Georgia,
increased from $15,590 to $16,000;
Cheraw and Chester, decreased from
$3,000 to $2,500.
The board annoncees that all parties
who want to be heard as to changes in
the present assessment can do so on
the 29th of the month. It is expected
that a number of the roads will try
and have the present assessment
reduced. The 30th of the month has
been set aside for the hearing of the
arguments in the matter of the Three
C's assessment. The railroad people
and the counitv officials will be heard
at that time.
A Big Hail Storm.
A cloud lyurst and hail-storm visited
te vicinity of Murphy Saturday after
noon, the like of which in intensity has
probably never beecn known in that
section." A mill-dam belonging to
James Price was demolished, and the
hail-stones which fell are said to have
eni almost as large as hens' eggs.
WAR TIMES IN CHARLESTON.
Where the First Shells from Gilmore's
Swamp Angels Fell.
On the first night that shells were
thrown into the City of Charleston by
the Federals on Morris Island from
the "Swamp Angels" that falling in
King street near Queen street was the
first. A second struck a house in
Queen street, nesrly opposite Phila
delphia street passing through the
rooms in the rear of the building and
demolishing the mosquito bar on one
of the girls' bed. This no doubt
spurred her to arise and get down
stairs with greater alacrity than if her
mother had simply informed her that
"breakfast is ready," for when Ireach
ed the spot the room was vacant and
awfully demoralized. Another shell
followed and exploded in the vicinity
of Broad and State streets, breaking
by concussion the glass door in the i
Bank of Charleston. A gentleman
standing near remarked in my hearing
that he did not care a Colonial Dame
-or words to that effect-about the
shelling of the city, he only hated to
have that expensive door destroyed.
My quarters were in the Commercial
Hotel, on the northeast corner of
Church and Queen streets-now the
St. Phillip's Church Home-and for
obvious reasons my concern now cen
tered on-the proximity, not ou the
number of shells that fell-here my
counting their number ceased. -
It was said that the late Wm. Curtis
Noyes, the prominent New York law
yer and ardent Unionist in our late
family jar, remarked in a public speech
denunciatory of South Carolina's in
itiatory activity in the matter of seces
sion that the time would come when
corn would be grown in the streets of
Charleston, meaning that it ild
lose its commercial and political Les
tige, and its site unfitted for an- ther
use than a corn field. "
The seige and bombardment of Char
leston by the Federal forces almost
made thispolitical prediction a material
reality, for I have picked tomatoes
from bushes growing wild in Market
street, gathered fruit off plum trees of
voluntary growth in the new Custom
House yard, walked through dog fennel
growing as high as a man's head in
State street and milked cows roaming
at large in East Bay street. Few houses
were occupied in the lower part of the
city, and in walking through th e down
town streets, dodging exploding shells
and viewing the desolution, the poet's
lines came to mind:
"Sweet smiling village, loveliest of the lawn,
Thy sports are fled and all thy clarms with
Amidst thy bowers the tyrant's hanl is seen,
And desolation saddens all thy gret."
These experiehces, along with others
personally and intensely uncomforta
ble, lead me to conclude that 1war and
material prosperity are not twin broth
ers, and I have almost determined to
retire to our back yard with the first
man that suggests war as a renedy for
political differences and have a little
private war with him.
Common salt, ordinarily considered
the cheapest commodity of commerce,
and yet one of the most important that
enters into every-day life, was in the
South, during the late war, an article
most difficult to obtain. The usual
source of supply being cut off it had to
be manufactured from the sea water.
Farmers from the interior came in
horse carts and w#agons to the seacoast,
bringing with them pots and pans
wherein to boil the salt water of the
Atlantic Ocean. Rleaching a suitable
place fires were built and the pots filled
with sea water, and at the different
stages of evaporation, it was transferred
from pot to panuntil at last it became
crystallized salt. This necessity for salt
created quite an industry along the At
lantic coast, particularly on the sounds
of North Carolina, for beside the farm
era who came literally "to earn their
own salt" a number of enterprising
people engaged in its regular manufac
ture and shipment to the several mar
kets. Two dollars a bushel at the fac
tory was not considered an excessive
price. W. J. Balentine, in Charleston
News and Courier.
PROBABLY A TEST CASE.
A DIspensary Constable Ruled for Con
tempt In Violating Judge Simon
In the United States Circuit Court
at Charleston an affidavit was filed by*
L. 3. Bird that Constable Beach had
seized two gallons of whiskey from him
which he had just received via the
Southern Express Company for his own
use, as he was taking the same from the
Express office to his house.
Judge Simonton thereupon issued an
order to Beach requiring him to show
cause why he should not be attached
for contempt. Beach filed a return
denying the jurisdiction of the Court
and claiming the right to seize under
the Dispensary Act. Whereupon Judge
Simonton sent him to jail and fined
8300. Beach is in custody of the
marshal and th erefore "constructively"
in jail, although really not so.
It is understood, inasmuch as Assist
ant Attorney General Townsend is in
the city and appeared for Beach, that
the object of this proceeding is to
make it a habeas corpus case and so
take the matter before the Supreme
Court with a view of having a decision
from that body on the constitutionality
of the dispensary law.
A Textile School Adjunct to Clemson,
The College professors at Clemson
have taken a somewhat new but grati
fying turn. Profs. Strode, Tompk'ins
and WVelch are the corporators named
in an application for a commission for'
the Calhoun Cotton Mills. The n'ill
is to be located in Pickens County and
will stairt with a capital stock of not
les thzan $50,000, and the right to in
crease to $250, 000 is given. The loca
tion of the mill is to be near Fort Hill
ENLARGING A MILL.
TEN THOUSAND MORE SPINDLES.
Result of the Annual Meeting of the
Stockholders and Directors of
the Columbia Mills Co.
Of all the enterprises started in the
South in recent years perhaps none
have been more eminent than the Col
umbia mills, the $700,000 enterprise
on the canal, established with eastern
capital; the big mill which is manu- I
facturing what is conceded to be the
finest grade of duck in the United
States; the mill which is the only one
of its kind in the country using elec
The annual meeting of the stockhol
ders of the company was held in Col
umbia last week. The old board of
directors were re-elected. The pre
sent officers were all re-elected except
that Mr. A. F. Sortwell was elected to
succeed his father, who died during
the past year, as vice president.
The stockholders found that the mill
had met with great success financially,
and that it was putting on the market
the highest grades of duck of any mill
in the country.
It was decided to place the machin
ery for the operation of 10,000 more
spindles in the mill as fast as possible.
This additional machinery is being
manufactured with fast rapidity. It
is hoped that by the fall the 10,000
new spindles can be running. At pre
sent the mill is running twenty-four
hours a day, employing a night and
day force. When the new machinery
is added-Mr. Oliver says the mill will
be employing between 500 and 600
No Recent Dispensary Selzures.
A dispatch from Charleston says:
While the liquor shipments are ste - ly
;oing out of the dispensary and plenty
f liquor is coming in there is one
ing that is sadly deficient, and that
s the absence of "seized stuff." That
ways made a considerable item with
the dispensary,and after it was bottled
ip and put on the market as "con
iraband" it brought a right snug little
umount into the dispensary coffers.
l of this looks as if it is at an end.
qot a single package came to the dis
sensary today as having been seized,
d the c. sity shop of the dispen
ary, with t.he boxes of bacon,the cans
f supposed tomatoes, the fake barrels
>f vestal oil, will have no more curios
o be in their company.
The dispensary authorities are say
g nothing and "sawing wood." They
yelieve that the system will contione
yrovided the only competition that has
o be met will be from those who are
ible to bring liquor into the State for
heir own use, and the order of Judge
imontoa is not taken advantage of
ad used as a blind for the "speak
asies" to get their liquor into tbe
MIND TIGERS TO BE CLOSELY wATCHED.
One of the members of the board of
ontrol said that it was his opinion that
hose who wanted to bring liquor into
he State for their own use ought to be
llowed to do so. But, said he, "the
state ought to spend thoasands of dcl
ar if it is necessary to send several
'blind tiger" managers to the Pen
tentiary," and that would, he thought,
ave the effect of keeping off the
'blind tiger" epidemic that threatens.
:t is plain that the State will from DOW
i devote its attentions very largely
o the "tigers" and changes of venue,
njunctions. contempt proceedings and
uch actions are to be expected.
DISPENSARY PRICES MAY BE BEDUCED.
It is also likely that the prices on
ome of the better grades of liquors
nil be reduced. The cheaper grades
t is held are being sold about as low
s can be afforded. and then there are
ot very many who use the 80 "stuff"
rho will want to make a preliminary~
lash outlay before getting the liquo r.I
:t is very much a case of wantivg the
iquor before it is bought.
The Press Association Meeting.
The executive committee of the Sta's
Press Association is working vigorous
y to have a pleasant and profitable
meeting of the Association in Sumter
tis year. The date is Wednesday,
May 29. The indications now are that
they will be successful. Quite a num
ber of the quill drivers have expressed
their intention to be present at the
meeting,and an interesting programme
has been arranged. The Northern
trip has been definitely decided, and
promises to be a most enjoyable one.
The committee earnestly desires that
every paper in the State will be repre
sented at the annual meeting, and it is
also desired that as many will go on
the excursion as can well do so. The
people of Sumter are making elabo
rate arrangements to entertain the ed
itors in royal fashion, and those who
attend will never regret it.
One of the features of the meeting
will be the annual address to the Asso
ciation by the Hon. Clark Howell. edi
tor of the Atlanta Constitution. A
meeting of the executive committee
was held last evening at Wright's Ho
tel. There were present President E.
H. Aull, Secretary C. C. Laangston
and N. G. gonzales, H. G. Osteen and
G. P. Browne.
It was decided that the excursion
party would leave Sumter on the even
ing of May 31. and go to Richmond
and stop over there, and from there to
Washington, and returning come by
President Aull will give further in
formation in regard to this matter in
a few days, and in the meantime hopes
to hear from everyonue who desires to
take this trip) as soon as p'ossible.
There are 13,000 medical students
in the United States, according to
CHARLESTON'S WELCOME TO
THP9 HERO OF '76.
The People Throng the Academy
Hampton's Splendid Speech. s
Wade Hampton was given a splendid re
ception on his arrival at Charleston, S. C., on
Wednesday morning, and more than ever c
the intense affection in which he is held in t
Charleston was demonstrated.
The streets and sidewalks were lined with
happy, shouting thousands. Gen. Hampton's t
progress was marked by a continuous ova
tion. Men waved their hats, and the old '76
ye11, "Hurrah for Hampton," rent the sky I
again and again. Ladies and school children
were out in thousands, waving handkerchiefs
and Confederate flags and shouting with the
The Academy oi Music at night was packed
from gallery to pit to hear Gen. Hampton,
who spoke under the auspices of the Sons of e
Confederate Veterans and the Daughters of t
the Confederacy. An admission fee of 50
cents was charged and the proceeds devoted
to a fund for indigent Confederate veterans b
and their widows. d
At 9 o'clock Gen. Hampton appeared on
the arm of Maj. Barker.
As one man the mighty assemblage sprang I
to their feet men yelled, women and chil- I
dren clapped their hands, handkerchiefs and I
hats went into the air, and for more than a S
minute it was a scene of frantic delighted en
The Rev. John Johnson delivered a fervent
Then Major Barker arose and was heartily
applauded. His first allusion to the speaker
was as to the stone which the political build
ers rejected in 1890, and instantly wild -ap
plause rang out again. Then as other allu
sions to Hampton were made, each was suc
cessively punctuated with ringing applause.
When Gen. Hampton rose the audience rose 3
with him, and scenes ensued that baffle de
scription. It was the demonstration at the
General's arrival on the stage. repeated with
redoubled energy. In the midst of it all the 1
crchestra clasped out "Dixie," and the hap
py, frantic people continued to yell and yell.
aEN,,. AxPTON's ADDREsS.
As soon as the audience quieted down suf
ficiently for him to make himself heard. Gen.
Hampton proceeded to deliver the address of
the occasion. He spoke as follows:
When the flattering invitation from the
"Daughters of the Confederacy" and the
"Sons of the Veterans" reached me, it came
to me as did the bugle call to arms during the
war, for the objects contemplated by these
patriotic organizations gave me hope that
there was "life in the old land yet." In re
sponse to the call made on me by your noble
organizations, I have come to bid you God
Mpeed in your work, and to pray with all the
fervor of a patriotic heart that God may
prosper and bless your efforts, crowning
them with the success they so richly deserve
No cause championed by the wom" ;-f o"
Carolina es tan-Lnose noble, devoted
women, always "faithful among the faith
es;" the real martyrs of the war and its
greatest sufferers; they who, for four years
of mortal agony, felt that all that they
held most precious was at stake, all whom
hey loved better than themselves were peril
ing life and all that made life sweet, in de
ense of the State; who never faltered who
oever despaired, and who when the end came
worked with a deyotion never surpassed to
redeem and save our State.
If I comprehend aright the objects of
our associations, they are to rekindle the I
tent fires of patriotism among our people,
o strive to bring them once again together
In peace and brotherhood, all striving as in
lays goae by to uphold the honor a pro- t
note the weliare of the State, and to instill I
n the minds of the rising generation a love 4
f country and a reverence for the memory
[or those who made South Carolina illus
rious in the past. To younger hands than
these of the remaining veterans the destiny I
a the State must soon be committed, for our
ranks are, day by day, mowed down by 'the
reaper whose name is Death,' and in a few
brie years we must all join the great army I
f our dead comrades who have passed overt
the river and are at rest. Those who fell in
efense of our State need no prouder epitaph I
than that given by the Spartans at Ther
"Go, stranger, at Lacedemon tell.
'Twos in obedience to her laws we fell."
And the living only ask that their fellow
tizens will do them justice to say that they
did their duty to their State faithfully as
they saw it. That verdie't is the only' com
pen~sation they seek for their services. It
will be the task of your organizations and
kindred ones, which I trust will be establish
d throughout your State, to preserve the
honor and to preserve from destraction the
memory of those who sacrifed everything
n the service of the State, and that their
task will be nobly discharged none can doubt,
knowing the patriotie hands to which this
sacred duty is committe..
You will eneounter many grave diffieid
ties in the pros--ution of youir work, but he
not discouraged.. for it is well worthy of your
labrs and your prayers. You will perhaps
be told that the 'Old South'-th:1t South in
which we all took such just pride-is dead,
and that the 'New South.' the cardinal prin
cple of which seems to be that the highest
ambition of many of its advocates is the ac
cumulation of riehes. should take the place
of the .-ldl in our alietions. Others may say
to you that the cause for which so many of
oir bra ge sons gave their lives was submit
ted to the stern arbitram-et of the sword,
and as the verdict, against whieb no appeal
lies, was rendered against us. the cause for
which we fought inust necessarily have been
wrong. Do not allow you rselvYes, my friends,
to be misledl by that false dloctrine-false to
your faith, to your State and to vour God
which tells you that because of the failure of
our cause there was no truth or justice in it.
Any human undertaking, however just it
may be, may fail. but the everlasting princi
ples of right and of justice can never be blot
ed out. A great truth. like the God-head
whence it eminates, is eternal and it will1 live
"till the last syllable of recorded time." If
we admit that as our cause- went down in
disaster, we were only rebels, we sball brand
our heroie dead, as well :1s the livig, as
traitor, covering all alike with deserved in
famv. 'Will the liv~ing soldiers who followed
the starry cross on hundreds of battlefields
ever con-ent to denouin"e their dead com
rades as traitors? Will thaesons of these vet
erans forget the su ff('rinlgs, the sacrifices, the
heroism of their fathers? Will the women of
the South, who for a quiarter' of a century
have tenderly and reverentlyv cherished the
memorv of our dlead. ever he willing to brand
them as rebels? Ah, no; these things can
never he, as long as truth. patriotism, honor,
virtue and its synonymr. iou rage, are respec
ted; as long a. the fame of the men in grey
goes soundinmg down the ag's; as long as the
page of hist ory is madle histrous biy the names
of Lee. of Johnson and or Jackson.
Let me not he underoitood as speaking to
re-aakcn ee.tional ardam-i',' now happily
dying out, nor as counseling one act of dis
loyalty to the restored Union. I recognize.
as every true Confederate soldiers does. the
supremacy of the Constitution, the integrity
of the Union. and all the obligatiou --: a
sumed when our arms wvere laid dow.. We,
of the South. are now an integral part of the
great repub~lie; its flag waves unchallented
from the rock-ribbed coasts of Maine to the
Golden Gate and far-off Alaska, from the
snow-apped mountains of the North to the
orange groves of Florida. and it is the duty
of every patriot to strive to maike that coun
try the fit abode for freemen for all time to
come. But I apj-al earrnestly and reverent
ly for justie~c to. my Confedlerate comrmles
e and living. They discharged their du
adge whether they were right or wrongs
Ve are certainly not called on to admit that
re were in the wrong, and every brave man
rho metus in battle would justly despise us
rere we to do so. The failure of a cause
oes not necessarily prove that it was an un
ast one nor can the denial of a truth estab
ish a falsehood. When the torture wrung a
ecantation of the truth from Galilee did thei
arth cease to revolve on its axis? Did the
iver which swept the ashes of Huss to the
ea bury in its waves forever the truths he
ad proclaimed? When our Divine Master
erished on the cross, did the do' trines for
rhich He died die with Him?
While we recognize all the obligations ia
osed upon us by the results of the war, we
ertainly are not called on to abjure the set
led convictions of a lifetime; to forget all the
tonorable. glorious memories and traditions
f the past and to cover ourselves with
hame by defaming the memory of our pa
riotic dead. Though we have lost much
re can at least maintain our self-respect and
preserve our honor, so that we can bcqueath
o our children a fair name and unblemished
onor. While accepting all the legitimate
onsequences of our defeat, we claim the
ight to justify ourselves, to vindicate our
iotives and to honor our dead. By no other
2eans can we preserve our self respect or
ain that of mankind. By no other means
an we escape the doom which awaits the
eople who sacrifice principle forsubservient
xpediency; who abandon their ancient vir
ues to adopt the vices of their conquerors.
nd who are willing to barter freedom for
'ilded servitude. To the State that sells her
irthright, no day of redemption can ever
Land of my sires. what mortal hand
an e'er untie the filial band
'hat knits me to thy ruged stand?
:'en as I view each well known scene,
hink what is now or what hath been,
eems as to me of all bereft,
ole friends, thy woods and streams are lefts
nd thus I love thee better still,
ven in extremity of ill."
And now my friends it only remains to
ie to thank you gratefully, to pray that a
ierciful God may bring peace. prosperity
nd happiness to our State, and to bid you
LAST SPEECH TO A JURY.
Ex-President Harrison Delivers a Farewell
Address at Richmond, Ind.
Benjamin Harrison, ex-President of the
Tnited States, has just made at Richmond,
'nd., probably the last address he will
ver deliver before a jury. It was in
he famous Morrison will case. The
rial has been going on for five
nonths. Three months ago the ex
?resident was seized with an ilness
3BZNJAN M. NAftnIUOY
hat awakened the gravest apprehens . -c
ds life. An intimate friend said that the
ormer President hoped to live to practice
aw for many years, but he did not expect
)ver again to conduct a jury trial.
Before the Court House was opened for
he day nearly one thousand persons were
athered under the shade of the trees in the
ourt House yard. Soon the peope living
n the city began to flock towards the Court
louse, and when the doors were opened, an
our later, 10,000 were waiting to secare
)laces in the big hall.
The Court House was packed with people
uring the entire day, and hundreds could
tot get In. General Harrison was in splendid
onditionl, waen he made this, the last speech
hat he ever expects to make to a jury. He
ias practically retired from his long career
refo~re the bar
TREATMENT OF HOG CHOLERA.
A Remedy Recommended by the De
partmnent of Agriculture.
In the treatment of hog cholera, Dr. D. E.
Salman, chief of the bureau of animal indus
try, at Washington,who has been experiment
ngin this line for a long time, says that the
most effications formula which has been
.ried is the following.
Wood charcoal..pounds... .1
Hyposuiphate of soda......2
Sulphide of antimony.......1
Bicarbonate of soda........2
These ingredients should be completely
pulverized and thoroughly mixed.
The dose of this mixture is a large table
spo( ful for each two hnndred pounds
weight of hogs to be treated, and it should
be given only once a day. When hogs are
affected with these diseases(referring also to
swine plague) they should not b:e fed on corn
alone, but they should have at least once a
day soft feed, made by mining bran and mid
dlings, or middlings and corn meal, or ground
oats and corn, or crushed wheat with hot
water, and then stirring into this the proper
quantity of the medicine.
Animals that are very sick and will not
come to the feed should be drenched with
the medicine shaken up with water. Great
care should be exercised in drenching hogs
or they will besuffocated. Do not turn the
hog on its back to drench it, but pull the
cheek away from the teeth, so as to form a
p ouch into which the medicine may be slow
ly poured. It will flow from the cheek into
the mouth, and when the hog finds out what
it is it will stop squealing and swallow. In
our experience hogs which were so sick that
they would eat nothing have commenced to
eat very soon after getting a dose of the rem
edy, and have steadily imp~roved until they
appeared perfectly well.
This medicine may also be used as a pre
ventive of these diseases, and for this pur
pose should be put in the feed of the whole
herd. Care should of course be observed to
see that each animal receives its proper share.
In cases where it has been given a fair trial
it has apparently cured most of the animals
which were sick and has stopped the pro
gress of the disease in the herds. It also ap
pears to be an excellent appetizer and stimu
lant of the processes of digestion and assim
ilation, and when given to unthrifty hogs it
increases the appetite and causes them to
take on flesh and assume a thrifty appear
DurIng the administration of the medicine
hygienic treatment should be most carefully
observed, The hogs should be kept dry and
free from exposure to drafts of air. The
p ens in which the disease first appearsshould
be thoroughly disinfected by dusting with
"dry air-slaked lime" or by using a 5 per
cent solution of carbolic acid.
The diseased hogs should, if possible, be
kept apart from the healthy, and their pens
should be frequently disinfected by one of
theabove mentioned methods. As an addi
tional precaution I would suggest that the
water given the bogs for drinking purposes
be guarded against contamination by the re
fuse from the pens. Finally, hogs which.
have died during the prevalence of the dis
ease should be immediately burned or buried~
The Governor or Nebraska ba v'tood a
bil pemiting misegenation.
CONVENE AT WASHINGTON.
rhe Presentation of Reports. Some
At the meeting of tbe Women's. MIssionary
Union of the Southern Baptist Convention,
the following afficers were elected .for the
Pr edt, Miss Fannie Heck, of North
Carolina; Miss Annie W. Armstrong. Balti
more, corresponding secretary; Miss Martine,
of Baltimore, reeording secretary; Mrs.
Lowndes, Baltimore, treasurer. A these
lections were unanimous. Vice presidents:
Mrs. Geo. Eager. Alabama; Mrs. E. Longley,
rkansas; Mrs. B. B. Chipley, Florida; Miss
. E. Wright, Georgia; Miss E. S. Broadus,
Kentucky; Mrs. W. J. Brown, Maryland; Mrs.
Aven Mississippi; Mrs. W. F. Elliott, Mis.
souri; Mrs. James A. Briggs, North Carollna:
Mrs. A. C. S. Jackson, Tennessee: Miss M. L
Coker, South Carolina; Mrs. A. . Gwathney,
Virginia: Mrs. F. B. Davis, Texas; Miss Com.
prere. Indian Territory; Mrs. Tucker, North
More than 3)00 people were present at the
vening session. whieb began at 7:30 o'clock.
The first business was the reading of the
report of the board ot home missions, by
Secretary Burrows which dealt with the
work or religious education among the native
white population of this .iountry.
At the t-ouelusioi of the reading of the re
port. Dr. J. B. Hawthorne, of Atlanta, Ga.,
addressed the convention on the subject. He
referred to the separation between the
Northern and Southern sections of the church
and said there were still some people. both
in the Southern and Northern oarts of the
Baptist Church who insisted up6n trying te
e. galvanize dead issues and intended them
tc exist as a sort .)t monument to the defeat
ed party. This Convention. however, he
said. bad nothing to do with outhern poli
ties. Ele spoke of the history of the board
and said tb first missionary work the South.
ern States had dore was to aid the struggling
city :hurches in the North and that the
First Church in Washington had its starf
in life Fith tunds from the missionary
board of the Southern Convention
He tounhed -n th< development of the South,
which. he c-ontended, was not the outgrowth
of outside influentef, essome people pretended
to believe, but was the work of Southern
effort and Southern heart and all they needed
was :a pital and technical skill and these they
were getting as well as they could fro% the
best brains and blood of the New England
States and the boundless Northwest
After reutine business the Convertion
FOURTH AND LAST DAY.
The first business of the fourth and last
day's session of the Southern Baptist Con
vention at W& devotional ex
.. e reprt of the committee on
im and place of next meeting. It recom
mended that the Convention of 1896 be held
in the First Church, Chattanooga, Tenn,, be
ginning on Friday before the second Sunday
in May. Adopted.
The report of the committee on home mig
sion board, as related to work among the
colored population, was made by Rev. A. .
S. Thomas, of South Caroline. It stated
that some work had been done by the board
in Kentucky, Georgia and Texas, and that in
some respects the work had beensatisfactoty.
The board is anxious todo more for the co!
ored people, but there so mnany peculiar em
barrassing problems thatqwn w f
The committee emphasized these points:
1. The board will not undertake wort
among the colored people in any State unless
the State-boards of white Baptists are in sym
pathy and co-operate with it.
2. It will not undertake work in any State
unless the members are agreed among them
selves upon the work to be done.
I. The colored peopleshould be encouraged
to pay a part of the salary of every teacher
and missionary. laboring among them. The
best thing that can be done for them is to
enourage self-support in their church
building and mission work. An extensive
work cannot be done among them as Ion'g as
Cuba, New Mexico. Loiin.Florida, and
perhaps other States so sorely need nlthe
help we can give.
4. The best work that can be done among
the colored people is educating their minis
ters rather than evangelizing them.
5. The Southern Baptists arc in sympathy
with the efforts of generous-hearted people,
North and South, who have given money to
establish schools and col lcges in the Southern
States for the colored people.
6. We hope tbat the agreement reported by
the joint committee at Fortress Monroe wdl
bring the colored la ptist schools, established
by our Northern brothern. nearer to the
hearts of Southern Baptists.
7. In view of the. continued needs of the
colored people, and of the pressing needs of
our mission fields at bomM and abroad, and
in view of the liberality of our Northern
brethren and the interest they have shown in
th education of the colored people, we
assure our brethren of the North that we
shall he glad to see them, contribute thou
sands for the education and evangelization of
these pcopie, and that in this good work they
will have the co-operationi. sympathy and
help of our best and wisest erethern. For,
while we are interested in this great work.
and are fully pcrsuaded of its importance,
we are unable at present to do for it as- its
The report was adopted.
Memorial notices of memnbers who hayeO
died during the past y'ear. prepared by Pres
ident Whitsitt, were read by H. H. Hlarris'.
The list included ex-Governor Brown; of
Georgia; Revs. Alexander Pope Abeli, of Vir
ginia John Stout, of South Carolina; J~. W.
Bozeman, of Mississippi; J. WY. Montgomery
Wilson. of Maryland; .Jos. Walker, of Virgin
ia; and W. W. Gardner, of Kentucky.
Rev. Mr. Holt. from the committee on en
rollment. reported that the membership of
the Convention ':onsisted of 813 delegates on
the financial basis ani .0)0 ..-rwesntatives
from district associations: total, i,215. There
were present 752 delegates of tihe first class
nd 142 of the second elass: total,.204.
A resolution submitted by Rev. -J. J. Hall,
of Norolk. Va.. at thr- regniest of the Inter
national Peace Congress, recommending the
establishment of a high court of arbibration
among the nations, was adopted.
Rev. M. M. Vano. eolo~red. president' of the
American National lBaptist Convention, was
Introduced as the man who occupied the
highest position in his race, and that ha
would occupy but:a minute or the time of the
Convention. When the minute was up, .Dr.
Vann said he hated to'let his audience go, for
he seldom had such an opportunity.
[Laughter.] He said the colored people were
intensely Christian and intensely Baptist, and
that what they lacked iin knowledge and
sanctified Intelligence, they pronosed to make
up in zeal. The white Baptists, he believed,
eeded to exercise more zeal. Since the
emaniation uroclamation. out of 4.000.000
olored~ people' liberated thin, a milliou ad
a half had beeni brought into the BapUt
h'rch. while out o1 50,000,004! white people
and mfter 200 years of work but a few more
have united with the same Church. Dr.
Vann created a deep and favorableimpression
upon1 the Convention and was listened to (or
a quart er of an hour.
The Convention then, after some nnim-.
ortant routine business, adjourned sine die
wth te singing of the hymn.
"Blest be the tie that binds,"
ad prayer by Rev. Mr. Water
Sam'!. L. Rogers Appointed
The appointment of Sam'l L. Rogers of
Macon, 'Jeputy and acting collector, to be
c 'lletor of internal revenue for th,- f!Ath
Nrt Carolina district, was announced by
t.he n..siden at Wangtoe,-n on Mondny.