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NEWS ANI HERALD-. C
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r e- t s. A1)3 A U le.
e Year. - - 3.O u
s. - - - - 1.50
1 T EllISIYG RATES. CASH: th
- * V - i t I t. I f ore t 11i a artioI
e i Nf'; '., its i ir a n:t saibtt int inser- *
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Orders for Job Work solicited.
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z>tnpanied by the true name of the author
- td written in respectful language and 1
ritten on one side of the paper The true ir
mine required as an evidence of good faith d(
11 communicatsons-editorial, business
lbtal-should be addressed to THE ul
.4 EW3 AND HERALD Co.
W. D. DouGLAss, Editor.
JAs. Q. DAVis, Treasurer. b
W. J. ELLIorr, BusinessManager. d
WINNSBORO, S. C.
Satarday, May 25, ; ?'3'iO t
What Do You Say? C
We invite every Demociat in the t
county who will agree to the'following a
to send u his name on a postal card: S
That delegates to the Constitutional
Convention shall be nominated in a
primary election, in which all white ti
men shal' he entitlel to vote who shall st
take an oath to support the nominees C
at the general election; that t wo nan
agers shall be se'ected from onte fac- d
tion, one manager and c'erk from the T
other faction, and that no vote shall be la
counted that does not contain the S3
names of two Reformersland two Con- n
servatives, and all candidates shall file di
a pledge to abide the result and no 1
vote shall be counted unless such a li
piedge has been filed. a,
Can't we get one thousand white
voters in Fairfield county to agree to
this proposition? If it meets your
approval send us your name and ask g<
your friends to do the same. th
WE are receiving a fe w names agree- g
ing to the proposition made by Tan le
NEws AND EAW to unite the two
factions. If you are in favor of it, ~
send us your name at once , We know
that a great many approve it. In fact
we believe a big majority of the white d
people favor it, but to be effective as
gine us your nm.g
, aneon a-el tadr. t
-In speaking of th effect of the act a
of 1873, Mr. Carlisle says: "The th
plain truth is that this Act of 1873, m
which has been the subject of so much o
misapprehension and denunciation, th
was simply a legal recognition of a s
monetary condition which had existedsi
in fact in this country for about thirty-ai
five years. or ever sinice a short time y
after the passage of the coinage Act of go
1834. From about 1838 to 1878, the*,
time of the passage of the Bland-Alli- e
son Act, no silver dollars were in o
circulation in this country, the cur-b
rency consisting of gold and bank p
notes, except from 1862 to 1878, when
-our active circulation outside of Cali- ce:
fornia and its neighboring territory, in
was all paper. Custom dues and inte- e
rest on the public debt were paid in all
gold. The value of United States notes a
or greenback was always measured in
gold. Commodities had a gold price I
and a paper price; never a silver price. si
For eleven years prior to 1873, even g
the subsidiary silver coinas were not b
in use. "Our own monetary hist ory sil
had already furnished two most thz
striking illustrations of the operation sil
of the natural law under which the dos
coins which are over-valued by statute o
always drive out of circulation the co
coins which are under-valued. Our
own experience had again demonetra- cot
ted what the history of the world al- ter
ready showed--that whenever the the
o~iniage laws of any country permitva
the coinage of both met als with full Va
legal tender qualities at a rtio of
value, which do~es not substantially ~
conform to their intrinsic value in the u
markets of the world, both cinnot be de
kept in c'rculation at the same time.
The least valuable coin will always be or
used in mnaking payments, and will it
become the sole measure of value, and
the most valuab'e will be hoarded or la
sent out o.f the country into the markets to
where its real value can be obra tned." tht
Our first coinage laws, 1792, put bol
the ratio of the two metals at 15 to 1, o
that is 15 pounds of silver were to beli
considered equal mn value :o one pound G
of gold, and the weig .ts of the coin ret
adjusted to that rule. This rio was ab1
n iot fixed by law, but the relative in-~ ch~
trinsic value of the metals n as de- r
t< romned by the mairke s of the country.
-li soQn developed that 1.5 pounds of a
silver were not in. fact equal in value
to 1 pond of gold. Siiver had been i
(.ver-valued by sta:ute and gold ha~d ac
been under-valued. Therefore, und. r the
the operation of the natural law, gold ef
had disappeared fr m the country by eal
1812, and until the passage of the Act
oif 1834 the United States had practi
cally silver monometallism. Congress ,
determined, in 1831, to bring the gold Bri
back, by chantginig the ratio. The Act C
of 1834, supplenenwed by the Act of tivi
1837, chantged thy ratio b> 16 to 1. '
ined, was not in fact, worth intrinsi
liy and commercially 16 pounds of I
var The result was that silver left
icunttry and gold came back. "A
ry small percentage of difference
tw(een the legal ratio and the com
nrcial ratio has always been found
fficient in modern imes to drive the
der-valued metal entirely out and
bstitn'e the o:he:, or paper bas d
oon the other, in its place, and no
>ngress er Parliament can repeal or
er the natural law of trade by which
is movement of the metals is
verned." Here were two illustra
ations of the law, in the one case
ve: was over-valued, and in the
her gold was over-valued.
In 1853 Congress, in order to main
in the circulation of subsidiary
ins-half dollars, quarters and
mes-reduced the metal contained
them and made them legal tender
payment of sums not exceeding five
>llars. Consequently these came into
ie until expelled by the cheaper paper
oney issued during the war; not
ing full legal tender they could not
ive out the gold coins.
This was the condition in 1873.
ur actual measu:'e of value was gold,
Ad our actual circulating medium was
iper, with a purchasing power mea
Lred by the gold standard. We had
a silver and it had no influence what
rer on our prices, and on our ability
> pay debts. "The Act of 1873,
kerefore, did not and could not take
iray from the people of the United
tates any advantage they then pos
ssed, but it did prevent the coinage
E full legal tender silver dollars there
2ter, and the Act of 1874 destroyed
e debt-paying power of the old
andar.l dollar coin d befcre 1873,
ccept in sums o5 five dollars. No
Iver being in circulation, it had no
tactical effect ou debtors to p iv their
,bts. Thns we remained until 1878.
he effort to keep both metals in circu
tion as full legal tender under a i
-stem of free coinage had failed. A
,w policy was tried, that of restoring
circulation the standard silver A
)llar with full legal tender. not by
ening the mints to its fre;. and un
nited coinage on individual account,
is now proposed, but by providing I
ir the purchase and coinage of not 9
ore than four million dollars worth I
id not less than two million dollars t
orth of silver each month by the
vernment itself. Under this Act,
e Sherman Act, and the Act requir
g the recoinalge of tihe traode dollar, ~
seventeen years $397,652,873 in full '
~al tender standard silver dollars 0
ere put in circulation as against
,030,000 during theiwhole previous
istence of the government. There ~
vern was one-third as much silver ~
llars, full legal tender, in circulation a
now, and the financial affairs of the i
ve:nmnent have been so mansged ~
at6 its purchasing power has been t
eserved, notwithstanding it is coined t
a ratio which does not conform to C
i real value of the metals in the t
arket. "Free and unlimitde coinage ~
full legal tender silver .dollars at ~
e ratio of 16 to 1 means that our law t
all be so changed that any owner of E
ver bullion may send it to the mints 14
d have it coined, at the public ex
nse, int. dollars each containing 4121
ains of standard silver, the dollars a
ien coined to be delivered to the ~
rner of the bullion, and all the people ~
the United States to be compelled '
law to receive them as dollars in I
yment of debte, although not
strinsically worth more than fifty s
its each." The 25 8-10 grains t
a gold dollar i< worth 100 0
its, or the equivalent of 100 cents, c
over the world, in silver countries
well as gold countries. It is worth ~
>efore it is coined. Or as Mr. Car-h
l strongly puts it: 16 pounds of b
rein cannot be exchanged for 1 le
and of gold anywhere in the world, ii
t it requires about 32 pounds of
rei." In answer to the objection hi
at this is measuring the value of bi
rer by gold, he says, "the statement
as not attempt to measure the value t(
either of the metals, but simply to c
npare them, one with the other," w
:1'"for the purpose of making the
nparison the value of gold is de- a
mined by its purchasing power in fr
markets of the world, and the es
ue of silver is determined in the
4r. Carlisle defines his positon thus:
have never been, and am not now, bi
friendly to silver in the sense of Ia
iring to see it excluded from the 1
,netary system of the United States, ~
of ony other country, but I know
annot be kept in circulation along
th gold by means of any ratio the L
r of any one country may attempt 4.
establish between the two mietals; w
t the only way to secure the use of n
~h at the same time in to make one hi
them the standard of value and to C
it the coinage of the other that the n
vernment which issues them and ~s
eives them for public. dues may be S
e at all times to maintain their ex
ogeability, either directly or indi
tly, through the operation of it,
~al system." He is, therefore, in o
~or of the existing standard. it
'We shall follow M r. Carlisle again j
his discussion of this question, how f~
bange of standard creates confusion,
results of a silver standard, its f
~cts on prices and on the wage
ucklen's Arnima Salve.
'HE BEST SALVE inl the world for Cute,
tises, Sores, Ulcers, Salt Rheum, Fever
es, Tietter,Cheppen ands, Chilulains
-ns, and alt Skin Eruptions. and posi.
ly cures Piles, or no pay required it
naranteed to give mer feet satisfact:osi
noiev refunded. lhice 23 - nis pe;
- kornsae y a ser & C" *
for Infants a
Batamn's DropGodfrey's C
most remedies for children ae .
Do You Know that opium and morph
Do You Know that in most coutries
without labeling them poisons ?
Do You Know that you should not
Unless you or yourphysician know of what It I
Do You Know that Catoria is a pur
its ingredients is published with every bottle ?
Do You Know that Ca:toria is the pri
That it has been in use for nearly thirty year
of al other remedies for children combined ?
Do You Know that the Patent Ofic
other countries, have issued exclusive right t4
"Castoria" and its formula, and that to In
Do You Know that one of the reason
because Castoria had been proven to be abac
Do You Know that 35 average
cents, or one cent a dose ?
Do You Know that when possessed<
be kept well, and that you may have unbroke
Wel, these *1dns ae worth kw
The fac - alle
signature of A
Children Cry for I
ldbugs Find Honey--Visitors and Oth
ers--Unpleasant Noise Ceased.
BLACKSTOCK, May 23.-While no
eposits of gold have ever been found
or supposed to exist in this vicinity,
tevertheless a genuine "gold fever"
as affected some of our inest promi
ent citizens and preading,
d unlesi ;iri stopped bids fair to
I Tfe'siver craze in the shade. Now
h cause of this strange state of things
found to be as follows: A young
ian in Blacksburg, who claims to be
spiritualist, clairvoyant, medino, or
least to possess bomne kind of sup.-r
tural gifts, while in a.prophetic amate
*fmind, recently announced that
tile Cornwallis was encamped at
insboro in 1795 or '96 one of his
odiers stole eighty thousand dollars
fEnglish gold from the paymaster
d buried it near Blackstock. where
still remains, and that an old dead
pie tree now marked the spot where
be treasure lies hidden. The young
op~'heni ascertai ned the w hereabou'a
fBlackstock and has written to one of
ecitizene, and bence the commotion.
sarebing party went out yesterday
ruiing, headed by the mayor of the
nWl, who never itgs behind on any
,d word or work, and they returned
dad with precious stuff-but, alas!
was honey, not gold.
While the story is regarded by many
a fake, still there seems to be some
rit or mysteriousness connected
th it, and every old apple tree for
les around will doubtless soon be
"Winter still lingers in the lap of
ing" and seems inclined to stay
re. Fires and overcoats were in
er to-day, and gardens and field
ps are at a standstill.
r. Toz i Takada, the young Japa
e student, who has just completed
scourse in the Presbyterian Theo
ical Semrinary at Columbia, lectured
e this af~crnoon and to-night. His
tures were highly entertaining and
tructive, and shows him to be highly
lcated and well versed in the Eug
h language. He will scon leave for
5native land to carry the gospel to
. B Lathan, of Chester, is in to wn
iss Maaggic H amilt on, one o f W hite
ak's favorite daughters, spent last
cek visiting the Misses Boggs.
rs. J. A Whi:e has ret utrn d f-rnm
eek's visit in Charlotte.
~Valter- Blain has returned home
m Clems-m College on acco)unt of
esi2ht failing him.
Aband of wandering Gipsies are
pedl near town, and the wom n zo
ut selling lace, etc.
he musicai voi:-e ol the B!aekstock
s baunl is no lon:ger heard in the
'. Members scaltered and s~yme of
instruments burned is the princi
icinse. B E. -R.
K~nights of the Macca' ces.
he Sta'e Comzimnder writes u3 from
ITCOln, Neb., as follows: "Afta trying
her medlicin.s for wh..t seemed to be a
e obstinate cough inm our two children
etried Dr. King's New Discovemy and
the end of twom days the coug i nirely
te1m. We will never be with~out it
reafter, as our exp'erieneP spr '~es that it
res where all oi~ber rem;edli s fail."
nedl F. WN. Stevens. State Com.-Why
give this great medicin' a trialI. as it
uaraned and trial bot1 tIe' are iree at
1aster & Co.'s Drug Store. Illegular
no5te. and~ $1.00O. *
For Over Fir,v, Year.
nr? zued for over liftl . wry., d .!n
. . i ;-e: feet --e--s It .<ot-th a uh.
urha ri:re:e. lI 'm ri. *-'e Iw I.- ( lit
niferer in-a-diateh. oi by irg
sT o! eve~r prt of tle we.rhi. T wentiy
cnsa l .~ite P~e -sur'* :-t :'sk f'-r
ry-. WV nslow's soothinig Syruip" and
le no ->ter tiid. ->- fitsly
1)ENT I ST I J
You Know that raeorie,
dial, many so-caUed Soothing Syrups, and
omposed of opium or morphine?
he are stupefying narcotic poisons ?
ruggists are not permitted to sell narcoticS
permit any medicine to be given your chDW
ly vegetable preparation, and that a is Of
scription of the fanous Dr. Samuel Phba.
, and that more Cestoia Is now sold theM
e Department of the United States, and ot
Dr. Pitcher and his assigns to use the word
tate them is a state prison Offese ?
for granting this government protection I
doses of Castoria are furnished for 35
: this perfoct prepratio your chDen may
a rest ?
g. They are facts.
W. 0. McKEOWN & SONS,
First Chss Machine Tools
Can repair Engines, Boileis, Cotton
Gins, Thresher, Injectors, Safetv
: Best Classes of Machinery for Sale "
A Good Assortment. of Machine Sup
plies kept in Stock for sale.
Write or call and see the o at their
(snt he :, B. R.) (lhester Co., S. C.
Thi.- ns iii appearr again thre fic'et 0,
next ion~it h. 3-12-17'
Either Ayer's, Hood's, smn;e's or
Remedy, indian s:gws, 4 ut!eura
lRe-olve:.! for a blood puriii:'.
H arter's and Brow~n'< Iror~ Jitters,
El 'otric Bitters, W.Varner's- Safe
Cure, Simmnrnn' Liver' R- zgu
latror for the liver' an
Sctt's an~d Koch's Emuision, F elloWvs'
antl HTemnsAi( Ttpophosphitesi f'.r
Johson's Fever anid Agrue Tonic,
A er's aned Peruvian Wit ' f
Cardin and Pierce's Golde c
A FRESil SUPILY OF
Early Amber and Etrliy Or-ang Sagr
Cane Seed, Penni Richmonnd anid
Western Golden Dent Cor'a.
Now is the time to plart Beans. We
have 10 or 12 varieties.
Just Received-A b trrelef Le;gatt-4
MMAST ER & CO.
Under Winneboro 1-o'el.
.z Is ec'd wth w'r?&dc
u qa~a.tee to enr
-8&EORE - AFTER' si'), aiterrdnot
the Brain, causing M~ey ':sniyAQW
Premature Old /.., iegaLt r w-.o:u
by over-indulgence, oter.1erLo CD. he rr' iWar2.~I
Erro'sof Youth. It ;"-:" to' *.-0 Or;::' their
NaturIVigor and doumiai the cMrs elt: "re'
Lucorrha and Feomale iero.'~. A 1:Enrtri. -'
met, in plain packagre, b mA, ta i:y ad..-. -3
per box, 6 boxes 55. w:t-: over; $5 r'-ir w: io V' I.
Written Cuarantee t,: caro . ren::ia tun2c t
.rculars free. G".rrdACO Lit.~ed c:y by car .x -
Wirnsbo~r. S. 0..
Sired by' Im,'''rte.! W- ts n1- Par
rot (which es a ) (20). M4
hands high,j 1 -~ a ii h '-0-P
stvlish, gsmo..th, :. . 14'r. o: iho ely
n:de, wi s.rve. 11*... d nas .-r of'
mares -a o pi -"Fir!e sc
ausIIM :10 00) 5 ; .n (w -o fa
.I )~ '
31 . 0 . .
,.Cleanses and beautifies the hair.
I ..nIer ails to Y souture Grayl
Cnre. scalp disea~sce a hair sLug
50e.and $1.00Oat D-r:giss
e esi iyrr dTonia .: ur'he ir~ C~n
W Q E skuRQ flbiiyadgut. ren Ta ntecC.4 '
K, Madonald & Co.
As we wish to make room for "
Spring stock, we have marked
our heavy Winter Goods, such as ]
WOOLEN PIECE GOODS,
way down out of sight. The
winter is not yet gone and
YOU WILL NEED
WARM WE AR.]
We will beat "between season" n
prices to death.
When times are hard and money
YOU WkNT YOUR DOLLAR TO '
GO A LONG WAYS
We will give you more for ONE
DOLLAR than any one else.
We will treat you right and
save you money.
Checked Homespun, at 3c. per yd
White Homespun at Sc. per yd
Will beat the record on Flour
AMACDONALD & COO)
Blackstock, S. C.
All smokers in
Town and County
TTis is the world.beater,
as it is the EEST
5c. Cigar :n earth.
long Havana filler,
A FE W SECOND-II AND WAGONS
A FEW NILFC COWS.t
I wi!! s~ ch~e:ap for essh cr-ex-ebafge
thei for :ry carue.
Ehe Hot Weather
Will soon be on in fall force and you will need light goods. We have them
great variety and beautiful styles.
White Goods in plain India Linen, very sheer and pretty, Checked ard
riped Muslins, fancy effects, and Dotted swiss.
eautifal styles in colored Lawns and Jackonets, fine Dimities and Swiss
ith colored <Iots. Big variety in cheap Lawns from-3c. and up. Duck, Per
is, Ginghain, in varitty of styles and qnality. Satteeas for waists, hand
me and new.
We have the third order in of those Silk Sh'rt Waists. Take a look at them.
Light weight Serges in b.ue and black, just the thing for skirts.
Just received, a second supply of Lace and Embroideries, Insertions to
ach. Irish I'oints are al the go; see them.
W i IV(e h. - in t i n-, bat have received new supplies and the
=c i inf i Ti e : - .-r, s - -h and the prices right. We are endeav
l;:,: m pind ish : very cu-tro:er by polite attention and nice work.
HOES. SH OES. 4
We can please you in this line, for we bave the goods, and Ladies' Oxfords
i black and tar-all Atyles and qaslities.
Gents, White and Negdlgee Shirts, Gueze Underwear, Ties, &c.
PULL LiNE STYLISH STRAW HATS.
We want your trade and feel confident goods will never be cheaper than
ow; so now is the time to buy. Come and see us.
CALDWELL & RUFF.
TH E Narrow in Tread.
BEST Lightin Weight.
BICYCL E Beautiful in Finish.
IMADE was christened as
W. D. GASH COMPANY,
quitable Building. Southern Representatives,
Send for Catalogue. Atlanta, Ga.
Apply for agency.
The Bane of
The American People.
eured by Dr~Miles' Nervine
HE eerlatingpushand ustl
of th Ameicanpeope ha
mad tem spcialysubec t
/edce evu rsrtonu
ali, lepesns, t. r Mls
-evn a epcal peae o
hes cse. t ascuedthusnd
Mr. no.J. Krkwhos potrai ac
r. vrlasts how h anhstl curedb n fD.Mie'mdcns
o I thae benAmsferaeroperle sAds twsta omne
eadache, neous erostrfation the- ie.- oktoadoeblote
aeias sleeplese etc. ecr les' aneigapht a ha avo
>rine as laspiall rotearedfor dahaah icadta a
.os fortyes.ght haursurnd ousagnds earytremnh gaddr
ootnbd. wil cu en you HttSpins tm aebe ne ra
irk. JMt. Clemen, wihs.,ri ac- entlsrirn wry hog
esortis this respnretent the na-haigponedscesaddat
nag botah manfgC. mof w inthoutyhihwulodiaiy
yeeft;ra eenig a comrl ntravele haepotaeonbteene
ihgan, dafrnigh anbe iofor he - thsgeamevu sri hv o
cen yranlttn eaaeesfeehdtesihetsmtmo return
dr ik'sn telo eeme cured:ofsingril eaahs.ta
eadchesfor ears Of ate hey e y tiue oD.mies' med ie
ams seer a toreur vey ighAtns aso it aaos that coterse
)r en ay, lstng ro twnt-forthoul use Dr. Miles' Bestrtie. er
.o frty-ighthour andobliing e. o wo alth Jone-hal boes
o g tobed I entto ot prngs amkhapyt o say Sept. '9 hveno
irkM. Cemes, ich, ad oherdI is hawache s.Heche, ndeal-a
css or estan tratmntspnd-arnlosy stremngths ago, apeit durn
ng both ~ ~~ hi time n oe ihu o otne Iheeen drie' retr
enelt;retrnig, wold ot mental srin is ry t hrough
he rad afortightbefoeth s m fmis y erve resoring rdyisarthe
d rai-splttighadacerture prstratedar me, stuy an pratie
Lnd aidme p. hadknonD.thiDr rank Mneros, tranhe ot c
~Iils an thegentemencompsin heu secialist symptom ofya whourn
~heDr.Mils Mdicl C. itimtel te tele earsa s tha t eIa
or~ ~ ~~~~~huh ol yearbti i o neocrt colf t conrvea evotedy
e tat heywermaufaturng y ovrtetydeapros eal to wrte
nan old e tht hiheaacheiwer easo th hart andu nerv tes.
Yours___for health JHea.ltr
giaCE luoss ofsegt and aspettan
iv1Le N[ie sk~Ge. a fl
A M~ET~r f te sockold rsul of earest ofestuy ns pratie
'elphae >'mazy wllbc byt Dr. Fali ASes, the osT Sc
ceesfulpspecialist ofithesday,,who, a,
he Dr. ies Mial. o. netimatelyi tr twev y.era~rs ct Odes meda
hr years but i dince ccr olcholgo the coutlpop~v ih ntrdy, hat deoed
tne ~ thad ther anufctuin aver thnyl' years pecaytonage
emdy.o me, until one aaentle-~ 'treaent of iut ind fbsureds
nan toldA mec and isreaahs wer earse ofurihed art rdere.
he4xl Pepics Bak. .WinnsbOTT.SC.
t 11o'clck A. 2 , Jue 5,1895 fo
h iproeo nresn h aia