Newspaper Page Text
TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., JUNE 11 1895. ESTABLISHED 1849.
7ET. DR. TATMARiE
CBE BROOKLYN DIVIN1PS SUYI
Subject; "Words With Young Men."
In his audiences at the New York Aeaiemy
of Music Dr. Talmage meets many hundreds
of young men from different parts of the
Union. and representing almost every calling
nl -profession in life. To them he specially
addressed this discourse, the subject being
.'Words With Young Men."
Reverend Sir-We, the undersigned, being
earnest readers of your sermons, especially
request that you use as a subject for some
one of yourfuturesermons "Advice to Younn
Men." Yours respectfully,
H. S. Mutzorr. CWAnLzS T. RUnzaT.
- V. 0. MMLLorr. M. E.ELDER.
J. L. SmMwooD. S. J. ALruts.
Those six young men. I suppose, represent
Innumerable young men who are about un
dertaking the battle of life, and who have
more interrogation points in theirmind thiLu
any printer's case ever contained, or prin
ter's fingers ever set up. But few people
who have passed fifty years of age are cat'a
ble of giving advice to young men. 'oo
many begin their counsel by forgetting tney
ever were young men themselves. November
snows do not understand May time blossom
week. The east wind never did understand
thesouth wind. Autumnal goldenrod makes
a poor fist at lecturing about early violets.
Generally, after a man has rheumatism in
his right foot he is not competent to discuss
juvenile elasticity. Not one man out of a
hundred can enlist and keep the attenkion of
the young after there is a bald spot on the
I attended a large meeting in Philadelphi.
assembled to discuss how the Young Men's
Christian Association of that city might be
made more attractive for young people,when a
man arose and made some suggestions with
such lugubrious tone of voice and a manner
that seemed to deplore that everything was
going to ruin, when an old friend of mine,
at seventy-fve years, as young in feellnz as
any one at twenty, arose and -said, "That
good brother who has just addressed you'
will excuse me for saying that a young man
would no soone' -o and spend an evening
among such funereal tones of voice andi
funereal ideas of religion which that brother
seems to have adopted than he would go and
spend the evening in Laurel Hill Cemetery."
And yet these young men of Ohio and all
young men have a right to ask those who
have had many opportunities of studying
this world and the next world to give help.
ful suggestion as to what theories of life on:e
ought to adopt and what dangers he ourght
to shun. Attention, young n?ri.
First, get your soul right. You see. that
Is the most valuable part of you. It is the
most important room in your house. It is
the parlor of your entire nature. Put the
best pictures onitsmaiius. Put the best musia;
under its arches. It is important to have
the kitchen right. and the dining room right,
and the cellar right, and all the other rooms
of your nature right: but. oh! the parlor of
the soul! D+ particular about the guests who
enter it. Shut its doors in the faces of those
who would despoil and pollute it. There are
rinces and kings who would like to come
nto it, while there are assassins who would
and murderous. Let th King come in. He
is now at t0e door. Let - s'her to an
nounce is arrival, and introdue -
of this world. the King of all worlds, tht
King eternal,>immortal, invisible. Make
room. Stand-bik. Clear the way. Iw,
kneel, worship the King. Have Him once
for your guest, and it does not make much
difference who comes or goes. Would you
have a warrantee against moral disaster and
surety of a noble career? Read at least one
chapter of the Bible on your knees every day
of your life.
Word the next: Have your body right.
'How are you?" I often say when mect a
friend of mine in Brooklyn. H4 is ove-r sev
exity, and alert and vigorous, and very
p rominent In the law. His answer is, "I an
ling on the capital of a well spent youth."
On the contrary, there are hundreds oA
thousands of good people who are sufferin g
the results of early sins. The grace of God1
gives on'e a new heart, but not a new body.
David ,the Psalmist hand to cry out,"R
member notthe sins of my youth." Leta
young man make his body a wine closet, oi
rum jug, or a whisky casek, or a beer barrel,
and smoke poisoned eigare'ttes until his
band trembles, andi he is black under the
eyes, and his cheeks fall in, and then at!
some church seek and find religion; yet all
the praying he cnn do will not hinder the
physical consequences of natural law frac
tured. You six young men of Ohio and all
the young men, take care of your eyes, thiose
windlows of the soul. Take care of your.
ear", and listen to nothing that depraves.
".' .te care of your lips, and see that they
utter no profapities. Take care of you!
nerves by enough sleep and avoiding uan.
healthy excitements, and by taking out-j
door exercise, whether by ball or skate 0or
horseback, lawn tennis or exhilarating bi-?
cycle, if you sit upright and do not join that
throng of several hundred thousands who by
the wheel are cultivating crooked backs and
orampedchests and deformed bodies. rapidly
aoming down toward all fours, and the
attitude of the beasts that perish. Anything
that bends body, mind or soul to the earth
Is unhealthy. Oh, it is a grand thing to be
well, but do not depend on pharmnacy andl the
doctors to make you welL Stay well. Read
John Todd's Manual and Coombs's Physio
logy and everything you can lay your h'ands
on about mastication and digestion and assi m
ilation. Where you find one healthy man
or woman, you find fifty half (lend.
From my own experience I can testify that,:
being a disciple of the gymnasium, many a
time just before going to the parallel bars
and punching bags and pullies and weights,
I though? satan was about taking possession
of society and the church and the world, but
SI' after one hour of climbing and lifting and
pulling I felt like hastening home so as to be
there when themillennium set in. Take a good
stout run every day. I find in that habit,
which I have kept up since at eighteen ye-ars
I read the aforesaid Todd's Manual, more
recuperation than In anything else. Those
six men of Ohio will ne.ed all possible nerve
and all possible eyesight andl all possIble
muscular development before they get
1:hrough the terrifie struggle of this life.
Word the next: Take care of your intel
lect. Here comes the flood of novelettes,
ninety-nine out of a hundred belittling to
* every one that opens them. Here come de
* praved newspapers, submerging good and
elevated American journalism. Here comes
a whole perdition of printed abomination,
dumped on the breakfast table and tea table
and parlor table. Take at least one good
newspaper with able editorial and reporters'
columns mostly occupied with helpful in
telligence, announcing marriages and deaths
and reformatory and religious assemblages,
and charities bestowed, and the doings of
good people, and giving but lIttle place to
nasty divorce cases, and stories of crime,
which, like cobras. stIng those that tou'h
them. Oh, for more niewapapers that put
virtue in what is called great primer type
and vice in nonpareil or agtate!
You have all seen the photographer's ne;.a
civo. He took a pirture from It ten or t wenty
years ago. You ask him now :or a picture
from that same negative. H e opens the
c-s 'hn'4 containinU black n.'gativecs of
I8Wor~I%, End ho r~prioduces thre picture.
Young ifien, your memory Is made up of the
* negatives of an immortal photography. All
that you see or hear goes into) your soul to
make pictures for the future, You will have
with you till the judgment day the negatives
of all the bad pictures you havo ever looked
at, and of all te debau.chel scenes you have
read about, Show me the newspapers you
take and thie books you read, and I will tell
Z!an tae -voQzonQ?S .for well being
in this lite, ona wnat win1 Do your temev "
a million years after the star on which we
now live shall have dropped out of a
the constellation. I never travei a.
on Sund' r uneS3 it he a -vqte or neeeso.'. w
mercy. *;ut last autumn I was In India ini a if
city pliue struck. By the hundreds the t(,
people vf'--re down with fearful illness. We 1i
went to ttq apotheeary's to get some pre- '
ventitive of the fover, and the place was le
crowded with invalids, and we had no conl - n:
denee in the preventive we purchased from tv
the Hindoos. The mail train was to start
Sabbath evening. I said, "Frank. I thinit x
the Lord will-excnso u1: if we get out of tis Jr
place with tho first train," and we took it. :t
not feeling quite comfortable till we wore th
hundreds of miles away. I felt we were right to
in flying from the plague. Well, the air it hP
many of our cities is struck through with a 1
worse plague -the plague of corrupt and in
damnable literature. Get away from it at th
soon as possilde. It has already ruined the th
bodie, minds and sonl of a multitide n
which, 1t :. d In eaui.1 column. would h
reach from New York Battery to Golden br
Horn. The plague! The plague! r
Word the next: Never go to any place M
mhere you wouldl be ashamed to die. AAlopt La
that plan and you will never go to any evil hi
amusenent nor he found 'in compromising fli
mrroundings. How many startling caise P!
within the past few years of men called su'i- fa
denly out of this world, and the newspapers bc
urprised us when they mentioned the local
ty and the companionship. To put it on the 'a
least important ground, you ought not to go bi
to any such forbidden place, because if you a'
depart this life in such circumstances you G,
put officiating ministers in great embarrass- 0,
ment. You know that some of the minlsterQ r
believe that all who leave this lire go Po
straight to heaven. however they have act- at
e in this world, or whatever they have m
believed. To get you through from such to
surroundings is an important theological un- st.
dertaking. One of the most arduous an-1 th
besweating efforts of that kind that 1 bl
ver knew of was at the obsequies of a man se
who was found dead in a snowbank with his eli
rum jug close beside him. But the ministei fte
did the work of happy transference a- well th
at possible, although it did seem a little Ian,- I
propriate when he read: "Blessed are the A.
lead who die in the Lord. They rest froc tVi
their labors, and their works do folloi tie
them." If you have no mercy upon yourseli al
have mercy uron the minister who may he ta
ialled to officiate after your demise. Die at of
home. or in some ;,lace of honest business, pt
5r where the laughter is olean, or amid com- at
panionships pure and elevating. Remember gi
that any place we go to may beeome ou gs
tarting point for the next world. When we m
5nter the harbor of heaven, and the officer m
)f light comes aboard, let us be able to show Ip
that our elearing papers were dated at the b
ight port. hi
Word the next: As soon as youcan, byin tu
.1ustry an I economy, have a home of your at
'iwn. What do I mean by a home? I mear
two rooms and the blessing of God on botb At
)f them; one room for slumber, one for foo, tti
its preparation and the partaking thereof. th
Wark you, I would like you to have a home vi
with thirty rooms, all upholstered, picture: se
tud statuetted, but I am putting it down at at
:he minimum. A husband and wife who can. RB
riot be happy with a home made up of twc dc
rooms would not be happy in heaven if they I to
Zot there. He who wins and keeps the alTec. tr
:on of a good practical woman bas dont fo
zoriously. What do I mean by a good Gi
roman? I mean one who loved God before to
the loved you.- What do I mean by a practi. ba
al woman? I mean one who can help you it
o.ear a livin- for a tirs.e comes in almosi TI
ery man's life when he is flung of hard mis- A
!rtune, and you do not want a weakliu go. th
Ing around the house vhining and sniffins
shout how she had it before you mar.
-i~ aher. The simple reason wh e
sands o mE~ ever get on in orld fi
is because they naElt ties and ti
never got over it. The only thmg that Jols gi
wife proposed for his boils was a warm pou!. p<
tice of profanity, saying. "Curse God and of
die." It adds to our admiration of Joht A
Wesley the manner in which he conquere] as
domestic unhappine-ts. His wife had slan- ((
dored him all over England until, standing fe
in his pulpit in City Road chapel, he com- ef
plained to the people saying, "I have beer si
carged with every crime in the catalogue tr
except drunkenness;" when his wife arose w
in the back part of the church aud said tt
"John, you know you were drunk last N
night." Then Wesley excaimed, "Thanl it
God, the cntalogue is complete." When s 01
man marries he marries for heaven or hell. t1
and it is more so when a woman marries ui
You six young men in Fayette, Ohio, hai gi
bett er look out.
Word th.: next: Do not rate yourself' tot .e
nigh. Better rate yourself too lowv. If yin ti
rate yourself too low tho world will say, Itc
"Come up," If you rate yourself too high Im
the world will say, "Come down.'' It is ai at
bad thing when a man gets so exaggerated am irt
dea of himself as did Earl of Buchau, whose tt
speech Ballantyoe, the Edinburgh printer, al
iould not set up for p'ublication because he ft
had not enough eadital Ps among his ty.e. at
Remember that the world got along without b
you near 6000 years beforo you were boi n, It
and unless some meteor collides with us, 01 W
eomie internal explosion o" urs, th > wortd c<
will probably last several thousand yeari T
after you are dead. e
Word the next: Do not postpone too ion. fi
doing something decided for God, humanity
and yourself. The greatest things have ben t
lone before forty years of age. Pascal at
sixteen years of age, Grotius at seventeen,
Romulus at twenty, Pitt at twenty-tw"
Whitetleid at twenty-tour, Bonaparte al
tenty-seven. Ignatius Loyola at thirty 01
Raphael at thirty-seven, had made the world gI
feel their virtue or their vice, and the big- I
est strokes you will probably make for the W
truth or against the truth will be before you at
reach the meridi'am of life. Do not wait ford
something to turn urp. Go to work and turi a
it up. There is no such thing as good luer.4
No mani that ever lived has ha:l a better time
than I have had, yet I never had any gooJ te
uck. But instead thereof, a kind Providence d
as cro' 'ded my life with mercies. You will
never accomplish much as long as you go at ~
your work on the minute you are expected E
and stop at the first minute It Is lawful tc at
quit. The greatly useful and successful men W
of the next century will be those who beganb
alf an hour before they were required and b
worked at least half an hour after they might bi
bae quit. Unless you are willing sometimeS fe
to work twelve hours of the day you will re- ii
man on the low level, and your life will be a
lrol'nged humdrum. It
'Word the next: Renmlmber that it is on.: P~
a small part of our life that we are to pass on
earth. Less than your finger nail compared i
with your whole body is the life on earthW
when compared with the next life. I sup
po-e there are not more than half a dozen t~
people iin this world 100 years old. But a h
vry few people in any country reach eighty. '
'he majority of the human race expire be- OD
ore thirty. Nowv, what an equipoise in such "
consideration. If things go wrong It Ie I"
nly for a little while. Have you not enough Y~
noral pluck to stand the jostling, and the I
ajstces, and the mishaps of the small par- i
ma~iesis between the two eternities? It is a
~od thing to get ready for the one mile thsis
ddethemarble alab but more imoortant to
net fixed up for tne intermniable 6*5le hi g
stretch out into the distances beyond ; a
the marble stab. A few years ago on the ti
ashvile and New Orleans railroad we D
were waked up early in the morning, .
tn told we must take carriages for - D
tome distance. "-Why" we all asked. |Pi
Bunt we soon saw for oufrelvesin
hat, while the tlrst four or five .
ipans of the bridge were up, farther on
her was a span that had fallen, and we
'culd not but shudder at what might have|
Seen the possibilities. When your rail train
tarts on a long bridge you want to be sure a
hat the flest span of the bridge is all right, in
yut what if farther on there is a span oft the y v
ridge that is all wrong; how then? what l
'hen? In one of the Western cities the'W
'reshets had carried away a bridge, and r I L
Dan knew that the express train would soot Ibc
ome along. So he lighted a lantern and d
tarted up fte track to stop the train. But
eafor ha hna ot far enemah nn tha trac.h
e wind Diew out the light or his lanteri,
id standing in the darkness as the trairI
,me up he threw the lantern into the loco.
otive, crying, "Stop! Stop!" And the
irning was in time to halt the train. And
any of you by evil habits are hastezing ox
ward brink or precipice or fallen span, I
row this Gospel lantern at your mad
r.er: Stop! Stof,! The end tiiemot it
ath! Young man, you are cagel now by
mny environments. but you will after
hile get your wings out.
some one caged a Rocky Mountain eaglb
d kot him shut un between iho wires
til all the spirit and conrage had gone
t of it. Released one day from the cagv,
3 eagle seemed to want to return to its
rmer prison. The fact was that the eagle
d all gone out of him. He kept his wines
wn. But aftOr awhile he looked up at the
n, turning his head first this side and then
.t side, and then spread one wing and
3n the other wing, and began to mount
til the hills were far under his feet, and
was out of sight in the empyrean. My
rther, when you leave this life, if by the.
ace of God you are prepared, you will
me out of the cage of this hindering mor
ity, and looking un to the heavenlv
ights you win spreal wing for immorta
rht, leaving sun and moon and stars he.
ath in your ascent to glories that never
is and splendors which never die. Your
dy is the cage, your soul is the ea-lo.
ord the next: Fill yourself with be
phies of men who did gloriously in the
siness or occupation or profession you are
out to choose or have already chosen.
)ing to be a merchant? Read up Petet
oper and Abbott Lawrence, and James
nox and William F. Dodge and George
abody. See how most of those merehants
the start munched their noonday lunheon
ide up of dry bread and a hunk of cheese,
hind a counter or in a storeroom, as they
arted in a business which brought thew to
e top of influences which enabled them to
-ss the world with millions of dollars con.
3rated to hospitals and schools and
urches and urivate benefactions. where
itherrignt hand nor left hand knew what
s other hand did. Going to be a physician?
ad un Harvey and Gross and Sit
am Clarke and James Y. Simpson,
e discoverer of chloroform as an aninsthe
and Leslie Keeley, who, notwithstanding
the damage done by hisincompetent imi
ors, stands one of the greatest benefactor
the centuries, and all the other mighty
ysloians who have mended broken bones.
d enthroned again deposed intellects, and
ren their lives to healing the long, 'deef
sh of the world's agony. Going to be a
wihanlc? Read up the inventors of sewing
wchines and cotton gins and life saving ap.
ratus, and the men who as architects and
:ilders and manufacturers and day laborert
ve made a life of thirty years in this cen.
ry worth more than the fikli 100 years of
y other century.
You six young men of Ohio, and all tht
bgryoung men, instead of wasting youi
ne ob dry essays as to how to do great
Ings, go to the biographical alcove of youi
lage or city library, and acquaint your.
ves with men who, in the sight of eartb
d heaven and hell, did the great things.
member the greatest things are yet to be
ne. If the Bible be true, or as I had bet
- put it, since the Bible is beyond all con
versy true, the greatest battle is yet to be
ight, and compared with It Saragossa and
ttysburg and Seden were child's play witb
r pistols. We even know the name of the
ttle, though we are not certain as to where
ill be fought. I refer to Armageddon.
A greatest discoveries are yet to be miade,
scientist has, recently discovered Is
Sair . h*" w* iff'-fet'rivi
y. e mo f things have nol
t been found out. An explorer has re.
ntly found in the valley of the Nile a whole
oet of ships buried ages ago where noti
ere is no water. Only six out of the SIX
asses have bean turned into food like the
>tato and the tomato. There are hundreds
other styles of food to be discoverel.
wrial navigation will yet be made as saft
travel on the solid earth. Cancers aal
nsumptions and leprosies are to be trans.
rred from the catalogue of incurable di.
se to the curable. Medical men are noxi
.cessfully experimenting with modes o1
nsferring diseases from weak constitutions
ich cannot throw them off to stout consti.
tions which are able to throw them ott
orlds like Mars and the moon will be with.
hailing distance. and Instead of confining
r knowledge totheir canals and voleanoe
ey will signal all styles of intelligence tC
, and we will signal all styles of intelli
nee to them.
Coming times will class our boasted nin.
enthi century with the dark ages. Undet
e power of gospelizationthe world is going
be so improved that the sword and thi
usket of our time will be kept in musenmi
now we look at thumbscrews and ancient
struments of torture. Oh, what oppor,.
nitles you are going to have, young met
I the world over, under thirty. H ow thank.
1 you ought to be t bat you were not born
iy sooner. Blessed are the crad les that are
log rocked now. Blessed are the studenta
the freshman class. Blessed those who
ill yet be young men when the new century
smes in, In five or six years from now.
is world was hardly fit to live in in the
ghteenth century. I do not see how the old
ls stood It. During this nineteenth century
e world has by Christianizing and educn
nal influenees been fixed up until it doei'
ry well for temporary residence. But the
rentieth century! Ah, that will be the
ne to see great sights and do great deeds.
i, young men, get ready for the rolling in
that mightiest and grandest and most
orious century that the worid has eve:
en! Only five summers more; five autumns
ore; five winters more; flve springs more,
td then the clock of time will strike the
math of the old century and the birth of the
iw. I do not know whatsort of a Decemn.
er night it will be when this century lies
>wn to die; whether it will be starlit os
rpestuous; whether the snows will be
ifting or the soft winds will breathe upon
e pillow of the expiring centenarian. But
Liswill mourn its going, for .nany ha~ve
ceived from it kindnesses inuumerable,
Ld they will kiss farewell the aged brov
dnkled with so many vicissitudes.
Old nineteenth century of weddings apo
irials, of defeats and victories, of nations
irn and nations dead, thy pulses growing
bler now, will soon stop on that 31st
ghst of December! But right beside It will
~the infant century, held up for baptism.
Ssmooth brow will glow with bright ex
etations. The then more than 1,700.000,
0 inhabitants of the earth will hail its
rth and pray for Its prosperity. Its reige
11 be for a hundred years, and the most ol
sur life, I think, will be under the sway of
Sscepter. Get ready for it. Have yons
art right, your nerves right, your brain
fht, your digestion right. We will hand
er to you our commerce, our mechanism,
i arts and sciences, our professions, out
ipits, our inheritance. We believe is
u. We trust you. We pray for you.
e bless you. And though by theI
ne you get Into the thickest of the
at for God and righteousness we may
,e disappeared from earthly scenes,
Swill not lose our interest in your strug
s, and if the dear Lord will excuse us for
ittle while from the temple service and
e house of many mansions we will come
t on the battlements of jasper and, cheer
u. and nerhaps If that night aot---N.d I
very quiet y~u may hear out
rig from afar as we cry, "Be tL .a
sto death and though shalt havt. ,,ail"
A Limited Indorsemenr.
A pplicant for position-i have here
letter of recommendation from my
iister. Head of House-That's
ry good so far as it goes. But we
>n't need your services on Sundays.
ive you any indorsemnents from any
dy who ksaows you the other six
ys of the week?
BUILDING 0eF PERRY'S FLET
;tory Told by Noah Brown, One of thy
In view of the fact that Perry's
rictory on Lake Erie in the war of
812 will probably be fully illustrated
t the October ceremonies at the
iVorld's Fair, iniornate4n as to hov
;hat fleet was built may prove of in
erest. A. W. Brown, the last repre
;entative of the Isrown family, which
)uilt that fleet, is t t'e Palmer. ouse
le furnishes the statement of Noah
irown, ils great-un(clc, as regardt
The Brown brothers, Noah and
,tani, engwaied in the ship-ouildiig
)usine.ss at New York in 1804 with
-'urman Cheesemiian. As to the Perr:
loot, Noah Urown says:
"In 1813 we were called upon by
he United States Covernment to go
nid build Perry's fiect. I started
rom New York, Feb. 14, and with a
mall gang arrived in ten days at thc
own of Erie. The weather then was
itormy and the snow deep. More
ands arrived the last of April, and
-e began to drive business with con
iderable speed, and the navy agent
if Philadelphia sent on muen, and
ney-began to arrive in the middle of
Jav. In all there had collected
b.out 200 men, and then we
Vere short of iron, oakum, and pitch;
ut there was a British schooner o:!
n the ice. We proceeded to her and
aot out about twenty barrels of pork
nd a quantity of rigging and cables.
Ve made oakum of them, and burned
he schooner and got her iron. It
elped us with the gunboats, and I
ode all around to the neighboring
owns and bought of all the mer
hants every bar of iron I could find.
'he Government was to send iron,
itch, and oakum, but the roads were
o bad that I had almost finished the
et before any arrived at Erie.
"My men several times raised and
eclared they would work no longer
f they could not-dave better fare. I
atisfied them by giving them liberty
o go and bu7all e cattle and other
rovisions the'y-' cld find. Several
ere gone four or live days, and when
hey came back their report satisfied
hem all, so I had little trouble after
"The enemy often appeared before
ur harbor and several times came to
1 anchor within three miles of us.
)ur men drew arms and volunteered
o protect the ship-yard, but the
nemy did not venture to land, as we
ere as willing they should not land
s they; so we had no use for arms.
"We had comple.ted our vessels b3
'hree gun-boats armed and fitted for
ea; two brigs and one sharp schoonet
or a dispatch vessel and a lookout,
s she could outsail anything that
vas in the English fleet.
"We built also a block-house, 3t
eot square, of heavy timber: like
vise a guard-house of 40x20 feet, a
ook-house of 100x20 feet and a loft
bove to accommodate 200 men, a
lacksmith shop 80 feet long by 16
ct deep and a house for fifty men to
leep in, an oflice for myself and
oiniodore Perry IS feet square, like
ise four camels, about twenty ton:
~ach, fourteen boats for the use of
hie fleet, and we mounted all the
uns for the tleet, and repaired tiv(
id vessels that belonged to thei:
eet an~d all their gun carrlaLges."
Mr. Brown says that after comi
leing the work at Erie he was sen1
o Lake Champlain to build Commto.
ore McIonough's fleet there of one
~hip and nine gunboats. In this way
e became connected with the two
-ictories of the inland seas of 1812
hich al-e familiar to every schoo
)oy and girl.
Continuing, Mr. Brown said: "In
iebruary, 1815, we received orders te
roceed to Sackett's Harbor to build
wo large ships to mlount 130 gulns of
arge caliber-100-pounders on the
wer deck, rifty-pounders on lthe
siddle deck, and tirty-t wo-poutnders
n the~ upper (lock-likewvie thr
'Peace comningT on we diid not com
icte our contract, but we got the
arge ships wvell along. We proceeded
nf to the hartnr with about 1,200)
lei, and~ whenl we were stopped we
a:d tbeen to work~ ouiy about sic
e1s, and if we hadl 1or, ben stoipped
n six'weeks longer both largze ships
ouldl have been completed andl in
he lake. We returned to New York
nd had not the pleasure of seein:.:
he largest ship alloat in the inhl;i
raters of our State that ever was
uilt-. These ships were 250 few-t en
he upper deck andl 200 feet st r;:ight.
''In11814 we b~uilt a locku-heouse,
orty feet square, - dill llouk, ;in
Ileil Gat e, East Rtiver; likewise. th
eondl b lock-house at Willio nsbur,
ong Islanid, oppiositel the eity oft New
ork. We built a block-house oni
tockawayjfeach, south side of Long
sland, and furnished all the ma
erials to complete these three luhk
ouses. We also built a steant
"Under the direction of 1Robert
ulton, we built a vessel called the
ute, bomnb-proofed, and to bue re
olled by machiniery under water.
since the war we have built eonly -.
evenue cutter and one light ye
ror the Government." -Chm
Fulfiling His Mission.
Miss Goodsoul-That was so true,
what our min ister said today. tsay
oy-What was that? Mliss Giod.
oul-Man lives but for a time.
ayboy-Well, he generally has it
"Have you read Siowt..'s lateet
o'ely" '-No I generally try smadj
oses of opium.''
Train Robber Perry has been criticis
ing the management of the Matteawan
insane asylum. He must be crazy.
Some women are so- ill-mannered a.
to go right into a store and try to in
terrupt a conversation between the
Men should really be in favor ti
bloomers. No matter how awkward
they are, they can't possibly step on 8
lady's train If she wears bloomers.
A little paper up in Victoria expressea
decided disapproval of the Monroe doc
trine. The atuthoriteies at Washing
ton ought to know this before they do
A TROLLEY FIRE ESCAPE
It Way Easily Be Rolled from One
Window of the Building to Ancther.
The device illustrated in the picture
here printed seems to be a great, in
deed, a very important improvement
upon the old style, fixed fire-escape
with which factories and other build
ings are geneially fitted. Where the
escape is permanently attached to the
building access to it may be had only
from one window on each floor, and it
sometimes happens that the fire cutf
off the occupants of the building fron
This so-called "trolley fire-escape,"
however, runs on a track under the
TROLLRY FIR~E rscApg.
eave of the building, and may be
ed from one window to another so as
to permit access to it from any desired
point A standpipe for water connec
tion may also be permanently attached
to the escape, with a nozzle at each
floor and a coupling below, and watei
may thus be immediately thrown wher
The device seems to be admirably
ldapted to large buildings, wharemany
people are likely to be endangered by
the breaking out of a fire.
The Troublesome Rhedive,
The Khedive is not a wise ruler-pen'
Iaps not even an endurable onebut
still it is in his name that we English
govern; and to have to be perpetually
hinting that he must be deposed, oi
even his house superseded, is not pleas
ant-not a process which, however
necessary-and we are not denying its
necessity-tends to diminish the Eng
lish civilian's drawback in governing
their disagreeableness to the upper
classes of the governed. They get
aong with the proletariat well enough,
for the latter like justice and light tax
ation, but the gentry, who feel throt
tled by our- inflexibility and "priggish"
dsire for European justice, cannol
reonelile themselves to our authority.
They fr-et, and their titular ruler frets,
and those whom they influence fret,
till. whenever there is a jar, rumors are
ciculated of approaching revolt, and
alr-mists talk of massacre, and halt
Europe looks on, thinking that though
tie Eniglish govern successfully, they
govern without amiability or consider
align for feelings, which the continent
hohini to be exceedingly important. The
hedire is, we do not: doubt, a forward
person; but we do not know a Euro
peanm prince w~ho, in his position, would
ntbhiing over, or who, if a weak
nun. ouldnot be temp~ted to give lit'
i(' in priicks to his aggressive tutor
wlenever he saw that that was safe.
Tihe curious C'handni Chiowk, or "Sil
ret- s1reet," of Delhi, one of the most
picturesque thoroughfares in the Efast,
derives its name from the filigree
wrought with unrivaled skill and -:asto
hi thme Mogul capital. Sunlight and
shadow contendl for mastery among ir
regular nmasses of tumbledown houses,
where carved wooden balconies ap
proched by extornal stairs glow with
rich embr'oideries, which form but a
tithe of the varied treasures found ir
he Chandlni Chowk.
The munslin-r"b"d merchants stand
o)utside the sho'ps to pr(.cl'aim the value
Mf the w:1res andm to solicit inspection.
Dark and wind'ag steps lead to dusky
chambe,,rs. whre n nall-pervading odor
f .sandazlwood anid musk creates the
traditional Oriental atmosphere, and
impregnates the bales of silk and cash
mre piled aroun md teak wood chests
filled with silver, gold andl jewels.
Iargaining proceeds with Eastern de
liberation, whichi yieldls to the raid
methods of the West when the adlapt
able Hindu mind detects a trace of
dawning impatience on English faces.
Temptation is rife. andl throungh tons of
rubbish innumerable gmns of art re
ward the Axp'lorer who can afford the '
necessary outlay of time and money.--I
Al t he Tear Round.
SMOOTH-EORE GUNS NOW.
Vow It Is Proposed to Reduce tho
- - Coot of Great Cannon.
The very heavy cost of modern guni
is largely due to the time and laboi
which are necessarily expended upoi
the operation of rifling them. It is al
most impossible so to make the gur
and the projectile that the soft driving
bands of the latter shall at the niomeni
of discharge, accurately fit into thE
grooves and lands of the bore and al.
low no gases to pass ahead. When
these gases do pass ahead of the pro.
jectile they score and damage the inter
ior of the gun; and, where the newv
powders are used and the gases of
consbustion attain an enormous degree
of lIeat, the process of deterioration,
especially in weapons of large calibre,
is often very rapid. A Swedish engi
neer, W. T. Unge, has devised a meth
od whereby he hopes to save, not only
the cost of rifling, but also the inter
for wear and tear for which rifling is
responsible. Ie proposes to construct
all guns as smootl bores, and to fit the
projectile with gas cheeks, which shall
render it practically impossible for any
gases to rush Ist thiem.
In order to convey to the projectile
an axial rotary motion. such as is at
present conveyed to it by the action of
the rifling, lie has invented a mechani
cal arrangement, which, at the instant
of firing, gives to the gun itself an ax
ial rotary motion. The device con
sists of a rotary mounted holder con
taining the projeciile, and a spindle
provided with a bearing in the rear
wall of the casing, by means of which
the rotary movement to the projectile
is exactly the same as is produced by
the constant or increasing twist of an
ordinary rirled gun; and he is of the
opinion that the adoption of his system,
while giving equal or even improved
accuracy of fire, will reduce the cost
of heavy guns 'y one-half and add full,
1.00 per cent, to their endurance.
Wanted a Change of Diet.
An old gray-haired woman stands
about the entrance of a big downtown
building and asks for alms in about
"Mister, please give me a few pen.
iles to buy bread."
This she has been repeating over and
>ver until the occupants of the build
Ing have all become familiar with ev
?ry intonation of her short song. The
>ther afternoon a stout, middle-aged;
man, who had heard her plaintive ap
peal many times a day for several
months, was rushing into the building.
Re evidently had some important b.usi
ness o- '-4dthat must be attend
ed to quickly. AnSugb -_11i
stuck out her hand and greeted hiir
"Mister, please give me a few pen
ales to buy bread."
Stopping suddenly, and quickll
thrusting a bill in her hand, the man
full of business said gruf.ly:
"Here; you go buy some pie. You
eat too much bread."-New York Ad
In a covered RInic.
Canada is probably the only place on
hie continent where dancing on skates
nay be witnessed. Every afternoon
t the skating rinks are seen graceful
roung girls, accompanied by stalwart,
tthletic looking youths dancing to the
music of a military band. It is im
pssible to describe the grace, ease and]
pparent lack of exertion with which
hese captivating young women ge
hrough the most intricate figures. The
mlooker is completely mystified and
atches the scene as if in a trance.
When it is over, he votes ball-room per
ormances insipid in comparison.
31d Linen and Cotton Are Valuable
Never destroy a bit of linen or cot
on cloth. Make a matter of principle
>f this, for such pieces are far too val
able to be put out of the way. If an
artist friend does not seize greedily
pon them all, send them to any hos
pital; there is always a crying need
ere of soft. worn stuff for bandages.
Kewv linen will not fill the require
mients, they must have been used
nough to be free from dressing and
UJnless some men ore on the pay rol
it every election. they are not patti
The Comng Woman.
Th Dg o ars
Lat reun so ht ai hs8,
tebtthe dogs on tunarfor oc.
pation to twenty-five manufacturers of
ol'lars and muzzles, four bakers of
og's bread, ive fa(ctories5 where dlo.
biscuitsq, consisting of meat fibre. are
made; three special dog phiarmnacirs. a
ozen infirmaries and two dog hospir
Tie aiainlti kiner.
It has a bright blue body, nearly two
inches long, and wings of a golden hue.
As it flies here and there in the sun
light, glittering like a flash of 1re, one
moment resting on a leaf, the next on
a granite boulder, it keeps up an In
cessant buzzing, which is caused by
the vibration of its wings. No sooner
does the tarantula hear this than he
trembles with fear, for well he knows
the fate in store for him when once
his mortal foe perceives his wherea
bouts. This It soon does, and hasten
.o the attack.
At first it is content with flying i
circles over its intended victim. Grad
ually It approaches nearer and nearer.
At last, when it is within a few inches,
the tarantula rises upon its hind legs
and attempts to grapple with his foe,
but without success. Like a flash the
giant wasp is on its back. The deadly
fangs have been avoided. The next
Instant a fearful sting penetrates deep
Into the spider's body. Its struggles
almost cease. A sudden paralysis
creeps over It, and It staggers, helpless,
like a .drunken man, first to or.e side
then to the other.
These symptoms, however, are only
of short duration. While they last the
wasp, but a few inches away, awaits
the result; nor does it have to wait
long. A few seconds and all sign of
life has disappeared from the taran
tula; the once powerful legs curl up
beneath the body, and It rolls over
No Offlcial Announcement.
"I am told that Smithers is quite
ured of his illness."
"I don't believe it," replied the blun'
"I haven't seen his picture in any
patent medicine advertisement"
Husband-Darling, is there anything
i can do for you?
Wifey-Yes, love; give me a 1-ceni
stamp. I want to send one of your pho
tographs to a friend-"second-clast
uail matter," you know.-Truth.
A Sure Thing.
Jess-So their engagement is off; how
did it happen?
Bess-He knew himself so well tha'
he was sure she would get tired of
him.-Kate Field's Washington.
She Did Not Mean It.
A couple of neighboring, women on
Cherry street quarreled recently and
aibused each other over their respective
porches. At last one of the women ro
"You must think I am a fool!"
r,''ai. . are next door to one,
maine the incautioifs rep. . 'i
"There's one consolation about this
I rike," said the Coal Vein to the Emp,
"What Is,, that?"
"No one has a pick at me now."
A Great Record.
"You say the Colonel is a great mill
"A perfect hero."
"'What's his record?"
"Seventeen oaths a minute."-Cleve
'and I'lain Dealer.
Napoleon and Talleyrand.
"There is one unpleasant feature
about dying," said Talleyrand, "one
:annoct read one's obituaries. I should
like very much to read my obituaries."
"So should I," returned -Bonaparte,
dryly. "Hiurry up and die, will you?"
Explorers and Volcano.
-New York World.
A Last Resource.
Reporter-I suppose the living skele
Lon married the mammoth woman for
Museumn Manager-Not at all, sir.
The doctor told him he had to get fleshr
ned that seemed to be the only way hi
-ould get it.
Plobby Skyfiats-Say, papa,4ileard
.'o-day in the chemistry- crass, tha;
:here's an English professar who freez
1 s hydrogen and he can make a tem
perature of 300 degrees below zerd
Mr. Skyfiats-Weli, I don't think he
sould give any pointers to the janitoi