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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, SC ESTABLISHED 1844.
THE SONG I NEVER SING.
4As when in dreams we sometimes hear co
A melody so faint and fne,m
And musical'y sweet and clear, as
It flavors all the atmnophere
With harmony divine, be
So often in my wahing dreams S,<
I hear a melody that seems hi
Like fairy voices whispering - a
To me the song I never sing. p 1
Sometimes when brooding o'er the years ye
My lavish youth has thrown away.
When all the g'owing past appears
B$ut as a mirage that my tears
Have crumbled to decay, tr
I thrill to find te ache and pain
Of my remorse is stilled again.
As forward bent and listening.
I hear the song I never sing.ta
A murm'tring of rhythmic words, st(
Adrift on tunes whose currents flow cl(
Melodious with the thrill of birds
And far off lowing of the herjlsm
In lands of long agc - th
And every sound the tra-ant loves sa:
'Comes to me like the coo of doves, sh
When first in blooming fields of spring stl
I hear the song I never sing. slE
The echoes of old voices, wound pa
In limpid streams of laughtgr where of
The river Time runs bubb.e crownel,
And giddy eidies ripple roun- ha
Thelilies growing there; Pe
Where roses, ban ling o'er the brink rol
Drain their own kisses as they drink, th
And ivies climb and twine and cling m
About the song I never sin. gU
An ocean surge f sound that falls
As though a tide of heavenly art hi
Nad tempested the gleaming halls
And crested o'er the golden walls Ir
In showers upon my heart sh
Thus, thus, with open arms and eye s ml
Uplifted toward the alien skies ar
Forgetting every earthly thing,
I hear the song I never sing in
yames Whitcomb Rile. se4
4 ! co,
PI IOTERE PHSTORL.
By KATE P. SIEGHOLD. an
Father Gaspard was selected by a
the Father Superior at Monterey to
carry a message to the Mission San
Juan, forty miles away. He was of
fered a horse to ride, but refused it,
- and started on foot.
It was May, the most delightful ch
rnonth in the year, and Father Gas
card, free from the restraint of the
mission, beguiled the way by singing d
and soliloquizing something after
this wise: h
"Indeed no: I feel far safer on my
wn legs than on the back of an Im- co
sh bronewthat ant"is faur feet se
11 together in one small spot 'an
umps his back like a fiend incar
nate. Did not I myself see the
Father Superior's face blanch when pr
he mounted him to ride down the
coast?" s w n
Father Gaspard was strong and in d
good health, barring a threatened I
obesity and a shortness of leg, but
with the aid of a stout caken staff he
made good progress. A light refec
tion at midday and a short siesta so
refreshed him that he almost seemed
to trot, so fast did the ups and downs th
of the mountain trail speed under th
his feet. t
He passed the night with a herls- P
man, who shared with him his simple f
fare, and in the morning, after giving s
the man his blessing, proceeded ont
his way through the mountain pass, e
to the edge of the Salinas River.
Tucking his gown around his waist s
and carrying his sandals in his hand l
-he forded the stream in a shallow gr
place, mounted the bank, and drew
long breaths of delight at the view!d
before him. co
Thie valley stretched leagues away hi
to the .south, where the mountains Pt
seemed to meet the sand dunes separ.. oI
-g it from the sea on the west.
re were no landmarks of any
d, not a tree, shrub or rock-only T
unbroken prairie of verdure and'It
wers, azure sky overhead, and a le
ntle breeze moving the grass. jhE
The good father hastened on. WVell se
e knew that later in the day these p5
reat Salinas plains were the very er
ozzle of the bellows through which se
he trade winds swept, and toward
vening a terror to travelers from the ito
og that rolled in from the sea, en- gr
eloping, drenching and bewilderingu
hem so it was folly to continue their th
ourney. They must stop where they th
ere until the next morning, when
he welcome trade winds once more by
arose and drove the fog away in fan- trI
tastic clouds over the mountains. dr
~.It was the good priest's intention th
to cross the plains and reach the ca
ranch of Don Manuel on the Gabila n, de
where he would pass the night, sure lh
of a kindly welcome and good cheer. fr(
But about noon, suffering from heat, co
fatigue and the pangs of hunger, he or
bethought himself of a shepherd who Ira
tended the sheep of Don Manuel, wi
.with whom he had stopped once or.
twice when overtaken by the fog. an
and who had the knack of frying fri
ioles most deliciously.F
~Yes, there to the right was the an
hut, and a short distance away .
the flock. So the priest turned fri
from his course, and soon reached Ifu
the shepherd's hut. He sat down re4
on a bench by the door until he lai
recovered his breath. Then put.. fri
ting his hands to his mouth, called th
loudly, "Pedro! Oh, Pedro!" TI
The sheep were huddled together to
in groups, heads to the ground, their of
woolly backs resisting the heat of the .sh
sun. At his call some lifted their do
heads, but the shepherd did not rise I
from his sleep on the ground, as dr
Father Gaspard expected. Instead, m'
the black head of a shepherd dog an
lifted itself on the further side of the It
flock. Then circling around it. he he
came bounding and leaping toward he
the priest. On reaching him he ran w4
around and around, barking, jump
in and tryino to lik~ his face.
Father Ga.pard laughed and said:
s it thou, Domingo? This is a
edial gresting, but whore is thy
tster, Pedro? Is the s!uggaro
eep in the grass?"
rhe dog showed all his teeth, autt
nt himself almost double first one
le the other in the violent wags o!
tall. He ran a little way, then
r down and rested his head on liis
ws an instant, then ran up to the
test again, emitting sharp, quick
Ips. He repeated this again and
ain, but as the priest only
ighed the dog took hold of his
wn with his teeth, and backing oft
ed to pull him along.
'Oh. well, then; I come," said the
est indulgently, and followed the
, who trotted toward a clump of
I grass. looking back every few
ps to see if Father Gaspard was
"Is it a fox hole thou wouldst show
? Or only a sqnirrel's? 0!, it is
lazy shepherd. Awake, Pedro!"
d the priest, reaching down to
%ke the prostrate form, but he
xrted back, for it was not that of a
eping man, but a dead one.
"How is this?" cried Father Gas
rd, in distress. -Pedro dead' and
le turned the body over. "Thou
st lain here many days, my poor
dro. Already the fog and sun hape
ted thy garments and disfigured
r face. Thou art offensive and
ist be buried. And who has
arded the flock?"
Fie looked at the dog, who wagged
'Thou. Domingo! by thyself?
uly, thou art a noble fellow, and
ilt have thy reward. The man
ist be buried, at least tempor
Facher Gaspard scanned the valley
all directions. No one was to be
n; no traveler or vaquero that
2d be called to help,
ie went back to the hut and
ned the door. It was in good
ler, showing that the shepherd
i not lain "there sick. Looking
>und he found a small spade, and
>k a blanket, which was folded on
>le of dry grass, to wrap the body
Then he went back to the dead
[t was no easy task to dig the
tve alone and get the body in it,
t he went bravely to work, and
ered by an occasional visit from
) dog, by the time the first har
iger of the fog-in the form of a
cy mist-floated over the eand
nes, it was accomplished.
Far-her Gaspard went back to the
t. worn and weary, ind'eed, and
)ked some frijoles, and found
ue meal, of which he make a cake
baked it ir t e ashes of his fire.
offered som--o the dog, who only'
Zed at it and would not eat. The
est, seated at the door of the hut-,
v Domingo round up the sheep
I head them toward the corral.
ere were many hundreds, and he
ve them carefully and without
ste safely inside. all b-it one Ing
d, a half grown lamb, which came
ating and running to join the
?h6 dog stood at the entrance 01
a inclosure, but instead of letting
lamb pass he sprang at his
coat and bore it to the ground, ]ap~
g eagerly the warm blood that
wed from the lacerated woud. As
n as it ceased its struggles he tore
e fesh from its bones and ate ray
Father Gaspard was angry, and
outing to the dog tried to drive
from the lamb, but Domingo
>wled and would not obey.
Having finished the meal, he
agged the body away from the
rai and began to dig a hole. WVhen
considered it deep enough he
.shed the lamb in, but dragged it
t again and dug the hole a little
der. In the lamb was flung again
out once more and turned around.
Len, apparently satisfied, he pushed
in and covered it up. shoving the
rth over it with his nose. Then
went to the gate of the corral,
Lected a place to rest, licked his
ws, turned around and around sev
1 times, lay down, and rolling himr
.f up went to sleep.
Father Gaspard wat ched this wan
aness on the part of the dog with:
at distress ; then, too weary to set
longer, he entered the hut, and on
she.pherd's bed of grasses slept
sleep of fatigue and innocence.
In the morning he was awakened
the barks of the dog and the
ufp of the sheep as they wvere
ven out to graze. After eatingj
a remains of the beans and meal
ke he sat on the bench and won
red what was best to do. Shouldt
remain there and guard the floca
m the dog, and await someone 3
ming, to send word to Don MIanuel,
should he hasten himself to the
h and have a shepherd sent
blh other dogs. .,
lie felt a cold nose on his hand
d looking down saw Doming
ging a cheerful good morning.'
ther Gaspard pushed him aside
Away Domingo. thou art no more
end of mine. Thou art an unfaith
tservant; even now thy jowvls are
I with the blood of that innocent
nb. No wonder thou disdained the
joles I offered thee for thy supper,
u hadst something better in store.
.ou shalt be dealt with according
thy crime. I will tell Don 3Manuel
thy treachery and thou shalt ba
ot, an ignominious death for a~
g. Or if thou shouldst iscape, sf!
ave no rope to tie thee, thou shall
ig out a miserable life in the
untains, like the thievish coyote,
d like hm be hated and hunted
is a true saying that once a shop'
rd dog tastes the blood of a sheep
is never more to be trusted. It 1
>rse than the thirst of men fw
aomingo at o.n his haunches b6
fore the priest and listened to this
tirade, his head on one side, his eyes
Iixed on those of his denunciator,
and his tongue lolling out of his
mouth, except when the priest
paused, then he drew it in and swal
lowed. His sharp ears stood up and
pointed forward and back from the
priest to the sheep. Occasionally his
eyes would roll toward the flock, and
the little brown spots above them
seemed also to move. Ever on the
alert, he now dashed away to see if
they were safe.
-ather Gaspard grasped his staff
and arose to go, hoping to reach the
ranch and send a shepherd back be
fore night. Suddenly a thought
struck hin, and he sat down again.
"What would have kept the dog
fromi starving since the shepherd
d-ed, if he had not eaten a lamb now
and then. Yes. it had to be, for the
0oo1 of the flock the dog must be
fed. He killed the lamb quietly, not
alarming the rest."
Father Gaspard called him by
name, and when he came running up
stroked his hetad tenderly.
Domingo mio. I was overhasty
and have done thee injustice. Dost
forgive me for my blindness and
harsh words? Yes, I see no malice
in thy honest face. Thou needst no
words to express thy forgiveness, it
is shown in thy clear brown eVes, and
the vocabulary of thy tail and ears.
I will tell the Don of thy faithfulness
and thou shalt be canonized among
dogs. Thou art no longer young. I,
myself, have known thee a number
oL years. Thou shalt be relieved of
tie cade and labor of the field, and
live at. the ranchhouse, where the
Don will give thee a place by the fire,
and will stroke thy head like this, as
ha t lls the story of thy sagacity."
Light of heart, Father Gaspard
started once more on his way to
ward the Gabilan. At evening he
reahcd the edge of the mountain,
afnd looking back saw nothing but a
sea of fog. Buthad it been clear he
might have seen a shower of dirt and
g 1rass fung high in the air. caused by
:Domingo in the act of resurrecting
the remains of the lamb for his sup
HOW GRANT WHEELER DIED.
A Notorious Bandit Chose Suicide
Rather Than Captivity,
With officers of the law hard upon
his trail Grant Wheeler, the train
robber, avoided capture recently by
sending a reyolver bullet through
his brain. Wheeler was a desperate
character and the wildest^* ' ruf
fiar - hom h ssociated. The
r C ch W1l he figured and for
- Ie Taiunted to his death
Soc I !ursday. January 31,
wh e~n , oelamail
Territory. Tfomasked men, one of
whom was Wheeler, forced the brake
man to divide the train, afterward
taking charge of the section to which
the express car was coupled. The mes
senger in charge made his escape and
gave the alarm to the authorities at
Wilcox. The safe was blown open
with dynamite and the contents, ag
regating a larg~e sum, cridoff in
A. rigid investigation followed, and
the ime was fastened with consid
table ces-tainty upon Wheeler and a
cow'boy named Joe Ge:>rge. Sus
pluion also lighted, though not quite
so directly, upon two other men,
namned Trainor and Davis. The most
promising clew obtainable put Spe
cial Offeer Breckinridge, of the
Southern Pacific Railway, Deputy
SheriffiJoe Smith and L. C. Williams
hard on the track of Wheeler. They
surprised him just as he was cooking
breakfatst in a ditch near the little
town of Mancos, in southern Color
ado. Williams walked within a few
fet of the train robber and ordered
him to throw up his hands. He re
fused and started to run. Williams
pulled the trigger of his Winchester,
bt the weapon missed fire. Wheeler
tur.ned at bay in a small ravine,
whence he sent a revolver bullet
whistling past Williams' head. The
latter,with his companions, advanced
u pon Wheeler, who immediately kill
ed himself. Wheeler was 271 years
old and of medium stature, but ath
oetic in build. His confederates in
the train robbery are still at large.
though there is an even chance of
their capture. After they looted the
train theyV separated, each, it is sup
posed, taking different routes to
avo id capture. When Wheeler's per
son w~as s.earched after death but 30
cc its was found in his pockets. A
peuliar incident connected with the
rob berv wvas the fact that the bandits.
whn laying their explosives on the
afe, piled over them eighteen sacks.
eih containing one thousand Mexi
Ican' dollars. The terrific explosion
cattered the coin in all directions.
Ready for the Cholera.
Two y ears ago there was an out
beak of cholera in France, and in
srctions were forwarded to the
e ' re of a certain village to take all
necessary precautions, as the epidemic
Iwas rapidly spreading.
A t irst our worthy magistrate did
not know wrhat to do. After a while,
o.ever, he reported that he was
reayv to receive the dread visitor.
Upon inquiry being made, it was dis
covered that by his orders a sufficient
uunber of graves had been dug in the
locl cemetery to bury the entire par
ish if required.
A Marine Velocipede.
Last winter a young Chicago gen
ius took out apatent for an ice bicycle
and now there is another at work on
a marir~e bicycle. A machine of this
nature has been patented within the
Inst few weeks by a New Orleans
mn. He calls it a marine velocipede.
THE TOBACCO 7NDUSTRY.
[low It Is Progressing Around Time
monsvile-A New Warehouse.
Mr. J. W. Ragsdale, of Timmons.
ville, in speaking about the tobacco
industry around his home said: "In
ourlittle town we have recently had
our oves opened to the fact that "cot
ton" is no longer "king." Thetobacco
industry has grown from a small side
issue with our farmers to be of im
mense importance, and in many cases
absorbs the entire interests of many of
our most prosperous farmers. We are
located in the very center of the to.
bacco district, and in a radious of ten
miles we have about one hundred
barns. All of the necessary material
for building these barns can be easily
secured. The Timmonsville Wagon
Company has farnished nearly all the
flues for the barns in Darlington,
Florence, Sumter and Clarendon coun
ties, and now has orders for two
months ahead. These facts were so
forced upon our business men that a
companv under the name of the Tim
mnonsville Tobacco Warehouse Com
pany, has been organized with C. A.
Smi'th as president., and D. McKenzi4
secretary and treasurer. Messrs. G. W.
Hancock and D. McKenzie have leased
the building for one year and have al
ready secured a full complement of
buyers, who will do everything to make
the market a success.
".r. Hancock is a young Virginiax
with some experience in the tobacco
business, and with the push and ener
gy he and Mr. McKenzie will give ths
business, we have no doubt as to its
"The warehouse is to be of the most
improved style. Its dimensions are 60
feet by 120 feet, ~ I it is so situatea
as to reduce the: at of loading the to
bacco on the cars to minimum.
"Th e company hashad several pron
inent tobacco men here, and, after a
careful study of the country, they pro
nounce Timmonsville the future tobac
co market of South Carolina. 'e
'Pudding Swamp' farmers have prcm
ised their tobacco to this market ad
it is conceded that as fine tobacco as is
raised in the United States is raiselin
that section. We calculate on haid
liug 500,000 pounds of tobacco tis
Live Chicken for Snake Bite.
A little girl, near Fair Forest, Ms
bitten by a poisonous snake last week,
which is called a pilot snake. fe
was uder the house hunting egs
w. I. -Oj; =ha%itten- on thejg toe.
She rfied the aT t-ah once. The
blood was running from the
wound. Her parents had heard ti~t
the applicatiou of a chicken split open
would draw the poison out. They
proceeded to give the treatment al
once. As one chicken won1d become
cold another would be killed, ent open
and applied, until four were used up
in the afternoon. Theremedy seemed
effective, for next day she was all right,
with no sign of pain or of swelling
Mechanics and Labogers Strike.
About 125 men who were at work
building the cotton factory at Waihalla,
went out on a strike Monday morning.
They objected to the number of hours
they had to work. No agreement has
Killed by a Train.
A white man named William
Gregory was run over and killed by
the down passanger train on the South
ern railway near Carlisle Sunday
The cotton mill at McCall is pro
gresing 1apidly. The brick walls are
half up now and soon they will be
umming away with double th4
capacity they now have. Several nen
houses for operatives are also being
Saturday night, a most terrific elec.
tric storm passed over Bennettsville
Lightning struck a large oak in J. L.
Breeden's yard and several persons
were shocked by the bolt. A mule be
longing to J M1 Jackson was killed
the same night by lightning.
The farmers of Spartanburg counta
report that cotton is growing finely
The weed is generally small, but iti
condition is healthy. The dry. ho
days have not checked its growtl
much Corn is also pronrising. They
are now whacking down their wheat
which will be much needed.
The site for the Abbeville Cottoi
Mil! has been selected and in the ver:
near future work will be begun on th
one thing Abbeville lacks to keep he:
in touch with the other growing town
in this and other States. Soon thi
whistle of the mill will call lots of idl
bands to work. It will be located ii
the southeastern part of the city, or
the Georgia, Carolina and Northeri
SAGE'S COSTLY BOMB PROOF.
A Verdic t of $10,000 for Mr. L aidlar
Was Received with Applause.
12 N~w York City, the Laidlaw-Sage jar
found al verdiet of 340.000 for the plaintifl
T verdict was received with applause. Mr
Tm'art for the defendant. moved for a ncy
tr'a. A tay e! judment was granted 1;
Jn.2: Ingrahamn until Septamber next. Wi]
ha~:~ m R Luine1v brought suit against Runsse]
Sa I r $ 50.000 danmages for the injuries re
e~edbythe exploof a bomb in Mr
taL 31r. Sare eaught boid of him and hel<
im~ (Laidiaiw) between Noreross, the bomb
:hrower, andl himself. Lsidlaw hais been per
manently injured. while Mr. Sage escape<
e marati vely unhurt.
1,695,000 Souls in Chicago.
The City Directory, just published, give
icago a minimum population of 1.695,001
It ontaia. 60,000 more names than the d:
CROP CONDITIONS FAVORABLE.
Very Encouraging Weekly Bulletn oI
the State Service as to The Ci..ps
Director Bauer has issued a circular
letter with referrence to the crop con
ditious. After summarizing the week's
weather he saVs:
Cotton n'ade but little growth daring
the week, nevertheless its genersl con
dition is greatly improved. Reports
of injury from lice continue from
Br'owell, Orangeburg, Kershaw, and
soei other counties, but the greater
nimber of correspondents report the
plant healthy, although from two
weeks to a month under-sized. Fields
where no fertilizers were used are said
to look "sorry." The crop is generally
well worked and clean,with an average
though nueven stand,and in good cou
dition to "grow off" if favored bv th
weather. 'More rain would be highl
beneficial over a large portion of thc
Corn continues to improve in con
dition. In Florence county worms
and grasshoppers are injuring the
stand, but injury from worms seems to
be decreasing generally. Early corn
is ta.zselling and has been or is being
laid t:v. Stuoble fields are being pre
pared and planted to corn peas.
Warmer nights and rain are the in
dicated needs of the crop.
lice plantingis about finished along
the entire coast and June rice is ger
minating well. The whole crop is
said to look most promising. Upplaud
rice is being planted in Newberry and
some other western counties. It is
said to be largely in the nature of an
experiment with most farmers. -
The tobacco crop is doing very well
and growing finely; it is spoken of
most enthusiastically by a correspond
ent from Williamsburg County as the
best ever seen in that or any other
Reports of the yield of oats continue
conflicting, but it will average about
75 per cent. of a full crop. Wheat is
yielding well generally, but the acre
age planted is small.
Melons have improved greatly and
are putting on fruit. This year's
growth of vine is not as rank as it
sometimes is, but this, it is said, will
not necessarily lessen the size of the
A large acreage of peas being sown.
Peas are growing slowly. In New
berry County a large acreage of Ger
man millet is being sown for a forage
Early fruit of first-class quality has
me abundant. Peaches are espe
ciaJ . Shipments, on a large
scale, to * markets were begun
during the wee- Darlington
county peaches, plums ad grapes are
rotting. The giape cI -eray
promises to be a large on
Sweet potato draws are
in the western portion o
Those planted-ha"Ie. not
but show some improve
They are of large growth
yield on the coast.
Irish potatoes are doing well gener
ally, but potato bugs are becoming
troublesome in places, but as yet are
not a serious menace.
Gardens are doing well where there
was enough rain, but in places they
have been almost burnt out by the hot
sun. Grasshoppers and worms are
proving destructive in Florence county.
Rain would be very beneficial to gar
dens over a large portion of the State,
and in places is imperatively needed
to save them.
THlE WORK OF THE RATLROAD3
R eport of the (mten-State Commen~~ce
Commission for 1894.
The seven th ststistieal repcrt of the Inter
Sty~e commerce commission has just been
slbmited. It covers the fiseal yea:- 1894 a ad
cmpletes the preliminary statisti-s pubd~sh
edl las'. year.
The first ;art of the report covers tie last
four mo'ths of the Columbian Exposition
dcring which time there was an increased
passenger t.ra ffie. The second part covers a
period of widespread business depression.
The third, commencing June 30. 1894. when
102 r oads, operating upwards of 42,000 miles
of line, and representing about one-fourth
of the total railway capitalization, were in
the hands of receivers. The effect of these
con ditions is apparent in nearly all of the
The total railway mileage in the United
States 178.703, an increase during the year of
2,247 miles. The increase during the pre
vious year was 4,897.
The State of Pennsylvania shows an in
crease of 300.20 miles, Florida 235. North
Dak ota 193, Ohio 184, Georgia .162. '1aine
125. Missonri 120, West Virginia 117, and
Minnesota 116 miles
During the year 1,579 locomotives and
80,386 ears were fitted u p with train brakes,
and 1.197 locomotives and 34.186 cars were
itted with automatic coupulers. While the
gain in the use of both of these safety apphi
anees is In excess of equipment. 74 per cent.
of the total equipment are still without
t train brakes and 72 per cent without auto
rmatic co alers. The law requires that all
equipma.s shall be supplied with these
safety, app.!iances before January. 1893.
The tot'al number of railway employees on
June 30. 1894, was 779.608. a decrease of
93.994. and less than any year since 1890.
Trhe total amount of reported railway cap.
Ita! of June 30, 1894, was $10.796.473.813, aIn
in rease of $290,238,403.
The gross earnings of the railways for the
ye."r .show a decrease of $147.390.077 or 1.
per ceat. One thousand eight hua'ed and
t'utv three railway emplovees were killed
and d'uring the year 23.422 wvere inju1red. as
compared1 with 2.727 killed n' :l31.2' Wiijured
PENSIONER OF THE WAR CF I 8 2 DEAl
Mrs. Nan~cy stark Could Remember th
-Bombardment of Stonington.
-Mrs. Nancy Stark. ninety-six years old, an,
the oldest resident of Mystie, Conn.. die,
suddenly in that town a few nights ago Sh
leaves sixty grandchildren, one of whomi
William Stark. Judge Advocate of Nevada.
-Mrs. Stark was one of the best knowl
-characters in New London County, and wa
a pensioner of the War of 1812. She retaine,
all her faculties almost up to the day of he
death. She remembered well the bombard
ment of Stonington and the time when th
British fleet lay off the harbor at New Lon
don, anid could relate vividly incidents
SThere have been s> mainy tourists a
L Jerusalem this year tha:t many preferrei
Stents outside the walir to the '?rowde
RAILROADS I UTIM SOUTH.
Short Lines To Be Built Connectina
with Main Lines.
The Manufacturers' record says- "Th<
revival of business throughout toe countr3
and the rapid industrial deve!opment of th
south have caused the recent planning of at
unusually large number of short railroad
Ines In :.hat saction, priacipally for carrying
the products of textile, mining and lumber
ing regions to market. A summary made ui
from reports received since Apri! ist show.
that 88 miles of these railroads are projected
or under construction in Florida, 15 miles it
Georgia, 72 miles in Louisiana. 55 miles it
Virginia, 102 miles in Texas, 20 miles it
Tennessee. 19 miles in South Carolina, about
140 miles in North Carolina and 58 miles It
Alabama. There are at present nearly 50(
miles of railway projects of this kind in th
south to-day. backedby responsible parties,
A number of these short lines in Alabama
are to connect mills with railroad systems
but there are many projects for sidetracki
and short lines to coal and Iron plants. Th(
railroads in North Caroliua are to be con.
structed principally to give the timbe!
workers in that state an opportunity to pul
their products on the market, while it
Louisiana most of the railroads are beinj
constructed to meet the demands caused b3
the rapid settlement of the agricultural dis
trict of that state. especially in the Crowley
region, where riee growing is becoming z
great iidustr. Snme 7,000 or 8,000 westerc
people have'located in that section withir
the last few years, and most of them ar
engaged in rien culture, just as wheat I!
growrn in the west. In Florida several shor
lines are to open up phosphate lands and t<
reach shipping points by shorter lines."
THE LABOR WORLD
Trrrrty.flve hundred Michigan miners have
had their wages increased.
Girls employed in crepe manufacture have
to sign a contract to do no housework or
To help maintain iho laws trados union
:nen of C:icago will form a military organi'
yation of their own.
The Pioneer Mining and Manufacturing
Company of Alabama raised the wages of its
100 miners ten per cea!.
other labor after workir g hours. This is to
prevent their hands fron growing hard and
anfit for their delicate job.
Bolt an:1 nut nauu7 -itrcers of the United
States met at Cleveland. Ohio, and decided
to rai.se prices ten per cent.
The bi; st-:l iil.; operated by the Car
neie Coninuy at Braidock. Penn., are to be
converted into tin p!ate m;l.1
A demo r;-tion war ma le in Vienni, Aus
tria. by 20.001 workin 'men in faror of uni
versal sntrai'. The1 -rcdings wer.e per
The commereial teliraph companies are
creaLing great disat ishction among their
eraployes by a rule wiici com:pels the men
to suily their own typewriters.
In the Spanst pro-, i. o" C.rliz tands of
M.en una.!)e to in I empl.y.nc-nt have been
traveling the contt-ry district: and robbing
the inhabitants 0f cattle and foo-1.
Federal census -etures shoIv that we have
ii this coun [Iy i - t y-nir.C w-ment blacksmiths,
thirty-two womaen wood cioppars, 129 women
batchers and 1%1 women carpenters.
It is estntat ed ihat the Ka ir minor in the
diamon-. minvs at Kimberley, South Arrica,
I s;eal 61,000.000 wocth of di:uot.n-s a year.
Their favorite device is to s thn:!.
Twelve hundred rostuman struck at Buda
pest, Hungary. for an inercase of wages. No
letters were deliv r- d on the right side of the
Danube. and only a few on the left
The girl eio. . sent straN
Germany receive sxty cnis a day~-oo
cook can earn :is muh as $1.30 a day, vhil
trained nursez, r:e . ve nly seventy-!r,
The first locrnetve engineer in America
old Wood Be-nstmt. is in t he lBlaekwell's Ist
and almshouse. Ne w YDrk City. aged eighty
eight. He. was for .dsiy years employed b;
the New York Centr:a'.
B-tween 300 andl j00 persons are employe
in making wri'~n ' in the United States
aud their yearly wa..;es amount to betweel
300.003 and i1.0 4) . About the same numr
ber are e~ni..oyedl m ma~ing pi-inting-inks.
In the Dri i-. Hous of Commons th
Trale Commn:tti-. har~u the Factory hil
under consideraion. reporte-i in favor o
substituting fouirican years for sixteen year
as the age limit for cratloymient in factories
Jnternazl nlevenute CollectIons.
Commioner Miller has compiled the oil
eial fi te:s svowng the ecetions from I
trna! rcvenu ior the 11 months of the il
cal year 1S93.
Ti'ee tota! receipt- a !r.gated .$131,420,60
an in-rease ove' 81 of $S8I33. Taid pri
cipal iteros are: Ftrm spirit.. t574,232.200,
de,rease of i.43S8.246: arom obacco) $27
25.052. an in'ce-a ot -.v3.02; from fe
ments i quo::- 62$.010.053p. an increase
224.205: tro:n olhomra ranie :l323.3G1,
deer:ame of S20(.345.
Tfhe total amoutnt caute~ted on account
the income~ taxt ;m:re~itts 577.130. TlI
will be renaded als~on a-; all the claims a
Tim~ agregate r~'cempt5 for May were el
422.337 !sm than fo May 1804.
A 3Iissouri Labor Law UnConSt't!
The Missouri Supreme Court hs dzd day
an opinion declaring unconStistioc.al 1.
law whieh forbids the discharge of emnploy.
of corpoatlion for~ refusal toc.
cnnfetio1- wi-th laboat. :a"~r tioS
coulrt hohls ibt the law i& a speC vf~
two ve'ars :a.., a!:l provile peratitics of Ii
A Starving Preacher Who Stole.
The Rev. John P. Smith. a Baptist count:
pracher. who had escaped from jail at Sti
water, Oklahoma. ten days before, was foui
ying dead along the roadside in an adjoi
iag county. He had been in poor health I
long time. and stole meat to keep his wi
and little children from starving, was arrei
d and convicted of theft, and sentenced
five years in the penitentiary. Feeling I
unishment too great, he broke jail and n
eath from exposure and starvation.
Bad Year for Sealing.
The sealing catch off the coast of Briti
Columbia Is far below that of last year.
thirty-two vessels which cleared from Viei
ra only one will pay expenses. The toi
n umber of skins taken in the coast catch
5308. as against 11,703 for the same pern
Lst year. Twenty-three Canadian vess
Sare hunting in Japanese waters, and ha
sbeen unlucky, bad weather having serious
ampered their operations.
Adjourned at Last.
r jge or-:raordiuary sesstion of the for
-nintfl gee' y .;tiomy of Teo'geaee came
an end on Mvuday ai fa-.-. conL n: ho-st unufl
-Incident. The reverr~. pniXenenay
Sregitration blis we-- cii ..guied by Gover
Turney, an:d a.s soon ar thte fornali'es 1
been com rnted the er.el.ar ad.ioureed.
Cattlemen in Argentina are contractirg
.~Jdeliver dressed oxen in Liverpool at 60
COLON!AL HEROES HONORED.
monument Commemorating the Captue
of Louisburg Dedicated.
The unveiling of the Louisburg (Cape
Breton) memorial by.the Society of Colonial
Wars was a successful event. The day was
fine, the an ient harbor of Louisburg was
peaceful in its beauty. and over 2000 people
from a!! parts of the surrounding country
were present to witness the unveiling cere
The houses and ships in the harborwere be
decked with flags. The monument. which
commemorates the capture of the fortress
from the French by the colonists. 150 years
ago. was dedicated in the afternoon. The
exercises were arranged by the Society of
Chairman Pell formally delivered the
monument to the citizens of Lousburg, and
Governor Daly. of Nova Scotia, aeept
ed it in behalf of the people and of the Earl
of Aberdeen, Governor-General of Canada.
LoUIsBOUEG MEMonIAL cOLUN
(It celebrates the Colonilal victory of 1745.)
The monument is a granite shaft twenty
six feet in height, and stands nearte
ruins of the Old Kings Bastion and,(lt
adel. On the front is engrae, To
Comnmemorate the Capture ofLui
burg, A. D. 1745. Erected by theSoiy
of the Colonial Wars." On the left.sid
is the inscription. "French forei,~ 2500
egulars, militia and seamen, under Guy.
Duchambon." On the right .side, "Provin
cial forces. MassachusettsBa,(ontCt, *
New Hampshire, 4000 men. uerLieuten
antGeneral Pepperl-. British feet,.ten
sails,.500 guns. uner Commodore Waren,
-a al fleet sixteen. .amed'vees,
- . Baldwini Ta'
( The Rumford Historical ----.-._Of__7_51
Del., will erect a monument where one hun
S dred years ago was discovered the kind of
- apples now kno n as Baldwins.
Y Samuel Thompson, of Woburn, Mass.,
while surv ei a route for the Middlesex
o Canal, disovered this apple. HIS atnio
S t HIS PI.A r
t. CTED IN 895 !
r n-oea stoeeel.'rth edU
A A LMO 3
peekr wirch atherenaot he O tson
account ~ ~ ~ ~ .% of% thApls r.To huh
ws firs caldWI thePpekr appleZ. eh
"rBauttenrs"appne fomb the onmer of hooad
whcer whather a out The treteso
accountsoofwthe aonsesntMin their efthotsht
l scalled ithea attnt ioe nd fo isehos arond,
ithe eopl sud brahesofastnd tograte
their trene tesonteiw.ette.I
"Ternig" a nd frend oof the ln
hee th tree shwasth fouiTh ohes n
toThgues, wrcae fomdstant threfort the
cunterytfa and ide nd much mie sread
iso the eolesured.bricho it an grafyedr
ae o Clnwnoas thBaldwin."eemnn
The granite shaft which is to be erected
bthe Bumford Historical Associatie of
oburn is seven feet high, and is surmount.
ed by a representation of a Baldwin apple.
THE TEMPERANCE WOMAEN.
Many of Them Coducted 3leetings in
og London Pulpits.
els The World's Women's Christian Temper
ance Convention opened in the City Temple,
London, England. Lady Henry Somerset,
Pcesident of the British Women's Temper
ance Association, presided. The :neeting
t-was conducted entirely bywomen. The
'T'rmrie was crowded with white ribboned
>1 ereates from all parts of the world. Ld
H:1 nry Somerset made the opening address,
edand she was followed by Miss Frances Wil
lar.. Mothr Stewart, of Ohio, and Antoinette
ISterling. who sang.
In nearly 200 places of worship in London
during the afternoon and eveninc addresses
t were delivered by women on subjects closely
*r i-lentfied with temperance and the temper