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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. -
Annup.1 Adjustment.-An Index of
The annual adjustment of pres!
dential postmaster salaries is often re
garded as perhaps the best index of the
prosperity of our towns and cities.
Possibly it is not an unfailing index.
The adjustment announced at Wash
ington, to take effect July 1st., em
braces the following particulars for
North and South Carolina. The Arst
set of tigures are those for 1894, the
second those for 1895. North Caro
linia: Statesville is advanced from the
thir 1 to the second class.
Changes in salaries-increases:Eden
n, $1,200 to $1,300;Gastonian $1,100
$1,200; Greensboro $2,400 to $2,
00; Henderson, $1,500 to $1,600;
.Righ Point, $1,500 to $1,600; Kinston,
$1,400 to $1,500; Monroe, $1,100 to
$1,300; Morganton, $1,200 to $1,300;
Salem, $1,500 to $1,600; Shelby,
$1,100 to $1,200; Statesville, S1,900to
$2,000; Washington, $1,500 to $1,700.
Decreases: Salisbury; $1,800 to $1.700;
Winston, $2,800 to $2,500. . South
Carolina: Barnwell is reduced from
- the thiud to the fourth-class. Changes
in salaries--increases: Beaufort, $1,
500 to $1,600; Bennettsville, $1,200 to
$1,400; Darlington, $1,300 to $1,500;
Georgetown, S1,300 to $1,400; Spar
tanburg, $2,100 to $2,200; Yorkville,
$1,200 to $1,300. Decrease: Marion,
$1,100 to $1,000.
Three Cotton Mills
Have been heard from at Charleston.
One wants a charter, another is ready
for business, and the third wants to
increase its capital stock to an equiva
lent of another mill. The commission
for a charter came from Marlboro
county. The corporators of the new
company are A. T. Manship, H. H.
Newton, P. B. Moore and B. D.
Moore. The company is to be known
as the Marlboro Mannfacturing Com
pany. The factory is to be located
near Alice, in Marlboro county. The
capital stock of the company is to be
$10,000 at the outset.
The stockholders 6f the Langley
Cotton Mill Company by a unanimous
vote decided to increase the capital
stoel; of the company from $600,000 to
Nhe Norris C.-tton Mill, at Central,
reports that it has complied with the
law and desires its charter. The capi
tal stock of the company has been
taken. The directors were elected as
follows: T. L. Connor, D. K. Norris,
S. M. Norris; J. H. Doscher, J. F.
Lav, J. P. Smith and W. U. Clayton.
The directors elected D. K. Norris,
*'resident and treasurer and J. P.
Death of the Oldest Baptist 3Minister
in South Carolina.
The Rev. Henry W. Mahoney, the
oldest Baptist minister in the State,
died at hip home, near Packsville,
Clarendon county. last week. He was
in his 91st year, and had labored in
the work of the ministry for seventy
four years. He was born in Marlboro
county, December 23, 18$04. He
labored in the counties of Sumter,
Darlingten, Richmond, Kershaw, Wil
liamsburg, Clarendon and Georgetown.
He d'ied in perfect peace and con
Greenville's Second 3Zi11.
Last week ground was broken for
the foundation of the Poe Cotton Mill.
The mill will have 10,000 spindles and
$250,000 capital. It will be completed
in the early part of 1'9. coming winter.
It is located nearly opposite the Samp
son Mill, which will make that part
S of the city a strong annex. This is the
second of the five mills Greenville will
build this year. Advertisements for
contrads for the third mill may be ex
pected in a very short time.
SpartanbuIrg to Ihave Soap Works.
Spartanburg is to have a soap fac
torv. Work has already been started,
and within thirty days tho building
will be completed and the machinery
in and ready for v.ork. The name of
the works will be the Carolina Soap
Thc extension of the Seaboard Air
Line from Cheraw to Columbia will
probably be made during the~ year, as
the Seafboard people have at last ob
taine l possession, by purchase, of the
20,000 acres of timber lands along the
proposed line that they have been
negotiating~ for for several months.
Chestertield county voted $50,000 to
The people of Cheraw have an offer
of $75,000 towards a proposea $150,
000 cotton mill, provided that they
will raise the other $75,000. As a re
sult of this spirit of progressiveness
things are looking up in theat town and
new life is being taken on.
The Cheraw Knitting Mills are now
working on futll time and turning out
a class of goods the eqnal of any on
the market. ________
south Carolina at Atian=.
- Those at the head of the movement
to have South Carolina represented at
'the International and Cotton States
7.Exposition to be held at Atlanta are
still hard at work pushing the matter
along. In response to a call issued by
Governor Evans, who is the chairman,
a special meeting of the State executive
committee ic~ charge of the exposition
work, was held in the executive chamb
er. Among these present atthe meet
ing were State ommissioner Roche,
and Messrs. J. Hemphill, of Char
leston; W. A. Clar . of Richland, and
LeRoy Springs, of'* Lancaster. After
the m'eeting Governor Evans repeated
-his announcement : '-"You can say
that South Carolina will shave an exhibit
that will be most creditable in every
THE CONSERVATIVES' CAUCUS
They Issue an Address to the People
of the State.
A conference of conservative lead-.
:ers, composed of ex-State Treasurer
E. R. McIver, Senator Eltamont
Moses, of Sumter; Editors Gonzales,
of Columbia; Williams, of Greenville;
Garlington, of Spratanburg; Langston,
of Anderson; Osteen,Sumter; Hollock,
of Cheraw; and others, was held in Co
lumba Friday night. The purpose of the
conference was to perfect plans for an
organized fight in the constitutional
convention campaign and the formation
of the conservative democratic party
in the state. The sentiment is against
all compromises with the reformers
and a complete and final division of
the whites of the party in the state is
advocated. Encouraging reports have
been received from many counties
respecting the formation of the new:
The following address was issued by
To the people of South Carolina: On the
third Tuesday of August a convention will be
elected which will meet at Columbia in Sep
ember to make a new Constitution for this
State. This election will be as important to
you as that of 1876. The men who will repre
seat you in this Convention will have more
power than any offleials provided for by our
laws. They will create law. By their action
all the Legs.latures, the State and county
offices and Judges will be governed hereafter.
All your personal and property rights and
those of your children, your liberty and your
children's liberty. the honor:aud prosperity
and peace of the State will be in the keeping
of that Convention.
' If the day of election for delegates find you.
disorganized, undecided. divided by factional
differences, personal preferences and local
interests, the politicians who control the
party organization and the State election
machinery, the patronage and all the official
influene, will easily secure absolute control
uf the Convention which will have such enor
mouls power over you and yours.
We believe you have too much love for
your State. too much respect for your own
libcrties and rghts to surrender such power
to m-a whose only interest and apparent
purposes to secure for themselves permanent
place and rule regardless of the results to
the people and of the will of the people.
Tie Conscrvative Democracy is the only
political organization in South Carolina not
controlled by the politicians who are now in
office. For that reason it will offer its active
aid and -o-opration to all citizens who sin
eere!v desire that the new Constitution be
made by freemen who will represent, respect
and guard the interests and feelings of the
people regardless of the ambitions and needs
of politicians, such men to be lhosen by ami
cable a.;rtement and common consent,if pos
sible.by a straight anji-ring tight if necessary.
The ~executive conmittee of the Conserva
tive partv.therefortein accordance with reso
litio's unaninously adopted. respectfully
urges all inmmbers of that party to proceed
immediately to oc~aiza clu:>s in each town
ship of the'State, and on or before July 6 to
meet in county conventions and elect county
xecutive committees and a member for each
county of the State executive committee.
The present county chairmen. or persons
to be appointed for the puriose by the pres
ent chairman of this committee.are requested
to begin the work of orgar ation without
The chairman of this committee is in
structed to call a meeting ot the now execu
tive committee to be held in Columbia not
ater than July IG6h.
J. L. Carson. Chairman.
A. B Williams, ActiLg Secretary.
DISPENSARY "IG '1RES.
The Profit Consists of Stock on
The quarterly report of the opera
tions of the Sonth Carolina State dis
pensary has been summarized in _the
report of the Legislative committee
that has already been published, but
some additional and interesting facts
are given in the report to the St'tte
Board of Control by Commi.+ioner
Mixon and his expert bookkeeper, Mr.
Scruggs. Mr. Mixon reviews Mr.
Traxer's report and says:
"'The error in arriving at the profit wats
made by computing the State's profit on
goods remna ning unsold in the hinrds of the
various county dispensers.
A vast an linconceivable amount of work,
in the shape of overhauling the books of the
State dispensary from the beginning of oper
ations to th a close of the last quarter, was
necessary. in order to present an intelligible,
comnprebesive and business-like report to
yur honor able hoard at the close of this
quarter. And when you take into consider
ation the fa st that I had the undivided time
of my present chief bookkeeper for only the
last month of the quarter in the prosecution
of this work. I feel confident that you will
conclud? that the amount of work accom
plishied is immense. As before stated. I am
now turning my attention to an adjustment
of the disputed balances which my predeces
sor claimed was due by the various county
dispensers when he turned over the business
to me oni February 1, and hope to be in apo
sition bv ihe close of the summer to report
a cominpete and satisiactory adjustment or
th e same. It is a work that requires
painstaking care; and you can gather an ad
equate idea of the largeness of the field to be
covered in order to reach this adjustment
when you are reminded that in every item
in detail of each county dispensary must be
examined into since the beginning of opera
tions of the dispensary.'
Mr. Mizson approves the work of
the recent Legislative Committee, who
examined the books and closes by say
"Desoite the fierce and relentless warfare
so constantly and vigorously waged against
the dispensary by its imnpiacable enemies, it
has withstood the ordeal well and has come
forth from eh confict stronger andI more
vigorous. It is rapidly gaining in linancial
strength, and by the close of my first year's
service as commissioner I hope to see every
obligation ine .rred liquidated, the Legisla
tive appropriation of 650.000 refunded to the
State and every future fina ocial transaction
codctedl uoon a cash boasis.
After paying all indebtedness incurred
from the beiinning of operations to the
close of the quarter ending 31st of January
last (eighteen months) the balance of cash to
the credit of the dispensnry was $9,453 37.
The total indJebteduess unpaid from the be
-inning of onrrations to the close of my
csin uater '(A pril Z0) is S44.033 95. The
csinteStata Trsaery to the credit of
the disnensary $75.52$ 75. making a balance
of cash'on hand, atter paying all incurred
iodebtctzets of i31.489850.
Simonton- Sends Three Constables to
Atgharleston in the United States
Cort on Friday Judge Simonton
sentenced three dispensary constables
to jail for contempt of court. They
are charged with seizing liquor sent
into the State for private use against
the injunction granted by the court.
Th constables are sentenced to two
months imprisonment~and will be con
fined thereafter until the seized liquor
The Conservatives of Marion counti
held a conference at the county seal
on Monday, 17th inst. The township.
were represented by tbree delegate:
from each, and a few spectat+ors wh<
were invited to participate in the bus.
iness of the conference.
The conference was organized foi
business by the election of R. P. Ham
er, Sr., chairman, and J. V. Leati
secretary. A permanent organizatiot
was effected by the election of B. F.
Davis president; A. F. Harllee, vice
president; Fred D. Bryant, secretary
and treasurer, and an executive com
mittee of one in each township.
The. executive committee was in.
structed to enroll all Conservative
townships as early as practicable, to
the end that the exact strength in the
county may be known.
Resolutions were adopted favorable
to an equal division of delegates with
the Reform faction to the Constitu
tional convention in case such propo
Eition were presented, each faction to
select its own delegates.
It was the consensus of opinion that
a State organization should be effect
ed as speedily, as possible, that there
might be concert of detention among
A Prosperous New Enterprise.
A bighly interesting and encouraging
report is riade of the conditions ant
prospects of the new knitting mill a
Cheraw. The little factory, itis stated,
is now working on fulltime, with forty
operatives, and is turning out a class o
goods e(qual to any in the market. At
old established firm in Philadelphii
has pronounced the goods. indeed, tc
be "the best they have ever seen,'
which is accounted for by the fact thal
the machinery on which they are mad
is of the latest and niost improvet
pattern. The company has more or
ders than it can fill, night work will
begin at an early day, or night, an(
the output will then be doubled. The
venture has proved a success beyond
all expectation, and the pronise is nov
that the plant will soon be enlarged s(
as to employ two hundred hands 0;
five times the present number. Th
new canning factory will begin worl
in a week, and the people are nos
moving for a $150.000 cotton factory
The plan of "self help" is workint
well in Cheraw. . It will work we
wherever it is tried.
He is Not DAisturbed.
When asked what he was going t
do about Judge Simonton's sendine
the three constables to jail, Governo
Evans said: "Take the constables ou
of jail uhder a writ of hIbeas corpu
before a jrstice of the United State
The governor said that the justic
before whom the application had beei
made had been decided upon, bu
that he would not give his name yet
He said it wasnot Chief Justice Fuller
The governor said that he was sur<
the constables would be released undei
bond until the appeal from Judg<
Simonton's decision could be bear<
"We will reverse Judge Simonton
just as we reversed Goff," the govern
or added. The principles in the twc
cases are identical and the decision o
the higher court will be the same."
It is announced that even if th<
onstables have to spend their day:
'i jail there will be no trouble to ge
thers to fill their places and continu<
he seizures for the $2 a day they rr
aid while at work or while continet
A Bull igher's 1;usy, Day.
Guerrita.th-: famn.ue .S:tnish ihmil lightes
distinguihe' imlrt by~ ati-inting at thre
different bull flhts mi.ui: &ni G. ecently.I
whic:h he i:ilied nin ..nells emd heIlped tou.i'
pateh as many mr
Wager, of m:ore tam 2:, .0 aJ workmen
the iron, eok an~ltx 'i industries hav
been adlviaii wi!inrry day-.
in a batth' flar LX:.:.a-:g ;
Ex pinted a .Trt: r~cide.
August Be~~m wa $inhot an'd kille;
his brother .Julius in 3tirin". N. .J., in
qurel ove sin- i n -yl on Jianuary 19
18'. wa- h:t d at 31 ,rristo)w .
Taig e~muti9:a \\.. p w:u--m:-l by Jamne.
Tan fin-c. a proxsioa:t! nau.t.uan, of New
ark. the g~illo~v ysi-ia: erAPed in a yard ii
the rear of the pirir->u.
Down a Smxoke-tack to a Furnace.
While at wourk on the to of a smiokestac]
sixtyfive feet high at Swede Islau:1 Penn.
Harry McCool. age I twenty-two years
slipped down tiae tin: inside of the stack int<
an iron furnace. He w.n- instantly burnec
Two Schooib~oys Drownedl.
Thur wood Ayer. anl A1 kbnr Mwyers, sec.~ol
boys, were drowned in an artiflejal pond at
Rockaway, N. J. The children ha I beer
forbidden to swimi in the pond, but Ayer:
and MIeyers stole awany fran school at the
Mey rs, who coul l not swim. stepped int<
deep water. and Ayers triel to .save him, bui
wa dragged under by his complamion.
Chile's Coinage Scheme.
Chile is to coin 10,000,009 silver dollars pe
annum and issue gold in 610 and a20 pieces
Silver is not to te a legal tender in amount
above $50, but the mint will e.:-ihange goli
Gold on the Ocean's Bed.
Gold is said to have been found in p'aying
~untities at the bottom of the ocean nlea
the western end of S-in Clemeunt's Island
Effert of Cauneries on Seals.
The canneries in Southern Alaska hav
gone far towvard det:roying the salmon c
those waters. This diminlahes the food sup
ply of the seals anI onequn-:ntly their num
The Rtoschery Minis try D)ere:rtedl.
The Rosea-ry Aiuntry was dIefeatedl in th
British House of (Commnos o'n a :nuestion C
Icnidents in the Career of the Do
Thomas Byrncs, who recently re
tired from the head of the New York
police force, was born in that city
June 15, 1842. -ie learned the trade
of gasfitting and worked at it until
he went to the war in 1861 with Ells- 1
worth's Zouaves. He joined the po
lice force on December 10, 1865, and
was advanced by successive stares to;
the superintendency in 1892.
One of the first orders he put forth
was one prohibiting any man in his
department from opening his mouth
about police business. Every story
of crime and crime detected which
caime from the Detective Bureau was
told by Byrnes himself. He made it
his business to teach criminals that
certain kinds of crime m.ust not be
committed. Highway robbery, bank
burglaries, or important burglaries of
any kind, systematic forgeries, coun
terfeiting and a lot- of other crimes
were prohibited, and, to the credit of
the system which Mr. Byrnes created
to suppress them, haqe never been
allowed to gain a foothold in New
Byrnes was a man of force and not
finesse. His business was to check
the actions of certain thieves and
other criminals. To do this lie made
it his business to know criminals.
He did not go out in the streets to
talk to thieves, nor did h6 have them
calling upon him as honored guests,
he has explained, but when they
- were brought in to him as suspects
each day he made them tell what
- / '
EX-CHIEF OF POLICE THOMAS BYRNES.
3 Armed with power uniter the law
to make arbitrary arrests, to lock
men, or women either, in the cells
under the headquarters building, and
to keep them there for twenty-four
hours, not even admitting their pres
ence there, or permitting a relative or
friend to approach them, he was able
to get almost any information out of
a criminal caught in his net that he
wanted against an associate or
Byrnes himself is authority for the
manner in which he forced a con
fession from the man Unger, who
murdered his friend and afterward
cut and sawed up the body.
"I was criticised for what I did in
this case," lie has said, "but I was
prepared to defend my actions. Un
ger was a big, stolid, heavy jawed
fellow-as stubborn and reticent as'
Iany man I ever sawv. I could get
nothing out of him, and I did not
seem to be able to make any impres
sion upon him. So I got the bloo'i
stained lounge upon which lie had
,cuft-up his-friend, the knife, the saw
eand the hammer with wvhich lie killed
ihim, and put all of these things ini
the little, narrow cell with him.
Well, in thirty minutes he was try
ing to break out of his cell to get
Saway from these things. He was
welt ready to confess."
Jhyrnes treated the thieves brought
before him with the utmost con
tempt. Hie spoke to them as if they
Iwere the dirt of the streets, and of
Ilhem as ''contagious diseases on the
highways.'' "I1 never let them feel
as if they. were as big as a dlouble
ace," he has said. "When they come
to me whining about their intention
to lead honorable lives.I say: "None
of that here. You are a thief and you
know it. Staa all you can and get
away with it if you can, but if you
try it in New York I'll land you
where you belong.'"
If it happened that a thief of any
note came to town and did not report
to him hie would send for him, ask
him how he dared to come, and
what he mzieant to do, and con
front him with his record.
"I'd make him feel that'he did not
amount to as much as a fly buzzing
at I he window,"' the late chief has
He kept a co:-s of stool pigeons
c onstantly in the employment of his
departlmnt to make time acquaint
ance of and to betray thieves.
It was to keel) track of all the
di fferent kinds o f professional crimni
nals that Byrnes organized his force.
One lot of men looked after one class
of criminals and other lots of the
other sorts, each lot of detectives
having its specialty in crime and
criminals. Be't ween Byrnes and his
men and the thieves there grew up a
feeling not unlike friendship.
" They know what their business
is," said Byrnes. "They speak of
me witih a term of endearment which
would not look well in print, but they
usually add that I am 'sauare with
them.' 'Byrnes wants to send every
body to jail.,' they say, 'but as long
-as we don't steal in New York he
dont bother us, and lie don't take
what we've got, except by process of
law.' I don't molest them unless I
Jwant them. or somebody else wants
me to get them. Otherwise, if they:.
leep out of the way I've no cause t
.rouble them beyond keeping an eyi
on them f~oin day to day."
A professional thief had few right:
left in Mr. Byrnes' eye. It was upo
this principle that he acted upoi
each of the occasions of great gather
ings in New York since the funera
day of General Grant. Upon eacl
occasion he issued a proclamatioi
warning criminals that if the:
were seen upon the streets on any o
these days they would be summaril;
arrested and locked up until the shoN
was over. If magistrates discharge<
the prisoners after he had keg then
the time allowed by law beore at
raignment, which is anything les
than twenty-four hours, lie threat
ened to rearrest the men at one
on the sidewalk outside the cour
The Trotting Queen.
Alix stands fifteen hands high ani
weighs 950 pounds. She has an ex
ceedingly bloodlike look, and he
head, neck and shoulders are per'ect
She is vride across the forehead, wit]
a beautiful, beaming, intelligent eye
Her great peculiarity is that she i
not fond of the opposite sex. She i;
exceedingly fond of the ladies, and
bonnet, with a good looking face un
derneath it, has only got to appea
at her stall, when she will imme
diately go to meet the visitor. Sh
will put her head down appacently t
kiss the hand of the stranger, bu
in reality it is only her fondness fo
bonbons and sugar, which her lad;
visitors, who know her weakness
are always ready to give her. In ti;
respect she is much like her owi
sex, whether equire or human; sli
is fond of the sweetness and liurie
of life. She is a model traveler, ani
as soon as she gets into her car lay
down and has no fear. As a cam
paigner she is fearless, resolute an,
game, and is in every respect th
beau ideal, the dream and the reali
zation of the perfect Americdn trol
Death for Train Robbers.
A bill has passed the National Con
gress of Mexico regulating the manl
ner in which train robbers will here
after be dealt with in that country
The new law provides that if durin
the assault on any train there shoul
result a case of robbery or the deat
of one or more passengers, the crirr
inals, if apprehended, will then an
there be condemned to suffer th
death 'penalty without any othe
formality than the drafting of th
minutes regarding the execution b
the officers in charge of the force
effecting their capture.
Those whose capture shall not t
made at the moment of the commi.
sion of the-crime will be tgied by th
authorities adjacent to the spot <
their apprehension in the peremptor
period of fifteen days, and be mad
to suffer the death penalty.
The Lively Turtie.
Philadelphia has swiftly caught c
to another turtle. It is said a lan
turtle that without fail for twent;
six years has regularly appeared
the home of Michael Mackey,
Parker Ford, Chester County, camz
to time a few days ago, and is beir
proudly exhibited around P'ottsdow~
by Mr. Mackey. That gentlema
asserts that there can be no mistai
ing his turtle. as the initials o[ hi
name are emblazoned on its she]
He :ays that its training has been
well developed at his home that:a
the sound of the dinner bell it com<
into the dining room to receive i
alloment of food. It sta~ys aroun
the Mackey premises until Septen
ber, and then goes oil to its wint'
To Please the Eye.
Here are some of the paradoxes
architecture. If a column whic
supports an entablature is perfect]
straight, it appears to lean outwart
therefore the architect makes it lea
inard. The perfectly level edge<
a roof appears to drop about the mit
die, therefore it must be -raise
slightly at that point. A taperin
monument with straight sides al
ers to be concave, therefore th
sides are swelled a little. Corner
are made to look squ.are by beingi
truth a little broader angled. Al
chitects discovered ages ago that to
hman ey e was prone to deceive an
they have humored it ever since.
Centers of Paper Wheels.
The centers of paper wheels ar
made of successive layers of palp
and glue firmly pressed together b
hydraulic machinery, and a steeL c
iron plate is then bolted on each sid
of this paper center, and a steel tir
is secured to the plates and center i
the same manner as in a spoke-ece
The centers of wheels of these de
scriptions are practically indestructi
ble. The steel tire, of course, wvi
wear out in time, but all thati
necessary is to put a new tire on th
center, and thenm the wvheel is as goo
Light by Reflection.
A manufacturer in Europe did nc
find satisfaction in any of the usua
methods for the lighting of his clot
mills. He tried gas jets, arc iight
and incandescent lamps, all of wvhie
failed to satisfy him because the
either did not give light enough, o
too much light, or cast shadows. H
nally painted the walls of his roor
white, and beneath a certain numbe.
of ar lights suspended reflectur:
This threw the light up to the whit
ceiling, from which it was refiecte
to the room below, and this metho
of lighting is reported to have been
> WOMAN'S WORLD.
PLEASANT LITERATURE FOR
.. A HISTORICAL HOIME SOLD.
I Clovernook, the historical home of
I the poetical sisters, Alice and Phoebe
I Cary, near Cincinnati, Ohio, was sold
7 under foreclosure a few days ago. The
f Bri-gs-Swift estate bought it to be
F preserved as a historical literary cen
V tre and put Warren Cary in charge.
European Queens are. progressive
with the rest of the world. The Em
press of Austria has ordered one of the
t newest bicycles, and Queen Margaret,
of Italy, has applied the phonograph
to a new use-that of imprisoning for
her the melodies on the piano which
I she can improvise with rare skill but
-whih she has difficulty afterward to
r recall.-New York Times.
A FANTASTIC FAN.
A fantastic and novel fan is known
S as the "Mandolin." Its panaches are
s shaped as the musical instrument and
a decorated in imitation of it, forming
a case for the leaf which 1rotects it
from injury. Another odd idea is the
fan with convex panaches which en
close entirely the folded leaf. Quaint
0 decorations upon fans promise to be
pcp:nar this season. One such depicts
r the joys and sorrows of apple steal
Y ing, another shows the delights of bi
cycle riding.--New York Sun.
e SAVED BY PUFF SLEEvES.
s A carriage belonging to J. D. Tweed
j was being driven down a hill near his
s home, at Steubenville, Ohio, when the
- horses ran away and tumbled over a
h hank. Two of Mr. Tweed's sons were
e in the carriage, and one jumped to
catch the horses, while the other held
- the lines. The carriage rolled over
several times before reaching the bot
tom of the bank.
Two of Mr. Tweed's daughters were
in ihe back seats, and although the
carriage was damaged they escaped
uninjured, an& attribute their escape
to falling on their large puZ sleeves.
-New York World.
h1 JE!wELS IN FASRION.
L, Enlish women are showing an in
d clination to bedeck themselves with
e jewels in daytime, which they admit
r is bad taste, and with which little fail
e iug they have long accused Americans
y of giving way to. At the invitation
s concert of the Strauss Orchestra, at
the Imperial Institute, London, soci
e ety was out in great force, the names
- of those present including almost half
e the peerage, and diamonds in the-ears
> of the ladies and around the neck and
y in brooches were in unusual promi
e nence. The Prince and Princess of
Wales, the Duke and Duchess of Saxe
Coburg-Gotha and the Dake and
Duchess of Connaught were among
those present. -New York Advertiser.
d A wmOw's WEDDING GOWN.
r- What is the correct wedding dress
x for a wi'dow bride? asks Lady Violet
.t Greville, a literary belle of London.
a Shall she wear white, corresponding
g with her maiden sisters, or must she
n take refuge in cold gray, soft blue or
n sky blue? Hitherto white h'as been
-tabooed as the emblem of girlhood.
S Now all this is changed. A fashiona
. ble woman, marrying for the second
0 time, wore white satin, trimmed with
t sable, at her wedding, a few days ago.
~S But in place of veil and orange blos
ssomns a dainty coronet bonnet of white
d lace with satin bows was worn. The
1- tradition is broken, and other brides
r will probably follow suit. MIme. de
Barrios, now Sencra de Rode, wore at
her second wedding a gown of pale
green silk trimmed with white lace,
jeweled with emeralds and topaz. As
> the marriage ceremony was performed
h in the house, she wore nothing but an
y aigrette of jeweled feathers in her
I glorious dark hair.
>f F~voRTIE FnowEns oF l'nEiSIDNT~'s wIVES.
*The ladies of the White House have
d always been much interested in the
g beautiful ilowers grown either in the
Sgrounds or conservatories of the fine
e old mansion, and each has shown a
s decided admiration for some partien
'lar flower. Mrs. Hayes was extreme
ly fond of rose and apple geraniums;
e so much so that a special house was
ddevoted to the cultivation, for her, of
these old-fashioned fragrant plants.
For the short months during which
Mrs. Garfield held sway, her preference
was for orchids. Afterward, in Pres
e ident Arthur's time, when the White
r House was a bachelor establishment,
Y there was no lack of appreciation for
r the flowers, though President Arthur's
e liking was more for decorative plants,
'e and. he took the greatest delight in
iarranging and rearranging the ferns
and palms in the differe~nt rooms. In
fac t, it of ten happened that after the
Igardeners had spent an afternoon in
decorating the entire house, they would
find, the next morning, that the Pres
s ident had amused himself by changing
S everything comnpletel]y, to obtain
d unigne and pleasing effects in the com-'
binations of color and foliage.
When Mrs. Cleveland was first in the
White House h.er greatest favorites
, were pansies, and huge beds were
.1 grown for her personal pleasure, their
i sofi hues of purple, bronze, arnd gold
s showing in masses under her windows.
b Though these are still prime favorites
y with her, she now has a iancy for the
rCape jasmine, which is extensively
a Mrs. Harrison's p::cference was de
r cidedly for the orchids, and she took
.so great an interest in the collection
e that it was enlanged at her recinest.
I uring the very exacting life whwhi is
the lot of the mistress of the Wnite
u House, chinia paint ing was almnost her
tne nlues orenias as iuvw-LLL --,
artistic reproductions of them with
her clever brush.-Demorest's Mag
comFIES Fot SMIE
Anything new in the art of hair
dressing is of special interest to the
woman who delights in change of any
sort and, especially in arranging her
hair according to the very latest mode
regardless of the contour of her face'
and the becoming effect. All kinds
and varieties of coiffures are con
tinually replacing one another, anJ
any style which distinguishes a womam
from the prevailing fashion seems new
simply because it is not in general
use. And now the woman who would
be indisputably stylish must dispense
with the parting she has taken so
much trouble to cultivate and adopt
the later fashion of rolling the hair
back from her forehead a la Pompa
dour, as her less conservative Parisian
sisters have been doing for some
There is a certain fitness of things
in the combination of Pompadour
hair, fichus, wide collars and deep'
ruffs, and the parting must go, or the
wold-be up-to-date woman will be
entirely out of the race. American
women adopt a mode with great
unanimity after they once approve
and take it up, but they are slow to
act on the first suggestion of change'
The modern Pompadour is not so try
ing and severe in outline as the old,
for the hair is first waved, not frizzed.
all around the head in deep soft
waves, and a few short tendril-like
curls are brought down on the fore
head to make it becoming. The ideal
coiffure is always'the one which im
proves rather than detracts from the
appearance, so it is wise to copy the
French women again, and always
modify the fashion to suit the indi
Almost any mode of hairdressing is
in order, from the high knot on the
crown of the head to the ugly big Bath
bun worn by English women low in
the neck, providing it has a touch o'
style in the arrangement. One thing
noticeable in the latest coiffures is
that more hair is worn, and sborb
curls are sometimes added to the knot
in the back. Fancy side combs have
disappeared from the front and top of
the head, and are more often worn at
the back. When the parting is vastly
becoming, as it is to long and perfectly
proportioned oval faces, the hair is
waved loosely down over thd ears or
combed back to stand well out at the
sides, and arranged in soft coils and
loops at the back.
All sorts of devices are invented by
the hairdressers to supply all the de
ficiencies of nature, and furnish real
curling locks that will not straighten
out under the influence of sea air or
betray their secret, and they have
learned to conceal their art so cleverly
that fringes of all kinds are purchased
by women with abundant hair just for
the c->mfort they afford when the at
mosphere is moist. Fringes are made
to cover the head, so that the tire
some 'process of crimping the hair
with hot irons is no longer necessary',
Another ingenious arrangement sup
plies Ifew little careless curls to fall
over the ears in the most natural man
Tortoise shell ornaments are to be
worn more during the summer than
the jeweled ones which have reigned
t~rough the winter-New York Sun.
Spotted esprit net in both black
and white is used for neck ruffles.
Rose-pink and gray are used to
gether, especially for evening and
Black was the prevailing color at
the Drawing Room, and black now
seems to be the fashion everywhere.
Light kid gloves are still worn, and
white, maize and lavender, stitched
with black, are the prevailing tints.
Colored linen and duck gowns, made
in the coat and skirt style, are to be
as much worn as they were last year.
The women are mostly wearing sim
ple white straw sailor hats and plain
overcoats over the plainest of riding
Some of the latest modes in skirts
have a very pliable steel wire run
round the bottom which holds them
A dress of white broadcloth, with all
of the seams trimmed with very nar
rowrchings of pinked-out and plaited
taffeta is one of the novelties.
Silk crepon with pompidour figures
is extremely dainty for waists, as are
also intaglio silk crepon, in which the
crinkles are deeply sunken, and gauf
fre crepon, showing chine figures.
Hand-painted satins are one of the
latest novelties, and they are used for
bodices, parasols and capes ; and hand
painted ribbons are already imported
for various purposes of trimming.
The Princess is slowly coming into
form again, but it is made quite mod
ern by the addition of epaulettes,
cape effects, and all sorts of, collars,
such as appear on other gowns of the
One of the novelties in fans is
Ishaped exactly like half of a hand
kerchief anid has square corners in
stead of round ones. It comes in every
shade of gauze spangled in jet, steel
Very natty bathing suits are made
of bla:k alpaca, with full skirts and
trousers, and full waists with a square
yoke outlined with white braid, and
short, voluminous sleeves that would
do credit to full-blown evening dress.
Buttons play a prominent part in
fash:ons of the season, and are used
chiefly for ornament, extcept in tailor
made gowns. Large buttons of thine
to, and dainty mnnstures are
seen, while tiny bisek si and smnall
oud~ pearl buttons are sen n on inl