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TI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., JULY 27 189.1844.
FA PLEA FOR
'UNTERESTING AND AN ABLE EX.
HIBIT OF TH'E SUBJECT BY
Won, W. J. Montgomery in His Ad
dress to the Alumni of Wofrord
The following are the most impor
'taut portions of the address to the
alumni of Wofford College recently de
livered at Spartanburg by the Hon. W.
J. Montgomery, of Marion. S. C.:
, It will be conceded no doubt by
every thoughtful and patriotic citizei
ithat at no time in the political history
of the American Republic has there
been a greater necessity for a careful
examination of thestandards of princi
ple upon which the Government is
'founded than the present. This is
necessary in order that a correct ides
6f the relation of the citizen to the
Grovernment may be formed, therc
being an evident tendency in thy
,frenzy of pclitical partisanship to di's
t-egard the simple tenets laid down by
Itre fathers and to ignore the fact that
reverv citizen is an integral part of the
Governmeut, making the measure of
public duty the amount of money whi..-'
may be made out of the Governmeni
by hol'ling public office or otherwise.
In other words this may be correctly
styled the mercenary period in the lif
vf the Government.
i The speaker then went onto explain
in detail the anntu-belluin School Policy,
and also education since the war, and
proceeded as follows:
Under its present laws the State has
but two ways of raising money for
ipublic sehools, viz: The poll tax and
Itbe constitutional two mill tax. Many
of the more wealthy and more popu
tons communities of the State, recog
nizing the fact that an illiterate citi
zenship means a degraded and corrupt
citizenship, have imposed upon them
selves extra and additional burdens o!
taxation in order that their children
may have the rudiments of an educa
tiQn. This is no part of the State's
educational policy, and for it she de
rerves no thanks. These Echools are
local, and have sprung up from abso
* In the $532,000, reported by Mr.
Mayfield as raised for public schooh
last year, the amounts arising from
.these special tax levies in the graded
school districts of the State are includ
ed. When. ihey are deducted one
fifth of the amount raised is taker
siway, and the comparison becomes
It is legitimate to . inqn ire why the
State from its earliest history to the
present has pursued such a liberal
policy towards higher education and
has given comparatively such small
'consideration to public or common
school education. -May it not be an
swered in a word, that a wealthy, cul
- tivated, slaveholding element domi
nated the affairs of the State from the
earliest days of her Statehood. until
- after the war, and that her educational
policy was shaped in accord with their
taste and conceptions of what was the
"proper education of youth," as stated
in the preamble to thecAct establishing
the South Carolina College.
Since the two mill tax provision be.
came a law, nearly twenty years ago,
the public school system as such, ha
had no favoring legislation from the
State. Doubtless in the temper of
political sentiment as it has existed
since that time any scheme that might
hrive been pronosed wonld have met
defeat at its inception because the
negegropopulation would share its bene'
tits. While this short-sigh ted political
sentiment has ruled to the ends of the
* State for the past thirty years, the
pu 1e se ooI systemn has been an ac
- knowledged farce, and a large percent
age of the poor white children, mut
and helpless have been, and are still,
groping in the black darkness of hope.
lees illiteracy. It is submitted that b3
this course of action not only a grea'
wrong to these children is being per'
petrated and perpetuated, but theji
vested rights ignored, the great princi
p)!es upon which the Commonwealth i!
founded set at naught, and its higi
mission threatened with defeat on ac
'count of an ignorant citizenship. While
-thus being stabbed to the heart ove:
the shoulder of the unfortunate negro,
the white illiterates of the State migh
wvell say to both factions of the Demo
cratic p'arty in South Carolina, in the
language of Mercutio: "We ar'
hurt." "A plague on both you:
Higher education, however, has noi
been dealt with so unkindly. It hai
had and still has friends in the halls o!
Legislature and on the huetings .Whei
the white people returned to power ir
1876 the South Carolina College an
the Citadel were re-opened and mone:
Aowed freely out of the State treasur:
for their support. The South Caro
lina College took on the univereity sys
tem, and an effort was made to popu
larize it by making its curriculum em
brace every duty that it was though
would run current with popular favor
It had at one time, as I remember, 2i
professors for about 200 students. I
then became an issue in polities on ac
count of the free tuition feature, aui
because the farmers contended the;
wanted a college of their own, wher
applied agriculture and mechanic
might be tau ght. A new order c
things came about. The South Care
linu~College was emasculated, but it
appropriations continued. The Citade
was criticised and threatened, but it
appropriations continued. The be
quest of Mr. Clemson was made lh
nucleus, the name of Mr. Calhoun wa
used to conjure with, the prejudices
the farmers appealed to, large apprc
priations of money, including tb
naosihte royalty and unlimited1 num
ber of conviet, resulted in tht m-'g
niticeit institution with a espacity for
600 students.located udi.r h(
of the Blue lidie. liighr!- -
it seemsn' had now b"'co a't fl.th
State had three insiiti i
the Winthrop N Sr:dl Schoul. .. s
there wre seventeien other p %t
male and feaile instituti' fo b e
education in tihe Stalte. ntwiti' -
ing the cry of poveity w3 h.!i
throughout the State, and the ta-h
cier was iht r.dly grindiiig the fas
the poor. In all iih liberatl p d
ions m:ile for higher eduntion by the
State, woman's interes4A had not been
provided for and. with a unaui:ily of
politicnl sentiment not bitherto niani
fested for years, it was decided to es
tablish a great industrial school for
women, v.lih is now about complete.
Last year S3:,000-and all the con
victs needed, and this year $75,000
and all the convicts needed, have been
appropriatAl to build this institution.
It in qy ic safely asserted that dur -
ing the past five years the State has
expended at least oe million dollars
oD higher education, and the surest
road to higher political preferment
has been found in soie one of the
schemes pr oposed for higher educa
tion. Even in the last State canvass
every speaker from the candidates for
Governor down was vehement in his
allegations of what great things had
been done and were being done for
higher education by the State; indeed
it might have been presumed from the
tenor of the speeches that every boy
and girl in the State between 6 and 1G
years of age was prepared to enter the
freshman class at Wofford -or any
other college of similar grade.
This imperfect review of the com
parative support afforded by this State
to higher education must make bare to
e indid minds the gross inequalities of
the policy which has been puroued.
Without turning aside in this dis
cussion to question the right of the
State as such to go beyond providing
the rudiments, the three R's of an ed
ucation, for her children, it is charged
that sound poltical economy teaches
no doctrine that favors spending mon
ey with such a lavish hand for the
hither education of the few, when il
literacy, the deadly enemy of a gov
ernment which depends for its
strength and stability upon the intelli
gence of its citizens, holds in its grasp
according to the census of 1890 45 per
cent of its population of the age of 10
years and over.
If the policy persued in this State
could be justified on the ground of
necessity it would furnish some apol
ogy for its adoption, but it cannot be
forgotten that for years prior to the
war there were and there nre today
institutions, colleges, if youa please,
throughout the State, seventeen in
number, ample in facilities and schol
arship, ready to furnish higher edu
cation to every young man aed wo
man in the State who cuter their gates.
In all the viesssitudes of the State their
doors have stood wide open to the
young men and women of the State
seeking higher education. Indeed, it
should never be forgotten by evcry
true patriot that during that uai'rkest
period in the State's civil histor '.!rom
1868 to 1877, when this proud Com
monwealth was known far a:, wide
as the 'Prostrate State," and her
higher institutions of learning were
under the domination of the alien and
the stranger, the boy soldiers and
those who had grown to manhood and
womanhood during the wvar, many of
them ''without scrip or purse," lunock
ed at the doors of those institutionis.
Their doors were thrown wide tpen
and a hearty welcome accord d t.
each and to all, and from the mintage
of these colleges men and womecn were
sent forth bearing their stamp, that of
true manhood and womauheod upon
them. Yet,. strange as it would be to
relate, were it not in accord with that
ingratitude for whlich republies are
noted, no sooner had the. Statei been
restored to th.h control of her mwn ci t
izens did she not onmly fail to recog mIW
the service they had rendered imt [*e
came their shiarpett competitor lby
offering free tuition. Well miht
these n ,ble old institutions sayV to any
of their sons w~ho have assisted iin
adopting this policy, in the lanuguacge
of King Lear: ''How sharper than a
serpent's tooth'tis to have a thanless
child." It is pleasant, however, to
know that many, it is believed all, of
the alumni of these old institutions of
the period referred to, echd one of
whom can say from his heart:
The mother may fonegt her -:hiikt
She fondled at her knfee,
But I'll remembe r thee, Ga'waiirn,
And all that thou.: ha~t ilone for me.
The foregoing retlertlons have been
directed more to exposinmg the ine1111l4ity
of the legislation of this ;state and1 its
fect upon hiighe~r and common school
ducation than in attemprtin to show
phe necessity in our Sta?te for uniiversail
education. At the risk of stating mat
ters which before an atudience of this
intelligene may be considered comi
monplace a few stateinents on this
point will be ventured.
-Thoughtful students of onr State's
history for the past twenty vear's have
the greatest apprehenisioni for the
future of our p~olitical institutions
without an absolutely pure zuallot, and
candor compels tis speaker to say
that he shares these apprehensionis.
A pure ballot is of necessity predlictedl
upon an intelligent ballot: and there
r cannot be an intelligent ballot until the
masses are sufficeiently educated to ap
'preciate its vast poer.' Mr. Waylau d
ein his work on Political Economy says
f 'the dissemination of knowledge
among a ple)l will be made to the
sextent that provision is made for thier
i unversal instruction in the elements
a of a common school education." '-The
- :interst," says he. 'of every man de
e mandsthat all his fellow-citizens should
be able to read and write, to keep ac
Scounts, to understand geography and
-thus possess the mecaux of self-govern
e nent." As a prineip'al nmeans to effect
-a stiulte this ditfusion of know
ledge this author furither says:
"The right of suffrage should be re
stricted to those who are able to read
and write and that proviion should be
ia'le i- every neighborhood for the
education of all children under a cer
tain age. This was sound political
doctrine in 18.37 when Dr. Wayland
wrote it and has gained additional
strength since Lby the failures that have
been inade where its teachings have
been ignored. The application of this
doctrine ini my humble judgment would
be a mesing to South Carolina to-day.
It would, however, be manifestly un
fair to fix an educational 4iualitication
for sulrage and not to provide the
ciTIzIn an opportunity to qualify.
The crying need of the hour, accord
ing to my apprehension of our political
surroundings, is more and btter com
meni11 schools; not schools alone for the
classes but schools also for the masses;
not sehools in the thickly settled well
to do country coinmunaities alone: but
in the voorer and sparsely settled
sectiois also; not schools for land own
ers children alone. but for tlidr ten
ants as well; in a word public schools.
Pry up the masses with the leverage
f'uniersal education and thus re
jest themni from the bondage of illiter
It nay be suggested that this sounds
well in thore. l)it that it cannot be
cari t practice on account of
()th. ..s poverty, (2) the negro in
our r!d:4. 'Tt the V cst suggestion it
iilit-d (1) stop I iese extravagant
appropriationas for higher education
until tLe masses have at least the three
R's of ani education and give more
money to the common schools. Bet
ter tear down these massive buildings
and sell the debris for tirewood than
have an ignorant and consequently a
deproved citizen-ship. (2) Make the
attendane upon the common schools
To the second suggestion it is re
plied that the negro and his friends
are takiUn care of his education. Dr.
Currie, gvont of the Peal body fund,
startled the (eorgia Legislature a few
years ago telling it that the negroes
were making more rapid strides in the
attainment of an education than the
sa' e 2ss of whit udnd other thought
ful clbsvrvers coLtirm the opinian ex
presed by this tminent authority.
Besides Northern money has been and
is being poured into the South to ed
ucate the negroes. Dr. Mayo is
authority for the statement that at
least $530,00'000 has been spent in the
South since the war t- educate the
negi o. It is well known that there is
not a city of any considerable size in
the South but .has one or more in
stitutions for the education of the
negro supported wholly or in part by
Northern money, and many
of them, such as Claflin
in this State, are doing fine work. So
it is needless to halt longer in extend
ing aid to common school education
because it will aid the negro, evenif it
were conceded, and it is not, that the
negro should not be educated. The
policy I have indicated would not only
inprove their citizenship but give a
fresh impetus to every institution for
higher education in the State. Argu
ment is not needed to enforce the state
ment. Every boy or girl who has the
desire for an education once awakened,
though born in a log hut, will shake
off his or her surroundings as the lion
hakes the dew drops from his mane.
Brethren of Wofford, you have my
message. You will doubtless acquit
me of intending by its delivery to win
political favor or applause, because
you will recognize that the positions
here taken run counter to much that
is in favor with the public just now..
he issue, however, which _h
marks suggest is one that 'as in the
past enlisted the sympaithy and sup
port of the best taletit of the best men
of our nation's history, and we can
make no-'iistake in following where
they have led. It means the upbuild
ing and maintenance of our common
country- It battles in b~ehalf of the
weak, the poor, the unfortunate. It
seeks to provide that which gives to the
State a better citizenship, to the indi
vidual a friend that never forsakes.
Richs may take wings and fly away,
the fountains of love may dry up, but
an education, in its true sense, once
obtained flows on with the gentleness
of the Gulf Stream and with the con
stancy of God's own sunl?.
DISASTER ON THE DEEP.
Terrible Loss of Life in, a Collisioni at
A terrible accident, resulting in the loss ot
13 lves, eeurred near the mouth of the
G f of Spezzia. Italy, on Sunda . At halt
pst 1 o'clock in the morning the steamt
Ortigia andl Maria r. ran into each other and
the atter vessel was so badly damaged that
she sank~ ini a very short time. The Maria P.
had .2n bI ar.. 1in addition to her c'ew. 178
pones boundi fromn Naples. for the- i iver
P:at. ly far the larger part of whom were
T1ii' 'olli'ion occurred ofT Isola Del Til,.
Tia On jiia left, Genoa at ten o'clock at
2ight. The. Maria P. was b'ound. for (Geioa,
wer" the 'igrants on board1 her w-r" to
hav b'a 'rans-ahipped to the steam'er Sid
Amori 2t, whi'th was to convey them to the
v'r init'. It was learned that the lookout
m-n on the Ortizia saw nothing' Of th" ojther
staer until it was too late to aivert a c!i
sh . Thue officers of the Ortigia say t hat no'
boats were lo wered by the Ma ria P. a l t heir
vessi savedl all the survivors. Thle~ Or!i.:in
rminedi ii' in the vi''inity of the ;ie'idenit for
s'.vral hours, hopiag that she might b~e abl
to r.'s-n others. The bows of the Oridat
have in them a rent four yards long just
above the water line.
Gold Fields of Alabama.
.The sum of 650,000 in cash was deposited
in a Chattanooga bank for the purchase
of gold fields near Heflin, reported to be
fabulously rich in gold ore. An option of
only seventy-five hours was given on the pro
perty, consisting of two hundred acres, but
the guarantee was raised in that remarkably
short time and the deal closed. The new
ompany will be capitalized at $500,000 and
tock will be at once placed on sale.
The disputed district in French Guiana
will acording to ani agreemnut b -twe"n
e-.-c a B-ral be governed by dual rule.
INTERESTING ITE31S FRO31 ALL
OVER THE STATE.
Condition of Kershaw Crops.
The cror-, in around Kershaw are in
first-class condition, in.ofar that they
have been well worked and have had
plenty of rain, but the cotton generally
is very small. The most conservative
estimates place this year's yield at
about one-half. compared with last I
year's. An exceptionally large area in
corn is under cultivation, and the indi
cations are that a much larger crop will
lie raised than has been for years past,
IMPROVEMENTS AT KERSHAW.
Internal improvements continue to
mark the progress of the town of Ker
shaw. The Kershaw Banking and
Mercantile Company have concluded
to erect another large brick store-house
adjoining their present large building.
Work upon the proposed structure will
commence at an early day. The an- t
thorities of the Ohio River and Char.
leston Railroad Company will also, in
a short time, build a new freight and
passenger depot there.
Condition of Cotton.
All reports indicate that cotton con
tinues small and is from two to three
weeks late; it is generally in healthy
condition except in portions of Pickene
and Greenville Counties, where lice
have appeaced for the first time in the
history of cotton culture in that see
tion, 'and in portions of Barnwell
County, where it is firing and turning
yellow; rust has also appeared in vari
ous se Ittered localities; it is putting on
squares, blooming and fruiting freely,
but owing to the small weed the crop
cannot make more than a poor average,
it is said. Sea Island cotton only half
its usual size at this time of the year.
A New Railroad.
The matter of most importance to
the peopte of Anderson county now is
the bunilding of a railroad through the
ountains to Knoxville, Tenn., from
Anderson City. The prospects are
bright, and a proposition to vote an is
sue of $50,000 of oonds in aid of the
project is meeting with favoe. Such a
road would add $520,000 of taxable
property to what the now has, besides
increasiug the value of the land along
The people at the Knoxville end of
the line are willing to meet the people
(of Andersou m're than half way; and
it is expected that the movement will
take definite shape very soon.
The Governor Offers Rewards.
Governor Evans on Monday offered
the following rewards: Two hundred
and fifty, dollars for the arrest of the
party or 1.artics, with evidence to con
viet,' who lynched Ira Johnson in the
city of Greenville; $100 for the arrest, I
wiih evidence to convict, of the party
r pairlties who killed Constable R. A.
.ettigrew near Spartanburg; $100 for
the arirest and conviction of Henry1
Pister, who is charged with the kill
ig of Jas. T. Knox.t
A Tobacco Barn Burned.
About two miles above Cartersville
a tobacco barn belonging to Mr. James
A. Rocse, was destroyed by fire on Sun-t
day. The barn was full of tobacco<
and caught from flues while in thet
(l!.ing process. Total loss was about
$00. The tobacco crop is very line
in that section'. Tlhe cotton crop is
also good but later than last year.
South Carolina at Atlanta.
Governor Evans has had the Atlanta
Exosition authorities consent to make
Thak<vi ng Day "South Carolina
D ":the Exposition. Everybody
is to go from South Carolina at that
t ime. The State officers, the Legisla
tre, the Citadel boys, the Clemson
cadets, and all are to go on South Car
olina Day and make it one of thegreat
est of the Exposition celebrations.1
Tobacco and Riec.
T'bacco harvesting and curing is
under way, and the crop so far gath
crd is said to he of superior quality:
the entire crop is a fine one. Rice on
tle Cooper and Ashley Rivers is in fine
growing condition, and it looks prom
;sing in the Georgetown dlistrict; up
lad rice is doing well generally. i
Shot a Convict.1
At Seneca, James G. Breazeale, a
pty sheriff of Oconee county, shot:
seriously wounded ani escaped ne
c. onvict from the county chaiingang
n die resisting arrest.
Wednesday morning of last week the.
;ot load of watermelons ever ship
ped from Darlington was sent off.
ie that date nine other earloads
have gone, and on Tuesday wagon'
loads of melons kept the street leading
to the depot dusty.
The summer school of ihe South
Caralina College at Columbia a cijourned
on Saturday aftcr a most successful
session. TIhe attendants held a meet
ing and passed aseries of resolutions
thanking the professors of the College
for their valuable work and the sacri
fice of their rest.
WAS!! OWENS RESENTENCED,
He Will Hang Sept. G. The Fourth
Jury Acquits Cuinnlnghami.
At Laurens, Wash Owen's, color#d',
oivited of the assassination of M r.
D)orroh Hairston while at his supper
table in 1893, and to whom a ne-.g trial
was denied on appeal, was on Fridiy
resentenced to be hanged on Sept. 6.
cUNNINGHAM ACQUITTED. I
Cunningham was acquitted on h
A SOLID BLACK IDELEGATION.
3eaufort Negroes will Send a Batel
of Colored Republicans to the
A special from Beaufort to the New;
6nd Courier says: The cry of white su
)remacy by the press throughout thi
5tate and the oft-repeated determina
ion to eliminate the negroes fron
)olitics, without disfranchising a sin
le white man, has had the effect o:
olidifying the race into an antagonisr
nd has forced them to make a race
ssue in selecting delegates to the com
og Convention rather than a mattei
>f policy. They are, therefore, almos'
olidly in favor of sending a solid Re
)ublican delegationto the Convention.
vhicb, of course, means an assertior
f their large majority. Being led b3
he usual leaders of that party there
,an be little doubt as to who will com
ose the delegation to be nominated
)y their Convention.
The negroes argue that there will bE
)ut one ballot box and one ticket, ant
hat there will he no mistakes in voting
heir large majority, usually ballled b
too numerous array of ballot boxes,
)ut will make the election of their
icket effective by exercising their
mumerical majority to the utmost ex
The better class of negroes and those
rho do their own thinking, of course,
ok upon present conditions as most
infortunate for their people. WhilE
hey are in a hopeless mi'hority and
lerfectly powerless to help themselves
vith the mass of ignorant and irrational
-oters that will be guided by the worst
lement of their race they do not
esitate to admit that the race is most
nfortunately circumstanced in the
They feel that the delegation most
ikely to be sent, consisting of old
>arty hacks and selfish politicians, are
aore likely to do harm than good.
heir presence in the Convention,they
ay, besides furnishing the white peo
Ile the very we'tpon they need, will
irove nothing more than shaking a
ed rag in the faceof a mad bull. They
an see no earthly good to their race
o cole oit of it.
The most thoughtful ones think that
bree, atloawt,of the most conservative
lhite men, selected indiscriminately
roin th two factions of the Demo
ratic party, should be concentrated
pwo and solicited by their people and
rged to go to the Convention to re
resent tihe whole people upon a
ileral, non-partisan platformn, to
eier with two of the most intelligent
udI worthy of their race. They bel:eve
hat in that way they could secure far
nore favorable conditions in that Con
eItion and entitle theiselves to a,
nuch l:rger poitionof the respect and
Ympatly f justice-loving people.
ut., of course, they have no hope that
heir counsels will avail. The cry of
vhite supreiaey, they say, has raised
coiunitt r cry of negro protection as
,)elieved to be for their best interest.
BROTHER HOOD IN UERKLEY.
L Conference of Reformenrs -rd o:
servatives and What ievy Did.
A conference of representative nvn
Berkeley was held at Monek's Cor
icr. After a full and fre disc ussiov,
1-1 the remarks showing plainlyl that
he speakers believed a mnajo rity of
he 1a-ople favor'ed a division o0 deleI
rates to the Constitutional Conven tion.
mt that now a division being i'nprae
icable~k. some other course wiould have
o be adoptedi, whereby the 1people
(1uld prove their words by their deeds,
he followinug prembile andi resolution
rere )assed withmout a dissenting vote:
Whereas, factional feeling among
ie white people of Berkeley County
is lasted already too long and it is
smr sincere desire that we be a united
>eople, and recognizing that the comn
ng Constitutional Convention, called
or the purl-ose of raking a Constitu
ion under which all the people of
iouth Carolina ust live, offers a
;raud opportunity for such union, and
elievina that we voice the sentinents
ifa large nummber of our citizens:
Resolved, 'That an invitatwar is
ierebv extended to all candittes for
he danstituitionlal (Convention to at
:end the meetings appointed to be
1eid at St. Stephen's on the 24th in.
taut, Holly Hill on the 25t and
Wass:iasaw on the 26th, and we
romie to do all we can to suppress
i factional feeling, and to urge the
>oleI to aeccord all speakers a respect
ul hearing, and to support the canidi
ltes at time comning prin ary accord
rig tos their imerits and regardless of
sast factijonal aihlliations, ad to abide
iv the result oft saidi prinmary.
t now rests wyith the Conservatives
mmd Reformuers to rid themselves of
heir ini uriouis distrust of one another
tad all " ill be0 fair sailing in Berkelev
SOUTHERN PRlOG RSS
Manufacturing Enterprises Unr- Wayv
On a Large Scle
A large water-pow'r in N'.rth C: in has
been purchased, awli will Ibe d-slpein
large scale. A $3,000,000 comi n hm b'
organized in the same State to j.o r!da-. an
other water power. and build a 15.000 min
dIe cotton mill~with the ex pe-:tatio'n of iar;>
y increasing the size of this mill.
In South Carolina. a $150.000 o"ttona mIil
comoanly has been organizI1 :mi ram:4.i
nd at Weldon, N. C.. a contract hsb
let for a 12.000 spindle mill.
Two cotton-seed-oil-mil co 'm pa i bre
been organizsed, one in Texas anl un* ini
Among other enterprisos rep-setal r e
week were a basket fa':tory to .mpi-.y~ 101
ands in Alabama; a cotton ?.::ni- and
ompress company. to erelt.::in on jr- .
in Arkansas; a $20.000 goI1-miin-: omny
in Atanta;a 69000 Il 'trie plant in M is.' "tri:
$10,000 na.-hinery c(omprany in Ma:rylmad:
and a large number of mii.-:llaneousl1 enter
rises throughout the South.
He Was Poison~ediby H is Wit'e.
At Montgomery, Aia., the coronaers jury,
investigating the cause of the death of WV. H.
Spivey, who died four weeks ago, returned a
erdict that the deceased died from the ef
fects of poison administered ioy his wife, who
I now in iail.
Of the South Carolina Weather and
Mr. J. W. Bauer, Director of the
Weather and Crop Bulletin, on Wed
nesday mued the foflwing report for
last week: Correspondents, as a rule,
report that the condition of all the
crops continues satisfactory, but there
are many exceptions from all parts of
the State. Good rain is the indicated
need for a great portion of the State
as it was the case last week, only the
need for rain has become urgent. The
reports indicate that in Williamsburg
and Union counties the drouighty con
ditions are most severe and th, re corn
is firing badly. In portions of Aiken,
Anderson, Pickens, Greenville and
Barnwell there has been considerably
less than the usual amount of rain
since the crop season began; in fact,
with the possible exceptions of
Newberry, Richland and Fairfield,
where there hars been plenty of rain, it
appears that in every county there are
large tracts where the summer's rain
fall has been below the usual amount,
and in such sections the crops are
poorest, being slightly under an aver
age condition, otherwise they are
above an average.
The winds were generally from the
south, southwest, and west-very hot
The highest temperature ie-ported
was 102 on the 17th at Gillisonville;
lowest was 62 on the 17th at aites
burg. The mean temperatvie of the
week for the State wAas about 82, and
the normal for the same perlodt is ap
As indicated above the general con
dition of the crops in this State is no
longer as uniformly good as hereto
fore, except that cotton has made
great improvemeut ev-rvwlere, the
weather having been just right for it.
In places it is turning slightly yellow,
and in a few places growing twv: munch
to weed. In some !ocalities it contiu
ies small, and in others has :tta:ined it
seasonalDC growtb. but everywhere it
is fruiting well with very little shed
ding. Lice have entirely disarpeared.
Ruist has lormetd on sandy land in a lew
places, otherwise the crop is clean anl
free from pests. it is being, or has
been, laid 1ygenerally.
In the castern portions of the Slate
and where rains were sfiicient the
early corn crop is safe and is a fine
one; westward and where the rains
were wanting it is in a critical stige,
but as yet looks promising. Bottom
lnd corn is ,ookiug fine everywhere
.nd is being laid by generally. The
preent prospect is that the cutile
corn crop will be an - extra large one
this year, only :a - -smali porion of
which is alrealy made.
The pea crop has improved and a
good stand has been attained in most
places. Some being scin even row.
In places pods are large enough for
Sweet pot.to lips are doing well,
out the crop . promises to be l ss
thkan an average one owing to the re
duiced acreage. Second crop of Irish
potatoes being planted.
Catting and euring tobacce is the
order of work in Williamsburg, Flor
ence, D)arlinigton, and to a less extenit
in ai few othuer counties. TIhe entire
croii is said to be a finme one of~ supe
G.-neral preparations are being
mnle for planting fall vegetables.
Some turmips bejing sown and a large
Fruit contins plem.~ dntifuil generaliy,
hnt ini Florence county is K:id to be
se:re. A peples appear generamlly to be
infrior ande unsound. The second
cro of fipoie to be a iarg:e one
ini the eiStern po'rtionl of the State.
Large :,himients of water and musk
mel'un wi: made to Northern andi
Western markets, nevertheless the
local m::rkets are glutted and the
ii ices very low.
Gardens ar-s practizally ruined over
a large pcart of the State, as the
wet h'r hais been too hot and dry for
them. y,-t fine okra and to:natoes are
German milcet is growiiing well, and
so are sorghum cane, rice,peantuts, and
The prospects, in general, are very
encouraging at this the mid-summer
season, when nearly all crops have been
laid b'y and are entering their third (or
last .sta.ge which ends with fructeseence.
A WHOLE FAMILY SHOT.
Three K~illed and More Wounded
While Quietly Eating Supper.
At Terre Haute, a flag-station on the Val.
Iy road. 20 miles north of New Orleans,
the Gordino family were seated at the sup
per table when Frank Nosea and another
Italian, name nnknown, fired upon the fami
ly with a double-barreled shot gut. Bosie
Gordino. B-'nnie Gordino and Charlie Cala
mar. wvere instantly killed and Rossa Gordi
na. the rather of the family. was seriously
wounded. Thmree~ children, aged ten and six
year=. and thcree months, were also wounded
inor or less severely by the murderer's vol
1ev. Thme wounded children and their father
were brought to the Charity Hospital at New
Or'aans for medical attention. The cause of
the wholesome attempt at murder is un
known, but it is supposed to be a typical
Weekly Cotton Statistics.
The Weekly cotton report from Liverpool
says: Total salaries of the week,48,O00 bales,
American 15,000; trade takings, including
forwarded from ships' side. 45,000;aetual ex
port 9,000; total import 17.000. American 13,
000; total stock 1,481.000, American
1,54,000; total afloat 62,009;American 30,000;
speculators took 200, exporters took 2,100.
Found a Boulder of Silver.
One of the largest silver nuggets on record
~as found about four miles from Peach
Springs, Ariz., several days ago. Two pros
pectors, Williams Tuc'ker. John Doyal, on
their way from Death Vailley to the Colorado
River, dlis-overedl a boulder weighinseveral
hundred pounds ando connIp;.-d or noarly
pure silver. The value of the 111nd is pla--:'
at about $10,000.
-ms is a great year ror aprieots m ioutn
eri Calirornia. The crop in Pomn-na Valley
.a.,.. will a mont o about 1603 tons.
1O1 E Af IBESI
Furious Wind and Rain Storms Sweep
Over Several States.
A CLOUDBURST IN ILLINOIS,
Nearly ETery Smokestack in Findlay,
Ohio, Levelled-St. Clair, Mich.. Hard
Hit; One Life Lost and the City Hall
Partly Demolished---Great Damage tv
Railroads and Crops In Iowa.
Several lives were lost and great damage
to crops and other property was done by
storms in Middle and Western States.
A dispatch from Findlay, Ohio, says: One
of the most destructive windstorms evet
known to have psssed over this part of the
State occurred in and around Findlay, caus
ing much damage to property which lay in
its path. All day long the heat had been in
tense and a storm was naturally expected.
About 3 o'clock dark clouds appeared and a
s'ight breeze sprang up from the southwest.
In lial ran hour rain began to fall and with
scarcelv a moment's warning the gale
burst forth - and steadily increased in
fury until it was nothing short of a
tornado. It was of short duration.
however, lasting only five mientes. but it
swept everything movable before it. The
rain was blown along in such volume that a
person coul-l not distinguish objects a few
feet away. Several houses were unroofed, but
the occupants escaped serious injury. The
so uth wail and a portion of the roof of the
Huber School building were demolished.
Hardly a smokestack in the city was leff
staudimr. The fire tower at the central
enine-house was blown down, and
in falling smashed in a portion of the
stables. the horses narrowly escaping. Por
I ions of the spires of the First Methodist and
Lutheran Churches were blown away.
Nvarly every awning and sign in Main street
waa either'partially or totally destroyed.
fSveral large plate-glass fronts were broken.
A large wagon of the American Er
lressA Company was blown over while
crossing Main street. and the driver was
slightly injured. Hundreds of fruit and
shab le-trees were broken off like pipe stems,
retD-lerinz so:ne streets impassable. The
storm did not extend far beyond the city
limits. and consequently no damage was
done in the oil fields or to growing crops.
A dispatch from Lewiston. Ill., says that a
loudburst in that neighborhodd did great
damage to growing crops. Samuel Shaw, a
well-!nowa citizen. was killed by a bolt of
lihtning. Several - - thousand feet of
the narrow. guage railway. were washed
away by . the downpour of rain.
tSevere storms occurred in various pirts of
Illiniois and Indiana. At McComiJIl.. light
ning struck a shed in which eight men .and
ixteen horses had saught shelter. .John
B:-lav, Jr.. was killed, and Rolaud.McAlis
ter and William Cale severely shocked. At
Lgan:sport. Ind., Edward Carson~. a farmer,
was killed bydightning. Several barns were
I brne.l and .cattle 'were killett. At Peoria,
Ill.. the heaviest rainfall in forty years oc
eurred. Joseph Stunmers was drowned in
Cole's Creek; near Peoria.
-- A fatal -windstor'-atnfipai-by a
heavy raidfall. burst upon St. Clair, Mich..
soon after 1 o'clock p. pn. For several
w:eks prayers had been offered -for rain.
Before the storm had spent itself a child had
been killed, two men injured, and much
property destroyed. The City Hall
was partly demolished, . hundreds
of trees were blown down, roofs were
taken off buildings by the dozen, two large
craft were blown aground in the river, and
general confusion reigned. The eleven
months -old child of Elmer E. Black was
killed instantly by the wind wrecking the
Black home. The horse of Joseph Dam was
blown into the river, and in attempting
to rescue it he sustained serious injuries. A
horsebelonging to Julius Belknap was also
blown into the river. together 'with a shed
which the wind eset down in Pine River.
Joseph Goutlait, a workman at Belknap's
brickyard, was injured by- a -flying brick.
The roof was torn off the Hotel Cadillac. A
librypole now stands upside down through
teroof of one of the largest store buildings .
in the city.
Ilain, wvind and hail storms over large
parts of Iowa did much damage to crops and'
pr')perty. In the north part of the
titate a stormj swept a strip twenty-five
miles wide in Palo Alto. Emmett and Kos
suth Counties, and small grain was badly
damagd. The corn will recover except in:
places where it was beaten down by hail. In
the mliidle of the storm strip was a section
about five miles wide, in which there was a
fiere hailstorm. and there the damage to
rops was imnmense. In the eastern part of
the State another storm did almost as much
damage. It staurted just east of Des Moines
and swep.t over the country as farasthe Miss
issippi ILiver and south to the State line. At
Brooklyn there was a waterspout which
amounted to a four-inch fall of water in
a-bout an hour. It covered a wide section
and the streams were flooded. Bridges were
carried out and there were many washouts
on the railroads. At Keokuk the storm was
almost a tornado and: many buildings were
unroofed and other damage done. There
wa more or less hail and crops were badly.
injured. The Ilock Island "flyer" was
dithed near iowa City by a washout, audi
the fireman had his leg broken. The pas
sengers were badly shaken up, but no one
was seriously injured.
BOYS K(ILLTHEIR MOTHER.
Stab~. tder in the Heart and Played Cards
m7 the House Where the Body Lay.
w>~ boys named Combes, one thirteen and
the other eleven years old, were brought be
f)re a ma istrate at London, England, upon
the charge of having murdered their mother.
The accusation was substantiated by their
confessions. Their home Is in Plaistow, an
eastern suburb of London.
The boys stabbed their mother through the
heart ten~ days before, and since then have
occupied the house alone with the body. The
husband of the murdered woman and father
of the two boys Is a ship purser, and Is absent
from home on a sea voyage. The house has
all the requirements of a comfortable home.
After the b->ys committed their crime- they
'awned several valuable articles which they
found in the house and visited many places
on the river and nearby cricket grounds.
When they were arrested they were playing
cards in the house containing their mothers
body. A half-witted man was with them,
and they apparently were getting the high
est degree of enjoyment from their pastime,
despite the odor that pervaded the rooms.
The magistrate wac amazed at the cool de
meanor of the boys. He said ho could not
believe the youngsters sane and remande:l
them pendin;g a niental examfinlation. The
minds of the bovs s',e:n to hav-e been upset
by reading nojvls which ma h heroes
cutthroats and robber..
A chair of politicail economy, is to
e erected in Glasgow University to
to tie memory of Adam Smith, ibe
famIous. author of the "Wealih of Na
tion." 'The chair is to be name-i af
An nunJtsnal groth is notLice'l in tt>
garen of George D. Cait, at Norwicu,
Con. A wistaria vaie his entwine I
itself aroun 1 an elii to tightly that ib
is rdally strangling the growth ont